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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, August 21, 1880, Image 6

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THE QUIET HOUR.
THE "TANGLES'S" PARADISE 0? CHA
RADES, EIf ICKAS, ETC,
lOnvihutions to this department should bo ad
and "Quiet Hour," Record-Chios.* "Write
opon but one side m the Sheet Accompany -11
contributions Willi the answers, the true name,
and postoffice address. Contributor* will receive
advice and assistance, and are privileged to cugaere
in courteous criticism oi the productions pub
lished.! '
Answers to Tansies of August 7th.
777. (1) Connate. (2) A capital blun
der. (3) Lessons. ■
778. Oh, keep me innocent; make oth
ers great. (Charlotte Matilda of Denmark).
77!'. Deer, reed.
780. Doctor.
781. Garden.
782. Chair.
783. Den, Eve, Ned.
784. A
A ll T
A ME. N, D
ACCO B D S
A L B A T ROSS
785. The great sea is before me.
788. (Reserved.)
787. Aurora Borealis.
New Tangles.
794. Books, by Hattie Heath. (From
these definitions ascertain the names of
popular books) : ■■ \
A puzzle ; summer retreats; a link of flowers;
olihtand day valuable; not anchored; tho prodi
gal's fare; not lasting; proverbs; something to
laugh at.
795. Triple acrostic, by Hattie Heath:
Biting; a nian's|name; a witticism; a goddess.
(Principals rand finals give an ore ; centrals a .town in
Spain.) '-..".■"":'
796. Diamond, by Hose :
In Evcljn; a bloodhound; a country of Asia Minor:
to unite; iv Amy.
707. Charade, by F. M. S. :
An ancient race of highest fame.
That branched down to present time .
"'hat's kept distinct in blood at.d name —
If wrongly spelled will be the prime. " .
You stave a call to a dry-goods store ;
Be sure you know for what you went;
Think of something tolerably near—
The place and act of next gives scent.
When very cold and blowing bard
You dodge behind some work or cover -
You've got the side that vessels guard
A patent word of third the solver.
if in this word you find it not '..-.ryy.
Then make a vano-like apparatus
Twill show you our unsheltered spot
The losing half of Appotnatox.
Whole is a year of liberation
For a people of .indent iUte ;
What a clarion for our nation
'.- ApjKttuatox'a fallen state.
798. Puzzle, by Utah : 'ii
MAL O lee
799. Geographical acrostic, by Gospel
Swamp :
Behead and curtail the following, and the i:: tials
of the puts of the words tnen remaining will spell
the name i if a city in the I'nited States, aud tho
finale the state in which it is situated :
A dii in California ; a town in Nevada ; a city in
Illinois ; a bay ou the coast of California ; a city in
-California ; a country in Africa; a river in Califor
nia.
[As this is a new style of puzzle, some
explanation is due Tanglers. What Gospel
Swamp means by beheading and curtailing
and using the initials of the parts of
words " is, that the initials and finals of
the words after being curtailed and be
headed are to bo used to make up the
..rostical answer. ]
Answers to Correspondents and Correct
Solutions.
Sibyl— 777 (no), 779, 750, 781, 752, 783, 757.
"Is this last Caspars ? ' Old New England
Home ' seems a little like Hose or Hattie
Heath. The fiist verse and last two verses
sound like Bos?." -' ■ .'-;
--" Gospel Swamp," Pauls — Shall be
pleased to receive your contributions, and
await your puzzles "of different charac
ter" with interest.
M. M. B.— ls the lady signing M. M.
8., from Antelope, the same who con
tributed to the Quiet Hour If so the
package will be forwarded to the address
desired. The M. M. B. who contributed
used to reside in Sacramento.
Rose — 763, 706, 767.
" If Sol Taire receives a fair amount of amusements,
of sorrows and ills.
To him it is of no account to know ' who posts the
bills (did he say tickets?) ;
Those whom Life admits to the show which of t'timea
proves so poor,
Must ' pass In their checks,' when they go, to grim
I>cath at the door."
769, 771, 773 (nearly,) 77-4. "I am unde
cided whether to offer condolence or con
gratulation to ' My Wife and I,' not know
ing the six.; of the family referred to. I
hope Hattie Heath will continue to let her
' pen elope,' but not from the Quiet Hour."
"H. H., of Santa l'uula— 779, 752, 784 (in
part), 757.
Hattie Heath— 777 (in part), 778, 779,
780 781, 782, 783 (nearly), 784, 75.5 (good.
The only one who correctly solved it.)
787, and H. H. says :
In Aurora Borealis
Rose peeps out of every line.
(The second verse will please a Miss),
Would her ready * it were mine.
789, 791, 793. " Cannot solve 776, and
am vexed at my own stupidity as I was
over Philomel. I'.ovokiug, when I studied
over Nightingale so often, aud knew so
well that Philomel was one name for that
sweet singer. We seem to lie going back
to Father Adam often in the Quiet Hour.
Strange, when he is considered such a
myth. We are told to know that God
' forced ' him into a deep s!e»p, and robbed
him if a rib; but as he gave him another and
better one, I don't see why he should
'sigh,' unless the apple sin | ' forced '
him to eat did not set well on his stomach.
Please allow me to correct the statement
made hy Trinity, and corroborated by
yourself, in regard to Rose's charade — 187.
I do not think Po c ' gave herself away '
at all in that charade. Hardly think she
would be so eg* t stical as to refer to herself
as the " writer" whose home was in Con
cord, but think she meant Kalph Waldo
Emerson. Do not think she is a Granite :
State Yankee, either ; but a Green Moun
tain one (not a bit green, though). I like :
the new idea of leaving the names of the !
;.'._lers for us to guess. It is amusing to ;
see how wide from the mark some aim." Do
hope Trinity will send along that metrical
charade again if it was lost (it certainly !
hat not appeared), for I am very anxious to j
know if I can untangle. His puzzles are :
nearly all too deep for my brain, and no
.lifUbt this is as knotty as the rest."
Gospel Swamp (second letter)— 779, 780,
781, 782, 784. '-.',
Trinity— 7Bß, 790 (in part), 791, 793.
Amethyst 773, 774, 777, 779, 780, 781,
< 32, 78.1, 784, 787 (and she names Pose as |
the author).
Utah— 779, 7SO, 781*782, 784, 787 (and '
he names Trinity as tho author).
A SUMMER LETTER.
Sibyl writes, from Forest Lodge, El
Dorado county, under date of August 13th.
Certainly all the tanglers will be glad to
read her pleasant lines once more :
Dear Quiet Hour: Once more lam at
dear old Forest Lodge enjoying a delight
ful summer near tothe "heart of Nature."
Many pleasant things have happened since
my last writing, among them some happy
unrecorded moments with the Quiet Hour,
which will show that I have not been un
mindful of that cozy comer, nor unapprc
eiative of words to j Sibyl I thank my
friends for their kindly remembrance— i
Sibyl has not told her fortune as Hattie J
Heath surmised. I've noted all the
changes in our circle, and rejoiced at the
return of each one long absent. I've
missed Amethyst ever so much, and tried |
to forgive her for saying that I flattered.
Indeed, Amethyst dear, ' tho picture 1 i
draw ot you now is quite as pleasant as
the forme one— that of a lovely wife and
mother, and I wish yon would return to
the Quiet Hour. 1 thanked Trinity in j
my heart for solving F. M. S.s puzzle — i
a us— I guessed it before but couldn't j
but be doubtful. Among other pleas ires j
has been the arrival of triends, and a trip j
to the lakes. The beautiful dawnlight of
July Sth saw us up and awake and away.
We were a joyous group my mother, my
friends Miss Julia A. Wilson, Miss Grace
W. Fisher, my brother and myself. Twi- I
light, the beautiful f,ray horse, and Bess
the spirited bay, raised high their heads, i
and with proud, majestic strides seemed by ;
their very b.ing to say, "We arc glad that !
Ye go with you to Lake Tahoe." -,'■' We
reached Moore's grade, the delightful road
leading lake ward; '_' in time '' to B see
the tirst golden ' * glories of 7 rising
day bathe the ■ 'mountain '; tops; : and
what a lovely drive it "is 'with the
densely fo'iag. d bights above as and the
deep, dark thickets below.'- How; happy
the innumerable little streams that trickle
down the rocky wall through ; messes and
fern, and waving saxifrage, singing a song |
enumerable little streams that tiiekle j
1 the rocky wall through mosses and
aad waving saxifrage, singing a song
of lie maple and alder shades, and the
river that calls them away. Bird and bee
and breezo join the clad harmony. We
I come at length tothe Bridal Vail Falls (so
some one has named it), distant from home |
I only two miles and a half in a direct line,
but four or five in the circuitous route we
have to take. A more beautiful scene we
do not encounter in our journeyings be- I
! tween Forest Lodge and Lake Tahoe than [
j that afforded by the laughing waters of this :
' cascade, which, rushing over rocks fifty j
j feet in hight, falls in a shower of diamond I
sparkles into a mosy rocky basin and then
speeds away adown the canyon. Miss ]
Julia Wilson has taken a sketch of this, j
and she will soon convert it into an oil
painting. If my Quiet Hour friends would
I like to see a lovely bit of California scenery
let them inquire for this, which I
think they may find ere long at
Perry & Co.'s, Oakland. I am certain a
sight of it will seem to the dwellers of the
pent np cities like a strolling away from
busy cares to like strolling away from
sy cares to the cool, shady wildwood,
and, like a draught of crystal cold water on
ajhot, summer's day, will afford refreshing
rest. How tempestuous the current of the
American river as we drive now on its
banks. Seething and boiling into snowy
foam it lashes the towering rocks and hur
ries on, chanting the grand anthem which
all the softer voices are singing. Chants
of the far-away, snow-crowned mountains,
its store-house of the kind Father who,
mindful of the far away valley grain-lands,
! of the wooded flights, thought also of the
ferns and the mosses that must be loved
by the waters. What a grand, glad ser
mon all Nature seemed preaching. How,
I in these tabernacles, a spirit seems ever
breathing, " A loving Omnipotent power
has ordered all this ; His the over-ruling
hand ; His the tender care." How lovely
the banks of the river, shaded by low
drooping maple and alder, beneath which
bright ilowera of myriad hues blend in rich
commingling, and the glossy-foliaged
azalea shrubs, laden wdth their burden of
beautiful buff and white blossoms, fill the
air with delightful perfume. Never noting
the miles o'er which we are borne, nor how
the sun ha 3 climbed up in tbe sky, we find
ourselves maple Nature's volcanic which
ight llowersof myriad hues blend in rich
mmingling, and tbe glossy-foliagped
alea shrubs, laden with their burden of
autiful buff and white blossoms, fill the
• with delightful perfume. Never noting
c miles o'er which we are borne, nor how
c sun ha 3 climbed up m the sky, we find
rselves near " Nature's volcanic amphi
theater," as Byron would have termed the
cathedral-like rocks near Strawberry valley.
Here it seems the old gods and goddesses
might have bestowed their rewards and
punishments in the far-away fabled eons,
for the lofty bights bear likeness to many
a form and face. A lovely plateau, o'er
read conveniently with ■ wide, smooth
rocks, and shaded by gigantic trees, affords
us just the place for our noonday encamp
ment. What a dining-room it was, with
the bright blue dome above, frescoed with
little snowy clouds. On one side the river
wailed and wept, and on the other a merry
brook danced and hughed, while all about
the mighty "sky-attaining" bills were
there up-piled. A snow-bank near at hand
Int. us refreshing coldness for with
i bright blue dome above, frescoed with
;le snowy clouds. On one side the river
iled and wept, and on the other a merry
>ok danced and liughed, while all about
i mighty "sky-attaining" hills were
're up-piled. A snow-bank nca-.' at hand
jrded us refreshing coldness for our
lemonade. Here we rested two happy
hours, then on through the gloriously un
folding panorama, and the top of the first
summit is attained, and here we pause,
looking down thousands and thousands of
feet into the rich pasture lands of Lake
ley, while far beyond, set like a jewel
among the overgazing hights, gleam and
glisten the blue waters of Lake Tahoe. In
the magnitude of the scene our voices are
silenced. blue road, like a winding stair
magnitude of the scene our voices are
need. Our road, like a winding stair
case, descends the mountain ; we pursue it,
and when part way down encounter a snow
drift surrounded by moss-pinks and pen
! stemons growing in • tropical luxuriance.
i Nature stems indeed to blend her seasons
here to make the landscape fair. Merrily
we dash through the flower-dotted sward
of Lake valley and come at length to the
I pleasant grounds of the Tallac House, a
lovely country hotel nestled in a grove of
I tamarack and silver aspen trees about
I thirty yards from Lake Tahoe. The
j grounds are as nature made them, with the
exception of nicely graveled walks leading
through a carpet of verdure where trailing
j wild strawberry vines and delicate wild flow
i era weave a rich embroidery. -Lake Tahoe is
j very beautiful in the purple half light in
I which we behold it, for the sun has passed
: far down the sky when we arrive. Every
I influence about the place is quiet and rest
ful, and we are heartily sorry that we must
limit our stay to two days. Fallen Leaf
Lake is distant about three miles, and is
reached distant delightful woodland road
.died by a delightful woodland road
brightened all along its way by the won
| derful snow-plant. Fallen Leaf is a beau-
I tifully-surrounded sheet of water. Mount
i Tallac's mirror, Soda Springs, a mile and
a half beyond, are much visited by health
seekers. Oar last day at the lake was. I
believe, the crowning one of all, for then,
in a bonnie little boat, we sailed away from
Km era! d Bay. How smooth and clear and
beautiful the waters of the lake. Like
i my own life they seemed to me — so very
quiet. And all around the lofty flights
arise, whose summits other footsteps have
attained. But we must be content to glide
in sweet tranquillity below. Let others
. toiling struggle on up, up the flights ;
■ they win what they achieve by weary
; hours. Ah, why not be content to sail
i forever here in dreamful ease. They tell
me beautiful Lake, that you, too, grow
weary of these narrow bounds, and moan
in maddened restlessness and toss your
waters high to fall again in tired spray.
That you are treacherous, beautiful waters,
ry of these narrow bounds, and moan
naddened restlessness and toss your
ers high to fall again in tired spray,
t you are treacherous, beautiful waters,
and that in your still deeps many a warm
heart has ceased to beat, and that you
hold your victims for your very own, and
taking them to the deepest depths, pin
them there forever. That in your waters
there is a mystery that none can solve.
| But it does seem to me, if dying were all
over, it would be very sweet to sleep in
your calta purity. Oh, dreamy happiness,
to glide and muse and love the water.
But, wafted on, we come at length to Em
erald Bay. How feeble seem all words ;
entrancing beauty and enrapturing gran
deur, we land in a very garden of delight.
The home it might be of the sylvan deities.
Their nectar the purling rill of cold crystal
water which, through mosses and fern,
threads the Howe, strewn velvety sward.
Their ambrosia the life-giving perfumed
air that sets the aspen leaves all aquiver
above the moss grown rocky grottoes that
may be their homes. But we hear a voicein
the distance. It is the rush of waters,
and now we'll climb, and all unheeding
the brambly way we hurry on up, up, the
flights, but still we are in the depths when
we have reached the highest crag our foot
steps dare. Most glorious reward for the
toil of the upward way. For there in all
magnificence we behold the flashing waters
of Eagle Falls, descending from lofty hight;
a boiling, seething mass it hurries on over
jagged crag and rounded bowlder until
at length all gloriously it falls into the
green quiets of Emerald Bay. And all
about bights o'er bights arise in " tower,
dome and battlement. ' . And it seemed to
me while, viewing this grand scene, could I
but pour forth the song that filled my soul
in the melody that I could feel, it would
be, indeed, a sweet relief; that if in the
happy land there are such sanctuaries we
might unwearied form a part of the grand
scene singing praises. We glide back in
the beautiful afternoon light, and our way
is gladdened by the clear sweet tones of
Miss Fisher's cultured voice singing, "The
day is done," and it seemed to me no
sweeter music ever floated out upon the
air than that which then was wafted o'er
the waters of Lake Tahoe, such was the in
fluence of our surroundings. We see the last
day-beam folded away in the garments of
the night, and feel in real sadness that no
longer for us will gleam the blue waters or
arise the lofty, snow-crow bights ; and
we bid them adieu as to a noble new-found
friend. Now my father has built me " a
bonnie bower all under the oak tree
shade." far removed from all but forest
voices, and here I've brought my hooks,
and if the Quiet Hour does not hear often
from Sibyl, think of her sometimes as in
her bower she reviews the studies she
loves. S.BVL.
Prof et sor Bauschinger has lately tested
soma iron taken from a chain bridge built
in 1829, an.l found that after fifty years of
service itj strength and elasticity had not
altered perceptibly from what they were
reported to be at the time they were pat to
service. The fact that age has little effect
on thj quality of iron is likewise verified
by the result of tests male by Professor
Thurston, of pieces of the wire cable of the
historic Fairmo .int Suspension Bridge at
Philadelphia, lately taken down after forty
years of service. The tested pieces were
found to have a tenacity, elasticity and
ductility fully equal to the best wire of the
same size ftund in the market to-day.'
BENDERS' BLOOD.
A VIGILANTE -. TELLS HOW THE ■; BEND- :
ERS WERE BLOTTED OUT.
The Terrible Tale of the Death of the
Y'?-St Hardened Wretches, and the
She-Devil Kata.
(Chicago Times, August 12th.J
Oswego (Labette county, Kan.), August
9th. — The attempt on the . part of ' two
weather old tramps to palm them
selves off on a credulous public pas the only
and original Bender butchers, has occa
sioned a good deal of quiet amusement in
these parts, where the truth is very gener
ally known or shrewdly surmised. Every
time the story of the Bender murders is re
vived, and it has been revived . a dozen
times almost within the last six or. seven
years, I am tempted to come forward and
tell what I know. Were it not for the en
joyment that comes of watching the birth,
growth and sudden subsidence of each suc
cessive sensation I should . long ago have
made a statement of facts, for the vindica
tion of history if for no other reason. This
last sensation has proved a "corker" in its
way, and under the circumstances the
I public can not be blamed for being taken
lin by the imposture. The knowledge of
j the Kansas tragedies displayed by
the SI'OREGOR TRAMPS
j Was such as to deceive many who ought
| to have known better than to listen for a
moment to their talk. They displayed an
apparently intimate acquaintance with
many of the horrible details of the sicken
ing butcheries, and glibly accused each
other of complicity in the atrocious crimes.
Yet to one acquainted with ; the habits
and traits of character of the American
gypsies, there is nothing remarkable in
this. Professional tramps have nothing
else to do but to I remember the tragedies
that come under their notice. An excep
tionally fiendish atrocity marks an epo;h
in their worthless lives, and you will fre
quently, if you chance to be thrown in con
tact with these nomads as I have been,
come across one of them who is a walking
encyclopedia of criminal information.
J Their minds become a repository of knav
j ish knowledge, and the extent and scope of
j their historical information is really amus-
I ing. Their minds seem to have a peculiar
j bent in that direction, and mixing as they
i do with the lower and brutal classes, their
very beings become saturated with crime.
i They live in an atmosphere of wickedness
j and they think of little else. Such a crime
i as the Bender murders must of necessity
| have created a profound sensation among
them at the time, and there are probably
hundreds of them to day who could person
ate these people as well, if not better, than
the McGregors. What influenced this
precious y.7'7 *'.-*'
BRACE OF DEBILITATED VAGRANTS
To perpetrate such a sell at this time is
more than I can imagine. They may have
been accidentally drawn into it, and then
with the instinctive cunning humor some
times found in tramps, concluded to vary
the monotony of existence a little by car
rying it out to the limit, feeding their
imaginations on the fund of facts in their
possession for something to confess. 'I hey
did not dip in very deep at first, but as
the magnitude of the joke grew on them
they cut loose and poured forth a deluge
of horrors for the delectation of their audi
tors. They kept a stock of confessions
"on tap," and the supply was never ex
hausted. In discussing the tramp ques
tion I find I have allowed myself to wan
der from the subject upon which I started
to write you, and with your permission I
will return to my mutton. I think it is
time the truth should be known and
widely circulated about the Bender busi
ness, and a stop put to further foolishness.
I want everybody ai d the world to know
that it is beyond the power of an officer of
the law to arrest any of the Benders.
They are outside the jurisdiction of the
courts of human justice and I cannot see
the harm of telling it. If there is any de
pendence to be placed on the teachings of
the holy book, they are sizzling and hiss
ing somewhere beyond the mystic curtain
of life. There is no don. t that
THE BENDERS ABM DEAD.
They are awfully dead, and their bones
arc whitened by the processes of nature
ere this. I speak thus decisively because
I know whereof I speak. It is not cus
tomary for awfully boast of acts lawless
i whitened by the processes of nature
s this. I speak thus decisively because
;now whereof I speak. It is not cua
rary for one to boast of acts of lawless
ness, and it is not in that spirit that I
enter upon the recital of the last chapter
of the bloody career of the brutal Benders,
I am prudent enough, too, to wish to
hedge myself against possible annoyance,
; and had I not your solemn assurance that
! you will not divulge my name, it is not un
, likely I should leave the writing of this
' scrap of history to other hands. I will
' not consume your valuable space by at
r tempting to defend myself or my asso
i ciates for the part we took in purifying the
p atmosphere of Southern Kansas by aveng
; ing the wholesale murders that were com-
I mitted by the Benders. Suffice it to say,
I our consciences are not troubled in the
; least by recollections of the exciting occur-
I rences which followed the discovery of the
slaughter of ten human beings in that
lonely tavern, and if we had it to do over
again I doubt if the programme would be
varied an iota. It is not necessary to go
into a detailed account of the murders.
In point of fact, very little is actually
known on that point. No one in the land
of the living will have the hardihood to
say that he saw the deeds done, and the
Benders themselves
NEVER MAIIE A CONFESSION'
: That I know. of. The McGregor liars
I were a little off in their description of the
| murders. They always had Kate, or Mag
i gie, her cousin, or John, cutting the heads
j of the victims to piece? with hatchets,
' whereas they were invariably brained with
a hammer and their throats cut. The in
troduction of the girl Maggie into the plot
( is something new, too, but with these little
i matters I have nothing to do at this time,
i There may have been a Maggie, and there
i may have been others implicated, but on
■ this point there is a dearth of positive
! knowledge. The Benders, John and his
j wife, and their two children, Kate and
! John, kept a wayside tavern about a mile
j and a half southeast of Morehead station,
! on the road leading from Independence to
j the Osage mission. They were there when
i I moved into the county, two years before
! the discovery of the butcheries, and were
i well known then. Their place had a hard
! name, and it was understood to be the
] headquarters of disreputable characters."
i Still, as nothing was ever laid at their
! doors, the Benders were not molested.
j Kate and John \ '■'•'.-
LIVED TOGETHER AS MAS ASH WIFE,
But the woman would smile upon the
transient horse-thief or cow-boy - when a
dollar was to be made that way. - She was
a red-faced, low-browed, square-shouldered
amazon, strong enongh to throw a bull | by
the tail, and ■ everybody stood in awe of
her. She made a pretense of practicing
the healing art, and was known far and
wide as a "spiritualistic doctor." : Her
cure 3 were permanent, and her remedy was
a hammer. Decent people avoided . the
Bender tavern. As the country . herea
bouts harbored a good many desperadoes
about this time, no one cared to raise a
row, and the protest went no further than
avoidance. When search was instituted
for the body of Dr. York, in April, 1873,
suspicion was directed against the Benders,
and contrary to the general belief a close
watch was kept on them for a while.
They must have been aware of the surveil
lance, for at the first opportunity they de
camped. The report that they took the train
at Thayer, a station a few miles north of
Cherry ville, and went to Humbolt, from
which place they took passage for Texas, is
a mistake. They simply bundled their
goods into two wagons and started for In
dian Territory. They did not proceed at
once to their destination, if, indeed, they
bad any destination marked out, but
crossed over into Montgomery county, and
squatted near the Verdigris river to await
developments. The distance from .their
farm was something like | twenty miles.
John, Jr., or John, Sr. , made daily trips
back to the vicinity of Cherry vale and took
observations. It was thtir intention to ro I
turn if the excitement should blow ever,
but if it c n.t imi ed warm they would go on
as originally planned. They knew of the
discover*" OF their crime
' Within an hour after tho bodies were dug
; out of their shallow graves, and they lost
j no. time . in ' striking ; their, tents. ?', They
I struck cut for the west* bank of' tho river
| and started southward post . haste. Their
i i
! flight soon became a panic, and to add to
I their discomfiture one of their wagons broke
• down. ; Packing what j they could of the
load on their horses, they piled up what was
1 left, set tire to it and hurried on. A In the
; meantime a vigilance j committee had been
I formed. This move ; was taken with the
greatest secrecy, and none but trusty men
| were admitted to the organization. \ The
i utmost circumspection was . used, for the
1 reason that in a new community like this
j the doubtful assistance of suspicious char
| acters was a thing to be dreaded. The
i vigilantes did not number more than one
; hundred men all told, but they meant busi
! ness, as the sequel proved. It was my
j good or bad fortune to be one of the elect.
! Scouts were sent out in all directions, and
I within forty-eight hours of the departure
of the Benders from their camp in the next
county, the fact was duly reported to us.
About forty of us organized into a pursu
ing party, and started after the butchers.
Once on their trail, we had no difficulty in
following it. 7 The murderous quartet had
taken to the open country west of the
river, but were keeping within convenient
distance of the thick timber that grows in
the valley watered jby this stream. They
were expecting pursuit, and hoped to es
cape by losing themselves in this timber, if
it came to the worst. As we proceeded
the trail freshened, and ere long we came
across the half consumed remains of the
wagon left by the Benders in their flight.
From the direction they were taking it be
came evident to the" minds of those ac
quainted with the country that they were
pointing for
THAT PARADISE OF CUTTHROATS
Located near the mouth of the Red Fork
of . the Arkansas. The country hereabouts
is a bleak and desolate region, infested by
horse-thieves, half-breed Creeks, Pawnees
and Cherokees. Once there they knew
they would be safe from pursuit. Even
the United States troops have never been
able to penetrate that term ' incognita. It
is a safe retreat for the border ruffians, and
is known to be such all through this sec
tion of the country. This haven for the
wicked is distant about one hundred and
I forty miles from the point where the Ver
: digris river enters Indian Territory. The
| murderers had about forty miles to travel
before reaching the boundary of ' the terri
tory, and they were probably twenty miles
beyond the line when our scouts caught
I sight of them. Burdened as they were
with : much cumbrous baggage, they had
not been able to make very great speed,
! but they bad used every possible effort to
put space behind them. It was about .3
o'clock on a hot, sultry May afternoon that
we came in sight of the party. : . They saw
us as soon as ' we I came from cover, and
abandoning everything they broke for the
forest. They plunged into the woods and
scattered. We were close upon their heels,
however, and they did not succeed in elud
ing us long. , The old man and his wife
and Kate were under arrest in less than an
hour. , John, Jr., was more fortunate than
| the other members of the tribe, for he con
j trived to evade us for an hour longer, but j
I he was at length run to cover and forced I
! to surrender. v? -■;. '
' EVERY ONE OF THEM SHOWED FIGHT,
But with the exception of Kate they all
weakened when it came to the scratch.
This charming g border beauty emptied
every chamber of her revolver into our
faces, but her aim was bad and she did no
serious damage beyond maiming one of our
horses and clipping a lock of hair from my
temple. The bu'let raised a ridge along
the skin, the work of which shows to this
day She finally succumbed to superior
strength, but to the last maintained the
same dare-devil, reckless demeanor, j Hav
ing captured the assassins the question now
arose, • What are we to do with them?"
Some were for taking them back and let
ting the law take its course. The advo
cates ot this line of policy were largely in
the minority. There were those amongst
us whose relatives had fallen, victims to
the deadly hammers and knives of the
wretches, and they would not listen to the
suggestions of the conservative element.
They threatened to do some killing then
and there if their demands for instant
vengeance were not regarded. No one
would have offered a very strenuous oppo
sition if they had carried out their threats,
but it was thought best to do the job up
after the most approved form obtaining in
the Courts presided over by Judge Lynch.
The prisoners were accordingly arraigned
and asked what they had to say in their
elefense. The old woman was sullen and
ugly, but the two men showed signs of
faltering. Had they been left to them
selves they would have made full con
fessions beyond a doubt.
- Ar:,. THE AMIABLE KATE
Perceived this, and, thinking it would
please the vigilantes too much to hear con
fessions, she fell to cursing her brother and
father for their cowardice. Fouler lan
j guage was never uttered than came from
the lips of this fiend. No term was too
I vile to apply to her relatives. They took
it silently at first, but soon something of
her reckless spirit was infused into them,
and they too joined in the tirade. The
chorus of blasphemy that went up from
that hardened lot caused a shudder to run
though our party. With death staring them
in the face, they united in cursing us and
lamenting their inability to do us harm.
Such malignity I never saw equaled. Even
the old woman chipped in occasionally, and
her appearance indicated that she wholly
approved of the family demonstration.
When charged with the murders laid at
their doors, the answer was a curse, fol
lowed by more curses, and then a volley, a
fusilade of curses and ribald abuse. Our
court went through' with the form pre
scribed and then pronounced a sentence of
death. The announcement was received
with jeers from the hardened criminals,"
who had determined to brave it out to the
last. It was decided that the murderers
should be shot, as it would
TAKE TOO MUCH TIME TO HANG THEM.
The sun was already nearly down, and
i the shadows of approaching night were
deepening. There on the borders of the
forest the cruel killers were tied to saplings
and told to prepare for death. One of our
number, who had not quite forgotten his
early education, undertook to offer a prayer,
but the lovely Kate spit in his face while
he was addressing the throne of grace, and
he quit right in the middle of a sentence
and drew off in disgust. The four
died with curses on their lips, hardened
! and unrepentant to the last. . There in
that lonely, dismal spot, away beyond the
confines of civilization, they met a right
eous retribution, and their souls, black
with crime, were sent . to meet the great
Judge. . Their executioners treated them
better than they treated their innocent
victims. They were killed quickly and
painlessly, not butchered brutally. To be
sure, not much time was wasted in burial,
but it was growing late, and the vigilantes
had a long ride before them. A hole, made
by the displacement of the roots of a fallen
cottonwood, was made a little larger and
deeper, ! and >';': '\ ...-*. " .
,-V.. THE HOMES THROWN IN*
And hastily covered with loose earth, rocks
and brushwood. This was all there was to
the funeral. . On reaching the level again,
the effects of the Benders were . stacked
and burned as a sort of an offering to
heaven. We then prDceeded northward,
separating before reaching the settlements,
each seeking his home quietly. There was
no blow made about our achievement, each
man keeping his own counsel. The secret
was well kept, and it was weeks before
outsiders stopped prowling " around in j
search of the Benders. Those immediately '
concerned very speedily lost interest in the I
chase, ; however, and, though nothing, was j
said on the subject, it came to be tacitly |
understood through ' Labette and Mont
gomery counties that it would be a waste
of time to prosecute inquiry further. This :
is the true history of the fate of the Ben- j
ders, and when, in the , future, you hear ot !
the apprehension of any of the tribe, you I
can put it down as a canard. ' ' _• :V 'l
m&tifc Vigilante.'
Judge Blatchford's recent decision in the
case of the United j Nickel Company vs.
Pendleton, puts an end for the . time being
to the efforts of an intolerable monopoly to
control | the art of nickel-plating in this
country. ■ The fact that the Adams patent
should ever 'have received recognition in
the temple of justice ' proves that a judge
may bo learned in the law,' but woefully
pachycephalia in " matters ' scientific. "It
occurs to us - that a scientific j commission,
selected for tho purpose from the ranks of
our. most eminent scientists and technolo
gists, might be established in some wt*y to
act in cases of this kind in .the capacity of
amicus curve. Such a body, above the sus
picion of ; interested motive.?, might prove
very useful. --[Engineering .Journal, ;,;
Prior to June 30, 1801 81,575,114,005 1)
Prom July 1, IVI, to Jmic 80, 1875 2,i:H),578j090 2
, », 706,998,168 !
J3f1,C06,014 ,'.. ........ •C; 8! 1
Adams, J0hn..................;...":. 33,548,222 <30,G06,014 Hi 0
l 8 08< AduinM, John 4 0
Mudtaon, .1ame5........... 1111,951,870 Jcflvraon, Tlioinaii 7
Monroo, ............ 140,125,287 Mudimn, 119,961,870 4!
Q.........r.,. J. ........... 88,941,104 8 6 140,125,287
q J. 4 0
Martin.;.,.........;.... 0 67,283,444 Andrew I
T"e r"john 78/110,430 "; ' "*]
; . 110,504,3423 i'oik,'jame»k 436 Henry |)
104,»57,440 4 ........... ZMhmryv: 1 John ,) "11
) ' I'olk, 4 110,504,342
Pierce, Frank1in...;.............;.. . 0 |4 I
.V........ 8 ) -Mill hI
Lincoln, 4 305,360,453(1 Pierce, 4 0
Andrew..;... - 4 Riu-lianan, Jnrnen 4
araut,U.S.. 1,125,540,148 Miieiiln, 4 0
Johnioa, Andrew 4 099.977.4H8 0
Oranl, f. 8 « I 1,12.-.,640,148 ft
. , Z
r-V
-" ■* f "
KEC'KIPTH. 1.0-tl- ANB KATIO OF LOS«E» PER Kl.ddi. TO AOCBBOATO OF It I < I 111-.
,156
\ can
8 *30,C06,014 08 *204,C28 1(
4 38,648,922 90 45.24U 01
8 1(11,0X6,982 70) 271,069 3(
8 1111,951,870 49 217,042 2!
8 140,125,287 60 227,432 4i
4 88,941,104 61 222,103 U
8 173,830,077 !>7 1,215,300 }'
4 07,283,444 08 264,502 9-
'' I » 7X,!U0,436 31 254,039 0:
4 110,504,342 31 7,71:) 1
j- I 191,1)57,440 48 216,749 01
4 I 245,145,753 08 131,277 01
4 I 154,12r<,0.52 »:■ 58.776 0:
4 305,360,4.',3 01 31,201 W
4 I 699.977.4H8 05 864,498 51
0 ' 1, 12.-,540,148 f>o £4,843 4:
Rettipta.
22 33,623,805 73 97 ; 811,267.313.614 »7| 95,458,722
M i;:.;! 13,202 76 #2 101 8088,54(1,644 72 11,480,727
26 _ 310,102 97 14 j 10,678,766,909 05 4.037,998
CTSTOBI3.
Losses.
.
•11
80 OS 1 §19,843,706 61) 86,023 01
1 25i 12,537, IS>.% 50
2 681 7,161,994 84 15,509 76
1 80': 140,21)4,644 29 77,933 00
1 02' 38,524,676 84 402,614 37!
2 4!) »,M70,!)50 17 110,849 02.
0 99i 81,362,097 19 197,083 07
3 H3, 02,665,104 83 127,825 40
3 22 37,789,508 50 175,042 36
91,293,106 14 10,890 87
1 10: 16,951,190 43 60,521 50
68 37,031,076 53, 81,72* 73
21 188,884.690 71 156,227 80
10 4,305,099,084 00 477,231 01
36| 3,342,238,1)49 81 8,808,888 :)f>
02 2,871,328,335 84 1,252,540 17
Receipts.
ALL OTHER SOURCES."
JE
Losses.
.722 01
82 OOj «2,263,660,01<> OS
38 12,709,046,059 91 1
57
2 20
1 21
U
t>;j
10 44
12 18
2 42
2 03
4 63
SJ 30
2 48
63
I.
I
4,973,306,070
?56,448,721 32 1
40,085,418 40
108,238,077 64 1
800,840,014 78.
178,049,904 II
97,818,054 7i>!
255,182,775 16,
129,948,548 91 !
110,736,00t 87;
201,857,508 46 1
211,908,012 91
282,179,8^0 60
312,36«V>79 68
4,67«,400,130 Ol 1
4,012,316,438 40
3,990,868,483 84
Keccipti.
•210,601 Bo| 83 72
42,211) 60 91
287,860 11 2 65
294,975 29 1 10
(W0.940 82 I! 62
388,968 1" 3 40
1,412,387 68 . 5 S3
392,328 34 1 3 01
129,981 39 1 3 68
IS,IOO 98j OS
270,270 68 1 30
213,001 78 75
11)4,003 S3 02
508,493 60 10
I 2,502,721 (If) 03
1,27(5,882 60 31
TOTAU
,118 84
.1
0-
-721
1
10
!
40:
63
01
68
08
30
75|
10 02
mi
03
SI
t6«,f«8,540 82
$224,873,373 74
290,066,176 08
$084,900 00
00
00 3,147,447
00
00
00
18
77
20 18,668,750
16,861,478
74
70
74
43,779,085
81,010,286
72
Disbursements. ! Losses.
I
rOSTOFFICK. t
4 $808,540 88 $.1 69 81,099,598,872 fl
«_ 413,472 00 1 37 4,493,196,063 0
$1.22-?,012
82
f2 80 918,401,644 51
2O4 1 15,893,fi1S 72
8 M 27,041,493 00
7 8] 135,228,344 34
11 01 74,787,221 88
6 02 30,580,722 11
1 98 129,858,003 93
2 83j 86.910,491 15
14', 50,r,25,040 36
IV 133,247,948 01
1 90j 90,788,888 00
1) t8 129,975,281) 73
3 02 15!),556,370 92
1 91 3,064, 220,505 80
2 06 811,869,437 99
SI); 017,100,111) '23
»1,020 73
43
13
41,888 14
77
38,591
51
. 80
40 2,079
24
20
05
46
63 93,067
74 167,236
23
Dißbuncmcnts.
WAR, NAVY. PENSIONS, AND
INDIANS,
CO,! 18,080 311 _$2j
$0,160,455 &9l 88 :
0,1)55,504 801 1 .
18 t9 205 044,806 68' 812,088,463 78 <1 37 *14, 707. 830,742 74
a' $1,131,348,300 23 19.788,818 10 *8 00 82,230.947,173 21
.4, 8.073,690,500 45 8,949,040 57 SO 12,600,892,569 63
2or. 1
S3, 722 <
24,419 1
235,736 (
1,1142,167 (
1,767,606 !
222,423 (
923,217 :
414,2»7 :
124,790
945,907 I
685,400 !
812,768 !
1,458.093 !
5,487,741 I
809,484 :
058,339
30
1
8 71
12
03;
01
7 10 1
4
2 201
7
6 «4|
25
12
1
991
00
148,086,877 77
72 ■21,910,807
10
74
81 1
31
93,087,085
61,788,947 19
52,509,360
71,946,751
48
92
47
1,603,231,415
11
3,390,768,209 98
ITS. I«»MS AND HATIO OF LOSSES rr.lt «I.OM> TO AQ4JBECIATC OF
100,531 (18 $34,775
68.09S HI • 106,631
213,279 to 68,098 04
769,020 04 213,278
891,400 759,02'J 04
1,888,019 21)1,400 68
2,485,350 1,383,019
88 1,008,452 47
706,202 44 22
899,786 74 706,202 44
11 74 899,785
90 802,084 11
1,111,281 834,731
1,080,156 1,111,281 85
768,201 90 1,080,156
768,201 90
i,(!6SCH.
$0 80
(I OS
6 05
14 78
47 09
19 18
10 65
g »
5 5»
4 05
35
22
43,811,920 55.-i,42f1,822 28
7(1 107,0*0,311 43,811,920
08 265,006,108 70 107,080,311
4!i 08 255,005,100
42 188,437,779
41 223,648,049 97,204,000 42
34 41 223,546,041)
109,187,401 ) 34 433
205,194,700 .".7 109,187,401
104,870,496 205,194,700 57
88 104,370,403
89 65 285,038,875
22 39 328,183,2118
3,81*1,676,269 22
4,007,858,381) 10
4,007,858,380 21
828,804^47412
818,809,267 76
8.906,806 :;7
TOTAL.
?38,497 78
190,950 84
:i(Ki,t«4 55
1,855,446 7:1
2,492,. r >36 01
513 880 00
8,806,880 74
2,899,053 84
1,133,242 40
1,718)169 B8
1,485,198 OS
1,074,852 64
8,898,886 50
U,5U9,022 ill
1.8»9,041 17
1,410,641 88
I.osbm.
!_!_
'5 *8
(7
SI 94'
(0 i
4
2
271 7
j lO 82 ia
15
10
7 84 8
86 7
vs c 5
1 98
48 1 41
35
47! 84,719,481, 157 03
78, 86,670,808,806 52|
1111,680,503 oo|
90,733,011 Ist
219,072,78 a :to
628,784,049 SO
870,818,874 9:t
201,488,077 BO
r>00,a«i,747 75
285,327,049 02
'244,;.n0 ) is(> Si
488,918,987 4.'i
431,861,(176 7!l
008,2. r )7.Bin »1
097,500,870 69
9,380,097.144 28
8,014,908.984 47
8,174,590,070 77
Am't involved.
«24 441,829
14,660,770
8:19.108,005 :
1860,070 31
235,411 87
603,407 7!'
2,191, (kid la
3,229,787 20
8n5,374 0&
3,701,111 S7
3,343,792 04
1,505,90:; 25
1,732,851 04
1 814,409 40
2,107,982 47
2,0511,107 81
7,800,984 14
4,019,51)1) Nl
2,840,192 12
Total !niw.

Un :•;
87 82 S8
7l> 76 58 2
4 10 7lt 75 2
2') 8 16 I
30 8 fiH
87 62 7 05 30
71 7
25 40 04 71
04 OS 21 40
4 19 04 4
47 40 410
81 81 47
/14 .70 81 81
t 14 "6
12 81 .~i7
so asm It
$5 17
07
§
,OBR on
81,000.
years all
fractional in and
the of '
preparing Is *
years, , - have civil occurred
! PARIS OPERA IN j THE j LAST CENTURY.
In the old Paris Opera House, as it ex
isted in the memorablo year. 1789, there
were five different kinds of boxes, the na
ture of which was indicated by quite a sin
gular nomercHture. "Kettledrums,"
" postchaises " and " spittoons " explained
in the first and last case the situation of
the occupants, and in the intervening the
amount of the accommodation. Besides
these, - there were the balcony and the
grand tier. Prices were not then what
they are now, and yet the opera was a lux
ury which but few. could afford. . The
books for the season of 1739 have just
been discovered and their contents pub
lished. The Duo de Choiscul had a kettle
drum which cost him nearly $650 a year.
The Due d'Orleans paid double, but then
his box was on the • grand . tier. The
Princess de Lamballe had only a postchaiae,
which she had to share with Madame de
Genlis (they must have been an ill-assorted
couple) and yet it cost her $500 a year.
The Queen paid 500, and | the two Em
bassadors of Spain and Naples arranged be
tween them the question of choice, and each
contributed $300. . The . free list was not
quite suspended, but it was materially cut
down. Thirty-two authors had free ad
missions. retry waa one, Marmonte an
other, Favart a third ; time | has treated
the others rather harshly, and they are
now. nobodies. . Only eight , musical critics
were recognized, but a lady and gentleman
had free admission, " on account of the in
convenience ' they suffered from ' the Opera
House being next door." | The pri ma-donna
only got 51, 750 a year, and the chief dancer
Sl, soo— that dancer was Veatria. .. ; These
figures are modest enough, and yet the
close of a brilliant season exhibited but
poor receipts— sss,B33, out of which every
thing had to be paid. Mr. Gye's treasury
account is no doubt more satisfactory.
[London News. A
MARRIAGE FEES IN RUSSIA.
If we may judge from an anecdote in the
S.nolensher Bote, there are parts jof the
I Russian Empire in - which -it is no easy
! matter to get' married,' owing to the auto
\ catic willfulness of tho Russian clergy. g? A
j schoolmaster in the district of Jucknow
! was, engaged. to wed; ths daughter of a
I landowner in : the neighborhood," whose
I wealth was not at all ' proportionate to his
i acres. '■ The bridegroom, bride .'. and . the
! parents of the latter called on the priest of
I the lady's village, in order: to settle the
| amount of the wedding fee. The clergy
man fixed it at 25 roubles. " Unhappily the
bride's father was determined to : make a
show more in accordance with his ancestral
dignity than 'with his impoverished con
dition, and " invited ; all his '■ kinsfolk | and
acquaintances from : far and near to attend
the ceremony. ':• The result was ■ that the
I procession to the church included no fewer
his of and received
MHlffiffilfß^^''" ; (dated , *' '
than eleven carriages, all full of wedding
guests. When the priest saw this magni
cent preparation he hurried to the bride
groom, and informed him that the fee for a
marriage of such pretensions would not
be twenty-five, but one hundred roubles.
When the man pleaded his poverty ta a
schoolmaster, the pastor replied by point
ing to the ' signs •of his father-in-law's
wealth. | The wedding party held a con
sultation, and, indignant at the priest's
conduct, resolved that the whole procession
should drive off to the next village. . The
priest outwitted them, however ; his mes
senger arrived at his brother cleric's door j
long before the lumbering coaches, so that ,
when they reached the church, and asked |
the price of the sacerdotal function, the
parish priest was . ready with the reply,
"One hundred roubles.'' The procession
started again for a further village, but the
messenger had been there before them ;
the priest of the place could not marry
them" for less than one hundred - roubles.
They "experienced a similar discomfiture,
according to the reports, at no less than
four village churches, .and it was only after
a long drive across the country that they
succeeded in finding * " little father," who
readily consented to bestow the sacra
mental benediction of matrimony for the
fee which the lady's own pastor had origi
nally asked.— [London Globe. :■■■•- ' .'*SK.d
-i ■'-*-.•. - - 1 " ■' -„ -.-. -. - ~~- '"■:') ■
The Celebrated Barebone Brothers. }
If readers of \ Walter | Scott's "Wood- I
stock" are led to suppose : that Merciful j
Strickalthrow and Gracebehere Humgud
geon are fair samples of names borne by I
the Puritans during the times of their |
ascendency, they may not '; be very far !
wrong ; but it is by no means ' difficult to j
overshoot the mark and look |on mere ex- I
travagancea as the ordinary result of a sys- ;
tern. The man whose name is moat com- j
0^™ 11 iV hC ° mP M Parlia "J
™, £*•* "SS- hree r b , r « her^ °
whom one was called rear-God Barebone i
Of the two others one was designated
"Jesus-Christ-came into-the-world-tc^ve |
Barebone," and the other "If Christ-had
not-died-for-thee-thou-hadst-been- damned I
Barebone." Whether these names were ,
used at their baptism we cannot say ; but
"Fight-the-good-fight-of- faith" appears ■
to have been in ' existence in . 1629, and if
parochial registers may be , taken |as cvi
derice, the length of a child's name was by
no means an insuperable ' hindrance to the
bestowal of it at the font, although for the
needs of daily life such names were usually
reduced to the first or the last syllable, the
brother of j Praise-God ; being : thus, for in
stance," familiarly ' known las : Dr. Damned
Barebone.— [The Saturday Review. '■■'-."■
'Tif^ry-A'a^— — — ►— "" ' __ ■-.-r'.i-.'y:-*^
The , '_' Annual Record .of Science and
Discovery,','- which , the Harpers have pub
lished | for the last eight or ten years, is to
be discontinued for want of support; -
OUR LETTER-BOX.
statement
CURIOUS ; AND STATISTICAL QUESTIONS
ASKED AND ANSWERED.
.^a-. .^-- 7^-- r-^— M -^^^——m'- 1 %r t it>^^ ' ' .
[Correspondents will write upon but one side of the
.sheet and make their questions as concise pas
possible. Replies by contributors to questions
S by correspondents will bo given when accompanied
by the name and address of tho writer.]
it
The Authority.— Will you tell mo
where these lines come from. I cannot
now place them, and my scrap-book does
not give the author's name :
There's a bliss beyond all that the minstrel has told.
When two, that are linked in oue heavenly tie,
With heart never changing, and brow never cold.
Love on through all ills, and love on till they die !
One hour of a pas ioa so sacred is worth
Whol-. ages of hearties-* and wandering bliss ;
And, Oh ! if there be an Elysium on earth,
It is this, it is this. = ■-/■-
Answer. — The stanza is to be found in
Moore's oriental romance of ''Lalla
Rookh,'' and is from the love song of Nour
mahal, the masked maid, which concludes
the volume.
Captain Allen.— Charles Hoc desires to
know "What regiment' Captain Allen, of
the Mexican War, belonged to ; also,' this
State he fought the battle in during that
war? I have tried in vain to find any
record of him, and will deem it a great
favor if you discover the particulars re
quested and inform me of the same."
Can any Mexican War Veteran, or other
person, give the desired information ?
Puzzling Requests. — Will you be kind
enough to answer there few questions?
(1) Who was the first child born in the
United States, and what were its parents
name? (2) Can you tell all the tribes of
Indians, and where they live, and popula
tion of each tribe ? And oblige a
Constant Reader.
Answer. — (1) An answer is impossible.
Vital statistics were not then kept so that
it would be possible to answer your ques
tion, lor if the precise hour of the coining
of the United States into existence were
given, it would then be impossible to ascer
tain what child was born nearest to and
next after that hour. It would be easier
to tell the name of the first white child
born in America upon the Atlantic side.
(2) Could do so, but the table would in
volve too much space and labor. You can
ascertain from the reports of the Depart
ment of the Interior, j
Gypsies!— H. Dc Witt, Sutter Creek,
asks a number of questions, several of
which require a search among the best
: authorities, and are therefore reserved for
■ the present; He asks also : "Where and
! under what circumstances did the gypsies
i first make their appearance Have they,
I like the .Tews, any particular language and
religion of their own, and over what parts
l of the world do their tribes extend 1"
Answer, — Several German writers have
! produced labored works on the his
tory of gypsies. Very little really au
i thentic information can be given concern
i ing them. .. " Grellman's Historical Inqui-
I ries respecting the Gypsies " is the most
1 important work. It was translated into
! English by Paper in 1787. Then there is
| " BischofTs German and Gypsy Diction-
I ary." The name Gypsy is a corruption of
I Egyptian. The .French call them Bohe
; mians : the Germans, Zigeuner ; Russians,
| Tzigun ; Italians, Zingaro ; Spanish, Gi
tano ; Turks, Chinganeh — all apparently
varieties of the same distinctive appella
tion. Their origin has been the subject of
unsuccessful research for many years by
antiquarians. ' They appeared in Western
Europe first early in the fifteenth century,
led by one who called himself the Duke of
Lower j Egypt, j They are found every
where among civilized nations, but
always a distinctive race. They possess a
language of their own but are apparently
destitute of religion. Thieving and for
tune-telling constitute their chief vocation?.
They are shrewd enough to profess the re
ligion prevailing in the country through
which they happen to be passing. Some
times they profess to have trades and are
thus itinerant blacksmiths, fanners, etc.
Compared to \ England, Germany and
Spain there aro very few gypsies in
America. .
The Bicycle. — I see in your much valued
paper a department called the "Letter
Box," in which aro put questions asked by
subscribers, and their answers. I would
like to ask a few questions, which I think
will interest a number of them : Is the
bicycle a practical road machine? How
many miles could a person go on the aver
age California road ? And is it a healthful
mode of traveling? Subscriber.
Answer. — The bicycle is a practical road
machine on good hard-surface roads only.
In a day of 10 to 12 hours a person of
ordinary build, strength and endurance,
ought, on a 52-inch wheel, to make from 40
to GO miles a day on a good road after
having had good practice. It is a health
ful exercise and not deemed more labori
ous or exhausting than walking, while it
enables one to get over much more ground
with the same exertion. It differs from
the velocipede in tho exertion required and
the strain upon the muscles of the thigh,
back and abdomen. It is not very difficult
to learn . to ride, and bicyclists declare it
an invigorating and delightful sport.
SCIENTIFIC RECORD.
Providence is made to assume the re
sponsibility for a goodly share of sins of
omission and commission in this world, but
about the roughest attempt at this kind of
imposition is the latest ; and singularly
enough it originates with that good man,
Dr. McCosb, President of Princeton Col
lege. .In* referring at commencement to
the death by typhoid poisoning of eight of
the students of the college within the past
few weeks and the critical condition of as
many more, he closes some very touching
and sympathetic remarks by asserting that
the calamity was "a dispensation sent to
chasten and humble us." If Providence
had been awarded the contract for the con
struction and supervision of the drainage
of Princeton College, the imputation would
be justified ;he closes some very touching
sympathetic remarks by asserting that
calamity was "a dispensation sent to
sten and humble us."' If Providence
been awarded the contract for the con
ction and supervision of the drainage
rinceton College, the imputation would
ustified ; but Dr. McC'osh knows full
well that the authorities of the college are
alone responsible for the criminal negli
gence that converted the college buildings
into breeders of filth-disease ; and the fact
that the President shirks the responsibility
in is attempt to saddle it on Providence,
proves that he is not yet sufficiently hum
bled. After one or two more such dispen
sations, it may possibly occur to him that
they were sent to make him and his asso
ciates more careful of the health and lives
of the young men intrusted to their charge.
[Engineering Journal.
The Franklin Institute still continues to
faithfully publish the announcement in its
Journal, where it has appeared, to our cer
tain knowledge, for the past seven years,
that Uriah A. Bryden of Boston, Mass.,
has deposited with the Franklin Institute
of Pennsylvania the sum of $1,000, to be :
awarded as a premium to "any resident of
North America who shall determine by ex
periment whether . all rays of light and
other physical rays are or are not trans
mitted with . the same velocity." There
haa been but one applicant thus far for this
award, but his memoir was not esteemed
to be worthy of it. -.a:. H/flYr -sl7i
.From the reports of the Railroad Gazette
we record the building in this country,
during the present year up to the middle
0 f June/of 1,613 miles of new railroad, as
compared with 652 miles reported up to
he same period of 1879. -132 miles in 1878,
583 in 1877, 687 in 1876 and 312 in 1875.
The same average maintained during the
rest of the year will bring the figures of
ISBO up to 3,200 miles, which is consider
bly above the figures of the preceding six
years ■'■'■'
-In late references to the uses
iofa ■> new metallic compound, known as
i ..a > . ,»- -. . . j .i_ .
P Pene s . metal, £ was stated '. , that
an on * th " things * was applicable to
nixing joints m gas and water mains. The
London Journal oj Gas Lighting now af
h™%*hat **P«™™* and observation
IS* th ', 8 cw ?P onn^ B !' ow ' ** °™ Dg *?
lt ? 11 " tt . le , t . ur *» d its rapid cooling, it
Wlll ** inapplicable for such purposes, -,;:;;
*' The Dundee ; Harbor Board and Town
Council have petitioned Parliament to sus
pend the standing orders of the House of
Commons, to allow the North British Rail
way Company to present a bill during the
present session, for the ' restoration of the
Tay ' bridge. J 9 The petitioners . make • the
poio* that th"c' ; bridge was |of incalculable
benefit to commerce and the traveling pub
lie, and urge that its speedy restoration is
a public necessity. '. ;. : _.
;.- Emma ; Abbott is writing her life under
the title of the ".Story of a Great Singer."
-wawT L_i
'IE S2 -' \
»<■> £2 J
BJrVß^p^Tl^J
' "\ ii HB^I
fl " ' ' ' '^-^M ;
PERRY DAVIS'
KILLER
IS A PURELY VEGETABLE REMEDY
For INTERNAL and EXTEESAX lis*. .
Xl l_ VIl ICD has .s-.-r fistUd when use.»
rAIN KILLtn accordln* to printed dim.
turn, lmioiiinif each bottle, and ieper/KUa *\f. net.
in th. meet Inexperienced knit.
PAIN KILLER 5?u o ra-rr^hM?s:
lMnrrhrrn, Dysentery, (rumps, tlioleim,
cad all tiriirrl ComnUiHl^^_ '^jjjii __i "
PAIN KILLER known for Sickness, "
TAIN MLLtn known for Hen Sickness,
Sick Ilrmlmlie, Tnin In Hie HucJU or Side,
Klit-uuiullsui. and Neuralgia. < „_
null KILLER feSßS^i&'M'
PAIN KILLtn i.i:o.«knt>iai)k. »
brimre 'perdu a*<i p«ripjpwin«il relief la .11 cases ot
■truism, ('lit*. Sornins, Severe Barns, etc.
PAIN KILLER is the willtriisl snd trusted
PAIN MLLtn friend if tho Merlmnlc.
I'urmer, Tinnier. Sailor, aul In fact all classes
wanting a medicine always at hand, and *if'<''
uee_ internally or externally with certainty
rjr-jjo "family can afford to be without this taj
valnabio remclv In tho house. Its price brtnfrs it
within the train pof all, and It will annually saw
mvi.- times its cost In doctors' lulls. . •
Soil by ail I'iiikK" «« «6e.60e. .at. » a bottw.
a ERP.Y DAVIS A SON. Provider*)©, It. l,
Proprietors. -•-—;.
'-^»|Jy3l-lySa wSW, .-..•.. ':
THEGREATSAUCE
OF THE WORLD. 7i- ] -
Signature Is on every bottle of OENUINE
WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE.
Imparts the most delicious taste aad reet to ;
raatohis nrotberat, XI .SOUPS,
WORCESTER, B»
!thf GREAT SAUCE
F THE WORLD.
t Is on every ixrttlo of OENUINE
CESTERSHIRE SAUCE.
rts the most delicious taste sad zest to
?AL GEN- ■
trr'othcrat H KOfPS,
."i«i Jt^.i.u K\u -.
"Tell LEA k PER- Kd
RINS that tnelr Wgmtl* FISH,
sauce a IjkMylKarfcj noT & . ((> lli
esteemed in India, tjt-i-^
and is, in my .ppi:.- Btiwippfja TiI K AT-.
lon, the most paut- IBslJt-Ta
abie, as MB as tho BBfe^g^ '" » *c -
most wholesome ppHREjJwi
sauce that Is made." pßm Jl V ' .
Sold and used throughout the world.
JOHN DUNCAN'S SONS,
AGENTS FOR THE UNITED STATES
SEW VOHK.
julPlawlyS
HEAVES'
PLEA BALSAMIC INHALANT.
MAM'FACTI'Itm BT
J. Hewes, Sacramento, Gal.
ASrKCIFICBK.IIF.DI FOB ALL DISEASES
OF TUE X.I.SAL CAVITIES,
THROAT A.YD ACS.
Viz. : Pneumonia, .Asthma, Catarrh, Bronchitis,
Incipient Consumption, Diphtheria and Croup. Will
also cure Miasma! Fever, and arv disease which
arises from IMPURITY OP THE BLOOD.
The vapor of the Inhalant befall volatile, fills all
cavities of the lungs, thus permeating and cleansing
the blood. This vapor, through the circulation
reaches all jams ot the «t«U.W, f"J removing
diseases of organs with which It does not come in
immediate contact. In many eases, it lias removed
diseases of the Stomach, Liver, Kidneys and Bladder.
CUBES TRAVEL.
The inhaling exercise is invigorating ; increasing
the force of circulation, while the medicinal prop*
erties of the Inhalant are freely absorlied through-
out the system. •
Diseases of flic Throat and Lungs
Can in no wav be treated with such success as by
| applying the remedy directly to tho parts diseased,
viz.," BY INHALATION.
NAMES OF SACRAMENTANS CURED OP
I the Asthma, Catarrh, Bronchitis, Consump-
tion, Miasmal Fever, Diphtheria and Pneumonia, by
the use of Hewes' Balsamic Inhalant :
. S. Hopkins, Fifteenth and M stre* ts, bronchitis;
Grace Hopkins, catarrh and diph bona; S. F
J Hopkins, gravel and diphtheria; K. C. Hopkins
(salesman in Houghton's book store, 75 and 77 J .
street), diphtheria ; Mrs. Frazer, corner Fourteenth
and Q streets, astluna (a chronic case of 40
3 can.' Handing, cured . m two months);
J. Hatch, Tiird street, between I, and
M, pneumonia ; A. Conner, alley, bttlWMB Second .
and Tiiird. L and M streets, asthma ; M. Barber, :
| merchant, corner Eleventh and J streets, intermit,
tent fever ; Robert Horubach, corner Fonrth and M ,
catarrh ; Miss L. Kerr, Sixth street, between L and
M, miasmal fever; Mrs. S. Emory, corner Second and
X streets, consumption ; J, L. BUtch, Pastor of
Baptist Church, clerical sore throat ; Mary Thomp-
son, M street, between Fifteenth and sixteenth,
pneumonia ; Nellie Thompson, II street, betweo
Fifteenth and Sixteenth, croup; Mrs. Haven,
Washington, consumption; W. 11. L. Haven,
Washington, catarrh (a chronic cac of nine years).
TO THE PUBLIC.
■ -
After a faithful trial, and upon a full investigation
I state with confldcnce that 1 have used the Inhaler
of Mr. Hewes, and find it a sure and speedy remedy
for any threat troubles, and I believe it is valuable !
in many of the complaints of humanity. Let all '
sufferers try it
J. L. BUTCH, Sacramento. Cal.
I had a severe attack of Miasmal fever, which was
broken up in twenty-four boors, by the froe use ol
Hewes' Balsamic Inhalant.
MISS L. KERR, Sixth street.
My right lung had been badly affected for a year
had become ulcerated, when by the use of Howes
Inhalant two mouths I was entirely cured.
MRS. E. M. HAVEN,
Washington.
Having had the catarrh for three years I made use
of Hewes' Balsamic Inhalant. In two month» had
become much better ; iv four months I find myse)
effect lv cured.
ROBERT HORNBACH,
Fourth street, near M, Sacramento.
HEWES' ECLECTIC EYE SALVE
GIVES INSTANT RELIEF*
43TFor Sale br Saerainento Druggists. "St '
Inhalant and Eye Salve manufactured by J.
alunt nnd Eye Salve manufmtiural tiy J.
HEWES, Fifteenth and M streets, Sacramento.
Country residence. Ophir, Placer county, Cui. '
mmm | sons'
PIA.STOSI
51*. 83* J 8treet.......... :..... Baeraneßt«.
'7-7:\ I. ■'-■ wAßsttooits : ', ; „-..'
So. 23 Dupont Btreet — - San Francisco.
L.K. HAMMER^
'OLE AGENT FOR -. THE PACIFIC COAST.
Pianos sold on Installments, If desired, and for
rent. . Old instruments in exchange for new.
Old instruments taken in exchange for new.
Orders for tuning carefully attended to. au2o-lplm
NOTICE |TO CREDITORS.
ESTATE OF SILAS B. GREGORY, DECEASED.
Notire is hereby given by the nndcrsigned,
HARRIET G. B. GR GoRY, Administratrix of ths
e-tate of SILAS B. GREGORY, deceased, to the
creditors of, and all persons having chums again*
■aid deceased, to exhibit them, with t' c necessary
affidavits or vouchers, within four months after the
first publication of this no ice, to HARRIET O. B.
GREGORY, at her residence, on H street, between
Twenty-third . and Twenty-fourth, . and H and I
streets; or to D. W. Welty. at his office, No. 401 J
street, in the city of Sacramento, pCal.
Dated July 24th, A. P. 1880.
; HAHRIET O. B. GREGORY,
Administratrix of tha estate of Silas B. Gregory,
deceased.
D. W. Welty, Attorney for estate. jv2l-law4wS
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
ESTATE OF LOUIS VASL^.M BROUCK, IE- ',
• cease!.— Notice is " hereby . given .by tho ;
undersigned. Executrix of the last will and estate of
LOUIS \'AJ< LEM BROUCK, deceased, to the creditors
of, and all persons having claims against the said j
deceased, .to . exhibit : them, with the necessary
affidavits and vouchers, within four months a'ter the
first publication of this notice, to the Mid Execu-
trix, at the law otlice of Grove L I Johnson, SWO
Fifth street, between I and J streets, .^aoramenvo
city, in the county of Sacramcuto, State of Cali-
fornia. - ■■ -•■■• "•'""-.■■?.-
-' Dated Sacramenta, August 13. 1880. -
- IDA SPACHEK.- Executrix.
? Grove L. Joiixsos, Attorney for Executrix.
fe-SSiVi. ' ■•-■■'•■•'''■'.". aul4-lawiwB , •

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