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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, January 01, 1880, Image 14

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LlQUOßS— Continued,
French brandies and imported wines.
Their imported cigars are direct from
Havana manufacturers, and their domestic
brands are of Eastern make. As they
purchase direct from the manufacturers,
their expenses being comparatively light,
and freight charges being, greatly in their
favor over San Francisco merchants, they
are enabled to undersell any house in the
latter place in the same lines and quality
of goods. This is fully verified by the
fact that the business of this firm has in
creased at least GO per cent, within the
last two or throe years. This firm has
purchased the right to the use of the John
Mathews patent soda-water bottle.
. This house recently started and now
being managed by old and experienced
liquor merchants, may justly claim to be
the real pioneer in the business in Sacra
mento. The present linn is composed of
several members of old liquor firms and is
made up by the partnership of It. W.
Wilcox and A. 11. Powers. The firm
springs from four older ones. It. W. Wil
cox was an extensive importer of liquors
in Sacramento as early as 1851, and has
been in the business, directly or indirectly,
ever since. In 1863 the house of L. Pow
ers & Co. commenced business, and in four
years after 11. W. Wilcox became a part
ner and so remained until Mr. Powers'
death, when he became one of the firm of
Wilcox, belter & Co., remaining as such
for three years, until the house was dis
solved by mutual consent. A. If. Powers
is one of the pioneers of the State,
and came from the mountains in
ISG4, associating himself with his
brother, L. Powers, as general sales
man, where he remained until the White
Pino excitement, when he associated him
self with the firm of L. Powers & Co. and
A. C. Gordon, under the firm name of A.
C. Gordon & Co., to conduct a wholesale
business at Hamilton, New, where he built
a tine fire-proof store. Subsequently Mr.
Powers sold out his interest and came to
this city and associated himself with Mr.
Henderson, under the firm name of Powers
& Henderson — business being carried oil at
the store-room now under notice. They
carried on business over ten years, when
the firm was dissolved and Mr. Powers as
sociated himself with R. W. Wilcox, under
the firm name of Wilcox, Powers & Co., as
successors of Powers & Henderson, with
Spruance, Stanley & Co. as partners. This
makes the house one of pioneer origin, and
one of the most solid in the city. Since
the new firm commenced business the com
bination has proved a great success, not
only from advantages given it by this mar
ket and its advantages in buying, but by
the long experience and acquaintanceship
of the members of the firm. The house
deals in all the lines of wines and liquors
known to the best trade, and sells at level
rates with the best competitive market.
It is sole agent for special brands of whis
kies, such as. Hickory Grow, McTuck
er's Old Bourbon, Gibson's whiskies, Apple
ton's Old Bourbon, Hermitage Rye, Old
White Rye Whisky, Old '"Rock Cave
Whisky, Itflck Cave Rye, Mellwood's
Kentucky Whisky, and also for Double
Swan Gin, and special sole agents for Dr.
Mott's Wild Cherry Tonic, a remedial
agent, which has met with the most com
plete success.
This wine and liquor house was estab
lished in 1803. It occupies two floors
30x80 feet and two floors 30x50 feet in area.
It imports all its goods direct and gives
especial attention to fine French wines and
brandies, and American whiskies of all the
best brands. The Ebners have had a wide
experience in the business, and there is
probably no firm in the city better qualified
for its conduct than this one. They have
an immense stock in store, are exclusively
wholesalers, and fill orders for a large area
of interior California with promptness and
dispatch. Their French and German goods
come direct from the producers. Their
business extends as far eastward as Utah,
north into Montana, throughout the Sierra
regions, and south to Arizona. There
was a general timidity regarding sales
on time by .liquor houses during the
past year, but confidence is largely restored,
and this house, we learn, is able at will to
push the limits of its business far beyond
former boundaries.
This house is located at 512 J street,
and can offer to the trade all the ad
vantages accining from direct importation.
Their specialty is the celebrated "Wil
low Run" whiskies of Kentucky. So
large is the patronage of this house that
they are enabled to keep a cargo afloat all
the time. Buying directly from the man
ufacturers and producers, they know ex
actly hat they are getting, and give their
customers the advantage of the fact. They
keep constantly on hand a full line of
French goods, including choice wines,
brandies and other liquors. The fact that
they purchase their stock directly from
manufacturers, together with the advan
tages of climate, centrality, storage and
freighting facilities which Sacramento en
joys, enables this firm to ship from
Sacramento at an average of 5 per cent,
less than the lest prices afforded in the
Bay maik-t. All of these advantages in
ure to the benefit of the purchaser. They
keep an immense stock always on hand,
and can fill any order without delay, and
generally on the very day of receipt of
This house is the successor of Claus
senius & Co. It makes the claim — defy
ing contradiction — that it is the only liq
uor housa in the city which does not tec
tify (using spirits in counterfeiting liquors).
Mr. Buckow imports direct, and keeps
constantly in stock the best wines of all
the various brands, and the most superior
whiskies, brandies, gin and other liquors
to be had. He has from the outset made it
a special point to keep the best of goods,
and thus build up a reputation which
should more become a guarantee through
out interior Ciliforuia for the purity of
the goods supplied. Mr. Buckow has ac
complished his object, and his house to
day stands prominent in the State for its
brands. The house is doing a large busi
ness and the area of its trade is constantly
extending. It enjoys especially the ad
vantages of ease of shipment, rapidity in
filling orders, lowi.css of expenses, etc.,
and these it extends to its customers, who
are thus enabled to secure its goods with
out the butdens of delay, heavy fixed
capital, dockage, etc.
This company was incorporated in 1871,
with a capital stock of $100,000. Their
works are situated in the block between S
and T, Front and Sacramento river. Dur
ing the past year the largely-increased de
mand for their products in : the Eastern
States caused them to run their entire ca
pacity during the part grape season, using
alone in the distillery of brandy 031 tons
of grapes. Ti c brandy distilled by this
company, under the experienced manage
ment of the distiller K. G. . Smith, '; has
gained are pa tat for purity and fine
natural flavor and aroma, and is held in
Stock by all the leading drug and liquor
houses in the Western ; States. „ The com
pany with their present demand for their
products, cwttempiate enlarging their
.products, cwk P
works during the coming season to double
their present capacity. The Directors of
the company are George Cadwalader, J. H.
Carroll, Perrin Stanton, E. K. Alsip, George
Leitchardt, Mike Bryte and J. I. Felter.
Their office and warerooms are at No. 77
Front street, between X and L.
. THIRD. . .:
Leloy, at 222 J street, between Second
and Third, has recently opened a store for
the general sale, either by retail or in
quantity, of choice wines, liquors and ci
gars. He has entered upon the business
after mature deliberation as to his ability
to bring to the market and sell the choicest
French wines and brandies, and the best
brands of American liquors. The new store
is in a popular quarter. The stock laid in
is already recognized of such character as
to justify the intention and prove the abil
ity of the proprietor to accomplish what
he set out to do. His goods are as varied
as are the demands of the trade, and in his
lines he has wines and liquors w liich he
makes a specialty, and on the basis of
which for purity and general excellence he
stakes his reputation as a dealer. The
sample rooms are retired, and all the goods
kept can be tested, ami the claim of Leloy
submitted to thorough examination.
Fruit— Pish— Game —Produce— Etc,
CALIFORNIA." ' ? j f
This establishment has recently been
much enlarged, and is no the largest and
finest market in the interior of the State.
it was established in 1871 by two persons,
but one of whom is now a member of the
firm. They had but little space. It now
occupies an area of 40 by bO feet on two
floors, and with yard room and poultry
houses running back 160 feet. Here is kept
everything of vegetables, fruit, game, poul
try, fresh fish, eggs, produce, garden pro
ducts, berries and every delicacy in and
out of season. The firm is now composed
of D. Deßernardi and James Garzoli. It
may be noted that, as we write this review
npon the eve of Year's day, at the
Sacramento market, luscious strawberries
are displayed in quantity. They have the
agency for and import the "Arrow"
brand of fresh oysters, which are
brought here hermetically sealed. They
import prairie chickens and Western
game. There is scarcely a delicacy
or appetizing article to be men
tiened, usual to the best markets of the
coast, which Deßernardi & Co. do not keep
in sight. In fruits and produce they ship as
far east as Virginia, Nevada, into the Bodie
and Esmeralda regions constantly, through
out the Sierras and foothill counties, and
up and down the valleys. They buy fruits
very largely in Amador, Placer and El
Dorado counties, as well as those grown in
our own section. They do a general com
mission business and upon a large scale.
Their jobbing business has, within a few
years, grown into great proportions, and
promises to assume larger ones. Their place
of business is the scene of the busiest ac
tivity at all seasons. The members of the
firm have been patient and devoted to their
business, and their waiting and energy have
found due reward in a large and profitable
trade, which reflects credit, not only upon
them, but upon the city where they are

This market is 40 by 160 feet in extent,
most of it being occupied by the market
rooms and the remainder utilized for the
business. The firm deals in all kinds of
poultry, game, earth produce, fruit, butter,
eggs, honey, cheese, apple butter, canned
goods and mince meat, and makes a spe
cialty of fresh fish. They ship east as far
as Winnemucca, north to Red Bluff,
throughout the mountains and well down
the southern valleys. They buy produce
and do an extensive commission and job
bing business. They ship to any point and
fill any orders. The market was estab
lished in 1860 by Charles Tortel, to whom
the present firm succeeded, since which
time the market has been doubly enlarged
and the business quadrupled. Producers
throughout central California will find at
the Fulton Market a ready sale, for cash,
for nearly every line of produce known to
earth growth. The Fulton Market occu
pies the most central position of any gen
eral market.
Has one of the best stocked markets on
the coast. At this place can be found at
all times the choicest poultry, butter, eggs,
fruits, vegetables and farm and dairy pro
duce generally. Mr. Cooper is also an ex
tensive shipper of these articles, and enjoys
an interior trade which embraces most of
the northern part of this Stateand stretches
far out among the towns and mining camps
of Nevada. There is probably no like es
tablishment on the coast where a greater
variety of wild game and fish can be found
than at this establishment. Geese, ducks
of all kinds, hares, rabbits, quail, snipe,
swans, cranes, etc., are procured by him
fresh from the hunters, who regard Coop
er's place as a headquarters. There, too,
may be found the choicest turkeys and
chickens at all seasons. His fish supply is
much larger than ever, He is the owner
of the well known Six-mile Lake, near this
city, from which he is in constant receipt
of fine fresh fish, not excepting an occa
sional salmon.
Eighteen hundred and seventy-nine was a
prosperous year with the Misses Brothers,
who are the largest millinery merchants out
sidethecity of San Francisco and west of the
Mississippi. They carry on a large and ex- 1
ceedingly attractive establishment. They
buy exclusively for cash, and li kewise sell
exclusively for cash, and in all their ex
tensive business have not a single book
account. This, they say, is the secret of
their success. It enables the firm to sell
to customers at a more advantageous rate
than they could purchase elsewhere. Their
entire stock is imported, and from the East
and from European marts they receive the
choicest goods, and one of the ladies an
nually makes a trip to Europe for the pur
pose of securing stock at the lowest pos
sible rates, in foreign as well as home mar
kets, which cash always commands. They
keep a full line of general j millinery,
and have constant orders at the East and
Europe for the very latest novelties to be
forwarded to them without special order.
They keep a large number of hands con
stantly employed. They do a large busi
ness in the way of selling goods in quantity
as received from the East. Some interest
having been taken by others as to the ex
tent of business done by this firm, Eastern
correspondence, on examination, shows
that the New York shippers say to the
Misses Brothers that, except to San Fran
cisco, they ship no such large bills to the
Pacific coast as they do this firm. This in
dicates a cultivated taste on the cart of
Sacramentans and interior Californians who
patronize this ; house. The proprietors
began business here about three • years
ago, strange to the community, but by their
excellent method built up the trade de
scribed. The per cent, of increase of their
business : exceeds that of any other mil
linery establishment on the coast. While
their business ' system is very correct, and
their energy and skill undoubted, yet it is
certain, too, that they owe as much to the
advantages of locality as they do to other
causes for their success.
Madame Monaier is a Parisian. - Her spe
cialty is Parisian goods. She is the • only
French milliner in Sacramento, and imports
her goods direct from Paris. Ij She operates
upon a cash basis exclusively. Just now
she is preparing for a remarkably large and
assorted spring importation of millinery.
She keeps all kinds of artificial j flowers,
feathers and millinery materials, and is
prepared to furnish millinery supplies jof
the latest Parisian productions at the low
est possible rates and in any quantity de
sired. She guarantees to sell level with
or beneath the San Francisco market.
Mme. Monnier began business here within
the year, and though but a few months in
Sacramento has already built up a large
trade. She has had years of experience,
anil is thoroughly accomplished in the mil
linery art, as are also her numerous assist
ants. This lady is prepared to furnish the
trade and to offer to it special inducements
for trading at her establishment.
Of Sacramento, and to all those of the in
terior of California and adjacent sections,
the eighth department of the Mechanics'
Store addresses itself. The department is
an important feature of the business. /It
is stocked with all goods usually found un
der that head. Employing fashionable
milliners and competent assistants,; the
goods and work are sent out in the best
styles. The lines in hats, bonnets, velvets,
ribbons, feathers and artificial flowers are
complete, and orders from abroad are filled
for one or many orders with equal dispatch.
[See dry pood < ; hats and caps ; boots •Mid slice's ;
cl- thing; Yankee notions ; methods of business;
etc.], - .■■■-. .
This firm are leading milliners. They
keep on hand all kinds of millinery goods
and millinery supplies. They buy at first
hands and manufacture to order exten
sively, and have capacity for supplying
any demand of the trade. They give es
pecial attention to orders from abroad and
are building up a large and . satisfactory
business. The firm has had excellent suc
cess, and enjoys a reputation for superior
taste and skill in the millinery line.
Musical Instruments — General Fancy
l. K. hammer, no. 246 J street (old num
ber), 820 (new number). pacific
COAST GENERAL manager FOR chickfr-
The Chickering & Sons' pianos have a
world-wide reputation. Since 1823 this
establishment has sold over 55,000 of their
famous instruments. They are celebrated
throughout the civilized world. In Europe
they supplant the home-manufactured in
struments, and the foreign orders increase
yearly. From the very incipiency of the
enterprise the Chiokermgs have taken the
front rank, and have always steadily and
uniformly maintained it. The overwhelm
ing verdict of the very highest art talent,
embracing Dr. Franz Liszt, Thalberg, De
Meyer, Jael, Yon Bulow, Gottschalk, Halle,
Hitter, Reincke, Salter, Matthias, Heller,
Wehli, etc., and a multitude of other dis
tinguished artists, places the Chickering
piano to-day at the head of the entire list
of pianos made in the world.
Chickering & Sons have always been
prompt to adopt any improvement in piano
forte construction, their sole aim being to
produce the most perfect instrument re
gardless of the expense involved, and to
their efforts and the use of their various
patents the present advanced condition of
the instrument ; is solely due. The entire
iron frame and circular scale are their in
vention, and without these the present no
ble instrument would be simply impossi
ble. .
All their square pianos have the over
strung bass, patent double-bearing agraffe
bridge throughout, carved legs and lyre,
beveled top, heavy sawed rosewood veneer
cases, and solid rosewood moldings.
All their upright pianos have the patent
action, combination truss frames, three
unisons, and new graduating pedal. These
uprights are also provided with a patent
double fall and music rack, and fir surpass
any upright in the market. They are rap
idly growing in favor as the leading piano,
furnishing the effects of a grand piano in a
compact form.
Chickering k Sons have manufactured
and now have in use nearly double the
number of instruments of any other manu
facturer in America, and every instrument
they issue is warranted for five years against
any defect in workmanship or material.
For the past sixteen years L. K. Ham
mer has been their sole representative on
this coast, and the vast number of these
celebrated instruments placed in use by
him fully demonstrates the fact ' that the
Chickering piano is the only instrument
which can be relied upon to endure the
test of this : climate with its extremes
of dryness and moisture. The Chickering
piano is sold at the lowest possible price
for an instrument constructed in the most
careful manner and of the very best selected
material, and Mr. Hammer challenges the
production af a Chickering which, even
though sixteen years in steady use, has
failed to perform all that the manufacturers
claim for it. ,
Mr. Hammer has also been ambitious to
secure the best cabinet organ ever intro
duced on this coast, to place in the market
along side of the Chickering piano, and
to meet the rapidly growing demand for
this class of instruments. Such an instru
ment is the Wilcox & White organ, for
which he has been appointed General Pa
c fie Coast Manager. It fulfills all the re
quirements of a first-class instrument,
whether for purity of tone, voicing, ease and
rapidity of action, variety of expression,
and is warranted for six years by the
manufacturers, against * any . imperfection
either in . material or j construction. The
demand for these instruments is unprece
dented!)' large. Sacramento is | the .. main
distributing center. ' No house :at San
Francisco sells so. many cabinet organs.
They are furnished by him of a range of
capacity suited to the smallest room or to
the largest church edifice, and ' at prices
surprisingly low. .-;. ... -.; . s£*;p£*.
Mr. Hammer deals also at wholesale and
retail in all kinds of musical instruments,
sheet music, books and musical merchan
dise, j He has a large and flourishing estab
lishment at San Francisco to meet the in-*
creasing demand for Chickering Pianos,
and will gladly furnish catalogues, price
lists and any information to any one wish
ing to purchase a piano, organ or anything
in his line, upon application in person or
by letter to bis establishments, either at
246 J street, Sacramento, or at 31 Post
street, San Francisco.
Mr. Cooper has a large establishment
devoted to his line of merchandise, and it is
well filled • with first-class stock. ": .He lis
agent for the Weber and for the Mathu-
shck pianos. .He keeps on hand a large
stock of sheet music,, which is constantly
freshened..; His business platform is to sell
quick and cheap, and in carrying out this
policy he' retails- for the smallest living
profits, and makes it a point to undersell
San Francisco houses. He has on hand a
large and varied stock of fancy goods and
toys, and for all - holiday., and - gala day
feasors imports an extensive line, incluif-
ing all the novelties,' both useful and orna-
mental. He has a large line of zephyrs and
worsteds, toilet s articles, ? and, .in * fact,
ever} thing in the !fancy, goods line. VI He
imports his own stock,* mainly direct from
Eastern and European raanufactories.'.!He
invites the special 1 attention ; of* interior
buyers, both to 1 bis' stock and his prices,
and to his facilities for supplying the trade,
,; • : , ; ' CO., 625 AND 627 J street.
* In the spring of T853 two young men,
Richard Dale and Dan. H. Dougliss, then
living in San Francisco, entered into an
agreement to open a music and toy store in
Sacramento; and with that object in view,
one of them went by steamer to New York
to purchase goods and make other business
arrangements. He ; returned '- by - way of
Cape Horn,; in the clipper ship Celestial,
bringing the ' purchased goods with . him ;
but being delayed by adverse winds and
calms, only arrived in San Francisco a few
days before Christmas — too late to get their
goods out of the ship :in time tor that
Christmas trade. Arriving in Sacramento,
they rented a store at No. 155 J street, near
Sixth, and opened the doors for business on
the 12th of January, 1854. The building
rented was then simply a barn, with barn
house doors, and the rent $200 per month
in advance. The tenants had to cloth the.
ceiling, cloth ; and paper the walls, put in
an entire new front, build partitions, show
windows, counters and fixtures, all at their
own expense, and from that time to this
Mr. Dale has paid over $34,000 in store
rents alone. . c
. On the 13th of July, 1854, at mid-day, a
fire occurred > that nearly destroyed, the
city. : Dougliss & Dale's stock and fixtures
passed away into smoke and ashes without
any insurance ; as the city ! went so went
Dougliss & Dale's stock. Nothing daunted,
they opened store again on " the third day
near ) the 'Plaza, commenced rebuilding,
and early in August reopened at the old
location. In January, 1557, on account of
poor health, Mr. Dougliss sold out his in
terest in ! the ! store to Mr. Richard Dale,
returned to New York, and died there in
1870. - : Mr. Dale continued on in the old
store until 1861, when, finding the stock
and business increasing so rapidly that the
old quarters no longer gave room enough
to display his goods, j had built for him
from the ground the present large J and
beautiful store and basement, No. 627
J street, which was opened with great
eclat June 1, 1861. The flood followed
in December and January, 1861-2, and
while hundreds, if not thousands, deserted
the city and county, Mr. Dale remained at
his post, confident of the great future of
Sacramento, and now, while celebrat
ing the twenty-sixth of his consec
utive New Year's days in Sacramento,
and all the time in the same line of
business, can safely say that but few
men in the world are allotted the same
privilege. It is doubtful if ten men in
Sacramento can say the same thing. There
are not a great many in California, and
out very few in any town, that can boast
of a quarter of a century business career
in the same city and in the same line of
business. Another fact to talk of : Mr.
Dale has two clerks in his present employ
the Robbius brothers one of whom has
been with him 19 and the other 15 years.
The present store is like the world — divided
into four quarters. The southeast is de
voted .to sheet music and books, all kinds
of musical instruments and musical mer
chandise. The shelves contain about 18,000
pieces of sheet music in 7,800 folios, com
prising all the latest musical produc
tions from all parts of the world.
The northeast quarter contains all kinds
of silk, cheni'le, floss, cottons, bullion,
regalia, fringes, rosettes, brushes, combs
and Yankee notions, arranged and presided
over by tasty and experienced lady assist
ants. The northwest quarter is sacred to
all kinds of zephyrs, wools, yarns, mottoes,
canvas, tidy patterns and perforated
boards, the trade in these goods continu
ally increasing with the growing taste of
the community, and now amounting to
thousands of dollars annually. In the
southwest quarter we find an endless va
riety of toys, wagons, baskets and fancy
goods generally, while down stairs an
other store as large as the upper one con
ta ns all kinds of baby carriages, rocking
horses, chairs, bird cages, croquet sets and
such large goods that could not be kept up
stairs. Ten obliging clerks with four
ladies attend to the wants of the patrons
of the above establishment.
This is the leading soap factor}' in Sacra
mento. They manufacture nearly every
kind of toilet soap, household and washing
soapsand washing powders. They alsomake
largely several fine brands of castile soap,
olive oil, palm oil and chemical soaps, plain
and brown soaps, etc. They buy tallow at
the highest market price and do a large
jobbing trade. This firm made a fine ex
hibit the at last State Fair, which attracted
universal attention.
. Mr. Schacfer has been in the coopering
business twenty-three years. He manu
factures for the interior trade, out of di
rectly imported stock, of the best of white
oak and all cooperage materials, butter
barrels, beer barrels, tanks and vats, liquor
barrels, casks and firkins. There are all
made in the Lest order of workmanship,
and with a view to service and durability.
The climate and other advantages of this
locality enable him now to compete with
the imported article, and to famish the
best to be had at level rates with the East.
Dealer in cigars, Yankee notions, baskets,
willowware, etc., and particularly in grain
sacks, which latter he makes a specialty.
Owing to peculiar advantages enjoyed by
him in this line above his competitors in
trade, farmers are enabled to supply them
selves with grain sacks at his establish
ment at prices which range, according to
the condition of the market, at from §10
to §15 per thousand cheaper than they can
be bought elsewhere, and far below the
ruling rates in Sacramento.
WORKERS. . . ■ .
This firm operates large marble yards in
a ' central portion jof the city K street,
between « Sixth j and Seventh, j; The - elder
Mr. Luce is a pioneer marble-worker, hav
ing commenced his operations here in ISSI.
He is an accomplished workman, and the
products of his skill and those of his work
men are to be found .in nearly every town
and village in Northern and Central Cali
fornia, and largely in Nevada, Oregon ard
Utah. ,Mr- Luce owns the gypsum quarry
near the Mound House, State of Nevada,
the Indian Diggings marble quarry, Cali
fornia, and the ; marble ' quarry near Te
"These quarries however are not just now
being worked, the -present stock of; the
company being ample for all demands of
the interior trade,- which they are capable
of filling in any quantity and in the high
est; style of -art. The establishment at
present conducted by Luce & Son has been
opened within the past year, a' change in
Mr. Luce's business relations with other
firms having recently been made. •
- . ■ ~ * V
w - r. lb favor, 114 X strbet, FRONT AND
" SECOND, broom . manufacturer.
> 1 Mr. LeFavor" has only recently estab
lished his business ; here. ,! He has ; a large
manufactory in Marysville, ancVrecognizin"
the importance of the Sacramento mat ket,
he has come here in answer to its demands.
He has been twelve j years -manufacturing.'
Many people dabble jin j this! business, but
there are few; who; are skilled workmen.'
LeFavor is one of them. 9 His brooms are
made at specialty, by the chief , wholesale
grocery { houses on - Front ; and X • streets,
They are equal in quality to the best East
crn brooms, and superior to most,' in style,
; durability and general excellence. He
j makes all kinds of floor, brush, whifk and
i other brooms, and is prepared to fill any
j orders in hundreds or thousands of dozens, ,
and of, any quality,' from , the ; cheapest to
the * very ■ best. ■% He will guarantee j them
the equal ]of any broom '; made anywhere,
and all ' he asks is an examination of the
goods. He employs a number of men and
superintends all the work of his factory.
Has the most extensive steam dyeing and
scouring establishment in the State, out
side oi San Francisco. He began business
in 1869 on a rather small scale, but has in
creased it to formidable proportions. He
dyes and cleans all qualities of silk, velvet.
woolen,' ■■ cotton and mixed goods, gloves,
blankets, furs, feathers, etc., in a thorough
and satisfactory manner. - His interior trade
has so augmented of late that it is now re
quired to keep two wagons constantly on
the road. '..":'''
Metal Workers— Brass, Copper, Zinc,
Gas Fitting.
.^l^-'v^'AND THIRD. - jV'££;v
~. WARE.
In making our annual review of the busi
ness of Sacramento for the year just closed,
we find that no establishment in the city
has exhibited evidences of a more marked
progress and success than Holbrook, Mer
rill & Stetson, whose trade has reached out
to nearly all parts of the Pacific coast and
extended largely over the transmontane re
gions. The Sacramento house occupies
store-rooms of the most spacious character
and as well adapted to the business as could
be devised. They extend through from J
street to the alley on the north, and have
immense breadth and depth. The base
ment is on a level with the alley, which has
easy approaches to both Second and Third
streets, thus enabling goods to be taken to
and from the storage departments with the
greatest ease and the least possible hand
ling. In addition there are extensive work
shops upon the alley, where the stock of the
firm is largely worked up, giving employ
ment on the average the year round to
about thirty skilled workmen. The chief
business of the house is that of wholesal
ing and retailing stoves and ranges and all
classes and kinds of copper, zinc, tin and
brass ware ; the manufacture of tanks,
pipes and all classes of reservoir goods, and
the general working up and dealing in of
copper, tin, sheet-iron and zinc goods, and
the supplying of the same to the trade.
The retailing department of the store ex
hibits a full line of samples, including
every possible utensil of hardware and tin
ware known to the farm, the shop, the
manufactory or the household. In the
matter of tinners' stock, plumbers' and gas
fitters' goods this firm maks a specialty and
supplies the trade to the full extent of every
demand. It makes a special business of work
ing up metals to order for miners, large
agriculturists, manufacturers and others.
Every kind and class of tin, copper and
sheet iron work they engage in largely. It
would be interesting, were it proper, to state
in dollars the actual business of this
house, but from the statements already
made the reader may form something of an
idea of its extent. It is not, however, a
violation of confidence to state that in
the year 1870 the business of the firm was
more largely increased thin ever before,
both in volume and the extent of the area
of the trade of the house. This house suc
ceeds in clearly establishing the advantages
of Sacramento over and above that of
the Bay. The reason for this are found in
the immense business of the firm, the great
area required for the storage of their goods,
small fixed capital required here, etc. The
location of the Sacramento house is snch
that it can supply orders on the same day
they are received, and the ease of ship
ment enables it to save to purchasers the
usual percentage which is added in less
favored markets, in the way of d ravage,
wharfage and extra handling, while the
question of time and freightage in the
transport of such heavy goods is an
essential element realized by all who deal
with the house. There is scarcely a line of
approved stoves or ranges, either for office,
kitchen or parlor, that this house does not
have in stock. It buys no goods from
agents or jobbers, but purchases all its
stock of every description either from Eng"
land, Germany, America or elsewhere,
direct from the manufacturer, and carries
stock of all kinds in such quantities as to
supply all possible orders from the interior,
either in the metals dealt in or manufac
tured goods. The house is managed upon
sound business principles and with due
economy, and this, added to the fact that
the business is carried on here at less cur
rent expenses than accrue in the metropolis,
together with the general advantages accru
ing to this market, constitute elements of
succtsi which the public now recognize
fully. If space permitted we might give
some interesting details of the methods of
work in the shops and store-rooms, and of
the labor-saving machinery used in this
establishment. All the departments of the
establishment have been during 1579
among the busiest of places in Sacramento
or the State.
This firm is located at the corner of Fifth
and J streets, and has one of the handsomest
store-rooms and the two most attractive
show windows on J street. They make
house-furnishing hardware a specialty,
keeping the most complete stock of house
furnishing goods. Their stove stock is
unequalcd, and they sell stoves from $10
to §200, suiting all classes of people. In
cutlery they have endless variety ; knives
and forks from 75 cents to §20 per dozen of
best manufacture. In gas fixtures their
stock is large and varied, and they import
from the best manufactories and sell at
Eastern prices. They make a specialty of
gas fitting according to specifications, and
guarantee all work. In crockery and glass
ware they carry a heavy stock, keeping the
most new and beautiful designs. In silver
plated ware they keep a complete lfrie of
goods ; tea sets, ice pitchers, castors from $2
to §30, bert quality of plated spoons from 75
cents to $8 per set. Lamps and lanterns
they have; in variety, bronze statuettes,
vases and ornamental goods. They have a
vast stock of tinware, plain, planished,
japanned, etc., most of which is man
ufactured in their extensive works at the
same location.
This firm is agent for the celebrated
Winthrop range and the famous Peerless
cooking stove. They also keep a full line
of all classes of ranges and stoves, both for
the parlor and for the kitchen. They have
demonstrated - that they can sell cheaper
than any rival market, and they can buy to
as good advantage as any. They have full
lints of shelf ware of all kinds, tin, zinc
and copper. ; They do a large jobbing trade,
and offer superior inducements.
; : -." Mr. Lloyd's business -is■ an ' example of
rapid growth 'as the result of good work,
and the trade advantages of - Sacramento.
He does all kinds of plumbing, gas fitting,
roofing,' and general housework, here or at
any State point. J He keeps on hand a full
stock of pumps, ranges, stoves, tin, stamped,
iron, japanned and ; copper ware, and also
Magee's patent galvanized sink. To the
trade Mr. Lloyd offers special inducements.
'; Jackson Bros, are large dealers in stoves
and tinware. 1 They ar«s workers in metals,
copper,'; sheet-iron, etc., -and 'do 'a large
business. Their 'ware-rooms are neat, and
contain full lines of the best stoves, ranges
and % the 5 most § a]. proved kitchen-ware,
and ; the ' firm is 'ready to supply the trade
in any quantity at the lowest current mar
ket rates. ■"■ ' •"•' ■- '■ ~ " *"-'-J-~ : "" .■ -j '■ * ■"«*
--> y '-...") ; \ ■—'.— ■■■ ' ; ' "... . ? *'' '..:'- '>•■!■'. ~'f.-'-.r
Fire-Brick — Cement — Fines — Drain
and Sewer Pipe— Etc.
||||1|: [See I'OTTSRIEK.J
This pottery, the oldest in the State, has
turned its attention exclusively to the
manufacture of earthen drain pipe, chim
ney flues and tile goods, but continues to
make to order, to supply the trade, fire
brick, which have proved fully equal to
the English brick and withstand the se
verest tests. . : The establishment is con
nected with two railways by half a mile
of side track. It makes drain tile from 3
to 24 inches in diameter, and his stock of
sewer and drain pipe covers three acres of
ground from Bto 10 feet in depth. He has
large agencies at Sin -Francisco, Oakland,
Stockton, Los Angeles and elsewhere, and
an extensive trade throughout the coast,
which he reports to be now largely
increasing and most promising. His lull
force for manufacturing is thirty skilled
workman. Mr. Clark was the inventor
and patentee of sub-irrigation pipes, and
supplies to order. His wares have the
highest indorsements of State Fairs as the
leading in the market, and with his pecu
liar advantages sells at the lowest rates.
At this establishment also may be seen
works for reducing ores under the
Robertson process, which has recently
claimed so much public attention, and all
of which will repay a visit to the premises.
This firm is located at 517, 519, 521 and
523 I street, between Fifth and Sixth.
They are general dealers in lime, plaster,
hair, marble dust, tire bricks, etc. They
are the pioneer firm, having commenced
business coequal with the foundation of
Sacramento. The firm carries the largest
stock in interior California. The ramifica
tions of its trade are limited only by the
confines of the State. They have branch
houses in San Francisco, Marysville and
Santa Cruz. They are agents for the
flues, terra cotta drain pipes, and other
earthen productions made by Gladding,
Mcliean & Co., of Lincoln, Placer county.
The firm has a very large warehouse on I
street, constantly stocked and every line of
their business is kept full. Their facilities
for the transaction of business are not
equaled on the Pacific slope, and the busi
ness is constantly extending. It is one of
the substantial houses of the coast and
represents a large volume of the Sacra
mento trade.
[See Grocers.]
The establishment of Mr. Pettit is in
the central part of the city — 225 X street —
and is large and well adapted to the busi
ness carried on. He is a wholesale and re
tail dealer in Havana cigars, tobacco, snuff,
pines, etc. He especially keeps in bulk
<"iilt Edge fine-cut chewing tobacco. The
store-room is packed on the sides and in !
the center nearly from Boor to ceiling with
a heavy and varied stock of goods, all the
best brands of tobaccos and cigars, and all I
the varieties of smokers' articles. Mr.
Pettit operates an extensive cigar factory, |
which is conveniently located in the rear of ■
the main store-room. In this factory he
keeps in constant employment 15 men. He
makes no low-grade articles, but man
ufactures from "'medium" to the "very I
best." He keeps on hand stock of the
best quality to be worked up into ci- ,
gars, and this, as well as all other I
goods, are of his own direct importa
tion, which places him on a par with
the most favored houses in the interior
and enables him, with the low expense ac
count on which the business can be carried
on here, to compete with tobacco houses j
at the chief commercial city of the coast, |
and in most cases, if not all, to undersell
them, while his prices never exceed those
of that powerful trade center. He has a
large jobbing trade in Amador, El Dorado,
Placer* and Nevada counties, and it is
steadily pushing further out from the
city, as the dealers come more fully to
realize the fact that their interests are ad
vanced by availing themselves of the ad
vantages the market of Sacramento affords.
Mr. Pettit explains in detail how it is that
the Sacramento tobacconist can import his |
own stock, both made up and in the raw, |
to exactly as good advantage as any manu- I
facturer at any other point on the coast, no
matter what one may be named. But the I
details involve too much of explanation of I
interest accounts, time of cargo out, I
rapidity of transit, lessened freight bills,
etc., etc., to be entered upon in this space,
but that Mr. Pettit is right there can be no
doubt. '
A. BOLTEN, 420 J STREET, AND 1008 SEC- •
Wholesale cigars, tobacco, etc., has the
largest store and business in the city, ex
clusively devoted to this line of goods. ]
His direct importations and interests in ]
factories enable him to sell goods at the
lowest prices. His trade extends through
California and Nevada, and is steadily in
creasing. The large and well assorted ; "
stock comprises all known and favored l 1
brands and styles of navies, twists, cable ,
coils, fine cuts and smoking tobaccos, and I (
the greatest variety of cigars and cigar- j '
ettes, both imported and domestic, to suit ;
every taste and desire. It also represents, ; ,
as sole agent for the Pacific coast, the eel- j ,
ebrated brands, the Virginia Seal smoking | ,
tobacco, Gulnare fine-cut tobacco, army :
pounds navy tobacco, and the well-known *
and favored Golden-thread cigars. The <
Second street establishment is the depot ] ,
for fine imported Havana cigars at retail. | ,
The business of this house has been largely ,
extended in 1879, and is still growing. ,
Mr. Kerth is a practical manufacturer
who has given the question of manufactur
ing cigars in this market a thorough test.
! He has a very commodious establishment
at 910 J street, and every facility for put
ting up and storing an exceedingly large
stock. He imports goods of the very best
quality and most approved brands from the
best markets, and keeps every line from
the cheapest to the finest. He prefers to
confine himself to the cigar trade, as in
that he is an expert, and only keeps to
baccos for local accommodation. He trav
els extensively and is well-known through
out the interior, and a purchaser once con
tracting with him for goods becomes a
friend of his establishment and regular cus
tomer of the house. In fine imported
goods Mr. Kerth keeps a large stock, and
his expertneS3 enables him to detect the
real from the spurious at. all times, and
hence his stock is never marred by imi
, O. W. CUERLKT, front, BETWEEN J and k
AND CIGARS.*';V;;:v v i^V,
[See liquors and grocers.]
This house wholesales groceries, provis
ions, wines and liquors, and the celebrated
Rock and Rye remedial beverage, and in
addition, wholesales in all lines of cigars
and tobacco, of which the most approved
and ■ celebrated are kept in supply. Tie
makes a specialty of Kerbs & Speiss' New
York cigars, which are put up for the
trade of this house especially. The house
is a direct importer, and its stock is con
stantly :■ freshened - and supplied with all '
new and leading brands. Its ability to
supply, the trade at shortest notice is un- j
limited," and it sells squarely in the face of j
the strongest competitive market. : , The
sales of the establishment in . ; all . its !
branches for IS7O were exceedingly exten- :
sive and marked an era in the wholesale
trade of the interior, ;
J. M. ;, SATTMAW : AND -' 00.,". TOBACCONIST!*,
622 X street. :
Gattman & Co. are to > be classed among
the largest dealers in fine tobaccos and ci
gars that do business outside of San Fran
cisco. They not only import but they
manufacture cigars, and stock their estab
lishment with the leading brands of chew
ing and smoking tobaccos and smokers'
supplies, while every line of cigars worthily
known to the trade are furnished upon de
mand. They began \ business here four
years ago, finding Sacramento's centrality '
of location to afford especial advantages
for the interior trade. - Operating with am
ple capital, and being skilled in the busi
ness, they undertook keeping commercial
travelers in the field constantly, and recog
nizing the advantage of presenting their
business squarely and plainly through the
public press, they brought their trade to a
high standard and extended its limits
largely over the State of California and te
the transmontane region. .:■- ■.-;-,
Mr. Woods ha? a very large and fully
stocked. establishment. He is an old to
bacconist, imports from first hinds and'
j offers to the trade every advantage of the
I market. He has all the best approved
| brands of tobacco— smoking, ping and
cigars. He has especial skill in the selec
tion of his goods and has endeavored to
build up patronage demanding first-class
articles, in which he has succeeded. He
does a good jobbing trade and invites the
attention of dealers to the facilities of his
' house.
Mr. Fuchs begin business as a manufac
turer in June, 1862 His make of cigars
is known throughout the interior. Fuchs
for years published a notice of a standing re
ward of 81,000 for the naming of any other
cigar manufacturer here who has for seven
teen years manufactured, and employed no
Chinese help. He imports his own stock.
He is about to start a tobacco factoiy here,
; which will be No. 1 in this district.
[-"^e >'•-"' — —— — — *'
Mr. Bush keeps a large ami well as
sorted stock of cigars an i tobaccos of all
; the approved brands. His place of busi
| ness is popularly located, and the statu! is
:an old and well-known one. He makes a
• specialty of fine cigars, and keeps on hand
smokers' supplies of a quality to satisfy
! the most exacting. He also keeps a fine
] supply of gents' assorted articles, such as
canes, tobacco pouches and boxes, anil a
variety of other case goods.
The Continental Oil and Transportation
Company of California conducts a business
of the foremost rank and importance upon
the coast. The main office of the company
is at 120 and 122 San Francisco, with
branches at Sacramento, Oakland, Marys
ville, Stockton, San Jose, Los Angeles,
! Reno, New, etc. The branch office in this
! city is at the corner of Eleventh and V,
streets. The company deal exclusively at
! wholesale, and their transactions are fabn
| lously large, and far in excess of all
] other similar companies doing business
j upon the coast. Although largely occupy
; ing the entire field, the tendency of the
1 business of the com] is not to an in
: crease of price from monopoly of the
i trade, but on the contrary a large reduc
tion baa been effected through its dan of
: operation. The leading feature of the com
pany, and its claim for success lie in its
reduction of the cost of transportation
;of its supplies from the East to this
! coast. This is accomplished by the oil be
ing brought in cars of peculiar construe
! tion for the purpose of transporting oil in
i bulk. These cars are owned by the Conti
; nental Oil Company, and their exclusive
I use is secured to them by patent. Of course
! oil could be shipped in bulk in the oil tank
car, but the transportation of these tanks
in returuinj thence to the East empty
would be a heavy expense, "while the pat
ent car is so constructed that it is returned
to the East loaded with merchandise. Ibis
gives the company under notice the ben
efit of a cheap and quick transportation of
its supplies by rail, with no competition
from, bulk shipment except by the usual
mode of transportation around Cape Horn,
j which results in deterioration and great
i loss of time. The advantages of this com
| pany are therefore readily seen. They
j ship at low rates in bulk, and put into cans
j and cases of their own manufacture upon
] arrival here, for supplying to the trade.
i With these advantages the business of the
! company has increased during the last
year about 300 per cent. The business of
the office in this city is often so large in a
single week as to be phenomenal.
This gentleman, though comparatively a
young man, presents himself for public
business as at the head of the oldest real
estate and insurance office in the city of
Sacramento, having in May, 1878, upon
the death of his uncle and predecessor,
Julius Wetzlar, succeeded to that gentle
man's fine and well-known business after
having been in his active employ for over
ten years, from errand boy up to managing
clerk. In the buying and selling of real
estate his judgment on the valuation of
city property is based upon bin,' experi
ence- and liberal calculation, and he accom
I plishes the wishes of his patrons. Mr.
j Wetzlar is energetic and prompt in the
j collection of rents and the management of
property committed to his care, and acts
i with discriminating fairness in the matter
of repairs, holding the interests of his
patrons as sacred as if the property and
■ transactions were his own. We-tzlar's
principle in acting as agent — and he acts
upon it constantly — is to represent the fair
"middleman" between landlord and ten
ant. This is a correct basis upon which to
| proceed, and very justly wins for itself
i confidence,' and leads to large interests
I being intrusted to the hands of Wctzlar's
'■ real estate agency. In the insurance line
! he is the manager of the Sacramento
f branch of the Home Mutual Insurance
1 Company of California, a company well
j known for its fair and liberal adjustments
j and prompt payment of losses, having for
I its officers and directors some of the best
i citizens of the State of California, men who
who are of the very cream of high business
character. He also represents the North
German Insurance Company of Hamburg,
of which Messrs. Hy. Bauer A Co., at
No. 219 Sansome street, San Francisco, are
; the general agents for the Pacific coast. He
j has also lately received the agency of the
j Western Fire and Marine Insurance Com
| pany of California, a company started about,
a year or so ago in San Francisco, and as
j such insurance agent ranks foremost among
| the outside San Francisco agents, and does
| a thriving business, the largest probably in
i this city. His predecessor founded the
j business in . 1.553. The office is a model of
| convenience and most excellently appur
| tenance.! for its business purposes.
..- Mr. Coleman hart one of the most exten
sive real estate agencies in the interior of
California. His burin is very large, and
embraces agencies fir the Fireman's Fund
and for the London and Liverpool and
Globe Insurance Companies, the latter be
ing the largest insurance company in the
world. \ Mr. Coleman gives special atten
tion to business inquiries from abroad, con
cerning j real estate -; in ; Sacramento, and
insurance in interior California. ;•;.'.-'.

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