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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, June 03, 1882, Image 4

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the daily RECOKD-UXIOS.
mm a* •»»*-'- *• "*■*»
Melmrologlral innervations — Taken al
Kut-h Mallon at lhe wrtmr Moment.
SacKinxNTt , June i*, 1882— 8-02 r. B.
77-*"= i-gsS ra? Ig-g State of
Piacc of oh Eg % §*~3 |"J So the
►a-vation. -***. . *._; ?*£ 3=* weather
*g. : IgfJ ■£■•*,:£
i)\\l. I* — I . 1
Portland—. .-,-•.'.'.. Clear
Roseburg... 29. 87J81 N. Light Ciear
Bod Bluff 59.8050 S. Light Clear
Sacramento. •.I".v>|7*' S S I Flesh ("le*r
8. Francisco. 28.88J54 S.W.U|Briak Foggy
"**___. iI.K:t l t«* S. W. ti Fresh Clear
be* Ang. tt.WJB N. W. I Fresh Cloudy
(Un Diego., ... JLight Fi ggv
llaximum temperature, 82 ; minimum, ' -
River above low- water mark, 20 ft. 5 in.
JAM!.-- A. BAKWICK,
Sergttant, Signal C- r;e. ix r. A.
THE WEEKLY UNION
,- a )«*per of sjieeia! value, lt is iajued io semi
weekly parts, eaoh of eight pages, and appears
Wednesdnys and Saturdays It is thus the freshest
weekly \m\-er ou the coast, and the oniy one w iJch
goes out to its readers twice a week. The family,
the farm, the miner's camp, tl.e country home, can
have no more thoroughly variable journal 'ban the
WEEKLY Q-tlOI", and for these reasons : It is a com
plete news and home paper; It Is a reliable business
journal ; it is a fearlcs and impartial critic . it is
thoroughly devoted to the best interests of the State
and the people ; it is constant in its information
upon art, mechanics, agriculture, horticulture, min
ing, viticulture, education, popular science, market
report., etc., and is urisunossed for its news facili
ties, tiling ac it does of the best telegraphic* and
other news gathering mediums of the world, It is
r'. ..otc in character, elevated in tone, scholarly in
diction, and clear, logical and unmistakable in its
criticisms and editorials. It is mailed •■ any ad
dress for t- riO per year.
THIS MORNINGS NEWS.
In New York Government bonds are quoted at
HO* for is of 1907; 114} for 4js; 100 lor SJs;
sterling, *4 »") «-" 80 ; silver liars, 114*.
Silver in London, 52"d ; consols, 10*J H6d ; 5 per
cent. United Btatee bonds, extended, 104 ; 4e, IS3 ;
4's 117.
In Sao Francisco haif dcl'ar. are quoted at J dis
count to par ; Mexican dollars 91' 't-**2 cents.
Mining stocks were a little letter at San Fran,
cisco yesterday. Most of the Gonutoclui showed an
advance of 5c to 60c over the rates accepted Thurs- i
day morning. The Alta assessment of 5Cc went on,
and the stock sold afterwards at . .'.-c. Bullion sold
last at Etc ;no sales yesterday morning. Fotosi sold
at 35c, or 5c lower than the lowest price Thursday.
H'loe of the Comstocks did not draw ant a pur
chaser at .ny figure. Bodie has dropped to $1 70.
the lowest in tome lime.
Several thoroughbred hor.es leave New York on
the --'slier day for England.
The proposition for a ministerial combination
under Kaihet Pasha Ka rejected by the Khedive.
Guiteau's counsel has applied in the District Su
preme Court for a rehearing on purely technical
grounds.
A large party of capitalists have left Philadelphia
for yew Mexico on a tour of inspection.
By an explosion in a sawmill at Ruckerrilie, Va. , j
yesterday, one man was killed and several others j
injured.
The business failures it. the United States during j
the past seven days number 135.
Exportation duties on gold and silver coin, ban :
and ore, have been abolished in Mexico, and the
importation duties on all foreign goods increased.
James E. Harvey was hanged for murder at Car- ,
rolton. (ja , yesterday, is the preset! of 1,000
spectators.
William L. Moore, who was to have been executed
yesterday at Carrolt</a, Ga., cheated the gallows by
taking morphine.
At St. Louis yesterday, Jehu David Shea, the hoy
who killed policeman Doran, was found guilty of
murder in the first degree.
Sandy Mathews (colored) was hanged in public
yesterday at Memphis, Term., lor the murder of Es* j
bit* Polk (colored).
Chandler O. Sullivan was found guilty of murder J
Ie tbe second degree at Fresno yesterday, for the |
killing of William Shields.
Lieutenant Danenhower reported at the Navy lit.. j
partment yesterday, and was cordially re.-eived by j
Secretary Chandler.
Professor Allen has been re-elected Principal ol
the State Norma! School at San Jose, and also of the
branch school at Los Angeles.
In resigning as Postmaster at Philadelphia, Geo.
W. Merrick writes a scorching letter.
In Yell county, Arkansas, James K. M Ghee shot
and killed Lazarus Brooks and wounded his ".'-year
old son.
High water in the .ewer Mississippi ie st ' caus
ing trouble.
George N. Bliss, recently elided State Senator '
from East Providence, K. 1., has be ime insane.
The propellor Magunus— the first large '-raft- ;
through the Welland Canal— arrived at Chicago j ,
Thursday.
The National Conference of the Dunkard Church '
is in session near Wabash, Ird- '
Summer was ushered in Thursday in Wisconsin i
with heavy frosts. ,
The Democrats of the Twelfth District of Indiana .
have nominated Robert Low ry for Congress.
Bebel, the famous Socialist, baa been rearrested [ '
at Berlin. . -
The land agitation in tire laic of Skye is again i
assuming a serious aspect. {
The Russian National Exhibition has opened at
Moscow.
Leonora won the Eandown Demy m England J
yesterday. l
A Kilkenny dispatch announces that Brannan, j 1
Secretary of the Land League, has been released. I i
A steamer lias arrived a". St. Johns, N. F-, from 1
""ueenstow-n, with a large number of immigrants, j
mostly Germans, for the United States. 1
The seven imprisoned men in the Alta mine have 1
heen reached, and were found to be all right, no j
lives being lost but those of the two men who went
1
to their rescue yesterday.
During the last eleven months the public debt '
has been reduced $140,000,000, and for the year will i
be tlso, 000,000. ,
Conkling is now talked of for Secretary of the i
Treasury, in case Folger is nominated for Governor
ol New York.
Yon Kollay is to administer affairs in Bosnia and '
Herzegovina. 1
Bismarck has been invited to act as sponsor to ,
the infant son of Prince William of Prussia.
Fitzgerald, Baron ol the Exchequer in Ireland,
has resigned.
Tbe U. S. Senate yesterday adjourned until Mon
day.
The rites of the Catholic Church were refused to
Don Miguel Otero, formerly delegate in Congress
and one ol the loremost men in New Mexico,
. because he was a Mason.
The Mexican troops have encountered and
whipped the feneeade Apaches again, killing 37
and taking 10 prisoners.
The L'nsectariau Home lor Children in New York
is charged with being terribly mismanaged.
it. is stated that orders have been received in
Arizona for disarming all the Indians, aud trouble
is anticipated in consequence.
A disastrous railroad fire occurred last night at
South i iuel.ee, Canada.
The Russian authorities are restricting the emi
gration of Jews.
The Soudan insurgents have captured Khartoum.
At Lone Rock, Or., Thursday, J. P. teuton was
shot and killed by W. H. Caldwell.
John Gatbraith committed suicide at Thorn Hol
low, Or., with strychnine.
Attention is directed to the inside pages of to
day's RKi-oMi-irsioN, which contain reading matter
that will be found both useful and entertaining.
The Christian Helper says : " Let us see how a
boy of 10 years gets up in the morning, works, plays
and studies ; and we will tell you just what kind of
a man he will make." You can do nothing of the
kind. Human experience proves that boyhood is
by no means an index to character in manhood.
The annual encampment of the Grand Army of
the Republic takes place' this month at Baltimore.
We present this morning, on the fourth page, the
portrait of Major-General S. Merrill, the Com
mander-in-Chief of that organization.
Says the Arizona Star: Aiizona regards the
railroad lines which are now penetrating a!) sections
of the Territory as the grand factors of tier civiliza
tion and progress. .
Ths Italian Government is considering a scheme
for a submarine tunnel between Italy ami Sicily, to
cost 64,000,000 lire (about »li,800,000).
Ssjli 4k.**. reports » bourn Of prosperity. Next,
THE TRIUMPH OF NIHILISM.
The apparent termination of the struggle
between the Emperor of Bussia and the
Nihilists by the virtual surrender of the
former, deserves serious consideration. For
if it be true that Nihilism has compelled
the BuEsian Emperor to promise a consti
tution to his people, it is clear that Abso
lutism has at last found its master, and it
is not less clear that this must be a con
quest of Absolutism in general, as well as
of that of I'.ussia in particular. The
foundation of all government is force.
Rousseau and the sentimentalists tried to
deny this, but the only result of their fan
tastic theories was to give a ghastly bur
lesque or bouffe air to the French volu
tion, and to alternate its most hideous
phases with a mockery of suasion and
brotherhood which disgusted sober men,
and detracted greatly from the moral ef
fect of that stupendous protest against bad
government. The Revolution proved the
futility of al! attempts to base government
on anything but force. The Utilitarians,
the Benthamites, though they sought to
found it upon " the consent of the gov
erned," and though they strove hard to
' bring all things to the test of " the great
est happiness of the greatest number,"
were nevertheless obliged to fallback on
I force as the ultimate substructure in even
i the most philosophic of states. Majority
rule is after all the rule of force quite as
I much as one-man rule. The army that
upholds the despot does so because it has
i obtained its own consent to do 80. In the
i last days of Imperial Rome the army could
not be relied upon to uphold the heads of
: the state, and it had to be bribed. When
the Praetorian Ouardß put up the Empire
to auction that body was doing precisely
what a modern "piece-club" does in an
American political campaign. Majority
rule is only a more reasonable anange
ment of force than despotism, but it is
always susceptible of despotic application,
and the tyranny of the many is for the
most part more to be feared than Absolu
tism.
But there is in these days a growing
tendency which aims at subverting all the
familiar doctrines in this connection. A
spirit has arisen which insists on the right
of the few to coerce the many ; on the
right of the weak to strike down the
strong ; on the right of the minority to
override the majority. This is the spirit of
: Assassination, which has left its traces in
the freest as well as in the least free
of countries ; and which, however mani
fested, now finds applauding echoes not
' only in Europe but America. Nihilism is
only one phase of this startling modern
, tendency, which doubtless grew out of the
rank soil of the French Revolution, and
which combines the fallacies, the ambi
\ tions, the malignities, of the most morbid
and unwholesome as well as the most vicious
minds of half a dozen races. And what
makes this spirit so disturbing is that
no form of government can claim exemp
tion from it. It is as liable to be directed
against the executive officer of a democ
racy as at the head of an absolutist gov
ernment. It strikes down Czar and Presi
' dent with equal malignity. It assassinates
I the peace- maker, and then insolently exults
j over its own atrocities. And the civilized
I world stands aghast, and does not know
j how to deal with this new Bed Specter.
For what can be done with men who in
sist upon their right to do for a minority
more violent things than majorities will
undertake for their ' own protection ?
Which claims, and exercises, a right to
kill those who thwart it '.* Which defies
logic and reason, and responds to argument
with glass bombs :
The Czar could answer none of these
questions. He could do nothing but yield.
i Bat in yielding he has established a terri
ble precedent ; he has demonstrated in the
, face of the world that the new Red
Specter can impress itself upon the age ;
can by sheer audacity and persistence de
feat intelligence, science, organization,
discipline, valor, public opinion, every
thing ; can, by sheer defiance of every
moral principle, bully society, and carry
its point. For this, and nothing less, is
what the triumph of Nihilism means, and
something like this is also signified by the
successful employment of assassination in
Ireland. In two great nations violence has
obtained what nothing else could obtain. I
Let no man think that these lessons will j
be lost, or that they will not produce mo- j
mentous consequences hereafter. Nor is
I it in the line of greater democratization that I
the new spirit is tending. It is rather in
the direction of anarchy and the paralysis
and swift destruction of all forms of gov
ernment. The theory which vivifies Nihil
ism and its congeners is incompatible with
majority rule in any form. What it really
looks to and provides for is government by
and through the most violent, determined
and reckless minority element. And if we
trace the genesis of this spirit patiently we i
shall find that it brings us out just where
we went in at the dawn of European civ-
ilization.
The governments of to-day were all
founded upon force, and by the superior
resolution and violence of small minorities.
As reason expanded and civilization grew
there was a tendency to clothe the element
of force with justification, and to refer all
coercive measures to public necessity. Thus
the will of the majority at last came to be
substituted for that of the minority as the
prime mover in legislation and government.
Hut now the new tendency is distinctly
away from all this democratic movement,
and as distinctly towards tbe revival, in a
different and more repulsive form, of the
tyranny and anarchy which preceded
settled government of any kind. The idea
that Nihilis-n and its congeners have
anything in common with Liberty, is an
entire mistake. They are really in harmony
with the despotism against which tbey
have declared war. They are destructive,
not constructive, and they are incapable of
helping or forwarding any movement hav
ing for its ultimate object the elevation
and benefit of man. Nihilism in fact is the
reverse of Benthamism, and should it ever
obtain the ascendancy in any country, the
disintegration of the governmental and
social structures there might be predicted.
Even now this disintegration is threatened
in Hussia.
WALT WHITMAN.
An interdict has been placed upon Walt
Whitman's " Leaves of Grass," on the
ground that they contain obscenities.
Whitman has written a defense of what he
is pleased to call his " poetry," in what he
is pleased to call his prose. Of course these
events raise the question once more as to
what is allowable in literature, and also the
other question as to Walt Whitman's place
there. We are disposed to consider the
last question first. We think Whitman
has no other hold upon the world than iB
given by his coarseness and eccentricity.
He is not a poet. He has not a clear
mind. He possesses no views or ideas
which are worth imparting. His so-called
poems are barbarous jumbles in the fashion
of catalogues : for the most part mere lists
of names of things, peppered with adjec
tives, and arranged in queer and asym
metric ways. As to that element in his
j writings which has procured the prohibi
! tion referred to, it seems to us that to call
it obscenity is an abuse of language.
Whitman is certainly not a pure writer,
! and a few of his sentences are very coarse.
But there is not aline in his "Leaves of
"Grass " half as nasty as scores of lines in
the Old Testament, and for a community
which swallows the Old Testament without
wry faces to pretend shame at Walt Whit
man is merely inconsistency, and in no
sense purity. The absurdity and incon
sistency of the injunction on Whitman
! may be further shown by the fact that
| within the last few years reprints of Mrs.
Aphra Behn, Mrs. Hey wood, and other
j really licentious and indecent authors, have
been put upon the market freely ; that
j translations of Balzac's " Contes Drola
! " tiques,"of Boccaccio's "Decameron," and
j Marguerite of Navarre's " Heptameron,"
: are freely sold ; that translations of the
i poems of Villon and Beaudelaire have been
'. in like manner offered to the public ; and
'(that the so-called fleshly school" of
; poets, of which Swinburne and 11 ossetti and
: Morris are examples and leaders, have
' ! issued within the past ten years a great
quantity of verse which may be truly
I said to bear about it what Juvenal calls
I " the odor of the stews."
While this rank growth of sensuous or
; sensual literature passes the censor un
' j scathed, why is it that a District Attor
i ney of Boston thinks it his duty to present
, Walt Whitman's alleged poems for indict
! ment ? We presume it is because the bis
' trict Attorney is an ignorant and narrow
-1 minded official, who perhaps really thinks
[ i that there is something exceptionally
j naughty about these rude and crude jingles
[: in travesty of poetry. But it is very silly
to make spiteful little assaults like this
. i upon individuals. Walt Whitman is really
| only a manifestation of tendencies which
'■ belong to the intellectual movements of
I the age, and which will have their way,
j let who will oppose them. After Puritan-
I ism came the license of the Restoration.
i After the austere purity of Milton came
' the brilliant profligacy of Congreve and
i Farquhar and Vanbrugh. After the Hey
! woods and the Behns came Richardson
| and the Lake Poets and Sir Walter Scott
| and the modern view of modesty in lan-
I guage. Fielding, hearty, manly, vigorous
Fielding, must have seemed a perfect
I monster of obscenity to the delicate
minds which had been reared upon the
| "vegetable loves" of Miss Porter, Miss
] Pardoe, Miss Mitford, and their class of
! authors. But presently the pendulum be
! gan to swing back again. The reaction
fiom Evangelicalism towards Agnosticism
naturally and perhaps necessarily created
a "fleshly school " of poetry, and this has
proceeded to much greater lengths than
j poor Whitman ever dreamed of.
As to the French authors and poets, they
have always been more or less " free " in
I their expressions, and more so since they
left Classicaliam for Romanticism. Victor
Hugo is certainly more amusing than
Racine and Corneille, and more natural.
But he is at one end and Zola at the other,
while between those two flourish a crowd
of aspiring writers, all of whom rely more
or less upon " Heshliness." The same
sensual tendency has long been visible in
the fiction which, though lowest in point
of merit, is perhaps most eagerly sought by
our girls and women. It may be deplor
able, but it is true, that the world has a
distinct appetite for that kind of writing,
and that it will have it if it is to be had, no
matter what censures are passed upon the
taste. In short, we are in the midst of
a strong reaction against asceticism and
the relics of Puritanism, and as is always the
case with reactions, it carries a great many
people to altogether mischievous and un
justifiable lengths. This extravagance,
i however, seems necessary too, for without
it the counter-reaction would never set
| in, and so perhaps what we ought most to
deprecate and apprehend is a kind of
' apathetic and stagnant condition, in which
all taste for better intellectual food shall
be lost, yet its vicious substitutes not be
enjoyed at all. For such a condition might
endure long enough to debauch society al
most incurably.
Walt Whitman, however, is a butterfly
that should not be broken upon the wheel.
He has no mission, and no intelligible
message. His uncouth utterances may be
preserved by the curious for their very
I oddity, but assuredly not for any intel-
lectnal merits. For of thia they possess
nothing. They are mere " barbarous
"yawps," as Whitman himself has aptly
styled them. They will never hurt any
body, however, and this iB bo clear to all
who are acquainted with them as to ren
der the action of the Boston authorities
peculiarly absurd. If thers is to be a
crusade against depraving literature it will
be easy enough to point out books which
are fit for nothing but bonfires, but we had
thought that the futility of trying to stamp
out bad literature by statutory enactments
or judicial processes was by this time too
generally understood to make it probable
that any more follies of that kind would be
committed. Of course all that will result
from this prosecution of Walt Whitman
will be the increase of the sale of the in
terdicted book,
THE ARMY RETIREMENT BILL.
The debate in Congress on the army re
tirement bill seems to have drifted into a
personal question, the point being whether
General Sherman would be retired under
the bill, and, if so, whether he ought to
be retired. It certainly does not appear
that there is any reason for retiring that
gallant soldier. The rank and position he
holds were conferred upon him by the
country as rewards for his eminent services
during the war of the rebellion, and it was
then understood, beyond question, that be
was to retain them as long as he lived.
The principles of the new bill need not
and ought not to apply to him. It seems
that there are numbers ofjreally decrepit and
superannuated officers of high rank, who
decline to retire, although they have long
ceased to be of any use to the service or
the country. It is now proposed that the
date of retirement shall be fixed by statute,
and all that is required to complete the
plan is to arrange a schedule of retiring
pensions. As a matter of course retiring
army officers ought to be provided for by
the Government. They receive a sufficiently
slender stipend while they are on active
service, and if they cannot look forward
to some provision for their old age it will
soon become impossible to get or keep any
really superior men in the army. Men of
70 and upwarda, however, ought to be
compelled to retire if they will not do so
of their own accord, since they obstruct
promotion, and at* the same time choke
the more important positions with un
serviceable material. We have been fot
some years approaching a serious condi
tion of senility in the higher offices of the
army, which was perhaps unavoidable be
cause of the natural consequences of the
war, but which throws nearly all the hard
work of the service upon the shoulders of
a few comparatively young men, who are
nevertheless unable to obtain promotion.
To clear away some of the military fossils
has become a necessary undertaking, and
therefore the new bill should become a law
even if it does carry dismay among the
barnacles. Geoeral Sherman and General
Sheridan may very well be exempted from
its operation, however, since we are satis
tied that there is nowhere any serious
desire to have them removed from their
positions.
THE OUTCRY AGAINST MR. LOWELL
A marked reaction baa taken place in
regard to Mr. Lowell. What may be
called the American Press distinctively has
at last mustered courage to inquire, with
some lingering timidity, what the Minister
to England has done to justify his recall.
They ask if the sole duty of an American
Minister to England is to satisfy the most
rabid Irish hatred of that country, or to
provoke war with England by studied
insolence. .They observe further that all
the outcry against Mr. Lowell in connection
with the alleged "American citizen busi
ness, has upon full inquiry appeared to be
utterly without justification. Thus it ap
pears with regard to every one of the
"suspects'' whose wails from "British
" dungeons '' were so copiously diffused and
so hysterically commentated, that they
were in fact and in truth anything but
good American citizens, and that whatever
technical case may have been capable of
being constructed for them, it was perfect- .
ly clear that their claims were preposterous
in view of the actual facta. For these
men, though they had been naturalized, or
partly naturalized in the United States,
had afterwards returned to Ireland, and
had there taken up their residence, and
gone into business, and in two cases had
accepted public offices. Now, if such acts
do not constitute an abandonment of
American naturalization, it is very evident
that they virtually alter the situation
when the men referred to come to be
charged with breaking English laws. It is
perfectly clear that it is no part of Ameri
can policy or business to confer upon Irish
men a sham-naturalization which they
only intend to employ for the purpose of
shielding themselves while violating the
laws of the country in which they live.
Now, what Mr. Lowell has done is to call
attention to the actual facts in the
cases of these sham American citizens,
and to find out that not one of them has
an unquestionable claim to the protec
tion he demands. The outcry against
Mr. Lowell consequently seems to imply
the proposition that whenever anybody in
Ireland, arrested for breaking the law, sets
up a pretense of American citizenship, it is
the duty of the American Minister at Lon
don to accept the pretense without in
quiry, and if necessary to declare war
rather than fail to rescue the quite possibly
make-believe American citizen from the
legitimate consequences of his own volun
tary acts. The anti-Lowell howlers have
not, it is true, yet had the audacity to
take precisely this ground in plain terms,
but it is incontestible that the logic of the
situation compels them to take precisely
this position, since, unless they take it,
they will have to confess that they have
no ground whatever fur their complaint.
The truth is that Mr. Lowell has done nis
full duty in the premises, and that public
opinion in the United States in regard to him
is not and never has been represented by the
blatant and impudent journals that have
been demanding his recall because — and
for no other reason — he has not proceeded
on the hypothesis that he was the Envoy
of an Irish Bepublic, instead of being the
accredited Minister from the United States
of America. It is also probably time to
recognize the fact that it is impossible to
find any Minister to England who will
satisfy the American Fenian element, and
that it iB highly undesirable that any fur
ther attempt shonld be made to satisfy
that element. Mr. Lowell is a representa
tive American, not a representative Irish
man, and it is requisite that he should
satisfy the American people, and no other
people. '
A TEST OF TASTE.
It has frequently been asserted by San
Francisco journals that the public of that
city possessed quite a particular taste in
dramatic and musical art, and that this
critical public are always prepared to
review the judgments of London and Paris
and New York and Boston, and could
always be trusted to indorse the most
sterling merit. Well, for several weeks
one of the most magnificent tenors who
ever sang in America has been offering
this same fastidious and appreciative San
Francisco public the highest class of musi
cal entertainments. Mr. Ugo Talbo pos
sesses a voice such as is only heard once or
twice in a lifetime. There are not three
living tenors lit to be named in the same
breath with him. To the most thorough
training he adds a compass and a flexibility
which give assurance that every phrase
and note will be done complete and delicate
justice to ; while the power and sweet
ness of his organ are alike remarkable.
This noble singer appeared in admirably
arranged and selected concerts, assisted by
ladies and gentlemen all of whom are
artists of real merit ; and critical, fastidi
ous, appreciative San Francisco, would not
go to hear him, but let him lose money on
his enterprise. It is at least ten years
since such a tenor as Ugo Talbo has been
heard on this coast, and judging from
the character of his reception, it will
be twenty more before his equal or his
like is heard here again. The critical and
fastidious San Franciscans are presumably
too much absorbed in the analysis of
nigger minstrel art, and dramatic repre- !
sentations such as Milton Nobles and
Curtis and such specialists can offer their,
to find time or attention for a singe*" who
possesses one of the finest voices in the
world, and who knowß how to use it with
consummate ability. After thia illustra
tion of the "taste" of San Francisco,
however, we trust that it will be some
time before the customary efflorescence of
self-conceit is permitted to proceed from
the "art" critics of that " Athens of the
"Pacific."
THE STRIKES.
A great disturbance of the labor market
has already been caused by the strikes,
and the country is only at the beginning
of the trouble. The Trades Unions have
now such extensive organizations that they
are able to command far-reaching move
ments, and it IB evident that they are pre
pared for a comprehensive operation at
present. What they hope to gain by it is
however not comprehensible. They are
making a fatal blunder at the very outset,
by striking upon a falling market. The
employers can at such a time often better
afford to stop work than to continue manu
facturing, and that being tbe case, the
strikes cannot possibly help the working
men. The latter have much to lose by
their ill-considered suspensions. Even if
the striking men can be supported by their
comrades in other branches of industry,
the only effect of the strikes at such a
juncture can be to consume the surplus
capital they have stored up. They are in
fact literally squandering their accumu
lated earnings, and this without the least
prospect of obtaining what they demand.
The present prospect is that they will
have to accept the current rates of wages
after they have remained several weeks out
of work, and meantime they will have so
wasted their reserve fund that they will
not be able to take advantage of any rise
in the market should it occur. The
tyranny of the Trades Unions in this con
nection is only equalled by their folly. It
is true that they may be able in some
cases to inflict more or less injury upon
the employers, as for instance where works
which have large orders to fill are com
pelled to close. But there are not many
works in this condition at present, and the
greatest loss must therefore be borne by
the strikers themselves.
One of the priocipal reasons why organ
ization has done Labor so little good hith
. erto has been that the leaders of the
Unions have nearly always been shallow
demagogues, incapable of perceiving the
true interests of the men, or only careful
to benefit themselves. The workingmen
would long since have freed themselves
from thia bad leadership but for the fact
that they are always suspicious of whatever
advice is given them by those who are not
of their own order. They have ie fact
been so educated in the fallacy that capital
ie their enemy as to be incapable of ac
cepting even the plainest truths from out
aide. Whoever tells them that they will
injure themselves by striking upon a falling
market loses his labor ; because they at
once jump to the conclusion that this is
said in the interest of capital. They could
if they would easily ascertain that suck
strikes aa the preaent have always failed in
the past ; but they apparently prefer to
buy their experience fresh in every case,
and certainly they are accustomed to pay
dearly enough for it. In the strikes just
begun there is no element of prudence or
business judgment. When the demand
for manufactures is declining it is absurd
to auppoae that more wages will be paid for
making those things. Antl though it is
no doubt true that the increase in the coat
of living bears heavily upon the working
classes at the East, it is equally true that
"half a loaf is better than no bread,"
' and that those who try the experiment of
no bread are sure to suffer for their folly.
THE COUNTERFEIT BONDS.
The Treasury Department has caused the
statement to be made that there are no
counterfeit bonds out, but this appears to
rest upon no other foundation than the fact
that as yet no snch bonds have come into
official hands. If it be true that the plates
of the bonds, or some of them, have been
duplicated, however, it is exceedingly im
probable that the Government has been al
lowed to get possession of all the duplicate
bonds. The forgers and utterera of these
bonds would be too fully aware of the
value of the prize to surrender it so easily.
They might tell the Government that tbey
had given up everything, but the (.overn
ment cannot be snre that this is the case.
Of course, too, it will not do to tell the
whole truth about so delicate and danger
ous an affair as this, since to do so might
cause a panic. From what was let fall at
the outset, however, and from the general
tenor of the affair, we are disposed to sus
pect that there are more of the do plicate
bonds afloat than the Government would
like the public to know, and that an effort
is being made to allay suspicion in order to
facilitate the discovery of the fraud. The
fact that the duplicate bonds are printed
in effect from the original plates of course
renders it very difficult for any other than
the Treasury officials, who are acquainted
with their numbers, to detect or trace
them, and so they could be negotiated
without much trouble, and especially if
they were taken to Europe for that pur
pose.
THE EGYPTIAN DIFFICULTY.
The Egyptian crisis continues, but in an
uncertain way, showing that Arabi Bey
cannot make up bis mind to take the final
plunge. < Gladstone has informed the House
of Commons that the Government will sup
port the present Khedive, but exactly in
what way cannot be known until the pro
posed conference of the powers has been held.
There are strong objections to letting the
Turks into Egypt, and there are serious
difficulties in the way of European inter
vention. It is believed that if Fvu
ropean troops are landed an attempt will
be made to get up a religious rising. That
however has been talked of so often that
skepticism concerning it is allowable. The
Sultan could not raise such a crusade
when Hussia had him by the throat, and
if the experiment failed then it is not more
likely to succeed now. Should it be de
cided to land troops, which appears to be
the only alternative with the admission of
the Turks, we are inclined to think that
there wonld be little more than a local in
flammation, and that the Egyptian " na
tional " scheme would collapse speedily.
The powers however are very properly
cautious as to the steps they take, and un
less forced to intervene by some act of -..',
lence on the part of Arabi, they will proba
bly hold aloof as long as possible.
THE POPULATION OF FRANCE.
The last French census has revealed an
alarming condition of things in regard to
the population statistics of that country.
It has long been known that the increase
of population in France was much slower
than that of any other country in Europe,
and a great many ingenious theories have
been invented to account for this fact.
The new census, however, shows that the
population has become practically station
ary, or in other words, that it will take
4.>." years for it to double itself. The
French births are only 2.47 per cent, of
the population, and marriages and births,
both illegitimate and legitimate, have been
declining steadily during the past ten
years. There is indeed but one set-off to
this alarming state of affairs, and that con
sists in the strong indisposition of the
French to emigrate. The Germans are, on
the contrary, greatly given to emigrate,
and thus the population stagnancy of
France may after all not expose her
to be crowded to the wall by her
ancient enemy, inasmuch as emigra
tion will keep the latter down to
about the same strength. What
the real causes of the apparent sluggish
ness of the procreative principle in France
are, it would be very interesting to know.
An extreme thrift is doubtless one yery
potent influence, and it is well understood
that the national tendency that way has
been greatly on the increase since the
war "with Germany. In the cities it
is also probable that the more
expensive and dissolute habits of the
workman class have of late years prevented
them from marrying freely. The growth
of alcoholic vices may be credited with
some part of the results, though perhaps
not much. But it is certain that a nation
which has almost come to a standstill in
respect to its population cannot be in a
thoroughly healthy condition, and that a
nation in such a state may be exposed
to the most serious and lasting reverses
through the operation of war or epidemic.
It is, moreover, of little use for the French
people to keep on shouting " Vive la Be
"publique!" while they themselves are
doing nothing to keep her alive.
THE GENEVA AWARD.
We presume that the Geneva Award
bill ie to become a law, since if the Presi
dent had intended to veto it he would have
done so before now. The bill appears to be
another illustration of the Congressional
capacity of "how not to do it." The
Nation succinctly remarks that " the prin
" cipal objection to it is that it provides
" for the payment of claims which have no
"legal validity, and makes no provision
" for the payment of the claimants to whom
"the fund actually belongs." This does
seem to be rather a serious objection, but
Congress has got itself into that happy
state of confusion regarding it, in which it
seems possible to do things because they
ought not to be done. The moral of the
bill, however, obviously is that when the
United States brings claims against foreign
powers for damages inflicted, and those
claims, specifically designated, are as
specifically met and paid, there never can
be any guarantee that Congress will apply
the money so obtained to the purposes for
which alone it was paid ; nor will there
be any assurance that the money will not
be paid out for purposes entirely foreign to
everything wbich was in issue between the
two powers. Congress hereby declares
that England has actually paid claims
which England not only did not pay, but
which she and the arbitrators refused to
allow at all. The claims now to be paid
were ruled out at <ienava. Consequently
Congress is stealing money from those to
whom it lawfully belongs — namely, the
claimants whose claims were admitted at
Geneva ; and is giving the money thus
stolen to parties who have no standing in
the case whatever.
POSTPONED AGAIN.
The monetary conference has been post
poned till next year, it being evident that
it was quite useless to call it now. The
predictions made when it first met have
indeed been completely fulfilled. The
dream of the silver men has laded away,
The disposition of Bismarck to become a
bimetallism as reported so enthusiastically
by Pig-iron Kelley after his remarkable in
terview with the Chancellor of the Ger
man Empire, has never been manifested
publicly from that day to this. Neither
England nor France bave shown the least
willingness to meet the United States
half-way, or at any other distance, in
changing the ratio. The fact that the
United States must, if it continues in its
present course, bear the entire silver
burden, ami that in doing ao it must
become a silver currency country like
India and China, has at length made ita way
into the solid cranium of Senator Allison,
the author of the present mischievous silver
bill, and in a recent paper on the currency
question be actually goes so far as to ex
press his conviction that it may be neces
sary to suspend the coinage of the silver
dollar. In short, the whole fabric of the
silver craze has gone to pieces, and though
Congress cannot yet bring itself to repeal
the silver bill, it is evident that it is
gradually coming round to a conviction that
this will be necessary. All things con
sidered it is just aa well that the monetary
conference bas been postponed.
THE CASE OF GENERAL CURTIS.
General Curtis has been convicted for
collecting political assessments. This
shows that the law is against that mode of
supporting partisan politics, But the Be
publican National Congressional Commit
tee has, since this conviction, levied a po
litical assessment upon the employes at the
Washington Capitol and at the Depart
ments. The question then arises whether
there are any laws which politicians con
sider themselves bound to respect when
they happen to interfere with their meth
ods. It is possible indeed that a cour
ageous District Attorney may be found at
Washington as well as in New York, but
it is plain that what is required now is
precisely this kind of courage. The spoils
men are making a desperate effort to fasten
the "machine" methods upon the country
firmly, at the very moment that the first
really determined endeavor to shake them
off, is being essayed. The inaolence of the
"machine ' politicians must be condemned
by public opinion with all the emphasis
possible, at this juncture, for it is evident
that they will uss all the force at their dis
posal to bear down opposition, snd will
dragoon the Civil Service if they are
allowed to do so, even in the teeth of the
law.
A CHARACTERISTIC DEATH.
The Democrats and Sandlotters of Sib
Francisco have just lost one of their office
holders who was a disagreeable reminder
of the error of their choice. He was
elected -Justice of the Peace, and ever
since he has been getting into all manner
of disgraceful difficulties through his
drunkenness and ferocity. Be had been
arrested for assault to murder and for vio
lent assaults of other kinds repeatedly.
He appears to have been drunk every day,
and when he was drunk he was quarrel
some. At last he fell out of the window
of his Court-room during one of his
drunken fit*, and the fall killed him. The
most remarkable fact about the career of
this man perhaps is the fact that he was
permitted to disgrace the bench and his
constituents until a fortunate accident re
-1 moved him.
COAST AND STATE.
Says the Shasta Count;/ Democrat : The
railroad company have tendered the trus
tees of this district the amount of th'
portion of the school tax, so now the fund
is not delinquent.
Heading is nearly through now in the
vicinity of Winters. The grain looks well
and will make a very fair yield. The
farmers are also harvesting in other por
tions of Yolo county, Cal.
The wool clip of Utah for ISS2 will ex
ceed that of any preceding year. The
growth, however, was several weeks be
hind the übual time acd shearing will nut
be commenced until about the "J')*n of June.
A correspondent writes that tar is in.
Btantaneously removed from the hands and
fingers by rubbing with the outside of a
fresh orange peel, and wiped dry imme
diately. It is astonishing what a small
piece will clean. The volatile oils in the
skins dissolve the tar, and so it can be
wiped off.
The damage to the grain and hay crops
of this valley, from the drying winds and
frosts of a few weeks ago, is nothing near
as bad as was at first supposed. The fruit
was partially destroyed in some sections of
the valley, but none in the great fruit belt
near the foothills. On the whole we are
likely to have a very productive year. —
[San lose Mercury.
The Odd Fellows of Oregon have pur
chased a farm, comprising one hundred
acres of land admirably located near the
mouth of the Sandy, in the eastern portion
of Multnomah county, on the line of the
O. R. & N. Co.'s Kailroad, and about
twelve miles from Portland. This farm is
to be used as a home for the aged and indi
gent of the Order, that are not otherwise
provided for.
SUPERIOR COURT.
Fridat, June 2, lv.i
DsrasTMiNT On:— Clark, Judge.
Estate of M. Hoey, deceased— Order for cir..'
to administrator.
Tuerk liros. vs. M .hr .v Yoerk— Judgment entered
in favor ot defendants for costs.
People vs. Andrew 110110, burglary- Arraigned,
pleaded truiity of burglary in the first decree, waived
time, and sentenced to one year in F*i.son. SUte
Prison.
hulas Colfield, a native ol Denmark, wis ad
mitted to citizenship on the testimony of T. 11.
Berkey and George Cone. William Vo?t, a native
of Germany, was also admitted on the testimony of
1.. Steinman and K. tiehrin -*.
£)-"*• *.RTM*".NT TWO WILUAMS, Judge.
H. <-. -Smith, trustee, vs. Odd Fellows* Savinrf
Baal ct a..— On trial.
A shirt company of Catekill, N. V., haa
jr.at completed a shirt for Captain Martin
Van Karen Bites, the Ohio giant. Its
length is 74 inches ; waist, M) inches ; the
sleeve, from the middle of the hack, shirt
measure, liii inches : neck, 28 inches ;
wristbands, IS inches. Six yards of mas
lin, lj yards wide, were used. The mate
rial alone, at wholesale price, cost >"'-' M
NEW ADVEBTISEMENTS.
; AN UNPRECEDENTED EVENT
IN THE HISTORY OF THE
BOOT
AXD
SHOE
BUSINESS
OF IMUflmii
IT IS ".OA* SIX MONTHS SIM F. OUR AS-
nva! la this city, during w hich time we,
LEWIS BROS.,
Haw brought down the pricci of BOOTS ASI*
SHOES until now it can be aafelv and WAR TRICES
NO LONGER EXIST. The prodigious development
of our business, and the put colossal perforniinctff
of oor corporate wealth, h-is Ami to the people -i
Sacramento and tv country within a radius '■( « ..* e
hundred miles that
BOOTS AND SHOES
Wrr* before oar advent selling for at
Irani '*-*.'■ iht rem. higher tbau aur
preaeal prl<r-a.
W> ha** examined all the Catalogues and Price
-■- in tbe State, and know for a fat that our
gwiMla are marked Id plain flgnre* at
un ■ ii lower price* (ban lho-,-- charged
'■> onr competitor*, ■•* hundredi of our *-u~»-
-turners who live iv the country and -§-■;( for |SaaVi
by iii-til or otherwise M testify.
Now, in order to make room for an imu.tr-H
amointof BOOTS AND SHOES to arn.e
io J uJy, -t mill
■ucnun A
CLEARANCE SALE!
The like of which has never before been known is
sac-ram*-:..-. We bave concluded not to remark Any
"i our Z'jttda, but will give the public tbe benefit of a
Ten Per Dent. Discount
On all I'-rchaseamaiie at our hntiM for a period of
THIKTt DAY * I ItOII HUE,
Thi« ii certainly tbe in-.-t lit,* r.i • ff-r avaf made by
* any l.iii*- at toy time since tba '!»>■ ol 'I'i.
HIM" Of" IT! Voa have hern paying vi
foracood pair of *h<»- ■. -""**, and m.--.f
tb hit I Illicit -I 111 X DAM I'XIIH
HATE Ibr tame Myle and kind of Shoe
-nlll cent but 91 Htf.
The i .'-! v Paying for a Fine Frrnrh Mid
nation »i *.. MV Ml. will receive Ihe
■MM at •* Ml, and M on lo the end."
All Goods Marked in Plain Fig-
ures, and but One Price !
SALE TO COMMENCE JUNE Ist,.
And contains .-.til after the FOURTH OF
JULY MSXT.
St Ov facilities for filling orders from the co -
try are perfect If perchance goods arc not satis-
factory, we pay return charges.
We half Hole and heel Men's Boots and Shoes at 90
centa per pair , Ladies' at 06 cents; tips on Shoe*,
-i cents , and we sew up any of our shoes tliat rip,
free of charge. " •
LEWISBEOS.
ONE PRICE SHOE HOUSE.
411 J »[rffl. between fourth and Iffllk
<*\CRAMSNTO.
"_3 2ptfl!Wfiß*WStf

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