Newspaper Page Text
ELECTRICAL POWER. "WHAT THE FOISOM WATEB POWEB COMFAKY INTENDS. The Possibilities for Sacramento With Electrical Power— Strong Letters Affirming Its Economy. During the discussion of the propriety ot granting to the Central Street Railway Company of this city the right to use horses or eleclricity for motive power, some expressions were used in the Record- Union which indicated disbelief, in the present state of electrical science, of the feasibility and economy of the storage bat tery as a source of power. All the debate was conducted upon that plane, and if any fugitive expression concerning electrical power and its uon-utility was made, at any time, that did not affirmatively qualify it as refsrrin;; to STOEAGE BATTERIES, This community and the regular readers oi the Record Union fully understood that that was the only matter at issue. His concf p'.ion of this fact has led Mr. H. P. Liverniore of San Fiancisco to read this journal rather a sharp criticism, on the assumption that when electrical power was spoken of the intention wa9 to pronounce all electrical application as failures. It is scarcely necessary to say that this paper has at no time been unfriendly to the utilization of electricity as a motive power. ON THE COKTRAEY, It has hailed every new discovery in that direction with satisfaction, and in ils news columns and editorial expression has kept abreast with the advance of electrical science. We believe that electricity is in vested with great possibilities as a means for moving machinery, and know of and have repeatedly published accounts of its successful application. Mr. Livermore, as manager of the FOLBOM WATER P^WEK COMPANY, States that that corporation has thoroughly investigated and sincerely believes in the ability to transmit electrical power by wire. It is, he says, the intention of that company to prove the practicability of it by trans niitlinir electricity by wire to Sacramento from generators moved by the Folsom water-power, when that great work is com pleted. In that iutention we recognize great good promised to this city, and over a year ego, in an extended article, so an nounced in an elaborate illustrated description of the wo?ks in progress at Folsom. Before and since that time the Record-Union has taken pains re peatedly to show its faith in that scheme The people of Sacramento look forward with lively interest to the completion of that work, and to the transmisrion of elec tricity by wire to this city, to be need in promoting power for manufacturing and other purposes. Because it has tetn demon strated here that In the present state of ex periment and discovery, the use of storage batteries ior propulsion of street cars is un economic, does not warrant the fear enter tained by Mr. Livennore (uud?r misappre hension) that Sacramento has " turned its back upon one of tne most important im provements of the age." Insu?ad of being indifferent to one of the most striking branches of material progress which the age allot ils," v Mr." Livermore fears, Sacramento is actuated by a spirit of enterpriM aud progressiveness, and has the highest hopes of the scheme of the company Mr. Livermore represents, in Utilizing the water-power ol the American river, and its conversion into eledrical force, fur use in this city. We apprehend that when the time coaies for more active nianifrstah.'i! of interest, the Water-Power Company will have no reason whatever to complain of indiflerence on the part of the people oi this city on the subject of elec trical power. In this connection we have at hand COMMI'MCATIOKS That are of news interest touching the use of electricity ior the propulsion of street cars— bat in noue of the instances referred to, we bi-iicvf, is r storage battery used A letter dated July 11th, from President Johnson, of the Mfayerte (Ind.) Street Railway Company, using the Sprague elec tric system, :-ays : Our plant runs Ftationaxy motors from the name eufriEe. This 1 can gay ; The eonof fuel water, oil, waste, etc . fa less than horse le^d for the same Dumber of can. The co-t ot erigi- eir and benum is much less than barn men to take care of the requisite numLei ot horses for the same can--, d ru all i . can with horses mull September 1, 1S88.) Th.it %ye made better time curing storms in winter. The "feed iv" systtin ow utd by Use Sprat tic, will make a suc cessful Hue whtrt olhf- OPIMOS 09 THE "BXJtCTB* w. i-Kvnr.v." The Electrical Benin of JnJj ].;:h hes the following : Among the cities which are rap;d!jr coroinc torn bout m leading In rapid i ] insit Jnciiiiifs by the application oi •■.. ettfeity, there la Done perhaps where iheadvantagi ■ uf electric power tor street can are more thorewMr leeognlxed than in tlu- city of tlei i ..otiijh it 18 only about nice moßlh 1 ; time th* first i-lectric cars were put iuto operation Bponihe streets of tin;- city, the Cleveland public have become en- UuisUslic over this method and the number of electric care in the city israpidlv extending. > . k a new extension to the Ea^t Cleve land Electric Railway wu opened in Cleveland on Prospects* uclid avenue, it iv th L - Intention of the Bast Cleveland Oompani to operate CO motor > llm with two and a liaif minutes' headway, and a 1 noise will b^ removed as tooa as the motor cais a;r equippi il with :;!>• Sprague moton th^t have been >r dared. • • • His an ir:Unsiinß (act i:i connection wilii tiiis road to note the popularity ot tbe< cars «iii the pasitu^trs and the pr owners along the Use In Clevelana, at apub- He meotiiii; lately, trhi( li «ns pretldtd over by some of the Boat prominent <iii;-t:;» reaoln- Uons w. n passi d eonmentlngon the successful operation oi thetpragne electric road, and the EutCl mpany wai reqneated temi the motor line in sever*; directions, iv or der to improve the transit facilities. WIBRS AM) n\TTERIES. The BaoOBO-UJUOI takes this opportun ity to siy it bus not seen any sufficient reason, wben tli the benefits are consuitrni, why a ntooenfaJ t'itc;ric street system by ether power generator than the stor age battery may not be used in Sacra memo. It appears, howevt-r, to have been accepted by geatkuaeß who have been active in the premises, (hat noov.rhtad wire for !!.t* traaamissi* D o f pi>w<-r would he permitted i:i Sacramento. This i 3 an assumption, we contend, as jet unwar ranted, and a question i;i,nu which the Eto •i ; ITsion his nol before exprec stii aod on which the people have given no testimony a? to their wishes. If, as is shown below, uso.re tr mure of cities ot equal importance with Sura have permitted the oi r; • .1 *•;:,. a :id fonnd the tyttem eeonotaic aud greatly prrfonthie to hnrsr-s, we cannot stand, in prasetit ligh), why obji . bit id Sac ratuenio. '. -peak, hm : 'i! tbat ih'.' T'ri'^oni slice. oar company projected for operation of an aleulilc road trill adopl any praoHoabte, it )■• initieU, which cau be shown to be M 'BE BOOXOJMO Than the employment ofboram. not DDdentaod that . . _ • aba!)*! ::le the Co I* pen ' t Mr. .1 j I. .! . i- 1 ;;;: ! . ■ • ■ is the i ;:i wbich tw has i confidence, writs t > !!;■■ I:, ■Oder (^prehension thar it had d all electric use for motive power. He says, undi r dtt« give him the full benefit oi .■- -■..•• concer. ,- we have hereto fore t.> • ... - . ; heirs. - who have news of a( nee to comni-: to the pah A LETTER CX KLE. i ■ 'I;* KK(OKi) (TRIOS My attention has b€on caiW to two arlicJt ¥ which r; in yrnr paper in reference t>> the nieuto eit><.!r:i- railway, i:: oat of which was the fol'owinp statement : " The failure of the electric system haa been fully dem onstrated, both here and in every other city where it has been tried. " I do not pretend to deny that the electric system in Sacramento i» a failure, for it is co doubt true. Electric railways have come to stay, and electric transmission of power is no loDger an ideal of the philosopher, but a SACRAMENTO DAILY BJBCOTtP-TJaiOfl, SATURDAY, JULT 27, 1889.--EIUHT PAGES. practical and economic fact, to which oar ' people in every part of the Union, except the southern part of the Pacific coast, are alive. California:)* r uve been misled into adopting unsuccessful systems, and their eyes should be opened to the fact in order that they may reap the benefits from our natural advantages and the power to con trol this most subtle fluid, which is no longer open to question. For the last eighteen months electricity as a method of traction has kept a very important place in street railway operation. Since the suc cessful equipment of the Union Passenger Railway of BICHMOKD, VA., Which is one of the most difficult roads to operate on the Atlantic coast, electricity has been making rapid strides, and is row replacing the worn-out horse at a tremend ous rate. One cannot pick up an electric or street railway paper without seeing no tices of from one 10 a dozen stree* railways that are being equipped, or about to be equipped, with eltctricii}'. There are to day in the neighborhood of one thousand cars which are thus equipped, or contracted for with some electric company. There are some people ou this cuast whose busi ness it seems to be to keep the people in the dark with regard to the progress of the day in this branch of applied science, and some of them may be so bold as to deny that the Richmond road, which I have cited, is a success. F.ir the benefit of thess persons, I will call attention to a commu nication tVom the Mayi-r of Richmond to A. M. Noble, Secretary of the Stockton Board of Trade, dated April 29, 18S9. Hesavs: "'The electric street-car system gives general saUsfaciicn." The Secretary of the same road, Andrew Pizinni, in a communication of recent date to a penile man on this coast, saya that the Richmond road has been in operation for fifteen months, giving entiie satisfaction, and I have no doub'. that Mr. Pizi->ci would make the same statement to any one. Such a great succ ss has this road been that a large order for an additional equipment has been placed with the company which equipped the road. THE TOWN OF SCKAKTON, PA , Has four or five electric road 3. BL Joseph, Mo., will soon have a'l of its street-car sys tems converted into electricity. The City Council of Boston has recently passed an ordinance allowing the erection of piles, with the view of converting the whole, or most of the car svs'.em to zo electric sys tem. Such towns" as Buffalo, N V ; Cin cinnati. Obio: Cleveland, Ohio; Pitts.bu.rg, Pa; Wimington, Del; St. Louis; Oaiaha; Davenport, la.; Erie, Pa.; Chattanooga, Teau.; Seattle, Portland, Tacoma and many others have adopted electricity on some of their roads, and the people are de lighted with it. Allow me Ho copy here from A LETTER By E. F. Kysor, an architect of Los Ange les, and a Director of c street railway there, to the Secretary of the road : I wrote to yr.u whlie in Kansas City. but. had nothing satisfactory to write, as I did not find anything there that pleased me at all. Since theu I have made a trip to fct. Joseph, Mo . io see the electric systems there. I found there were two roads there of the Spragne electric system. One is called the L'ninti Railroad. run- Lin^ on Ilroadway; the highest grade on that one was. '„ percent Thu grade on the other electric road runs as high as 10 per cent.: Null roads were in excel ent condition an;! working first-class. They eun speed tht-ni to twenty miles an hour down to the very slowest motio:i. They have absolute control ol the motors. They can stop them from full speed within half the length ol the far; oan reverse and buck up in stantly. They carried us high as eighty-th-te PHMBUD up the 10 per cent, grade with perfect ease. Ihe motor power is underneath a (oin mon car, so you could see nothing of the ma chiueiy. except a little cylinder about seven or frisht inches in diameter and two feet high p lured on each end of the car on the platform' and worked with a iittle short crank on top which makes the car a double-header. I did not lenni the cost of running, but they told me it was from bOtoW per cent, le.s than bone power. Bpragoe has a patent on runuin? the over head wires, winch are no more of on eye-sore than the common telegraph and telephone wires through the city, consisting of polos about UO feet apart on each fide of the street, with wire stays running across from one pole to the other impending the electric wire ia the center 'Xho wire being not nui. h larger than the common telegraph wire. The main electric » ire runs on one noe of the street with teeders to the center at repular intervals. The poles ire strong en-ugh so that all electric, telegmph and tele phone wires can be placed on the sums pole making n j more pole than is generally ustd in any city. People ol Sr. Joseph are delighted with Ibii system and are consolidating other roada and are putting in the Spraguc system. lv fact, it is the only tiiiLg that pleases me at all, so far. This coming fr> m an entirely unpreju diced party should have .considerable weight. One of the srronglest indorse ments of electric propulsion is its adoption by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company for the equipment of i>? street ratlwav system in Atlantic City, N. J. It would be natural to expert that a company like this, which is acknowledged to have one of the best equipped rouds in the world, would not enter into a contract for an equipment without very careful investigation into its merits, and to this end a committee of mechanical and electrical experts carried o:. an invt-stication continuing for about five months, daring which time they ex amined the operation of the principal elec tric roads then equipped, and were so sat isfied as to the practicability of electric traction that it was adopted by thcAtlantio City road, which has now been in cpeia fbr fviiie weeks am! with such success that an increase of equipment has been ordered. Probably as impartial a state ment p.- could be made is the following entitled. * " ELEITKIC .TSBBXn ANIMAL TRACTION," Which appeared as an editorial in the June t <■( The Street Railwap Oautte, a paper which is devote.) i.) ilie" inteiests of Street railways in and is not the or^aii oi any parHeahu system : •-r .'trcet railway bostaeat is crow .i Iremendoasl; rapid rate throughout thU country, and almost every irail brines' won! ot new plants being instated. Whire, two Tears ago. hurdiy a rio/en cars were be] g rnu ricity, today ilit-re are over onethoa sandiannlng over five or ttx hundred miles of road, repretentiug over a hundrvd diflerent plants. The caute of this enormous (::•■»;:; iv one business in hi short a time can be readily andentood. The desire ot all rairosd managers is to reiluce ih« running expenses ol their roads to the mini mum. sn<] it !i*Rbe<n found that optratiiuc a road by electricity, osiogthe best known sy* tern, redoces the expenses to the towi <»ne big bill of ezpeme on a street railway U the depreciation «m.um ; an.l it is a well-known fact that the repair on a road operand >,v bone 1 owei bat run as high as 25 per cent., while ou roadsoj . rate .'.!.;. el< ctricity they are m;.. A great many ngures have beeopnblished iii regard to the re otive ooatsof operaUng can by Itj and :: ire*. One of the m..st i,.tef estins statements from practical expi r ence was published In a ;..„ Isjom ago. wa* from President W. 1.. a!. en of ihe Da venport Central Railway f ompany ol Daren port, b;«a Tnleahowi a gross increase in earn ings Oi f.-iiTU is j., : , . „,,,] a net increate of from 110 per i : >in th ■ four months from September! to January 1, I 88», with electricity, coi with thesamc months of the year beiore with like Mr. iiien iswonh ■ treat deal and his mm repain on i road run.bj elect rid tr iperated riirisinc that sii many sir.,' railways in U - g electricity lor bone] 1 have recently seen the -hat A WEALTHY CBII I ,TE Has recently porabased an electric railway f t >r the ram of $360,000— some ;jiinal cost .f the road. When ;■ --at. .1 by honea the .•■ I, tni tioco the elei oaeot h.n^ betn ]>v: on, II i? s».-..i the in-t earnir.irs will fmj an 8 per cen- uivi n an (Bvcatment of nearly $400,000 s W. Entrekin.of Harrtsbnrg, P». irrUea: "();ir Sprague X B lilwaj bat ■■• » beam -:i moot) has bcea Si:th a success, over a • c uiil?s. that it . k f-* r tni ">. It is now |65 Wd and $»J asked. A» the praam rate of r cent. ■ yi'ar.aiKi toeXteaa tbe hul •.vhicii willvtake :« ri^o i -f over five mites for fi cents. I would like to know whethi v record cmi bo beaten."' So successful have •:er roads been, that the parti* ativ.£ ;h'-ni arc niv,-.- in oomapondenoe witb Bt«9Btdatlns the purchase of :« railway in ihi* State witli the intention of changing it by putting on electricity. In addition to tin*. I will state that there is no trouble in placing bonds in the tastern market upon electrical railway enterprises which can show a good franchise, and where it is the intention of adopting a sys tem with an established reputation. Some idea of the rapidity with which vlectric railroads are GAIKING FAVOR IN THB KAST Can be had by the simple fact that in seven weeks recently orie company received orders for about $800,000 worth of work, which was mostly for street railways, but not entirely, as the company is engaged in the manufacture of motors for almost every conceivable application of power, from running a sewing machine to operate mining machinery. There are now mining plants in operation in Colorado which have for months past given perfect satisfaction. In one case there ere two motors placed underground at a distance of 1.000 feet from the surface, measuring along a tunnel. Of this plant, Mr. Fred erick G. Bulkley, General Manager cf the Aspen Mining and Smelting Company, says: "In every particular the machines give perfect satisfactian. They occupy but little space, the power is easily controlled, they can be taken up and moved qui.-kly and readily, if necessary, and for the pur pose to which we pat them, a comparison with steam or compressed air, both as re gards effectiveness, convenience and econ omy, is altogether in favor of the electric machine. 1 cannot see why a plant of any magnitude which h is deemed expedient to manufaclure should not render proportion ate service." In Eastern cities large central stations are every day supplying power to electric motors placed at intervals about these cities, to operate numerous mecbani cal devices, both large and small; and it is to be hoped that the day is not far distant when Califorcians will recognize that thfy have been unfortunate in the selection of a few inferior systems, but that the day for electric transmission of power is now at Liand. Very respectfully, Joseph L. Jaynk. ELECTRIC EOAPS. In another communication, addressed to Charles K. Livermore, of the Foisom Water-power Company, Mr. Jayne says : Dear Sir: In regard to our conversa tion this afternoon, I send you a list of some places where electric roads are in op eration or are contracted for : Akron. O : Ashville, N\ OLj Atlantic Ci'y, N. J.; Bay City, Mich.; Bay Ridge, Md.'; Buflalo, N. V.; Carbondale, Pa ; Davenport, la ; (.Chat tanooga, Term ; Erie. Pa.; WilniingtoD, Del; Cleveland, O; Reading. Pa; Brock ton, Mass.; Eau Claire, Wis ; Pittsburg, Pa; Hartford, Conn.; Cincinnati. 0: l)u --buqne, la.; Lafayette, Ind : Laredo, Texas: St. Louis, Mo.; Long Island. N. V.; Wilkesoarre, Pa.; Manchester, Va ; Marl bo.ough. Mass ; Portland, Or.; Saiem, Mass : Omaha, Neb.; Tacorua, W.T ; Har risborg. Pa.; Scranton. Pa.; Plattsmoutb, Neb.; Salt Lake City, Utah; Sandusky, O.; Steubenviile, O; Seattle. W.T: Troy, N. V.; Boston, Mass; Wichita, Kan. In some of these places more than one ruad is being operated successfully by electricity, and in the cafe of Richmond, Va , there are 50 electric cars ; Pittsburg, Pa., 25 cars have been recently ordered for equipment ; St. Joseph, Mo., is also to have about 60 cars. Thus you see that electricity is as well adapted to an extensive system ai to a small system, for in 6ome cases there are electric roads with one or two cars. The following is a list of some of THE APPLICATIONS To which eleclric motors are now put. some of them quite extensively: Mill's, mining machinery, boot and "sboe machinery, broom machinery, braiding machine?, buffing lathes, cash railways, circular saws, coffee mills, dental work, elevators, emory wheels, grindstones, ice-cream freiz-rs, jewelers' work, knitting machines, medical purposes, cutter work, pumps, sausage ma chines, sewing machines, wood-working machines, ventilators, tmmwavs, etc. S ;;ne of the testimonials from parties who are usiDg ekc;ric motors ought forever t.. pal to re*t all. croakers. Corporations such as the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, the Chicago, Burlington and Qalncy and the Penn>ylvania railroad companies, the East Boston Sugar Refinery and the California Siuar Refinery have adopted our motors also, the United States Government has given us an order. Mr. S. \V. Entrek:n. of HABRISBURG, PA., Writes: "Our Sprague Electric Street Rail way has been running now for nbout sis months, and has been such a success, oper ating over a distance of three miles, that stock at $50 par has been sold as high as $75: it is now $05 bid and $S0 tsked. At the present rate of working, we expect to declare a 15 per cent, dividend the first year, and to extend the hill branch about one and a half miles, which will make a ride <,f over five Rjiles for 5 cents. 1 would like to know whether such a record can be beaten." As was stated in my last letter to you, the President of the DAVENPOBT CENTRAL RAILWAY COMPANY Has made a report. showing a net monthly increase of from 110 to 320 per cent., and I am told that the bonds H that company were placed at eighty cents on the dollar, and that the company wislit-d to buy them back at as high as 110: another higiiifieaut bet is that there is no difficult; in placing electric railway bonds in the But if the projectors have a good franchise :o >-how. The Seattle E ectric JUilway and Power Company has j t-s* t pUced a bond ol f ;::., --000 at iis per ceut., and a road in Portland, which we are abjut to equip, placed its b.!:ds in lioston not lon.- »g >. Henry Viilard told me in Portland recently, that there would b.^ no trouble in placing bonds for any gx>d electric road in San Francisco, oranyc! the Urge cities in California. Two men. who are operating eleotti: rail ways in the X st, have been in correspond ence.with me in regard to the purchase of a road here for the purp; Be of converting it into an eieotric road* You can hardly pick np an electric or street railway paper without finding noticis, from one to a < tea, i,; m rk that is ur.der way, or about to be contracted for. Josefh L Jayxs. THE WHOLE QUESTION. This presents the wh.'le qttestioo es drawn out by the investigation of the Fol- KMD Water-power Company, to the success of which the people of Sacramento look forvard with the liveliest interest. Neither they nor t he EtiooßD Obiob ukcany cob- ■ cern as to what sys-tein oj motors, or what patented or oth*r means of tr^nsi:: may be adopted by that company, so long as iicarmsout its intattioas( which it is prov ing by very large investment and bringing ; ibi; Folsotu Canal near to completion n | wbicfa is referred to in a i«-ti»-r to William I Scbaw, of this city, in which the Manager | says : WHAT THK COMTAKY PBOI -i "lt is not nfcwsary for ns to ex|,!sin to : routhat when the water -i.<-wfr (pf tue ' Folsora Water-nowcr Company la com pleted we (•< ntemplatp transmission t.: Bac nunento (by electricity), atid we have the ! most abundant aunrancei that it is per- i fectiy jrsciic^ble :-j profitably atliise it there. We hold that with such a power available at Sacramento every interest of j the dry will be most b.-neiicially pro moted." MaM'Fmivixm; FOB BAOBAXmTO. The same gentleman writinp to the 9 USIOS i-uy-: "We hare t.]~»p <nvictioa tnst when the works tax • power of tne An.. now ;:i prorrea oi Aer tl ;* company, shall be completed. S.iera will be in a . . d :;) esjoy excei advan: •• r,-e of electricity which will b ; ; i ilati d prosper ity." . ooxou - •' is I > J e lbat Mr. Uver- ! more ;. . i iero r ,, n . cern:ni; the tiec;.-ic r«i'« il s;as res:i Be ex- j I :■!■■ c »m| any ol its I intention c ■ motive rower for mranfactnrioit hi^l propnlaioo and other porposea tn Sacnmento, and whioh Sn- 1 rormatioo, comi: .■ will aufrment the invrest ot Stcramentflas ' in the woric of the Folsom WaUr power any. A Proclamation! Dr. I. <ivy \.\\\ i~, I iilmn. Ark., snv«: "Aymirasal h;i<! liiliu'.is fi-M-r: Tatt'i Tills »«rf •<« highly IweaßmaM tlmt I u-i«l tluin. XfVfr Ui<l nu-<iicino have a happier tti'iM-t. After » practice of a <i»ail<i- of :i century, I proclaim tin-in the best ANTI-BIUOUS moillfine over n«i**<l. 1 alnavs pre- S<*rilK" I linn in uiv prnctic*.* .'* ton's Pills Cure all Bilious Diseases. SOLD EVEBYWHEBE, DELICIOUS SUGAR PLUMS. CHAEMIKG GIBLS WHO HAKE THEM AT HOXE. The Triumph* of the Candymakers Who Supply Their Own Want*—Book bimling as an Art. [From the New Yoik Star. | This is the time when the gixl who goes in for something as sweet as herself, make? her own candy. She took lessons last win ter, or in L«nt, for she must do something in Lent besides going to church, and now she is able to exercise her novel accom plishment to the envy of all other girls. There are rainy days in summer, plenty of them, and on such days household amusements are in demand. A new novel is not always to be had, the men are all in town, fancy work pails and the piano is out of tune. What, then, can a girl do? Well, she can g • into the kitchen for half an hour and make for herself and others more delicious sugar pluuas than ever came out of a Broadway shop, and far more enjoyable are the works of one's own hands than anything that can be bought. Au advantage, too, is in having them per fectly fresh, and the candies described be low are no*, to be found in shops, because they will not keep. The athletic girl reigns supreme on a sunny day when tennis is the craze, and the sentimental flirt is sought by moonlight, but the candy girl is the gill for =i rainy day. She will take some big ripe strawberries and hull them, or raspberries, after the strawberry season is over. Then she will mix two cupfuls c.f granulated sugar with a little less than one cupful of cold water. This mixture must be put over a hot tire and allowed to boil hard without stirring until a spoonful of it dropped into cold water immediately crystallizes to the point of being brittle. When it has readied this state it is to be takqn off the tire and poured into hot cups. And into this must the berries be dipped, one by one, as ' quickly as possible, fished out with forks and dropped in greased tin pans so that they will not stick. When all the berries have been dipped put the pan or pans in the refrigerator until the fruit isquitecold, when it is ready to eat. And how delicious it is! It took half an hour in all, to prepare this delicious food, but it di>appears in a good deal less than half that time. The caudy girl has her triumphs on a rainy day. . Another amusement that may be pur sued" with profit, in that it produces more lasting results than candyinaking, is the bindingof pamphlets. They are not worth bicdiug? Well, that depends; ordinarily, they are not, perhaps, as most books can be bought ready bound, if they are worth the binding, iiut many of the English reprints are only to be had id paper covers, and binding one's own books is a novelty, re quiring some little ingenuity and dexterity, and therefore an amusement Then, t"<>. it has the advantage erf enabling the hinder to select her own covers — cretonne, paper, brocade, or leather, according to her taste. or according as she values the book. Th.' sentimental girl Ins a novel that she values for purely sentimental •:. There are scenes in it that she glorit> o\ ■ r, and bits of verse that she believes -,v i l i linger in her memory as long as she lives. But all the more does she wish to preserve the book. It has been read and reread so often that the paper covers are in a sadly dilapidated condition, and she considers it worthy of new and handsomer ones. A writer in the American Worhaan gives a simple and inexpensive method of doing this kind of work, and it is well worth a trial by the summer maiden on a day when the rain drips, drips, in a- steady, serious manner, showing evident intention of dripping all day. The firbt thing neces sary is a piece of thin, cheap cardboard, and laying the pamphlet down on this to mark the outline with a pencil. Allow for the thickness of the back, marking it with lines, and cut theicardboard large enough for the two covers and back. Tut the lines marking the back half through, 'so that the cardboard will fold easily with out parting. A piece of "ticket buckram," which comes especially for. ticket purposes, is now pasted on the back, on the outside of the cardboard, or on the side where the lines have been cut. Where buckram can not be had a piece of strong linen or siksia wili do almost as well. This buck ram extends a little beyond these lines, and about an inch beyouci the tf.p and bottom of the COTei. These latter pieces are to have gussets cut out of them, so they will not pucker, and then they are gummed down on the inside of the "card board with ordinary mucilage, ami left un der tight pressure. When it is quite dry the pamphlet is t.> !>e sewn in, each set or pngc:; separately stitched in, and care must be taken that they iuu>t be put closely together, or the book will have a slovenly appearance when bound. Put a little gum on the stitches, go that the thread is well gummed down on the buck ram. And now f«r the very outside cover. If paper is to be nst'd, the back may be heavy writing paper, but mounted so as to adhere only to each cover and be free from the back itself. For the sides any color may be used, and mast be pasted on very neatly. For the inside of the covers, if of the right size, a sheet of note paper may be used, one-half being pasted on the cover and the other half being left as a fly leaf. When the book is finished it should be put under pressure fur several hours, or even a few days. lint should any kind* of cloth be used as ;> cover it is well to have it in one piece, and it should be cut at the same time the cardboard is cut and of the same size. Cretonne is very pretty for this purpose and wears well, provided, of course, the color selected is not too light. The soft Japanese silks are sometimes used, but should have between them and the card board au interlining of canton flannel, which improves the, appearance and ren ders the silk less liable to wear out on the edgei and corners. .Brocade is used with good eSect, but is rather too handsome for a book printed on the ordinary paper that i- used fur the majority of pamphlets. Vegetable parchment is used with good efie" t, and the best quality only should be bought for this purpose, but it is difficult to obtain except from wholesale dealen. A very good imitation of leather is leather ette, bat is more diflii Tilt to handle, as is also the paper leather of Japanese make. Bat the Japanese gold leather-paper i> a very dillerent thing, and makes ;: wry handsome book. The simple bindings,' however, of dull blue or gray paper, the marbled paper, thai is always pretty and in good taste, are the easiest to handle nod therefore the best tai the beginner in the art of bookbinding. But if the fair binder can find nothing thai entirely suits !i> r fancy, the I to work and embroider s design that she eon aders appropriate to the contents of the This i< ;iii occupation that was ■latticed many, many years ago by fair ladies in conveata and outsi.le of mem, lad is well worth imitating in these ►-« SHORTEST AND LONGEST. 3hc longest Jay is in June, they say ; t* The shortest in December ; They did not roroc to me that way . 'ihe lhaiWrt I remember You onme c day wih me to 'tsy. And tilled tay hen-t with laughter; Tlie loiigf i=t day— you wtre away— The viry next diiy afur. -Ontury. " It is a fact." that Hood's Sarsapariila doe" cure scrofula, salt rheum, and other diseases or affections arising from impure state or low condition of the blood, over comes that tired feeling, creates a pood appetite, and gives strength to every part of the system. Try it. QsPILLS^ THE GREAT LIVER AND STOMACH REMEDY. CURK3 all disorders of the Stomach, Liver. Hnw»l«. Kidney*, Bladder, Nervon* Diseases, Lo«r or Appetite, Headache, Constipation. Ci.ou snem-, Indlcvattcn. Blltou* nees. Fever, Piles, Ktc , aud renders the system less liable io contract disease. DYSPEPSIA. RADWAY'S PILtS arc a cure (or this complaint. They tone up the internal secretion* to neaithy action, restore nrtnirth to thestoma'h, and enable it to perform its functions PKICK, »5 CENTS PEK BOX. HOLD BI ALL lIRVUUISTS. «- If your Storekeeper Is oat ol them we will wail you » box on receipt of p>loe of 6ve for »1. KAHWAT X CO.. 32 Warren »tr<- et. Ntw 'York. WfUc* uwi/iu/nn, Have you used o^^ THIS GORGEOUS STRUCTORE^HeImDETciONADO, IS LOCATED ON THE VEKY SHORE OF THE PACIFIC, IN A 3Vlo«s.t Sooihiug, Gcuial. Restful Climate, WHICH MAKES THIS THE MOST CHABMING PLACE To Spend tlio Sximmer Montlis on THE AMERICAN CONTINENT. m \ I The Coronado Katural Mineral Water, Pare and Wholesome, Gfti at tbe Hotel, /COMPLETES THK 1.1-T 07 REgfIRHMKNIS TO -TAMH THIS A PERFECT SANIT.U'.UM \j The water comes from Liv hr sprints In bounilftil supply, and has cored hnodieds of the guests who had kidney tnrable?, for which i: Isaspecifie. Hondredi ofvoldntarrtesttmanials speaking hishly of the meri'.s ol the wurr. have bpni givi-n to the Management. It is a pit asant bevt rage and ft splendid table water. C. M. MJLLEtt, Aittnt. 304 California street, Shu lrr.ui- Cisco, or apply i« yuur liquor inerch-int. The foiona'o Water Company puts it up ia pints and <:uarts. IT 18 FOX BAU£ EVERYWHERB. m- BODHD-TRIP TICKKTS from t-an Francisco including two weeks' biard nt the Hotel d<-l Ooxonado, »«5. Ticketi by rail for sale at 613 Market street, B. P., or hv uraiai: at ~1l Monteomeiy Mreit. S F. LOW KATiS soy f2 rer day made- for persona arraign.),' lo spend tho summer mrnnhs. *7. cai. *ri.A.:BOO l. JFi, Jr , Mnnagor. «»■ G. W. CBBBLBT & CO.. hacp.amknto, Agents for Coronado Water. jyioimWS "liiek Meal" Gasoline Stove! 613 X street, Sacramefito, Cai Sole Agents. BOOFEKG, TIN WORK AND PLUMBING. TELEPHONE 224. TTS BWITIMTOH -t HOPKIKS i COMPASY, DEALERS IN GENERAL HARDWARE, IN PLAIN AND FANCY CARVING SETS. POCKET AND TABLE CUTLERY, SHOTGUNS AND RIFLES, ETC. ftffcOTJfcxn.oaa.-fro. .._ jipttruTh?]... «gva3L Pramolwoc THE FIRST PEIZE AT MECIIAMCSMI-'AIR (SAX FRANCISCO) IN 1885. Tlio Foorlcas ! Tlio TTxiesLcelled S PAKISTAN DYEING AND CLEANING WOKKS— SILKS, VELVETS, WOOLENS L4CFS Gloves, Feathers. Ribbons, Ru^s. etc. GEKTLKiEN'B CLOTHES REPAIKED 707 J rtreet. Sacramento, CaL OUHPRO'E-SS of doing up CURTAINS AND BLANKETS IB DNBURPABSSU., *S~ Perfect Work Guarautted. Qoodl Called for and Ue)ivered.-%"a MAIN OFFIOE ANl> WORKS, »7 TENTH ST., SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. TTS : ■■■— 1 1 ..1,. ..I . . . ..n FfiUIYS, BEED, PBOKUCE, ETC. w. h7wood n&TcoT, — WHOLESALE — Profince and Commission Mercknls, 117 to l'ij J Street, Sacramento. POTATOES. BEAN'S. KTC, A SPECIALTY. I THE SACRAMENTO MARKET '■ ptABRIES THE LABSraX AJ9SOBTMEKT OF I \J Fruit, Produce, Fish, Poultry, (iame, etc., vo : be found in the city. CURTIS BROS. & CO., 308, 310 and 312 X street, Sacrameuto. Telephones". rtf] Postoffice Box :S6. CURTIS BROS. & CO., General Commission Merchant* sawl Wholesale Dealers in 3r I x'-w.±t and Procixico. 3Ui>, 310 and 313 X St., Sacramento. Telephone 37. Poetoilice Box ¥5. tf KUGESK J. GREGOEY. lEASK GREGOEY. GREGORY 3ROS. CO., (Successors to GREGORY, BARNES ,t CO.! No*. I'-G and 138 J Mrett Sairar.'eoto. WHOLESALE DKALERSIN PROUITE AND j Fruit. Full Stocks of Potatoes, Vegeiablcs, Green Ki;d Dried Fruits, Beaas, Alfalfa. Butter, j Eggs, Cheese, Poultry, etc., always'ou baud. Mat- Orders tilled at Lowest Rates. tf S. GERSON & CO., Commission Merchants, Wholesale Fruit and Produce. 880 J STREET -SACRAMENTO W. R. STRONG & CO., — WHOLESALE— Fruit and Produce DEALERS, SACRAMENTO [Ipl CAL. Why ETirjbodj Should Buy Shares —IS THE- American Building and Loan Association of Minneapolis : It In the Largest in the world. It !'»}■» over 20 per cent, per anuum on your investment. It Win Build you a house on monthly pay ' i meuts of the same umount you would ray for ! reut. Shnres will double in six years. It la bb Secure as a Qotanunial linud. Being under the supervision of the Board of Baufc Kxaminers failure is impossible. It i» Uesirous ol the most careful investiga tion. th»re*. 60 ceus per month. Mmrp»i«9n«?d and full information and cir culars given at the office ot Brand, Campbell & Co., Afj nts. No. 40S J Street Sacrniuento, Officers of the Branch of tta * .tmerlcau BuUiliug and Loan Ag eioclatloa of AiiuncnrroMs : President E. J. CKOLY , Secrttarj" K. 8. C'aMPBELL i Treasurer C. H. CnMMINGS Attorneys ..JOHNSON, JOHNSON & JOHS?ON Abstractor J. J. BITCKLKY Directors... S. J. CROLY, «iROVE I* JOHNSON. C. H. COMMING3, W. R. STRONG. R. J. VAN YOORHIES, W. S. BASSETT, \VM. B. MILLER. <y Office open evenings from 1 to 9. SEND THK WEEKLY UNION TO YOCTB \ friends in the Eaat. LIEBIG COMPANY'S I EXTRACT OF MEAT! ■ ar.ci Cheapest Heal tnavorinc Stock f>'r Boups, Blade Sldies aada'anees. AsßeefTta.an j ''invaluable tonic and an agreeable stimulant." Annual sale. 8,000,000 jar«.." ■ Genuine only with (ac-sltnile of Justus yon Llebis'H Kf^uature In BttiE acrogs label. : 8o!d by storekeepers. Grocers and Drnggisjp. UEBIQ'S EXTRACT OF MUAT CO., Ltd, . London, fold by LANC.LEY A MICHAELS : SHERWOOD i SHERWOOD, and H. I.EVI i, Vi>.. San Francisco. 08-6:nW3 EBNER BROS., ' TMPORTEHS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN ! -i- WINE'S AND tIQDOK-*, i U6 and lIS X St., bet. Front and Second, Sac'to. AGENTS FOB THE CELKBEATKn , POMMEKY AND GREXO CUAMPiGSB. j , iplm REMIT EtKHARDT, GUNSMITH, ■jt/TANrFAtrrURER AND DEAL- . v «i * \ H'JL cr in Gut\s. Rifles, ReTolvere, v^tii--'/ j Amiconitiou and Sponit'ar Goods. 3B« ; --*' : Ail the leading makes of (iuns and y^^ ■\. ! RiSes at popular prices— Parker, \J? o j Lefever, Colts 9alth, Haaca, new Baier and I uew ma^te Gnus. First-class fciun and RiSe j wori. Scud for price list of guns. No. 523 X BtTßet. Sacr^aemo. CM. tf_ OHAS. FLOHR, PRACTICAL GUNSMITH. 1024^. a, Sixth strort. between J and V^^B^^T K. Importer and l^aler in Shot- (funs. Bafiei ar..l Pistols. Xmvau-^^^V^^^ . nitio:] of all kinds constantly on'^ • hand. Safes and Kalefl repaired, and Trusses -naiU- to Ordt»r. fe27-lm4p i ! Onion lnsnrdncs Company of California (CJLD AND RELIABLE), OFFICE AT Sacramento Rea! Estate -ISO IBSCHAKCB ASSOCIATION, ' Ofßce, Aorthwe»t corner Third »nd J gt#. <^Money to Loan. Rents Collected. City and Country Property for Sale. W. B. lELTEK, Apunt. N. J. TOLL. Manager Real Estate Deparnnent IN THE SfI'EKIOR COURT, STATE OF CAI - ifornia. County of Sacramento. In the mat ter of the estate of THOMAS MORRIS. deeea?ed.--Notire is hereby sjiven that FRIDAY the 'Jth day Of A.CGCB i. 18S9, at 10o' clock a.m of said >my, and the C-jiut- room of said Court, at the , in tbe City of Sacramento, County of iacramonto. acd State of California, has been appointed as the time and plare for proving the will of said Thomas 'Morris, deceawd, and for hearing the application of JOHN LEWIS for the issuance to him of letters testament ary t'jertou witness my band end the seal of said Court ih> JiLh day of Juiy. ISS9. [seal.] WAI. B. HAMILTON, CTerk. By L. P. Scott, Deputy Clerk. Taylor A HoLt, Attorneys for Petitioner.;?-^ lot Candies, lee-Cream and Soda-Water. For the Best, Freshest and Forest —GOTO — Barton's BXO %T St. »a~ ICB-CREAM SODA A SPECIALTY. a!2-4ptf THE WEEKLY UNION — THE LEADING WEEKLY OF THE COAST. HEAL ESTATE, ETC. A SUBURBAN MM, Ten minutes walk from Terminus of Street ! Railway at , SSOOIB SACRAMENTO.^; r*ITT3EI ACHEB, Cottago House, Barn, Wind mil!, Chicken-house, all fenced, several hundred TREES AND VINES. This is a lovely home, and will yield enough to sup port a family with little labor. The constant in crease ir. value will pay h'gh interest. r»I».IOE, 82.500, Or will exchange for City Property. ■ EDWIN K. ALBIP & CO Real Estate & Insurance Agents, 1015 FOURTH ST., SiGSAMENTO, GAL. gtt CITY REAL ESTATE. $2.2OO— U>t 9 1185, aortfcwed corner J and Twenty-third I'.reets. Has a dwelliup taclnc on Twenty-third street, and nxim for three more. The Central S rect lifMUvny will wx>n ne extended past this property, makiug it very desirable for renting. $3.000-Two-story dwelling, No. ISO Nine i teeuth street, between O and I. i^>t.*ixSO. A very jirtti\ yard. ; $2,000-Lnt 80x80. northeast corner Nine teeiith and l. adjoinins the above, with stable. I twopiecei can be bocpht together for 1 $36,OCC— Bu^oss prpj<orty on J «treet Blxe, 86x110, on a i-nriier. l'art i>b> incut caa ! be made In !.»:ui. ri»en bottom preferred. Sl.OOO— M?xiw, northeast corner Nineteenth and D ftr* tl $900—80x160, north sido U street, between Nineteenth ar.d twentieth. 9^,750—160x160, northweat corner J and Iwenty-flfth ttretts. $1,200-^xl6o. north Bide O street, between I Twenty ninth and Thirtieth. $2,000—80x160, southwest corner Twenty live and I btrt- ■.- A. LEONARD & SON, Real Estate Agenta, 10J4 Fonr.h Slr««t Sacramento. w. p. colemanT Real Estate Saicsreom, -535 J Blrpet. WA S ELEGANT -£« FRUIT aDd AI FALFA. RANCH FOR SAXjSI. CONTAINING jxi ACESS— BB At res IH beariiiL: grape vines, choice varieties; 140 aores in orchard . from the earliest tothe latest varieties. therebT i,avinft fruit for market all summer: oae ailkifa field separately fenced; 100 acres In train. This laN'l is all weii-feuced in several di visions. A fine dwelling of nine rooms with modem Improvements; two Meain pumps: one wind mill ; wilt- r uiiks: v.arehou;e on the railroad, levins no; teat :ha:i SftOJ per year rental ; also, a large new bam. Situated on the north Hue of the Sacramento And i'lacerville Kailrcad, and running to the rivei. About ten miles trom this city. THIS FAKM MIST UK SOLI); the price has bees reduced to make it a bargain. **• X 6.000, Including; Growing Crop and all -he I'armtng L'teuaila of every kind. aioney to Xjoah. P. BOWI-. E. A. CnQjJC]±.JVk A. C. SWEETSER & Go. Real Estate 4 bsram Agents. FOE. S^lX*l3. DWBLLTNC ASD CORNER LOT, on H street, VOfftOOa HOME AND CORNER LOT, P street, •4,000. DWELLING on I! street, 93,300. FINE DWKLLXNGand Corner Lot, 56.503. LOT on H Btrect. 40x160, #990. LOT on T\venty-.«ixth street, Msl6o, »SOH. LOT on F street, S'jiigo, *ioo. LOT on O -street, 80x160, 51, 720. LOTS IH OAK GROVE TRACT, ,V.x 183, »159; payable in installments; only three blocks trom the Central Street Kailroad. School Lands in dlflerent counties. «- SEND FOR CATALOGUE. A. O. SWEETSKIi & CO. 1013 Fonrth Bt. — -aoagi in loan. -v» ORANGEVALEI CHOICK«T FKIIT LANDS. Ten-Acre Tracts Planted or L'nplanted, a* Desired* Orchards Cared for for Abs*>nte* Owners. rPHEORANGKVALE COLONIZATION COM -I patiy, comtiosed of piominent b\is:ceSB meu of Sacramento, and indorsed by the Board of Trustees, Itoard of Supervisors and Boar.l of Trade, own 3.200 acres of deep, rich fruit and Tine lands, ail cleared, on the American riyer, opposite Natotr.H. vineyard. It has been divided Into 10-acre tracts, each one fmiitiuj; on a 60 -foot avenue. Water under pressure for irriga tion wfll t c piped by the company to each tract free of exj><?Dst\ the water actually cued only bem< paiii for hy purchasers. Last Eeaaon 150 acres were planted in trees and vines, Rod hare steady bven sold, in additiun to a large num ber of unplant*'. tracts. This y ( ar i«0 acres are being planted. PLASTED TRACTS. SI.MO each. ONPLAUTED TRACT?, «],SSO each. »- Tra^i^ 'i'aiilL'i'. loOrange Trees are of course much lusher, varying with varieties chosen. TOWN SITE. The town site of Oranirevale is but I>< mile* from the Kolsom rui'road depot. Town lota Sozlso, - ;towii and flO per month. Lota are so.d :• . cx>ttagef awarded to the purchasers in each strics. *9" Send for maps and informalioa. ORANGEVALE COLONIZATION CO., Sl4 J Street. Sacramento. Fine Bargains in Land. mHREE SPLENDID RIVER FARMS FOB X. sale or exchange in part for city property. Ranches of all grades at low prices, and B"me fine bargains in city property. lOT 80x163 FOR S4SO. iJ * tf 701 1 street, Sacramento. CtL mHI". SEWS OF THE WORLD IS OONTATTTRn X in the Weiklt vsioir.