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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, October 07, 1882, Image 4

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THE DAILY RECORD-UNION.
IIHWf.I UtTOKLIt 7. I 88»
M:-ri.i^lcil Observation* — Taken at
Mtniit BUUu at the Same Koment.
SiCßAKujrro, Octo"r>er 6, 168:— 8*2 r. a.
Pi»«aa-»odff If]!.*? !*f fli^t* of
3 : %s"= ■ '— '■ 2 c weal her
: 2. : ■<.=-= : 8.4 I KM
O.jUiu.a -.».«' 53 S. Lisht.. .MJUnio
P 'J i.T; 57 S. 14 Fresh. .3S|C!ear
ttoacbur*... 2.1. S» ;«s s. W. Usht I Threat's
R- J i;i i 9... 30.09;»4 S. 7 Freeh . .SlCljUdy
Mend'-eino w
Bacn-nei^t Sl.nt,ifi« N. ight. . .29! Clear
B.tnu;c.:A.. ; SO.OS|C8 V. W. 7 Praab C.'ouJy
V*aii» 30.03(57 (Mm. Calm -.Clear
LsAi^-c'es 29.M.H W. C Freiiti XSax
B«n lii.Ki -^).;i:< ;,,; w. lu^ht Ic'car
M»iin'Hm t. itfientaf'a, 00 ; mmlmuiu, tU
Iliver above low water mark, 'J fee!.
JAMtS A. BAV.V.ICK,
Sergeant, Signal Ccrps, OL h A.
Vcuili: r Prubabllitle«.
Washisotos, Oct )ber 0 Ji — Indications for Pacific
coast region : iUin from Saa Francisco north ward
to Waattaglat) Territory.
IT IS CONSTANTLY
Increasing in circulation.
Couatantly beinij impruveJ.
Constantly growing in news i . p nance.
Constantly widening in idfl'jence.
CuDStant'y eiilar;,iii^ Hit Bald ol iv MefiltlMM
It ia Iba largest ami lust of naakHe*
It is the freshest anJ mott pn mpt.
It ia the lliaapaat ai.J most Jesirable.
Because it issues in Miuiwuk.v ;ur!s.
Because it sires th* new* to its readers in advance
of the old style of weeklies.
Because <he country reader receives the latest in
formai m ilircr.-h it nearly as rapidly as he could
lm.u;li tbe daflj press.
!. iota it li edited i-> aii is .!• pntaasti wi'.h an
I _ ft to exoeßonea, choice mi«celia»'y, reliable
. ■ i.cv, iarii.lv, ;'i.>l cieir, schcUr'y criti.-Kiu
a;id pmantation of llu leading topics 1 f tlie day.
Bacane its matter 'a obooen with a vie« to the
oblate hi character, excellence in diction, natal
ne*s, td*ai emanl au.l practical application ; the
education oi the people, IhaavbaHini of the bi tier
taates, the culture ..i the j oath, the elevation and
parity ol the borne, and development of the re
■on
In tfe t:, all that lon« j .urnalisiio exporiei
. skill, tba :-«t sys
tciTi <-f newj-gEtbenns, and tbe Dxiat itii.ii/c and
»|i|ir.! - I n "■-] p i publlabfag oan d ■,
to iiK.k.- tiu Ifatzu I'm >n ii' toremoat
■i Pacific aoatL
i ia mail i U> any ad In B, poat ivti.l, for dm
jreir, f- r the i omiaal raw of *- 50.
THIS MORNING'S NEWS.
In Now York Qowauaent '• nv's are quoted at
; i 4s of MOT ; U2| ("r 4U ; ICO] :»r uja ; «<r-
Uog, $! ?H <«4 Bfl ; silver buss, 11-;.
sihir i:i London, . r .:;i; o. ;«<>;.<, lOOT-l&J; 6
per cent. United ."-.tutca builds, irtenrtad, It--;; i",
1215 ;4U, "*i-
Iv Baa ftan "'■•*■' > ball dollars arc quoted at } din
count to i«r ; Mexican dollars, 91v«'ji cents.
Ifinliig ttoekf cmlinue djll and weak iv San
Franci-c .i. In most of the Com^tjcks yteter<!:iy
tli'.'rc mat a deettae of .".o to Me, aa compared with
the best rate's Thuriday. Tlie outside sticks are
■beady, but inactive.
i>. . ic.<r'n,.i prominent- mining oi>erai:>r, died
in San FninflhiPft yrrtwfty.
la a quarrel over ■ tx: .:.t>- toantacHon at Yun-.i,
A. T., yesterday, Wo:. Donehyakot Leopold Furrar.
TheSU Fr.ni' i-'-'. a:;d S m KeteoJotni St.:r< :i j
Convention y fterday nominated l»r. J. 11. G.joe
, of Sin Mit ■!•, for Senator.
The DaueUl oaoditioa of Mexico is ».i':J to be
i <■■• promisi -r than last year.
• -n- ':..-. Ired and lI vtjn businoM f iilurc9 oc.
enrred in the United States < iri f the peat week.
"f typb Id lerer In the h ■■-;■ I |
at B ud eh, 1. > i-l.
The |>< lorn o tween ChUe and Peru
have been br ilten I IT.
il B. Codj baa declined the Democratic
: . t.i'M for Coogliasi in the Eighth Illinois Uiv.
tnct
Wilii.r.i Doherty and Thiman Hamilton wre
stabbed in a row at Austin, New, last evening — the
I.itM f-.t-illy.
T.-<: .St tc Grange concluded its session at Stock
ton bat ni^'lit, a!ter reiulvin^ to hold the next meet
ing at Sin Jocie on the second Tutsiay of October,
1883.
The Farmer*' Convention meets at Stockton to
day.
A lire at Warrinirton, Fl» , yestcrdiy, destroyed
tlie business part of town.
At New York yesterday morning a fire caused a
loss of ¥150,000.
The Republicans of the Fourth New Jersey Dis
trict liave nn:ninat«d B. J. Hovey for Congress.
The American Hoard of Foreipi .Missions meets
to day at Portland, Me.
B. Platt Car|>entcr acc;pU the Repulilicin nor
n of Ueutennrt-0 rveroorol New York.
Mra. liiwenwas found dead in a hallway at Vir
ginia, Her., vestcrday.
The Feaat of Su I tancbeo is heinf celebrated at
Ma^'lalLin, Sotton.
Frank James has already been offered 95,000 for
ten weeks T y a theatrical rr anaarer.
The bnataeai ».f the maoey-order department if
t ! P itoffloe daring the last fi^.t". \ear netted the
Bum "f 1390,000.
Wflßam UoQraw was killed at Omaha yesterday
liy the eavtag ' f a sewer.
During the uil - »'f Eeptamber r»tlj many vessels
were Bracked on tbe Mi \Kau coast.
Tlie HepubUcans of the Third Massachusetts Dis
tric* have renoiDinated Ambrose A. Ilanncy for
Congresß.
Adalbert Ketlv »a^ killed by a runaway horse yes
terday at Monroe, Me.
A w.it;^r famine prevails at Su< z.
Ales. II Btepbeoi w.^t cUctcd Governor of Geor
iria b] 80,01 0 Bl ij Tity.
Is the Si nU*aum'< Magazine w. m tttian WBHum
m:iki.a a cliirge Dp >n the ranks of the total abstain
ers «i'.h a saw waapou, aideti ha ao Uing]j says ha
has f'tr^reU Umaeif fr en material gupplied b* I'^r
win. \\v h^lils that drunkenness promotts civil:zi
tion and the progress of the race. Man i: is :i
tendency to ir. iHi,.\v too fast, hence poverty nnd
social denradation. la the aU aggie f"r txistence
Ihe inferior i^ IN I Ead OOt, vfiQa the superior tranfc
mit tlif Ir 'ailnntagna to their offspring. As brute
physical powen are less dunan led some means are
requirttl f«.r t!^L' tlnnin.itiun vt the ]»urely aaiottl
sjieaaiens of hmnaalty, to gira room for the sur
vival .if Urn r. ..iioJ aid intellectual. Now, if the
coarser elenunti engage in mlf hmnnlattffii by a
procesi pleasurat>le to them, thtre 19 in reason for
humane NaHnaji to in- eaOad Into txerciie The olj
customs den-.a-.i li!.;.- hj.i.y aocU ilriikin^ ban
juss^l »»iy, and the drunkards of tj day arc ll c
coarse, CT>3= and brutal. 1; . . ■:-. aaari; all aim
*~**T *~* ***** ~*~i~ j t 1T flnri not follow that drunk
cn.iess Is the chiif c^use of crime. Ihej -{0 tojeether
hecanM the* an caaenmai tillm t> aluul
remov! i p ,i dtrdopa t'.ie tru; chaneter.
Hence, tkoH U I ■ miflia will sp ml ma ody .n>iid
-a*eea-Mtenoe and all otbeta,bj "liie hippy dis
patch" of alcoho!, wfl] pr.jK.Tly be sift *?t! out. Sjjh,
in a nutt-'.itl!, :•> h 4 in^ * i >us theorrj.
Tnr.Lv. Ui.io vir, i-nciL-a! tßsJaef to which the
Le^islaturj may this "ii.tr Vail devote apart Of Its
time, viz., the refill-tin! ..f ill. . ■, which
in near;- - ia ft matter trea - ■
ute, to the rcli fof h^uwhi.Ucrs. *A» it is here, a
burd.ns.'u. tax :s tmpoaad in the raj „i bias
mi. ■ m
Dr. KcTicuk, 1 . • ■ ■ Md-U-toI
Edwin'- I nrittea a tcetoie oa "Ta
the l'ul;'it *.: ■: ii - - ■ . gQ, , Hvcr
wasaoopo] . ■ . . • praasnt— tba
only htetltnrin-i ii Uta ana ;ry tlni give! Qtantine
•ny te*ima*.
Till! Pt .
adcytt-l a p!»nk agabut the depo-ftof h> ■ Irau.ic
miners' d.trtu . I: .-< „ : . ■.. CoarenUoß
w« tli-isex^iie!-. t ,1 'M',,t in view Vc -u-rt-tTrkm
ketemen t ; .t v.' us of miners and the di-r..-i»
fr.»m the tninefi.
taCOTDtry fnr, U>m hi Om ppilo the tocßwa
of the pre»j:.-. liMesi ew^MJCS, islir^dy .lireetini
itaenere'xs Is - „ the
coet oi ■ -, Mi.i ih-> pro;iui.it mule culture
as conijv^r. .i 1 1 >* ■o] lt- win?.
Tnr rtxv • : .i damped the fj thill
»ppk- anp | natl. . The wind cainc as an ally nf the
ap;-!e worm- to Tp. at D v.'.vi tho codling moth l,ad
been unatjl. t.> rwimjiinl .
The Fmpn»3 .f KussU i.sii.l Is be, in ciaestrian
txercise.", SJOita Hm nval o' Ou Empreisif Austrif,
who on?e J^tinifuisii i herself by riJiog at a f u .\
--hunt vrithMit uiy B>d<l!e.
Snn names s;me of the Sandwich Wind papers
hare: ms, f'.r in- •.<hc-% the Stui 0 i ■: Aina
and the KUU Pi^ljc.a.
"'"»" k lias appeared a !<i!!, pissed by his Legis
lature, ';icl»rh z Su , i y t.i me.-.:: the Hoc bl t»icn
11 F. «. if 1«(llllllJ i:iJ "i a. m. of Monday fo 1 ',\:ng.
A wrur cumuui. Cition upjn the present »tj 1. s
save there 15 !m lific -.1:5. roin'e between the |:.tare
ol a mcdlicvj 9 nut sad a muOcm tashiouablc siucer.
THE FORMATION OF LITERARY TASTE.
Tbe formation of literary taste is nec
essary to the eteady intellectual growth of
a nation. Without it the helps to intellect
uil advancement which public echooU
supply are apt to be misused. Yet the
matter is strangely neglected iv this coun
try. The young who stop short of college
or university in their educational course
may be said to have gained scarcely an in
troduction to literature. Sj deficient are
our ss'-ools in this respect that a Professor
of Edgliali literature at one of the most
important of our Universitice found that
not a few of the young men who came to
his clas3 from the public schools hardly
knew what the word Literature signified,
and that some of them had never read any
books but their text-book?. And yet even
this barbarous ignorance is preferable to
the kind of knowledge of literature which
often passes current. It is better nbt
to have read any books than to have read
oaly bad ones. It is better to havo ac
quired no literary taste than a bad one.
But unfortunately it seems that American
society ia for the most part composed of
two classes — those who have do literary
taste ; and those who have a bad literary
taste. And this ia the result of educa
tional dciiciencies. Our Bchools profess to
give a course ia English Literature. The
text-books however are curiously adsptcd
to engender either a stony indifforecc3 or
an inveterate dislike to the authors cited.
In many instances the quotations given are
about as U3eful for purr, oaes of illustration
as would be the exhibition cf a bricli in
illustration of the character of a house.
To thesa "selections" are prefixed short
biographical sketches, carefully omitting
every interesting circumf-t&ncc, and re
taining only the bald dates and mat
ters of fact. Should the ttac'.ier not
be better equipped than the text-book, the
course of English Literature must be iut,
stale and unprofitable. It is due to our
teacher* to cay that many of them are bet
ter than the text-books ; that they do seek
to incite interest in their pupils ; that they
do endeavor to stimulate them to something
in the nature of original research; and
that we have such conscientious and capa
ble teachers in the public tchooU of Sac
ramento. Bat for these there would be no
progress in this study at all. Aa it is>, the
number of such teachers is discouragingly
fmall, and the general progress equally
blight.
Yet the formation of literary taste must
b3 attended to during youth. It must be
admitted that the rising generatirn has to
contend not only with inefficient teaching
at school, hut with very demoralizing asso
ciations at home. For the average man
and woman of matnre life po93(sees no
literary taste at all. They do not know
what is best in any branch of liter.iture.
Tht ydo not even know what is good. In
fact novel rearliag as a rule is the only
reading ever done by them, and the novels
Use] prefer arc such trash as no rightly
trained persons wor.ld condescend to look
at. It is indeed depressing to enter a
modern b<« katore, and locking round its
shelves to observe how enormously rubbieli
preponderates there. Literary classics are
a drug. They constitute "dead stock."
The really live stock is a class of romance*
■csreely if at ail above the dime-novtl
standard. These wrotched things arc
eagerly demanded. They are principally
devoured by young girls and women. The
boys like " blood-and-th under" Btories,
such as are found in certain weekly publi
cation?, and the aforesaid dime novels.
Our free libraries furnish from 60 to 1)0 per
cent, of fiction to their customers, and
probably 7."> per cent, of that liction is of
the lower order. Now we do not believe
in the doctrine held by certain fanatical
literati, to the effect that all tictien is dc
praying. On tho contrary we condemn
that doctrine as preposterous. The huma£
mind, in its healthiest condition, has a;i
appetite for fiction which is natural and
incocent and wLo'.esome, »nd giwl fiction
is as necessary as good food for the body.
Hut unhappily the public do not confine
themselves to g->od fiction ; do not in fact
care or know anything about the quality of
their mental nourishment ; and through
defective training generally prefer the Lad
to the good.
A knowledge and care for literature con
fined to the perusal of inferior fiction must
be classified as a minimum condition of
culture. It is in fast open to serous <|i;eE
tion whether such a condition is not dis
tinctly retrogressive. Yet this is the
sctual ttate of tl.ic#», and we c-mcot per
ceive that it is changing for the better.
When children leave 9chool without hav
i:ig acquired any taste for literature, with
out having imbihed any desire to read fer
themselves, without having learned aay
thing of the spirit and significance and
beauty of the masterpieces of English
literature, without having absGrbrd any
ideas coccernirg that literature which are
calculated to fructify later — we are war
ranted in saying that their allesed euuca
tion has been a failure in this respect at
least. Yet when young men can actually
go through the public schools without even
reading a book — for text-booka are hardly
entitled to be called books— it is evident
that this barrenness is a real evil. And
when we consider how greatly the future
of the nation depends upon its literary
taste, it Beems mo:-t deplorable that co im
portant a branch of study should be so
slurred over. Nar must it be ignored that
the same dsfiiiency of literary taste is ob
eervable in the life which succeeds to
sshool-life. The press is responsible for the
encouragement and maintenance of a very
low state of public taste in literary mat
ters. It is difficult, for instance, to esti
mate the demoralizing effect of the
extreme license which prevails in re
gard to the publisstion of bad verfcts.
The quantity of atr*o!ous versification
we will not call it poetry
is presontc-l annually in cc>v.
is really almost appalling. It v flung
forth without any diecriminatirn, aijd
what 13 still wora», it is often even praised
by the publisher. Nothing but harm
comes of this unintelligent teltra- ioa. It
lowers the standard of p-ablij taste hope,
lessly. It prevents that cartful study
which can a.one bring exs-.lle:ce. It
exalts werthlie«,ci-3.», an 1 by the -r.n*
action belittles real literary rr.p.-i^.
In the iamu line is fir t"o mucK cf the
journalistic criticism of literature, it is
true that the leading papers la most con
siderable places now seek to tr.ake injpar- ;
tial anJ diserimiuatius rcvitws oi new |
books. But such papers are after all a \
small minority, and the great majority
IWtillM to print MoUrn ivif ry or as
reckle:s censure. The general r< suit is
that literaturs is igMMoUy contemned
by mauy people, that Hit young eater life i
without any appreciation of this noblest i
anil most remunerative of studies, »nd that '
tha gen^rition 3.3 a whola solferi from a j
etringe lick cf knowleil^e coccernina the
most precicms intellectual productions of
preceding ages. Now this deficiency is a
very Berious one. For it is literature
rext to Science which distinguish** tho '
nineteenth century from the first Take
away these two and the average man of
the year 1 is not much behind the average
man of the year 18S2. It is Literature
which forms the connecting cbain between
ourselveE and our ancestors ; which places
at our disposal the best thoughts of the
human race throughout its recorded exist
ence ; which enables us to appropriate and
make our own the laborious meditations of
the wisest of our species ; which in tact
alone makes iv " the heir of all the ages
"in the foremost tiles of time." And if
our educational machinery fails to impirt
a literary taste, if our children
grew up and enter life without this
taste, how can we expect that the sacred
tire will be handed on to the next gen
eration, and that the nation will be enabled
to hold its own intellectually in the future ?
Wo regard this as a serious matter. The
formation of literary taste is cascatial to
tbe acquisition of anything like a really
full and complete education. There can
be no intellectual life worthy the name
without this taste ; and no life which is
destitute of intellectual fermentation U
anything better than an animal and bar
barian life. It may be tilled with material
success. It may issue in riches and the
opportunity for ostentation and luxury.
But if it is a life in which the knowledge
and love of literature have no place, it \\ il!
be a failure, and will mark rather retrc
gression than progress. This may seem a
hard saying to some, but it is a true one :
and until its truth ia recognized and acted
upon, very much of what is called the ma
terial prosperity of the age will continue to
be a mere meretriciouc, vulgar passion
for display, such m its exhibitors possess
in common with the lowest types of man
kind, and which indicates no adwv. M in
the pawcra of mind whose cultivation and
expansion form the sole criteria of de
sirable and genuine progress ia civilization.
TOO MUCH INDEPENDENCE.
Erery observing person mint have re
marked that there is growing up in all our
cities a class of boya aud giih addicted to
vicious and dissolute career?. They are
nowadays called "hoodlums," and they
are on the increase. It ia a mistake to
suppose that as a rule they arc the children
of intemperate or lawless parents. Ia some
cases this is no doubt true, but in a large
number of instances no such explanation
can be given of their depravity. In the
second class of cases the hoodlums are very
frequently the children of respectable,
law-abiding, temperate people. But the
parents have given the children their own
way from infancy. They have entertained
an absurd dread of injuring their "spirit "
by checking them. They have proceeded
on the theory that independence must be
fostered in the children. And the result is
that they have ruined their own sons ami
daughters. It is a serious charge to brijg,
but it ia the truth, however unpleasant.
For to let children have their own way i.i
everything it to deprive them of the moat
valuable part of the parental relation, aud
to" throw them upon their own km ral re
source", which are primarily no greater
than those of young savages. The most
neotssary and important letson for every
child is the lesson of obedience. Without
learning to obey no child can learn to ruie.
Self-abnegation naturally accompanies this,
and it is unknown almost in these days.
The want of mannerß which most children
exhibit is a natural resnlt of this neglect
of parental dnty. They are allowed
to become seltish, greedy, rude, insolent.
There are thousands of young men aiid
women growing up who never thought of
pleasing anyone bat themselves, and never
will. They are prepared for "hoodlumiam"
as much a3 though they had been exprcesly
trained to that end. They can nsvtr come
to good. If they marry they will quarrel
and sj^ra'-c. If they have children they
will rai^i; them as tLcy themselves were
raisid. Creatures co perverted cannot
contribute anything to the progress of
their race, but on the contrary they are
atumblicg-blucUs in the path of civilization.
If parents would diicird the maudliu sen
timent which prevents them from correct
ing i'.iiil disciplining '-heir children ; if they
woa'.tl teach them to bo less se!ri-h, to be |
more reverent to their elderj, to bo lees
Irutal in their masners and less absorbed
ia themaeWea, they would not so fre
quently have to bow their heads in ehame
anl Borrow because of the misdeeds of
their iIT pring. Home-training in abort
is the only cure for " hoodlumism," and
t'nis ia within the reach of every father and
mother. Those who will not take tho
trouble to apply it, or who have not the
sense to tea the direful consequences of
:ts neglect, mu9t not complain if the na
tural consequences ecsue ; if, that is to
say, their buys and girls go to destruction
in the company of like minded reprobates.
THE NEW YORK DEMOCRATS.
The Xew York Democrats have acted
with quite unexampled judgment in the
preparation of their State campaign. In
nominating drover Cleveland for Governor
they Ecetn to have made the very strongest
comiiiatioa poeaible. Mr. Cleveland is a
lawyer of BulTalo. His character is so good
that when, a short time ago, the Republi
can j fj Bttfialo revolted against the rule of
'■ boMM," they joined with the Democrats
and elected him Mayor. In that otfioe he
won golden cpitions from all sorts of peo-
pie, putting down dishonesty without re
spect to party, and guarding the public in
terests most cirefully. In fact he appears
to ba literally unimpeachable in any re
spect, and hi 3 nomination is the more dan
gerous to the l; 'i u'nlioans because he has
already once been put in office by Repub
lican votep, and is therefore a particularly
lit candid»te for an "off" year like the
pracafc It :a said, indeed, that a great
imny R?publicana have already declared
their intention to vote for Mr. Cicvelard,
those in 15. fi'ilo, in pirticular, being almost
= ..r h hi».; i». It is evident tint this
Democratic comiaatior, together with the
unity of the Democratic parly, and the
disccrd ia the ranks of the Republicans,
point to a Democratic victory as among
the pfobtbtlitiea.
TRAIN ROBBERIES.
Seventeen armed men undertook to rnl>
a train. It happened that two Sbcrifii
and a Deputy Shenff wi re on b >»rd.
These three (.fiicers drew their revolvers,
aud :he robbera consefiuently mi.ie rjo at
tempt t) r>b the passengers. Tliis is not
£be fir9t tim; thit a show of r Ehta^.o-'
li3B ('.aunt' icl train robberc. On a former
occasion a single man ktpt Jesse James
and his gang at bay, aod preveate.l them
from entering the car where he ttocd cx
cliaagiug shots with them. The f»ct is
that these robbera are very E.idom really
brave men, and that they aro rarely pre
pare! to tJ.i? aaj terious riskis ia fitir
raids. Passengers, towever, genenfiy
trove so cowar ily that "r. ad agents" are
positively encouraged to plunder them.
Tur. New Orleans Timti-Demccrat nys thedrum
raer is ■' a factor in th» cmmerciaj pr.'Mcm that
cannot bo vrarioekad." Exwtly, ana he sees to it
that ha .b not ovtrlooke i at »r,y tim-:-.
POLITICIAN-MADE LAW.
What is called judge-made law has often
been found fault with, though it is a kind
of law free from many of the defects which
moat interfere with the effectiveness of or
dinary legislation. But of all tha bad law
which hampers and injures democratic soci
eties decidedly the worst is that which can
only be termed politician-made law. The
genesis of this species of legislation is fatal
to its soundne-s. Politicians have for thejr
object the acquisition cf place and power
for themselves, their friends, and their
party. The first consideration with them
is the choico of issres which wiil attract
voters. A necessary condition of such
selection is the choosing of issues which
will present their advocates in the light of
benefactors. The masses must be tickled
and Hattered. Their vanity must be
pandered to, acd their se'fhhness.
They mast be told that not only all power
but all wisdom rests with them. They
must be persuaded that whatever they do
is right, and that nothing ia too difficult
for them to accomplish. As there are
always at least two seta of rival politicians,
they are constantly endeavoring to out
bid one another. The result is that they
tend to become more and more extreme
and extravagant in their propositions.
They do not hesitate to undertake the ad
justment of problems of which they are
ignorant, nor are they averse to the em
ployment of arguments which are at bot
tom nothing more than sophistical excuses
for the blind exercise of arbitrary power
without any regard to justice or reason.
The less principle there in in the contests
of parties the more reckless do the politi
cians become, and in all their movements
the goal held out to the voters is the enact
ment cf laws which it is freely asserted
must be efltclive, for no other reason than
because the deluded masses imagine them
to be needed.
The fact that legislation which has its
origin in these Mind raids has never proved
effective is the last truth rcmeuibirsd or
realized by tho credulcu3 dupes of dema
gogism. Flattered and puffed up by the
sycophantic worthip of the charlataua who
'igure as reformers, the simple voters are
always ready to throw up their hats at the
close of a campaign, and rrjaice when
gravely assured that they have won a
splendid victory. In such cases the politi
cians who have outlicd and on.-humbugged
their rivals are sometimes driven to make
a pretense of fulfilling their pledges. They
do this reluctantly, for they at least know
how insincere their professions have been.
But armed with legislative authority they
proceed to enact the promised meatures,
and in so doing they emulate the fatuity
oi their constituents in ignoring all obsta
cles to the application of the doctrines
they wish to enforce. It is at such times
useless to paint out thit their proposed
laws eoutikt with ths piaine3t proviaiona
of the Constitution, State or national.
Ttiey ignore all euch objections, as Cali
fornia Legislatures have done a score of
times in enacting the most preposterous
and worthless anti-Chinese, statutes. It ia
nothing to them that they are wasting
time and involving their constituents in
needless expense. Thiy coolly pass over
unnoticed all constitutional objections, and
leave it to the Courts to tear down the
flimsy structures they have erected.
Tnia kind of legislation has been very
abundant in California, and the records of
the Courts are full of instances of its in
validation. And the politicians who make
unconstitutional laws have not been con
tent with this exhibition of folly. They
have gone further, and undertaken to en
graft on the State Constitution provisions
which set the organic Uw of the Union at
defiance. The press which supports this
species of mob legiblation ragea fiercely
against the Courts which in the perform
| ance of thtir duty declare the sham statutes
invalid. But the fiat of the Coorta is I
final, pending revision of the United !
States Constitution, and this futile vitu
peration only serves to emphasize the dis
honesty snd imbecility of the j.^urni's
which resort to it, in the opinion of all in.
telligent men. It is no wonder that as
American politicj are now eoadaoted t!.«
best rlements of ths community should
shrink from any connection with public
affiirs, and that thj business of legislation j
should be left more aud more to inoompa- j
tent and untrustworthy hands. The truth
is that under the ever increasing unsarupu
lousucss of politicians there is danger that '
the bulwarks of constitutional government
will ultimately bo swept away. Already
instances have occurred in which deliber
ate efforts have been made, not only to
pack Legislatures, but Courts, and when
candidates for the highest judicial func
tions of a State have been catechised ai to
their standing upon questions which every
body knew would como before them for
adjudication.
We have only to imagine a wave ol I
demagogism extensive ecojgh to sweep
the entire country at any oae tim?, and wo
hive the means whereby the appellate
Courts even might be revolutionized, and
mob- tyranny, nnder the thin disguise of
law, be established throughout the nation.
Fortunately thus far the rcctieasjnMa and
dishonesty cf politicians have been em
ployed inharrr.oniously, and as a result the
most determined attempts at the enact
ment of uncoastitutioaal lawa have failed.
So long as there remain any independent
and self-respecting Courts in the country ',
this must always be the cise. The dema
gogues will strike npon the fatal rock of
the Constitution, and their schemes will go
to pieces there. And in every Buch case
the whole vicioui and misguided agita
tation which culminated in the unconstitu
tional law is of course worse than wasted '■
time. For instead of bein^ educated tfl a i
better understanding of the limits of their '
power, and of (ha principles upon which '
their government rests, the people have '
been demoralizjd by sophistries which lead !
them to believe that they a.-c at once ]
omnipotent and omnisciin*-, aa4 tbat they j
have a perfect right tj do whatever any :
caprice may inducts them to desire.
The politicians in fac; teach the people j
to misconstrue their own responsibilities
and duties ; to misinterpret their relative !
obligations ; and to lean continually toward i
upw-casive measures. It ia often said, !
parrot-fashion, that a democracy mu»t de- i
p?nd for its survival upon the general com- ,
prehension by its members of the principles j
of their government. Bat if experience is
a true criterion it wiil have to Ihj admitted
that Men a comprehension of the principles I
and limits of republican govercment 13 be- '
coniing rarer instead of more common, as i
time passes. The increasing diahoucety of
the politician class is mainly responsible .
for this. Patriotism in this class appears
to be dead. Taey are aeif-seeljer?, and un- i
!?rapuicUß and disingenuouj eelf seekers. :
To be a poMticiaD, and to be a hypocrite, |
and falsifier, are becoming synonymous and
iutershangeable terms, and it seems to be '
thought thatthe more demagogism obtains, )
the more necessary it is to have resort to
it. At present the time of the Courts is
largely occupied in undoing theunconstitu-
! . I
; tional work which demagogues h»ve passed i
' off upon the people as the ripe fruits of j
' wisdom and publio spirit, and often, after
years of frothy agitation, what seemed the
. very triumph and culmination of a power
ful movement is pricked quietly by some
j Court, and cullapees like a spent bladder.
And thia is the measure of the value of the
1 work which the politicians foist upon their
I dupes, the gullible voters.
THE PROBLEM OF MUNICIPAL POLITICS.
A correspondent v. hose letter we publish
! this morning asks us to continue our ex
j amination of the political situation in
I San Francisco, in the hope that it may be
• possiblt to strike out eoiiu remedial sug
! gestions. The problem to be dealt with
is one which has hitherto bafibd solution,
l though many acute r::iad3 have striven to
| tin! a cure for the evils complained of.
Saa Francisco is Buffeting from the chronic
i curse of gr;at American cities, nimely,
| '" Bissisro." The genesis of this disease is
to be 3ou^ht in the abuse of party organi
zation. When a party, founded upon
principles which appeal to men's convic
tions, ha? bjcorae established, fuere is at
once developed a tendency toward what i-s
called "machine" rule. By degrees the
initial principles cease to be the main ob
ject ot the party leaders. A new set »i
politicians, who are only self-seckeiß,° in
sinuate theruselvej into place and power.
Meanwhile the voters continue to support
the party, ignorant of the changes which
are going on within it, and bo they un
wittingly consolidate tha pawn of man
who will uae it agiinst the interests of th:
community. Of late years, moreover,
there his coma in;o existence a c1.u.3 of
politicians who ataad prepared to work
with any p«rty ; who do not trouble them
selves abjui principles at all, but are the
representatives and employen of all tha
venal elements. ThtM nun a'.tuuh thein
selve iiiii H'jr. ntly to either party. Some
times each orgaci/.ition is controlled by a
separate gang of them. Sometime* the
siiinu gar g controls both orgiuzitions.
Sometimes they quarrel among themselves,
Sometimes they work iv harmony together.
But no matter what the conditions under
which they maneuver, they are invariably
in opposition to the public interests.
When once a city lias falkn into tlie
hands of such politicians, rescue is very
diliioult. San Francisco has several times
tried desperately to deliver herself from
her plunderers, but ha 3 never Buccceded
for any length of time. Occasionally a
People's Tarty movement succeeded in
defeating the harpies, but they have now
learned all that is to be acquired con
cerning reform prmi-n, and it is question
able whether a.iy further attempts of this
kind v ould not result in playing into their
handj They control the saloon tlcment,
tha v iiA vote, uliich is a large one,
and tv v some <>; the papers. One of the
chief difficnltiej in any contntt a;:^-".,
them consists ia \hii prevalent oorrnption
and hypocrisy through ail politics. The
intelligent citiz-.a vriio desires reform looks
in Tain for any part] which h free from
dems^ ■•. i.--ii, v.i.ic'.i ia oat ready to make
bargain* «i r ,ii corrup Lonitts, which v» i Li
not Beil ou'j the publio interest?. The
samccitlz.n his learned to distrust the
utteraLcjj of the press, to fear tii-is'.er
designs in the most specious proportions,
to apprehend that whichever ticket he
votes he will tind in the end that he hat
helped to put bid men in ofS ;e. There
are, indeed, sonic obviom means of
diminishing municipal corrup'ijr., but the
opportunity to apply them has hith-. rto
been wantiug. Since the prim? iucentii-e I
Ito corruption in politics is the eiesire
to get at tha public treasury, it
is clear thic a radical cure
could be attained only by rendering the
robbery of the treasury so difficult as to be
practically impossible. Tiie democratic
| system, however, ia opp sied to the method
|of centralization by which alone such a
remedy could be applied. Tuis eysiem
helps the spoilers by distributing responsi- !
bility until it becamea impossible to hold I
any one to acooantabUity. A Board of '
Supervisors or Aldermen in a great city i
b' cornea Shu nitur>l -i 1 jive ■ iye p tint fjr v. r
ruption to work upon. I; i* easy to orgau
izi "rings" in all such bodie3. It is easy
for these rings to arrange j >bs. [t is easy
for them to divide the piuodT aabse
quently. And it is not at all ea^j-- in (act
it ia all but imp'issiule— to bring siu-h pub
lic plunderers to juticj.
San Franoweo ha 9 had several Biards of
Supervisors who^a corruption was in no '
way a nutter of conjecture. Sjmelimea j
these Bjards have passed the most ilagi- ■
tious measures over the veto of the Mayor.
In the simo way B»irJs of School Direct
ors have been given over to p'unler
and immorality. Ia fact it miy be said
tbat the eystem of Bjardj and Commis
sions, when on anything like a large |
! scale numerically, furnishea the most con- I
| venient and safe method of robbing the
treasury that has yet been devised.
Centralization of power of course involves
centralization of responsibility. If half or
two-thirds of the Baanls among which the [
functions of municipal government are dis- {
tribute I }, could be abolished, acm3 reform I
would be possible. Yet even then, unlejs
the several heads of departments were
made strictly accountable, they might, a3
at prcsetit, employ their departments in the j
interest of the "machine," and against |
I public interests. No doubt one of the i
! most discouraging features of the situation |
is the difficulty of instructing the public aa '
jto the facts. Iq Sjt Francisco to-day the
j Republican voters are perplexed and be-
I wildered by the fiercs struggle between
i tiro factions, each of which pretends to be
j actuated by the purest motive.'. Tha truth
! i.« that both the factious a-e thoroughly '
eeliish, and that the D-.mccrats are quite
as much under "machine" influence as
i their opponents. But the average voter
has no means of ascertaining the truth, and j
even if he could disc< iver where it lay, he
I would only realiz- that there is virtually no j
choice lefc him. Whatever ticket he votes '•
he must assist s >m ; set of apt ibmen.
Sin Frauciso ii abeut to frame a new
charter. It remains to ba seen what im- ■
provements it will present over the present
one, but we rick nothing in predicting that
| if the present system of government ia pre- I
, served, the present abmes will survive the j
attempt st reform. If anything has been j
well ani thoroughly demonstrated, it is
that the prevailing scheme of municipal
government in this country is a hopeless
failure. It will not do to say that it is
ocly a question of men. Any system
which depends for success entirely upon
men stands self-condemned. It i« the
governmental machinery that is fatally de- I
fective. Provide opportunities f-;r stealing, '
and stealing will be done, even with the most j
sedulous precautions as to the administra
tion of the Government. Provide checks
and balances which mike stealing impossi- i
ble or very hazardous, an 1 even ordinary |
care in nominations will iuaurc clean ad- '
ministration. This is the t-.-a h r.. of all
experience in municipal government, but
hitherto it has been found impossible to '
proSt by it. One r?a«oa of thie is that |
the corrnption of municipal politics is not
unique. The truth ia tbat the same
evil agencies are at work in State and Na
tional politics, and that the venal elements
of the country cling together, and work to
gether, and so defeat every serious effort at
reform. Whether any change for the bet
ter is possible ye are not prepared to say,
but we are disposed to the opiaion that no
permanent improvement can take place
j until the Americm people recognize the
necessity of demanding reform all along
the line.
THE GERMAN ELECTIONS.
The elections for the Prussian Lindtag
occur about the middle of this month. It
ia believed by many well informed observ
ers that they will result iv decided Liberal
gains, and corresponding losses to the Gov
ernment party. Among the burcin;; issues
which are now cou'olielating the Liberal
elements, the Church question, that of the
Culturkamjif mainly, ia the mo3t exciting.
Since the Government surrendered in co
craven a manner to Rosna, since Bismarck,
notwithstanding all his previous boasts,
went to Canossa and did humiliating pen
ance there — the Church party has grown
more iusol*-nt and audacious than ever.
Rime appears to have set herself to make
the Government eat dirt, for fhe l;as evi
dently instructed Urn Catholic clergy to
defy the SUta laws, to insist upon the
supremacy of the Church, and to bear
themselves on all occasions as haughtily as
possible. Tne Government series to have
" lost its. grip "on this question entirely.
Biamarck has sin rendered everything, and
received nothing in returr. Thechricals
have done nothing for the Government, and
tho probabilities are that they will not
do anything. Meanwhile the Liberals are
deeply incensed at thij bate surrender oa
the part of tho Government They rep
reaout the Protestant feiliog of Germany,
wiiicii is unquestionably the nati mal nn
ttment, Xney wiil roi permit IVsmarck
t") birter off the religious 111 ertv of their
c Muutry for polnic.il ei:p;irrt to h;s arbi
trary snd unpopular measure*. They in
sist up ,n three points, viz : The control of
the public schools by the Government ; the
maintenance of the laws of civil marriage,
which tie itiEol'-nt clericals have already
undertaken to trample under foot ; and
'hi uumbtakab'e aesumption of sovereignly
by the Statr, in a way which will put
definitive bounds to the jurisdiction
of tha Church of Itonie. Oa these points
tha I'.useian Liberate have the country
with them. They are also united upon
revenue reform, and in opposition to the
dangerous and reckless imposts proposed
by Bismarck under the pretoase of extend
iugderaian commerce and manufactured.
There ia also a Btrong demand for the ex
tension of taeal self-government, and upon
thc3e issues t!:o Liberals arc about to co
to tho countiy with a confidence which
appears to b9 well-founded. It is manifest
that the vfry be3t thing th.it could b
at present would be inch a defeat of the
Government as would convince Bismarck
<;f the utter futility of hia surrender to
the \atiean. In tuch an event hfl woi-.ld
hive no motive for submitting longer to
the insolence of the I'rinco I'.i3hop
of Breslaa and the other arrogant clericals
who arc now swagipiing bo loudly, acd
they would bj compelled t> m i< rYe thi ir
pretensiocp, and submit themselves to the
State. Suc'i au example also is calculated
to do much goo! throu^'uou'. Europe,
where it is nevrr well that tho policy cf
Rome should be pormitie \ to secure any
considerable successes, especially ia cnun
iries like Germany. It is signi:!cant of the
svnys of Roma that whereas she is "h>»hav.
ing with so much arrogance and ; tsolence
ia Germany, where the Government has
yielded to her in so craven a manner, in
France, where she \<a.i received eothing
but kicks aud blows for several yca-3 i ast,
and when she is treated by the L"gisi iture
ii.c a suspected tramp, she i^ sll subser
vience and f moothne;B and conciliation.
A VERY UNJUST ACCUSATION.
IVo or three country pap°rs of th !;•.■
--; publican per.ma-iion hive exhibited a very
towmoral sense by atating that the columns
of tho Rec >kd Union hive be.-m fillad
with abusa cf tin II >n. M M Eitee,
since the cimpiigu opened. Now this
statement ia wholly untrue, »;i '. is, we aie
obliged to conclude, m^de " with intent to
"deceive." Oar many thou-andi of readers
will bear witness that «■» have nr-vtr
abused Mr. Kjtee in any way. On the con*
I trary, it was only yesterday that we went
! out of our way to vindicate him against a
really cruel and malicijus misrepresenta
tion. It seem* thit tome unprincipled
person or persons had ascosed hina of hav
ing bee a on ; of the delegates to the Con
stitutional Convention who advocated and
vote:! for tin machinery for taxing t;ie
railroals which has just been thrown out
|of geir by Judges Field and Sivysr. Uo
j able to endure the spectacle of so injurious
a cilumny, the KacoßD Union came to the
rescue of Mr. Kjtee and pub'ish=d a com
munication which conclusively proves him
to' have held, while ia the Conptitutional
[Convention, precisely the same viewj as
| Judges Field and Sawyer have jest put
forward in the railroad tax decision. It is
perhap3 needles* to observe that there is a
very groat dillerenie between abasing a
I candidate and defending him frym abusj.
In fast we are qnito at a loss to conceive
jof the motive cf the country p»p;;r3 re
j ferred to, in chirking in with having
I abuaeJ Mr. Kitee. Is is, indeed true that
we hive hid oosajsion to animadvert with
considerable severity upoa the be-hivior
and tendencies of political dema:.
but surely our esteemed contemporaries
c.tnaot h»ve jumped to the ojnrlu»:oa that
I in speaking of demagogues we were abusing
Mr. EjteeV We cannot believe tbat.-,o is
jurious a conception could haveeutimd th»
minis of the supporters of that faithful
j and cmsistant friend of equal taxation ;
! that fearlasa opponent of all legislative in-
I justice to corporations. Nevertheless, it is
I hard to be charged with abusing a gentie
m»n whom we have bo recently endeavored
to protect agiinst misrepresentation..*
WANTING PATERNAL GOVERNMENT.
Judging from the telegraphic reports of ■
the Farmers' Congress held al St. Loui3,
the President of thi Society in Lia address
advocated a policy involving a curious ;
tendency toward paternal government. lie
MM the farmers should M bsve a rcpre. :
"sentative in the Pt\jß:d?at'a Oibinet, and ■
"that they should have some one at Wash- !
"ington whose special training and knowl- '
" edge would enable him to point out the '
"evil effect of State and Federal legislation '
"on apiculture, as well as the results tf
"all commercial treaties." It might have
been supposed that the Representatives and ■
Senators were specially deputed to lo^k '
after just snch matters as thtse, and that i
agriculture would be uaUkely to obtain any
more protection than it now has from them.
Bat the tendency in these times is towards
paterna.'. government, and most mea and
most interests are disposed to demand that !
things thonld be dons for thorn officially \
which In the pwt nobody would have !
thought of delegating to others.
FACTS ABOUT JUDGE HUNT.
We find in the Stockton Mad au article j
euiog>'zing Juilge Hunt, who has received j
the Republican nomination for the Su
preme B.'nch. Among other things the
Mail mak(S the following statement : "It
" was by his decision that the Sacramento
"and Plaeerville Railroad was taken from
"the clutches of the Central Pacific R»il
"load Cjinpany which hid held it in id'c
" ness for over fifteen months, and put it
" into immsdiate operation, at a time when
"the greatest necessity existed for it*
"services." It would be scarcely po.«ible
for any one to make a more remarkable
and flagrant misrepresentation of facts
than is iavolvcd in this statement of the
Stockton Mail. The truth is so far from
what it alleges that no one acquainted
with the history of the case referred to
would recogn ; ii 3it in the sentence we have
quoted. Tiio action <;f Judge Hunt in re
gard to the Sicrainento and Placerville
Riilroad was such as should have disquali
fied him for ths nomination, and mo3t cer
tainly such as will prevent him from re
ceiving a vote in any of the counties which
were so seriously iojared by his rulings.
The truth is that he wantonly, and with
out the slightest color of reason or neces
sity, put the Sacramento and Placarville
Railroad in the hands of a Receiver, and
thereby deprived the people of Sacra
mento, El Dorado and Amaclor counties of
its services for nearly two ye&rs. He took
the roid out of ths hands of the corpora
tion which wa3 operating it, and which
stood ready all the time to continue
operating it. Ho placed it in the hands o?
a Receiver who was not an impartial offi
cer, but who represented the adverse party
in the suit. He continued this Receiver in
charge of the roai for nearly two years,
notwithstanding the protests and re
monstrasc s ot the p ople of three
counties. 11l did this without a color
of justification, in open defisuce of
public opinion, to the notorious and
constantly increasing IB jury of t°:ou3andi
of producers, aud to the deterioration of the
property which it m his plain duty to
preserve from damage. A more flagrant
outrage, in fact, was never perpetrated
upon a community by a Judge. There
was literally no excuEe for it. A valuable
property was by his action made utterly
valutltS3 fur nearly two years. It was
prevented from earning a dollar during the
whole of that period. It was abandoned
to rust aul inutility. Tne C'jurt was ob
liged finally to authorize a large expenditure
merely to cut down the weeds anl grass
which had grown up all along the track,
and which threatened it with destruc
tion in the dry season, when fires abound
in the woods. Never was there a more per
verse, inequitable :nd mischievous course
than that pursued by Judge Hunt in the
o»3o of tl.o Sacramento aud Piaec-rville
Railroad. I! i inflicted most s<>riou3 iojury
up ;n ths public who depended upon the
railroad for reaching a market with their
produce He caused t:.>: tot:*! los3 of every
djHir the road could hive earned for
nearly two years. Aud hs did all this for
no conceivable motive, unless we are to
ciaoluds that he really desired to do as much
haiin a3 possible to all concerned. The
piople who Bair.rjd from his aDJost ani
moat arbitrary and irrational desisioiu rw
suredly will not agree vith the S
Jfii! that he deserves promotion, and he
will be scratched in t ..is region by every
voter who understmd* the history of the
recsivarship of the Sacramento and Placer
viile Riilroad.
A CURIOUS DE CISION.
The decision of tha J>upre:n9 C'jurt tf i
Illinois in the c»3e ot The State <-.. The
\V»ba*h, Sc. Linis an 1 Paoifio Kailway
Company, h a euriom one. The euit was
brought by theSUte Railroad Commission.
Toe oorp^ration was charged with dii
crimination ia having charged 25 cents a
hundred fnr g^oda carried from Gilman tc
New York, whiU only oharging 15 cents
a huidrel fo- carrying 3ini!l»r goods f:
IVoria to New YorU, the distsr.ca from
Peoria .being the greater of the two. The
gist of the <'eciiion is the assumption of the
authority of the State to regulate railroad
char^' 6 outside of it.^ territorial jurisdiction.
The C )urtdec!arcs that this authority exists,
bat certainly does not sustain tho pasition
by argument Su;)po=ti thai the WVmsh
and St. Louis roaj had b : ".scd by
the State of New York to charge '2~> cants
a hundred for goods within i.3 limits. And '
suppose that the corporation proceeded to i
make the charge under the lic-.nso. And |i
-upposo that the .State of Illinois under- { I
:o;'k to reguiate the u'ea dowa to 1"> cents, j '
as far as New York. Would tho State j i
of Illinois have precedenc I of the State of j 1
New York in regulating railroad charges I i
within the territorial jurisdiction of Naw I'
York ? According to tho Supreme Court ! '
of Il'insli it would, but with nil due '
respect to the Siprem; C<wrt of Illinois ■
6uchan (V33ump;ioa is rank noieenso. 0: p
oourae this rein.irkablj dtciaion \riil b3 ap- j i
pealed to tho Federal appellate court, and | <
we shall be very much surprised if the lat- I
ter does not reverse it.
A BAD BUSINESS.
We reid ia the Australian papirs thai
the British man-ef-war Diamond has of late
been " vieitini; the various localities ia the
"South Seas inhabited by savages known
"to have bo^n implicated in several mur
"deroui outages." On one occasion she
detested the presnnc of natives ia the
vicinity of Florida IsHnri, an 1 wu leara
that " they were taught th»S retribution,
"though s!ow, is sure, a) ihi-r videos au<i
"cocoa-ant groves were (helled by tha
"Diamoid .ml set tire to, white their
"cino23 were blown to splinter* by .un
"cotton." If the English Government
were asked unier whit theory cf interna
tional relations it panned this kind of
policy towards the u.-uivc of the South
S«i islands, we thiak Mr. Gladstone would
be puzzled t ) Sb ! -. i into !'. [ibis an?wor to
the i| lestum. If it be =■»:.! that when gav
ages murder British rabjecti they must bi
punishel, it 13 in ord-.r to inquire whea
the principle of marietta atonement was
estab'mu-d amoni cirilizsd nations. Some
ttvagei massacr* gone Englishmen.
Wiiereupon a liritia'i war-ship deetroyi the
villages of some otlvr sivages. Ig that
English justice? It is in tiufch nothing
more than the adoption of the sivage pol.
ioy. Tiiu savase knows no distinctions
If a a white man injures him he will
kiil tho next whits nun who comes
in his way. Ti.ia is a thoroughly barbarou3
line of action, yet it is pnoueiy that which
England has adopted in her intercourse
with Mvagea. P. it this is not the worst t f
it. She treats them as though a state of
belligerency < listed. She makes armcti
reprisals. She inflicts indiscriminate ven
gaanoa upon men, women aad children.
And she does this, not in deftuse of honest
oommercp, but in order that scoundrelly
"bsach-combera," men who are pirates,
■ttven, thieves and murd.rcra, may be en
abled to pursue their inrleM c.mrse with
out molestation. The fact is that in nearly
every case ot a mas'.ere of white men in
the South Sea«, the do d i« done in terengi
for some atrocity committed by the "beach.
" combers." The white traders who alone
,are found in that region aro the very scum
of the earth. They are constantly abusing
and maltreating, robbing and cheating the
natives ; and then some harmless party of
missi£n»ries is murdered in return, and H.
M. S. Diamond is sent for to shell the vil
lages and cocoi-nut groves and blow up the
cinocs with dynamite. It is most discred
itable to Englaad (or for that matter to any
pawerful ( Joveinment, for our own skirts
aro not clear in this connection), that ahe
should deal with thede savagea in so bar
barous and arbitrary a w»y, and that she
should blindly undertake to protect the
white rulluhs who have for years been the
fons tl or'ujo mail throughout the South
Seaa. Ii sho would seui 11. M. S. Dia
mond to hang a few of the "beach-comb
era" at tha yard-arm, and burn their pi
ratical craft, and i: aho would undertake
to apply civilized principles in all quarrels
with the savages, not only would the mis
sionaries go in less constant and deadly
peril in all that region, but thsre would be
a better prospect for the rucccss of their
labors, which at prer.ent arc rendered
nugatory by the outrageous contradiction
between the doctrines they teach and the
practices of their Government and their
trading cr.untrymen.
THE PHOENIX PARK MURDERS.
After the tap»e of several months, dur
ing which no clue to the Phceaix Patk mur
ders has bc^n obtained, the statement is
made that the knives with which the vic
tims were stabbed have been found. Kven
if this is true it is of comparatively little
importance. It ii evident that the police
are as far as ever from hiving any knowl
edge of the identity or whereabouts of the
ais;;.s*ics. It is not among I . : horri
ble of the Eu.-r xzndinga of this crime that
though many persons must be in possacsion
of the truth, yet none c?.n be found to di
vr.'go it. How any Irithtnin can imagiue
that he id bouud fr^m any fce'.in^of patri
otism to screen the perpetrator* of a crime'
which throws deep discredit u;>ou his coun
try, is indeed one of the most inexplicable
mysteries of the case. The probability
now ia, however, that the murderers will
Moapa. The polic3 think that they arc
all in Ireland yet, and that they intend tc
remain tliire. Certainly their immunity up
to the present time must be an encourage
ment to them to stay iv a country which
thus faithfully protects its moat execrable
radians from justice.
THE SURRENDER OF FRANK JAMES.
Frank Jameg has surrendered himself to
Governor ('attendee, ami in quite a ro
mantic manner. Fie is represented as hand
ing hi* pistols to the Governor, and re
marking that for twenty years no other
ha'i.l thar. his ovra hail toadied them.
(Governor Crittcnden dots not appear to
have precisely promised the interesting out
hiv .a free pardot:, bat ho svc:;: r . to haw
intimated that if .Mr. .'^mcs stan'l3 his
trial "like a dud," he, th( r, will
take care that oo disagreeable reenlta fol
low to the defendj.::\ Tle motives of this
surrender are variously state "■. but the
moat popn'ar theory eeema to l>>- that Mr.
James has beeu lonesome since the " re
"moval" of his brother Jesse, and that
since the majority of h'n bind have de
serted him, lie has tak'.n a sober view of
things, and haa determined to in his
valuable adhesion to the cause of liw and
order. On the who!o i; i 3 qaite a touching
episede, and we are qaite prepared to learn
that the leading citiz :-.3 of Missouri pro
pise te givj Mr. James a public banquet,
to be presided over bytovernor Critten
den, ia recognition of his return from out
lawry, ani hi 3 a l )an lonment of robbery
and murder as a profession.
THE TRIAL OF ARABI.
A-ab: Pasha obji s.s Etrun^ly to be'ng
triad by Egyptians. He says he ?urrcn
df-r.-d to the p^jglisb, and r.n the supposi
tion that he was to be tried by them : and
that he would hive made his cs-.i;e had he
suspe^ed that a (' iurt -martial of his coun
trymen wa? to judge his v.-.\!:e, inasmuch as
he belkves he can expec! y from
them. If half the reports current at
preiont are t'uo, Arab! would be almost as
certain to ba cor.victcJ by an English as b
an Egyptian tribunal. V,r altng C -ther apart
: rom his reballion agiiast his master the
Khedive, it is said that there is ample evi
dence to convict him of having ordered
and directed the Alexandria maseaere and
sack ; and no civil';: ■ 1 C jurt-martial could
fail to iiad gaQty of death the commander
who mi convicted jf sucih a crime. More
over Arabi w.is compelled to surrender to
the Ea-lish to tave his life. Had he fallen
into the hr.rhk of the Egyptians they
wou'd hay? diapatohed him without trial,
and fror.i thrir standpoint they would have
been joaUfiad in n doing. As it is, the
Engliih will undoubtedly see that he has a
fair trial, s.i 1 it is even possible that they
may iatmede to prevent the icMiction of
the death penally.
THE MOREY LETTER STORY.
•John Davenpirt, it Utaid, has at last un
earthed tho author of the Morey letter
forgery, tad ho proves to be a renegade
Republic in who had gone over to the
Denioc ats. If this be true however it is
of little or no oonaeqtu ecu now. Ail that
it can interest tho j.. u i lie t> learn at pres
ent is, the actntl drgres of cognizance of
the frau 1 po?se=std by the Democratic man
agers. The la', -t sto-y is to the efifect
that "eon- of then" kn.w what wai be
ing dons. Kit j.ia U vague. The
qu-stioa to be determined i-, who were tho
Hjmn^ritic msna^'ors who were party to
the forgery? We do .: .-, knsw that any
particular moral is to be pointed by this
disclosure, for of Utu Repnbliou* 2.3 well
as Democrats hive taken to political for
gery, and the newest political forgeries
happen to have b:en K-.-publisin instead of
Democratic. In bet corruption is pro
ceeding so fast and so far in both parties
that nothing vile or shameful any longer
seems to shook either of them. Their
moral sense ia lost, an 1 they go on, trying
worse and more infamous oxperimanta
every year. Alreaiy the M jrey letter has
been paled into intigaifieHM by the Sara
toga proxy forgeries, and there is no more
capital to la made i at ■•; i:.
SOCIAL AND PERSONAL.
C W. Harvey, <f Gait. «'m is tho city yesttrdsy
Clay W. Taj; t ii Sb tj. is bt.>i>j>ing in the city.
Captaia J. P. Brjun, if Csinij/t jnville, if in the
city.
Elijah Corostock at:«t wife icavc to-dajr for a two
i.T'iillia' vUit t'ltd* i Id Ii iuu iii O!;io.
sffn». flu>;h J Otani, o( Coluea, andhei Lrotiier, 8.
E. Wilson, ot Sci ur !■ :..'.■ , ■rr in ihe city.
Miw SiHie IfcKim, - i ChifiO^ i> % itvitijis^ her i-rand
-1 parents, Mr. an I .Mr . ir ■. ■ , ::i thii city.
Miss Ida Smiley, of I iv\.i II.:', who has been visit
ir.'_- :n this ci'.y taPMBM N**kS) rciurncd hou.« yes
, (antef-
Mi 8 Ella I i > r i.f T. Jl. Lindley,
i lelm—d yt-ttrii i. i.: .' hood at Jakhn.d for ■% few
days' nm&aa.
Charles N. Btcd, ol I. CridlcT ZT.-ro/d, passed
•!.r net ihi- ■ ■ ■■ !.ii way frum Saa
Franct»o> t" .
J .t.n Boßtenworth, of :. So 1, and Hubert
| Luitl, of the II v ' ' T ii;'*ny, l»oth mem.
■bersolt' - Dto KrD D ; violent, have tfone
.to San HnHMiaeo lor i *- - l -; V'f.uMon. It i 3 re—
purtcd that Mr. Bi tUatgnrorUi »vi bilng' a bride
, «itb him ou tiii I«4UJ»

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