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State journal & flag. [volume] (Tuscaloosa, Ala.) 1843-1846, November 20, 1846, Image 2

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Alubnmu Cotton Crop.
The editors of the Montgomery Journnl
in September, sent circulars embodying <|ue
ries respecting the cotton crop, to planters
in nil the counties in this State, andateverul
to Mississippi.—They were directed to the
principal planters and men of ench county.
Before us we have in the Journnl the an
swers from twenty of the principal counties
in Alabama.—These compromise Montgom
ery, Autauga, Barbour, Benton, Butler,
Chambers, Conecuh. Dallas. (Ireone. Law
rence, Lowndes, Macon, Mntlison, Maren
go, Perry, Pickens, Russell, Sumter, Talla
poosa, and Tuscaloosa.
The fulhwing is a recapitulation of these
returns :
Whole No. of Planters returned
in our circulars, - • - 305
Acres of Land planted in 1545, - 05,943
<• •« « 1546, 71,407
Acres increase, - - 2,534
Average yield per acre, in 1845,
of all the firms gfiven in, - 774 IbR
Average yield per acre, in 1846,
of all the farms given in, » 401 lbs.
Mr. S. G. Oliver, of Montgomery, in a
letter to the editor says:
“A wnrse year there never was, excrpt
1840—when there was a great loss of cot
ton bolls from continued ruins ; but cater
pillar never made its appearance here be
fore in such numbers—or any thing like it—
except in 1820. This year is rental liable
for the absence of all chances for h top crop
let frost come when it mny. Those who
planted early, Ihinned out and started their
fcrops make the best crops.”
Returns were received from five enmities
in Mississippi, as follows : Monroe, Macon,
Lowndes, Noxubee and Sumter. A reca
pitulation of these returns is as follows:
10,fi 17
Whole number of planters,
Acresofland planted in 184.1,
“ “ •« 1040,
Aeres increase,
Average yield per acre, in 1845,
of all the farms given in,
Average yield per aere, in 184G,
of all the farms given in,
This report, particularly that from Ala
bama, comprising the most fruitful pnrt of
the State, will furnish some valuable dutu on
the subject of the crops.
il lobitc Herald.
543 3-8
With regard to the incoming crop, we
cannot yet, with any degree of certainty,
form an estimate of its deficiency. The
opinions of those whom we regard as the
very best judges, vary on ttie probable
amount to be received at this port—tl eir
estimates ranging from 350,000, to 400,000
bales. Their estimates of the incoming crop
of the United Sales also rapge from 1,800.
000 (o 2,000,000 hales. The deficieacy is
greatest in the following States, and in the
order we name them—Louisiana, Alabama,
Mississippi and Texas. In all of the At
lantic Stales, and Florida, it is believed the
yield of this season will equal, and in some
of them exceed that of last year—hut it must
he borne in mind, that the yield of all these
States of last year amounted to only about
627,000 bales—allowing that they then con
tributed less than one tinrd of the crop of
the United Sintcs—Mobile Atlverliser.
The estimate of 350,000 to 4 00,000 bales
for ALbama, is most extravngant,—and
must, we think, ema.oaie either from persons
who have an object to subserve, or from :
those who have not the requisite data for ma. i
king a reliable estimute. All the informa
tion that we are in possession f—and we
have not only the benefit of exchanges from
all parts of the Stale, but we have taken
special pains to get information through
other channels—tends lo show that the crop
of Alabama is not only much lielow that of,
last year, but the shortest, for the amount of
land in cuUiaation. ever made in the State
*1 he coupijes of Green. Sumter, Marengo
and Perry, we are fully satisfied, have made ;
but little, if any, over half of what they did j
last year; in fact, we do not believe that
the crop of Marengo will reach half of that
of last year,—and as to that of Greene, we
have been assured by a gentleman of good
judgment, who travelled a lew weeks ago
over the entire countv, that the crop cannot
possibly rcacli half of last year’s.
liut most oi the best cotton counties in1
tlie State are doing very little better than
those we have named,—whilst some are do
ing quite as bad. A few ol the Eastern
counties are making something more than
they did last venr; hut the falling ofT in the
two counties of Greene and Marengo will
probably counterbalance this* increase. In
reference to North Alabama, taking the lacts
published in a late number of the Monlgom»
ery Journal as a guide—and we consider
them more reliable than other inlormation
we hate seen from that quarter—and the
conclusion is irresislable, that there will be
a tittle or no increase in the crop in that
quarter, compared with last year.
Where, then, Is the inerrnse to come
from ? Assuming the falling off in the cotton
region of the State to average one third,
compared with last year—we believe it will
be greater—and where is this deficiency to
be half made np 1 Are those persons who
estimate the crop of Alabama at 330,000 to
400.000 bales aware, that in the principal
cotton counties, the crop was nearly all gnth
ered in two months, and the picking poor ut
As on offset to the opinions of those who
estimate the crop of the State ut 35o,000
to 400,000 bales,—we again hazard the
opinion, that the crop cannot much, ij any.
exceed 300,000 bales. We shall he more
astonished if it goes above 300,000, than if
it falls below. Nor have we the most dis
tant idea that the cron of the United States
will reach 1,800,000 to 2,000,000 boles.
Our estimate for the entire crop, is about
1.600.000 bales ; 650 000 of which we al
low for the receipts at New Orleans,—300.
000 for Mobile,—and 650,000 for all other
ports.—Greensboro’ Beacon.
From the Iluntsnlle Democrat.
The time has come when it behoves us to
consult together and select a suitable candi
dale to run for governor of the State of At
abama at the'next election. On that «!*hject
1 have taken some pains to ascertain the
sentiments of the Democrats of Tallapoosa
county, and think I may saf. lv pledge them
to support of Col. Terry should he he se
lected for the race. The Democrats here
wa»t a firm, consistent Democrat, in the
executive chair; a man of a good practical
mind and habits; we believe Terry’s De
mocracy unquestionable, from the fact, that,
though often tried, he lias never flinched.
That he is a sound, practical man, many
years service in our Stale Legislature give
incontestable proof.—Then we say let Terry
be the candidate.
A Tallapoosa Dumochat.
Fbke Trade—The repeal of the duties
on brend slulls hm produced (he result,
indicnted in the paragraphs we copy
Indian Cohn.—The quantity of Indian
eorii exported from this port previous to the
first ol September of this year is estimated
at SGti.000 bushels. From Philadelphia,
during the same period, it amounted to 105.
707 bushels, and Iroin New Oi leans 941,589
sacks. The export of this article I'mm Dos
ton nod Baltimore each, was probably larger
than from Philadelphia. The product nl
this year is estimated by some at live hun
dred millions of bushels. The census ol
1840 states the product of that year to have
been 077.051,875 bushels. The news re
vived liv the steamer yesterday not only an
nounces nn advance in the price of (bis mid
other articles, hut warrants the belief that
the exports from-the United States to Ku
rope during the next eight months will lie
immense. Colton, rice, tobncco. and nh
sorts of bread stall's, beef, pork, lurd, cheese,
apples, &o., will now be sent out.—Alev
York Post.
Increase of the Prick op Wiieet and
! Corn.— The increase of ihe price of Wliea.
j mid Corn, caused by iho abrogation of tlic
I oppressive corn Jaivs of Great Britain, il
calculated on Iho entire produce of this
j country for the year 1840, supposing the
i produce of those grains to he no greater
j than the estimatedyield for 1815,will amount
j to the enormous sum of $42,443,700! That
; is to say. the wheat and corn raised in the
Uniled Stales the present year are worth
about forty two and a half million of dollars
more than they were before the recent rise
of price.—and the resent rise is clearly at.
i tributable to Ihe demand for bread-stuffs in
lingland and Ireland. So much for the re
moval of one of the arbitrary restrictions of
trade, which shut nut the abundant supplies
of Ihe farmers of this country, to the injury
of the starving millions of liurope, that the
few land-holders there might file in ullluonce.
—Baltimore Sun.
“Your prophecy ns to Indian corn is now
likely to be realized to a greater extent than
any one ever Imped for. The Irish are so
fond of this new article of fond. Hint they are
in n fair way to give up potatoes. At Lime
rick, ten days since, a riot was created by
n false rumor that the millers intended to
slop (he issue of meal. In Cork, the Gov.
eminent sells ten thousand pounds (sav
nearly twenty thousand dollars worth) each
week at one penny per pound ; and pri
vate deulers sell a great deal besides at a
lower price, nliont four fifths of a penny.”
—Extract of a letter to a merch't.
lircakcrt Ahead.
From the. various indications through the
public press, .mid political movements, wo
urc led to believe that a great political strug.
gle between the North and tlio South, on
the subject of slavery, will convulse the Lin- ;
ion at no distant day. The floors of Con.
gress, at the next session, will wo presume,
be selected to open the hall, by Iho prime j
movers, of this disorganizing utlempt. Penn
sylvania—democratic as she is, friendly as i
sliehas been on several occasions to the !
South, she will, we believe, take a promi- :
nent part ngninst slavery, or the extension
of it, in any further acquisition of territory,
by this country. It behooves, not only eve
rv Southerner, but every true patriot and
lover of his country, to stand firm, and op
pose any and every attempt to introduce
slavery into our National Legislation.—[t is
on this rock, that the Union will split, if ever
that misfortune should befall our beloved
land.) * Southerners, whigs and di mo- !
crats, be true to your country ; irrespective
of party connexions, your enemies regard
no! the lies of party, in organizing their I
ranks to assail institutions ami rights ; he
united and firm, and nil their combined for
ces from Massachusetts to Pennsylvania,
will prove powerless, to effect your over- j
throw.—Camden Journal.
There is a correspondence published in
ihe American Ping whir h passed between
Gen. Taylor and, by bis order, Col. Whiting
Q. M. General, and Gen. Morales, the Mi x i
ican General, and of Nuevo Leon, Ibc result !
of which is that the Governor consents to
furnish the army with corn and mules at n ]
fair valuation, having been informed, that it
lie ditl not, both would be taken by force and
without pay. This correspondence corrob
orates a statement mnde in this paper, which
welinve seen in no other—t.,at the first call
for a suspension of hostilities, while both par
ties would be burying their dead, mine from
the American camp.— A'. O. Della.
A Cunwus fact in Agriculture.—
Yesterday afternoon (says I lie N. Y. Eve.
ning Post) a gentleman residing, we believe,
I in this city, brought to the managers' room
| of the American Institute four small potatoes
which had been produced in the following
manner: The gentlemnn alluded to, in the
month of May, conceived that it was neces
sary to cut one or two more branches from
his grape vine, and he accordingly lopped off
the unnecessary branches which caused
them to bleed, and to remedy this he split
a potatoe into two pieces, one of which he
stuck on the end of the bleeding branch. He
then tied a rag fast to the branch so as to
cover the potatoe and keep it from falling off
and then left it. The t ag was not disturbed
again until a day or two since, when it was
removed and found to contain a crop of four
small potatoes which had grown from the
piece stuck on the end of thr branch. The
truth ofthe gentleman’s statement is vouch
ed for by n gentleman of the highest res
A writer at Monterey gives the following
brief description of Arista's palace:
Gen Arista’s Palace.—I have hern
enjoying myself of lute roaming about
the city ; the princiDal streets of which is
ihat ol Calk dr Monterey leading from the
Obis Patio, or Bishop’s Palace, into the
heart of the city, forming a side of two of
the pubic plaza’s. On this street is situated
the magnificent hacienda, or country seat of
General Arista. The house is a very beau
tiful white building, adorned with red about
tbe columns and cornices. The-lialls and
rooms are very large and spacious, with
high ceilings. The.parden is adorned w ith
groves of orange trees, now loaded with this
delicious fruit, and laid off in pebbled paths
around the flower beds ; while on each side
are baths of running crystal water, with
various littln ornaments placed hero nnd
there, making the whole a most delightful
spot to spend the summer in.
Janrnoi & irlag.
TOSCA LOOS A, NOV. 20, 1840
(fcj° If our citizens intend petition
ing the Post Oflice Department for a
mail route from Kingston, Georgia, to
Tuscaloosa—it is time something was
being dune. There are four of our
congressional districts interested in this
route, and we are sure that Messrs
Payne, Cottrell, Chapman, and the
member from the 7th district, will ex
ert themselves in its behalf, if it is the
desire of their constituents The route
would pass through Cherokee,St. Clair,
and Jefferson, to Tuscaloosa. A public
meeting should he held at an early day,
and a committee appointed to prepare
a petition for general circulation.
The evidence* of hostility (o slavery nt
!lie North, nnd East, on (lie part of a grow
ina faction nf political abolitionists, is so
glaring ns to force on the South, the posi
tive necessity of defending its own interests,
by discussion, or whatever other means may
he deemed necessary. The example of
Jno. P. Hale, who traitorously deserted his
party friends, and threw himself into the
arms of the uliigs and abolitionists of New
Hampshire—who have rewarded his infamy
by electing him to the United States Senate
—has been followed by Brinkerhuff, of
Ohio, who, having lost cast, at the late ses
sion of congress, by his disgraceful opposi
tion to the administration and its measures,
because he was refused the office of Pay. '
master in the army—has published nil ad- j
dress, in which ho takes ground against the :
extension of slavey territory South west, arid
claims as an heirloom, to bo handed down i
to hi i posterity, the restrictive proposition, I
relative to the extension of slavery, submit- \
led by Mr. Wilmol, at (he last congress,
amendatory to the bill appropriating $2,1)00
000 to bo placed nt lbs disposal of the
President. Mr, Brinkcrhoff, hereafter, will
be found co-operating with such men ns
Jno. P. Ilnif—and like Hale, has severed
all fellowship with his late democratic friends i
bv bis new connection. Like Hale, ton, lie
wdl. no dealt receivethe reward of his reas
on : but fortunately the career of such men is
always of short duration. Of far moie
importance; ns indicating the current of pol
itical opposition to slavery,are the evidences
of hostility presented in the recent Ohio
elections ; the proceedings of the Massa
chusetts whig convention; and the result of1
the New York elections. The moral (f j
fret of the nc'inn of such men ns Hale, and i
Brink.’rhofT, is almost destroyed by their i
treason nnd desertion. No mnn who |ins ,
noticed their course, unless he he one of j
the fiction to he benefitied by it, enn res.
pect them, or ever award to them the merit
of hnnrs'y of purpors. Not so, however,
with the action of parlies in Ohio, Massa
chusetts, and New York. In the Slate
first named, a governor lias been elected,
who is the avowed advocate of I lie abolition
of all laws, which make any distinction on
account of color. He was ilie candidate of
die whigs nnd abolitionists, nnd beat bis
democratic opponent, Col. Tod. nearly
2.000 votes. In Massachusetts the wliigs '
and die great body of the abolitionists will, |
necessarily, commingle, as the action of the
former m convention, conforms in nil its
essential purls to tlio creed held hy the Int
ler party. Tiie address, issued liy niilliority
of llie convention, openly declares that u on
nil questions touching human freedom," the
abolition party agrees, '• in the main,” with
the whig party. . In the late election in
Now York, abolitionism, as well as nut i -
rentism, native-ism, and all the other "isms''
were united to defeat Mr. Wright, who it
was nllcdgcd *• had given no evidence that
lie would uphold the right of all without dis
tinction of color.1' These are portentous
signs of the futuie action of the combined
forces, to he arrayed against the democracy
of the Union. In the next congress they
will unite upon all questions touching slav
erv, and will seek by every means to crip
ple it by restrictions which the South can
not, either in honor, or justice to herself,
submit to. In connection with the Mexican
war, the subject of slavery in California will
he bi-ought forward, and on this issun the
South will he arrayed against the abolition
htr of the North.
The suhji ct of si ivory, like the private con
cerns of a man’s household, should be tica.
led by strangers as n matter of purely domes
lie concern; and if ilie prngmatieal intrrlcr
ence of zealots cun, by the aid of legislation,
open the constitution so far as to trench on
ihe rights of the South, even though it be
but the breadth ol a hair—we bold it to be
the duty of every Southern man to meet
such interference, u« lie would meet the bos
j tile demoeslratioi.sofa public enemy. The
| guarantees ol the constitution on the slave
question are sacred, and cannot be violated,
i and submitted to. without bringing ultimate
political ruin on the Southern States ol this
Union. Ry the Missouri concession, for
I which we hold Mr Clay accountable, the
South yielded up a Gibrnltcr of strength.
In a government like ours, no political
prominence can be yielded to any section
without weakening the moral, as well ns the
poliitcnl importance of the conceding party.
No further concession can, therefore, with
safety to the South, he made; and it be
hooves every Southern man, wl ig as well ns
democrat, to demand, that all legislation
on the subject cf California, shall be free
fiom (li? influence of abolitionism
Elections—The defeat of Silas Wright
was an event not looked for liy a largo por
tion of the democratic party. But now that
the full, returns are before the public, his
defeat will cease to be a matter of surprise,
and men will see that nothing but a politi
cal miracle could have secured his election.
| John Young’s majority is some 11,000 votes;
I 0.000 of (his majority is made up in the anti
rent counties, in addition to this, the de
mocracy had arrayed against them all the
factions of the State—the Foucreritos,the
I Natives, the National Republicans, &c. A
victory obtained by such a commingling of
factions, cannot be maintained in future
elections. The Richmond Enquirer, has
| the following sensible reflections on (be de
feat of the democratic pnrtv in Pennsylva
nia and New York. Wo have us strong
confidence in the democracy ol both States,
on any general issue, whenever presented,
ns we had prior to the lute elections:
“In the various Slate elections, various local
matters will have iheir weight, and hy influen
cing the popular minJ ill various localities, keep
us ignorant of the sentiments of the people on
matters of national importance,and given seem
ing superiority to that which is found, in the end,
to he the weaker side. This accounts for eur
apparent defeat in the great Slates of Pennsyl
vania and New York. It only requites a critical
examination uf the returns to convince any one
of ihisfnct. We are Bure our Whig brethren
have made this ox i min ition, or we should have
heard a louder note of triumph from Iheir tin
gles. 'J'hey Bluet know that they have lost
ground upon thegreBt national question of the
day, and that ’he remit of their apparent success
will be but dead-sea fruit, nr tlie whole land
would now be nog mg with the shout of their
Official returns, of the legislative election,
make a lie on joint ballot of the Iwo bouses.
The St. Louis Republican lias nearly full re
turns from the iirst election in this new State.
According to a letter from Burlington. Iowe,
the Wings have n majority on joint ballot in
the Legislature, which gives them two United
Stales Senator. The same writer claims the
election of MeKnigli', the Whig candidate for
Governor, and Hunks it probable that Hendricks,
Wlii , is elected to Congress. — Ballimorc Sun.
The Mas;ocb isciis elections bate resulted
in Ibc success of the whigs—as was every
where looked Ibr. The n.iti slavery reso
lutiuns. iind address of the whig convention,
Combined an influence too strong for the de
From Michigan the lntest ness is sum
moped up thus, by the Juurnnlof Commerce
of Tuesday.
“The Democra’s have carried both brandies
of the Legis'altire, ami electi d two of the three
Congressmen, and probably the whole. Last
yeur the Senate comprised hut one Whig, out of
a total of 19 members. In the House there
were 1.5 Whigs, out of a total of 5.'] members.
The Whigs have gained several members at
the present election.—The Legislature now
elected chooses a United States Senator in place
of Mr. Woodbridge, Whig. Of course a Dcm
ociatwill be elected.”
Election in the 7th Distkict—The
election in the 7th,, district, to supply the
vacancy in our delegation in Congress, oc
casioned by the death of Gen. McConnell,
was held on Monday lost. Wo hove no
official reinrns of the result, hut the gene
ral impression is, that Franklin W. Bow.
don, esq , (drm.) is elected.
Ex-Gov. Hammond, wo see it stated, will
probably be the snccessoi of Gen. McDuf
fie, in the U S. Senate. We hope this
may be so—the country needs just such a
man, at this juncture, when abolitionism is
raising its Ilydra lieud in the councils of
the nation. With such men as Calhoun,
and Lewis,and Hammond, to defend her In
terests, «lie South will have but little to fear,
we trust, from the efforts of faction in the
Senate of the U. Stales.
Ili'nry T. Elletl, esq , is the democratic \
candidate lor congress, in the district in j
Mississippi, recently represented by [Ion. I
J< fF. Davis.—Mr. Starke, who is well known j
throughout this section of the Union, as a I
mail contractor, is the whig candidate.
The Jacksonville Republican, Iris, nt
length, after having run n foolish tilt against
the wishes of its party friends generally—
acquiesced in the necessity of a State con. ■
vention, to nominate nennd date for Gover
nor. By next spring, we opine, hut few do- j
mosrnts will bo found opposed to a Slate !
The New Orleans papers estimate the ;
number of persons who arrived in that city j
in one week, recently, nt 6,000. This
fact, it strikes us, affords a good illusfrntion i
of the public benefit th it would he desired
from a rail road connecting Mobile with
Montgomery. The greater portion of these
0000 persons were.no doubt from the North
and East—and when the Montgomery rail
j road is completed to Atlanta—it will only
I require another branch f.orn Montgomery
; to. Mobile, to form a link of rail road und
I steam boat conveyance from Boston to the
city of New Orleans. When will Mobile
' aw ake to the importance of her position, and
the necessity of counteracting the influen
, ces now combining to curtad her trade?
Gen. V bg a .—Col. Hunt of the army has,
i we learn (ram the New Orleans papers, noti
I fied ofiicially to Gen. Vega and the other
; Mexican odiccrs, prisoners in New Orleans,
tlmt they have been exchanged for Captain
Carpcnder, Jnd the crew of the brig Trux
ton. They were informed that they could
proceed to Pensacola, as Soon ns possible,
whence they would he taken on board one
of the U. S. men-ofi war, to Vera Cruz. It
was however, left to the discretion of Gen.
Vega, and the other Gentlemen, lo return
to their country by tne way of Havana.
The communication containing this infor
mation was dated Washington, the 28lh
ult., end signed by Gen. Winfield Sjott.
Arrival of liic Britannia,
The Britannia arrived at Boston on the
7th inst., in 17 1-2 days from Liverpool.
I The datps arc from Liverpool to (he morn
ing of the 20ih.
I The commercial news by the Britannia
1 's important. Cotton nnd hreadslutfs im
, mediately advanced in price in Liverpool,
on the receipt of the Cambria’s news. Pri
ces mled at the latest dates, in the British
nnd other foreign markets, very high, ai.d
large sales were made.
The distress in Ireland is increasing in
severity. Food riots and agrarian outra.
gos have occurred in various towns. The
people are suffering dreadfully, and the
country is in a most alarming state. It is
estimated that the sum of £8,040.000 will
he required to relieve the wants of the poor.
“There are about 320 baronies in Ireland
generaIIv—the government officers calcu
late that it will require £3000 a month to
employ the poor in each barony, alien
I cnee a day—twenty.four working days in
the month—multiply this by nine, and the \
hill to he paid is £8,610,000 ”
The steamer Great Britain will prove a
total loss. She is insured in London, for !
£20,000, and, ulso, in Glascow and other
places, hut (ho whole amount of insurance
fulls far short of her cost—which
1 lie two Royal marriages were perform j
eel in Madrid on the 10!h Oct.
Petitions have been sent to the Govern
ment from Manchester and oilier . towns, in
England, praying that the ports ho opened,
lor the admission of foreign grain.
We copy below, several items of com- J
mcrcial interest:
After the depnitureoftlie last mail (4th inst.,)
our market continued to stiffen, and holders
succeeded in getting an advance of 1 8d. per !
lb. on the rates current before the departure of
the steamer. Since t he arrival of the Cambria,
which took place on the 14 h instant, specula
tors have been deeply in the market, and the j
slock ot Cotton on sale being gradualy reduced
a further advance of fully 18 has been paid j
making our present price nearly 3 8d above
those current a fortnight ago. We must
remark, however that the quotations annexed arc
rather too high, and the price of Od for fair, j
Mobiles,and (j 1 8 for lair Orleans, is not easily
The Price of Grain.—We feci more re- :
gret than surprise ai finding that the price of .
wheat continues to advance in all the principal
markets. The weekly average for the King- ,
d<<m, which was made upon Thursday last, is56s. !
lUd. per quarter ; and we find that the Wake
field average for this week—which will enter
•he general average of next Tiiursday, and is
usually about the same in amount ns llml for
tlie w hole kingdom—is no less than 59s. 3 l-4d.
per quarter. Since the sales were made on
which that return is founded, prices have been
further advanced about 2s. per quarter ; so that
llie overage price of the whole kingdom, is now
certainly above CDs. per quarter.—Manchester |
The Selma Reporter says that Captain
Gillespie, of the Texas Rangers, who died i
of his wound received at Monterey, wns a !
native of Morgan county in this State, j
whence he emigrated to Texas, joined if ays’s \
Rangers and was soon noted for his ndven !
turous deeds. lie lias many relatives still j
living in Morgan, who will receive the news
of tlie glorious end of his brilliant career !
with deep regret
Hon. David Hubbard, of Lawrence co„
has announced himself a candidate foi con
gress, to represent the 5th district—Gen.
Houston’s district—in Congress. Gen. !
Houston has been named for the office of
Governor, and we infer, from this move |
that “old Davy”—deems the chances of !
Gen. H’s selection, by a convention, to be a
very probable event. But should the Gen.
become the democratic nominee for Gov- j
ernor, there are several gentlemen in the I
5th district who would be likely to contest
their claims to promotion with Mr- Hub
bard. Col. Terry, Judge Posey, Gen.
Walker, Col. Norman, Dr. Walker, and Jno. i
T. Nooe, esq., would each have many !
friends, no doubt, in a nominating conven
LtTKitAav—We find the following litera
ry notice in a letter to the New York Mir- ;
ror. Dow’s poetry is sometimes exceed
ingly fine: The reputation of “Clinton
Bradshaw,” will, no doubt, cause Mr.
Thomas'new work to be read. The sub
ject he proposes to weave into fiction is
made up of incidents which lie can make I
a readable book.
“Jesse E. Dow. late editor of the U- S. !
Journal, has just written a splendid poem on
the American seasons. All who have read
Mr. Dow's lyrical effusions—and who has
not read them?—will rendilv admit that he
is n poet, in the true sense of the word. In
his description of American seasons, ho
makes his debut (for the first time, in an
extended poem) in blank verse. The ground,
work of the poem, the accessories introdu.
cod. the episodes and liarrntive sketches,
nre thoroughly American. Differing ns it
does, in every essential particular, from
Thompson’s Seasons, it may ho regarded as
the first original poem ever written upon
the seasons in America.
P. W. Thomas, esq., nutlior of ‘Clinton
Bradshaw,’ has also been engaged, for some
time past, in the composition of a literary
work. It is nearly completed, and will
probably be issued in n few months- From
the nature of the subject, mid the high rep
utation of the author, I do’not hesitate to pre.
diet that it will command circulation more
extensive even than that admirable novel of
Clinton Bradshaw. I believe it is n novel
illustrating some very (curious and interest
ing scenes touching social and political life
in Washington. A book of this kind is
really a desideratum. No work lias ever
been written upon the subject that gives any.
tiling like a correct and spirited delineation
of life at our scat of government, and no
man possesses the peculiar talent requisite
for sueli a production in a higher degrer,
(ban Mr. Thomas.”
ITom Mexico, aud Hie Gulf Sqiiud
We have advices from (ho gulf squadron
to the 27ih and from Vera Cruz to the
‘22d October. We are indebted to the Pic
ayune for our compilation and extracts.
.Santa Anna arrived at San Louis on the
Sth ot October, where, according to his
i letter to the Secretary of War, he was re
! ceived with great enthusiasm by the people.
“One of the first acts of the wily general -is>
simo was to supply himself w.th funds,—This
i he did very effectually by seizing upon a con"
I ducta of specie, thereby getting hold of two
! millions of dollars. Uis pretext was that it was
1 unsafe to forward this lar^e amount of money to
1 the sea coast in the present state of affairs. lie
| gave receipts for the money and Ins individual
i bonds fur its restoration. It must be confessed
I t hat this mode of supplying his coffers is infinitc
■ ly more expeditious than advertising for a loan,
and more acceptable to the people at large than
■ a forced loan from the clergy. The accounts
we give of this great financial stroke, wc do
not derive from Mexican papers, b it we have
entire faith in the fuels.
While Santa Anna was on his way to Son
Louie, he wrote hack from Qucretaro, on theyd
of Oct., as follows: “The disaster which wo
encountered at Monterey is not so great as I
i at first thought. Our troops have left for Sal
j tillo and have already occupied the principal
points of the Sierra. So far from the troops
having become demoralized, I am assured that
great enthusiasm prevails among them. Their
success has cost the enemy, according to incon.
testable evidence, more than fifteen hundred
men. Om artillery was well managed, and it
is said that the epemy believe it was served by
French officers. * * * * J am
now about to unfold all my character, with the
energy which is habitual to me, and the Ameri
cans will very soon succumb, or I shull cease
i *o exist.” Upon copyirg this effusion of Santa
j Anna, the Diario breaks forth : “May Heaven
j crown with the most brilliant results the patrio
! tisin ofthis illustrious child of his country, whom
' we ardently desire to see return to the capital
covered Vith glory.”
i Wc now for the first time learn what fruits
I the Mexicans derived from the seizure of our
mails near Marin, intended«for Gen. Taylor at
i Monterey. Among the multitude of papers for*
! warded by Ampuilia to Santa Anna and the
Government, we find a letter from our Secretary
of War Mr. .Yl&rcy to Gen. Taylor, revealing
the design upon Tampico and ban Louis Potu-,
si. The lottei is dated Washington, Sept. 2d,
and though our account of the contents ot the
letter will be an old story at Washington, we
may say here that the design of the Secretary’s
letier is to obtain Gen. Taylor's opinion, rather
than to dictate a line of proceedings for him.
lie is told what the (ioverninent has thought of
doing, and asked what he thinks uhout it. The
Government itiers to him fdPint'ormation upon
various points—as to llie .difficulties ot his own
advance—whether lie deems it advisable to con.
linue his inarch upon San Louis Tolost, and
various kindred topics. The letter pursues its
enqnni s in the most respectful terms, deferring
it to the better judgment of Gen. Taylor; hut it
of course discloses our plans, the number of
troops intended to be used against Tampico, and
some other general particulars. The letters of
Gen. Ampudia covering Mr. Marcy’s despatch,
contains u singular paragraph, if, in other haste
we rightly apprehend it. It is to the following
effect: “Every moment which passes, confirms
my idea of the immense advantages we have
gained Irom fighting four consecutive days at
Monterey, since now the enemy entertains
great respect for the Mexican soldier, mid Ame
rican blood flowed with such profusion that from
the Generals of the enemy came ilie suggestion
of tin armistice of eight suee/cs, which disarms,
us it were, a great, part of his regular troops.”
The operations of Gen. Worth on the
West side of the own (Monterey) are des
cribed by the Mexicnn papers, as very bril
liant. One fort taken by him is said to have
been taken and re-taken three several limes
—once by Gon. Mejia at the point of the
bayonet, when he captured 300 Americans
and eight places of artillery !!
In Mexico on the 14th ultimo, there were
symptoms of a new revolution. Certain
battalions ot the national guard were disposi d
to wrest the reins of government from Gen.
Salas, because, as was alleged, he was aim
ing to perpetuate his power and seize on the
property of the mercantile classes—There
was a great deal of commotion in the city
of Mexico, but no overt act had been com
mitted by the enemies of the administration,
who are termed conservatives.
From the Gulf Sqiiatlton.
By the conveyance which brought the
above news bom Vera Cruz, advices to
the 27th uk., from the Gulf Fleet were, also
Another attack was made on the lOili
ult., on Alvarado, which resettled in a fail
ure. An expedition has been fitted out
against Tabasco. All the squadron, except
the frigates Cumberland and Un itan, was
engaged in the attack. VVc copy part of a
letter describing the affair.
“ No were within ten miles of the mouth of
the river at dnyliglil and stood slowly into shore,
it being dead calm—the Vixen and McLane
towing the schooners—the Mississippi anchored
at long-shot distance and commenced her fire.
Up to this time everything appealed highly fa
vorable tor file success of the expedition. There
being a heavy swel I on the bar the pilots de
clined taking the vessels over. 1 be Commo
dore leaking in the Vixen, with the rest of the
fmce following, passed by the fort, each vessel
firing her broadside as she ranged ahead, with
but little effect, however, owing to the distance.
A long eighteen in the Forward sent a shot di
rectly in'o the fort—this movement was repeat
ed with better success, the distance being les
sened and again the Forward made a most beau,
tiful shot. In the meanwhile the Mississippi
had closed up and was exploding her Paixhaus
about the heads ofthe Mexicans in a way that
must have made some of them see more stars
than the I,ord ever made. One shot from her
dismounted a heavy gun of theirs from a siock
ade, this they soon remedied, but thus far ail
their shot had fallen short. During the morn
ing several of our boats sounded within half a
mile ofthe fort, receiving the fire of the enemv
with as much impunity as indifference. The
swell on the bar having somewhat subsided at
1, the line of attack was formed ns follows:
steamer Vixen,flagship, towinggun boats Reef
er and Bonita, stcanier Ale Lane, towi.ig the
Nonata, cutler Forward and gun boat Petrel ;
then two launches, three cutters nnd a barge,
containing a force destined for boarding the
vessels of war, brought up the rear. The Vixen,
with her tow passed th'* bar and took position
within point blank range, but the McLane stuck
last, nnd the Commodore findbig himself depri
ved ofthe support of two-thirds of his force, and
being unable to sustain the fire of a twelve-gun
battery with but four light pieces of his own,
was obliged to retreat. The force in the boats
was now exposed to a heavy fire, the shot flying
thick and fast around us, and had the Mexicans
fired grape it would have knocked some of us
into fits. \Ve escaped, however, with a good
ducking from the spray ofthe balls.
It being now too late in the day for any furth
er operations, signal was made for return to
anchorage, and thus ended this bloodless combat,
bloodless, not because each and every man of us
would not have shed our heart’s best blood to
have gained the day, not because our plan of
attack wus not good, or that we were not prop
erly led, but because Providence has provided
the enemy with such natural defences as cannot
be iviTcnrnr by a naval atlaok with such means
as Coin. Conner has at his disposal.
There remains one way to take this Alvarado,
and, mark my words, it will be done before ma
ny weeks ; meonwhile we must expect to be
severely handled by the newspapers at heme,
and by people who expect us to accomplish im
possibilities and gain glory on a field where none
is to be won—although no man, with two idea#
in his head, who witnessed our recent defeat
■ can attribute to any one.”
Tiie entrance of Santa Anna into the
I port of Vera Cruz, lias afforded the whip
1 editors of the country, ever since it oc
curred, a fruitful theme for censure. It is
now gravely "hinted (hat fhe President will
he charged with “ corresponding with thn
enemy,'* and will be impeached at the next
! session of congress ! We find it) an ex
change paper the subjoined speculutii ns,
on the subject, which we simply publish a*
an item of speculative news. The true
ground of defence, on the part of the friends
of the administration, should be ihe absence
of any right on the pari of our squadron, to
intercept Santa Anna. The Arab, on which
he was a passenger, belonged, if our memory
is not nl lault, to the line ol mail packets
which were, in part, exempt from the con
ditions ol the blockade. Sunta Anna, and
j l‘,s suite, were pnssengers—and we know
of no, power by which he, any mere than
another, could have been, lawfully, prohib
ited from entering Mexico. Moreover, our
| government, as well as the officers ofoor
duet, knew him only ns an exile—against
whom the public indignation, nl one period,
had risen to a fearful height ; and ihev
could have had no positive assurance that
! he could exercise any power, whutever in
the country. It will he remembered that
Santa Anna remained for a number of days
at bis residence near Jalasco, and did not nfci
tempt to approach the city ot Mexico, until
his emissuries had assured thcmselvess of
I (lie support of the army, and the populace
! ol the city.
A good d,»a I of surprise and indignation Ins
' been expressed by (he newspapers b( cruse Srus
ts Anna was allowed to pass through the block
ading si|uadron at Vera Cruz into Mexico.
No adequate reason wss given at the time or
lias been g v n since. In a W obington letter
to the Philadelphia hedger, we find something
j on the subject which is worth quoting. The
1 writer says that the government is well aware
of the faithlessness, treachery and meanness of
; Santa Anna.—He has never been trusted, from
the begining by any one connected witn the
administration ; but the government had no in
terest in keeping Parades in power, who is
not only an enemy to the country, but the ene
my to repub! can institutions on our whole con
tinent. It wns in the language of a celebrated
Turkish Grand Signior, quite immaterial,
“whether the dog eat the hog, or the hog cat the
dog while, in the mean time, we had for us
the chances for a revolution in Mexicoe-and in
consequence a weak and unsettled government
to contend against, instead of a comparatively I
strong one.
Santa Anno, moreover, lias not the ccnfidence
of the Eurupeon Governments which Parades
enjoyed, whose emissaries were to be met with
in every important Court of Kurope, from the
i I uilleries to St. Petersburg. If a monarchy is
to be established in Mexico, it must be throngh
the man who lias the prestage of a Prince in his
favor—who has not grown up among the Mex
icans—whose fotbles and crimes are not known
to the whole popultion— who is not the crea
ture of their own making— and therefore liable
i to be nndone agein by the Mexican people.
Such a nmn can only be a Europcon prince,
and Parades knew it. The danger from him
therefore, was much more eminent, and threat
ened to become vexatious from the varie y of
questions to which it might have given rise even
after the conclusion of piece.
Santa Anna, on the contrary, has no other
purposes to serve but his own, and it is reason
able to suppose, shuns European interference
as much as ourselves.
" Between Santa Anna and Parades oor Gov
j eminent, therefore, could not but prefer Santa
j Anna, and the seqnai will show that it acted
! with shrewdness in not interfering with his
! landing. Parades, with his ulterior views, could
not be inclined for peace ; Santa Anna may be
j so alter lie is thoroughly whipped.
i “The State Guard," is the title of a de*
nmcralic journal, to lie published at Wes
, tumplta, Ala., by Mr. Juo. Hardy, formerly
proprietor of the Cnhnwba Democrat.
i The New Orleans Delta received by Wed
nesday's mail, contains intelligence of a se
rious accident to Cap!. Ridgley, at Monte
rey. He was riding an unruly horse, and
[ was thrown from him with great violence,
which produced a dangerous fracture of the
skull. At the time the express, which
brought this intelligence left Monterey, bo
hope was entertained of his recovery.
New Attohney General—The Prcsi*
dent has. says the Pennsylvanian, issued a
commission of Attorney General of the Uni
ted States to Nathaniel Clifford, Esq., of
Maine. This is the first cabinet appoint*
men1, which Maine has ever received, and
we hazard little in thp assertion that the man*
tie has fallen upon shoulders which are wor- '•
thy of wearing it. Mr. Clifford is in the
prime of lile. On leaving the Congress of
the United States, he left a name behind
him ol which any citizen may justly be
proud. In the national councils, as well as
in his own Slate, he has been distinguished
by the integrity of his character, the firmness
ol his principles, and the talents of a politi*
cian as well as a jurist.
Killed and Wounded in the Battle
ok Monterey.—A statement of the killed
and wounded, at Monterey, as published ip
tho Picayune, shows the total to be 550—
killed 159, wounded 392.
The Montgomery Advertiser suggests
ihat pluce as the most proper for the meet*
ing of the democratic State Convention, to
nominate a candidate for Governor. Wo
take it for granted that there will be no ob>
jection to this. It has been customary to
hold State conventions at the copilot, and
we see no reason for departing from the
rule in this instance—F.ufaula Democrat.

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