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SACRAMENRO DAILY RECORD-UNION.
VOLUME LVII.-NO. 71. PACIFIC COAST. THE LOS ANGELES VITRIOL THROWER WOES TO JAIL. Price of Votes in San Jose—Sensa tional Scene in an Orovillc Cour* The Ocean King. [SPECIAL MSPATCHES TO THE KECOEB-UNION.] DEMOCRATIC TACTICS. A B:iuia Clara Democrat Makes a " Holy Show " of His Party. Sax Jose, May 13th.—Some interesting developments were made to-day before Notary \Vitten in the Sullivan-Felton Con gressional contest. James F. Reed testified that at the last election he took part in the voting of seventy or eighty men in the Fourth Ward. Others who took promi nent parts in voting these men were Homich and C. W. Fischer. " I would vote them,'' said Reed, " and take them to Homich and Fischer and then they would receive their pay. In the forenoon the price for each vote was $1, but in the after noon the price went up to $3 a vote, the votes being for sale to the highest bidder. Men who sell their votes in this way can not be said to have any politics, but we voted them for the Democratic ticket." The witness said that the money was positively paid to seventy or eighty men on election day, and in answer to a ques tion as to his giving the testimony, he re plied that Gov. ltowden, Sullivan's attor ney, had informed him that he need not testify without receiving five days' notice. B. M. Bloomer testified that on election day, as he was talking to :i man, the latter was escorted to the polls by Salisbury and shortly afterwards returned with $2. Salis bury was understood to have a Sullivan " sack,' and voted ten or twelve men. He was working for Sullivan, Foote and Vin ter. The witness voted for Sullivan. The witness Reed is one of the oldest residents of the county, and a strong Demo crat. He was very reluctant to testify, but was forced to by the persistent questioning of D. \V. i'.urchard, attorney for Felton. His evidence created a sensation in politi cal circles. SENSATION IN COURT. A Prisoner Shoots the Prosecuting Wit ness, hut Not Fatally. Orovili.e, May 13th.—This afternoon, while an examination of the case of the People vs. William Allen, charged with grand larceny, was progressing in Justice Leonard's Court, and just as the testimony was closed and Judge Hundley had risen to address the Court, Alien suddenly arose, pulled a bulldog pistol and fired at Colonel A. P. Frary, the prosecuting witness. The Court very suddenly adjourned. One or two of the witnesses seized and disarmed Allen, and he was lodged in jail. A ex amination showed that Colonel Frary escaped with a slight flesh wound, the bul let striking just below the heart and pass ing across the breast, merely breaking the skin. The heavy clothing through which the ball passed no doubt checked and de flected its course and saved his life. Allen has always been regarded as a harmless, quiet man, but the charge of larceny seemed to work greatly on him, and since the shooting it has transpired that he had told several parties the case would end in a tragedy. He declared immediately after the shooting that his intention was to kill both Frary and himself. After he was dis armed he tried to persuade one of the wit nesses to get some morphine and bring it to him at the jail. Till' VITUIOL-THROWER. Mrs. Roselle and Hit Husband Itoth Shut Up in <lail. Lot A.KOKMB, May 13th.—The arraign ment of Mrs. W. M. Uoselle, charged with throwing vitriol in the face of C. K. Petrie, took place this forenoon before Justice Austin. The husband and wife appeared together. Mrs. Koselle was, to all appear ance, the coolest person in the Court. The defendant asked for time, which was al lowed, and the 27th fixed as the date of hearing. Bonds were fixed at $1,000. Petrie is resting easily in the Episcopal h»l Dr. Orme, his physician, visits him three times daily, and reports improve ment. No one is allowed to see him, not fVin his intimate friends. Mrs. Hostile is now in jail, having refused to give bail. Her husband is also in custody. a HBaxtuoa woman. Los Ajtokub, May 12th.—After Mrs. Roselie had blinded Petrie she sat down and played ca-ds with friends. She said to one:" " I hope I blinded him for life. My husband told me to throw vitriol at him next time Petrie tried to treat me in decently in my room. My husband bought the vitfial purposely.'" Investigation shows that Petrie bears a fairly good character. THE OCEAN KING. Particulars or the Loss or the Largest American Ship. P.ip.t TowmMßi May 13th. —The follow ing particular^ of the loss of the four masted ship Ocean King, Captain Sawyer, which left Nanaimo April 22d coal laden for San Pedro, and was abandoned, are re ceived to-day: On Saturday. May Till, dur ing very heavy gales, her sails were blown away and the vessel started a leak. The donkey engine could not work, as the pump-abaft was broken. The crew had to desert the forecastle and go aft. After this the vessel caught fire, it is supposed from tlu> galley stove. Every attempt was made to quench the tlames. but without suc cess. One boat was lowered from the «hip but was stove by a heavy sea At ;"> a. m. on Sunday the fishing schooner Angel Dolly, Captain TuHis, hail ing from San Fran. -Wo. hove in sight, re maining by the ship until about noon, when they "sent a boat and took the crew off the ship. The twenty.five men on the ship saved only a part of' their clothes. Off Cape Flattery the schooner was sighted by a launch from the I'ni'.ed States Coast Sur vey steamer C. P. Patterson, and the crew of" the Ocean King was taken off and brought to this port. The Ocean King was owned in Boston and was the largest American ship atloat. m - WAREHOCSE RUINED. A Building Collapses With Us lturilen or Clata ITIIJ Killed. San FnANcisco, May 13th.—[Special.]— At So clock this afternoon the grain in the Mission Bay Warehouse at Channel and Fourth streets began to bulge, causing such a great pressure that the buildine soon gave way with a loud crash. August Bagun, a r'-vear-old son of the night watchman, was instantly killed by a falling timber, andthree laborers were seriously injured, thOOgfa not f.itally. There were 3.000 tons of grain in the building. The latter was owned by the Southern Pacific Company, and wasvalucd at $4,000. MEXICO. Latest Aicouuts fr*m the Earthquake District. Hep.mosillo, May 12th.—While the first reports which were dispatched from I res immediately after the first shock, were in the excitement exaggerated as to the num ber of lives lost, yet the damage and loss of life is appalling. The towns of Arispe and Opato ■were completely destroyed, with from 35 to 40 people buried in the ruins, and 19 severely injured. The towns of Granadas and Lu asabas were <ireatly damaged, and while several are injured no loss of life is re ported. A number of (ires broke out in the surrounding mountains. Crops and trass of the valleys were consumed. Although water lias risen and the earth Opened at various points, no volcanoes are visible The district of Ari*pp. in north eastern Sonoro. suffered badly. The valley of Fronteras was inundated by water, and nearly all the houses of Fn.nteras de stroyed. Only one person was killed—a voting gir1 who was buried in the ruins of a falling house. The mountains of Turi .jaini Mo~ollones and Cobaltona indicated volcanic action, but the flamos and smoke issuing therefrom are now supposed to be caused by burning timber. The Condemned Soldiers. Wabhi*«ton, May 13th.—The Mexican Minister received to-day ft letter from Gov trDorTmn, 9f Sonora.. JJW-, dated Her- , mosillo. May (ith, stating that the Secretary had ordered a Court-martial to try the Mexican soldiers who caused the Nogales trouble, and sent some general officers for that purpose from the City of Mexico to tiuaymas. The Court pronounced, on the 3d inst., a sentence of death on Colonel I Francisco Arvizu, Lieutenant Benjamin Gutterrez and private citizen Manuel Valen zuela. They have all since appealed to i the Superior Court. Santa Rosa and Vicinity. Sakta Rosa, May 13th.—Lafayette school house, twelve miles northwest of here, on Russian river, was destroyed by fire yester day. It was valued at $000 and was unin- Hon. Henry Vrooman has completed negotiations for the purchase of a large ranch three miles north of here, the prop erty of Mrs. Miser, a widow. The price is Col. M. L. McDonald formally tendered his resignation as a Director of the Santa Rosa it Carquinez Railroad Company. H. W. Byington. President of the Board of Trade, at last night's meeting stated that certain parties were withholding contribu tions on account of a lack of confidence in McDonald's management of Santa Rosa's interest in the railroad. The tender is made conditional that these parties comply with their promises. John Neville, arrested for burglary in Petaluma, to-day pleaded guilty, and "was sentenced to one year in San Quentin. The Board of Trade last night ap pointed a committee to endeavor to secure the brigade encampment here. Los Angeles Notes* Los Ancfi.es. May 13th.—The further taking of testimony in the Vendini murder case was continued this morning at 10:30 a. m.. and arguments were begun, and at 3 o'clock the case was given to the jury, who in a few minutes returned a verdict of man slaughter. A motion for a new trial was made and granted. Kx-l)eputy Sheriff i. M. Darcy this afternoon filed papers in a suit to recover ! $1,000 damages from the Republican County Executive Committee, alleging that the latter offered a reward for the arrest and conviction of illegal voters at the late election. Darcy had B. M. Gaven arrested, and the latter was lined $90 in the City Court. Hence the suit. James C. Gormley, formerly a Pomona newspaper man, who scut some matter se riously reflecting on a young St. Louis lady to a paper in this city, for which he was taken to task by the young lady's fiancee, and who replied by shooting ofta revolver at his questioner, was to-day arraigned on a charge of assault to murder. He " Catches On " in Good Style. Ktihmbpbq, May 13th.—The town of Kingxburg is now having quite a boom, 51 twenty-acre lots in the Kingsburg colony Iraving thus far been sold since the Ist of December last, with a constantly increas ing inquiry. One day this week 28 town lots were sold to fourteen purchasers in the new addition called North Kingsburg. Two lots on Front street were sold Monday for $s(iO each. Plans and specifications for a large two-story brick hotel and bank build ing have just been received from the archi tect, and advertisement will be made at once for proposals to build it by contract. The building will be 90 feet on Front street and 120 feet on Magnolia avenue. Water is abundant in the ditches, crops are not suffering, and on the whole the pros perity of the section is quite satisfactory. K:iilroiids in San Bernardino. Sax Brrnakmno, May 13th. —The new route from this city to Los Angeles, a branch of the California Southern, was opened to the public to-day, a train leaving this afternoon for that place. The Southern Pacific Company is sur veying and locating their line into this city, and rumor says taey will build a line from Los Angeles direct here. It is of the greatest importance to our people, and the road will be sure to receive its share of patronage. Fresno's Sewerasre System. Fresno, May 13th. —Colonel Waring, who was invited here to devise means of sewer ing the town, has reported to the Board of Trustees a plan for sewering the city. The plan proposed is for small sewers through the main part of the town, the sewerage to be run into cemented weils and from thence pumped through the pipes to a point one mile and a half noithwest ol the city and deposited, and there transferred into com post. The estimated cost of the work is Sunday-School Convention. Lakki'oiit, May 13;h.—The ninth annual Sunday-school Convention of Lake county met yesterday morning at the Methodist Church in this place and the session con tinued over to-day. Fifteen Sunday-schools of the county reported, showing 82 teach ers and 78K scholars. The Convention was well attended throughout, the main feature of which was the lecture on " The Mistakes of Teaching,'' last night, by Klder Connell, Recent Fires. Orovii.i.f., May 13th.—The dwelling of .1. McK. Smith, on Oregon gulch, was en tirely destroyed by fire this morning. Mr. Smith was away and very little was saved. Loss, $1,500; no insurance. lone, May 13th.—Mrs. Hawkins' cottage was burned yesterday. It was well insured in the Liverpool and London Company for Arrest cd Tor Rolibery. RntDlltS, May 13th.—A. W. Moreland and D. W. Moore were arrested to-day by Detective Egg, of Portland, Or., th'o former as principal and the latter as accom plice in the robbery of Wells. Fargo iV Co.'s office at Tiruberline, M. T. A requisition has been sent for and is now on the way irnm the "iovernorof Oregon, whence they will be taken on its arrival. Orland fTVhoes. Orla.nd, May 13th.—[By Postal Tele graph].—Assessor W. A. Durham's resi dence and contents were burned to-day. This has been a ga'.a day for Orland. The Odd Fellows and public schools united and the result was the largest at tended and most interesting picnic era held in northern Colusa. A splendid ad dress was delivered by Jackson Hatch, of Red Bluff. Fire at Central i\n >.. Bah Fraxcxboo, May 13th—[Special]— Shortly after half past 5 this afternoon a lire broke out in a small candy store under the grand stand at the Central Park base ball grounds. The fire spread to adjoining stores, and soon the whole place was almost entirely destroyed. The total loss will be •■?<3,sOO,"and the"insurance $3,000. Glorious Day for Tramps. Gilkoy, May 13th.—D. Murphy's Llagas ranch auction sale realised upwards of *.'.;. --000. Henry Miller alone bought over $8,000 worth. Hogs, yearling-grade bulls, steers and farm horses sold at good prices. Milch cows and ca'.ves fetched good rates. A big free lunch and plenty of liquor helped the process and laid out many tramps. I im.-i- Suspicion. Nkyapa, May Ki;h.—Among recent arri vals at this city are two young men who have heretofore resided at North Blooru lield. but recently fell under suspicion of being in communication with anti-mining detectives. They have come to remain till the indignation" of their fellow-citizens subsides somewhat. Santa Cia/ i:<>«i> Fair. Saxta Crcz, May 13th.—The Rose Fair is proving an astonishing success, and ab sorbs the attention of the people. The floral display is superb. San Jose, Watson ville and Santa Cruz each refresh the Mow ers each day, adding new designs and mak ing the exhibition practically new. Shasta in the AT arm Delt. CorroNWoon, May 13th.—While reports from several counties below show a great deal of damage by frosts, none was ob served in this valley. Vineyards and orchards many years old have never been damaged in this part of Shasta county. No Doubt of It. Fcbbexce, May 13th.—Late last night a basket containing a wee baby was placed in the yard of Mr. Serret of this place. Ac companying the child was a note stating the child's age was 14 days, its name was Harding, and its father was of no earthly account. Fetaluma Shaken. Pf.tamma, May 13th.—<^uite a heavy shock of earthquake visited this city about 10 o'clock last night. The vibrations were from north to south. Bill Nye has been having a siege of it lately from autograph hunters. To one of these borers the other day he wrote: "Dear sir, in the absence of my amanuensis, you will kindly excuse me if I write niv »i!to graj.fa myself!— Yours, Bill Nye." HOME AFFAIRS. THE PENNSYLVANIA HIGH LI CENSE BILL A LAW. Congressman Thompson Returns from the AVar-Path—Boston's Royal Show—Races. ISPECIAL DISPATCHES TO THE RKCORD-I'NION.] A GRANT IN DIiPUrE. Litigation Rctween the Northern Pacilic Railroad and the Government. Washington, May 13th.—[Special.]—The Assistant Attorney-General for the Interior Department has fixed June 13th for argu ment of the question that was brought three years ago before the General Land O Mice, as to whether the. Northern Pacilic Koad possess a grant of laud from the head of Puget Sound, Tacorua, down to Port land, Or. The granting Act and charter provided for the building of a line to Pujret Sound, with a branch down the Columbia river to Portland. On both these lines grants were given, but the road was built from Puget Sound to Portland, also, and the question has arisen whether any land was granted the road for this line. The distance is about 150 miles, and the land involved aggregates about 2,500,000 acres. The overlapping of the grant along the Cascade Branch, which is almost at right angles with the Tacoma Branch, will take perhaps 1,500,000 acres out of the contro versy. An oflicial of the Northern Pacilic who was here last winter stated that the Cascade branch and Tacoma division would be the direct route to Portland when built, and that it would be a good many years before the Columbia river branch would be con structed, and he doubted—even if it were necessary to save the grant on that line—if it would be built. As a consequence the road is very desirous of saving the lands along the line from Tuconia, through Kalama to Portland, a3 they are very valu able, and will form a valuable property, approaching as they do near the coast Colonel George Gray will argue the cases before the Secretary of the Interior. DESTROYING ANGKLS. Anarchists Striving to Get Control ol the Knights of Labor. Philadelphia, May l.'ith.—There is con siderable talk of an alleged conspiracy of the anarchistic and socialistic element of the Knights of Labor to depose Grand Master Workman Powderly. It is claimed that it has been known for two years that the Socialists have been endeavoring to get control of the Order, and Powderly has been the strongest opponent. "Even a year ago," said a leading Knight yesterday, " Powderly issued an important "secret cir cular denouncing in unmeasured terms the Anarchists, and calling upon all good mem bers of the Order to drive them out. He classed the Anarchists with politicians who sought to use 'he Order for personal ad vancement, and declared that the downfall of the Knights of Labor would date from the time the socialistic element held sway. The Anarchists even in some Eastern cities, in acting upon the letter, denounced Pow derly for his stand, and said he would go before the Anarchists. They were and still are greatly in the minority in Philadelphia. New York. Boston, Newark and other large manufacturing districts, and Pow derly was given votes of confidence by every local assembly. It was different in Chicago and the Northwest, where the So cialists had already got a foothold and con trolled many assemblies. EASTERN TURF. Ten Good Itaces Yesterday at Louisville and Baltimore* Lotisvii.i.i:, May l.'ith. —The grand stand was again crowded, the weather being bright and warm. The track was fast. The first race, one mile, EffieHardy won, Brilliant second, Charlie Marks third. Time, 1:451. The second race, five furlongs, for two year-old colts, Perkins won. Badge second, Buckhound third. Time, 1:04. The third race, one and a quarter miles, Goid Flea won, LongSlippersecond. There were only two starU-rs. Time, 2:13}. The fourth race, one and one-sixteenth miles dash, Egmont won, Clarion second, Florinnore third. Time 1:50. The fifth race, three-fourths of a mile dash, for maiden three-year-olds, bixby won, Fannie second, Lurien third. Time, 1:17*. RA< ISO AT 11ALTIMORE. Baltimore, May 13th. —The closing day of the racing was good. The first race, for two-year-olds, five furlones, Salviui won, Tonique second, My Own third. Time. 1:54. The second race, one mile, Valiant won. Al Heed second, Tom Hood third. Time, 1:43. The third race, for three-year-olds, one and a halt miles, Dunbine won, Mahoney second, li-.iymond third. Time, 2:304. The fourth race, handicap, one and a quarter miles, Tillie Doe won, Panama second, Nettie third. Time, 2:(:'V The fifth race, one mile, Nellie Van won, Belmont second, Frank B. third. Time, 1.4.1. (HUB WARTY- HIH MW. Grand Ficnlc of Old Califoriiiuns on the I'otouiac T.mUi. Washington, May I3tb. —[Special.]—The reunion of the California pioneers to-mor row promises to be a great success. About 180 " forty-niners " and their friends from Baltimore and Washington are expected to be present. The steamer will start for Marshall Hall at 10 o'clock in the morning. The first business in order will be the or ganization of a California Pioneer Associa tion. Possibly that can be done in the steamer on tho way down. The next thine in order will be a " planked shad" dinuer. with accompaniments, including choice wines and other grape products from the Golden State. There will be a general in terchange of recitals of incidents, accidents, adventures and reminiscences of the days when we went gold-hunting nearly forty years ago, in which everybody is expected to participate, without any regular pro gramme ot set speeches or prepared toasts —in short, an old-time family reunion of veteran gold-hunters and their friends. m HOME GCAKDS. | The Gates or Kn^land Closed Against Atlanta's Soldiery. Atlanta (Ga.), May 13th.—The Gate City Guards cannot visit England as a military organization, and not even as an annex to the Wild West show. Yesterday Captain Burke received a letter Iroai the" Secretary of the American Legation in London, in which he said he was instructed by Minis ter Phelps to say " he regrets very much his inability to obtain for you the desired permission, for reasons already communi cated to the Secretary of State." Minister Phelps was asked if" England's action was final, and the answer was received that it was. " That ends si," said Captain Burke. " If we cannot enter carrying our flag aloft we will not enter. We would deserve to be hissed on our return to New York if we did." Burke is of the opinion that the re fusal of the British Government to allow the GuarJs to enter England was due to tiie recent demonstrations in this country against the coercion bill. At one of theie meetings Burke was a prominent ligure. BOSTON ETIQUETTE. Hnhites Stare at the Oucen as if She Were a Prize Ox. Boston, May 13th.—The public reception (riven under the auspices of the city to Queen Kapiolani and suite at Mechanic's Hall last evening proved a curious social event. Tickets were distributed freeiy from the City Hail, and the result was that about 12,000 people appeared at the hall all ex pectiug to be personally presented to the Queen. Few persons of prominence were among them. The Queen and party ar rived at 9 o'clock. The building was "then packed with people, and formality of any sort was impossible. One hundred police men and one hundred aids began marshal ing the crowd into columns and drove I them across the platform in front of the royal party as fast as they could march. They stared at the Queen as they hurried past, and occasionally tbe Queen courtesied SACRAMENTO, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 14, 1887. slightly in acknowledgment of a saluta tion. " The liehring'4 Sea Seizures. Washington, May 13th.—Inquiry at the Department of State regarding the British vessels seized in Behi ing's Sea last summer disclosed the fact that co demand had ever been made by the British Government for the release of the vessels, nor has any claim for damages caused by the seizures been made upon the Government of the United States. The correspondence be tween the two Governments on the sub ject was very limited. It, opened with a letter from the English Government re citing the fact of the seizures and asking for information relative to the details. This was received in September last, and Secretary l'ayard immediately made an examination of the matter. It became necessary to secure a record of the pro ceedings before the United States Court in Alaska which had resulted in the con demnation of the sealers, and it was not until the following February that it w;;s received at the Department. A careful examination was then made of the law and of the treaty of cession by which the United States became possessed of Alaska. which resulted in an order for the release of the vessels. Knocking Out Republicans. Washington, May 13th. —[Special.]— Representative Thompson of California will leave Washington for home Monday. He thinks his visit here has been of service to himself and his constituents. He has made many valuable acquaintances, and lias familiarized himself with the routine of business in the departments, that will be of service when his actual duties as a mem ber of Congress begin. Thompson has not only succeeded in securing quite a num ber of changes in offices formerly held by Republicans in California, but has set the machinery in motion to secure other changes, which will be announced at no distant day. Printers' luion Contribution. Nkw York, May l.'ith.—Every member of the International Typographical Union east of the Mississippi river set 1,000 ems yesterday for the Childs'-Drexel fund. When the International Union was in ses sion at Pittsburg last year a check for $10, --000 was received from George W. Childs, to start a fund for the Union. One-half was contributed by A. J. Drexel. The Union adopted a recommendation that on Sep tember 13th, Brexel's birthday, ever printer west of the Mississippi should set 1,000 ems for the fund. The result amounted to over $1,200. May 12th was Mr. Childs' birth day, and the printers in the East were to do the same. It is supposed the fund will be swelled by more than $o,oou through yesterday's work. PropoHPtt ltasehall Chang?*. Cincinnati, May 13th.—Every club in the American Association was represented at the special meeting held here to-day to amend the batting rules. The rule giving a base-hit to the batter who secured his base on balls was abolished. Hereafter such base will be counted as " not at bat." The strike rule was also amended, making three strikes instead of four necessary to retire the batter. No change was made in the pitcher's position. These changes were referred to the Committee on Rules, who must confer with a similar committee of the League and obtain their concurrence before the rules can go into effect. The New Treasurer. Washington, May 13th. —The Secretary | of the Treasury has formally notified Hyatt, who is now at his home in Norwalk.Conn., of his appointment as Treasurer of the United States, and it is supposed that the new appointee will file his bond and tnke the oath of office early next v!<?ek. The transfer of the office from the outgoing to the incoming Treasurer will involve an account of all the cash and securities in the Treasury. International Sunday-School Convention. Chicago, May 13th.—The International Sunday-school Convention will be held at Battery D's armory, in this city, on the Ist. 2d and 3d of Jane. Chairs will be placed in the hall, and fully 1,800 delegates, with a like number of alternates, from all parts of the I'nited States and from foreign countries are expected. Our AVines in France. New York, May l.'ith.—The Commercial Iliiilitin says: Fiench wine experts who have been sampling a lot of average Cali fornia wines received in Paris, assert that they will fully compete with petit BordeatLX wines. This is a good word for California wines. Of course, just as a lively trade springs up, the protection-crazy French Government will levy a prohibitory duty on all American wines. ISasehall Record. Cincinnati, May 13th.—Cincinnati* I:1, Metropolitans 4. PrrraBTTSQ -Pittsburg 2, Indianapolis 3. Louisville—Louisvilles 4, Athletics 1. Philadelphia—New York 1, Philadel phia 0. Chicago—Chicagos 7, Detroits 17. St. Louis—Bt Louis 11, Baltimore 4. Boston—Washingtons 5, Bostons 8. Grave Charges Against a l.awypr. New Yokk. May 13th. —James Learney, a lawyer, surrendered himself to the au thorities to-day. He pleaded not guilty to the charge of forgery, on which a warrant was out for his arrest. He is said to have defrauded varioua persons out of $10,000. Twenty Thonsaml Short. Wilmington (Del.), May 13th.—Peter J. Ford, of the Ford it Ilyan Morocco Com pany, and an extensive real estate man, contractor and builder, failed to-day. His liabilities are $100,000. and his assets $80,000. The Champion Oarsmen. WoacasTZß (Mass.), May l.'ith.—lt has been decided to row the Hai.lan-Gaudauer race on the 30th instant, at Pullman, 111. For Vaterlancl. New Yobk, May 13th.—Prince Frederick Leopold, of Germany, will sail for Liver pool to-morrow. High License Hill Signed. Harrisuirc, (Pa.), May Kith. —Governor Bearer has signed the high license bill. A Steamer on Fire. Provhtnce 'R. I.i, May 14!h—a m.—At 1:30 this morning the steamer Empire State, laid up at Bristol, was discovered to be on fire. The llames are in full posses sion of the vessel, and she will probably be a total loss. The Providence, Bristol and Warren Railroad round-house, in close proximity, were endangered, and the eais wtre taken out. A Munlerer "S<iuealg." New York May 14th—a. m.—James F. Taylor, who, together with Henry B. Chamberiin, was arrested for the murder of Mrs. Margaret Ernest in New Haven, has made a detailed confession in writing. He charges Chamberlain with having per suaded him to assist in robbing Mrs. Ernest_ and also with being the leader throughout the robbery and murder. A SECOSD CONFESSION. The remarkable point connected with the confession is that Chamberlain fully indorses it in the following voluntary statement: "I, Henry B. Chamberlain, have heard read the annexed statement made by James F. Taylor. lam the per son mentioned as Henry Clark, and corro borate it in every detail as true.'' Fate of a Cow that Ate Soap.—Men tion was made in this paper a short time since about a cow in Montgomery county eating several bars of soap, and also the fact that the cow died and that the owner of the animal had sued for damages. The Key. E. W. Lawbon, of New Richmond, purchased some soap and placed it in a sleigh owned by George Deihl, who was to j deliver the soap at the minister's house. ' Afterwards Deihl met a man named How ard Dewey; they exchanged horses and j Deihl went home in Dewy's boggy, while Dewey went to see a girl at the residence of George Saxe. with the soap under the seat, not knowing it was in the sleigb. | The cow of Saxe ate the soap and died, of; course. An examination was held and i soap was found in the cow's stomach. Mr. | Saxe has sued all three of the above per- : sons, so as to be sure of getting damages I from somebody. The cow belonged to i Saxe, the soap to Lawbon. the sleigh con- | taining the soap to Deihl, the horse hitched j to the sieigb to Dewey. and Dewey v-.as the I pereou who went to see the girl of the man whose cow Bte the soap. — Indianajjo'u Journal. FOREIGN TOPICS. SLOW TINKERISf; AT THE CO ERCION BILL. Kuesia Slifl* in Her Afghanistan Policy—A Great Strike—The Crown Jewels Sale. (SPECIAL M>PATCHF.S TO THK RECORD I'N'ION.I .THE OLD STORY. The House of Commons Wastes Mor<" Time in He»te<l Debate. Loboobt, May 13th.—In the House ot Commons to-day Heary, in order to meet the case of Ulster, moved an amendment to the Crimea bill that inquiry must be di rected into a case of crime, whether in :i proclaimed district or not, upon sworn in formation by the injured party. Holmes. Attorney-General for Ireland, repudiated the amendment, as unneces sary. Healv challenged Holmes to name a sin gle instance of an Orangeman having been hanged for the murdrr of a Catholic. Holmes said he was glad of the oppor tunity alTorded him to explain his reason for saying that the blood of Giften would be on the head of Earl Speucer. Earl Spencer knew that rival Nationalist and Orange meetings were announce to be held in Dromore on the same day. and that they ought to be prohibited. Therefore he (Holmes) muintained the expression justi fiable. !~ir William Harcourt reproached Holmes with reiterating an expression intended to inllsine party passion. Biilfour said the last speaker need not fear the example of Holmes would have any injurious effect upon gentlemen below the gangway, and asked whether the oppo sition would support an amendment e.\ tending to unproilaimed districts the opera tion of the clause which they were now opposing word by word. Gladstone said he marveled at lialfour wishing a peaceful close of the discussion after doing everything he could to exaspe ratt the opposition. He heard Holmes' speech with the greatest regret. It ap peared to him that Holmes said one thing in Parliament and another thing in Ire land. The Chairman unterrupting)—"Order! order! The discussion is traveling wide of the subject. I think the matter should drop.'' Gladstone resumed his seat, after express ing regret that Balfour had chosen to pro long the discussion. The amendment was withdrawn. Mr. Lockward (Liberal) moved an amendment with the object of limiting the operation of the clause to the most serious oilenses. Attorney-General Webster said the (Jov ernment was unable to accept the amend ment. If any one offense was worse than another against which the clause was di rected, it was conspiracy to boycott. T. P. O'Connor said that the Government had at last let the cat out of the bag, in ad mitting that the most stringent powers had for their object the suppression of boy cotting. The amendment was rejected by a vote •of 2. r>7 to 170. CANADA. 1 Editor O'Brien'K Crusade Greatly An uoying the Government. Toronto, May 13th. —In view of the probability of Mr. O'Brien attending tho Loyalist public meeting in Queen's Park to-morrow afternoon, the Board of Police Commissioners held a special meeting this afternoon and made ample provision [for the maintenance of order. Police ar rangements were also made lor Tuesday evening next, when Mr. O'Brien purposes lecturing here. to have ni.i. swore. Toronto, May 13th.— The Globe to-mor row will announce, on Lord Lansdowne's authority, that the (ioTernor-General wishes Mr. O'Brien to have full liberty of speech. o'URIEK LAU6BB AT THRKATS. Qtjsbec, May 13th.—The Toronto Na tionalists having offered a banquet to Mr. O'Brien,be answered that he would be glad to attend without prejudice to the public meeting, which must take place at all haz ards, even if it had to be held in the open square. The date for the Kingston meet ing continues undecided. A inai: named Marshall, (Jrand Master of the Orangemen there, is making dire threats shoald that municipality be " mi i vaded." Mr. O'Briea seems less concerned than anybody else regarding such rumors. He only laughs and says, "Such non sense." He will .-.peak at London and Ottawa also. The boat will arrive at Mon treal on Saturday morning, and be will remain there until Monday, when his jour ney to Toronto will be begun. Members of the National League are wild at the reports sent hither from Mont real of Mr. O'Brien's reception there, and allege that the Government otlieials tam pered with the dispatches. Mr. O'Uricn said to an Associated Press reporter to day: "I never met with such kindness as I have received since my arrival in the Do minion. Nobody so far has even looked angrily at me, let alone act angry, and if Lord Lansdowne be arranging for any dif ferent condition of things they will come orl' second best. His cause is bad enough already, but it would be worse then.' 7 I.ANSDOWKe'S PF.ANS MISCARRY. Ottawa, May 13th.—[Special.]—O'Brien's visit to Canada has developed several queer phases within the past few days. It is now known that Lansdowno, knowing the in tentions of the Irish agitator to make war on him, applied to the Council to prohibit his coming by causing his arrest when he crossed into Canada, on a charge of breach of the peace, and, it was hoped, causing him to miss nis appointments. The Coun cil refused, saying that Canada, even if under British rule, was a free country. FOLLOWED BY DETECTIYF?. It is now generally known two of the Scotland Yard detectives crossed with O'Brien, and are closely following him. and that any treasonable utterances he may make will be reported. WEST HHIHIr I A r.:ii'l Swindle, Reaching H.ill a Million Oollars. New York, May 13th. —Advices from Havana, under date of the Oth inst., sjv : Regarding the announcement that the storekeeper ot the Almacenes depositors' warehouses had absconded with a large amount of money, it has been learned that a jrreat swindling scheme, consisting in the pledging of sugar, chiefly of the the Cardenas refinery, an imaginary con cern, has been carried on for some time past. The swindle was conducted in Havana by the storekeeper, and it is stated that he fraudulently obtained from differ ent tirms here, including one bank, from f350,000 to #500.000. LOVELORN DAMSKLS. Two Bavarian LadipH Go Together to Meet King Ludn-ig. Mixhh, May l:Jth.—Another tragedy has just been enacted at Lake Starberjf. Two young ladies of Munich, the Baron<?ss Anna and the Baroness Louise of Outten hPTf:, rowed out in a boat to the spot where King Ludwig of Bavaria met his death, an 1 deliberately threw themselves into the water and were drowned. The next morn ing the boat was mis?*! aiid a search iuadt-, when the bodies were found lying in the (•oft clay clasped in each other's arms. Bath were pretty, rich and cultured. They had been suffering from melancholia ever since the King's death. THE CtOfflt JKWEI>. A California Stock Broker Plunge* on a Gorgeous Bauble. Fakis, May 13th. —The sale of the crown jewels was continued to-day. Twelve lot^ ■ were disposed of, fetching 4(jo,000 francs. ■ At yesterday's sale Col. Bonynge. of Cali- ; ■ifomia, bought a diamond shoulder knot for 25;00U francs. English Race*. Ix>ndon, May 13th.—The race meeting at ' Windsor began to-day. The May stakes, five furlongs, for two-year-olds, was won by J. Porter's filly Mondroit by a length, Gen. Pearson's colt Anarchy second, U. Hilliers filly Princess third. The only other starter was Mr. Douglass' colt Darn ley. Russia in Afghanistan. St. PsrxBSBKBO, May I:lth.—Although the liussian Government has treated Sir West Itidgway, Chief of the British Com mission of the Afghanistan frontier dispute, will) the utmost courtesy since his arrival, it refuses to abate any of its claims. Expelled from (.• rinaiiv. Uk.ki.in, May l.'ith.—Three Directors of the glass-works at Vollerstal have been ex pelled. They are accused of belonging to the French reserves and drilling their fei low-workruen. Depression in Russia. London, May l.'ith.—A dispatch from Odessa says that the Bankruptcy Court is blocked with insolvency cases of old estab lished and hitherto II mrishing concerns. Many commercial men would welcome war as infinitely preferable to the prea?nt de pression. lli« Paris Exhibition. Paris, May 13th.—The Lohengrin affair has made irrevocable the German Govern ment's decision not to take part in the Paris Exposition. Some German traders, however, will be represented in the exhibi tion. A Strike in Lancashire. LomxMC, May 13th.—Two thousand en gineers and artisans at Bolton, Lancashire. strike to-morrow for an increase of two shillings in wages. Ten thousand work ingtueu are involved.' A WAR RELIC. I Grant's In-trucilons to Sheridan in tUu bheiiaudoali Valley. I'tica iN. V.), May 13th. —In view of the severe criticisms made by General Rosser on General Sheridan for the work he did in Virginia during the closing days of the rebellion, the dispatches printed below will be of interest. They are copied from originals, which are now in the possession of Win. lilaikie, of this city. They were transcribed into cipher and sent by S. H. Beck with, of this city, who at the tirve was in the secret service of the Inked States : Cm Point. Va.. Angosl ir.-:;:::"i\ U.—1864. Majiir-nntinil Stteitdau, Winchester, Va.: li you can pontbly (pare a division of cavalry lead them through Umdoun comity to destroy and carry off crops, auiiuals, negroes ami all men uuilcr M yours of age capable of twMring arms, in this way you will get many of Moeby'i men. All male citizens under X) can fairly be held as prisoners ot war, ami not as citizen prisoners. If not already soldiers, (he; will be made so themomeut the ret>e\ army geu hold of them. V. S. «Kant, Lieut.-Uen. H::.uniUAi'.TKKsARMYorTiiF. PuttedßTATSß, i City Point. August Jl, ISM. j M'ij<u-(itiirrfil Shfritlan, Clmrlitton, \'tt : In stripping Loudoon county of supplies, etc., im press from all loyal pezsons, so ihat they may receive pay for what is taken from them. lam informed by the Assistant Secretary of War that LoudOQß county lias a lar^e proportion of Quakers, who are all favorably disposed to the Union. These people may bs exempted from inert. D. B. grant, Ueutenant-General. HKAIKiI AP.TKKS ARMIKSOK THE I.NITKI) SjTATF.S, ) (Try Point. Va.. s-ept. 1, 10 a. m., 1864. j Major-Utncnil Sheridan, Cha-lfftun, \'n.: In Cleaning out the arms-bearinj; community from Loudoun county and the fiubsi>tcuce for armies. exercise yoarown judgment as to who should be exempt from arrest, ami a» to who should re ceive pay few their stock, grain, etc. It is our Interest that thai county should not be capable of subsisting a hostile army, and at the same time we Want to inflict as little hardship upon Cnion men as ]>ossible. V. 8. Grant, Licutenant-Gencral. Aumy Point (Ya.i, November, ISC4. M<i r >r-i,< ;ti ,-ul Sheridan, Cedar Creek, Va.: Do yon not think it advisable to notify all citizens living east of Blue Bidge to move OOt north of the Potomac nil their stock, grain and provisions of every description t There is no doubt about the uece-siiy of clearing oat that comity, so that it will not support the Mosby gang, and the question is whether it i> not better that tin.' people should save what they can. .So loug as the win lusts they most be prevented from rais ing another crop; both there and us high up the valley as we can coiur-l. y. s. grant. Ueuten ant-General. RANCH AND RANGE. The fast Winter Better than the Average lor Cattlemen. Boston, May 13th. —The Commercial Bul letin published to-day a special report of the range, ranch and cattle industry. The reports are furnished by special correspond ents from thirteen Slates a>Hl Territories, covering ihe whole field. The conclusion arrived at indicates thai the early reports of winter losses have been considerably ex aggerated. The only Territory where cat tlemen suliVr«xi severe lossi h was in Mon tana, where tho mortality proves to have been from !■"> to 25 per cent, on an average. The losses in Colorado, West ern Kansas :s:id Northern Kansas were very light the past winter, running under live per cent, of the average. Parts of Idaho ami Wyoming suffered quite severely, particularly in the north western parts, but the average loses in the Territories were not excessive. Utah, New Mexico and Arizona were particularly for tunate. New Mexico correspondents write that the loss does not exceed 3 per cent, in either of the Territories named. Texas reports some suffering because of drought, but the winter was much more favorable to stockmen than that of 1885 86. On the whole, the conclusion is arrived at that the past winter was a favorable onc to the cattle-raising interest'; of the West, and that the hide and leather markets will not feel the eilect noticeably of what (alien hides will come upon the market. From every section come reports of en croachments of immigrants upon the graz ing territory, and particularly from Ne braska, Kansas and Colorado, where cattle men are being pushed steadily westward. It is the opinion of some of the corre spondents that the cattle-raising industry has reached its bight in several States. The interstate commerce law works to the disadvantage of most sections, but reports vary on this point. Without an exception as to a single State or Territory, the spring season has opened v.ith an abundance of rain, and a fine outlook for gra*s. Cuttle raisers in Montana feel much encouraged over the outlook, and feel that a favorable spring will go far to recuperate their losses and prevent further mortality among weak I cattle. BLAZING FORESTS. I Great Fins Rugiug In the Michigan and Wisconsin AVoixls. Mii.wArKßE, May 13th. —A special re ceived to-ni?ht from a dozen points in the northern Michigan peninsula and Wiscon sin counties adjacent, is to the effect that the forest tires are increasing. The whole peninsula is enveloped in smoke anil tel egraph wires are badly (.rippled. Near Palms, Michigan, the (ires are raging le:ir fuily, and fears are entertained that the town will be burned, though surrounded with green grass. The farmers in the clear ings will lose everything. A large amount of pine and cedar is burned. Dispatches from Sault Junction say that men are being driven from their canips by the fires on the coast. The tires on Sault Branch are raging fiercely, and there is no telling the amount of damage. Xear New berry the fires are dying out, but the smoke is intolerable. Negaunsee sends word that the fires are spreading to the north and east, entering a vast tract of valuable land. The damage already amounts to $50,000. Near Cascade a valuable strip of hard timlier is now burning. At Baraga the smoke is getting unbear able, and it looks as though the fires were approaching the town en the west end. The old Marmiette, Hooghton and On tonagon road fires are subsiding, but the damage is large. Great damage has also been done along the Northwestern road from Menominee north. k~-nn is His Old Age.—l suppose that most of your readers would be sur prised if told that the famous Hungarian patriot, Louis Kossuth, is still alive. But such is the case. He is living at Turin, at the advanced age of 85. I have recently had two letters from Italy, giving news ol the venerable statesman. St. L. A. Touhay, our Consul at Turin, writes me that "the General lives in retirement, ami receives, only semi-occasionally, visits from some few" friends whom he especially desires to I meet. Indeed, owing to his well-advanced ; age and consequent infirmities, he has re j nounced all active pursuits of any sort ; whatsoever.' I make the following ex- I tracts on the same subject from a Naples i letter: "He spent last winter with his son. Major Kossuth, who resides in Naples, and \ who is the magnate—the Tom Scott—of the whole network of Italian railroads, from the Corniche or Liguriai. coast to the occidental tip of the boot."— lyru Letter to the Inter-Ocean. CANADIAN BLUFFING. Sift TLTPER'S THREAT OF BBIT ISH RETALIATION. If the Xon-Intercoisrse Act be Pressed, Knglarul 10 Put a Duty on American Grain. 1 |BY TELEGRAPH TO THE RJXORD-UKION.] Washington, May 13th.—The speech of Sir Charles Tupper in the Dominion Par liament last night, on introducing the bud get, has attracted a good deal of attention I here to-day in official circles. Tupper stated that if the United States put into I operation the non-intercourse Act (.ireat I Britain would retaliate by putting a duly on American grain, thus giving Canada a I big market, and which would in a measure I compensate her for the loss of the Arueri- I can carrying trade. Secretary Bayard was asked if he had I read Tupper's speech, and if he had any I comments to make on it. He said he had I only seen the comparatively brief synopsis I telegraphed to the American papers. He I had not thoroughly studied it, and would I not like to criticise it in any way until he I had been able to road the speech. In re- I gard to the sneaker's asserting that the bal- I ance of trade for the last 50 years had been largely in favor of the United Stated, Bay ard said that of course was true, but as to I whether the United States or Canada would I sutler most by commercial operation being I suspended, America was the bigger coun- I try of the two, and could probably stand it I better than the Dominion. " Do you think there is anything in Tup- I per's threat of England putting a duty on American grain?" "England," said the Secretary, "repealed I her corn laws forty-odd years ago. She won't grow enough to feed her people, and I it is not likely she will do anything to make the cost of living more expensive to I her people, who lind it hard enough to live as it is, with the duties removed.' "But might she not try to stimulate the I India and Canadian grain markets at the I expense of ours?" "Both India and Canada produce im- I mense quantities of grain for the English market. It is natural to suppose that Eng land might stimulate the trade of her pos sessions, especially as the Manitoba wheat crop is assuming greater proportions every year, but this speculation is somewhat Jruitless at the present time." " Suppose England were to put this duty on our grain, might it not cause further I reprisals on our part?' " My mission is not to try and see how unconfortable I can make" people. It is rather the other way," said the Secretary. Bayard concluded by saying that it would be time enough to consider all these ques tions when they became actualities. Re garding the question in a commercial sense, he did not think non-intercourse would pay us. The report of the Bureau of Statistics shows that since 187.J the bal- E"~ I of trade in favor of the United States ranged from over $4,000,000 in IM2 to $20,000,000 in 188IJ. The total value sh imported from the British Ameri possessions in 1886 was $2,176,610, and iutiable value in the same yearsl,los,- TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES. On Thursday last ice formed on the edges of Carson river. A Women's Relief Corps is being organ ized at Modesto. Jet!. Davis was banqueted at Meridian, Miss., on Thursday. Several incendiary fires were started in Minneapolis on Thursday night. Parneli will not he well enough to ap pear in Parliament for several days yet. The Grand Chief of the Order of Rail road Conductors is to receive a salary here after. At a trial of the new meienite shells, at Toulon, they failed to pierce the ironclad Belliqueves. If Dr. McGlynn fails to present himself in Home within forty days he will be ex communicated. The residence of Judge Walling, at Ne vada City, was burglarized in broad day light on Thursday. A slight shock of earthquake occurred at Summerville, and a slight rumbling at Charleston, S. C, on Thursday night. There was great excitement in the coffee market in New York ou Thursday. The activity was chiefly in Rio and Santos. All the crew of the Ocean King, which was burned and abandoned off the Oregon coast on Sunday last, have arrived at Port Townsend. The loss caused by the burning of the works of the Fatterson (N. J.) Iron Com pany was from $^50,000 to $3u0,000. Insur ance, $75,000. James N. Taggart. who decamped with his accounts as teller of the Union Trust Company ot Philadelphia some $30,003 short, is now in Paris. M. D. Foley, of Eureka, and Bradley it Russell, of Elko, Nev., have bought the old English mill and ditch property, -o gether with 700 acres of valuable land, with all appurtenances thereto attached, and located in the immediate vicinity of Reno. The consideration is $05,000. MRS. BEECHER'S LETTERS. Bow She Spared Her Husl>an<l Pain by Keeping Tales of Wop (ram Him. S. K. Adams, of tbis city, is in possession of letters written by Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher in 1881 and 1882, in which she. speaks of the trying times growing out of the I'.eeeher-Tilton scandal, their own pov erty and Mr. Beecher's arduous duties. These letters prove her sublime self-abne gation. Under date of February «, 1881, Mrs. Beecher wrote ; " You should see the im mense pile of unopened letters before me, the punishment of two days' absence from the city. Nearly nine-tenths are addressed to Mr. Beecher, but he never reads letters unless there is some matter that he alone can decide, which is not oilen the case. Thousands come to us that he never sees, consequently they do not trouble his twain —or, what would be more serious, grieve his tender heart. All correspondence is left to me, one of the cheerfully-accepted but onerous duties resulting froni being the wife of such a man." On June 7, 18,i2, she writes : " The piti less blarktuail persecution to which my husband was subjected a few years ago turned our heads white before our time and nearly broke my heart at last. That trial cost us $H!0.000. We were not worth $00,000. The impression seems to be gen eral thai he is a wealthy man. lie never was, but when comfortably well off his overflowing generosity enabled him to lay by nothing of any account. Sometimes now if I did not discreetly purloin the contents of his too liberal pockets the household expenses would remain unpaid. He cannot help returning moneyless be cause lit the tales of woe that seem to lie in wait for him upon the street. Since that terrible trial he has worked inces santly, to the detriment of his health, preaching, lecturing, writing, hoping to lift the heavy mortgage from our home here (Columbia Heights, Brooklyn), but it had to he sold in the spring.' On November 7, 1882, Sirs. Beecber al ludi 3 to the " two or three bushels of let ters that have accumulated during Mr. Beecher's vacation, to say nothing of all that followed us into the country.' 1 She speaks of the innumerable petitions for help and exclaims, " Oh, that the whole world could know that we are poor, poor, poor in everything but the ability to grieve for woes we have not the power to aid. From the letters I have classed as genuine I find that the sums so pitifully pleaded for aggregate over $20,000." Referring to this subject in another letter : she says : " What can Ido but half breaK j my heart over sorrows that my dear hus i band could not alleviate were they known Ito him ? It would make him ill to read the I letters. This Buffering I can spare him." In her self-abnegation she makes no moan " because this suffering is vicariously \i3ited upon her." In a letter written in WHOLE NO. 11,254. December, 1882, she , p?aks once f that infamous blackmail scheme" and adds: ' I am confident that history wi!> refer to it as the most cruel andconsciencp ipss of this or nnv oihpr <v>r.iiirv "—Del nil Special in Nia York World WHERE DO THE BIRDS GO? Qucrr Story About Ihfl Swallows -Origin of tlic Km-unclc Goose—A Otiegtion. Tbi> tlight of storks lias riven trouble to the Germans and the Chinese, while the disappearance and the reappearance of the swallows bavc caused untol<! tronbieeverv whero. Learned bodies, like the French Academy and the Royal Society of London have gravely asserted that in the fall Bwal lows plunge into the mud or mashes and null-ponds, become torpid and hibernate like froes or snakes. I have seen a list of nearly 200 articles written all along from the middle of the seventeenth century down te 1877, for the purpose of proving or disproving the hibernation of swallows and other birds. And Dr. Coves says he can lay his hands upon papers of that period which discuss the migration of swallows to the moon, the falling of the little quadrupeds called lemmings in showers from the clouds, and She origin of brant geese from barnacles that grow on trees. Indeed, not a year ago I was assured by a gentleman of more than ordinary in;, i ligence that this last is undoubtedly the correct theory as to the origin of the bar nacle goose. And it was not a decade ago tnat I read in one of the leading newspa pers of this State an article of a curious character. Its purpose was to explain (he sudden appearance in the fall of the black snowbirds and their as sudden disappear ance in spring, and the explanation | ire i was that our common sparrows ran? color in fall, becoming snowbirds, < b:c i they remain until spring, when they p it on their other dress and become sparrows again. And I find that among the common people of the country there are many who have this belief. We have long known in a general way that the birds go southward to winter and return to spend the summer in the north. But just where in the south do they go? Why do they go there? By what routes do they travel? At what rate of SDeed ? Do they travel by night or day, or Voth? What species migrate first, wheh last, and why? How are they guided in their course? What is the winter as wtil aa the summer habitat of each particular species, when does it get there, and when does it leave the one for the other? In what way and to what extent are their movements depended upon or influenced by vegetable ana meteorological phenomena? — P Science Monthly. The President on Horseback. The President, it is said, has yielded to the advice of his friends, and will take to horsemanship as a means of exercise. 3< c retaries Bayard, l.nniar, Whitney, and Fiunhild have described to him the ben efit thf-y derive from eqnestrianism, and he has consented to join them in some of thtir gallops across the country. Secretary Bay ard rides a bin bay horse"with banged tail, and every fair afternaon he joins Secretary Kairchild or (ieorge Bancroft, the ven erable historian, in a canter through the soldiers' home and the adjacent roads. Secretary Whitney usually rules with a party of young people, and none of them enjoys a spurt more than he does. Secretary Lunar directs his horse to be saddled and at his office every clear after noon at 4:30 o'clock, from whence he ex plores the surrounding country until it is time to return home for dinner. Mrs. Cleveland is said to be delighted with the idea of her husband taking to horseback riding, and she promises to join him in the sport. She has attended both of the recent "paper chases," and is am bitious to join some of the pay riding' parties which are constantly being made up in society. A well-known New York instructor in horsemanship, who is no?/ in this city, has formed a large class in fashionable circles, which baa given quite a boom to horseback riding. The stul browns are not well adapted for saddle-horses, and early additions to the While House stables may be looked for, — Baltimt re Sun. What is Apopuext? — Apoplexy Ss, strictly speaking, a disease of the blood vessels and not of the brain. Age or im perfect nutrition, brought about by any cause or constitutional tendency, may Be the cause ol it. The composition of these vessels is one of the inosr wonderful of the studies that anatomy yields. In fall health nature has strengthened them wild a three fold covering, the two inner ones being brittle and the outer one tongb. The mid dle shell, BO to speak, serves the purpose of glazing on porous vessels and insures the non-filtration of the blood under the powerful pressure from the great pump ing engine, the heart. It is this import ant part of the artery which in age is particularly liable to deterioration, and to permit the heart under strong excite ment to drive the blood through the vessel faster than it can be conveyed, to put a strain upon the weakened pipes and pro duce either a rupture or a leakage. Where rupture occurs and large quantities escape we have hemmorhage ; the oozing of blood, or serum, one of its constituents, through the walls of the vessel is an exossniosis. Mr. Beecber'a active brain had, of course. drawn largely upon the service of its supply pipes, and the vessels that nourish it might well be expected to show the first signs of loss ot resisting power. The natural tendency ol the blood to seek the brain, too, would expose them to abnormal pressure.— Bro ■/.'■■;,■ ( 'itizen. ♦ -♦ — . Opium and Co> un.—A physician of Cairo, according to Science, has been treat ing an opium habitue with cocaine, the re sult being that a cocoaine habi: was soon established, the patient so enjoying the sen sation produced by the drug as to be led to use it on the slightest provocation. Atone time the amount injected hvpodermically was one and a half grams daily. As a re sult, iie puttered from a condition similar to delirium tren.ens, became greatly agi tate;!, and had hallucinations. He tireU a pistol at imaginary objects, attacked his servant, and was at last put into a hospital. He recovered subsequently, injections of morphine being the treatment adopted. The Cairo physician's next j >b will be to core his patient of the morphine habit. This will probably involve the establish ment of some other habit, and so ail inlhi itum. The Cyclone Pilveri/.er.—A practical exhibition of the cycl.ne pulverizer was given April 2*ith, in the presence of A.J. .Shaw, Manager Standard Oil Com) any, Samuel Wanner, of Philadelphia, and oth ers. Various materials were fed to the ma chine and ground to powder. The 'esl of reducing twenty-five pounds of shingle nails to powder took about Jen minutes. The machine consists of a cast-iron box containing two lan blowers,between which the material is ted by menn3 of a revolving screw. The fans have each iwt> two-spo Mi faced blades ol hardened steel »nd revolve in opposite directions at a velocity of from 2,000 to 3,000 r«v< lutionsi per minute. The action ol the machine is by creating such a current of air as will move the materials t-> be pulverized, causing them to be ground up by friction. — Engineering ,V»... Tin. SrOSlfl O!' Childhood.— * Artilii.-i.il stone pavements.' remarked an np-town lady recently, " are a blessing, but consid ably disguised. We paid $'.> a month more for our house on account of our pavement, and I believe I would p;iy £2 more to have it relaid with brick. Some times I can hardly get out of my front door fi>r the mob of children on the pavement. They come from squares around to whip top, roller skate and ride bicycles, and although the sports of childhood are vory amosiiig they become at times annoying. If 1 drive them away I am set down as an ogre, and if I don't I mii3t lie in the rear portion of my house to escape the uproar and turmoil. For the sake of peace and quietness I would prefer a sidewalk of cob blestones." — I'/i-liiileljiliia Call. The curious "canals" on the surface-of Mars are like nothing else known, and still remain unexplained. They are seen as nearly straight lines, and appear like cut lings, with parallel sides, extending from sea to sea across the planet's continents. They are about t-.ftfpn miles wide. They were discovered a few years ago by Schia parelli, an Italian astronomer, and their existence has since been confirmed by sev eral other observers.