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From the Franklin Democrat.
Next Governor. Tho question as to who shall be tun bj the Democratic party lor Governor of Ala bama, at the next election, is occupying i good deal of attention throughout the State The defection of n portion of our party nl the last election, has led to much discussion as to the best mode of restoring that union and harmony which distinguished the de mocrocv ol Alabama previous to the appear ance ol Joshua L. Mm tin as the opponent of the regular democratic nominee. How this desirable object may he best attained is the question lobe considered. From the best reflection we have been able to give the subject, we have come to the conclusion that the breach produced in our party by the nomination of Col. Terry, can be most successfully healed by a Stale con veniion, so gotion up and conducted as to have the views of the democratic party of the State tairly and fully represented. In getting up a convention, lull and ample no tice should bo given ot the time and place of assembling the county meetings to appoint delegates. In conducting a convention the representation should be so apportioned to each county as tu give it due weight in the deliberations of that body. The delegates should conform strictly to the instruction of their constituents. A candidate nominated by such n convention, thus gotton up and conducted, we believe would receive aim >st the unanimous vote ot the democracy of the State. We know there would he clamorers against him, who would denounce him as the “caucus candidate but let him be a sound and tried Democrat, a mnn of talent and integrity, one who will canvass the State, and we entertain not n doubt of bis election by a handsome majority. There never was a more puerile cry raised against the nominee of a convention than that of his being a “caucus candidate.” Caucuses and conventions has ever been found necessary to reconcile conflicting interests and opin ions. They have always been practiced, by all parties, lor the purpose of sustaining and tipholding their principles, and will always bn necessary where conflicting interests or | personal preferences prevail. Without con ventions bickerings about minor questions, nnd sectional andjiersonal preferences, arise, exciting I earlburnings, jealousies and ani riiuaiucs, which cuiiunuu 10 grow stronger nnd stronger, until they become irrecencil i able, and the great leading principles of the party are sacrificed in the struggle to ele vale some particular individual to office, the accomplishment of some sectional end, or the gratification o( some personal animosity; when, had a convention been resorted to, in the first instance, the bickerings might have been reconciled, and the principles of the party maintained in the ascendant. What would have been the fate of the Democratic parly nnd its principles in the last Presiden tiul contest hut for Hie salutary influence exercised by the Biltimore convention? There was every prospect of certain defeat. Previous to its assembling, the respective supporters of Mr. Van Buien’s and Mr. Calhoun’s pretentions to the Presidency, had become almost ns tar sundered as the Democratic and Whig parties. But by the wise and conservative course of thut con verftion, tho friends of the conflicting aspi rants were reconciled, a brilliant victory was achieved, and the glorious principles of Democracy restored to the ascendancy in the administration of the general govern ment. Wo think the present position of the Democratic party in Alabama particu larly requiring a convention to nominate a candidate for Coventor, and should one be gotten up, we shall give its nominee (al ways excepting Joshua L. Martin; our sup port. 'Ve ore apprised dint there are many, sound and ardent Democrats in North Ala* barna who are opposed ton convention; j somo from llic opinion that such bodies are | conducted ofiener for the accomplishment ! of selfish purposes limn the mnintninance of I principles ; and others because they believe it is the design of those who advocate a convention, to nominate a South Alabama man. The objection of the first would be allayed, if the nomination of the convention was manifestly made with the view of heal ing the present breach in our party ; and the latter wojld be perfectly reconciled by the nomination of a North Alabama man. Jn fact the general sentiment of tho demo cracy of this section of the Slate, so far as we have heard it expressed, is that the next Governor should be selected from North Al abama. The North has always supported the nominees from the South, and she looks upon it as nothing more than her due that she should have the Governor alternately with the South. The nomination of a South ern man would strengthen the Martinets in this section of the State, and his location would be the heavist load the nominee would have to carry. It would give the friends of Martina lever of great power. They would instantly raise the cry that the North hud been deprived of its right. There are many talented and, in every way, unobjectionable, Democrats in North Alabama, who have la. bored ardently and successfully in the cause of democracy. From among these the nomination should be made, and being so made, we have not a doubt it would be tri umphantly sustained. In the selection of a cnndilnte, we are wedded to no man, but desire lo see harmo* ny restored to the ranks of our party; and in making a nomination this object should, be the first consideration after the politicul sentiments and talents of the nominee. We believe that Col. Terry possesses every qual ification requisite to make us good a Gover nor as ever administered the affairs of the State; we would prefer seeing him eleva ted to the gubernatorial chair to any oilier man in the State ; and would most cheer fullygivc him our support; hut there is an other very important question to he consid ered in connexion with all this—can lie beat Martin? In our opinion it is doubtful—at best it would be a close nice. Terry has undoubtedly gained strength from among his former opponent; but Img he gained strength enough to elect him ? We should be most happy to believe he bad bey nnd a doubt; but we cannot bring our mind to ibis con elusion. Will not many of the Wltigs who supported him in the lust election oppose him in the next? Wo think they will. Will not many of (hose Democrats wdto vo ted for him befpre merely because he was the party nominee (and they are not a few) be very apt to abandon him in (lie next con test ? We believe they will. Will not the prejudice against voting for n nun whom they have tnce opposed influence those De mocrnts win voted ngainst him before gen I orally to opjose him again. As little as suet I gentlemen nay be willing to admit that Ihn i prejudice »»uld have any thing to do with | their'oppoition to Terry, we believe lhai it would, hmtertaining these views, and de | airing ihntthcru should be no doubt about j iliesucccs ol the next detnreratic candidate lor Goverior, we would prefer the nomina tion of seme other man than Col. Terry. There ac many capable and faithful men til No: tf Alabama, who could unite in their support marly all the true Democrats of the Slate [Here are some tender-footed Demo crats wh> lake every convenient opportunity lo oppost their parly—to such we do not al lude] aid a large portion of the whigs, in opposition to Martin, The nomination of one of.hese, would place his election beyond a doubt. Indeed, we mink it quite likely that Martin would decline the contest with an unquestionable popular Democrat opposed to him. But who is such a man as we desire— who can more successfully than Terry, oppose Martin ? We will name one that we think cun—the Hon. George S. Houston, representative from this district in congress. He possesses all the qualifications requisite to administer the afluirs of the State with distinguished ability. He has long been an active, always an unswerving, Democrat; is a man of talents, integrity, unimpeachable private character, and great moral worth. By his faithful and efficient representation ol this district in congress, he has won the esteem and respect of his constituents to a greater extent than any of his predecessors, and can now command more voles than any man in the district. In fact, he po«esses as much, or more popularity than any other man throughout North Alabama. Such a man as him we want as a candidate for Governor. We know that Gen. Hounton does not aspire to the office, but wo ulso know that he is not the rnun to flinch from nny honorable duty that may be imposed upon him for the support ai'd advancement of Democratic principles. 'Ve have proposed Gen. Houston as the next Democratic candidate for Governor in a spirit of conciliation ; believing that all sincere Democrats desire to see the con flicting sections of our purty reconciled, and me willing to aid in accomplishing so desira ble an object. Upon Gen. Houston the late supporters of both Terry and Martin can rul ly without nny sacrifice of principle or pre judicc; and we think the reflecting, who desire Iho success of the party, will agree with us that it is better lo make sure of vie. tory than to enter upon n doubtful contest, which promises, at best, to ulienute a portion of our party. We have thus given our views, on this subject, frankly, and after mature delibera tion upon the prospect before us. We can not hope that they will meet the views of nil our friends ; but they are our honest and de liberate convictions, and such as we think it our duty to express at this time. From the Mobile Register. Col. Nathaniel Terry. The Huntsville Democrat contains a com munication on the subject of the next demo, cratic candidate for Governor, the purport of which is to deny the necessity of any con vention, on the ground that Col. Terry is already the regular candidate, according to the custom of the party. The writer urges the point that on former occasions, a single nomination bv convention has been consid ered without dispute, sufficient to entitle the nominee to a preference for a second term. It was so with Gov. Bagbv and Gov- Fitz patrick.—It is argued tliut the accidental defeat of the democratic party, upon grounds so false and fleeting as those which defeated Terry, ought not to preclude him from the benefits of the rule which prevailed for Ins more fortunate, but not sounder or more worthy predecessors. ciacwiieie me lummtMiis Ol me Democrat—a sound and discreet paper in tlie heart of the mountain region of the de mocracy—and the more reliable in its opin ions of the position of Colonel Terry, be cause its known personal preferences are for another. Without examining too close ly the logic of the claim el usage for Terry to be the candidate, we agree unreservedly in t he opinion that without n convention he ought to be a candidate, and will most un questionably he placed in that attitude by his friends, with the cheerlul concurrence of many who were misled into opposition to the democratic party by the cant and clamor ol last campaign. The demoern', ut the same time that it declares Col. Terry to be the choice of the mass of the party, according to all growing indications, adds that "a new state of things may arise, in which u new nomination may he desirable, although there is no such case ut present.” This is said in a spirit of true concession. We agreo in the sentiment unreservedly. We will go thoroughly with the great body of our party Iricnds, for whomsoever they may nominate or ugree upon in any sufficient ferm, as the leader who will restore our party in this slate to harmony and success- We have none of that temper which would tear our party in pieces by opposing its candidates, or affiliate, openly or indirectly, tviih our political op ponents, lor the defeat of men of our own political faith, because they may have been preferred before our own especial fuvorites. For such a harmony among ourselves ns will preserve us the power of maintaining, uni tedly, the principles of our party fui h, we will promptly suriender, ut any time, all at tachments to individuals—even the’ wemny he compelled to smother the natural desire to retaliate upon others, according to their own example. Ou the supposition, now not probably, that a candidate might he desirable, who! from being disconnected totally with the aggra vations of the last canvass might he deemed acceptable to the whole party—and seeing vaiiuus names suggested throughout the Slate in the same view, we named the oilier day, John D. l’helan, of Greene county, as our first choice, in all South Alabama, wo know no man more worthy, more unex ceptionable, or more unreservedly popular us u candidate. A friend for whose opinion we huve great respect, has f-uggo ltd to us still another name—from North Alabama—on the sup. position that the north will consider itself entitled to the nomination, if not of Terry, of some northern democrat- Iiis favorite is Reuben Chatman, the representative in Congress from the great sixth district. which rolls up on a sufficient occasion, elev en thousand democratic majority To Mr. Chapman there can be no possi ble form of successful objection, and we readily concur with the suggestion of his name among those of the available candi dates upon whom, freely and openly selected by the voice ol the party, union and success would he certain. Col. Terry is, however our first choice, as we believe lie is that of a very lurge major ity of the democrats of the State—and in suggesting the alternatives in events which some consider probable, we are far from supposing,for ourselvcs.that the public wishes will take any other direction than his re nomination for Governor and his election. From the Democratic Watchlower. It is evident, from every indica'ion tha1 public sentiment is fast settling down on Col. Terry as the Democratic Candidate for the next Governorship of the State of Alabama. The Florence Gazette, come to us this week, announcing, in the strongest terms, its preference for Mr. Terry, in the coming contest. We notice now among our ex changes, nine Democratic papers, openly and avowedly for Terry, some of which have placed his name at their masthead. We notice but two lor Belser, and one for VVuj thaII, three in nil—add the Republican and the Ureensborough Beacon, which are for Martin, and we have five, and all told.—This indication of public sentiment is convincing testimony of the popularity of Mr. Terry, and the desire of the Democratic party to elevate him to the first office in the State— a position which, if justice hud been pre dominant in the last election, he would now be filling. We cannot remedy the past, but we can guard against such acts of violence to our parly in future.—We.feel proud that the people are with us in our efforts to re munerate Mr. Terry, for the wrongs inflict ed by an unholy alliance of personal with political enemies. We see that justice is in the breasts of our people, and is fast devel oping itself, and ere long it will huve reach ed its proper summit, nod in perfect secu rity, look with contempt upon those who have lead on the disorgnnizers to temporary political victory. We have abundant reason for the assertions \vc make, and in addition to the many able and dignified articles which we have hi herto copied from leading Dem ocrutic Journals in the State into our col umns, we refer our readers to those upon the first page of to-day’s paper. It will be seen that the Press calls loudly lor Mr. Terry as the candidate, and we feel confident that the people will no longer withhold that reward which his able and eificieni public services so justly entitles him. Uotv contemptible must those feel, who have, in their efforts to distroy the democratic party, and its pure principles ; contributed mostly to dig deep tire political grave of their champion and leader. It is dug, and now let them look into its depths, and quail beneath a conscious, ness, that they have not only dug his grave, | hut have aiso furnished the implements to the people, with which tu prepute alike place for themselves. From the Mississippi (Aberdeen) Advertiser, (O' Tlio following loiters explain Ihe occiision which drew them out. We have concluded lo give hut one of the letters ol the Committee of Invitation; wc should not do this, had the gentleman to whom it is addressed been a citizen of our State.—Wo make the exception in favor of Hus letter in order to let the people of Alabama under stand in what light the stern Democracy of Old Monroe, holdc her distinguished son. Aiirrdekn Miss., Sept. 23th, 1840. Col. Nathaniel Terry : Sir—It is proposed by the citizens to give a collation on the evening of the 8th Oct., at the Mansion House in this city to the Hons. Jos. W. Chalmers, Jesse Speight, Stephen Adums, and J. Thompson, and learning that you would probably visit here about that time, the undersigned committee aie instructed lo request that you will so arrange your time it possible, as to be pres ent and partake with them, of the festivity of Ihe occasion. We are also desired by them to assure you sir, that the machina tions of the whigs and the disaffected portion of Ihe democratic party, which effected yout defeat in the last gubernatorial election of Alabama, has not one “jot or tittle,” weak ened their confidence in you as a man, a Democrat,or a Statesman_That the means resorted to for your defeat, find as little favor of sympathy with good and true Dem ocrats of Mississippi as Alabama, and that they are proud to believe the Democracy Proper of Alabama, though beaten were not dispirited, tho* overpowered were not con quered, and thnt u day of retribution is hard bv, when they will arise in their majesty and again go forth to the conflict for princi ple, “like giants refreshed with wine,” until they shall have convinced those w ly adver saries that truth may be crushed fora time, but can never lie destroyed. Permit us sir, in behalfof those we rep. resent, as well ns ourselves individually, lo express,the kindest wishes for your prosperity and happiness. Respectfully, TUGS. BRANDON. JOHN A. WILCOX. LOCK E. IJOUS ION. Locust Gbove, Livixusmon Co. ) September 30th, 1S4G. \ Gentlemen :—1 liave received your letter of the i25tli inst., inviting me to be present at a collation to bo given to your distin guished Senutors, and one of your worthy Representatives in the congress of the U. Stutes, on the 8th of October. I assure y ou, it would ufford me unspeakable pleasure to comply with your request. Nothing short of the circumstances by which I am unfor. tunutcly at present suirotltided, should pre vent me from being present on the occasion referred to. and there mingle freely with the democracy of Republican Mississippi, w ho have never been intimidated by open ene mies, or seduced by false friends, to abandon or relax their principles for the maintenance of which their motto has ever been, “prin ciples, not men.’' I had as you say, intend ed to visit Aberdeen about this time, but the continued indisposition of my family renders it for the present, out of the question. I thank you gentlemen, unil through you those you represent, lor the honor conferred on me by requesting me to be present with so distinguished a guest, and for the kind and complimentary manner in which you have conveyed the same, my thanks are especial ly due to you. 1 nin very respectfully your most obedient servant. NATHANIEL TERRY. To Messrs. Tuos Hbandon, Jno, A. Wilcox and Loci E. Houston, Janrnol & Jflag. TUSCALOOSA, OCT. 23, 1840. The G uberuutoriiil Question; In order to keep up with the movements of our party friends on the gubernatorial question, aud io keep our readers advised of the expressions of public opinion relative to the gentlemen spoken of in that connection, we copy into to-day’s paper several articles from democratic journals in the south, the east, and the north. We copy from the Mobile Register an article expressing a de. cided preference for Col, Terry, but sug gesting, should a new nomination be found to be desirable—Hon. Reuben Chapman’ representative in congress from the sixth district. We appreciate the conciliatory tone and temper of the Register article, and most cheerfully adopt as our own the following paragraph : “Wc will go tlioromg'y with the great body of our party fr ieodsj-£h ' whomsoever they may nominate or agree upot.in any sufficient form, as the leader whq wilt restore our party, in this Slate, to harmony and success. We have none of that temper which would tear our party in pieces by opposing itaneaudidates or affiliate, openly, or indirectly with our political oppo nents, for the defeat ot men of-our own politi cal faith because they may have been preferred before our own especial favorites. For such a harmony among' ourselves as will preserve rs the power of maintaining, unitedly, the princi ples of our parly lailli we will promptly surren der, at any time, all attachments la ind.vidu als.” The second article, we copy, is from the Democratic Watchtower. It expresses a decided preference, over all others, for Col. Terry—whom the Wutchlower nllirnis is loujly called for, by the democracy ol (he State, to bear their standard in the next Canvass. The Watchtoiver expresses no doubt, the opinions of a respectuble portion of the democratic party in lire eastern sec tion of ihe State. inetmra article is irom (Tie Franklin Democrat ; and is carefully written, with a view to the adjustment of the conflicting interests which now disturb the harmony of the party. The Democrat advocates a con vention, and suggests Hon. Georgo Hous ton, representative in congress from the sev. enth district, whom the Democrat belives could unite more political strength than any other man in the North; and whose nomi nation would insure ceitain success. In pro posing Gen. Houston to the democratic party, the editor says, lie is influenced by a desire which actuates all sincere demo crats, to see the conflicting sections of our party reconciled, The suggestions of this article are entitled to tlyj deliberate con sideration of the democratic party. The time has arrived when success must not bo hazarded, by personal preterenees. It must not be forgotten, that there are more interests involved than the election ol a dem ocratic chief magistrate. Jn IS4T, ocn ators and members of the [louse of Rep-, rcsentatives will have to be elected; and un less all conflicting interests, and rivalries are harmonized, in the nomination for gover nor, the democratic majority in both branches of the legislature will be reduced. It may not be possible for the whigs to secure a positive majority by any dissentions in our ranks, growing out of the gubernatorial question ; but for all party, and political purposes, it is as important that harmony should prevail, as that the democratic party should have n numerical majority in both branches of the legislature. Without har mony, a party in power may be made to do more injury to its own members, and to ita own principles, than any direct action of of the opposition could effect. At the ses. ■ion of 1847-8 it is especially important, that no dissentions should exist, which will jeopard, in any way, the hnrmonious ac tion of the democratic members of the leg islature. in common wan a majority ol our demo cratic cotemporaries we have expressed a personal preference for Governor, which we know, to be, also, the preference of rna. nyofthe most influential and reliable mem* hers of the democratic party, But we do not intend that any preference of ours shall, in ony way, conflict with the interests or the wishes of “ the great body of our party fi lends.’' In this, our democratic friends in North Alabama who oppose a convention —as is ullcdged by the Franklin Democrat, “because they believe it is the design of those who advocate a convention to noinu nnte a South Alabama man”—have a suf ficient guarantee, we hope, that no such motive controls our-action. No man, we presume—certainly no man who wishes the party well—would bo influenced by such a consideration. We expressed the opinion, soon after Col. Torry’s defeat, that the de mocracy of Not 111 Alabama would be expec ted, throughout the State, to indicate their choice for governor in 1847. We still think this preference duo to them ; and whether the man of their choice be of the South, the East, or the North, he will re ceive fi om us a cordial and zealous support. But this reusoti, ullcdged by ihe Democrat to be urged by a portion of our pnrty friends against n convention, is not only unjust in its suspicion of those who are most active in their advocacy of a convention, but it is a positive reflection upon the distinguished gentlemen, of South Alabama, who have been named for the office of governor. Those who have been named are, Col. Walthall, Gov. Fitzpatrick, Hon. James E. Belser, Hon. Andrew D. Moore, und Judge l’helan. We have no authority to speak fnr either of these gentlemen, but we are sure that no act of theirs will embarrass the convention in selecting a candidate for governor; nnd we feel assured, further, that if ii be the opinion of the convention tliat the selection should be confined to any particular locality, that its decision will meet with the henrly concurrence of each ol the gentlemen named. We regret the necessity of having to aU hide to such an objection us we have here noticed. We cannot believe it is enter laincd to any considerable extent by the democracy of the North. They are too generous, too confiding, and too candid, themselves, to impute any action to others which they would not themselves cheerfully endorse. We are doubly assured of the correctness of this view of the subject, when we look around us and notice who the ad vocates of a convention are. In Perry, Andrew B. Moore was the author of a res olution, adopted at a county meeting, ap proving a convention. In Lowndes county, the democracy adopted a like resolution at a county meeting : in Bibb county, we find the democracy expressing the same opinion. The Centrevillc convention, also, passe,d a resolution approving of State conventions; which was intcqded os a direct expression ol opinion in favor of a convention in 1847.- The press too, we find has thrown its weight in the same scale. I he Huntsville Democrat, the Mo bile Register, the Montgomery Advertiser, the Marion News, the Franklin Democrat, the Eufnulu Shield, the Gainesville Pilot— nnd other jnurnuls are decided in their pre ference for this mode or selecting a candi date. The weight of demoratic public opinion, as expressed thus far, is, therefore, in favor of n convention, and wc shall look for other and weightier reasons, from those who oppose it—than a suspicion of the motives of its advocates and defenders. “ Sam. Houston ami his Repub lic.” We hare received a copy of this work— by C. E. Lester of New Yoik. It i9 n neatly printed volume of 9ome 200 pnges, and consists ul a biographical sketch of Houston, and a brief nistory of Texan af fairs down to the period of annexation- Mr. Lester, like most biographers, is a zealous friend of the hero of his book. lie at. tributes all the disasters—and their name is legion—that befel Texas, from the decla ration of her independence^ the end of Houston’s first administration, to the action of the party opposed to him. The massa cre of Fanning’s tnen ; the massacre of the defenders of the Alamo; and the violation of the treaty with Santa Anna—are all charged upon Houston’s cotemporaries; who, it is ulledged, acted with ill judged haste, and in opposition to his views qnd wishes. Gen. Lamar, Gen. Felix Houston, President Burnett, Gen. Greene, and other men, prominent in tho early history of the Republic, are made to appear us a band oT conspirators , whose only object was to pro mote their own schemes, regardless of the interest of the State. Mr. Lester is par ticularly severe on Gen’s. Felix Houston, and Lamar. He represents the adminis tration of the latter to have been little better than.a series of Llundersfrom beginning to end—and the General, to have been a wild and reckless man, destitute of the compre hension, and forecast, necessary to consti tute a statesman. It would bo difficult, no doubt, to write a history of Texas, or a hi. ography of any of the public men who fi gured in her early councils, and in her urmie9, without saying many things calcu lated to give rise to angry debate ; but Mr. Lester seems to have become the partizan of Gen. Houston, and his book, therefore, must be very objectionnblo to the friends of Bur net, Lamar, Felix Houston, and other prom inent men, who have always been arrayed in opposition to Gen. Sam. Houston. In order to make up an opinion both sides should be heard : to those who desire to “ hear both sides,’’ we would recommend Gen. Foot’s History of Texas. Major Iownes, of Ihe Marion News, in commenting on the North Cnrulina elec tions, ‘-stirred up a hornet's nest,1' in the North Carolina editors, who seem to think that the Major intended to play the very d—1 with the character ol ‘-Poor old North Carolina.” We should’nt ho surprised if some of the whig editors in "the old North State”were to have the major indicted for an ussault, on “old Kip,!’ with intent to kill.—The editor of the Milton 'Chronicle, finds in "Gen. Townes,” who has presumed to charge ‘-ignorance” on North Curolinn, the veritable individual, who on,sundry oc casions was kicked and cuffed through the streets of Abbeville, S. C. The editor of the Cahawba Gazette has come to the Ma. jor’s uid ; and in the following paragraph says a few handsome things of him, which wo are pleased to have an opportunity to en dorse. It is scarcely necessary to say that the Chronicle’s tale so far as Maj. T. is con cerned, is a sheer fabrication. “Our iriend Townes, it is well known, is 60 fond of a good joke, as never to let the public lack for fan when a good joke can oe had. Even at the risk of friendship, lie will often indulge his playful humor, A trifling and jocular allusion, to the igno rance of North Carolina, has drawn down upon Ins devoted head the spleen, indignation, and invective of the combined new spaper presses of. that Slate. Amongst other effusions, we quote the above, with the Major’s reply to it. A more perfect gentleman than Townes, perhaps, never lived. Full of vivacity, great liberality, and kindness, he would lothc an act in any man, which could be construed, into an inten tional insult, llis magnanimity, honor, integri ty, and bravery are loo well established tosuffer from the slanders of anyone. During the recent visit of Mr. VVulker to New York, the board i>f assistant alderman voted him [ho hospitalities of the city. Pennsylvania. The whigs, throughout the Union, pre dicted a Waterloo dufent to the democracy of Pennsylvania. They were to be routed “ horse, foot, and dragoons.” Even Mr. VVilmot, the free trade member from an agricultural district, was not exempt from ] the general destruction that was to ovor | whelm democracy. 15ut these predictions | ure not verified : there is still something left of democracy in Pennsylvania. Al though the whigs have acquired temporary strength, in the recent elections in Penn sylvania, it will, in future conteals, leave them, until the natural lines of division are again drawn, as they'were drawn during tien. Jackson’s administration, between the democratic and federal party. The local influences now controlling the public affairs of Pennsylvania, date back in their origin many years; and are of easy explanation. Twenty fire years ago the lending interests of the Slate were agriculture, and com merce. Vast fortunes were made in those days by the merchants of Philadelphia ; and on aristocracy of wealth, was ns well known, then in that city, ns it is now known among the manufacturers of Boston. The greater portion of the wealth ihen accumu lated, passed into the hands of men tvho constitute the active portion of the manu facturers, and meichants of eastern Cenn. sylvania. The sons of most of the old mer chants, who had accumulated fortunes, on receiving their portion, embarked in min. ing, iron making, or in the manufacturing of cotton or woollen goods; and as their wealth and numbers increased, the charac ter of Pennsylvania was gradually changed from an agricultural and commercial, to an agricultural and manufacturing State. The Bank of tne United States, in its day, was a powerful agent, in the facilities it then af forded the manufacturing capitalists, to build lip an influence which has aided them in obtaining the controlling power they have now gained. Other causes aided in giv ing manufacturing, and mining, a permn. ncnt influence over commerce in Pennsyl vania, but these were among the principal. The great body of the voters of the State have always been democratic ; but nearly all the politicians have bowed to protec tion—the idol of whiggery'j and, although the people on the question of the tariff are really ahead of the politicians—yet the wltigs, and their democratic allies, who favor protection—have succeeded in carrying the State. If the issue had been made during Gen. Jackson’s administration, the demo cratic party could have maintained through out the State the doctrine of free trade. But now, the battle has to bo fought from the beginning. The interests and prejn dices created during the last quarter of a century have to be contended against; but we are confident of the result,—the inter, est of ngriculture is still the controlling interest in Pennsylvania,-and farmers can be convinced that protective tariffs are at variance with the public good, and a vio lation of the constitution. But what in reality have the demoents lost in Pennsylvania ? They bad but one free trade member at the last session : ull the other democrats were with the whigs on the tariff question. Now they have two ftee trade democrats—and tbfy have lost three or four districts heretofore represented by tariff democrats. In addition to this the ve>te oi the btate, according to tlie Pennsylvanian, has fallen off some 50,000 mostly democratic. We do not see there ore, that the wliigt have any thing to boost of. They will have power for one year, just as they had under the administration of Rimer; but Pennsylvania has never cast her vote, twice in succession, for the federal party; and we have confidence that she never will. The candidates fur office, who have acted with the democratic party, and at the same time advocated a protective tariff, and are defeated—will learn by this, that they have nothing to ex pect from the vvhigs; and that it is better to go wherever democracy leads, than to temporise with principles, for the sake of office. This defeat will stimulate the de democracy of Pennsylvania to act with increased energy ; and two years hence, the o!q Keystone will be certain to vote for the democratic candidate for the Pres idency. The Montgomery Journal contains a communication on the subject of our militia system. The writer notices the fact, that whilst Alabama was the first State to re. spond to the call of Gen. Gaines for troops, that she has had no partin the victories of Gen. Taylor. He attributes this to the de ficiency of our militia organization, which rendered our men “unfit” to take tbo field. Somehow*Alubama has been unfortunate from the beginning of this matter. She certainly hud the mnteriul to a people answered the call of Gen. Gaines, and the proclamation of the Governor, shows that the disposition to do good service was not wanting. We do not deny that a more perfect militia organization would [ have rendered our volunteers more efficient for immediate action; but we are of opinion that other causes beside a want of discipline, contributed to place the volunteers of oth er States in advance of Alabamians at Mon terey. If Gen. Taylor, gives the Alabami ans “a chance” we do not believe any of their friends will have occasion to plead in their behalf, fur a wantrof uny soldierly qual. ideations, that the militia oiganizatioi) of the Stale was defective. soldiers, and the promptness with The Steamer Great Britain. The 22d ult, was the day od which the Great Britain was advertised to sail. The anxiety for her safety is very great, all over the country. She may not have sailed as advertised ; or she may have sailed and by stress of weather have been compelled (• put into the nearest port. The New York papers notice that other vessels have, also, during the present year, made long pnssa ges. The propeller Massachusetts, was outi from Liverpool to New York, forty-two days. The Unicorn made a passage in March last in twenty nine days) and the Great Britain herself in May last was out twenty days. The Great Britain is a first class sea boat* and we have confidence in iier ability to ride out the severest gale. There is no reason to believe that she has encountered as bad weather as (he Great Western expe rienced, and the latter came in without se rious damage. Since the above was written, we have learn ed that the Great Britain was driven ashore, on the Irish coast; and that her passengers were sent back to Liverpool. Aaron Burr.—A correspondent of the New York Telegraph suggests that there are documents in the office of the Secre. tary of State, at Washington, prepared by Col. Burr, and submitted to Napolean, — to whom Burr offered his services to invade Mexico, which contain “an accurate descrip, tion of its geographical position, military re. sources—its roads, rivers, mountains, de files, and points suitable for defence. The mode and directions in which it was to be attacked—the routes to be avoided—the places proper to secure and forlily—the re sources for sustaining the army—the use that might Ire made of the mines—their rel ative position, condition, production, and every other matter useful and necessary to be known and understood by an invading general.” Me suggests that Ulr. Gullantin may re« member something ubout these documents. He states in conclusion that he acquired "his information from the late Count St. Seari D’Angely, the former attorney gene ral of France, and once, at the time alluded to, the confidential counsellor and devoted friend of -Napoleon” who resided during his exile many years in New York.” Open Pouts.—The Czar of Russia has ordered Sir-Robert Peel’s speech on com mercial liberty and freedom of trade, to bo translated into the Russian language, fortho purpose of general dissemination. From the English papers it seems that the doc trine of free trade is becoming very popu lar on the con'inent. Feudalism has been finally abolished in New York by the convention, recently in session, to form a new constitution. No leases of agricultural lundjhereafter, to bo binding for a longer term than twelve years. Reserved rents or service of any kind is declared invalid. This of course doOn not apply to existing leases—but only to such as shall hereafter be acquired. Anti-Rent ism. will now die, as Nativelsm has died—a natural death. The Mobile Register suggests to tho whig editors, who are carping at the Gov ernment, and seeking to embarrass its ope rations, by decrying its efforts to prosecute the war with Mexico—wheihcr it would not be well for them to stop /or a moment in their eagerness to find food for censure, that they may clearly ascertain whether they a re on the Mexican or American side. The newspapers of Vera Cruz, or Tampeco.or the city of Mexico, could not be more zeal ous in their abuse of (he administration gen erally, and Mr. Polk in particular, than are some of our whig newspapers. Whig Victories in Philadelphia.— The whig* of Philadelphia have carried Iheir whole tickets for Mayor, Members of Congress and members of assembly by over two thousand majority, being a vast gain I over Inst year. The Congressional ticket elected iu the county seems to be the same as last year, two locos, and one whig, and one native.—Montgomery Journal. In the days of tho U. S. Bank, 2000 ma jority would have been a very small figure for the city of Philadelphia. The city has always been whig ; and 2,000 is <‘a vast” falling off, from the whig majority in dqys past. Murderer Arrested.—Mr. Walk, er, Marshal of Mobile, lately arrested a roan named McDonald, on Middle River, near that city. The reason of the arrest was a suspicion that McDonald’s real name was Cowan, and that he had committed murder in Pittsburg in 1833, but succeeded in breaking jail. Mr. Walker wrote to Pitts burg for information, and received such as induced him to muke the arrest. The re mind fin diiwquHwtiension was 91,000. Special Election in the 3d Distbict, —Wesubjoin the official vote for a member of Congress in the 3d District. The vote is a very small one ; but the whigs have no. thing to expect, on this score, in future elections. The district is democratic by 600 or 700 majority, when a full vote is polled. Cottell. fieman. Perry, Shelby, Jefferson, Lowndes, Bibb, Coosa, Dallas, Autauga, 279 340 335 294 512 324 487 625 354 161 526 543 558 610 248 372 3299 3260 3269 Cottrell's maioritv. 30 .V|