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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, November 06, 1880, Image 6

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' If. JBoiteau reports to the French
Academy that the application of bisulphide
of | carbon to grape-vines infested with
phylloxera has proved entirely successful.
The plants are affirmed not to be injured
by the application. He declares that dis
eased vines which were J treated with this
compound two or three years ago bear even
better now than before they were attacked.
Lontin has been exhibiting in the build
ing of the Industrial Exhibition 'in the
Champs Elysees, Paris, a circular electric
light, formed by four voltaic arches.' J He
uses four carbons placed radially, the two
which are in the same diameter being con
nected with the same pole, so that an arch
extends from each of the carbons of its
neighbors. These four 7 arches unite to
form a complete circle and produce a light
of extraordinary brilliancy.
In recent _ papers before the French
Academy MM. Gaussin, Fsye, Chase and
Schotel have discussed various indications
of law in the arrangement of the planets
and some of their bearings upon the nebu
lar hypotheses of Laplace and Herschel.
The indications which were given by Prof.
Chase were the closest and most striking,
furnishing numerical evidence of a pro
jectile force connecting the solar system
with the fixed stars. — [Comptes Rend us.
Fouque and Levy note in the Compte*
Jlendtta of the French Academy of Sciences
a pecu'iar occurrence of diamonds. Between
Kimbeiley and Waal, in South Africa, are
rocks resembling serpentines and some
a's, which are looked upon as the pro
ducts of metamorphism of younger dolerites
aud other rocks of the diorite group, simi
lar to those found iv the rentes, In thin
sections of these opals minute diamonds
have been found. They were recognized as
such by tbeir power of refractory light and
by their hardness.
Whin a balloon is borne along by a rapid
current calculations of its altitude are not
trustworthy. When the velocity is very
great, the error may be as great as one
third of the estimated hight. Kaemtz,
from the study of barometric observations
at Paris, Zurich, Berlin and Halle, found
that the readings were effected by the
dir. cti of the wind. Montigny haa dis
covered a similar influence at other stations,
but at Brussels and Namur the influence is
directly opposite to that at Antwerp. — [Les
Lung and liver complaints are certainly
benefited, often cured, by a free consump
tion of t n ; on», either cooked or raw. Colds
yield to them like magic. If this esculent
be taken at night ail offense will be want
ing by morning, and the good effects will
amply compensate for the' trifling annoy
ance. Taken regularly, they greatly pro
mote the health of the lungs and digestive
organs. An extract made by boiling down
the juice of onions to a syrup, and taken
as a medicine, answers the purpose very
well but fried, roasted or boiled onions
are better.
Ditte has shown that in cases where a
reduction of temperature follows the mix
ing of a hydrated salt with an acid, an
anhydrous salt has been produced, and a
large amount of water, previously existing
combined in solid form, is set free and is
liquefied. This view presents a satisfac
tory theory of freezing mixtures. The
water of hydration in passing from the
solid to the liquid form, abstracts considera
ble heat frora rt3 surroundings, which
would account for the diminution of tem
perature accompanying the reaction.
Steel joists are being made at a few fac
tories in England and on the continent,
but certain difficulties attend the rolling,
which as yet prevents their manufacture on
a large scale. Steel plates for bridges also
are not as yet used to the extent antici
pated, and the long span bridges in which
their utility is undoubted, do not often oc
cur. For boiler plates the considerable ad
vantages which steel offers are being
availed of, and for Hinging ami other treat
ment, where *!.igh quality Yorkshire iron
was formerly used exclusively, steel is, says
Messrs. Mathcson and Grant in their half
yearly engineering trades report, found
to be considerably cheaper, especially for
platea of large dimensions. — [The Engineer.
A medical exchange says : We have
heard a great ileal about the diseases of
overwork, and it would be interesting to
see if something cannot be said now re
garding the '' disease of underwork." That
man is naturally a lazy animal is a propo
sition often made and never refuted. We
have a great many lazy people even in this
C-ftft.f y. It is to he hoped that some en
.erprismg patLoio§iic s**4y make a special
study of these. lie may find a new dis
ease. There are certainly cases of adipos
thenia and gastrosthenia. Who will be
the first man to write a book on the sub
The popularization of science has its
drawbacks ; and, perhaps, not the least of
them is the sort of worship, analogous to
that of very young ladies for the curate of
the parish, which is offered by silly people
to those who are, or more frequently who
are supposed to be, the chief representa
tives of scientific learning. The absurdi
ties of the so-called aestheticism are not pe
culiar to gentlemen who lunch upon the
sight of a lily, but have their close analo
gies among those who profess to be scien
tific There is a scientific jargon as well
as an art jargon, both of them, in the lips
of most people, concealing, or it may be
even exposing, the most profound ignorance
of the respective subjects of discourse ; and
there is a widely spread want of knowledge
that the writer who has most successfully
popularized a given question is not of ne
cessity the one who is best acquainted with
its depths. Even in the serene atmosphere
of a scientific coterie there may be rival
ries ; and debates are not unknown which
appear, to say the least, to have for their
object the refutation of an opponent rather
than the discovery of a truth. Such things
as these, however, are no more than trivi
alities in comparison with what science has
done to prolong human life, and to surround
it with comforts and conveniences.—[Lon
don Times.
Drß. Tumbnll and Levis of Philadelphia
have lately brought to the prominent no
tice of the medical profession the merits
of a new amesthetic agent, for which they
claim advantages which give it precedence
over the old stand-bys of the profession
ether ' and chloroform. This new agent
is ethyl bromide— the hydrobromio ether
of the old chemists — and was discovered
in 1527 by Strullas, shortly after the dis
covery of bromide itself. The importance
of a new agent of this kind, that shall be
free from the disadvantages of ether in its
uncertain and tedious action, «.nd of chlo
roform, in its dangerous effects on the ac
tion of the heart and respiration, has been
long acknowledged by the medical profes
sion ; and at the last meeting of the British
Medical Association, this want of the pro
fession was recognized by the appointment
of a special committee to investigate and
report npon the subject to the general
body. J The results of i this commission's
study of the subject we deemed sufficiently
important to notice at some length in this
department of the Journal. J Doctors Turn
bull and j Levis, it appears, have given
. much attention to the special properties of
hydrobromic ether, and their opinion of its
merits as an amesthetic is so decided that
j leading members of the medical and surgi
cal profession ' elsewhere have taken it up,
' and given the new agent a careful practical
test. - 'From 7 the , records of tests made ef
it in various quarters, it would appear that
. the new agent was a decided ' gain to the
profession over both ether and chloroform.
j It is prompt in action, in which particular
: it is superior to I ether ; and it has no dan
gerous | action | npon j the J heart or respira
tion, in which it is a decided improvement
npon chloroform. J* ' The 7 anesthesia pro
duced by ethyl bromide is speedy and per
- feet, and the after effects are not unpleas
ant. I The conclusions of the Philadelphia
physicians have been verified by later ex
perimental trial by; Dr. f Marion Sims of
New York,* and, from all appearances, the
profession * may J congratulate itself on the
possession of a new anaesthetic of decided
merit— [The Mining Journal.
... . r.^J-rr-rir—r ' -''P .'&tsS&t&^&££lS&%SßM£2§!m3Q&
j Perhaps every person who is somewhat
advanced in life can remember some inci
dent *of • his ' early years j which he J would
really like to forget something ' that . re
sulted from \ the 1 freshness and vast inex
perience of youth.:-; I remember one which
I have spent a good deal of time trying to
forget, j Just before the Union Pacific Kail
road reached • the j Bitter Creek country, I
made my first overland trip to the Pacific
coast. I staged it from the then terminus
of the Union Pacific to the Central Pacific,
which was pushing east. ■ The stage broke
down on Bitter creek, and the passengers
had to walk to the next station. I grew
tired of walking before 1 reached the sta
tion, aud coming late in the afternoon to
where some teamsters were camped,' l con
cluded to stop with them for the night.
On asking J; their permission Jto do so,
they assented so heartily that I felt at
borne at once. Life in the West was some
thing new to me. I was young and buoy
ant, aud just out of college. I was fond of
talking. I thought it would be novel and
delightful to sleep out with; these half
savage ox drivers, with no shelter but the
vaulted, star-gemmed heavens. There were
four teamsters, and as many wagons, while
thirty oxen grazed around in the vi
cinity. Of the teamsters, one was a giant
in stature, and wore a bushy black beard ;
another was shorter, but powerfully built,
and one-eyed ; the third was tail, lank,
and hame jawed ; while the fourth was a
wiry, red-headed man. In my thoughts I
pitied them, on . account : of J. the hard
life they led, and spoke to them in a kind
tone, and i endeavored to make my con
versation instructive, I plucked a
flower, and, pulling it to pieces, men
tioned tho names of ; the parts — pistil,
stamens, calyx, and so on— remarked
that it must be indigenous to - the
locality, and spoke of the plant being en
dogenous, in contradistinction to exogen
ous, and that they cwuld see that it was
not crytogamous. In looking at some frag
ments of rock, my thoughts wandered off
into geology, and, among other things, I
spoke of the tertiary and carboniferous
periods, and of the pterodactyl, icthyo
saurus, and dinotherium. The teamsters
looked at me, then at each other, but made
no response. We squatted down around
the frying-pan to take supper, and as the
big fellow, with his right hand, slapped, or
sort of larruped, a long piece of fried
bacon, over a piece of bread in his left
hand, sending a drop of hot grease into my
left eye, he said to the one-eyed man : "
"Bill, is my copy of Shakspere in yo'
wagon ? I missed it to-day."
" No. '. My Tennersou and vohuo.' of the
Italian poets is thar — no Shakspere."
The lank-looking teamster, biting off a
piece of bread about the size of a saucer,
said to the big man, in a voice which
came huskily through the bread, " Jake,
did yer ever read that volum' of poms
that I writ f
" No, but hey often hearn tell on 'em."
" Yer mean 'Musin's of an Idle Man,*"
spoke up the red headed man, addressing
the poet.
" Ilev red every line in it a dozen times,"
said the teamster with the red hair ; and
as he sopped a four-inch swath, with a
piece of bread, across a frying-pan, he re
peated some lines.
"Them's they," nodded the poet. " The
Emp'ror of Anstry writ me a letter highly
complimtntin' them poms."
"They're very techin'," added the wiry
man. AjriTpp-jf:
I took no part in these remarks. Some
how I did not feel like joining in. .
The wiry man, having somewhat satis
fied his appetite, rolled up a piece of bacon
rind into a sort of single-barreled opera
glass, and began to squint through it to
ward the northern horizon. .
"What yer doin', Dave?" asked the
stout man. ■ ._.•: ~- :■:>
" Takin' observations on the North Star.
Want to make some astronomical calkila
tions when I git inter Sackrymenter."
" Well, yer needn't ter made that tel'
scope. I could er tuk yo' observations for
yer, bein' as I haint but one eye."
"Git out thar, yer durned ole carboni
ferous pterodactyl,'' yelled the hame-jawed
driver to an ox that was licking a piece of
bacon. .-"• '.' '7 J
"I give a good deal of my time to
'stronomy when I was in Yoorup," re
marked the tall man.
" Over thar long ?" asked one.
" Good while. Was Minister to JRnoshy.
Then I spent some time down ter Rome."
" Rome !" exclaimed the lank individual.
"Was born thar. My father was a
Good sculptor?"
"Yes." J.i J7T V\
"Well, one wouldn't 'eri thought it, to
look at yer." ..;•-;-;
" I never was in Yoorup," remarked the
one-eyed man. "When I. ocypied the
cheer of ancient languages in Harvard Col
lege my health failed, and the fellers that
had me hired wanted me ter go ter Yoorup
for an out, but I concluded ter come West
ter look— —Hold up thar, yer infernal ole
flea-bitten ichthy'saurus," he bawled to an
ox that was chewing a wagon cover.
I felt hot and feverish, and a long way
from home.
' " I ' got ready once ter go ter Rome —
wanted to complete my studies thar — but
give it up," said the one called Dave.
"What for?" 7j\Xi
" They wanted me ter run for Guv'ner
in Virginny."
" Yer beat 'em?"
"Thunder, yes." .7
--" Why didn't yer stay thar ?''
"Well, when my job as Guv'ner give
out they 'lected me 'Piscopal Bishop, an' I
hurt my lungs preachin'. Come West for
my lungs."
"Pound 'em?''
" Well, I m improvin'."
I did not rest well that night. As day
came on and the men began to turn over in
their blankets and yawn, the tall one said :
"Hello, Bill. How yer making it?"
"Oh, I'm indigenous."
"An' Dave?"
"I'm endogenous." 7 7X77, '■-; X- r
" An' you, Lanky, yer son of a sculp
tor ?"
" Exogenous."
" How you feel, Jake ? " inquired one of
the three who had responded.
" Cryptogamons, sir, cryptogamous."
I walked out a tew steps to a little
stream, to get a drink. ' I felt thirsty, and
I ached. Then I heard a voice from the
blankets: .'
Wonder if them durned ole dinother'
ums of ourn are done grazin'."
Then a reply :
"I guess they've got to the tertiary
I walked J a little piece an , the road to
breathe the morning air. -.7; A
.1 kept on. — [Lock Melone in the Cali
fornian. X
I_ove came to me in the spring time.
With the soft, sweet April sboweis ;
Her breath was the breath of the woodland,
And her lap was filled with flowers.
Her step was a song in the silence ; '
. Its melody rose and fell .''■--
As she danced through the fragrant twilight
>» To the bower we knew so we 11 ..". 'f-,f-
And the spring glided on to the summer
.-■". With the flame ol its fervent darts,
And the noon of the fleeting season * '■: ...
Was the noon of our beating hearts.
But the autumn came with its shadows, '
7 And noon was no longer hot ;
And the frost crept into our pulses, ' , :
And summer .-nd spring were not.
And Love was alive with the winter,
-: But her beauty and grace had fled ;
'Mid the snows of March I left her,
-;■; With a cypress wreath at her bead.
. —{Hart Lyman, in Harper's Magazine.
A new process for using up old steel has
lately been patented 'in i England. - By it a
new metal of I extraordinary strength and
ductility is alleged to be introduced, which
is expected to prove of ; great value. cy Steel
remade : on ' this J plan has sold 7 readily at
$2*25 a ' ton. ; ' j .. .jflfflß
Hiran'i Glycerols or Tar, for ooaghsjmd colds,
Try it.
—-_* **7#rcet&r , s&fo--ApA.* T :r-i T •'.-'-•-j- -P- -P. P-P.p-f
Etchings.— is a great demand in
London now for scraps of old Dutch paper
on - which \to | print etchings. - Fly-leaves
from old books, often half covered on one
side with writing, : are eagtrly picked hp
for the purpose.
TrBE Colors.— Tube colors ;. should . be
kept in a cool place, and the tops screwed
on j tight ;lit | is ' also J well '- frequently to
change their ' positions,' so . that the paint
may not settle. . J Should the paint get dry
in the tubes these . can .be opened ■: at the
bottom, the paint 1 taken out, and -before
using it can be ground on the Blab with the
muller with a little turpentine.
T Women is, Art.— ln ! the principal art
schools of New York the ladies are in the
majority, and their work is equal in every
respect to : that rof the male students.
Several of those who have already become
known to the public •■ through their work
follow the example of many foreign artists,
and devote part of their' time to stud}
from the living model in the schools.
Imitations.— lmitation pearls, diamonds
and precious stones are being manufactured
in Paris to a considerable extent, and these
productions are sent to the shops of all
lands. : Hundreds of operatives are em
ployed in polishing the colored stones and
in lining the false pearls with fish scales
and wax. The scales of the roach and
dace are chiefly employed for the latter
purpose. They have to be stripped from
the flesh while living, or the glistening hue
so much admired in the real pearl will not
be imitated.
The Defense.— De Neuville's "Defense
of Borke's Drift " has been shown at the
Fine Art Society's gallery in London. The
moment chosen by the artist for represen
tation is just before sunset, when the at
tack was most vigorous and the resistance
most desperate. In - the center of the
picture is a low building used as a hospi
tal, the thatched roof of which has been
fired by the enemy, and is blazing fiercely.
One of the patients is escaping through a
narrow window, while others are being
carried by gunners and men of the medical
department and transport service across
the inclosure to another building on the
loft of the spectator.
. To China Painters. — Mrs. Janvier
recommends the use of the best quality of
French ware for decoration. She thinks
highly of that made by Haviland & Co. at
Limoges, but says : " See that the pieces
are regular and even in shape, and free
from spots or places where the glaze seems
rubbed off. Hold each piece so that the
light comes across the surface, and if the
glaze seems full of little depressions, like
an egg-shell, reject it. This defect is gen
erally caused by the excessive thinness of
the glaze. Turn it over and see if there is
a depressed mark across the name ; if so,
it is a defective piece, rejected by the fac
tory for decoration. Nearly all the plates
sent to this country are thus marked. In
many cases, however, they can be used.
Mantel Hangings. — According to . a
writer in the London Queen, in England
the painted silk mantel valance and cur
tains are growing in popularity, some being
straight, and others cut out in scallops.
She says: "I saw some red silk ones
painted with flying swallows in black, gray
and white, the other day, which were very
effective ; also some composed of two
shades of color. In one set the valance
was of pale blue satin, caught up with ro
settes of coffee-colored lace over silk of a
deeper shade, on which were painted clus
sters of colored roses and leaves. There
were three clusters painted, and each one
filled in the space where the satin was
lifted. The little hanging curtains were
painted to correspond, and "looked back
with very large pale satin bows. Another
combination was russet-brown plush and
old-gold satin. The satin was painted and
the plush looped up over it.
(.'.."-time Decoration. Ladies in En
gland now are borrowing hints in dress
trom the costumed figures iv the art gal
leries, which is better perhaps than trusting
blindly to the judgment of the dressmaker
and the milliner. Some of the artists' ex
hibiting recently in the Dudley Gallery
supplied : some excellent models of dress
which a lady might carry out with little
trouble, and wear with great effect. John
Scott's " Mending the Banner" represented
a dark girl with a clear complexion, wear
ing a charming dress of white and yellow
brocade. In shape it was " a plain l'nn
ccsse robe, cut square in front — a square
which is narrow on the shoulders and wider
below edged with bands of yellow satin
about two Ihchea wide, with a row of pearl
beads on the outer edge of the band ; long
sleeves, with a deep cuff of satin falling
over the hands ; pearl necklace ; the hair
cut straight over the forehead, and a yel
low fillet binding the head."
— — — —
There is no table of the average dura
tion of fortunes ; but the statistics of busi
ness failures in the country since ISG6
show that the average yearly failures
ranged from 1 in 163, in the year 1.71, to
lin7s in 1876, How many business men
in a thousand fail, once or more, during
their j business lifetime, I cannot learn.
The proportion used to be estimated, for
New England, at 97 per cent. That is
probably too high a figure for the business
of to-day, conducted, as it is, upon much
shorter credits than formerly. But the pro
portion of traders who fail is probably not
lower than 75 per cent, of the whole num
ber. How many of our people live upon
their invested means? In 1866 our in
come-tax returns showed 771,000 incomes
of SSOO per year and over, and 6,000,000
incomes of less than $500. But these
were not incomes from capital ; they were
mostly earnings or wages. Probably not one
in a hundred of : these smaller incomes,
and not over 10 per cent, of the incomes
over §500, represented the interest upon
investments. In France, 10 years later,
the census returned no less than 2,000,000
of people, rentiers, who live entirely upon
their invested means. In 1877 seven and
a half millions of people one-fifth of the
population — were enrolled " as J rentes
holders or • savings-banks depositors;
but it must be added that the . sav
ings banks do not often fail in France,
and that sooner . or later they are apt to
fail with us. J Most of these deposits are
small ones. But no less than two millions
of the French can say with Petrarch,
Porta ltd apla mihi .- " It is little enough,
but it will do for me. " - Thus, in spite of
the resources of the country, in spite of
the almost universal search for wealth, and
in spite of the ; fact that we have a great
many rich men at any given time, we still
do not have a largo class of permanently
rich men ; ] we do not even have, like the
French, a class of .. persons who have a per
manent though small competence.'-; The
rich American's wealth is extremely vola
tile ;: in, nine cases out of J ten it is
" fairy • gold." The J old i. land-owners
form the chief exception to the rule;
especially Jin our large J; cities, where
the increase of values has been great. ; But
if our class of permanently : wealthy peo
ple is small, so also is our class of destitute
people. ' We are fortunate in' having few
of the | very rich or. the very poor, in hav
ing no such immense and harmful inequal
ity of fortunes •' as we see Jin modern En
gland. J Our J ill } fortune is I this, that our
class of 7 moderate I competencies jis I also
small, that so few of us, in spite of our
opportunities j and our . labors, have seized
the good ' of even a small assured compe
tence. The land is full of people who have
not, on the other , hand, and . who are not
likely to have, any assured competence,
however moderate,' but .who have nothing
to expect but labor to the end. That is,
indeed, p. the A appointed Jj human $ lot -! for
the majority =in ; any ;_* community ; I but
need it be, in a country of | resources I like
this, so nearly the J universal lot ? % Might
not many of us avoid it by a greater care
for a moderate competence, a lessened am
bition for fortunes ?-f[T. s M. Coan.
-5^175^-;-^ — . _ _. _ •—• . J \. r
■if. Haxm-r's Cascara Sagbada Bittsrs cures a]
com. laints arising from an obstructed state of the
system. . '.-;' : .;:■ -.•■■.. ■■ ;. * -..- a-.*?-,'--:. ■ ■■■ p.. --.:■: > ■„..-. ?
--.-."- — - ; — —*-*—*•.-♦.— — -r-*—
Adversity links men together, while pros
perity is apt to scatter them. 7*
| It is now nearly a century since a French
refugee named Ordinaire settled in the
small village of Con vet, in the Val Trav
els, J in J the canton of Neuchatel, Switzer
land.'* Dr.' Ordinaire j was a medical man,
and a very clever one for the time in which
he lived, and he soon I made himself useful
to the people of the Val Travers, among
whom doctors and medicine bad hitherto
been* almost unknown. The doctor pre
pared his own medicines, as was not unu
sual in those days; and though he seems to
have been a regularly qualified practitioner,
it is evident that he had not that contempt
for panaceas . which is usually to be met
with in the profession. J Incited, there was
one universal " remedy which he he'd in
high" esteem, and compounded with his
own hands from various aromatic . herbs,
after a secret recipe known only to him
self. This went by the name of "Extract
of Wormwood," and as many persons de
clared that it had completely cured them,
the doctor naturally prescribed and recom
mended it to others. Before his death he
gave the recipe to his servant, "Mamseil
Grandpierre," and she sold it to the daugh
ters of Lieutenant Henriod, who grew the
necessary plants and herbs in tlieir own
garden, distilled the elixir over the kitchen
tire and sold it to peddlers. Since that
time the manufacture has increased in
other bauds, uutil the" quantity of absinthe
now made in the Vai Travers amounts to
81,400 gallons annually. It is from. the
yellow flowers of the common wormwood,
Artcmissia absynthium, that the tincture
and extracts of the V'al Travers are made ;
and these are said to bo very efficacious in
cases of indigestion, though the remedy
would seem at best to be but a danger.. us
one. If this were all, however, there
would not be much to say upon the sub
ject ; it is when, by the admixture of other
aromatic ingredients, the extract is con
verted into the famous, or rather infamous,
absinthe liqueur, that it is consumed in large
quantities, and becomes of really terrible
importance. In what its peculiar charm
consists scientific men have strived in vain
to discover but that -it docs possess a
deadly and well-nigh irresistible power of
fascination is only too evident from the
large quantities sold in France, Germany,
Switzerland, England and North America,
notwithstanding the pernicious effects it is
well known to produce. The habitual use
of the poison, like that of opium, affects
the whole nervous system in general, and
the brain in particular ; it produces actual
organic changes in the delicate net-work of
the brain, and these are, of course, accom
panied by corresponding derangement of
all the mental powers. The end of the
habitual absinthe drinker is as terrible as
it is sure and inevitable. He becomes first
brutalized, dull and obtuse, then he goes
raving mad, and finally is either partially
or entirely paralyzed, unless disease of the,
liver or stomach puts a more speedy end to
his existence. The liqueur is the more se
ductive and dangerous because at first it
seems to invigorate the digestive organs,
while in reality it is doing them nothing
but harm. "Until the very day when he
is seized I with illness," says Dr. Dehant,
" tho victim seems to be in unusually good
health ; but the first time he is subjected
to a medical examination it is found that
his whole system is deranged. Nothing is
more difficult than to cure an absinthe
drinker, for his first illness is usually also
his last, and is terminated by death."
Great efforts are now being made in France
and Switzerland to check the practice of
absinthe drinking, which is unhappily
largely on the increase. From the various
statistics published from time to time we
gather that whereas in the year ISC4, out
of a hundred cases of insanity or idiotcy,
fourteen were traceable tc dram drinking,
the percentage has since risen to twenty
five ; and four-fifths of the cases of insan
ity occurring among officers may be put
down to the use of absinthe. It is, more
over, an established fact that the children
of absinthe drinkers are generally born
with tendencies to some of the worst forms
of diseases, such as epilepsy, etc. The
most effectual way of meeting the evil
would be by prohibiting the manufacture
of the liqueur ; but as this is impracticable,
all that can be done is to point out the
fatal danger of absinthe drinking, and to
urge those who are not yet utterly en
slaved to save themselves by gradually di
minishing their accustomed potion. In a
month they will become reconciled to tak
ing only half their usual quantity ; in three
months, if they persevere, the victory will
be won. They will find their confessedly
difficult task easier if they take a cup of
coffee in place of the absinthe. . : 1 ":•:.;."-■
A Thief's Buried Treasure. — Ac
cording to a tale just told by the Paris
police a man was observed recently walk
ing in a very suspicious manner in the Bois
de Vincennes. The guardians of the peace
were sufficiently acute not only to observe
his strange demeanor but to follow him up.
They dogged him carefully until he had
reached a solitary part of the Bois, and
then under a certain tree had scraped
away the earth and brought to light a
cigar box, carefully tied up and sealed.
He had pocketed this article hurriedly, and
was about to march off with it, when they
rushed in upon him and gained pos
session of the prize, which was found to
contain a treasure of 14,000 francs in bank
notes. . He turned out to be Perrin, who,
two years ago, was found ' guilty of
robbery. -The property stolen amounted
to 15,000 francs. He - swore to having
squandered the money and was sentenced
to two years' imprisonment, from which he
had just been released. If the man had
not been caunht lie would have paid but a
low price for the enjoyment of his 14,000
francs, and he would have received about
§1,500 a year for his imprisonment.
Swearing and Lying.— Old Parson S.,
of Connecticut, was a particular kind of
person. One day he had a man plowing in
his field, and he went out to Bee how the
work was getting on. The ground was
very stony, and every time the plow struck
a stone the man took occasion to swear a
little. "Look here," cried Parson S.,
"you must not swear that way in my field."
" Well, I reckon you'd swear, too," said
the man, "if you had to plow such a
stony field as this. " " Not a bit of it,"
said Mr. 8. "Just let me show you." So
the parson took hold of the plow, but he
very soon had : considerable trouble with
the stones. J As stone after strne caught
the plowshare, Mr. S. ejaculated : "Well,
I never saw the like." And this he re
peated every time a stone stopped his on
•ward way. As soon as he had plowed
around once, he stopped and said to the
man , " There, now 1 You see I can plow
without swearing." : "But I guess it's
pretty near jas bad to lie," answered the
man, "and you told dozens of lies. 7 Every
time the plow struck a stone, you said, ' I
never saw the like,' when the same thing
happened a minute before."
■ The Cyclone in Jamaica.— Mrs. Laura
Brooks, wife of a clergyman in the island
of Jamaica/writes that duriog the recent
cyclone | her | dwelling-house .was ' partly
washed ; away, : j and "our beautiful j little
church, on which we had spent j so much
labor and money, was a shapeless . mass of
ruins. ■■_;.. St. Mark's, in its picturesque situ
ation, was the prettiest | mountain church
in Jamaica. It contained memorial gifts
of many dear friends and neighbors,* and it
is not easy to describe the , sadness of our
hearts ' as we stood among the debris of
what ' a few hours \ before had j been j the
fabric ;of f our beloved church. ti Our two
school-horses j (which .. accommodated 130
children) are also level with the ground,
and my husband is obliged for the present
to Jg hold { Sunday .services 7 in J. the JJ open
air, * exposed ~to; a ' fierce '- tropical ' son or
to heavy showers of rain. We earnestly
hope to obtain the means of rebuilding
St. ' Mark's ' Church ' and J schools, ' but |to
re-erect and ' refit them ! will | coat I about
$7,000,' and the congregation, with the ex
ception of a few members, are of the hum
bler class and very poor." JiJJ
■7 St. Louis now has : sixty kindergartens
instructing ; 5,201 ? children ; between * : the
ages of 5 and 7 years.
:■'-."' — — —^— '■"■ .''.--
--7 " Horse Bergh Stables" is a sign on Thir
tieth street, New York. • : *'--prxyyy
'■-;■' Chestnuts don't have wings, but are tort
of burred-like. — [Boston Pose.
Time is money —if it is fast and on a
race track. — [New Orleans Picayune.
7; Professor jMonimsen \ has j recovered ' his
equanimity, and J is going soon to Italy to
renew j his copies of ancient Roman ' in
J The difference „ between a - goat and . a
Scotchman is Qua— the one deligh:s mould
oat meal and the other delights in an old
coat meal. J;
; . Camille Flammaritin, the astronomer,
has been making a balloon journey with
his wile. 1 They started from Paris, trav
eled all night, and came down near Itheiins. -
A young lady surprised the gentlemanly
clerk by offering him fifty cents in nay
ment for a dollar purchase. "It amounts
to a dollar, if you please," said the gentle
manly clerk. •-..■" I know it does," was the
answer ; "but papa is ouly paying fifty
cents ou the dollar now."
Postmaster-General Maynard has issued
an order . directing J that all magazines,
pamphlets and other like reading matter
received at the Dead Letter Office shall
hereafter, instead of being told for waste
paper, be distributed to cnaritable aud re
tormatory institutions in and around the
national capital.
The French Minister of Public lustruc
tion has ordered a special edition of Mr.
Herbert Spencer's work on education to be
published, and all scholastic libraries and
associations in France arc to receive a copy
of it free on plication. Disparaging re
marks on classical learning have been
omitted from this edition with the author's
sanction. ir'iiJfA
The women students have done well in
the first B. A. and li. Sc. examinations of
London University. In French two of
them stand alone in the first class, none of
their male rivals having got beyond the
second. In German there is a lady in the
tiist class, while one has obtained honors
in : Latin, two in English, and two in
mathematics. '•
In Hungary it is said fully GOO, OOO chil
dren of school age do not go to school at
all, while those who do go frequently stay
only three or four years. There are 212
largo parishes, each having a population
exceeding 5,000, wholly without element
ary schools. At least 7,000 new . schools
are needed. Worse than all, one-third of
the teachers in the existing schools are not
qualified for their office.
Because William It. Balch obliged a lady
friend by contriving a hairpin that would
not drop to the floor at every movement of
her head, the envious Norristown Herald
growls and says that it is getting to be so
now that a man can't be a successful editor
unless he can turn his hand to almost any
thing. The Herald should recognize the
fact that in this world hairpinness is most
unequally distributed.
. The funny man, of the New York Com
mercial Advertiser, who talks as if he had
been there, says : " When a divorced man
beholds his ex-wife at the theater with an
old ante-nuptial sweetheart, he must feel
like a verb that doesn't agree with its
nominative in number and person—
irregular passive verb, so to speak — a past
participle, a—. Well, he must feel just
the faintest kind of desire to take the case
into chancery."
Hammer's Gltcekole ok Tar has been
before the public for the past six years, and
its constantly increasing demand is the best
testimonial of its success.
Knights or Pyihlns, Allen- ___£>>
Hon.— A social entcnaiument for the "fs?>/
mem tiers ..f th Order and their lady £&!&
friends, will be given by Sacramento "ZyX
Lodge, No. 11, and Columbia, No. 42, _^*JJX
at the Castle Hall of Sacramento Lodge 4r£77iy^\
on MONDAY EVENING, .November 8, 1»S0.
nl-2tTliS (11. C] COMMITTEE.
A Penny Saved Is Twopence Earned.
A littlo SOZODONT, used right along every day,
costs but little trouble and is pleasant always, Is
saves years of suffering from diseased gums and
teeth in later days. Its use is economical of time
and comfort. Use SOZODONT. ii-l-3tTiioTu
A Card.— all who lire su(l<-rinj; from
the errors and indiscretions of > outh, nervous weak-
ness, early decay, loss of manhood, etc., I will sond a
recipe that will cure you, FREE OF CHARGE.
Tiiis great remedy was discovered by a missionary iv
South America. bend a self-addressed envelope to
the REV. JOSEPH T. INMAN, Station D, 'New-
York City. r 011-ThSTufc'm
Manhood Bestored.— victim of early
imprudence, causing nervous debility, premature
decay, etc., having tried in vain every knowu remedy,
has discovered a simple means of self-cure, which he
will send free to bis fellow-sufferers. Address J. H.
REEVES, No. 43 Chatham street, New York.
Dr. la liar's Seminal PHI* cnre all
caeca of Seminal Weakness, Lobs of Vigor, Noc-
turnal Emissions, Impotency, Nervous and Physi
cal Debility, and all that class of complaints arising
from Excess, Indiscretion or Abuse. The old Snd in
this remedy A FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH, and the
young a safeguard and protection. Da. La Malt's
Skminal Pills restore the Sexual Organs, debilitated
from whatever cause, to their pristine vigor. Price,
B*2 60 per bottle. Sent C. O. D. by express to any
address, secure from observation. Address all orders
to A. McBOYLE & CO., Druggists, P. O. Box 1,952,
San Francisco. au3-tf
n_ — w_—B_—_________p____,
H. S. beals
At 11 o'clock A. M ,
The Fast-pacing Marc known as the EDGINGTON
MAEE, the fastest pacing Mare in the State.
n4.it !K. PFLI « A CO., Auctioneers.
... : 3LJ_________J_Nl* , ,i o ■
E. 0. ISiiiiEfflj' 7y~\ R-m-w.Tir.lrf-> IMad,
. J^-CEiT.y y yi___a_!i_atrt_i__dlcCTaUTC_2._7a__t.
-* •r.C ■-„• J .. - Emit for tht CUlega liurcab -- '
7 '" ■ - " s3O-3p3m 7
The Beat 6-Hole Range try—- 'iiifrij
a ins world is "*^r < J<'JX i^X^^
.roßsaußT' Ji^^^^^h.
L. I. LEWIS A . CO., Wff^^^^f
138 * 134 J Street. ri_-__^R^S!afcl
:;-;;-■.- 021-3otf ... . - 7*^-}_ ' """"* ..
"a- y -sv. -„i,'i //// y^r '
*~"^«_» *"**% Mil AW P *y%P --• rp-pr-r
■ 3^-^y <X^x y
y^X-r. HORNEN^^WEST'S^"^. 77 •
I . _. E*-*" CTHO "Magnetic *5fi t '-
Awarded Medal, First Premium, State Fair,
XXX 'A '! 1880. '* "
. and wonderful Invention, will cure without
medicine, Rheumatism, Paralysis, Neuralgia,
Kidney, | Liver-Spinal ' Diseases, Rupture, Ague,
Nervousness, Dyspepsia, and other diieases of both
sexes. We challenge a scientific investigation of ita
merits. I Call or addreaa BORNE & WEST ELECTRO-
MAGNETIC BELT CO., 708 Market street, San
Frandsco. . .'■ ■■ :■.-.-■ 029 3p3m&aw3mSW
*> yo*i^<7 WHY AREWE SICK?
. ptf <£ m L -f\ 7 ■■- Because -■ we >■' allow f the
-fi y^ttr-pi^y- ml *-*' ver the Bowels, . and : the
lAAiyiX^m- Kidneys, these great organs,
Jl^A f..""Il Zt/ to become clogged or torpid,
liaupaa. jfU/ and poisonous humors are
'jjjaf.^.! ti&'frj forced into the blood. Ex-
-3jfi?|l fH/IEI-T-- no ' 1 them by using Wm.
-fVsm law ESS& Plunder's Oregon Blood
mt^t^_*^ajy^ m ' Parlfler. Sold by all drug-
■■-*'■- *i«7i»§T gista. *:. QiB-3p2mAawftnWB
* street, be*., Sxth and Seventh, MHHH
opposite Oourt-ho__e. " PIANOS TOf " M % I
LET Plane, sold on l_-__Sienta. ?■■-*?., *■ » .
TTP 03-_pl_> •-.■
E. Lyon
Southeast cor.* Seventh and J sts,,
just RECEIVED direct the following
ii NEW GOODS :ii
O D :
ladies' AND children's
tT A fiLl LI*.E t'FTES
Ulsters and n
i;Kor.ti>i_i> »ac«s coos.**,
We call attention to our large and well selected
stock oi __»:» G LOVES
Country Dealersare invited to examine our stock.
3E3. r.TO_F -SB CO.,
Soutliea-t corner seventh and J streets.
o'2fl-3pl in I
£3' Call and see the Handsome New
RANGES for $20 and $25, at SHER-
BURN d. BMITH'S, No. 323 X street.
- '.'■ . •
A7:A..-P..r A'X-^-y ' --J


' . 01-lf
tali Dealers in every kind and variety
tST Special Orders and odd -sizes promptly filled,
a.id shij.ped direct from the OREGON, REDWOOD
an SUGAR PINE MILLS of the Company.
Gb.xkp...!, Oyncs, No. 1310 Second Street, sear M
Branch Yakb, Corsbr Twelfth akd J Streets
" Owl and Red Robin"
Oliver & Sobinson's Celebrated
• at, "ST af-**** *"
JOmm *****
IT People who smoke these CIGARS will live
longer, make more money, wear better clothes,
drive faster horses, and marry prettier wives thin
any other clas" of men. We have taken great care
in selecting the above CIGARS, as well as many
other brands we carry in stock, and can offer
superior inducements to the trade in this line.
Sample orders solicited, and we are assured they will
be acknowledged by larger orders.
Corner el T\lrd and streets. Baeratnente
_-FO__c& S_A.X._E3.
The Grand Hotel Property,
of X and Front streets, in the city of Sacra-
mento, having a frontage of 85 feet, and being three
stories in hight. A bui'ding of modern construc-
tion, containing 60 well-lighted and pleasant rooms,
conveniently arranged, and provided with all recent
improvements and conveniences. The first or ground
floor is occupied for stores, saloon, barber shop and
hotel office, rented and yielding a fair income, which
can be materially increased by a reopening of the
upper portion of the premises. The building is in
good repair, and located on one el the oldest and
most popular hotel sites in the city. Its proximity
to Passenger and Freight Depot, Steamboat Land-
ings, Express and Telegraph Offices, Banks and
business center, assures a large and immediate
profitable trade to the house.
Is for sale, and must be sold.
. tr Price, LOW— cash ; balance on
any time desired, at 7 per cent, per annum net.
*g* OFFERS ;: WANTED".'-*****
For further particulars, address vi almler A
Parsons, Real Estate Agents, comer Third and
J streets, Sacramento. * '-.'■■ 027-2plm
for State Controller's Warrants on the btate
Drainage Construction Fund and 'on the ' General
Fund. ED. R. HAMILTON, Cashier. *
.">-'■■'■.■'■■ - ■"* : sIS-gplm . ... "''■ ' -"■■•■■.'■''
X-i, X- 7 - \E! HOI V.i. :Jk. LACES, 7.-'
i.^l dealers in Produce and Brewers' Supplies
Manufacturers of Malt and all kinds of Meals, eta
Oatmeal, Cornmeal, Cracked Wheat, Graham Flout
Buckwheat Flour, etc. I New Urain Eags lor sale, j
017-lptf : - . *
rf TUX —
'„— ■'-'
It.tltM.Y, T«_Urt_ SAtX the CLOWN.
WU! make their Second Appearance in this aitr, for
a Short reason only, « hen they win
Such as has never been performed by any other
horees in the arid.
Worked entirely by till* word of rmu-
uiautl -ha Halters, Kajuesg, Wbl|i-
or Motions I:nc<l.
As in customary , with Circus Men.
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and
No-elbber 3d, (tb, Eth -ml 6th,

-At -i. o'clock.
tr Admission, TO cents; Children, =:". cents.
Doors (-pen 7r. M. u'Md
Balls, Parties, etc. Leave orders atArjV
Headquarters, Ho. 720 X street; P. A- (_3CH,bUtt
No. li:05 i. street. Leader, E. W. D.-VVls, No.
13-1 I street. «12-tf
181% 1..1A5, ETC., E. C.
To insure fine development and largest bloom
these Bulbs must be planted at this season of the
year. 13 Sold at Eastern Catalogue Kates. "_7S
nl-lm W. B. STKOXt; Jt CO.
fro-nee, Tegetablcs, Bntter, Eggs, *,-, .
Poultry, Green anu Dry Fruits, Honey, Beans. < tc.
tT Potatoes tn car-load lets or less.
oaa-lptf Nos. 21 and S3 1 street.
Wholesale Commission Merctants
And General Merchandise.
IT Ail orders promptly attended to. Address,
Vf. R. STRONG & CO..
08-lplm Hoa. >■. and 10 J etreet. Sacramento.
Co-im-sioa Merchants and vn-olfci c.
m____ts is
Vegetables, Honey, Seeds, Alfalfa Seed, Eto ,
Jos. 30 and 3? 4 Street, garramen'o.
K. fJ-VT,
M and dealer in Foreign and Domestic Fni s.
Cigars and Tobacco, Pipes* and Smokers' Artiol.s,
Cutlery and Notions, Sua, Candies, etc., No. 54 J
street. Saeram Jn'... sll-lplm
Deali -a in ____»■--*
Butter, Eggs, Poisltry, Vegetables, .
t'rnlt. Fish and General Produce.
tT All orders - il! be carefully packed. Having
had long experience in el ■.; ping, '*v have confidence •
that we will be able to give satisfaction. Send for
Price Lis*.. — '■
Sacramento Cal.
■_■.■■____■__■■,.___■_■_..,■ i „___■■■ , —.■,_--., . , i i i ... _
saETn and X streeU. 9»0
W. O.TIIRAILRILL.D. D. S., Editor and Publisher
of the Dental Jairvs, a Monthly Journal of Dental
Science. O-7-lptf
w. frooD,
Building, oon fourth and J itreets)
Artificial Teeth .nserted on all bases. Improved
Li -pi id Nitrous Oxide Gas, for the Piinlees l.'xtrac-
lion o< Teeth. . ________!__
UIKK dt Mil.il>,
DENTIST*", NO. 605 J STREET, V.r.-gg&
twet ii Sixth and Seventh, Sacramento. B_H_J
DBS. _■"_..*.> Jt sorrntTOßTU.
Seventh and J streets. In Bryte's new "SHtO
lulldinp, up stairs. Teeth extracted without i«in
by the use of Improved Liquid Nitrous Oxide _-
[oltt-lplml ;
B. 11. PIEB.SO.N,
Fourth and Fifth, Sacramento. Arti-*S____s
icial Teeth inserted on Gold, Vulcanite and al. bases.
Sitrous Oxide or Laughing Qas administered for the
rainless extraction of Teeth. i»l4-lm
J. B. Mill.
.Late with Wachhorst, and successor to Flotxr.-,)
No. 60 J street, between Second and _nn_
rhlrd. Dealer In Watches, Clocks, Silver- £-/ A
♦ are, Jewoirv, etc. ' Repairini: in all its4_i.-B
iranches a specialty, under MR. FLOBHUG.
. —
(Late with Floberg),
Watchmaker and Jeweler. Importer Cr^
.nd Dealer In Watches, -liver* -ire. Jewelry, SOu %
its. Repftlrtn? a spocialty, under Robert Q*__ci_t
Harsh. All country orders promptly attended to.
f otary Public and Cunimlsslonf r of DeeiN.
Real Estate Bought, and Sold on Commli'-sl. n.
Houses rented and rents collected.
A.cvls for the following Insurance Companb » :
1MPER1AL....... of Loncon
LONDON ._ ...of Loncon
NORTHERN..... ..tf Londoiv.
QUEEN ...of Llv_rp.ol
ETNA .....J ....Of Hartford, Co: n
J*AeKrei?a»e Capital, $.t.71C,893.
7 fT No. 47 Fourth street, between J and X, Sac-
rararoto corner of the alley. o-i-lptl .
_Jg J 2 SI B ¥ .V
3fl BE A ™ WORKS
•a**y^jKjL r\*\\v. Ll'-ST VARIETY AND-
. "i^a___i JL Largest Quarries on the
Pacific Coast. Polished Granite Monuments, Tomb- .
stones and Tablets made to order. ; .
'Cranite Building: Stone
Cut, Dressed and Polished to order. ■:'■:■'' sll-lpflm ■
________________________ FIRST FRIZE .
__\\Wiurßluilf^^ OJTATE FAIR AND ME-
fit c ti i-I* «» ' lM »0 chanics' Institute fair,
Igfe£^___& rfifa aw_rded totheCALIFORNIA
X 3J '. 7:£lfje^^ ELASTIC TRUSS, for tbe beet
Truss ever Invented. Address
a— r Tf 0" or call at the CALIFORNIA
HlflfleLt, *^^ t. ELASTIC .. TRUSS .. COM-
PANY, Itt i Market street, San . Francisco. 1 The
" Magnet le Elastic Trms" Did I Not J Be-
ceive a Prize at the Ab»ve Fair*, or Anri-
Stale Fair, Nor Even Favorable Mention,
029-3pSm&BwSmSW ■

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