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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, October 14, 1882, Image 2

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AGRICULTURAL
MATTER PHEPAIiEi) SPECIALLT FCB
THB ■ RECORD -Uh IOH."
Education for the Tarm — sg>cts of Food
on 3Ulk— The Autumn ;j.--:i; —
Winter VegctabHs.
A great deal ban been ppoken Bad rrit'en
on the subjsct cf agricultural ediratioD
within the past csntnry. particularly within
the last half of thit century. A great mary
long and ingeniously spun- m': theories havr
been put before the public in lectures »rd
■ .ys whijh, whils they h&ve co^t&iaed
many valuable thoughts and Bug^efati jls,
hay ;• failed of prodacio? any very iin.« rUi.i
or lasting be-Left!-, l-c-.u-e of the want cf
practicability. It is evident that all educa
tion, whe'her for the farm or for commercial
pursuit;, or for any of the h ..-called ! j.-l. .1
professions, must begin with the element uy
studies of mAk writing aud the ideace of
S^uref. We refer of coarse to sehoiiiiu'e
education, generally so termed. There is »n
education, and an itnp;rt»nt oce, tiiat begin*
before t'ri-- education of the school?, and cod
tiu.;:-a and inim parallel with tha Mfcoal edu
c&.ioD, that must not be overlooked or acder
estimated. Wo refer to that education
which all parents f-ivo to their children.
Thid edncitioa v t.et.'.l grun w rk—
the ba&id < f the future ivan in whatever
sphere »f life he Oi»y be found. Whether
the future rcaa i 3 to be a farmer, a lawyer, t
doctor, or a merchant or mcchaaic, the edu
cation he r.-coivts from l.ia partnlß ia e..tlj
years nv.'UK to a tsre»t extent, his c'-.ara..
ter. AH >.ther educ*tiin, in :• Moral goose
3: 1 in & •<> iil K=-n"e. mn« be bs?'d en ihi?
parental mJnntttwi. jus. v all ""n-rinirf niinci
vioa mtut be baß"»d on ths (lmei:'.
&ry «. tuU-ti : niuc-i'iuu. With the~r
; :. ij.*.i 11-. Will '^i i, the prantieil
education for the lm<ioe» of iif-i bextm.
Ri^ht heie the roida fork, and left out in: ■
the world ./f busiaas^. lli.ht here brjjiußthf
special education that ii falmlatni to fit th»
ycuDg inf. |.i:d woman fur tbc -r-.cre < f lif.
be or the imei d-i to fellow. Right h*re I-:-
giL», ur t"'!cu!d In in. tLe e.iiicui-n f r ill?
fur:u fur !)■ th male and female. We I e-J«v»
that even ia the oammon »:!■ «\* sh raid be
i.iv the c ,ueitii«ii sot < n!y t.f the mind, bal
ths phytioU p3rs'Hi, in trie <iirae ion of tbe
I'U.ouit or callioir or prnfwtnn i:
is intci. i-d tbu tch'jiar thell full, w
in the futura man or wonaal ood.
If fur the farm, tie whole boy nrgfelihonld
be ahaped and eiucated wi 1» rtfr.-oiiCo !.. if>
hime and'abor • f thefar.r. A study <■'. r..^
ture and nature's laws, ai exp- . unded by the
natural B;iencet. jhcu":d bj nqnired of '.Le
future fsrraer or t.irm woman. Chtuktry
a-^ ooplied mi a^ricu'-turo ia ;m iodi<p«osab4e
htudy to :he prtc icil ai,d tucce sful fatu er
of . lie nineteenth century. So al*o ix ba
ton! p.iloscpH^ ut;d c;v:I c: Kiater
in.< and surwyiii t ». To the farmer
maheiaatica ia ;i batter .;i'y fo ■
iif; hud s'renglliecins thfl mini Hum
the dead languages. The i i^iii r tebonle
should all havj an o^ticulturi! sie'e or de
[i r.iiitnl, in which tliH boy or girl iutemieG
lor the farm naytcctire ipre*! and, v fa*
aa poarible, ptacucal e'iu:eti-'n forthtirln
tore oallinK or Ufa lm-ii.ers. We v; otdto
e?p:»r»te toe future t rni?r from the fatal e
lawyer, ci ctGr, oMroi ant or meebanie V>" ;
vu-iiH kec.i them togatb«r 10 the ■choob, et
cej.tau to tiieir otuiic-6 •• - ; rrci ktiona, Jr.tr
■ I'i.tl t-;lu itiou and th- ir aasociAUno* ohcnld
ba the raise iv Che loh I■. f;'!;::; t; b c hi ..'. D
Bchoola to thegradaation f ron tte eoilfne >r
v; iverei'y. Tlb f-.n; ,■: s: <i ihe farmerY
wi'e, aud the ioe<ha:iic aud tie nfohauc'a
wife, Khcu'l be Made to naderatand Uut I J>
or her soc!jlpo(>i'i t: i-i in Ihe l.ye! with tre
la?7ytr or ttie I »wyerV wife, and : ot tht Oon
trary. Ail t*u»iueß: o prattsdena] potiti :
tbould be made to res* 1 v the ■K< r.;-.'C^ aru 1
energies hid t-kiil of the individual, and no*
upon tbe imsiDC:!-; • t ur.:fr::"irvnh ( : t~r f.hs jmr
i.v ■-•. .Thiii principle ihonld bo tborcnubly
ini)>res«ed oo the uci-.ds if all fr.nu the vmy
l>i:iiniL?, even in tbe tmrsrry or fa:r.i!v
circle; and it nhmld Lover bp I s l . n'mhi «(
through Ihe common ecUoo!, acadeu y, college
ai;d university, >«id h'l.uld hi a principle oc
guiding ttir in after active life.
The far u:er'<i edueatior. should alwaju »r.-'
from tho b.-ginniajf be t- pcaotieal one. A
tunch aB jjmsib'.j the fast* obtained in the
■1 il and iv the laboratory ahonU (>e pat
iiito imoiv-iaie andoo&atdAt praotioe on the
firm and ia ih>.» fi-ld. Thin will relieve the
■tody of tbe aeianeM cf it < dryr.tns, »nd &■
--the Rame time ro'> hbr of ita drnd cry ai.d
■^T'ite the practical man cr.il the theocts* .i
the same individual With a country 'a'.'.^
W !i educated f»naera '.3o a^ricultnrnl pr?;?
would be recoß- iz-:il ca a neoeuity,
sl' it wsnld te~i .■> h"_:i:Lr and inure tciir. [fie
and prac.'ic*! pt-gitioii. It would ■imp
ly oecon;* a nsciiinm f.f corcn^nti
cation between ednc*iej and practical rr. I.j 1 ' r .
If properly -('.i«; t d. i»hfie iv th« loboola,
evei-y raroac and farmer* wife will become »
good writ !• OD^giiriil 11 -ai suijet', and will
fjuua dUpodtioD t.ip'^to hb or ber Ideal
ac.l eip TTencei on paper and te? re :-e* -
cialci?. Wi'.h Mie.i coneapondsi s the agr;
ci'.ura! prff- would Inc. ice :!:« v eiii^m at.d
ontory 1 itonlj f praotic*] f»ct«.butof
■oieiitific truth* — tuo text-book 'if r.grlcuhurs,
bt'th for old a:.d yenar.
Aod, b] thd wa] , 1- 1 m here- rciniik '.hi',
no agdooltoral j inrnal 13 c ;apletc thj/o (^ ;•
not have *> rtrrirrtmnnt rspceiaJly a-Jaotiirto
the youth, both vvi i\a in our oommoti
schools, a-i!»:ji«', e-ille^ei a:.i ontTcni
ties, and afUr lt-in ;; t em all, avd e^i
terin^; upon :h« pneticalwotk on th" fara-.
The departnieet in the i>a;x r ehou : d cure
st. -.land ho adapted to thj
n en'.&l latin, that i>h:ull have a c rtar or
j;l»ce on all wV.I-rcs:ule»ted farm". Iv.cry
paper intended (oc the fAraier'* family ea
peciaily nil- n'.il h ivb r f>f ■' part
menta adiote: to he gradaUaa of age and
expe;i-'nce of th 1 fa:iii:y chilirea of the
hiujehold, ucd the b 'js and siils Vn t'.it;'farn.
should be expected aaid tt quired tominttin
aud rudti.i.l thb d ..nr'nient their chi.
peii°, b» givi! g e<; .'ricceM - ; r&mttan tfai
npannantal iano. W« !■ • tnm uutlin d
a i.lf.n r.f edocalijn f« '•> ■ farm, >ni w.
wou'ul Ike to»o- ii ti.i- Stale :-iu - .r'c-.iliir it
J ur:..l t^t.ihli^;: <t f • | lUil g TOCil j t ' H
iato practi< al operat! • .
Iffoctß of Pood oa Milk
What a cow »ta ;1 ertnin stoa certain
extent the q'nii y aa Wi'.i a< t c nuinti'y 1 f
mi.!: aho will give. Cows i ed iiotio f i<.'-i ■
ins foo j wil! Rive ri<-:\ batter-a»kb>s :\)\\<<'
wl.ile cows fad on light, j ii^y or watery food
may give a larg-s quaotitr of milk, but it will
not be rich in tatty or buttery notarial.
Tli'-:.- good timothy or timothy and r6d clorar
hay will give a Uir quialily of milk of a rich
yellow color, full of butler- making ius-rec'ii
er.:-. Add lir.m :>n.i water, m;ki:'K a mush,
and ihe qu.titiy if the milk will be m;.
teri*!ly isereaaed, bat it wi,l bo cf
a thiuner and boomc quality. Acid to this a
Ka'.lin of lonurieal j>r Bay, or a Rillon of
oil eiko, »nd nhlie th ■ (| lanttty of the n • k
may cot be lawetstd i> rcef*tibty, th>> quality
w:l! bo inpr>v d l'ht»n f(g , i :s-.i; a !y
Krowinrnrtsi-. oc clover <■( ai y ki d will pro
dnea a brtce Ojoantte of i^;!k. I it tbeqaalJly
wUI bo cMirjiraliv.ly port- in hatter, wills
hay -.i.i-le fntu the iuh kio 1 of yr<i>s or tl ■>-
T.-r will aot prodoes unsh r.i k.
but what is ohtii.ied will bd muci!
richer and strorqe. in butter insndieal*.
Grten ccrrtfmkj! fed fresh will prodooeabont
the esme quintily of 1 ii k as fieoh (raaa, but
the quality will be ,-;i:l poorer than n.i k
from iresh grass. Am iu!e, miik during tLe
a -I'uu.n and winter is cf letter quality than
during the spring acd parly (.umme r, bceinne
ia ihi former e9is..iat- c iws are generally fed
im .'ryer and morchirjy fmd than durinß the
latter seasons. TiY-re ore, however, exotp
tions to this pent r&l rnle, and wa are very
likely to c xp«rie2cc on 9of those exceptions
for a mcutli or two tj c.mc. Should we
have warm trrowii.fr wecther (or a month or
twi>, pii(x*:dinK theeirlyhcavy r»ing we have
ju^t had, (jra»3 will grow very rapidly, an<\
cows will give large q-iantiti's of milk, and
the quality of the time wiil be itduced in
proportion as the qu»ctitT is increased. If
}.eup!e wLo are buying milk will take the c
facts lr.to account they can explain why tt
different times aod uudsr different feedic^
it varies in quality.
The Autumn SpriLg.
The autumn 3; ring is upon us. The fields
which bni a few months ag. were yellow with
• eoldeu harvest, are now green with the pale
green of volanteer crop*. Kvcrywhere the
earth is covered with a spring-green carpet,
and while the plowman whistle* hi.- merry
tune and urges his plow-team over the moist
-and mellow scil, the nie»dnw-Urk cheers him
on with her gleeful l:V:t sang. Cattle are be
gioniog to nip Use green toi» of the sweet
and luxuriaut grain and grass, and all nature
U rijoiciug in the reality of growing sprir g
weatbur. While fuuien are lameuiing ibe
los3ea if grain and hay aoi s'.raw from,
the tffecr» of the late heavy rain*,
they are cheered ou ie their iff<.r!« to save
what they caa by the bright suathiby
wenther of the prment. The Kreea feed U
already aocurad as a full substitute for the
dry feed that has b»«n icjured, and so omt of
the unoMially early rain* wa are aarored an
unusually laig« growth of fall feed fv-r stook
nd au enrly mid time an. I ri^ht Lrospccte for
nt-xt year. Toe K>ain that »*»s wet in sacks
wiil, vii'.h the return i.t»w of jjof-d drying
v ■ i.li'-r, b« inrstly saved, and the loss of j
lay ..ill b9 mucn taM than w»aat. first feared.
Hu; tbe lr.?s to (,Ti'.p- -growers and raisin- |
aaak< ■ wit! -■ ■« in u.c<t saii»m of all
-'..-. Wnii a g-A-i drying !»'l the rciiin ■
cr <\> «md h»#« twtu tiifl 1 ir^enL »Ld best I
ever p ertfUfl (a thr .Sate. Aa it i», but few |
i.i '.a* wil \ t in <!e, aod ih<se we «c »fraiil 1
ui-i not be <>t lU qw li'y. Xhe vintage 1
wvl M-o h» cot ifa I. ". n-M-rab!y aud ita!
q-ibli^y iLJ-ircJ BVtterUlly. M•■ -7 grapes on .
the vbtta *h»n the? a •me ip he pi-ked will j
be fouu>i ii.jj'ed l.y mil.-iew aod rot, acd ,
g.od wire c»nr.ot bt< ny <la tr >m Rrape« in ;
this condition. The inj'ii}', I owtv r, will J c
ie« fjr tha puiii ; '»c« "* t»:eD.iy '^*v for wine,
and it is prob»l. : e th»t a icuca larger amount j
of brandy will be nude tb»n there wculd
have been UTidtr o'-bei' oeoitttiana, Tho cu
adv 1. tj£;s ex;eriecood f/c-m tbe in usual
raios th-juld cerve t> teach in how great are
ourc'iiaatie aJvanta^es over th'.ee o.uattie?
where rtio is a conaw otcurreaoe at aoy
titn2 cf ihe je:r Oar ligjc* i.re coupara
tive"y li,'ht whej cji uidertd in c *nne<;ti-->n
with thoce w'..iob sre y.criuiliy occurring ia
th" Ss'ol e.^f-t i-f tLe It .city uioun'-ait.s and
in Eur.ptai f. uj ; .fii". And then they have
no auc-<riipai)fi k or rfgul'ic^; b-aetiU aa wt
are mra to rrce.va frMI the ftiuiu ciu-o thst
his brought uiiou ua ou' liteei.
Vf later Vrgetabies.
Oas cf tha mioy beaetits to r.'tult to Cal
rfiimfana from the early aud pUtitiful rains of
the :.ie»ent season will !e in the (-bicditce
and ti..a quality of wiater ve^e'.aMef. Al
rc-wiy the Chiteae and Portuguese f ardentrs
ara fiiving tvi-Jeuce < f an abaodai.ee of new
%l 6 cri'py table venetAble^t at an early day.
All vnie'.ie* of caboafc'"?, orioii", bte'p, c»r
ro's, ;u"^riips, radisbes, pi>' lach, t'.irnija and
maL-y olhc-r hardy at d tally tvt'wj vegeta
bles are to be ?e->n just br.ir'.isj: np fram the
we!l-ti:ltiv4W(i ana mobtbed*, ant io a few
m)rths*il uur biblai ai 1 r> juice in a plenty
of he'.i.h-^ivi:.^ vegetable f:«>d. Now is tbe
time for f amen tTerywheia to put in tfceir
frp.rly garden ttuf, an-J ecj y the luxury of a
good ve ge&tJbM gmnta nf iliirown. Wheat
faiietl &r. tiie dry pliius uiiy now l«y the
foundation ot prontbble ve^-'tablo gardens
for tho cjiticg miater OLd f Make the
■til mellow acd mix iv pi-. >ity ot po>d, wfll
r.iict.j i.jabure, <i.,w the H ; ad, and Lutiuu
«ili iw tr;6re* r .
THE QUIET HOUR.
Answers to fepUmber 30, 1832
UJ:I l>
1' A
PAT
PA T E
PATH N
1' A T X N T
PATB X T S
1430. S.ep-fathir or step farther.
U3l. Alsira\
1432. B A M
TAM B B
RALA N U S
A M A 1> 1 N X
M X N B V X Et
11 V N E U
S E It
1433. H*ar (Herr), v (yon), Dee (D),
Luxsols. Call oar (boar) attention. F^ru
ha;a, : 1 let, remain, Nienolas.
New TangUs
1111. Yiy.'.z':, by EUen Stantesi :
I ris an ! f..!1. I .im rtatl laaiy. 1 am water. 1
am used with a rone.' I weenie. I teffstm. tfleat.
I bink.
UiL\ I'ozzie. b) Effia Deans :
Hashed over the wire
1 hci>e i:i-;»ire
Or s mi.-* depress
A, In, '•> ..;>* i'lll tolj.
B*y -1 ory's wd.
Or i.cv.-, ■ r Hit, or i-tnng ,
And :.li Li.c WOtiC'i my raii^t.
I Irav.-l riov for ki od,
But rapi i am f*»r il:.
VV.tliin a uurii I iw-el',
i"_; j.\[ tiit ?artii I till.
1443. Charade, by (Jus :
Ju-t ii. iw 1 -\'n a fUbject of coiitenti'in.
Every vtw in t it- -Aeck knows roe.
To tom^- 1 uiu masfefol ; t-» otfaeis 1 iliorious.
O>.e i,-A' i-iii by 1 m sought to c!:aiige my period of
arrival.
All nations kuow me.
1 J4i. Charade, by Q lest :
Secoril wasptaTttw with little I'td
In a hi cuiiiL-r within the fth'd.
Boy-lilu, Xed couU not bi •■■.. t, nt
UfitU ta tbe to;»mo8t beam he wenl.
He G .tue to ijriif, for !ic " (oil .i.,«n '
AnJ broke hu firit— *twafi nut " his crown.''
i.one time 3tro tlie whrle was avnt
Xo v :.nr ielc ™ mbcbii : bi It.
144.">. Beueaairj?, by Qaeat :
From "-i o iiii; Eoatloa " the prinn 1 tike,
Anil c;-ini>cnraii<.-ii i:. w"il niuu.
If of two beads yon this bereave,
A forunr'a busiiitu^ it »i I le»i ■-.
T.-lie (jff another piiuii-, aiwt tlien
A pot I oa tino t.ir beasu ai.d men.
144(5. Octagon, by Base :
A plant of the jjenm Avl-iii ; a niin'n name ; tl:e
penon to wboa a i.o» lin Riven; h littl*- fonjf, or
:iir ; a penoo who a'ucii m him to an'jtber
n.i:; Vt the will . f ti;e lat'.ir ; a resMottt &lrali^er in
aOr*.cii:- '-ity; adjb.
1447. C ari.'e, by Hsttie B ath :
To fir.-t -i 3. c od Is I.' >i *> albs i,
l'r"^r.-f-iv - : wi-i 1 ret '< 1- 'i- ;
Thini a letter t *i -*t si in s ;..r .-. [.at
Old Eoglaud trit.i t> sail a*.
In tli? lines abon bbs hn \^n' i aisst,
SsMßb sliaktppe'vrt's ]»la>» f<>r Mhule complete.
THE LETTER-BOX.
Arsxers to Curljus Cuestlona from
". ecord-tfnisa" corsespo-cl nts
Juo. S.^Caa a c rp r-ii.n iaoreaasitl
capital sitock itr.h.u: cj:.s ut of each of
tho atockhoMeci ?
Antmer. — I p . c^v.Eot c't st witboot notice
of iatectioo bringgiv< . to tbe'etuckhold
*T«. ss by statute ■'. ■t. Xj decision
his been n.ide such i.i jvii atk sbju*,.
W. Miok. — Examine the "Uiited Sta*ei<
Statn tea at Large." It in the ouly huiijoi
itf that give* the information in foil.
A Subscr.bai — About how tall i 3 Ar:aa
Diekinaon ?
Awnoer — Write to h-r aad aw ruin.
K. A. Wilsou — Nj bill «rai iiisi'. <\ gnnt
ing veterans cf the Mcx'c.n \V.-,r pen iona.
No new pennon 1- ,l'. mv pataed such as you
i; (jure a' c«S
J. J. Q —No. CoaUti z hai njt!:iag to
do '.''l.-.; !■ Ciliforaia camptixn, but
"Conk!n"!iaf.
E. A. Curry — A Onina.puinp will raise
tha wa'.<r tin; hi^i., und probably a gocd
wiudmili would opeia^e it ; tut you had
bett<r 0 uiult a practical mtCuaoic in your
neighborhood. The pump you name is
oiusiJerti the cheapest known, and is
muci used for the j urposte you tu/gest.
0:d Correspoadtn" -Tbe author of the
quotation "Milliuis for deff-nsp, but not
one oeßt lor tnbjie, " was I'mkney, who
save it BtCannoe when Embiissauor to the
Prench repnblio iv 17%.
S 8. — ' I>e just an-i fear not " occurs in
■' Henry VHI.," act iii , sctut- 2.
H. L C. — "Sins Dieu ri?n " was the
motto of Lor-J Pctre, auil it is " Without
God, nothing." Tho motto 30a attempt
to quote wa< that of the Irieh \ i?count
Kilmorf-y,au'l reao«, "Nur.cant nuui[iiam"
— now 01" nev^r. Tne other and la«t motco
you a ! U about w.-.s thas of Lord Aaton, of
>,-;..;.■ : " Numiai et patr:;« isto " ; - j -I
stand to God and my country.
M. M — The simpie meaning of ccrtiorari
ia to make more certain. It ia therefore a
writ to make more certain.
Subscriber — We preeume that any book
seller can give you the information. Ptre
Hyacinthe's lectures u-»re poblished in
octavo form by Funk <fc Wagnslla, New
York, the translation being by Key. Leon
ard \Voolsey Eacon.
Critic — Yep, it is proper to speak of a
musical performance as rendered. In that
sense rendered means presented, interpre
ted.
Marian F. — " Kesedof," a screen behind
the altar ; " atoup," a basin for holy water;
11 Low Sunday" occars upon the octavo ot
the tirst Sunday after Easter day ; " pas
tils," sermons or homilies — not now used.
Westerk Railway Kesi v kant-i. — The
triveler Krnst yon Hesse- Wartegg bitterly
complains, in his "Letters from the South
west of the United Slates," of the quality
of tho " refreshment* " served at Western
railway restaurants. He says he has for
days subsisted on raw chocolate in prefer
ence to the food obtainable on the road.
Altogether, he asserts that, in spite of all
the ingenious modern improvements which
American railwajs boast of, he Las no
whfre found traveling as uncomfortable as
in America, the railway between Chicago
and Kansas City being alone exempt from
his censure, Thin seems a rather sweeping
assertion, in view of the fact that other
German travelers, notably Gerhard Rohlfs,
have been very emphatic in their praite of
the comfort* of American railway travel.
ing.
CALIFORNIANS IN THE EAST.
A FOET WHO AFFf Crs ECCEKTKICITT—
MIU.B& AND KcCULLCUUH.
The Gslden s-tate as an fppreclator of
Dramatic Talent — Wretched As
sumption of originality.
[Correspondence of the KrcoroUmos.]
Nkw York, October 3, 18S2.
Eccentric men, of whom there are many,
are seldom agreeable acquaintances ; but
they are far less disagreeable than the men
that affect eccentricity. The latter, in
■ deed, are very apt, whatever their men'.al
I or moral qualities, to prove immitigable
bores. Must cf u» may, by an effort of
will, look ltniently on any sort of oddcess
| or whimsey, if we believe it tempera- i
' mental. Bat comeVbing akin to sn
. perhurnan charity or eelf-discipiine is re
quired to accept withcrt anger the .1
eumption of peculiaritiia Artificiality
moves us, urder any circumstances, to a
degree of indignation ; aud it is not strange,
therefore, that irea of Joaquin Miller'u
stamp excite irritation in those who are
j often thrown into his society. Miller is
j counted a* a I'lhfornUn, from the fact that
j he passed seven or tight year* in the Gold
; cii Male, and is
AS SPURIOrs A M'ECIMES
A» the Pacitic slope has produced. He is
sparicus in nearly everything, although
there is no reaeoa for hia being so. Pos
sessed unquestionably of poetio talents, cf
energetic character, and more than average
judgment, he chooses to play a part which
j any one of ordinary penetration can see
I does not belong to him. Ho is almost
i always unnatural from .hia labored pretense
to be naturs'. To impoao upon the general
public tho impreseum that he is a gifted
savage, a child o; untrained, untaught
genius, appears to be his chief aim, and his
secondary aim to make people believe him
a very tiugular person. B >th these pur
pcaes are supplemented by an unflagging
disp.titiou to advertise himself in all pos
sible ways. Havijg practiced for years at
thrs game, ho has succeeded in deceiving
any number of casual observers, and is
| thus emboldened to go oc. The shrewder
few, however, decline to bo duped by his
shallow artitiees and avoid him on account
of the ceaseless repeti'ion of these.
Above everything. Miller wants to be
considered original. Consequently, he as
sumes to have co culture, no education
even ; he dehbcrattly BUMpeQj, and writes
an at;o-ninal>le tcrawl, forever aesert-n.'
that ho is illiterate ; that he reads nothing"
and has no knowledge of civilized customs.
That be has had tm regular education hap
pens to hi truo ; but that he is not a reader
is wholly untrue. He has obviously pored
<nvr the liritir-h poets, especially Byron,
Browning a;:d Tennyson, and often repro
dnoes them in his own verse. He U in
fused with their spiri* and methoil, thougii
it is qui-i; hktly lhat he would, if asked,
deny any acquaintar.ee with their '.corks.
Ho (•etuis to thiuk ih&*. any ackno'.vledg-
I merit of calturo on hia part would detract
from bia intrit ; forgetting that nearly
I every autl or of renown |,a* received ail the
! enUare which his era ou!d provide. His
tail;, comiuct, manners are (.onerally f.>r
tiKct. Not oontent to do premeditately
quter things, no ia prone to °peak of them
ai ijj' ci ; t.> point out their queerness, and I
to declare that he is a qua er fellow. In !
addition to these tham peculiarities, he ia
rOHS Of KOMANCIXII
About his pas: life, not caring whether
an y boii v believes his stories or not. His
extraordinary experience! with William
Walker in Central America, whioh, as I am
told, he U6ed to rtcite melodramatically,
are regarded an apooryphal ; and he may
hove intended lhat they should be so re-
I garded. There are thote who discredit r.u
Moiioc tales completely ; nor is it to be
wondered at, for he appear* ?,, take pleas- i
ure in draw mg tho li^.g boiv, with aud
without prorocatioo, and to be amused
when be is inspected (if an attpmpt at
hoodwinking, He often admit) his inex- j
actnis,-j and his inventions, faneyinp, no j
doi;l>*, that hia admissions will help people
tc think him singular. If he can be con
sidered original and sinj;ubr, at whatever
price, hi-j object i 3 attuned. Ah may be
inferred, Miller is not liked, and haa almost
no awortistet. They who have been hu
c.impii ions have gro-.vn tirel of him — at
.taiu ot hia ailoetatijns They say that he
could bo pleaiant and interesting, if he
would ; but thai his transparent hombog-
RCTJ is repellent, and, after a while, tire
some io the extreme. Th= people who im
a^iae him to t«
n.u.r A WOOL
Are greatly mistaken. He is reilly shrewd
and calculating, as is evident from the fact
that ho gets good prices for hia inky wareF,
and lives without incurring say indebted
ness. When he lirst came here, he was in
vited, in consequence of his talents, to a
number of houses, where he ia no longer
welcome because of his unconventional,
frequently offensive demeanor. His at
tempt to act the barbarian in New York
drawiDg-roomshas failid iguominioualy. If
be had I'een a barbarian he would have
b- »n more endurable; but nobody likes
counterfeit barbarians, especially when they
v.s.a be so readily detected. He managed
to cnjnle London with his tomfoolery,
which probably inccuraged him to repeat it
here, though in a nine 1 ) milder form. Oae
might think the multitudinous rebukes re
c=ived by the Singer of the Sierras would
have curf d him of his simulated singulari
ties ; but they ha ire not, so far aa known.
He items to bo peniiaded that a man must,
in order to be » poet, act like a simpleton,
a boor and a biackguarJ. Being more
ihan firty, he ougiit to have learned better.
The public could dispense with hia poetry,
if he would mend his prumeditatedly ociuus
manners.
Juhn McCullough, though not native to
the P.icilic coast — who is. indeed! — may
juitly be considered a Califortian, siuce
.San Fraccisco was the first city to appreci
ate Ins histrionic talents and assure him of
a future. Although rea»ed in Philadel
phia, where he made a hard and long
struggle for recognition, he toiled there in
vsia, and was forced to cross the continent
TO AWAKKN AIiMIP.ATION
F..r his gifts. This has been the fortune
of a number of players. They might have
drudged until eeniiity in the Kast ; but
going to the Far West they reached a
favorable atmosphere of criticism, and a
region when: merit iv.is nnt hsroprnd by cus
tom and tradition. California had beatowad
many of the j^rei nest laurels upon MiX'ul
lough before be was known to any extent
here. He came but recently iahi? ripeoMi
to the kaiing cities of the seaboard, which
acquiesced io the verdict he had se
cured on tho I'aoitic. Notwithstanding
that some injudicious friends have over
praised him, and put him in a place where
he dees not rightly stand, all must a'.-n-e
that he is a conscientious artist of high
degree and remarkable raDge. Moreover,
he is as fine a man as he is an actor, as all
who kaow him are aware. Unlike many
members of his profession, be does not lose
his interest and individuality as soon as
he hai passed from the blaze of the
footlights. Hia nobility of character is
not merely professional, it is actual and
inherent. His elevated nature informs his
personation* as in "Oihello," " Virgioius,"
and "Coriolanut ;" he seems what he is ;
he is what he seems to be in the upper
walks of the dran,a. McCul ! ough's private
virtues are representative of tho Golden
.State — he is genuine, independent, indi
vidual, chivalrous.
not a nmai of aum
Hides in his large, expansive being ; be is
open as the day : he carries his hear in his
hand. He in one of t'ae few very popular
mtn who deserve to be popular ; he has no
reserves, no faults to keep back ; ho is
willing they should be seen and judged of
all men. Without iffectation or hypocrisy,
without prr judiee or e-«vy, he allow* such
defects as he owns to come to the surface,
hoping they will be viewed ss charitably ac
he views tho defecta cf othrn. He doet
not cultivate the good opinion of others,
either ; he is sitnp!v ni;i:«elf, and is more
than willing, he U delighted, that others
•hould be themaelvea. Citdor. truth,
manlineM, are the traiU that are ever to be
found in all the nUtiooa of hi* Lf «. He
is admirably rounded, well balanced, com
plete in his poise.
It is agreeable to know that McCullough
draws well all over the country. The fact
shows wbolusome appreciation of the
drama. He makes a deal of money ; but
he is co open-handed that he retains only a
small portion of his receipts. His purse is
at the command of every one who needs
help or encouragement ; he never tires of
giving and doing, and even when he meets
with black ingratitude, cynicism never cor
rodes the gentleness of bis disposition.
John McCullough is in actor and a man of
whom California may reasonably bo proud,
very proud. Chaubert.
ABOUT PAPER
Prohably no one living cv accurately tell
the date at which paper was lirst produced
in the shape and consistency it now has for
the uses to which it is put. Like the in
vention of the clock or watch, the grafting
of fruit tree*, the taming of the horse, the
wcrkit£ in metals, and the use of silver
arid gold a* mediums of exchange, and
many other useful things, the early history
of this invention is lost in the impenetra
ble darkness of antiquity. The use of
papyrus, of course, preceded it or was the
earliest form of it, and that was among the
Egyptians. Previous to that, parchment
or tanned goat's skin was the means of
keeping records among the moat developed
races, while the Assyrians chose the more
enduring medium of preserving their
thoughts in baked clay, which tablets are
now being resurrected from the ruina of
Babylon.
Nor is it probable that anything ap
proaching the present perfectibility of
| writiDg paper was reached during the mid
dle a^es. Strange as it appears, history
gives us very meager reports of improve
ments hi arts, even the most commou, for
a thousand years after Christianity became
the dominant religion of the Roman Em
pire. Even the old arts of sculpture and
painting did not flourish ; only architect'
| ure showed HUM sign 3 , as witnessed in the
huge but useless ediliecs, churches and
castles, whoae ruins or enormous size now
attracts the generation that haa outgrown
them. And most of these, the grand ca
thedrals of St. Peter*, St. Paul's, Co
logne, Straaburg and Milan— the last not
yet completed — and their compeers, were
creations ; the last century of medieval
repose, and may almost be claimed as be
longing to the new era. But the invention
of printing and the printing pree3 gave a
speed to all modes of thought and forms of
intellectual expression, and the want of
paper was soon supplied by the genius that
could print.
Of course it would be impossible in a
brief notice to even came the efforts or
give the n.vi.c-; of tha men conspicuous for
their efforts in bringing the paper manu
facture to its present perfection. Many
people have in possession specimens of pa
per made in the last century, efpecially
that on which newspapers were printed,
aud many fragments of old continental cur
rency, in which the best paper attainable in
ia thij aamatry uua used, uud even the
tiueat of all tMM specimens have a bijkec
iag look by the side of our common print
iug paper. In fact the manufacture of pa
per new- has risen to something of a tine
art. Various materials are used — cotton,
huen, bark, wood, straw aud perhaps ether
materials come into use, uccouhng to
quality needed. And tho mrnufscture
uf paper in Europe and this coun
try haa beoame one of the leading
iuteieata in the range of utdoatrtM.
Tne main supply of paper in Great Britaiu
id from Glasgow, Aberdeen, various
towns in Lancashire, Keut and Derby.
(hire. Formerly fourteen paper mills
existed in Dublin, Ireland, employ
ing 1,400 hands, of whom many were
females. Only two now remain, though
the demand for pip^rhas largely increased.
Bat the fliiiiiimnrtrffl) that coal had to be
transported a long distance rendered it im
possible for them to compete with tho pa
per mills located right among the coal
tLlds, and hence their closing up. Then
is one large paper manufactory at lUlly
clare, in the cauuty of Antrim.
In our own country, pretty much all the
paper manufacturing is a development of
this c.ntury. It took root in certain lo
i ant I'd where water was abundant and
water-power could be obtained cheaply for
raising the machinery. Experience has
shown that coal is too expeneivo for motive
power unless it ia abuudant close to che
manufactory. Bat then, it often occurs
that tho water needed is not char and pure
enough. Heiice most, if not all, the heat
I i:> :■ mills are located on streams affording
an abundance of clear water and gool
water power also. Hcuco we rind Norwich
and many other to>vus ia C rauecticut,
liolyoke and Claremont, N. 11., cot to
spc-uk of sundry other points iv New Eng
land and the Middle Siatus, celebrated for
their paper production. Perhapi of all
these centers of piper industry Holyoke
takes the lead, while for wall paper manu
facturing Philadelphia and vicinity kads
the country.
Wo will simply add here that paper
making is we^l understood ia C.iina and
•lapao, the latter pucple using the paper
made from n.ulbtrry branches. Certain
f<raß^e3 aLo are used in tome countries for
makiuu c t:uo quality, but l;cen is found to
tnsv.tr cbjut ts well as any material yet
found.
We shail close three desultory remarks
on this valuable topic wi;h a word or two
about the manufactory of bank bill and
bend paper in PtttafiekL Of course, it ia
well known that for these purposes the
tincst, nicest, toughest and most durable
paper is desired. The mill for its manu
facture . - at Cultsville, a hamlut named
after the old maau'iicturer, Thomas Colt.
It was sthrted ia 1851, soon alter which
date Colt became p<irt proprietor, and in I
1555 bole owr.tr. The mill is lOOijO feet, I
and twoetones high, has three engines —
one a <'ouble one — and a 04-inch Fourdrinier
machine. Two artesian wells, one 2.30 fest
and tlie other 40 feet deep, furnish the
requisite pure water needed — some 575,
--000 gallons daily. Ia this establishment
tha important sccre's of papor-making
are understood and kept. The aim
here is quality, no 4 , quantity, so
there is no huriy. The befct work
men &re employed ; only new linen
iibir is used, with red or biao tiik fiber
r n>i i > through when needed. Here sre
made all the various qualities needed by
theG: vernn?nt, moneys, securities, bonds,
checks and dr&fte, and for bank hill?,
though there is a difference in the latter.
And any person found with any of this pa
per iv his possession is liable to ?."> 000 tine
or tifteen years' imprieonment, or both.
That is to prevent counterfeiter* gettiug
hold of it. Tne process of papei-making
i^ quite intr:eit<; aud elaborate, especially
in these higher grades. Every precaution
is used to prevent any fraud upon this con
cern, as ia its proper administration lies a
great point of Government financial suc
cess. — [Household Gazette.
Thk "Black Veil" — The eccentric
doing* of ''Father" Ignatius, an ate*-
Ritualist of the English Church, have
made him notorious for many ycara. The
London Truth thus describes one of his
latest official acts: "An extraordinary
t.vne was witnessed at Llauthony Abbey
on Sunday week, when Father It;uatiua
admitted a novice to the mysteries of tK?
' Biack Veil.' Opposite the principal pinkie
wag a black funeral bier, covered with .1
velvet pall, with white cross and with a
huge candleßtick at each corner. The
novice knelt by its side. After mass ci; i
a Bcrmcn, the ' Father Abbot ' sat down iv
his chair by the altar, arrayed in a gorge
ous robe, embroidered with angels and
saints, with a richly-jeweled miter on his
shaven head, and a crosier in his hand.
Tne cues in their grated gallery sang a
chant, while the Father cut off the hair of
the novice, two acolytes holding a towel to
receive it. Then she was clad in her nun's
nibee, with a crimson veil and a wreath of
lUwers, acd after a variety of intricate
ceremonies, she was placed on a throne
like chair before the altar, and the whole
of the monks, nuns, sisters and acolytes
prostrated themselves before her, and as
tney kissed the hem of her garment she
placed her bands on their heads. After
the procession she was laid on the bier and
covered with a pall, and the Abbot and the
acolytes came forward in a magpie-like
costume of black and whito, the ' Father '
with a high, caul-cap-like linen miter on
his head. T". ji the funeral service was
chantrd, a muffled bell soncded, «nd the
monks bore away bier and nun bebicd the
gratings. "
A charity hospital will be founded at
Northampton, Maw., with $100,000 left
lor that porpoM by Caleb C. Diokiaaos.
CZAR CROWNING.
TEE B4BBABIC POMP OF A RUSSIAN
CORONA HON.
The Russian Crown Jewels— Coronation
CerenioolAB — Rigid Rules of Court
-Flstorte Botes.
The barbaric pomp and parade of a Rus
sian coronation, as well as its celebration
at so great a distance from the seat of
Government, always necessitates great
preparations, but never has so 4ong id in
terval as this been placed between the ac
cession and the solemn crowning of the
Czar. The very much shorter delay which
occurred in holding the Emperor Nicholas'
coronation was considered very remarkable
at the time. The claims and the nencs
sary renunciation of the Grand Duke Con
stantine, the natural heir to the throne ;
| the pretended disinclination of Nicholas to
i take hiß brother's place, and the military
I insurrection which immediately followed
his proclamation, all contributed to put off
the official reco^uitioa of the new monarch.
It was on the 24th of December, 1825, just
three weeks after the death of Alexauder,
that tho affected scruples of the Grand
Duke were overcome, and he positively
| consented to accept the crown, but not till
| the 31 of October, IS2C, when (the chief
conspirators having been executed or ex
iled) it was considered that the country
was properly purged of its treason, that
he put on in the Cathedral of the Asfump
tion at Moscow the crown of all the Rus
tias. It used to be once thought in Russia
that the Czar was not properly the
"lord's anointed"
Until he had actually received the eccred
oil on his head at the hands of the Russian
patriarch ; and the reason assigned for net
burying the Czar Peter 111. in the Church
of St. Peter and St. Piul in the citadel of
St. Petersburg with the other Russian Em
perors, his predecessors, was that he had
never been crowned, and co was not enti
tled to the funeral honors paid by imme
morial custom to a Russian sovereign.
When Paul came to the throne he paid his
murdered father the respect that had been
denied him in his lifetime. The funeral
ceremoi i I were gone over again, and the
coffin which contained his remains
crowned with much pomp and solemnity.
The great Catherine had allowed as little
time as possible to elapse between Peter's
dethronement acd death and her own cor
onation. She was off to Moscow before
the breath was well out of her poor con
sort's body, and, by dint of a lavish dis
tribution of brandy and rubles, bought
something like a cheer as she made her en
trauce into the old capital. The next day
she started back again with a feeling of m
tenae relief. She looked upon Moscow as
a place to be crowned in and nothing else,
and royrotted every moment spent away
from Peterhoff and Gatachina a^d the
varnish of western life.
kvkky tzar,
Too, that has come after her has flittered
and feared and studiously avoided Moscow.
" It is the Home of the north," cried M:ne.
de .Stael in a sort of ecstacy ; but the Rus
sian Emperors themselves have rather com
pared it to a Nineveh or a Palmyra, with
its Asiatic mignitio»nce and its uncomfort
able crown. Nicholas professed a great
attachment for the o!d capital, as indeed
became a Prince who set his back at all
western reforms au 1 innovation;). Bat,
for all that, he took up his residence in tho
Kremlia just as teldoB) as the Czars his
predecessors, who never disguised their
detestation of the gloomy palace and prison
combirrd. There was an air of independ
ence about the Muscovites that he nsver
really liked at henrt— a free and easy bear
ing which has grown and grown out of
liberty into license, and again oat of license
into rebellion, until its unpleasant propor
tions are quite sufficient to explain the re
luctance of Alexander 111. to sojourn for
even a day iv the hotbed of Nihilism. At
Peter the Great's death Catherine 1., as
she was afterward known,
CLAIMED THK THRONE
In the ripit of her coronation at Mascow
lin her husband's lifetime. The ceremony
had been performed on May IS, 1724, iv the
presence <if theC/.sr'a niece, Acre, Duchets
of Conrtland, »;,.'. the Duke of Holatein,
his intended ton inlaw. In a manifesto
published on the occasion, Peter, after
statins that it wan customary with Chiipt
i ian monarchs to orowa their con?ortu, and
! instancing among tiie r.rliio Jox Greek Em-
I perors Builidea, Jiutiniiu, Htrac!in3 r.ed
Lee, the phiioeopft-r, he reminded • the
country of the Empraaa' KrricM in the late
war, and eapaciaUy of tne ourage and gec
i eraUhip the had displayed at tro battle of
Piuth. " For these caastd, and m virtue
of the powtr which God ha 3 given ns, we
htve rtaolv«d, in acknowledgment of all
her fatigues s.nd good effiocs, to I oaor our
consort with the imperial crown ' On the
coronation day the t'zir walked before her
on foot in the procession, and in the cathe
dral placed the crown on her head with his
own band. A ahort timo afterward it was
all that l'tter's advisere could do to'restrain
him from sending the same head to the
block on account of her amorous iu.rlgues
with the unfortunate young cavaiier, Muens
do la Croix. One Mr. Fletcher, who was
present in a diplomatic capacity at the
coronation of Feodor I , wrote r.n luterect
in^ account of
THE CUIIKMONIES
Used on those occasions in the sixteenth
century. "In the great Church of Oar
Lady," tayd the secretary to the HritUh
embassy, "within the Kniperoor'B castle, ia
erected a Bta^e whtreon standeth a screen
that btr.reth upon it the imperial cap and
robe of very rich stuff. When the day of
inauguration ia c.iiie there resort thither
tirst the patiiarch with the metrofolitanev,
archbishops, bishops, abbots nnd piiors,
all richly c:ad in their poctifica'.ibLia Then
enter the dt-acona with the qu:r» of sing
ers, who, so soon as the Kmperuur aetteth
foot into the churjh, begia to sing :
' M jny yrars m»7 live noble Feodor Ivac
ovitch !' Tnen touaw certain prayers ; after
which the patriarch eommandc-th certain
abbots to rrach the imperial robe and cap,
which is done very oxc-stly, and with
grrat soKmnitie ; then putting on the MUM,
he bleKScth the K;rperonr with the crosse.
The like is done by the metropolis, arch
bishops and bUhip?-, who all in their order
Qvme to the chair, and one after the other
blt6se the K.npcrour with their t^vo fore
lingers. After which a deacon pronour.c
eth, with a high, tend voice : ' Many years
to noble Feodor, good, honorable, beloved
of God, Grand l)jke cf Vladimir, of Mos
ko, Kmperour and monarch of all liussia,
etc' Whereto the other priests and dea
cons that stand somewhat farre oil by the
altar cr table, answer, singing, 'Many
years, many ytars to the noble Feodor.'
THK SAMF. NOTE
Is taken up by the priests and deacoas
that are placed at the right and loft side of
the cburuh, and then altogether they chant
and thunder out singing, ' Many years to
the noble Feodor, good, honora'ole, be
loved of Goi, Grand Duke of Vladimir,
Mosko, Empercur of all Russia.' " Russian
etiquette of former days ordained that
whenever a Czar waa approached on occa
sions of ceremony all his titles and the
various provincea over which ho ruled
should be enumerated in order. This in
convenient mode of address was rigorously
insisted npon in the address of a furugn
blmb^ssadur presenting bis credentials, who
was expected to remember that the Cz»r
was not only "great lord and Emperor of
all Russia," " great Duke of Vladimir and
Moscow/ "lord and great Hake of Novgo
rod, of the low country," " King of Kazan
and Astrakan," and "commander of all
Siberia," but also lord of Vteko, Smolcnsko,
Iwer, and many other countries, the fame
of which had in those days not passed be
yond the limits of tho Muscovite ampire.
Mr. Fletcher wag very near creating a seri
ous complication between the two countries
by only saluting Czar Feodor as "Emperor
of all Russia, Great Duke of Vladimir, Mos
cow and Novgorod, King of Karan, King
of Astrakan." "The rest," says onr Sec
retary, " I omitted of purpose, because I
knew they gloried to have their stylo ap
pear to be of a larger volume than th«
Qaeen of- England." Upon which
A CiRKAT HT'BBrB KSSI'ED,
The British Chancellor insisting that he
ehi)«lil repeat the rest, which he had to do
at last with an ill- grace. The greater part
of these kingdoms, princedom!, and grand
dakedomi are furnished with crowuß of
their own, which are brought out of the
cupboard* of the great treaturyat Moecow
on the occasion of the coronation of a new
Ccar. In thu unrivaled collection of royal
<lj^»M co« may oc»at the orowu of
Kszid, of Astrakan, and of Georgia.
There, too, is the crown of Poland, bUziog
with jewels, mounted on a crimson cushion.
This, tradition Bays, ia the veritable crown
worn by the Ladislas, the Sigismunds, and
John Sobleaki ; but the crown of Siberia,
which finds a place in the imperial regalia,
was manufactured by a jeweler of Moscow
to commemorate the conquest of that pro
vince under Ivan the Terrible. The oldest
of all of them is probably the crown of
Constantinte Monomachus, which was
Bent from Constantinople as a present to
the "Lord of Kiew," in 1116. The acces-
Bion of most Czara and Czirin»s has added
a new crown to the regalia. A new crown
was made for Nicholas, and the separate
diadems of Petrr the Great, Catherine I,
and the Empress Elizabeth are historical
curiosities that cannot fail to arrcat the vis
itor's attention. Here, too, the imperial
globe.', throne?, and scepters are ready to
do duty when the Czir can ecrew his cour
age to the sticking piint. Nothing, in
short, is missing from the pomp and cir
cumstance of imperial rule but the imperial
master bimself, whose perpetual absence
from the old city, where the heart of Rus
sia beats, is worth a sermon on the vanity
of human riches and power. As Custine
says, "The Kremlin without the Czar is
a theater without light and without act
ors."
ToCTZOCXmxr —M. Tourgueniefs ad
mircra, says the London Athtnsum, will be
delighted to hear that a decided improve
ment has taken place in his health. One
of his friends who paid him a vieit recently
at Bougival, near Paris, where he owns a
charming summer residence, on the slope of
a hill crowned by shady woods, found him
able to move about a little. And to converse
as brilliantly as ever. He is for the pres
ent restricted to a milk diet; but he lookß
forward to a return to an ordinary life, and
even to a possible visit to Rustia next year.
The novel which he was to have linished
this iumnier has been laid aside for the
present, but his visitor found him engaged
upon a shorter Btory, which will probably
appear in the Vmtmk Evropy of St. Peters
burg.
A Parisian, having advertised fora coach
maD, was called upon by a candidate, who
referred him to a celebrated phytician for
information in regard to hi 3 qualities. The
gentleman called on the physician, who
simply took his pen acd wrote on a piece of
paper that his former servant waa a reliable,
punctual and polite ccachtnan. Taking
the paper in his hand and thanking the
writer for it, the man turned to leave ; but
the physician called him bick : "I beg
your pardon, sir, but my terms for a con
sultation are forty francs."— [Li Figaro.
" Where's Suoggleton ?" aaked the pro
prietor of an Arkaasaw newspaper, enter
ing the office and inquiring for the editor.
" He hasn't oome down this morning," re
plied a reporter. "What's th« matter?"
" Well, he <4Ot into a dispute last uiii'itand
a fellow shot his head off." " Did he leave
any copy f "No. sir." " How in thun
der Cii he expect this paper to run with
out copy ? Blamed it Igo to his fuueral I"
— [Arkansaw Traveller.
fflfc' THEGRFAT -^J
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
[ Backache, Soreness of tha Cheat
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Pains,
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frostec
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
So Preparation on earth equals St. Jaoob§ On
: i» a mafe, surf, simple and cheap External
Jp.emMr. A trial entails but the comparative]*
, *nflu>g outlay of 50 Cent*, and every one auffering
with pain can havo cheap and positive proof of iv
•liims.
Direction! In Eleven Lan^is(r««.
•OLD BX ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALESS
IK KEETCINE.
a VOGZLER & CO.,
Baltimore, MO., U. S. A.
A SURECURE f
1 for all diseases of the Kidneys and I
— LIVER™
; Tthasspocifloftctiononthlsinofitiinportant j
, organ, enabling it to throw off torpidity and f
j .Inaction, etimulating' tho licaltlay secretion j
oftho Bile, and by keeping the bowels iv tree i
■ condition, effecting ita repular diwcUnrp«, 1 ;
ns <r»,5 «*>ri C* IfTOuaroeufibriDKrroTn 4
, PTICI «OI Ida malari.-v,h:ivothechill.^, |
: are bilious, dyspeptic, cr constipated, Kid- J
; ncy-Woit wmßurelyrcliove&quicklycurc. J
| In tliia seaso a. to cleanse the System , every 1
: one chouldaiake a thorough course of it. I . 4
SOLD BY DRUCCISTS. Price $l.|
Special Notice
TO
Tliose wlio have
AN OS
We arc constantly hating appllrallon
and i< :ii -N or luiinlry t > S':ir.ta-f
Laudt of ..11 - liidi.
rpnOSF. UAVINO LASDS FOR SALK WILL
JL find it to their advantage to place them in
our hands, as they will be at
No Expense for Advertising
OK ANTTUING ELSE,
DHLESS ASALE ISCONSUMMATED
K& We have corretponrience in different pa.ru of
the State and other j'lunvt', which CTt-atly
facilitates us in the DISPOSAL OF i.ANts.
SWEETSEiT& ALSIP,
iSD—
INSURANCE AGENTS,
No. 1015 Fourth street,
BSTWBU J AJID U., SACKJJDDIT*.
BEPUBUOAN CAMDIDATE3.
For State Senator.
GROVE L. JOHNSON,
REGULAR REPUBUCAN NOMINEE FOR
State Senator. sl2-Utd
For Senator.
J. ROUTIER,
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
State Senator. s3otd
For the Assembly.
a W. HANCOCK,
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR THE
Assembly. s!9-lt
For the Assembly.
FRAN X D. RYAN,
REGULAR REPUBUCAN NOMINEE FOR
AHBKMBLWMAW. 525-td
For Sheriff.
PHILIP H ERZOG.
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
Sheriff. 04-td
For Sheriff.
T. H. BERKEY.
REGULAR NOUINEK OF THE REPUBLICAN
County Convention for Sheriff. tSO-td
For Assessor.
J. "!\ GRIFFITTS.
(Late of J. T. Grikfitts & Co , Dry Goods Dealers),
REPUBLICAN NOiIINEE FOIi COUNTY
Assessor. 529-td
For Treasurer.
A. S. GREENLAW,
REGULAR KF.Pt'P.LIOAN NOMINEE FOR
County Treasurer. s'^3 td
For Auditor and Recorder.
W. E. GKRBHR,
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
County Auditor and Recorder. f'27-td
For Supei intend eat of Schools.
OHAS. E. BISHOP.
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
County Su[>erinteiident of Public Schools.
n2() td
For Public Administrator
H- 3. B£ALS,
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
Public Administrator. s-26 td
For Ooroner
J. FRANK CLARK,
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
County Coroner. sltt-istd
For Supervisor.
JOSEPH YVTSSMAN.
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
Supervisor of Second Ward. s2O-istd
For Supervisor.
SAMUtL BLA R,
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
Su|iervisor of the Third District. s;S istd
For Supervisor.
S. GOTTIEiB.
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
z Supervisor, Fourth Di-trict. sls-td
For Supervisor.
BERNARD STEINMAN.
REGULAR KKI'UBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
Supervisor, first District. 00 td
For Police Judge.
W. S. S A F FO R Di
REGULAR TEPUDUCAN NOMINEE FOR
Police Judge. 523-! d
For Justice of the Peace.
J . O. TUBBS.
REGULAR REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR
Justice of the Peace for Sacramento City.
oi- td*
"DEMOCRATIC! OANDIDATES.
================================
For State Senator.
FREDERICK COX,
REGULAR DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOR
&Ute Senator. 8 2fl.td
For Sheriff.
A. H.Ts>H,L,
REGULAR DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOR
Sheriff. 03-td
For County Clerk.
M. R. BEARD,
REGULAR DEMOCRATIC NOMINEB FOR
County Clerk. s-il-istl
For County Assessor.
C. "W£L"LS.
REGULAR DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOR
Cunly A«m-B"nr. Sco i^t.l-
For Treasurer.
MICH aTT FAY.
DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOR COUNTY
Treasurer. i^gtj
For District Attorney.
JOHN T. CAREY,
REGULAR DKMI.CKATiC NOMINEE FOR
District Attorney. 529 td
For County Ooroner.
JOHN rVMLLER,
(Of Frilzi Miller)
REGULAR DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOII
County Coroner. s3O-td
For Supervisor.
J. R WEBSTER.
REGULAR DEMOCRATIC NOMINES FOR
1 Supervisor of Third District. 05-td
For Supervisor.
William Mclaughlin.
REGULAR ! EMOCRATIO NOMINEE FOR
Supervisor of Iho Second District. s2S-i»td
For Supervisor.
ROB KRT ALLEN.
DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOR SUPERVISOR
ol First District. „(.
For Supervisor.
JAMES M-GURC,
REGULAR ITMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOR
Supervisor. Fourth District. slft-td
For Police Judge.
W. A. HENRY,
REGULAR DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE FOR
Police Judjie. slo td
STREET RAILWAY COIPT.
rpiiE Fouownra has been served on
■*■ the Street Railway Company. Citizens p»t
ronizii:g the cais must be guided accordingly :
"All street cars and horses the&tu attached,
when stopped on any street m!lroa<! hirtvieon Front
and Tenth, sod I and X streets, inclu»ivo, in the
city of Sai-nmcnto, shall bo stopped clear cf tho
intcrcections of the streets and of the street cross
insrs, and shall not be allowed to stop or stand lv
any of the intersections of saij streets. Any person
having the control or management of the runiiinf;
of ar y street car, or who sh.ill vio'oU the j.ro M s.
ions of this section, shall be punished by a tine < f
not less than ten ncr more than one hundred dol
lars, or hy impiifoument for not it 51 than five nor
more than two hundred days, or by both such fine
and imprisonment."
You will therefore sec that the abeva ordinance ia
strictly complied with.
MATT. KAHCHEP.,
010-5t Chief tf Foßoo.
*S CURES WHm All ELStFAILSTTa
fS] HsjsOanfjfcHaiMu Tantwigood W
H] l**^:;i; :nf. .-w,f<i i.y dnigir^u. L 3
MiMyTnThS&Bwla,»lyS
CAOWALADER & PARSONS,
TJ EAL FSTATE AXD INSURANCE AOBNTS,
Corner Third and J street*.
AGENTS
ONION INSTANCE CO. OF SAN HUWCISCO
nre »nd Marine.
Itooer o< Deed! sod CooTeTsooer. JIMpU
ELECTION P&OOLAMATION.
ELECTION PROCLAMATION.
Slate of California, )
Exrrctlve Department. 1" 4
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TUAT A GEN
end Election will be beld throughout the
State on
TCEBD4Y, THE 7th DA.V OK NOVF.MBEB,
A. D. Eighteen Hundred and Eiirhty-twn, when the
fcllowing officers will be elected, to-wit :
Governor,
Lieutenant-Governor,
Two Justices of the Supreme Court,
Secretaiy or Etatf,
Controller,
Treasurer,
Attorney-GetoTal.
Survtyor-fleacral,
Clerk of tte Supreme Court,
Superintendent or Public Instruction,
Six Representatives to !he Congress of the
United States, to be elected as follows :
First Congressional District — C<he|ioscil of the
City and County of San Francisco— One Representa
tive.
Second Congressional District—Composed of the
counties of Alameda, Alpine. ' Amador, t'alavcras,
Contra Costa, El Dorado, Nevada, Placer, Sacra
mento, San Joaquin aud Tuolumiie— One Repre
sentative.
Third Concessional District— Composed of the
counties of Butte, Coiusa, Del Nortc, llumboldt,
Lake, La&sen, Marin, Menuocino, M v ■. Napa, Plu
mas, Shasta, sierra, Siskiyou, Solano, Sonoma, Sut
ler, Tehama, Trinity, Yolo aud Vuba— one Repre
sentative.
Fourth Concessional District— Composed cf the
c luntii-s of Fresno, Invo, Kern, Loa Angeles, Jlari
poso, Merced, Mono, Monterey, San BeniU*. San
Bcmardin<', San Die^o. Sail Luis Obispo, San Mateo,
S-ttiti Barbara, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Stunisiaus,
Tulare and Ventura— '-'ne Representative.
Two RupreseL tativus at lar£e.
Three railroad Commissioners — To be
elected by iiUtricta, as foilows :
First District -Composed cf the c .unties of Al
pine, Amudor, Butte, Calaverafi, Colusa, - Del Norte,
El Dorado, Hiunholdl, Lake, Lassen, McndiK-ino,
Mod. c, Nnpa, Nevada, Placer, Plumi;s, Sacramento,
Shasta, Siernu. Sickiyou, Solauo, Som ma, Slitter,
Tahama, Trinity, Yolo axd Vubi— Oi;e Railroad
Commissioner.
Second DUtrict — Composed of tho counties of
Marin, San Mateo, aud the City ami County of San
Francisco- One Railroad Commissioner.
Third District-Composed of the counties of Al
ameda, Coutra Losta, Fresno, Inyo, Kern, Lob An
geles, Maiiposn, Merced, Mono, Monterev, Sm Be
uito, San ISernunlino, San Dieiio, San l>ai|lllli San
Luis oliis|K>, Santa Barbara, Santa Clam, Santa
Cruz, Stanislaus, Tulare, Tuolumne and Ventuia—
One Railroad Commissioner.
Four Members or the State Board of
Equalization, to be elected as follows :
From ea:h Congressional District, One -Member.
State senators— ln the Jollowiuc Senatorial
Districts :
First District— Composed ot the counties of San
Dieyo and -San Beinardina — one Senator.
Second District— Composed of the cojnty of Los
Angeles- One Senator.
Third District — Composed of tho counties of Ven
tura, Basil Barbara and San Luis til. 1-1. > — One
Senator.
Fourth DUtrict — Composed of the counties of
Tularv, Inyo, Fresno, Mono and Kern— One Sen
ator
Filth District- Composed of the counties of Mari
posa, Merced and Status aus-Onc Senator.
Sixth District- C'ompose-d of the counties of Santa
Cruz, Monterey and San Benito— Ona Senator.
Seventh District— Composed of the county of
Santa <;lar;\— Two Senators.
E-irhtli District— Composed of the county of San
Mateo and the city and county of San Francisco —
O.ie Senat »r.
Ninth District- Composed ofthat portion of the
city and county of San BiauUie 1 bounded and lie
scribed as follows, to »-it : C nunsccing at ■» poinl
where the eoutheriv line of -, he Dalted Sutfs Mili
tary Bnsar laliun, known as the " Presidio Reaerva
tton," tntersecta arfth tss waton es the Paciße
Oeaan ; tbenea meainlsring slono; the araton of paid
ocean and the waters of t..0 lUv uf Ban Francisco,
liorthei ly, easterly and boir.hcrl;. , CO the |viint where
Washington street Intenecta wi'.li s.ii i bay ; 'hence
westerly along s iil Waahlßitton street to Itsintw
sectiou with First avenue ; thai ••■ i.o'therly alouj;
said avenue ts its U,ter»ectlon with tha southerly
houmUry line of Uie sul "Prei 1 Reservation;?'
thence westerly , and along the souther)] boundary
live of said " Presidio Reserva Ion," !■> Its ii tersee-
tiou with the Pacific Oesau and Ina |>oi;it of begin
ning—Two Senators.
'lentil District- Composed ot that portion of the city
ai.d county of San Francisco, hounded aiid deec-ribed
as ft.llowp, to wit : Comnwocing at a point where
the southerly b-jundary live of the •' Presidio Re
fi rvatiou" intersects with the waters of the Pacific
Ocean ; thence easterly and :.lon^ the southerly
boundary line of said " Pretulio Reservation" to
the point where First avenue intersects wtth said
boundary Una : thenco southerly alone said First
avenue to the point tfhere Washington street inter
sects with awi First avenue; thane* easterly along
said Washington street n> its intersection wi'h the
waters of the bay of San Fratt teoo : 1 l.i nee southerly
along the line of s-.i I Da; t > the point ot mtirsec
tion ot Market street with said bay ; thence west-
I erly along E&id Market Btnffit HI Ille^llllll where
I Oeaiy street intersects with ssfaj atatktt street;
thence westerly along sal i Oa tj street to where it
connects wtth the Point Lobos ton road ; thence
along said I'oint Loboe toil road, a;:d nai 1 toll road
produced, m a direct Une •-•> the Pacific Ooean :
their-, northerly alone said ocean to the point of
beßinninir— r«.. .Smut -ir-
Elc'.nth District- Unmp -,1 ,f that i»->rt:.)n t.f
the city and i-oui.ty cf San Francisco bonnoed and
described as follovrg, to wi; : Conunecei£C ;.t a point
on the lino of Market Ftreet wbtre r..-,;r.li street in
tersect* with i-uid Market htre. t; thence eaaterlT
alon^ said Market ftreit to the watea or the Bay of
San Fraiuisco; thenc-ii southerTff r.i:d touthwestertt
along Un line of the waters ot said ha] 1 ■ a point
where Poorth etr.it biters ctswith said bay; thence
northerly along tii« Una of hui I Kcurii, street to the
point of berinntno;— Two Senators.
Twelfth District— Compsaad O< that ;>irtifin of the
i ity and cunty of San rnnciso-. bounded and de
scribed as f ollom, to wit : Oanmcncinc at the in
tersection of Ijirkin and (Jejry streets, a: d tunning
thence easterly alonjr taid Ueary street to its inter
section with Market Btrcet; thenco southwesterly
aloi.tf the line of said Market street to the point of
intersection of Fourth street with said Market
Htnet ; thence southerly alonj; said Fourth street to
the iK.im of it, intersection with channel street;
thence southwesterly alone said Channel street to
the point of its intersection with Eighth street ;
thence northerly alon- said Eighth street to tho
pjint of Its intersection with Market street ; thence
southwesterly a!one said Aarket Hreet to the [Kiint
of the intersectloa of Larkin straet »iih t;iid Mar
ket street ; thence northerly ulnntf sai 1 Larkin
street to the ioiut of beL,'iriiin~— T»o Senators.
Thirteenth District— Competed ot tiiat portion of
tlic city and county of Sm Francisco, bot'ndcd and
described as follows, to wit : CommeastaKSt 1 point
where the Point Loboa toll road prodooed in a
direct line westerl) internee s with the wateni of the
Pmitie ocean, and mnning thence easttrlr along
said Po:nt Lot. os toll road to the point •" its con
nection with Geary street; thince alone s^d (Inail
street easterly, to its llilniaill 11111 l with Lirkin ftreet J
thence southerly along saiJ L.\.rkin Btrc-et to the
point of its intersection with Market str. ct; tbence
north easterly aknjt b»id Market straat to the point
where K%bth street iiiterecctH with said Market
street : tl:!.ne-c ioiith easterly aloiiK said Eighth
ttrett to its iuterscciion with Channel stre. 1 ; thenea
north easterly alone said Chami-J street to the point
of Us interjection with F< urth street ; tlicr.cn touth
c UU rly al, Dg paid Fourth street to tho ( oint of its
intersection with the Bay of Ban Frandac 1 ; thenoe
southerly ai-.nethe lme'.f wati r-iof tin sji.l buy Ui the
point ot intersection of tha bonsdary line between
the city and counts of San Francisco and the county
cf Sl.l Mateo with the waters of said bay; thence
™ '< Ili :i •! -' fiici biiundary line to the i>."iiiit of ita
intersection with the Pidflci eean ; tbenca northerly
aloof th-i lin of s^.ii ocuui to t'je pi-iut of beuin
niDp Two Senators.
Foorteeatß Di-trict— Comp<ise(l of thu county ot
Alameda— Two Senat' n.
Fifteenth Di Met — Composed of tlie counties of
O-iitra O sta and Marin— One St . i'- r
Sixteenth District- Oomposed ot the c-juntiesof
San Joaiiuin ai.d Ainatlor. S:i-i Joaquin— Oiu Sen
atot; San Ju^quin, jointly with Ama.Jor-Oue Sen
ator.
StTanteantfa Dstrict^-Con.post-d of the counties
of Tuoluimie and la'.averas— One Senator.
Dgnteenth Pfatnet— Cnmpmeil of the o.unty of
Sa r.,.:iciit.- Two Si-natrrs.
Nineteenth District—Coii.posid A tlie counties of
Solano und V. 1.. Snano-one Senator; SoUno
Jo 'iiiy witt Vci,.. o r ,c Senator. '
Twentieth l<i»iricv— Comiosed of the c .unties of
Napa, L-.k" and Sonoma — <jkc Senator.
Twenty tint District— Couiposci of tho county of
Sonoma— Orik.- Soii»»tor.
TwentJ second Di-tric-t-Coroposcd of the county
of Plater One Sen »t r. .
Twenty tlnri Ki-trict -Cotnpo3«l of tho Munties
of hi Dorado aud Alpine— Ona Senator
rwenty-fourth District -Composed ot tl.e counties
of Nevada and Stem. Nevada— One Senator- Ne
j Intly with Siirra— One Sfnat-.r
T*e.i!;-fl'tli District- Cnmpufed of the c .untioa
at Yobs :ad Sot* r Om Bi i:» or.
Twei tj - tth D-'ttrict— Composed oi tho ooantiea
• f Butte, l'iuin.tsand Lvscn— Out Baßalor,
Twentr-ssren h District- Composed of the cotm-
Uesot Mend dim, Huinboldt and lHi Nof.e— one
Senate r.
Twenty eighth Dattdot— Coasnoesd ol tlic coun
tleaot fflakijon, Modoc, Trinity and Sh M ta-One
senator.
Twenty-ninth District— C imposed of the counties
■f ColoaaandTebama— Ona senator.
Members of the ABEetabiy— As follows :
Cftj and County of San Francisco- Ninth Sena
tonal Dinrict— Four Sli'int,ers; Tenth Senatorial
District -Four Members; E'e\f!ith Senat ri 1 Dis-
Met— Foot itanben ; Twelfth Benatorial District—
Foot Hembers; Ibim-cmh Begatorial District—
four Mctnb' rs.
In each i.f the eotmtist of Alameda, Ncvidi Sac
r.n.Mt... Ban Jeasjoie, Sa:,tj Caara ana bouoma-
I liree Uemb. rs.
In each of the counties of Aiiador, Bat Los
Angeles, S lanoand foba Two members.
In each of the counties of CUarena, Contra Co^ta
Dol Norte, ki Dorado, Fresno, iiumhoi.it Lak-'
surin, Meudodno, Monterey, Hspa, p;a.cr San Be'
ut.., San Bernardino, Ban Mego.Su Lasi Obkma
Baa Mato, Barta Cruz, Sierra, SunisUua, Sutler'
r ~~'~" f Ttir Tins manbiii
lv the counties of Aipine and Xl Dorado. joir,Uv—
One ininucr. ' '
In the counties of Coiusa and Tehamsi, ioirtlv-
One member. J J
In the counties of Iryo and Mono, j,,mtly_One
In the e,uniits ofKcm ami Tu":are, Jointly -Oca
member. * ""*■
On" m» C she?* 11 " °' M * ripoB% * nd Mcr ccd, j jintly
iSSllSE** °' M<XIOC aodSi » lli >»''. Jointly-
In thu counties of Plumas and Laseen l-,intlv
One meiuber. ' '' *
Mabel COUaticB Of ShMtl and Tric "y. Jointly -One
In the niMltkM of Ventura and Santa Barbara
jointly O-ie membc.
In .ach of the counties of Alameda, C ,lusa San
Pnoetoo and Teh»m:v- One Superior Ju>ige '
Ido hrrehy offer a rewaid (f $100 f.i.- the atTMt
»od conviction of any and every perßon violatiuc- the
proviuon-of Title IV., Part I , 5 the Penii CVde
raeb tewarJs to be paid until tho total amount here
*li' 000 tft ° l>ur P < * J raKi "» «>8 sum of
In ta»timoTy wboreof, I, Oecrje C. Perkins Got
ernor, h»v« hereunto set my hard and caused the
ureal seal of the State to be affixed at the TcuV of
Ba ; crame ti to l on thia 18th day at3*pU«ib«-, A D lasl
Attest . D. M Bvua, Secretary of Slate. »*J «

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