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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, June 26, 1880, Image 6

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An Account of the International Exposition
— ib.3 Classification of Specimens
— Countries Represented.
Fkeibdi;<: (Saxony), May 10, ISSO.
At Berlin, where at present the Fibbing
Exhibition- is attracting people from all
parts of Europe, I have just visited. This
exhibition is destined to bear good fruit in
many ways. lien with the least foresight
must admit that as the world becomes more
and mt>ro populous it is necessary that
man draw upon the unused supply of the
deep, or tha largest part of the globe.
This exhibition, known simply as the
"Fisberei Aus3tellung," is indeed more
than the name implies ; it comprises pretty
much what is found in the vast deep of tho
ocean, as well a3 in the rivers and fresh
water lakes, and showing specimens going
back many thousand years, when man was
yet in the primitive state of advancement.
Is under the protectorate of his Majesty
the Crown Prince of Germany, and is di
vide las f illows : The first class consists of
live animals, animals preserved in alcohol,
stuffed, sketched or hi casts. Then worked
up, dried, Baited, powdered, smoked, pre
served in tiucans and casks. It includes
further, sponges as found in the deep, from
d.lfbient localities, as well as the finest
re.vly for us« ; coral, natural as well as of
the most exquisite manufacture, there'be
ing several large establishments ar.d manu
factures from Geiininy represented, also
one from London and quite a number from
Italy. Tiie price of such jewelry, compared
to American prices, is very low, yet some
specimens go into the thousands. This
aho may bo said of pearls, the prices of
course Dei . higher. All sorts of imagin
able shapes of pearls are exhibited and sold,
some of tho most precious are .loaned
by the King of Saxony, the jewels
b ing taken from the celebrated "Grueue
Gewcelbs" (^reen vault?) of- Dresden, be
longing to the crown. The largest collec
tion, however, is exhibited by manufact
urers, made up into jewels and left in their
prepared state. Then there are the most
beautiful shells, rivaling the colors of the
rainbow, some so tiny that the halves are
used to make beautiful ornaments of
flowers ; others again bo large that the half
will hold from six to eight gallons of water.
California is represented by some manu
factuier of Berlin, who has beautiful shells
on exhibition from various localities. Mr.
Jackson of San Francisco, formerly of Sac
ramento, also exhibits some shell-work
there' Then there is beautiful work from
the turtles, as well as the most gigantic
specimen to be Been by the average mortal.
Then crabs, crawfish, snakes, frogs, ttc.
Japan has a specimen of
Mounted, whose arms, with gigantic shears
attached, extend from 1C to IS feet from
end to end. The fellow must be in a con
di ion to do some pinching, for the inner
side cf the instrument is armed with
formidable-looking tcelli that can do some
grinding when it "coir.es to a pinch."
Then tiiere arc sea-lions and all such an
imals, which may bo clasrud a? mammalia
living :.i water, Tneru are a dozen
or so monstrous-looking pea-lions, or of
that sr>ecic3 ; one, iv particular, np'ionrj
about as Lirye as a humpbacked' whaleT
They are, of course, stulle.i.
Tiie second class consists of fishing uicn- i
lib an.l instruments used by all nations,
frj:.*i the rudest form to the most delicate
workmanship. China, perhaps, cm make
claim to lolli having appliances of the
ruilust fora), bat, at the seme time, netting
as line as oaiy fiuethn ... make ;
it is not only tine, but very Strong. This
part is again divided for different kinds of
fish, .showing what nets and appliances are
used to catch them, aVid refers both to
ocean, lake and river fishing. Then follow
tha numerous crafts, boats, skiffs, canoes,
rafts, etc., used in fishing by all nations.
After this, the material in a raw fctate and
partly worked up, when used for the pur
pose designed. This refers to flax, hemp,
wood— in short, everything used in fishing
before made up.
Comprises the artificial production of Babes,
or fish culture, and breeding apparatus of
various designs, the California breeding
troughs being largely represented, as well
a3 our salmon from the Sacramento. Some
of the liveliest fish there were a me Cali
fornia salmon about 5i inches long. They
sent the water (lying in every direction.
The fish in that department can be seen in
all th stages" of development, some yet in
the egg f'^nn but showing the embryo fiah
in the gelatineus mass, son.c partly hitched
or already swimming about liUu tadpoles,
others a aiti fully developed but yet small
an lin millions. Th are op to the size ot
the California s.ilm-.>n ia the moat advanced.
Thi? department also shows large models of
dykes and the water contrivances to the
same, that is, the supply raid how the snr
plua is carried i,'.T. O: this it nmy be men
tioned that the supply of ■>.;'-• I to all the
batching boxes and a'iar = "c number of i!a I
tionary aquariums is constantly tupylied ;
with air by what is known as a " water air
blo*i.r," a pointed tube leading into a
larger one, by winch the stream of water
in ih'i larger tube is broken ip, the spaces
■ km. filled by s.ir. In place vi leading the
w..ter on top ii is earned to the bottom of
the vessel or aquarium, so tint the im
prisoned air is constantly rising in bubbles
through tho water, winch, the aquarium :
being in t!ie dark, makes tho bubbles ap
pear like beautiful Bpaerea of mercury, or
rather siiver in a molten state. To this
part may further be nddeJ large magnified
specimens in wax of the development of
fit": i-.-i thus far known, the late3t being eggs
from the eel, a :i~!i of whose development
there was heretofore but little known.
Tho fourth class refers to the models',
appliances, vessels, etc., used for the pres
ervation of fish while being transported o:i
board the snip or the railroad J paiticularly
the Utter.
Class fivo consists of preparations for the
preservation of fish, in salting, smoking
and i uiliug for ise in families. Models ol
tmoking-lmuscs, salting establishments, '
boilers of copper for cooking fish whole, etc.
CLAS.I sixth.
Models of fishing huts, tis liinj ...
of various nations of both sexes. China
is probably th best represented, it having
natural size Inures of both sexes placed
• hero and there in the space assigned to
her. The figures look so well that a Cali
■ fornian would feel like asking, " How you
' likee, John." '
Class seven has for its object the physi
cal-chemical examination of the water.
Microscopical examination of the ground
in dei sea-sounding or in lakes and rivers ;
also botanical examination of water plants
to the very germs of life both of animals
ami plants, or both, so to say, mixed. In
this part Italy appears to carry off the
palm, it having preserved a large collec
tion of the class of creatures in the water
having a striking similarity to plants. The
instruments also are exhibited used in this
branch, delicate balances to take the spe
cific gravity of the water the animal uses,
and its habitation. There is a full nautical
collection of all instruments used on board
of the most improved ships, »8 well as other
instruments used for scientific purposes in
this branch of the science.
In class eight is given the history of fish
'"?. going back to the earliest dates of
man; what instramsats they used, whether
• ■-"■' ........
found original or copies taken from such ;
models of fishing utensils, pictures, seals,
emblems, etc., used 1 by the people. Some
of the oldest exhibited are probably the
hooks used by the ancient lake-dwellers of
Switzerland. It appears the fish-hook, like
the hammer, has been but little improved
upon. It is similar in form among all na
tions, and dates back even to that early
age of man.
Class nine refers to literature, statistics,
views on fishing, charts, etc. Each nation
has its classes thus divided, and the most
important nations represented are Holland,
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, England, the
United States, North America, China, Ja
pan, Russia, Italy, Switzerland, Austria.
The Government of France, it appears, is
not represented, and only to a Email ex
tent by private individuals. Holland and
Norway in the preservation of fish are very
strong; the fmell also in those depart
ments is likewise strong. Germany has a
tolerably large room fitted up for tie pres
ervation of fish and shells on ice. Lirge
fish, lobsters, crabs, oysters, etc., are here
laid upon pounded ice. Some of -the fish
weigh over 200 pounds, and look very fine.
They are exhibited by the dealers of Ber
lin, and the largest are tn>h from salt wa
ter—probably the North Sea.
Arc without doubt one of the greatest at
tractions, particularly that part of the
building known as "Neptune's Grotto." It
represents a large cave or grotto with three
openings, there being placed beyond beau
tifully painted scenery illuminated by strong
lights in the rear, and looking from the
dark into light it appears precisely as if
one was looking from the dark part of a
cave at a beautiful landscape. The fore
ground of the picture besides is improved
by having here and there placed large
rocks, plants, shrubs and flowers growing
from the ground. One represents the gulf
and city of Naples, which really is a very
beautiful tight. The grotto itself is also
very naturally made, with small pools of
water and with fishes and amphibous ani
mals as dwellers ; here and there an alli
gator is placed, of that kind, however, that
cannot eat a whole family, the animal be
ing rather docile and its appetite down to
z-^ro. Some of the fishes in the aquariums
are very large specimens, and tiie water
used, as in the Barlin aquarium for salt
fishes, is artificially put up. Some of it
shown requires 1.10 fresh water to make it
tit for the fish.
The "largest part of the United States
exhibit is in the second story of the main
building, which is constructed of solid
masonry. It overlooks the inner court
yard, flower-garden, lakes and fountain,
with a gigantic representation of Neptune
as a figurehead, under which spout out in
in streams the cverilowing liquid. Around
the fountain arc placed small tab'ts and
chairs, where people take their ices, tea,
coffee, chocolate and fish, or preparations
of lish and the like. At the end there is
also attached a regular restaurant, with
solemn and lordly-looking waiters, who
appear as important as if they had the
honor to wait upon the Emperor himself
once in a while. The prices are accord
ingly, but much less in the garden in the
rear of the buildings, where a band of mv- '
sic is stationed in the afternoon, producing
as good music a3 may bo expected any
Although probably not as large as other na
tions, yet comprises some very interesting
item 3. Further, there is a solidity about ■
tiie American make up which at one.: puts
itself forward as inviting. Everything
looks tasty, plain, but well finished. One
of tho most .interesting exhibits is the
j breeding-ship Jamestown. The mo lei is
: one-twciity-fourth the original *->■■■, and
exhibits afl the parts of the original ship,
with tho breeding apparatus foi the culture
of fish. The whole arran ;ement of the
United States exhibit was prepared by
Professor S. F. Baird. Above the exhibit
in th main building there is arrayed the I
. most beautiful of all Bags, the stars and
stripes, here all of silk and fringed with
gold. This, in looking through the galler
its (for such they may be tt-rmed) of the
second story of the main building, lends an
I enchantment to the view, which is further
enhanced when walking beneath the stars
and stripes belonging to the nation of
which one claims to be a member. What
American does not feel some pride when
he sees the tj ig of his country in a foreign
land floating above him, or arranged
act-fully, as in this case, and
speaking for the honor of his country, too,
allowing what one of the youngest niem
-1 ers of the family of civilized nations can
do in the progress and advancement which
the world is in this century making.
It appears the Berliners must be very
fair Christians, judging how generally the
store 3 are closed on Sundays, and on Sun- j
days there wa3 but a small attendance at
the exhibition in spite of the great crowds ,
that have arrived by water and land in the
city, but on Mondays the jam in th;:
buildings, particuhiry the jewelry depart
ment, ■..>■ bo great that the police were sta
tioned at the doors to regulate the ingress
and Pi:res3 of the people. The exhibit U
of sufficient capacity to take at least three
days for inspec ion, and a week could 1«; i
very profitably spent by the student cf '
Nature, or tbo=e who feel interested.
The locality of the buildings where the
exhibition ia situated is not so distant from !
the heart of the- city (taking in this cato !
" Unter den Linden" as snch) as to make j
it, so to say, out of the way. One can take
[ the cars or omnibus, or walk if he choose.
/ It ono desires to be alone, there arc beside j
the ever-ready cabs End "droschken,"
which take one person there for less than
25 cents. Berlin is very much like our
i American cities of the larger clas?, with the
furthtT advantage to travelers and those
residing there th it the prices for the ute of
: a private vehicle are not bo enormously
I high ; however, for certain hours during
ni^ht an • the early parts of the morning
j the charges are double the price of the day,
and if the cabbiej catch a greenhorn when
he arrives he mr.y pay a tolerably fair
■ price, for Germany, yet a dollar would
be terribly 1 i .!:. Mr. Cabbie comes
] down immediately a peg or two, if
one asks for the number and card, when
any suspicion arises that his charges
arc double. It is only necessary to hand
the card to tho police; but poor fellows,
they should not be begrudged a few pen
nice, they must have such a hard life, ever
-.-. .;;-,• for customers in heat and cold.
Appears to be constantly improving and
growing larger. Hardly an old building 13
to be seen excepting the large edifices, the ]
"Schloss," churches, etc. Whole blocks
of magnificent-looking buildings are erect
ed, and it seems there must be the money ;
1 for it. The very large hotel, the Central, ;
lately erected, and the interior of which is I
not quite finished, has not an occupant en
gaged yet. Generally in the United States
when mob an enterprise is undertaken
I there is some arrangement previously made
| that the house is to be occupied when fin
' ished. May one not jud^e that there must
be capital "lying idle when such an uncer
tain undertaking is carried out? The
streets of Berlin are nearly all straight.
| Some., of the paving is excellent, par- i
' ticularly the asphalt, which appears to be ;
! agreeable to horses. There are also
' certain portions paved with blocks of wood,
which, however, closely connect, making a
mora solid pavement than that known in
the United States as the "Nicholson."
The largest portion is of coarse of stone,
in either square or oblong blocks, 'no cob
bles, for the city that adopts cobblestones
nowadays (even if it be Sacramento) is not
traveling on the track which leads to
progress. As may be imagined, when such
buildings are erected, the stores and
shew windows must b« cowespondingly
inviting. The prices of articles in show
windows in, 'when compared with smaller
- towns, very-low.. Then» appears to be a j
-'-'■ .-"f ■'.':'■■ -i "■;■■.■".■■""".- ' -.' J '-'\i.
prevailing coßtom of marking every article ■
with the price Bold not.only in the. retail
but also at the larger stores. It saves, of ,
course, a great deal of extra asking, and ie
of advantage to both merchant and pur
A glass-covered passage-way through the
large building leading from Frederick
street to "Unter den Linden," there are
thousands of people passing through every
minute. It has stores upon each side,
every store representing a different branch
of business of that class particularly used
for ornamentation, here termed "gallan
terie-waaren." To the right the upper
stores are occupied by what is known as
t'«e " Berlin Panopticum," being life-sized
wax figures and automatons in wax, repre
ecntiuj,' ladies and gentlemen stationed at i
various places before groups of figures as
if in the act of inspecting. One elegantly
dressed lady, in a graceful position, stands
before a group of the present royal family,
appearing to look a? her catalogue, and
from time to time raising her head grace
fully to gaze at some figure, as if to com
pare it with what she read. Upon first sight,
the figure] being placed among the visitors,
the " cheat," or delusion of the eye is not |
to bo detected, but if one should entertain J
any desire to linger longer in that vicinity
you would s.>on discover that the perform
ance of the figure is repeated over and over !
i again in precisely the same fashion. To j
the politician or man of the world, the most
interesting group is the Congress of Berlin !
sitting at a large table, all life-sized figures j
and appealing so life-like that one almost
imagines lie can see them breathe or hear
Bismarck's giant figure give forth sound. I
Several hours can be spent here in the J
numerous rooms and large halls for the j
anil sum of 50 pi (12i cents), including
even a visit to the moon, viewing the stars,
the earth and the tun.
[Contributions to this department should be ad
dressed "Quiet Hour," Rf.cordLmok. Write
upon bat ono bide ol the sheet. Accompany all
contributions with the answers, the true name,
and postoffice uddieas. Contributor* will receive
advice and assistance, ami arc privileged to engage
in courteous criticism of the productions j»ub-
Answers to June 12th,
' 711. Yam, May; ton, not ; la, Al ; den,
Ned ; neb, Ben.
712. Martin.
713. He does well who does his best.
714. Po-tay-toe,
715. George Henry Lee in his eulogy of
710. TOAD
AC f X
717. Hannah.
718. Delightful.
71!). 1. A. O.
New Tansies.
728. Enigma, by Augusta Blake (dedi
cated to Hattie Heath) :
When round the blnzi' % winter's fir*
Fair ladies juin in social uiirtb.
Romantic tali their hearts inspire
And give to me my lias.y Linh.
And sure of all the youthful tribe
That ever in beautto s g»rb did shine,
Koim fruitless fane; can describe
Uiepl lys a loveliness like mine. .
I still improve gay .ttie Heath'd lien.
Add Lv l!ie lus.er of hei i yes—
'TUll I urn dick d with every :■■■' "
That fairest colors f.ir '.vi s.
i am eh ingingasth) ran in;,' '. '-,
Ai.d fickle .■- i! nd fortune* vvhcvl—
Tina moment b'irn, the next u>die,
XVriiaps whh-jtxi uppareut cau!«.
Ajpiin, I live ; lire, you know not why,
whence su quickly I nose -
ShuiilJ jou no* wush t.» pieroa iho tul
That hides xny face, of tun ii i y;
And not succeed, then [ must fjil-
Grow fkk ai d faint, and droop and die;
Cut hold ! you have me now gain,
1 live, ami iii fresh vigor sliiue.
Then may 1 « i.ii yuu long rcuiai:!,
And l.r.ilifi, happiness, prosperity tr.d chparful
i.t.-.~i combine. I
729. Crossword enigma, by Julie.:
By fir-it b in pit, 1 at not in scold,
My h cond in in silver, but not in gold,
My tli rd :s in powder, but not in paint,
My fourth is iv faint, but not in quaint,
It) fifth 13 in bake, but not in bowls,
Jly uix'.h is in cake, but Dot in roll*,
Sly seventh is in night, but not in day,
Mv eighth is in fight, but not in fray,
My ninth Is in carrot, .but not in eta k,
Jly teeth is in parrot, but not in U!k,
Sly eleventh is in para, but not in meet,
My twelfth i-t in diink, but not i i eat,
My thirteenth is in new, but not in old,
My fourteenth is i:i til, but Dot in told.
My fifteenth is in (! es, but not iv fly,
My Bixteenth la in weeps, but not iv cry.
My whole is that which people seldon or nsrer have.
730. Charade:
A substance used in Joining two bodies together,
a prufiiuur of the art of healing, a lady's name,
white poppy juice, to cut off the outuaid ooat, ob
stiiuUe animals, an aromatic herb, an apartment in
a house, a wanderer, a medicine, a town n: Scotland,
logo on bond ■<■ ship, a town In Surrey, a •* iman,
to tret bitelUgence, an ant. Initials name sn obelisk
in London; and fli.ala where it in .> be seen.
■ 731. Puzzle, by Caspar :
11. (A word of three syllable".)
732. Squaie word, by Caspar :
[Central* extend) one latter on each si 7 c] Cen
trals a .rots and downward >li c: The first an arti
cle; che?» and checkers; a i>irt of a circus; tho
(riven umc Of a nolurt diicovercr; a VOWel :u-.J a
liver in Africa ; wise persons . - rowel.
733. Charade, by 11. J. 11.:
My llrer. Uan icla you will find,
My Btcoini'd a verb of them kind ;
My third's a p ououu, a. d you'Sl BfO eoau •
Tdat niy fourth conies iv the afternoon.
My HI tit it a consonant, and you » ill soon see
That mv ixtl and seventh are always by mo.
Hy Ciih and my eighth are always the same,
And :ny ninth dots another pronoun name.
My tenth, woieh is mighty, doth tumble and roll
An i- a part of the ocean. Now what is my whole?
734. Motamorems, by Trinity :
1. 50) 500! feO SOU •■>- j 150
2. 9OXIO 7250
8. 100011 80 2.V180
4. 4000160100 HOO.
735. Puzzles, by F. M. S.:
(l)liel (2)Old. (3) 600 0a. (4) E sea (s)Aml2Jc*J.
, i a. ooy
-736. Selected, by (Ins :
My first letter in the third of bee,
Jiy next the part by whii you nee,
Mv third ilie name of •> poet will be,
Which comes before one frequently ;
II y fourth names a thing in which babies oft sleep;
Jly last i. -. consonant to which you must Keep.
One , ■ ...i.ils read down and _■".->:) you'll find,
A poet and au h..r will bring to nun i.
537. Select) 1 conundrum, by Rose :
What la better than presence of mind in time of
danger l
I Answers to . CorreKponclent3 and Correct
Gns— .724, 726 (no, sir), 727. "
Kvi.lyn— lS, 710.
Junius— 7l4, 717.
Sister— 716 (good).
George Brown— answered Trinity's
meUmorems correctly (700). Try again.
Theodosia— 7o2, 704, 710, 713.
Trinity— 72o, 721, 722, 723, 721, 725,
726, 727.
K. M. S. -705, 711, 717, 718, 720, 721,
722, 724, 720, 727. F. M. S. adds : "It
may seem to be a perversion to send an
answer to my own puzzle (722), but I
think lam entitled to the honor. It had
been sent some time ago, and like Grceley's
writing, had become cold. I could not
recollect of having ever seen it, and had
kept no cop}', and I could not solve it. I
triud to read it up and down, and the
dictionary was silent. I, in fact, disowned
it and blamed the printer, and thought the
'Quiet Hour ' was playing me. But I have
righted everything. A wise child knows
its father, and in this case I have after all
recognized my offspring. Allow me, dear
'Quiet Hour,' to return it to you turned
upside down, and I think improved by the
operation. The puzzle is not only cap
sized, but the answer is rather disordered,
at least sometimes. For its safe-keeping
allow me to dedicate it to the lady Unglere
of the 'Quiet Hour,' limiting them to one
each." Here it is :
I". M. S. is facetious, but the lady tanglors
we aro sure will show him how transparent
is his puzzle, and that they have an in
alieuable right to liave aa many strings to
tbca- bow as th'-y please.
Corofs Monument and its Unvalling— The
Salon Again— The Leading Picture
taia Year— Coquelin— A Present.
Paris, May 29, ISSO.
Leon Say, the former Minister of
Finances, was sent by the Government at
his own solicitation as Embassidor to
London. Both he and his wife are partic
ularly liked by the English, and every one
throughout Fiance, even to the enemies of
the Republic, congratulated the (iovern
ment on its choice. The new Minister was
scarcely established at London when it
became known that Martel, the President
of the Senate, had resigned his position on
account of poor health. While many con
jectures wire being made as to \\%o would
succeed the former Prisi'iei.t, and candidates
were presented by dilierent groups of the
Left, and Jules Simon was talked of as that
of the Right, Lton Say arrived in haste
from London to present himself as a candi
date for the position of President of the
Senate. This Budden apparition of the
! newly-appointed Minister and the object of
| iiis visit caused great surprise to everyone.
] The circumstance seemed incomprehen
l tiible, and so great haa been the astonish
] ment that no explanations have been ven
tured by the different Republican journals.
j Government machinery is very compli
cated, but those \Un> profess to explain its
! intricacies pretend that in this instance
j great fear was entertained by Gambetta
that Jules Simon, whom he heartily de
feats and dreads, should, through his
friends of the Left and the members of
the Right, be elected President of the
Senate, and that he being Presid at of the
(.'•.lumbers there would it.ulc
Between the two. While Gambetta pub- !
licly favored the Domination of De Royor, j
he privately dispatched fur Leon Say, the
only person capable of obtaining a majority
over Jules Simon. This last, either find
ing his chances diminished through the
presence of the new candidate, or dreading
to' ruin his political career by accepting
this position from the hands of the enemies
of the republic, discreetly withdrew from
the contest, Leon Say was elected with but
a majority of three iv the balloting by the
different members of the Left. That which
renders the affair more serious is that John
Lemoiune was appointed Minister to Brus
sels, which position he accepted, and
after all negotiations had finished and the
Government at Brussels expressed their
satisfaction of the choice made, Mr. Le
nioinno tent in his resignation. That a
similar instance should so soon occur with
regard to Leon Say renders the friends
of this gentleman discontented and all Re
publicans in general uneasy. That the
Government should tolerate an act reflect
ing on itself a want of seriousness and
stability only goes to prove once more t"hat
the Government is Gambetta, and that he
has sacrificed the dignity of his country
to a personal animosity.
oo rot's monument.
On Monday last, at Ville d'Auray, there
took place the inauguration of a monu
ment to the landscape painter Corot. This
artist, like many others, was not appre
ciated during his life-time, but Death had |
hardly called upon him . hen the entire
chorus of artists' voices loriuly sang hi
praises. He was never the recipient of an j
official recompense. At the salon the I
medal of honor was not accorded to him, ;
although well-deserving of it, and so in
di^naiit were his pupils, friends, aLd many
artists, that through protestation morel
tlun a3 a testimony of veneration for the
great master, they united in offering him
the precious distinction which the jury re
fused him. The State, which has so re
peatedly donated the public galleries with
indifferent pictures, never thought of com
manding works from Corot ; he did not
exist in the opinion of the Directors
of the B.aux Aits, nor in that of |
guardians of museums. The artist has j
had his revenge, although later than it
ehoiild have arrived. I remember when
he died all Paris awakened to the
conviction of his superior merit, not only
as an artist, but as a man; many and
many an anecdote was recounted of his
chanty, his kind-heartedness and disinter
ested friendship for his brothers in art.
His funeral was magnificent, the principal
Einger3 of the opera took part in the re
ligious exercises, and tha pall- bearers were
the most distinguished men of France.
Since that time many persona who acci
dentally found themselves in possession of
a "Corot" realized small fortunes, for his
pictures now Bell as high as those of Dau
bigny, Dias and others. On this lust
solemn occasion it was at Ville d'Auray
his friends met again at the foot of that
rustic house where he worked for
In the midst of plants and tro»s which he
painted, on the border of lakes which he ;
loved, in front of those rolling hills which
formed the perspective of his pictures.
The monument elevated to his memory was
placed in the centre of the verdure just
opposite to that nature which he adored.
It is from the artistic chisel of Geof
froy Dechaume, beaming with geutkntEs,
the lips parted by a tender smile, and his
eyes under his high forehead shaded by
disorderly locks. On the top a branch is
placed on which rests a nightingale singing
— a delicate and charming allusion to hi 3
lore for trees and birds. 1 — the sidea
of the has relief finish with a- lion's head,
whence gut>hcs water eternally limpid,
which runs on with a gay ripple. In that
landscape where so often the " rfere Corot "
had pawed, dressed in his blouse, with
sabots on his feet, all those who
were devoted to the arts — painters,
sculptors, poets, critics, and even
musicians — were there assembled. The
Government was represented . by Mr.
Turquet, the noun Secretaire aux Beaux
Arts; the Municipal Council of I'arisb^a
large number of its members; the com
mune by the Mayor. Gambetta was
among the visitors. There was music and
singing, and the canon roared. A large
number of ladies, elegantly dreaded, re
lieved the monotony of the numerous
black coats, and gave an aspect of gayety
to the scene. Mr. Turquet opened the
solemnities by a brief speech, in which lie
stated, amidst repeated applause, that the
Republic placed art in the front rank of its
preoccupations. After, Mr. Francais, a
distinguished landscape painter, spoke with |
{profound emotion of his old comrade,
whose talent he analyzed with fidelity and
delicacy. Everybody was much touched
by this .recital of Corot, complete as a
painter and a man, the grand paysagiste
and the excellent friend, that many were
melted to tears. It was then stated that
the statue of C.rot would he placed oh a
stele of the Hotel de Ville, now in con
struction. After a speech by Mr. Dumes
nil, Mademoiselle Baretta, of the Com
edie Francaise, advanced, holding a
large bouquet in her hand, which
she deposed in the basin of the foun
tain, and then recited, in her most charm
ing manner, the poem of Francois Coppee,
written for the occasion. Mr. Coppee en
joys quite an enviable reputation among
the modern poets of France, and although
I am quite familiar with his works, I have
never read anything of his which is so per
fectly poetic and beautifully expressed as
these lines to the memory of. Corot. This
poem is as tender, as harmonious and deli
cately tinted as the works of the great
artist. Corot, in his pictures, has reflected
the forms and faces of charming nymphs
who smiled at him and played around him
as he worked. : Mr. Coppee imagines one
of the nymphs recounting the scenes with
the artist, and how she anil her companions
exalted the odor of the violets and excited
the song of the bints I while he painted
them. Then they missed him from his daily
haunts, and they all were sad, until now
they once again see him ■ in : their ; midst,
with his same kind eyes and smiling face,
and the. nightingale above his head
as of old. As may be imagined,
the author, as well as the charming
interpreter, was loudly applauded,
called for. A few closing remarks by Mr.
Turquet finished the ceremony, when all
turned homeward delighted with their day
and filled with tender souvenirs of Corot.
In spite of the warm weather, the salon
is constantly crowded with visitors, even
in the morning early, when the entrance
fee is two francs until 12 o'clock ; on Sun
days and Thursdays, when the exposition
is gratis, there is scarcely room to move,
which proves how much the love of art
exists with all classes in Fiance. True,
mai y of the artists belong to poor parents
and have friends who are poor, all anxious
to follow their progress, bat they can not
constitute the entire number. The pic
ture which has excited the greatest genera]
interest this year is the "Jeanne d'Arc,"
by Bastion Lspage. He is a young artist,
and received his first n.eual two years ago ■
for quite a remarkable picture representing
a man and woman lying resting on the hay
which they have been busy cutting ; the
figure of the man was indifferent, Lut the
woman possessed a most life-like appear
ance, and one could perceive by her open
mouth that amidst the beat she Mas
breathing in the sweet odor of the
dried grass with pleasure. Last year
this artist was also remarked by a striking
picture of women gathering potatoes,
.whose naturalism and reality, caused him
to be claimed as a member of the new
school. Yet to prove the delicacy of his
touch and his susceptibility to line color
ing, he exposed at the name time the bust
of Sarah Bernhardt, holding in her hand a
small statue, on which her eyes were bent,
and which portrait was painted iv the most
delicate tints possible. This year his
"Jeanne d' Arc" is remarkable, inasmuch
as lie has deviated from conventional rules,
and instead of representing the inspired
heroine as a court lady in armor, he pre
sents her as a peasant girl in the orchard
of a small garden under the apple-blos-
Bon.s, in her rough dress and shoes, and
with her peasant's face, but with an iu
spired look in her Urge bine eyes, "which
buggeats more of the supernatural than a
whole host of ll;- in.; angels with their wide
spread wings. 'l'lw noises she hears are
embodied in two figures in the air behind
her, but there is a lack of perspective in
the landscape, and trees, houses and figures
all seem to be crushed one^agaiust the
other. Art is indeed a book which needs
to be often r«:ad and reread and closely
studied, in order to acquire '%
. Mary for proper judgment. I perceive
how much my own ideas have changed
since my arrival in France. On reaching
here there was nothing I admired so much
as the pictures of Mr. tugnerean, which I
have not now tho patience to look at ;
then after I hal a great partiality for the
tableau of Jules Left-lire, which 1 have not
altogether lost, but that which pleases me
most are the pictures of Mr. Henner, which
bt torn I had always passed unnoticed.
His subjects do not vary much aside from
portraits lie paints, and they generally
represent two nymphs by a fountain. One
of these pictures is to be been in the Lux
embourg, but the most beautiful was ex
hibited last year and proved the delight of
ail connoifcseur3. Many persons gazed at
it for hours and it seemed to them as
though tl.ey were listening t») the sweet
i trains of enchanted music, or to a wonder
ful poem, or were looking at a wur-; from
the brush of the immortal Raphael or of
that of Andre del S-tite, His picture this
year is small, and seems one of bis large
ones cut iv two, for there is but oue
nymph to be seen, who is bending
over to look ■ down into the foun
tain, whose deep line color seems
but the reflection of the deep-blue sky
above. Another quite email picture by
the same artist is a beautiful head of a
woman representing sleep. The even are
dosed, but the flushed face ami open
month separate it widely from death. The
artist has changed his style in this, but
has equally will (succeeded, and it is one of
the rnobt beautiful- and interesting objects
to be seen. Mr. Coquelin has sent in hi 3
As a member of the Theatre Francais. He
wished to go to London to play during the
season, but his presence was necessary at
Paris for the representations of the classics
which the Director of the theater is bound
to givo so many times during the year. In
order to settle the affair two arbitrators
were chosen, one by Mr: Perrin, the Di
rector of the theater, and one by
Mr. Coquelin, wl;o chose his inti
mate and devoted friend, Lion Gambetta,
the President of the Chambers. Both de
cided that Mr. Coquelin was wrong,
which did not, however, convince the cele
brated actor, and so he resigned. A few
months from now and Mr. Coqnelin will
have been attached to the Theatre
Francais twenty years, and he will then '
be entitled to a certain income for the I
rest of his life in case of his re
tiring. But in order to enjoy the
privileges allowed by that institution to
resign he must senJ in i.i^ resignation one
'.ear in advance, and renew the demand at
the end of six months, so Mr. Coquelin
will still remain to the admiring public of
Paris for another year, unless he wishes to
follow in the steps of Sarah Bernhardt, and
run the risk of being sued for tv.'o hundred
thousand franca.
■ The granddaughter of Victor Hugo, the
little Jeanne Hugo] was recently the recip
ient of a present from the great Swedish
explorer. The codeau is a paper-knife made
of the tooth of a moose, on one side of
which are the initial* J. H., and on the
other this inscription: " Product of the
hunt in the Polar sea, offered to Mile.
Jeanne Hugo by A. E. Ncrcieuskjold."
Nut what we would, but whit we must,
Hakes up the sum of liviDft ;
Heaven is bulb more anil leu than Just
In taking and in giving;
Swords cleave to hand* that sought the plow,
Ana laurels mis* the soldier's brow.
Me, whom the city holds, whose feet
Have worn its story highways^
Familiar wi;h its ioi.e iest street* —
Its ways are never my wag a.
My cradle was beside the Hea,
And there 1 hope my grave will be.
Old homestead ! In that old, cray town,
lie v:i:ic is seaward blowing.
Thy slip of ;m t!ci( Htretchcs down
" To trhere the tide is flowing;
Below they lie, their sails are furled,
Thu ships that go about the world. .
Dearer that little country house,
» Inland, Kith pines beside it . .
Seme i)eaeh tr < s, with unfruitful boujhs,
A well, with reeds to hide it ;
Wo flowers, or only such as rise
Belt-sown, poor things, which Ail despise.
Dear country home ! Can 1 forget
The Itastuf ihyswiot trifle*?
The window Tines that clamber yet,
\\ bOM blooms the cc still riSi-s !
The roadside blackb rric*, growing ripe,
And in the woods the Indian ripe?.
Happy is the man who tills the field,
Content with rustic labor;
Earth does to him her fullness yield,
H»p what may to I. is neighbor.
Well d)'jx, sound nights, O can there be
A life more rational and free ?
' Dear country life of child and man !
. For both the best, the strongest,
That with the earliest race bt pan,
And hast tutHvud the longest.
Their cities perished long ago ; -
Who the first farmers were we know.
Perhaps our Babels, too, will fall.
,'. II go, no lamentations, ■'
For Mother Earth will shelter all,
And feed the unborn nations :
Ten, and the swords that menace now
Will then be beaten to the plow.
' . "-" -IR. H. Stoddard.;
Hammer's Casc&ra Sagrada " Bitters etimu- I
laUo a turbid liver. ,
The man Whom Emerson Considers the
First of American Poets— Btecher as
Harold Skim pole— Pilplt Season.
New York, June 17, ISM).
The newspapers and people at large are
naturally still discussing the sad accident
on the Sound on Friday night, and inveigh
ing against the culpable carelessness of the
officers of the' Narragansett, as it such care
lessness were unprecedented. An investi
gation will be had ; a vast deal of righteous
indignation will be expressed; somebody
miv or may not.be found guilty. But
whatever the result, the public will soon
forget all about it ; the press will devote
itself to new themes until another similar
disaster shall occur from like stupidity
and recklessness, when the criticism, the
censure and the virtuous wrath will be re
produced, in that a 1) in this instance, to
very little purpose.
To give it its proper name, does not differ
materially from most of the terrible "acci
dents " that occur in this country, where
human life is, and always has been, counted
cheap. . While some of these are inevitable,
most of them might be avoided by ordinary
prudence. There was no good reason, in
the first place, why there should have been
a collision between the Stoningtan and
Narragausett, and) after it had occurred,
very few lives would have been lost had
the life-preservers and small boats been in
proper order. Those steamers were not
exceptions either — they followed the rule.
; Scarcely a vessel, I venture to say, that
; comes to or leaves this, port but would
\ prove inadequate to saving life in event of
j any serious accident. Whether a ferry or
an ocean crossing steamer, it would not be
very different. There is always a parade of
si all boats and life-preservers, and they
afford a sense of safety, though when they
are needed they are shown to be totally
inadequate. They are undoubtedly in
tended to quiet, if not to deceive, the trav
eling public ; the question of serving it in
time of danger is not taken into account.
They play the part of wocden guns they
look well enough, but they are of no use
when wanted. Take the oecau-oros3ing
steamers, for example. They ought to be
I as carefully managed as any vessels in the
country, for they carry hosts of people,
whose lives are more valuable by far than
ordinary lives. Nevertheless, they are
death-traps if anything of moment hap
pens. The crews are generally incapable
aud untrustworthy. They are hired, ex
cept on one line, merely for the round trip.
Consequently they have no motive to be
intelligent or to discharge duty faithfully.
Their extraordinary inefficiency has been —
for example, only the other day, on the
Anchoria — demonstrated over and over
A thing in which they should "be regularly
and continually drilled — the handling and
main of the small boats — they are con
spicuously deficient. They know no more
of this branch of their business than any
land-lubber, and they invariably capsize
them when they touch the water. At the
time of a very bad accident they are
nearly as much of a hindrance as a help.
They are, (or the most part, without intel
ligence, skilf or '.'.,■ hour of
peril they are, likely to become enemies,
against whom paescn^rs must protect
themselves. All these facts are Biiffieitntly
familiar ; l-nt no effort is matte to displace
tiiem, nor will there be any. Every crew
of every vessel, big ar^cl little, should be
j exercised weekly, it not daily, in practic
ing all their duties; but on many of
these they are not practiced at ail.
The life-preservers on most of the boats
leaving this port are worthless, and the
officer.) of the boats are aware of it. But
what do they care? When an accident
happens they try to shirk responsibility ;
but so long as matters go ttnnothly tbey
are absolutely indifferent. That a calamity
like that of the Narragansett does not
take place every week, is merely good
luck, not good management. We are the
most reckles9 people under the sun. We
simply accept all ordinary risks without
inquiry or concern, and if we lose, prop
erty, limb or life it is our misfortune, we
say, and we let it go at that. -
Mrs. Helen Hunt Jackson, known in
all literary circles as "H . 11.,'' has just
tailed hence for a Bummer vacation in
Europe. A good many cultured persons
regard her as one of the most gifted, if
not the most gifted, of American womer.
Some of the most eminent authors, par
ticularly Emerson, are her most ardent
admirers. Not a great while ago a literary
man who happened to be at Concord, and
to bo tuikin^ to the p»e:ic philosopher
about native poetry, asked, " Don't you
think Helen Hunt (so her admirers are
wont to f peak of her) the best of our
feminine poets V' " Wouldn't it be as
well," remarked Emersorr,' in his quaint,
dry. way, to omit the- feminine ?"' The
best evidence of his exalted opinion of her
is that ho has in his "'Parnassus," which
he considers the choicest cui lings from all
poetic literature, eight or ten ample selec
tions from her si mitts, remarkable for
exquisite sentiment anil spiritual beauty.
Her prose — exceeding bright, picturesque,
_pregnaut with common sense — has usually
a practical drift. It is wholly unlike her
poetry ; but both her poetry and prose are
excellent ia kind. It ia Borne thirteen
years 'mucu tiiu began to write— after
b,:o had lost her husband and
boy — more for inei.tal distraction than
from desire for literary fame. Her
contributions to the Independent and some
other weeklies soon drew attention ; she
was greatly lauded by the critics ; she was
invited to write for the Atlantic, and she
speedily became famous without any
thought of becoming bo. She is very
spontaneous, always overflowing with
ideas, subjects and suggestions. Her
writing is always improvisation. She docs
a deal of work, earning $3,000 or more a
yew, yet she stldom devotes two hours a
day to manuscript-making. She has no
pecuniary need to write, but she likes to
write, expression being necessary to her
mental repose. Her first husband was
Major Hunt, who invented during the war
a new kind of torpedo. Experiments, at
which he was assisting, were making with
it at Fortress Monroe. It failed to explode,
and he insisted on going down in a diving
oell to learn the cause. While under the
water the explosion took place, causing his
instant death. Her second and present
husband is William Jackson, engaged in
railway and banking in Colorado, and a
man of ability, character and fortune.
Mrs. Jackson is an exception to what is
frequently declared to be the rule— that
literary women do not make good wives.
Ia unquestionably a man of genius, and be
has some of the eccentricities of genius.
One of these is incapacity to take care of
money, whose value he seems unable to
understand. His pastoral salary is $20,000,
aiid he often makes nearly as much more.
Still he is always embarrassed financially.
Some years he has, I am told, earned above
$50,000 ; but his pockets, even then, were
incessantly empty. What does he do with
his money ? This is a question continually
asked by his friends ; but it has never
been answered. He cannot answer it hini
ielf ; he has often tried to, though without
avail. In this respect he resembles Daniel
Webster, who took from anybody and
everybody willing to cive, nnd never paid
anything hack. Whatever was lent him
was a permanent investment, and thosu
acquainted with ' him were well ' aware of
the fact.''. Beecher , does not borrow; he •
spends only what he hts honestly earned.
Nevertheless, his improvidence is sucH
that he is constantly . unable .to meet his
bills when they are presented. He is, 1
hear, dunned and dunned and dunned in
Brooklyn; tradesmen being compelled to
wait for a year or more, sometimes several
years. ; lie has no objection to paying— he
would be glad to — but he has not the
means. One, and probably tho chief, cause
of his regular deficiency is that he cannot
resist the temptation to buy anything
which happens to strike his fancy. It" his
purse be full he hands out thu cash. If his
purse be empty, he gets credit. He has, it
is said, repeatedly told men ho have had
bills against him, "I'm sorry to put yon
off. I want to pay yon, but I not only
haven't the money. 1 don't know where to
get it. lie kind enough, when I come to
your establishment ;::. . n, not to sell
to me unless I pay > sh down.
I shall take it as a favor to be refused.
If every body would refuse me it would be
a great relief to DM. I'm bothered to death
with bills that I've forgotten all about."
Some persons lake his counsel, but most of
them do not. It is hard for shop-keepers
to decline to trust the great ' pi eacher when
he honors them, as they think, with ! is
patronage. But if they would all d.> as he
asks them, they would save both him ami
themselves a vast deal of trouble. Mon
etary carelessness is part of his 'tempera/
ment, and wholly beyond hi; control.
All the churches thai lay any claim to
fashion close a week from the coming Sun
day, the various pastors then taking their
summer vacation. Some of the modish
churches have already ended thiir season,
in consequence of the early and intense
heat. It is entirely proper that preachers
should vacate their pulpits in hot weather,
but if they actually believed all that they
assume for their calling they could not va
cate them with consistency.
A peculiarity of the hot days since the
beginning of .May is that they are much
more oppressive than the bight of the mer
cury would indicate. We tee! as uncom
fortable when the thermometer is at 80 and
85 as we feel ordinarily when it is 3 to 10*
higher. Ozone seems to be singularly ab
sent from the atmosphere this season.
It is said that there were, lor the num
ber present, more distinguished men in the
various walks of life at the Booth banquet
than at any festive gathering held in this
city 'for many years.
Rev. Robert Colyer, of tl c Church of the
Messiah, has received mi urgent and flat
tering call to a Unitarian pulpit in Wash
ington. He lias declined to make a sacer
dotal change of basu from the metropolis!
where he has been settled not quite a year
yet. ■«••£■■: .
Many of the machine politicians here
who advocated Grant so strenuously at
Chicago are already talking of putting him
up as a candidate in 1884. They protend
that Gartield will be elected, if elected at
all, by so Email a majority that the Repub
lican party will see the necessity of nomi
nating Grant to avoid overwhelming defeat
in the next Presidential campaign. Grant
is a political Old Man of the Sea.
In one square of private residences ■]>
town, there are seven men of 90 years of
age. They are all rich, and have been su
for a long while. Monetary ease undoubt
edly contributes to long life.
Within the last six months about 400 or
500 Chinese have come here mm California,
and have come to stay. They tike New
York, despite its vast Irish population.
r^oiunssioy. merchants and dealeks ih
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