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Sacramento daily record-union. [volume] (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, January 23, 1886, Image 1

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SACRAMENTO DAILY RECORD-UNION.
VOLUME LIV.-NO. 132.
_ HALE 8R05..& CO.
We have just received a New and Complete Line of
Ladies' Undressed Kid Gloves.
IDT-ETW"
VALUES
OUT
Clearance Sale Reductions!
INFANTS' EOBES! KMBKOIDKHKD SKIUTS.
$9 00 Robes Reduced to $6 50. Sco ""«• i-adies' AVhite Wool
$7 50 Robes Reduced to $5 00. gSSV^g^f SS^S
$5 50 Robes Reduced to $3 50. to $'J 5O; from $4 to $2,
$4 50 Robes Reduced to $2 50. antl '»<>■» $1 W to oo cents,
to «-loso out. These arc rare
■■ These are now on display in bargains.
our Show Window.
COLLAUKTTES.
Misses' Collarettes, reduced
from 25 and 35 cent* to 12 1-2
NOTICE THIS ' cents.
One line of Misses' Collarettes,
Our Ladies' Dressing Sacks and reduced from 75 to S5 cents.
lafants' White Skirts have to close out.
been reduced fully 45 per cent. pbather TRIMMING,
VESTS.-Ladies' Medicated All- Reduced from $1 i» to 75
wool Scarlet Vests, finished cents a yard.
seams; reduced from $2 to
$1 25. OSTRICH TRIMMING.
ptt-t*"-?" T-^i M ' »'!,.,„-, Marked down iiom JK2 ."0 to
Hand-knit Underskirts, m * 15Ua >ard -
colors; reduced from $2 25 to SII^KS.
$1 50. These are remarkably Eiamlne our pre Be n, i aIIICS in
cneap - Black Dress Silks.
CLOAKS. — Onr entire stock of BI.ACK GOODS
Ladies' and Misses' Cloaks are ¥W „„, . ' ... ' „. .
i-Artiipprl fiiiW 40 r,or Mn t t n Do not lm > J<>"rsell a Black
reaucea tuny 4J per cent, to Dregs umil n t
close outdunng this Clearance values ln A u-«ooi Black Dress
Sale. Goods.
DRESS GOODS.— On fine im- SHOES.
ported Dress Goods Novelties A , iule time iv thi , tlepart .
we are showing a reauction mcn t of our House dm-in"
of from 50 to 75 cent 3 a yard this sale will amply repay
in many choice styles. you.
)S~ MAIL ORDERS FILLED SAME DAY AS RECEIVED. °i®o
HALE BROS. & CO.,
Nns. 82 ! .>. SSI, 553.885 X street, and 1026 Ninth street, Sacramento.
.-""''' c , -."--v -'-"iff
PARKER, SMITH'S, COLT SAND (SL 1 W^
ENGLISH lJ"
■DNBKB am> i;oi,T-s nkw Li«;iiTNixG riri.ts, BFoaacms hoods,
HAKDWARK, Cl TLEKY, Etc.
California w W TfO Md
Cactus afegrmi- ~am^-J^^
Barb Wire T\ /\ FOUr-pOint.
HUNTINGTON, HOPKINS & CO., ■ ™*« ■ SACRAMENfO.
The Best and Cheapest Natural Aperient Water.
SUPERIOR TO ALL OTHER LAXATIVES.
"SPEEDY, SURE, and GENTLE."
Professor ROBERTS, RR.C.P. London.
The most certain and comfortable cathartic, in cases of constipation and
sluggish liver or piles.
Ordinary Dose, a JVimj/assfu/ before breakfast .
Of all Di-ug°ists and Mineral Water Dealers.
NONE GENUINE WITHOUT THE BLUE LABEL.
MONEY TO LOIX.
Moneyjo Loan!
Eclwiii li. iVl«*ip rjb c_;o
REAL E.-TATE AOENI^.
No. 1018 Fonrth »t..,.: lalj-tfi.. Sarramento.
MORTGAGE J --.- s '
mVUi MXiVlil SACRAMFSTu.i AL.
City and Couutrr ' | ( ] A |\l
R«-al X.ft*. j i-IV-/i"klN O
jals iplmTiiThS
MONEY~TO LOAN
ON REAL ESTATE AND LOANS NEGO-
Uated by i>. BOHL, HI J street. dlB-tf
NEUBOURG & LAGES,
Star Mills and Malt House.
HOPS. MALT, nODDGB, GR-JTV, FEED
aad Uttwcat Supplies.
101G, 1018. 1020 Fifth St., Sacramento.
»S- Liii hajifitf t lid on all tbe Principal Cities
ofEuroi-e. dj-lptf
ffilSl ST. LODIS
BEE H ,
ON r-KACGHT, AT
anuHLEr.s saloon,
h0.5«2 J street. ;030-lplm) S»cram-nt(T v
MISCELLANEOUS.
Contagious.
I am a native ol EnglAnd, and while I was
in that country 1 contracted a terrible blood
poison, and for two rears was under treatment
as un out-<ioor patient at N'nttirj|.-hain Hospital
England, bit was not cared. I suffered the
most a^iiizing paius in my boues. and was
covered with sores all over my body and limbs
Fiuplly I completely lost all hope in that
country, and sailed for America, and was
treated at Roosevelt in this city, as well as by
a promiiu-nt physician ia New York having no
connection with the hospitals.
I saw the advertisement of Swift's Specific,
and I determined to give it a trial. I took six
bottles, and I can mv\ with great joy that' they
nave cured me entirely. I am as sound and
wen as I ever was in mv life
v _ .„, L. FRED. HALFOED.
NSW ork City, June 12. Ism.
In March of last year (1884). I contracted
blood poison, and being in Savannah. Ga. at
the time, 1 went into the hospital there for
.treatment. I suffered very much from rheu
miuism at the sajne time. I did not get well
under the treatment there, nor was I cured by
any of the usual means. I have now taken
seven bottles of Swifts Specific, and am sound
and well. It drove the poison out through boil*
on the skin. Dan Leahy
Jersey City. N. J., Aug. 7. 1555.
Treatise on Blood and Skin Diseases mailed
free.
Tkk Swirr Specific Co.. Drawer 3. Atlanta,
Ga.: Kew York, 157 W. 23d at. feS-ly&wly
PAINTS AND OILS.
J- L. CHADDKEDON IMPOETER AKO />KAX
. Erin P*icte.o:i«.Varnisiiei, Windowo'aff,
Mixed Faint*. Artists' &ad Painters' Materi*. I .
SfeH Paper, eiC No. 254 X. St. S*cramento.
dn-ijt/
PACIFIC SLOPE.
THE HIGH LICENSE 01 ESTIOX i>
SA>" FRANCISCO.
Contractor Missing- The Reported
Double Murder — Sodden
Death on a Train.
(81-KCIAL DISPATCHES TO THE EKOOED-UNION. |
CALIFORNIA.
High License in St»n I'rancisco— A Catho
lic Priest !■■ the Front.
San I'KANrir-cn. January liJ.i.— A meeting
of the Ifnanl of Supervisors as a Committee
of the Whole was held this morning for the '
pmpoaeof taking action upon several im- I
portiint matters lately referred to it by the !
Board, among which was the petition pre- i
seated by the Society for the Suppression of
Vice, for the passage of a lii^h license
liquor ordinance. A large, mmiijer of per
sons interested in the subject before the
committee were present, the Retail Liqoor
dealera' .Mutual Protective Association be
ing fully represented by its President and
Vice- President.
Father Montgomery, a member of the
eh iyy Dl St. Mary's (.'athedral, said he ap
peared with the approval of Archbishop
liiordan in behalf the petition. It was un
usual, be said, lor a < 'atholic priest to take
part in affairs of this kind, but the fact that
a man was a priest did not justify him in
evading the dunes of a citizen. There were
ItK\OOO Catholics in San Francisco, and he
was sorry lo say many of them, in conse
quence of drunkenness, were churchmen
in name. He had had much experience
with the poorer classes of this city, and he
did not hesitate to assert that more than
half the poverty and nearly ail the crime
in California was due wholly to drink. The
people of this State were paying half their
annual taxes directly either to maintain the
poor or care for the criminals produced by
liqaor. He believed prohibition was right
but impracticable, and while favoring the
abolition .if whisky selling, he was Billing
to accept the oriler here proposed as a half
ii>ai" better than none. If the petition was
presented to the voters of this city, he be
[ieved it would be sustained by a majority
of the people.
K. J. Harrison, on behalf ot the liquor
men, responded, in which lie siaitil ihat
the petition was originated by fanatics,
and it' allowed to influence the Uoard would
throw many men out of employment and
deprive many good citizens of the means
of makiag a living.
Father Montgomery said he was not one
of the fanatics referred to. The last speaker
was evidently fighting something not be
fore the Board — prohibition. His petition
did not ask for prohibition ; it only asked
for re^nlation. To be sure this is a seaport
town, where the authorities regulated the
small-apx when it entered, and yet the
righs '>f the authorities to regulate or qtUU
antine the greater evil of whisky is denied.
Perhaps this was a movement' to deprive
some one of employment, for when the
saloons were shut up a number of bar
kit ;ri would be obliged to go to work.
For himself he was in favor of throwing
the barkeepers out of employment, and
paving the wives and children whom they
were contributing every day to turn into
the streets.
further Storm Reports.
REimiafG, January 22d. — The delayed Al
turas mail arrived fast e\ en ing. The delay
was caused by fsigh water in Oak Kuii.
The Weaverville stnge came in on time.
The Delta train went out this morning and
returned this afternoon. No damages by
high water or wind, as far as heard from,
have occurred.
Xai-a, January 2lid. — The storm of
Wednesday was most destructive ten miles
easi o!' here, where a house, several barns,
and the loss valley Bchool-hoose were
blown down.
Rio Vista. January 22d. — During the
recent storm the water was higher here
than at any time this winter. No damage
is reported from the gale in this neighbor
hood. The weather to-night is clear and
calm.
SriM'N. January L'lM.— On Thursday this
place was visited by very heavy, rains. The
wind blew a hurricane all day and night,
and the tide rose until it came nearly up
into town, and was a foot deep on ihe wharf.
No damage was done, except some trees
being blown down. < 'ommunieation was
shut off from San Francisco for nearly two
days.
Signal S«>rvic« Indlrationn.
San Fhaxcisco, January i!2d— S p. m. —
Indications for the succeeding 32 noun:
California, fair weather. with variable winds.
Probably Not a Murder, After All.
Santa Boa*, January 22d. — The news re
ceived here Thursday evening of the mur
der of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse \Vickcrsliatn. on
their ranch, twenty-five miles north of
Ileahlslmrg, awakened a feeling of horror
and indignation in the Blinds of people in a
radius of fifty miles. Sheriff* Bishop, of this
city, and Coroner King, of I'etaluma, took
the first north-bound train for the scene of
the tragedy, promising that they would for
ward to the anxious and horror-stricken
citizens here a full and true account of the
affair as early as possible. Dp to Ip. M. to
day nothing had been heard from them
directly, but the air is full of unsatisfactory
and contradictory reports. A man on
horseback arrived hereabout 11 a.m. to
day from near that locality, and says that
Wickersham, who had been for a long time
in low health, died suddenly, while sitting
in his chair, from hemorrhage of the longs.
His wife, who had previously dispatched
the Chinaman for the doctor, alter finding
that her husband was dead, threw a blanket
over him. and started for the neighbors,
tainting on the way. The parties who lirst
reported the tragedy arrived several houn
afterward, and tinding no one but the dead
man in the house supposed it was a double
murder, and laid the crime on the China
man. This latter report is what is now ac
cepted until we get the report of tho Coro
ner and Sheriff.
STII.I. IX DOrilT.
Sasta llosa. January 22d. — Sheriff Bishop
returned this afternoon. He was unable to
get across Dry creek, but several others, in
cluding the Coroner, swam their horses
and crossed over. It will be to-iuorrow be
fore they can be heard from. It is still a
matter of doubt whether Wickersham was
murdered or died of hemorrhage. The
former account is rather the belief in all
sections, as the report came direct from
Skaggs Springs to (ieyserville by telegraph.
Skaggs Springs got the news from a neigh
bor of Wickersham. The wires from
Skaggs Springs are down, so we can l.ear
no more from that s-'ource. Many credit
the rumor that he died of hemorrhage, he
being subject to that trouble, but that ac
count is not quite as well founded as the
Qther.
Foul Play Feared.
Santa Rosa, January 22d. — Hank Paul,
a contractor of this city, who has resided
here for years, has been missing since the
Ist i. f January. He left for San Francisco
the latter part of December, to buy mate
rial. He had considerable money on him
at the time, and his friends fear that he has
been foully dealt with. A notice in a San
Francisco paper, on Wednesday, that a
man was found in the bay alarmed his
friends more than ever, and one of them
started Thursday for San Francisco to see
if he is the :uan.
Accidental Shooting;— New Kriilgc Pro
posed—Sudden Death.
Napa, January 22d.-Mr. Whitcomb, liv
ing in Sonoma county, west of Calistoga,
was accidentally shot" in the shoulder yes
terday by his son. who was carelessly tak
ing a pun from the wagon.
The Supervisors will to-morrow award
the contract for building a $7,000 bridge
over the Napa river, two miles above Napa.
Mrs. Jane Callahan. of Napa. died sud
denly on the train this evening between
Yailejo and Napa. Heart disease was the
supposed cause.
A Former Sacramentan in Trouble at San
Jone.
Sa \ Jose. January 22d.— T. W. Reid, who
recently tried to horsewhip Rev. Dr. Snow- '
den, a Presbyterian minister, was to-day j
convicted of disturbing the peace. Sen- '
tence will be pronoumed Monday.
The Stockton Laundry Ordinance.
Bmcktox. January i.'2d. — To-morrow '
morning the police will arrest tweniy-four :
laundry proprietors, all but two of whom '
are Chinamfn, for a violation of the city
ordinal)'.?, »bkh prohibit •* the location o"f
SACRAMENTO, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 23, 1880.
laundries in the city limits, except in a !
small place in the southwestern part of the
city. The Chinese will fight the cases, and
are prepared to furnish bail and continue
work. It is understood that two cases will
be made as test cases, one being a China
man and the othera white man.
The Itreak in the Southern I'arilic.
TkiiaiHapi, January 2^d. — Tlie latest
reports from the break in the Southern i'a-
I < ific are as follows : The track lias been re-
I paired from Lancaster to U-.ivena. Here is
where the heavy work commences, on that
portion of the track that was relocated and
rebuilt two years ago, and wns supposed to
be constructed above high-water mark. An
eye-witness reports it in as bad a condition
as at anytime two years ago. All of the
ircn bridges then put in are damaged,
and one is gone. Snperintendeni of Track
Curtis, and Brown, Superintendent of
Bridges and Construction, passed to the
I front yesterday morning, followed last
j night by a special train of laborers. Every
thiiiL' ft being done thai money and muscle
j can do to open the track. Probably a ter
n track will be laid down, 'so that
trains can pass inside of ten days. The
Atlantic and Pacific lost their bridge at
Waterman, and are transferring. The Cal
ifornia Southern from Waterman to CoHon
Es reported badly washed, and there have
been heavy slides.
Death of Kv-Seuator Farley.
Jaoxsok, January 22d. — Ex-Senator Jas.
T. Farley died at his residence here at half
past "> this evening. He had been given up
by his physicians for more than a week.
The funeral will take place Monday at 1
o'clock.
The Ami-Chinrse State Convention.
Bam Joes, January 22d. — Communica
tions from a Dumber of anti-Chinese clubs
throughout the State indicate thai a targe
number of delegates will attend the Stale
Convention here February 4th. One hun
dred and three of the required ,;00 subscrib
ers to the co-operative laundry have been
obtained.
■Jhe New Hall at Gridley.
GiiinLKY, January 23d.— The new ball is
completed. A masquerade ball on skates
was held therein Tuesday night.
OLD MKXICO.
Advices from Gtiayinas.
<;r.vYM.vs, January Hist.— (,'elsa Montroy,
a Mexican woman, was yesterday accident
ally shot by her friend, Juan Moncloda.
The bullet entered her abdomen, i-ihe died
t .i-day. The shooter is in jail.
The Prefect gives orders prohibiting
Mexicans leaving Sonora for Lower Cali
fornia. A number had been engaged by
the Boles Mining Company, of Santa ]{6
salia, and much dissatisfaction prevails.
There are rumors that a draft for volun
teers will be made the coming week.
Exchange on San Francisco, 23 per cent,
premium.
CONDENSED COAST DISPATCHES.
The residence of Mr. Eaves, at Stockton,
was destroyed by tire on Wednesday, and
several members of his family were badly
urn neu.
Charles Lindstrom was drowned in the
Shß Lorenzo river, Santa Qta county,
Wednesday, while erring to push away
logs from a railroad bridg,-.
John P. Klliott, convicted of fontae the
signature of Miller it Lux to a check for
$o^o, whs sentenced by Judge. Spencer in
San Jose, Friday morning, to seven years
in the State Prison. .
John King, a Lew Gatos (Santa Clara
county) orehardist, hanged himself at his
home Friday morning, his body bting
found in his room by his wiie, hanging 10
a rafter. He was M 7 years of age, and a na
tive of England.
The anti-Chinese agitation at Santa Cruz
has assumed a new form, the names of nil
hotels ami business houses employing
Chinamen being published in a newspaper.
It is rumored that those whose names are
published will organize among themselves
and agree not to patronise or employ any
member of the Anti-Chinese Association. "
James Kgan. who foil from a third-story
window of the Pacific dab, in San Fran
cisco. Thursday, died Friday morning in
the Receiving Hospital. He new recov
ered consciousness after the fall, Egan
was a native of Ireland, ■'>- years of age,
who lived at 6o6 Minna street, and lia> been
porter for the dab for about nine months.
At Los Angeles, Tuesday, the storm earned
the fourth severe Mood recorded at that
city in twenty-four years, and is (be i-.n-t
destructive of all. The Los Angeles river,
swollen by the heavy rains of Sunday Ma
Monday, became an irresistible torrent,
swept away bridge! and inundated a large
portion of the city. Aboai L'.ouo ar.res of
land devoted to homes, orchards and vine
yards were flooded. The waters rose two
feet higher than the Hood of February.
188 ft. A number of buildings were, swept
away entirely and others were undermined
and collapsed. Mrs. Kate I.ytie and The
resa Whitney, the latter s yean old, were
drowned.
Nkw Ditch Si'hkmk.— The Nevada Tnut
tcript says .
The Excelsior Canal Company is propos
ing the construction of a new line of ditch,
the waters ofwbicb will be used for irriga
ting purposes. The ditch having a capacity
of inn inches will start at a point below
I Rongh and Beady, and be carried around
the high lands of Perm valley at an eleva
tion of Jl|o feet abov • the ranches to be ir
rigated ; from thence it will be taken to
Indian springs ; from that point there will
probably be two brandies — one by way of
the Horton ranch, to the lands, of the Ex
celsior Company, and the other by way of
the Buckeye ranch, to the vicinity of
Bpenceville. The main ditch and branches
would irrigate a large area of land, and add
greatly to its value for raising clover and
alfalfa, and for pasturage. With this ditch
constructed, where its waters would be
available, it is believed that land now rat
ing at $12 to $1"> pet a re would soon be in
creased in value to $4<t per acre. The pro
posed plan of constructing the ditch is to
allow all farmers to work on it at fair
wages, receiving their pay in ditch stock.
the company allowing them to take the
amount out in water, the cost of irrigating
not to exceed $3 per acre per season. The
ranchers are to give the company the right
of way through their inelosures for a dis
tances of fifteen feet in width.
Strange Phenomenon.— We tind the fol
lowing in the Reno (Key.) Gazette:
Those who are familiar with the history
«)f the Kmma mine, lying four miles north
of Reno, will remember that it contained
a great deal of ore, but of a character which
made it of little value at the time it was
discovered, and that when the water poured
in on the 100-foot level the Brooklyn (N. Y. I
people who owned it refused to put up
money to buy largepumpstoclearito.it.
The rush of water was so sudden and
strong as to cover the old pumps and tools
completely, and they have lain there ever
since. The water rose to within fort}' feet
of the top of the trround, and stood there
until recently. It was there less than a
year ago, for parties threw stones down
and heard the splash. All of a sudden it
has disappeared and gone no one knows
where. John Poe, who was the . oldest
foreman, went out Wednesday with J. H.
Kinkead to look around, and they found H
empty. Mr. Kinkead threw a rock down,
and it struck the mud at the bottom of the
shaft, 150 feet.
The Mystery of Mysteries.— How do
women, like squirrels and devil's darning
needles, know what is up? Apropos, the
French word for devil's darning-needle is
demoiselle, which shows that the French
at least had found out the affinity between
the Bbellate and ladies. When hoops be
came the fashion, thirty years ago, women
in solitary confinement in the Philadelphia
prison went almost mad to find some
means of making the new " racket." They
secreted pieces of wire, and with unnatural
ingenuity tied sticks together to distend
their skirts. The turnkeys and matrons
could not understand how the poor souls
had ever heard of such a fashion. Kot
even a bird of the air had come to them.
as unto the prisoners of Chillon, to give
them the latest mode, but they knew it.
So wines work when vines are in the
flower, so the diamond flashes when the
great monarch of the diamonds deep in
<ioloonda embraces the queen. Think of
this, ye ladies, when your jewels give un
woatai sheen and giint a glory in the twi
light. How is it that when twenty women
er more sit together, an uuxpoken'idea w£l
flit from out to the other:' Mystery of
mysteries and .'lever to be known '— 1 1
G. Leiand.
GENERAL NEWS.
TaE CHARGES AGAINST SESATOB
PAYNE.
I'riKhtful Colliery Kvplosjon- Tin
Silver Question — American
Opera— Foreign Item*.
!fcPKCt«.i. DISPATCHED TO THK BWOiWMOS .I
DOMESTIC.
Shocking Colliery L>isa r t«r.
WhkKUJK W. Va.i, January 22d.— An
explosion of lire damp at Kewtrary. this
Bute, yesterday, imprisoned 37 miners in
the drills below, and caused intense excite
ment on the surface. The air is so fun! in
Ibe mine that ii Ea impossible for a search
party to enter, bat efforts are making to
purify the atmosphere sufficiently to <
a rescuing party to go down.
IBSOQKD DISPATCH.!
Wkuubg, January 22d.— There is no
hope for any of the miners entombed ut
Newbury. It is expected to recover the
bodies to-night.
ITHIUI) MSPAICH-I
Whkkung, January 23d.— The origin of
thediaaatei is variously determined by ex
perts, who vary in t iit'ir theories. The
generally accepted theory is thai Nick
Williams, who was catting a ditch through
the brattis at the extreme end of the work
ing, to let the water off, knocked down a
door to Rive him a better chance at bis
work. The door played an important part
in the system of ventilation, which was
thus deranged. Foul gas collected
in great volume, and was lired by
a miner's lamp. One of the last men to
come out of the mine before the explosion
says he heard Nick Williams say lie was
going to knock the door down, and as be
came out he heard heavy pounding, as
though the door was being battered down.
The State Inspector of Mines, on his recent
visit here, recommended the company to
put in a line, hut this had not been done.
There is much lalk of an indefinite kind
about foul air in the mine, but your re
porter has not found a miner who does not
say that the air was good.
[KOIKIH DISPATCH.!
Whkki.inu, January ±id. — James Wilson,
the shipping clerk, was standing fifty feel
east of the shaft when the explosion "came.
He says: "1 heard a thud, which was ac
oonirturjipd with & dense m&ss of fog and
amd. Before I had time to realize the
situation, in half a minute a second shock
oauie, a terrific burst of gas ripping off the
Weather boarding, and demolishing the
portion of the shaft, thus covering much of
:t; but this caught thirty-nine poor fellows
lown there, and I think their doom is
lealed. The engineer blew his whistle,
md this, following the first noise, was
ill the notice the town needed. The
Mcple knew there was something wrong
it the mine, anil those whose hus
>ands and fathers and brothers were
■ lown there knew that. too. There was a
tish to the works. Women came Hocking,
md then began the pitiful scenes which
»ou have seen here. It was a terrible sight.
There was hope then, mid we at once began
Dotting water down the shaft to scatter the
ifler-damp and create a draught, lien
ried their best to get down in the bucket,
out they only got part way down, for their
amps went out."
When the men did finally succeed in
jetting to the bottom the scene of wreck
uid confusion was horrible. Men, mules,
shattered cars and all sorts of debris were
lilcdiipin confusion. The men trod on
:i body before they knew how near
'hey were to it. From the Wreck
below, it is supposed that the explosion
\vn-> vi'iiev! «mh>h;»]i lo Mow t!;e rr»pn
out of the mosf remote rooms, though e.x
parta differ as to whether the shook Would
in •!•• ssarily be fatal.
Coroner Jones, ot' Terra Alta, summoned
a jury to be present at the winks :-,\ 5
o'clock, but progress was slower than the
Coroner expected, and the inquest was
postponed for an hour. It then became
apparent that there was little probability
of any bodies being brought np to-night,
and the Inquest w:is adjourned until 8
o'clock to-morrow morning.
riglitiug the War Over Again.
Washington, January 23d. — The debate
in the House to-day upon the resolution
ofiered some days ago by Representative
Itoutcllc. of Maine, to inquire into the al
leged erasures of memorial subscriptions
and the dismissal of Union soldiers at the
Norfolk navy yard, was very exciting.
There was intense feeling displayed on
both sides. Mr. Boutelle referred to the at
tempts in the South to krep alive the Con
federate victories during the Isle war, ami
to glorify the memory of Confederate sol
diers. -Mr. Wise, of Virginia, who was the
speaker on the Democratic side, de
nied the allegations m.ide by lioiitellc.
and the general impression is to-night
that Wise had the best of the argument.
Be was severe on the Uahone rule in Vir
ginia, and instance;' Colonel Moseby and
General Loogstreet as Confederate officers
whom the Republicans had taken into their
confidence and honored with responsible
positions. Each speaker was loudly ap
plauded by his colleagues on his side of
the chamber. This debate, it is believed, is
the commencement of a contest between
the two parties, on what may be called the
Sherman line. During the campaign in
Ohio last fall. Senator Sherman constantly
alluded in his speeches to the fact that the
South had more than her share of Repre
sentatives in Congress, on account of the
practical disfrunchisement of the negroes
in that section. He was re-elected to the
Senate on that assertion. It is understood
that Senators Sherman, Logan, Harrison,
Mahone and Hoar, and certain Republican
members of the House, will try to bring
the subject of the actual political condition
in the South more closely to the attention
of the country than it has ever been.
The President and the " Information "
Matter.
Washington, January i>d.— Private Sec
retary Lamont said to-day, in regard to the
rej Kirted attitude of the President' on the
subject, that as yet the President has not
received any requests from the Senate for
information as to official changes, and con
sequently there can be no truth in the re
ports that lie lias receded from the position
which he hail been called on to take. Mr.
Lamont added that the President has never
made any statement as to what position he
weald assume in case such requests are
made.
Senator Payne and the Ohio Investiga
tion.
Washington. January 22d. — Senator
Payne to-night mailed" a letter to the
Chairman of the recently-appointed inves
tigating committee of tile lower house of
the Ohio Legislature, of which the follow
ing is a copy :
Unitf.ii Status Bxhaw, i
V,\»-ihn..ton ■}>. 0.), Jiinunry 20, ISO*. J
Id, i,. Thama* A. Qnegßt, Oaiiaxut, Odumtmt,
O.— sir. : As one brancti of the (.ieneral Assem
bly has a]i|>oiiiu.'-l a speciul committee, of which
you are chairman, to Investigate the conduct of
the Democratic caucus which in .limuary, 1884,
nomiuntetl m cuiiiliilatc for L'nitcd States Bena
tor. ami as the matter is thus raised to a ]>ointof
respectability and placed in chtrge of intelli
gent and honorable gentlemen. 1 propose to
Hive i« appropriate attention. For myself, 1 in
vite tho mosi thorough anci rißid scrutiny. My
private correspondence ami books of accounts
will be cheerfully submitted t.iyour inspection,
if you desire it. I only insist, in ease any testi
mony is given which in tliepligblest degreeincul
pates me, that 1 may lx- a&xaed an opportunity
of appearing before your committee. 1 am, very
respectfully, your obedient sen-ant.
H. B. I'AYNK.
The National Hoard of Trade.
W\-hinc;tox, January 2l'd.— The Xa
tioual Board of Tra le adjourned sine die
to-day, and the delecntrs were given a ban
quet this evening. After adjournment, the
members of the Board called at the White
House in a body, and paid their respects to
the President. Short addresses were made
by Mr. Fraley. President of the Board, and
Mr. Patterson, of New Jersey, to which the
President made a brief response, saving
that their visit reminded him of the im
portance of the interests represented by
the Board, and giving assurance that they
would receive due consideration at his
hands.
Plenty of Cigrarmakerg.
Nfw York. January 2&L — President
Strasser. o{ the Cigannakers International
\ nion, said to your correspondent this
morning : " I received a telegram from San
Francisco, asking me to forward MX) cigar
makers. I shall do so when I reoeiTawrit-
teu Instructiona. 1 can son] tben l,tW)j
men in n month's time, if th«T want tbeiu."
House of I.V;-.- ■-: n::it i n-.
Wabhisutos. Jaiiuary 29d. — Most of the
day was ooespiet] in t!.'.- Home by tlie de
bate ui>.'!i Lbe resolatioa oflsered some days
ago by £erjre*eDtative BooteQe, of Maine,
tn inquire into ifie alleged ( rasares of me
mofial inacriptions an<! the (iisniissal of
Union soldiers at the Norfolk Navy Yard.
The debaiH \vu.< v<ry excitinv", and intense
feeling: was displayed on bout sides. The
rote on the reaolation resulted— yeas 15!>,
nays 91.
At the evening session the House pawed
sixteen pension and two disability bills,
and adjourned until Monday.
I :'.. :.u- a Strong Advocate of Silver.
BF«w York. January S2&.—Tb* Homing
Pott baring charged that BlaJne never bad
any convictions on ihe silver issue, but waa
probably preparing to straddle the (lue^
tion. the Stm reminds it that Blame > j ii:l.t
years a^> made n speech in the Senate fa
voring silver money and opposing the
single gold standard. The World" t Wash
ington special partially confirms the state
ment that Blame, in the second volume of
his book, tak>'» strong ground favoring adt
vercoii:;t_i. and says the news t" this effect
has been received in Washington, a:: !
gratifies the Democrats and Republicans
who advocate silver,
American Opera in Sew York.
New Voj:i;, January 23d.—" Lohengrin,"
as produce i by the American Opera Com
pany, achieved a distinct success, the crit
ica say. No opera has ever been put on
the stage before with such gorgeous bot
ronndings. It liad been in preparation
three months, and the BOenery and cos
tumes cost many thousands of dollars, feo
f;reat has been the demand for seals, that
" Lohengrin" will be repeated twice dur
ing the comir.j: week.
An Apache-Cursed Kegion.
I.:. l\\so :Te.\.., January 23d. — T;::
--from BODtbem New Mexico and southern
Arizona report that these sections ol coun
try are completely demoralised by the con
tinued presence of maranding Apache
bands. Knids and murders have become
such an old story that they have ceased to
excite attention, and in many instances
they are not reported to Che public press.
Tho population is mainly concentrated in
the towns and villages, as it is decidedly
unsafe to leave them and venture out into
the open country. It will take seven]
years lor that country to recover from the
damage already indicted. The value of
mining and ranch property has decreased
to the lowest ebl>. and many improvements
have been definitely abandoned. In the
opinion of the people there, who are im
uitaiattiy and vitally iuteic&Ual, the only
salvation possible lies in tlie breaking up
of the existing reservation, and the moving
of the Indians to Indian Te ritoiy.
Another Blizzartl.
St. I'aci.. January 22d.— The blizzard
which has been raging since last ]i;;.:h: is
the worst known among railroads for years.
In every direction it is very cold and blow
ing at a terrific rate, tilling the cuts, an<: in
the southern part of the country making it
impossible to keep them clear lon« enough
to run trains.
Skwx City, January 23d.— The woather
is very cold — 24° below. This nicniinir
trains on nearly all the roads were several
hours late, and the Iliii;oi< Central is still
blocked. A heavy freight train is siack m
the snow-drifts near Lake City, and great
trouble is being experienced in getting i;
out.
Kansas City. January 2J<l. — All tlnuirli
trains west arc ajrain abandoned, and busi
ness is at a standstill OB the innta l?i and
Kansas Pacific and Burlington and Mis
souri roads, except for local trains. The
Missouri Pacific to Omaha is also ref'OTted
bio; kaded above Atehison at the present.
The experience is the worst the NVwrtern
roads have known in many years.
Kiikndw.k (Dakota), January W-i —
Last night came the coldest weather ft this
winter. It snowetl aTI nT^'Til \viiTi a stron
north wind, drifiini; the snow badly. The
thermometer this morning was 40' below
zero. The storm has passed, and it is now
clear.
Flood Feared Along; the Rio Grande.
El Paso (Tex. .January — The im
mense masses of snow that have fallen this
winter in southern Colorado, and more par
ticularly in the San Jiian country, where
the Rio Grande has its source, lias created
a feeling of considerable nneasim ss among
the dwellers along its banks in New Mexico
and Texas. The devastation earned by th<
tremendous overflow oi two years ago has
not yet been forgotten, and a repetition is
very much dreaded. The railroads run
ning along th* banks of the riv r have.
since theoverflow, strengthened their road
beds at all exposed points, and are in a
better condition to me. l , a Rood than they
were two years ago : nut at best they would
still be in danger if the river s!.o;:Ul rise
very high ill.- außiuu r. There are already
some slight symptoms of a coming rise.
fee which 'in' agriculturists of the Rio
Grande are but ill-prepared. With a greater
inn ax of poj alation into the valley, it will
be necessary to confine the river by levees,
as is done along the M i s :> i;i i.
lit :ii!. of a CaUftiriiia Pioneev iv New
York.
Nkw Yo::k, January 22d.— Jndge A. C.
Gardner, a pioneer ot IM!>. who lived in
California until about live yean ago, when
he came to this city, died here suddenly
this morning, of fatty degeneration of the
heart.
Another Bluff from Sullivan.
Boston. January 22d,— John 1.. Suliivan
authorises the following announcement :
He will fight any man in tlie world, within
four to six weeks, scientific point- toootmt,
if fought with gloves, or if not. then the
London prise ring rules to govern. The
match is to be for from $2,500 to $10,000 a
side, and to be in the presence of only five
persons to a finish, or as maybe preferred.
Under no conditions is the match to occur
i.i public. This challenge is to remain
open only one week. He says he had not
received nor accepted a challenge from
James Smith.
Frozen Oranges Dlspoxeri Of.
New York. January 23d.— -Health Officer
Edson to-day seized several hundred boxes
of frozen oranges, poured carbolic acid over
them and dumped them a: the olfal dock.
They had been frozen in transit from
Florida. Edson says they are dangerous to
health, because of a mold that forms be
tween the segments of the pulp after the
oranges are frozen, because of the impreg
nation of the. whole fruit with the essential
oil of the skin.
FOREIGN.
The Silver Question in England.
London. January 2:M. — The annual meet
ing of the International Monetary Stand
ard Association was held to-<lay." Henry
H. (Jibbs, Governor of the " Bank of
England presided, and in his address ad
mitted that the progress of bimetallism was
slow in England, but said it was adyanc
in_' in fllilliniiv He said he believed
the royal Commission on the depressed
condition of trade in Great Britain would
report that the present condition of the
silver question had an important bear
ing on the depression. Henry I. Gretnfell.
of the Hauk of England, expressed conii
dence that the I'nited States' Congress
would not alter the provisions of the Bland
bill. Bimetallism, Grenfell said, was of
vital interest to trade and agriculture.
Thomas Sutherland. M. I. for (ire-nock,
and Samuel Montague, If. P. for Tower
Hamlets, and othe.rs, delivered addresses.
The meeting resolved to form a gold and
silver league on a popular basis.
Monometallism to be Upheld by Ger
many.
Bkhi.is, January 22d.— Herr Scholtz.
Prussian Finance Minister, declared in the
Reichstag to-day that the Imperial Gov
ernment would uphold monometallism.
He explained that he was not a fanatu al
partisan of the old standard and sympa
thized with the sufferers in their et}«>rts
to raise the value of silver, but the ques
tion was an international one. and must be
treated accordingly. While he would care
fully examine the question, he was unable
to undertake the introduction of a measure
providing for an international double
standard.
The Government of Egypt.
Caieo. January 'i2d.— Moukhtar Pasha
suggests the appointment of a Turki.-li
Corumisision in Egypt in the place of the
English army now in the country, as, in
his opinion, the latter army is ton costly a
burden for Egypt in view" of her limited'
revenues. It is said Woltf, the British Com
missioner, has applied for ail vice as to the
course he shall follow in regard to the pro
posal.
WOMEN IN GERMANY.
AN AMERICAN TRAVELER'S OB
SERVATIONS.
A Coiulition from AVhich the
Chango to America is a
Ik>on Most Welcome.
The workingwoman of Germany, says a '
correspondent of the Chicago Journal, can
not be congratulated on her lot in life. |
Hers is an unlucky star, glimmering upon I
a poor home, poor food and poor pay, bard
work, poor clothes and hopeless future. l,
toil. It had ought to be brighter, lor she is
willing, pleasant, economical and indostri- '
dob, parts which in her case go tmraward
sd. Her day'? work is rompnmicri by six
teen to eighteen hours, and the reward of
her industry is an average of 2J cents for !
every dreary hour of weary toil. Some ',
earn as much as four cents, but theseverest
part of existence foils to woman, and the i
price of their lots is the portion of a pit- ■
brace. She is the buraen-benrer, and hers
IS the Servant's state. Chivalry is extinct,
or dormant, for her sex gives her no noble
recognition, and the position of wife or'
mi tlier is no shield from hardship, no ,
lover to lift the onus of utility. She is repre
sented in most of the manual-laboroccupa
:i s, and more liberally in mining or
foundry work than any other branch of;
professional or clerical life, Bhe is soaking •
a living in mine or quarry, or as a tanner, '
glasshlower coopi r, carpenter or mason it; .
many instances. He* porsnits arenotal
ways gentle or of a character of refinement \
Especially it is
HER un TO DO FARM LABOB.
Of this service she performs the greater |
parts— hoeing and reaping, toting manure]
in a basket on her back, harvesting and .
thrashing, plowing v: r !i :; pair of a
bard work, and plenty of it. She is not I
comely. The fresh and merry girls are j
few. The Stooping form, the spiritless I
movements, the worn and weary, bronzed !
am! wrinkled fares are characteristic; bnl i
all are hardy and vigorous, and none are ■
nervous, and few possess any sterling I
domestic qualities. Housekeeping is al- ;
most a primitive sort ; but, though the |
needleworks bunglingly and the cooking
is wretched, and the family ail'ection is un
dismayed, there is a very Strong home lVt-i
--ing, which is always brought forth by the
hard-working, much-enduring woman.
The traveler has frequently occasion to
remark this physical endurance which
charai-; 1 -V..-S the vitality of the German
race. This bas special illustration :n the
case of eoaieoi the Saxon country-women,
who are nol inly descendants of those ma
trons who bore the soldiers wbo fought
anderArminius and destroyed the proud,
Imperial legions of Borne, but who are
themselves tbe mothers of those other
soldiers who, atOravelotte, Metzandßedan,
baffled the splendid opposing force of a
modern imperial power. Unconscious of I
thr InvHgnant
SURPBISE OF 088 AXSBICi N 1 :<■:.
When seeing them at work, and in their
;i ; n surprised when they heai the critical j
exeerafi ns upon a system which r<
sach things, these women <t<> most of the I
farm work in the Saxon fields. Watch i
them f< r an hour, and one instinctively
tires. his own nerve and muscles in doing
so. They universally stoop, ami are Dot
only humpback, but the face of the wo
man of, 20 has the appearance of having
seen 50 years. Do you ask why it is so?
Note the hoe thai they use— a primitive
soil of an implement, with a handle thirty
inches long, the v-« of which compels
work all da) in a stooping posture The
deformity thus engendered is completed by
carrying heavy weights in panier baskets
reclining on their shoulders. Freqo
if no; invariably, the deformity twists
laterally around to the right side." This is
i, ; only beca tse of the bi-mannal exercise,
lr.it is due to the polling of heavy weights
from the right shoulder. For Saxon wo
men do draught work, and theirs is an im
portant factor in tlie labor of their country.
Hundreds of harrow carts can be seen on
the road leading to Dresden, with
A WOMAN A.Nl> \ DOG BRORXS TOf.KTIIEIt
And trudging along, dragging heavy loads.
no matter what the season or the weather
maybe. It is said that the railroads and
other vehicles added do not do more haul
ing than these women and do;: reams.
There is nothing like it in any other Euro
pean country. But do not call it degrada
tion, for < >f these women it is the boast that
none attain tlie age of ten who cannot
read or write.
The employer of field help will hire a
woman as quick as be will a man. Indeed,
some prefer women help, for they will toil
early and late as well and as quickly as a
man. Ah, Frailty, thy name is not <;er
man woman! And the babe that lies in
the grass while its mother works Lard by
is a babe that comes to no frail estate. It
seems strange tome, but mothers who are
compelled to (oil the livelong year on short
rations and for long hours, bear a superior
race of sons, who grace the army with the
finest physical perfection, or who do grand
mental tasks until the outcome is all of the
way and
TUT METHOD OF CULTURE.
The physicians iwinin me thai there is
actually no impairment of the health or
general condition of females or their off
spring by reason of their arduous pursuits.
The wages of bin is death, but the wages of
hard work is not. at least not in Qenrany.
Another surprising thing is that the wom
en can do so much work on the food they
take. In Alsace-Lorraine breakfast con
sists of coffee and bread, with perhaps an
onion ; dinner is of vegetables, meats rare
ly, bread and beer, soup sometimes; sup
per is of soup, salads, cheese, bread and
coffee. In Crefeld the miners live o:?
and vegetables only. I:: Dantzicthe labor
ers live chiefly on potatoes, rye bread.
gruel, fish and coffee. Dresden" laborers
live on rye bread, gruel, cheese, beer and
sausage. In Dusseldorf there is bread and
osffee for breakfast, the same for supper.
and meat, vegetables and beer for dinner!
In Konigsberg the living in potatoes, cof
fee and fish, in Saxony, black bread, fat,
potatoes, coffee and beer. In Mayenee. rye
bread, meat, potatoes, milk, coSee, saw
kraut, millet pap, egg- and wine. If you
please, this is frugality. Yet women live
on it. and men, t<>o. And hygiene is also
nil. Ventilation, sanitary measures, drain
age—of such is not the will of the working
woman, who is content with cleanliness
and comfort, and who finds pure air enough
to offset all else that is lacking, as she holds
the plow, or drags the cart, or otherwise
puts her hand to manual labor out-of
doors.
DEVOTION To TVTHKRLAND.
I sometimes nave asked women why they
work afield, and the answer is : ■ For Ger
many's 3ake."' In other words, it is because
the sons mu«t enter the army, and their
places upon the farm— and often in the
shop — must be liiled by their mothers,
sisters and wives. The women will dig and
delve all day long, and only will she stop
to rest when it is to praise '.' our army."
The town girls go into the factory or
store. There are a large number of sales
women who work nine hour-son week days
and usually from 2 to 7 p. K. on Sun lays.
They are allowed more liberties than in the
United States. For instance, two hours'
nooning, and when not engaged with cus
tomers are privilege'! to sit down and sew,
knit or read. They also have a half day
off (vies a month. The average wage is
$1(10 a year and free board and lodging.
The house servants — I wilLuse a term that
our American ladies emr.loy expressively
— are ''nice." That means ninch. Lady
school teachers are employed more than
formerly, and are also a success on their
own part and on that of their pupils.
THK MOI:\L IIIVBACT£R
Of tlie German servant is generally good,
but that of the factory girls \* all too fre
quently stained. Many.'if m,t ni'.st of the
latter are frivoious an I lascivious and yet!
are the best and nio« reliable WO
Their course rarely ends in prostitution,
however, for it is a suggestive fact that
there exists a certain poiiU tThonuew amng
w.rkingmen to marry a girl if the question
of legitimacy is liable to come up. After
marriage there are few lapses from con
stancy; yet, taking one offense and another,
out ot srery.33s criminals throughout the
Cieniian Kinpire 100 are females'. Whose
WHOLE NO. 10,845.
the fault? The employer does not care
whether his help is moral et But,
The Effects of Tobacco.
The effects of tobacco differ widely ac
cording, nrst, to the individual ami racial
and climaiic conditions, and according to
tlie method of consumption, and to cir
cumstances of dosage and concentratiaß.
in pro.if oi individual differences we have
a mass of every-day testimony. '1 could
never work unless I smoked," says one ;
and another : " Tobacco never agrees with
me. though I hare tried it often." Only
on the view that effects vary according to
differences of race, can we account for the
»ct that some communities readily adopt
the haMt and defend it, while others find
no pleasure in it, ami denounce it— us in
the case of certain American States.
Climatic variations are still more striking.
In temperate aud cold countries tol
creates thirst, and thereby encourages
drinking habits. In tropical dimes it has
no sui h effect on the smoker, and the taste
tor alcohol rarely follow: its use in those
latitudes. V. ry eminent observers have,
■.attributed the proverbiaf sobriety
or Eastern p, plea to tli,- use ■ I ■ tbaceo.
rhese art iraponant qoalifii ntions, bavins
n ' ■•■ "' : ' '•» the smoker himself and
ins ■Brroundinss, nnd modifying
the effecti of his Indulgence in
the old proverb : "On« man's food is an
otnermana poison." But, further, tha ef
i i - vary according to the method of con
aumption; and here we touch b question
of great interest, bearing upon seven]
stimulant narcotics, and that is the ques
tion of chewing. All solid foods undergo
■ocesa in the mouth, and, of onr chief
products, tobacco, cocoa, opium, and l>etel
are also chewed. The acl of chewing pow
erfully affects the nerves of the mouth, be
ing branches of the fifth pair of nerves, and
"■" '•' - ; ' mnectii n with tin brain. While
it has long been understood that certain
nerves in the month excite, when stimu
lated by food, the pleasurable a osations of
taste, it is a more recent discovery that the
chewing of solids produces through the
fifth nerve certain stimulant impressions
upon th< nervous centers. One of tin con
seqoenl effects ta a quickened circulation in
tiu- brain. What tight this throws upon
the babit of chewing, the world over!
Ibe child, whose ope anxiety is to got
something between its teeth, may be ex
emplifying a want and an Instinct, the
same us prompts the Egyptian, Malay,
and EH iron, from infancy to. age, to
gnaw at the BUgai cant. Again, many
seek to produce an analogona
effect by stroking th • ohm or nose when
pozaied or absorbed in thought. In mcfe
cases, doubtless, the oncooscitnic act bat
for its purpose stimulation for the brain
through the mediation of sensitive nerves.
Both snuffing and chewing tobacco prob
ably exert Ibis local influence far more
powerfully than smoking. The constitu
tional effects in the three cases are nearly
tiic Btnie, Among our Bailors "chewing
thequid " is extremely common, and seems
to date from a time when Rooking was
prohibited from danger to the "wooden
walls." Methods oi smoking exercise an
important influence on the effect produced.
Smoked in the European fashion, accord
log to which the fumes of the burning leaf
are sucked directly int.. the moolh, the es
sential principles of the drag, including
nicotine, find ■ fn •■ entrance into ttie sys
tem. This is obviated by the Turks, Hin
du.-, Chinese and others, who draw the
sin ike tltroMgli ;; layei ■■'. \. ■ er, in ■ 016
form of water j-i;. . . . . : >. hookah
and narghile. Bj this very ■■•■'. ■ '
the narcotic effects are far more ii i
produce and altogether less in extent.
Hence it would be of great and undeniable
advantage to introduce tae water system
into this country. — [The Kinuteeutli Cen
tury.
Care of Animals in Winter.
The American Hnmane Association of
fers th ■ following suggestions relative to
fowls^nones and cattle to persona having
these in charge, in tin- northern latitudes,
f the winter months, and while they
are not applicable to the semi-tropical ili
mate of California, they are nevertheless of
interest ;
Do not coupe] domestic fowls to roosl in
trees. Aside from danger of being ca] : iin-.l
by «.wls and other enetuii a, tl <• Bwaying of
the branches npon which they are sitting
will prevent them from getting re.-t: while
in the severely cold weather, thu i exposed,
feel and combs are frozen and the l.mi is so
benumbed' aa to make it Impossible for it
to be "I mneh profit on the form. Securely
Bbeltered from wind and storm, and al
lowed to sit on a broad roost, feet are than
kept warm, rpfrwihintj r>si is obtained and
the fowl is much stronger, healthier and
more profitable to its owner.
Do not clip horses dining the winter
months. With the same propriety we
might cat the hair from a dog or shear :i
sheep at tbii season of the year. Theargu
taenl in behalf of the practice is that the
hone in perspiration will dry more quickly
if thr ha^r is short. 1 f the "animal is thor
oughly blanketed and k'-pt in ■ slit It-red
or warm place, after being driven, no dan
ger results I'niiii perspiration, whatever the
length ol hair, while the hone that has
been deprive! ,->f its coat in the wiuter lime
sailers perpetually while being exposed to
the cold.
It is v cruelty inflicted upon beautiful
carriage horses for toe purpose of style.
Blei ed is the ordinary work-horse, in the
wintertime; for, however mnch it may
perspire, it i'- allowed to carry its lull
growth of hair during the cold weather.
Do not leave cattle to Htand shivering,
while extremities often frieze, in the .snow
storms and severe winds of winter, when
a little time would suffice to construct of
boards, rails or poles, ■ support upon and
around which may be placed hay. straw or
weeds, thus making a shelter that may
comfortably protect them. Cattle kept in
fairly warm condition throughout the win
ter will, as milker?, give a larger and belter
yield of milk, and as beeves will take on
Best) much more rapidly than if left to in
ch Mrm weather.
Aside from a question of humanity, toe
more attention and tare that is bestowed
upon animals, with a view to their comfort;
the nu.re will they be of service and a
source oi pr.<ili le their owi
Tiir. Yoejto Lasieb and the Oli> Fogies.
Very young ladies in their letters are al
ways (ailing Into ingenuous errors, doe to
tlie bad habit of thinking before they
speak. They write first : " His health was
drunk :" and then, alarmed at the apparent
inebriety of that harmless past participle,
alter it Incontinently to "His health was
drank.' They correct "Between you and
me" into " Itetween you and I." and sub
stitute "elder" for " older," or "k-ss" for
'•smaller,'' on the strength of obsolete rules
imperfectly understood from L-ndW Mur
ray. It is ju.-! tbi- same with older and
more learned pedants. Instead of '" These
sort of people go anywhere.'' they write
" This sort oi" people goes anywhere" — an
impossible idiom in speaking — not perceiv
ing that popular instinct has rightly caught
at the implied necessity for a plural subject
to the really and essentially plural verb.
They insist upon replacing soond and sen
sible current phrases by stiff and awkward
hothouse idioms. They object to our talk
ing about the vandalism of railway con
tractors, apparently on the somewhat gro
eround that the historical Vandals
never iri their lives constructed a railway.
Jut if we are invariably to >ise words in
none but their primitive :md naked etymo
logical sense — if we arc to give up all the
wealth of metaphor and a'.lusiv, ness which
gradually incrafts and enriches every sim
ple phrase— lf we .ire to discard " worsted"
Iwcause it is no longer fpun at Worstead In
Norfolk, and eschew " Gothic," because a
distinguish- . 'insiders the Goths
Wen i. it really such Goths after all — why.
all our writing in future will tend to become
as dull asd'f'b waVr.-[The Cornhill Mag
azine.
A Composite Race.— - (i.ith. in the Cin
cinnati /•:.!.. „,r says: The idea that the
United States is anybody's race is absurd ;
the race now inhabiting this country is al
ready a very different race from that "of the
English who landed on these coas's in the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Our
policy l.as htti-u to Incorporate with our
selves all other races until the American
race is composite almost even whi re, com
posite not only In the ingredients of as
blood, but in its methods of food, m its
tastes, habits, and general breeding and
idejia. We have nothing to expect from
anybody.- sympathy, and can o;i!y suffer
from promoting an understanding tbat we
are concerned in the troubles of any par
ticular nation beyond the ocean. We belong
emphatically to ;he line of pioneer nations,
and we ought to bp at the head of this list.

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