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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, October 14, 1882, Image 4

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Meteorological Ot>»erratlon.» — Tnkrn tl
Signal SUtloa at thr Same Moment.
S XRAjrasro, October 13. 1882—8*4 r. H.
r< MM Jf| ?saf If&f || •*••■
""»»■ I? "i|i ?S| II .r-Tha,
££_ -WI : II i_S _
O.ynipia 11. >3 50 F. 11 Fre«h . .91 Clmdy
P^niaDd.... 29. W 49 S. 8 Eight. .72 Fair
•webun;... 29.9/ 47 S. 8 Uifht.. .IS ('!■ udv
RadLloil... 5.94 6J \W. 10 Presh .6» Clear
•craiu ■ '.I B. E. Li«ht. . .32 Clear
B.rand*oo -'.:.: M NVV. Uilrisk.. .3U Omv
Vtiiita J 1.89 :; N. V.'. B Kru-li . .00 U. rain
t«Aw«. ■':•"■ OUm Cilm Clear
8»a I);et-o.. a.DOtii S. W. Utfht Cie«r
Mnxirnum t<!nper«t.ure, G2 : minimuia, 54
River almvu lo* water mark at 11 a.m., 10 fett.
Fall iv tmnty-toßi braa, 10 inches.
Screoani, ft*aal C< r. s, I.', o A.
— —
A eecood euition o( the KaoorMT— la i»«nio<J
ou:h A-i} at 2p. JL brin^inif the BMtaca and coaft
news i'i> to thrv'. hour. By this arrangcaient th
Bscord-~nios will pre'eut tbe lalest newsobUin
abie it all p».inu east *ud north of Sacramento.
rbc repular moroimc t»liti'>n of the Rbcokd-Csios
Is carried by morning trains, and is ahead of all
cooir-etitura aa far north as Chico, on the California
ana Oregen fUilrond ; west to Bcnieia, and >ooth to
Ssocklon, acd east to Colfax, Folsom and Placer
rtllo ai.d all intt rnißdinte places. The second edition
■uatter will be bond each day upon the third page.
Ia issued this morning The first part — ei^ht pa^cs —
is published Wednesdays; the second part— ciuht
pages— ii published Saturdays. Thus in each week
each eutecribtr to the Wkkkly Uni..:. receives six
teen BWaf of news raitter, prepared by the highest
journalistic ability and chosen with in eye single to
the ei;tertaimmnt, the cdueition ar.il tke profit of
the reader. The editorials of the Wi:k.klv Cmos
are everywhere admitted to be unequaled for schol
arly finiah, for vijjor of thou^l t, independence of
spirit and advanced ideas on all questions of public
and social policy, governmental affairs, community
interests and the prt-_-r and development of the
resources of the State. Tiie Agricultural depart
ment i.f tlie Wkkki.y [Jam ia unde.-tho direction of
an experienced farmer and a competent writer. Ska
home detriments are edited with especial care.
The oobsUH of the Wkkki.y l.\\i -N furnish the
■ tad in Xt ruied literary null iii. nimtn.
elevating and entertaining. Tiie market reports -re
[rom the beat commercial sonnet and an eo.-rcctci
1.-\ •!; ■■ •■ ■■ ry best authorities. The Wi.kki.y I'mon
I 1 Bad to any address for one year for £2 DO in
In New York Government bonds are quoted at
llii ( r Isof 1907;: 113 for 41s ; 1004 fjr Sia ; »«*
--i. i... M -■_ ■■'. -■:_ ; silver baa. US}.
Silver in London, 51 11 16.1 ; consols, 101 ">-16d ; S
per cent. United SUtes bonds, intended, 102 ; 4s,
In San Francisco half dollars are quoted at J dis
count to par ; Mexican dollars, 91 J Ctyi cents.
The Contention Mining Corupmy yesterday de
clartd a dividend of "Jj ccntd per share, and Itah
levied an assessment of (L
JHnlne; ■tocta were again weakia SaaFrmndaoo
„ Hi ..n.-'i prices showed but little variation
from the rates Ihurbdiy.
A :iru at Bridgeport, Conn., yesterday, ciuscd a
loss of $135,000.
Chicago is it j utinu' over the airi\:il of a band cf
On _'■>:! ■ttflep.
William Austin was handed for murder je&ttiany
a*. Lancaster, Ky.
Ti.' 1 ii .> r^ti of t'.ie Bgh*«enth Penr.s>lvania
' have nominated F. M. hini:nel for Con
B. 1".. Taylor, a desperado, resisting arrest near
Marshfiel !, M"., »jm abot dead by a Sheriff.
L.'wis I:.-:, iieit has been nominated tor Congress
b.v the Demoeritscf the Eighth lowa Distri.:l.
By a boiler explosion at Pntaninmr. 111., two men
were kille.t anil two others fatally :tjjurt-l.
A Cowboy it F>-rt Laramie, f/yoming, killed Rich,
ard V. Etein and badly wounded Miciiael Hyau, »>nd
was himself lynched.
A teleyrapli cable U to be laid under Lake Supe
r. m cx: au:n:ner.
The steamship City of Peking ailived at San
Francisco yesterday from China and Japan, brinif
injr advieew from Hongkong to September ir>lh, and
from Yokohama to f ei.tomber IClh.
It is now stated that crimin tl carelessness caused
the wreck of the steamship Herder.
The coopers of Chicago have struck for brawMd
During the past week 111 business failureß oc
curred in the United States.
The Committee on the Channel Tunnel have made
a report uafayi rablc to the project, at) daD^erous to
A new banking company U to lie sttrtel at Dub
lin, with a capital of U.C00.000.
In the trial at Cairo, Araui Pusha is conducting
iiis own defense.
A hunt was forcibly Hopped in Ireland Lv Uu
farmers and peasantry.
Th By Eiui;;ht was sentenced in Stocktou yester
day to Bye :«nd a hu'f years in the State Prison for
The pro|>erty of the landowners in Esrypt who
. rebelli -:i ii* t t be C"llti;C.ated.
The National Conference at Dublin tract week
I romi* - to !• ■■ :i largely-attended affair.
Maria PrtKOtt, ibc a^-tres?, has sued the Prcii
ih Dl I f tbe Aneriau Kswi Oonq am i f BTmr York
for libel, lj\inij lier damae,e3 at >ll),0OO.
Eugene Kiley, a Xe»v York pnllofniimij haa been
■entsnoed t.» ii\ months iv the Penitentiary for
elubbii.^ a citizen.
Mr;. Dobbins, aired €!), was Beriously injured at
Grass Valtejf re^erda; by a kitk from a hone.
Xiisaon sails from Eagtond to day for the Doited
Sheik Obeidullah, the KurdUh chief, has agreed
to cause no more trouble on the Persian frontier.
Ihe Swi-js Fcileral Council haa prohibited recruit
mi; for EKTPt
Another earllnniake OjMHllWd at Panama Wcdncs
duy tii^ht.
In a Bh(u:t:ni; nllray at Tipton, i;»., one msu waa
killed and three others daogi rou^ly wmi:: I .1.
The a\i ri^-e il.:ith rate from jellow fever in Mier
and Camargo, Mexico, is e!c\cn dr.ily.
JoUaWvd lime hr.s been clnsen President of
tho Association for the Advar.c -mei.t of Women.
By the fall of I platform st Beverly, Maw., yes
terday, a lar^c r. umber of | era i.d were thrown to
the ground and many inj'irei.l.
;;• n it i-i nearly tho midilc of October, ud f> '.
OUUOtIJf exchanges conic to hand with doleful ac
comts at *Im it :•■ :tn<l itacfc unprotected from
the rain, ami much of t!u wheat l-s tpreating and
rotting. IVi :.i i; in- any different liud the rain held
I Deeamberi (TadoriMH Men will for all
the future m in all the put wait for the eleventh
hour, and wbee it l»lll»n. curse their ill hick.
TnoDOU ir. iIACViLLE has written a fa'itmtic
tory f..r tliu Ucriiti [G '. entitled " Journal
i»t« f the Future," tn which he brojjly bmioqoei
s ■■:!!■ rigrktd Aauriem Jonraaßao. W\ d a tuui
It hil . tn n Francisco wotiU afford him
Asp if the comet does rai*c :hs luiptlllUH io
■ . .: one nit shrivel up like 1- if ;.» r ra I
■ :. 'i:>-: ■'■: '. perftCt
DO ii l L.'i -I Hi l :: 00 I!'.' 1 l&bjoct)
I oin't make an issue cut ol it
tit a .
branH n I ■•ruts of Turkey, ::■• >.i wbfaib
the hulk cf 11. • nds, are bi
ostiandtm on tree* tn plant 1
Tur '■'■ I -niers'
Com-entio'.: at Stockton v "eeo atric" T.,^ is
■bdOl a» diarital k a term !ia it couid employ. The
farmers of the State :,r; n t Ntpoailbta fr i\
It isanion^- the po!it;c»! rusors cf thvdaj Hut
«l«otlnti. to i.ii.i Ui ai i t mid nafciDK lti
MM or.
TazToisea CUuem ut»> - : . -
'•The (k; tint • man is i
kitui „: rac KBmud .■.;■>. t. cl^-: iiim to ar, I
aut off.v. ."
"Etskv man isoccajiin»Hy wlut he OOftrttobt
pcrp^tu»l!r" I'u: :* Im m whai l:<j ou.-ht u> he,
when he l* in the rj-.ist of a politic*! caxpaicn M »
cir.ii.ii-iti I
T!i<: lery latest new Hri is the product ol the
feeble bnir. ■ 1 x Chicago rcaiymade c'.cthini deal
er, and hi ciil* it " panuluoaerii."
L«« Axgklis |ici|!e are" MWMhf iheiueclvt!
ou the ipKudid pros^cl lefore Him fri lln coinin^-
Usder a nev ndiag in the Districi vi OdiMtMi
no one e*n open a t»l. on *;th:a ooa block of *
In Neva la i-ouoiy than is strong tilk uf an icje
pendent ticket.
Tub early nin-UI has injured the gripe crop st
Calif ornia has for many years been cursed
with a class of knavish demagogue*. These
knavish demagogues have been distributed
between journalism and politics. Their
motives for action have been, in the case
of the newspapers, sordid greed ; in the
case of the politicians, sordid greed. To
recommesd themselves to the ignorant and
unthinking, and to acquire the reputation
of public spirit, these rascals have pursued
a destructive policy, striking at every
thing that helped to bnild up the State,
denouncing and vilifying every important
industry and enterprise, and giving Cali
fornia so bad a name all over tk« world
that immigration has been prevented, set
tlement retarded, capital frightened away,
and the public welfare most seriously and
generally injured. Kearneyism, which
has cost the State from first to last not less
than *r>0, 000, 000, was the direct creation
of these mischievous agencies. They care
fully fosttrcd it, cursed it into importance,
fanned the tlame of discontent. San Fran
cisco journals deliberately and with malice
prepenee hounded on a half- crazy mob to
riot, arson and murder. They kept that
city for nearly two years in a state of ner
vous apprehension. They drove its trade
away, they depreciated its real estate, they
struck it a blow from which it has never
recovered. And now the same men and
journals are impudently endeavoring to
cover up their tracks by accusing the rail
road of being the cause of these misfor
tunes ; the railroad, which has brought
hundreds of millions of new values to the
State, which has advanced it fifty years in
growth, which has extended its markets,
developed its resources in every directioD,
and induced the investment of scorea of
millions of capital.
The knaviah demagogues who produced
Kearneyism, who produced the calamitous,
communistic new Constitution, who have
been the curse of California for the past
fifteen years, are now engaged in the to
called anti-monopoly movement. True to
their sinister instincts, they have under
taken to create enmity between the peo
p'e of the State and the inttrest which is
most iutirr.ately bound up with them.
Not content with having proclaimed Cali
fornia fur years as a good place to keep out
of, not content with having given it a com
munistic notoriety which will ictard its
growth ten or twenty years, unt content
with disseminating mischievous lies abou:
the complete monopoly of all the land,
not content with libelling and besmirch
ing every enterprise undertaken with a
view to increase the population and
wealth of the country, these public ene
mies have now flung theuiEclves into a
desperate effort to create and consolidate a
chronic state of ill-feeling between the rail
roads and tho people. In doing this they
have ir jured the State in a double way.
Ia the lirst place they have given it a bal
name abroad. In the second place they
have caused the people to squander their
time And money in ths enactment of mi
li^nant and discriminative measures which
cinnot stand. All that will survive from
this unwholesome agitation will be bad
fueling and the consciousms3 of wasted
These knavish demagogues ore at the
present moment clamoring to have enemies
of the railroad elected as Railroad Com
missioners. Yet they are fully aware that
they aro tiring blank cartridges, inasmuch
as the Railroad Commission has already
been declared an unconstitutional tribunal,
by implication, in the recent decision of
the United States Circuit Court. Indeed
John T. Doyle, who has just accepted the
nomination of the whisky-seller Harrison,
has himself declared, in a published inter
view, that he does not believe the Railroad
Commission can stand in the Federal
Courts. Lawyers have long baen aware of
this. The 8.8 080 Union pointed out the
fatal defects of the Commission before the
C. institution was adopted. But the knaves
and the fools together undertook to enact
it, and now the two clasecs e»n comfort
one another when it is pronounced invalid
by the United States Supreme Court. In
the face of these facts, however, the public
encm.es keep up their clamor. Whether
their malice can be made effective or not
see::ig to trouble them very little, so long
as they can stir up ill feeling, and set the
people against their best fnends. If they
can succeed in drivirjg capital out of the
State they are more than satisfied, and the
more harm they do the more mischievous
become their inclinations.
If California has not prospered of late
years it is the fault of these malignant ras
cals. For they have dove all in their
power to build a Chinese wall round the
State. They have attacked and calum
niated every important interest. They
have raised the cry of land monopoly, of
railroad monopoly ; they have hounded on
the poor against the rich ; they have ad
vocated confiscation under the thin dis
guise of taxation ; they have procured the
incorporation to the Constitution of provi
sions which would disgrace a community of
briganJs ; they have impudently defended
the most shameless and barefac3d discrim
ination in taxation ; they have taught that
it is right to rob corporations and to mal
treat them ; the\ have indorsed the adop
tion of Communisn 1 into the organic law ;
they have created the impression all
over the world that California is in
the bands of a conscienceless mob
which punishes enterprise by the conl'i3Ca
tion of surplus property, and whioh marks
down for destruction every under
taking which becomes important. The
work nf these knavish demagogues has
been wholly evil, in fact. They have in
jured the State from the beginning. It is
to their sinister policy that the dearth
of immigration is attributable, and to noth
ing eUe. Tbey are the ill birds that foul
their own nest. California cannot lay the
blame of her backwardness upon outsiders.
She owes it alf to her orn ciiizsn3. She
owes it to campaigns like the present, in
which two sets of mendacious impostors
are traveling over the State, maintaining
false issues, and grossly traducing the most
important and beneficent interest in the
State, for no higher or worthier porpo3e
than the obtaining of offioe for their con
temptible selves.
These are the agencies which have kept
the State back. Theae are the influences
which have prevented settlement, which
have depreciated real estate in San Fi-an
cbes, which have checked trade and made
batiaess stagnant. If the merchants of
that city want to do better in the future,
they will have to recognize the truth of
t his, and they will have to discard the evil
instrumentalities which have been 60 long
at work. Such journals ai the Chronicle,
for tiimp'e, are veritable plague spota in
fie body politic. Their influences is wholly
destructive and mischievous. They are
the machinery of black-mail, tha ready aid 3
to demagogues and public plunderer*.
They are hacd-in-glove with every thiev
ing ring. They are cccVnually suggesting
dishonesty and injustice to their readers.
They encourage such abortive movements as
the new Constitution rnovetnsnt, and as
the present campaign. All theso efforts to
do evil under process of law either have or
will come to neught. The Railroad Com
mitsionerß will be consigned to the limbo
whkh already enshrouds the State Board of
Equalization. The attempts at contisca
tion of corporate property will be defeated.
But the ill-feeling that has bec-n cultivated
so sedulously will remain, and will con
tinue to retard the growth aud settlement
of the State. The truth is that what is
really needed is a campaign against the
knavish demagogues who have brought this
curse and blight upon California.
It becomes more evident from day to day
that England can do as she pleases with
E s 'ypt, and that no European puwer has
the least intention of interfering with her.
Franco understands that she is altogether
out of the game. She has no claim to be
reinstated in the original relations, and
England, we may be sure, would never
resume arrangements which were found to
be extremely inconvenient and embarrzu.v
ing while they lasted. France showed a
little petulance when she realized that
England had cocquered the monopoly of
the Egyptian question, but tho Govern
ment has never had any disposition to pro
test agaiubt this. Germany is well known
to be in full accord with England. What
ever Gladstone proposes will be indorsed
by Bismarck. Austria will of course fol
low Germany. Russia is a3 much out of
the calculation as France. She is in no
condition to undertake new enterprises of
any kind. At presant the Czir has enough
to do to preserve his life. So long as
Kihi'iam continues to threaten the Govern
ment of that country it will be practically
withdrawn from tha European Concert.
Italy has Veen manifesting some uneasiness
and some irritation, ever since France sent
out tho Tunis expedition. The truth is
that Italy is becoming ambitious, and
therefore inclined to be (juarrelsome.
She wants to teßt her newly-acquired
unity in a practical way, and Bho
can think of nothing better than
a war with some of her neighbors.
Fortunatoly for her she haa statesmen
WIM enough to understand thut she is not
strong enough for auch dangerous under
takings, and that the next lifcy years will
have to be devoted to peaceful industry if
Italy id to tsko position again as a lirit
class power. lSut there is nothing to inter
fere with Mr. Gladstone's deliberate and
untrammeltd adjustment of the Egyptian
question, and whatever ho does, therefore,
he alone must bear the responsibility of.
Bismarck said the other day that he un
derstood England intended to purchase
enough Suez Canal stock to give her the
control of the company. This will be an
easy matter, as she already; holds 177,000
shares, and would therefore only need about
•J. 1.000 more to give her a majority. By
such a step the [Government could obviate
all difficulties in connection with the
guarantees of the company, anl cculd ar
range for the protection or neutralization
of the caiial as might seem U-t.
The presumption is that England will
insist on erecting fortifications at both
esds of the canal, and holding them her
self with strong f garrisons. The neutrali
zation of the canal in the event of a war
involving her Indian empire could never
be fubmitted to by her. In any such case
she would have to seize tho canal by force,
and therefore it is much better for her to
anticipate such a contingency by Eecuring
permanent control of it.
The Sun Francisco ChronU »: says : "If
"John T. Doyle had been a member of the
" present Board of Railroad Commissioners
"ho would have succeeded in doing tha
" people soma service, even if he had men
" like Deerstecber and Cone opposed to
"him." Unfortunately for assertions of
that sort, Mr. Doyle has a record as ltail
road Commissioner which gives the lie to
any hypctheeia of tho bind. He was a
member of the Board of Uailrcad Commis
sioners (to which, by the way, he was ap
pointed by Governor Irwin, whom the
Chronic!-' calls a Railroad Governor), and
he had General Stoneman for a colleague.
Thus there were in the came oliice two
men who arc at. present] held up as Anti
ltailroad champions of the tirst quality.
Now it is of record that neither John T.
Dojle cor General Sloneman diJ, as Rail
roid Commissioneiß, any "service for tho
" people" from the Chromde't point 01
view. What they did really was in the
line of a public service, for they pointed
out in their report that the railroads of the
State were well and honestly conducted ;
they defended the corporations against the
attacks of demagogues ; they demonstrated
the folly and impracticability of the "coßt
"of service" doctrine; they showed that
freights and fares were reasonable in Cali
fornia ; and they justified the contract sys
tem, by implication at least. It
will therefore not do for the CHrowii ft
to draw upon its imagination for a picture
of what Mr. John T. Doyle would, could,
might or should hive done, had he been a
mumbci of the present Commission. We
know just what he would have done. Ho
would have pursued the course which he
adopted when he was a member of the
Commission. Ha would have defended
the railroads inbtead of attacking them.
He would have written reports explaining
the futility and folly of the " cost of serv
ice" principle. This is what Mr. Doyle
does when he is a Kiilroad Commissioner,
and every one has a perfejt right to con
clude that if he was a member now, or if
he sbould be a member hereafter, he would
take up his original policy where he
dropped it. Mr. Doyle ia not an unknown
man. He haj been in the very otHoe he is
seeking now. Ha haa been tested. He
had not a majority r.ga'nst him. He could
have done whatever ha liked. Hut Mr.
Doyle is a very cautious, conservative,
reasonable mm, as soon as he finds himself
in oliiss, as his neocd shows. And be
sides, was he not appointed by Governor
Irwin, that "Railroad Governor"?
In the ship Challenger, just airivel at
Seattle from Philadelphia, has beea found
! a rival of the Sunrise. The Captain and
i first male arc ia jiil on charges of beating.
| woundirs and cruelly maltreating the
• third mate. It appears that the ship wa3
'■ one of those floating hells into which the
few remaining American ocean vcrscls
have degenerated. The crew were (jer
mans and Scandinavians, and the Captain
| and tirss mate wero abusing them all the
i time. The third mate was opf>>3sd to
j these outrages, and because he pro'ested
against them his ruffianly superior officers
i disrated him, imprisoned him ia a confined
: space in irons, starved a- d bsat him until
; in his despair he tried to kill himself, com
-1 pelled the crew to kick and strike him at
I short interval?, »nd wound up by trying to
I have him arrested on a charge of insanity
•on the arrival of the vessel. Mount fart is
• the name of this scoundrel Captain, and
| Coaway that of his scoundrel mate. It is
alleged that every man on board the ChaU
lenger has been abused more or less by
these brutes, and in short they have re
peated the atrocities which have 83 often
been exposed in the case of vessels enter
ing San Francisco. We earnestly hope
that Mountfort and Conway will both be
convicted and given long termß in the
penitentiary. It id a pity that they cannot
also be llogged, for we are convinced that
with such cowardly tyrants the mest
effective punishment is that which inflicts
severe bodily suffering. Bat these cues,
which appear to become more frequent
every year, show that the American mer
chant marine is deteriorating in all ways,
and that in a Bhort time it will be
found impossible to induce a real sea
man to sign articles for voyages in
such vessels. The masters and mates
employed — and apparently by preference —
are the scum of the earth ; blackguards
and rulh'ana who have learned to take a
positive pleasure in the infliction of
cruelty, and who use the men under them
worse than any brutal Blave-owner of the
Ligrte typo ever used Blaves in the worst
days of slavery. It is really a wonder
that there are bo few mutinies and
assassinations of masters and mates at
sea, considering the intolerable aggravations
of the men, and their endurance under
such treatment proves that they are far
superior to their ofEcerc. The responsibil
ity of ship-owners in this connection,
moreover, is greater than might be sup
posed. As a rule they know thoroughly
well whut manner of men their captains
and mates are, and too frequently they
employ the ruffians whose atrocities we so
often htar of, with a deliberate view to
the expediting of the voyage am', the
practicing of economy, by these means'.
Cases have been known in which owners
have actually instructed captains to so use
their crews that they would desert at the
port of discharge. li is true that when
crewa like this of the Challenger are
brought into the Courts, the owners aru
made to suffer financially ; but it would be
well if they were held to a mere strict ac
countability for tho treatment of the
crews that sail their ships.
It is stated that a New York policeman
has actually been convicted and sent to the
Penitentiary for clubbiuq a citizen without
caus.'. This is really a startling piece of
intelligence. For years the police of New
York have bo^n accustomed to treat the
people of that thief-ridden city as though
it had been a conquered town. They have
clubbed anyone who protested against their
raiiianly practices, and have ir.ade no ex
ception on account of age or sex. They
have several times attacked and cruelly
beaten peaceable citizens who were commit
ting ao other ctl'onae thin sitting on their
own Btoop?. They have cause! the deaths
of scores of huHKMUt people through thtir
ferocious behavior, and have broken arms
and legs iur.umt.-i able. Through all thtir
habituil atrocities they have bteu upheld
by their superiors, because of their polit
ical inlluccce. The people, whoso servants
they are in theory, have been in n.ort»l
fear of them. It you asked a police
man a civil question, as to local
ity for instance, you never could be
sure that he would not club you into in
sensibility and then drag you v'S to the
station, for your temerity. A worse and
more lawloas set of ruiii »ns never infested
a city under pretense of protecting it. It
is well known that they are in the pay of
gamblers and bad character?, and until
very recently it has been impossible to
procure the conviction of a single one of
these people, because the police protected
them. The Mm therefore that one of ihe
New York Janizaries has real'.y been s?nt
to the Penitentiary for clubbing a citzen
is remarkable. Indeed the only rational
explanation of it is that the patrofanaa
must have made the mistake of clubbing
an Alderman or a ward club president. In
such a ate of course he would have to
suffer, but if it had been a mere merchant
or a professional man whose bkull he hr.d
fractured, the attempt at redre33 would
probably have proved vain.
Xo more barbarous impost ha 9 ever been
maintained than the twenty-live per cent,
tariff upon foreign books which the United
States ara discredited by. It has been
said that this tariff is a tax upon learning,
and the statement is very literally true.
For of the foreign works annually pub
lished, probably not five per cent, are ever
reprinted in this country. Of the works
on scientific subjects the percentage is even
smaller Wian this. The consequence is that
the tariff of twenty-five per cent, is a
perfectly useless, wanton and outrageous
tax upon scholars alone. Whoever ha 3 de
voted himself to Btudy in any branch of
science, knows that unless ho has access
to some well-Eupplied public library he
must import nine out of every ten books
needed by him. American publishers as a
rule avoid what they call " heavy" foreign
works. They know that the market for
them is limited, and the expense of repro
duction is often so great that though they
begin by stealing the book, they cannot
make much profit out of it. The literature
which issues from American presses does
not embrace the rtost important European
works, as a rule, and no man in
America cm maintain a private library
without importing largely and constantly
merely to keep abreast of the age. The
special abuse of the tariff on imported
books consists in the fact that it does not
even "protect" American labor in the
most superficial way. It ia a sheer obsta
cle to scholarship in the United States. It
is, as has been sail, a tax upon learning.
And since this tariff enables the book
importing firms to charge something more
on their own account, the purchaser fre
quently finds that through the imbecility
of hia Government ha i 3 compelled to p*y
fall forty per cent, above tin Earopen re
tail price uf the bsoks he imports. In fact
the tax is extremely onerous, anl acts as a
direct and continual discouragement to
learning. The pssr soholir who i 3 far
fro:n public libraries is prevented from ob
taining the helps he reqnire". Oa the
other bids there is no compensating advan
tage. It i ■ a stupid and mischievous and
uncivilized tax, and if Congress hal the
least sympathy with or comprehension of
literature and learning, it would have re
moved the shameful impost l»ng a^>. The
policy which maintains it h Turkish in
its ignorance and stolidity, however, and it
v therefore probable that whoever desires
to improve his mind will still have to pay
extrarsgatkMy for his boks.
We publish to-day a letter from aa ex
perienced civii engineer, who is fully ac
quainU-d with thn topography of the
Isthmua of Panama, npon the canal
project of M. de Leseeps. Our cor
respondent expresses the emphatic opin
ion that it is impracticable to contract a
canal across the Isthmus. The Chagres
river he declares ias we have always msia-
tamed ito bo an insurmountable obstacle,
while the new idea of carrying the canal
above the Chagres in a stone aqueduct
he considers out of the question, because
of the frequency of earthquakes in that
region. This last consideration is certainly
a very important one. As he points out,
there have been earthquakes on the
lathmu3 within the past two months,
which have rendered the Panama Kiil
way impassaMe for one third of its length,
have thrown down the maaaivo stone
warehouses at Colon, and have indicted
injury upon every substantial editije on the
Isthmus. It is perfectly apparent that
euch an earthquake would have cracked
the most solid stone aqueduct that could
be constructed, and yet it is notorious
that the Isthmus of Panama is
never aafo from these Bhocks,
and thai they are often much more Bevere
than the recent ones. This new objection
is quite fatal to the aqueduct plan, but the
aqueduct plan was really the last desper
ate recourse of a baffled engineer. The
conformation of the Isthmus, and the regi
men of the Chagres river, have proved
too much for M. do I<»ssep>, who started
on this enterprise without any accurate per
sonal knowledge of the country. He may
now endeavor to use the echeme as a stock
jobbing instrument, bat we quite agree
with our correspondent that he will never
succeed in constructing his canal, and that
the millions sunk in the enterprise will be
lost to the stockholders at least. It is not
so cerUin that M. de Lesaep-i and his
frienda will lose money by the collap3o of
the undertaking.
Bishop Lynch, of Canada, has caused a
sensation by denouncing Scott's "Mar
mion " as an improper poem, and indncing
the very complaisant authorities of Mont
real to withdraw it from the school- course,
where it had previously been used. The
objection raited by Bishop Lynch to the
poem rests on the reference in it to a fallen
nun, who is described as being w.ille d up
alive in the convent as a punishment for
her apostacy. Bishop Lync'i says that this
description is offensive to CUholic, and
therefore the poem is an improper u ne, It
is evident that if bishop Lyuch'ij doctrine
was applied to literature generally, Catho
lics would very soon be restiiuted to a
pauper diet. For there is not a history,
either of America, France, England, .Spain,
Italy or Germany, which does not swarm
with relations of fact a thousandfold more
offensive to Catholics than Sir Walter's
imaginative description of Minr.ion'a
unfortunate leman. Ju fact it would be
necssiry, in order to secure absolute
protection against the kind of ctfonse which
the truth too often i--, to coniiue Catholic
readers to purely Cfttholio accounts of
everyth>n_ : and theie would then be no
danger t t t! t-ir btic^ l.nrt by too much
truth. An.'t such a coarse no doubt would
commend itself b I). -hop Lynch, though
why he it permitted to exercise dictation
of this ppposten us kind in any part of
tha Dominion of Ca) »da is a question
which the Marquis of Lime perhaps may
be able to answer. It i.- very certain that
at the Pope's headquarters co such intel
lectual interference and tyranny would
now be tolerated for a moment, and it is
uot a little remarkable that it should be
allowed in an Kaglish olony, even though
Lower Canada may have been under the
dominion of the Church of Rome ever since
it waa founded as New France. Old Count
Frontenac would assundy not havo al
lowed the Bishop to dictate to him on a
point of this kind, but it eeems that in
Lower Canada the Papacy is more influen
tial than the Government at present, and
i:o3sesse», ia fact, more authority than any
where else in the world.
Recent dkpatahaa are to the effect that
thfl I nilcaiu refuse to modify their Urn s
in regard to Para, and that the 1\ ruvians
declare they will fight a-ain rather than
submit to their terr»B. Ii id dillicult to
understand » hit this mean?. The Peru
vians have not possessed any govern
ment since the occupation of their country
by the Clii!e»n armiep. Anarchy has ever
since prevailed in the interior, aud stagna
tion in the canters of population. Half a
dozen guerilla chiefs have been struggling
foi the Dictatorship, but no indication?
have been given of the existence of any
nationil sentiment rave that of despair.
In fact Tern appeals to have almost literally
fallen to pieces as the rt suit of the wa*,
and it is a very serious question whether it
can be recoi.structed. As to talk of lighting
again, it is nonsetse. Pern his neither a
government, nor an army, nor a treasury.
The whole administrative machinery has
broken down utterly, and what
is etil! worse, it seems as though
the majority of the people had aban
doned industry aa I buaines", and reverted
to savagery. Under the circumstances it
is probable that the Chileans will have to
undertake the government cf the country,
or support a native Dictatorship. What is
needed i 3 the rule of a strong man who will
put down lawlessness aud violence even
with harshness, and who will encourage,
and if need be coercj, ths people into re
suming their ordinary occupations. Un
less this ia done it seems evident that
Peru will drift into barbarism very rapidly,
and in that event Chile will not only 1)3
compelled to farago all her war indemnity,
but to keep up a constant guerilla warfare
with a siiva^e and implacable enemy. A
Dictatorship is there r ore the oaly remedy
which seeim to afford hope of a cure.
A Convention of c >lored c:ti/.t:is hai
juat been held in San % Franc:soo, in too >rJ
ance with the t«rm3 of a widely- circulated
address calling up-m this class of the politi
cal community to meet and canfer upon
the bc3» methods of eecuring political
recognition. The colored voters, it seems,
have a grievanco. They say that they hive
faithfully adhered to the republican party
for many years, but that they have never
received any roco^ltion at the hands of
tha State Conventions. They want to know
now how they cancocvincs the lUpablican
party of the propriety of giving ti'em a
shari of the offices, and it was for this pur
pose tha Convention was called. It an
psirs from the action of some of the col
ored voters of Sacramento that the me
tives of the San Francisco body are net
regarded as above suspicion ; in fact, our
local o'.ored men have denounced them
as beiag desirous of selling ont to tome
bady. Yet it is apparent that the colored
voters might not unnaturally tane such ac
tion without laying themselves open to
suspicion. They would only be doing
what th: temparance people have
already done, and what the Anti-Debris
men ani the Farmers' Convention pro.
posed to do. In fact this is a year in which
all who think themselves unfairly dealt
with resent it by bolting, and therefore if
the colored voters followed the general
practice thcrj wonld not be anything sur
prising in it. They claim between 5,000
and 10,000 votes. It ia evident that if
they acted together they would hold the
balance of power. It is equally evident
that with co large a voto they have a right
to demand practical recognition. It ia
true they have nothing to expect from the
Democrats. Bat neither have the I'ro
kibitionista. What is clear is that they
are 'lisatfected to some extent, but it re
mains to be Beeu whether their dissatisfac
tion will thow itself in any considerable
change of votes next month.
It is difficult to see why Henry Ward
Beecher should have thought it necessary
to separate himself from the Congrega
tional [':.!'.. for notwithstanding the
heterodoxy of Eomo of his views it is evi
dent that he possesses a fund of credulity
sufficient for all the demands likely to be
made upon it, and it is therefore hard to
understand why he should have made his
peculiarities a matter of conscience. His
explanation really does not explain hia at
titude bo much ay his character. He shows
himself to be a man whose emotions domi
nate his intellect. He does nut reason
about his religious beliefs, but he feels.
One consequencd of this is that there i-> no
consistency in his conceptions. He rejects
some dogmas on grounds which, if he
really held to them logically, would compel
the abandonment of other dogmas which
nevertheless he adheres to strongly. His
acceptance aad hU rejection are alike
illogical and inconsistent, but thit does not
trouble him. H:s religion is purely senti
mental, and therefore he can make his
creed as elastic and changeable as he
pleases w.th.v.it finding it nee -ssary to cill
himself to account. It is no doubt an
easy and agreeable way of treating tuc-h
questions, but he who teaches religion
from Mr. Biecher's standpoint will be very
apt to surround him3elf with an heretical
• a
It ia now announced th.t evidence haß
been obtained proving that the so-called
Skirmii!i : n^ Fund has been Btolen and
squandered by the impostors who raised it.
We are inclined to agree with the Chicago
Tribun? ia thinking that afoer all this in
the best usa tint could have b^en made of
it. For it must be remembered that the
avowed purposes to which the fund was to
be devo;ed were infamous. O Donovan
R>ssa and his gang boasted that they were
going to blow up British vessels with
dynamite, at sea, and send all their crews
and passengers to the bottom. These en
terprises were to be varied by assassina
tion and the blowing up of jails and
barracks and court-houeea. In short, the
fund was to be employed in p. rpetratiug the
most hideous and inhu:nan crimee, and it
«as with the hope and expectation that i:
would b6 sj employed that it was con
tributed. It \i, therefore, nothing leas
thau a satisfaction to know that the rogues
who pretended to he prepared for all man
ner of atrocities were really very ordinal'
swindlers, and that they never had any
other purpjse than to livo in clover at the
expense of their credulous countrymen.
Nor is it posciolu to feel the kast sympathy
for the contributors to the Skirmishing
Fund, teeing that their willingness to help
forward the abominable deeds wii;h v- ere
promised, v disgraceful to them.
The OmiUght Journal publishes 3 state
ment to the ell^ct that Edieoc has failed to
light 2.5C0 houses with his incandescent
electric light, owitig to the inij.srfect in
sulation of his conducting wires. Ac
cording to this account he eonld only light
about fifty houses, an.l what is worse, he
could not ascertain how the current was
disix r^ed. The gist of the statement ia
that he has encountered an iaburmountab'e
obstacle, in fact. Now before we recom
mend oar readers to accept this relation
as true we feel it necessary to point out
th.tt the Oatltghi Journal is published in
the interest of illuminatioi by gas, and
that consequently it is not friendly to Mr.
Edison's project. The character and cir
cumstance of the pap:r In fact are such as
to throw strong suspieioa upon any state
ment it makes of the kind here under con
sideration. It is possible that Edison may
have encountered unforeseen diuiculties,
but we do not btlieva that hs hai to cope
with an insurmountable olstach ia the
perfect insulation of his conducting wires,
or that tilfl divisibility of the electric cur"
rent has been shown to be ur. attainable.
Id short-, we shall require a n.uch better
authority than that cf the Ga-tliyht Journal I
before believing that Kdison has failed as
The New York Herald, in noticing Gen
eral Stoneman's retaliation of his place on
the retired list of the army, says : "He
" has resigned, ws presume, because he
"dees r.ot consider it proper, or entirely
"delicate, that a candidate for a State
"oflioe should at the same time bj on the
" pay-roll of the General Government.
11 Tne point is a nice one, and General
" Stoueman is one of the very few men who
" have thought of raising it." Bless your
innocent heart, Mr. lltrabJ, the good G- c
eral did cot resign from auy such consider
ation. The "nice point" was not raisod
by him, but by hia political enemies, and
he resiened liecause he wa3 afraid that un
lsss he did so he would not be able to take
the Governorship, suopo»iag that he was
fortunate enough to be elected. If th'j
determination of t \e " nice point" had
rested altogether with himself, hia previous
ol!i ill course justifies the conclusion that
he would have been the latt nan in
the couutry to tioable himaatf about the
matter at all.
When Aribi Pasha talks of coming to
Americi after hia trial is over, it seems by
no mean? impossible that he is making the
common mistake of counting his chickens
beforo they are hatched. Uatil it cm be
seen hosv his trial will is3ue it M premature
to discus? his future. Bat it is ominous'y
si^iiiiieant that the question of the evil ef
facta of clemency upon the Oriental mind
13 being debated with some unction just
now by several leading Koglish joumah,
| Should the danger of clemency be brought
i home to the olticial intelligence, the fate of
i Arabi may easily be foieiold. In that case
j he will bo sentenced to death, and the sen
; tence wiil be promptly carried out.
" Rr.i over anl her heii sir.ishcd to a je!ly as she
!iy acr.isithe track, and nothing was founli^iher
\ |»iukt'ta except a hiU-SlI*! flask of whisky." Thus
the record of a Sin Francisco horror ; aad the re
porter adds that: nothing is known of th_- cauae
of the "accident." Heavens, roan: did not
the half.emptjr houli of liquor (five all the in
formation needed : Did it not teli the story more
fully and tragically than ycu c. uld if ycu ha I seen
the poor wretch crushed l^neath the locomotive
wheels? Who wants to know morp, \ihen the
whisky bottle has once spokea ?
"■ -■—=*— ___^__
The national debt has dwindled ('own to
a little over a billion, and one of thtse fine
days some actor will haul cut hia pocket
book and knock the little balance sky
| high.
Eds. Record- Uniok : When, a little more
than two years ago, the distinßuished pro-
I jector of the Panama InterocsaUc Canal
! visited San Francisco for the purpose cf bring
ing his plan before the people of oar coast,
in my thoughtful men in the community en
tertained and expressed grave doubts, not
only concerning the suffie'eccy of his know)-
I edge of the physical conditions attaching to
J the problem which he so boldly undertook to
so'.ve, but touching the ability cf any man to
solve it in the manner proposed by him. M.
d? Les=eps was elated, not unnaturally, by
reason of tho memorable success attcndiLK
the completion of the canal at Suez, and
fondly imagined that the construction of an-
I other at Panama would be for him an under
taking as easily carried out. L«t us suppoee
that M. de Leoeeps was honest io his project
of attempting to make a through-cut at the
level of tide-water through the Isthmus of
Panama, and that his real object was neither
the possession cf the Panama Railway nor a
fctick- jobbing scheme such as tho Mississippi
bubble was, although there are those who in
cline to the belief that one, or both, of these
project* is at the bottom of M. d« Leseepe'
plan. It is very wall known that, while
in this country, M. de Leeseps stated
repeatedly that all the money he might
I ne d for his enterprise would be furnished
iia France ; it i- equally well known that,
] after his return thither, he said, as repeatedly
| and as publicly, that he could obtain any
I amount of money in the United States should
hia own countrymen not desire to takfi ad
vautage oi the brilliant opportunity < (fared
to them. Americans know that not one cent
was promised in this country for the con
struction of the canal, but in Franca the de
tired effect was proiuced by the eminent
diplomatist who, during his long public ca
reer, has practically avowed repeatedly his
adherence to the dictum of Talleyrand, that
speech was Kivei to us for the coacealmeut of
thought. And subsequently, when the sub
scription books of the Panama Canal Com
ptcy were opened, and it was found that a
certain number of shares were subscribed for
ia Xew York, it became a matter of conject
ure—and it still co reinr-ins— whether the ap
parent purchase cf these shares was in reality
at \- iiiu_r but a mere transfer of stoc k from
the Paris tCies. Nevertheless, let us c .insider
that M. de Lc&seps, in a diplomatic sense and
in a sen?e that prevails at the Uuurse, i-s an
hoceat man. An honest man may fall int ■
error, and M. de Lsssepa certainly proceeded
to cany out hia plan without a sufficient con
sideration ef the matter. His action was
based upon an imperfect topographical
examination of the Isthmus of Pana
ma, inada by M. Nipo'eou \Vy>e, a
yoHog Lieutenant of tbe French navy,
of mediocre ability and of no exi.eri.ncß
whatever ia such matters, prefaced, probably,
by a hasty perusal i f the uia'iy reports which
hava been ruada from the times of Chailea V.
to the present day, by observers, scientific
and otherw'sa, concerning the physical fe t
ures of that region. 1 p.. unit, uijaelf to
make Ut^ of the word liasty for the reason
that professional engineers, men whose opin
ions on such matterj are, very properly, of
creator value to the wurld than those of M.
<'c Lesseps and M. Wyse, have never gained
from those reports any detiaite idea other
than that such a canal a-) that proposed by
! these {.eatlsuien is, virtually, impracticable.
It is true that M. de Lssseps submitted his
plan to a congress of engineers of repute, and
that representatives from various c. unfties
attended on that occasion. It is well known,
h iwever, that many of these engineers were
oppjsod to the plan submitted to them. Tne
objections made by the delegates from the
I'nited States and from Mexico were set
down to the score of national j;&lonsy, or ac
counted for by the assumed fact taat they
were iuterested in some rival scheme. Shortly
aft.r that congress had been 1 eld, 1 hud the
h >nor of meeting, ia Mexico, Stnur Franck
-00 de Garay, a well-known engineer, who
i was the Mexican representative in that
' body. Sencr de Garay did nut
he-iti'e to avow his belief that
the [C in. rf.-s was picked, aiid that the ap
proval of M. de L^sseps' plan was the di
rect result of that gentleman's well-known
and- almost unequiled diplomatic talent*.
S;aor e'e Garaj'u belief wa« shared by the
Son. Mr. Morgan, United States Minister to
Jjlexio!>, who, ht the time of M. de Lssspps'
v c\t to this country, published his o; iii >na
if the lalter'a intenti.)i.s. Still, let us jive M.
rifl Lesseps credit 1-ir honesty i>f purpose.
With a crituatic flout mb of :.,,.■■.....
oa t!is isthmui was be^ur , but down to the
present time uoihicf: if a permanent charac
ter has I.c. >n acci'mpiu-hul. An !mm it ap
pear.", from reports which I be!i ; ve hay; not
bteu c >Ltradicttd, that a radicd chaLge has
r,e;n tuade in tbe original pliin. Acoordil g
t i that plsn the canal w.ts to cross tha c<.ur?e
of the Cnagres river ut or near Barb .cm«,
and at z. level many feet b».'liw the bed of tie
stream. The railway btidge m'er the Cha^res
at B^rbacoas is about fifteen him i:ed feet in
length, yet that bridge «i< destroyed by ,-.
H ) i.i which t;ok place while M de Leaaepi
wiß in this country. Iv San Francfoca M.
ile Leaaepi was asked publicly, by Ctptaiu
Willitm L. Merry, I think, what he ioteudeo
to do with tLe Cna«re3 river? To thii
<|je6ti<>n he replied by saying that h? should
tiani the river »nd divert its course, as w.>s
doie frequently in Earope. At. the tiira it
vrj.3 thought by mai.y p .'wors familiar with
the phenomena übservju'.e in the etreams of
tropicjl Americi tnat M. de Le^eps bad n<it
1 >n~:Jerei this matter with tUe caro de
manded by its imp rtance ; if the late tele
; , r r iih be true it is now very evident that he
had Lot done so. It is now stated that ti.e
c nal is to ba carried over the Chcgres by i:n
aqueduct. An aqueduct, such as would
meet t^e requirements of the ca c, would
au.-ment by many millions the original esti
mate of the ost of the canal. And the
imposition to conitruct an anueuuet h a
cle*r abandonment of theorigioal plan, vis:
the cj:istructijn ot a canal at the level of
tide- water. There is son.c rciMrm to doubt
that the news is authentic, for the simple rea
son that no Mirh •.■;.:! is feacible. All en
gineers are aware that any canal constructed
at Panama must be at the level of the sea,
beciuse there is no feeder for a sucmit level,
and because no plan for pomping water up
to such a level cauld be ae!op!ed flucceesfully.
In an article published in the International
Hi rat m for July, the writer urge i tne pocsi
bility of earthquakes aa an argurreot agaiust
the uermateacy of any «nnineerir.(; sttuctur;a
at Panama. t)n the 8:h of September an
t artLquake sheck of great severity was felt ali
a riss the ist'imus. Thocathe Iralot Panama
i and other massive buildings in that city, were
damaged very materially. Tlie Panama
Railway was made impassable f'>r one quarter
of its length. Bridges were (h" aged »ud
their abutments ware crackf-d. I i places the
raU( sink out of tight in the earth ; in others
I they were bent and twiste \ The substantial
freight-house of f time at Union was thrown
t3 the ground. Subsequent shock?, which
ntiil continue, have carried on the work of
detraction. Fortunately no tidhl wave has
been noted as yet oa either side of th?
; I-thir.m. These dfetaxbaaeai arj, probably,
iue to activity on the p*rt of dome of the
>r.iny voleames to tin northward rf the
Isthmiw. Now, it v qiite probable that M
de L?3<tp», himn:,' disc ivered [it length that
the Booth nf the Cba^res Rre seii ,ns ma'.tprs,
m in a quandary concercicg th* dbporitbo
to be mule i.f that river, ar.'l thai the recur
rence cf the earthquake quickt.ru d ii is vie#o
with regard to the advisalilitj' ot an aqot
uiicf. K»rtrquakes in tli3 tro;;icj d
ri^id strurtu-es of store, wbi> they kavt
uuiiijnred — onlaai thy an cWatlLnred vp —
the wattle ', pakn-thmtohed !-.u-s tA the lower
h-'soi inh«Hfnti There would be but
ii ■■' ■d ;: renea between t^a stabili y <.f tiio
da v wbidl was proposed p.': i tba of tre
oot which is now prop Bed — M
w^ald jisld to the shock of hn -.ir bqujtb ■
as readily as the oth?r. The ioea th i*. a
bidldinK, or a etruoture of bny kirn', other
j than a hut tu:h :.s his beea rt -fc-ned to, cm
| Le made " earthquake proof," is as ridiculom
as the co^im'in ifiprefsionconccrsiug "earth
! quake w?ather.' There i< no such thing »s
t „ i.ting the occurrence of an earthquaki: ;
vi t'aer tbere were or cot, such a eh^ck as
that rccettly felt at Panama would destroy
! »ry dam, or toy tqaedoct, which engineer
; icj ikiil is Cipable of construotinr. That
' tab i< the truth the world will probably havj
j no opportunity ot yrlui' g from the etfect of an
j earthquake oa the nUuulum of the Panama
I Interoceanic CaLal. We will still ooncida
i that M. da LeMepa isaa honest man ; but at
the same time there is a limit to tho patience
and the purses of all shareho'd:ry. The
M.--i sippi bubbld burnt, and the men whoa
; U. do Leawpa induced to haz«rd their n Ml I
; in the enterpiise he tinf e:tonk may diacoTSK
; what by this time he muit havo ad:ni' 1• i
Usnao— Tis: that the pmject was ill-advissJ
I in its inception, ar.d that it h iir.poesib'.c to
cirryii out nuccessfnlly. The:e will be no
Inter&ceanic Canal coustructed on the plan
of M. Ferdinand de Ijessepp.
Geo. Kbii GaiFiis.
Los Angeles, September 27, 1882.
j Priests are openly insulted all over
France. Some rowdies let a huge bull dog
, on the Abbe V e inet, Professor of Theology,
in Paris lately, and the beast tore his cae
sock to ahredn, and but for a humane
puser by would have done the old man
aerioas injury. The police lately rescued
i from a crowd of ruffians, who wcro drag
; giDg him to the river, the Abbo Fortier, an
' eminent prison chaplain, who wears the doc
oration of ths Legion of Honor for planting,
amid a shower of bullets, the ambulance
i flag on the church tower of Gravelotte,
thereby saving all tha wounded in tho
I church.
The Holidays Approach— Tbe Stage— The
Carnival of Authors.
(Corrcspouueoce o( the RecOKD-rstox.l
San Fran< i.m o, October 11. 18S2.
Can it be that the holiday-keeping world
already looks upon the holidays as near ?
Cards of new and old design are beginning
to wish merry Christmas, with rosemary
for remembrance and little lithographed
pansies for thoughts; Mrs. Langtry'a brood
ing eyes, too, look out from under her boy
ish crop of hair, in the show windows,
where the Prince of Wales' photograph will
probably come and join her later.
Debnt as an actress seemed in one way a
logical result of her brilliant career as a
"professional beauty," but it was some
thing of a surprise to San Franciscans, to
read a short paragraph in one of the dailies
stating that Mrs. Wm. Neil! DenDison had
"gone on the stage." Her identity was
established beyond a doubt by the further
statement that her husband is the Eon
of a former Postmaster-General. Neill
Dennison was a San Francisco Adonis, the
desired of every circle and the delight of
his own. Blonde, but virile in appearance,
a Colonel of volunteers in ISOli, when the
recent termination of the rebellion placed
tho army star high in the ascendant, N :'.':
Deonieon was on General Halleck's statf,
and wa3 the acknowledged leader of the
gay and well-br.-d circle that constituted
gt.od society in those days in San Fran
cisco. Colonel Dennison's flirtations were
numerous aud celebrated, his waltzing a
joy forever, and hia co-operation at ger
mari and receptions simply in. i :.-;•• n.-ii le.
Trough, like another hero, fragments of
his heart were scattered " from the hights
of Heidleberg to the prairies of the West,"
no fair San Franciscan secured his life-long
allegiance, but
To Ohio and married there. And ehe has
gone on the stage ! "Here's fine revolution,
and wo had the trick to see 't. " To return
to the present, the oflicera of the Eighth
Infantry, First Artillery and First Cavalry
join with the ofliuors of the General and
Division staff to give General McDowell a
farewell ball at the parlors of the Occi
dental Hotel to-night. It is customary to
make the entertainment to the retiring
commander a dinner, but Mrs. McDowell
has Eeccnded all the General's hospitable
motions so enthusiastically that it was de
cided to substitute a ball. Meantime
all the arrangements for the Carnival are
going forward bravely, and .the opening
on the 19:h promises to be brilliant.
It is all very well to say that it
is for charity, and therefore the public
should gi\e cheerfully without being crit
ical ; but that is not what is really done.
Really a certain Biard of Mina^ers
pledges its word to the public to g?t up a
show that it will be worth »vhile to pay
to go and see ; it ia therefore tfie duty of
these managers to provide a satisfactory
entertainment. The representatives of the
charities feel their responsibility, and there
id a great deal of good-natured emulation
among booth directors tc make each
department the original popular
feature of the < arnival of S"2. There will
be a great many open booths through
which the audience can walk with an
agreeable feeling of being behind the scenes,
and without the notorious disenchantment.
The military booth, managed by Captain
Bell, ucd^r the wing of the Pacific Dis
pensary Hospital, will occupy eighty feet
at the right of the principal entrirce, and
will represent a little warlike world of
tents and gun 3 and drums.
Not as h? is, but as he ought to be — all
gold aud grace aad drill, and no gore. The
oyster grotio, gorgeous with scenery a la
Jules Verne, is satisfied of its capacity for
preparing oysters sa that the most fastidi
ous gourmet bha.ll be at a loss
how to tind fault either with cook
ing or serving. The San Francisco Fe
male Hospital c.-v a to culled " Old Folks"
booth amoug its number, where Mrs. Judah
has const nted eometiinc-s to show her loved
and venerated face, while some rretty
"society g : rls" havo volunteered to ap
pear in me "Japanese Tea House."
A Longfellow booth — without which no
American Carnival of Authors should be
planned— i» talked of, and the very lateet is
a Chaucer booth, which a prominent lit
erary club has undertaken to make " gor
geous past all parallel." Poor "Dan Chau
cer " has been either ignored or crowded
out of the two preceding Carniralß, bnt
poeta asi' students have missed him we
fully, and this year he is to hava a place.
Scene*, quaint and pathetic, from the Can
terbury Tales, or grotesque and romau'io,
as tlio epirit of the evening's *x?rciec3 r^ay
dictate, will occupy the t-rand ttige rr tbe
special boat!:. The Pre-Raphaelite booth
will be prfttv, if it is well managed. A
number of MilUis' atrikiug pictures are to
constitute one 6et of tableaux.
Take place at the Pavilion since tiie Exec
utive Committee has been meeting there.
Three sms>U waifs presented themEclves the
other day to file " partic : paut3 ! apphca
tions." T.ie Secretary, as in c'tity loend,
asked the lirst her name. " Katie ll:cks,"
was the prompt rej >indcr, "but I'm always
known as Mabel La Grange, bo jou'd bet
ter put it down like that." She could no'
have beer more then 1 1 years old, and ap
plied fora "speaking character" with »n
aggreavive ooafidenoe that male norn <h
guerrt no mere colloquialism ir. the cate of
Miss Mabel Li Grange. The Secretary
insinuatingly asked for references, explain
ing this to be the names of eume
" nice ladies " dear to the mothers
of the youthful applicants. The children
held counsel together, "I'm going to give
your mother's !>.»!.).•," quoth Mies Mabel to
ono of her friends, "tfn?» a nice lady."
" So, don't you," cried the dauchtcr with
artless eage-rue3S, " give Mrs. Harris. She
used to go round to your home." " Yes,
bnt she don't ccrae any more," said Mabel,
and this unexplained cessation of social
intercourse dabarred Mrs, Harris from the
high privi!ei;» of figuring as a rcft-rencc for
Miss Mabel La Grange. The third ch : ld
DestiDE.l for the stage as the tpariu fly up
ward. She gave such dramatic n:.nv.B for
her rafoiauutl and eiuld recall so imper.
fectly the Ijc.il habitation of thcaa atirs,
i that the Secretary was fain to inquire their
a£cs, remarking that they should be ipiite
mature to act in t!i<_- capacity of reference.
" Kthel da la K.caetonerro is old,'" said
Blno-evcß earneatiy, " kho'i 10. and Gwen
j dolen L atran^t is real old— shea 17." The
i Secretary, not prepared for such tottering
j senility, rushed incontinently m search of
| thn committee from the " l.:ttle Sisters'
Infan 1 ; Shelter," and recommended these
stray lambs to its immediate attention.
Whskz thh lIorsKFLY Bbxxos.— ln
" fly-time" every housekeeper wonders
where and how the increasing swarms of
pe3ts multiply so rapidly. The egga, mere
whitish specks to the unaided eye, are
hid in little agglutinated piles in warm
manure, or in decomposing vegetation, es
pecially that about our stables and barn
yards. From M) to 100 are laid at a time
and probably at three or four different in'
j tcrvals by the same Hy, though on thiß
point we hive no exact data. Within
twenty-four hours in summer they hatch
luto footless magyots, which, after rioting
in filth until their tender skins iscem ready
to burst from repletion, become fuiifed in
| leas than a week, and descending into tha
, earth, or sheltering under rome old board,
contract to brown, shining oV>j"ctß, rounded
at both ends, and technically known as
pupariea. the darkness of this
hardened skin profound changes rapidly
take place, and the insect passes thiough
the papa to the perfect state, an . Joafiy
j in about five days the anterior end of the
I puparium is pushed off, aud the tly quickly
I crawls out. At first its parts are pale and
i soft, and its wings are crumpled and use
j Ic»b. but these soon expand, and suddenly,
j without practice or teaching, the ncwl
, fledged fly wings its way to yonr table to
] mock your displeasure — to share your re-
Tho War Department is trying to figure
up how many men it could put in the tield
in caae of war. We know cf about SO 000
actors wha stand ready to take ccir.nnß
sions.—l Dramatic World,

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