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THE DAILY RECORD-UNION.
A&IVKwaY. ■"«■* IS. **** ■<t«orol»cleal Observations — Takes ml Mgaal station at the tame Moment. Ueunno, July 14, 1884-6:04 r. ■. n-B 3<02 ya=* 2f? State ol 4Tl*ort'>«ob *k « j g-~3 3 5 so the Mrration. |S • jß.|| ?IS 3a weather =a. : 5g : It ': g O:jmma. .. 30.06 ii< Calm Calm ..Clear Portland 30.05 70 .N. W. Light .... Clew Ko^burz... 29.97 73 S. W. 8 Kre»h Clear K«l Muff 29 72 »• 8 - 6 Fresh Clear 8«r»mroto. a*. 77 73 8. 9 Fresh Clear 8 F raiKUKO - ' " V s6 S.W. 18 Bri»k Clear Viaalix 2O.~d|f>3 W. 6 Fresh <;leir LosAnre'i* *».9Sj9l 5.8 Fresh Bear Ban Diego. . 2».(W'« W. Light Clear Maximum temperature, 83 ; minimum, 62. <U> ur above low-nMr mark, 10 feet 6 inches. JAMES A. BAKWICK, Serjeant, Surnal Ccrpt, O. s A. THE WEEKLY UNION Is m paper o( special value. It ii issued in semi wuekly parU, each ol eight page*, and appears Wednesdays an.l Saturdays. It is thus the freshest weekly paper on the coast, and the only one wl.ich jf.oe« out to it« readers twice, a week. The family, the farm, the miner's camp, the country home, can have no more thoroughly valuable journal than the Wrhki.y VskjS, -*:id for these reasons : It U a com plete news and home paper ; it is a reliable business journal ; it is a fearless and impartial critic ; it is thoroughly devoted to the best interests of the State and the people . it is constant in ltd information ui«.u art, mechanic.", agriculture, horticulture, min ■ld?, viticulture, education, popular science, market report*, etc., and is unsurpassed for its news facili ties, availing as it does of the best telefiraphic and other news gathering mediums of then arid. It is «h&s*e in character, elevated in tone, scholarly in diction, and clear, logical and unmistakable in ita criticisms and editorials. It is mailed to my ad dress for f2 50 per yeir. THIS MORNING'S NEWS. In New York Government bonds are quoted at Ot ff.r of 1907 ; 11» fur ; 100} for ; .tci (lot;, c I £6^4 89 ; silver bars, 113}. Si.vcr iii London, 6151; consols, :<■•'!>; ; 6 per cent. United State* bonds, extended, 107}; Is, in) • t)e, 116 J. In San Francisco half dol'axs are quoted at j dis eounl to [«r ; Mexican dollars W|^BBj cents. Mining stocks weakened considerably in San Fnncisco Thursday after, and values were no better yesterday morning. Sierra Nevada fell to $5, against #7 a few days ago. All the other stocks usually dealt in showed lower rates yesterday morn lac than at any time this month. The California horses lecently at Chica-o ban tnne to Moumouth Park, to participate in the. rate* tbere. Six business blocks in DayWm, W. T., were destroyed by flre Thursday night, causing a loss of about $MO,OOO. J. A. Wetherbce cut his throat in the City Prison at San Francisco yea'.erday, and will probably die. Shinn, another of the Cape Horn train-wreckers, was found guilty at Auburn yesterday. The Republicans of the Old Shoestring District in Mississippi have nominated Judge Jcflerds, of Issa que-na cnunty, for Congress. HstSM counties and several cities in Ireland were yesterJay proclaimed under the Repression Act. St. Patrick's Citbolic church at Danville, 111., was burned Thursdaj ni^-ht. A fire at Owtn Sound, < >nt., yesterday, destrorsd several buildings. Curing the past week I*2l business failures occur red in the United States, against 109 the previous week. AtCollinsrille, 111., Thursday, Kelson Cooper shot and killed John Dooly. For killing his do; in Orsnire county, Texu>, W. Windbam ihot and killed John Goodwyn and his brother-in-law, receiving a wound himself, from which be died in an hour. A disgraceful diEcumon toe k place in tie House of Representatives yesterday in connection with the ex jH-'nses of Garfleld's illness. William Harland, an old and pmminenl .itizen of Viwilia, died snddenly Thursday night. Fa Governor Juan Fl. Alvarmdo died at San Pablo, Contra Cost i county, Thursday. A conveution of miners is to be held at J'evada tSty on the 22d instant. John Bright his resigned from the British Cab. met. Clause one of the arrears bill was passed by the Hoaae of Commons jesterday without division. The British rifle team, to Uke part in the interna tional shooting match at Creedmoor, will leave Eng land for New York Au.-mt L'fi'.h. The anniversary of the fall of the Bastile was cele brated at several points on the coast yesterday by- French citiceDS. The Board of Health at San Francisco yesterday released the steamer Belgic from quarantine. On the :!64th ballotat Portsmouth, 0., \rfterday, th" Ilepuhlicang of the Eleventh District nominated John W. Hc€oraiick for Congress. B. II- Stocklagcr has been renoroinated for Con gress by the Democrats of the Third Indiana DU trict. A man m arrested at Portland. Or., Wednesday for stealing, indicted in the afternoon, arraigned Thursday, pleaded guilty jesterday, and was sen tenced to two years in the Penitentiary. Late advices from Guavmas, Mexico, are given Jois morning in a dispatch from Tucson, A. T. The dispatches this morning indicate that Alex andria has been almost totally destroyed, and that about 2,000 Christians have been massacred by the nob. British marines were larded jesteniay with Catling guns, who killed many of the looters, and last niclit men from the neural ships aided in re storing order in the unfortunate town. Li Wasco county, Oregon, south of Fifteen-mile creek, nearly half the growing crops have been de stroyed by grasshoppers. But there is a dull-blue fray fly that follows the grasshopper and fights him. These insect* stay with them, and when tin hopper flies, dart at it and fasten under the wings, greatly retarding its flight. According to the best observations which could be made the larva de posited by the fly upon the soft, thin membranous spot under the wing immediately pierces the mem brane, entering the body of the hopper, and remains until full crown, catinz from the substance of it. Sometimes as many as five or six are found upon opening the body of the hopper. Thfse larva are ■ carried about until the whole body is eaten out or the hopper dies by their ravages. Upon the death of the hopper the larva crawls out and enters the ground to become in due time a fly again. Ciiikk Jl-stick Morrison IB a Democrat. Evi dently he docs not agree with his party platform, for in the case of ex parte Burke he said : "It has seen held, over and over again, in numerous. States. of the Union, that an Act prohibiting the keeping open of certain places of business on Sunday is cot a religions regulation, and that such an Act in no way interferes with the free enjoyment of religious profession and worship. It is purely a secular, san itary or police regulation, and has been too fre quently ur held as such to be bh iken at the present .day." — ♦♦ Till-, new San Francisco paper, The flrecdrr ami j SporUman, 1. C. Simpson editor, is at hand. It is a sixteen-page journal, quarto form, well printed, very attractive in appearance, and devoted to the purposes indicated by its title. The departments are full and varied ai.il well edited. The paper cer tainly starts out well, and gives good promise of a 'Useful future. Till* PrnpU't Cau*c (Red Bluff), in an article en titled " The Poor Man's Rest Day," indorses the Bkcomi-I'kio.n's demand of Sunday for all, and its protest against the efforts of the Democracy to ab . rogate the poor man's one day of rest. "Alaboe area of sorghum has been planted this - season in Jackson, Or., and more syrup than tver will be manufactured there. It locks now as if the - sugar business in Oregon will become a very im portant industry. ' % '. ". Walla Walla has seventy-eight citizens and cor porations that pay taxes on 310,000 assessed valua tions and upward. A good showing for a small . place. ". '-- We invite attention to a charming letter in this iasao by our versatile correspondent, Kate Ileatb, descriptive of life lit the Monterey seaside. Prong who complain of the beat down East should think of Guiteau and be content, says BUI Wye. „_ C. C. Powki.no, of the Xctailn Slate Journal, is -about to start an evening paper at Salt Lake. BC3IKS-.S in Sin Francisco is much duller now t than at ■ like date in 1631- CAMPAIGN CONSIDERATIONS. The Republican State Central Commit tee has wisely determined to make no change in the time of holding the State Convention. The morement to hasten the nominations originated with some feather headed folks who were frightened by the beating of the Democratic tom-toms. The Republican plan of a short campaign is eminently sound, and nothing the Demo crats have done or can do will cause any necessity for a change in it. Meantime the Democratic press may safely be left to " shell the woods," and to expose the weakness of its platform and professions and candidates by its clumsy efforts to avoid the awkward points. There is, how ever, one thing which the P^epublican presi needs to be cautioned concerning. The Democrats have led off with an issue ot their own choosing and making, which they call the Anti-Monopoly issue. This is not a genuine issue. The railroad ques tion has been settled by the new Constitu tion, which puts the whole question in the hands of a Commission, empowered to deal with it. The pretense of nominating a Governor on the strength of his assumed hostility to the railroads is a piece of characteristic Democratic dishonesty. It is in fact doubly dishonest. Kirst, because the Governor, under the Constitution, has no power to deal with the railroads in any way whatever : second, becanse the as sumption that a professed enemy of the railroads is therefore specially eligible to office, is a fraudulent and base pretense. The Democratic anti-railroad programme is the work of unscrupulous and insincere politicians who found themselves without issues, and who were prepared to sacrifice any State interest to their ollice-hunger. They having adopted this view, how ever, it is not for the I; •.•publicans to fol low suit. To do so would be a fatal blunder, from any standpoint. It would be an admission that the Democratic pro gramme was the right one. It would be an admission that the Democrats had been the first to strike out a popular programme. It won'd concede to them the virtue of public spirit and the merit of origination. It would put the Republicans in the position of mere imitators. It would lose them the campaign. The National Democracy has been making just this mistake for the last twenty years. It has walked in the footsteps of the Ilepublicans, and it has been beaten every time. It is perfectly clear that if the Anti- Monopoly programme is defensible, then the Democrats have a pre-emption claim upon it this year, and such a claim the voters always recognize. But the Anti-Monopoly programme is an imposition, and therefore if the Republi cans indorse it they confess themselves to be no more honest than their opponents. Certainly they cannot win on any such basis as that. If they expect to win they must strike oat a course of their own, which shall be distinct from that of Vie Democrats, and shall rest on different prin ciples. Such a course we have already outlined in these columns. The Republican party will pat itself in an impregnable position by taking the ground that it ia the duty and intereet of the State to deal equitably and dispassionately with all corporate in terests, relying upon the Constitution and the laws, as administered by honest men, for the protection ef the general interests and for the removal of abases. Instead of adopting a sounding platform of word?, and binding every candidate to accept whatever rabid, unjust and reckless propositions it contains, the Republican party can put its guarantees forward in the persons of its nominees. When Judge Blake was nominated for Mayor of San Francisco, they wanted him to sub scribe to certain pledges, and he re fused to do so. ' He said : "If my official " record during twenty-five years of public "service is not a sufficient guarantee for " me, then no pledge I could give would be "satisfactory ; for a man who, after so " long a service, could not be trusted, " would be certain to violate any pledge he "might take.' He refused to take any pledges, and the people of Sin Krancisco indorsed liia position, and elected him Mayor over the head of an opponent who had fairly groveled in his abject readiness to promise whatever was demanded of him. That is the kind of candidate the Republi can party needs this year, and with a ticket composed of such men, standing on a platform rational and moderate enough for self-respecting candidates to occupy, the party can carry the State in the teeth of all the Anti-Monopoly froth and dema gcgism the Democrats can muster. As regards the Railroads, the only officers of consequence are the lUilroad Commissioners. To fill these offices the people do not want demagogues. They do not want political adventurers. They do not want the kind of men who will swal low any kind of pledges one minute and then Bolicit the aid of the railroads the next. What they want is honest men — men who have made reputations for integ rity in business, and therefore can be trusted to do their duty faithfully. The railroads do not aek anything more than ; this. They are content to be judged byj the measure of honeßt men's mindß. They only demand fair play, and that they have a right to. Now, if the new Constitution has provided theeolution of this question, it stands to reason that honest Railroad Com missioners, applying that Constitution fairly, must give the S'.ate tbe very bost situation possible under the circumstances. The Republicans therefore can take their stand up»n this position with complete confi dence. There remains the Sunday law itHi". which the Democrats have certainly taken a pronounced stand upon. They are committed to the repeal of all legislation securing a day of rest to the poor man. Tne Republicans, we trust, will take a very different position. They will hold that it is the right of every man, woman ani child in the State to en joy one day of rest in every seven, and that it is the duty of the State to secure the possession of this right to all by appro priate legislation. They will hold that the curtailment of the liberties of the peo ple is no part of the business of government, but that when the working classes are in danger of losing any of their privileges or rights through the pressure of competition or other agencies, the Government may, j and indeed must, come to their rescue, and check or stop the growing invasion of their leisure. Upon such a platform the Repub lican party can enter the campaign without cny ground for misgiving. With a ticket standing upon the individual merits of the candidates the battle will be more than half won when the nominations are made. And the Democratic demagogue! will then learn that the adoption of sham issues is not of itself sufficient to assure success at the polls, and that the Ass who pat on the Lion's skin was after all only an Asi, as everybody discovered the moment he opened his mouth. THE DESTRUCTION OF ALEXANDRIA. If we may judge from the dispatches the Arabs have destroyed a great part of the city of Alexandria, since the bombard ment, including the whole of the Kuropean quarter. This involves the destruction of the most modern aud attractive as well as architecturally important p»rt of the city. The most of this modern portion of Alex andria was the work of the late Khedive Ismail, who was ambitious to do for Kgypt what Hausmann did for Paris. He intro duced gas to the Oriental city, and paved and watered it after the most approved Kuropean models. In fact he placed both Cairo and Alexandria very far ahead of Constantinople in cleanliness and modern improvements, and of Cairo in particular he made the mOßtcharmingof eastern cities. In the great square of Alexandria, called Mehemet Ali square, and where an equeatrian statue of the conqueror has long stood (in open defiance of Moham medan ecclesiastical law, whi.-li forbids the making of any graven images), are (or were) the foreign Consulates, the best hotels, the banks, and th; Knglish Protestant Church. The dispatches state that this great square has been entirely destroyed, and if that is tne case it will be a long time before the city regains its former aspect of prosperity. It has been the custom of more than one Khedive to give plots for building to whoever would guarantee to erect buildings of a certain architectural consequence upon them. Thus the Duke of Sutherland has a mansion at Cairo, which was built upon these terms, and many foreigners, both resident and non resident, have done the Eame thing. In the suburbs of Alexandria, and particu larly at Kamleh, are a great number of villas standing in their own grounds, the property and residences of foreigners, and more especially of the Greek and Jewish bankers and cotton brokers, who are among the great financial magnates of Alexandria. All these costly and beauti ful residences will, it is feared, be sacri ficed to the bigotry and malice of a brutal and stupid mob, and the interests of l\4ypt will thus suffer a blow from which recovery will be tedious. It is perfectly apparent that a great deal if not all of this destruction of valuable property coald have been prevented, and equally clear that it ought to have been foreseen. Mr. Glad stone's statement in the House of Com ni',ne, that the Government could not have anticipated the sack of Alexandria by the Arabs, is hardly tenable. The Govern ment certainly was aware that the Alexan dria mob had only been restrained by the presence of the Egyptian army, since the first massacre of Europeans. As Mr. Gladstone's purpose in bombarding the forts was to urive away the army and cause the downfall of Arabi Pasha, he must have known that in the event of Arabi's with drawal or defeat, the city would be left at the mercy of a populace whose turbulence had recently been demonstrated. It will, therefore, not do for him to say that the sacking of the city could not have been anticipated. On the contrary, it is pre cisely what ought to have been anticipated. As to the intentions of the English Gov ernment, Mr. Gladstone's statement ap pears singularly inadequate and unsatis factory. He surely cannot mean that he proposes to suspend operations until Arabi Pasba does something to make it necessary to proceed againßt him again? Arabi is of course responsible before all else, for the looting and burning of Alexandria. It is even said, though this requires confirma tion, that he ordered the assassination of the Khedive. There would be nothing un characteristic or surprising in this, for Arabi is a thorough Oriental, treacherous and cruel and unscrupulous, and no doubt he thought the opportunity a good one for disposing of the occupant of the throne, and thus clearing his own way to promo tion. The destruction of Alexandria would, however, have been accomplished to very little purpose if the Porte were to step in at this juncture and take the work out of the hands of Kugland. It would not be unlike Mr. Gladstone's forcible-feeble for eign policy to make such a blunder as this, and as he would certainly be encouraged in such a line by all the powers who view with impotent jealousy the progress of the British arms in Egypt, he would no doubt obtain plenty of backiDg for the policy. But what would be the result to E^ypt and the world of Turkish intervention? Either the Turks would refuse to leave Egypt, having once obtained possession, or they would be dominated by some Patha of the Arabi kind, and would play M. - hemet Aha game over again. In either event the future of the country would re main unsettled, the condition of the fellah ten would be changed for the worse, and the security of the Suez Canal would be imperiled. In fact nothing but harm can possible come of Turkish intervention. The Porte has not the strength to hold the country aa a province. It has been too weak to assert its sovereignty for half a century and more. And if it would a»sert its sovereignty it would only restore the old bid government, so that it is better that it should be as impotent aa it is. But one effect of placing Kgypt in the hands of a weak power like Turkey is to challenge the cupidity of every strong power that has ever cast longing eyes upon that fertile province. Turkey could not hold the country against all comers — hardly againit any comer- and so E^ypt would at once become the assumed prize of intrigue. Russia would no doubt be fore most in this underhand work, and as her influence at Constantinople is very great, she might supplant England. France, too, would be in the field, and perhaps Italy, also, and the last state of E.jypt would be worse than the first. It would be much better for the interests of the country, and for those of the world, that a great power like England should take and hold the country under a protectorate. In that case all the hungry governments would be warned off, for no one of them would ven tnre to take the bone away from that mastiff. Egypt would prosper under such an arrangement, the fellaheen would escape oppression and revolution, and the debt of the country would be liquidated. Under Turkish rule, on the contrary mismanage raent, profligacy and oppression would once more be in the ascendant, and no matter what arrangements were patched up for the moment, the whole work of freeing and re forming Kgypt would have to be done over ■gain. THE DEMOCRATS AND THE SUNDAY LAW. The Gridley flrrabt makes the folio wing statement: " During a drive in the conn " try Sunday we were surprised to see a " header running in one of the grain fields. " It had a full crew of men at work, and " they were toiling as hard as though it " were a generally recognized working day. " We are informed that this system is "rigidly adhered to on Dr. Glenn's ranch, "and that if a man with a team is em " ployed there and refuses to work on Sun "day, the board of his team is charged " against bim. From these facts it would " seem that a new era is dawning in Amer " iea — an era when the hitherto freedom of " the laboring classes will be supplanted " by a serfdom worse than that of slavery." The condition of things here described by the Gridley Jirrald may serve to indicate what the Democratic platform tends to. There can be no doubt that in the absence of any legislation the selfishness and sharp competition which control all business must break down and finally abolish the Sunday holiday. In the case cited we see what a very wealthy man, greedy for more money, will do to deprive his employes of their Sunday. To Dr. Glenn it is a mat ter of no importance whether these hired men have any reßt. It appears that he has not even sense enough to comprehend that they can do more work in six days than in seven. All he thinks of is getting his crops in, and in doing that he pro poses to work all who are in his employ every day of the week. And what Dr. Glenn does now, the ma jority of men would do if there was no law to hold them in check. Take away the last statutory barrier, and Sunday would soon cease to exist as a day of rest in California. Now this is precisely what the Democrats stand committed to by their platform. They are opposed to any legislation which is calculated to protect the workingman's Sunday. Under the pretense of opposing " sumptuary " laws, they have pledged themselves to the repeal of the present Sunday law, and to the prevention of the enactment of any substitute for it. This is a very serious and a very real issue, as our quotation from tho Gridley Herald demonstrates. Already the attack upon the Sunday holi day has been begun, and by a prominent Democrat. Dr. Glenn, of course, sub scribes heartily to the doctrines of his party platform, and he shows how fully he indorses the Sunday law plank by under taking to abolish Sunday on hia own ranch, without waiting for the close of the cam paign, ile has, it is stated, adopted Sun day as a working day, systematically, and he forces his hands to work on that day by virtually tiuing them if they refuse to do ao. Who can doubt that if the Democratic principle was indorsed by the majority of the people at the polls, Dr. Glenn's prac tice would bo followed everywhere ? He can, or thinks he can, afford to do this now, because he is far from the public eye. But though at present in the towns and cities public opinion and the law to gether prevent a general working on Sun day, the repeal of the law, and the in dorsement by the popular vote of the Democratic position, would produce a sweepiog change in the general position. The working classes will have to realize that they cannot vote the Democratic ticket this year without votiDg for the abolition of Sunday. They must also re member that if Snnday is abolished they will be the chief Bufferers. Employers of labor cau always wecure a holiday when they want it, but if once the custom of using Sunday as a working day should be set U]i, the working classes would find that they could not stand out against it. If they attempted to do so they would be discharged, and more pliable men would be taken in their places, and as there are always many unemployed there would be no difficulty in rinding such. And the more business prospers, and the greater the demand for labor becomes, the more certain is it that the pressure upon the Sunday L.'i.l.-iy will become heavier. It ia always the tendency for Society to take everything it can get, and to coerce the feebler classes at every opportunity. In the absence of any restrictive law, there fore," all efforts to preserve the Sunday as a day of reßt would be in vain. Even those employers who disapproved of the new practice would be compelled to yield to it or suffer injury in their business. And it by no means follows that wages would bs increased because seven days in stead of six constituted the week. Here again employers would avail themselves of the competition for work, and would take the men who were willing lo accept the lowest wages. In short it is evident that if the Democrats carry the State the Sunday must "go," and that Dr. Glenn's practice will then become the general one. To prevent this the Republican party is called upon to formulate a plank which shall as3ure protection to the humblest, and the untratnmeled enjoyment of the day of rest. The present Sunday law has proved inoperative, because it was badly drawn. The Republicans, taking warning and example from that failqre, must under* take to pass a new law whiih shall secure to every person one day's rest in seven, without any reduction of wagep or other drawbacks. This law should also provide that whoever desires to carry on business upon Sunday, Bhall employ special help for that day, or shall make such other arrange ments as will Becure a rest day to the help that has been working throughout the week. The main feature in the bill must be the protection of the rights of the labor ing classes. This is a kind of treasure which every civilized and enlightened Oov ernment is bound to adopt, for it involves what the laboring classes caniot do for themselves, and it is demanded a3 a pro tection for them against an abuse which they have no means of resisting out side the law. With a platform which embraces theae principles the Republican party can confidently appeal to the people of California. They may see from Dr. (ilenn's example what is to be expected from a democratic success. They know that the maintenance of the Snnday holiday is, speaking from a purely secular standpoint, necessary to the physical and mental health of the community. To abolish the rest day would be not only to inflict a cruel injury upon the working clamm, but to increase the death-rate ; to encourage intemperance (which always ac companies misery) ; to undermine public morals ; to deaden and stupefy the intelli gence of the masses, and to check the progreai of the State. This, however, is what the Democratic party is pledged to do if its candidates are elected. The people, if they understand their own in terests, will see to it that the San Jose platform is not indorsed. THE PROGRESS OF PROHIBITION. The advocates of prohibition have bees greatly encouraged by the election in lowa, and are preparing to push their extreme doctrine everywhere. But it will not do for them to jump to the conclusion that because the new prohibition amendment to the Conatitution of lowa has received a majority of the popular vote, therefore prohibition is an accomplished fact there. lowa casts 323,000 votes. In the late elec tion, according to the fullest returns, the prohibition majority was a little over 20,000. Now it must be understood that on a question of this kind the defeated party does not acquiesce in the observance of the law. On the contrary, it must be assumed that there are in lowa fully l. r .n,. 000 voters who do not believe in prohibi tion, who do believe in freedom of action, and who therefore will do all they can to render the constitutional provision a dead letter. Hut this is not all. It would be a very great mistake to suppose that the ma jority vote was mainly a temperance or total abstinence vote. The presumption is that by far the greater number of the ma jority are moderate drinkers, and unbe lievers in the theory of prohibition. The motive of their action ib a different one. lowa is emphatically an agricultural State. It contains no large cities. The rural population therefore outnumbers the city population, « and the rural voters are in favor of prohibition because when the saloons are open their hired men get drunk, and they are in favor of making that kind of indulgence impossible. These farmers, however, are not necessarily ab- Btainers themselves, and probably the majority of them drink to some extent. Tney are moved by pre cisely the same considerations which cause the California farmers to be in favor of closing tha saloons on Sunday, and the California farmers are certainly not as a rule advocates or practitioners of total abstinence. To assume, therefor?, from the lowa election, that the temperance doctrine is winning great and permanent victories, appears to us a delusion ; as is the hypothesis that men's appetites of any kind can be extinguished by statute. We may grant for the sake of the argument that the evils caused by intemperance are so great as to justify the invasion of the freedom of the individual to whatever ex tent is necessary to stop it. But before any such invasion is permitted it must be made clear that the process to be applied will have the results expected from it. Now it is at this point that all the prohi bition schemes collapse. For experiment proves that Prohibition does not prohibit. What it does do is to drive drinking into disguises. In fact it does for intemperance precisely what stringent legislation has several times done ior prostitution ; that is to say, it compels it to hide itself. But experience demonstrates that prostitution has always increased the more, the more it has been driven into the dark, and the experiments already made in prohibition justify a similar conclusion. Of course the prohibition of the sale of liquor will pre vent some people from getting it when they want it. Hit it will operate as a deterrent far oftener in the cases of occa sional and moderate drinkers than in those of drunkards. The latter will not tolerate denial of their fa vorite vice, and their appetites will be sure to rind support, by hook or by crook. We have never yet heard of a so-called prohibition place where it was really im possible to procure liquors, and we do not believe that such a place can be found. Wherever a strong demand exists, there the supply will arise to meet it, in disre gard of all laws. And when laws are thus defied or evaded, it is certain that the principle sought to be enforced in them will become specially odious to the people, so that all hope of real reform must soon disappear. A great deal has been done in the last century to diminish intemperance, but the reform has been the work of educa tional agencies, and, above all, of the increas ing comfort of tho masses. H.lucate men, give them good wages and clean dwelling?, and they will cease to crave for rum. Leave them to sweat and suffer in filthy tenement houses, grind them down to a wage barely enough to keep them alive, and they will drink the worst whisky they can get, despite of all the laws and all the temperance societies in the worM. The cultivation of bodily and mental health is the one true remedy for intemperance. Neither statutes, nor tracts, nor temper ance journals will cure dyspepsia, clear away ignorance, enlighten mental dullness, compensate for dirt, and cold, and hunger. And because these attempted remedies do not really touch the diseases at which they are aimed, they are doomed to fail ure in the very nature of the case, and this no matter how they may seem to be winning temporary successes. Whatever changes tend to substitute more innocent for le3s innocent drinki are also beneficent, The introduction of beer in this country has done a great deal to promote temperance, for it has led scores of thousands to stop drinking whisky.' In the same way the substitution of light wines for spirits and strong beers would be a decided step towards temperance. In this State a great deal of energy and sa gacity is now being employed in the im provement of our native wines, and it is specially significant that every Btep of im provement in their quality is marked by the elimination of so much more alcohol from them. The better the claret the less alcohol it contains, and our wine-makers have already readied, in the Znfinlel, a brand which is certainly as lijht and non alcoholic as the best li^ht brands of Bor deaux. If all the people of California drank Zinfandel, the temperance problem would be practically solved, and as this and other native wines improve, they will tend to this result continually more and □ore. Thus the development of the great vineyard resources of the State has a de cided tendency to promote temperance, and it is entirely safe to say that the perfection and general distribution of our lightest tiblo wines is calculated to produce the most bcntficial results in this regard. Under the prohibition system, however, nothing ii done to refine and elevate the appetite, and therefore the lover of whisky and of drunkenness remains the lover of whisky and of drunkenness to the end of the chapter, under its operation, and only concerns himself to evade the law. A WILD PROTECTIONIST. A venal sheet published at San Fran ciaco, which is known to be always in the market, and whose editorial columns are at the disposal of any thieving adventurer who is willing to pay for their use, is just now engaged in an utterly uncongenial business. It has undertaken the role of defender of Protection, no doubt because it has a fellow feeling with the plundering system referred to. To perform this role successfully, however, would require some knowledge of the subject, arid that the sheet mentioned does not possess. In fact it never approaches the issus without exposing its ignorance, and yesterday it perpetrated some quite phenomeoal blun ders. Thus it asserted that the I: *• < >i. ■- Union favors tariff reform because the Central and Southern Pacific llailroads are extensive purchasers of steel rails. Now any writer at all familiar with the facts would have eeen that since the duty on steel rails is ultimately paid by the public who use the railroads, and not by the rail road companies, it is a matter of practical indifference to the latter how high those duties are. The venal sheet referred to in another article makes the ridiculous assertion that the maintenance of the tariff was necessary to the resumption of specie payments; that without it'" the balance "of trade " (an obsolete delusion) " would have gone the other way;" and — here is the richest piece of nonsense — " Kngland instead of America would now " be the most prosperous and progressive " manufacturing country in the world." It would be interesting to know when England ceased to be " the most pros " peroue and progressive manufacturing " country in the world." It would be still more interesting to know when Amer ica supplanted her great rival. The fact is, as of course every educated person knows, that under the tariff American manufactures have made extremely slow progress, and that they have not so much as begun to compete anywhere with those of England. But the venal and stupid sheet from which we have quoted does not know enough about the subject to avoid the most preposterous blunders. In fact, according to its own confession, it advo cates Protection because it supposes it to be " an established Republican principle," in some vague way, and not because it has any intelligent conception of its operation?. NEW IDEAS ON THE RELIGION OF INDIA. A contemporary solemnly observes, ap ropos of the Eyptian situation, that " Arabi will conduct his war on a relig " ions basis, and if England should under " take to do her fighting with East Indian " troops there will be danger of wholesale " desertions, for Mohammedans, Brahmins, " Buddhists and Bedouins have much in *' common in the way of religion* sentiment." Oar contemporary seems to think that the term Bedouin indicates a peculiar form of religion, but we will let that pass. The idea that Mohammedans, Buddhists and Brahmins have " much in common in the " way of religious sentiment," would cer tainly be news to the people who hold those faiths. There ia about as much "in " common " between them as there is be tween the followers [of Confucius and Christians, as a matter of fact. The Budd hists and Brahmins would no more fuse with the Mohammedans, or the latter with them, than fire and water wculd fuse. And there would be no danger of desertion if the East Indian troops were all Moham medans, like the Bedouins, for there are as many sects in Islam as there are in Christianity, and these sects hate one an other with a truly Christian cordiality. If Indian troops are taken to Egypt it can be predicted with perfect safety that there will be no desertion from them, bat that they will fight the Egyptians gallantly, and will remain thoroughly loyal to the British Government. A MINERS' CONVENTION. A Convention of miners will be held at Nevada City on the ±2d instant, for the purpose of diecusaing the dam question. It is already ae en that ii the various mines go to work independently and build dams for the retention of the tailings, great con fusion and cross purposes will result. They would then auil'i r from all the embarrass ments which a want of system has entailed upon irrigation and reclamation works in the lower country. Obviously their wisest, «nd in fact their only wiso course, will be to systematize the business, and thus make every dam a part of one general plan em bracing the entire mining area. They will probably lind it best to employ some en gineer of general reputation to frams the scheme, and the detiila can then be car ried out by the engineers of the several mines, acting under his instructions. Any other arrangement would certainly result in the creation of formidable difficulties, while the consequence of independent plans would ala > bo the waste of money and tiie failure to produce the best effect*. The Convention has a very serious subject before it, but we have no doubt that it will be determined intelligently. A GALLANT DEED. The act of the sailor on board one of the ironclatia cff Alexandria, who picked up a burning shell hl.l extinguished the fire by plunzin:; it into a backet of water, was un questionably one of great bravery, fcr there are few more ducompnaiir,; aad generally uncertain objects to handle, or indeed to remain in the neighborhood of, than a live shell, and a man who bas the nerve to take one up, without in the least knowing how much longer the fuse has to burn, must be capable of any feat of cool gal lantry. The only description of a tirnilar incident that occurs to ua is in a work of fiction Captain Marryatt'a novel of "The King's Own." He makes his hero, then a little bey, walk up to a live shell during an engagement at sea, and roll it overboard. A child, however, might do a thing like thia without comprehending the danger he was incurring, whereas the sailor on the ironclad was of course fully aware that he was very titsnJry taking his life in hia hands when he lifted the hissing shell. Decidedly this was a consummate proof of a Ttry high kind of coorage indeed. AN OLD DEMOCRAT PROTESTS. D. 0. Shattuck, of Sonoma, ia one of the former District Judge* of this State, and oe cnpled the Bench in San Francisco. He is a leading old-time Democrat ; a man of un questioned integrity, of acknowledged ability and is a sound lawyer. Judge Shattuck v an aged man, and his views command the respect that many year* of experience in active life, close study and ability deserve, loe Judge has positive viemi on the action of the_ Democratic Convention at San Jose regarding the Sunday law, and these are published in a letter to the BaVetin of the 14th inst., from which these extracts are made : I confess myself disappointed and raorti'ed by the act of the late Convention in making the /-peal of the Sunday lair a distinct isnie. The repeal of that law had not been a question before the people anywhere, except San Francisco, and not even there except by two excited factions, and not serioaalv considered by the people generally. No deleirat.on from «ny county, to my knowledge, was elected m reference to it. It nevfr in this State has been made a party question. It is not necessarily and naturally Democratic doctrine. I consider its in troduc'ion an unfortunate mistake and a fire brand for evil, showing mu<:h more e&urage than ilium lion. It means mischief, and cannot be sustained without a division of the party. The law known as the Sunday lent having never, as to its policy, expediency and propriety, been gen erally discussed before the people, was improperly brought before the Convention. If the repeal of said law is persisted in as Demo cratic doctrine during the coining campaign, |the party will be divided, and if uot beaten at the polls, will, in my judgment deserve defeat. _ That the law is not sumptuary, is not unconstitu tional, nor unjust, ncr oppressive, nor fanatical, nor unwise ; but, on the contrary, I maintain that it is the reverse of all this — a wise, conservative and just law, which, it properly enforced, will be found among our laws must efficient in promoting the peace, prosperity and happiness of the whole people, and that it should not be repealed. There will be found no difficulty in enforcing a constitutional conservative law when the people mire fully del-stand its object and its advantages. That no class of people are materially injured by the observance »( the Sunday law except the saloon keepers, and they have no right to complain of the law to close up and give peace on election days and Sunday?. The War Ships.— The following is a list of the English vessels of war engaged at Alexandria, Egypt, and the armament of each : Inflexible, turret, U,4o<> tons, fonr 80-ton guna ; charge, 44.~> pounds ; shell, 1.700 pounds ; Pallieer ; diameter of guns, 10 inches. Monarch, turret, 8,82-2 tons, four 25-ton guns, 12-inch, and two tii-ton guns, 7 inch. Alexandria, 9,492 tonß.two 2">-too guns, 12 inch, and ten 1 8- ton guns, 10-inch. Sultan, 9 2S(> tons, eight 18-ton guns, 10-inch, and fonr 12-ton guns, 9 inch. Invincible, 0 034 tons, ten 12-ton guns. 11 --inch, and four til poonders. Superb, 8.760 tons, twelve lStpn gun*, 10-inch, and four (>.\-ton guns, 7-inch. Temerarie, 8,540 tons, fo&r 25-ton gun", 12 inch, and four Is. tan guns, 10-inch. IYutlope, 4 394 tons, eight 0-ton guns, S inch, and three 40-pounders. The first two named are turret ships, the next live cafemate chips, and the last, tbe Penelope, the smallest of the ironclads en gaged, is an armed corvette. NEW ADVEBTISEMEHTB: $12500 IX PURSE* AND STAKE?. €3 A.X.IS"OS,N X A. STATE FAIR Speed Programme for 1882. FIRST DAT— tlondny, Hept. 11. No. I— RUNNING — INTRODUCTION STAKE— For all sjren ; three quarters of a mile dash ; 5.".0 en- trance, $15 forfeit; 4210 added; second 1 to save (take. No. 2— RUNNING — BREEDERS 1 STAKE For foals of 1879 ; one and a half miles dash ; 5.V) en- trance, p. p.; $300 added. Closed March Ist with nineteen cominations. No. 3— RUNNING - SELLINO RACE— Purse, $250. Free for all ; one mile and repeat second horse to receive $75. Entrance five per cent, to third horse. Hursts entered to be sold for $1,500 to carry entitled weight, one pound off for each $100 under fixed valuation. 1 No. 4— TROrrINO-2:40 class ; purse. $1,000. SfctO.Ml lit v'-Tnrmlay, Sept. if. No. S— TROTTING— 2:2S class; purse, $1,200. No. 6— TROTTING— Purse, $600; for three year olds and under. No. 7 TROTTING— Purse, «SO0; mile heats for two year olds. 1 !lIKI> day- WestacMhqr, •< p'. i:i. No 8-RUNMNO-FILLY STAKE FOR TWO YEAR OLD FILLIES— Five eighths of a mile; $.'.* entrance; $15 forfeit; $200 added ; second to receive $75 ; third, fa. No. 9 — RUNNING — CALIFORNIA DERBY &TAKE— For three year olds ; one and one-half mile dash; $ICO entrance; $25 forfeit; (260 added; second horse, $100 ; toird, $5-1. Ho. RUNNING— JENNIE B. STAKE — For all ages ; daeh of one mile ; $.*>o entrance, $15 forfeit; $200 ad.led ; second hone, $75 ; third, $25. .-take to be named after winner, if Jennie B'.'s time — 1:4:.; -in beaten. v.. • No. 11— RUNNING — SELLING RACE — Purse, $i5O ; one and eighth miles ; second horse, $100 ; entrance* five per cent, to third horse. Horses en- tered to be sold forsl,oOo, to carry entitled weight. Two pounds off foi each $100 under fixed valuation No. 12-TROTriNG— 2:3oclasj; purse, 200. io:l:ill I'll 111 'a -.>.■, it. 11. No. 13 -TROT TINO-2:2! class; pn-ne, »1,200. X... 14— PACING— 2:25 class; pune, $300. No. 15— TROTTING— Two miles aud repeat; 2:49 horses ; purse, $£00. - lIIi ll ItAV— Friday, Kepi. 1.'.. ,: No. 16— RUNNING— COLT AND FILLY STAKE — For two-year olds ; dash of one mile ; $o0 en- trance, $15 forfeit, $21.0 added ; second horse, iSO * third, $25. No. IT— RUNNING— RACE — Purse, $300 ; for ail ages ; da^h of one and a quarter miles ; $100 to second horse ; entrance, five per cent, to third ; horses entered to be sold for $1,500, cany full weight ; for $1,200, three pounds oil; for sl,ooo, five pounds off ; for $750, seven pounds off ; for $300, ten pounds off. No. 18 RUNNING- POST STAKE— of three miles ; free for all ; $100 entrance ; $500 added ; weight 100 pounds; three year olds, DO pounds; second horse to receive $150 ; third, $100. Starters to be named to the Secretary, Wednesday evening, at or before 8 o'clock. No. 19-RU.\'N>NQ— CONSOLATION PURSE— $250 for beaten horses ; one mile and repeat ; en- trance free ; second horse to receive $50. SIX Ml IMT Hal.rdny, Sept. 16. No 20— TROTTING -2:18 class; purse,sl,2oo. No. 81— TROTriNG-Purse, $!>OO ; for double teams of 2:3* horn* m Xo.lt TBOTTIHa— OCCIDENT STAKE FOR I '■*•.', closed in 1--1 with twelve nominations. No. S-BPEUIAX TROT AGAINST IMP $250 in plate be awarded to any sta!l:on that beats Santa ClauV time (2:17J). Entries for the following events for IHH3 I were ordered to he c!o««.d wit*i the above races : No. 1 -RUNNING — CALIFORNIA DERBY STAKE— For foals of 1880, 10 be run at the Mate Fair 0(1888. One and one half miles dish ; $.10 en- trance, p. p. ; $309 added ; ixcond horse, $100 ; third, IK, No. 2— ime stake, for foals of 1---1, to be run at the State Fair of 1881. Same eoadai-n" No. 3— RUNIfIKiI— MATURITY ,-TAKK Thrt«- hjile ria-li. for fouryear-olds, in IHSS3; $100 en- trance ; »■•:• f< rft-it . $600 ad.lwJ; seeond h< me, $1.'.0; third horse, $100. To be run at the State Fair of 1883. No. 4— RUNNING — CALIFORNIA ANNUAL STAKE— For twn-)car-nld>, foals of 1881. Dash of one mile ; $100 entrance; ir^'i forfeit; $-2.V) added ; second horse, 1100 . third, •*.■-". To be run at the Fair of 1-- I. UEH4CKS ASU I O.MII l|a>w - All trottinsr and pscltifc racn jpa the best three in tivi-, except the twoyear-old trot, unless oth*rwUe ■aecifi.d; five to int*-r and three to start. Entrance fee ten per cent, on purse, to accompany nomina- tion. I'ur«s divided at the rate of kii't per cent. to first boras thirty per c».t.t. to second and ten per cert, to third. National Association Rules to govern trotting; but the B. ard rest-rve-* the ri^i.t to trot heauj of any two claws alttrnalely, if msi Mary to fir i»h any day's racing, or to trot a sa d ,| r»ce between heats To fill miming rices, this* or more subscribe™ are necessary. All two-year olds, when ranting in their class", ■hall carry one hundred pounds, with the usual al- lowance for mares and i.'eMinm. All three-year olds, when running in their clas-es, to carry one hundred and ten p.,unu<>, wit!) the usual allowances as above. " ■ - - - Those who have notninatios in stakes am name to the Secretary, u * Km.-..*, the |.., „ they will «Urt on Monday, on the Saturday prtvions ; and on Wednesday, the Monday previous , and on Fridav, the Wednesday previons, by 12 o'clock m This rule is obvious, and must be strktly adhered to. No added money paid for a walk over. ll'.rses entered in purse* can only be drawn by consent of Jud^H». Rules (if the Pacific Coast Blood Horse Associa- tion (old weights) to govern running races, ex. eat when conditions named are o'herwi e. All entri'B to be made in writing, giving name, sex, color and marks of horses ; also, name and residence of owner. In runniny races, full colors to be worn by rider ; and driver, in trotting r<ces are respect fully requested to wear cap* of distinct colors; tube named In their entries, as their horses will lie denignated upon programmes by colors worn by drivers. This is - . .-,r , to enable iKe<.tl'.on to dis'inguMi the hones in the race. Knt'ics to all the above races to r:r,m mth the Secretary on Tuesday, August I, 1882. Wiite " Entries to Races " on ouulde of envel"pe. HUGH M. LAKUE, Presider.l. IMa F. fc*ini, tjtxrtUrj. Jyls 4p2w