OCR Interpretation

Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, July 16, 1881, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014381/1881-07-16/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Music — Our Walls— Woman's Handiwork
at Home— A Work for the House
bold—Feeding the Baby.
".Woman's Handiwork in Modern Homes,"
by Constance CaT Harrison. I Charles Scrih
ner's Sons, New York ; A. L. Bancroft Co.,
San Francisco. A very attractive book,
beautifully illustrated, brilliant in colors and
rare plates. It is a work we cm com
mend, for it *is an aid to _ those
whose tastes incline to the decoration of
the home. To such it will prove helpful, sug
gestive, and in every way valuable, Inere
are few bo fa, by the way. which do more
credit to publishers than this handsome vol
ume. The author wiites with a free nand,_ in
unmistakable Uneuise and with striking
simplicity. The work is divided into three
parts— "Of" Embroidery." "Of Brush and
Pigment "and "Of Modern Homes." In the
Bi I lie treats of the rules governing decor
ative art, appropriateness, and color, design,
'stitches ancient and modern, textiles used,
transferring, creweh aud silka, frames, ap
piiqne, outline work, treatment of finished
embroideries, drawn — old and new,
opus ..r:;. . i. or spider work, cut work,
macrame lace, and point and pillow laces. In
part second she treats of all kinds of decora
tive painting, of colors, oils, brushes, silk,
linen, China and fain painting, etc. In part
third she takes up the decoration of the
home in floor, wall and shelf wood-carving,
scieens, portieres, mantel?, piano drapery,
door decoration, , curtains, Japanese art, em
broidered draperies, drawing-room chairs,
teacup time, decorations of the dinner table,
etc. There is, of course, much to ,be said
about the modern rage for decorative art in
our homes, and unquestionably it is being
carried to the extreiue, but the author of the
book in hand treats if things as she finds
them, directs the attention to the
best, and points out the true rules
which Bhould govern in '. the exercise
of judgment in adorning the home, while by
a multitude of examples she shows where
tasteful decoration begins and end?. In the
section devoted to the work of the needle she
ia exceedingly explicit, and illustrates her
text with very many diagram?.
"Journal of a Farmer's Daughter," by
Elaine Goedale. New York : G. I*. Put
nam's Sjna. San Francisco : A. L. Bancroft
& Co. Elaine Goodale will be remeuibered
as one 8t the authors of "Apple Blossom?,"
as one of two niters, whose simple, pure
aud touching poetry has won for them
a wide reputation. They became known
as writer when cut very little
girls, and we cannot bear to think ot them as
more than that now. We do not feel that
Miss Elaine has added to the laurels already
won, by the pr .duttion of this journal.
True, it is jtnt as pure aud rimple and trust
ful and loving as her previous works ; but
there is something about it that impresses
one with the idea that this journal was pre
pared for piint. It lacks the freshness of her
poems ; it lacks the clearness of her poetic
expres.-ions. It is almost marvelouß to note
how well these sisters use words ; how the
choicest come at their bidding; Imw under
their pens they are marshaled in the most
beauteous order. Elaine seems to pofsesß this
gift in even greater degree than her enter,
and this " journal" is a brilliant example
of this wonderful fertility of language. But
there is, aa we Baid in the outset, s ime re
straint about this journal, and we can ex
plain it only by pointing out tiiat it seems
too mature, too advanced, too profound, to
be the work of one we have loved to think of
as a child — alas ! we had forg itton, that the
Goodale tasters, like all other?, are growing
older. But we have this consolation, that
their juvenile years have given us promise of
rich ripeness in age.
"The Easiest Way in Housekeeping and
Cooking," by Helen Campbell. New York :
Ford, Howard & Hu'.bert. SacrameLte : W.
A. &C. S. Houghton. This is a work every
way desirable. It ia adapted to domestic
use or for stuiy in classes. Mr?. Campbell
is thurousrhly competent to write on the cook
ing subject, on domestic economy and the
general details of household work. We like
her straightforward way, her clear explana
tions, her descent to and patience with de
tails, her good seme in treating of honee
cleaning, house situation, drainage, water
supply, fires, lights, things to work with,
washing, cleaning in general, the care of the
body, the constituents of healthful fcod, the
laws of food, and the chemistry of animal
and vegetable food. We like her talk about
condiments and beverages, and about
meats and the preparation of food
for the table. ' This is not a
mere receipt or cook-book, it is a prac
ticable, sensible treatise, and added to it are
receipts illustrative of j the best in the art of
cooking. It is eneyclopediac in its informa
tion, fall in its statistics — in short, it is ex
actly what it purports to be, a teacher — ani
every housewife in the land should possess it.
We assume to know something about cook
books, and do not hesitate to praise this
work, for it is full of merit.
"How We Fed the Baby," is a pamphlet
by C. E. Pa?e, M. D., is from the press of
Fowler & Wells, New York, and is for sale
by A. L. Bancroft & Co San Francisco.
The doctor tella how to feed the baby so as to
mike it healthy and happy, and goes so far
as to hold that no baby needs to cry unless it
buup- its nose or suffers some Buck injury.
Surety all parents will rush after the doctor's
litt'e book to learn how on earth a child can
ba raised up through the usual perils of baby
hood and never cry. The treatise, it ia
claimed, heralds a new departure in the ali
mentation of infanta, and Rives evidence of
intelligent study un the part of the author.
The central feature represents the infancy of
the author's own daughter, whose first
months were happily m*ds free from the
common inconveniences, cot to say horror?,
popularly Rupposed to be uravoidably con
necied with this period of life. He makes
plain how infantile diseases may, in great
ireasnre, bs avoided, and infant life made as
free and joy<vis a* that of the most fortunate
among the lower animals.
From Oliver Ditson & Co., Boston, we
have their issue of a new collection of hymns
and tunes for Sunday schools, prayer meet
iogs, praise meetings, and revival meet
ing*. It is edited by R. M. Mcln
lo«h. It is a small volume, and is
.ild for '■'■'< cent*. Mr. Mdntosh as an
author i» quite widely known, and very favor
ably. His present work creates a very
favorable impression on hist sight, by reason
not .inly of the bright, clean cut appearance
of its pages acd tills cover, but by the ap
parent excellence i f it* contents, which ap
pear to have been especially cho«en to give to
Sabbath-school teachers and scholars an en
tirely fresh collection of hymns and tunes,
either original or selected, which will add a
pleasing change to their work and exercises.
" The Yonnsr Nimrods in North America."
is a book for boy?, by Thomas W. Knox, the
author of " The Boy Travelers in the Far
F.aat." It is from the press of Harper ft
8r0.»., New York, is a quarto, beautifullyand
copiously illustrated, and is for sal« by A. L,
Bancroft & Co., San Francisco. Mr. Kmx
knows exactly how to write for boys, and in
that he is possessed of a knowledge and an
art few have, but many strive for. To open
this book at any place in the presence of any
fairly intelligent boy, will be to invite from
him exclamation* of pleasure and excite a
desire to possets the volume at once. And
all neb should be gratified, for it is full of
wit, information of practical value and mat
ter to awaken inquiry and encourage research.
"The Bewil.lcrin.- Widow, a Tale of Man
} attan Beach," by Julia K. Dunn. New
York: \\. B. Smith A <; Sacramento : W.
A. and C. S. Hooghton. Mrs. Dunn fa well
known in Sacramento, and in literary lines
has only been judged here by a drama frmn
her pen. We cm hariilv spe»k of the work
'. i.'f mun as indicating th;kt the lady posjiesses
the art of the novelist. The narrative is com
monplace and the wit is altogether niechani
cal; in short, " The Bewiidniag Widow "i«
not a novel that will be heard of long. It
lacks the vitality which alone ran tnson it a
long life. It h a story that might rpiite well
serve the purposes of the Wanrli/ Sfagmimi
or the lAdgcr, but for the library sbelf, or the
reading desk—never.
V: oin Cassoll, PetUr, Cialpin & 'Co. we
have tbe Art Magazine for June. It in a
number of superior merit. Amonc the con
tents are fine engravings of "Artemis," from
the statue, by Thornycroft : "Pictures of the
Year " (four engraving.*) ; " First Troubles of
a Younjc Artist," from Stieler'a painting :
" H«ad of Lot's Wife," by Thornycroft ;
" Dnrham,"by Lockhart ; " i'omie Harbor,"
by Wynn ; "The Flood," by MUlais, and
other lesrer pictures. The text embraces
"An Exhibition of Old Masters at the
Hatrtie," "Famous Equestrian Statae*,"
"Lady Art Students in Munich." "How
Oxford was Built," " Hint? for a Sketching
f'l'ib," "Treasure Houses of Art " and "Our
Living Artiste."
"The HUtory of a Parisienne," by Octave
Fenillet, T. B. Peterwwi & Bros., Philadel
phia, is a new novel of the tipper circles of
aristocratic Bociety in France. Feuillet, in
this book, takes a girl who has been carefully
nurtured and brought up to be Beetle, accom
plished, and is pure in life and thought and
adapted to a home of love and tenderness,
pri<ft and usefulness, but being mated with a
suspicious tyrant she becomes a heartless
being — a veritable demon. As Feuillst puts
it, '• The moral of this only too true story is
that monsters are not born ; God <3oes not
make any, but men make many ;• and this is
a f ict wLieh, nevertheless, ought -never to be
" What Shall we do, wi'.'n Our Walls?" is
the title of a quarto volume by Clarence
Cook. It is published by Warren, I Fuller &
Co., New York, and is . for sale by A. L.
Bancroft & Co. It is a work devoted to
wall paper, not its manufacture, but to de
signs alone, to. Uvlea and to the kind of paper
(as to desi^r) to be used in given rooms, halL?
and chambers. > Several full pages are given
up to the reproduction of some exquisite
modern designs, and these. presented with
Sreat success both in gilding, writing and
engraving. It is intended to act as a test for
those who may enter the lists for prizes for
the designs offered by the publishers.
" Who was Paul Grayaon ?" by John Hab
berton ; is ah -ok from the press of Harper
& Bros., New York, and for sale by A. L.
Bancroft & Co. This is a b :<>k for boys,
treating of school life, real bravery, " manly
boys," and is calculated to inspire juvenile
readers with honorable and lofty ideas of
duty and loyalty to parents and respect for
teachers and superior?, and a high regard for
the truth and a hatred of all that 13 mean and
The Berkeley Quarterly (A. L. Bancroft k
Co., San Fraucisc; ) mat band for July. Its
papers f.re : " The Next Generation of Cali
fomians," by Martin Keilofirg ;" " Henry
Gsnrge on Taxation," by Joim J. Dwyer ;
'Swedish Literature in the Eighteenth
Century," by Bernard Moses ; " Present
status of United Sutee Money," by C. H.
Oatman (of Sacrampntr.) ; "The Chief Ne.d
cf California," by E. 11. Sill; "Centraliza
tion,'' by W. W. Crane, Jr.
From Taber, photographer, San Francisco,
we have a group of pictures showing the U.
S. Arctic relief-ship Rjd^ers, ;mi the offi
cers commanding. Also a group cf pictures
showiug General Graat aud party at Vir
ginia City, in Tokiu, in Hongkong, Bangkok
and Nikko, with views of the reception to the
Grunt party in San Francisco.
From A. L. Bancroft & Co., San Fran
cisco, we have of Harper & Bros. Franklin
Square Library these new issues : "A Costly
Heritage," a novel by Alice O'Hanlon ;
" Visited on the Children," a novel by Theo.
Gift; "The Correspondence of Talleyrand
and Louis XVIII. during the Congress of
"Man Proposes " is a new society novel
from the press of Lee & Shepard, Boston. It
is a pleasant fiction, not brilliant, far from
exciting, but entertaining enough to be worth
the reading.
" Be'.lah" is a love story, by Octave Feu
illet. It is from the press of T. B. Peterson
& Bros., Philadelphia. It is an historical
novel, and full of the interest which attaches
to all of the novels of Feuillet.
Have they told you I »m going
10 the land of rest?
1 am very patient, knowing
AH is for the best ;
Yet the summer light is clearest
Ere the soul departs,
Nature seems to draw the nearest
Unto dying hearts.
Have they told you I am leaving
Earthly thiugs behind ':
Love, perhaps, was hut deceiving.
Friendship i roved unkind ;
Yet the sunshine, alowl; stealing
Down the soft green slope.
Brings back all the trustful feeling,
At; the dreams of hone.
Have they told you I am hasting
To a fairer home?
Ye« ; but here are roses wasting,
lilossoms white »s Foam ;
Here arc sun-silt vine- leaves wreathing
Round our cottage door ;
Here are solemn fir-trees breathing
Fragrance evermore.
Have they told you I am setting
All my thought! on high?
Yes ; but can I learn forgetting
While old haunts are nigh?
When the bracken plume* are swaying
On our pine-crowned hill,
I can almost hear you saying
That you love me- still.
Hush ? I hear . i footstep falling
On the garden plot,
And a voice sneaks, softly calling,
Yt-t I answer net
Till I feel your arms aroun'l me,
Oil my face your breath.
Lore ami tilth have sought and found me ;
This is life— not death.
— {Sarah Doudney.
Barcelona, Spain, has now a little over
1,000 Sunday school scholars.
Ilev. John Cleugh, D. D., archdeacon of
Malta, is dead at the aye of >7.
The west front of St. AlHan's abbey,
England, is to bo "restored" at an esti
mated cost of 51 25,000.
Nine members oi the newly-elected city
council of Toronto, the Mayor of the city
and eight Aldermen, are Sunday-school
Superintendents, and several otherß are
active Sunday-school workers.
There are in this country 124 theological
seminaries, with property, {^rounds atd
buildings valued at j5,">00.000, and pro
ductive funds of $8,260,000. The annual
income of these funds if> So-"S,fjGO.
The laat graduating class of the Boston
University School of Theology numbers 12
men. All are anti tobacco men.
The Southern Baptist Convention will
be held next year in Greenville, S. C, and
I)r. S. S. baton, of Louisville, is to preach
the sermon.
Among the complaints given at the Phil
adelphia yearly meeting of Friends was
one that Friends sometimes go to sleep
during publio worship.
The Christian population of Koritscha,
Macedonia, have risen against Turkey on
account of heavy taxation and the custom
ary Turkish abuses. Severe fighting has
already taken place.
There are now in the United States and
Canada 1,000 Young Men's Christian Asso
ciation!!, with 100,000 members. There
are 107 college associations and thirty rail
road organizations.
Rev. A. 1!. Smith of Victoria. 8.C., the
head of the Methodist church in that
province, and Superintendent of Missions,
has seceded because he does not believe in
the doctrine of eternal punishment.
The number added to the church rolls of
the Presbyterian churches cf New York
the past year was 7s~> on examination and
717 on certificate. The whole cumber of
members, however — 18,452— indicates a
decrease of 19&
I.KAKNiS'i ro Tik Knots. -A corre
spondent suggests that it would be a handy
accomplishment for schoolboys to be pro
ficient in the handling, splicing, hitching,
and knotting of ropes. He suggests the
propriety of having the art taught in our
public schools. A common jack-knife and
a few pieces of clothes line are the main ap
pliances needed to impart the instruction
with. He concluded it would not only be
of use in ordinary daily life, but especially
to those who handle merchandise and
machinery. Any one, he adus, who has
noticed the clumsy, haphazard manner
in which boxes and goods are tied for
hoisting or for loading upon trucks, will
appreciate the advantage of practical in
struction in this direction. Probably a
good plan, he further suggest*, would be
to have one school-boy taught tirst by the
master, and then let the pupil teach the
other boys. Our correspondent thinks
most boys would consider it a nice pas
time to practice during recess and at the
dinner hour, so that no time would be
taken from study or recitation time. —
[Scientific American.
The sessions of the International Con
vention of the Young Men's Christian
Association, which was held recently at
Cleveland, 0., were interesting in many
respects. The work of the branches of the
Association in different States among va
rious classes of youDg men was reviewed,
and the statements made were most en
couraging. It was decided to hold the
next Convention two years hence iis Mil
The : Field, fiaage, Track, . Course, 'k Cue,
, King, Stream, Sail, Car, Trap,
Kennel and Stable. -
" Hunting in all phases, on the field or flood, .■:•-..■
' Hakes men more hardy, more Lumane, and (rood ;
Gives health and pleasure, sets the spirit iree," :
Teaches love of nature - helps the memory ;/ . ■■'_■
■ And more than this, it teaches love oj law,
Which will not kill to feed a greedy mm 1 . ■
How the locks bristle and the ey. brows arch, ':■■
■ For quail or partridge massacred in March. ".
With what contempt true sportsmen shun the spot,
Whereon they meet some hunter fur the pot —
Poor worthless d 1, his head be..eath a price,
Else Courts might ask if ' pot' hunted twice."
Archery, that excellent out-door sport,
which, says the Turf, Field and Farm, is
enjoyed equally by gentlemen and "ladyea
faire," seems lor some reason to have fallen
into a decline the present season. We
trust, however, to see it revived with all
honors due the ancient and healthful past
time, as it is certainly one ct the finest
recreations of the Held that can be in
dulged in with equal propriety by both
j ladies and gentlemen.
Ga-iie played in the match between the
St. George's and City of London Chess
Clubs :
White..;.":" ~ Black.
Mr. Gunsiberjf. Dr. Ball ird.
I— P X 4 ■ 1— ? X 4
2— PKB4 2-PtksP
3-Kt X B 3 3— V X Xt 4
4— PKII4 4— PKtS
6— Kt Xt 5 5— KR3
C— Xt Iks P . 6— Kt tks Xt
, 7-FQ4 .« 7— PQ3 .
. S-BB4ch S— K Xt
6— BtksP 9— KtKB3
10— Q(J3 . 10-QKsq
H-Kt B 3 11-Kt
I:2— P U5 eh Xt tks P
IS -It tks Xt 13— KtKt5
14— X 2 14— Kt tks R
15— PK3 15-Ktß3
13— Castles 16— X Xt 3
17-KtQ5 17-KK2
18— P X 5 IS— R B 2
19-B y 3eh 10-K Xt 2
20-KB 6 20-KttksQP
•21 - Xt tks Resigns.
An unfortunate mishap occurred June
Sth at the new ranges of the Victoria Rifle
Club, between Hamilton and the Half-way
House, Dundas road, Canada. Members
of the club were engaged in practice at the
1,000-yard range, and George Margetts
was firing at the target, when unhappily
the marker, . George Jenkins, stepped in
front and received the bullet, which passed
through his body, and, strange as it may
appear, struck the bull's-eye, which was
bespattered with blood. A reporter of the
Times, Hamilton, Can., from which we
obtain this item, soon after the occurrence
investigated the facts, and ascertained that
it has been the practice of the marker at
the ranges to wave a red flag when he
wishes to repaint the target after a number
of shots have been tired, or prior to ex
amining it after the marksmen are through
tiring. But in this instance Jenkins neg
lected to wave his flag, and exposed him
self, with the result stated. The unfortu
nate man was carried to the residence of
Mr. McNab (located near the ranges),
where he was attended by Urs. Griffin and
Rosebrugh. Jenkins passed the night very
favorably, and the next day Dr. Griffin had
great hopes that he would recover. The
bullet was one of Remington's 550 grains,
and entered at the back below the shoulder
blade, passing out about an inch below the
left nipple.
The international race for homing
pigeonß came off in New York State June
25th, the length of the flight in each case
being about 250 miles. Every pigeon was
stamped* with a mark unknown to its
owner, and the owner was instructed when
the bird c»me home to telegraph to New
York the time of arrival, and description
of the mark. The birds were loosed from
the various points, about 7 a. m. local time,
and the first to arrive was a pair belonging
to E. S. Raymond, of Fall River, which
gave that gentleman two gold medals and
a money prize for the first two birds at
home. The pair left Media, Pa., at 7a. m.,
and reached home at 2:02 r. .M. Then T.
H. Kichardson telegraphed the arrival of
his three birds from Lockport, giving him
the prize for the first return of three birds,
and he also won five other prizes. N.
Adams, of Utica, won every prize from
the seventh to the eleventh. The New-
York birds came straggling in, last of all.
The average time per mile of the winning
birds was one minute and fifty-six seconds.
I would recommend parties who may be
compelled to destroy puppies, to use chlo
roform in all cases, as they quickly suc
cumb to its influence. Upon undertaking
to drown some on a former occasion I
found that it took an astonishingly long
time. Now I use a small quantity of
chloroform on a towel, folded in the shape
of a triaDgular bag, which I place over the
puppy's head as a cap, and when they
oease moving I put them in a pail of water,
when they sink like a stone. This is the
most merciful death, and when necessity
compels their destruction, let us make it as
painless as possible for the little innocents.
[M. \Y., in American Field.
Two members of the American Canoe
Association, Fitzgerald and Hoyt, propose
early in September to start on a voyage of
12,000 miles, for the purpose of explora
tion and the study of natural history. The
proposed route is via Lake George, Cham
plain and Erie canals, Allegheny and Ohio
riven to the Mississippi ; thence down to
the Gulf of Mexico and around by a cir
cuitous route to the l!io Grande, Gulf of
Campeachy, etc., and finally return north
ward along the Atlantic coast. Many new
developments in ornithology are antici
pated by the projectors of the scheme, and
the voyage, if made, will be watched with
inti-rc.it by naturalists, as well as all ca
Some persons, when a dog has had a
prolonged attack of illness and become
rather offensive, put him in a bath and
wash. On no account should this be done,
as it is most dangerous, more especially in
case of long-coated dogs, as these are very
dillicult to dry thoroughly. If left at all
| damp, the animals are sure to become
chilled, and the disease is aggravated. A
dog when very ill — say from distemper —
should not be even brushed or groomed,
as it excites and disturbs him and in
creases the weakness, which is always great
in this disease.
The Plaintield Croquet Club has won the
champion mallet of the United States,
presented by A. (i. Spalding to the national
convention, which met in Chicago, Sep
tember S3, 187% and was then won by the
Twilight Club of Aurora. The match
games were played on the grounds of the
Twilight Club. The Plainlickls were repre
sented by A. G. Brown and Italph Morgan,
and the Aurora Club by Mr. Taylor and
K. W. Gates. Tbe contest occurred
June 23d.
Sir John I>. Astley has written to the
Sportxman, challenging any three-year-old
in the world to a match at weight for age
for 1,000 guineas aside, with his five-year
old horse Peter, the race to be run at New
market during the Houghton, which begins
on Monday, October 24th.
At the Gentlemen's Driving Park, New
York, on June 2d, J. S. Ferguson drove
his team, Cora Belmont and Topsy, a mile
in 2:28, the wagon and driver weighing
">o"> pounds. They were taken from his
own stable in New York, without any reg
ular track work, and did not make a skip
or break.
There is no end to the enterprise and
versatility of the Chicago people. They
now propose to hold a rtrat-clasa live stock
show and agricultural fair on the grounds
of the Chicago Driving Park, the dates be
ing September l'Jth and 17th inclusive. It
is the intention to make this a very grand
In a race against time at the St. Louis
race-course, recently, Sam Ecker's five
year-old bay gelding, Tidal Wave, by In
truder, out of Anna Travis, ran a mile,
carrying 112 pounds, in 1:431. fie was
matched to beat 1 :45.
■'• lit' 'n did not win the Astley belt in
the last contest with Rowell for the Inter
national Championship. He succumbed to
a severe stomach-ache early in the battle,
and the result was a walk-over for Howell.
The walk was a great fizzle, as tfce Urge
majority of Euch exhibitions are getting to
be. lately.
J. Bell Carmthers of Kingston, Canada,
has Bent his three- year-old btallion, Tom
Carlyle, to Toronto, to be put in training
for the Queen's Plate, which will this year
be competed for at the Woodbine track^
Turn Carlyle is by Oysterman, Jr.. out of
in. ported Castaway, and is said to be fa3t.
The Ch'>cajo Field has changed its name
to the American Field. Good; this gives
it a broader field, at least in name. It i»
a splendid sporting paper, and we wish it
every success. It is newsy, enterprising,
frtsb. fair, concise, and able in all its de
partments. It is published from New York
and Chicago.
The members of the Michigan Sports
men's Association are rejoicing owr the
adoption of the game bill which they pre
pared, and fir the passage of which they
have been working. The new law is,
therefore, the result of their concerted,
systematic and persistent effort. .
The Fish Cultural Department at Wash
ington has informed those desiring carp for
stocking purposes, that the present tupply
is exhausted, and that no more can be de
livered until September next.
The Turf, Field and Farm declares carp
a poor food fish, and only palatable jvhen
on the cleanest and best food, and even
then it is stringy and uninviting— in short,
the poorest kind of food known in the tish
The champion of Great Britain, Cum
mings' mile in 4 minutes 111 1 5 seconds at
Preston Borough grounds, recently, will
take the breath away from many of our
professionals who fancy themselves flyers.
Rowell, the pedestrian, intends to try to
make GOO miles in six days, anil will accept
odds of si, 000 to $2,000 that he will suc
ceed. He intends to retire after this
Colonel . Conley, of Chicago, has sold
Lidy Thome, Jr., dam of Santa' Claus, to
Governor Stanford, of California, for
So 500. :/:/Tv ■ -■■■y;
Behavior of Metals is Soudifyikg.
The question is again before scientists for
discussion whether the expansion of bodies
on heating and contraction on cooling oc
cur, as a rule, in the passage from the
solid to the liquid state, or vice versa '!
Iee 1 , it is well known, behaves differently,
and is regarded as an exception. Kopp's
researches have shown that phosphorus,
sulphur, wax, stearic acid, stearide, chlo
ride of calcium, phosphate of soda,
hypotulphate of soda, and Rose's metal
grow larger in volume when fused. Ob
servations made in the past concerning
metals, give very discordant results, and
therefore Nies and Winkelmanu have
lately studied the question anew. As a
foundation experiment, the solid metal
was put into the fused metal. In certain
cases the difference of density could not
be measured. For instance, tin, in solidi
fying, is increased in volume .7 per cent.;
zinc is increased .'2 per cent. ; solid bismuth
is fully I! j>er cent, less dense than the
fused metal. Expansion in solidify
ing was also demonstrated for antimony,
iron or copper. Indecisive results were
obtained with lead and cadmium : lead pre
sented difficulties in the probably very
small difference of density as a solid and as
a liquid, its small heat conductivity and
heat of fusion ; and cadmium in the fact
that in fusion it passes lirst into a
viscous state. Thus of ths eight
metals examined, six distinctly showed
expansion in solidifying, and expansion
may occur in lead and cadmium. If these
experiments stand good, expansion would
seem to be the rule for metals.
The Ockan Levku— M. H. Trautechild,
of Moscow, lately sent in a paper to the
Geological Society of France, maintaining
that the level of the ocean was not invaria
ble, in which he expressed the following
conclusions : 1. The level of the sea has
fallen, as parts of the earth's crest have
risen from the bottom above its surface.
2. The surface of nearly all the continents
has once been at the bottom of the sea, and
has risen from the waters, partly in conse
quence of upheavals, partly in consequence
of the retreat of the ocean. 3. When the
continents have been formed, a part of the
waters of the sea is carried away from
them, and held on the land as lakes, rivers,
eternal snows and as a constituent of or
ganic matter —thus the quantity of water in
the ocean has been constantly diminished,
and its level has fallen. 4. As the earth cools,
ice accumulates near the poles and on thu
mountains, water ia soaked down more
deeply into the crust of the earth, and
mineral hydrates are formed everywhere.
It follows that the level of the sea has been
gradually falling ever since water has ex
isted as a liquid upon the earth.
Intkrhsitnc Akcii koi.m'.ii'al Discov
ert. — A recent freshet of the Coosa river,
Georgia, washed away the surface soil from
a large tract of land. After the water had
subsided the washed land was found to be
an ancient battlefield and burying ground.
Part of the territory consisted of mounds,
evidently fortilications. These were strewn
with implements of aboriginal warfare,
beads and earthen vessels. The remainder
of the ground was covered with skeletons,
all perfectly exposed, and all in good
preservation. A press dispatch from
Hume, Ga., April 2d, says: "The
place is attracting crowds from all
directions, and it is almost impos
sible to prevent vandalism from seri
ously impairing what will undoubtedly
prove to science one of the richest ' finds '
ever made on the American continent.
Among the countless number of Indian
pipes found, ie one of great size and ex
ceedingly fine workmanship, the bowl of
which is carved with great skill into the
form of a human head. '
Atom* or CHEMICAL EunniKTS and
Ei.kitriiitv.— Professor Helmholtz, in his
recent Faraday lecture, affirms that the
atom of every chemical element is always
united with a definite unvarying quantity
of electricity. This quantity stands ia
close connection with the combining power
of the atom, or its C[uantivalence. If the
amount ot electricity of the mouad atom be
taken as the unit, that of the dyad is two,
that of the triad three, etc. Professor
Helmholtz says : "If we conclude from
the facts that every unit of affinity of ev
ery atom is charged always with one equiv
alent either of positive or negative electric
ity, they can form compounds, being
electrically neutral, only if every unit
charged positively unite under the influ
ence of a mighty electric attraction with
another unit charged negatively. This
ought to produce compounds in which ev
ery unit of affinity of every atom is con
nected with one — and only with one — other
unit of another atom. This is, indeed, the
modern chemical theory of quanti valence,
comprising all the saturated compounds."
P.u-yuotii.k. — Under this name, the
Ixradon Building and Eagmeering Times
describes the latest novelty in products for
decorative treatment of interiors. P»py
rotile is neither paper nor tile, but a tough
pliant fabric, in substance like leather,
though artificially composed of prepared
materials which result in a non-conductor
of heat and sound. These quasi-tiles may
be advantageously employed for wall or
ceiling decorations simply by the aid of
glue or other cement, and are readily
cleaned by the ordinary dust-brush. The
decoration is applied in one or more colors
to straight or curved lines, either Mat or in
high relief.
The Laki;est Pyrvmih. — We believe it
is not generally known that the largest
known pyramid rests on American soil.
The Pyramid of Pueblo, in Mexico, is
larger than the great Pyramid of Cheops,
in Egypt. The Utter covers only
fourteen acres, while the Mexican one
covers foi ty-four acres of ground, and was
originally 000 feet high. It is made of sun
ilrii-d brick, and is supposed to have been
built 7,000 years ago.
The Parlor, Kitchen, Store-room, Studio,
Library, Eursety, Sewing - rcom,
Garden and Poultry Yard.
There are few articles imported by
grocers that have grown so much in popu
lar favor within the last few years as maca
roni. The figures of the Custom HwHM
tell better than words of the immense in
crease in the use of the imported article.
The greater portion of the macaroni im
ported comes from Italy, a large quantity
is brought from France, and a little from
Austria. A large part of the macaroni
sold by ordinary grocers is manufactured
in this country, and is a very inferior
article. It is exceedingly difficult to ob
tain imported macaroni ; it can only be
bought at a few trustworthy groceries and
at oce or two of the Italian grcceiies in
the town. The mass of the article con
sumed in this country is the cheap Aimri
cau manufacture, which is often labeled and
sold under the head of Italian macaroni.
This title would not be such a misnomer if
the word American were coupled with it.
It is generally made by Italians, but in the
lowest slums. [This hardly applies to
California, as they have several cleanly,
airy and good macaroni factories. — Eds.
Household.] The attempt to manufacture
macaroni in this country tijual to the im
ported was made a number of years at;o
by a careful flour firm, but it wa3 a failure.
The grain in th« southern part of Europe
i 3 said to be harder than any grain in this
country, and the harder the grain the bet
ter the macaroni.
The best macaroni in the world is uni
versally admitted to be that made in Na
ples. It is a rich cream color, while the
French is quite white, and the American is
the color ot dingy flour paste made with
boiling water. The Italian macaroni has a
nutty taste when raw, like the kernel of
the wheat. The French lacks this rich Ha
vor, and the American has a taste before it
is cooked of the Hour ; the poorer quali
itiea taste almost like dough. The Italian
and French are about equally hard, and
break like a cylinder of rock qandy. The
American breaks like a hard-dried crust.
This difference might hardly be noticed
without comparing the three. The Italian
and French both keep their form after
cocking, and the Italian can only be told
from the French by its superior flavor.
The American macaroni as soon as it is
cooked shows its quality, it breaks in pieces
aud often partly melts in the water. Its
paste-like taace is more noticeable, and it
becomes a heavy, sodden food, unfit for
the digestive power of an ostrich. The
French macaroni is tasteless, but it is not
unwholesome, and is not a bad article. It
is carefully made, and leaves no suspicion,
Jike the American, that, whatever its prin
cipal components may be, one of them is
dust. After using the best Neapolitan
macaroni the housekeeper will search far
and wide for it again ; once having tested
its value, she will use no other. The tine
ijranodellt Puglie is the grain chosen in
Naples for its manufacture. The grain is
carefully washed in mountain streams,
freed of its husk, and ground into flour
and made into macaroni in the country
around Naples.
There are many forms of macaroni
paste. The shape generally known as
macaroni is a cylinder made in five sizes.
Vermicelli i 3 a mere thread. It is made
in two or three thicknesses, and is some
times colored yellow with saffron. Italian
pastes are in various forms, including the
alphabet, numerals, melon seeds, hearts,
diamonds, clubs aod spades, minute shells,
and many others. Italian pastes and ver
micelli are used chiefly in soup.
The best Italian macaroni is now 14 to
IS cents a pound. Italian paste and ver
micelli are two cents a pound higher.
French macaroni is now sold at the same
price as the Italian, though grocers admit
there should le a difference. American
macaroni is from S t>> 10 cents a pound, and
in boxes of twentvlive pounds it is sold
at C cents a pound. This article in mauy
groceries in the coin. try and in some large
cities is sold at »•: exorbitant profit as im
ported. In this city, however, whatever
virtues are claim*-. i for it, American maca
roni is seldom soiii at ever 10 or 12 cents
a pound.
There are many ways of cooking maca
roni besides the well accepted way of boil
ing it in water and '>aking it afterward
with grated chc-tae, bread crumbs, butter
and seasoning of salt and pepper. This is
very nice, but if the cheese chosen was
always Parmesan it would be much more
palatable. The Italians cook macaroni
and serve it with a tomato sauce, which is
very excellent, and is sold now in Italian
groceries in cans, already prepared to pour
over the boiled macaroni. This tomato
sauce is from 15 to 75 cents a can. Maca
roni stewed in milk is a good and whole
some dish for children, especially in
An excellent way to serve macaroni is
the following : Fill a china baking-dish
with alternate layers of oysters and boiled
macaroni ; season each layer with salt,
pepper and butter. When the dish is full
cover with cracker crumbs. Pour over all
a cup of oyster juice and bake in a quick
oven till brown. Macaroni and kidneys
are thus prepared : Scald two veal kid
neys which have been skinned and freed
from fat ; cut them in slices and fry
brown ; then place them in a baking-dish,
season with salt and pepper, cover them
with macaroni and cracker crumbs, and
pour over the whole a gravy made with to
matoes. Bake in a quick oven till brown.
Vermicelli and Italian paste should always
be boiled separately, and added to the
»oup just before it is served. — [Naw York
Baking Fringe.
Take a flat, smooth, thin stick, ten or
twelve inches long and as wide as the
depth of the fringe required. One side of
this should be a thin edge, and the other
one-eighth to one-quarter inch thick, to cut
on with a knife for slitting the fringe after
it is made. Two sets of thread are used,
the heading and the fringe. For the head
ing take about three yards of the thread
and tie the two ends together ; then tie
this doubled piece by its middle to the
stick near one end, leaving enough of the
short end of the stick to hold it by. Let
the knot come on the thin edge. Now you
must have an assistant. Place the ball for
the fringe in some convenient receptacle.
Let her take the stick by the short end in
her left hand, and the end of the fringe
thread in her right, and place the end of
the thread on the edge of the stick where
the heading is tied, holding it with her
thumb. Now sit directly in front of your
assistant and take a loop of the head
ing in each hand, holding them
wide apart, while your assistant,
holding the stick thin edge up
ward and long end pointing toward you,
passes a loop of the fringe thread between
the loops you are holding apart around the
end of the stick toward you, and draws it
back close to her thumb. Now pass one
loop through the other, changing loops to
the other hand as you do so, and hold them
apart for her to wind again. Repeat this
until your stick is full, then cut open all
except a few of the last loop* made, which
push to the other end of the stick, and go
on again to any length desire], cutting
open your loops of heading, and tying in
more when they become too short to work
with. Take care to cut and tie so that
knots will not come together in the head
ing. This is tedious to read, but simple,
rapid and pleasant to do ; and much vari
ety can be made by using different sorts
and colors of yarn in fringe and heading.
Two or more colors of fringe can be made
alternately, in which case the threads need
not be broken and tied each time, but
allowed to ran along the heading.
Household Notes.
Miscep Veal. — Cut the veal into very
small pieces, but do not chop it : take a
little white gravy, a little cream or milk,
a bit of butter rolled iv iiour, and <ome ,
grated lemon peel ; let these boil till of the
consistence of fine thick cream, shake flour
over the veal, and sprinkle it with a little
salt and white pepper ; put it into a sace«
puu with the other iu-rcditnts and make
it quite hot. Be careful it does not boil
after the veal has been put in, or it will be
hard. Before being taken up squeeze in
some lemon juice, and serve it on a dish
over bits of toast.
Dovuhsi'ts. — One large egg, four and
i ene-half tsblfspoocfuls melted butter cr
lard, one coflVe cup sugar, one cup sweet
milk, one teafpoonful ginger bought at the
drag store, two of cream tartar from the
same place, one of soda dissolved in the
milk. Mix the cream tartar with float
emujih to make the doagh jast (tiff enough
to handle, fry in hot hrd. take out ai,d lay
an brown paper a moment, their in a Jit-h
ami w'ate tagu ovtr thtm lirsi on one suie
and then on the other : do not allow them
to cool before putting on the togar.
Cabßagk. — Put one teacupful water to
two quirts rinely chopped cabbage, butter
the siz- of a larce eL-g ; sale aad pepp.r it
well, cuver closely aud cook rapidly. Ii
the water boib out before it is thoroughly
cocked, put in a little mure, but not so
much as to leave any in when done. Then
take one heapng tabltspocnful Soar, three
heapicg tablespoonfula of thick sour cream,
vinegar to suit the taste, stir into the cab
bage, let it come to a quick boil, and take
up at once. If you have no cream \ite
milk and more butter.
SwSETBBXASa AND Ca; L.m.owi k. — Par
boil some sweetbreads (boil a quarter of au
hour in falted water). Let them cool, cut
in good-sized pieces, season with pepper
and salt, dip them in beaten eg^», tneu in
bread crumbs, aud fry in hot lard. Ar
range the pitces around a nicely boiled
cauliflower, aud pour over both a white
sauce made of butter, cream or milk, and
PCTMPKTH Pie. — Three table3poonfuls
stewed pumpkin, tiDe tablespoonful Hour,
one egg, a pinch of salt, a little ginger and
any other spice to suit the taste. Be care
ful to put in so little that the pie will not
taste ot any one in particular. Take out
of the oven as soon as the pie is
well baked, which will be when it rises in
an oval in the middle.
cups beat New Orleans molasses, one cup
hot water, scant half cap melted butter, a
heaping teaspoonful soda, a little ginger
and salt. Mix as soft a-i possible and roll
out one and a half inches thick. Bake as
quickly as you can without scorching, and
eat warm or cold with butter.
POTATOEB A LA Ci:i:mi: -Put into a
saucepau ahcut two ouuees butter, a des
sert spoonful of flour, some parsley chopped
small, salt and pepper, stir these up to
gether, add a wine glass of cream and si t
it on the iire, stirring continually until it
boils. Cut some boiled potatoes into slices,
and put them into the saucepan with the
mixture ; boil all together and serve them
very hot.
pi rrl ■■;
nJI IH Ff SI ( CO ba» nerer failed when ns».
rWlra (\ILLKR according to printed Una
inc'.Oßinir eacii bottle, aad U perfectly -if • a «
in the mott inexperienced luir.ds.
PAIN rULIXh is a sure enrp tor
llinrrliiriu Dysentery. Crauil>s< Clmleriv
and all Bowel Complaints.
rAll* IVILLbK kno-H-nforSeaSickiie-».
nick llrndacbe, I'riin in this liuei; or \iii-
KlicmniitiMii, and Neuralgia. _—£=«.
nMM t/I! 9CB iH'jnmirt'iondtlvthe IsES*
triers ■)'■■'.</ and permanent relief in all cases Oj
ItruiM-s, Cuts, Sprninw, Brvrre Bnrn:i, il<
nIKi Rl I/IS ICDis * well-tried and trusted
PAil» KltLtn friend of the Mechanic
Farmer, Plnntcr, Sailor, and In fact all duraei
mmttug a medicine always at hand, ana «»/« v
ua internally or externally wil It cerUuon
C {ar"Ko family can afford to be without this it.
raliiab'.c remedy la house. Its price bruurs iv
v,:-h.:: tlia reach of all, and it will annually sen
mrmy times its cost in doctors' bUK
i-i<\ 1 <■ M drunKlsti at 25e. 60c. •nd ft a botOt-
?ER!iV DAVIS & SOM, Prov'doroe. R» fc
. la a Fopitivo Cnre .
for all tho«e Pnlnl'ul Complaints and Weaknesses
, ;■ soeommon toourbcitt female population.
It will cure entirely the worst form of Female Com-
plaints, all ovarian troubles, Inflammation and Ulcer*-
tlon, Falling and Displacements, and the consequent
Spinal Weakness, and is particularly adapted to the
Change of Life," §
It will dissolve" and expel tumors from the uterus In
an early stage of development. The tendency to can-
cerous humors there is checked very speedily by its use.
I It removes f aintness, flatulency, destroys all craving
for stimulants, and relieves weakness of the stomach.
It cures Bloating, Headaches, Nervous Prostration,
General Debility, Sleeplessness, Depression and Indi-
gestion. ■*£■> ■;:'■■' \-~ ■-•■.- '' ' ■ :.■ '. u'J ■: ;
, That feeling of bearing down, causing pain, weight
and backache, is always permanently cured by its use.
i It will at all times and under all circumstances act In
harmony with the laws that govern the female system.
„ For the cure of Kidney Complaints of either sex this
Compound is unsurpassed^ ' '-■ '- c ■ - ... -
POCNDIs prepared at 233 and 335 Western Avenue,
Lynn, Mass. Price $1. Six bottles or $5. Sent by mail
In the form of pills, also In the form of lotences, on
receipt of price, $1 per box for either. Mrs. Pinkham
freely answers all letters of inquiry. I Send for pamph-
let. ■■ Address as above. Mention this Paper. •-: • , \
No family should be without LYDIA E. PINE aAM '3
LIVER FILLS, j They I cure constipation, biliousness,
and torpidity of the liver. 25 cents per box. ■
. _ tar Sold by all Drnggidta. "«*
Fr»p»rrd fron^i,< \J tropical
fruil* . . \(/ *° d Fl»at».
ft acts gently, effectively, and is delicious
to take. Cleansing the system thoroughly,
it imparts vigor to mind and tody, and
dispels Melancholy, Hypochondria, etc.
A Single Trial Convinces.
/ Tropic-Fruit Laxative is an elegant \
I and refreshing fruit lozenge, which I
. ] serves the purpose of pills and the (
' usual time-worn cathartic medi- '
I cines. It cures Constipation, Bil- I
I iousness, Headache, Indisposition, I
\ Piles, and all kindred ailments. /
— • » —
Extracts from Newspaper Opinions.
"It does its work well find quickly, leav-
ing no deleterious after effects, but brinKing
in their siead refreshing satisfaction, lively
spirits, and a clear head."- Chicago Tribune.
" A pleasant confection, which childhood
will be glad to receive, but whose proper-
ties are certain of an effect."— Cincinnati
"In no sense a quack medicine, for al-
ready it is prescribed by leading phyal-
dans."— St Louis Democrat.
"It produces no griping, acts easily nniV
naturally, and is pleasant to the taste." —
Chicago Journal.
"Certainly no medical discovery 01 late-
years can equal it in value to the human
nice."— Cincinnati Commercial.
" Appreciated by those who have occasion
to use it, and prescribed by leading physi-
Clans." — Cleveland leader.
"The mildest and most efficient aperient
we ever used."— Cincinnati A.O. U. if. Bul-
"It has been tried for costiveness by per-
sons connected with this office, and found to-
work like a charm."— Tare Haute Sxprtt*
" It is now in universal use. and lias a de-
mand almost unequaled in the drug busi-
ness."— Chattanooga Times.
" Seldom, if ever before, has any remedy
grown so rapidly in public favor."— Chicago
Inter -1 1
" It is pleasant to commend a medicine so
really meritorious.'* — Baltimore Baiiimmrav,
" A positive and pleasant remedy for con-
stipation, etc"— Pchria (/to.) Transcript.
"For ladies and children it is especial)}
adapted, having none of the disagreeable
form and taste of a pill or powder?'— Stat
Line Herald, Jottlin, Mo. ■
"One of its pleasant features is that it con-
tains no mercury or deleterious substance in
any form.' I K'eokuk (/biro) Gate Citu.
"We cheerfully recommend it.' — Dead-
wood (Dakota) Black Hills Pioneer.
" A pleasant euro for costiveness and its
consequent ills."— Cairo (Ills.) Bulletin.
"The lozenges are as palatable as the nic-
est fruit."— Waco (Texas) Examiner.
"Is more efficient in its action than tho
nauseous cathartics which make martyrs of
Indies and children."— .San Francisco Ainru
•■May bo relied npon as a most harmless
and effective medicine."— San Jose (Cal.)
" We bespeak for Tropic-Fruit Laxative ft
world- wide fame and sale."— Hew York Com-
mercial and U. 8, Exporter.
. Tropic-Fruit Laxative !
Price, 25 and 60 cts. per Box --
1,,. 1 mmt — ■ — — 'i — .
H. C. KlitK A CO.,
X i! O a < Jl I T I S ,
Dyspepsia, Dipbtberia, 31ruilirnueoos
Croup, Swollen io:islls, <}uiiu>y,
-All Throat and Lung Troubles-
IST Also, by (Seaming the Blood, cure« Car*
linnflf. if directions, 09 given in pamphlet, ar»
I rictly followed.
If persistently used in pboe »f Cigar, the arom&
cleanses the poison from tbo Lungs, and cures too
hanker for Tobacco.
CaT Send for pamphlet. "SI
J. nETVES. M street, bet. Fifteenth and
>I\(rontti, S:i(T.ii!wiii:>, Cal.
v-< '■ ■ 811-lawtf3 •■-...
Imparts the most deiiciatm tasto and zest to
of aLKTTKRfrom W& •--
a MEDICAL GEN- V 3 soil's.
TI.EM.vN Rtjind- '&M
res, to his taw ncr a v \y 1 fs
at WORCI - |l
•'Toil i PRR- jik&cfcd FtSBk '
RINs that thi-lrlHS^l
sauce is hlglily i^-i|&s3fci| HOT A: f'OI.D-
teemefl In India, js..._^-|l .
and is in myopin- terjjjsgja mEATs,
lon, the most pali^fPjSg*S .
table, as well asis£=g3j r . .-,,,• ..„
the most -svliole-lfe^i 0 1 " *- c *
some BUICB that Is B^SfS-'J
made." . ■;•'.'>'
Sienatiiro is en every bottle of 'CJEXIIINKr.
Sold and used throughout the world.
: ]Y2lawlyS -
„ Used for over 25 years ■with great success by the •
physicians of Paris, New York and London, and '.
superior to all others for the prompt cure of all :
cases, recent or of lons standing. Put up only in .
Glass Bottles containing 64 Capsules, each. Price 76.
cents, Tn»*""g them the cheapest Capsules in tlia -

xml | txt