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OUR LONDON LETTER.
J3HN BRN3HTS AKMVERBARY A NA TION'S TRIBUTE. SSetch of His Eventful Public Career— A True Kan Belonging to All tagliib- Speaking Peopleß. Lo.ndo.x, June 14, 1883. This has been in a pre-eminent sense John Bright's week. His name has been on all lips, and his character and deeds have formed the leading topic of discussion ia the newgpaperß of the country. The occasion of this wide-spread interest is the celebration gotten up in his honor by his constituency at Birmingham. ThU, at least, is the immediate cause of it, though there are others which are not far to seek. Behind this local celebration, throwing it into national prominence, investing it, in deed, with international interest, is the record oT a Hplendid life. That white haired, calm-faced man, who was the cen tral Ss-ure of Monday's procession, is a hero whom the whole world is proud to honor. In the admiring crowds who looked on, the veneration of countless millions was reflected ; and, as Shakespeare has said with reference to a different occa sion, You would have thought the very windows spoke So many greedy looks of young and old Through casement* darted tneir desiring ey« Upon his visage. The pageant reminded one of the triumphs accorded the ancient conquerors, and yet, how widely different was it from these, for the victories celebrated are those of peace, not of war, while he who wears the laurel wreath has always been a man of peace. It was his advocacy of this princi ple that led to his connection with Bir mingham. His career in Parliament OOVEBS \ PERIOD OK FORTS' VKARS. He was first elected from Durham in 1543, anil four years afterwards consented to atand for Manchester, being returned for that town without opposition. In 1852 he was re-elected. Then began the agitation which resulted in the Crimean war. That war he opposed from tirst to last, forfeiting, in so doing, both the popularity he had won in the country and his Manchester constituency. So strenuous were his efforts in favor of peace at this period that hia health gave way under them. In tbe cam paign in which he was defeated he waa not able to make a single speech, and this cir cumstance, doubtless, has much to do with the result. Bat this defeat was most honor »Me to Mr. Bright, for, as the Manchester ■ L ' n.intr said at the time, "Aiewworda spoken or unspoken, a little trimnrog, a degree of suppleness on great questions, which is afterwards set dawn as prudence, would have sufficed to have insured him the undisturbed enjoyment of popularity, but t-ue to the i 'st nets of a no >!e naturr, he has chosen an opposite course." Four months after being cast off by Manchester he was returned to Parliament by the town which now celebrates its silver wedding with him. Oace again, recently, has he marked his detestation of vjlt ; not this time in ringing words, but by an action that spoke with louder voice. His lips were closed by his position as a Cabinet Minister, but hs could show his feelings to the country by resigning, an.i he did this, his courß3 in the present instates being fol lowed by A MAIiNIFR EXT OVATION. His own words are the best commentary upon hia rejection by the voters of Man chester, as well as the truest imlex of his lofty character. In taking leave of hia con stituency he wrote : " I have esteemed it a high honor to be one of your representa tives, and have given more of mental and physical labor to your service than wan just to myself. I feel it scarcely less an honor to suffer in the cause of peace, and on be half of what I believe to be the true inter ests of my country, though I could have wished that the blow had come from other f^ands when I could have been present to -jneet face to face those who dealt it. If," c &dded, " the change in yonr opinion of ias arisen from my course en the ques- I of the war with Kuaaia, I can only -»y that on a calm review of all the cir :; natanees of the case, I would not unsay or retract any one of the speeches I have ■n, or erase frem the records of Parlia ment any one of the votes I have given 1 on it, if I could thereby reverse the dc v .iion to which you have come, or secure any additional distinction which it is in the p iwer of my countrymen to confer." Mr. (I right's combined advocacy through life of tile principles which animated his early ca reer is a fact which makes his position . -:i)n!» British statesmen somewhat unique. Most of the others who have attained i prominence have undergone great changes. Sir Robert Peel, who brought about Cath lie emancipation, freed dissenters from their disabilities, relieved trade from its ' ;stom-houso shackles, and eventually crowned the victory of free trade by abol ishing the Corn laws, began by opposing every one of these measures. Disraeli, the great Tory, started out with radical no tions, whilst Mr. Gladstone, the great Lib eral, was a Tory at the beginning. It waa against the latter, who was at that time the Tory President of the Board of Trade, that mr. height's maiden speech Was directed, and as the two men have since been three times associated together ■■a liberal Governments, it is interesting to recall one of the passages of that address : ' ' I can assure the right honorable the President of the Baard of Trade," said Mr. Bright, " that his flimsy excuses will not avail him at the bar of public opinion. He knows what is right and he refuses to do it. His plea, that 'this in not the time,' is as untrue as it is insult ing." Since then these whilom antago nists have come to be, on almost all great Questions, entirely in accord with each other, a result, however, which has been brought about solely by the changes which Mr. Gladstone has undergone, for Mr. Bright has remained the same. That the Crime Minister should have shown himself open to conviction is nothing to his dis credit ; it is an indication rather that he is an honest man following the light as it is revealed to him. Mr. Gladstone has on more than one occasion publicly boasted of his change of opinions. But if it be cred itable to embrace the right aa one perceives it, after having followed the wrong for some time, bow much more praiseworthy n.ust it be to have found the KII,HT AT THE BEGINNING, A ail to bare steadfastly adhered to it, aa Mr. Bright has done, through evil report and through good, to the end. Mr. Glad stone's latest conversion, it may be men tioned incidentally, was to the principle of local option, and the change appears to have been a gradual one. Two years ago he voted gquarely against that principle, while last year he refrained from voting, and this year gave both vote and voice in its favor. John Bright, on the other hand, has always been a consisted friend of this measure, having contended from the first that an unrestricted traffic in liquor was one of the greatest curses atihcting his countrymen. Among the great reforms in which Mr. Bright has taken a leading part during his forty years of Parliamentary service, the most memorable, perhaps, is that which first gave him national promi nence, namely, the repeal of the Corn laws. Tais act, leading, as it did, to the cheapen ing of bread, was a great boon to the poor, and the people at lari;e will always hold Mr. Bright in grateful regard aa the one wheee matchless eloquence did much to procure them this bltaemg. In Monday's rrcceesion the memory of that great tri umph was fittingly expressed by the carry ing of loaves of bread on large poles. As sociated with Mr. Bright in this reform was that other great Englishman, Richard Cebden. It was Cobden really who brought Bright ont. The two first met on a plat form where the interests of education were being urged, and at once they became fast friend*. Bright wai then under thirty, and had been recently married. Shortly afterwards his wife died, and while IN THE PANUS OK BEREAVEMENT Cobden paid him a visit to which he him self thus refers : " I was in Leamington, and Mr. Cobden called on m<\ I was then in the depths of grief — I may alraont say of despair — for the light and sunshine of my house had been extinguished. All that was )eft of my young wife, except the memory of a sainted life and a too brief happiness, was lying still and cold in the chamber above us. Mr. Cobden called on me as his friend, and addressed me, as you may suppose, with words of condolence. After a time he looked up and said : ' There are thousands and thousands of homes in England at this moment where wives and mothers and children are dying of hunger. Now. when the tirst paroxysm of your grief is past, I would advise you to come with me, and we will never rest until the Corn laws are repealed." This was the turning point in Mr. Bright's career, the moment when he formed the purpose to assume the responsibilities of public life. Two years afterwards he_ entered Parlia ment, and not many years after that the object of the lofty ambition of these gifted and kindred souls was an accomplished fact. The friendship which subsisted be tween Richard Cobden and John Bright was of the most beautiful and intimate character, and when Cobden had passed away and reference was made to his death in the House of Commons the scene wit nessed was both rOTJCHTNQ AND MEMOR.UII K. After tributes to the value of Cobden's life and work had been paid by several speakers, we are told Mr. Bright rose, and speaking under the influence of profound emotion, said: "Sir, I feel that I cannot address the House on this occasion ; but every expression of sympathy which I have heard has been most grateful to my heart. But the time which has elapsed since, in my presence, the manliest and gentlest spirit that ever tenanted or quitted a hu man form, took its flight, is so short, that I dare not attempt to give utterance to the feelings by which I am oppressed. I shall leave to some calmer moment, when I may have an opportunity of speaking before some portion of my countrymen, the lesson which I think may be learned from the life and character of my friend. I have only to say that after twenty years of most inti mate and almost brotherly friendship with him, I little knew how much I loved him until I found that I had lost him." The few extracts given above of Mr. Bright's manner of expressing himstlf will csnvey a fair idea of those qualities of brain and heart which have made him the wonderful orator he is. He is, in tha drst place, per fectly aiucere in what he says. The topics upon which he speaks are matters of deep conviction with him. They are not the paaeing whims of an hour — they are thoughts that have been matured by long years ef observation and study — ideas which are, in the speaker's estimation, so transceudently important that HE WOULD UTTER THEM IF HE HAD TO DIE KOK IT. Those who listen to him feel this. They realize above all things that they are stand ing in the presence of a true man ; one who has a cause to advocate which has be come a part of himself. Another charac teristic of Bright's manaer, one arising naturally from his sincerity of purpose, is its transparent simplicity. He has none of the arts of the demagogue. His style is, in fact, exactly what a conventional dema gogue's ought not to be. It is pure to aus terity. It is stripped of all superfluous or nament. It never gushes or foams. It never allows itself to be mastered by pas sion. His self-restraint is marvelous, for in his most powerful passages he appears as if he were keeping in his strength rather than taxing it with effort. He never shonts or btorms, and indulges in but few gesticu lations. Vehement he may be at times, but he is never overstrained. His enun ciation is calm and n.easured, his voice clear and resonant, with a peculiar vibra tion in it which lends unspeakable effect to any passage of pathos or scorn. He ha 3 an admirable gift of humor and a keen ironical power. Withal, he speaks in the purest Saxon and expresses his thoughts in short sentences which do not tax reflection too heavily. Such are some of the more salient features of the greatest orator Eug land has produced in the last half century, Mr. Bright's pet sobriquet is "THE PEOPLE'S TRIBUNE." During the twenty-live years he has repre sented Brmingham in Parliament his con stituency have given him the very warm est Bupport. The town and the man are exactly suited to each other, for where could the most liberal statesman of the age find so congenial a people as in a place which has the reputation of being a very hut-bed of liberal principles ? But this distinguished champion of human rights belongs not alone to Birmingham or to England. He is the common property of all the English-speaking peoples. He is, in fact, a world's man, his truest title be ing that applied to him by a Birmingham shop-keeper, whose closed shutters on Mon day bore the announcement that the store was shut up in honor of "The Patriot of Humanity." A large proportion of the re forms which Mr. Bright has advocated have been effected. . One of these, the legalizing of marriage with a deceased wife's sister, was, by a happy coincidence, carried to a successful issue in the House of Ix>rdß on the very day of his triumphal progress through the streets of Birming ham. The most prominent of the measures to which the weight of his eloquence and character have been given, which yet await enactment, are the repeal of the Parlia mentary oaths, the abolition of capital pun ishment and the Disestablishment of the English Church. Being now 73 years of age he will scarcely live to see any of these things brought about, but that the former and the latter of the three will be accomplished in the not very distant fu ture, no one can doubt who reads candidly either the records of the past or the signs of the present. WITH VIOLETS. The violets I send to you Will close their blue eyes on your breast ; 1 shall not be there, sweet, to see. Yet do 1 know my fljwere will rest Within that chaste, wbite aest. 0 little flowers, she'll welcome you • So tenderly, so warmly f Go ; 1 know where you will die to nuht, But tou can never, never know The bliss ol dying so. I( you could speak ! Yet she wil: know V»"hat made your faces wet, although I fain would follow you and tell. There, go and die, yet nerer know To what a heaven you go. — t Kate Varaah. A Different c n Husbands.— lt took the ladies of the Michigan Women's Tem perance Union a little while to get ac quainted, but when the aewusintancs was formed it ripened fast. " How do you give your name ?'' asked one lady of another. " I have usually written it Mrs. James P. Jones." "Did your mother name you 'James P.? ' " asked the first speaker with considerable emphasis. "I shall never call myself by my husband's name." "Nor I," " Nor I," " Nor I," came from a num ber of bystanders. The little woraao ap peared surprised to find herself so largely in the minority, but she finally found breath and coarage to say : " Well I sup pose it does make a difference what kind of a man the husband is." And then the President rung to order, the knot of la dies dispersed, and there was a sort of look cpon their faces as if the little woman had come out ahead. — [Adrian Times. THE FRUIT PESTS. STATEMENT OF THE STATE INSPECTOR OF WORK ACCOMPLISHED. The Classes of Insects and Trees Operated Upon— The Remedies App'i.d and Results Attained. Bdb. Record Union : In answer to your request for a repjrt in which to be giveo the leading points about my orchard, and lii. i a (nil statement as to insect peats which lave appeared upon my place, remedies used and the results, would say : Although it ie somewhat difficult to enter fully into a clear statement of tne subject, I will do so to the extent your valuable space may allow. lam ware than there is too often a hesitation on the pait of orcharding to make known to the public the bctnal facts concerning their in terests, and yet much gool mly at time* be accomplished by the frank statements re quired by such questions as you ask. I have already in different reports blinded to insect pests, remedies and results, in connection with my orchard, as wtll as work carried on ig other orchards, and to these reports Irt-fer you below, bo far ai< they go. I have been ireful to state acrura'eiy what I have re ferred to, and will carry the subject still farther on at this time. la my report to the Board of State Horti cultural OommiesionfM last year I referred to my orchard in experiments as follows : No. 5. Concentrated lye, one pound : water, one gallon. February, 138! — One almond tree, one Caste Beurre pear tree and two apple trees, grafted, were wished by brush with this strength of he in ordtr to destroy the red spider and its eggs, which could not be destroyed by prey ous applications of lye, one pound to five gallons, and one pound to three gallons ; another and the main reason being to ascertain the t fleets of very strung lye upon the trees. No scale upon these trees. This application destroyed the red spider and its eggs on these trees, so that it did not appear for montus ; but, however, later on the trees became again infested. While the strong lye will destroy a large number of the egsß of the red spider, it is found ail cannot be reached. The effect upon the bark and health of these trees was wonderfu'ly (food, the bark being very smooth and having a bright green, velvety appearance, and totally free from all moss or other parasites. No. 6. Concentrated lye, one pound ; water, one X illou. The experiments in this number were made upon a section of orchard in a square block con. prising 357 lukworth plum trees, cut down and rafted into Petite prune : some yearling prune trees having been put in in places and Washed as ere the plums, of these 126 trees were washed in February, 18S1, with the above strong lye, applied with a brush. Among the 357 treed were eiatlit trees badly infested with scale. No others had any scales U|M>n them. The infested trees were scat tered about as follows, and washed as indicated : No. 10 in first row and 4 in eleventh row were washed with lye, one pound to three gallons of water. The effect was not quite sufficient to com pletely destroy the scale, though so injured that hey did not breed. Afterward those two trees ere washed with one pound to one gallon, and this i ff actually ended the scale. Others were washed with lye, one pound to one gallon of water, with the effect of completely destroying every scale upon them, and not one has appeared upon any of these trees since that time. There trees have been in the finest possible condition from the time of this ap plication. Among the trees not washed with the strong lye, two were found, in June, 1882, to have -ale upon them ; one of those, the top having become badly broken by wind, was dug out and burned, the ether was washed soon as discovered with the whale-oil soap and sulphur mixture; owing to the foliage upon the tree not every part of it could be touched. Vet, however, the stale was de stroyed, so far as could be found. No. 7. Concentrated lye, one pound to one aid one-half gallons water. Five Batlett pear trees Ob tained from the nursery and planted in ISSI, and scattered among a considerable number, although carefully examined at the time for scale, were found in June, ISSI, to have a few scales upon them. These were at once washed with the above strength of lye, which destroyed the scale completely upon three of those trees, so that none subsequently ap peared. Oa two of them, however, a live scale or two must have remained on the trunk of the tree at the surface of the ground untouched by the lye, as in September following a few young scales were discovered, located close to the ground. These were again washed in the same manner. Since that wash ing no scale has been found upon either of these trees until this month (October lei, 1S82). On one of '.hem has been found a few young scale. The tree was immediately washed with the whale oil soap and sulphur mixture. On another Bartlett pear tree, not. however, numbered with the above, was found some scales, November 7, IS3I. This tree, being entirely dormant, was washed with lye one pound to ore gallon of water, com pletely destroying the scale, as none can be found on it this year. Among the yellow egg plum tree, one was found, January, ISB2, with scale upon it, and washed at once with lye, one pound to one gallon of water, and repeated in February. No scale were left, as none can be found at this date. An other egg plum tree was found infested in June of this year. To this was applied, with a brush, the whale oil soap and sulphur mixture, with some lye added. No scale can now be found upon it. The trees in and sulphur mixture, 7 are in an or il. No scale can now be found upon it. c trees in experiments 5, 0 ard 7 are in an or chard of 50 acres. I have constantly and carefully watched all the-c trees, and at this dat« no scale can be discovered lv the entire orchard. Should any hereifter appear, the treatment will be by lye, one pound to one gallon of water. With this suc cess in my two years' individual practice, I feel jus tified in repeating the statement 1 made at the first State Fruit-drawers' Convention, that young orchard! can be kept free from the Atpidiotug perniciom* by the right use of concentrated lye as a winter wash, and the whale-oil soap and sulphur mixture for summer. After the experience of another season I fnter wash, and the wha'e-oil soap and sulphur ;ure for summer, fter the experience of another season I can still give most definite statements regard ing the ec«ie pest so dangerous to orchards — the Aspidiotus pcrniciosus — on the yellow eg; pi mi tree mentioned in No. 7, which had scale in January, 1882, and then washed with concentrated lye, there has never ap peared any scale from that time. Ihe tree is now as healthy as any in the orchard, and no marks even of their former presence can be found, and if I did not know every tree as I do, could not easily find the affected one. I can say the same regarding the Bartlett pears there mentioned — no scale has since appeared upon any of the trees. The egg-plum tree, found infested in June last and washed with the summer applica tion, "whale-oil soap and sulphur mixture," developed a few scale at the very end of the Beason, owing to the extreme- difficulty of reaching every insect by any application while the foliage is upon the tree. This tree was treated in the winter with lye — ODe pound to one gallon of water — while dor mant, and there can no signs oE scale be discovered, there can no signs examination avered, aa a careful examination to d.y was made to see if any had escaped. Another trep. French prnr.e. referred to in No. 6, June, ISB2, was found in the winter to have retained a few scale from the same causes, and having been treated as above in the winter is now entirely free from the pest, and vigorous as any of those, surrounding it. J. have at this moment of writing just returned from an investigation aad can find no trace of scale and measured a growth of over four feet of new wood this season. These two trees, being the only oil's infested during the past year, were 320 feet apart, so that the scale did not spread from one to the other, only means by which this scale could ap tie did not spread from one to the other. 19 only means by which this scale could ap pear upon these two trees and no other* in the orchard is by transportation from distant orchards upon toe feet of birds. The egg plum last referred to showed, when washed by the lye, more injury to the fruit spurs from the application than any previous tree washed. Many of the spars were billed, but that was attributable to the possible ex tra strong washing and the particular state of the weather at that time, a long period of hot, glaring days and drought prevailing. This tree, however, has recovered its vigor and healthy growth, and has made over three feet of new wood at this time. 1 enter thus particularly upon this subject because to my mind it presents many points of importance and interest to the horticult urist. This season I can find do trace of this scale in my orchard, and feel sure that none Bra in it and can only appear as they may from time to time be brought by birds. With regard to treatment I am more fully convinced than ever before that the proper remedies have been used, viz : Whale-oil soup and sulphur mixture for gammer, and American concentrated lye for winter. The fact is more fully developed that where and rican concentrated lye for winter. The Is more fully developed that where we have so serious a pest to euc junter we mast u-te remedies adequate to the emergency. For three years has my orchard shown by the occasional scattered trees carefully named in my reports the presence of this dreaded pest, and yet I have been enabled to suppress it and eradicate it, and in no single instance has it been allowed to spread from an infested tree to another. Tni.». I consider, is the beet proof of the effectiveness of the treatment adopted. I repeat that encouragement should' be taken by orchardists, as the labor required to acquire such results is most satisfactorily and most economically expended. ■ * The oyster-shell bark louse (Atpidiotus conchiformisj has also disappeared from my orchard. Tnree years since a few apple trees had some specimens upon them, bat one ap plication of lye, one pound to three gallons of water, effectually ended them, and I have had none sines. Another scale has however appeared upon egg-plum trees, and upon no other at this time. Last winter I discovered one egg-plum tree qnite thickly covered in places by a larjre Leeanium, the scale nearly one-quatter of an inch in length and nearly as wide, being Bcr2ewhat.ovil, resembling a turtle's back in shape, and a reddish-brown in color. Three years since a few of the same scale were found on two Newt >wn pippin apple tree?, but the washing mentiooe i for the oyster-shell scale cleaned them away and no more were seeu un til this past winter. This tree was washed with lye, but not all of the insects were de stroyed, and a recent investigation discovered fifty of the scale upon the tree, which were crushed, and the eggs under them. From this tree probably the young had crawled and been carried to other trees, so that io ore block of 140 trees 46 of them had spec imens, in all amounting to 430 scale. From another block of 205 trees f>l3 sca'e were taken. The work of examination and crush ing was done iii one day's time by my chil dren. Several hundred eggs may be seen under one of these large scales ; the eggs are very long and white. The eggs of one sciie were placed in a phial recently, and a con siderable portion of them were hatchei out in a week, and developed a long, ovil, white insect, moving quickly. Ie has the usual six legs and antem a-. There may In but oce brood of them duriag the season, but possibly two broods may appear, as when discovered :u the early part of the winter the insects were very smsl', msny of them indicating that they had been out but a Bhort tinn. The observation at the present time shows that the first hatching is about the L'Gth of June, or perhaps the last of the month. When the leaves have fal'en the tree* wil! be washed with rhe whale-oil soup au- : . sul phur mixture, which will prohably eradicate this insect. No other scale exists in the orchard, and this one is considered of miner importance when compare 1 with the more destructive insects- The codlir^ moth his thus far thin :eaßon mads bat a small showing in my orchard, as ' I consider it on ing to the exceeding care taken for its suppression last season. The bands were applied on the 12th of May, and have been examined five times t-i ice applied, with a total result of 98 l»r\^c discovered to date. Thid is from 800 trees. The same careful method will be pursued this season as last, my children having contracted to care for the bands (or the season. A statement of the means taken for the suppression of this pest the past season may be »een in the proceed ings of the State Fruit-Growers' Convention for 15.32, and which are also briefly described in a circular of instructions officially issued to the fruit-growers of the State a tew days since and published in full in the Kecobd- Umos. I have endeavored^ to answer in »rt the points presented in your request, and yet have not been able, for want of space in hi* communication, to even touch upon many matters of the greatest importance in the successful care and management of an orchard. Permit me to impress upon all en- Raged in horticulture the necessity of constant vigilance and untiring tiT <rt in this enjoyable and ennobling pursuit, if thus carried on, but one which will only brine loss and discourage sr.st.t if neglected. Ktspectfullv v.un-i, S. F. Chapin. OUR YOUNG FOLKS. Beatrice Slender Beatrice wandered down The still wood- in the morning early, O'er la-it years leaves that were dry arid brown. A:nl grass that glittered with dewdrops pearly. Frnn his bough so hicli looked the squirrel small, Beckoned \::-> mate to come and behold her, Ran out above her with cluttering i' -til, And dropped a nut on her pretty ehualde 1 ". Light she stepped, but the little thrush. Hid in the dusk of the branches', heard her. Flitted about her and broke the hueh With a sudden joyous song that stirred her. The low sun sent her a long bright ray, And dickering golden fans above her, Sailed the butterfly swift and siay, fluttering close, like an airy lover. The grasshopper ekipped and stood on a stone, Watching as she passed by sedately ; The tree toad uttered a 'musical tune, bi.e wag bo fair and sweet and stately. And when she paused where the water bummed, The pay green frogs sang loud and louder. And the dragon :'.y o'er the surface skimmed And straw of his splendid armor prouder. But the wandering south wind, soft and warm. Touched her beautiful brow and kissed her, And tin- lilies looked up at her gentle form And flower- pure face, and they whispered "Sister." - [Mrs. Celia Thaxter, in Wide Awake, Squirrel Talk. It is wonderful how the squirrels know at once when any one has come into the woods. Let the intruder be ever so quiet, in a minute or two there is an approaching 1 " chip-chip- '." a clattering down the loose bark of z. tree, as of somebody whose shoes do not fit very well, and two small, bright eyes are staring at him inquisitively at a safe distance. Sitting perfectly still on the ground, I hive eyed a squirrel ten minutes at a time— he as still as myself and gazing into my eyes as steadily a* I into his. I have usually had to be the first to look away ; then he would perhaps ven ture a little nearer, or possibly would take alarm at my movements, and ran up into his tree, quivering with excitement. Once I caught the eye of one sitting on a pine scrub near me, with a nut or acorn in his mouth, which fitted in exactly and gave it the shape of the letter O. tie staid there a long time quite motionless, with his tail in the air, and his paws uplifted to his cheeks, stuffed out with the nut, which he did not attempt to eat or to drop until I turned away. It was very comical, the three interjections that his eyes and mouth made as he watched me. I tried to talk to him in squirrel language, and he seemed to listen, bat not to understand, for he gave no answer : I suppose he was laugh ing inaide at the ridiculous mispronuncia tions; of the iutrusive foreigner. But I have had long talks with squirrels that came down to within a few feet of me, and told me unmistakably that they had better command of their own vocabulary than I, and that I had better leave their premises at once. — [Lucy Larcom, in St. Nicholas. Queries for Answers. First— ls it true, as the school-books allege, that the Indian Territory has a Capital ? Second — Was it ever proposed to make any one King of this country, and if So, who, when and where ! L«t answers be sent in by July ISth. •-• HEALTH NOTES. Every person must try to learn what dangers are connected with his trade or profession, and how they may be avoided. Some of these dangers are dust, lead, quicksilver, arsenic, coal-gas, carbonic acid gas (found in wine and beer cellars), and the poison of dead bodies and sick animals. [Wolfberg. The possibilities of electricity in medi cine, according to a popular German physi cian and medical writer, seems to be alnmst without limit. The writer referred to, Dr. Supmnenko, reports quite a number of cases which have hitherto never been treated with electricity, but which in his recent practice have yielded to a moder ately strong induction current. There is much nonsense talked about re garding the value of foods. Chemically considered it is well-known what the con stituent? of ordinary diet are, and it is no secret that the values of different articles vary greatly. Bat it is too frequently overlooked that the food which a hunter or plowman can not only relish and assimi late would cause torture of the most acute kind to a person compelled to pursue a sedentary life. On what the former would starve the latter would live nobly. Good Health explains that a large part of the growth of a tree is derived from the sun, the air, the water, and but little from the earth ; that wood and coal are bat con densed sunshine, which contains magnesia, iron and lime — three elements equally es sential to both vegetation and animal life ; and asserts that every human being ought to have an hour or two sunshine at noon in winter, and in the early forenoon in sum mer. Iron gives the rich red color to the blood, lime gives durability to the bones, and the magnesia is important to all the tissues. " I had Salt Rheum for 19 year*, packages of Dr. Benson 1 ) Skin Cure entirely cured me."— F. P. Lavelle, Merced, Cal. -31, at druggist*. _^___^^^ Miss Jessie P. Waebss, 740 W. Van Baren street, Chicago, 111., says : Samaritan Nervine cured me of spasms." $1 50 at druggists. ■ '■:■'■-& Whes you feel oat efforts, have thi bluet, melancholy, etc., it most be indfgestioa that ails you. - Brswc's Iroa Bitten curse it. MISCELLANEOUS. i*r::"~':;; r j| the great german I HftitiflTUfnnTniDfiHitinni'ini'tii ■■* ■m»• *^ *_* If D« _"_ "HP j REMEDY I ||[|jilllwni l!E|| niniii|j]||i.| |""/%n rm ill jl|«illlflllilllllllffiliaffll>jl I" Ufi lA Ilia IfflßlnnmmimnnniiEßnSiflfllii Keiieves »°< icurM I II ,giF2l!l»| I RHEUMATISM, 111 Ill'^^L™ Neuralgia, lt! I 'JiiLfllMinnmiElui''l Sc!atica - Lumbago, ||B BACKACHE, I IllFT"""" 'ill HEADACHE, TOOTHACHE, i X "J SORE THROAT. liilllttfllt Ini 9»i*RAX9fM, l||! j!| |lij!l'JirimmMfll!' iff Soieness, Cuts. Bruises, 1 1 1 i| fi'm 'Haipi -W FROSTBITES, lliiiJklßßUlJf BCRSS. SCALDS, t|t "jlj! And all oilier bodily iiclin MfflDffl^PCZlUH F'FTy«ntsTbottle Ii J ] Sold by all Druggists and Will. l!HI!II!illI |l ''""lllll| Dealers. Direction! it; 11 Sli v ' SUB' I The Charles *■ Vo9eler Co 'llfis If ISuooeMor. to 4. VOOEUR*OO> '-■■ 111-"*!™- ■--•< _fl Biltlaorr. Bit., f. s » ETHAT "KfOWlEatE 18 POWIB," THAT ••KTOWXEBtE IS PDWEB," iELS NO DEMONSTRATION, AMI HE WHO BY EXPKBIEBCE KNOWS THE VALUE OF TARBA.Vrs StLTZF.It ArKKIFAT DOES NOT NEED TO BE TOLD THAT HE HAS IT WITHIN HIS POWER TO WAH OFF Fi-VERS, BILIOUS ATTACK-, HEADACHES AJCD ALL HE ILLS ARISING FROM A DHOkDERED ! STOMACH, LITEK OR BOWELS. A TEASPOON- CL IN A GLASS OF WATER, BEFORE EAT- ING, ACTS LIKE A CHARM, AND NO WISE MAN WILL [!•: WITHOUT IT. FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS. ; mls-lyTuThS A TRIUMPH OF SKILL few** ~. f"9 F™ f^ I ,-, %9 EXTRACTS. Prepared from Select Fruits. That yields the finest Flavor. Have been used for years. Be- come The Standard Flavoring Extracts. None of Greater Strength. None of such Perfect Purity. Always certain to im- part to Cakes, Puddings, Sauces, the natural Flavor of the Fruit. MANUFACTURED BY STEELE & PRICE, Chicago, 111., and St. Louis, Mo., ■akrrs of Lnpulln »*st Gen*, Dr. Prit*'« frein B&klag Powdrr, and Dr. Price's Unique Pcrfui**. WE MAKE NO SECOND CRADE COOOSt SOLD AT WHOLKSALE BY ADAMS & Mc^fEILL, Sacramento m.vlvisT:iT'ii.y.> ' y Tenistigri, Canada Wef, Ont , ) October 30, is*:.'. ) MF.BSR9. FlAixoßros.: Sir*- Your pills e»me all right, and I can say they are a pood bilious pill. I have used a ™reat "many pills, but I can say Dr. C. Mclduie'f Mils, manu- factured by Flemooinif Brothers, are genuine. And, gentlemen, you have me thanks in lending. I rave some of tho.-e pills to my neighbors for a trial. One of my neighbors trot taree pills. He said they did help him He felt the next day like a new man. I He wishes me to send for fifty cents' worth for him. So crentlemen, I will do all I can to introduce Dr. C. McLam-'s Liver Pills, manufactured by Flemminp; Brothers. You will find inc'osel one dollar for more of your trood pills I wish you could s>-nd me asump'e of your Verm tuije by mail. I think it will take well here. Yours, with respect, Pleasa send soon. ' ' October 30* 1832. i" Fleming Brothers: Dear Sin— inclosed you will find one dollar, I for which you will : lease send me more of your ! Dr. C. MeLai-u's Liver Pills. I trust you have re- j ceived the pay for the list two b<'\--s I ordered I and received. I would only say. they have done me more Rood than I could express. "I feel much better now than I have for two years paat. Send them soon. More hereafter. Yours truly, Rev. Phil. SrAJTH, West Saii4iake, V. T. the o\i.i «;r..\ri\i: McLANE'S PILLS,! Are the Dr. C. WcLane's Liver Fills, PREPARED BY FLEMING BROS., Pittsburgh, Pa. je2-lyTuThS&w2y tier's Cherry Pectoral. "Orrville.Ohio, Sept. 10, ISB2. COLDS. " Having been subject to a bron- chial affection, with frequent colds, for a number of years, I hereby cer- tif^that Ayek's Cherkv Pectoral gives me prompt relief, and is the most effective remedy I have ever tried. James A. Hamilton, Editor of The Crescent." " Mt. Gilead, Ohio, June 26, 1882. COUGHS. " ' ha ™ used Aver's Cherry Pectoral this spring for a se- vere cough and lung trouble with good effect, and I am pleased to recommend it to any cue similarly affected. IIABVET BACGnMAK, Proprietor Globe Tlotel." PREPARED by Dr.J.C.AyepiCo., Lowell, Mass. Sold by all Druggists. w <^EVER FAl^^.^ Spasm*, Convul- VI St/st.vlt7 s '^ rl W»• Dance, Alcohol- Ccthe GBEatOsasigi: — _^__^__. Scrofula, Kings ■ NER V F **■ ugiy Biood I"L" ' L l Diseases, Dyspep- r I I I — ill; i «w, Nervousness, (CONQUEROR)^ it"***** I I I*l I I I I rßhenmatlsm, A'ervous Wtaknns, Brain Worry, Mood Sores, Biliousness, Costwervia, Nervous Prostration. Kidney TrxnMtn and Irregularities. 11.50. ( Sample Tr*«iimoninl<4. "Samaritan Nervine is doing wonders." Dr. J. O. McLemoin, Alexander City, Ala. "I feel it my duty to recommend it." Dr. D. F. Langblin, Clyde, Kansas. 'It cured where physicians failed." Iter. J. A. Edie, Beaver, To. JB3~t'orTcgpondence freely answered. 'A 9 Sold by all Dru^jrlnts. (27) THE DR. S. a. PJCBIONB MED. CO.. ST. JOSEPH. Ma For testimonials and cirenlara send stamp. BVUINtiTON A CO., Agents, San Frinriwo. KIRK, GEARY A; CO , Wholesale AjfenU, Sacr» mento, Cal. ■- a2S lyTuThS&wly .___ I SONG AND DANCE SHOES.-BOXIKC CLOVES. LANCASHIRE AND OTHER CLOGS, ALL XJ sizss; Tights, Wigs. Spangles, Gold and Silver uce«, Tambourines, V,-*;,< m, KAL.SK STONE JEW- ELRY far makeup, and everythins for MinMr<-!» I »nd Theaters. WE SEND BY MAIL OR C. O. D. j As our srocii come direct from Europe, we defy ccaipetl'ion in the United States. Send for price« ' NATHAN JUsEPH, 'AX C;»v street, San Fran- | dsco/!C»l. ' »7-tIVViJ : MISCELLANEOUS. Handkerchisf, i ' V • ' THF a>S^^''\</^ilrf^L Beware of Countsrfeitj. MURRAY & LAWS Floridafater. The Universal Perfume. 'Vymtf' LOOK FOR STAMP; ray*"** *&** ON EVERY CASE.**** mIGIyW3 • ..■.;-.■.■, i. Skin of Beauty is a Joy Forever. I>R. T. FELIX COtTRAUD'a Oriental Cream or Magical Beautifiar CO £ Remove! lijl " *" Tan, Pimples, tic- «SfH&SO Moth-Patches JT fc rj %tfit2zL.» x y£S lnd every ~ i B* M«"*^/&? AWjhlemiah on D■» g my- ]Ur /Wdefi aty> * nJ ™^MHB3HI^Si.j,.-^3 eept no coun- terfeit of similar name. The distinguished Dr. L. A. Sayre said to a lady of the haul ton (a patient) ; "As you ladies will use them, I recommend ' Gaurauitt Cream' as the least harmful 0/ all th 4 Skin preparations." One bottle will last six months, using it every day. Also, POCTDRE SUBTILE re- mores superfluous hair without injury to the skin. Mm. M. B. T. GOURAUD, Sole Prop., id Bund Street, New York. * - ■• ■:■?■■. For Bale by all Drn«ri«ts and Fancy Good* Dealers throughout the I' 41., Canadas and Europe. tST Beware ot base imitations. ,000 Reword (ot arrest and proof of any one selling Uie mua. nIS-lylawSAwlyeow DR. OHKkVKk'S ELECTRIC BEIT, or R*ne»ralor, v -,1, tTT-r««i]y for the care of der»npemeßt of th« procr*»t;»e orc*n«. *»•""' »ny debilnjr of the Rnnun om Ji occon, from nil. r»«r SUM. the continaoui stream of EXECTRICITV p«nn«»iici Uiroii[hUMr«rtt moitmtore Hum to huhbj «ti.a. There li .omlit^tabootthiiiMtroneiiL Y«mn of cm hare mud it, and Iboiundl of cure. »re unified 10. Weakuu tram loducmlon, Inc»p.citj, Uciof Vlfor, SterilltT-ln fact, an> trrmblrm of lh-» orgui "mi Donol nfcnj (hli w:tb electric 6elU »d»er tiled to cure all till from head to lot. Thli li lor the ON irrrifi. E'Sl?llln°Brr? I S,^Tl,°?i U " , infom >« l '»> »J<l™> CHEEV tS ILKCTBIC BELT CU™ IOJ Wujiigioaai,, chleaga. Ik. m4-lyTuThS ■'"---. HUMPHREYS FOR TnE CTTP.E OF ALL DISEASES OP lIORgES.CATTLK.PHEEP, DOGS, HOGS, (FOR TITE CTT.E OF Alt DISKAHES OF )RSES,CATTLE. MlF.rp, DOGS. HOUS, and l'Ol !. 1 li\ . OK TWENTY YEARS Htimphrryii' Tlnmrn. Cnlliie \ rlcrinnrv r»pppiHc» have Been used by rißiTf*, sn»rk lirn'diTM. LlyCf i Stable and 'lurfnn-ji, llnrs" liitilriiniN, ManiifncmriTs, <'•».■»! Mmi 1 i/OmpnnipM, Trnv*K IfippudrontPfi and Menaseri«*t<, and others Uuiioliuy utuc&% with perfect sucooss. Humphreys' Vetprfnnry Mananl. (390 pp.) font f rw by mail on receipt of price. 50 cents. CJf*i*arnph!cla mpiil free on apnllcatlon. ' ' BUMPHRETB HOMEOPATHIC MEO.CO. 1«» Fulton Street. Sew York. " '-, NERVOUS DEBILITY j UIIMDUQrVC Vlttll Woaknesa and Pro* nUlTirrinL O tratlon from over-work or Indiscretion, UnMEnDATUIP 1' radical!/ andpromptljnUmtUr H IMb cured bvlt. Been In n«e 20 years, Pnrpirin U n 00 -i« mo m..st sun-.™. OrtUlrlu Ru. /0, ful remedy known. Prlcesl perTriaXorSvlals.-mi larttevlM of powder for *■'•. M-nt post free on re- ceipt or price, llump'iri'vo' )|<>ni>i>. Ml-rl. <'«. . Ulaah Uitalogoe tre&J lU'J u lt uu at.. .\. \. MANHOOD! KNOW THYSELF.^^i^ j A Book for Every Man I Young, Middle-aged and O)d. Th« untold miseries that result from indiscretion In early life may be alleviated and cu'e<l. Those who doubt this assertion should purchase and read the new medical work published by tne Prabodv Medical Instiiiiii*, Boston, entitled the »rl- rnr* or llf« : or. <irir-Prrsprt'.ttl<tn. It 1» tot only a complete and perfect treatl-w or, Man- hood, Exhausted Vitality, Nervous and Phj-«ic»i Debility. Premature Decline In man. Errors of Youth, etc, but it contains one hundred and twenty-five prescriptions for acut4 «nd chronic dis caws, each ent- ol which It lnvalualilr. «c proved by the author, whose experience for 21 years is such as probably never before fell to the lot 0! any phjsii-ian. It contains 300 pa^es, bound In beautiful ercrxwsed covers, full gilt, embellished with the very finest steel enjrravings, guaranteed to be a finer work in every senatr— mecnanical, ''t*rarj or professional — than any other work retailed In this country for B*2 50, or the money will he re- funced. Price, only $1 25 by mall. Gold Meda- awarded the author by the National Medical Asso- ciation. Illustrated sample Bent on receipt of six cents. Send now. Address PEABODY MEDICAL IX«TmTE. 01 DR. W. H PARKER, No. 4 Bulfinch street, Leu. ton, Mass. The author may be consult* lon all (Us eases requiring sVill and experience. -le-ITTnThP.ABwIvWS k EM TO men! All how mho from indlwfioni. fXre*ir* or n'h>rrii"* c: wetk. unn*rvm!. low tplriiad, pbrsieaMr drsiaed. mad on*b!e to ■- -re. Hf dntlr« propt-rlr, ->\n M etrttiatji and perms' oentlr cured, without iMnm-ii medirin*^. Kn<lt>r»*il l.vl-^/.-ri ttiai«UTH mad tlje prefl4. The XeiiicM \ff-tkl% un: '*■ The oh i i>>»n of trrv.inz >'rrron« ri^hllliT. I'h v-l-il T*"< ■■ Am. I « wholly *..!■•! f.x THEM %KJ*T«?I HOI.I ».- Xt« i Soof lr»»fit«~« iwurril if certain renoraihin H faR nd wr ' feet manrmo'l. Simple. eff--ctive. cff-anU. |>Hawißt. S«ot UAIiSTO.V REJcEnV CO^ KYt'lithSU, Sn Tort HAfiSTfi.V UEMEDT CO^ 4ft W.Utt IL, N»w York i^~: : as lyTnThS&wly Crossman's^pedGc Mixture | WITH THIS REMEDY PERSONS CAN CURE j tbem»*lvc3 without the least exposure, ! change of diet, or char.:;e in application to business ' The medicine contains nothinc; that is of the least injury to the corsetitution. As'< your drnjr H -iBt hi Price, i; a botUe, tniO-ly W3 MISCELLANEOUS. ' __ . -.. . . — - IMPEKHL EGG FOOD~ WILL MAKfi YOUR HENS LAY-IT KEEP? Fowls in best condition, and makes Poultry the moat profitable nock on the (arm. When the Imperial Egg: Food is fed «c<K>rdin<r to directions, sick and drooping chicks will never be seen. C*' Try It ! iiev> an- of Imitations ! •'■>! THOELEY'S IMPROVED HORSE AKD CATTLE F3CD I S PRONOUNCED BY HORSE AND TURF MEN, IS PRONOUNCED BY HORSE A*D TUPF MEN, stoelrteedei - in to bt the gteyuetdia- covery of this nineteenth century with regard to the improved trtatmeut of animals. As with the progress of enlightenment mineral poisons have .-I'Rticl to be i Bed in the treatment «i the human system, 8" THORLEV'3 FOOD supersedes the bar- t>aroUH miner*! comj:r>uuds, still to io»eextentln use as so-called condition powders, in treating our Jomestic aniraals. Although it has b<H:n only some lour years sines thin celebrated Food was first intro- duced in Amend, the irre-.it aala and unparalleled iuccefs that it has m. t -a-:th in all part* of the Union » r iv s the proprietors ■sand boldness to proclaim to the world that the 1 h^rlcv system ct feeding all kinds of stock stands unriviled in the New World aa it does in the Old ami is justly entitled the Great Discovery of the Ajie, is the thousands of voluntary testimonials received by the Company fully corrobo- rate. Sold by the Trade irenerally. Wholesale by MALI, 1111188 «* CO., Sicramtuto, or C •>. WICl»8«2l «t c<».. No 8 New Mon gnniery street, San Francisco. ■■ '■'■■■"' ' je7-;;plinl'uThS&wim Pacific Wheel Works, J. F. HILL, Proprietor, VTAXUFACTUSER Of CARRIAGE AND iTX Waeon Wheels, Gears, etc. The Trade torn. Uhed at iowen« prices. Brut Carrlxceit and WacoßA of m'J U\ ::-.'.+ Dude promptly to ni i.« \nd on hand. m'?.f"«HiTi)ThB*jwBt* f DR. fO% %, wimM (BEFORE -AND - AFTErS Electric Appliances are sent on 30 Days' Trial. TO MEN CriLY, YGUNQ OR OLD, ■\irii'i are latTerins from NiEitvors PreiLmr, >V Lost Vitality, Lack or Nkbtk Fobci uo Vigor, WxariS'i WSAK2rassß9. Loll those di«pftiies of a Pbssosai Nat; 1 :::: re^tiltin^ from Abu^ks and Onus Cac&KS. Speedy rpiief nnd rom^leto resto- iv.ti.>nof Hk.u.tii.Vi . Manhood Ouakan'Teeo. The grandest discovery of the Nineteenth Century Semi at once Cor Illustrated Pftmphletfreo. Aii.iivjj sl J^- BE _ I JL-' 3 :i!i AI ;!. H a LI. W!CH# THE GREAT SAUCE OF THE WORLD. Imparts the most delirious taste aaj test to EXTRACT »=» of a LETTER from fSrl MKDICALGEN- Vf SOl'Ps, TLE.MAX at Mad- H, \ ns, to his brother [1 (•>i, . at WORCESTBK, JkL uls ** ll - > « , "TeIiLEA&i'ER- M&i&tk risll » RINS that their *^^r? sauce is highly es- IIOT&COI.D teemed In i ••»- — 3 table, as well as|^^^a ._„ , the most whole- feg%: '-A7IE, A-r. sorr.e s.iuce tliac Is |l*w,?- Biraatura la on every bottle of OENl'INI! WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE - Bold and used iiriUk-hout the world. JOHN DUNCANS SONS, AGEXT3 FOR TnE UNITED STATE 3. NEW VOUK. AN EXTRAORDINARY RAZOR lAS BEEN INVENTED BY THE QUEEN'S XX OWN CO. of England. The edee and bod] i 8 9.i THln' »nrt FLEXIBLE IS NEVER TO Rf- QUIRE GRINDING and hardly ever netting. It glides over the face UJ<e a plflcfl of velvet, making shavin,-: quire a luxury. 11' IS CHEATING A GBEAT INCITEMENT in turnpe iim.ui; the ex- perts, who pronounce it PERFECTION. Two dol. larg in ba ti hanule : three dollars in ivory. Every razur, to be genuine, nu:f*t bear '■. the reverse side the nam« of NATHAN' JOSEPH, 641 Cluy Ktrent, San Frmodsco, the only place in the United States where they are ohtai.iul. Trade supplied. Sent by mail, 10 cents extra, or C. 0. I>. THE QUEEN'S OWN ( OUPANY, having en- Urged tin factory, an? rr>w m.ii :r:^ PEA! and IVORY CARVING KMVES. TABLE and POCKET KNIVES, HUNTING KNIVES and SCISSORS ol the same quality ad thi-ir marvelous!}' wonderful razor. . a7-tfWS \'A eoecs KHEXE ALL t!« FAILS. pi Eft-.TnoghSyrnn. Tsuub good. fSt V 22 U*clmluMi So;<l by druttriju.H. E] iHMUMMaC 0 ! 1^35 C^ The Largest Importation Ever Reached iu h Year by any House. NMNMMWMM Anheuser-BuschßrbwingAssociaVn lenser-Busch Brbwing Associat'n OF ST. LOUIS. celebrated KIIIMI< op BOTTLED I *«.! BEF.K. ANHEUSER" " BUDWEISER !" tS~ FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS. THI A. F. E VANS & CO., Ran Francisco, hole Asentx Parlflr Coast. je23 2p3mSTu