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performed by the locust shaking itself with considerable force. " When the insect relieves itself from the outer covering, or grub-which worm ease, the wings are of a hue of rieli milk. In this state, the filaments is which add strength to them, are of the same white color, and instead of the transparency which they wards obtain, they are now r< marka bly opaque; but as themoisti ire dries from off the wings of the inst} 0 *» these filaments become more firm» am * have a dark brown color, wh>* 1,1 a Pl*roaeh •loeust becomes 1 es a black as the stronger. " The time- w ' !en they issue from is about an hour or two .»et, soon after which they tiegin their exertions to free them selves from the grub ease, which the stronger ones effect in a hour or two. They remain on the branches of the trees, which they have attained, (be fore the last metamorphosis) until morning, when they are of a high am ber color, have acquired their strength and are able to contend with some of their enemies. The weaker the ground ( ones, and those who do not leave the earth till morniog, do not so easily effect their transformation, and often prove a delicious prey to the larger and even to the smaller birds. « While in the grub worm state there is a fissure in the hack of the skin, sufficiently large to admit the locust to pass therefrom, which, not withstanding, is not done without great exertions. At the time of their leaving the grub ease, for it cannot he. with propriety, termed a chrysalis, life and motion is strong in the insect, even when it is about assuming ils new form. And when *.e consider that ev. ry particular li>-b, every part of the body however delicately and ten derly formed—and really some of them at this time, are almost incon ceivably thin ami tender—is enclosed in a separate ease, and these tender parts must he necessarily extricated from their sheaths, before the insect can enjoy uninterrupted freedom, we certainly feel our astonishment in crease, in observing, that those so elegant formed members escaped un injured from even the extremities of tfieir covering. '* When this escape is effected, the insect leave the place where its <*o vei ing is, and rests at a very short distance from it, where it remains un til the moisture is evaporated from its body. The wings, as well of the insect, when first protruded from the grub ease, are very moist and tender ; ilsongh by degrees they dry and be come more firm and rigid. But should any accident prevent the cicada from a free expansion of its wings, fra considerable time after the grub is forsaken, the poor insect is doomed to remain either in a state of total or partial debility. For should it be so weak as to be unable to expand the wing thorough ly, while the moisture and pliancy re main. as soon as they become dey and rigid, they are fixed in that parti-, 1 nr total waul of expansion ; and in this helpless.st île, the ei-ada is a certain prev even fo the long applauded in dustrious emmet. " nie locust grul) rising from the ground, is nearly the color of the lo cust when it has attained its full per fe< lion, though not altogether as dark, its stieugtii is very great, nearly c qualmg that of the scarabucus earui fex (or the beetle which forms the balls front ordure.) but as it is about to leave the c.'se it becomes weaker. ••A* the .'une of their last appear npnle tree tbrain* of a a ease m »■«** approved ol my enquiry : and I must have been v.-ry small of their former visit, vet having caret ally collected the gratis which rame up under ils branches, the fi *s evening 1 numbered 500, which ! removed; the second evening 600 more had uni le their appearance, ami tlm uiird e'.-niug upw ards of iOO. Sever I st ag-lets remained, who were i ygh'-ied, as the numbers were already setii.-irntiy great to claim my whole atirntinn. 11 t! HÎ. ill* mm* " T»o or three days after their stiming the moth state, the air sounded wilii their notes, which were re-e, lined either on the wing, or oti the branches of the trees iniliserimiti iiotes, expressive av those ofthe leathered s, rd a call to ourtsliip. •s re ai c'y. These mgsters pro» . The power of song, »hi h somewhat resembled the noise of a sto, king loom, wus con fined to the male—which it was easy to discover was produced by inflating air into its body, and expressing it through two small apertures, placed a little below the base of his wing; the»** holes lead front a musical table, on <*a<-h side of which motive bars, connected by exquisitely membranes; which during the tin «• of song, maintain a continual vi firm ion. Like the grasshopper, the Iikiisi v.ry seldom sports its social call without a response from aluiosl or six. ti.i tin jail the males wit bin hearing; and frequently when th* courtship has obtained its male's approbation, an intruder, allured by the concert, is easily distinguished!^ chal lenges the hero to eomliat, and fight is often long and desperate ; as the victory always coufers an interesting reward. When gestation is fully aoeomplish -vhiuh is generally two or three days -jftep they have assumed the flying, ct.ate, the female prepares to deposit q er burden ; and, although her body t oes „„t annear greaHy dis tended, yet she generally lays but 1 VO eggs. The egg is of a white co lor, and about a line in length, and one third of a line in diameter. Na ture has wonderfully provided her with an instrument in her tail, .some what resembling a two edged sword, which, like the grasshopper, she can sheath and unsheath at pleasure ; witli this she preforates the tender twigs of such trees as well afford a convenient nidus for tiie eggs, and deposits them oy fourteen or 15, under the hark, in ( he form ofthe letter F and sometimes stie pierces through a twig one fourth of an inch thick. After she has care fully deposited her eggs in the small branches, a sudden blast of wind fre quently lops off the branch she has chosen for the residence. " It it ftfe (hat the parent pro vide) fora succession of the species, in which employment it is generally busied until about the 10th day of her moth state, seldom if ever feeding on any thing but the early dew. For, as they fly in such numbers, (and al ways carelessly without a leader, as is usual with the eastern locusts) were they to feed on the plants the damage must certainly be observaoie; anu they live in the moth state twelve or thirteen days, it is probable they have a portion ofthe dew of heaven for their sustenance. Then they dry up as ti.e silk worm moth—the male be coming superanuated 2 or 3 days he fore tiie female. H Having pursued the locust through its several moth stages, the numerous offspring it law deposited in the slender twigs of tre.es, have stiil some claim to an investigation. The eggs are of so cylindrical a form, rounded at the ends, and are of such a consistence that they require a hard pressure, between tiie fingers to crush them.—The substance within, as in most other small eggs, is a wiiite, transparent, and viscious fluid. In a liout the space of fourteen days, from the time of their first re ing left by the parent, the egg produces a whi tish insect, somewhat larger than the silk worm when fresh hatched which leaves the branch, where the nest was and dropping on tiie ground either enters the hole through which the ohl loeust issued, or turns the earth aside afresh, and entombs itselT there, to undergo the metamorphosis of its ancestors. « " In digging wells, cellars &e. in America, inserts of every different appearances have been discovered, some twenty feet deep, which have been supposed to be of this species— others have been discovered nearer the surface, of which no doubt remains but that they are the grub of the lo cust—anti early in the spring, previ ous to their assuming the moth state, tiie plough-share often furnishes the blackbird which follows tiie plough man, with a rich repast of them, for which, by his clamors and fluttering»» he endeavours to. express bis obliga tions. Varieties of this genus ap pears annually, they are i.i general much larger than tiie cicada septem devint, and of a greyish east; tin dark brown or amber ■oltir which the others have, appearing iu these moiled with a dry white." Mind. The gentle mind is like the smooth stream, which reflects every object in its fairest colors. The violent spirit, like troubled waters, rentiers back the iim hruken tliat disordered motion, which arises solely from its own agitation. es of things distorted and and communicates to them Westchester, f Pa.) May it. At the court ofOyerand Terminer, on Wednesday last, came on the trial of John Lee, for burning the barn of Mr. Thomas Davis, in East Follow field township . convicted and senten ced to ten years imprisonment in the penitentiary, one of which in solit confinement. it ary Boston, May 17. A company of young men is form ing in New York, for the purpose of pro, ceding I« s.oie part of South A merica. there to form a settlement. I he share to he advanced by eaeli adventurer, for the purchase of vessel, Ac. is glOO. a 9 Of the Moors and Moorish Arabs. VMM WUrt UAKRAttVE. Tlu Moors are a stout athletic race of nnu, and generally of about five vet en inches in height. They from the Bereberries, or old sprung inhabitants of the north and western parts o r northern Africa, together with th descendants of the Cartha aud various Greek and Ko geniam, man c.donies ou those coasts, con quered by and commixed with the Arabs *r Saracens win passed the Istha, of stuez, and subjugated the north t)i si under tie- eaiipUs of t^ie pretended prophet Mohammed. Fcx is at present the great capital of the empire, and chief residence of the emperor, who is styled by the Moors and Arabs cl Sultan, (the Sultan) or, as they pronounce it, Sooltnn. Bust has become independent ofthe Moors. The Moors are all strict follower» of the Mahoiiiniedan doctrine, and firm predestinarians. I call the doctrine Mahomedan instead Mahometan, be cause the name of their prophets is pronounced, both by the Moors and Arabs, Mohammed, and both of them pronounce their letters very distinctly, and with their mouths open, like the Spaniard, giving to every letter its full sound ; for though they write with characters, and do not know how to form a Homan letter with a pen, yet a person understanding letters, who hears them speak, w ould say they were perfectly familiar with the Ho man Alphabet, and laid more empha sis ami stress on the letters, by means of whii.li Bit- y speak their language asiot-tiet mat, any other people on earth, The Moors, in general, do not learn to read and write, but their Talbs are learned men, who take great pains to become acquainted with the prinei pies of their own and the ancient Arabic language, ami with the law» ofthe Koran, wltiolt is held by them to be a sacred book, and to contain nothing but divine revelation. The Talbs transact all the business that requires writing, and serve alternate ly as scriveners, lawyers and priests. The Moors use no bells for their places of worship ; but in the towns and cities, their religious houses have high minarets or steeples, with flat lops, and a kind of balustrade round them : to the, lops of these the Talbs ascend to call the. people at stated times to prayers; and as the steeples are very high, and the Talbs are ac customed to call uloud, they are bean) at a great distance, particularly when Jl is stiil in the city. Their times of prayers are before day light iu the morning, at about mid-day, about the middle ofthe afternoon, at sunset, and again before they retire to rest, about H or 10 o'clock in the evening. Tallis, who are on the steeples before day light in the morning, commence by calling all the fi.ithl'ul to prayers : their voices sound most harmoniously, and thrill through the air iu a singu lar manner. I was always awakened by them myself, while I staid at Mo gadore, and often went to the window to hear them: their call reminded me ol my duty als«. Alter they sum moiled all the faithful to attend pray ers, they either rehearsed particular passages from their Bible or Koran, or sang some sacred poetry with a loud sum piercing, hut at the Mine a very melodious and pleasing tone of voice. The Moors who live near the places of worship go in, joiu with the ! albs, and pray together ; but by far the greater number perform their de votions in their own rooms. The Talbs, I am informed, perform their religious duties, which are very fa ligning, merely from motives of piety —they do not receive the smallest re muneration, either from the prince or people, in any shape or way whatever. All worship by turning their faces to the east, und bow their heads in the «lust, like the wandering Arabs: they wash their bodies all over with water before prayers, as well as their hands and faces ; lot* which purposes, with in the walls of their ,1ui ctiurt leading to the mosque was paved with tiles, and kept very clean, with stone ba mosques or churches, they have wells or foun tains of Water, aud large stout* basons, in which to bathe. V hen they ap pear before God (as they call it) in their places of worship, they divest thetnsi*!r"s el a!! superflcus orna ments and clothing, and even of their breeches; after purifying with water, they wrap themselves decently up in their huiek ot* blanket of only, ami go through their ceremonies with sig ofthe most profound devotion. Christian enters a Mohammedan place of worship, he must either change his religion, by having bis head shaved, undergoing the operation of circum cision, and confessing there is but one God, and that Mohammed is his holy prophet, &e. or suffer instant death ; but I have ventured to look into them from the street. IIS If a of a filled with pure water on each side for the purposes of purification ; though 1 durst not, approach so near to see in what maimer.the interior part was arangeri, but I was inform ed they were entirely free from or naments. rally permitted to enter their houses of religious worship, nor even to ap pear in the streets, unless they are completely covered by their clothing, which going over their beads, is held in such a manner by their hands on the inside, as only to permit them to peep out witli one eye, to discover ami pick their way ; so that no Moor or Christiafi ran see their faces. In the they are vei*y seldom seen, and arc 90 extremely ileshy, that they waddle, rather than walk along, like No Moor will sons as The women are not gene streets, fat and clumsy ducks. wife until she is well fatted marry a by her father, and if it is not in the husband's power afterwards to keep her in the same good case and con dition, or rather, to improve upon it, he is dissatisfied, and endeavors to gel clear of her, which he very often ef fects for he will not keep a wife un less she is very fleshy, or bed with what he calls " a deal!. sMeton." The women visit each other and walk together on the tops of their houses, but even the husband cannot enter the room they are in when uncovered, or get a sight of his neighbor's wife or daughter, being strictly forbidden by bis religion to look on any other wo man than his own wife or wives: thus - the Moors, when they receive coni pany, set down with them on the ground ouside of their houses, wiiere they converse together ; hut notwith standing all these precautions, as the women are very amorous, they ma nage to introduce their gallants by means of the female covering, and the privilege they enjoy of visiting each other, and get their lovers oft'by the same means undiscovered. The Moors gooft'in large numbers every year, forming a great caravan, on a pilgrimage to Mecca, and return in three or four years ,* every Mosle titari being by law obliged to visit the tomb of his prophet once in his life time, if he can afford to pay the ex pences of his journey. The men who have been to Mecca, and returned, arc dignified by the name of cl a jail, or, the pilgrim) and the women who go and return, (for there are few who venture) are allowed the privileges of wearing the liaick, or man's blanket; of walking the streets uncovered, like men, and of conversing with them promiscuously, as they may deem fit, being considered holy women, und as possessing souls by special graee and favor. Every Moor, who is horn an ideof, or becomes delirious, is consi dered a saint, and is treated with the greatest attention,and respect, by eve ry one ; is clothed, and fed, and taken the greatest care of by the whole community ; and, do what hr. will, he cannot commit a crime, in the eye of their law. THE EX-EMPRESS M.lRKl LOUISA. (From a private letter.) « This Lady lives it a style of great splendor at Parma, hut without os tentation. With the Noblesse of the country she lias little society. The greater part of them were ruined in their properly by tiie French Revo lution, and the whole body, like the rest of their brethren in most parts of Italy, arc at the very lowest ebb m point of character and education, « From late English papers received at the office of the Merc fork Jtaihj Advertiser. Her court is composed principally of Germans. The inferior si rvants an chiefly French, and nearly the same who served her when on the thrum •>f France. The count de Ncipperg. who negotiated the treaty in virtue of which Ferdinand of Naples stored to his throne, acts as her gram! Chamberlain ; are also Germans; her private seere tary is a Piedmontese. M. M*Aulay is her Minister of State and Grand Chancellor; a young man, Irish by -iir4.it, who is possessed of considera ble property in the King's County, in Ireland, where his family have resided for a long period. *• The disposition of the Ex-Em press is extremely mild ; her man ners unassuming. serve tin* French took for hauteur, of which, in fact, she lias not the slightest trait. The few persons, whom she admits to her soeiely, are so far from being treated, as if they were paying their court to a Princess, that they soon feel themselves easy in their conversation with her. The usual accomplishments ol her sex she possesses in more than the usual de gree. She plays on the piano, and sings extremely well.She reads a goo,, deal of English, and siic speaks it with a better accent, than could have been expected, and with more fluenev. English books constitute a large nor tion of her library, and she has made was re her dames d'hoimeur Her natural <■ ; it the fashion at Parma to learn Eb 1 -* lislr. Her fondness for lier son is well known ; at her expense, his retinue at SchOenhrunn has been rendered far inure ample and splendid than that provided for him by the Emperor Francis. " The title of Majesty is always given to her, when spoken to ; hut, when sjKiken of, she is called nuti'Im peratrhc, but la Sovrana. at Parma the toilette-given to her by the city of Paris on her marriage, and the cradle of the young King of Home, as well as the jewels and the entire of the wardrobe. The toilette and cradle were described in the French papers at the time. The jewel supposed to be far more valuable than those of any crowned head in Europe. Although this princess is certainly not distressed by her absence front Bonap. -te, and was but little east down at Iter political reverses, she lias latterly grown very thin, and, therefore, is unlike the portraits of her sold in-England.'* Paris, April 10. The account. I gave you yesterday and die day before, is confirmed in its material features by the King's Ordinance inserted in the Moniteur of this morning, whereby the disband ment of the Company of Nouilles it officially notified. The complaints of (lie young men were twofold : 1st, against certain innovations in the dis cipline of the corps : 2d, against the appointment of individuals whose poli tical conduct they do not judge, empt from reproach. I need not add that while the public approve the iirmness of Government, the veterans ol' the old army learnt with surprise an infraction of discipline, which, un der the preceding regime, would have drawn down a far more memorable punishment. During the suspension ofthe French Parliamentary debates, and in the lack of grave political matter, you will exeuse me for recording a well authenticated anecdote of some promi nent personages who have no ineonsj dcrablc influence in the direction of (lie event* which succeed each other with such rapidity in the grear politi cal drama. A few nights after the representa tion ofGermanieus, Count Worouzow, desirous of seeing Talma in Manlius, went to the Theatre, but front ihe immense crowd, was unable to pro cure a seat. lie was stepping into his carriage, when an Aid de Camp of the Due d'Aumont, represented to him, that the Due, who is First Gen tleman of the Bed Chamber, held hi» box alternatively, and as he was the occupant lor the night, he the Aid de Camp, was sure he would he ful filling the Due's wishes, in engaging his Excellency to accept a seat in it. Gen. Woronzow embraced the offer, and no one being as yet in the box, placed himself in the first bench, where there was precisely room for two persons. The Duchess d'Aumont arrived a few minutes afterwards, -aw an incognito in a military cloak, conceived he was some dependant on lier husband, and seated herself by bis side. The great attention the Count paid to the piece, which did not contribute to liis politeness to (he Lady, fortified her in the idea « que ce n'etait pas gramle chose." At the beginning of the fourth act, the Due de Bellune (Marshal Victor) entered with all the paraphanalia of his order; and no seat being vacant in the front r-j*v, he placed himself in the seeond. The amiable Duchess was au ilexes pair at seeing his excellency in so in different a situation, and expressed lier regret so loudly, and so often, that nought hut the unparalleled perform ance of Talma could have absorbed At last She lias s are ex the attention of AYoronzow. out of all patience, she exclaimed, •• Monsieur, w..om I hare not the ho nor of knowing, do yon not observe the marshal due dc Bellune is behind Monseigneur can absolutely see Count Woronzow excused you, nothing. himself for his inattention, arose and The play finishing 1» gave up his place, shortly after, he bowed and withdrew. When the Ducliess learnt from the Aid dcCantp who the unseemly stran - ger was, she posted to Princess Ba gration's, to whom site confided all her mishap, and protested she should never be convinced that Count Wo rnnzow did not set her down for null honnele femme, unless she met him at her house, and offered her excuses to him in person, consented to invite her illustrious countryman to dinner, aud engaged (he Duchess to name the other visi tors. The affable Princess The Human Heart. The heart, in a healthy man, in one hour, heats S600 times; discharges 7200 ounces of blood, ami conveys through it the .whole mass of blood in the body, not less than 25 times. In the space of 21 hours, the whole blood iu the body circulates 600 times. yy*. T. Chronicle.