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The Delaware gazette. [volume] (Wilmington [Del.]) 1809-1810, August 02, 1809, Image 2

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OKFIl iAL COttHKSi\).\Ui-.M ' ■
Betrvcen the minister.s oj France' and Aunt
ria, prior to the commencement cj hostili
ties —(Continued.)
No. 7 —Letter from count de Metternich to
count de Champagny, Minister See.
" Paris, Aug. 3, 1 808.
" Sir, minister— l'he confidential note
which your excellency did me the honor to
address to me on the July 27th, from Tou
louse, reached me on 1st August. Whilst
employed in answering it, I yesterday re
ceived your note of the 20th July from Bor
" If the first of those papers was if a na
ture to make me expc.icnce and anticipate the
regret that the emperor my master would feel
when perusing it ; 1 am rejoiced at the man
ner in which my communications of the 2 id.
July last, were received by 1rs majesty, the
emperor Napoleon. What powerful impres
sions must not questions, such as those ad
dressed to him from Toulouse, create on the
mind of a sovereign whose character is emi
nently pacific, who is atta- bed to the true in
terests o, his people, and steady to those poli
tical measures which are so conformable to his
true interests ? The emperor cannot but re
gret, that the many proofs, given to France at
cti'ical moments ; sn many steps taken to
cherish the most intimité relations with her ;
and the new assurances that had been given of
his constant adntrence to the pi nciples which
governed h.s continental po icy, should have
been given way to the first impression, which
tumors created and amplified by ma'evolence,
had t-vi ieutly made upon a cabinet, with which
ah his inclinations I i! him to unite, upon a
powerful aliy, whose friendship never can be
come a matter of indifféré. .* since- it is found
ed up nt .uterests reciprocal U common to both
fiank, plain, Sc undisguised explana
tions, wtiich ! believe to be u'one worthy of
the emperor Napoleon, have had ill part, the
effet I ex. ect-.-d. Oppose I to them at this
r , coated at Tuplhz, C'ar
le-o.il, ' gra : 1 am without uneasiness res
p cting these. The reports, forged in the cof
fee it lUses of Europe, must contradict and el
l'ace tkeinselvis. i have only lu tenurk to
your excellency, that they are nut the rumours
of Austria. Vne tenths of the inhabitants of
tî in., -rc the .•UiiKif
those places are strangers, talkative because
they have no a tachment cc settlement inn
caamry which they only temporarily inhabit.
L such Is the evidence-of foreign nliuence, it
is pr ivecî to be a nudity by tl-.e places and by
tlie instant bonder where it is exercised.
ni.ij.aly the emperor may be a sured t'.-ou
exists . o mcii influence in the councils of the
emperor I- rancis, and lliat ab prejudice and de
ception are equally remote from them. The
pa t outfit to ..rove this, the present and the,
future will convince him of it.
•- Your excellency lias mentioned a sort of
riot at Trieste, and die stoppage of
ers 'll f'roau
two couri
tacls, of which until now I had
I wou! . ri gvc-t them, us I do
no knowledge,
every event conti . ry to tiit public order, &
contrary to the obvious relations that should
äx:s* between ne gur.-mrs and fiends, if th-y
did not furnish to my court a new opportun. tv
to prove to Ins maje.ty the emperor Napoleon
that he never wilt be deceived in Ins expecta
t ons ol redivas, for acts of tins ind, to as great
un extent as he hims If would afford it if liity
bad been committed in his own dominions j
promise your excellency the most severe
nishiiients of the guiltv.
" 1 hastened to transmit to Vienna the last
com -nt'nicat'u n li ora
you I- excellency—and,
havin', no cabinet courier at command, gave it
in charge to count de Mier. The reasons fur
desiring ..n answer, wtiich your excellency
Communicated tu me, will greatly contiibuie
to induce me emperor to return a prompt reply,
which will lie drawn up according to the ant -
cable intentions which govern hint,
tentions at e too well known, to leave anv doubt
but that the proof, wtiich his majesty wid fur
nish France, will be transmitted without
other del .y than tout which must of necessity
ti ke place.
11 I nut confidence, which your excellency
has so long possessed, will not allow
conceal my .wishes, that th.- emperor mat
sus; e id. until tne return of my cornier, any
measures calculated to confirm, more than
at pi.-Setit, tlie appiehens on of a speedy rup
ture he'..Veen f rance t nd Austria. | perfect y
accord with the very just remarks, which you
li ve ma le in
Those in
UiC t*i
your- r cent communications,
respecting the impropiiery of measures, which,
in sp.te ol the wishes of sovereigns, or their
min Sters, and the most wise
. ^ among the people
oltc:, «todticc the gi cutest miefo.tunes among
T 11 nfle.id. Let us not, then, r:u*'e the hopes
ol oTir common enemy, by exhibiting hostile
appear». .ers, which, in Austria as well as else
where, cun but have an unfavourable effect
upon Hit pub ic, d
il' ed of all knowledge ol
the tt-u : suite of affa is. and which,
as on tlie other, may place the courts
attitude, as
on e.ne stile
m mi
contrary io ihe wishes of both
e 11 ip. t or- as to 'ho»e ol both tiat
nm. furtv.s the malevolent, the.
anxious for a war, with those
which they may covertly hurl
Nothing .s more eu-v, and
Let 0 ■
s- u 1.0 are t-ea'lv
new weapons,
aç-iin t us both
unliappiiv nothing
is more common, tit ,11 to sc? that offered
zeuio.is support which has a motion of e
differ-nt chcracler.
a vciy
In IcaviRg to my august master the charge
of answering the overtures of his majesty tiie
emperor Napoleon, your exc-.lency will not
the only wish with
, hesitate fully to convince
which 1 ant animated, and of course the tenor
of the orders 1 have received."
No. 8. Note from count tie Ci'.ampagny to
count de Metternich.
Paris, March 10,1809.
The undersigned, minister lor foreign
affairs, has given an account, to his majesty
the emperor, his master, of the communi
cation which was made to him, by his ex
cellency! count de Metternich, upon the re
turn of count de Mier, and the determi
nation which the cabinet of Vienna has ta
ken to place its armies upon a war-fooling.
The emperor Napoleon has been afflic
ted at this determination. 1 he armaments
of Austtia, the unfriendly conduct of its
minister at Constantinople an.l in
the writings against France, circulate a pro
fusely throughout the monarchy, inducing
his majesty to believe that the English were
not without influence at Vienna, determin
ed him to stop on the Meurihe and Saone,
the march of those divisions destined for
Boulogne, Ilresl and Toulon. IIis majesty,
at the same time instructed the princes of
the confederation of the Rhine, to hold
their troops in readiness, at all events, that
they might if necessary return them, and
be in a condition, if be should fail, to repel
every aggressor.
" But after the declaration of M. Met
ternich, his majesty has given orders, to the
troops poste 1 in the interior of France, to
proceed to the Rhine, to watch over the
safety of his allies and confederates; and,
that the troops of those stales should with
out delay, be placed on the war establish
ment. Thus armies will be .pposed to ar
mies. The commencement of the disturb
ance, the threats and the armaments, will he
made bv Austria. It is for her to say when
they shall cease. As no difference exists
between the two courts, and as the treaty,
which was followed by the evacuation of
Biatnnau by the French army, affords no
point for dispute between die two powers,
his majesty has no idea of what is preten
ded : but, on ins part, wishes to see Europe
in the enjot ment of security and peace,
and his own people reaping the f ruits of
the economy that would succeed that event.
1 he undersigned is charged to state those
wishes to M. Metternich.
" He requests his excellency, fcc.
Bos.-, ta
Oj Mr. Jefferson's Administration.
No. II.
Abolition of the Internal Taxes.
p-nly recommended by
'Tn.it the public sentiment was
decidedly hostile ti the continuance of the i
•final taxes cannot he doubted. It is equally
•clear that this hos'iiity had eminently contribu
ted to the elevation of Mr. Jefferson. It
'iiercfore proposed in unequivocal terms in his
first message to Congress,
Before, however, this step was taken, or con
temporaneous with it, a great reduction
made in the habitual
This measure was
Mr. Jeffi-ison.
cxpenifituie»-In the
navy flepait ii. it 200,000 dollars ami m the
department 522,000 dollars were ict.cncbed_
I'li these were ;
'.fled various other diminutions
ifexpenees, with the former, ext eedmg the an
• Il a I sum of one million ofdollais, and siupas«
'Ugllie a mount of the taxes abolished about
3000 000 dollars.
l'he measure was,
nevertheless, pronounced
by the opponents of the administration,
nd effects, the most pernicious, predicted as
likely to flow from it. /, large portion of these
predictions, haring been falsified by experience,
require at present no not'ce. The rcmitnin-/'
(■sources have proved nut only rqu.il to cvrry
"xisting engagement of the government, but
likewise to a inci'c rapid discharge of the public
debt titan that for which the national faith
Every one acquainted with the hidnry of
ne U. State» knows mat after the revolutionary
war, it was a general, not to say universal i
pression, that the great power of
taxation, vest
ed in the general government, should be
imported < ommoditie*.
1 depression arose
undoubtedly from the legitimate relationship bc
1 ween the nutme of ;
government tedcial in its
, and a tax whose equal operation
• oil'd only be secured by the general onvern
.nent—Under this impression and the "
p ntunate liitreaties of Congre«*, 12 state- -j
short time before the adoption of the constitution,
nail agreed to vest Congress with the power of
laving a duty ol live pci cent on imported am.
cie«.— Rhode lsh
most im
' l10 t then constituting more
-..iii .1 sixtict.i part ot t.te union, alone resisted
tins measure, laut fur her resistance, the nowei
voiiM have been conferred, and the new con
stitution would probably never have been fra
med When framed it
gave Congress abeuhtte
air' er elusive power over duties on lori«n co n
mo.lilies, thereby adding another to the nume
rous proofs that this was considered us the ap
propriate resource or .he general government It
gave.ut ti same time, a co/uurnut power, with
the states, over every » 01 ., <e of revenue, with
the express view ot enabling a gov erinnern
charged with the national defence, on any great
emergency to call into activity the undivided re
sources of ihe community. This
was tlie only
which this
reason, perhaps a fallacious one» on
sweeping power oi taxation was confided,
cordmgly Congress in the first instance, confined
themselves to the imposition of duties
At a subsequent period the in
ternal taxes were resorted to, under an alledged
l he same cause gave rise to
on exter
nal commerce.
want of revenue.
■d diiect tax on Ends, houses and slaves,
cause ceasing, was it net proper to repossess the
states ot these resources ? 'Ibis alone, abstracted
from all other considerations, would have been
a sufficient justification of the measure.
But in addition to these dicte weit other to
«'ent re tsoiis.
The internal revenues fostered a system of ex
tensive patronage dangerous to a republican £Ov
Tive hundred officers were employed
in their collection, and two hundied thousand
dollars annually expended, amounting to twenty
per cent, while the « xpence of collecting the ex
ternal duties amounted to only five per cent,
without producin»; any diminution in tlic ag
gregate ex pence by a decrease of duties. Here
then is an annual saving of one hundred and fil
ty thousand dollars. It is not practicable to es
timate with precision the public injut ; arising
fiom the existence of five hundred useless offi
however, to say
It is within bounds
that their labor or ingenuity, if ï*i a final degree
productive would exceed a hundred thousand
Some respect unquestionably was due by the
rrpiesentativrs of a lie-e people- to the established
impression that an excise is hostile to liberty. In
a state of society differing in one leaped from
that of all other nations, in protecting the unmo
lested exercise of industry in rh.it.nvli chosen by
itself, it is certainly of importance litrle short ol
infinite, to resist the establishment of a system
which gives to government the conti .1 and di
rection of every branch of internal manufacture ;
enabling them thcielbre to depress ot elevate,
according to the measure of taxation applied,
the condition of every class of citizens—a power,
so nearly approximated to despotism, as to have
become hateful to every nation not degraded to
the lowest condition.
It lias been said that the repeal of these taxes
operated to the local injury of a part of the
To exhibit the local effects of the repeal, w<
have drawn out the following table. The Jirst
column exhibits the number of représentatives to
which each state is entitled—the second specifies
the sums paid in each state, it. the year one thou
sand eight hundred and one—the third shews
the quota of the whole tax, which, for that yeai
each state would have paid, had it been as-es-c.I
in the ratio of numbers—the f mirth exnibits the
gain, and the last the loss of each state, on that
principle, arising from the repeal.
s zr „ a
3 ll 3
'W .1
03 . cr a*
* ö p
.f. co to 03 — tc cc co 0» -tt. n 1: n w
— OV — 03 a- CO — .a —
03 03 Ç, o Ü, 4- CS -I — 0 . -O
Si £ -df , 2 N S'"' , -o- .-.3JU1
CC •'I -f j. Cr» Cl ►— ►"* OC "O - I Fi to Cf O
TO C'J **1
FO '£>
wi yw tO Oi Cn o >4 h n Ji m m
to Û » ^ A -A
C-J O o O O CE C Cc r* ^2?=;
N '-C m
Gj ►- © ©
H- tO
CO 4- -O
cf Iff S
<i* O G
►- »- tO "J
From this table it appears of the states of New
Hampshire, Massachusetts, Hhode-Island Con
iiecticui, and Vermont, ordiuarilv d
. cnommated
the New-England states, two have gained,
IlstU. 85
and three have lost
I-e. vi -g 15,150
the clear gain of the Netv-Ei. 6tatrp
That of the States of New'-Yotk, New-J.-r
•sey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland, de
nominated the middle slates, f uU r have gained
1 Hi, 870
and one has lost .
The clear gain of the Middle states sjS.375
That ot the remaining states called the South
and West, one ha» gair.ed,
ami five have lost
8 4,6*32
The clear Io«s of the Southern and
Western states,
It further appears that the only gainim- states
tvere Pennsylvania, Massachu. etts, Maryland.
Ohio and Knode-Island—and that-Massichu
Sttts, next to Pennsylvania, was the great-t
gamer—ami that the state that incuried the o, cat .
est loss was X. f'amlina.
It follows from this analysis that the repeal
produieda,' ab'.o'ure gam tile Easrcfn and
Ml .die, whl.c 1 - produced a loss io the southern
in' western states. If, therefore, „ WaS une
f 11 !n lts operation, the latter, instead of the
former si.. tes, have reason to complain.
Bur the intelligent reader wiil before th.s have
remarked that, it the repeal really operateu m,.
equally upon the d.fteicnt states, that inequality
void only ar.se from the parfal operations of
the taxes repealed—winch, if a fact, would con
1 stitute one of the strongest arguments in favor o
(he measure.
XI n dartre
Wilmington, Augu st 2 , 1809 .
Latest Jrom France .—The United States'brig
Syren, with Mr. Coles, the hearer of dispatch
es from Mr. Armstrong to our government,
arrived at New-York on Saturday, and Mr.
Coles proceeded immediately for V\ ashiiigtor
Nolhing has transpired relative to our tf
fairs witli France. The dispatch ship Mentor
was at L'Orient, wailing the orders of gen ral
Armstrong. The Syren sailed tl-.e lBihol'Jme
from L'Orient ; she brings Paris p.iptts to lie
1 lth, which contain nothing later from the . r
niies on the Danube than before published. A
passenger in the Syren says that the loss of ll •
Kienclt at the battle of lilting, on the Danube,
was believed in Paris to he as follows:—1 5 ge
nerals killed and ff wounded—among the ior
mer was Marshal ! astres, and the killer Mar
shal Massen* —besides 3 V colonels, 1500 offi
cers, and .1-5,000 privates, killed and wounded.
Extract of a letter from a Gentleman in Calx to - lie
editor of this paper, dated Jane 1 1£U9.
We yesterday received the confirmed
account of the surrender of 14.000
under Marshal Soult. A British ship of
the line and two frigates, under Admirai
Furves remain in the harbor ; the hack
part of the Peninsula is now very strong
ly fortified—upwards of 1000 men have
been fur some lime past at work at them ;
in addition to which they have cut mrough
the Isthmus which joins it to the .Main and
Cadiz is now completely insular—it
then fore secure, let the event be what it
ntav. OI the Spanish cause, however, the
most sceptical have not a doubt ; the
French t'-iops, in small actions in various
parts, hat e been so completely cut up that
they cannot long attempt to keep possession
The harbor contains at pie-sent upwards of
30 American vessels of all discriptions_.
American produce, of course, verv low.
Some of them are preparing to sail foj
England after the tenth of June.
Mr. Jones,
A late number of yenr Gazette contains
two communications respecting the Caval
ry of the first brigade—'lie one under the
signature of " System
Trooper." Il l mistake not, the Govern
or and the Cavalry are indebted to
ter for the sage remarks contained in both.
The Governor would not have known that
so experienced a person in Cavalry tilt lies
had passed unnoticed, and the Cavalry
would have been ignorant of the cause why
the squadron was nit organized, had not
this military genius made his appearance in
your paper. The statement he has given
of the evolutions he has seen performed hv
the officers of Cavalry of the first brigade
was intended, no doubt, as a self recom
mendation to tlie Governor ; but if he
not proJuce a better claim f„r the offi
which he aspires, he will
have an opportunity
the other " A
one wri*
ce 10
not, J believe,
very srjon ofi display
ijigto the officers at present commanding
the two troops, his capacity of instructing
them. As it is but a short time since thm
System" became a Trooper, it cannot l-e
pposed, by any person but himself, th.-t
he can be well acquainted wi ll the evolup
ons 0 » Cavalry. At the time the Cavalrv
wei e galhpptngin Indian fie. as he suppo
ses, they must have been advancing from
the right or left quarter or half ranks
horn the right and left of the troop hv 'files
In his next attempt to he a trooper I hope
he iv,.I be more correct in his terms. It will
be lequisite for him, in case he expects to
be honored with the command ... Major of
Cavalry (which ht present he has no claim
to) that he should manifest a capacity to in
struct the cfl^tfrs it: Cavalry tactics'. One
reason ass.gped by th.s writ..- why lluro
should be u Major of Cavalry , 3 , that the
two troopj, at present, act separate, each of
ficer excising his own troop, & that ther
no stimules for them to excel in r
venng : I will beg leave to differ from him
in opinion, as I am inclined to believe that
! th X evn^' Grt T Spir ! l0fcmuhlti -
( they performed together—each officer ha
tng the training of his own troop instead < f
à bc,n S ,na squadron, where they would
of course he under the orders of Major
nd exemsed by him. There is one advat,:
but I believe, notwithstanding what " £ vs .
tern has alleged to the contrary, that'd o
niin 7 t'le first brigade is as w ell disxi
pltned as any other corps in the brigade -
perhaps there is not a body of men to thé
country 8 * p SCrVe h more the a PpIause of their
country. From the
General last
returns oi the Adjutact
year it appears that the
, , near one hundred
armed and equipped at their own expence.
However pleasing u might be to " System"
troops contained

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