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THE DAILY RECORD-UNION.
SArCRDAT............NOVEWK»'K 6. __■». '■ ■ THREE ORIGINAL STOhlEi During the coming year, and commencing De cetnber Ist, the Weekly Union will publish three Frlze Stories of California. The Urst, the pub lication of which will commence in the first week of December, will -be' Jentitledi" The Ventures and Adventures of Charlie Gould." This is an intensely interesting story of the Stock-Gambling period of California, and was written by Edward F. Cahill, of Los A ngeles. _ The price of the Weekly Usion will be £2 SO per annum. THE REASONS For declaring the Weekly Union the best family paper are obvious. ' It is* the only weekly paper which is issued in two parts, andjearries te its read ers the news ._.! the day twice each w.eji. By this means the news is to the creat mass of readers in the country nearly as fresh as ii" gleaned from a daily paper. It is the only sixteen-page weekly journal in the State ; it is a complete news, com mercial, literary and critical pacer; its columns have special departments carefully edited for the firmer, mechanic, merchant, the housewife, the young people, the lovers of curious puzzles, educa tors, artisans, hankers, brokers, readers of fiction an 1 , try, and the general reader of the political, scientific and business news of the day. in De cember there will be presented in the Weekly Usion the first chapters of tho new serial, "The Ventures iii ■. Adventures of Charlie Gould." It is .1 deeply interesting story of the stock market and stock gambling era of California. It is written by Edward F. Caliill of Los Angeles, and is the lirst of the Ricord-I'sion's f*2oo prize stories, for which there was sue.i active competition. The Wekkly Usion is mailed for one year, prepaid, to any ad <lrrss in the United Slates for S_ 50. NEWS OF THE MORNING. . <__. Ham York yesterday Government loads were t| .oted at H .] lor 43 of 1907; 101J for os of ISSl ; 111 for 4js ; sieriing, 84 82®1 81 ; silver bare, 112$. jxx Silver In London yesterday, 61 13-10 d; consols, 9!i 13-16 ; 6 per cent. United States bonds, 10-IV; ie, 113J; 4Je, 111 I in San Francisco half dollars are quoted at J dis count to par ; Mexican dollars, 91 buying, 92 sell lag. At Liverpool vest"'- wheat was quoted at 10s <it\oi id tor good to choice California. t The mining share market in San Francisco yeeter day presented few features of general or marked interest.' The Alta and Eenton stocks were firmer, and both were the n.uft active on the list The north end Comstocka were about the same as Thurs day, the xariations beir.fr 100 insignificant tc par ticularize. Fire at Colton, San Bernardino county ; also at Waterford, Oat. Ortega, who murdered Sixby at Aqua Mansa, San Bernardino county, six months ago, at a horse-race, has heen captured. Kite Cbasa Sprague has commenced proceedings f.ir divorce against cx-Goveraor Sprague. George Qlsss was shot dead at Madison, Ind., on Thursday night, in an altercation caused by his cheering for Jeff. Davis. The conductor, engineer and fireman were killed in an accident on tlie New York, Lake Eric and Western Railroad. The Pestoffice building at Collins Landing, Or., was destroyed by fire on Thursday night. The inquiry into the Morey lette.- forgery was postponed at Jiew York yesterday until Tuesday next. Two men were killed and six injured In I collision of freight trains on the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad on Thursda}-. . Albert Mitchell (colored) was executed for murder at Louisa Court Hou«e, Va.,. vesterday. Tbe Treasurer of Delevau, 111., is short $3,000 in his -lints. \ Icon .ndc'it of tbe Victoria (D. C ) Colonist gives a d;i lorabb picture of the Skagit mines. A duel between officials is talked of at "Victoria. The English sloop seized at Port Townseud, W. T. , for an infraction of the revenue laws, has been re leased. Half a dozen Chinamen hate been put to work in a factory at Paterson, N. ■!., creating quite an ex citement among tbe white employes. The special attention if readers of the Recokd- Union is e.iie 1 to the inside pages of this morning's issue, being filled wi.h interesting and valuable reading matte-. BELLIGERENT CHILE AND CUR NAVY. It seems that truculent Chile has fur nished the last case of outrage to the American flag. These outrages are per ennial, but nothing ever comes of them, and if perchance tho foreign Governments responsible tender apologies to our resident Ministers, the facts are buried in the dii patch boxes of the State department, and the public are none the wiser. In the present case it is alleged that a Chilean officer stamped upon the American flag and called it opprobrious names. A good many Americans were doing things of that kind not very long ago, and daring the late campaign no fewer than eight rebel flags were 11 runted in different parts of the country. Jlf therefore the Chilean officer thinks he can goad tbe United States into a war by any little demonstration of this kind, he is very much mistaken. It is moreover a ; lamentable fact tbat the United States j is not able to go to war with Chile j at the present time. It is true that we I spend nearly as much upon our navy every ) year as England does, but for all that I we have no navy to speak of, and I the most remarkable fact about it is | that it becomes less efficient the more it costs. We have at least twice been com pelled to eat Spanish humble pie because we were in no condition to maintain high words, ar.d it' is quite possible that we might be incapable of taking the conceit •out of even belligerent little Chile. Of course this sounds very ridiculous, but the fact is that Chile has one ironclad which could knock our whole • navy into kindling wood, and no mat ter how great our national . re sources may be. we are not the equal of any Power that we cannot meet at the moment. Give us time and we could build a splendid navy. That, however, is not the question. The question is, why do we not possess a fair navy, seeing that we have paid i for such ;an J one three or four times over ? -This has been asked several times, but no satisfactory answer could be expected. while politics were "booming." Now that there is leisure it is in order to bring the subject once more to the front. THE SMALL-POX IN SAN FRANCISCO. The accounts of the sudden spread of ; small-pox in San Francisco are disquieting, chiefly for the reason that the interior can not quarantine against the metropolis, and that therefore the disease may work its way all over the State, unless precautions are taken early. ,J It must be remembered that when the last serious small-pox epi " demic occurred in San Francisco, which if we are not mistaken was in 1569, the in fection was communicated in this j way. to several points in the interior, and -at that - time the railway communication was much less complete than at present. ' Judging from the rapid increase of the : disease !in •« San Francisco, and from the J utterly abor tive efforts of the authorities in the former epidemic to confine it within limits or to ■ protect _ the ; public ; against contagion, we are inclined to' think that it will be a mat . ter almost of accident whether it is over come or not. ■'■: Xjj THE HERESY CASE OF DR. THOMAS. While politics have been • absorbing the attention of the majority throughout the country, a very interesting and important . heresy case has developed in the Methodist- Episcopal Church, and as JitJ is certain to cause much discussion, and also to involve larger considerations than appear technic ,ally to belong^ to J it, : ' the readers of the Record -Union must be informed concern ing the j facts. The accused is the Rev. Dr. H. W. Thomas, for the *J past three years pastor of the Centenary JM. E. Church in Chicago. Dr. Thomas has been a very acceptable and popular preacher, but his theological views have cefore now given umbrage to . his Church, arid two . years '_ ago J the Rock ; River Conference thought it necessary ; to caution him " against heretical ': tend encies. This warning, however, did not have the desired effect. Dr. Thomas had reached his views through honest in quiry and meditation, and being convinced of their soundness, and not believing that they were in conflict with 7 the cardinal doctrines of his church, he J not only re fused to give them up, but when, on the !oth of October,' he preached his farewell sermon in Centenary Church, he took the occasion to formulate his advanced views in the most explicit manner, and practi cally flung down an unavoidable challenge to the church. ; The points on which Dr. Thomas differs from the old-fashioned Methodist theologians are, the nature of the Atonement, the duration of future punishment, and the plenary inspiration of the Bible-. His views on all these ques tions are by no means what can be called radical, and in comparison with many ' which have been candidly avowed of late years they are really conservative and timid. It i 3 the more necessary to realize this, because it adds greatly to the significance of the pending charges of heresy preferred against the doctor. The sermon in which his con fession of faith was made was a very noble and manly one, and we only regret that we have not the space to publish it in full. The moderation of the doctor's expres sions, however, may bo gathered from a few extracts on the principal points of con tention. For example, he says : "Now ' ' take the doctrine of the Atonement. I "believe it. But Ido not believe the old "penal butcher theory of the Atonement; '.' where you make Jesus Christ a sinner, 'and punish him for sin, and execute the " penalty of a broken law upon a man who " had never broken it, in order that those "who had broken it could be pardoned. "To me such a theory simply distorts, " overthrows and undermines the very "root-ideas of justice and morality. * * I " believe in God's great moral government "overmen, and I believe He came forth " in Jesus Christ that he might further the *' ends of that government and bring peace " and harmony among all His children as "far 33 may be after the law; but I do "not believe that any penalty was ever " executed upon the innocent Jesus Christ." In regard to the doctrine of Eternal Pun ishment, he said that he fully believed in punishment after death for men who die in their sins. He believed also that the law which punishes sin is essentially, eternal. But he said: "I do not believe the old " literal, terrible ideas of a hell-fire, in "whicii the bodies of men and women ' ' shall be consciously tortured forever. Ido " not see how any man of good sense can " believe it in this day." He then frankly declared tbat he ■ could not accept the views of John Wesley on this sub ject, and ■; he added, " I pity the "church if that is the theology we are "to have in the future years." He could not look upon such a belief without repulsion. "I tell you, my friends,", he proceeded, " such an idea negates the "thought of Cod. With the picture " before you of vast numbers of those who "lived on this earth, men and women, "forever suffering in such torment, you "cannot think of God, because to think of " God you must think of superior good "ness,: of. superior excellence, of untar nished justice, of everlasting mercy and "pure love. You cannot think of God "when you think of any being that is not ' ' as good as your highest ideal makes Him. " And no man can look upon such a pic " ture as that and not feel that somehow "God ought to have done better. I tell " you that Jif I believed that doctrine "I should never smile again. pjlt " I believed it I could wish that I " had never been born. If I believed it I " could wish . that the race might perish " from the face of the earth. If I believed " it I could wish that star after star might " pale its light till the heavens were veiled "in utter . darkness. If I believed it I " could wish that God Himself were anni "hilated." This renunciation of the hell fire theory of Wesley and Watson is re markable for its energy and intensity of conviction. In fact there is a liberal sweep in it suggestive of Colonel lngersoll. Doubtless it was more emphatic because the doctor ._ was conscious that modern thought, even in the Church, leans more and more strongly in his direction. The third point on which he declared his difference from the Church was the theory of plenary inspiration of the Bible. He stated by way of preface that he be lieved " that . the Holy Scriptures contain "all that is essential for salvation, so that " whatever is ' not ; taught therein, or can '' not be proved thereby, should not be re "garded of any account. I believe that. ' ' I believe . that God has spoken to us in " the Holy Scriptures. ■ I believe they con "tain a revelation •of " His will a clear, "unequivocal : law of human duty. J . I be " lieve . it. IJ. believe ' implicitly in ':, the " teachings of Jesus Christ. . I don't sup "pose that in all instances we have the " exact words in which the Savior spoke. " But I do suppose and believe this,' that "we have the consensus or substance — "the spirit — of His teachings." ' But, he proceeded, "I don't believe that all parts " of the Scriptures are equally inspired. I "don't '; believe that J the Old I Testament "throughout is critically and literally inf " lible, and I don't see how any man with "the facts ; of • literature 7 before him can " believe it. ' I don't believe :in the literal "rule ;of ~r inspiration, as .. applied _ to \ all "parts of 'i the . Scriptures, J and .to apply " that rule is simply to incumber ourselves "with difficulties, and to attempt to prove " what is utterly impossible ; to burden " ourselves in a "way that .we cannot go " forward, and to pat ' clubs in the bands "of J infidels (with J, which to " break % our " heads. And I won't take positions that "in my own mind are ; not in a degree ra " tional and tenable, tnd I J won't waste " the balance of my little life standing out ..' ' on - picket \ lines from ~ which '_ I J know I " must ' be . driven ■" in . when - the attack "comes." From these citations some idea can be formed of the ! doctor's actual posi tion on the three points at issue. It must further Jbe V stated that he claims •to be within the line of J admissible specula tion, and that the Articles of the ': Church justify all his views. The Rock River Conference, however, a year ago narrowed the limits of liberalism in the Church by decreeing that - not only the formally de fined Church dogmas must be accepted, but the theories of "the standard author " ities." As these ." standard authorities" were not named by the Conference the power of impeachment was enhanced,' but as they undoubtedly include Wesley, and Watson, Dr. Thomas is accused of the hi^h crime of venturing to differ from these divines, and for this, as a matter of fact, he is about to be \ tried. Of course the Conference, in thus demanding as sent to the doctrines of the Method ist " authorities," fairly Romanized its policy. From the Bible to the Articles and the Catechism, from the At tides and Catechism to Wesley . and Watson's ser mons, embraces a very wide divergence, but the last has been made as necessary an article of faith as the first. Yet the Meth odists blame the Roman Catholics for ac- • cepting the authority of St. Jerome and his contemporaries as equal to that of the evangelists. Dr. Thomas, however, has put the Methodist Church on trial in his sermon, and it is obvious that it will be even more on J trial ; than he in the ap proaching proceedings. As he put the question, " What is to be the position of "the Churches, and of the Methodist "Church with the rest, and it iv patticu "lar, now in relation :to the question of " the growing thought of the age ?"'.' That is the problem to be solved. - Dr. Thomas has boldly asserted that he does not stand alone in the advanced views he preaches. He says: : . "It is notonly " the Methodist Church, but the Church of "Scotland, the Presbyterian Church of " this . country, the Baptist J Church— all " the churches almost, except the Liberal "Church and the Protestant Episcopal "Church of this country — that are in "trouble on this very question. There are "more heads of heresy sticking up than "they have guns and ammunition to shoot. " What is to be their course? What are "they going to do with all these men? " Why, take the Roman Catholic Church. "I am, I think, quite credibly informed "that there are in this city alone 2,500 "young men born and baptized in the "Roman Catholic Church that never enter " its doors at all. Are we as a Methodist "Church — are the churches of this gener ation — going to turn round and go back "to the teachings of one or two or three "hundred years ago, aad put the yokes "of that old time upon the people? "Are they going to do it? If they do I " fear there can be but one result, and "that is to drive away intelligent and "thinking men, and, I might say, make "a bid for ignorance aad hypocrisy." This indeed is the question to be tried in the approaching heresy case. What the people think of it may be partly gathered from the fact that Dr. Thomas has not had to wait for a church. His old congrega tion went off with him, procured him a fine church, and there he is now preaching to ever-increasing audiences, while the officers of the Conference are preparing the charges against him. It is perfectly apparent that the effect of this trial will be very great. The Methodist Church has taken a de finitive position. It has resolved to expel and prosecute all who refuse to accept what Dr. Thomas calls the "butcher" theory of the Atonement, the fashioned doctrine of a literal and everlasting hell fire, and the verbal inspiration of the Bible. By these dogmas the Methodist Church is determined to stand or fall. Which event will happen to her ? It is the question of the relation of the Church to the growings thought of the age. /. Curiously enough - Methodism and Romanism; have taken the same path. Rome, to defend herself against modern skepticism and science, has recourse to the scholasticism of; Aquinas. Methodism, placed in the . same strait, falls back upon the' fanaticism of her pioneer theolo gians. A few ' years ago an opinionated Englishman undertook to restore 7 the geocentric theory, and challenged several eminent scientists to experiments whose re sults completely upset his position. The heliocentric theory conquered, as a matter of course, and the poor pragmatist dropped into obscurity again. The Churches might take warning by this circumstance. The spirit of the age - may be opposed, but it cannot be successfully opposed. It will not compel any man or any organization to march with it, but whoso refuses to march will be left behind, and when Churches are left behind by the civilization of the age they very soon cease to bo anything but empty shells. '7777X7-7 ■. . . HATCHING MORE FRAUD. It seems that there are yet some Demo crats who have not had enough of fraud, but who think it possible to defeat the will of the people as expressed at the late election. The idea of these conspirators is to get up a pretense of fraud in New York," so as to bring the contest before the Demo cratic Congress, which it is expected would count Garfield out and Hancock in. J; The Democratic National J Committee has al ready 7 issued an '- address to ' the party in New York which is evidently intended as a feeler towards some characteristic Demo cratic piece of knavery. :In fact it is made evident that if they thought it possible to carry the country over the popular choice by audacious chicanery . there are Demo cratic scoundrels at hand to do the work. But there is one consideration , which will prevent the Democrats from trying this game. . It J is the , consciousness r that the country will not stand it. If the Demo crats imagine that the Northern States, having rebuked , the . solid \ South and the Copperheads last Tuesday, are prepared to surrender the fruits of their victory to the beaten : faction, they never were more mis taken in their lives. General Garfield has been elected President of the United States in the teeth of the most monstrous and in famous frauds upon the franchise ever per petrated— the teeth, that is to say, of , a South made ' solid :by cheating' and s lying and *' intimidation— and J now j the 7 rascals who undertook to destroy 7 republican in stitutions in that way to glut their brutal greed of place, talk of throwing out the vote of New ,' York on J the ground of fraud 'on the \ franchise ! • The party, that does not hesitate to place its dependence upon the stolen votes . of the South prates of ejection frauds. The party which in ISGS caused 40,000 fraudulent votes to be polled Jin the city Jof New York alone, links that the State of New York could not give a majority of '20,000 to Garfield without the : aid of illegality. ■ : Of a cer tainty it requires a good stock of patience to bear with the • enormous impudence of these Democrats, and their towering dis honesties. The circumstance that they have ';■": not a shadow of plausibility in their case of course does not affect J them in the least, though it will the public. The returns from New York and Brooklyn cities have shown from the first a change of votes from the Dem ocratic to the Republican side. The ag gregate vote cast in these cities was not larger than had been anticipated. The unexpected developments occurred in its distribution. The Democratic vote fell off, and the Republican vote increased. That was the fact, as shown by the earliest returns. The causes of this change are of comparatively no importance, and as they are variously stated it may not be possible to find the true one. Some charge the diminution of the Democratic vote to Kelly's forced nomination of Grace for Mayor. Others attribute it to the friendship of Kelly for Arthur. Others think the Democratic business men all abandoned the J party. But all, save the handful of rogues who have already led the Democracy to ruin, concur in re garding the outcome as natural and legiti mate, no matter how caused. As for these fellows, they have so irre trievably destroyed their own reputations that they may perhaps be desirous of dragging all the rest of the country into the same distress. They will, however, not find it easy to carry out auy plan for defeating the will of the people. The Re publican party, to begin with, has acquired a habit of inaugurating the Presidents it elects, and it will take a larger force than Lee or Johnson were ever able to raise to prevent it from doing so. It knows that General Garfield' is elected, and by the -only honest vote cast in tiit-late election. Mark that, if you please, Messieurs Demo crats. The so-called Hancock vote was certainly not a lawful one. The solid South is nothing less than an impudent conspiracy against the supreme law of the land. And while we have no doubt that a Democratic Congress is quite dishonest and disloyal enough to perpetrate this or any other fraud or treason, we have an abiding faith in the restraining influence of past recollections upon even the most impatient rebel in the Hancock Brigade. The Democratic National Committee had better proceed cautiously in this business. 7 The North cannot be bulldozed and will not be cheated. New York's 35 Electoral votes will have to be counted for Garfield, and if the Democrats should try to prevent that consummation somebody will get hurt. There is no possibility of any serious doubt of the legitimacy of the vote of that State, and the country will not, after just rebuking Democratic frauds and outrages, permit that rebuke to be nullified by a greater Democratic fraud than ever. Only fools can think a pro gramme of that kind feasible, and though the Democratic managers "have -shown j themselves at least as silly as they are i dishonest, it may be doubted whether even their fatuity ii great enough to lead them into such a trap. The best thing they can do is to drop the foolish experiment, and let it be set down to the unavoidable cha grin of a defeat which they had sold their very souls to avoid. THE EDUCATION WHICH PROTECTS. The Popular Science Monthly has a just criticism upon a recent speech of President Hayes, in which, referring to the statistics of illiteracy in the South and elsewhere, he caused it to be inferred that he regarded instruction in reading and writing as a panacea against all the evils arising from ignorance. The Monthly forcibly observes that "it is not the illiterate classes by any "means that are most misled and cheated "by demagogues. It is those who can "read the newspapers and campaign "documents that are most openly -access "ible to the fl-tteries, deceptions and cun- "ning artifices of wily political man- "agers." And this is true. It is really the possession of a little knowledge which i 3 most dangerous, and it is precisely be cause we have a large element which can read and write, and which has proceedeel no farther in education, that the wildest and most preposterous doctrines find so ready an acceptance, and that what seem like schools of imbecility spring up con tinually, to wither, like Jonah's gourd, in a single night. There is undoubtedly ' a thoroughly illiterate intelligence which is really more robust and better pro tected against demagegism than the newly * roused ■'. mentality which has ; but just crossed the threshold Jof knowledge, and is exposed by its abnormal access of self-conceit to all manner of specious sophistries and subterfuges. The wholly illiterate man is apt to be self-dis trustful, and therefore cautious and con servative. " No doubt he is liable to pin his faith ; upon the ]■; superior ' judgment |of some glib-tongued rogue, j but he is not so liable to be entangled in ' the kind of web the modern demagogue spins." Your newly fledged experimenter ' in J education thinks he : is fortified ■ against all dangers by . the ability to read and write, and the less he has read the more he thinks he knows," as a J rule, ;J since conceit and ignorance and presumption always go together. The fact is that an education which goes no farther than the acquisition ■ of reading and writ ing is in the majority of cases mischievous instead of I being helpful, for jit tends to make what President Hayes calls ,'_.'. powder and ball for J demagogues." The man who can only read and ■ write, and who has had no direction as to the proper employment of these arts, is naturally the easy prey of the first who offers to supply that direction. He Jis ) willing '■ to )be taught, p He will be taught. And it depends upon those who control public affairs whether he shall Jbe taught right or wrong. He will be taught wrong i if J he \ is I abandoned J to _ the dema gogues. He is being so taught J every day, and all over the' country. ; If J. the accept ance of 7 the i Copernican theory had been made Ja* partisan question it would . not have been settled to-day. *If ? the J funda mental principles of government, and i po litical economy, and :■ fiscal _ science, -: are ■:........ .■..r-.r-.r..- -■- * .- '" '----- : made partisan : questions, they will never be determined '- right. - The V demagogue is one who moulds all questions ;to J suit ;• his personal interests. Therefore he is an un safe guide upon all questions of public im port. There are, however, but two ways of getting the truth taught to , the people. Either the Government must undertake the work, or tEe demagogues will perform it in the future as they . have in the past. Thus far we have : had no real barriers against 7 demagogism. . . In J theory our system of public education has per formed that function. In practice it has utterly failed to do anything of the kind. The -J reason of - this is that our schools do not convey practical and useful information to our children. Two-thirds of the school course may be set down as wasted time. Boys leave school and enter life with the most fragmentary and imper fect apprehension .of the form of govern ment . under which they are to live. Of political economy, finance,- etc. , they as a rule know nothing whatever. Yet these are subjects upon which as citizens they will be required to pa3S judgment continually, and upon the soundness of their judgment the prosperity of the country must depend. The kind of education which would enable them to detect the sophisms of the dema gogue, to criticise the propositions of the re former and ■ the j statesman, to distinguish between science and charlatanry in govern mental measures, is precisely the kind of education which is conspicuous by its ab sence in our school course. The result is that our people are thrown into pub lic affairs helpless' and rudderless. They have everything [to learn, and so cannot even distinguish guiding prin ciples from, false indications. They are even more likely to follow the wrong lead than the right one, because demagogues al ways contrive to givo a plausible gloss to their theories which catches the eye of the uninformed. The general consequence is that we are turning out " powder and ball " for demagogues " by the hundred thou sand every year, and all over the country, and that as time goes on the success of demagogism rather increases than dimin ishes. That this is so is proved by the fact that the doctrines accepted by whole schools in this very year, are in almost all respects more irrational and absurd than any delusions of the past. In short it will have to be realized that the education we are giving our children does not educate, before any appreciable change for the bet ter can be looked for in this connection. CABINET PROPHECIES. Some of General Garfield's enemies must have have employing the wires lately for the purpose of injuring him by pretending that he contemplates the appointment of unfit men to his Cabinet. It is in fact intimated, without explanation, that his first official act will be to insult the ele ments which united in his nomination, by selecting for special marks of his con fidence and for the highest ministerial positions, men whose chief distinction it is to have been prominent in the cabal which was overthrown at Chicago. Signs have not been wanting for some time that the leaders of that cabal would very much like to use General Garfield as a s!epping-stone for the elevation of their champion, but should General Garfield allow himself to be so used it would be a great shock to all his friends, and a heavy, if not irreparable, blow to the reform expectations which have been raised upon the basis of his previous reputation. As, moreover, the chief advantage of his nomination was that it left him uuoom promised, since an honor so unexpected and unsolicited could by no possibility have been the subject of any preliminary bargains, his friends have a special right to expect that he will mani fest the full courage of his convictions when he goes into office, and that in form ing his Cabinet he will be guided by talent and worth and tried capacity, and will be careful to choose men capable of honoring his Administration and advancing the pub- lie interests. We trust that the promise of the past in General Garfield's career will not be disappointed, and indeed the more we consider his relations to the reform ele ments of the country the more persuaded are we that the rumors which have been published in regard to his intentions are without warrant and mere idle fancies. RATHER STUPID. j It has been certain ever since the night of the election that the California Legisla ture would have a Republican majority on joint ballot, and consequently would elect a Republican United Senator to succeed Booth. Nevertheless the Eastern calcu lators persist in conceding ; the United States Senator from this State to the Dem ocrats, and this is rather stupid on their part. The election of a Republican to Mr. Booth's seat in the Senate is not a matter of conjecture, but of certainty, and the fact changes the complexion of the Senate very vitally, inasmuch as it makes a tie, with the casting vote in the hands of the Republican Vice-President. STATEMENT OF COUNTY TREASURER. D. E. Callahan, County Treasurer, makes the following statement of receipts ■ and dis bursements during the month of October, 18S0: J 77 Balance on hand October 1,1880,... $59,410 90 RECEIPTS.' State Fund.....: $160 00 General Fund...:.. ...7 2,301 68 ' ; 2,461 68 Total ............ ••••• $61,878 64 EXPENDITURES. -i'^^^Sn State Kund "...." $14,701 :".« School Fund .'.' 2,173 77 Hospital Fund.-.V.;.'.:.*.-.:..':. 1,874 41 - ■■:Vmm& General Fund . 7 ..... 7 .... 7 . 7 . 6,335 90 Road Fund:................. 87 63 '.> 25,173 33 On hand October 31,* 1880. ......... J ... . $36,705 31 APPORTIONED AS FOLLOWS : State Fund.... ...:.:......-. ...J....... $160 00 Sinking and Interest Fund ...7..; 1,087 13 School Fund......... 6,453 12 Hospital Fund ..........;.............: 277 23 Bonds of 1872 F0nd...'.'....:...*..:..:...: 1,795 93 Genera1Fund..'...'........................ 14,874 17 Road Fund..........:...:.'.".......-..... 3,838 81 C. P. R. R. Bond Fund . . .".V. .".:.. :".'. . . 1,260 85 Hospital Sinking and Interest Fund...... ; 341 80 Swamp and Overflowed Land Fund . 6,100 03 Courthouse and Jail Fund..:.."."........ ■'-• 311 97 Levee District No. 1 Special Fund .. 201 24 T0ta_...7..::...:...............:......536,705 31 An Economical Floor Covering. -7 Linoleum, > being composed of cork, is as elastic as a carpet ; is warm, waterproof, ac cumulates no dirt, and will, outwear the best oil-cloth three or four times. It is manufac tured in handsome patterns, and sold by all first-class carpet " dealers. None ; but the genuine article has the word "Linoleum" on the back of every square yard of cloth. m . — — — — — 7 Ask Your Druggist - for Hammer's' Gly cerols of Tar for coughs and colds,' and take no other. y--'. -.':'■' .J'- -y : f-: J Denver, CoL, had it terrible snowstorm a few days ago, • CALIFORNIA. Very Close Vote \ for President- Official Count Necessary. THE LEGISLATURE REPUBLICAN. Pacheco Far Enough Ahead in the Fourth District to Insure His Election. [SPECIAI. BT TELEURAm TO Till! RECORD-CNION.I Red Bluff, November : sth. — Tehama county complete gives Gai field 807, Hancock 045./ . Placehvui-E. — Hancock 1,519, Garfield 1,4*21, Weaver 19. "X 7 Auburn.— ln Placer county Ihe total vote, excepting one precinct of 47 votes, gives Garfield 1.017, Hanccck I. ';'"., Weaver 86, Page 1 024, Glascock 1,392, Todd 7. The precinct to bear from is expected to give Garfield 7 majority. Eureka. — Hoboken Precinct, Trinity county, gives field 25, Hancock 12, Kuight 30, Berry 7. Eureka. — Oaqua Precinct. Humboldt county, gives Garfield 5, Weaver 30, Berry 30, Knight 5, Mudgett 27, Pratt 7. Santa Barbara.— Garfield 906, Hancock 705. :• yy-j- pry ; 77X7} Sax Diego. — Complete returns of San Diego county give Garfield fi.-r, Hancock 578, Weaver 13. San Bernardino.— -All the precincts are heard from but one, giving Gaifield a major ity if 3, Pacheco 56 and Streeter 7. Santa Cruz — Garfield has 1,232 votes, Hanccck 1,102, Pacheco 1,175, Leach 983 The official count will not change the above. MODESTO. — Stanislaus county gives Gar field 1). Hancock 1,322, Pacheco 919, Leach 1,325. Assembly, Brigj-s 943, Branch 1,309. ■ BAKEESFiFLri." — Kern county complete gives Garfield 467, Hancock 658. Los Angeles. — With three precincts to hear from, the vote stands : Hancock 2,761, field 2,742. The precincts not heard from will probably increase the plurality of Han cock. -'-.-7 :-----p-_fPp. Sab Buenaventura —Ventura county complete gives Gai field 601, Hancock 500. Santa Rosa — Sonoma county complete gives Hancock 2,630, Garfield 2,299. V] ilia- Tulare county complete gives Garfield 919, Hancock 1,308, Weaver 143, Pacheco 741, 1. -eh 1,121, Godfrey 503. San Luis Obispo. — Complete returns of San l.'-.i* Obispo county give Garfield 830, Hancock 731. Jackson. — The total vote of Amador county complete gives Garfield 1,347, Han cock i,414 ; Page 1,355, Glascock 1,401. Shasta. — All the precincts in Shasta county are heard from except one. The vote ttands as follows : Hancock ß7o, Gar field SGI. All the precincts in Trinity county have been heard from except five. The vote is as follows : Hancock 420, Garfield 455. Trinity county will probably be about even. rL.VEitviLLE. — In Alpine county 107 votes were east. Gai field's majority '-'5, Page's majority 30. Coleman, for the Assembly, has a majority of 87. Downieville.— Can't give totals. Gar field has 440 majority, as near as can be told. The precincts are not all heard from, Quinct.— The total vote of Plumas county gives Garfield a majority of 74. Knight's majority, 65. Uklvh. — The total vote, except two small precincts, gives Hancock 1,297, Garfield 995. Napa. — The total vote Rives Garfield, 1, --195, Hancock 1,083. All the precincts heard from. Fresno.— Hancock 1,081, Garfield 636, with two Democratic precincts to hear from, which will add 25 to Hancock- vote. Eureka. — Garfield 1,381, Hancock 681, Weaver 73. iyjjr Merced. — The following are the majorities for President and Congressman in this county, as near as can be determined without an of ficial count : Hancock's majority 212, Leach's majority 174. 7-%J Woodland. — Yolo will not vary much from 100 majority for Hancock — over rather than under. San Andreas — Garfield 1,155, Hancock 1,137, Weaver 12. Lakeport.— Lake county returns, com plete, give Haucock 681, Garfield 157. Salinas. — Complete returns from ell the precincts in Monterey county give Garfield 1,259, and Hancock 1,203. Merced. — Yosemite Valley precinct gives Garfield 17, Hancock 15. For Congress — Pacheco 19, Leach 13. Assembly S. C. Bates 19, Bost 13. Suisus. — The vote of Solano county, com plete, gives Garfield 1,959, Hancock 1,959. Assembly — Leach (Rep.) 1949, Bennett (Rep ) 1,915, Leake (Dem.) 2,005, Goodyear (Dem.) 1,949. :pjj Hoi.listeh. — The vote of San Benito county, complete, gives Garfield 431, Han cock .46, Weaver 4, Pacheco 415, Leach 613, Godfrey 52, Cathran 415, Mathews 654. EOP.EKA.— GoId Bluff gives Garfield 9, Hancock 3, Weaver 3, Berry 7, Knight 8, Mudgett 6, Pratt 9. BODES. — Full corrected returns of Mono com tv are as follows : Garfield 914, Han cock 82.*>, Weaver 30, Pacheco 880, Leach 652, Godfrey 215. Assembly Wasson (Rep.) 867 Ferguson (Dem.) 879. Superior Judge — Waggia (Hep.) 927, Owen (Dem.) 825. Okuvillk. — Butte county, complete, gives Garfield 1,790, Hancock 1,795, with two two small precincts estimated in the above. Nevada. — The total vote polled in the county was 4,261-2,241 for Gaifield, 2,023 for Hancock, giving a majority for Garfield of 218. Page's majority will probably reach nearly the same figures. Eureka.— Bald Hill Precinct gives Garfield 3, Hancock 5, Weaver 3, Knight 3, Berry 8. Pratt 3, Mudgett 5. Redding — Adin (Modoc county) precinct gives Garfield 40, Hancock 61, Knight 39, Berry 62, Ay ers 51, Daggett 49. SrsA- ville Lassen, complete, gives Gar field 323, Hancock 301. All but three small precincts in Modoc - heard . from. Garfield 370, Hancock 403, Knight 351, Berry 463.' Ybeka— Garfield 703, Hancock 807. _ The result will uot be materially changed in the five precincts to hear from. Merced. — Ball Creek precinct, Mariposa county, gives field 14, Hancock 4. For Congress — Pacheco 14, Leach 4. ;) ; : 17 J Bodie. — Bishop's Creek, Inyo county, gives Garfield 113, Hancock 94, Pacheco 113, Beach 92. Godfrey 2, Wasson 114, Ferguson 03. Round Valley, Inyo county, gives Garfield 23, Hancock 23. rt' Jl Big Pine, Inyo county, gives Hancock 8 majority. 7 The vote of Inyo county, as far as ascer tained, stands as follows : Garfield 249, Han cock 199, Pacheco 249, Leach 197, Godfrey 2, Wasson 249, Ferguson 199. The precincts of Cerro Gordo, Panamint, Darwin and Rest ing Springs are yet .to be heard from. J.- Shasta.-— county, as estimated by the editor of the Trinity Journal, will go five majority for Garfield. '-.- J Los Angeles. — Wallace Leach, Demo cratic candidate for Congress, has private advices which assure his election by a small majority over Pacheco. It is impossible to give the figures on the election for Assembly men. Crank (Rep.) is certainly elected, and the election of Del Valle (Dem.) is conceded. There are three precincts still to hear from. SAN FRANCISCO STOCK SALES. Bak Francisco. November 5. 1880. HORNIH.I SKHiION. 185 OphJr. 7'<tf6* 210 8. Nevada .7K<?7J i do. . $1 assessment 350 Bullion. 2 liVi 2U 380 Mexican 7} ISO Utah 6|<g>7 115fl..uld*C 3} 140 Exchequer 105 95 Beat* Belcher 9} 30 Overman.. . .l lO© 105 165 California. 2 440 Justice •.-„*• *i.**.l 750S»va»' _ 15(32 35 230 Union 10|@10J 330 Chollar. 2 KX32 15 1900 Alta. ..3 90<tf 3 83 320 H.*N0r....3 60(33 55 330 Julia Mc 235 Oon. Va. 21@2 80 100 Caledonia 40c 55P0t0_1..... 190 170 Silver Hill 50c 470 V Jacket. . .4 4C@l 45 I!oChaUenge......Boet7sc • do.. tart delin. 600 New York.'.... lOftl-c 5150. Point 1 05(31 301 Lady Wash 30c 30 Kentuck 1! 230 Scorpion IJ@l 20 475 Belcher 1 90 1550 Benton. 1 30(91 £5 20 Confidence........ 3 65' ■•---. ■..-•>.; - ,W-T---i.t---V *RSBIOV. 15 X Belle 91. .91 200 Ooodahaw 60c 150 Prize ..1 85(81 90 350 Concordia 1 300 Amenta 30c 300 Ch. mplon 25c 200 Belle I»le .....90c 70 Booker 15e 1755 Navajo 1(31 05 20 M0n0... ...,55e 500 1nde0end. ........ 45c 50 Blackhawk ....So 150 Manhattan 95c : 50 Noonday 1 40 I 300 Paradise..... 6c I 50 Addenda. 30c 300 Wale* ......IJtSI 50 N. N00nday.. .....1 30 470 Mt Diablo....'. 51 120 Barton... 1 10 200 E. ML Diablo 10c 3000ra....; 1 90 Columbia 21 50 M. White 75c 140 Bodie ...........a 80 <*; Kin*. 10 150 Bechtel 1 3091 35 I 2 : Ma__n_i-th 20c -50McClintoo,, 10c 275 >Jblon .....40c PRESIDENTIAL VOTE BY COUNTIES. [Note.— ln the county tabulation published yes terday the Record-, sion adopted the figures' for .-an Francisco published in an evening Journal of that city as complete. ■ The figures contained an error in favor of Garfleld of 400. The figures used' lor Fresno county wise incomplete. Full returns increase Hancock's niajo ity in that county nearly 400 more than riven by us. Had these corrected figures appeared in the table Garfield would have led his opponent by but little over 700, instead if over 1,500, as computed . by us. ) Garfield. 'Hancock. Weaver. Alameda 1,489 2,621 9 "Alpine .. 60 41 'Amador ....1,317 1,413. 3 Butte ....... :..... 1,7110* 1.71)5. 3 'Calaveras — 1,188 1,137 12 C rasa 939 1,5*5 Contra Costa 1,0-5 770 Del Norte.... T'js 83* 'El Dorado 1,421 1,619 13 san, -636 1,081 2 •Humboldt 1,351 OtU 1ny0... 210 199 .; •Kern..... 7... 407 I C.B T •Lake.... 4Sit CSI 5 •Lassen 323 301 64 Los Angeles .1 2,742 8,764 "210 Marin OtSfl * 'PM 8 Haripcsa SS7 675 Mendocino 955 -a'/ 3 Merced.... ...... '.'i-maj M0d0c...... 370 103 •Mono. ;. -914 522 30 ".Monterey 1,2 J 1.t'03 20 »Map»„.. 1,195 1,<83 25 "Nevada. ;.***._ 2,241 2,023 Placer : 1,017 1,385 Plumas...... 7 1 maj ...... 1 'Sacramento......... 3 799 2.519 82 •San Benito. 431 01 4 San Bernardino maj BE •ianDi'ciro.... 728 SCB 18 San Francisco 19,141 21,4i6 C 57 San Joaquin 2,543 2,370 ..-'.'...' 2 •flan Luis Obispo 830 731 ' 136 •San Mateo G45 6SO 7 •Santa Barbara BOd 705 298 Santa Clara 3,114 2.821 '-7 •Santa Cruz....: 1,233 '. lei' IDS Shasta SCI £70 10 Sierra.. 440 maj 11 Siskiyou... '. 70S 807 4 •Solano... 1,-61 1,0-8 6 •S..noma. 2 -.." 2.(30 £9 'SUnislaru 925 1323 Sutter 45(1 4__ 3 'Tehama S(>7 945 Trinity 455 420 9 •Tulare.... 919 1.308 143 Tuolumne 903 t'7S ... •Ventura. 601 50 2 Yolo KiOmaj 7 4 Yuba 1,105 l.lbC 4 Totals 74,708 74,364 2,702 Majority 186 •Complete. The above table presents returns from 152,33. votes, with 25 count complete. Hancock, plurality is 196. The votes tabu lated are the average vote of each Electoral ticket, In nearly all counties the separate Electors do not run eveuly. On the Demo cratic ticket D. S. Terry mm behind bis as sociates about 500 votes. Unless the Demo cratic Electoral ticket receives over 800 ma bility, Mr. Terry it beaten, and the highest Elector on tie. Republican ticket i.-, elected. I. some esses only najo itifs are given the table. In such case? the tot I vote cast should ba added to tbe total* <f the table estimates. Thtre then remain* 10, COO votes to hear from. Since it is impoii-ible to form ary fatitfictory '• '.'■, ss to the infiuercs th^se may have udoii the result whsn the fiauris are so close, the statements now capable nf being tabu lated leave the Htate J;, doubt a doubt which will probably requite the official count to res'lve. i.Jyl LEGISLATURE. Concerning the Assembly, the only elianro to be noted is in Solano, where there is a tie betweeu Leach (Republican) and Goodyear (Democrat). This gives 11 Republican and 33 Democrats elected — giving the Repub licans an ascertained majority on a joint ballot of 12. FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. The now ascertained figures give Pad 420 majority. . Counties. Pacheco. Loach. Fresno 195 454 Inyo 249 197 Kern. 47 OiS Los Angeles 2,629 2,163 Mariposa 185 261 Me-rced 7 maj 174 Mono 835 887 .Monterev 1,201 1,100 San Uemto V. 415 613 San Een.aniino ' ... C.*.4 5C9 San Die,ro f,95 662 San 1.11 Obispo 832 5 9 San Mateo 670 631 Santa Barbara 1 39 659 Santa Clara 3,093 2,770 Santa Cruz 1, 178 9.-5 Stanislaus 019 1,325 rulare 7;. 1,121 Ventura 593 639 Total 16,201 1 ,781 Plurality 420 «._._* THE COURTS. SUPKEMK COURT. Sacramento, November 6, ISiO. CALENDAR I'OR MO-DAT, KOVEMBIK Sill. Motions and examinations Of applicants lor admis sion. IX BAK*. 7403— Mather el al. vs. Superior Curt nf Pom ma count) ; certiorari ; September 15, 1880; Haskell and Wells & Farqnar tor petitioner*. 7410— Laugeuour vs. Sbanklin; mandate; Sep tember 21, 183) ; W. H. Treadweil and W. C, Belcher for petitioner. SUPERIOR COURT. Clark, Judge. Friday, Novembers, 13:0. F. Zeile vs. J. Poole— Case tried and submitted. liavi.i MeLanahan vs James Clausen— con tinued till December 0, 1880, and witnesses if both parties recognized to appeal on said date. Tbo People vs. George __ Fair (indicted for per jury)-C. T. Jones appointed as attorney fur de fendant. 7...-..'. John Lynam vs. Ella Lymun — Decree of divorce iv favor of plaintiff on ground of desertion. DssßOit, Judge, c -■!■ T. BubL vs. P. Conlan— Previous ort of execution modified to only extend i" and including the Sth instant. John F. Dreman vs. C. C. Kara ct al.— Decree in favor of pi .iot tf us prayed for. Hayes £ ll. yes vs. C. H. Oilman et -lotion to r.'tn . cost bill overruled. Isaac E. Daviivs. M. 51. Drew— Motion of plain tiff for new trial overruled. Court adjourned. TO-DAY'S CALENDAR. C. 11. Stephenton v*. John Donahue. H. T. Hart vs. John Hurley. RELIGIOUS SERVICES TO-MORROW. Kingsley Chapel, K. E. Church, Eleventh street, between II and I, Lev. David Deal, pastor. Preaching at 10:45 A. M. and at 7r. if. Praise service it 8:30. Sunday -school at 12:40. Calvary Baptist Church, I street, above Twelfth —Preaching at 10:15 a. m. and 7:30 i*. m by Rev. Jay W. O_bom, of Rocbes ter, N.Y. Pr-ise__rrieeatTr.it, Sabbath-) at 12:1?. "" St. Paul's Episcopal Church. Eighth street, between I and .I— Per. R. M. Chap man, D.D., rector to charge. Divine tcrvices at 11 a. m. and 7p. m. At the conclusion of morning eer i lei a business meeting of the conmeiiatiou will be held, and as mature M great imporiancc are to 1* discussed, it in hoped there will be a lull attend ance. Kethodlst Episcopal Church South, Seventh street, between .1 and X■- T. 11. B. Anderson, p stor. Service* at 11 a. m. and 7p. m. Sandav-school it litis r. m. Subjects— Morning, 'Sowing and Heaping;'" evening, "The Future State a Self-conscious State." All are cordially in vited. Sixth-Street Methodist Church, Between X and L Btreets — Ke". P. Huntley, pastor, will preach at 10:45 a. m. and 7r. M. Sunday school after mornine; service. Stranger* cordially invited to attend. • Unitarian Church. Rev. Vf. S. Raich will preach in Fireman* Hall, on Eighth street, between J and X, on Sunday morn ing. November 7th, at 11 o'clock. The public is cordially invited to attend. 18. C] TRANSFERS OF REAL ESTATE. Filed November stb. Philip Rjan to Reuben W. Tooker— November 4, 18s0 ; tor $2,000 ; the southwest quartet of section 21, township 8 north, range 6 cast, containing 160 acres. . - J. H. Kent to James Zimmerman— 3, 1830; for $105 ; three acre* of land at Elk Grove. United States to Benjamin W. — September 10, 1880 ; patent for lots 3 and 4, section 12, town ship 5 north, range 6 east, containing 80 '10-100 acres. ■ ■■■•-■■■ Benjamin . W. Morse to John W. Tieckwith - No vember 1, 1830 ; for $700 ; lots 3 and 4, section 12, township 5 north, range 6 east. -William H. BcUty to Joieph Rursell— November 5, 1880 ; for $1,200 ; the northwest quarter of sec tion 7, to iiii-liip 6 north, range 7 east. Sarah li. Moore et al., executors, to E. C. Tullar— October 20,1880; for $1,787 50; certain interest* in real estate belonging to the estate of George K. Moore, deceased. \ . HOTEL ARRIVALS. ARCADE Ilt/TEL. Sacramk-to, November 5, 1880. J B Patterson, Nev City J Cottrell, Mk Grove F E Johnston, Napa O N Comwell, Napo - Sol Davidson, Bigg* N C Camp, New York 0 L Dimon, Oakland , ; C D Rhode*, Mary«v.lle T Jones, San Francisco J * Wilcox, Bear Valley S O Lines, 'do 'OW Maglone, San Jos* . A A Wigmore, :' do J C Her, Omaha - Fisher Ame*, do W A Dewey, Washington S Friedenrlch, ; do _____ ____ — ♦ * * JJJ The True Ijance, formerly published at Nevada City, is now issued »t Grass Val . ley as aa evening paper.