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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, January 22, 1881, Image 9

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TELEGRAPHIC.
LAST NIGHT'S DISPATCHES TO THE RECORD
UXION.
ANOTHER SEVERE STOBM.
Trains Snowed in and Telegraph
Wires Prostrated.
NATIONAL CAPITAL AFP AIRS, j
Prizes Awarded and Paid for Essays and
Poems.
A SERIOUS RAILROAD ACCIDENT IN ILLINOIS.
Several Firemen iDjured by a Falling Wall
at Chicago.
MISCELLANEOUS FOREIGN MEWS ITEMS.
The Capital of Peru Occupied by the
Chileans Without Resistance.
Elf Etc Etc.
domestic mn.
Another «real Storm in the But.
Yew York, January 21st.— The storm of
hail and rain which broke over this city this
morning originated in the Northwest, and
has moved eastward across the country. Iho
officer in charge of ths Signal Service station
aaid thb inornin? that a storm would prob
ably pass over this city some time this after
noon, to be fallowed this evening by clear
ing, cooler weather. Up to noon to-day the
total amount of water which bad fallen was
a trifle over an inch. Ice formed so heavily
upon the wires connected with the wind
-auge that they broke under the weight. Up
to 7 o'clock this morning the greatest
velocity of the wind was about thirty
miles per hour, but it continued to
increase in force, and at noon was blow
ing over forty miles. The flagpole swayed
to and fro, and while the reporter was in the
office of the Weather Bureau the ice which
had formed upon the flagstaff fell upon the
roof with a startling crash. The storm has
caused an entire suspension of telegraphic
communication throughout the country. The
wires of the U >ld and Stock Telegraph < Jam
pany were interrupted everywhere along
Canal street. A great many poles have been
prostrated by the weight of ice forming upon
the wires, aud about 10 o'clock this running
an officer of the tirst precinct reported that a
number of poles along South street had been
blown down. At the office of the manager of
this system of telegraph, 01 Broadway, it
was stated that the wires were out of order
everywhere, and very few were in working
order. Up to 'J o'clock this morn
ing the wires were in working con
dition in all parts of the city, but at
that hour the accumulation uf ice
upon them became bo heavy that they began
to break, and from that time to 2 P. X, cun
tinuoua reports of broken wires and inter
rupted circuits were nerved. Soon after 9
o'clock this morning one of the derricks upon
the new Stock Exchange was blown over and
fell into Broad street, carrying away in its
fall about twenty-five wires of the Stock Ex
change system of telegraphy. A great loss
to the telegraph companies will be cau&ed by
this interruption of business. The American
Union and Atlantic and Pacific have entirely
suspended business. The streets are in a de
plorable condition, and many crossings are
knee-deep with rain and slush. Ice has
stopped the hands cf church clocks. A high
tide accompanied the storm, and filled the
cellars.
Nkw York, January 21st.— The storm
worked terrible havoc with the telegraph
wires in Jersey City and Newark. The wires
of the Western Union, Continental aud
American Union Telegraph Companies, and
the wires of the telephone companies, were
blown down and carried along the stieets.
Many telegraph poles were also blown down.
Untold damage haa bsen done in Brooklyn.
Up to noon twenty-one telegraph poles had
fallen. Trees are falling all over the city,
and it is absolutely dangerous to be out of
doors. Telegraph wires are lying helter
skelter all over the streets, and thoroughfares
are in a generally dilapidated condition.
Early in the day one of the stanchions sup
porting tha City Hall tower gave way, aud a
little later the west window fell with a crash
to the sidewalk. The damage is said to be in
the neighborhood of $70,000.
New York, January 21st— 11:30 P. M.—
The rain has turned to snow, which is now
general in th:;: vicinity. At Port Jervis, N.
V., the snow is fifteen inches deep, and 8ti!l
falling.
Ashbdrt Park (N\ J.), January 21st.—
The mammoth hotel in course of erection here
was demolished by the gale this afternoon,
the wind bl >wing eighty miles an hour. A
partially completed cottage was blown to
pieces. The storm has done immeme dam
age all alone the Jersey coast.
New York, January 21st. — The storm
played havoc among the vessels ljing in the
North and East rivers. The damage is heavy.
A heavy squall threw the Bhip Sachem on
her side, when she took fire and was partially
destroyed. She was valued at $50,000.
Severe Weather— Train* Snowed In.
Omaha, January 21st. — All day yesterday
and to-day a heavy wind-Eterm has been pre
vailing in Northern Nebraska, filling the air
with clouds of buow and blowing the cuts
full on the line of the Nebraska division of
the Chicago, St. Paul and Omaha Railroad,
entirely stopping travel. The train due here
yesterday afternoon got stuck in the snow
twelve miles north of this city, and the pas
sengers arrived here to-day by wagons. The
train is still snowed in. Anothor train west
bound is stuck between Tekainah and Oak
land, and Etill another near Middle Crest.
A party was sent from Tekamuh this morn
ing to relieve the train near that place. The
snow was blowing fo hard that the men had
to abandon their wagons and go on foot.
Nothing has been heard from the train or
party since noon to-day.
Fire at Chicago— Fireman Injured by a
Failing Wall.
Chicago, January 21_st. — At 7 o'clock to
night a tire broke oat in 317 and 321 Canal
street, occupied by Mayer it Co., and by 10
o'clock the building had been gutted, causing
a total loss of $50,000.
While the tire was raging at its hight a
lofty wall in the rear of the building toppled
over, burying the entire forced of firemen in
that quarter. Following are the casualties :
Captain James Tobin, of No. 1 engine; badly
hurt internally, and will probably die of his
injuries. Captain Ed Murphy, of No. 17 ;
chest and back ; will probably die. Captain
Donohue, severely. Jas. Conway, pipeman ;
internally. Mike McMnllen, one leg broke.
Tom Howard, back and head hurt. Mike
Threl, pipe man, elightly. John Klingen,
slightly. John Quinn, shoulder. Robert
Moore, slightly. Captain Mike Sullivan, se
verely bruised! William Van Osdell. cut in
in the head. Keating, head cut. - Wheeler,
generally bruised. The fall of the wall was
without warning, and the whole force of pipe
men and other firemen were beneath it and
unable to escape when the tardy alarm was
given them. None of their injuries are fatal
except those of Captains Tobin and Murphy.
At 9:30 one of the truckmen was thrown
from his wagon and badly hurt while going
toward the fire.
(SECOND DISPATCH.]
The insurance amounted to $40,000, and
was placed in five companies by E. E. Lyon's
agency in this city. Fifty of the employes
lone all their tool*.
The men who were injured by the fall be
longed to three engine companies.
The latest reports from the injured say that
James Conway and Mike McMullen are in a
critical condition. It is also learned that
policeman Kinney was badly bruised by fall
ing bricks and mortar.
The. Te!esr«pl» Consolidation— A Slupend
on* Enterprise.
New Yobk, January 21st.— The World
says- "The consolidation of the telegraph
companies is but preliminary, as it appear?,
to a rapid and systematic development, un
der the general management of Creneral i.ck- ,
crt of the grand telegraphic network extend
ing around the world, and having its center,
not at London, but at New York. While
Field has been talking about it, the English
man, Bender, has been adding wire to form
his world girdle of 'International Tele
graphs,' the bisis of which was to be a com
plete subordination of the whole cable service
of the world to the cable consolidation effect
ed by Mr. Bender in London. On the 14 :n
of December last the World announced that
the first step toward breaking the continuity
of Bender's grand cosmopolitan coil had been
taken by the American Union Telegraph i
Company, in behalf of which Jay Gould had
ordered from Messrs. Siemens & Co. twonew
cable* of the first class, to be laid at the
earliest possible moment from the coast of
Eaiund to the coast of Newfoundland There
was Wed at Albany. Wednesday, a certificate
ofMMrfation of the American Telegraphand , <
r,bh Tompany. TS.is company is organized
? }L t Z.ose of owning, constructing pur- ;
for the P^wjJJ: l c and maintain- ■
ing a land a °V The capital stock cf the
increase the same to such an amonut as may
be necessary to build the lines of telegraph
and cable contemplated by the company.
Under the consolidation of the telegraph com
uanies, the American Teletrraph and Cable
Company co-operatirg with the new organi
zation, will at once proceed not only to in
crease their existing cable facilities between
this country and Europe, and to extend
X uthward the Cable which now c innecta this
country with Cuba and the Weßt Indies, so
as to secure for the great coffee trade of the
United States direct telegraphic communica
tion with Brazil, but aUo to lay cables under
the Pacific from San Francisco to Honolulu.
From Honolulu one cable will be laid under
! the north Pacific to Japan, connecting there
| with the cable from Itaki to Shanghai in
i China ; and another under the south Pacific
by wiy of EUices Island and the Friendly
Isles to New Caledonia, and thence to Bris
bane in Australia, where it will connect
with the Australian and New Zealand
cable system in one direction, and with
the Australian and Straits system in another
direction. It i* not the intention of the com-
I pany to adopt ths idea of Evarts of taking
for Government guarantee on these Pacific
lines, as it is well ascertained that if these
cables are constructed on sound principles,
and managed with judgment and economy,
they cannot fail to be remunerative. Should
the Government desire it, however, connec
tion may be made from Vancouver Island, by
way of Alaska, with Petropaulovski, and
thence with the north of Japan ; and for such
connection it would Eeem to be proper and
fair that the Governments of Russia aud Ja
pan, as well at the I'nitfd States, should as
sume reasonable pecuniary responsibility,
&ince, excepting in connectl n with the whal
ins; interest, which now tuffers greatly from
remoteness and the inaccessibility of the seas
in which it is so largely prosecuted, no very
profitible business is likely to be developed
on that part of this wurld-wide cable for
some years, certainly, to come. Under new
arrangements our telegraphic communication
with the west coast of Mexico, with Central
America and with South America can and
will be pushed forward with great rapidity."
Injunction Against the Miinajtern of tin 1
Three Telegraph «'ou»i»aiil«'*.
NKW YOKE, January 21st.— The Times
says : Plaintiff Hatch is the owner of 100
shares of the American Union Company's
stock, and an iniuuetion ia brought in behalf
of himse'f and all other stockholders of the
American Union Company who may come in
and claim the benefit to be sought to be pro
cured by this means — that ia, the prevention
.if the consolidation of the three telegraph
companies. Mr. Ha»ch sayßin his complaint
that the American Union Telegraph Com
pany was started to overcome a monopoly
which was created wheu the Western Union
Telegrsph Company obtained control of the
Atlantic and Pacific Company, and to bring
about a healthy competition, which inures to
the benefit of the commercial public. He says
that when he became a stockholder in the
American Union Company he expected it to
make large profits from the patronage which
the public generally would give it as an
advocate of cheap telegraphing, and that the
American Union Company has now, \y an
expenditure of about §10,000, 000, procured as
complete a system of telegraph lines and
equipment* as that which is possessed by the
Western Union Company, whose capital I
stock of §40,000,000 represents the value of
its lines and equipments. With its capital of
§10,000,000, Mr. Hatch Fays the American
Union Company can earn as much as the
Wfstern Union Company with its $40,000,
--000 capital. He alleges that the combination
or conspiracy has been entered into between
lha Dirrct. rs of his company and oth.. ! r com
panies for the purpose of their own gain, and
not for the benefit of stockholders — to con
solidate all liuei and companies anl to re
erect a monopoly in tha telegraph business.
For that purpose those Directors propose to
idsue an additional capital of 54.000,000, tn be
added to the existing capital of §40,000,000 of
the Western Union Company, which $4,000,000
additional capital is to be distributed in shares
without any cash being paid in return fir
s.uch shares. The additional capital of
§4,000 000, he says, is to represent the mate
rials that coat only 810,000,000. Mr.
Hatch alleges that this is contrary to the in
terests of trade and commerce, and is against
the policy of law, and that the P>oard of
Directors of the American Union Company
have no power to sell cut that company. He
asks the Court, upon these grounds, to inter
vene and prevent by injunction the threat
ened irreparable damage to him and other
stockholders. The affidavit made by Hatch
in support of his application for a temporary
injunction, which he has obtained, is volumi
nous, and recites more in detail the circum
stances related in the complaint. In the in
junction is a provision directing the defend
ants to show cause in the Supreme Court
Chambers, Monday next, why the injunction
should not be continued until the determina
tion of the suit.
The I'itui'ii Commission Investigation.
Chicago, January 21st. — The Tribunes
Washington special snys : The members of
the Ponca Commission have passed a resolu
tion declariLg secrecy as to their proceedings,
and are preparing their report, which they
now expect to «übrr>it to the President in
about a week. No official information is ob
tained f:oin them as to the result of their
visit or their report. It is alleged, however,
that there will be two reports — a majority
and minority. The majority report will sup
port Tibbies andJßright Eyes, and generally
take the Boston side of the case, and will be
.-igned by the two military members of the
Commission — Generals Cook and Miles and
by a civilian from Boston (Walter Allen). The
minority report, which will certainly sustain
the Interior Department, will be signed by
Stickney of Washington, the otlur civilian
member of the Commission, who has at dif
ferent periods had some connection with the
Interior Department. Stickney is under
stood to have been the member of the Com
mission who telegraphed from the Indian
Territory to the President that the Commis
sion could not hire a Ponca to return to Da
kota. It was thi3 di:-patch which the Com
mission recently reported was unauthorized.
It is very evident that unless all reports are
untrue the story told by the Indian chiefs
here was either not their whole case or else a
majority of the Ponca Commission has been
deceived.
De.ilh of Mr*. General Sutler.
Lancaster (Pa.), January 21st. —Mrs.
Sutter, widow of the late General Sutter,
died Wednesday evening at Litiz.
"Lord Dnmlreary" liraii.
Philadelphia, January 21st. — A cable
gram from London announces the death of
K. A. Sothern, the actor,
Uallroad Arcldent— Several Persons Fa
tally Injured.
Chicago, January 21st. — Three passenger
cars of an express train on the Chicago, Rock
Island and Pacific Railway which left Coun
cil Blurfs yesterday morning for Chicago,
were thrown from the track by a broken rail
near Pond Creek, 111., early this morning.
Two passengers were fatally injured and four
so seriously hurt that they were obliged to
remain at the hotel at Tiskilwa, 111., under a
dtictor's care. Mrs. Kerley, of Nevada, 0.,
was so badly burned that she died in a few
hours after the accident occurred. The con
ductor of the train was badly burned about
the hands and face in his efforts to extin
guish the flames iD which Mrs. Kerley was
enveloped. Matt. Phelp* of Grinnell, la.,
received such internal injuries that it is
thought that he cannot recover.
Two Murders In Texas.
Chicago, January 21st. — Noah Rawlings,
during a drunken Bpree yesterday at Dela
ware Bend, on Red river, Texas, assaulted
George Barnett with a pistol, and was shot
and killed by Barnett.
A soldier of Company F, Sixteenth In
fantry, was shot and killed in cold blood in
San Ongelo, Texas, near Fort Concho, night
before last, by a gambler named R. G. Wat
son, who, after the murder, was furnished
with a fleet horse by friends, and escaped.
A Saloon-keeper Killed.
Colcmbcs (O ), January 21st.— A special
to the Daily Dispat-h sayß : Last night a
saloon-keeper near here, named Lafferty, put
two men named Alhnan and Jones out of his
sale on for raising a disturbance. The men
broke open the door of the place, re-entered
and killed Lstferty with a chunk of iron.
' They were arrested and are now in jail at
Ne'.sonville.
w lie Murderer Hanged.
Danville (111), January 21st. — Frederick
Kester, for the murder of his wife in August,
1579, was hanged in the jail yard to-day at 1
o'clock. He died without a stnigcle. His
crime was a bloody and unprovoked one.
: He had been niarritd but a year, and had
' constantly maltreated his wife, so that her
i father threatened to take her from him. j
I Kester, on the night of the murder, shot his
wife with a gun, and failing to kill her, had
beaten her brains cut with an ax, then ■
dragged her body to some tall woods near the '
house, and taking his swiftest horse fled the !
place. He was tracked to lowa and brought
back lor trial.
Murder and Suicide.
Chicago, January 21st. — A special to the i
Enning Journal from Genoa, Livingston
county, Michigan, says that Wm. Van Blar
coa\ & farmer liviue near there, yesterday
shot his wife dead and then killed himself.
Cause, drink and family troubles. :
Sniride of a Young Lnili .
Ouaha (Neb), January 21st. — Fanny
Pepper, a young lady &<ied 17 years, sni- \ '
cided with strychnine at Brownsville Tues- !
day. She had been jilted Ly her lover, who ! '
refused to pay the dry goods bills she had '
contracted in the expectation of marrying
him.
Death Before Disgrace.
Chicago. January 2Ut. — This morning a j (
body was found floating near the lake shore, | '
which was identified as that of J. A. Cope
land, a young man of excellent family and
reputation, who had be',n cashier for Al
drich, Milne & Co., and 'whose aJcouuts had
just been found to be., short. He had evi
dently been unable to bear the digrace of ex
posure, and had go-je to a secluded spot and
blown out his brains.
The Senatorial Contests.
Nashville, January 21st.— The eighteenth
ballot stood : Maynard SG, Bealey 13, Bales
31, R. L. Taylor 13, Bright 3, L. L. Haw
kins 2, It. E. Butler 1, Etheridge 3, Smith 1,
Harrison 1. On the thirteenth, fourteenth,
fifteenth and sixteenth ballots Maynard re
ceived 47 votes — the full Republican strength.
Liscoln (Neb.), January 21st. — The Sena
torial contest in Nebraska, so far as the elec
tion is cjneerned, will probably be settled by
to-morrow's vote, or by Monday at farthest;
but the indications are that there will be a
legislative investigation into the means by
which the interests of certain candidates were
sought to be advanced. A charge is made
that money was offered to-day to several
members to vote for one candidate.
Nashville, January 21st. — Caucuses were
held to-night by both Republicans and Low
tax Democrats. The former agreed to give
three more ballots for Maynard to-morrow,
and if these failed to elect, to cast the Re
publican vote for ex- Congressman Harrison.
The Low-tax Democratic caucus resolved to
continue the policy heretofore pursued.
The Gram Retirement Kill.
Washington, January 21st. — The vote in
committee on reporting favorably the Grant
retirement bill was as follows: Ayes —
tors Logan, Burnside, Plumb and Cameron
of Pennsylvania. Noes— Senators Randolph,
Oockrell and Grover. The other two Demo
cratic members of the committee, namely,
Maxey and Hampton, were absent from the
city, the latter having been called to South
Carolina a day or two ago by the dangerous
illness of his sister.
Latest About Sitting Bull.
Chicago, January 21st.— The following was
•received at military headquarters yesterday :
St. Paul, January 20th.— News just received by
way of Fort Buford, from Allison, the scout, is to
the effect that the larger part of Sitting; Bull's band,
consisting of 50 lodges, is now on its way to Buford
to surrender. Sitting Bull himself with 40 lodges
has moved northward, aud is doubtless by this tio.e
across the Canadian line. He has been persuaded
to this course by a man named Thompson, a de
serter from the "Canadian police, who lives in Sit
ting Bull's camp, and who has adopted Indian
habits. 1 suggest that representations in regard to
the conduct of this man should be mode to the
British authorities. I lent orders to General Ruger
to suspend the march of the Assiuibohie column.
TERRY.
It will he seen by the above that the troops
are not to be permitted to pursue Sitting Bull
across the Canadian line.
Prize* Awarded.
Washington, January 2Ut.— prizes
offered by Hiaton Rowan Helper for essays
and poems which (should most vigorously ad
vocate the project of a great backbone rail
way, or, as Helper calls it, the Three Amer
icas Railway, have been awarded •by a
committee which consists of Hon. Thomas
Allen, Hon. Carlos S. Greely and Professor
Horace M. Morgan, as follows : Frank Fred
erick Hilder, St. Louis, prose, si, 300; Fred
erick A. Beelen, Cortland-on-Hudson, N. V.,
prose, SI, 200; William Wharton Archer,
Richmond, Va . prose, §1.000; Frank D. Y.
Carpenter, New York city, poetry, $1,000 ;
Frederick A. Dickens, Norwich, Ontario,
poetry, 8500. Forty-nine essays and poem*
were submitted by forty-stven contestaitr.
The prize-takers have received their money.
The committee say to Helper : "We incline
to the opinion that there are but few if any
clear-headed thinkers in this or any other
country, who will arise from a careful pe
rusal of the five successful papers without
giving hearty assent to the general correct
ness cf your own views in relation to this
stupendous enterprise."
Westward-Bound PaHsengcrit.
Omaha, January 21st.— The following
through passengers were on to-day's train,
leaving at 12:15 P. M., to arrive in Sac
ramento January 25th : Samuel Edwards,
Mrs. R. M. Edwards, H. S. Kent, U. Simon,
W. H. Lent, San Francisco ; James McDon
ald. Bodie; L. C. Griffin, Kenosha, Wis. ;
S. D. Sollers, Philadelphia ; J. E. listen and
wife, Modesto ; Mrs. James Ward, North
ampton, Mass.; Martin H. Hechl, Portland,
Oregon; J. Gurndsheimer, Baltimore; Pay
master H. R. Sullivan, George Barnholt,
United States Navy. %: ':■-
Thirty-nine through emigrants left on last
night's emigrant train, to arrive in Sacra
mento January 23th.
Sugar-Making in Minnesota.
Minneapolis, January 21st.— The i sugar
cane growers of Minnesota in convention to
day unanimously adopted the following :
Eetolced, That as a proof of the encouragement
we feel, and as indicative of our prospects of success,
a barrel of sugar now on exhibition be sent to Pres
ident-elect Garfield with our compliments, suggest
ing as it does not only the care and protection which
the Government should extend to so great an in
dustry, but the now famous maxim of the distin
guished recipient, " Nothing like success."
Antl-Rull Butter Movement.
Chicago, January 21<t. — One hundred
commission merchants have signed a pledge
not to sell oleomargarine, butterine or any
other villainous compounds of that class, and
| to do all in their power to discountenance
and prevent their sale by others. Tho war
against the deleterious and unsavory com
pound seems likely to spread and become
I extremely vigorous. • -r
Proposed steamer for Alaskan Water*.
New Yoek, January 2lßt.— The Herald
says : The warm recommendation which the
San Francisco Chamber of Commerce makes
in behalf of Secretary Sherman's suggestion
to build a strong steamer for the Alaskan
waters will meet a response from all inter
ested in our " Arctic frontier." Should Con
gress now authorize the building of such an
ice vessel, experience suggests that she should
have sharp rather than full lines, so that
when pressed by ice she would more easily
escape being nipped and crushed. She would
thus be admirably adaDted for the most gen
eral service, and would be finished possibly
in time to carry an expedition in search of
the Jeannette, should necessity require the
dispatch of relief to the American Arctic
explorers north of Wrangel Land.
Death of Archbishop I'ureeU's Brother.
Cincinnati, January 21st. — Father Ed
ward Parcel], brother to the Archbishop and
manager of the disastrous Church Banking
concern here, whose failure cost the depos
itors several million dollars, died of apoplexy
last night.
Flouting Ice In the Ohio.
Cincinnati, January 21st — Ice coming
down from the Licking river damaged boats
and barges to the extent ot -512,000. A break
300 miles long, from Pomeroy to Pittsbuig,
is hourly expected.
Presentation.
Nashville, January 21st. — Annie Pixley,
the actress, performips: M'liss at the Masonic
Theater, was the recipient to-night of a testi
monial from the citizens in the shape of a
rich set of jewelry. The formal presentation
took place on the stage during the perform-
I ance.
earthquake In Maine.
Bath (Me.), January 21st. — A shock of
earthquake was felt here last night.
Fre»hets at Louisville.
Louisville, January 21st. — The liver is
rising, and the ice and high water are doing
some damage. .
Powder lor California.
St. Loots, January — Sixty thousand
pounds of powder wasshipped yesterday from
the Government powder depot at the arsenal,
fourteen miles below the city, for Benicia,
California.
silver and Slocks. -
New York, January 21st.— Silver bars,
illH; money, 5@6; Governments quiet;
! stocks closed weak; Western Union, 115$;
I Quicksilver, 15; Pacific, 543; Mariposa, 4;
i Well-, Fareo & Co., 116 ; New York Cen-
I tral, 152 ; Erie, 501 ; Panama, ex-dividend,
! 226 bid ; Union Pacific, 120? ; bonds, 113} ;
! Central Pacific, 92 ; bonds, 113 ; Sutro, IJ.
FOBEIG* NEWS.
The Sooth American War-Lima ©ecu*
: pled by the Chileans.
London, January 21st.— dispatch from
Buenos Ayres, dated January 20th, says :
The Chileans attacked and completely de
feated the Peruvian army at Miroflores.
General Pierola, President of Peru and
Commander-in-Chief of the army, fled.
The Chileans occupied Lima, the Capital,
without resistance on the 17th instant.
General Perdas and a brother of the Peru
vian Minister of War were taken prisoners.
The Peruvian loss in the battle at Chorral
las is said to have been 7,000 killed and 2,000
prisoners.
Twenty-five thousand Peruvians were en
! gaged in the battle at Miroflores. The
j Chilean loss in both battles was heavy.
The diplomatic body at Lima have urged a
conclusion of the armistice, and ask that the
person of Senor Pierola be respected.
REPORT CONFIRMED. ;
Loxdon, January 221— A. M.— Th3 Chile
, ans occupy Lima.
f. Discharged for Waul of Evidence. •.
Cork, January — Neil, Secretary of
' the Cork Land League, recently summoned
! on a charge of intimidation by writing threat
j ening letters, has ! een discharged for want of
| evidence to sustain the chirge. ■■' ■, ■ \ -."
■ Forty-nine | members of the Land League
j ■will re summoned at Listowe on a charge of
seditious conspiracy.
Alleged Conspirators Caplnred. /.
St. Petersburg, January 21st. — men
! and two women have been arrested here en
suspicion of belonging to a secret society.
I The police discovered |at their house a pro
gramme of the extreme terroist faction of the
Nihilists, which recommends murder and in
cendiarism. A quantity of revolvers, dag
gers, axes, machinery for the manufacture of
forged passports, a portion of a secret print
ing press, and a large number of revolution
ary proclamations were also found.
Opposition to Coercion.
Los don, January 2lst. — Joseph Cowen
(Radical), M. P. for Newcastle-on-Tyne, and
Parnell, will address a public meeting •in
London on the 4th of February, to protest
against coercion. ' •v.V" "- ■■-■■. .'< ,
Gaiubetta's Ke-eltctlou.
Paris. January 2M.— Gambetta was re
elected President of the Chamber of Deputies
yesterday, receiving 203 votes— three more
than in 1880. when his friends sought to ex
plain the falling off by alleeing that the elec
tion was hurried. The Extreme Left evi
dently did not vote for him, as 45 votes were
thrown away on other persons.
Kiis«*i:i and China.
St. Petersburg, Jauuaiy 21»t.— Marquis
Tzin?, the Oninew Embassador, has given
notice to the Russian Government that China
will adhere to the stipulations drawn up at
St. Petersburg, which consequently will be
embodied in the treaty.
The Greek Question.
London, January — Later reports are
more favorable for a peaceful solution of the
Greek question.
PACIFIC COAST ITEMS.
Cock-fighting at Reno, Nevada, nearly
every night.
Eagles are killing lambs at laqua, Ham
bold t county.
A jet-black deer has been seen in El
Dorado county.
There were forty- eight deaths in Oak
land in December.
Louis Pierce'a estate, Suisun, is inven
toried at $705,000.
Vallfjo's haunted Louse continues to
furnish spectral talcs.
la Sonoma county Ust year there were
\i'l marriages, 212 deaths and 293 births.
Laramie county, Wyoming Territory, has
paid out $1,000 as wolf bounty within a
year past.
Contra Costa county has 39 districts and
5'J schools, and pays its Superintendent
31,800 a year.
The office of the Boulder Mining Com
pany at Cataract City, Montana, has been
destroyed by fire.
The average amount at wool sheared from
each sheep in Coos county, Oregon, last
year was 1 1 0 pounds.
Denver, Col., proposes to form a com
pany to put up a large building and hold a
national mining exposition.
A young daughter of Byron Waters, San
Bernardino, was severely burned last week
and narrowly escaped death.
For the first time in the history of Mon
tana, eleighing ia good the entire distance
from Bozeman to Virginia City.
Jerry Forney, a colored man at Santa
Barbara, i 3 arranging aa exodus of colored
people from his old home in North Caro
lina.
The first flock of sheep brought to Mon
tana for the purpose of wool-growing were
brought from the Pacitic coast in the year
1574.
The cold weather in Idaho has chut
down most of the churches. Only two are
in operation at Baise City- -the Methodist
and the Catholic.
The Government is rewarding the Indi
ans of Devil Lake, D. T., with a Hour mill
for their industry in raising 15,000 bushels
of grain last year.
Three temples are being built in Utah by
the Mormons — one at Salt Lake, one at
Logan and one at Manti. Their cost will
aggregate many millions.
Jennie Taylor, the only woman in the
Nevada State Prison, has been pardoned.
Jennie was convicted of an asßault with in
tent to kill, in Winnemucca, and sentenced
to two years' imprisonment.
Farm hands are ?o scarce in Merced
county that when E. M. Stoddard was
seeding Et Capitan Park with barley he
found it difficult to obtain necessary as
sistants, even at the rate of $1 per hour.
The difficulty between the settlers of
the Central California Colony, located in
Fresno county, near the Fresno switch,
and the colony authoritits, has been settled,
and the colonists have received their deeds.
The underground surveyors in the hot
Conihtock mineß, as well as the miners, use
respirators rilled with ice. The contriv
ances are made of gauze wire to fit over the
face, and a piece ot ice put inside the mask
keeps the air cool.
Oregon papers are recalling that there
are now almost a3 many voters in Curry
county alone as there were in the whole
district embracing Oregon and Washington
at the time that the Provincial Governor
was elected in 1845.
The Utah and Northern Railroad has
twenty-one locomotives actively employed
and fifteen new ones ordered. As each
locomotive requires ten box and two flat
cars, the total rollicg-stock for ISSI will
be 720 cars and thirty-six locomotives.
The Independent is the the title of a
semi-weekly journal published at Oakland,
with Dan W. Gelwicks as editor. Its
typographical appearance ia excellent, and
if kept up to the standard of the first
number in the way of matter, cannot be
otherwise than a success.
The finest team ever seeu in San Bernar
dino, passed through that place last week
from Bodie, bound for Arizona. It con
sisted of twelve horses weighing from 1,200
to 1,500 pouuds each. They drew three
freight wagons and took S.OOO pounds of
barley anda lot of baled hay.
A snow-slide recently occurred at Brown
Mountain, nearSilverton, Col., covering up
the Pride of the Alps mine. The foreman
and the blacksmith were in the cabin at
the mouth of the upper tunnel, and escaped
destruction by rushing into the tunnel.
The shop was completely demolished.
Says the Eureka (Nev. ) Sentinel : "In
the old drifts of the Builwhacker mine are
fungi, which g^ows from the bottom of the
old timbers to the tops, and is as white as
the snow. A slight skin forms a covering,
like that over a mushroom, and the mo
ment that is broken the size and beautiful
form disappear, leaving but a flaky, skinny
substance clinging to the post."
FLOUR AND GRAIN.
Report of fl.;ur and pram remaining in the
State of California on January 1, 1881, as
taken by the Sin Francisco Produce Ex
change:
■ ■ Ml \KA7IW. HTATRMKNT.
ily 1,1880
imiarv 1, 1880
il.v 1, 1879
inuaiv 1. 1870 „
lly 1, 1878 '■■'.'.'.".'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'."".
inuriry 1, IS7B
)t»ls
n Francisco and Onkland wharf, includinfr wheat aflnat in harbor..
irllicrn couat, Kunaiun river and l'<:tahinm
ipu Valloy lUilromi, Vallejo, and California Pacific llailroad . , ,
crarnonto valley a»'l river
>wer Havramunto, lower San Joa<|iiiii &ml Suisun Bay
n Francisco Kay nndin(f». east Bldc
. P. 11. It. from Sun Lcumlro to Livcrmoro
rckton ami Hun Joaqultl valloy „.,
I. H. It from Keduoiid to Hollmtcr, including A1via0. .......,,
UnM and l'ujarii vulle>B
mtli. in coast \ '
'. 11.
Francisco
30,034
4,o»o,H''fi 83,038
t 37,780
6,781, 76,130
20,231
2,046,811 67,187
1,133,801
2.1K12.1
Wheat.
Ctlg.
2,207,1
147,/
:sn (
llarloy.
(His.
soo -
7,101
Mil '- ■J,1!1.>
r.,4 1 1
M
I'll".
Ctls.
1...VV/..1
118,1
B, IB
20
" ( '°
itoiillK.
011b.
111
■ i
it.riVi
11. i
Com.
CUM.
88.712 r.,08^
22,2:17 38.712
«1,:154 22,237
3,901 n0
:i,wi
4,632
"ioo
' 2,670
Rye.
Oils.
SOCIAL WASHINGTON.
RiTTLING CHAT ABOUT LEADING PEOPLE
AT THE CAPITAL. •

A State Dinner and Who Attended— A
Flfty-four-Fifty Romance and
How It Ended.
Washington, January 13, 18S1.
Congress has given itself industriously
to business since its resumption on the
sth. With the slight improvement in the
weather the social world has gone seri
ously into the business of enjoying itself,
although the streets are still almost im
passable from accumulations of melted and
unmelted snow. Probably the difference
between those who " can go in chaises,"
and those who " must walk, be ja9es," was
never more uncomfortably felt by the lat
ter than now, but both kinds are out, with
praiseworthy fidelity, making the appro
priate and deferential "first call" upon
official families of high grade iv all depart
ments of the Government.
WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOW,
Like Budge and Toddio, " how the wheels
go round? " Well, Monday is the day for
the Supreme Court Justices' families, the
Capital Hill ladies and those residing at j
the National and the Riggs' Hotels. Sen- j
ators' wives boarding at the hotels, how
ever, keep their own day, Thursday. Mon
day, too, the venerable George Bancroft
and wife receive. A few very "swell' 1
Congressmen's wives also take Monday as
their day, but the majority of them receive I
on Tuesday, unless boarding at one of the
above hotels. There is no perfunctory day
for Congressmen's wives. They make the j
first call upon Senators' wives, Cabinet I
and Supreme Court ladies, and the newer
members' wives make the lirst call on
the older ones. They make up the
"rank and file, 1 ' it one may so put
it, of the officio-social world here ;
though if their husbands are men of high
consideration or great wealth, or dis- ]
tiuguished family connection, their social I
status is governed by the last-named con
sideration more than by the fact of their
belonging to the unaristocratic but power
ful American House of Commons. Only in
priority of calls all must succumb to estab- |
lished usage. Tuesday is also the day
for ladies at the Ebbitt, Willard's and
Arlington Hotels, and for General Sher- |
man's family and the Admiral of the j
Navy's. WedneacUj; is the Cabinet ladies'
day, and for the wife of the Speaker of
the House of Representatives. Such ,
wives of members uf Congress as live im- j
mediately in the neighborhood of a ma- j
jority of the Ctbiaet receive on j
Wednesdays, as a matter of con
venience * for their friends. Mrs.
Horace Davis is one of these. This
lady and her husband, from their high
social connection and their attractive per- J
sonal qualities, have from the first been j
sought for among the most coveted circles, i
Their departure after March 4th ia greatly '
regretted in advance. They were last
night at Mrs. Dahlgren's brilliant party in |
honor of the newly-chosen Senator, Conger, j
of Michigan, and wife. President Garfield
would do a popular thing, for Washington
at least, if he would put Mr. Davis in his
Cabinet.
THURSDAY
The wives of Senators receive. Occa
sionally some Senator's wife at a board
ing-house will invite the members' wives
also boarding there to make her day
their own, and they will shine around
her like the planets around the moon, she
being the central figure. This is the case
at Mrs. Logan's boarding- place, the brill
iant and popular wife of the Senator from
Illinois. Senators' wives out-rank the Cab- I
met ladies and all the Supreme Judges' j
wives except the Chief Justice, and there
fo. j must receive the first call. Friday
more of the diplomatic families receive |
calls than on any other day, and it |
is generally called diplomatic day. |
Also some Congressmen's wives have
it as their own, and many lead
ing old citizens of Washington. Saturday
ia Mrs. Hayes' weokly reoeption-day. She i
at first tried Friday, simply for the pleag- j
ure of innovation, it would seem, but went
back to Saturday after a few weeks. Thus
you see that the industrious caller may
start out Monday afternoon, and keep busy I
till Saturday night, each day meeting well- j
dressed ladies at their own homes, who go J
through all the forms of being glad to see
yon, and on Saturday finding a brilliant j
crowd at the White-House reception, the
great social exchange for the week. It is j
a scene of vivid coloring and of harmless
gossip. The great east parlor is filled
with ladies in handsome street costumes, |
with a few gentlemen sandwiched in. It is j
all a hollow show, my friends, but it is a
part and parcel of official life that is not
without its uses.
THIS INTEKMINCLIXG
Between families of different official status,
and different families of the same status,
softens much of the asperity of political i
life. These usaaes also help strangers to |
become acquainted, superficially, at least,
at the capital, which would be a dreary
place for them if no such possibility ex
isted. The officers of the army and navy, '
below the highest grade of each, have no
distinctive day to which all the world is .
welcome. They receive personal friends
only, as a general thing. Some of the
most exclusive of them are' angry if called
upon by strangers.
THE CABINET FAMILIES
Usually set a lunch-table for their callers,
aud one daughter of the house will preside
at the table in the dining-room, serving
chocolate to her visitors. Nearly always |
some lady friend outside the house is in
vited to assist at these receptions, some- I
times a young belle .or distinguished !
married lady from some other city.
For instance, at the Cabinet recep
tion yestorday, Miss Lizzie Mills,
daughter of D. O. Mills, assisted the
wife and daughters of the Secretary of
State. She wore a rich, dark purple vel- !
vet. Afterwards she dined at the Ebbitt j
House, as the guest of Miss Lauise McCul- j
loch, the gifted and charming daughter of I
the ex-Secretary of the Treasury. At the
residence of Secretary Sherman, Mrs. |
Miles, wife of General Miles, and niece of j
the Secretary and the General, assisted her |
aunt. The parlors were thronged for I
two hours, bo very many wished |
to congratulate Mrs. Sherman on
her husband's nomination for the |
Senate. Mrs. Maynard, wife of the Post- '.
master-General, who is an invalid, and re
ceived sitting, was assisted by Mrs. Claflin,
an eminent lady, wife of the Massachu- i
setts Representative of that name who |
was formerly Governor of his State. She j
is one of the leading ladies of society here, |
and noted for systematic benevolence. I
She has a grand-daughter of Henry Ward
P.eecher visiting her, a Misß Harriet j
Scovill. I digress to mention that the wife
of General Jos. R. Hawley, now Repre- j
sentative from the Firat Connecticut Dis- I
trict, but already nominated for the Sen
ate, ia a first cousin to the Beechers, and !
is named Harriet, like Mrs. Stowe, after j
a mutual aunt. She ia
ONE OF THE CHOICEST WOMEN
At the capital. For two years past ahe
ha 3 been lame from a fall, and walks with j
crutches, but she goes freely, and ia an j
inspiration and a joy wherever ahe goes, j
The Misses Schurz, of whom there are two, ,
Agatha and Marian, had Miss Cntts of '•
Washington, to receive with them yesterday, i
Mrs. Ramsey, wife of the Secretary of
War, wa} the only lady who received alone, j
She is slowly recovering from an illness, !
and sat in her chair ; but she is majeßtic in '
bearing, and beautiful foraladyof her years.
The rrteption was a distinguished one.
Her only daughter, Mrs. Turner, of Phila
delphia, is in bereavement for the loss of a :
young child ia October, and doe» not go
into society. Her little son and daughter !
sat demurely in their grandmamma's '
parlor, while she received, one each sidethe ■
fireplace. It is expected that Secretary :
Rimsey will succeed Senator McMillan of
Minnesota, after March 4th. He was a
popular and influential Senator, once be
i fore, retiring in 1875.
A STATE DINNER.
To-night a state dinner is progressing at ;
the Executive Mansion. It began at 7, , <
and will close between 9 and 10, or there
abouts. The dinner proper closes sooner,
but there is conversation and promenading
afterwards. The vestibule had seats ar
ranged at one end for the Marine Band,
and the promenade hall was draped with
Hags, the main staircase also. The state
dinner-room was adorned with Bowers on ;
the mantels and in the windows, both
potted plants and many bouquets. Palms .
were growing in their tubs, and tulip?,
white and red, blossoming in pots ; beside
tall bouquets of choice roies and other
flowers in very handsome vases on each
end of the mantel. The side-boards had
more flowers upon them, and also sup
! ported the new set of china designed by
' Theodore Davis, and manufactured at
j Limoges, so artistic and so hideous, with
j all manner of birds, beasts and creeping
! things careering over the plates, cups and
! saucers. The table was very handsome
with flowers. Two immense bouquets of
red poiuscttas and white roses, with hya-
I cinths, were the chief ornaments upon the
long, oval crystal center- piece. Each
guest had two bouquets, one in front of
his or her plate and one on the napkin,
the gentleman's in the latter case being a
i boutonniere, the lady's a small hand-bou
quet. The name of the guest assigned to
each plate was neatly written on a card
about 2i by 3V inches, stamped in gilt
with the coat of arms of the United States.
EACH GENTLKMAN
I Had, beneath this card, another card con
i taining a plan of the table, with the name
j and place of each guest, so that none need
!by accident be unknown to him. On re-
I entering the vestibule from the dining-room
at the right, each newly- arrived party is
escorted by an usher to the blue parlor.
When the first group arrive, the President
. and Mrs. Hayes come down the stairs to
the blue parlor to receive them. Succes
sive guests come rapidly in, till the num
| ber is complete. In the vestibule each
gentleman is furnished with an envelope
addressed to him and containing the name
of the lady whom he is to escort. After
greeting the President and Mrs. Hayes,
in company with his wife (if he has one
with him) he goes to find the lady who is
to be his fate for the evening, and thus
j pairs are formed for going out to the table.
I They pass from the blue parlor through
the red parlor, which has two doors lead
ing into the state dining-room. Through
one of these the President and the lady
j he escorts leads the procession ; through
the other Mrs. Hayes, accompanied by her
escort. Each is followed by the guests who
| ,vill sit on that side of the table. The
! President sits on the middle of one side,
| and his wife on the middle of the other.
The leading guest and wife are of course
the companions respectively of the Presi
! dent and Mrs. Hayes. To-night it was
j mainly a dinner in honor of the Supreme
I Court, and Chief Justice Waite escorted
'■ Mrs. Hayes, while the President took out
Mrs. Waite.
THE GUESTS.
t Beginning with the right of the Presi-
I dent, the guest 3 to-night are seated thus :
I Mrs. Waite ; Justice Swayne, Mrs. Brad
; ley; Justice Field, Mrs. Pendleton ; Sen
; ator David Davis (formerly a Supreme
I Justice), Mrs. Reed ; Kepresentaaive
j Tucker, Miss Dora Scott of New Orleans
I (a guest of Mrs. Hayes) : Representative
Williams ; Reprca«ntativ« llcod, Miss
Morgan of New York (a guest of Mrs.
Hayes) ; Senator Pendleton, Mrs. Harlan ;
ex-Justice Strong, Mrs. Edmunds ; the
Secretary of War ; then Mrs. Hayes.
At his right as follows : The Chief Justice ;
Justice Miller, Mrs. Field ; Mrs. Williams,
Justice Bradley ; Mrs. Tucker, Senator
Carpenter ; Wmtelaw Reid, Miss Mills ;
Representative Robinson ; Juatice Woods
(the new A^ociate Justice ; Senator
Edmunds, Mrs. Carpenter, Justice Harlan,
| Mrs. Strong, the Attorney-General, Mrs.
Miller, the last-named lady being seated at
the President's left. There were four more
I gentlemen than ladies, and they had to
j " bach " it, as it is called ; that is, go out
two by two. These were seated at the
j four corner seats of the table — each end
! seating four guests. Justice Wbodl has
| not yet brought oa his wife; Whitelaw
Reid is a bachelor ; Senator David Davis
is a widower ; the Attorney-* iuneral a
bachelor ; Representative Robinson has no
i wife with him, and Mrs. Swayne is quite
i infirm this winter and does not go in
j society. Two of these unfortunates
j balanced the two blooming young lady
I guests. The party by Mrs. Dahlgren,
| above referred to, is doubtless the
\ initial one of several that will be given by
i prominent people to the newly-fledged
1 Senators, though these generally take the
j form of dinners. They are a pleasant and
I stately welcome to their new spheres of
i action. When General Gariield was elected
j to the Senato last winter such
A RUSH OF FESTIVITIES
i In his honor occurred, as made many prc
i diet even then that he would be the Re
publican nominee for President. Mr. and
Mrs. Conger, whom Mrs. Dahlgren feted,
have quite a romance. They were
engaged lovers in their youth, but
"whom first we love, you know,
we seldom wed." But a few years
since, perhaps about eight, when he was I
I shriveled and 54, and she was fat and at
least 50, and both were widowed, he
looked up from the floor of the House one j
day, and saw his old love seated in the
gallery. He went up to call on her
promptly. They knew, it seems, of each
others disconsolate condition. She asked
him, courteously, to call at her boarding
place. He said, '"That depends on how I
may come," and they arrived at an un
derstanding on the spot. They are devoted
lovers ; she sits in one particular seat iv
the gallery and looks at him a great share
of her time. She is an estimable old lady,
and would be a good character for Dickens.
When she learned of his nomination to
the Senate, the other day, it is ssid that
I she went into a state of hysttrical joy. A
| gainsaying world would perhaps envy
I neither of them the possession of the other ;
j but what dead loads of comfort they mußt
I take together. Emma Janes.
'How About " Honor Among Thieves?"
The following is from the Marysville Ap-
I peal of January 21st :
It is told, and is doubtless true, that a
! gambler who has been here for a long time,
I on Monday ni^ht played for heavy stakes,
i and, making up his mind to break the
I game, played in $COO of unindorsed bank
j checks, and also played hia credit to the
j extent of §400, making 81,000 that he lost.
j The next day he told the dealer to give
j him the checks and he would go to the
; bank and have them cashed, and bring
i him the §1,000. The dealer trusted in the
: gambler's promise. But only a part of it
was fulfilled, for though the checks were
cashed the gambler put the money in his
i pocket, declaring it was all he had, and
j that he would not give it up. He coolly
; offered the dealer his note for the amount,
j but thi3 was indignantly refused. The
i gambler left the next morning without pay
: ing his debt. Of course there is no way
j by which he can be punished or made to
' pay. The "sports" here denounce the
i action as very ungrateful and dishonest,
j and say that it is especially true because
! the owner of the game had often assisted
! the man who played him the mean trick.
As Episcopalian Horse. — The Rev.
] Dr. Broadus, an old Baptist parson famous
i in Virginia, once visited a plantation where
the darkey who met him at the gate asked
i him which barn ho would have his horse
• put in. "Have you two barns ?" asked
| the doctor. " Yes, Bah," replied the dar
key ; " dar's de 010 barn, and Mas'r Wales
has jes build a new one." " Where do you
usually put the horaea of clergymen who
' come to see your master?" " Well, sah,
if dey's Methodis's or Baptis'*, we gen 'ally
i put 'em in de ole bam, but if dey's 'Pijco
'■ pals we puts 'em in de new one." "A\ ell,
Bob, yon can put my horse in the new
barn ; I'm a Baptist, but my horse ia an
Episcopalian."
There is a family of eight in Wasco
i county, Oregon, whose aggregate weight j
ia 1,305 pounds; average, IC3 pounda. I
The mother leads off with 225 pounds ; the
father follows with 200 ; the oldest girl,
190 ; the second daughter, aged 18, already
rivals the mother, weighing 225 ; the third,
aged 10, is coming up to the notch in grand
style, and weighs 210 ; the fourth weighs
lt>o ; a boy, 6 years old, weighs 50 ; and a
year-old baby, 35 pounds.
Washington Territory produced of pre.
cious metals last year $105, 104.
RAILROAD REGULATION,
[COSTIHUIO) FROM FIRST PAGE.]
cause of the disregard of the principles upon
which our Government is founded, and the disre
gard of the rights of individuals and of property
and the assumption of a principle in the adminis
tration of governmental affairs that had its origin
in robbery and the idea of the divine right of kings.
Ballroad Properly Should be Left to the
Hnnagfiuent or Its Owners.
From the foregoing, my conclusion is inevitable j
that railroad property should be left to the man- i
agement of its owners. The business is legitimate. |
Any interference by those who do not own it is a |
burden upon the property and one which must i
eventually be borne by the people. If the people
want to exercise a control over the road they must
do as they have said to the corporation it must do
when the State exercises the right of eminent do
main ; that is, to pay to the individual owners the
full value of whatever is taken for public use. And
to this it must come at last if the control is to be
taken from the stockholders without confiscation.
There is only one honest way to acquire control of
property.
The Constitutional I'o'ter to Regulate.
Perhaps, since tho wide circulation given to Judge
Block's communication in answer to your questions,
1 may he pardoned if I refer to some of his state
ments. He finds authority to regulate charges upon
railroads in that clause of the Constitution of the
United States giving to Congress the authority to
regulate commerce among the several States. Under
this reading the power of regulation is a power to
regulate the carrier, whether that carrier be a cor
poration or an individual. The regulation of rail
roads upon this ground is entirely foreign to that
which has heretofore engaged our attention, and
the difficulties of regulation upon this theory are
practically insurmountable, substantially for the
same reasons, with the added difficulty that barriers
would be erected to the commerce between individ
uals living in different States that would
not exist between individuals living in the same
State. New York, perhaps, might so regulate the
price between Buffalo and New York City that it
would be below that established by Congress for
interstate commerce passing through Pennsylvania
and New Jersey, for instance, to the injury of the
Erie road. And yet the road from Buffalo to New
York, following the great natural routes of the Mo
hawk valley and the Hudson river, would find this
low rate a better compensation than the higher rate
established for interstate commerce passing through
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland or Delaware.
CoHecrnlni; llu Aid Giren by Government
to the Pacific Uailronil*.
As you have furnished me with Judge Black's
opinion, and as he has deemed it of consequence to
refer to the Pacific railroads, I briefly answer bis
allusions to the aid given by the Government. The
Judjte has fallen into a great error, and one which,
I am sure, when he comes to he aware of
the facts, he will very much regret. So far
from the aid of the Government being sufficient to
build the Central Pacific Railroad, I can say, because
I know whereof I speak, that every doiW derived
frota the loan of the Governmcat credit went into
the construction of the railroad, together with a
much larger amount derived from the other re
sources of the company, and had the company de
veloped and created no more business than existed
when the roads were commenced, we would never
have heard of such wild statements as
those of Judge Black, because the roads would
long since have passed into the hands of their
creditors. It is susceptible of easy demonstration
that the work of grading the first 150 miles of the
Central Pacific Railroad from Sacramento eastward
»as more than would suffice to grade the road for a
single track from the Rocky Mountains to the Hud
son river.
The Pacific Boads and Their Obligations
to the Government.
These Pacific roads have, in their construction and
in their operation, redeemed every promise and
every hope that the public entertained. Never have
they failed in a single obligation to the Government,
and they have done their business at rates far be
low those which at their inauguration were thought
possible. They have largely opened up to settlement
and development the greater portion of the territory
of the United States. They have created vast prop
erty interests for others, and in doing so they have
found their own benefit. They are prosperous roads,
and their stockholders are in possession of a valu
able property which has been created by their con
struction, and which had no prior existence.
In con .lusion, gentlemen, allow me to say that
maximum rates determine the possibilities of mini
mum rates; that maximum rates have enabled
railroads to develop to the extent that they
have tne vast resources oi me country ; that the
railroads, in opening up new countries, adding new
industries, conferring additional facilities for the in
terchange of commodities, and bringing the buyer
and seller vlos9 together, have furnished and do
furnish labor for the common welfare far beyond
other agencies. The reduction of rates under the
plea of regulation is a great blow to the laboring
man who produces, and to the laboring man who
consumes. In my opinion any reduction scarcely
goes to the benefit of the many, but to that of th a
comparatively few and comparatively wealthy. who
occupy the positions of middlemen between the
producer and the consumer. This question of trans
portation is of an importance that prevents its he.
ing settled excepting upon just and correct princr
pie:!. Now that the question is before Congress, nj
doubt it will be thoroughly discussed, and, in the
end, wisely settled. Respectfully, etc.,
LELAND STANFORD.
SAN FRANCISCO ITEMS.
[From San Francisco exchanges of January "Ist.!
Imports of treasure by the Colima yes
terday embraced $42,200 from Central
America and $190,200 from Mexico.
The steamer Colima, which arrived yes
terday afternoon, 17 days from Panama
and way ports, brought 30 cabin passen
gers and 21 in the steerage.
One light case of varioloid was verified
this forenoon, the first case since Wednes
day. The patient was taken to the Tv. en
ty-sixth-Etreet Hospital, making 25 small
pox patients in that institution.
The discovery of oyster beds extending
for miles along the eastern shore of tin:
bay, near Alvarado, is reported. The bi
valves were found by a sportsman from
this city, who says that there are millions
of them there, equal to the Eastern article.
The British bark Marquis of Worcester,
which arrived at Valparaiso November
6th, reports that on the Kith of October,
in latitude 57° 54' south, and in longitude
73 45' west, she passed an abandoned
vessel at the distance of about a mile.
Only the remains of three masts were vis
ible.
John Kohn, a German, startled those at
the prayer meeting at Young Men's Chris
tian Association Hall yesterday by jumping
up from his seat and screaming " Peace !
Peace! Peace on earth and good will to
all ! Hurrah for Bismarck !" Before offi
cers could be summoned the madman be
came perfectly frantic and began biting and
kicking right and left. He was secured
and was brought to the City Prison, where
he was put into a strait-jacket. From the
time he left the hall until .'1 o'clock the
maniac kept up a continued cry of " Peace :
Peace
The British ship Dallam Tower, Captain
Thorpe, arrived yesterday, twenty-seven
days from Shanghai. This is the fastest
time on record between the two ports.
The time of the American ship Ringleader,
which was the best before this time, is
beaten by two days. John Simpson, a
seaman, died at sea on January 6th, and
was buried in the ocean. He was 35 years
old and a native of Nova Scotia. The
Dallam Tower was built at Birkenhead in
1866, is owned by the Lancaster Shipown
ers Company, and is chartered to load
wheat for Great Britain.
While witnessing the pyrotechnical dig.
play at Verba Buena Park en the evening
of July, 1867, Mary Dowd was struck in
the eye with a rocket, and the Board of
Supervisors allowed her $1,000 as compen
sation for the injuries she sustained. The
then Auditor, George F. Maynard, refused
to audit the claim. She then applied to
the , Fourth District Court for a writ of
mandate to compel the Auditor to allow
the demand, which was granted by Judge
Morrison on the 24th of April, 1877. The
Supreme Court yesterday affirmed the
judgment and order made by Judge Mor
rison. .
♦ m
The Salt Lake Tribune says : "There is
now living at : Farmington, about fourteen
miles north of this city, a Mormon Elder
who ia married and living with '. three sis
ters named j Holmes. - This brute has eight
children by each sister, and about a month
ago two of them gave birth to twins on thi
same night." :;:■; ■_' - '
Salmon is swarming in the rivers and
creeks near Healdsburg, affording constant
sport to hundreds, who take them with
gigs. ■ In " weight ' they run from live to
twelve pounds. . '. '
COMMERCIAL.
San Francisco Produce Market
I Sin FRASCI3CO, January 21st— 1 *. *.
Flour— Oregon steamer Is at hand with about
750 bbls, of which two-lhMs is OB Chinese account.
Best City Extra, &25 ; Baku's' Extra, i* Mi* ** <
Superfine, f3 75'ijl 25 ; Interior "Ki'.E^ "■>''< i* lb J
Interior Snp«rfine, (2 75.. 3 25; Oregon Ok J-*. ** .-'
«ifO; Oregon Siipiriua. S2 75«?3 25 ■> "*'»
W»IIa Extra. M Eog4 75 *> ho', -„-.• "- '. •
Whkat — The market displays no r.r.iaiu'.ivn.
Shippers today exhibited no desire to purchase, %tA
scarcely any attention was given to the several otljr.
ings on 'Change. The top figure obtained this mom.
lag was $1 40 V ctl, which rate was paid by a miiht
for 700 ctls. Some 2,000 ctla No. 2 ship;, - .i
£1 30, and 600 do coast do at $1 27] V ctl ahou>
i represented the bulk of business. The chip A tier-
I ica, loading lor Liverpool, will carry ahout 2,-lco
j ctls Odessa from the (arm of E. K. Benckly, In
I Ventura county, on owner's account. We : Ik)
] learn that several smaller shipments, aßrrafd.
■ ing a like amount, will go forward on the san*
I vessel on (peculation. The result of this Bhipmei*
I will be awaited with interest. If 11 prove acnptabU
j in the English market at anything like a paying
figure, we may expect a Urge area of our sluther*
counties to be sown with this variety, the principal
recommendation of which is said to be its non-rust
ing quality. We quote: No. 1, <sl 35<jjl 40, the lav
ter for choice milling ; No. 2, «1 30(4l 32}.
Barley— lt is evident that, tho recently pub
lished statement of the stock on hand has tem
porarily checked any advancing tendency, though
interested parties still have faith In better prices.
The first sale of good brewing in a week was
reported this morning at «1 20 V ctl, comprig.'
ing tome 900 sacks. Feed Bold to tho extent of
2,000 sks at 80(i*85c ¥ ctl. A lot of 1,000 sacks
poor, two year old feed, changed hands at 77 ;
¥ ctl Brewing is quotable at $1 10« l 20 ; feed,
85i390c; Chevalier, *1 15l«l 20 for choice stanfaril
bay, and 95c@81 10 for coast. - .
Oats— this morning were insigr.liicant.
Prices seem to be easy. Humboldt.Sl 20<*l 40; coaai
SI 15@1 30 ; Oregon and Washington Territory,
«1 25(51 35 ; Surprise, 81 45@1 50 V cU.
C'ORX— There wag quite a pronouncou inquiry '.nit
morning, and offerings of good quality were re-adilj
taken at full figures. Recent arrivals have gen
erally be secured to fill contracts, and all outsidt
lute will probably command betier prices until tbest '
obliga' ions arc discharged. There is not muchtimn
left to consummate transactions for January de
livery. Sales this morning embrace 400 Hi a large
Yellow, $1 10; 235 do do, *1 07J; 100 do emilldo,
$1 10 V ctl.
Kvk-sI 45(<1 60 V ctl.
BUCKWIiB.VT- SI 75 $ ClI.
Hat— to JIG V ton.
II ops— Nominal at 15@21c V 1b • *
Potatoes— Sweet ranged this morning from *1 ■ <••
tosl7ssctl. Wharf r.tesareasf. : River Red,
40@45c ; Early Rose, 45(.a55c; Tomales, «X&7oc; Peta
lumc, 60@70c; Cuffcy Cove, 00«a$l 05 ; Humboldt,
75@90c for Red, 65@75c for Kidney and 76<g90c for
Feachblow ; Jersey Blues, SO@osc • ctl.
Onions— For want of custom at $1 10?) ctl, con
signments of choice were lying on the whai f at v
late hour.
Bea.ni— ltayoS, «I@l 25 ; Butter, $1 3J("1 40 for
small, and 91 60@l 7. i for large ; Castor, *3@3 50 .
Lima, S2@2 25; Pea, SI 60@l (JO; Pink, 9ac@*l;
Red, si 05<«l 15; small White, *l DO^'l 75; laiß«
White, 41 45<ai 55 ¥ ctl.
Vegetables -It locks M if thcfcEson would hi.
more forward than usual. 11. Nelson, of San
Loienzo, this morning lent in the first Rhu
barb this year. It sold at 250 V ft. As
paragus brought 20c *> Ib. No Mush
rooms. Wo quote : Green Pcpperf, 12*(;i
15c V 11 ; Marrowfat Squash, *B.<( 10 V .ton ; Art!
chokes, 3Ec V dozen; Parsnips, *1 ; Beet*, $1; Car
rots, Wt^3sc; Turnips, WXB7SC V ctl ; Cauliflower.
75c %i dozen ; Cabbage, 75c 9 ctl ; Garlic, 2c $ Ib ;
Sprouts, 2c; dry Okra, 8@10c; dry Peppera, 12JM
15c $) tb.
Fruit— Pears are about out of market. Apples
of choice quality are wanted at increased rates. Th«
stock of Mexican Oranges is ncu-ly exhausted,
and attention is now directed to the native
variety. The Panama steamer this morning brought
about 70 cases Mexican Oranges a^.l fair
consignments of Limes, betides a ennui -;;... l
tity of Pineapples and other tropical fruit*.
Apples, 20 (2 40c %1 box for ordinary, ant*
$1 50c@l 75 lor choice qualities ; Luraons, &Kf- '
10 9 box for Malaga, and $3 W.ai SO 3,' boi
for California ; Limes, SDi^lO 1$ h- x for Mexican, an 4
$3 sOig7 # box for California; Tamarinds,!! ¥>
Ib ; Bananaa, jifrt 4 f) buoch ; Wisconsin Cranber
ries, «14@1C ¥ bbl ; California Oranges, »2 5)«J3 50
y box ; Sugar Cane, ?L 604*2 V bunch.
Dried Fruit— The quantity 011 bawl is larva,
and dealers see little hopes of reducina
stocks very soon. Sun-dried Apples, Cfifijc for
sliced, and sJ@6c for quartered; A!den
do, 12Je; Apricots, 18<g20c; Blackberries, 12J
@15c; Figs, B<g9c for pressed and 54r<Jc for
uupressed; Smyrna do, 24@250; Nectarines,
14@15c ; Peaches, 18@20c for peel»d, and l(K!/13c
for unpeeled ; Pears, 9<aloc for whole, and 9@loc
for sliced ; Plums, 14(crl5c for pitted, and biiUjc S
Ib for unpitted ; German Prunes, Halite %1 I!. ;
California Raisins, in lots of 250 boxes and dpwards,
are quoted as follows : 81 50@2 for whole boxes,
32(22 25 for halves, $2 25@2 50 for quarters and
$2 50@2 75 for eighths, with the usual discount to
the trade.
Honey— Stocks show but little diminution. Th«
demand i?quite nominal. We quote: Comb, li'ufl.">c;
strained, sJ@6}c for dark, and 6J@7c V ft for
white.
Bitter— Prices are barely ustainc I. The last
lower coast steamer disappointed the trade by the
light shipments forwarded. It is pretty well known
that there is a considerable quantity in this direc
tion ready for market, but it is supposed that the
roads are too muddy to admit of trans
portation to points of export. The next
arrival is expected to bring heavy -onslsfn
ments. Fancy, 40c * Ib ; choice roll, 35«?37J« ?)
Ib; fair to «ood, 25@32Jc *> Ib; icfirior to
ordinary, 20@24c, inside rate for mixed lots from
country stores. Eastern ranges (nan ISa to 27 jc
S Ih, according to quality ; New York Stale, 27J«
3"Jc %1 Ib.
Ciieess— Trade is fair at current rates. California.
12@15c ; do, in drums, 15<§16c V tt ; Easijrn. 16^
XOo: Western, 14@15c V Ib.
Eoos— The top figure obtained today for con
9:g iments was SOc V dozen.
Poultry— Turkeys are a shade weaker, but chick
ens keep steady. We quote : Turk.;-, loOU|cVfl>
for live, and 13315c %t a, fordreos<.l ; k..,ot.era, $s(i*
5 50 for old and ktitiij 50 for youiu. ; ileus, %6&7 ;
Broilers, ?,'«'.'. 50, according to *•'.: »■ ; D-.icL;, $7@
7 50 ¥ doz ; Geese, $2*2 25 «3 i air.
Game— Canvas and Mallard are firmer, but other
Ducks n main unchanged. Qoail, 7.v.-»*t I'JJ; Mal
lard Ducks, SI 60@6; Canvas back Dock*, 14 ''.<<"
5 7."; Sprigs, $2ig2 60; Teal, «1 75@8; Widgeon,
$1 7&ig2; Brant, *1 sO(<*2; Gee*.!, $1 tor white and
$2 SOftS for gray; Honkers. 50<:5 ; Snip..3o^soc
for common, and f2@2 50 ¥ dozen for English ;
Hare, S2i£2 25: Rabbits, sly 1 25Wd'.r^n.
Pro\thions — We can five no cl.angij 1:1 quota
tion}, as the market is very quiet and orders are
restricted. Eastern Hams, 12ia!3^c; California
Hams, 10@10Je; Eos-tern Bi ifa I Bacon,
12J«tl3c ; California Smoked .:-.eon, 10@10Jc
for heavy and medium, and llitfrlije for light and
extra light; Clear Sideß, 12@iric; l'ork,Sl2t#l3 60
for Extra Prime, 115316 BO for Prime Mess,
«20 for Mess, $-21 for Clear and $22 for Extra dear ;
Pigs' Feet, $14315 V bbl; Me* Beef,4 for
bbls and $«!.(«'' 50 for half bbl? ; Extra li- ■ Betf,
*10 50c«ll ; Family Beef, *!::■•.■ iO W hbl ; Cali
fornia Smoked Beef, loQIOJc # Ib ; Bed Tongues,
$8 ¥ dozen ; Eastern Lard, 13}@14)e >■ S. for all
stjles and sizes of packages; Calii ■ ■ 1!", 10-tti
eg, lOJc ; 5-tb rs, lie; pails, lljiffli'c; Iluval do,
12Jc V *..
Wool— We hear of no large Eastern e.-dcrs on the
market. At present the demand is wholly local
and quite limited. Southern and Si n J "J'ltiin,
Il(al4c; Humbo'dt, 25(g2ec; Uoantain, 17«51Vc;
Oregon, 20@30c #tt>.
Sacramento Mark at.
Frett — Sacramento quotntiocs rre from
I the price-lists of W. Ii St-roui^ it Co., scd (ire
I revised up to 8 r. s. yesterday. Tfiey rep
-1 resent trade prices, and nave in view selected
fruits BUitabic for siiipmciit : Bpitzenl end other
choice eatiuK Apples, yoc;a*l V bx ; cookiug.ooogjl;
papered for lone shipment, «1 ■-'.■• : peara, nrdimry
varieties, fl 50^tl 75; ors>nges, California, $2 50(33 ;
lemons, Sicily, Js^i" ,'!•:(:. ?4(«S;
bananas. ?4g4 60 * bundi; su^-ar c;»hp, 82 BO
m.i V bunch ; pmeappha, B<li3 • c]....-; lilies,
>;:.' 175 V 100 ; do, V b.ix, *'"■' l' Choir .> „:pleu
are now coming forward ami in complete vuriuty.
In fruit the variety la small, confined uminly to
apples and tropical fruit*. 0.-anirea are improving
in quality a* the season advances.
I'fUKD Fkiit — California raising, wholo, $2©
2 50 ; half, *2 25@2 75 ; quarters, *2 75@3 ; eighths,
S!Ct3 50. Pears, 10@12c; plums, 14@16o; tKachrCS,
lK'U^'c; apples, sliced, 7;"ao: do quartered, 6@7c;
prunes, 12J@160 ; blackberries, JS«<l9c; ij.-;,
choice, S@9c ; fair do, e@7c ; apricoto, 20V" 1 "-
Nrre— English Walnuts, 9(f£loc ; new California
do, extra choice, lU<t]2c ; Almonds, '.i. » : -■ ; l'ua
nuts, C@7c for California and 8(ttO- for »6'.ern ;
Hickory Nuts, 8@10c; Pecan, 16c: Filb*rts,
l«c ; Brazils, 14c $tb ; Cucoanum, $9@lo T 100.
Hoxey — San Diego, 13317; comb, in 2-Ib
cans, $3 50(a4 ; extra extracted, B@lPc V tt. ', com
mon extracted, (Xjtgc V Hi.
Seed— Alfalfa, ll@14c ; Timothy (EaVnn-), 10i§
12c ; Red Clover, 14@10c ; Red Top, 13(gl5o.
Fikd — Our quotations are from the prioc-ibts of
E. A. Burr, of this city, and are correct* <' today**:
Oat hay, « 15<<tl7 * ton, baled ; alfalfa, Slli«12 V ton,
baled ; bran, »14<a15 V ton; barley. $20 » ton ;
ground barley, sl 10 V cwt.; wheat. *l ;s><jl 40 ;
oat«, $2 V cwt.; white wild oats *'.. 25. '
Eastern and Foreign Markets.
New York, January list.
IJkeaucti in- Flour is quiet and Wheat is nnsct
tled, the latter at ¥1 Vial 17.
Barley — In in light demand and firmer.
Suoar — Refined is dull and easier.
II ides— Are rather quiet, buyers and sellers being
far apart in views, the former demanding commis
sions of half a cent.
Horn— Are fairly active, and prices utrorg.
L.IV&HFOOL, Ji-..,:.ri v *i-t
Wheat— Good to choice California, 'M Sd to 10°.
SAN FRANCISCO STOCK SALES.
San Francisco, Jann 17 21, '.SSI.
MORNING SK.HMION.
75 Ophir .7.';:.51@6»1 IST. Utah MM
535 Mexican s|<tfst 345 Bullion 1 70(31 75
20G.&C 3 2f 15 • Kxchequer. 1 30
90 Heat* Belch M 10 Overman 650
930 California 130 2 o.lur-t.iee ♦*'Jsc
310Harage 1 20@l 25 55 Talon Ml
SConVj 2 610 Alt* 1 WMI
«75Chollar. 1 80(cfl|! 20 Julia Me
2SoPotod 1 « 150 Caledonia Me
125H»1e *N...3 emS £5 200 dialler.*- r-: 0
679 V. Point 70@75c| 350 New York So
680 Y. Jacket... 2 10(32 05 180 Occidental 1 15
250 Imperial lOci 380Andw 1 30
25 Kcntuck I 850 O. O. Hill 200
11-.'J Belch..*. 1 050: 545 Scorpion. ...l 15@1 20
20 Confidence. 2 50 140 Ben on !t{(»ssc
335 Sierra NeT 6} '■<£ j 100 Concordii (Va |. . .". 1 '.c
- AITEBNOON HEHHIIi.V.
85Eneka....... 20 250 Belridere Me
480 Belmont 20c 200 Concur ll,i...l BVI 80
90JT. Belle 10J 80Ch:mpion Mo :
1500 Argenta. 4 (ft 5> 300 D Standard. 100
350Narajo 2 9 (O2 35 2 0 RUckiuwk 2 <Srlso
2BON Noonday... 20 170 Mono Bflfe7Eo
180 Tuscarora 35c 200 Booker TTT. 5c
240 Belle lale 75@85c 150 Japtter 3o«r»c
900 Day 25c 100 8. Balwer
1415 Albion 55c 150 Queen lie
260 Mt. Diab0..35503 60 240 Con Pacific l(3!
100 V.'. lea... 80c 32SVwex 10c
300Xoorday ...1 64 390 Mammcth 30(3350
200 Syndic»t« 85c 600 0r0...... SCe
150 M. Potosl 40c 500Htar 20@25«
3-WTioga 65c 85 Silver Kirg 121
351!nwer..... li 190 1*»t0n..... I
100 Mnjrhellc 10<- ICO Tiptop 1 80.
50Goodibaw. ...1 25 250 IMcCUntoD 25c
Bird's Landing, Solano county, claims a :
genuine Austrian Connt. ." Ho is working'
in the Montezuma Hotel for eight dollars
a month washing dishes,' and if he cannot
command that he will work ' : for nothing. \
Strong drink has reduced him : to his pres
ent condition.

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