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branch**; but have inconsiderately pursued
a commerce, which has taken so maoy from our lands and looms, that the number re maining Has not been adequate to the pur poses of carrying on manufactures to the extent our demands require. In proportion to our population, there are double the num ber within the U. States engaged in com merce, and in the common line of store keeping, shop-keeping, 8tc. than in any part of Europe. Our seaports are filled with this kind of traders, ami every town in the country has a large proportion of these re tailers of foreign merchandise. Nearly an eighth part of the citizens are employed as mere agents to se'.l the manufactures of oth er nations. This class of citizens it is sup posed might pursue a business in the manu facturing branches vastly more lucrative, and equally honorable. A hearty robust man, to sit beside his counter from morn ing till night, just to attend a few customers, cannot be so profitably employed, as if he turned his attention to some more active bu siness in the manufacturing line. If instead of such an immense boJy of mere' shop kesping traders, we had about the third of the number engaged in the various branch es of manufactures, there is no doubt they would obtain a much better living, than in buying and selling foreign articles, price of rents for shops and stores much greatly exceed the hire of large convenient places near the seaports; and by the erec tion of mills, and the use of machines, in a few years the persons would find them selves as well rewarded for their undertak Tne cotton manufactory has become '*1 did her did if The log st veev extensive and profitable branch of business. The employment of women and children establishes a habit ot industry ; such children earn a handsome support for their parents, and place themselves in a situa tion above dependence when they arriveto years of maturity. How much more beneficial is this employment both for children and parents, than t-> spend four or five years behind a coun ter to k-arn howto retail articles which they might be able to manufacture for themselves. Lost. Citron. Progress nf Manufactures. Air. Seth Wheaton at!d others, of Providence, R. I. have lately erected a Cotton Mill of stone, ith six floors, forty feet wide and two hundied and eleven feet long, competent to drive mote than ten thousand spindles, which is expected to commence working in November. We ate gratified to see, that in that part of the 'Union, a manufacturing spirit pervades the peo ple. There aie said to be more than fifty Cor ton Mills erected in the Ncw-England States ; d the artists employed in them are in all re spects equal to Eutopeans. Not only spinning, bit weaving establish ments are in operation, so that we may soon'ex pect tue Ncw-England cotton fabrics supplant ing those of Old-I-.ngland. In the present state of ouraffuirs, it is peculiar ly gratifying to learn, that, notwithstanding the opposition of tones, and the wiles of incendiai tes, the manufactures of our country arc gradually gaining ground. In Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, (a post town, containing about 20(1 houses) there are 3 woolen and 4 cotton railing machines, and fifty-five spindles, which upon a moderate calcu 89 dozens, or 441bs. of cotton Thus far the operations are car w an lation, will average yarn per day. ihd en without robbing agriculture or commerce of one useful hand, fur none but women and chil dren are employed. The raw "'materials are en creasedin value by these operations 220 percent, and, after all wages, useful repairs, and common rxpences are paid, there will be a nett profit of from gçt to 12G per cent on the capital employed. Notwithstanding the low price of British goods, •want of capital and every disadvantage, thebusi ness gradually extending, and new establishments daily erecting. Two establishments of no inconsiderable mag nitude arc contemplated in the vicinity of Kings ton, Ulster county, N. Y. One is a giass-house, which is tobe erected in Woodstock, by the U1-. *ter Glass Manufacturing Company. Sand, sup-' posed to he suitable for making glass, is found in abundance near the site.— The other is a Cotton Manufactory, to contain one thousand spindles, to be erected by Air. Geo. Eddy. It is contem plated to make considerable progress in both these undertakings, the present season. accurate estimate, publish - It appears, from the northern papers, that Great Britain raw an ed in collects at the port of Liverpool alone, from materials imported from this country, an of about ten millions, eight hundred thousand dollars, and at least an equal sum from all the other ports in the Kindom. ill be said hy some, this is no matter, the duty is paid by the consumer in that country ; hut a single fact will shew the contrary. When the utricle of cotton paid a duty of three pence sterling a pound only, it generally sold at a high does, when it pays a duty , as well ipped for Amc annual revenue It er price than it no of nine cents and a halt > and, as other produce, is generally rican account, this difference in the duty falls entirely- on the American Planter, a- much so as if it was a duty imposed upon the they were put on board the Vessels which export them. com articles before From t';s Carolina Ga rette . A FFAV PLAIN QUESTIONS. To tiVie Editors of Federal New sv'.ivh it is fToer'pvt :n answer »liners generally, to w:li not be refused. irt. During the hist election in Massachusetts when the President's proclamation and tlic cor-' '*1 .ontlence between Smith and Erskitte arrived, did you not tell us that Creat-Brituiu had been always disposed to settle our differences honour ably—that she had before made the same propo sitions to Mr. Jefferson, which his hostility 10 her and French influence had prevented his ac cepting ? 2d. Do you not now tell us, that she never did make such propositions—and do you not censure Air, Erskine for acting without instruc tions ? 3d. Were you guilty of falshood and misre presentation then, or are you guilty now ? and if you shamefully ami basely deceived your read ers at the election, do you really think you arc entitled to their confidence oil any occasion? Would any of you employ a servant win, had wilfully deceived you wheu his passions or Ins interest prompted him ! 4th. Do you not in your consciences believe that you desr.rvc the appellation of TORIES, when, to maintain the cause of Brimin, to extol her goodness and to emblazon her jo fiance of truth and regardless of conscience, you sacrificed the reputation Dr Jefferson and beuay cd the confidence of your readers? 5th. Finally; do you feel that you Cave done justice to Mr. Jefferson in charging him with French influence for not according to proposi tions, which you acknowledge were never made? Though you may seek security in silence, and may hope for forgettillness in this dte.idful cii is of our fate, when the destinies of our country are suspended by a single hair; yet be not de ceived, for the sentence of your guilt will soon be pronounced by the voie- of an indignant pro pie, who equally despise and abb >' British hire l'.ttgs, whether foreign or domestick. One nf Inn People. dr ame. ti One nf Inn People. • Excommunient iun of Pitnapartc. Wc have been favoured with a copy of the discourse addressed on the 11th July 17b'9 by the Pope to Bonaparte, recapitulating die inju ries he had heaped upon him, and a Imonistung him against the consequences, which would in evitubl.y ensue. As it was never hitherto before the public, i' will be read with deep interest. For us authenticity we pic !g- ourselves. A', if It A nur lean. it sa the in THE ALLOCUTION of hi . ï Holiness Pious VII. to ; THE EMPEROR BGNaPARTE. Since the time, when by the decreee of providence, notwithstanding our unwor thiness, we were invested with the sov ereiog pontificate, you have been a witness of our wish for the peace of the Catholic Church—You have been a witness of our wishes for the spiritual peace of the French people and ef our paternal condescention —You have been a witness of the benefits, which we have conferred on the Gallsciari church, yourself and your subjects—You have been a witness that under all the cir cumstances, we have lent ourselves, so far as lav in our power, to all the concessions and concordants with the French F.mptre and Kingdom of "Italy. In fine, you have been a witness of the immense sacrifices which we have made to the detriment of /, a our people, for the benefit and the repose of the French and Italian nations; and which are such, that our subjects already tu miser, are unable to procure the means of subsistence.—-You however, in return for so many favours, have not ceased to fill our heart with bitterness, to.reduce us to the greatest exttemtties under false pre tenccs and tu harass our conscience. In re for the ecclesiastical concordat, you of in - turn have not ceased to seek to destroy it by perate laws, called organic, made to us propositions, calculated to that effect, and irreconeileahle. with the morality of the gospel and with the unalterable f the universal Catholic church. You have sc max.ms o In return for these benefits, the states of the Holy See have had to support the en ormous burden of your troops, in such a to the wav, that sine the year -1801 up present time, they have wasted five millions of Roman crowns, without keeping the sol promise of reimbursement by the kingdom of Italy. In return for these sac rifices you have despoiled us of the Dutch ies of lienevento and of Ponte Corvo, un der promises of indemnifying the Holy See, m the most generous manner. In re turn for our condesention, you have deman ded our sanction to articles contrary to the law of nations, to the unity and the of the church, to the good of the Catholics of other kingdoms, and destruction of our independence and of the liberty of the church. To accomphh these designs, you have in vaded tts an enemy, only, but the estates given to the Apostol by the piety and generosity sovereigns for the most part French, states ted to the independence and to the liberty of the successors of St. Petrr, and confirmed to the common father oi alt the faithful, by all the Catholic princes, do nog eleven centuries ol possessions, hi m der that the common lather might enjot in the midst of his children, complete liber In short, you have emn the ; canons States not our as of tc See cotisecra ty and independence. ^ . invaded, as au enemy, the capital itsdl ; to you have caused the military to revolt;' vou have occupied with an armed force the Post office and the printing houses ; you have torn from our bosom our counsellors, who aided os in conducting the affairs of the Catholic Church, and the ministers of justice; you have even kept us prjsotv rs in our apostolic residence, while our peo ple were trod upon by your soldiers. We even apeal to yourself, to pronounce yn.tfi own conduct marked by a contempt of all the l ights of nations, of your sacred duties and vour peopie. We appeal even to you as a man whom we have consecrated, and wlto had sworn to repair the losses and to main tain the rights of die Church. Take care, however, lest if you do not sto'p short, we should exercise,though in all humanity ofdieait that authority which almighty Cod has placed in our hands; take care lest you add new mo tives to make known to the- work! the justice of our cause; for then, all the misfortunes wh'ch shall hill on our conduct must be passed to vont' peisorul account. ;ra. in g tie < 3 ày cîXz t _ Wilmington, October 7, 180°. •C l iwN. p'i A fir. hi The reeilr of the elei t on in this state, must tifving to every real American. For some months past the return to correct prin cpies has hero rapid beyond precedent. Last year rite average Democratic majority of hew Castle cour. tv was about 000 — it is now atig- ; metre-d tod 300, In Kent the- Federal majority 1 pas decreased 300 votes since last election. Fimn Susse* we have not yet received returns, but it ive reason to believe that the average Federal majority will not exceed 100 votes, and have sa ginne expectation of the success of part of the Democratic ticket. The Federal majority in rhat county has heretofore exceeded nine hun dred ! he highly Returns of Kent County. • DEM C RATIO. FEDERAL. St t/rrfur. I y.,2 j unitor. 936 James Sykes 811 Isaac Davis itt t pt xentotiots• Mjraham Pearce Andrew Naudai.i Manlove Hayes Willard Hall TiSti ! fives. William Denny John Marini S-ept-en p-i-adie Henry M Iti'lgtdy William Warner 923 821 8-12 837 953 I 921 ! 959 936 j ■t Conwiiss tn ers. ! 820 811 pmfi'n Lister John -AJams Hubert Young John Williams 820 J.'eplten Lewis 20 L.C /, Court Committ'.tm •r Blacks., 811 R.inert Jamison Is.aH Peter W'-lliam 11: Phillip H-ardcastle iheiie, Edward Jay Daniel Semars Samuel Price 953 811 ton S31 or 93» 8 .,6 Phillip Buddy 93 fl SI j 831 I George Munluvc Jacob îlu/zavd Mordecai Won 925 COMMUNICATED. Finn, the American Republican. Mr. Movutv, Agreeably to your advertisement of Dr. Dudridse'.s Rise and Progress of Religion in the i think 1 that every Irieud to leligibll Soul, should encourage the work.' t have had one in my family for many years, and have now subscribed for seven with a view to give one to each of my children, the most of whom are married and moved away. Next to the bible, this is the best book for common people that 1 have ever read—1 wish every fa mily and every private person had cue. A young matt or young woman, who Inbouts for a living, cannot lay out hall a dollar with a bet ter prospect of great good in any other way. This book does not offend any"denominatiot.i of religion—and I have been informed by some respectable Friends , that it is highly esteemed by people of their society, who have read it. It is not so generally known by them bs' ' Thomas A. KempiTs Imitation of Christ,' but is tt more suitable book for all classes of people. 1 am much pleased that the Presbyterians have recommended it, and hope that every minister and elder, and indeed every friend to religion, of whatever name, will assLt Mr. Porter, in so laudable an undertaking. The very low priceofthe hpok, shews that his main object is not private gain, but general good— such men should be patronized. 1 shall soon have to leave all my little remain ing property to my children, and I think a few religious books, given while 1 live, may be more useful to them and more pleasing to Oort, than the same value left them in other proper ty. Though thÿj/ should not read them and profit by them, their children may. By giving the above a place you wilt oblige A BAPTIST FARMER. LATEST FROM SPAIN. ' New- York, Oct. 4, (noon.) Late last night, the Spanish frigate Cornelie, c«-it. Don Joseph Rodriquez de Arias,_ arrived at the quarantine ground. She sailed irom Ca U on the 20th of August. This vessel has brciv'ht out his Excellency Don Lewis de Onis, Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordi , bom his .Catholic Majesty 'F erdinand the the United States ol America; also, Jiz ary rtlt, near Don riartholomew Rengenet Consul from His Catholic Majesty for Philadelphia, theii ladies, laughters 'and domsstics ; and Alt'. Richard Bai iey, »of this city. On the 20th ult. the frigate spoke the slrp Ariadne, VVybèrg, 27 days from Liverpool to harleston—informed, that the English had of all the islands on the coast o! got possession Holland. • . We also learn, tu»! a fer ti; ;ra. the French .army i in Aranjuez, Jand derable loss, after three hariKé tight battles.— Velievas afterivj'i liable of Talave sofetid ,jJe. riVenegn* •re driven back with coni'.i utned towards Sierra iVloteiid principally for-w.an-t'toEjynovWons, the French having destroyed every tlyng. The French garrison of Madrid had gone into Reti ro, with their adherent*,dispeople o) Arragon having.risen up^ against,Jjityjn, atvl gone out to vepegps in his.aÿvanccç,. (1er,,mi had bee A rtlifvc'd by ÿerl: Blake, who was concentrating his liriiiv ithtl collecting artil lery at Tostosa, for the purpose of going a gainst Sarragpsstt, where the French had been obliged to concentrate their force, in conse quence of all the people of A wagon havii g rose en musse against them. (»Crotta had defended itself as bravely as Sa cven the women pet learned piodigtes meet vago ", sa uf valor. The Spanish mountaineers of Arra varree, and Catalonia, had entered 1 different places, burnt several towns and hud heavy contributionson otheis. 1 he Junta were still at Seville, but expected to be able to go to' Madrid in a short time. Joseph Bonaparte with boot) men; had left Madrid, and y>me to Sommasrirra, which is the strong pass from Madrid into France. The Spanish "4, St. Fulgenoie, had arrived atCadiz from l.tma, with eight millions of (kff hic. on, Na* ranee in Mr. F.kskine on Monday last, presented his Inters of recul, and took leave of the President ; ; and Air. Jackson was oil Tuesday piesculed to 1 ••'»»». POUT OF WILMI GT ON. arrived. Brig Win. Penn, Jeffery, 'Pöito Rico. ITidesi tovd.-JFvd, Se co. Sloop Little George .Erie, Rolrtisbn, Baracoa "Conte, J. Bïïtl. Sch'r Mary, Knowles, do. r 'f \ Coffee WCodv J. Dauphin. Was round,' On the 2d instant, a Reel. Morocco Pock» I ct-Bonk, on the road -between Sc, Georges j -and Cantwell's bridge. The owner may' have it by applying to I ! 1 Jacob Vandegrut. Oct. 4. 1809. Oct. 4. 1809. A ML VV REPUBLICAN' PAPER, Political,Commercial, aval Hostorical, To be published Daily for the City , and nuire a week for the. Country , WILL BE COMMENCED On the first day of Novembr next, under the» title of The Columbian 5 -And delivered at the yearly price of Eight Dol lars for the City, and Four for the Country paper — p.aynbh in all cases kplf in advance. THE OBJECTS OE THE COLUMBIAN WILL BE, To maintain and vindicate the rights and im munities of the United States, as» free, sove reign and independant nation, against the pretensions, the violations, and the aggres sions of any and every foreign power. To support the constitution and government of the United States, and of the individual states, in their several and distinct provinces ; and to sustain and uphold, the, liberties of the people. ï ,■ -, ,, To defend the privileges ajkf measures of the general government, as administered untief Mr. Jefferson, and ponrmued hy Mr. Madi son, and of the present administration of this state under Mr. Tompkins. To disseminate correct and useful American sentiments, and to subserve and cherish the republican systems and institutions of the United States. To cultivate and promote the union, the har mony, and the prosperity of the republican party in this country, and to discountenance and oppose whatever local partialities and personal collisions may threaten to impair of jeopardize its interests. AND FINALLY, To contain such mercantile, hostorical, and a* grj cultural information, oc.cariortally varigu ted with literary and miscellaneous pieces as shall best fulfil the usual purposes of a new s paper, and g: a-.ify the hopes and expectations of its patrons. The foregoing outlines, it is presumed, are sufficiently- distinct and expressive ol the pttr for which the Columbian is to be esta poses Wished, to enable every tead'er to decide on the degree of encouragement to which the attempt Subscriptions will be received In post-masters and other holders ol proposai» in the different parts of the state. The names of the subscribers are requested to be returned previous to the day of publica tion, directed to the Editor, at Hudson, or at the Post-Office, New-Yi t'k ; and the papers vi'l be regularly forwarded, by mad or other con veyance, agreeable to direction. Charles Holt. Is entitled. U —;>t* New- York, Sc/Ueuiùcr 5, 130.9» * * Subscriptions to. pic Cp.LVMBtAN rscAneJ at the Oßee ef fie Delaware Gazette. '