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to have the command uf iliem, I am very
certain theGovernor will uot hazard the de. struction of these troops by placing them under the command of one who has never been a trooper, turn law have this idle rican have nent. must on ous and and A ed be the of the the One of the Cavalry, FOR THE GAZETTE. O the invention of man !" exclaimed a venerable old lady when she first saw a wheelbarrow. Yes- responded another sage matron, when reflecting on the old lady's astonishment, yes, every generation grows wiser and wiser—for the very fall my little fossa was five years old he crawl'd away through the fence and gnawed off a green gourd vine ! ! Is it not somewhat astonish mg that this astonishing child never discov ered the astonishing mystery of longitude? But to retufn. Had those good old ladies lived in this our day, they would not, per haps, have been so astonished at the inge nuity of man and sagacity of a child—they would bav e considered a wbee-barrow as a mere nothing in mechanism, and Jossa's sa gacity eclipsed in superior wisdom. It has not been long since it was consid d, or at least said, that Patrioti m con sisted in opposing wholesome laws for the good of the country, and extolling those* of an enemy's ! However, here's tiie tale in miniature. M lies ere ! for the sake of shewing my in Suppose genuity, that Mr. A. is a member of a le gislature—he of course must represent some county, or hundred :—Suppose the Indians not only invade their territory, but whenever any of their people venture out of their boundary seize upon and rob them of their milk and calumit, of which the savage is peculiarly fond, and then drag them off to their wigwam to make them pay for the trouble of examining them :—Suppose that after all this, the legislature pass a law, forbidding their people to carry abroad any article of their raising, for the use of those savage robbers—Mr. A. opposes this law, with all his might and main , as fossa used to say but still it passes—he immedi ately urges his countrymen to oppose 1 op pose it even by gently poking any fellow in the carcases who should venture to enforce Admirable ! Admirable discovery of Patriotism—equal to the invention of a wheelbarrow, or fossa's sagacicy. the to as be ry 3 J It. Oh Me. FOR THE DELAWARE GAZETTE. On entering a village or country town, one ol the tirai things that attracts the eye is a its careless head, with " It.ii sign suspended, wavin tciumment for Man and Horse" depicted on its Tins often stimulates the weary traveller ; and as " Money makes the mare go," good entertainment makes the horse stop—the traveller alights, refreshes, and then pursues his journey with fresh vigour, ibis, to be sure, is very clever, but there are still cleverer thing* in countenance. our town. The Wilmington College Lottery displays an exceedingly beautiful sign—yea, lue mi-erE of arms—5,000 I ! This lar surpasses in beauty and convenience all the signs dedicated to Bachus. It is now waving its smiling head, inviting the votaries of ioitune to come and take rslresh ment. Not long since, was agreeably treated with a of 3,000 ! A delicious least !—a handsome treat! —happy the truest ! 1 have the s coat a customer tailing in " Plumb pudding itisfaction of adding that the Inn is well stored with provisions—a number ol ex cellent dishes ready to be served up at the short Those who arc disposed to partake of the delightful entertainment had best make a speedy application to the committee of ar rangement tbi a ticket of admitt "lice. Walk In. a est notice. Although from the caméléon character ol the British orders in council, it is nearly as futile as it is difficult to analyse them, yet there are features in the late order of the 24ch of May, that it may be of some service distinctly to notice. 1. The arrangements made by Mr. Ers* kine, it is said, are not such as were author ised by his Majesty's instructions such as his majesty can approve ." - an avowal by tile British government oi an inflexible purpose, unlimited by time or either not to make a proper or Here is circumstance reparation for the outrage commute, the Cheaepeake, or not to rescind the prin ciple of her orders of the 7ih ol January and ! Uh of November. on relaxations of the old 2. The temporary orders in council arc all coupled with one withdrawal sweeping condition, of protection from any vessel that shall at itually hlockad of war. to wit : a tempt to enter any port " ed by any ot Ins majesty's ships 1» there not reason to fear that the whole o the enemy pons will ill this way be blockad ed by a naval force altogether insufficient for the complete investment requisite to a legal blockade, and that vessels leaving pons thus "blockaded," will, on their re-J it V f turn voyage, be seized on the high seas Ly British cruizers, and carried into British ports lor adjudication for a violation of the blockade ? apprehend that the species &t blockade here referred to it not that recognized bv the law of nations, as, if it were, there would have been no reason for such a provision. 3. The order professes to indemnify A merican merchaots,indeed, to avoid anv in terference with their adventures under tile arrangements made with Mr Erskine. But this will be luuntl on investigation, to be an idle pretext,. The larger number of Ame rican vessels were destined for, and will have entered, British ports, with commo dities in part meant for consumption in En gland,in part for consumption on the conti nent. 1 he value of these commodities must materially depend on a sale fur them on the continent. This, being almost totally cut off by the order of April 26th, substituted in the room of the previ ous orders, the prices of those commodi in British ports have actually sunk, and may lie expected to fa'l much more ; and the American merchant, instead of making a profit, will incur a ruinous loss. A large portion of these shipments to Eng and were, doubtless, meant to be deposit ed in that country, with a view to future transportation to the continent. This re source being now almost entirely cut off, a great and steady depression of prices will be inevitable. By the disavowal of the British ministry, the order of April last comes into opera ration in lieu of the orders of January and »ovember, 1807- Now the order of A pril, although otherwise represented in most of the public prints, will lie found even mnr, rigorous and oppressive to our trade than the preceding orders. Un 1er ihese orders, the direct trade between the United States and the colonies of the enemies of Britain, that from the United States to the conti lie the Did only '1 here is the more reason to tie. lies ble so be a tient of Europe through a British port, and the transportation ot American produce, cotton excepted, through a British port, to to enemy ports, under certain conditions, were allowed. By the order of April they are, with trifling exceptions- interdicted The principal trade authorised with the continent by this order is to the pons of the Baltic, allowed, no doubt by Britain, fur the express purpose of obtaining naval sup plies through American bottoms, a trade which will be likely to be inhibited, as soon as it is seen to have this effect, aud which, independently of this circumstance, would be ot'liule value to us, as but a small poi portion of our produce would there find a market. Besides this trade, the order al lows a trade to the southern parts of Italy, comprising Naples and a part of the territo ry of the Church, the whole of but inconsi derable importance, compared with the ports of Genoa & Leghorn in the Northern part of Italy, with which all trade is inter dicted. To this maybe added a qualified trade to certain parts of Spain and Portu gal, dependent upon their possession by England, which are, however, too trifling and precarious io he of much value to us. Under this view of the subject, the arrange made with Mr. Erskine, attended by ments their recent disavowal, will tie found to ope rate as a mere decoy, the emollient lenitives of the order of may 24th to the contrary notwithstanding. Nat. Intel . In our paper of this day will be found of the instructions produced by Mr, British parliament as the was a copy Canning in the basis on which the late arrangement enterred into by Mr. Erskine. It appears to us extremely improbable that these were the only instructions on hich Mr. Erskine proceeded in the négo ciation at this place, and for these reasons. Erskine, in his first letter, as a pre i'or the renewal v\ Mr. iiminary to any overture of intercourse, offered ■ ed adequate satisfaction for the affair oi the Where, in these ittstructi hat was deem Chesapeake, ons, is any instruction relative to the affair of the Chesapeake ! It is not even mentioned ; and the presumption is that there was a pre Vious communication,the confidential nature of which possibly prevented its publication. Indeed in the instructions pu> lisbed a .. former dispatch" is mentioned, the con tents of which, however, are not disignated. A aain— -These instructions require a foi mal recognition by the U. States of three conditions, to one at least of which the government ol the u. States could never accede. U m ty well he doubted whether Mr. Erskine would so tar have deviated from positive instruction» as to make an aratigemem without the recognition of any one of them. Mr. Oakely, tue beam ol the dispatches which were the basis of the arrangement made in this city, arrived jp t ic ; ). States in the Rosamond on the 3d of April, which ves-els brought London dates to the !)th The instructions published •st sixteen day. a re-J V f are of February. dated the 23d of January, at : prior to the departure of Mr. O. irom t-omron, and in this no mention is made c. Mr. Oakely s the cial to must to 1 ment and to the the in letl as tbe hearer. It seems to who was lie a rational deduction that Mr. O. was ■. - iected as the bearer cf instructions of a stu*t owiit dale, also possibly of a confidential nu and therefore not published. About the time that Mr. Oakely sailed also, the ministerial speakers in Parliament and the ministerial prints conveyed the idea that the British ministry confidently expected an amicable adjustment of all differences with America.—• Did they expect ir from the Instructions now published ? Dirt they expect it from the requi sition of humilitating conditions from us, in consequence of which they would do us the favor to tux us no longer ? The idea is absurd. In short, it is evident that these were not the only instructions given to Mr Erskine, although they might have composed that part of them which it lias been deemed politic to m pub ll)td , tie. Mr. Erskine's Instructions. Copy of a dispatch from Mr. Secretary Canning to the hon. D. M. Erskine j dated Foreign Office, 23d Jan. 1 80b". Sin, If there really exists in those indu iduals who • to hive a leading share in the new adminis tration of the United Slates, that disposition to come to a complete and cordial undcistauding with G. Britain, of which you have received from them such positive assurance that disposition it would be useless and înpi'ofit ble to iecur to a recapitulation 01 the causes from which the differences between the tv#o goveri - ments have arisen, or of the arguments already so often repeated in snppcntof tuat system of retaliation to which his majesty na» unwillingly had rec ourse. That system his majesty must unquestionably continue to maintain, unless the object of it can be otherwise accomplished. But after the profession on the part of so ma ny of the leading ministers of the government of the U. States, of a sincere de-ire to contribute that object in a manner which should render the continuance of the system adopted by tue British government unnecessary, it is thought right that a fair opportunity should he afforded to the A meiican government to explain its meaning and give proof of its sincerity. The exten-ion of the interdiction of the American harbors to the ships of war of c r nice as well us »f G. Britain, is as stated in my former dispatch, an acceptable symptom - fa system of impartiality towards both belliger ents ; tlie first that has been publicly muuilt sl ed by the American government. Tue extention of the non-importation act to other belligerents is equally proper ill thi view. These measures remove these preli minary objections which must otherwise have precluded any useful or amicable discussion. In this state of things, it is possible for Great Britain to entertain propositions, which while such manifest partiality was shewn to her enemies, were not consistent till'.?: with her dignity o>- her interests. From the report of your com er Mr. Madison. Mr. OalDun, and Mr. Sm,h, m meeting :imH \w\ it appears 1st. That the American government is pre pared in the event of his majesty's consenting to withdraw the orders in council of January and November 180', to withdraw contempora neous'y on its part the interdiction ol it» har bors to ships of war, anti all non-intercourse anti non-impoi talion acts, as far as respects Great Britan, leaving them in force w ith respect to France, and the powers which adopt or act under her decrees. 2d. (What is of the utmost importance, as precluding a new source of misumleistanding which might arise after the adjustment of the other questions.) That America is willing to renounce, during the present war, the preten sion of carrying on in war time all trade with the enemy's colonies, from w hich she was ex cluded during peace. 3d. G ieat Britain, for the purpose of secur g the operation of the embargo, and of the bone fide intention of America to prevent her ci tizens from trading with France, awd the pow ers adopting and acting under the French De crees, is to be considered as being at liberty to rapture all such American cessais as may be found attempting to trade with the ports ol any of these powers ; without which security for the observance of the embargo, the raising it nominally with respect to G. Britain alone, i aid in fact raise it with refpect to all the world. On these conditions his majesty would con sent to withdraw the Orders in council of Ja nuary and November 1807, so far as respects America. As the first and second of these conditions are the suggestions of persons in authority in America to you, and as Mr. Pinkney has re cently, (hut the first time) ex, 'ssed to me his opinion that there would be no indisposition on me part of his government to the enforcement by the naval power of Great Britain of the re gulationS of America with respect to I.ancc, and the countries to which these regulations continue io apply, but that his government was itbt-lf aware, that without such enforcement those 'egulations must he altogether nugatory ; l flatter my self that there will he no difficult v in obtaining a distinct and official r cognition of these conditions from the American govern m w ; a he to ic !)th ment. For this purpose you are at liberty to com municate this dispatch in cxlense to the Ame rican are s .... Secretary of state. F non receiving through you. on the part of yj the American government, a distinct and offi cial ie< »•grntion of tire three mentioned condi tions, his majesty rv 11 lose no time in sending to America a formal and regular treaty As however, it is pus-ihle that the delay which must intervene befoie the actual conclusion ot » treaty may appear to the American govern to deprive this arrangement of part ot ns benefit-, 1 am to authorize you, if the American gov rn ment should be desirous of acting upon the , 1 - greement before it is reduced to a regular form, (either by the immediate repeal of the emhaigo, and the other acts in question, or by engaging to repeal them on a particular day) to assure the American government of" his majesty's readiness to meet such a disposition in the manner best cal culated to give immediate etfect. Upon the receipt here of an official note, con taining an engagement for adoption by the A merican government of the three conditions a hove specified, his majesty will be prepared on the faith of such engagement, either immediate (ifthe repeal shall have been immediate in Amè nes) or on days specified by the Ana r ca ven, ment for that repeal, lecip'oci ly to recall the Orders In Council, without Waiting for the conclusion of die treaty ; and yon are authorized in the circumstances herein described, to make such reciprocal engagements on his majesty's behalf. l.t go I am, Sic. GEORGE CANNING. <©arine fLtet. PORT OF WILMINGl ON, ARRIVED. Schooner William and Samuel, Green, from Baracna ; sehr Range.', Phelphs, from Passa, maquoddi ; brig Traveller, V\ ainer, from do. MEMORANDA. Vessels spoken in the Delaware, bound for Philadelphia. 28tii June, offNew-Ca tie, brig Bryan, Ingram, from Jamaica, cargo of coffee. 2ff-b, sehr. Friendship, Evans, from \ew York, cargo ot sundries; brig Louisiana, of Philadelphia, M'l'ar.an, >*,m Si Jago ie Cu ba with a cargo of sugar and coffee, and a number of passengers ; sehr. Hannah Eorelto, li'.adeiphia, from Portorico, St Johns, cargo of coffee and ..ides—passenger, i bornas Coca, of Portorico; sehr. Adventure, Grant, 1'io.n Rnrtoiico, cargo of coffee ; s'.o-p An selms, Grant, of New-York cargo of rum and limes, to Wm.Johnsf«>n, Pniladelphia ; ship Eugene, Watson, of Philadelphia, from New York. Notice . <r W IIF.REAS the Honourable the Justices of the Supreme Court of the state of De laware, when sitting at New-Castle at the April term last past, dul appoint the subscribers as signees of Samuel Ewing an insolvent debtor then and there discharged, for the use of them selves and his other creditors, on his having as signed to us lor that purpose all his e«tate real anti personal and his rights and credits—We therefore notify thé creditors of the said Samuel Ewing to exhibit their accounts orotner demand against him to the subscribers or either of them, that they may he e' 'itled to a dividend within two weeks from the date hereof, and all those indebted to the said Samuel ; who ire in any Ewing are desire-1 to make payment within the time alureaaid, as a necessity exists to settle the accounts speedily, and longer indulgence cannot be given. ay George Whitelock, Isaac Stevenson, Wilmington, Auftust 2, 180f). As s unless. o For Sale. NUMBER of Building Lots, some small Grass Lots and several tenet .ems in this borough, and some bin ding lots to he let on ground rent for a number of years, trios' of them in pleasant airy situations, and will he sold of let on moderate terms for cash or oil a reasonable credit.—..Also about lq acres of Land in Brandy wine hundred for sale. Conveyancer, Market street, Wilmington. Aunts' 2, 1809; A Apply to Isaac Steven son, For Sä e , T HAT elegant Farm known by the name cf Spring Garden. It is s-uated on the river ri - te mile and an half of the town n Castle, and contains about 30Ü acres of land, ii a high state rtf cultivation i'he buiid ngs are r plete, and command an extensive view cf the D ware and the su-rounding country. The land ahne d coi.tat ; i hi I a ware. Ne plentiful variety of with good wa*er, the choicest fruit ; and »he competent judges, a> c "miple-V. in every resp -t, as "k iv ware. As it is presum ,g t purchase w 11 first lit * description is titulars app-y the subscriber ; a arm is considered. i>/ anv situation on the ed that any person inc she to view-I e premises, a length) For further p; deemed utin.ecewry to Kiddle &. Bird, New Castle, or 1 the premises. JOHN E. S'.vmri. July '-ii, 1809. Ann Cannon , ESPF.CTFULLYinforms her bien: a and the public in general, that she li » R opened A Milinary & Fancy Store, next door to Mrs. Huggins's Tavern, Mar ket street, Wilmington (Del.) July 22.