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BATCKOAY -JULY 6, 1884
SAN FRANCISCO AGENCY.
The office of the Record- in San Fran- j
Cisco is at No. 8 New Montgomery street— j
Hotel, opposite the Grand. The paper can be
obtained at all the principal news -staßds.
Special Advertising and Subscription Agent.
THIS MORNING'S NEWS.
In New York yesterday Government bonds
were quoted at 118}. for 4s of 1907, 111% for 4)_S ;
sterling, $1 [email protected] 80 ; 100 for 3s ; silver bars,
Silver in I_»ndon, 50^d ; consols, 59 13-16 d;
5 cent. United States bonds, extended, 105;
in, 121%; li:%
In San Francisco Mexican dollars are quoted
at [email protected]}_ cents.
The San Francisco Stock Board was not in
-session yesterday, having adjourned Thursday
The national anniversary was enthusiastically
celebrated throughout the country yesterday.
Both houses of Congress were in session yes
terday, and an evening session of the House of
Represent itives was held.
Near Murphy's, Calaveras county, yesterday,
Frank I'errctta drowned hi* wife by holding her
head under water.
The postoffice at Swan lily, Col., was de
stroyed by giant powder yesterday.
The President has nominated John A. Knsson,
of lowa, to be Minister .to Germany, vice Sar
Alpbonso Taft, of Ohio, has been nominated
by the President to lie Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister Plenipotentiary of the "United States to
Russia, vice Hunt, deceased.
Alice Bessemer, a young Jewess, committed
suicide in Oakland Thursday night.
Fire near Aurora, Or.; loss, $10,000.
Lewis A. Knott is to be hanged on the 21st
ills!, ill Washington Territory.
Five cholera deaths occurred at Toulon Thurs
A statue of Washington was unveiled in River
side Park, Chicago, yesterday.
Fire at Port Perry, Ontario ; loss, 1150,000 to
REVIVING OLD SLANDERS.
Some conscienceless sheets, laboring un
der the False idea that a campaign can only
be conducted upon the plane of scurrility,
personal assault and falsehood, are still en
gaged in circulating the slander that Gen
eral John A. Logan was a secessionist.
Even the San Francisco Examiner, that
apes some degree of dignity, not long since
permitted itself to indulge in the libel.
General Logan himself threw this miser
able slander back into the teeth of its pro
moters. Standing in his place in Congress
he gave the story the lie direct, and ap
pealed to his fellow-members to testify to
the truth or falsity of the tale, and they
bore testimony to his loyalty. Even Sena
tors Lamar and Pugh, Southern men, stud:
We never heard a word of sympathy
from your lips with secession, either in
theory or practice. On the contrary, you
were vehement in your opposition to it."
In January, 1861, before a shot had been
fired, General Logan voted for the resolu
tion approving the act of Major Anderson
in withdrawing the United Suites forces
from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. That
resolution pledged Congress to support the
President in enforcing the laws and pre-
ring the Union. Pendleton,Vallandig
ham and Niblack, Democrats from the
North, voted against it, but General Logan
supported it in a ringing speech. That
same resolution was held by the rebels of
South Carolina to be cause for war, and to
justify the training of rebel guns against
the flag that floated ever Sumter, thus set
ting at!.-' the rebellion of the slave
holding States. On the . 'tii of February,
1861, in a notable speech, full of patriotic
fervor, General Logan said :
" / have olsucys tad do t'C! deny the rigU of seces
sion. There is no warrant for it in the Constitu
tion. It i- wrong ; it Is unlawful, unconstitu
tional, and should be called by the right name
revolution. No good, sir, can result from It, but
much mischief may. I hold that all grievances
can be much easier redressed inside the Union
than out of it. 1 have bei taught to believe
that the preservation of this glorious Union,
with its broad (lug waving over lis as the shield
for our protection on land and on sea, is para
mount to all the parties and platforms that ever
have existed or ever can exist, I would to-day.
if I had the power, sink my own party, and
every other party, with all their platlorni-, into
the vortex of ruin, without heaving a figh or
shedding a tear, to save the Union, or even stop
the revolution where it is."
In the summer of l^ll the Second Regi
incut of Michigan Volunteers, commanded
by Colonel Israel B. Kic-uura marched
into Washington. Logan, who had not
borne arms since the campaign of the Mex
ican war, in which he served as a private,
left the special session of Congress, enlisted
under Colonel Richardson, shouldered a
musket for the Union, and inarched out to
and fought in the lirst battle of Bull Run.
Securing a discharge soon after, in order to
r .rise a regiment, he went »i <-.•.,.■ to li!i
nois, an.i in two weeks' time hail mustered
in and was at the bead of the Thirty
Regiment of Illinois Volunteers. 1!,. en
tered the army a private at Washington ;
four years thereafter, most to a day, he
returned to that city, battle-scarred and
grim with the smoke of four years of con
flict, at the head of a victorious army and
wearing a Major Gem shoulder-straps.
It certainly becomes cowardly rebel sympa
thizing sheets thai gnawed files while Gen
eral Logan was lighting the battles
of the Union against the men of
the Booth, who had the courage
to take up arms for their cause, to now de
nounce the veteran as a sympathizer with
the heresy of secession and a friend and
promoter of the rebel cause. In 1866 the
enemies of Logan, in a Congressional cam
paign, assailed him with the same slanders
now revamped. One of these was that he
aided a party of men to leave Marion, 111.,
to enter the Confederate service. The wit
ness presented was an ex-rebel soldier,
named Kelly, who averred that n. B. Cun
ningham had induced him to enter a com
pany raised for the rebel army, on the
representation that Logan would join them
soon. -Thereupon Mr. Cunningham came
out in a letter written from Sacoba, Miss.,
and denounced the story as "an infamous
lie. You never knew that 1 had any inten
tion of going South, nor did 1 write until
about one hour before 1 did go, and then 1
went an a recruit in Captain Tborndike
Brooks' company, and I never recruited a I
single man for the Southern army." A. H. J
.Morgan, who was in Captain Brooks' com- ;
■pany, left Illinois with Cunningham, and |
he also wrote to the press in 1866 in vmdi- 1
cation of General Logan, saying that he ill
no way aided or advised the company or
gave it encouragement, and he added:
" This statement I make without General
Logan's knowledge, eh) so in justice to him,
and to refute the slanderous charge made
against him." Colonel Brooks, of the com
mand in question, bore like testimony, as |
did a score or more of leading men inti- 1
mate with General Logan at his home in |
Illinois. The story w_3 started by unscru
pulous men when Logan, returned to his
home with the dust of a four years' cam
paign upon bis garments, was taken up by
the people as a candidate for Congress, and
was reseated in the place he had vacated to
enlist as a private in the Union army. The
Washington Trihuue has been energetic in
searching official and other records that
give the lie to the defamers of a gallant
soldier, but it is within the province of al
most any librarian to present unquestiona
ble proofs of the hollowness and cruelty of
the story the Democratic press is so dili
gently circulating. Yet such journals as
the San Francisco Examiner, the earlier
forms of which were being pitched out of
third story windows by enraged citizens,
because of its secession proclivities, at the
time Logan was fighting its rebel friends in
Georgia, lends itself to give circula
tion to the falsehood that General Logan
was a secession sympathizer, and was only
prevented from "going over by the
shrewdness of his far-seeing wife.
M. Pasteur, the eminent scientist, says :
" There is surely a microbe of cholera.
Cholera comes from India, where it is epi
demic. We know that cholera is both
infectious and epidemic." M. Pasteur
added that the best preventive is good
hygiene, and above all. the avoidance of
water from wells in infected towns. The
statement telegraphed that breathing ex
cess of oxygen is found to be a cure for
cholera may have some basis of truth in it.
The increased circulation and the augment
ing of animal heat as a result may have the
effect ascribed. But what concerns the
people of the French towns most at
this time is a preventive, and that
unquestionably is a correct state of the sys
tem. Cholera fastens soonest upon the
human being whose stomachic condition
I pie of the French towns most at
s time is a preventive, and that
: . stionably ia a correctstate of the sys
i. Cholera fastens sixinost upon the
nan being whose stomachic condition
invites it most. Merc medicines, it is not
reasonable to believe, will prevent; all
they can do is to aid a correction of the
system where artificial aids are needed.
But disinfectants and cleanliness are aids
to a proper atmospheric condition for the
resistance of the plague. M, Vulpian, a
distinguished medical authority, is reported
by a Paris paper as saying that corrosive
sublimate is the best disinfectant in drains
and closets for apartments. He recom
mended phenic acid, and he advised every
body suffering] from diarrhoea to take im
mediately ten drops of laiidnum in a glass
of water. When the cholera has once de
clared itself, it should be treated with
opium. Since absorption is difficult and
sometimes impossible to cholera patients,
alkaloids should be employed, of which
morphine is the most powerful. M. Vul
pian continued by repeating that morphine
will be the great remedy should unfortu
nately an epidemic break forth.
Hut there is another aid to the body, and
that is calmness of the mind. The fear of
a pest is an invitation to it. Cholera will
not probably cross the Atlantic this year. 1
But it may. Our authorities do not seem
to have taken any steps thus far to prevent
it. We Should follow the example of the
Egyptian authorities, and forbid communi
cation between infected ports and this
country absolutely. If the plague, how
ever, reaches this country, the one great
thing to do is to preserve equanimity of
the mind. Panicky fears are certain to
augment the evil and encourage its spread.
Since the foregoing was written, it has
been ascertained that Surgeon-General
Hamilton's advice to the State Department
to adopt regulations to prevent the intro
duction of the disease into the United
States from France, will be followed, if it
is found that the cholera in France extends
beyond the control of the French health
officers. The Surgeon-General says that
cholera is, of all diseases, perhaps the most
difficult to quarantine against, and locali
ties threatened by it should adopt every
precaution in the way of perfect cleanliness
and attention to hygienic conditions. This
advice comes to as of the Pacific coast with
especial force since the reception of the
Dews of the breaking out of the cholera in
the neighborhood of Pekin and at Tokio.
SHOULD THERE BE A CHANGE?
In the American Monthly for .Inly the
question. " Should there be a change of
Administration?" is ably debated, and the
negative conclusion is reached, because no
good reason for a change has been ad
vanced. But, if this is not enough, there
is affirmative reason the country is pros
perous, the people contended, the govern
ment well administered, and any change
now would tend to disturb these conditions
unfavorably. But is there any reason why
the Democratic party should be given the
reins of power ? The answer is, emphati
cally, "' No." There is no urgent call
for great reform not already under
taken ; the treasury is full, the debt
is being discharged satisfactorily, popula
tion is increasing sufficiently, our products
arc augmenting and becoming more varied,
and there is nothing in the way of Change
to which the Democracy can put its band
with any hope of bettering affairs. A
prosperous people always prefer to be left
alone, but a people in distress, dissatisfied
and with short crops atford opportunity for
the agitator with the over-read] cry of
" Reform. A change means a great op
setting of officials and a consequent wide
spread agitation that is never beneficial.
It means the punishing of political foes,
the overturning of half worked-out poli
cies. It means tin restoration to power of
a Southern clement that has not stood
at the public crib for twenty-four
years, and the appetite of which is unduly
sharpened. it means that with that cle
ment in power tin- electoral franchise will
be narrowed in the South, in effect, and the
right of some citizens at the poll- he practi
cally blotted out. The change to a Demo
cratic administration means the placing in
power of a party that baa always been hos
tile to equality, that bids for ami receive.
the support of the baser class of the foreign
clement, ami that is favorable to the aristo
cratic spirit, and the parly is therefore un-
American The Conservatives of Europe
want a Democratic party victory in Amer
ica, while the Liberals pray for a Republi
can triumph, and for obvious reasons,
because the former party is reactionary,
and the latter is progressive and truly dem
ocratic. The Democratic party is not a
partisan of the free school system when
compared to its opponent, the Republican
organiiation. Such opposition as is
nolle to the system, such demand
as is made" ' for a division of the
School funds comes from within J the
Democratic organization. Certain it is, if
| ever the school system of the country is
destroyed, the assaults will not come from
within the Republican party. But these
are only a few of the reasons that may be
advanced against a change. The men at
the front in the opening campaign signify
little in comparison to the parties behind
them, and the effects of putting into power
a political clement that cannot give a sin
gle guarantee that a change will be benefi
cial to the people and give strength to the
"A TRADE, NOT AN ART."
M. Begnier, the French dramatic and
literary scholar, told a correspondent of the
"Century" recently that there are made
great numbers of requests by Americans in
Paris for private lessons in the '* art of act
ing," and ."or admission to the Conserva
toire, and that the number of sucli appli
cants is constantly increasing. As a reason
for this, he said that in America acting on
the stage is treated as a trade, rather than
as an art, save by very few ; and the few,
being forced to live like wandering tribes
of Israel to live at all, cannot teach. That
is the simple truth. But he should have
added, that what has driven actors to be
merely wanderers in America is the de
plorable "star" system. It has about
crushed out good stock companies.' We no
longer have general excellence and a per
manent troupe, but a single actor of prom
inence and a host of rushlights to shine by
contrast with his effulgence. Managers, in
their greed of competition, are, more than
Others, to blame for this ; but playwrights
are also blameworthy, for they have made
it possible for a fellow with a bit of wit to
have a sensational play written around,
him, with which he can " lake the road,"
supported by "actors," who must remain
subordinate to the "star." or lose their
bread and butter. The result of all this
" star," " sensational . and " road busi
ness is, that only at rare intervals do we
see any tine art-work upon the stage, such
as characterized the old-time stock com
panies. Naturally, there are now and
then troupes with good " support " through
out, but in the fact that they are considered
especially noteworthy, is testified the ab
sence of that general excellence which
should obtain throughout the* whole range
of the dramatic profession. The truth is
the dramatic art in Americans in a very
bad way. and unless we have schools for
the art soon, we shall have very little
worthy of commendation left upon the
stage, and must look to the European
schools for artists. There long training,
analysis of the emotions, study of the stage
in detail, instruction in the methods of
probing the text and presenting its mean
ing faithfully made the subjects of
most laborious application, and are con
sidered as art-works of the higher order.
PRETENSE VS. WORK.
The Democrats are constant in their
references to the alleged failure of the Re
publicans to pass needed laws. If only
they, the Democrats, were in power, what
wonders they would work in legislation.
Let us see what the record has to say. The
Republicans are in majority in the United
States Senate. That body has passed, and
the House of Representatives, which is
Democratic in majority, has failed to pass
some of die most urgently needed non
partisan measures ever proposed in Con
gress. Out of about WO bills passed by the
Senate, and which the House has not
adopted, are the admittedly important new
patent law* : the bill carrying out the solemn
compact made with the Ute Indians'; the
bill to continue work on the new
steel cruisers : the bill to remove
obstructions from navigable streams ;
the bill to improve the- coinage of
the country ; for the relief of settlers on
public lands; the resolution of common
politeness recognizing the presentation of
the ship Alert by the British Government
to aid the Greely search expedition ; to
authorize the leasing of premises for post
offices of the first, second and third class;
fixing the salaries of the United States
Judges at a decent figure ; to establish a
uniform system of bankruptcy ; to prevent
trespassing on the lands guaranteed to In
dians ; to ratify the agreements with the
Sioux Indians for a right of way through
their reservation ; a much needed measure
to aid development of the Northwest; to
allot lands in severalty to Indians of cer
tain tribes; to check timber depredations ;
to put the lands in the lowa i Man
Reservation, in Nebraska and Kansas, upon
sale for the benefit of the people ; to pun
ish persons who falsely personate officers
and employes of the United States; the im
portant bill relating to the quorum of the
Supreme Court of the United States ; for
the relief of certain settlers on public lands,
and the repayment of fees and purchase
money paid on void entries; the bill for
maintenance of the Consular service. The
list might be greatly extended of similar :
bills, into which no political issues enter,
and that are demanded by justice, the needs
of the country, and the dictate- of reason.
A THING TO BE CHOKED.
The Paris correspondent of the London
Times last week telegraphed that James
Stephens, the ex-Fenian Head Center, had
forwarded to an active member of the
Brotherhood at Chicago a manuscript cir
cular summoning an early meeting at Chi
cago of prominent Irish Americans who are
willing to join a new movement in favor of
a military organization on the lines pro
posed by the late John ( I'Mahoney. It was
added that Stephens declared that the ser
vices of several distinguished European
officers have already been placed at his
We do riot believe the statements of
Stephens. Bui that he and his class of
agitators would a second time set up a mil
itary organization in this country in en
mity to England, if permitted, is to be be
lieved. The Government of the United
States was once so weak as to permit this
sort of thing. It should never do it again.
We were treated to the spectacle of mounted
uniformed men, resplendent in gold bull
ion and buttons, with sabers clanging at
their heels, galloping about the streets of
New York, carrying on the business of a
military headquarters formally maintained
for the purpose of raising money, collect
ing munitions of war, and of enrolling
troops to assault a nation with which we
were at peace. That sort of thing went on
for months. Millions of dollars were
wrung from the honest Irishmen in Amer
ica by appeals to their love for " the old
home,'" to support these military swindlers
and to furnish their chambers with tapes
try and load their tables with wines. They
did actually enroll and arm men, and did
make an effort to march into Canada. At
the last moment the Government extended
its .:rm,-thc bubble burst, and the cause of ,
Ireland was sadly injured in the house of J ,
.*. friends. This time the bubble must not ]
be blown ; the country must I not again be I
made ashamed by being ntilized as the re- 1
cruiting ground for troops that are to be j
used against a friendly Power. The pro
posed amenably in Chicago, if intended
to foster an Irish military organization
here, should be nipped in the bud. If there
is no law to prevent it, there should be
legislation on the subject speedily. J,
The United States Cremation Company
has just incorporated in New York, and a
crematory is to be erected there. Unlike
the shortsighted, narrow and opinionated
authorities of San Francisco, the New York
Health Board does not object to this
method of disposing ef the dead. Even
they cannot check the reform. It is
too vital and important a one to be stayed
by the feeble protests of a Board that is be
hind the age. It is undecided as yet
whether the new company at New York
will adopt the Siemens or Gorini method.
The latter prevails in Italy and the former
in Germany. The Siemens' system heats
the furnace by the combustion of ordinary
illuminating gas, in connection with super-
Lhorities of San Francisco, the New York
.alth Board does not object to this
ithod of disjiosing ef the dead. F.ven
?y cannot check the reform. It is
i vital and important a one to be stayed
the feeble protests of a Board that is be
nd the age. It is undecided as yet
lether the new company at New York
11 adopt the Siemens or Gorini method.
le latter prevails in Italy and the former
Germany. The Siemens' system heats
c furnace by the combustion of ordinary
animating gas, in connection with super
heated air, to a white heat— that is, a
temperature of 1,500° Fahrenheit The
volatile products of the combustion
are carried through a regenerat
ing furnace before they are liberated.
tie Gorini method subjects the body to be
cremated to a bath in a chemical solution
which facilitates combustion, thus making
the burning possible at a much lower
temperature. The residuum ordinarily
weighs about 4 per cent, of the weight of
the body cremated, and six pounds of
ashes, being the residue of 160 pounds thus
reduced, would fill a space about nine
The New York society now numbers
some 1,500 members, including some of the
brightest minds of the great metropolis.
The society at Copenhagen has 2,000 mem
bers ; that of Holland 1,100, Paris 400, Mi
lan 300. Florence, Rome, Berlin. Dresden,
London and Rio Janeiro have large socie
ties, while that of Pennsylvania practically
includes all the people, since no opposition
is now raised to cremation there, and the
law of the State recognizes the process as
legitimate disposal of the dead.
Tf the New York Herald represented any
thing but the plant that maintains it ; if it
voiced the scatiment of any' considerable
number of people; if it had the influence
politically that its inflated ambition aims
at, the following from the editorial page
might be considered of grave moment. As
it is it is mere braggadocia, mere piff paff
pouf, and entitled to be sung into the bur
. lesque opera. Hear it: "We speak seri
ously when we say that to avert great evil
the country must now put down this new
sectional domination, this attempt of the
Western demagogism, swagger and bounce
to make itself the controlling force of the
Union at the expense of the East, the .South
and the middle section. * * "' Blame
is the chosen favorite of the West and the
rowdy element. * * * Ii is better for
the country — the people of the whole Union
— to decide this question now at the ballot
box peacefully than later with rifles in their
hands." The gods protect vs — bayonets,
indeed! Well, well, the country must be
in danger, and the West will proceed im
mediately to draw its head into its hole and
take the hole in after it. Bah ! The idea
of attempting to influence votes by such
twaddle. It is insufferably disgusting, and
is a shame to journalism. Rifles, indeed;
rifles ! Really, Black Jack, there is work
in hand for you yet, if this modern FalstaS
of the press bo not drunk with rage.
"HAnrEK's Weekly," March 2H, ISSI,
said: "The selection of Mr. Blame for
the State Department shows that the Presi
dent means 'to have a party behind him.'
Mr. Blame is alert, brilliant, versatile
; but the plant that maintains it ; if it
id the seatiineni of any' considerable
ber of people ; if it had the influence
ieally that its inflated ambition aims
ie following from the editorial jwige
it be considered of grave moment. As
it is mere braggadocia, mere pitl paf
, and entitled to be sung into the bur
ie opera. Hear it : "We speak seri
f when we say that to avert great evil
sountry must now put down this new
anal domination, this attempt of the
Lern demagogism, swagger and bounce
akc itself tiie controlling force of the
in at the expense of the East, the South
the middle section. * * Blame
c chosen favorite of the West and the
iy element. Ii is better for
ountry— the people of the whole Union
decide this question now at the ballot
peacefully than later with rifles in their
Is." The gods protect as— bayonets,
sdl Weil, well, the country must be
uiger, and the West will proceed im
iately to draw its head into its bole and
the hole in after it. Bah ! The idea
tempting to influence votes by such
die. It is insufferably disgusting, and
ihame to journalism. Rifles, indeed;
i! Really. Blackjack, there is work
md for you yet. if this modern Falstafl
.- press bo not drunk with rage.
I.Ull'Kl'.'s Wt-Khl. :." March 26, 1881,
"The selection of Mr. Blame for
State Department shows that the Presi
means ' to have a party behind him. 1
Blame is an alert, brilliant, versatile
public man, with a larger personal follow
ing than any other Republican leader. As
Secretary of State his course will be re
garded not only without prejudice, but
with the most friendly anticipation. * * *
The Administration begins, therefore, with
an admirable manifesto, and with a Cabinet
to which no part of the paity openly ob
jects. * * * The friends of Mr. Blaiue
will be its warm supporters. The friends
of no other ' stalwart' leader can complain
that they have not been 'recognized.' "
Dits. Bbouabdel and Pboust, of Toulon,
declare that the epidemic at that place is
not cholera, of the Asiatic form, but local
disca»e, resulting from deplorable defects
in local -unitary system— that it is not im
ported cholera and not contagious. But. since
they have given that opinion the disease
has spread to other cities, and Dr. German,
physician at the Hotel Dicu, Paris, is out
in a statement that the disease is Asiatic
cholera, and M. Pasteur adds, if it is Asiatic
cholera, "it will spread all over France."
He believes also that the disease is ("ti
tagious, and puts great faith in quarantine
How singularly Inconsistent is the position of
the handful of " kickers." They declare that
they ire devotedly and unalterably attached to
the Republican party, but while admitting that
to the great majority of the Republican party
the nomination of Mr. Blame is a response to a
desire, Btill the party docs not know what is best
for it, and therefore these doctors in polities
proi-osc to diagnose its case and dose it without
even in invitation to do so. How can they be
considered consistent in admitting that the
mass of the party if pleased with the act of the
Convention, and still declare that the party is
not properly represented by Mr. lilaiue?
The New York Sun pats the Republican goody,
goody kicker-- on the back in this doubtful man
ner: " The Republicans have seen indifference
and discord as great as now prevails in their
party give way before the end of the campaign
to confidence and enthusiasm. It cannot fairly
he said thai the Republican prospect* are more
unfavorable now than they were before the
Filth avenue conference in 1808. The opposi
tion to Blame comes not from the practical poli-
Kto Maine comes not from the practical poli
ticians in the rank and file of the party, but
mainly from the people who do not always take
the trouble to vote."
, — . I—m1 — m m .
The Senate of the United States has, with a
strong vote, passed the amended or supple
mental Chinese restriction bill. It will gratify
the friends of the better civilization to know
that a false sentiment as to the right of a for
eigner to enter the country whose presence is
antagonistic to our system of society, has not
prevailed, anil that the -chief legislative tribu
nal of the land has barkened to the earnest
pleadings of the people of the Pacific coast.
_ • ■ — — — — -
. ; eolouisto are frightening nervous people
again. They aver that if no new deposits are
found, the coal beds of the earth will be ex
hausted in exactly 10,875 years. This is very
startling, and should be a suttieicnt incentive to
householders to lay in an immediate large sup
ply of fuel.
1 * , — , m m .
Tut New York Poet is of the kind of timber of
which Mormon blood-atoning devotees are
made. Its affection is so great for the Repub
lican party that it is solicitous to take it upon
its knee and cut its throat to save its soul.
, , »-♦
The Dixon Tribune is authority for the state
ment that ex-Congressman J. K. Lnttrcll, an
old time Democrat, has declared for Blame and |
FACTS OF INTEREST.
A crematory society has been organized
in Boston. . '.'.I -
Austria has eighty-four trade-schools, 1 '
comprising schools for textile manufact- j
ures, for wood and stone trades, for ceramic I
and glass work and for small industries.
A portable oil-mill has been invented I
which will enable cotton-planters to ex
press the oil from cotton seed without tak- I
ing it off their farms, thus saving the refuse I
valuable for fertilizing purposes. v -
Detroit places itself near the front rank J
of cities using the electric light by appro- I
priating $86,000 for the maintenance for a
year of seventy-two electric light towers.
Of these towers six are to be 150 feet high,
and sixty-six 104 feet high.
A 'Rochester gentleman offers a prize, in
the shape of a trip to Europe, to the two
students in each class who attain the high
est standing during the year at the Khuira
Female College, the party to be accompanied
by a member of the Faculty.
The attempt in Georgio to preserve Liber
ty Hall as a permanent memorial of its
owner, the late Alexander H. Stephens, is
a failure, and the property is likely to go to
a citizen of Crawfordville, who proposes to
make it bis private residence.
In tearing down a portion of the Wash
ington Hotel at Bordcntown, N. J., re
cently, a violin, with the name of ** Thomas
Paine" branded on it. was found stowed
away in the attic. Paine did considerable
writing in this old town at the inn named.
A Bible printed in the Russian language
was found in Castle Garden the other day.
in which was a slip bearing a number of
strange devices, such as knives, pistols, a
cow's head, and a blood-red cross and
heart. The owner is supposed to be a So
Pine trees in some portions of North
Carolina are dying in large numbers, it is
supposed, from injuries inflicted by the
"bore worm" or "sawyers," which played
havoc with the pines in that State about
thirty years ago. Their ravages are not
confined to the old trees, the young ones
dying just as rapidly and numerously.
In the Senate gallery the other day a nice
old lady asked the gentleman who sat be
side her to point out Senator Butler, of
South Carolina. "I want to see the man
who killed so many colored people at
Hamburg," she said. The gentleman hap
pened to be a Southern man, and with bit
ter irony he pointed out the venerable Mr.
Hoar, of Massachusetts. The old lady
looked seriously at him for a moment, then
remarked, "1 might have known it; there
is murder in every lineament of his face."
'all' and other skins are made to resem
ble very closely alligator skins by a very
ingenious process. A photograph having
been made of a genuine alligator hide, a
copy is produced in bichromated gelatine,
which gives in relief all the curious mark
ings, and from this latter relief representa
tion a metal die is readily executed. This
die is pressed heavily upon the cheap
leather, with the result of making it look
so much like the leather manufactured
from the skin of the alligator as to dec.
experts unless it is examined and handled.
Any suitable stain can be imparted to the
A Crocodile Adventure.
I had an extraordinary adventure with
a crocodile during a walk one day. which
might have terminated rather unpleasantly
for me. Our experience had always been
that crocodiles were among the shyest ani
mals that one meets with in Africa, the
large ones more particularly so. Of course,
no one would ever think of going into deep
water where these animals are numerous,
as I believe they arc anything but afraid of
man when they encounter him in th_ir na
tive element; and one not tin frequently bears
of Arabs being carried off by them when
attempting to swim across rivers. We
bad. however, never hesitated to ap
proach the banks of a river, even when
they shelved off into deep water. I'll
this occasion we had gone down to the
river to drink at a place where the water
was very deep, and 1 was stooping down,
drinking out of the palm of my hand,
when suddenly my brother gave me a
vigorous pull back. A very large croco
dile, with a huge head, was making for
me, and was within two feet 'of v.!.- re 1
was standing when he perceived it. As
soon as I jumped back the croccodile
turned tail and made for the middle of the
river. An Arab boy, who was holding our
rifles while we drank, was so much aston
ished that he stood openmouthed, and was
so awkward that neither of us could snatch
a rifle quick enough from him to get a shot
before the monster sank and disappeared.
Probably, if my brother bad not seen the
crocodile when he did, it would have tried
to knock me into the river with its tail. It
had no doubt heard us drinking, and had
popped round from behind a rock. Sir
Samuel Baker says in his book, *' The
Nile Tributaries of Abyssinia," that the
crocodiles on the Settite are noted for their
daring. This was certainly an instance of
the truth of this remark.— [The Wild
Tribes of the Soudan.
Love at First Sight.
The Reno Gazelle publishes the following
sample of an easy matrimonial market :
" A very quiet affair, tinged with a little
romance, took place in Judge Young's back
office yesterday evening being the marriage
of 0. M. Johnson, of Susanville, to Rose
Wilson, of San Francisco. Neither had
seen each other until they met at the La
fayette Hotel on Sunday last, although a
brief correspondence had been carried on
between them, having been initiated by
Johnson advertising for a correspondent in
one of the San Francisco papers, which was
replied to by the lady. A second letter
from Johnson was a proposal of marriage.
The young lady accepted, on condition that
the two were to meet at Reno, and if then
Cupid gave a favorable report the marriage
was to take place at once, but if an affinity
did not manifest itself on first sight it was
to be no go. Johnson to furnish money
sufficient to pay the lady's round-trip ex
penses, to be used if she concluded not to
marry him. Johnson arrived on the 18th
inst., and Miss Wilson on last Saturday.
Cupid reported favorably; a license was
procured and the two made one. Judge
Young performed the cermony and officers
Mershon and Green witnessed the romantic
union. The bride is aged about 22 years
and is a petite demi-blonde. The happy
husband in a full blonde and a well-to-do
miner. The pair left for Lassen county this
How to Say It.
Say " 1 would rather walk," and not "I
hail "rather walk."
Say " I doubt not but I shall," and not
" 1 don't doubt but I shall."
Say " for you and me," and not " for you
Say " whether I be present or not," and
not " present or no."
Say " not that I know," and not " that I
Say " return it to me," and not " return
it back to me."
Say " I seldom see him," and not " thai
I seldom or ever see him."
Say " fewer friends," and not " less \
Say " if I mistake not," and not " if I am
Say " game is plentiful," and not "' game
Say "I am weak in comparison with
you,'' and not " to you."
Say "it rains very fast." and not "very
Say "in its primitive sense," and not
" primary sense."
Say " he was noted for his violence," and
not that " he was a man notorious for vio
Say " thus much is true," and not " this j
much is true."
Say " I lifted it," and not " I lifted it
And last, but not least, say "I take my
paper and pay for it in advance."—[Ex
■ — o*~m. .
Effects of Smoking. — Johann Strauss,
the composer, has been troubled for some
time by severe, fainting spells, that have
caused his physicians great anxiety. They I
were at first attribute.! to fatty accumula
tions around the heart, but a member of
the Faculty of the University of Vienna, a I
warm friend of the composer and his I
family, being called into a consultation, [
came to the conclusion that the diagnosis I
that had been taken Was incorrect, and I
that the musician's illness was caused by I
excessive smoking of strong cigars; and
this view has been 1 proved correct by the
results of treatment designed to counteract I
the poisonous effects of nicotine.— -[Medi- |
' ! ■>
■■ _ j ■:' - '" •-';"^cELLA_s-Eo*o**i,' •'■ " . xpipxyyixxj^ '
JUST RECEIVED, MR. CRAWFORD'S BEST NOVKL,
"-A- ROMAN SING- 331=1.!"
By F. MARION CRAWFORD,
AUTHOR OF 'MB. ISAACS," " DR. CLAUDIUS," AXD "TO LEE WARD."
1 vol., IGnio.. $X 25.
The ringer Is the protege of a fallen noble, and the pupil of a great teacher, with a voice
of celestial quality, He sees a German lady of high degree and worships from a distance,
obtaining access to her in the guise of an Italian teacher. At length the moment arrives for
which he has waited. He makes his debut in " Favorita." and Mr. Crawford's description of
the event, the audience and its enthusiasm, the little play behind the scenes, and the recog-
nition of the poor though triumphant artist by the great lady, is one of the most powerfully*
written pictures we have met for a long time.— [The Knickerbocker .New York).
Of ail Mr. Crawford's works the most interesting, captivating and masterly is "A Roman
Singer."— (The Week (Toronto).
O. S. i=_:*oxjc3-_H:T<__>Kr,
Wholesale and Retail Bookseller and Stationer, No. 615 J street, Sacramento.
~~ SAMUEL JELLY, \
No. 422 J" street, Toot. Pourtli efXAtX __**"i_*t___.
Watches, Diamonds, Jewelry and Silverware,
THE BEST WORK FOR THE LEAST MONEY.
3M-.xs.-s___*f*_ct-t7s.x-ixi.s *"**"" Ropairixic « Specialty.
dS-3plm . ______
g» __JK.XjXT3Xr^2 c*_» 0L
jg*S WATCHMAKERS & JEWELERS, 428 J direct, bet. Fourth and Fifth. $£*£&
as^- Dealers In WATCHES. JEWELRY AND DIAMONDS Repairing in all its branches a
Specialty, under ME. FXOBERG. Agents for ROCKFORD WATCH COMPANY. ja7-?pU
J. Gr. DAVIS,
No. 411 X STREET. BETWEEN' FOURTH AND FIFTH, SACRAMENTO.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN PARLOR, RED AND DINING-ROOM rDRNI-#>|
TURK and CARPETS. Latest Pattern- in Linoleum and Oil Cloths. Also, a l.arjreV^^
Assortment of Curtain Shades, Cornices, Etc I would request the public to call and J"*S*J
examine my large stock of good, before purchasing elsewhere, as they will find it to their * \ *
advantage. Country Orders Solicited, and Satisfaction Guaranteed.
FIREWORKS and FLAGS!
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, AT
C. .___. I**** /%. T*t7iT.T.-F:-'f=i 708 nncl 710 J street.
NEW GOODS! STYLMODS! CHEAP GOODS!
JUST I?. STOCK,
Five Car-loads of Assorted Furxiituro I
EIGHT FROM THE FACTORY.
I can quote the Lowest Price on every' line. Gel my prices, and compare them with any other
House before you boy. Come to my store, and yon will flnd goods and prices that will astonish joa.
Nos. 604, 606 and 608 X STREET [n9-3ptt] - SACRAMENTO.
409 T ■«-. rti-w- -m mi -- ' _ T~ I SPRING AND
:rdj. F. SLATER, Hatter. lip
j J mres-3p3m
H. S. CROCKER & CO.,
J__.lrt_j.l_- _E3oo ________ _s _7___-ci Stationery.
SCHOOL BOOKS and SCHOOL SDPPLIES
"lIS I^l3^ m 1 Nos - 20S and 210 J STREET,
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. | SACRAMENTO. __2S-3pU
1884. IVIiSSXO-C HOCK 1884.
Grain Dock and Warehouses,
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Regular Warehouse for San Francisco Produce Exchange and Cull Board.
Storage Capacity for 73,000 Tons ofG-raiu
THE CALIFORNIA DRY DOCK COMPANY. PROPRIETORS.
OLIVER ELDRIDGE, President. W. «'. GIBBS, Secretory. CHAS. H. SINCLAIR, Superintendent.
Me_i-cr_ -Sun Francisco Produce Exchange and Call Board.
OFFICE, 31S CALIFORNIA STREET, ROOM 2.— MONET ADVANCED AT LOWEST RATES
on GRAIN in Warehouse. Interest payable at end of loan. Season Storage, ending JUNE
, 1, is?.., *i per ton.
*S-Ou all WHEAT Shipped to MISSION ROCK BY BARGES, Freight Rates Guaranteed the
same as to Port Costa. Ail applications for storage or other business, addressed to
Jyl-3p3m_ije2--Wt- CHAS. 11. SINCLAIH, Superintendent.
»——_■—-—---_■——.___—■__■—■»-_■__■■ — _^ PM _t— -I —■■—■■— —3 M ■ ___ _____l__________^_W_i_M__^____________________________M— M-__«_M_WW__M_
HUNTINGTON, HOPKINS & CO.,
___C___.__=t*JO*V£7 , ___.__l3ll !
IRON, STEEL. COAL. ETC., ETC.
-A? J p -r Kb ._***_****__ ' 'I ttty.
Rubber and Cotton Hose, Hose Pipes, nose
Reels}, Hose Sprinklers, Lawn Mowers, Lawn
Rakes, Lawn Sprinklers, Fountain Pumps, Grass
Hooks, Scythes, etc.
Sacramento and San Francisco.
"IT BERN APPOINTED .MANAGER FOR
I Sacramento county am! adjacent towns, o!
tile UNIVERSAL BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION
for unmarried persons. Issues certificates of en-
dowment of one to two thousand dollars, pay-
able at marriage or maturity. No one else is
authorized to transact business for the Associa-
tion in this vicinity. Addles, nil communica-
tions to W. H. ARCHER, 723 I. street. Sacra-
BRACKETS AT COST I
VASES AT COST ! PICTURE FRAMES AT
V cost! JEWELRY at cost! DOLLS at costl
MIRRORS and EASELS at cost! Everything in
these lines of goods must be sold during the
month of March, as I desire to put in a new line
of goods. Agent for White, New Home and
other standard Sewing Machines. Agency for
Gibbs' Rug Patterns and Universal Perfect Fit-
ting Patterns, Stamping.
j,-.7-3ptf W. A. fciTKPHENSON. 806 J street.
*n fRS. E. M. WIEDMANN, NOS. 418 J STREET
l\ L and «9 X street (Metropolitan Theater
Building), manufacturer aud wholesale and re-
tail dealer in all kinds of candies and nuts.
IX Patterns, & BARNES
,T"ptf '.V, A.sTEl'I!i7N-< in. 806 J street.
rns. c. m. wtbdmann. nor. 4i.*5 j street
[ and 419 X street (Metropolitan Theater
Iding), manufacturer and wholesale and re-
dea!er in all kinds of candies and nuts.
ml _-.pl m
OODBURN & BARNES
(Successors to E. L. Billings & Co.),
No. 417 X Street, between Fourth & Fifth, Sacra-
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In the Finest Brandies, Wines and Liquors
We have the finest ASSORTED
STOCK of plain, rare, rich and
latest styles of Wall Paper ana
Decorations. We have ARTISTS
of the highest order to place
these Hangings-men specially
skilled in interior ornamenta-
tion. We can fill any order, for
any grade of goods or style of
C. H. KREBS & CO., '
No. 686 J STREET, SACRAMENTO,
MARTIN KESTLER, "
MANUFACTURER OF BUGGIES; FARM i
lM Express, Freight, Header and Quart; "
Wagons. Repairing, etc., done at short notice •
:01_ to 10M Ninth «... bet. J and X, Sacramento , I £
wiWte J i
— ran —
if 1 .a. ir, :m:
OF 160 acres
FOR s_a_:i___:e- !
QITUATE ABOUT FOUR MILES FROM SAC-
-0 ramento and near Florin.
First-class Land for drain, Fruit, Grapes
Good House and Ram, Wells, Windmills, etc.
This is one of the best bargains In land.
I as* Half can stand at low rate of interest *&),
W. P. COLEMAN,
REAL ESTATE SALESROOM,
NO. 335 J STREET, SACRAMENTO.
j IF* -A. T=L B_E _E3 _Ft St.
— wrra —
( Scottish Union and National Ins. Cc
OF GREAT BRITAIN.
j T:___:r©.s*__-_.__-__ Outfits
At work in the field, with the
j MANUFACTURERS'. INSURANCE CO,
|A. LEONARD & SON.
1012 Fourth street, Sacramento.
jKOTICE TO PROPERTY HOLDERS.
HAVING TO PROPERTY S. HOLDERS,
IKG BOUGHT OUT H. ft MADDISON
and R. A. FISK'B interests in the new im-
proved Odorless Excavator, we are able to clean
Cesspools, Sewers and Vault* on the most im-
proved system. Work done at reasonable rates.
For further particulars apply at office J. GUTH'
& SON, Feed .Store, 725 .1 street.
je~-3plm J. H. CAMPBELL & CO.
JW-] GRANITE WORKS,
WJgf I ' i FENRYN, CAL.
- 3_y____-. rpHE BEST VARIETY AND
._■ « * -**• I Largest Quarries on tho
*»*.____&— t-- — "Pacific Coast. Polished Gran-
ite MonumentB,Tombstoneti and Tablets made
as- Granite Building Stone Cut, Dressed
and Polished to Order. _OU-lpCm
HartweU, llotrhkiss & stalker,
DOORS, WINDOWS, WINDOW FRAMES,
Blinds, Moldings, Finish Brackets, Scroti
Sawing, Turning; also. Stair Work. Black Wal-
nut, Spanish Cedar and Redwood Newels, Balus-
ters and Rail. Corner Front and <i street-, Bao-
ramento. fc22-4p_m "
WM.R. KNIGHTS & CO.,
Front St., bet. S and T, Sacramento.
HIGHEST CASH PRICE PAID FOR HIDBB
PHEEP PELTS, TALLOW, Goat and Dot*
ikin. , Mohair and Furs. ;.-.. , .-AJAJ
"•5757" a <___> ___
itored, Graded, Baled «_<_ Shipped at _____».
*ien*ee. pjiy, ap_-ipt_
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