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The Delaware gazette. [volume] (Wilmington [Del.]) 1809-1810, July 29, 1809, Image 2

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intell igence.
Tenth Bulletin.
Ebensdop.ff, Stay 23.
After describing the form of the Danube
Edensdorlf, the Bulletin states that on
the night of the 20th, the Emperor crossed
the Danube, accompanied by Earihiei
Massena, and Lasnes, 1 hey took a pus.
tion on the 21st on the left bank, the rigi:
wing was at the village Esslmg, and th
left at Grossaspren—Both these villages
At four in the afternoon on
the 21st the enemy shewed themselves, and
attempted to drive our advanced guard into
the river—Vain attempt 1
I'he duke of Rivoli was first attacked at
Grossospren, by Bellegarde,
red ivt.h Molitor's and Legrand's divisions
au 1 rendered all their attacks abortive—
The duke of Montebello defended Essüng
—the duke of Isira covered the flank with
l'he action was severe—the ene
at
Were taken.
He matiieuv
cavalry.
my having 200 cannon and 90,000 me,u, be
ing the remains of their arms.
Gen. D'Espagne divided his corps into
squares, bu he was killed with a musket
bail at the head of his troops, and^General
Poulers was also killed. Gen. Nansoury
arrived in the evening on the field of battle,
and distirgasshed himself highly,
eight in the evening the butile ended and
we remained masters ol the field. During
the r.igiu Uudmot's corps, tlillaire's divi
ne! two brigades of cavalry crossed
from the right bank to the left. On the
Sis: at 4 P. M. the duke of Rivoli was en
who made several
At
Slutl
gaged with the enemy
successive
voli ai last completely del,met) them,
curin', uce'upying a large space between the
ngnt and leK wings we took the resolution
of penetrating their centre, i he duke oi
Montebello headed the charge. Oudinoi
Wi-.s on the lclt, Si. Hill tire in the centre,
anil Baudot on die right. The centre ol
the tiicmv could not with
attacks on lite village ; but Kt
lhe
us ; ni a
moment HI was overthrown.
1 he duke of 1 strict made severs! fine char
1 he duke of 1 strict made severs! fine char
ges. It seemed all over with-.he Austrian
arm),, when at 7 in the morning, an aid de
cani;: of tne emperor came to inform him
that Lie rising of the Danube had drifted a
anti booms, which in
of the events ttt Vienna, had
cut down and laid on the bank, and
gre.il; number of u
cunxi quenee
been
tiiat they had broken down the bridges
whid-i communicated from the right bank
ami v.'iih die little island, and with the isl
and c -i Der Lonau.
All die reserve corps which were ad■
vaici :ig, were upon the right hank, as also
part t/f our heavy cavalry, and all Auers
taut'« corps, lo consequence, of this shock
ing accident the emperor resolved to stop
the troops from advancing. He ordered
the duke of Montebello lo slop on tile field
of oaf tie, and lake his position with tile left
a curt in which the duke of
wing against
Eituli r; vr r.-d, and his right wing at Es»
ling. Tlit* cannons, infantry, anti cartrid
ges v.v.ich bel urged to our parks could not
lie brough. over. I'he enemy was in the
greatest disorder just at tire moment when
itc learnt that our bridges had been broken
t.tnvii—the slackening of our fire and the
concentrating ot our army, left him no
doubt concerning the unforeseen accident
id it had happened.
All tiis cannon and artillery equipage
were again brought in line, and from 9 A.
M. till 7 P. M. lie made the greifest efforts,
supported by 200 cannon to overthrow the
French artnv
ail his efforts tended on
11!
ly to his own discomfiture. Three times
he attacked the vil ages, and three times lie
filled them vvi;h ills dead. I'he enemy re
sumed the position which they had left be
i ir tlie attack began, and we remained
wasters of the field ol battle. Their loss
has been great—.prisoners who have been
token, say that they lost 2 3 generals and 09
superi rr officers. Maishai Webber and
15LiO piisoners are in our hands. Our loss
has also been very considerable,— 1100 kil
l he duke of
hd, anil 3009 wou..dcd.
Montebello (Lasnes) was wounded by a
c muon ball in the thigh on the 22,1, in the
i vetting General Iliilaire is also wound
ed. Geo. Durosnel was killed. The wa
ters of the Danube did not permit the
bridges to he built during the night,
the emperor ordered the iirinv to pass the
little arm from the left bank, and to lake a
the island of Inder Lobau.
position ou
We are laboring to replace the bridges and
no hing will be undertaken until they at e
replaced.
[in addition to these particulars, a great
part ul the bulletin consists oi a sentimental
description oi tile interview between Jj-as
ne-> ami Bonaparte, at a time when the mar
shal's wound was thought to he mortal, in
1 qoui'se, the duke of Montebello
tnanliVsti i! all possible heroism, and t vinc
ttreaicst it.uiincss to die lor his
which,
.
Emperor -, and that the emperor was melt
cd into tears.
The Bulletin has, however, other passa
ges from which some inference may be
drawn, as to the extent ol the loss sustain*
Bonaparte it is said,
boasts that the retreat was well conducted,
though 2oo pieces of cannon were playing
upon them, which they could not answer,
during which forty thousand rounds ol
ihot were fired amongst them. Bonaparte,
promises to repair his loss, and declares his
the attack till his
ed bv the French.
mcention not to renew
force is concentrated, ami better prepared.
He allows the Austrian army to have been
well furnished and equipped on the occa
sion.]
Eleventh Bulletin.
This Bulletin is dated Ebersdorff, 24th
May, and relates entirely to the operations
in the Ty rol,
ed to have entered Inspruck on the iOth.
Twelfth Bllctin.
The twelfth Bulletin is important only
for enabling us to state, that on the 26;h,
Bonaparte nimself was at Ebersdorff, about
two miles below Vienna, on the southern
bank of the Danube ; but his army we sup
pose, remained in the Isle ol Inn-der*
bru, for nothing is said to the contrary,
fie is measuring the height of the Danube
with the immense chain, which the Aust
rians took from the Turks, after the siege
of Vienna! He speaks of the arrival ol
troops, and of every thing except of opera
tions against the Austrians.
I he Danube, he says, will continue to
rise till the 15th of June.
The Duke of Dantzic is stat
o
Austrian Official Bulletin , oj the defeat oj
the French.
It
b
I
it
Published by order of his Imperial High
ness tltc Archduke Charles
In pursuance of the command of his Im
perial Highness the GenetaUissimo the fol
lowing preliminary report of the brilliant
victory obtained the 21st and
issued on the 23d, from the Head Quarters
at Breitenlec :
Un the 19th and 20th, the Emperor Na
poleon passed Ute greater arm of lhe Dan
ube, with the whole ol his army, to which
he had diawn all the reinforcements of his
powerful afin s. lie established his main
body on the island l.obau, whence the se
cond passage over the less arm, and his
furtirer offensive dispositions, were neces
sarily lo he directed, His imperial High
ness resolved to advance with his arms to
meet the enemy, and not to obstruct his
passage, but to a;lurk him after he had
reached the left bank, and thus to deleat the
ouject ol his intended enterprize.
this determination excited throughout
die whole army the highest enthusiasm !
Animated by all the feelings of the purest
patriotism, and oi the most loyal attach
ment to their sovereign, every man be
came a hero and the smoaktng ruins—the
scenes of desolation which niaiked tne
f Mat-, is
9
track of the enemy in his progress through
Austria, had inflamed ihera with a just de
sire ot vengeance.— \Vuh joyful acclama
tions, with the cry, a thousand times re
peated, ol—" Live our good Emperor,"
and with victory in (heir hearts, our co
lumns at noon on the 21st, proceeded on
ward to meet the reciprocal attack of the
advancing enemy ; and soon after 3 o'clock
die baitlr commenced. I he Emperor Na
poleon in persou dir ected the m ivemeni of
Ins troops, and endeavored to breakthrough
our ceinte with the witoie of his cavalry ;
that vast body of horse he had supported
by 60,000 infantry, his guards, and by 100
pieces ot artillery. Hi» wings rested on
Aspern and Estrogen, places to die strength
ening oi which, iite resources of nature and
art li..d, as far as was possible, contributed,
tie was unit de, how. ver, to penetrate the
compact mass which our battalions pre
sented, and every where his cavalry shew
ed their backs, while our curias»iers un
horsed his ar
09
of
a
our equipt cavaliers, and our
light horse carried death into his flanks
li was a gigantic combat, and is scarce ca
pable ul description,
infantry
1 he battles with the
became immediately general
vtore than 200 pieces ol cannon exhibited
on the opposite sides a rivalry in the work
of destruction. Aspern was ten times ta
ken, lost, and again conquered. Esslingen,
alter repealed attacks, could not be
lained.
the
the
a
e
main
At 11 at night the villages were
in flames, cud we remained masters of the
held of battle,
in
his
1 he enemy was driven up
in a coiner, with the island of Lobau and
ihc Danube in bis r
Night had put an
ear.
end to the carnage.
Meanwhile lire.boats which were float
ed down the
anube, destroyed the biidge
which the enemy had thrown over the pri
opal branch of the river.
iti
1 he enemy,
however, conveyed over during tne night
bv continued embarkations, all the disposa
ble troops which he had in Vienna and on
the Upper Danube, made every possible ef
fort for the reconstruction of his great
bridge and attacked us
ing with a furious cannonade from the
whole of his artillery, immediately after
which the action extended along the whole
Until seven in the evening
at tour in the room
of the line,
every attack was repelled.
T he perseverence of the enemy' was then
compelled to yield to the heroism of our
troops, and the most complete
crowned the efforts of an army, which, in
the French Proclamations, was declared to
be dispersed, and represented as annihilat
ed by the mere idea of the invincibility of
their adversaries. The loss ol the enemy
has been immense—the field of battle is co
vered with dead bodies, from among which
we have already picked up OOOO wounded,
and removed them to our hospitals.
When the French could no longer main
tain themselves in Aspern, the brave Mes
sians were obliged to make a last attempt
and were sacrificed.
At the departure of the courier the Em
peror Napoleon was in full retreat to the
other side of the Danube, covering Ills re
treat by the possession of the large island
Lobau. Our army is still engaged in close
pursuit. The more particular details ol
this memorable (lav shall he made known
victory
as soon as they are collected. Among the
prisoners are the French Gen. Durosnel,
gen. of division, anti Foule Ko, er, firs'
Chamberlain to the Empress ; also the
Wune inburg Gen. Rhodes, who was made
prisoner at Nusdorlf, by the secoua battal
ion of the Vienna Landwehr.
I'lie late conduct of the British ministry has
capped the cliiivx of atrocity towards this
countiy. Their first act, the outrage on the
Chesapeakc, was an injury of the deepest die.
It was declared to be nuuuthorisrd, but the only a
unequivocal evidence ol its being so, a prompt
and lull atonement, with-held. Instead ol
making a just reparation, a mission was insti
tuted whose termination added insult to injury,
Close upon the heels of this mission followed
the celebrated orders of November the 11th,
vvhicn produced, with no other causes, the era
b .rgo and non-intercourse with England.—
I liese, co-operating vvitli the disasters of lier
arms, produced the arrangements made by Mr.
Ersktne with our government. Every com
iiierci.il restriction was taken off by us, the
door to commuicial intercourse with her was
widely opened, in consequence of tiie plighted
removal ol her orders, and the interdict to her
armed ships to enter our waters withdrawn in
consequence of her solemn promise lo make a
reparation for the outrage on the Chesapeake
designated by herself. Our Executive, with
out hesitation, accepts the proffered terms of
amity ; the nation applauds it ; the legislature
sanction it, in a manner that proves tne most
unsuspic.ous confidence, by opening the inter -
course without limitation, and without the least
reservation ol Executive discretion to suspend
it on a contingency; our property, to an im
m.use amount, is instantly emhaikcdon the
ocean; Congress adjourn in security; when to
the astonishment ol every honest man these
engagements, as solemnly adopted as uny en
gagements made by man, are disavowed and
unintlled, not in pail but altogether, as well
those relative to the Chesapeake as those rela
live to the orders in Council, in the language ol
Lord Bathurst " an vhody u»<mthoriud." llow
can tnis be ? Is Mr. Krskiue a traitor to his
government, a fool, or a madman, thus to I
commit himself, " not only to have acte! in a
way, in the language ol lord Liverpool, " mi
authorised by his instructions, but in direct op
position to them r" What those insti notions
were we cannot tell. But we all recollect Uie
ianguuge ol Mr. Erskine, and it we believe him
a man of common honesty and ol the meanest
iilitlel'standing, We must conclude that lie was
authonsed to make the ovet lures he proposed,
i hey were not extorted Ireini him, he was the
Ju*t \u propose them, and as ptopused, verba
twi it tduatwi, they were adopted by our gov
eminent.
I'ltOM Tili: .NATIONAL IXTtl.l. 1G ENCKIt.
M(. Oakeley arrives in this country in a Bri
tish sloop of war, am! forthwith Mr. Erskine
commences a correspondence with the secre
tary of state with the following letter, dated
April 17th.
" I have the honor to inform you, that 1
have icceived his in: jesty 's commands, to re
present lo the government of the United Mates,
that his majesty is animated by the most sin
cere desire lor an adjustment of the differences,
which have unhappily so long prevailed be
tween the two countries, the recapitulation of
which might have a tendency to impede, if not
prevent an amicable tin ierstanding.
*' L having been represented to his majes
ty s government, that lhe Congress ot tne
United States, in their proceedings at the open
ing ol die last session, hud evinced an intention
ul passing certain laws, which would place the
relations ol Great Britain with the Limed States
upon an equal fi .otmg
in ail respects, with the
oilier belligerent povieis, I have accordingly
received Ins majes'yV commands, in the event
of such laws taking place, to offer
of his majesty, an h
on the pan
ion for the
ira'de re;
aggression, eu mmitlcd by a British naval rig.
in the attack on the l mtecl Mates' fiigate
cer,
Chesapeake.
" Considering the act, passed by the Con
gress of the United States on the 1 si of March,
(usually termed the non-inummrse act) as
having produced a state oi equality, in the re
lations of the two heiligerem powers, with rc
the United States, 1 have to submit,
spect to
conformably to instructions, for the considera
tion of the American government, such tenus
of satisfaction and reparation, as his majesty is
induced to believe, will be accepted, in the
spirit of conciliation, with which they are
sa me
proposed.
" In addition to the prompt disavowal made
by his majesty, oil nein g apprised of the unau
thorized act, committed hv his naval officer,
whose recall, as a
sure, from an highly important and honorable
command, immediately ensiled, his majesty ss
willing to restore the men forcibly taken out of
the Chesapeake, ami, if acceptable to the A
government, to make a suitable provi
sion for the inifoilunate stiifeius on i'nat oc
mark of the king s displca
merican
casion.
Nothing ran be more precise <>r explicit —
Every stipulation offered is in obedience to the
command of his majesty. The terms are un
hesitatingly acceded to.
The next day the following letter is received
from Mr. Etskinc :—
" 1 have the honor of infour.ing you,
his majesty, having been persuaded that the
honorable reparation which he had caused to he
tendered for the ur.autho.ised attack up. n the
\merican frigate Chesapeake would he adop
ted by the government of the United States in
the same spirit of conciliation, with which it
was proposed, has instructed m to express his
satisfaction, should such
of that affair take place—v.ol only as hav.ng re
moved a painful cause of difference, but as al
fording a lair prospect of a complete and cordi
al under standing being re-established between
ihc two countries.
happy tinuinaliou
ihc two countries.
" The favorable change in the relations of
his majesty with the United States, which has
been produced by the act (usually termed the
non-inteicoutsc ad) passed m the last session
of Congress, was also anticipated by his ma
jesty, and lias encouraged u further hope, that
a icconsidcration of the existing differences
might lead to their satisfactory ad ju.-tmeut.
" On these grounds and expectations, 1 am
instructed to communicate to the American
government, his majesty's determination of
sending to the United States, an envoy exlraor
dinary invested with lull powers to conclude a
treaty on all the points of the relations between
the two connûtes.
" in the mean time, with a vie
bute to the attainment of so desirable an o' j-.ct ;
his majesty would be willing to withdraw his
ortleis in Council of .January and November
I a 07 , so far ai respects the United Mates, in
the persuasion that tnc President would issue a
proclamation for the renewal of the inteicourse
with G. Briiain, and that whatever difference
of opinion sheuM arise in the interpretation of
the terms of such an agreement will be re
moved in the proposed négociation.**
We have here the same clear unambiguous
language. The proposition is accepted ; and
Mr. Erskine couches his last letter in the fol
lowing ten
by his majesty to take tins final step,
" in consequence of the accep ance, by the
President, as stated in yourletter datrd the f 8th.
inst. of the proposals made by me on the part
of his majesty, in my letter of the same day,
for the icnewal of the intercourse between ti e
respective countries, 1 am authorised to De
ebne that his majesty's orders in council of Ja
unary and November 180', will have teen
withdrawn as res peels the L. States oil the 10th
day of .Julie next."
Let the impartial world pronounce, on this
data, whether the arrangements thus offered by
I Mr. Lndtine, were, or were not authorised.—
The fact L that Mr. Erskine's iustrurtious were
penned while the embargo was in fence, and
under strong evidence that it. was intended to
continue and enforce it. Such a continuance
anti enfoicement threatened the trade and. ma
nu factures and navigation of England with v.tal
injury, 'i'he diwuvml is made, after its rtmo
val, and when there was superadde-d moral ccv
tai nuit y that the whole lestriclions attending
the non-intercourse were also removed. 'J'/un.
she was »ufieiing for the want of our raw nia
terials, our provisions and naval stores:
lur maiket is abundantly supplied, and the
distnoval of the arrangements made with Mr.
Erskine is bailed by the instantaneous ant! enor
mous prostration of tile price of American pro
duce in her ports thirty per cent below the pri
ces at which it previously stood.
But to close every avenue to doubt with re
gard to the authority of Mr. Erskine to make
these arrangements, on the 15th of June ensu
ing, in enclosing the British order of the 26th
of April, Mr. Erskine addresses the secretary
of state as follows :
" In consequence of official communications
sent to me from his majesty's government,
since the adoption of that measure, I am ena
bled to assoie you that it has no connection
whatever with the overtures, which I have been
authorised to make tithe government of the
U. States, and that 1 am persuaded (hat the
terms of the agreement, so happily concluded
bv the recent n- gociation, will he strictly full
filled or. the part of his majesty."
A ministry, that thus sports with the plight
ed faith of the nation it represents, to subsene
a fugitive interest, will have a dreadful account
to render. If that nation can be roused to »
to coir;
declaring that he* is authorised

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