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State journal & flag. [volume] (Tuscaloosa, Ala.) 1843-1846, December 04, 1846, Image 3

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From the Independent Monitor.
Public iTlccling.
Mail Route between Tuskaloosa and King
ston, Geo.—Foundry—Railway, SfC.
It will be seen from the Proceedings
below, that the adjourned meeting of the
citizens of this city and county took place
at the court house on Saturday last. It
was gratifying to observe that the meeting
was composed of our most prudent, intell- I
igent and influential citizens, prepared
to lend their exertions to any and every 1
proper measure to advance the interests ;
of the country—just such men as may be
depended on in the hour of trial-men of
capital, great personal influence, of tried |
ability, sound judgment,and practical know
After the organization of the meeting, by j
calling R. Blair, Esq., Mayor of the city,
to preside, and Arthur Foster, Esq., to
act as Secretary, Judge Porter offered a
series of resolutions, which he advocated bv
many arguments, tending to show the delay
by the present mail arrangement, and the
advantages likely to result from the con
templated change. In connexion with the
subject of a new mail route between this
place and Kingston, Geo. he showed the be
nefits of that route in many points of view.
The fine character of the population, the
vast mineral resources of the country over
which the route passes; and demonstrated,
that by bringing it tothe attentionofthe pub
lic, it would be disclosed that it is the only
route over which a railway can be built,
connecting Middle and Eastern Mississippi
with the railways now communicating with
Charleston or Savannah,and completed from
thence into the Tennessee Valley. He ad
verted to the removal of the Capitol; and
while admitting that its presence caused a
considerable experidilure of money among
us^and in that respect was an advantage,
insisted that the country around Tuskaloosa
possessed inherent and permanent mate
rials of prosperity,to bring which Into profit
able operation, required only the energy
and industry ot her citizens. He also
showed the advantage of a railway over
the route named, stated facts, showing the
facility of the trade with Charleston, &e.
—paid a high compliment to her merchants
—of the energy and fidelity of the railroad
agents ; and the certainty and expedition
with which goods had been transmitted.
These resolutions being adopted; John
McCormick, Esq., remarked that there was
another subject of intimate connection with
those already acted upon, which lie would
bring to the attention of the meeting. He
then introduced the resolutions, in the pro.
ceedings below, which ho advocated with
clearness and force—showing die great ad.
vantage of position occupied by Tuskaloo
sa, and the nath nal character ol the subject
proposed, the establishment of a national
foundry at this place.
RobkrtJkmison, Esq., then addressed the
meeting, and gave a lucid and sensible
exposition of the results of Ids observations
during a recent trip over the country named.
He said that he was prepared to say
from personal observation, that no section
of country could be found, of the same ex
tent, presenting the same nuraral road ad
vantages, and possessed of richer mineral
resources, lie furnished details of great
interest on the se-veral subjects of discuss
Judge Portf.r again addressed the meet
ing, giving a brief historical detail of the
progress of railway improvements, the com
parative cheapness of such roads in our
country over those of Europe, and the
gieat advantages extended to a country by
their adoption. lie also shewed that it
was impossible to select, any where in the
western country, a superior location for
a national foundry, considering the richness
and abundance of the ore, of the materials
necessary for smelting it, and the ease with
which communication could be had either
with Charleston or the Gulf of Mexico.
That Tusltaloosa, standing in an elbow with
relation to these points, could with great
facility furnish ordnance, &e. to either
point—the Atlantic coast on the Gulf.
R. Jemison and Arthur Foster, Es,|S.,
further addressed the meeting; after which
it adjourned.
At a meeting of the citizens of the city and
county of Tuskaloosa, held at the courthouse,
after the adjournment of the Circuit Court,
Nov. 28th, 1846, for the purpose of mcmorialis
ing the Congress of the United States, to es
tablish a mail route from the city of Tuskaloo
sa to Gadsden in Cherokee county, Ala.
On motion, Robert Blair, the Mayor of
the city, was called to the chair, and Arthur
Foster appointed Secretary.
Judge Porter offered the following res
olutions, which were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the interests of the greater
portion of Eastern, Western, and Middle Ala
bama, demand a more direct and speedy mail
communication with the City of Washington,
than that existing by the way ol Montgom
ery, Ala.
Resolved, That facts demonstrate, that a
mail transported direct from Charleston, S. C.
to Kingston, Geo. and thence by way of Gads
den, Cherokee county, Ashville, in St Clair
county, and Ely ton, in Jefferson, to Tuskaloosa,
would be in advance of the mail, now trans
mitted via Montgomery and Selma, to Tuska
loosa, two days and a half.
Resolved, That the transfer of the mail re
cenly conveyed on the route between Huntsville
and Elyton, to the road between Elyton and
Gadsden, does not accomplish what the people
in this section of the country so earnestly and
justly pressed on the consideration of the Post
Office Department, namely, a direct Northern
mail, via K ingston, Geo. to Tuskaloosa.
Resolved, That the Post-Office Department
is hereby earnestly requested, as a matter of
deep interest in a commercial, agricultural, and
indeed a national point of view, to the citizens of
North and Middle Alabama, and North and
Eastern Mississippi, to cause such a change in
the mode of carrying the mail, as will furnish
a daily line between Tuskaloosa and Kingston,
and place the mail heretofore conveyed between
Huntsville and Elyton, again on that route.
Resolved, That a committee of ten be ap
pointed by the Chairman of this meeting, whose
duty it shall be to prepare a memorial, setting
forth all the facts necessary to exhibit the pro
priety of the changes herein suggested, and the
great wrong perpetrated to a very large portion
of the people of Alabama, I "
need he, to appoint some sui r_t_
will proceed to Washington, and make a proper
representation of the same.
Resolved, That the Representative in the
Congress from this Dstrict, Hon. W. W.
Payne, is urged to enforce upon the proper de
partment the necessity of the measures contem
plated in these resolutions; and thatthe whole
of the Alabama delegation be, and they are
hereby respectfully solicited, to use their exer
tions to the same end.
Resolved, That the citizens of the counties of
sments, to the proper
Greene, Pickens, Sumter, Jefferson, Bibb, St.
Clair, DeKalb, Marshall, and Cherokee, and
such other counties as feel their interests con
nected with tiiis matter, be, and they a re hereby
urged to hold public meetings, or act in any way
deemed desirable, with the view of responding
to these resolutions, and of effecting the pur
poses contemplated.
Resolved, That the line of four horse post
coaches, established by Mr. Grimes, between
Tuskaloosa and Gadsden, is deserving of the pa
tronage of the travelling public of Middle Ala
bama and Eastern Mississippi; and confers very
manj advantages to persons communicating
with tire North and East; in furnishing not
only a much shorter route to those points, but
one over a fine, smooth road, amidst beauti
ful scenery, and through a country distinguish
ed for health, comfort, and cheap living.
Resolved, That the enterprise of Mr. Grimes,
in estabfishing this important and beneficial
stage route, entitles him to the favorable con
sideration of the I’ostoffice department, in
whatever contract may be made for the convey
ance of a mail on the route suggested; as it fur
nishes a perfect guarantee that the public
service, on that route will bo promptly and faith
fully discharged.
Resolved, That copies of these resolutions
be forwarded to the Post-office department, and
to each member of Congress from Alabama, and
that they be published in each of the city pa
Resolved, That the chairman appoint a com
mittee of ten to draw up a Memorial to the
Post-Office Department and to Congress, to
carry out the views and suggestions contained
in the foregoing resolutions.
Whereupon, the chair appointed the follow
ing as that committee: Judge Porter, John Mc
Cormick, Robert Jemison, Dr. John R. Drish,
Capt James Dearing, Washington Moody,
Judge Foster, Stephen F. Miller, Daniel Cribbs,
and Augustin Lynch.
John McCoiimick, Esq. tben offered
the following resolutions, which were
unanimously adopted ;
Resolved, That the joint memorial of the
Legislature of Alabama to the Congress of the
United States, adopted at the session of 1845-6,
relative to a National Foundry at Tuskaloosa,
Ala., demands at the hands of our Senators and
Representatives, the most persevering and zea
lous efforts to effect theobjcct to which it re
Resolved, That the establishment of a Na
tional Foundry at Tuskaloosa, would afford the
Government an outlet, not only at Mobile, by
way of the Warrior and Alabama rivers, but
it would also insure, at no distant period, a
direct connection by railroad and steam-boat,
with Charleston, S. C.—thereby securing to
the Government, in locating a Foundry at
Tuskaloosa, two lines of speedy communication
with the Atlantic coast.
Resolved, That the' published testimony of
Professors Lyle and Rrumby, affords ample evi
dence of the surpassing richness and great
abundance of the iron ore, bituimpous coal, lime
stone, &c. lying contiguous t<™he city of Tus.
kaloosa; all of which are necessary at w hatever
point a National Foundry may be located.
Resolved, That the Memorial of the Legis
lature of Alabama, above referred to, and the
accompanying extract of a letter of Professor
Brumby, recently published in the Flag of the
Union, be published in the city papers, in con
nection with these resolutions, and that the pa
pers throughout the Slate be requested to copy.
Joint Memorial,
To the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United Stales:
Your Memorialists, the legislature of the
State of Alabama, would respcctly repre
sent to your honorable bodies, that from the
exposed condition of the whole coast of the
Gulfof Mexico, including the coast of Te -
as, that it is important that the Govern
ment should establish some point near the
coasts for casting cannon, and manufactur
inga#ns suitable for the equipment of troops
in the service of the United States—that
our southern coast is more accessible to an
invading army, and is in a more exposed
condition than any other portion of the Uni
ted States—and its defence has received
less of the attention of the Government than
any other. We hope that this has been ow
ing, in some degree to a want of information
as to the resources of the South for pro
viding the munitions of war. There are in
the neighborhood of Tuscaloosa, extensive
fields oi'bituminous coal on the lands of the
General Government, also iron oar, to an
indefinite extent, also owned by the Gen
eral Governmpnt, from which are manufac
tured someof the best iron now in use here.
Tuscaloosa is situated at the head of navi
gation on the Warrior River, and within
three davs of the city of Mobile. It is
believed that these coal beds are nearer the
Gulf, than any that have been yet discov
ered, and as it is probable that war steam
ers will come in to general use, they would
be invaluable as a supply of fuel for war
and mail steamers, from the easy access to
Mobile, Pensacola, N. Orleans and Galves
ton. In view of these facts, your Memorialists
would respectfully urge upon Congress the
importance of establishing an Armory at the
City of Tuscaloosa, for the manufacture of
cannon and other arms for the Government,
and also that such arrangement as Con
gress may think best, be made to supply
from these coal fields, the coal that may be
wanted on our Southern coast.
Resolved, That our Senators in Congress
be ininstructed, and our Representatives re
quested, to aid in effecting the objects of
this Memorial, and that a copy ol the same
be sent to each of them bythe Governor of
this State.
Adopted at the Srss'on of ’40.
Extract of a letter addressed by Prof. Brumby
to Hon. S. D. J. Moore and E. Spencer Brown,
Esq. dated
University of Ala, Aug. 31, 1846.
Gentlemen:—You ask me to give my opni
ion of the nature, quality, and quantity of
the mineral resources of that part of Alaba
ma, through which the contemplated rail
road would pass. Being the officer, employ
ed by the State to teach those sciences, which
alone can furnish a satisfactory answer to
your question, I regard it as my duty to com
ply with your request.
From Tuscaloosa to Gadsden, about one
hundred and sixteen miles, the contempla
ted road would passthrough the heart of
the carboniferous system. This is one of
the richest mineral regions in the Union; in
deed, the only really rich mineral region in
the South or Southest. It is as stated by
Mr Lyell, in his letter to Professor Silliman,
published last May, in the American Jour
nal of Science, the “southern prolongation
of the great Apalachian coal field, exhib
iting all the same mineral and paleonto log.
ical characters.” It is therefore the ex
treme southern limit, of the most extensive
and richest coal field known in the world; it
extends from Blossburg and Pittsburg hi
Pennsylvania, through Kentucky and Ten
nessee into Alabama, where it crosses the
Tennessee river and runs from North-East
to South-East on both sides of the Warrior
and Cahawba rivers.’’
“The iron ore where I have seen it in ma
ny places, is exceedingly abundant and ac
cessible. It is of the kinds known by min
eralogists as brown and red hematites, with
all their varieties. These ores, so extensive
ly used in Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and
other Stutcs, as well as lit England, yield
from fifty to eighty per cent of metal. The
iron though excellent for most purposes, is
not so hard as that front Sweden, or the
northern part of New York. 'Phis opinion is
neither speculative nor conjectural. The
forces near Murphy's farm (McGehee’s
&c.) have sent to tliis market many tons of
excellent iron; and the furnace in Benton,
near the line of Talladega, as well as similar
small establishments in Shelby and Bibb,
have produced specimens of wrought and
cast iron, quite equal to any Vended in
Southern markets. Still, one, who has not
examined the country; cannot liirma correct
estimate of the extent of the facilities pre
sented by central Alabama, for the manufac
ture of this most useful metal.
Mr Lyell, to whom 1 showed only one
locality of the ore, sys: “In some of the in- i
forior beds of limestone, (carboniferious.) !
there is a great mixture of iron, and through
out the range of this formation, there has
been traced an enormous mass of brown he
matite, which seemed to me to constitute,
where I examined it, at Murphy’s thirty
miles from Tuscaloosa, a regular bed, rather
than a vein. From the abundance, accessi
bility, and richness of this ore, its proximity
to the coal field, and to the navigation o( the
Tombeckhee river, (he meant the Warrior
at Tuscalooca,) I can hardly doubt that,
like the coal itself, it is destined, at no dis
tant day, to be a source ol great mineral
wealth to Alabama.”
Oil motion of Judge Porter, the fol
lowing resolution was adopted :
Resolved, That the committee of ten raised
by this meeting, tinder resolutions with respect
to the mail, be instructed also to prepare a Mem
orial to the Congress of the United States, set
ting fortli the national advantage of a Foundry
for War t trdnance in this section of country, and
that the same be committed to any person whom
they may appoint, to proceed to Washington
city to press the necessity of a mail route, with
directions to such person to press the same upon
the consideration of Congress.
The meeting tlidli adjourned.
R. BLAIR, Chairman.
Arthur Foster, Scc’y.
University of Alabnma.
TltK, annual examination of the classes,
will lake place on Monday, December
14l h, and the next following days ; at the usual
The Commencement Sermon will he deliv
ered on Tuesday, Dec. 2(Mi, by the Rt. Rev.
hr. Cobbs, of Tuscaloosa.
1 be publ c exercises of Commencement will
occur in the Rotunda, on Monday, Dec. 21st;
beginning at 10 o’clock, A. M.
The attendance of the public is solicited.
Nov 4, 1646. tf-3
Executor's Sale of
123 N E « K O E 3.
ON the 21st December, 1640, wc will offer
for sale at public auction, agreeable to an
order, from the County Court of Lauderdale
county and Suite of Alabama. ONE HUN
longmg to the estate ot Henry Smith, of Sweet
Water deceased, (or cash in band or approved
Bilis on responsible houses in N. Orleans.
The above number of negroes consist of Men
Women, Roys, Girls and Children, principally
young and very likely, 'lire s-le will lake
place on the plantation known as I he residence
of the late Henry Smith, deceased iR the coun
ty of Lauderdale Alabama.
1). II. MASON,
Ex’m, of Henry Smith dte'd.
Oct 31, 1846. 3t-3.
O. XMfrzange & Co.
Corner of Commerce and Exchange Streets.,
Sole Agents for Peter McIntyre's Mills—
Also for Bullock s Patent Cotton Packer.
ARE nmv receiving direct from Domestic
and European Manufacturers, the most
extensive arid best selected assort no nt ot Iron,
Hollow ware. Nails, MilUtonrs, and every va
riety of Hardware and Cutlery ever effered in
this market.
The recent depressed state of trade has ena
bled them to purchase their Goads at unprece^
dented low prices. Their long experience in
the trade of Alabama and Mississippi has placed
it in their power to select goods o( patterns and
qualities peculiarly adapted In these States.
They are determined to offer them to purcha
sers on such terms as they cannot fail to give
satisfaction. Their stock will continually be
replenished from the same sources, and now
consists in patt of
400 tons Swedes Iron, assorted flat and
150 tons Swedes Iron, 6 to 12 in. broad.
40 “ Am and Eng.rolled Iron, flat, round
and square.
70 tons round, square, hoops, band, scrol,
nail-rod and Horse shoe Iron.
10 tons Sweeds Plough moulds.
20 “ Steel of all kinds.
150 “ Am. Eng. and French Castings.
(ovens, spiders, 8cc.)
3000 Kegs Swedes Iron Nah.8 and Spikes
of all sizes.
50 lings Horse Eiioe Nails.
5o » Wrought Nails, (i to 20d.
20 Cashs Patent Horse Shoes.
200 ucts Blacksmith's Tools, superior
450 sets Carpenter's Tools, superio
2000 dozen Hoes, Cast Steel, German steel
and lion, made to order.
3000 pair polished Trace chains, aesorted.
10 casks Ox, I.oa, arid Fifth chvins.
500 dozen genuine “Collins" and other cast
steel Axes.
5 tons sheet cast Steel, 6 and 10 in.
wide, with every article used by Gottou Gin
5000 dozen Knives and Forks.
2000 “ 1’en and Pocket Knives, 1 to 1G
200 pair Cologne. Esopus and French Burr
Mill-stones, all sizes.
50 sets Saw and GRisT-mill Irons, com
Dutch Bolting Cloth, all of sizes, 6-4
wide, a superior article.
700 Ploughs; includin'? the Subsoil, Eagle,
Self-sharpener, Cast, Nos. 10, 11, 11, and Corn
and every variety of newly improved.
60 Fan-mills, Straw-cutters, Corn
500 dozen Cotton Cards, Nos. 8 and 10,
and Wool, No. 6.
7c0 dozen and coils Canton and Grass Rope
of all sizes.
500 Guns and Rifles.
1000 Nova Scotia Grindstones, blue grit,
dressed and rough.
Rowland's Mill Cross-cut and Pir,
100 ar ts Tanners Tools.
20 Bark Mills.
“Mott's” celebrated Cooking-stoves.
Parlor, Office, and Church Stoves,
wrll assorted.
With a general assortment of articles used by
Planters—to all ot which they invite the atten
tion of purchasers.
Mobile, Dec. 4. 1846. tf-3.
For the University Wuntcd.
r«MIK incumbent declining a re-election, llie
A Trustees of the University of the Slate ut'
Alabama will proceed, 3t their next meeting, to
appoint a Steward for the ensuing year. Mis
chief duty will be to fiirtti-h meals to such of the
Students as may choose to board in IheSteward'i
Mall ; for which he will have the advance pay
of his boarders, and the use ol the buildings,
free of rent. Bond, with approved security, for
the faithful performance of the duly, will be re.
qu i red.
Persons wishing more particul r information,
or intending to apply for the office, will send in
their letters to the undersigned, naming their
securities, between the 14th and 2lst day ut
December ensuing.
President of liie Board of Tiustees.
Nov. 27, 1840. tf-2.
The Oldest BookMorc in Alubnnm.
\J OI.. Cih—The Modern British Essayist,
four vols. complete in one, containing the
Miscellanies of “Jeffrey,” I vol. 8vo.
Vol. 7th—ilo. do. containing thu misce!
inneons writings of Tullourd &L Slepln ns, 1
vol. 8vo.
Vol. Hth—i’o. Jo. Three vols. in or.e,
containing Macintosh, 1 vol. 8.0.
Specimens of the U tti-li Critics, by Chris.
loplier North, (John Wilson,) 1 vol. l'Juio.
Th ■ Trees tf America, (valuable,) 1 vol.
LaiTig's Notes of a Traveller, 1 vol. 8vo.
AIiowbo ; or incidents of life ami adientore in
the Rocky Mountains, by an Amateur Trav
eller, edited by J. Waiscu Webb, 2 vols.
The Comic B'.ackslone, by Gilbert A. A. Beck
elt, 1 vol
Anatomy and Phvsiolngy, / met , with an
Appendix on Waiercure, by Ma>y S. Gore
(Ladles buy llns book ; read it, and practice
upon it; then thank Mr. Woodruff for sell
ing it to you.)
Anthon’d Eclogues and Georgies of Virgil, 1.
A First Book in Latin, by M'Clintock & Crooks,
1 vol.
Cooper’s Naval Biography, 1 vol.
The Expedition to Born o, 1 v. Bell’s Life of
Mrs. Somerville’s Connection of the Physical
Temper and Temperaments, or Varities of
Character, by Mis. Ellis.
Cheap I’lihlu'Ulions.
Mexico before and after the Conquest, by
Michel Clievaleer, price 25 cents,
Kohl's England ond Wales, price 25 cents,
Log of a Privateers-nun a 1(10 yeurs ago, by
Maryalt 2 vols, price 25 cents.
Capt. O'Sullivan, or Adventures, Civil, Milita
ry, and Matrimonial, or n Gentleman on half
pay, by Maxwell, price 25 cents.
The Chronicles of Clovernook, by D. Jcrrold,
25 cents.
Emilia Wyndham, by the author of Two Old
Men's Tales, Mount Sorrell, &c. price 25
Leontine ; or, the Court of I.nuis the Fifteenth,
by Mrs. Marberk, price 25 cents,
Father Darcy, by tlie author ot Mount Soral,
<f-e 25 cents.
The Statesman of the Commonwealth of Eng
land, by John Forster, 4 Nos. price 25 cents
Achievements of the Knights of Malta, by Al
exander Southerland, 2 vols. price 50 cents
K..r sale by D WOODRUFF.
Also, for sale as above.
Mrs. Hentz’ New Work,
Aunt Patty’s Scrap Bag, 1 vol., price 50
Nov. 13th, 1840._tf-52.
PURSUANT to a decree of the Orphans
Court of Marion County, Alabama, made
on the 19lh day of October, A. D. I84G. the
undersigned appointed by said court, as Com .
missioners to sell the Real Estate of B.iiley
Fleming, late of said comity, deceased, will on
Tuesday the 1st day of December next, at the
late residence of said Fleming, offer for sale, to
the highest bidder, on s credit o! twelve months,
the following describ' d Lands, to wit ; The east
half of the north-east quarter of section No. 8,
township No. 14, of Range 15, weBt ; also, the
south west quarter of the north east quarter of
section No. 8, township No. 14 ol Range 15,
west ; also, the north-west quarter of the south
east quarter of section No. 8, township No, 14,
of Range 15, west ; nil silunted in the county
and state aforesaid. The purchaser will be in
quired to give good and annroved security.
THUS. W. WOODS, kCom’rs.
Oct. 20th 1840. (pr’s fee SKI) 31-51
I>riiggiwt uml .4|iotli<‘rar)’,
HAS received his Spring and Suminer sup
ply of Drugs and Mi d cities, glass and
glass ware, paints, oils, dye-sluT, varnishes &c.
And also, a large variety of perfumeries and
toyletle soaps.
"lie is now prepared to accomodate all who
may favor him with their custom with every ar
ticle in his line, either wholesale or retail.
Mis assortment is composed of the best,
medicines of all descriptions, and wi/l dispose
ot them as low for cash, or to approved custo
mers on time, as can he purchased any where
in the State. Physician,, and the community
generally, are invited to call and examine his
stock ; as the proprietor is determined to spare
no pains to accommodate those who may rely
upon him for their supplies.
Prescriptions and orders will, as heretofore al
ways meet with due attention.
P. S A large lot of Congress or Saratoga
water, just received and for tale by the above.
May 29, lB4fi. tf-28.
Coals, VcnIn and Pantaloons.
Cl J. FICiUET, Merchant Tailor, two doors
•'* East of the Slate Bank, has just received
his Pall Stock of CLOTHING, ernbiacirg
every article of gentlemen’s apparel, of the la
test and most approved style, together wt# a
full assortment of the most fashionable Cloths,
Casstmeres and Vestings ; all of which he w»il
sell at very reduced prices, or make up to order,
at the shortest notice, in a neat and workman
like manner. His stock is now.full, and lie will
make it his object to offer at all times to his
patrons all that is new and fashionable in his
line of business.
C. J. F. would return bis thanks to a liberal
public for the large share of patronage, lately
bestowed, ard pledges himself that no effort
shall be wanting to merit its continuance.
Nov. 6, 1»“46. tf-51.
.Stna Insurance Company.
THF. ./Etna Insurance Company, of Hart.
ford, Connecticut, continues to insure
against Fire, on brick and detached wooden
buddings, furniture contained in the same,
merchandize, and all other insurable property,
in Tuscaloosa, or its vicinity.
Apply to JOHN LITTLE, Tuscaloosa.
Aug. 14, 1840, Jy-30
jTlog of tl)c Union nni) iHontgoman 2Vi>oatisci\
The* undersigned, proprietors of the "State
Journal and Flog ofTli* Uni m,” published at Tus.
caloosa, Ala., and the *• Montgomery Advertiser,"
published at Montgomery, A!a., propose, on, or
about, the 1st January, 1847, to unite thes« jour
nals, and to publish in the *.ily „f Montgomery, u
newspaper to be entitled the »• Flag 01 the Union
A. .Montgomery Advertiser" The removal of the
State Capital to Montgomery has created, it is
believed, a necessity for the establishment, at that
point, of a democratic journal, which front its
character, and circulation muy, in some degree,
be regarded as an exponent of the opinions, and
sentiment , of (lie democracy of Alabama. The
“Flag of the Union," as is well known, has for
ten years past, enjoyed the Slate patronage, and
has, thereby, obtained a position, in the State,
which u new journal could not, for years at
least, acquire. I he “ Advertiser," has, also, identi
fied itseli closely with the democracy of East and
South Alabama, and enjoys a patronage which is
a sure guarunice of the confidence of the democ
racy of those sectio s of the Suite. The union of
these two journals, therefore, it is believed, will
insure permanent success to the undertaking, and
will secure to the democracy a central organ,
whose Circulation will embrace every county in
It is scarcely necessary, after this exposition of
the reasons, in part, which have induced the union
td the “flag A Advertiser," to add any thing in
reference to its political compiexiun. We will say.
however, in brief, (hut it will be—as the “.Flug of
the Union," urid the *• Montgomery Advertiser,”
have always been—strictly mid purely democratic.
It will oppose all protection, in the imposition of
duties on imports, which does noi necessarily grow
out of a strictly revenue tariff. In the imposition
of duties, revenue should he the first object to
be attained ; and if in thus adjusting duties any
class is accidentally benefiued, by an increase in
the profits o» their trade, or calling—let them en
joy it in peace; but governmenchns no constitu'ional
power—no right—to foster one branch of industry
to the injury of another. We hold the whole policy
of discriminating for protection to be wrong. The
principle is of monarchical growth, and may be ex
emplified by the British tythe system. The only
difference between the protective system ond the
tythe system, for the support of the Church of En
gland, is—that the one imposes an indirect, tax on
the whole people for the benefit of on exclusive class
of capitalists, whilst the oilier imposes a direct tax
on the whole people fur ihe benefit of on exclusive
class of preachers. The evil consequences of
burihening our revenue system with this species of
taxation extends beyond the mere exaction of the
tax 'taken from the pockets of the people.
I his, I ho* onerous, is one of its lesser evils—os in
creased industry would tend to correct it. The
system in its broadest extent lends to produce ex
travagant governmental expenditures; to keep alive
the spirit of internal improvements by the genor>
nl government ; to extend the power and the pu->
tronage of every administration ; t<f foster the prin**
ciple of dstributioii ; and finally to keep alive the
I sectional strife which enters into all our elections,
and which tends to weaken the ties of union.
ft will oppose all schemes of banking, whether
federal or state. The mania for hanking by the
general government, has died away ; and iis ablest
advocate has declared i he idea, ol Icdtralbunk
ing, to be "obsolete." Ju our own State we have
i been freed from a system of banking, the c tier is m
which there is reason to feui will, lor years to come,
hear grievously upon the people ol the State: and
there will not he. herualien we infer, any attempt
1 made to build up that, or any oilier system, unless it
he on the part ol those w ho will not leuru wisdom
from ex pi rience.
li w ill adhere to the old land marks of the dem
ocratic party, on the subject of internal improve
ments hv the general government. In tin* progress
ol cmnmeice a ml trade, individual or State enter
prise can afford means for improving the natural
channels ot trade, nut liabe to ubuse, or corruption.
There is a spirit abroad in the lund, which reaches
over tveiy thing in its way to advance section- I
al Hi’cresi ; hence it is, that the democratic West j
is found to luvor the old federal doctrine of internal j
improvements by the general government. In this 1
matter, the securitv of the South, against unjust
exactions, requires that no concessions bo made.
It any new rule is to prevail, it should Un one of j
universal consent, and of general equity—squar
ing strictly wnli the provisions of the constitution, j
and well guarded and protected against all li
i ability to encroachment, or perversion.
It will advocate in the discussion of all ques- j
lions touching the extension of our territory, and
law’s, South-wvet, over th. regions that may he nc. !
quried from ^Mexico. the right of Southern men, 1
I to exercise threm, all ihe rights and immunities r»f
citizens of the Southern States. The interest of
the South requires that there should he no more |
Compromises —no more concessions—on the ques
tion of slavery ; and should the discussion of that
question he forced on the South, us has been threat,
ened bv a candidate for Governor in Massachu
setts—the “ Flag & Advertiser” will defend, with
right good will, the justice, the equt'.y, and the
morality of Southern slavery.
Thus much lor questions mainly connected wiih
fedcrul uffjirs.
In matte s of domestic concern, the " Flag Sl
Advertiser” will seek to promote the best interest
I of the State, and to uphold ns character for intcl
! ligence, mid good faith. The lime lias arrived
when a luge share of public intention must be di
, rected to our internul concerns. The affairs of
our banking institutions, hy the meeting of the
general assembly in 1H IT, will, no doubr, have
been brought as near a close, ns will be practicable
under the present system of management. The
last p iymeiit on the good debt will he duo in June,
1647, and nothing will remain hut, what he termed,
“ bud and doubtful debts ” It will not he thought
< necessary, we infer, («» keep an expensive com
mission in existence, two years longer, to dispose
of this remnant of our State hanks; and the ques
tion must come before the people, as to the manner
' of the final disposition of their affairs. In this
connection, it will, also, he nec^ssrtry f«* take som®
action in reference to the public debt— which is
accumulating every year—and when the assets ««f
file banka are consumed, ns they will he in a brief
period, in the payment of interest, and other charg
es, it will accumulate, fn round numbers, at the
ran? of $500,000 per atinum. The immediate sale
of all ilie assets ot the banks, at auction, m the
counties in which they me due, alter till the good
debt lias been collected, ih the best means, that
occurs to our minds, to get finally clear of these
institutions ; and to meet the public debt, we have
no other means than an equitable system of tax
It ts time that the a'tontion of Alabama was awa
ken'd too knowledge of the interna! improvements,
by roil road, winch are adding incalculable wealth to
neighboring States—and which, in the language of
n distinguished citizen of South Carolina, have giv
en value to "every pine knot" in the districts in
tliut Siate m wlnoli they are hunt This is a sub
ject we shall, IVoin nine to nine, press upon the at
tention of the public, ai a means, ultimately, ot pro.
viding a fund out of which, m part, our foreign debt
cun he paid—without relying wholly, us we now
do, on the cotton crop of ihe State. In this con
nection, ulso, wr shall advocate a geological survey
of the Stale—us one of the best and cheapest means,
whereby to direct attention both at home anti
abro.id to the inexhaustible wealth of the Stale,
which only needs capital, and expeditious commu
nication, to develop it.
It will be our special aim to make the “ Flag <f
Advertiser” a desirable State paper.— Although one
of its features will be decidedly polijpcal—poltics
shall not so far engross its columns, us to shut out
other suhjectsof special importance to the planter,
the merchant, and the trader.
Montgomery is the second city in the ^inte in
population and trade; and its growing wants, ns
well us the wants of the people'throughout tlrfc
State, induces the belief that a newspaper publish**
cd tri-weekly, os it is proposed to publish the “Flag
& Advertiser” will meet with a large share of pub
lic favor. The mails from our national metropolis
reach Montgomery in days—-and the publication
ofThe “Flag &. Advertiser,” util be so arranged as
to convey lo a large portion of South, West, and
Fust Alabama, ull the current news, political and
commercial, at os early a period, as it can he recei
ved in the New York, Washington, and Charles,
ton papers.
The “ Flag *&. Advertiser” will be published tri
weekly, at $5 per annum in advance, or $6 at the
end of the year: and weekly (a loige sheet, con
taining all the matter uf the tri-weekly) at $3 in
advance, or $4 nt the end uf the subscription year.
Ten dollars forwarded to ns, Dee of postage, will
pay For four copies of the weekly paper for one
year, which will he sent to the address of such
persons as may be designated.
Proprietor of the Jour mil tf*
Proprietor o f the Montgomery A tlrer liner.
jO'ipifp I'ri Wr-fklv.i vVWklv.
CiOMMIT I'ED to the Jail of Tuscaloosa ‘
J county, Alabama. hy II. P. Doutliit,esq.,1
on the 12lh of November. 1840, as a runaway
slave, a negro man who ca'ls Inmsplf HOI),
anti soys that he belongs to George Jones, ot
Mobile. Said slave is about 40 years of ape,
5 feet 5 inches high, very blcck, and says he
ran away from Georgo Tankestly, of Sumter
county, Alabama.
I he owner is requested to rome forward,
prove property, pay charges, or he will be dealt
with as the law directs.
L. W. O’NEAL, Jailor,
Nov. 18, 1846. tf-1.
COMMITTED to the j.il of Tuscaloosa
County, Alabama, by II. P. Doutliit, uu
the 18th November, 1846, as n runaway slove,
a negro boy, who calls himsellT NELSON, anil
says that he belongs to Nathnniel Harris, for
merly of V’trginia, hut is now residing in Ar
kaneas. Maul boy is about 20 years old, 5 feet
5 or 6 inches high.
The owner is requested to come forward,
prove property, pay charges, and take him
way, or he will be dealt with as the law di
e's. L. W. O’NEIL, Jailor.
N i v 20, l8lfi. If I
CCOMMITTED to the Jail ofTuecaloosa
) county, Alabama, mi the 20th of Septern
ber 1840, by H. P. Doutliit, a Justice of the
Pence, a mulatto man, about-years of age,
five feet, seven inches high, who calls himeelr
GEORGE WASHINGTON, and Buys that lie
belongs to Gen. John livll, of Pontitoch county,
Miss. The owner is requested to come forward,
prove property, pay charges, and lake h.m away
or he will be dealt with ns the law directs.
L. W. O’NEAL, Jailer.
Sept. 25, 1846. tf 45
CCOMMITTED to the Jail of Tuscaloosa
I county, Alabama, on the 2nd day of Au
gust, 1840, by James M. Norment, a Justice of
the Peace, in and for said county, a runaway
stave, who culls himself TOM, and sBys he be
longs to James Williams, who lives in Lauder
dale county, Miss., near Marion. Said hoy
says Ihul he is free, and that he was raised in
Willmington, N. O , and that his proper name
is Thomas Thompson ; that lie was lured, and
brought to .Mississippi by a trader whose name
is Win. Jerneson, who h Id him to the said
Williams Said hoy is about 25 or 50 years of
age, six feet high, spare built, a bright molatto,
quite intelligent, writes a good hand, is handy
with the needle and razor, ar.d is also thought
to be a good cook ; he is quick spoken, »nd
says he is subject to dispepsa. The owner is
requested to coine forward, prove properly, pay
charges and take him away, or he will be dealt
with according to the statute in such cases
made nd provided.
L. W. O’NEAL, Jailor,
September, 11th, 1840, tf 45
(Kt" The Mobile Register, the Montgomery
Advertiser, and the Huntsville Democrat, will
copy the above for six months, unless instructed
otherwise, and furward theij accounts to this
\ Proclamation,
Tusc.tloosa. $
WHEREAS, it lias been communicated to
It,18 Department, tlint heretofore, to wit:
on the 27tli duy ofSeptr mber, 1840, James M.
Coker, did commit o rape, on the body of Nan
cy E. Column, in the courny of Boiler, and
that r|ie said Coker, has escaped from justice.
Now, therefore, by virtue oftho power and
authority in me vested, I do hereby offers re
the apprehension and delivery nfllic said James
M. (hiker, to the sheriff of our said county of
Boiler, that be may be tried for Hie offence with
which be stands charged.
Given under my hand and the great
seal of the Stale affix' ll at Tuscaloo
a fsa, IhiB lull day of November, A.
I***' \ D. 1840, and of American Indepeu
dence the 7UI.
By the Gov< rnor.
Secretary of State.
The said Jamea M. Coker, is from appear
ance, about 25 or 2ft years old ; about 5 teet, 6
or 7 inches high; weighs about lit) or 145
pounds—rather pale complexion ; Inis dark bail
and dark eyes, and has a scar ou his forehead
He talks a great deal.
Nov. 13th 1846.
tf 52.
WOUl.l) respectfully inform his friends
nnd customers, that lie is now prepared
to execute uny nnd all orders in Ins line with
punctuality nnd neatness. Me has been in
New York manufacturing his STOCK OF
CLOTHING, winch lie offers very low for
cash. He has also brought with Inm a very
fashionable assortment ol Fancy Cr.ivats, Vest
ings, French Cassemere. die., die.
Call nnd see them.
September 18, 1840. If 34
Trust Maleof valuable Slave*,
Ylulc*. lloi'M's, &c.
TN pursuance and by virtue of a Deed in
Trust executed by Bryan limes to William
Hawn, as Trustee, to secure the President
nnd Directors of the Bank of the Stale of Ala.,
hauia, in certain 6iims of money therein express
ed, which Deed boars date 18-It D-ceti.ber, I
1841, and is duly recorded in the book M ,
png us 93-4-5-6-7-8-9 and 100, in the office
of the Clerk of the County Court of Greene
county, the undersigned will offer at public sale,
to the highest bidder, for cash, in front of the
Washington Hall, in the city of Tuscaloosa, on
Monday the 21st day of December next, be.
Forty and Fifty very valuable
UHd likely Sltivea
Men, Women, Bovs, and Girls : - Also, sundry
Moles, Horses nnd Mares, and one tine Gold
Watch—being a part of the property conveyed
m said Deed in Trust :—Also, at the some t me
and place, two Knod Wagons with Gear. Sule
between the usual hours.
Such title only as is conveyed In the Trustee,
| by the said Deed in Trust, will he made to the
Tuscaloosa, Ala., October 16, 1^40.* tds 48
S WALTON has just opened, at his store
. a few doors above Maxwell’s, a fresh and
fashionable supply of CLOTHING, manufac
tured by himself, during the past summer, con
sisting uf
Dress, Frock, and ltilsiuess Coats,
among which nre fine cloth, Cassinett, Tweed,
Jeans, Plushiug and Beaver Coats—coinpitsing
an a-soitmenl to suit all fancies, and all prices.
of Cloth, Cassimcre, Cassinett, Tweeds, and
ofSatin, Cut velvet, Fancy Merinoe*, Cloth,&c.
In addition to the above stock of clothing,
Mr. VV. has a good supply ol Handkerchiefs,
Suspenders, ij-e. of a good quality, and at a low
price. He is also prepared to manufacture
clothing, in the latest uad most fashionable
styles, at moderate prices. An additional sup
ply of cloths, and ready made clothing will be
leceived during the business season, comprising
the latest style of goods in the market
Oct. 9, 1040. 01-47.
\ Proclamation,
Tuscaloosa. {
WHEREAS, it lias been made known to
ibis Department, that heretofore to wit :
on the 28lli day of October, l*t4G, Daniel L.
Picket, did murder Samuel Wilson, in Hie conn,
ty of Washington, and that the said Daniel L.
Picket, lias escaped from Justice.
Now, therefore, by virtue of ihe power and
aiithnri'y in me vested, I do hereby offer a re
the apprehension and delivery of the said Dan
iel S Picket, to the sheriff of our said county
of Washington, that lie may be tried lor the
offence with which he Btamls charged.
Given under my hand and the great
seal of the State affixed, at Tuscaloo
^ r ifni ,h'8 I Dll day of November A. D.
1 C ] h4G and of the Independence of the
United Slates of America the 71st
By the Governor.
Secretary of State.
The raid Daniel S Picket, is ah nt five feet
ten inches high-weighs 105, or 170 pounds, is
rather stoop shouldered—has a down look, dark
hair. ,,,
Nov. l3.h 1840. If ,»'J
Alsilminu ft-'eiimlc A llinistoiina.
BY reference to I fie subjoined Course of In
structiomit will be seen that it is intended to
ulFer to the public a Course hh complete ns i«
pursued in the very l ast Schools in the Slate.
In the; Preparatory Department, our pupils are
prepared for the higher Classes, under our own di
rection—a point of great consequence to their lu
lure progress.
O’ A Certificate of Scholarship will be confer
red upon those who pursue the Regular Course.
Hilt Young Ladies will he received who design s
more limited Course, and their studies arranged
Rev. C. F. STURtiM Prinripal.
Mr. A. P. PFISTER, Teacher of Music.
'Nn! j
»g«c, y
J «I9
l*r<?pnr:itory Department*
Third Class—Spelling, Reading, Elements ^
of Ari'hmetic, dtc. S $12
Second Class—The same ; with Geography*
G.nmmnr Elements of
tural Philosophy* Coinin'
Tilings, J ®I^
First Class—These, with Definitions* $1'^
Adraiif^d Dt'pttrltticiit.
Second Class—History of U. S., Analysis')
of English language, Nat- j
ural Philosophy, Elements [
of Moral Science, Ele- f
meutsof Astronomy, Boto- I
ny, commenced, J $H>
First Class—Botany, Geography of Heav
ena, Chemistry, Roman
History, Antiquities,
ihology. Algebra, coin
Jcniok Class—Chemistry, Algebra, Uni
versa I History, Ancient
ogmpliy, Phisiology, Logic,
Globes, Geometry commen.
red. j
Senior Class—Geometry and Trigonome ^
trv. Ge-ology, Mineralogy,
Iniellectuiil Philosophy,
Rhetoric, Political Econo*
mv, Evidences of Christi
Fcel, - - -.- - -
(LTInstruction in Vocal Music to all the school,
without charge.
The fdinoing are extra, and at the option of
the Parent :
Music on the Piano,
•• •* Harp
•* “ Guitar,
Use of Piano,
French, Spanish or Italian language,
Drawing, Painting, Mezzotinto,
Transferring of Prints, Wax and Shell J
Work, per lesson, $
Lse of Library,
Board without washing, including fuel, bed
Board with washing, including fuel, bed
(FT* Doily Exercise? in Arithmetic, Grammar,
Composition, Elocution, and in the Holy Sciiptures,
througl out »he whole Course.
Nov. 27* Id 46.
ANAVVAY, from the Subscriber, living
three miles east of Ci ntreville, Bibb coun
ty, on tin; night of the l5th met., a negro man,
named l.RVVIS, alia* BLKANER LEWIS, is
about twenty two years old, live feet ten inches
high, stout hull', yellow ucmplection, large
mouth, thick lips, and broad teeth, and weighs
about ltiO lbs ; rather stoop shoulders, quick
spoken, with a down countenance when spoken
to. Iiewis can read, and write a tolerable fair
band, and no doubt will exhibit a pass, wr’tten
by himself, when apprehended. He rode off a
black horse, six years old, a hold live leet high,
and spirited, lie also carried off a saddle, blan
ket, and new bridle. He bad in Ins possession
clothing of various descriptions ; amongst which
was a while blanket over coat.
A rew ard of twenty live dollars will bs paid
for the delivery of the negro and horse, to me,
at my plantation, near Centreville ; or, his con
finement in any jail, an that I get linn, and the
horse which he road off.
Contrcville, Bibb county, Nov. 16,1646. tf-1.
Administrator’# Notice to sell Lund.
NOTICE is hereby given, that the petition
of David Johnston, administrator on tho
estate of Francis M. Douglass, will be heard be
fore the Oorphan’s court ot’Tuscaloosa county,
on tho second Monday in December next, to
ecll the real estate of said Douglass.
Oct. 10. IS 10.

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