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Delaware patriot & American watchman. [volume] (Wilmington, Del.) 1828-1828, December 05, 1828, Image 2

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r » r'b- nff'u Stnau
FtJozsi-LUx.ins oj lit .suiau,
and 0 /iht House ij Representatives:
If the enjoyment in profusion of the bounties oil
Providence forms n suitable subject of mutual gratu-1
lalion and grateful acknowledgement, we arc aduion- !
bed ut tins return oftlic season, when the llcpre-1
seutatives of the Nation are assembled to deliberate |
upon their concerns, to oiler up the tribute ot 1er- j
vent and grateful hearts, for the never lading nn , r- l l
cies of Him who rulctli over all. He has again l,l ~ |
vored us w ith healthful seasons and abundi."' ."'the
vests. I !o has sustained us in peace vv' 111 * urc !'j , '!
countries, and in tranquility within on-j borders. * ' j
has preserved'ts in the quiet and undisturbed pos
-ession of civ il and religious fii-orfy- He has crown
.|,.efs, imposing on us no
other conditions tlnm o' »inproving for oui own hap
1 imss tiie IJ. ssinv-.upstowod by liis bands ; andin
„j':-I hie. tavors, ol devoting the tacul
s with w*-'" n ' v, ' l* ave been endowed hy I lim. to
and to our own temporal and eternal wel- |
la;« , . . t
in the relations of our Federal Union with our ;
brethren of tlie human race, the changes which have -
occurred since the close »if your last session, have I
generally tended to the preservation ol peace, and
to the cultivation of harmony. lieloie your last j
separation, a war had unhappily been kindled be- ;
tween the Empire of Um-oa, one ot these udili j
which our intercourse has been no other than a con-|
«tant exchange of good ollices, and that ol the Otto- j
man Porte a nation from which geographical «iis- ;
tance, religions opinions, anil maxims ol govern j
nient on tliur part, little suited to the iormalioii ot !
those bonds of mutual benevolence which result |
from the benefits of commerce, had kept u- in a
state, perhaps too much prolonged, ol roidness and
'alienation. The extensive, fertile, »nd ...
uiijüiimonî oltiuî bultaiiv belunis n*ltu:r t j tlu*. .\-,i;»t 1
u*, tlâitn till' t.uropmm division ol till: liuiuan tamily.
They enter but partially into the system -f Eu- ;
rape; nor have their wars wdl. Eurem and Aus- ;
tria. I lu l.ur«M»ean Mates upon which Ih.'V boitivT,
"i » . » 1 , , . ,
« >r muri tban a ccnturv i>a.«t. di^i irbi «I die paeiii.. ;
, . • 1 . , »,
U'i:itio»i.'ot tb')Mc Matns with îlu; otuer créât i un

< rs oMéirnim. Neither 1 ranee, nor t russr.i, nor
tiv. at Hritain, ha 3 ever taken («art in ditm ; nor is
ii to be evpet ted t.iat they will at this time. The
d> t'lur.otion ol war by Kus/ia bus received the appro-1
b.iti nor acquiescence ut* her allies, ,m l wo may ;
♦h t h >i*e that its progress and lanmnnliot;
./ .1 hy the moderation and f.wbear
the oner^v o! tiie Ilmperor '
will aiVoni'the oppoitunitv for,
■ , in behalf of t he soft'*ni»g
y tiv: tri-!
• «. r,ur particular relations with France
ly v.iifd iiiito tom-" oillkc* i*res»*nty ear.
between the two conn
: h <: »-itii.u-.il : > inert:.»?«.- thr the mutual buie
u! tu- MiTinlemirily to t umbers of
• nr »! .pietiaiious upon Ilnur pro
< i mite *,fluiloathe Kevolutiooa
-till rtimain umulpisteti*^: still torm
The President of the United States
transmitted, this day, to botli Houses of
Congress the following Message :
i ihe vent* with hi à
h: liuitioti
.»ice n » i'-* • tii in :
hula?, and that
t-.ich collate:r »! a.*
•i ai ..
:i! r e to them ur,ima
as w i i :
nnd «j 1 freedom.
ei hum
1 th
: vj-umm :« i;d mlerct»!
ill of h . : i
.ur fell
w ri'i,..
forty, he.
ry < 'overnaienl
* subject of earnest representation and femon
ftrartcc. Kccent advices from the Miiii*;t r of the
1 *'iTtied States at Haris encourage thj expecia'.ion
th:d the appeal t> th ; justice oik lie 1 rent h (;,, v .
eimnent will ere low receive a f.tvurabu con?: 1er-!
HUon ^ 3
1 he last friendlv expedient has be.m rpstM'ted to
fur t'ic (iacreion ol'tlie cuntrover-v uitli Hn .it I'-p
tain, relating to the N.-rtheastun boundarv of the :
United Sûtes, lîv an amvenieni uiiu tie-' Eriti-h
Government carry in»« into effect the pr.ni-iai-a ol
tlie fmh article of the* 1 reutv lift Ilieut'.mi! the < j.e '
..„i, s,mtier \ •* , ii '
'Wn" 0 ™ the NettTerland* li.w hv* co.mmm ccn»»'.," '
been selected as the umpire between the parta i. :
The « roiu,sal to iam to accept the <j »« ' n 0 é
,»,.. pdioun-inceof thisfriemliy olfe-o will lo
v Ml e ,rl\ (!-iy and tin- ! nit«d »»täte- relviv- ii,,--, -
the jus-ice .if''heir c ms - n i'll cliecrluHj . oiu nit ill
it iulninc-i. of it lo a lime- «naallv .li-t n 'or-lu-l
< ul . t ]iniii'oendonre of his -p'rii hi- in k i-ui" ilde
,, ...»lire .(..lie duties of his station and Ins ,r dev,
tlie net son I ut-ol.it- ' ;
Ou, eu,nu, ercnl relation* with.ireat Britain will
deserve the s«i-«.us consideration of «'.urMa-. a,„i
tl.e ex«-, is., of a conciliatorv and fori, arm- s'n.rit
i:» the "p .law of hum Uovernments. ' I I, e it.de of:
then, has |,; cll loaterialiy chan-ed hy tl-« act ,
Con-res: pass,a at their I,.-- >«:.io„'m attend,on
of,he sev ! ral a- !, '„„„os'in-. on imposts and
hy a«ts of more . .J, da." of the llnJ, 1'arli,.
inert Th« -II ct ;,f the i.,t«rdiel,o.i »i »hrect .. :
p *
■ ,s lo f 1
' •
• mi1

'.re'"; re' re' 1 41 ".pi " 1 1
;| J ' , '!-h l'll"-. 1
- «h'.*r y lui the ne. r— »es ol
wi.ich then ,vei.mient tmu.. o- witn the
. ot «Ion.de v u\ açes^ireiçot in.-oram.e and
uissinn. .Hi-1 too prurits <u »-ir «xpmf- are 11
woat impaire, , .mil more injurniu-ly tiansler
Irom one portion oi our citizen" to another..
• resumption (,f this-old and other»» iso expl, 'deb
en, o. t.oh'iiiul exclus t«m h-s not secored lo die
ininginterest ot <»re.it i»iitnin ,.ie relie, which.
ant colonies, and id tin
.tiles, il w re expo«, ted to ut ord. O. Imt
meaf arcs .mva been rosurte«« to. more romtedly
tienrmg upon the. navigation ol tin. tode.l Mates
mm which, „„les- mod, n-d hy the cou-U action K»
en I. the recent Acts ut l arhameo , wall he mam.
.re-tly mconip.itih.o wi..i too po-oivc stip„l,,ti. ns ol
1 1 C ; mv,, " t " , ( n fiX1 ' b *'" v ' !en 1 le
,t I'onventinn, lioiicvi'r. may .e le,
: re-h w i to twelve mont lis notice, at the option
M'uthc-r patty.
A tiTutv nt Arn»tv, Navij.-jlmn, an«! ('Omihcrci',
'." . «„irererere
Hungary aud Uultcmia,}
the. ! ri
been, :i
j!-: flitUTCiit «:li:irm» l* lor .m exchan
».r.iy t«« • .
!' ;» ri-.ible I.»
tiie relume*.
' our leltuw citi
ion of 1 !
prof.' »hie :
Tim -Xi-I
: - class
;> n i
, ti-u u *\
.. .t Cr -
c 3
: f ,1
11 1
e-e t»f the
the e\ •«
t«»e cc.T.me
r:. 1
! v' • = t' Ati-tmi; u!
has Ücên hrcrarcJ For signature try (ho fecrcjSVj j
of State, and by the Huron do iLerer, in.rus.efl j
with full powers of the Austrian Government. In-!
dependency of the new and friendly relations)
which may be thus commenced will, one'of the most |
eminent and powerful nations of the earth, the oc
casion has been taken in it, as in other tarent Treu
ties concluded by llie United Staies.-to extend those ,
principles of liberal intercourse and of fair reoipro- I
|, intertwine with the exchanges ol com
ln «Ç,- ce the principles of justice, and the feeling* of
(nu t ua | benevolence. This system, first proclaim
cJ U) t , (C die first commercial Treaty ev
! ^ cum .( U( |« l l tiv (lie United States, that of (ith Feb-,
nl# ,-yg, with France, has been invariably the j
| c | ler ';»/ 1 eil policy of our Union. It is by treaties of j
j ru mtneree alone tint it can be made ultimately to
l l p rcv:l j| ils the established system of all civilized na- !
| (ions.—With this principle our fathers extended j
."'the hand of friendship to every nation of tlie globe,
and to this policy our country has ever since adhe
j rot |—whatever of regulation in our laws has ever j
been adopted unfavorable to the interest of any !
foreign nation, has been essentially defensive and :
cou n te rac t i n to similar regulations of bull's opera
jj,,,, agninst us. ]
Immediately after tiie close of the war of Inde
p ( . n ,ip ncPi Commissioners were appointed by the
Congress of the Confederation, audinrized to con
| t | ui | e treaties with every nation of Europe dispos
ed to adopt them. Before the warsof the breach
; revolution, such treaties had been consummated
- w ith t|, a United Nethci land", Sweden, and Prussia,
I During those wars, treaties wiili G. Britain and (
Spain had been elici ted, and those w ith Prus-i 1 and j
j franco renewed. In ail these, some concessions |
; t„ the liberal principles i f intercourse proposed by ,
j the United States had bren olitaimo! ; hut as, in ■
;dl the negotiations, they came occasionally in col
j |j,i U u with previous internal regulations, or exclu- 1
; s i\c and excluding compacts of monopoly. with j
j which the other part'es had been trnminelfed, the j
! advances made in them towaids tlie li cetlein ot |
| trade were partial and imperlcct. Colonial estnb
l.shments, chartered e'l.npanirs and ship building in-j
uuence, pervuded and ein umberul the lu.'islatnm ol ,
all Hie .great « .. Htatia ; and the Um.ed
1 Mates, m ire: trailo a;ul cciua! pnv.iO'.vMi»
n.1, were coni} f liud to ucquissc»! m i;i.»nv cixcrp-,
; lions with eiuh of the parti. - t. their Irciti -, r.c |
; com.no.h.trd to llieir existing laws and aulcn r cn-,
a ire men is. •
3 , • , . i.. • i
; 1 lie cuUmiakvshîm, ov v.lnui Hus whine nanus*
, . i, .
plierc was bour.iU lias fallen intu rums, i otally |
'iriii i , , • / '
abolished by levolutinm', cunvei ting rulutms min
independent nadous, lluouj;!iuit t! «: tv.n American !
Continents, cxceptimr a portion of territory childly j
at tl.e northern extremity of ot;r own, and curdiu*
; ed to the mnnauts of dominion retained by U \eat j
Hritain overl!:c insular Archipelago, geographically
the appciulagrs of our part of tlm globe. 'With i
' all live u'st we have tree trade—e'en with tlie in-j
insulai iolonits of a!i the Kuropean nations, except j
Groat Hritain. Her (iovernment had also maniles- ;
t».*d approaches to tin? adoption of a. free and liberal
, inter'course between her colour's and other nations,
though, by a sudden and scarcely explanmd n.vul
k*ion, the spirit of exclusion has been revived for
'operation upon tire I'niteri States alone.
Fhe conclusion ot our la-t Treaty of Peace with
IHcat Hritain wa* shortly alterwanls lollowed by
Commercial Convention, placing the direct inter- j
between the two countries upon a footing of j
niore mpial reciprocity than had ever-been admitted. |
The same principle has since been much farther !

i . , .
I cx^'tmed. by i'reaties with Frame, Swcdan, Den
! thu Hanseatic Cities, FrUhsia in Kmope, and
. :U dih the Uepuhlics of Colombia, and ol Central
1er-! ^»buira, in this hemisphere. Tim mutual aboli
; lion of discriminating duties and charges, upon tin
navigation and commercial inter vom »..* between the !; llie
!» : ' r tie>, is the general maxim which chaiaclc-iiz.es'usual
1:11 TIk ' ,v r " as01 > t0 « that it will, at . the
n " distant period, be adopted by other nation-., ii ith |
l , - ul11 ! 1 '- and America, and lu hope that, by it> the.
' ,II ' VI ' 1 prevuienre, one of tlie tiuitliil sources of ■ of
' wars of commercial coinpeti'.int will be cxtingiii-.h
: Amon S »'•«• Nations upon whose Governments
j-.many of our fellow-cit./.eii:. have had long-peiidino
rl ■'•ms of iml. ttinity, tor »lenrctlatiiins upon their j
- l n ' ,, l M: "J' ''-uring a period when the riglits of neutral | ed
rcr ' v ? r, ' disregarded, was that of Denmark,
11 '°- v wcrt '« 3 "" n aftl '' ll '« '' vt;!l!s occurred, the sub- j
' cet 1,1 » s P ecuI lllc '-'luted States, at
" l " cl1 ' l,u »durance was given, hy lus I
; Uam-h Majesty, that, at a period ol more tranquil
,H ' le "* ,! "' y lv " u! ' 1 ^ consi.lered, |
l "-and de« ided upon, ,li a spirit «it deter
' l'**}*»? ,!,r l ". c .'>'sp,n:sat««in ol justice. 1
^ '«««Ii ,il;^«re in mlnr.ning C.mgresa that the
, i«lfiln»ent id this i.imi.ahle promise is now m pro
" , ' t T 5 tha " l wrl "*? I.' 1 l . he c a, !' ,s
' '' sa "' :,cl,0 " t ul Ü | e clain, . a ", ts 5 1
""! tu 1 ,U P° »'«" »Jie rciiia.tider
: W ^ ! ' ,'T a tra ".' 1,1 "*l ,,,tal J ,e : '"j us '' !
'»'-'nt* I his result lias alwav* been cjhiIuUmjHv ex
1 pectcd, | V««' die i harm ,er of pers-na! integrity and
id ornevoe i.co whieli'.In-Sovereign el the Danish
Dotiiinimia has, through every vicissitude of fortune, |
I he general aspect <d die atT.iirs of our neighbouring j
\meriean nations ef fie Smith, has been lather ol !
1 approaching than ol settled tranquility. Internal i
disturbance« have been mote liequent among them
dum their common iVieuds would have desired. Our !
intercourse with all has continued to he that id ,
|,iendship, and of mutual good will. Treaties ol
11 Commerce ami of Boundaries with the United Mexi
can States have been uegociatcd. but, from various
I successive obstacles, not yet brought to a final con-1
illusion The civil war which unl'oi tunately still
vails in the Republic of Central America, has
Peen utipropitums to the cultivation of our commet'- '
j c ul relations with them ; and the dissentions amt
; levolntiunary cli tuges in the l{epu'ilics ol'Colombia
j :,ml Peru, have been seen will, cordial regret by us. j
who would gladly contrihate to thn happiness of
.both, ft is with great satisfaction, however, that
,ve have witnessed the recent conclu».»« of a peace
ol i beiwcen the t.ovci timcnts of Buenos Ayres and Bra
I ■» *''l" a ']y «.at.ty.Dg to observe Chat in- 1
jdomnitv has been <d> ta, tied lor some of the injuries ,
which our lellow citizens I,a,I »stained ... the latter |
of tlnwc couiiti.cs. 1 he rest are «n a tram ni ne
ejouaiion, winch ve Iiope may tnmmatc to mutual
hii-fec,™. - Ii 4 b.
Imty of ». emmo.ee and Navigation upon liberal
principles, propitious to n great aiul Slowing com-j
me.ee, already important to the .merest* ut uur j !
country. ! /
The condition and prosp.-t* ot the levenue are
| more favourable than our most sanguine expects- ol
lions had anticipated. Jim balance m the I reft- ]
sury, ou the first ot January last, exclus» e ot U i or
, moneys received under the tot,vent,,,» ol I oh No-,
I vember, Uivlli, with Ureal Britain, was live millions ,
eight hundred mtd sixty-one thousand nine hundred
and seventy two dollars, and eighty-three cents, j is
The receipts into the 1 feusury hum the first ol Jan- (
nary to the 30th of September Iasi, solar as they
have been ascertained tntorm the basis ol an estimate,
j amount to eighteen millions six hundred and tidily- ■
j three thousand line hundred and eighty dollars lull
and twenty-seven cents,which with the receipts ot the j
! present quarter, estimated at live millions lour bun-,
j dred and sixtv-onc tlmiisand two hundred and eigli
ty three dollars and lorty cents, torin an aggregate
of receipts during the year ol twenty lour null ions ;
j and ninety-tour thousand eight hundred and sixty )
! three dollais and sixty-seven cents. I he expendi N
: lures of the year may probably amount to twenty
live millions six hundred ami thn tv-seven thousand,
] live hundred and eleven dollars and sixty-three cents j
and leave in the Treasury, on the first et January ;
next, tlm sum of live m. Ilions one hundred »R»! ,
twenty-five thousand six hundred and thii ty eiglit i
dollar», fourteen cents. ^ !
1 he receipts ol the present year have amounted
In near two millions mure dim was anticipated at ! «
the commencement of the list session ot Congress. t
( The amount of duties secured on importations
j from the first ol January to 1 ho 30th >eplember was |
| about twenty-two millions nine hundred and nine j
, ly-sevcn thousand, and that ol the estimated accru- j
■ it g revenue is five millions ; leaving an aggregate
for tlie year of near twenty-eight millions, 'l'l'i" 1 I
1 is one million more than the estimate made last De- j
j comber for tlie accruing nvenua of the present.year, j t
j which with allowances fur drawbacks and contingent 1
| delli re ticit-s was expected to produce an actual rove
tnte of twrntv-two millions three hundred thousand 1
dollars. Ila.l these onhb'-en realized, the expendi
, turcs ol the year would have been aim propui tmnal
ly .reduced. IW ol these Ivvcntv-foar miili. re-j
ceiv:^!« upwarus ut mue miliums liavu» Ijoimi ap|»lii'«l
to tk-liximctmn ol polilic «lobt ucatin^ un inicrmt i
| of si ■ per rant a yrar, and of course reducing the ,
.hur«; u «»» udere-t annually payable in tu.tjr»-. •
• bv thn amoant f»t mm • taari luit a minion. 1 lie
i - , . , • . ,, 4 , . .
pavmcnts on account oi internst dm ini; tne current i
rin .•
| year exceed t In ..*e millions ot dollars: pre'ontiiu
' 4 ,• 4 , r. 7 •
an .nsjçrcîçatc (»I innre than twelve millions applied ;
! dining die year tn the discharge of the public debt, ]
j the whole of which remaining due on the lirst ( ,j ;
'January next will amount only to lutyei^ld miliions
j thru.' Iiundred and sixty-tv. o tliousaiul one hundred I
and thirty-live dollar«, and seventy cent*. j
i r i hat the revenue of tl.e ensuing year will not,
fall short of that received in the one now expiring,
j them are indications which can scarcely prove de- 1
; ceptive. In our country, an uniform experience of ;
forty years has shown that whatever the tarilf of j
duties upon articles imported from abroad has been, j
tlie amount of importations lias always borne an av-[
mage value neatly approaching to that of the exports ,
thougli occassiouully difTcring in the balance, sum? t
times being more« and sometimes less. It i-* indeed, j
aiageneial Uw of prosperous commerce, t'ont the real |
j value ot exports should, hy a smali, and only a small j
j balance, exceed that of imports, 1 lia t balance being
balance, exceed that of imports, 1 lia t balance being j
a permanent addition to the wealth of the nation.
The extent of the prosperous comnierte of the na-j
tiun must he regulated hy t!;e amount ol its ex-(wise
ports ; and an important addition to th?
these will draw after it a corresponding incre.De oljtninty.
impôt talions. It has happened, in the vissitudes of'! As
tlie seasotis, that tlie harvests of all idurope hare, in j * 1
llie late summer and autumn, fallen «hört of their
average. A relaxation ef the interdict upmij
the importation of grain i.ml Hour from abroad has ,
ensued ; a propitious market has been opened to
the. granaries ol our rountry ; and a new pi ps>pecl
of reward presented to the lalitmis of tlie husband
man, which, for several Years, lias been denied. L
'11..» accession to the profits of agriculture in the
middle and western portions of our Union is arci-1
dental and temporary. It may continue only for a i of
j single year. It may'be. ns has'ljeen often eN|ierienr.
| ed in tlie revolutions of time, hut the first ol sev« ral •
scanty harvests in succession. We may cons «1er it by
j certain that, fur the approaching year, it lies added
an item ol large amount lothe value of our ex| urts;
I snd that it will produce a corresponding inert-: se of
importations. It may, iherelore, confidently be
| loi'Meeii, that Hie revenue of 18.-!) will equal, and!
probably exceed, that ol I8d3. and will aflo.d the j u
means ut extinguishing ten millions mere . f the !
prmnpal ol .he public debt. _ . !
I Ins new clement nt prosperity to that parti,four
asricaUu.u.l .ndustn winch ,s occupied in producing j
1 ,c ^ art , ,cle 1,1 '•"«•»» subsistence, is of the most j
caieeiang character to the feelings of patriotism. !
! P r a ' ce ' 1 ' n 8 ir,, j n :l humanity will view j t
with concern, the su forints of scarciK in «listant
lands, it yields a cmisolafory relleclion, that this
scarcity is in uu respect attributable to u s . I lint j '
| it comes from the dispensation of Him who ordains! 0
all in wisdom and goodness, and who , ermits evil t
j itself only as an instrument of good. '1 hat. far from! i 1
! 'ontiihuting to this scarcity, our agency will lie an-1
i plied only to the alleviation of its revet it v: and that : -
m pouring forth, I rum the abundance of our own i
! garners, the supplies which will pai dally restore : l,
, plenty to those wlm arc in need, ive sh ill ourselves i "
reduce our stores, and add to the price ot our own i
f.re.ad, so as in some, dc'i'cc. to participate in ij,,, !
wants which it will he the good fortune of our conti
try to relieve.. j
The great interest of an a-'icultur-il rommer '
rial, and manufiicturin« natinnTare-o linked in
' ion log, (her, that no lieimanent »-m«« of onwio-ntv !
to one of them can operate without «xtr n ,|i,.. r 1
inlluence to the -jtln-i\11 tie "«• intei-e-ts T»;' . i
j mull r the protecting pow, r of th,' h-i-f .t,v.-' ao-1
of thority ; and the duties of dm teprcse.it,itive ho-!
die:« are to conciliate them in h.inmmy to«etl,.-r
So far a* lha objecto» taxation to ,-arêe areven- 1
ne for discharging the debts, and defrayin'' the ex- |
1 penses of the conimunitv. it should asm',el à- do--!
, sihle suit the l.urdeu with equal hand upon all i„ Î
| proportion with them ability 'of bean,re St w„bo! j
oppression. But the legislation of one nation is
mitnoiirm « n » « « . lun h
tZ Ä17
j«l, a- His meant to be, tothc special iitÂÂjî^
slimmer and autinnn, füllen «hört (if'their I
value of
wva people, will citcu press most unequally npon
! " , "J""' Tk *,°'
/ ..—î i v i !.n • uu' î| G * e,i *' »- 1 j' lun > "hen, as has
recentlyhi « u .»owed adapted to the «lepressi,,,,
ol a rival nation, will naturally abound with régula
turns ,d interdict up«m tint productions ot the soil
i or mdustry el the other which come in compétition
wit,, its own; and will present encorna gement, pci
, l.aps, even bounty, to tl.e raw material of ll.eolh
ter suite, winch it cannot produce itself, and which
j is essential lor the use of its manufactures, comp«.
( titors in die markets ol the world with those of its
commercial rival. Such is the elate of the com
mercial legislation of Great Britain as it bears «pou
■ our interests. It excludes, with interdicting duties
lull importation (except in time of appro, idling fo.
j mine) of the great staple productions of our Mid
din mid W «stern States ; it proscribes, with t-qu. J
rigor, the bulkier lumber und live stork of the s.»:«
portion, and also of the Northern and Eastern part
; of our Union. It refuses even the rice of the South
) )m | C ss aggravated with a charge of duly upon dm
N ml hero carrier who brings it to them. Huitlieciil
indispensable for I heir looms, they will receive
aimunt duty free, to weave it into a fabric for our
j ,„ vn wear, to the destruction of our own tuauafi ...
; tores, which they are enabled thus to .undersell. |j
, the self-j» r oterliii{; enei'Ky «f this nation so 1» !plc-s
i thnt there exists, in the political institutions of o-u
! country, no power to coonleract the bins ol this
foreign legislation that the growers of grain nej-t
! « u bmit to Ibis exclusion from the lureren markets of
t j ie j,. p ro ,) UCL . ; that the shippers must dismantle
their ships, the trade of the North stagnate at the
| wharves,and the manufactures starve at their looms
j w hi(e (lie whole people shall pay tribute to forer>n
j lo |, c j„ u furtii-n garb ; that »he
Congress of the Union are impotent to restore
I tlie baianco in laver ol native industry destroy«!,
j t | iu - (;i tutes 0 f fniitlicr realm ? More last am'
j t '* m , .,',,, K .,. 0IUf sentiments, will, I trust, prevail*
1 if the land' adopted at the last session of CongrW.
^ c,,,*,. .j' j, v experience to bear oiinrcs
1 j«,,. futreiwstsi of -mv one section it
„ ' M b ,..' :iu< | | ot douhtwill be,
. , . ,, , . ■. , , . 1 .
ta' an^ portion of their
-, , .. «i.« . i
i y n »»| Mvill n -vor torn -iwiv tlirir cars Huteolu«* 1
, ' oper.de only ». a
• - ... ? , u J_ w , (l j c t „e j,,un
, .*
. ut. and the incrr!.ant, ami Hu? Mieplifird, anu the
i , . , . , .. , ,, • 1
!i*J-bam tinan. shall »*«• lound thnviiu^ m ttieir o:n;
..... it .« . .
7 • ;iaî!oii3 «ni nr tlie duties imposed lor die iiroteclion
; * . . . , , . .. /, . ■
] " 1 <JinL . lU •" ï ,n, | I ,\ 4 V '\ n . I ' .', ,•
,j ; dm pi o [ici i y s »«»ie< \\ nu t g.cii^ u
' r ' v , (l 1 1 i ?, r , !..
I vio.atmn« m the uuy,v.\\< a, ,.u 1 ^ '
j , !° ' !: -ai . • . .*
j' l€! n, '- 1 ' r i > K ' I * !/11,
*, 1 v '/" ,on ■ *ngi * •' i •' lI
1 *■hheratioo, it wa- hTeiold '> l,, o c* oj} ■ *•( i
of ; ln:! * on u ot d> necessary cciiS' q'K r.» wonlc oo o
of j lr, )P al, ' ri '*enoe. It i« y< t t**o .*t,ou ..•> pion'-micn
j u . ll, ' conhdeiice, that tins predn turn w. - mrene »»h.
av-[ * 1,fî ^'»■'buction ot one uver.uo k trade not unie
, quciitly opens an issue to another. J he conge*
t quenco ol the tarill will he lo increase the export.:
j l j°n, and to dimini-li the importation ol Mime spcci
| j lc il1 ticles.^ lint, by the general law ol trade, tlu
j increase ol exportation ot one aiticlc wi 1 l>e o-«
lowed hy an incioased importation of other?, the
• •j I .'''dilative
lowed hy an incioased importation of other?, the
dot»es upon which will supply tlie deficiencies.
which tlie dinmmhed importation wo»dd oilier*
Tv:t of taxation upon
with cer
As —
* 1
tlie same or
and the consumer pajs the same
hour of Ins own country man, which lie must other
wise have paid to foreign industry and toil.
Tl.e tarilf of the last session was, in its details
not acceptable to the great interests of any portion
of the Union, not even to the interest which it wm
specially intended to subserve. Its object was W
balance I lie burdens upon native industry imposed
by the operation of foreign laws ; hot not to i«i
vatc the burdens of one section of the Union ly
the relief alibi ded to another.—J'o the great pria
ciple sanctioned by that act. one of those upon whitu
the Constitution itself was forme«!. ! hope :md tr«:
the authorities of the Union will adhere, But if «»y
u f the duties imposed bv the act only relieve lw
manufacturer hy aggravating the burden ol th
planter, let a careful révisai of its provision*, on
lightened hy the practical experience ol its effects
b<! dir.'cted to retain those which impart protectioi
n!l ,i vc industry, ami remove or supply the p ac
,,f t |, 0 , 0 v hid, only alleviate one great national .a
t „ r . >t by lhc depression of another.
r r , .. . ] . rv • , i n,« Pconîa «
, The ' ZT ^a^^
' i',! y ' o( " ti, , le-is'l'itivc an
0 / 'I 10111 / ovnre . 1 '? ^ mule
t ' u, . n, - v U,a IS ""T ,=e( ' h} „."Sutiom
i 1 ' 1 ,' l0 1 rllj yi'mded them m the, cun.mo i ^ ^
1 10 •'■giHative. poivei' 1 ollo ich 'tale'. ' ' ;
- l S-"''h,ies deriving lhe.tr aittliotily ''"int j(
01 "'u Mato. I.mliis yovetiigi •
l, ' v " P™ v, uce. 1 he «hstribulimi ol point I | t
" ,l;m presuppose* that these nut. i°"."s will
1,1 h:in 'iony with each other. 'I lie iiietiibeis ■
Stale ainlUeiieral (lovernmerits are all ,,nilc '
to support both, and allegi.inre ts «lue to toco •
lo the other. 'I lie case ol u conflict between
»wo powers lias not been supposed ; nor has ••
ptovisi.,,, been made for it in our inMdul.ons. ■
! virtuous Nation ol ancient tunes existed nut
1 live centuries without a law tor the punis une i
i parricide,
More that, once, however, in the progre
I,Eton, have the People ami the Législatures
'one or more. Slates, ir, moments'of excitement, het
1 msti-mted lo this conflict ; and the meat» «<
| irm this impulse have been allegations that the •
of" Congress to be resisted were unconsUt U t,^
Î The IVnple ol no one State have ever «lelngalc.lt
j their Législature die power of pronouncing an
of Con're.-ss unconstitutional ; but they hav« /
13 , i „ «i kA «vnrrise of wind» »•
Â^iK'iSS^^i'S'«"' 5 "'
be resisted. If we suppose
:ati seldom He run*.«ecn
mu it : 1 1 » i • ! o 1 lie test of experience
yet no syuqitoms of* diminution nro prec«q
b'o in t!ic i reipts ol the Tfctismy.—As yet, lHIle
addition of nst I ins even been experienced upon
tin* iirticif s bmthened with li«*nvi«*r iluties hy the
î.ist tiiriiV. 'i lie domestic manufacturer f-upplici
a Kindred article at a diminished price,
tribute to the la
the Çtt|C ct

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