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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, July 16, 1881, Image 6

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THE DAILY RECORD-UNION.
WITHOUT STEAM.
A Story for Boys Exclusively, this Time.
Once upon a time a rich man built a
school for boys, in which they might study
surveying, eugineeriug, mechanics and the
sciences one needs to know to be a rail
road man. This man began life as a train
boy, and steadily pushed his way
up to be fireman, engineer, master
mechanic, and finally President of a
railroad. He often said his own chance
in life would have bsen better if he could
have gone to school when a boy, and
learuea from books about steam and en
gines, level;, inclines and curves, before he
undertook tv fire a boiler or take a loco
motive o\er the road. As it was, he got
his education by hard knocks, heavy work
on the eugine's toot-plate and weary toil in
the machine-shop. So it happened he built
" the aciioal close to the repair shops
of the road of which he was
President. He put good teachers and
good books in the school, and then
opened it, free, to the sons of the brake
men, conductors, engineers, and other men
employed on the line. In the school the
boys were to study the science of the rail
road and locomotive, and then, if they af
terward went to work on the road, they
would not have suc'i a hard time as the
train-boy who became President.
Twice every year the President offered
a Waltham watch as a prize to the boy in
the school who should write the best com
position on any subject connected with the
things they had been studying, or anything
in relation to engines or railroads.
Tom Stayboltt, whose father was con
ductor on the night express, had been in
the school three years, and had tried
live times for the prize, and lost it every
time. Tom was regarded by all the
scholars aa the brightest boy in the
school, lie stuttered in his speech, and
his handwriting was as stiff as a switch
rod, yet he was always at the head of his
class. You could never trip him on any
knotty question as to whether the cyl
inders were on the top of the boilers or
under the tender. He knew the name
and use of every bit of metal in an en
gine, and it was believed by all the boys
that he was a good engineer, and could
take his father's train right through to the
•Junction without running past a red light
or wab^£ steam on the down graces.
The semi annual prize had beczi an
nounced, and nearly every boy in the
school was busy over his composition.
"I-i-it's no use, b-b-boys ; I shall not
try for the p-p- prize. I can't write, and I
never can t-t-tell — tell what I know. If
they would give a prize for doing some
thing, I think I miglit g-g-get — get it."
Tom was a great favorite In the fnhoo^
and not one of the boys laughed at this
speech. They were taught manners, as
well as mechanics, in that school, and the
boys well knew that what Tom said was
true. ! They might write compositions and
get prizes, but when it came to doing the
•filings, •? fh >- Tom Stayboltt uid beat
them all.
The day of the prize-giving drew near,
and every boy save Tom was hard at work
over his composition. He had tried five
times, and each time the teachers had said
his composition was very bad indeed, with
the wrong words, awkward sentences, and
punctuation that was truly awful. Now
it happened that the day before the prize
was to be given a new locomotive arrived
on the railroad, and stood, without wood
or water, on the track of the repair-shop
yard. It had been hauled up on the freight
train, and had never been used on the road.
After school a number of the boys went
over to the yard to see the new engine, and
among them was Tom Stayboltt.
It was a first-class passenger engine,
built for high speed, and looking very
handsome in its new paint and shining
brass work. There were several men look
ing at the engine as the boys came up, and
they gathered round to hear what might be
said.
"An empty engine," remarked one of
the men, ' ' always seems to me a very
helpless thing. It is so big and heavy it
is impossible to move it without steam
power, and yet it will not only move itself,
but will drag many times its weight at
forty miles an hour over the line."
" It is not the engine that moves," said
another man." "It is the wood or coal or
water — the fuel and steam. If it were not
for the fire and water inside it would never
move at all."
" I can make her go without w-w-wood
— wood or water. "
This remark caused a laugh from the
boys, and even the men smiled at the ab
surd statement. One man came over to
where Pom stood and said :
" How would you do that, my boy f
" I'd rather n-u uwt— not tell."
" Why cut '.•■
" JJccauseln-n-neverfc-t- tried— tried it."
" Oh, you mean you think you could,
but you have never proved your theory by
experiment."
" Y-y-yea — yea, sir."
The men and boys became wonderfully
interested in this conversation, for it was
clear that Tom Stayboltt knew what he
was talking about.
" Do you belong to the Railroad School?"
" Y-y-yes — yes, sir."
" Yon moan to try for the prize, I
-c !"
i, tir. My handwriting is as crooked
a3 n rr-rom's h-h-horn — ram's horn."
After that nothing more of importance
was said, and the boys, having looked over
the engine to their heart's content, went
home.
The next day at 10 o'clock the entire
school was marched into the lecture-room
of the school building to see the prize
watch given by the President to the boy
who had written the best composition. All
the teachers were there, together with the
fathers and mothers of the boys, visitors
and people connected with the railroad.
This prize-giving was regarded as a great
event along the line, and every ir.ao, from
engine-wipers to directors, wanted to be
on hand to see whose son carried off the
prize. At 10:15, railroad time, the Presi
dent and the honorable Directors, with
their wives and daughters, marched in
and took seats on the platform, while
all the boys stood up as a matter of respect
to the founder of the school. It was al
ier quite a grand and ceremonious
•flair, and was, for the boys, an impressive
occasion. When the directors and the
ladies were seated, the boys iat down.
Then there was a speech from the head
master, followed by one from a director,
and one from the President's wife. Then
it came the President's turn to give out the
prise* All the compositions, neatly tied
up in red t»pe, were laid on the desk, and
■when he stood up he brushed them all one
side, as if he did not care much for com
position!. His speech was short and very
peculiar :
" Lidies and gentlemen, and boys of the
school : I have carefully read all the com
positions, and, while I thißk they are all
excellent. I have decided that this time
the chance to win the prize shall be opßn
to those who did not write a composition."
This was a great surprise, and the boys
wondered how this was to be done. They
knew the President was a just and honor
able man, and would do nothing unfair ;
so they accepted what he said in silence,
though those who had written the com
positions were, of course, somewhat disap
pointed.
" Yesterday," continued the President,
" I beard one of the boys say he could run
a locomotive em me without wood or water,
if he can do it, he shall have the prize. Is
the boy present V"
There was a solemn hush in the room.
Kveryone looked about, and wondered if
the audacious and foolish boy was there.
Of course it could not be done, and the
President had taken this means to punish
him for his vain and idle boasting.
As for Tom Stayboltt, he felt ready to
nk through the floor. Something must
be done about it, and in a moment he stood
up and said, in a clear, manly voice :
" 1 said so, sir ; and if you will give me
the engine, and Jerry Smith's Mogul, I'll
do it."
The sudden appearance of little Tom
Stayboltt, pale and yet calm, and the clear
voice without a defect, caused a great
sensation, and everyone turned in wonder
to look at him. Some of the ladies wanted
to know what the boy meant by "Jerry
Smith's Mogul,'' and the gentleman with
them explained that it was a heavy freight
engine of the "Mogul" pattern run by
Mr. J. Smith.
The President called Tom up to the plat
form, and for a moment or two there was
a whispered conversation between Tom,
the head master of the school, and the
President. Everyone looked on with the
greatest interest, and wondered what
would happen next.
Tom seeni3 to have convinced the two
gentlemen that he knew exactly what he
was talking about, for the President smiled
and shook Tom by the hand, and then
stood up and said to all the people :
"When I heard Master Scayboltt say
yesterday afternoon he could rnn the en
gine, I resolved to give him a chance. I
therefore ordered a train to be got ready,
and I now invite the school and all their
friends to go to the station. We will take
the engine out on the lino, and Master
Stayboltt shall try for the prize by running
the engine a mile without wood or water.
The engine has never been used, except on
its trial trip, and there is not a quart of
water in the boiler or tank, nor a pound of
coal or so much as a match, on the tender. "
The proposal was received with the
greatest enthusiasm, and the entire com
pany, ladies and gentlemen, teachers,
boys and all marched down to the station
and took a train of cars they found all
ready for them. A heavy "Mogul" en
gine backed up and took the train over to
the repair-shop yards where the new en
gine stood. Several of the Directors git
out and examined the engine, and declared
there was no fuel in the tender nor a drop
of water in the boiler. The train was
backed up to the front of the engine, and
it was coupled on. Every one got on board
and the train hauled out of the yard, and
took the main line, with the empty engine
trailing behind. As for Master Stayboltt,
they put him on the engine and made him
ride there all alone.
Tom didn't care ; in fact, this was just
what he wanted. The train ran at a speed
for about ten miles into the country. Then
it stopped, and everybody hurried out to
ace the performance — or the failure. The
road just here was perfectly level, and
there was a switch and sidinp. The train
was uncoupled from the engine, and run
into the siding, out of the way, and flag- i
men were sent up and down the line to !
stop all trains that might interfere with ;
the shew. The people gathered around
the cold and silent engine, standing in a
crowd on the grass by the line. Tom still
sat ia the eri^.he, atfd when everything j
was ready the President *«d that^ Master j
Stayboltt might now try for the prize.
The idea of that boy making an engine
go a mile ! It was very silly in him, and no j
doubt he would now be properly punished
for his vain boasting.
' ' Are you ready, sir J"
" Y-y-yes— yes, sir."
" Then go ahead,"
The people stood looking on, and quite :
ready to laugh at the poor boy's failure.
Ah, she moves !
The big wheeh turn slowly, and the cold j
and silent engine rolled Blowly backward.
For an tnstant there was a laugh, She
Wis going the wrong way. She moved
faster and faster, and the laugh died away, i
Ah ! she's slowing up. She has stopped, j
It's a failure. No. Tom could be seen ;
turning the reversing bar. The engine
gave one loud whistle, and started ahead. I
Faster and faster ! On it came, and I
rushed pa3t the people at twenty miles an j
hour. How the people cheered ! It was I
wonderful. Totr was looking straight
ahead, like a good engineer. The ladies |
waved their handkerchiefs, and the boys i
shouted until they were hoarse. Tom
Stayboltt had won the prize.
Tne engine ran on about half a mile, and
then came slowly back, and stopped just j
before the President's pretty daughters, j
Tom came to the window, and took off his i
hat and bowed politely to the ladies.
" How much pressure have you, Master
Engineer ?" said the President.
"T-t-twenty --twenty pounds, sir."
Then the school gave three cheers for :
Tom, and three more for the President, for !
everyone said it was far better to do some
thing than to write the best composition
ever seen. Of course every one wished to j
know just how it was done, and to make
it all clear the President mounted a pile of
sleepers and told them the whole story :
" ou all know that in a steam engine
is a boiler and furnace, or fire box. Water
ia put in the boiler and a fire is made in
the furnace, precisely as in a tea-kettle on j
a stove. The water boils in the tea-kettle, j
and we see the steam escape. In the en
gine the steam is locked in and cannot es
cape 1 , and very soon it becomes crowded,
and if still kept locked in it will burst the
boiler. Before this can happen the engi
neer opens a valve and permits the steam
to enter two oblorjg iron boxes, called the
cylinders. Here it meets a piece of metal,
called the piston, that fits the inside of the j
cylinder pretty closely. It cannot get past, !
and so it pushes the piston away to the J
other end of the cylinder. As soon as this :
happens the valves close of their own ac- ]
cord, and the steam escapes into the open
air with a puff. Then the steam enters the
other end of the cylinder, and drives the
piston back again. Iv this manner the
steam pushes the piston to and fro as
it tries to escape from the boiler. Now
there is a rod fastened to the piston, and
passing through the end of the cylinder.
Each cylinder has one, and these are con- j
nected by means of other rods with the :
great wheels of the locomotive. You now
see that the piston, driven forward and
backward, moves the wheels, and thus it
ia the escaping steam moves the engine.
These rods you can nee outside the engine ;
the piston and the valves are inside, out of
sight. Now the air is elastic, like steam,
aud it may be used in any engine in place
of steam. If air is pumped into a tight
box like a boiler, it may bo locked up,
or compressed, and if it were to go on
pumping, we might burst the boiler I
with compressed air. Master Stayboltt
knew all this, and he also knew that
when an empty engine is dragged along
the mils by another engine, as happened
on onr ride out here, the wheels will
turn round, and these move the rods
and the pistons, and each cylinder works
like a pump. Instead of letting steam out, L
it pushes air back into the boiler, and very
goon the boiler is full of elastic compressed ;
air struggling to get out. Master Stay
boltt, as soon as the train stopped, opened
the valves, and the air rushed out the way
it went in, making the pistons move, and
the wheels turn round. Of course the air
Boon ran out, and the engine stopped. This
made no difference to us, for Master Stay
boltt clearly showed that he had learned
his lessons well, and knew how to apply
them."
Then the President's youngest daughter
climbed up into the engine, and gave Tom
the prize watch. The boys took him on
their shoulders in triumph to the Presi
dent's car, every one got on board, the
llagmen were called in, and the entire
party went gayly home with the empty
engine trailing behind.— [Harper's Young
People.
I'll mn.. FhiiT.— The following sugges
tions in regard to picking fruit for canning
are furnished by a gentleman conversant
with the business : "It pays to pick your
fruit carefully and in time : it in light con
dition one day the next will be too late to
pick. Go over your trees many times.
I >on't try to pick all at once. If green.
you lose weight. If too ripe, it is spoiled
for canning. The proper condition for
apricot, plum, peach and nectarine is when
fully matured, but before softening. Use
shallow boxes. Shakes make good boxes
and are cheap. Above all, bring to the
cannery, or send to the market, at the
earliest possible moment after picking.
It is not too late to thin out some fruit.
Trees that overbear do not yield marketa
ble fruit."
AMERICA'S VICTORY.
The " Becord-Union " correspondent Tells
of the Great Race at Paris.
Paris, June 16, ISBI.
" Hurrah for America ! " Such was the
exclamation of the crowd that witnessed
the race of the Grand Prix last Sunday.
And indeed America has had a triumph — a
most precious triumph to all earnest and
enthusiastic sportsmen. Although we
much rejoiced over the news that an
American horse had won the Derby at
London, we felt that the victory Bomewhat
concerned one family only ; but now that
ti;e American da.; has been gloriously un
furled to the breeze on Longchainps, the
victory ia proportionately greater. "These
Americans," we hear the French say, "are
determined, it setms, to be the
FIRST IN EVtRYTHTNI,
And everywhere in the world." And why
cot ': With Yankee enterprise and Yankee
perseverance we may yet cause the world
to open its eyes in greater wonder than
heretofore. We many oi us hoped that
the same ho-se which won the Derby
would rue at Longchiinps on last Sunday,
bat we were informed by everyone that
such would not be the case, and that, in
fact, no American horse had been entered,
and our iutere3t was therefore con
fined to the picturesque sight of
the tlrjile of the crowd on their
return from the scene of excitement.
Never had there been such a crowd at
Longebamps as on Sunday last, and the
number of persons is reckoned at from live
to six hundred thousand. Never, except
at the distribution of ilags la3t year, has
such a crowd before been seen in the neigh
borhood of I'aris, and it appear 3 that the
French are becomicgas enthusiastic sports
men as their neighbors across the Channel.
THE RACE
Was one of unusual importance, for there
had come together probably the best run- i
ning horses throughout the world, aud
France has never had so much to contend i
with in her endeavors for the victory, i
First, there were Foxhall, an American
horse ; Fiddler and Scobell, two English ;
Albion, belonging to Count de Lagrange, j
the vanquisher of the Derby of Chantilly ;
Tristan, who had easily on the Thursday
before beaten Castillion and Cieman
tine, two most superior animals, and
by a performance absolutely remarkable, ;
which made of him a dangerous '
champion for the grand prize ; there was '
i also Forum, belonging to Baron de Rottiß- i
. child, who also had previously met with I
considerable success. The finest whips of I
England had crossed the channel to show
off these remarkable animals : Cannon,
who had already gained this fine prize '
j three times ; Ooater, who gained it in 1563
• — the first time he rode for it ; Fordham, ;
I ?\ho gamed it twice in succession — in 1807 '
1 and 1888 ; Archer, the - oe ', AU < '
best without ScoroUoa of actual jockeys,
who has already ia France aud England '
come on wiin such brilliant victories, but ,
■ who had not yet gained the grand prize at
j Paris. With Buch artists— not a too exag- '
j gerated expression for sportsmen— one v\ as
1 sure that the trial would be a serious one, i
and that the best horse would win, for the
others would certainly do all in their
! power to snatch the victory from him.
Foxhall,
THE AMERICAS HORSE,
j Although at the extremity of the line, '
I bounded first in advance and started the
i race at a great speed : he kept ahead until
I about COO meters before coming in, when '
j Albion, the French horse, came up to him, I
! but although he kept in line with him he '<
■ never passed him by an inch. Just a few
j strides before reaching the goal Fordham
raised his whip and Foxhall bounded in,
j victor of the race. The victory of the
; American champion was saluted by en
thus'astic exclamations, an American flag '
was immediately hoisted on the top of a
drag in the very center of the race grounds '
and greeted with frantic hurrahs. The '
I woods around fairly trembled with the
j echo, and that simultaneous cry from so
! many thousands of throats caused all hearts '
!to beat with emotion. In all it was a j
superb day, neither rain, nor sun, nor heat, |
nor cold ; and even though the bright rays I
did not mingle with the scene and render
| the gaudy colors more brilliant, the toilets
were for the most p»rt marvelously beauti
ful, and appeared doubly so when seen in
j the avenues of the hois with the luxuriant
' green trees for a frame. All the inhabit
ants of Paris and its environs who were
not among the five or six hundred thousand
around the race track that day, were to be
found along the road from Longchamps to
i the very end of the Champs Elyaess, as far
j the Place de la Concorde. They were in
I carriages, on horaeback, seated in chairs
' under the trees, stanriiug or reclining on !
the green sward, aud these last had left the !
city early in the morning and taken their
dinner with them, so as to have a good
view of the paople going to and coming I
from the races. This is always the
MOST IMPORTANT TART
Of the ceremony, and every vehicle of va
j rious description, with some port of an an- I
I inial attached to it, were to be seen ou that
| occasion, even to the donkeys and the old
I woman's goats. All persons whose relig
ious scruples would not permit their par
ticipating in any performance so demoral
izing as horse-racing, found it perfectly
proper to drive to the very gates, and from
there return home in company with the
sinners. Others, who for some reason
did not care to go to the races, drove
out on the bois and there stationed
themselves along the road on one side to
I watch the crowd of carriages drive past.
So much was it understood that all went
to see and be seen, that when the stationed
carriages moved on, those who came from
the races in turn took a stand and watched
the others pass. What a sight it was. All I
the handsome turnouts of the French capital
were on exhibition, the horses with curved
heads and covered with silver harness; the
drivers and footmen in their white knee
breeches looking dignified and s vere, ard in
the elevated victorias happy-looking ladies
and gentlemen, the former a mags of white or
I delicately-colored fleecy goods fabrics and
cream colored plumes. The toilettes were
exquisite and were of nil shades and colors,
but that which predominated were dresses
of light colored or white foulard, with rows
of wide Valenciennes lace in llounces up the
front, accompanied by hats immense in
size and completely covered with feathers.
Whatever may be thought of the present
[ tashion, it must be confessed that they are
' exceedingly becoming, and that under such
hats old faces look younger, and young
pretty faces appear more beautiful.
TIIE WHO] i: UDTOTH
Of the road from Lsngchamps to the
Champs Klysees it was impossible for the
horses to trot at all. The carriages were
five abreast, acd when they did not move
■lowly they were at a standstill, so great
the crowd and so urgent were the precau
tions to prevent accidents. Gensdarmes
were stationed at nearly every crossing in
the road, and were actively employed in
directing the different carriages, making
openings for the foot passengers to cross
over, allowing but one line of vehicles sta
tioned on the road, and maintaining strict
order everywhere. Not a single accident
was recorded, and in spite of the immense
aflluence of people everything passed off in
the most charming and satisfactory manner.
In fact no one understands managing
crowds better than the French do ; besides
no crowds are ever seen as orderly and as
sober. I neglected to say that the race of
the grand prix was made in three minutes
and fifteen seconds. The grand prix has
been ran for eighteen times. It was won
nine times by a French horse, seven times
by an English horse, once by a Hungarian
horse, and this time by an American horse.
Val.
LtdiaE. Piskham's "Vegetable Compound,"
the great medicine for the cure of all female
complaint", is the greatest strengthener of the
back, stomach, nerves, kidneys, urinary and
genital organs of man and woman ever known.
Send for circulars to Ljdia E.-Pinkham,
Lj Mass. , :/ '£LT-~' ! *J
ROVER'S PETITION.
" Kind traveler, do not pap* me by,
Ami thus a poor oM dosr forsake ;
But stop a moment on your way,
And hear my woe, for pity's sake !
" My name is Rorer ; yonder hous»
W .is once my home for many a year ;
My master loved me ; every hand
Caressed youu« Kover, iar and near.
" The children rode upon my back,
And 1 could hear my praists sung ;
With joy I licked the pretty fee.
As round my shaggy fides they clung.
" 1 watched them while they played or slept ;
I cave them all I had to sive ,
My Etrentr.h was theirs from morn till night ;
! For oblt them I cared to live.
" No* I am old, ami blind, and lame.
They've turned me out to die alune,
Without a shelter for my head,
Without & scrap of tread or bone.
" This morning I can hardly crawl,
« hi!e shivering in the snow and hail ;
My tettU are droppin? one hy one :
I scarce have strength to wig my till.
" I'm palsied crown with mortal pain?,
llr withered limbs are useless now ;
My voice la almost c me, you fee.
And 1 can hardly make my bow.
" Perhaps you'll lead me to a shed.
Where I may find some friendly straw
On which to lay my aching limbs, ,
And rest my he pless broken paw.
11 Stranger, excuse this story long,
And p.ird n, pray, my UW appal ;
You've owned a dog yourself, perhaj**, '
And learned that dugs, like men, can feel."
Yes, poor old Rover, come with me,
Food, with warm ihiiter, I'll supply—
And Heaven forgive the cruel souls
Who drove you forth to starve and die.
— [James T. Field's last poem.
THE VALUE OF VIVISECTION.
Human vivisection, pursued for its
beneficent purpose, is a difficult and dan
gerouß practice. Is requires the most
accurate and thorough knowledge of the
i organization of the human body, and ex-
I tensive experience in working upon it. In
its earlier stages, when little was known of
I the living system, it was a dreadful bar
j barism, a manipulation of torture, and, in
I serious cases, more liable to injure than to
| benefit. The province of surgery has ever
' depended upon knowledge anil experience,
and it has become successful in proportion
as knowledge has increased and the oppor
tunities of practice have been enlarged.
Modern surgery has advanced with the
most rapid strides, and at every step has
made humanity its debtor. And this,
also, everybody knows.
Yet, from the beginning, men have com
bined to hinder the development of this
art upon which so mush of human welfare
depends, For thousands of years the dis
section r.f the dead human body— the only
source of knowledge to the surgeon — was
held a horrible thing by the multitude,
was denounced as sacrilege by the Church,
and was forbidden by the State.
In recent times it has been discovered
Ihat there is a unity of method and law
running through all forms of organic lite,
such as was never suspected in former ages.
This was a great step in the progress of
science, anl a great opening for the physi
cian and surgeon, as the whole realm of
inferior life was at once made tributary to
the development of the physician's art—
that is, the human viviseetor, who had
been hitherto greatly cramped and embar
rassed by the difficulties and limited scope
of his operations, could now carry on his
inquiries more thoroughly and comprehen
sively by experiments upon the lower ani
mals. It was a grand possibility, and,
broadly considered, forms the most impor
tant step in the progress of medical and
surgical science and art.
But, here again, iguoranceand prejudice
have, even in our day, combined to hinder
the use and extension of knowledge vital
to human benefit. As the human body
was once forbidden to be dissected, so now
it is forbidden to vivisect the lower ani
mils. Anti-vivisection societies are formed,
and anti-vivisection legislation is sought
and has been obtained to defeat the work
of the experimental physiologist. The
anti-vivisectionists express great sympathy
for the poor dumb animals, and assume to
be their protectors. The sympathy is
commendable, the function assumed a
most proper one, and the Held for the exer
cise of both boundless, so that these friends
of the suffering animals can exhaust all
their energies in protective work, without
meddling with the physiologists. — [Popu
lar Science Monthly.
LAUGH MORE.
Mothers do not laugh enough. The
housekeeping is so onerous, the children bo
often trying to nerves and temper, the
servants most exasperating, and c yon John,
kind good husband that he is, cannot un
derstand all our vexatious and discourage
ments, and so wearied do wo often feel
that it is too much for the household to
depend on us, in addition to all our cares,
for social sunshine as well. Yet the house
hold does, and must. Father may be
bright and cheery, his laugh rings out, but
if the mother's laugh fails, even the fa
ther's cheerfulness seems to lose much of
its infection. In the sad but forcible lines
of one of Joanna Biiilie's dramas —
Her little child hail caught the trick of grief,
And Eighcd amid its playthings —
We may catch a glimpse of the stern, re
pressed life at Bothwell Manse, where
"the repression of all emotions, even the
gentlest, seems to have bseii the constant
lesson." I remember well hearing a lady
say, "When a child, I used to wish so
often that my mother would look cheerful."
Then laugh, mother, even if you do feel
almost too weary to exert the facial mus
cles, and you have to make a pitiful effort
which cornea nigh bringing tears instead of
a laugh. You will feel better for the
effort, and so will the children. The little
ones, unconsciously to yon and themselves,
arc- , catching the very phases of counte
nance which will go far to brighten or
cloud some future home. ' .
Then laugh, mother— parlor, nursery and
kitchen all feel the effect of your smile 01
frown. The cheery lau^h of a mother goes
down through generations, as well as her
frown. And when the mother's eyes are
closed, and lips and hands forever still,
there is no sweeter epitaph which children
and friends can give than, " She was al
ways bright and cheerful."
BIRD INTELLIGENCE.
One of the most surprising examples of
animal or bird intelligence occurred in thi3
city last evening. A lady was in the back
I>art of her lot feeding little chickens from
a dish filled with cornmeal and dough,
when a brown thrush lit on the edge of
the dish, pecked the lady's hand, and fly
ing into the air hovered over her. The
lady resumed her feeding again, when the
thrush settled and pecked her hand. Sev
eral times the bird did the same thing, each
time Hying off a short distance towards a
hedge fence and then returning. Finally
the lady was thoroughly interested in the
bird's movements and arose. As she
did so the bird whirled over her several
times and Hew straight for the hedge.
As the lady continued to stand
the bird came back again, flew to
the hedge some rods away. This time
the lady followed, but every time she
stopped the bird wonld come back, wheel
around, and then fly to a certain spot in
the hedge and hover around it. At last
the lady went to the hedge, and approach
ing the spot above which the bird was cir
cling, she was surprised to hear a faint,
plaintive chirrup, and examining the spot
found a young thrush caught between two
branches in such a manner that it was fast
being killed. She released the bird, and
holding it in her hand opened it to let it
fly, but it was too much exhausted. She
then took it and set it on a post, when the
old bird at once came and lit by its side,
caressing it in an overjoyed manner. As
the lady walked to the house the old bird
flew toward her, hovering over her, and
was apparently twittering its gratitude.
The lady watched the birds from the win
dow until the little one recovered suffi
ciently to fly.— [Ottawa (Kae.) Republican.
- Tobfid Lives and kidney* poison the blood.
Kidney* Wort levivea them and cleanses the
syptem.
ROSSINI'S RECIPES FOR OVERTURES.
The Voltaire, publishes a letter written
by Rossini, or, at all events, attributed to
Rossini, on the subject of the difficulties
attending overtures, and the proper mode
of remedying them. The document takes
the form of a reply to a young musician
who had consulted the mat-ntro. It runs
as follows : " General and invariable vile:
l>o not compose the overture before the
very eve of the first representation. Noth
ing produces inspiration to much as neces
sity, the inciting presence o: the oopyUt
who is awaiting your work strip by strip,
and the terrifying sight of a despairing
manager tearing out his hair by the roots.
The real rh?f.i tFctttvre have never been
composed under other eircurr..-t:ißocs. In
Italy, in my dny. maui^trs were all bald
before they were thirty.
"First Recipe — I composed the ov.
to ' Othtllo' in a littie room in the i
Palace, in which tbe most ferocious and
baldest of managers shut me up, with
c, and the threat that lie
would only let me out alive if provide i
with the iast note of the taid overture.
"Second Recipe — I composed the over
ture to the 'Ltzza Lu-ha,' not on the eve,
but on the very day of the Brat representa
tion, in the ' flies' of the- L: Soala Theater,
a: Milan, whither the manage*, a worthy
rival of Babaja, had relegated me under
the guard ot four machinists. These
four wretches were ordered to
throw down my work, sheet by
■haet, to copyists who Mt below in the
body of the theater, transcribing, and
sending the manuscript bit by bit to the
chef d'orchestre, who had it rehearsed. If
a due amount were not forthcoming, the
barbarians in question were directed to
throw me in propria pertama to the copy
ists.
" Third Recipe— l did better in the case
of the overture to 'II Barbiere,' which I
did not compose at all, having made use of
the overture to ' Elisabetta, an excessively
Stria opera, instead of the oce written for
the above equally buffo, piece. The public
seemed delighted by the substitution.
"Fourth Recipe— l composed the over
ture, or, more properly speaking, the mu
sical introduction, to the 'Comte Ory'
while fashing in company with M. Agaado,
who n«ver ceased talking to me the whole
time about Spanish finances. '
Fifth Recipe— l composed the over
ture to 'Guillaume .Tell,' under somewhat
analogous circumstances, in some rooms on
the Boulevard Montmartre, which were
tilled night and day with a posse of fellows
smoking, drinking, talking, singing and
bellowing in pi y ears, while I was working
away with might and main.
"Sixth Recipe — I never : composed any
overture at all for 'Moise,' which is the
easiest way. of all, and was followed by
my good friend Meyerbeer for 'Robert le
Diable,' and the ' Huguenots,' as well as,
so they say, for the 'Prophete.'"—[Galig
nani.
POSTAL TELEGRAPHS IN FOREIGN COUN
TRIES
Let us see what success has attended the
postal telegraphs of other countries, which
have been quick to shed the blessings of
an American invention upon their citizens,
under the protection afforded by Govern
ment control. Among the first to adopt
this system was the Government of Bel
gium, where, March 15, 1861, it was estab
lished with a tariff of two and one-half
francs for twenty words within a radius of
seventy-five kilometers, or fifty cents for a
distance of forty-six and one-half miles,
and five francs for a distance above sev
enty-five [kilometers. The "registered
system " was adopted here by which the
sender, upon payment of a double fee, was
provided with an exact copy of the mes
sage delivered to his correspondent, to
gether with the exact time of the delivery.
In 187S the tariff had been reduced to a
fraction over eight cents for each twenty
words, and the receipts from this source
amounted to §420 238 84. The next year,
December 5, 1852, Switzerland adopted
the system with the following tariff : for a
message of twenty words, one franc ; over
twenty and under fifty, two francs ; above
fifty, three francs. In thia country, al
most from the very first, the receipts
showed a large surplus over expenditures,
and this was augmented in ISSS, when the
tariff was reduced to one-half a franc for
twenty words — a uniform rate. In 1870
the receipts amounted to g400,7G3 04 ; ex
penses, 8314,893 39. About the same
time the system was introduced in France,
where it proved a complete success from '
the first. In 1577 the French tariff was a
fraction over sixteen cents for twenty
words, and the receipts from this source
were 53,203,500. Then followed Russia,
Germany, Sweden, Italy, New Zealand
and other countries, with the most gratify
ing results in each case. Great Britain,
usually so quick to adopt reforms in the
postal service, and to which Government
we are indebted for various improvements
in our service — the postage-stamp, money
order, postal-car, carrier- system, postal
card, etc. — was the last of the European
countries to establish the system. Previ
ous to its introduction there, the Chambers
of Commerce memorialized Parliament in
favor of the measure, alleging that they
"had reason to complain not only of the
high rates charged by existing companies
for the transmission of messages, of fre
quent and vexatious delays in the delivery,
and of the inaccurate rendering, but that
many important towns, and even whole
districts, are misapplied with the means of
telegraph communication." — [Popular Sci
ence Monthly.
A COUNTESS IN THE CIRCUS.
One of the prettiest of the ecuyeret, or
lady riders, at the Hippodrome has met
with a tragic end. Her name was put on
the bills as Mademoiselle Fanny Gyika.
Some said that the coronet of countess em
broidered on her saddle and trappings real
ly belonged to her, while others declared
that they had been assumed with the same
readiness as that which transformed the
commonplace Sally Scroggins into Ada de
Montmorency for stage purposes. Death
has torn aside the veil, and the unfortunate
lady, who died on Tuesday, and was buried
yesterday, was not only a real counte3R,
but the wife of a very wealthy jjentleman
holding an important appointment at Bu
charest. He was present at the funeral
and he took greatly to heart the death
of the lady, who was only 24, and
at the very zenith of her beauty
when she met with the accident which
ended fatally. Hers was one of those
wild and roving dispositions, more suited
to the Gypsy camp than to domestic
duties. She left her husband and wan
dered from circus to circus, refusing every
offer to return home. At last she came to
Paris and made an engagement with M.
Zidler, of the Hippodrome. Just a week
ago she made her last appearance before
the public. She was riding her favorite
charger, Sultan, and, after putting him
through his paces, she galloped round the
arena to receive the applause of the au
dience. Somehow the horse backed or
shied at a handkerchief and unseated his
rider, whose foot got fast in the stirrup.
She was dragged for some distance, and
when taken up had to be conveyed to the
hospital with a compound fracture of the
ankle. She was told that she must lose
her leg, but she refused to undergo the
operation, preferring death, which super
vened through mortification of the injured
limb within a few days. — [London Globe.
Anti-clericalism is making itself ridicu
lous as well as intolerant in France. A
young girl in a Paris school who was being
examined about the crusades spoke of St.
Louis. The examiner put on a look of
astonishment and replied : "Mademoiselle,
will you explain yourself ? la it Louis IX.
of whom you wish to speak ?" " Yes, sir,"
answered the girl. " Very well, made
moiselle, call him Louis IX. I know that
by great gifts of money they obtained his
canonization from the clergy, but I do not
know him under the name of St. Louis."
RKRTAfII'S I.STALLIBLB ISJBCTIOS. — The famous
French remedy for gonorrhea, fleet, etc M. S.
Hammer, Sununento, ageot (or Pacific cost. Sen;
0. O. D. to any addrow.
OLLA-PODRIDA.
A concordance to the revised New Testa
ment is being prepared in London.
Queen Anne Boleyn * represented by a
late writer as having listened to this eong
from one of her admirers :
What were tins world, without the star uf love ?
: A sky without a star : .
' A desert, whoso bright sparkling fountains prove
A mirasre from afar :
'An ide ararden; without fruit flowers,
: . I* charm the fly ag hours. ,
Thine eyes are stirs, to light the world below ;
On thy fair cheeks reposes
Theblu*hii Love twines todeck his brow
-. Love's crown of roses. . -
Love. hoverin; o'tr thy dtwy fragrmt lips,
; His fill of nectar sips.
The • twelve lockets worn by Lidy
Brooke's (Miss Maynard's) bridesmaids at
the great wedding at We3tminster Abbey
arc described as exceptionally beautiful,
being very costly works of art. Each was
formed of diamonds and pearls, worked
with the greatest skill into -the most ex
quisite representation of the form and
petals of a daisy— appropriate emblems of
the youth and innocence of the bride and
her bridesmaids, as | well as souvenirs of
herself, the pet name by which she hi>
been known to her family and friends sinoe
her birth being Daisy.
There was one picturesque incident
about the wedding of Stephanie. No
sooner was the ceremony concluded
than the : High Master of Ceremonies,
stepping forward, requested all the Bel
gians in waiting on the Princess —
the Steward^ Chamberlains . and ladies —
to follow him, and led them away ; their
duties were at an end, for Piineess .Ste
phanie was now an Austrian. Next in
stant the Master of Ceremonies appeared
at the head of a new cortege of ladies and
gentlemen-in-waiting accredited to the
Crown Princess — this time Austrians and
Hungarians. This part of the ceremony
was. perhaps, the most impressive of all,
and the Crown Princess was deeply
moved.
HUMAN ENDURANCE IN THE WATER.
Men and animals arc able to sustain
themselves for long distances in the water,
acd would do so much oftener were they
not incapacitated, in regard of the former
at least, by sheer terror, as well as com
plete ignorance of their real powers.
Webb's wonderful endurance will never be
forgotten. Bat there are other instances
only les3 remarkable. Some years since
the secoml mate of a ship fell overboard
while in the act of listing a sail. It was
blowing fresh : the time was night, and
the place some miles out in the stormy
1 Clerman ocean. The hardy fellow never
their* 1 managed to gain the Kuglish coast.
Brock, «"?*** a dczen other pilots, was ply
ing for fares S r Yarmouth ; and as the
main-sheet was "l>e!a v e>l, a sudden puff of
wind upset the boat, .""lien presently all
perished except Brock hinu °tf. who, from
4 in the afternoon of an OctoL,.?r evening
to 1 the next morning, swam thirteen miles
before he was able to hail a vessei at
anchor in the offing. Animals themselves
are capable of swimming immense dis
tances, r.l though unable to rest by the
way. A dog recently swam thirty mi!e° !
in America.in order lo rejoin his maßter. A |
mule and a dog washed overboard during i
a gale in the Bay of Biscay have been !
known to mike their way to shore. A dog '
swam ashore with a letter in his mouth at J
the Cipe of Good Hope. The crew of the
ship to which the dog belonged all per
ished, which they need not have done had
they only ventured to tread water as
the dog did. As a certain ship wag |
laboring heavily in the trough of the ;
sea, it was found needful, in order to
lighten the vessel, to throw some troop
horses overboard, which had been taken in !
at Corunna. The poor things, my inform
ant, a staff-surgeon, told me, when they
found themseivt:3 abandoned, faced round
and swam for miles after the vessel. A !
man on the east coast of Lincolnshire saved j
quite a number of lives by swimming out
on horseback to vessels in distress. He
commonly rode an old gray mare, but,
when the mare was not to "hand, lie took
the first he rse thit offered. — [Popular Sci
ence Monthly.
The Uses of a Sand Bag. — One of the
most convenient articled to be used in a
sick-room is a eanclbag. Git some clean,
fine sand, dry it thoroughly in a kettle en
the atove, make a bag about eight inches
ecjuare of flannel, fill it with the dry sand,
sew the opening carefully together, ard
cover the ba£ with cotton or limn
cloth. This will prevent the sand from
sifting cut, arid will also enable you to
heat the ba;; quickly by placing it in the
oven, or even on top of the stove. After
once nsicg this you will never again attempt
to warm the feet or han<ls of a sick
person with a bottle of hot water or
a brick. The siud holds the heat a long
time, and the bag cap be tucked up to the
back without hurting the invalid. It is a
good plan to make two or three of the
ba^s and keep them ready for use. — [New
York I'ost.
THE
Admiration
OF THE
WORLD.
Mrs. S. A. Allen's
. WORLD'S
Hairßestorer
IS PERFECTION!
For RESTORING GRAY, WHITE
or FADED HAIR to its youthful
COLOR, GLOSS and BEAUTY. It
renews its life, strength and growth. |
Dandruff quickly removed. A match- .-'
less Hair Dressing. Its perfume rich
and rare. Sold by all Druggists.
_ Established over 40 years.
Enormous and Increasing salsa
Throughout Europe and America.
ZYLO BALSAMUM (Mrs Aliens)
A lovely tonic and Hair Dressing 1 !" It
removes Dandruff, allays all itching-,
stops falling Hair and promotes a
healthy growth with a rich, beautiful j
gloss, and is delightfully fragrant.
- Price Seventy-five Cents in large
glass stop Bottles. Sold by all Druggists.
WE WILX, SEHDJFREE.
\a IMPRO^-* 1 js^ Jfer ijjj
M Belts, Bands, etc I /^^^*§|\ .
g D. X JOY. E* 'MA J^S^-1 j;
DR. JOY'S ELECTRIC DEVICES
- for Examination and Trial before Parchatlnc
TO IMIEIKr
suffering: from Kwtoim Wcnkiwun. Gen-
eral Debility. Loss of Nerve Force or Vigor, or
any disease resulting from AnrsES and Otheb
Causes, or to any one afflicted with Rheuma-
tism, Neuralgia, Paralysis, Spinal Difficulties,
Kidney or Liver Troubles. Lame Back, and other
Diseases of the vital Organs. i Also women trou-
bled with Diseases peculiar to their sex. »-.n" ..
- Speedy relief and complete restoration to health
imaranteed. - These are the only Electric
Devices or Appliances : that hare ever
been constructed upon scientific princi-
ples. Their thorough efficiency has been prac-
tically proven with the most wonderful me-
cess, and they have the hlcnest endorse-
ments from the most eminent medlcaland
scientific men of America. Send at once
for book giving all Information free. - Address Ua«
manufacturers* • ■ ■■* -■■ ■-■ ■ .i ' ;- "_r> '
>-^-. WAGNER CO.. J
Cor. Michigan At. and Jackson St., Chicago, 1:1
; ;' ' ■ > jelMa»lyS4s*eoivlyS < : i ■
AMUSEMENTS.
' METROPOLITAN THEATER.
11. S. Beam Msmrer.
* C. M °" Acting Manager.
MONDAY AND TUESDAY, JULY 18 AND (9, 1881.
Or " THE FUNJfIE'sT PLAY ON RECORD IVt
JARRETT & RICE'S
• j ii «>> THK BRISTOL t ~|~
I r'l > ON TH»: BKtsTOL! |
This celebrated coTj;>any, consists? of
;J Thirteen Acknowl dge.d Artists, T?s ;
\\:. t performed this famous play
S3O TIMESI 630
From Jhiiie lo Louisiana, and from Sew York to
B.itish Columbia; from Gulf t)Ou'f, and
fro:a Ocean to Ocean, »nd r s acknuwl-
ct'trcd throutftiout th» .
WHOLE LENGTH AND BREADIH CF.THE LAND
Art t::k
■•tt A:i:u Ilia Mnslcal I'uimoilj of the A ;;c '.
Drvsa Circ1e.. ...... $1 00 J Balcony £0 cents.
4*s?' Rox shoct now open. N>> extra charpp for
reserved ae»u. . j\ls-4t
CROCKER ART GALLERY.
TT.NTIL FURTHER NOTICE. THE GALLFRV
\_J ..',, i, ( „, un WEDNESDAYS and BATCH-
DATS, from 10 to 4 o'clock, lot the benefit of the
Orphan Asylum.
Admission i « ni j •(! « f «'ri)l.«
ENTRANCE OX " STREET. jylllm
OEAND REOPENING-
—OP TDK
SACIMIIESTO
Swimming Baths,
i. Klrcet. bet. T.-inh and Eleventh.
TnE ABOVE -NAMED BATHS HAVING BEEN
thoroughly renovated and refitted, and sup-
plied with TWO BCNDBKD FULL BATHING
SUI IS for ladies and gentlemen, it now open to the
public. „
«STTi kets, £6 cents; Five Ticket?, (I. Children
under t«r«lve years, 15 cents; Eight Tickets £1
je2o*ptf i;. t. ELLIOT, Manager.
fEUITS, SEEDS AND PRODUCE
V/. R. STRONG & CO..
Wholesale Commission Merchants
AND DEALERS 15 ALL KINDS Of
| CIUFOBMI CKEES ASf» DRIED FKIITB
NUTS, HONEY, SEEDS,
Acd «enernl M«rrhandls«.
K3F AH orders promptly attended to. Adrir«ge •
W. R. STKONO & CO.,
JyS-Iplm N«t 6, 8 and 10 J street. Sacramento.
| M. T. BBEWKK & CO.,
; Commission Merchant* and lVfinlor.lj
I>KALKK£ IK
' GREEK FRUIT, DRIED FRUIT, PRODUCE,
Vegetables, Honey, Seeds, Alfalfa Seed, Etc.,
Sox. 30 and 3'i .1 street, Sacramento. ■
■ JyS-lrtt
A. UOOSR&. 8. GERSOII.
S. GERSON & CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, AND ■
■Jf Dealers ill
Imported and Domestic FrulT*, 1 rsi'ls-
Meßi Xut«, Etc.,
>"o. 220 J street, between Second and Third, Sacra- -
tcrato. ■ jy2-Im
IVOV .t i;ak\i:«.
/^OMiIISSIONIIERCUANTS AND DEALERS IN
Produce. Vegetable*, Butter, Esss, <T.crsr, .
Poultry, Green and Dry Fruits, Honey, Beans, etc
ALFALFA SEED.
£5T Potatoes in car-load lota or less.
Je.-23-IpU No 9. 21 and 23 J street.
D. DESERNARDI & CO.,
WIIOLKSALE COMMISSION I BALERS Ci
Butter, Eggs, Poultry, Vegetables, .
Fruit, Fish and General Produce.
tST With the experience of years in this business -
and every facility to prosecute it, and by the us*
the very latest improvements in packages, w«
respectfully state to the trade, that feeling out
ability to select the best of goods, at prices suitabW
to the present time, we solicit their patronage
shall endeavor to merit a preference for all favors)
they may be pleased to extend to us. Respectfully, ,
D. DbBERNAKDI & CO.
US' With plrature we notify the public
that we are acun in the Retiil Department of the ■
Sacramento Market. No. SOS X street. We shall en-
deavor to make this market one of the neatest in
i the State. Nothin? bat first class articles will be-
j kept, such as FRUIT, VEGETABLES, POULTRY,
I GAM?;, FISH, etc. We will be able to accommodate
the largest purchaser as well as the smallest, as ««•
! have in connection a larj.'C Wholesale Department,
in2s-lm D. DkBERNARDI * CO
II A. LEO HARD, fi
j Insurance and Real Estate,
No. 1012 Fourth street,
i Represent* Both Home and J.a.stern la*-
anruticf Companleg.
TO 2S& us ;nsr *s?m-
Onr-story-I'ranie Uousc;. civ rooms ; No.
1408 F sirsot, with good t table an 1 Carriage-
House, Eent.SiO.
One-story Frame »lxro<:ni«: s<m(ti>
watt corner fourteenth and i' streets ; Kent,
Several Other Houses, from $8 apyranl*.
.. . ... . aS ./Ok. jßll Jß^d ,
A BARGAIN,
A «.00-I Two-story Fon«e on fi street : »■
rooms, with gun and water throughout. WILL
BE SOLD VERY LOW. Only a small amount o( "
money recurred : or, if not sold soon, will be
rented for a terra of years, as the owner is movinsj-
to the Eastern States.
■ .;",, V :?• ".'■•? ?/ ?■*■ > ALSO— '
Several Frame Dwelling!), from 91,200*
to «2,t00.
ALSO—
Vacant lot Corrrr Elchth and » afreets.
VERT LOW, if applied for soon.
SVION EYTO LOAN.
- mrB-2plm :'■"•-.■**'""
FRIEND & TERRY
LUMBER COMPANY.
MANUFACTURERS, WHOLESALE AKD RE-
tail Dealers in every kind and variety of
, BI >LOt.V<; AM* FI.VISHIN6 TIMBEB
LUMBER,
Kiln-Dried ' Doors.
WINDOWS AND BLINDS!
' IST Spicial Orders and odd-sizes promptly filled,,
and shipped direct from the OREGON, REDWOOI>
and SUGAR-PINE MILLS of the Company. ;
GcncnAL Omcß, No. 1310 Skohd Strict, s«a» M.
Branch Yard, Corsrr Twrnrra, akd J Strebts
____^ .--■ ■:■ - }yS-2ptf -■- ■•■•■■ ■ ' -- ■ ■
STAR MILLS AND MALT HOUSE. ■
NEI7BOVRG & LAUES, "
■\TO9. SO, 62 AND 54 FIFTH ST., : SACRAMENTO,
i.T i~ dealers in Produce and Brewers' Supplies,.
Ma nfacturers of Malt and all kinds of Meals, etc.
Or, meal, Commtal, Cracked Wheat, Graham Flour,.
Bach wheat Flour, etc. » New Grain Bags for sale. -, hi
1 , iel7-lpa P

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