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DELAWARE GAZETTE AND Peninsula Ad vertiser. _*L ST'.VEEN MA RKET AND KIND STREETS.... WILMINGTON. PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY WILLIAM A. MILLER, No. 9, HIGH STREE I', No. 4.5. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 4, its 17. VOL. IV. ' Conditions of this Paper. The DELAWARE GAZETTE is pub 1.1 S H E D TWICl. A. WEEK, AT FIVE DOLLARS A. YEAR, PAYABLE|S1X MONTHS IN ADVANCE. ADVERTISEMENTS wilCbe inserted THREE TIMES, AT ONE DOLLAR A SQUARE AND TWENTY FIVE CENTS FOr|EVERY SUC 'Payment to be CEEDINO INSERTION. MADE AT THE TIME WHEN THE ADVERTISE MESrS ARP LEFT AT THE OFFICE FOR PUB LICATION. fCT° -Vo PAPER DISCONTINUED UNTIL ALL ARREARAGES ARE PAID. The following gentlemen are authorised to receive sub scriptions and money for the Delaware Gazette : Dover — Mr. John Manlove. I'Smyrna — Mr. Benjamin Coomhe, George Town, Del. — Mr. James An derson. Cantwell's Bridge — Mr. David Wil son, Jun. JVYw Castle—James Booth, Jr. Esq. Elkton,Md.—Tobius RmMph,Esq. Other appointments will speedily he made. time THE GAZETTE. as From the Connecticut Courant. it to THE,BRIEF REMARKER. "WE cannot, if we will, make our selves torpid like an oyster. We must needs be doing something with our existence, m load, as indescribable as n 1 » i, R( j hie. Indeed occupation of one kind or another is so necessary to human quii-t, that life itself is burdensome without it. For short as life is, there are but few if any, who never com plain at heart of the superfluity of their time ; whereas the wights, great and small, who have nothing at all to do, are, for the most part, perpetually uttering this most dolorous kind of complaint, or at least manifest, no ordinary degree of restlessness-being burlhened with their business. The misery of idleness is to be seen nearly as much in high-life, as in tlie rags and filth of extreme poverty. In Europe there are classes of people who are idle as it were out of necessi ty : not that they are unable to find employ, hut they are unable to find si tell employ as they think comports wilh their dignity. Manual labor of any kind would degrade them ; nor does the condition of their rank allow them to enter into trade, or .even to embrace either of the learned profes sions. In fact, save those few who are selected to take part in the ad ministration of government, or who are placed in high military stations ; they are condemned hy the ex'alted condition of their birth to perpetual idleness. And what is. the result? It is, that this very exaltation of birll^ which places them so far above all ordinary business, makes them doubly wretched. can ed so gle up •e else a wearisome era " There is scarcely any truth more certain or more evident," says a wri ter who was possessed of a personal knowledge of the splendid group whose picture he has delineated.— than that the noblesse of Europe, (( are, in general, less happy than the common people. There is one ifra fragible proof of it, which is, that they do not maintain their own pop ulation. Families, like stars, or can dles, which you will, are going out continually ; and without fresh re. emits from the plebians, the nobility would, in time he extinut. If you make allowances for the state which they are condemned by themselves to 00 Even whilst, with utmost support, they are poorer than the poor —deeply in debt—and tributary to usurious capitalists, as greedy as the Jews."* Persons in tb* intennidatc grades between the very top and the very bottom of the scale of life, have pre cious advantages over those whe are placed in either extreme. That they have advantages over the lowest, al 1 will readily admit : and that they have some important advantages over the highest, is a position equally true. In point of real solid comfort and happi ness, the condition of the fanner or mechanic who supplies his daily wants by the labor of his own hands is in finitely preferable lethal of the blest above described ; who, for wain ofregular occupation, are under t 1 . hard necessity of taking a deal of pains and of resorting to numberless expedi ents and devices, to wear out the te dious moments of their earthly exis tence. eagerness, they are seemingly pursu ing pleasure, their chief efforts are to escape from misery, by killing the time which hangs so heavily upon their minds and their hearts. For. as to pleasure, they are so surfeited of ..nt rtUK it that they seek it onlv r tedioueness of total to thc distressing inaction. Although, fortunately, in these ; in Although, fortunately, in these United States, there are no hereditär) ranks, that fix as it were by hever-en <ti"B '-•".«liment, the baneful disease ofblot.h upon particular Humilies ; excess *c wealth operates, not unie» quently, the like eflerts. " After 1 gatherer comes a seatterer"—-is a proverbial saying, which, in whatever country it originated, is no where, perhaps, more strikingly matter of fact than in our own. Indeed nothing can he more natural than the process The " gatherer," if he have gather ed a very large heap, is of course a man of great worldly prudence : he so far from being able to bequeath that quality to his children, the sin gle circumstance of (.licit* being set up in the world with fortunes has ai most an irresistablo tendency to pen. der them imprudent. You cannot pul the old head upon the young shoul ders. Yon can hardly convince the rich born youth that considerable care and attention will be necessary on his part, merely to keep the fortune that falls to him. There is more than an even chance that he will be cither carelessly indolent or prodigally dis sipated ; that he will either waste his time in idleness, or spend it in vain if not vicious pursuits. The vanity of wealth will alike af fect his children and his childrens' ts . children. They will doat much upon the circumstance of springing from :vn opoulent stock, and, by natural consequence, will feel themselves quite above the ordinary occupations of life. Meanwhile the family estatewill have been divided and subdivided, till the share of each comes to be very small. A sort of stateliness is however, kept up in their narrow circumstances and even in their poverty. They preserve, with a sort of religious reverence, some relies of former splendor : obi pictures, little fragments of plate, or some precious memorial or other, of to For the pride ol" what once, was. family founded altogether upon wealth seldom suffers much abatement by the ruin of that foundation. Thus it is * that the needy descendants of a very * Discourses on Davila, by the ex- president. 31 r. Adams. her are it the the be he rich family are iu a worse condition by far, than most others of the sons & daughters of want ; since the indo lence of their habits and the magnifi cence of their notions alike disable them for procuring a comfortable livelihood and for enjoying the little they possess. There is one kind of revolution that is perpetually progressing ia this country; the revolution in fortunes. The rich families ol the last age, all but a very few, are utterly extinct as to fortune : and, on the other hand, the families, in general, that now figure away in the magnificence of wealth, are the founders of their own fortunes ; not a few of them having cmerg» 1 fron obscurity, and some 1 he deepest shades of rwerty. .-sol. ionary wheel is su. turn ing, ,d, w ; !h n few turns more, it will i ;rn down present rich IV*:- . fies, and will turn un, in their sie; d. ;v< quid or perhaps greater number middling da.-, well nigh as . - fixture, as have the ehaiv es and r-.ght. ' J)- ily Advertiser. .j,' li reat pari of the the poor and the This course lias From 'S " J)- ily Advertiser. he ol . an the ed. for From 'S " British Royal Mu a ary Academy. Those who have taken an interest the suhji" i of Military Academies in this country, may la* gratified with the follow m:! account of the Royal Military College of Great Britain. It instituted in the year 1790. It if in was ts under tlie government of a board of twenty-three commissioners, a gover nor general, who lias a salai and a lient.- govt rnor, with a salat' ulT.ioui, It is divided into a Senior .f 10981. md Junior department.—The Com uanduiit of the Senior department lias »salary of 5491; the Major of tV ipartment, 3581 ; four t'ap ■ 2741 each. There is a pro . unto; tains lit 1 '' fesser or Vets, a »roll ssor of Classics, .•ml three professor» cl Mathematics. The Chap'.-«in an i orariaii, the Se el et ary. the 11 '-- ter ami '.In i-ics of SOD). There are besides seve ral ot lier officers. The orphans o' officers, and sons cl subalterns on full or half pay, are ad mined gratis. The sons of officers now serving are admitted on condition of paying 20, 30, or 50l. per annum, according to the rank of their parent. All others pay 1001. for which they are clothed, and furnished with every I'urer, the Payions •on, he,' e each »ui« ii'f. thing necessary, according to the re The gene The gulations of the College, ral term is from 3 to 4 years, branches of instruction, besides mili tary tactics are French, German, La tin, fortification, drawing and history. No person is admissible, who is under 13, or over 15 years of age. Such cadets as pass their examinations, are recommended by the board, to the Commander in Chief for commissions. The following extract relative to this establishment is from the late report of the Select committee of Parlia ment on Finauce. or of Royal Military College. In tlie Royal Military College every thing seems to be conducted in a man ner honorable to those who are in au thority, and on a plan condueivo to the good education of all classes re sorting to it for instruction.—Your Committee cannot, however, hut ques tion the expediency of continuing this establishment on its present extensive scale. They most lieartly join in the feelings which would induce Parlia ment to provide for the orphan chil dren of those, gallant men who have sacrificed their lives in the service of their country : and also for the ehil ol" is a dren of meritorious officers now ac tually serving; hut if the. whole nuui her at present on the establishment are to be provided with commissions, it must unavoidably operate nearly to the exclusion of all other classes from the army ; and your Committee sub mit, whether such a system would not be in direct variance from what has hitherto been practised in this king dom; and whether it might not justly he considered as inconsistent with the spirit of our Constitution. But if these young men cannot be promoted, it almost superfluous to remark on the inexpediency and eventual cruelty of educating them for stations which they are not likely to fill, and of en couraging hopes that must he disap pointed. II Some reductions of expense have already taken place ; among which your committee cannot hut notice the voluntary rclir.qaiibmen* of his table allowance by the distinguished 1 at the head of the establishment, ac companied at the same time by a statement, that although an accession of property rendered it unnecessary for him to* receive any longer this al lowance, he wished to he understood us hy no means considering it iinpro lo be continued to any officer who Some other per might be his successor^ iWepcndenlly of lowering the num est and to the few to 10 ' .... ■, It may further merit consideration, ahcllier 111 time ol peace it would not he advantageous to increase the rat of ol payniqnt to be required from the third class of junior students, who now contribute HM». each, while (ho m m- K 'iers ol the other two classes aivt l**» duced; and, perhaps, to give some- th what more of a civil character lot., e education of the place. By these .'(leans, great numbers of young per- jn sous, best adapted by their station 111 . 1,0 «■Muntj.y to lead the armies of » ,-ee people, may be drawn to the Col- - lege, in consequence oi a mode ol education milling the advantage of our pubhe schools, with the qualifications tliat are considered necessary lor the iniiitary pression. In this manner ». the College may be made to pay the greater part at least ol its own expen ses. and become during peace a much lighter burthen upon the resources of ( . i.ie country. Whenever war aha . unhappily return, temporary altera- 1 lions may easily be effected suited to the existing state of tilings. The rate of expense, according to the present estimates, supposing the numbers to be full, appears to be for each student in the senior branch (be sides tlie 30 guineas paid by himself) about 1171. a year; and for each stu dent, in thc junior branch about 34l ; but if the, salaries of the officers are divided between both departments in the proportion of their respective numbers, an addition must he made of 151. nearly to each student. And if the pay of the gentlemen cadets is not deducted, which although it may he carried to another .department, is still a charge on the public, as those young gentlemen, but for the purpos es of education, would not be received at so early an age, 541. more will be added to the cost of each individual, giving on the whole an annual dis bursement from the publie for each student in the senior department of 1. and for each student in thc ju nior department of 1031. It appears hy a return made from the College that tlie whole expense in the Year 1S16 amounted to L33,S19 And tlie estimate of this year is iWepcndenlly of lowering the num ber of young persons who receive eleemosynary education; and it well deserves consideration whether with regard to the senior branch, for which an entirely separate establishment is maintained at Farnham, some addi tional contribution might not be rea sonably demanded from the officers who desire to receive the benefits of the mode of instruction there afford ed. The whole sum now paid is no more than thirty guineas per annum for each officer admitted, and it is stntect the present atwli. ul''"* *<>i admission arc much more numerous than it is posable to comply with. 1 28,155 -I Making a diminution of L5,664 j The anniversary or the birth of WASHINGTON never - passes ur* notited by those who venerate thfe ■ elir-r* ter of the man who united all hearts. In the city of Edinburg, an elegant entertainment was given, in celebration of that event, to the Ame ricans pursuin '; their studies at the University, by the venerable Earl of Buchan, the intimate friend and dis tant relative of our political fat her. On this occasion the noble host wore a mantle which had "overed General Washington, and made an elegant and impressive address. The entertain ment is annual. Earl Buchan was born in 174-2 and is of the same age with the King of England, with whom he was a play fellow.' He is said never to have known a day's illness, and by preserv ing remarkable regularities in his habits, retains that cheerful serenity which gives grace to conversation --"j«ally f 'weeing and ins.c-i.'tWe. Ho has been in constant habits of corres pondence with many of the literary characters of our country, and is un wearied in his courtesies, to those who sort to the celebrated school of the capitä of Scotland.— -Charleston pap. a 1 1 It is amusing to observe the ope lations of national vanity, as well as national preind*'*'*' l'"* 1 01 t lc worm and another. One of the grey est discoveries that has been made, and one that has proved and is likely to prove to be of the most beneficial consequences to mankind, is that of the kine-pux. This discovery is well known to have been made by the ce lebrated Dr. Jenner, ofc Great Bri tain ; and lie lias received both at borne and abroad, the most universal marke of national respect, and nota few of national munificence. A French writer has lately undertaken to shew, that the merit oftho i!iseovery!lo' , , ' 1 8 3 to that nation, and that l>. v • diom-ssion of events, 11 w««u dong from man to man, until it came 10 the possession of Hr. Jetini r, and was by him brought before the public 0 Thig diapoi)ltlon is not new. Seven of Uie t . uies of Greece contended for |[)o 1|(|n()r on , Bvlll(Ç given birth to Umwtm lt WitS formerly said in K ,, gh K , rS) tlmt , (;, IR - m l Wash wus born in that country. In th \ u .. u . iy , )Mt of Bonaparte's military e re( , oll( , t . t seeing a letter jV()m BQ Alne ,. ioan> then in France, jn wUcll it W;1S sai( j, th at that re.mw 111 d eonima „ df .,. wus a native of 0110 » f thc Ncw E ll)ml Statl . s . - , ,, uartl , uit has long been claimed ol ^ lish ; !m . n tion : and Mr. Iltir ,.- S b,ow-pipe seems tobe p.irsu t , 9ame l This may he "tlv owing to thc fact, thatcommuni ». £ f ne t0 c01I sider themselves ag t [ 10Uf)( , to oWvve such rigid , M |n moraIs> as is thc ( , ase among il)(üvi(IualSi u wou ld seem as if they of ( . 0Bs j,] el . c( ] the division of moral tress . W(JSag lightening each man's share, 1 0 y to to the for ; are in is is be dis of ju •Ul'IOIIS God From a late English paper. Ever sWce moralists existed they have written against public manners. Ours arc certainly not those of the golden age, but it is some consolation to reflect that our neighbors are no better than ourselves. For instance, London is generally allowed to be the terrestial paradise of husbands ; Eng lish wives are regarded as models of tenderness and fidelity. The follow ing calculation which we extract fPbm an English paper, is not a little curi ous. Stale of Marriages in London in IS tfi Runaway Wives, Runaway Husbands, Married persons legally divorced 4 ,,175 Living iu open warfare, Living in private misunder standing, Mutually indifferent, Hcgarded as happy, Nearly happy, Perfectly happy, 1,132 2,3 iS 17,345 13,279 55,240 3,175 127 13 Total, 96,834 This is a now kind of statistics. We are assured thut one of our first moralists is engaged in drawing out a similar account of the city of Paris. It will be curious to see which eoun- try may claim tlie advantage of the j matrimonial balance.