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m^rnrnrnzmi a Wednesday, Dec. 30 , 1818 . To Subscribers. The present number oj the Gazelle concludes the second year of our la in order to eject llie content - hors. plated alteration in the appearance oj the. Gazette, no paper will issue from this o fee until Tuesday next. Should of importance in the mean any th time transpire, it will be laid before our raiders in an extra. Matty of our subscribers living a 3 distance from where (here is m Agent appointed, have become eon sitlerttbly indebted to this estaMish The noting of this fact, hope, will induce them to make early remittances, either "in lull,' account." V meat. or " oi. The present proprietor ef this establishment commenced hi labours on the fu st of January 1817 : a considérable, portion of its patrons have never contributed one rent, thin the Gazette has been regularly transmitted to them, for two ybixs: _to those persons we recommend a perusal uf our (er in a, in (lie first, col Jumn of the lirst page of the Gazett*-. Tu those who have hern punctual ii their payments »r offer our t!■ *<>I.-. : am! hope for a contiuuuuee of their ! favours. of importance iru»j tjj° .Vothin transacted in either house of Congres. ; n on .Mondän. A respectable meeting of a number of the citsens of New Castle county, lit Id at the house of Mr- John Uerdmati, Newj^ Ark. on the 26lh inst. for the purpose of I of divising some means of obtaining relief to ti e people cf this state, under tin present distressed slate o! tjiings. was unanimously Resolved, that a county committee be appointed, to ittg, to meet a' the Bed Lain tavein Tuesday the 12th ol January next at 1 o'clock A. M. for the t urpo.c of a Idress ; It -, call a meet on at sing the Legislature ol tlie state on tins momeiitaiy subject. U hereupon the following perso were chosen, Major Isaac Gibbs, Doctor Thus. \V. Handy, Frederick I loltzbecker 2'hon.as Phillips, and Thomas Massey Signed by order ol the meeting, 77, 0. H.i.X D V, Chairman. Tins. W. Eobeso: y, Sec'ry. In obedience to the will of tlie meeting, the committee do most earnestly call upon the citizens of tins county to meet at the time anil place aforesaid, believing that the suffering of the people is general through 'Ut tlie state, brethren of Kent and Sussex to iiave similar meetings. ns ■ Wa call upon nur 1SJUC GIBBS, 'TCO: W. IUjYD Y, Ay;/:/,. HOLTZ BECKER, tho • run. i its. THO : AMS SKY. I W,ti rise,Toy, Dec. 2/1. ' The Treaty which we this da V publish, by authority, is that which was concluded at Madrid, in 1802, but the ratification of, which, by Spain, has been withheld until recently. | The Treaty prov.d . for the settlement,]^ by the arbitration of cornu issim ers, andj in the must unexceptionable manner, all claims, prior to the year 1802, of tlie «ilizen&cf Spain and of the United States,; respectively, forlosses sustained by tlie depredations of the citizens ol the two governments, prior to the year 1802. | ! T lie claims lor spoliations by Prenchi^^^ privateers carrying their ptizes into the! ports of Spain, during the same period, and which have been ever since tbe sub ject ol négociation, are not provided for. They are however, expressly reserved, and the exis'etice of the claims thus distinctly recognized. Hank nj Ike United Slates. The following is the letter from the President of tbe Bank of tiie United States, accompanying the Repoitto Con gi'ess of the state of the Eank, from whicli we have already extracted all the tabular statement V(hich appeared to be : h(Utk <)/ the IJ. 8. «JV*:rt\ i t, ISIS.jat Sir: 1 have ti e honor to transmit statetnents required by the resolution the Senate of the Istli of April, a copy ; of which you were pleased to communi ' cate in your letter of the llili of June materially important : last. The statements are numbered in the order of the several numbers of the re solution, and the details and accompany ing remarks, u is considered, will lender them perfectly intelligible. In respect to the payments, made on account of the cash pait of the second and third instalments of the capital of tin bank. it is imp assible to designate the amou>c actually paid in coin. When the second instalment became dut, the bank of the United States was in operation, and hi d issued a large a mount ofits notes: bills w.-re discounted, and passed to the credit ol individuals, and specie received on deposite , there fore, the notes of, and checks on the hank, were equivalent to specie, and would have drawn out the specie to pay the cash part of the instalments, if the literal formality of paying in specie had been required. The general course put sued by the subscribers was to de" pc,site the coin and notes in the bank, anti draw a beck for the precise amount of! : the cash part of the instalment. The banks in the principal cities uaiy jeame due on the 1st of July following : notes were, of course, received in sumed specie paymerts on ihe 20th Feb ,1817, and the third instalment be jtheir : all payments due to the hank ai d to the ! revenue, and al-o on deposit, for whic h specie was liable to he draw n ; of course' the notes of, and chicks on the Bank and the notes of n f t he United Stales, ; the banks actually paying specie, indiscriminately received, with gold and stiver.in payment of the cash part ofthis wetc . ins ,, dme!1 , ins ,, dme!1 , in Uie statement exhibiting tiic debts (q (he | >anit and its offices, the amount iscoumeti bears an under pro. of liilis I- alive tra; ■: and tnpor places; but the d directors to pro pot ti •!« 'h tance 'if the respecte efforts of the hoartl to more equal apportionment have counteracted by circumstances -, hich they could not control, the origin I av be referred to the state ot iiiee a seen of which die currency, and of domestic exchange, at tin- pel iod immediately preceding the establishment of the bank ; tbe consr f which are yet visible in the quenecs monied operations of those places. The funds of the cities east of Phila delpl.it, derived from tlie sale of their imported commodities, had been suffer ed to accumulate during the late war,and establishment of the bank, until the chiefly in the cities of Philadelphia and Baltimore, to an immense amount, in an ■ icipntinn of that event, and the prospects entertained of ti e consequent improve The public rsve nient in the currency, nut- had also accumulated in the middle' and western sections of the U. States, to tlie amount oi many millions, particularly in the Bunks of Philadelphia, Baltmi re and the District ot Columbia; and tue of those places were greatly it.' I banks dtb'.ed to those to tlie eastward uf them respectively. will Shortly after this period, as you recollect, sir, the banks of New Fork, Philadelphia. Baltimore, and Virginia, agreed to resume specie payment on tlie laothul February, under a special age e ^ ^ l;ank nfthe United -tales, | which, in order lo bring about this desit a and in(li llsäblc event, engaged its credit and resources in protecting the olj^^ banks< arid j„ hquidating these Immense balances, by actual remittance* the eastward, in sjiecie and bills, the only possible means of inain vviiat lias been so happily begun, in at to ] par, as | ,n S ! the mean time, the public deposites in banks of those places, which had been transferred to the Bank of tlie U. States, and the revenue subsequently ere chief! v tx collected in the same, pended in the cities east of the Susque hanna. These circumstances have constantly maintained so great a demand for ex cities, that the change in the eastern director have been unable to extend the liscouutsat the offices at New York and Boston, as they have earnestly desired to do, without getting into debt to the banks of those places, and incurring the itnme diale liability to a demand of pay meat in specie ; oi tlie large importations of : winch, by the Bank of the United States af^reai expense, not Oil « dollar has the*been expended south or west of Philath 1 of.l'hia- It is a fact, corroborated by the, ; experience of all batiks, that their opera ' lions must .necessarily be ri guluted by .those of the banks m their immediate vicinity, otherwise, those which are most prudent or parsimonious, will become the creditors of those who are the most hoeral or extravagant; the consequence of which is, an immediate specie respon. sibil,;t. The Bank of the United States applving its means.not to the purpose public accommodation, but to the traffic, in specie, by collecting the bills of other-lb« , . , . . , batiks, drawing nut tile spine tor sale,, , , and repeating the operation, daily, may I and its oRices, do no form an exception to this rule, and facts have demonstrated, that a bank of very limited resources governed hy an avricious policy, and subject the largest capital to incessant contribution. It is conceived! that vviiat|t|u« has been said will satisfactorily that the Bank of the United States, could! not remit- and liquidate, debts o. mJUtr , • southern, western, am. imd.l le sect.ons, to the eastern cutes, and, at the saiiie! lime, loan a large additional capital to the latter ; and that, if the latter have not participated in the loans of the hank, in proportion to their great wealth and com liierce, that have at least derived as suo- ( re-!stantial benefits from the operations of of tbe bank, as any other section of the Union. In regard to the discount on bills, se cured by the pledge of public and corpo rate stocks, it is respectfully observed' ihat these loans originated in the sudden redemption of 513.000,000, of the funded debt, part of the capital of the bank, with the public funds wh ch bad been ed lo the bank in the manner represent transfer ed. i ■ ed. This event took place a few months alter the bank had commenced its opera, dons, when few ol its offices were in operation, and of the institution precluded the p«*ssi«ili'.v •! an equitable distribution cf us capital Iii*e li-e ciicumstrt.e-s It, therefore, became a <1 -s cable object emp'ov this capital for the benefit f the institut!- n, without delay, and the only vhich the case appealerl to in to question volve, was. whether the loans ought to lie made on the collateral security r.f public or on the more le and cotporate stocks, pi'icarious security espnnsibility, where that commodation did not appear to admit of mere personal snecics of ac ,f The board deler so great an extension, mined upon the former course, and pro ceeded to discount hills on the pled re ol persons or place, stock, without regard t and indiscriminately to tiie extent jvhirli n was offered, and of course the greatest , , ,t loans have bee. i where the greatest ament « The whole amount of stock was held of the loans on pledged stock of every description, have not at anytime reached, by 2 millions, the amount of funded liebt 1 . , , .iso of those cities, which, Iron, the course ol^ -xchange, and the extra rdtnary demand , impracticable ; and, to redeemed by the government, although the original amount of the funded debt I part of file capital of tlie bank, was in tended to have been (-,28.000,000. lo Iiave loaned these funds in New Yorkaitdj ( Boston,would iiave required of their pre-j vious conversion into specie, or the funds for s|u cie, have demanded tlie immediate payment tas of specie due by the banks in Philadel phia and the western country, woul ; have been impossibilities. The funds Baltimore, District of Columbia, to require were, teeretore, loaned where they were current, and in their operation produced tiie gradual diminution of the debts due by the banks in those places, to the bank cf the United States, which they had not be alnlity to discharge, in specie, demand. The reason why no part ol the coin in possessicai «if the bank, is exhibited ,ate mellt No. 2. of the exhisting at on in m tue s ;,1 of the bank, is assigned in the note capit annexed to that statement; but the whole amount of specie in tlie bank and its offices, at that time, was 52.815,208 96, xhibiled in the general statement a* e rendered to the department. The crisis in which the directors oi bank of the United States have acted has been one ot peculiar delicacy and difi* culty. The policy and effect of their administration,cannot be appreciated by abstract view of any silnge measure: the to an in of 1 it must be taken in connexion with every other which it involves. They have earnestly endeavored to promote the in interests of the public, and of the institu tion, but they disclaim the presumption * liât would exempt it em from error. 1 have the honor to remain, with great respect, sir, your obedient servant, WM. JONES, President, The Hon. Wm . h. Crufford, Secretary of the Treasury , Washington City, «>< From the B stun Patriot, Dec. 24. Latest from Bnglaml. The ship I riton. capt, Holcomb, arrived here yesterday in +S days from Liverpool. By this vestcl we have rect i'ctl from our rt.tr« (pondent London papers to the 1st of Xovetn of.her, inclusive—anil and lire indebted t*» Mr. lopiiiF lor Live: pool papers to other-lb« —nearly a fortnight later than former advices. We have given as - , h manv exirartu as otir time and limns I p, ,niit The 'i'riton brings of Stall vviiat|t|u« seepTof} prove,Slates. i obtaining the treaty ol eon - 'tierce eon. bn ed hv Mr. (tail 'tin with mJUtr llrhiM» eommisMom-rs. I he [.umhin Courier of (lot. 23. ,.„„„„„.,,.,1 tl . Pa(v |, e fWt . p|| ,. y H „,j Sweden, m grv iated by the honorable Jonathan tinsse!, despatches to of the United The British army is to he reduced to 3. , 00 men. Orders Imvc been n the recruiting parti's in in suspend recruiting men un til fur er orders. 'I he tig of England !ms .■»mplct ed the - ill year of his reign, being (wo venrs longer than any iiioti m-h who ever before n ignetl in Englnml. On the demis of the queen, it is said to lie thr intention of the ministry to propose in parliament a greatly di 'n'mished eHtaldiMinieet for the kin. issue.' ( [ ,, n .i of 'n'mished eHtaldiMinieet kin. at Windsor. The care of his inujeM v io lie oonr.ded to the ilttke wlm is to have an additional allowance for his servier*. ! f Yelk. Corn Exchange, October 2fi.—Our market was very moderately supplie«* with wheat this morning from Essex anil Kent, ami lit«' rons were in de nimiil, and «dit lined an advance uf IVoiii i lo 2s per quarter. hut there is no improvement in oilier kinds Fine !'-al ign wheat also wens »heiter sah l-.isl week, hut all oilier dpHcrip •Pius go i«T heavily, in conspqiieilep o! ■ he e< y Mum litturd large arrivals from On iF-.IMrk _The supply of lîngüsh •e Monday li s hern and for line qualities thaï and Of. 3( wheat sin oo hl %«'«■« e mode «lev's pii'"'s are fully reaüzeiî, the trade in getirr d lolet'iF i.l LlVKBPmiL. del. SI. All (he Allied Sovereigns A their ministers, ex-ept (he K-nperur .Vustriii, liavc now lest Atx la Uhup« ! le and have repaired to the front irr» ,f Frauee, in order to review for the List time. th>* Army of Occupation before its final departure. hri-k. if in • • S'ime transports are «'xpeetrd to [leave London in a few days, with no less than 1500 volunteers, enrolled in « tins country inr the insurgent army of South America. A private letter from Madrid spunks of the great embarrassment in whi b the 'new minister of Rnam e is He cannot raise the lean hv placed. any means. . : l'he Austrian troops commence«' their retreat over the Rhine on Un it is said considerable derer Noil. 2. 1 The conference at A:x la Ch, pelle, .iso far ns sovereigns look a part it. it. ol^ ( . 0|)r q Rtcm-por oi «.ts , & Hlid King of Prussia left (ha. place 0B ll,e ; 20th tilt, and have proceeded to Paris. I he Tori res* of v ah mien nes has been delivered up to France, being the. first fortress that has been restored. Kith. ( i img hnd oeeured. London. Oct. 25. inferences with America adjusted. —Tho unit Its, not in dispute exactly, hut in untiertainty, uml which wt left for arrangement between this country nnd America, at tile conclu sion of the lute war. are said («> Imvt been, the greater number of them, happily, settled by eommissimtei's ap pointe«! for (hat purpose un our part, amt Mr. Gallatin «in the other, betöre that gentleman quilted England.— The boundary, whirl; was left unset tled in (he treaty, at tbe. end of lhe revolutionary war, is now actually fixed. This, if true, is a great point. The right of fishing, anil drying fish on the coasts of Newfoundland, is, (early de fined ; and tlie terms of in— odv West Intim oi tetvoui'se betwpen Islam's and the vessels of the Uniter States are specified and agreed on. I'hese also are matters difficulty re nains behind, uml it is probable li" the reason, that il is (he greatest, that is so lemttirs :—tbe right of visitation and the power of apprehending the si Hiuen of each country, when found mi tu) ,cil the ships of the other, is unset lied. London. Oct. 30. We have received this morning the lollowing letter from our correspon dent at Aiv la ('Impede :— •* '1 'he tipproa hing departure of Lord Cast 1er.-ugh for Cainhray, lias In en announced here : hut his lord ship lias not yet quitted our city, and every thing concurs to show th l he will not upon tile last list of conferences, four teen questions iiiseriheil. The «flairs of Aineri-a mid Spain will not he the suhjei t of a purtii ulur necision, but l' e soverei,.ns,assemble,; in Congress, w II recognize as a pi iueiph, that neutrality, for ail tile European pow ers. is the. only stale ol tilings with It they wish to maintain wiib^tiu- new world, and which will permit them to wail with confidence the result of the iiciua) war." . There still remained Ar.ir Yokk, Dec. 28. We understand the Vice President of the United States and he Secret.ii y < f Navy, will leave this city this morning fin th ■ seat of govennent. The Senate of me United States have been for several days smin. w iIt closed coots, und the maty with Orest Britain having an ived. it is piesunied the Senate have it under consideration. - Beware of fifth- dollar miles of the .Yew York t'a-k. „ A note for one dollar, of the late ■ mis sion >,f small notes made by the Bank of New \ • I k- has been presented at 'lie bank for payment, after heilig altereil to Fifty. This lias beta eflected by taking out the word ot in two places, and the figure I in two places, (by mea, s of some liquid.) and substituting the wort: fifty, in two places and tin figures 4,> in two other places, and by adding die iettci * to the word dollar.— T.ve Tout. v Nov. 27. A report Was etirrt l lo re a levy days ago that the troops « •■•iiip«siiqç (in expedition, hound In the Yellow S'one river, were tired on lit >i» iv-mzas Indians. ! am tlmt (he report is wi) •hilion—H appeal's li ai a young man, who fell «In pony. ' < nul to Si, Lou is, was hailed by some strangho,. liions, uni lii'-ti on, bn »use fie would not obey their order to poll l Si Lou! We are h j.py 10 .1 *' - '.IT*. ie. From the Itoston Gaz. Dec. 17. ('«il. Tnim!)uil , a iViutiiijc. hill u> exhibited tlii» lUy no n 7, util 1 o'. Im k. for il,«- pair;- ti -.ur. .ose of giving aid to the Me,-« -o y I ts of Miiss.vi'hus- tu The visitors qipor oo or,- i,ion. u dl intve i tunity not only of viewiin; ■ hi pieitire, hut oi'si'i tng the d-' ■f I lie t at.le, prepared foe the Fi'ii'iiui hl Festiv«! »ft lu- Massa hiiseiisCllur Halde Mi'eti.iai Vssueialiuii. «ait! ! in® if IMPiitM'ii Mi'.N . S. A gentleman ofthis city .!■ •» 1«v**ly isi'«ivere«l a very great i upt''»' in the Oiinstt uet:«m of . Wnicr A which is fully asrertaineil to pi »«■ a • dti.ilile ueipiisition lo the prnpe'ling • if Steam uml i'e.iin Boats. A Imat with one of these wheels' is now in uperutiou. plying la tween (his - ity .ml Willinmstmrg. Long island, (he ffeei of w 1 i It are fully tleinonslr.it« l—.V. V.Mer .tdr. * cut I, to in in is At ti special meeting ot the " Society of the State ul JJtljwoe. .or the promotion of American Mat ufac tuves.'' con, ned by public noMte. at tbe II. V\ llmington, Dec 4, 1318, /own the Presiiletitai.il >e«retary hting absent Uobeit Porter. Lsq. w.,s called to the chair, and J. D. Cartel, secretary, pro '<="'• he following resolulloi.s were severally p< Sj.oued and agreed to- ^ 'ZhVZZ'^Tto Com « lhe subject of aiding and pro u . c , j ni , Ameiica.. manufactures, which memorial shall be submitted to the so ciety at then next meeting. 2. That Roben Porter, J. D. Carter, and Seieck Osborn be a committee to draft ihe a ores .id memorial 3. I'hat'he proceedings of this meet ing be published in the newspapers of this place. Ailjourned to meet at this place on Hatin',tay the 2d Januaiy next, at two o'clock, P. M. is, ROBERT POUTER, Chairmam. J. D. Cautku, Sec'ry. A 8traj Cow. Came to the subscriber on Monday the 14 h December, a dark brintHe Cow; tlie marks is as near as 1 can describe them, is, both ears cut off. and there ap lo lie two slits in eacli ear. with pears some white under lier belly, and a white spot in her forehead, and is very old, and lias since calved. Whoever has lo-t tiie by applying to the sulisi riber in Newport, proving their property paying charges, may take her away. Aaron Juslis. same, Newport, .Dec. 29,—St.