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The daily national Whig. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1847-1849, October 08, 1847, Image 1

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NATION Al. I.OAN FUND 1.1 Flu ASSl'llA Nl.'lu SOt'lL'n
Empowered by Art <>| Parliament, 2 Viet?Royal Anseti
July 27, ISJ7.
"/I Savings Jianlc for the Orphan and the Widow,
Jacob IIauvkv, Chnlr'n. Samoki. R. Howland,
John J. I'ai.Mr.it, Oouiiam A. Woktii,
i Jona. Ouoiiiiiru, Sami'si. M- Fox,
Jamhh litihuman, NVm. Van Hook,
Huuitou Raiiolav, C. KUW. IIauiciit.
ol ii large capital, In addition to the accumulation of ]>i'
The peculiar benefits secured to the usuurcd by the pri
chile of the Loan De|?urtimanf.
The |iaymuiu ot premiums half -yearly or quarterly, I
1 parlies insured,for whole term of' life, at a trilling addition
j The travelling have extensive and lihernl.
Persons Insured lor lile, can at once borrow half anion
of animal premium, and claim the same privilege for ti'
| successive yearn, on their own note and deposit of policy.
Part of the Cupitul in permanently invented In the Uutu
States, in the names of three of the Local Directors, an Tru
toes--available always to the ussured in cases of dispuu
claims (should any such arise) or olherwiHc.
Thirty days allowed aftei'each payment of premium b
comet due, without forfeiture of policy.
N'o charge for stamp duty, or for Medical Examination.
The Society being founded on the Mutual and Joint St?"
principle, partus may pariicipate in the profits of'the S
j clely, two-thirds of widen arc annually divided among thoi
assured for life on (ho partlripalion scale.
The Society Is not connected with either Marine or Pii
{ Insurance.
JO'" The Baltimore Branch of the United Slates Loc
i Board will meet on the First Monday of every month at tl
ollice of the Chairman, for the transaction of business.
tO-The Medical Hxiuiiim rs will meet daily atll Le
ipglon at reel, at 1 o'clock, P. M., to receive applicants.
Pee paid by the Society.
Pamphlets, explanatory of Life Insurance, and the pi c
liar system of this Institution, blank torins of hpplieatio
Ac., obtained at the Agent's office, ti Herman .street.
United States Local Directors of Jlaltimnre.
S. II. McCULLOH, Esq., M D.
J MEREDITH, Esq., Standing Counsel
J. MASON CAMPBELL, Esq., Solicitor
Medical Examiners.
T II. BUCKLER, 41 Islington street.
S R. TILHIIMAN, 40 St. Paul street.
DONALD ilclLVAIN, 0 German street.
ocf 8? I yd*
Buck's Patent Hot and Air-tight Cook in
IS REMOVED from Light street lo No 42S>uth Calve
J street, iM ilour above Lombard street,
jl II is now one year since the subscriber first inirodiirt
this stove lo the inhabit nils of the city and county of llii
11more and lis adjacent country, and will venture to m
thai no stove ever introduced into this market, where i
large a number has been sold, ever became so popular
no Kliort a time, or gave such general and universal seiti
faction mm it ban done. II is now eight'years since | tii
commenced Helling thin Stove, during which lime I ha
sold almost all and every kind ol Cooking Stove that no
is or has been in the market for the lust fifteen year
therefore am, from experience, prepared to say, witho
tear ol contradiction, that there never has Is-ru that Nt
chine made in shape of either Stove or Range, that is cap
ble ol doing so much work, ol doing it as well, and at
small expense lor labor and tuel, as the Uttrk Stove. Ti
lire is made ami brought directly under utid very close
all the boilers, from 4 to III in number. The oven is ve
large, being (he lull size of the stove, including the heart
consequently ih twice as large as the generality of ovens
h Cookim? Stoves now ill use, and a third lurger than ll
oven ol'any other stove ?vtu* made; ami is ho construed
dial llits heal passes in flues entirely around the oven, Ij
mg a distance iroin eight to twenty feet, (according to aict
winch not only gives tlie oven u perelclly even heat at n
and bottom, hut by runliuiitg and sending the heal tl
extraordinarily long distance-m the stove before coming
the pipe, mil: I make it apparent to every one that it won
require much less fuel to cook or keep it healed. It is ai
a superior baker; and the small sue being r.aj>abIo
baking lour loaves ol bread at a time, it at once does aw;
with the necessity ol a bake, oven lor laniily use, theri I
saving a large amount ol fuel that is usually wasted in ll
way, and rentiers it peeuliarly adapted to the use of hoar
ilit* houses, academies, hospitals, steamboats, ami tl
largest elasa hotels. Hundreds ol certificates might he ad
eil to substantiate the abovo facts, but deem it not net-ess
ry, believing that ail who wish to study economy and co
veniencn, and at the same time obtain the most simpl
most ornamental, ami most durable Stove in America w
at least call ami examine this he lore purchasing clue \v her
The billowing are a lew names selected to which I a
most kindly permitted to relt-r :
Mi. David Keener, 10 Ninth Cliarlep street.
Itishop Waiigh, 2U Green street.
Thomas Wilson, corner Calvert uud Lexington streets
I Dr. John L. Chapman, Mulberry street.
Mrs. June ilayuanl, 0(1 North Calvert street
K.fwjrd L. Pant, llaimver street.
George A. V. Spreekelsen, 71 East Pratt street.
Abraham Mister, I hi Hanover street.
James P. Williamson, corner Gay uud High streets
Jtvim H. (Diodes, 102 Hanover street.
Dr. J. M. Jennings. 5 North llsgli street
Jane S. Jewell, 51 Howard street.
James Young, % Etlen street.
Dr. 11. H. Hopkins, 107 Park street.
Joseph Husband, jr., 213 Pratt street.
John S. Solby, esq., 321 Ituliimorc street.
Dr. Henry St inner.ku, 171 Lombard si reel
Female Orphan Asylum, Mulberry street.
I Itanium At Co., City Hotel.
P. Thurston, Fountain Hotel.
Daniel Dorsey, Exchange Hotel.
William Field, National Hotel.
' Thomas James, Rainbow Hotel.
Col. II. Cupron, Laurel Factory, Mil.
Many more names might ho added, hut suppose the abo1
will stiince. Nee little hook at the store (or certificates a)
further particulars. Any person purchasing nun of the
Stoves, after giving it a lair trial for thirty days, ami find
does not answer tlmir purpose, can return it, ami will ha'
their money refunded.
N. H. No. 42 South Calvert street is the only place whe
they can he had.
oct 8 ly** II1IRR PECK, Agent.
Washington University of Baltimore*
Prof. J. C. S. Monkur,.M. D., Theory.and Practice ol Met
Prof. E. Forrman, M. D., Chemistry.
Prof. Wiu.iam T. Wilson, M. I>., Therapeutics tuid Mat
? t-ia Mud tea.
Prof. Wim.iam T. IjKonard, M. I)., Anatomy.
William II. Stokks, M. D., Professor of Obtftetriaa, Di
oases of Women and Children, unit Medical Jurispr
? dence.
Prof. Ckoror Ml'Cook, M. D., Surgery.
Dr. Wakkman IIryakly, Demonstrator of Anatomy.
The annual course of Lectures will commence on Moi
pay, 25th of October next, and continue four months.
The College has greatly enlarged its cnpahiliticii lor III
parting Medical instruction. The Hospital Department, u
I tier the control ol a resident memher of the Faculty, hi
been filled with cases of disease. A Museum ol Aim lorn
ml and other preparations has been established, and mar
important additions to the Obstetrical Department Inu
been received from Paris.. The fonnifl for the resident Si
dents are nomerous, comfortable and economical, and w
prove greatly advantageous to such ns wish to pursue ti
assiduous and uninterrupted course of study.
Fees for the Session.
Matriculation ticket 8 5
Professor's ticket, each 15
Demonstrator's ticket 10
Diploma 20
oct 0?lyd* E. FOREMAN, DtaH.
m. ?rJT m m. m+grmnm mmm :?
Hultcern ('/writs inul Li slit si.
TIIR Siiliwrlhor, having completed llic ropnlrn c
Iiniirovoi! mnrniwrr, in r" i
Imp of business. Tim imprnvimtenlB nrr audi as li
or silk fnbrli-s, in the mosl durable mannur.
oct &? lind?
' .
ID w
? '
r Lecturea will commence on Monday, StlU Octnltc-r, ami
v.intuitu; until tIn* first of March entuiiiig.
' Olarfutric Surgery ami Medical Jurisprudence, .
Tin nijH-iiiicH, Materia Medina, ami Hygiene, Sami/kl
k? C'iikw, M. I).
Anatomy ami I'hyaiology, Josmni IIohy, M. I>.
? Theory ami Practice ??l Medicine, William Powkr, M.
Chemistry and Pharmacy, William E A Aiickn, M I).
LL. D.
Surgery, Nathan Smith, M I?.
Dcinoimtratur of Anatomy, Chough Mii.tkndkgbr, M- D.
il> liiHtnictiuii in Clinical Mcdicipi. and Clinical Surgery
every day at the Baltimore Infirmary, opposite ihu Medical
,, < '??ll' i;e. The nmmH lor pr.icticul uuulouiy will he opened
< ii'iiii?er 1st, under the clutige i?i the demonstrator. fees
tin* the entire course #110.
* I 'oniforlahle board may be obtained in the vicinity ol the
Medical College for C2.0O to id.fid.
oct 8 <lly" Dean of the Faculty.
* The vacancy in the Obstetrical department will bo filled
before the commencement of the wnwioii.
n. miik sunacriocr wnuui rrsjieriiuiiy
1 Merchants visiting thin city, lor llio purmwe ol selecting
,y a slock ol goods for lilts Fall ami Winter Hales, lo, his extendi
kivu stock ol Tin, Jiijuinnfit, S/iceJ Iron ami Ifritimnin
Wart, comprising a general variety, which him been inuimI
it el It red ill ilia own establishment, ami by tin- heat Workmen
nt in the city, all of which in offered ul extremely low price*.
ke Purchasers from the different Slates. will filial it greatly to
their advantage to cul! at tliiK establishment, where they
.,1 will find every Variety ot Tin Ware, at prices that will not
m. tail to please. Uooda will ho carefully pucked unci sent to
>d any nart of the city Irec of charge.
o. oct 8?ly" No. '135, Hallo, at., above the Hlube Inn.
1 LJACQEil ?Vr UROTIIERS, No. G3, South Hi., tlirec doorn
^ n from Pratt hi reel, Haiti more, Afunufaclureis and Jini
to iters uf Malta mat teal, OjUicaly urul J'tiUusu/ihicid Instiumi
nis.?A good usaortinctlt of the following articles, which
we offer tor Kile nt reduced prices:
?i Surveyor's Compasses; Engineer's Levels; Thcrnrdnlites
... 'Plicodolitch Compasses; Sliipn, Plain, Storm, and Transpa
rent Compasses; Spy-glasses; Plain and Double Tangent
x. (piadrunis; Sextants; llurouieters: Thermometers: l*?g
_1 H Usees ; Hull hour Classes; Tape Linos; Cuaes ol Draw ing
liiRtrutnefits; Pocket Compasses; Surveyor's Chain*:
... Carpenter's and Lumber Rule*; Tailors ami Sailinaluro
? Squares; Uimhn and Hauler Scales; Parallel RiiIch; Dr.iw'
nig Pens; Dividers; Protractor*: Kowililch Navigators;
(thlnl's Const Pilots; Shipmaster's Assistants; Seaman's
Fricmls; Nautical Almanacs; Lunar Tables; Log Rooks;
" Shipping Papers; Seainau's Journals; Heady Calculators;
A good assortment ot Charts of all parts of the world;
Hanging llods; Out Slicks, Ate. Together with,? large as
, sorlmenl of Insvhumknts in the Mathematical line.
Ddr- ItiHtrumunlB of every description repaired, or mode
to order, in the neatest manner,
oct 8?ly'
MtUQNy MtiDK 'lNNSy /) Y/JSTU FP.S, ijv.,
jVc. 1B4 Hattimorc Street,
... 11 lilt) hhls. Epsom Salts luud minces Quinine
fid hhls. Whiting !?? pounds Iodide Potash
A Ions Ext. Logwood Its s? |ioomis Hum My nil
.Jit cases Campbell's Shellac 30 bones CalcM Magiiei.ia
i Ul cases Liver Shellac. iJU canes Carle Magnesia
3d halt pic til casc.t Cassia 5 bags Horn Senegal
A casks Mace ' A cases Hum Opium
if casks Nutmegs ii caws Hum Arabic
ly On Ciw.7i/pi?ur;it, ol Mnnnfart lire r'.i Prices
!*" Jd bills. Ohio | 10 bblw. -Copal Varniali
oct 8
IjulMirutnry ?i TIioiiikoiiIiiii lioiaiilc
Av ckiieM.
s: I?'''I M I.AUKAltftl'., No. VJO Suulli Culver I Hi , llullimorc,
ui i!i has always on hand (lie large hi an. I mom complete*us
a sorlmeul of pure Botanic remedies in tin- linnet Stall a,
ia pi", pared under his spreial cure ;.i his fittboffltory being,
in tin' Hint creeled iu the Ilnite.l Slates for tho special purpose
lie of preparing 7Vioniinninn Hotanic Mndiritu : All nt Hit'
to |>uIven /.? (t ninl compounded articles urn (nil up in quarter
ry anil liali pound parka,'ten, and licatly lain died, with direr
li, liuiiK suitable tor retailing, and upon better terms limn the
in same articles rail ha had lor ill ilia United Stales. livery
lie article in his line is warranted genuine?-the public ran rely
i\l upon this.
e- )I3~ A lib'ral discount made to country merchants, who
',) are particularly requested to rail and examine quality, As - ,
tp Iwlore purchasing.
us tor The various Treatises, embracing the most reputed
to authors, upon the Tlinui.soninii or Botanic System of Medi
Id cine, may also be bad at hin ciiliibliHlimt'Ut, by the quantity
so or single copy. .* !?iy
New Pickling ami Preserving lintnbllxli^
meail ami Vliicgur Depot,
d fPllli Subscriber begs leave to inform bis friends and Hie
?0 public generally, that lie has now nearly completed his
d stork, consisting ol an extensive supply and choice assort- .
a* nu iit ol J'u/i/cU Fruits mut VcgrfaltJi >, Prr.srrcrs, Urututy '
ii* Fruit*, Jcltys, Syrups, Catsups, Sauces, A c , manufactured
e. by himself in uu improved manner, and unsurpassed style,
ill and deiiendiug Solely on the merits of their superior quality, I
C. lie (falters hiiiist-ll ol a lurgo and extensive custom. lie i.s
in now prepared to (urnirtli Families, Hoarding ami Oyster
Humies, Ar , through tin? season, with Cucumbers, pi?kklf?|
m ami water or Vinegar, ami nicely spiced, liy Hit' UNI,
in kegH or barrels, on salialuciory terms.
Merchants, Navy Agents, Shippers. Ac., arc rcfniertfiilly
toliriictl lo luvor him with a. call, ami lo examine bin Httwk
ami articles prepared lor Navy ami Ship Stores, before pur- ,
chasing elsewhere, as lie ran supply tiiem with any cptali- |
lii ?, in ihe shortest lime, parked neatly, ami with rare, ami
would lake pleasure in InriiishiiiK them with a Catalogue
ol all his articles, ami wholesale price* of Ids establishment. .
Also, a superior article ?>l Pickling, Wine uml Pure Cider
Viiieirar, warranted, constantly lor sale by
oct 8? 3(17 West Pratt St., bet. Para and Unlaw st.
rnui: undersigned arc manufacturing at their establishment
* in Jtaltimore, 0, fi 1-2, ami 7 octave PIANOS, ??i all palterns
and styles, which tliry ran confidently recommend to
professors ami amateurs. The Planus manufactured by them
have that peeuliarity of touch which coniineml them to
players ol every school, as well as those who are distinguished
hy a soil and delicate action, as those who arc characterized
l?y a hold, fiery, and rapid movement.
,.fl They are authorized to refer to numerous professors in
|t| Baltimore, who have given their Pianos a trial, lor their
' testimonials in their lavor, and they are warranted in re
,1 eomiiiemlini! them hy the universal approbation which they
v{. have reeeived from tho great niunher of persons who have
them in use in lialtimore, ami in the south and west gene
equal tn any made anywhere in this country or in Em*o|X),
anil their extensive manufacture of Pianos enables them t??
sell mi terms liberal ami satisfactory. All instruments made
by Hum are warrnntetl, and they will he kept in tune one
year alter purchase, without charge.
An agent will visit Richmond in a abort time, and various
parts of Virginia and North Carolina, and will receive orders,
which will he faithfully and promptly executed at our
Orders will also ho received at our factory direct,
and spcctul pains taken to give satisfaction.
No. 'J Eutaw St., oniL the Eutnw llonse, Halt.
J oct 8?lyd*
THE Subscribers would res|teetAilly call the attention of
Lite public to their slock ol (AHIIIAGICS, of their own
manufacture,at their establishment, Tiik IIai.timokk Coacii
il- Factory, fWdrrick utrrnt one door north of ItnUiniorr si ml,
n- where they keep on hand and will manufacture to order at
is the shortest notice. Carriages of every description, and in a
il style of unequalled heauty of construction and ot superior
iy workmanship.
re old Carriages repaired at the shortest notice, or taken in
ii- exchange.
ill Carriages sold on commission.
m Two first rate four-passenger Carriages, one a doctor's
close carriage, both Itallimore built; the owner having no
hirthcr use tor them, will sell at a sacrifice if immediate
application be mude.
R. S. Ac A. V. PRYOJl,
oct 8?lyd* Frederick street, near Ualtimorc.
Otic Door JJclow JttUlimorc Sired, JiaUinwrc.
RESPECTFUL I, V informs his friends and the public, Hint
he continues to manufacture Stvldlrs, Huiwxh, Trunks,
I, Arc., and has now on hand u large and beautiful slock ol
fresh goods, which he is selling at uncommonly low prices.
Country dealers will find it to their interest to give men
r id I before huvitiif.
Kinc, FrtBliinimblr, Coach ami lluuuy Humes#, ami tallica'
ami freilflcmcna' Huddles, Ill-idles, <Vi\, always oil hand.?
Military Work done in the best manner,
ocl 8?lyd*
. p /P ;
lWvvv j
ill iiia
of liin old establishment by the Introduction of now nnd
vlth promptness and in the beat style, nil orders in hla
d afford the greatest facilities in coloring cotton, woolen,
I.. J. DfiNHAM,
Pcnnsylvg, av , south side, betw, 9th ot 10th streets.
tip jSi
LA Ml Will A,
Mil.I.Kit A* Co. iiSokI rcspoctfully-Inform the public that
l hey have completed un arrangement (rominencing on
the lih October) for running their Express in their Own Ex
press Can., antl in e.liurgu ol their own Messengcra, by mail
trains lietween Philadelphia ami Hullinmre, via York, Columbia,
anil l.aii?'aater, arriving in llaltiniorc ami Philailel
pliiu in lime lor tlie early delivery ol all packages, parrels,
specie ami hank notes, ami the transaction of all commiMsions
entrusted to their care, at reduced rales ami increased
Their Expresses will leave Philadelphia at midnight, and
arrive next morning in llalllinorv, connecting with their
Southern and Western Expresses.
The Northern Express leaves Italiiinorc daily, ut it P M.
OpptCBH.- Jarvio Jtuildings, llaiiimora
Suwiuohanna llall, York
Hi) CliSNimt street, Philadelphia
Cay Co., No. 1, Wall street, New York
Cay Ai Co., providence
' Cay Ar Co., No. 7, State street, Boston.
The Southern Express leaves Tuesday and Friday, at 0
P. M
Offices.?Demit Fredericksburg
In Richmond
do Petersburg
do WeMou.
All goods must be marked " Miller dt Co.'a Express," and
ocl R 1yd*
W ry w?
leave Pier No. 2, N. It., fool of llaltery IMrcca, by Steamboat
JOHN POTTER tor South Amboy, every day, (Sunday
excepted,) ul hIx o'clock.
Passengers will lake (lie curs from Soulli Amboy to Camden
und arrive in Philadelphia, uIhhii II 1-2 o'clock.
Fare lo Philadelphia, gj; for forward deck passengers to
Philadelphia, $2,50; Emigrant undTrunw|)ortalloii Line every
day, by Stcuml>nai Tnnnport, aid 12 o'clock P. M., fare
$2,25; Freehold and Monmouth, via Sloges from llighlstnwii
aud West's Tiirnonl; from New York lo Freehold by WchIs
Turnout,H7 1-2; from New York to Freehold by llighlstnwii,
1,50; lo Spon-wo.nl ami Weals, 75 ceiila; South Amhoy, lia
cents; Penh Amboy, 12 1-2 cents.
For the accommodation of thoto persons wishing lo upend
a pari of the day in Philadelphia, either on humm us or pleasure,
Excursion tickets will be furnished. entitling the |iashciitfers
lo reiuru by the Mail Line at I 1-2 o-clock, P. M ,
(lie same day, or til b o'clock the next nuu niug.
Tickets for tlm Excursion go, to he iiad at (lie office, No.
li West Si root, or ofi board the boat.
Fifty pounds of luiggugc will he allowed lo each passenger
iii this line, and passengers are expressly prohibited
from taking anything as baggage luil their wearing apparel,
which will be at (lie risk ol its owner.
ootS-dly I..IILISS, Agent.
KAliTIIWOKE Fare 93.
Via Wilmington, Newaj'k, Elktoii,Havre de (.'race. Ac., will
leave the depot, Eleventh and Market si reels, daily (except
Sunday,) at M A M.
Via New Cafille and Frcnchlowit.
The steamboat OHIO, (.'apt. Davis, will leave Dock street
wharf, daily, except Sunday, at d I I P. M.
Per Philadelphia, Wilmington and K.diinmre Railroad,
will leave the depot, I lib and Market streets, daily, al 10
u'clock, A M.
The Mad Lines will leave lia I ({more for Philadelphia al it
A M , and b P M. per Railroad, and R o'clock, P M , by
The only l.ine fur Huhtmoiv, on Sunday, will h ave lb*
depot, iliii am) Market street, at Id I* M
Passengers mm4. procure their ticket*) before taking ttiei:
seals in the ears.
wiif.ki.ino and pittsbitro
Tii'kelH through lu Wheeling or Pitt.sbur.tf, ran he pro# ill
? <I at Hi#* depot, or on hoaril the uteambo.it.
Fart) to Pittsburg #1:2; to Wheeling Si t.
NhTICK. All baggage by the above lines in entirely a
tin- owner'* rink f ami p.uj?eiigei* are expressly prohibit?*
from bikini! anything an baggage, hut their wearing apparel
M) th?? nl baggage allowed eucn |MWttiifii!r.
oel 8-ally O II I1UDDBLL, Agent
daily Lixu to run soi'Til.
sfnda vs i:\ri:rm>
Carrying the Civet Central Foiled Suites Mail.
Leaving Spew's Wharf, Halliinore, daily, except Sundays
at 4 I'. M., by the well known route, via Chesapeake Hay
City point, Petersburg, Weldon, Wilmington,, to Charles
ton, S. C., without loss of sleep to Weldon -in the popular,
comfortable, and safe steamboats, with their experienced
captains ami crews. CKOKCIA, Captain Cannon, ot
IIKRAI.F, Captain Russell, or Jb'iVKSS, Captain Sutton.
This l.ine has been running for upwards of?twenty years,
w ithout loss of life or property. The boats built expressly
for this route. Arriving in Norfolk, after a comfortable
night's sleep. next morning, at ft o'clock, A M. Thence up
the .lames River, with its beautiful scenery, ill daylight. l?v
the sea in boat CURTIS PECK, Captain Davis, or ALICE,
Captain llrougli, to City. Point thence f?? Petersburg in the
beautiful iron steamboat MOUNT VERNON, Captain lllowr.
some lime in advance at Petersburg of the Ureal li. S. Mail
l.ine, with the passengers leaving Halliinore same time, or
Washington City next morning, where tills Urent II. S Mail
l.ine take their start from, thereby deceiving the public, with
their false advertisement of 2-1 hours ahead of any oilier
Liue. The Hay l.ine gives the traveller nt least six hours
rest,at Petersburg, to encounter the night travel to Wilming
loll, in. i . i no winio passengera iiiui leave iiamumre i?y
Hie lluy l.iuc amalgamate at Petersburg with those that leave
Maliimore same evening, ami Washington next morning,
(via (lit! <Jreal II. S Mail,) al Petersburg, therefore arrive al
Charleston all together.
Also connecting with I ho Soil Hoard and Koinoke Hailroad
to CaryHville and Franklin- thence hv the at earner
rn.X to l?den I mi, Plymouth, Newborn, and Washington, N.
C. Returning with wune connection.
Returning leaves Norfolk at .'land Portsmouth at 1 o'clock,
P. M., daily, exrent Sunday, arriving in llalliinore in
time for the several routes going North, l?asl, South, and
Fare between Halt. A. Norfolk or Portotnnulh, Va. $5
" u 14 Elizabeth Cily,N. 0. 7 GO
" 44 u Franklin, t?
" 44 44 Richmond or Petersburg, Va., ti
4j 44 44 Canton or Weldou, N. *!., 9
rnrougn to i;naricfnon, ?. u., _'i
Meals ?ii board Hay and James River Routs, included,
thereby saving to each pnsssctiger by t liin mute 81 50.
Travellers by the above route will please lie directed by
our Soliciting Agent In the Cars, and by the Porter in flu?
Depot yard* (" Norfolk Line " labelled on bin bat,) who will
direct you uud your baggage to the bout.
nalllmore, October 8tb, 1847 dly
'Sy^T>v>, Nlenm Commtntienf Ion direct from
JBlliM&i Meiilliaiiintoii to Nfw Orleans uud
lmr.li* - Pursuant to order from (be Lords Commissioners
of the Admirably, on the 2d of November next, ami thenceforward
on the laid of each succeeding month, the ROYAL
MAIL STEAM PACKETS will nrocoed direct from Southainpfon
to Itermndn, Nassau, Havana, Cat or Ship Island,
(New Orleans,) Vera Cruz and Tampico, returiiiug by the
same route to England.
Thin arrangement admits of an easy and quick convey
mice to and from Southampton nud liie places above mentioned,
ami passengers for New Orleans will ho conveyed
thither from the Company's vessels on their arrival at Cut
or Ship Island, by the Mexican Cult Railway Company,
who will have a steamer ready, and other conveniences,
provided for that purpose, at a cost not exceeding three dollars
for encb person. The same facilities will In? afforded
from New Orleans, embarking on board the Royal Mail
Steam Packets for Europe, Act.
The estimated time for tho voyage from Southampton is
as follows: To llemtuda, IGdays; Nassau21 days; Havana
l\ days. Ship or Cat Island, New Orleans, 28 1-2 days; Vera
Cruz," !w days; Tampico, 85 days.
The Steam Packets are appointed to leave Ship or Cat Island
Harbor on their return to England at G A. M.? on the
21st of each month. Ity the above alteration, passengers
proceeding to tho W? ?a Indies, by tho 2d of the month Steamer,
Will be con\ey? d via Iterinuda, and by the l/lliof the
mouth Kteatuor, as heretofore, via Maderia nnd llurlsidoes.
runirtiiiir.H hn in i.uth, nr., iimy ne omainrn on appnca
(ion at the Royal Mail Steam I'm'kH Company's Office*, &f?
Moonjnle Htrwcl, London; ditto Winkle at reel, Southampton;
Mnwr*. Delrun A- Co., roo d'EiMthirn. Paris; Mr. tileauxer,
M Uoiilevoril PulMMniiicro, ditto; Mr. llnndeiker, llnmhurKli;
Mexican Oulf Railway Cotnpanv, Now Orlea'tta.
fift Moorijnioinet, l.oiuioii b. CHAPPEL, Secretary.
oct8 tf
Altlt A Nt.'EMKNTS have liecn made with Messrs. ilmk A
Co.'a Express Iron) Baltimore to Pittsburgh lor the e>
tension ol Hum I.ine, on and after Monday, th iols r 4|h, to
tin? nlntvo named place*, with mail speed. 'I'lie wagon;; ol
lldM line ate all new, (mill with the rapacity of t.'iUI lbs ,
and the Is at teams to hr obtained have been placed alone
the lino of the National Itoad ,
Messengers will arrontpanv nil goods by (Ida line, and we
that the driver* on the ro.nl make the nil..in d time troin
Htation to Btation, without failure
All if?oda will In- receipted for at nnv of our affirm or
aoencn n, North or Smth. to arrive in Pittsburgh in fill bom m,
and Win** litis in fill I ii..m I? .it.........
(JimmIw rrrHvwl until I'i o'clock in the ilov
i net H lyiT
MIIS Rfisi.KY'S UM. sal, ,??l Hc.lail t\irert nr,?iuf,u
/?||/ III renmveil In CI Hallinmre Ulr-rl, over h.lm \\
Riiyritiili A I'ii'h Mliiie, when' Merehniim 11m he mn?il?,l
wilh l.'OKSETS tm the limit II lei'ii.ilile inn,, ''
oct y ? Mouth side, 3 Monro hom liny Mreet,
rif in mi
, d c, friday Afternoon, <
Untild Millet Html Lint to Co-It and tAitilliom)H<m: mid J]
Hi t tlll ll.
JUK The splMuihl new Steamship I YAM HSU ,,,U'
v3jjL2^7VyAr, I/fiO ioiim bunheu, Frederic Hewitt, rum well
launder, will start from New York oil the v&l of Seplem || j,
her, currying the U. S- Mail. ,
She will loiit-h at t'oWt-H and Southampton to laud paw ,ar 1
ranger*, and deliver the mails for Euglund, Prance ami llel- (Ion
giuui, ami will then proceed to BreincrhaVeU. Returning, ruv.
will leave llrcmerhavcii the 15th October. ""
The Washington in built in the rtmngest manner, with a
view to being converted inu? a ship of war, ami Miilijecl at
any lime to inapertimi by officers appointed by the Presi- ? A
iluiil, both (luring and after construction A
She has iwoenjrhiwiol UMI horse power each, and oc- A Ix
commodaliniin h?r l"-*' iMuwewtem. ? :
Passage from New York to Southampton or to llremcu,
?U). On
Do from llremen and Soutliamptoit to New York, tlft). 11..
Slie will carry about 30D tons freight, which will he
charged according to the nature of the goods n ire ring All Am
letters must pans through the Pout Office. Parcels, tor
wliicli bills of lading will be signed, will be charged tfieucli. .
For Freight or Passage, uppiy ? me omccoi i?m- o?-? aii
Stenm Navigation Compauv,-Ift William street, corner ol Wh
Wall. fc- MILLS, (iciieral Agent. m
Agents nt Southampton, DAY, CIIOSKKV & IIOSH.
at Bremen, A. 11KINKKKN ?V I'll. 'An
Tlio second steamer of the line I* in due course of construction,
and will he in ruudinestf in the ensuing fall. Aru
m* ijr ; l oit,
iflftl-v The ships of this Company arc appointed to '
?H follows: VN h
The UNION. Capl. Herbert, sails on the 30th Sept. 1817. .
44 PHILADELPHIA, Capt. BCflaon,44 15th Oct. Ani
44 MISSOURI, Cant Morin, 44 3lst 44 Ho
44 NEW YO/IAT, Cajil. Fcrrand. 1415th Nov. A
The PHIL A DELPHI A sails on the 15th of Sept Bel
44 MISSOURI, 44 44 30th 44 ' vVh
44 NEW YORK, 44 44 Uhh Oct. ,
44 UNION, 44 44 31st 44 Is I
Pnssago from New York to Havre, tig); wines not in- J hi
eluded. n,
lh.Tths not secured until paid for. u,li
An experienced surgeon is attached to each ship. Am
These ships having been constructed lor the French Royat
Navy, ure inferior to no vessel in all sea-worthy qualities. 1"
Their cabins are large, well furnished, and Unusually Till
Well ventilated, and their table is unsurpassed. q.
Wines of all kinds and of the best ijuality arc furnished
at very low rates. I hi
For freight dr passage, apply to the Company's Agency, t|e
No. II Broadway. | net M ly*
niiuilgomcry, Ala. Pel
IT will he a matter of gratification to the eitisuut of Mont- $0)
joinery, as well as the travelling community through if,
that great commercial thoroughfare, to learn that Mr.
Washington Tilly, ho long and favorably known as the Yo
courteous and gentlemanly proprietor of Montgomery Hall, q,h
will open, on the 1st of November, the above new and admirably
arranged Hotel, under Mr. J. J. Stewart, the pro- Thi
1 prietor. In the accommodation lor permanent boarders ^,1(
and transient visiters, no expense has been spared by the
proprietor and the undersigned, as manager, to merit that Ho
jtairuhagu which their experience and popularity merits \n[
The building and furniture are 'new and c??slly, and well
adapted to suit llic taste of travellers?the furniture ?no- l1
deru. The tables will be well supplied with every article He
requisite for llie most laslidious bo tes, and (lie wines of ,,,
superior brand. 1 lie first nchhioii ol tlir Legislature will
assemble; In llihtcily, and upon this, ?m upon every occa To
niiill, the members, un well iih the public in general, utay *
ex|Mci iiu diminution ol the attention they have hitherto (
experienced from Ihe itnderoignH. 'Oil
oct8 ly" WASHINGTON TII.I.V nif
Ulrclly opposite Boston Common. 'Oil
Mlt JOHN WRIHIIT having relinquished all connexion My
with lit*- Wiuihrop House, it will lor the inline he un- oj,
I tier the sole management ol ihe subscriber, uml the house '
ih now opened hk a Hotel lor the travelling public, an well Is >
as ii home lor more nermnheut boarders. Th<
The nil nation ol the House, directly m front of Ronton
, Common, itk spacious tiinj uiiy rooms, and all its Internal All
iiccotntnoilanoiiH, render it unequalled by any public Iiouma An
r in the cily, in iti; attractions lor Ihe traveller, and for those .
desiring more permanent lodgings.
Every convenience un lo aitarimenlH, table uud alien ' Y
dance, will be furiOKhed at Ihe lioMHe, which can be had al ??,
any hotel in ihe city, in itu attractions for the traveller, and
lor those desiring more permanent lodgings. Tl
Every convenience an lo uparUneuia, table and alien- | ,
dance, will be iuiTiifthed al The boose, which vail be had al
; any hotel or boarding house m the city, and the iiubacribcr *1
will devote hlinMeli to Hie comfort of all who may favor him Al
with their patronage.
Parlies 11 a veiling Willi their families, and with ladies, 1 1
will 'find Ihe Wmliirop House especially adapted to their
convenience. mi.
The put ions ge of (lie travelling public and ol immanent
octS.ly* , WILLIAM II 8POONBR. /,??
"New Carpet Warehouse.
BAl l.AIM) 4 PKINCK inform their custom* rs and the
public ftint they have removed from tin* <>l?l stand ho
, long occupied by Hum, to flu: large and commodious W a rc
, house, its cully creeled on (lie uorlli side of
, a Hliort distance front Washington street, where they offer .
I lor sale an extensive assortment of Hiiftlish and Aiiiericau
rarpdings, or all qualities; do do Stair CnriMHinga; Hearth
Rugs; lf?M-kil??H; Si raw Mattings, A"- At.
Also, Kiiglisli and American Painted Floor (.'lotIn, of all
diiiicoHions. im'I M ly*
No* 371 Wnnliln#toitHtreet, Bontoii. '
TDK undersigned respectfully inform their friends and
the nublk, that they have become proprietors of the dot
above new and splendid Hotol.
The Adams IIoiihc was erected during the paiif Reason to ? ;
supply an obvious demand tbr increased and superior nc- cm
coinnuHlatioiif) in this city. It its located on Washington dot
street, within five minutes' walk of the gront Southern and
Western Uailroad Depots, and the business sectioiiH of the '"V
city. It is adjacent to the Park, and the Cupola commands pus
a beautiful view of the Harbor and adjoining towns. j.,r
The llonse has been constructed after the most approved .
plans, with all tbu modern inventions that iniuiHier to the ,'1?
conilort and eonvetfiencu of the traveller, and the construe dar
tor's long experience lb hotels, lias maided him to introduce
many improvements which are, as yet. peculiar to n,,tJ
this establishment. It is built of Quiucy granite, and con not
tains One Hundred and Fitly Rooms, conveniently arrang
ed in Hiiils and single apartments, well veiitilate?l, and sop 1
plied with an abundance of pure soil water. lib'
The Furniture .was made to order from the best patterns, till)
with special regard us well to comfort and convenience, us
luxury and splendor. ,nk
Our Table will bo supplied Willi all the luxuries of the me;
season, and we pledge ourselves that the Finar rarities ot i
the season shall be lound upon it.
W4 have devoted unusual attention to the selection of 1?
servants, and our guests may rely upon prompt ami polite .say
Porters will be in readiness, at the various Depots, to take
charge of baggage and provide Carriages for our guests. as
The proprietors trust by strict attention to the wants ol H|i(,
guests to merit a share of patronage, assuring all who may
tavor them with u visit, that nothing shall he wanting on "v<
their part, to render the Adams IIourk second to none in sen
the Union. L. &. W. T. ADAMS. Promielois. o
WM. T. A Mr
AdninH House, lloston. OctHly' |>oli
Merchants' Exchange Hotel, <uTi
THE subscriber will open on the 1st of September next, f,
the McrrhiiJits' Excfumgn Hotel, located in State street, nuf
ami iu the immediate vicinity pf the Hunks, the Post Of- ten
lice, nnd the Exchange, ami hopes hy the strictest attention
to (lie wants and comforts of |gs guests, to merit a good '
share of the public, patronage. The house has one linn* to <
dred rooms, has been thoroughly renovated and repair- n|m
cd, and the undersigned feels confident that he is now pre- t?.
pared to entertain the travelling public in a style equal to ^
any Hotel iu the city. The bedding and furniture generally nut
has been replenished, ami the appointments ami convent- (ho
ences of the House are inferior to none of Its kind. Hy
prompt personal attention to the desires of his guests, the 10 (
subscriber hopes to merit his share of the public favor and ?t
patronage. .
Transient Hoarders One Dollar per day.
octSly* HENRY DOOLEY. ack
British and North American Royal Mall j
Appointed hy the Admiralty to mil JBO^v v, r
nuniiinitHAI.IFAX to laud and receive Passengers unit
Her Majesty's Malls: no'
CAMHRIA. Cant. Charles II. E. Jiidkins. I,u<
CALEDONIA, " Edward IJ |.ott boo
URITANNJA, " William Harrison ,ir ?
HIIIEUNIA, " Alexander Hyrie
ACADIA. " Niel Shannon. anil
The lour SleamahipH now building nrt;: 1
Tito AMKUIVAy Tin NIUIARA, jildi
The CvlAM/M, TlwtiUROPA. Hill
Tin: vest*'la appointed lo rail I mm I.I Vl-dtpf Mil. arc the ''"H
('A l,NI)( h\ IA on llir I'.Hli August jVJu;
ItltlTAWIA on the lilt September.
llllttlRNIA Oil lliu I'.Hll September. 01
Tin' vewwls appointed to rail from HUSTON alt llir ',?II
V AMUR IA on the 1 at September. rinj
('AI,HIH>NIA on 1 lie loth irnilxr ......
It It IT AN MIA oil llie IkI October.
IIIHRIiNIA on the Ititli October. pro:
The** slope carry experieiir?*d Surgeons ?'<t I
No lit rili Her 11red until paid lor ??(?|
No Freight, pi Specie, received on dnya of Hailing.
M?/r All lall. iKund Newspaper*own/ jhiu through the HOH
Punt Office Merchandize and Specie (eJirept lor |m-ihoii?I noli
expenses) Hlnp|M*<| under the naine ol m-oiiauk will lie - r|
charged ait fieiptil, au?I liable to Custom limine It eg 11 l it ions
Specie lido ii iih freight. i'oll
For Irright or nnfetinre, apply to S. S. LEWIS, No. 1 Com- Imp
ineiri.il wliarl. Itorton. .
In addition to tin above line l?etwrcn Liverpool and lloi 11 11
loo via llaliliix, a < oilti i?'| 11 ?m ??? ? 11 oleiI 111i0 with Iter 11111
Map Mv'H tioverninent.to entabhah a line between Liverpool ?v
and New \ oik direrl The Steamships for Ihia service i?re
now being huill, and due nolp'e will tie given ot llie lime ry f
when they will atari Under the new contract, the steamers fpp
will nail every Saturday during the right monthi;, and every ,
tortiMffkudurinn tin oih. 1 ?..nihs m ihe vnt /..o,.. ' n'
.iift'iinlH/ in i\vt?-ti i.tvi ip4Mii .m i iitiiux ;*u?i nommi, mmx inu
I between Liverpool oiul New Vork. I ?UI,
[ (KH
OCTOBER 8, 1847.
/'Vom the hint Westminster Review.
lere 1b a tale which, we feel aure, all our readers
it admire lor its simplicity and ^raecfulneBs, us
I an the mystical moral lliut runs underneuth it.
* a irein in Persian literature, and deserves to he
moro extensively known tlmn it is. Our trunslui
in strictly literal ami as nearly word for word an
uie would allow.
The Merchant ami lila Parrot*
parrot belonged to a merchant sage,
uautiful parrot, confined in u cage;
I one day the good merchant's fancy ran
a journey of traffic to Hindustan,
bode all his servants and maidens come,
L he asked them what gifts he should bring them
I each servant and maiden with thanks confessed,
ate'er it might be, that would please them best,
his purrot lie turned, and said, smilingly,
d what Indian gift shall I bring to tluc /*
I the parrot replied, 1 When thou go'st thy way,
1 behoidesl my fellows as there they play, >
give them my message, and tell them this?
them know from me what captivity is '
' HICHI? |ianui, a menu ??. j-wu.o,
0 hu3 duncod with you in those happy bowers,
1 been carried itway by ill fete's design,
i now is confined in u cage of mine;
sends you the wishes that love should send,
1 prays you to think of your ubscnt friend,
told," he says, "how I pine, alas !
lile you dance nil day on the trees and grass;
his to be faithful in friendship und love?
sre in a prison, and you in a grove 7
remember our friendship in days gone by,
i send me some hope in captivity !" '
3 merchant set out, und his way pursued
he cunte at lust to an uncient wood
the borders of lnd, where, in summer glee,
.* parrots were sporting from tree to tree,
stayed his horse as he past them went,
il he gave them the message his parrot sent;
I one of the birds, as the words he said,
I ofl'from its bough to the ground, us dead,
e repented the sage, as the parrot fell;
si's creature is slain by the words 1 tell,
n parrot and mine were not friends alone,
L*ir bodies were two, but their souls were one.
is tongue of mine is like Hint and steel,
I all that it utters are sparks which kill.'
then went on his way with a heavy, heart,
il lie traded in muny a distant mart;
J at length, when his trallic aud toil were o'er,
returned to his welcome home once more,
every servant a gift he brought?
every maiden the gift she sought;
d the parrot, too, asked, when its turn was come,
\ where is the gift you have brought me home 7* i
'was a bitter message,1 the bage replied;
>r when it Was glv'n thy companion died!'
.1 flic bird .-it mice .when the words Were mm id
II ofl* like ifh frit*iiJ, from its perch, as dead
ten the merchant beheld it thus fall and die,
sprung from his place with a bitter cry;
i, my sweet-voiced parrot, why fall's! thou low?
well-lov'd partner of joy and woe
, alas' alas! that ho bright a moon
relied by the clouds of death so soon ?'
en out of the cage the bird he threw,
d, lot to the top of a tree it Hew !
d while he stood gav.ing with wond'rlng eyea,
thus answered his doubts and removed surprise on
Indian parrot appeared to die,
it it taught me a lesson Of liberty;
tat since 'twas my voice which imprisoned me,
oust die to escape, and once in ore be free!'
then gave liiiu some words of advice ere it flew,
id then joyfully wished the good merchant adieu:
lion bast done nie a kindness*; good master, fore
ion hast fried me for aye from the bond of this
trftrell, mj/ good mast er} for honUArard If'j.,
ir day Hum shall gain the same freedom a* //' "
From the last Westminister H neir
of run
riie interest which the story of the poisoning of
Thomas Overbury has always excited in the stuit
of Fnglish History, cannot be ascribed to any
at sympathy either with the victim or the reputed
uinuls - profligate favorites in u corrupt undabuuicd
court?but must be traced principally to the
stery that overhangs the transaction, and its supicd
connexion with still darker secrets. This muawas
generally believed, at the time, to be conriectwith
the death of Prince Henry, the hope and
ling of the nation, and with a plot more extensive
I more horrible than that of Guy Faux; the charer
of James I. was supposed to have been deeply
ilicnted; and many thought that by his direction
public mind was set on a wrong scent at the trial of
delinquents. Later researches, whilst partly provthese
suspicions to he unfounded, have by no
anscleared tip the mutter. Mr. Hallum, who seems
luvo studied the subject very attentively, and gone
ill the sources of information then within reach,
a, after detailing one or two points which heconsidsettled,
" Upon the whole, I cannot satisfy myself
to this mystery." lie also says, "The circuinuees
connected with the murder of Sir Thomas
rbury might furnish materials for a separate delation,
had 1 leisure to stray into these by-paths."
^Iie task here suggested has been undertaken by
. Amos, who has not only collected together, we
ieve, all the information on tin; subject that wasviously
open to the public, but has added various
uments, yet unpublished, from the State Pajwr
ice, and manuscripts in the British Museum. Of
? new matter the most valuable portion is the writexaminations
of prisoners and witnesses, taken
valely by Sir Kdward Coke, who was employed
collect the evidence for the prosecution. These
i'o tho transaction in a very dillerent light from
t in which it has been commonly viewed. If they
y bo depended on, they tend greatly to diminish
criminality of Somerset; and they likewise servo
explain what has been hitherto so unaccountable
he dilliculty that was found In putting Overbury
death. The work before us, therefore, must be
iiowlcdgcd as u valuable accession to English hiscnl
litcruture. At the same time, it unfortunutely
pens that the materials so diligently uccumulahavo
been so unurtfully put together, with so |?erne
a disregard of method and chronology, and are
nuch overlaid with general commentary, that they
only fail of producing their due effect, but arc
irly unintelligible to the hasty render. What the
k wants is some kind of introductory narrative
ninimary of the results, that might serve as index
kev to its very heterogeneous contents.
homas Hon of .Sir Nicholas Ovcrbury, one of the
^ h of tho Marches was horn at Boston-on-thej,
in Uloucoatorallire. He studied nl Oxford, and
ling up to London, resided for some time in the
Idle Temple. Finding the law not to hiu taste, he
it aller "east anchor at court," "the then haven of
e," nays hi? biographer, Winstanley, "for nil aspi[
ypirits." licrc he became distinguished for his
! accomplishments, lie wrote both in verse and
<*?, with ease and elegance. Besides a poem callhe
"Wife," ami some minor pieces, he published
lurnrters," prose essays, in the manner afterwards
uccessfully adopted by Dr. F.arle. Mr. Amos gives
ie specimens of his style. They are much dened
by the vice of tin1 ago, a tendency to fantastic
ceits and strained antithesis; but contain many
py turns, nrenlwayajrurt and energetic, sometimes
norons, and indicate a lively and cheerful tone of
'hat however which was the making of Overbu
i fortune's was his introduction to the notice and
ndship ol Robert Carr, afterwards Viscount Roster
and Karl of Somerset. This young gentlen,
coming up from Scotland m the stream of forte-seekers,
had, by a lucky accident, atttacted tlu
notice of the kin};; and his |s rsonnlU amy ami grace
fulness of demeanor at once made their way to James'
capricious favor. Curr was illit* rate, idle, and by no
means gifted with ability. Hut IdH inllueiiee over the
king admitted him into all tiie secrets of stale ; plac. d
at his disposal all the gifts and promotions; pave liiui
a voice in all questions of foreign and domestic pol
ity ; and thus, while it overwhelmed him with wealth
and court friends, overwhelmed him likewise with
duties, cares, and respoiiaibUitics which lie must have
found irksome enough- In a country where all was
strange to liini, and whose very language he could
scarce speak intelligibly, a guide and counsellor must
^iavo been of the last necessity to him; and such an
one lie found in Sir Thomas Overburv. Ovcrburv
was received into his patron's inmost confidence; nil
affairs of state were made known to him; despatches,
petitions, in u word, the secret history of the nation,
all was open to both alike; till at last, as Bacon tells
us, they two knew more ol' what was passing in the
country than did the council itself. In all thingsCarr
made Overbury bis oracle; and, indeed, if we are to
believe the vaunt of the latter, owed to hiiu all his
fortunes, reputation, and understanding. Thus it
I came to pass that the servant, an able, unscrupulous
I man, began at length to look upon the master as a
J mere tool. Overbury may have known, perhaps,
' nioro fully than wo can know, the nature and causes
I of Curr's extraordinary influence over the king. Or
I it may lie that, he had gained too much insight into
| secrets of slate. At ail events, it is certain that Overbury
believed lie hud the favorite in his power; and,
use what insolence ho might, he could not now be
shaken (off. His patron was soon to learn that bud
men must endure with patience the tyranny of their
confidential servants.
Carr, created Viscount Rochester, had not long
enjoyed Ins new rank, and the courtly society which
was now open to him, before lie was captivated by
the charms of the young Countess of Essex, then in
attendance on the uuecn. Ladv Frances Howard
ably, to reveal the matter to Rotluater, sent wortl to
Woodes that that could not be.
Meantime, Roe beater and Northampton were devising
lacuna to rid themselves of Ovcrbury's dangerous
opposition. An act ol' tyranny, by no means uncommon
under t|tc Tudora, was made instrumental
to their private grudge. Rochester, who had the
king's ear, induced him to appoint Overbury urn
buasudor to MuHcovy;tbcn persuaded the latter to
decline the irksome honor; and, when the treacherous
advice was taken, bad hint clapped into the Tower
lor contempt. The poor man's indiscretion, it seems
came in aid of the inuchiualiona of his enemies. Upon
receiving u formal oiler of the embassy, he not
only refused it, but, as rumor went, indulged in some
stinging sarcasms upon the court, which came to the
king's ear, and put him into a violent rage. Overbury's
imprisonment took place about the JUth April,
This object being removed, the project, hatched no
doubt in tlie. prolific brain oi Northampton, was
brought to maturity. A suit for a divorce was set on
loot, upon the pica that, by witch^rult or otherwise,
Essex hml been incapacitated for performing the
duties of u husband towards the Lady Eranccs. in
.a proceeding that was so neur at heart witli the king's
favorite, the king took the greatest interest: he impatiently
urged oil the proceedings in the Ecclesiastical
Court, and himself dictated, we are told, itslinul
decree. The story goes, that when the countess was
to be examined before u jury of matrons, an unmarried
daughter of one Sir Thomas Monsou was sub-1
stitutcd in her place, concealed unde r a thick veil.?
I'.vi-muiiiiy , (lie I inn I |*i uiiuiiiiccu in lavor Ol H1C
countess; thus icloiniiiig l?cr from that ill-starred wedlock,
in which nature, ami prudence, ami her own
allectioiis hud been alike disregarded by tile laniily
pride of her relatives. This sop tc nee was followed,
after no long interval, by Lady Frances' marriage
with Rochester; whom, that his rank might correspond
to Item, the king now created Fallot Somerset.
The marriage was solemnized with the utmost pomp.
The king himself pave away the bride, paid the marriage
fees, and presided over the festivities. The
queen made a handsome wedding-gift. The wife ol
a bishop presented the bride-cake. All who ho|nd
for court-favor,? in other words, ull who were, or a
spired to be, eminent, wealthy, or distinguished
IVIf-U IVgCTIIIVI III I III" auinpiliuiisill 7I9UI III! irglllM 1(1 I |U
young couple. One gave u team of the lineal hornet
luul boon married, tit the upri|>o age of thirteen, to a
!>oy of fourteen, who hail ifnmediately been forced to
leave her, to complete his education ou the continent.
She wan yet a girl when she wus initiated into the
pleasures and teiuplulions of a court, of which, for
Iter rare beauty, she was looked upon as one of the
brightest ornaments. A contemporary writer, who
bore her no good will, declares ot her that "Those
who saw her face might challenge Nature of hypocrisy,
for harboring wo wicked a heart under no sweet
aiuFbewilching a countenance." Her beauty was a
futul gift. Surrounded by flatterers, separated from
her natural protectors, with the liberty of a widow
and the susceptibility of a girl, Lady Frances was not
sufliciently insensible to tile solicitation of the young
favorite. Carr employed Overbury's pen to give
words to his wishes; and a private correspondence
was carried on between the lovers, through the medium
of one Mrs. Turner, the ludy's )>erfuuier.
The intrigue was interrupted by the return of Lord
Essex from his travels. Lady Frances received him
with undisguised repugnance. The youuggirj^hrank
from coiiBumnulting u marriage that wus itself a
criuic; and she endeavored to persuade Essex into a
separation. To aid her in this attempt, no doubt,
and by the udviee of her confidante, Mrs. Turner, she
.applied to one Dr. Firman, ? noted astrologer, for an
amulet to chill her husband's love. Her letter to the
doctor, in which she styles him her "dear father,"
was produced on her trial/ together with the charm
lie gave her, w Inch consisted of enchanted papers and
puppets, a piece of human skin, uud u black scurf lull
of wlutc crosses, The good doctor's recipe appears to
have been of no avail. Battled in this quarter, Lady
FranceA must now have revealed iter secret to her
uncle, Lord Northampton, a nobleman whom Bacon
styles the "leamedest councillor in the kingdom,"
and who is the author of a work in refutation ol
withchcraft. It is an odd coincidence (hat fltiv book
was published in the same year, i&dJ, in which tin
niece gave so remarkable a proof of her l?eliel in (lie
aiipcrsdtion thai (he uncle u(lacked. Northampton
seems lo have been induced, by his anxiety for his
young relative's reputation, to assist her with his!
valuable counsels; and a project wus devised, by which
she might be released Irom the abhorred yoke,..ami
united to the m.in she ioVcd.
This plan, however, ul the very outset, met with
opposition hi a quarter irom which it was least ex
pet'ted. Cmrbury, who h.i.l hitherto helped to forward
his pairon's suit without reluctance, resolutely
opposed himself to the project (?I a marriage. i*erhaps
lit? had at heart the interests of his friend, and
officiously sought to serve hint against his will: perhaps
lie was unwilling to share with a another the
influence he wielded, and which he hud already found
extremely profitable. Whatever Ids motive he was
not content with exhortations, attacks on the lady's
character, insolent H|>eeches, or even threats; he also
proceeded, it would appear, to take active measures
lor defeating Northampton's design. He seems now
to have given his patron distinctly to understand that
lie knew Ins power; thai lie hud a hold upon him,
which he was not inclined to forego, and that Rochester
must make his choice between resigning tlu
lady ami braving one who was master of ids sec re is.
When Lady Fiances learnt that Overluiry had thus
crossed her love, and traduced her name, mid placed
himself athwart the only pulli that could leud hei
l>ack to virtue and happiness, all the furies in her
breast were aroused. She now proved that under
that "sweet und bewitching," countenance of girlish
beauty lay passions, whictuioobstacle of fear or conscience
could restrain. She sought to clear her way
by removing her enemy. Having learnt that one
.Sir L>. Woodes bore Overluiry a grudge, she sought
In in out; urged him to assassinate Sir Thomas; and
promised him a reward of L 1,000, arid to make his
greatest enemy?meaning Rochester? his greatest
iricud. 'This w# have on the authority of Woodes
himself. The worthy knight replied, he says, that
he would do so at once, it she would obtain him an
assurance under Rochester's hand, or by word ol
mouth, that he should be allowed to escape, or have
a pardon. Hereupon the lady paused, and desired
time to reflect; and afterwards, not venturing, piob
NUMBER 13<>.
In I tinliiH annlliMr n utdil wnnilllVU -Dttll : ll<*r.
hangings worth X'1,500; another, a aiiver cradle to
burn sea-coal ; unuthcr, two oriental pour la. So
Fruucia Huron in.si.sted on paying for thu masque,
which the bencher of Lincoln's Inn preaenti d at the
marriage-supper, the coet being X2,000. Dr. Donne,
forgetting the clergy noon in the ?ourtu.r, wrote eulogistic
verses, complimenting the bride on the "manly
courage" with which she "braved unjust opinion."
Lady Frances boldly arrayed hersell in the costume
appropriated to virgin brides. Everything passed
in Mhort, an if Ks*ex and the former marriage hud no
existence; us if the bride's reputation were unsullied,
and her conscience without reproach.
During the time, however, which hod been taken
up by these proceedings, was perpetrated that foul
crime which forms the mibjei t of our narrative.?
M< n of law, it poems, were not more celebrated for
despatch in those days than in our own: the suit for
the divorce had been commenced in April or May;
but it was not till St. Snellen's day, in December,
that the marriage could take place. Sir Thomas
Overbtiry died on the 15th September. That he died
by poison ^an scarcely lie doubted; though dure are
conflicting opinions us to what persons arc implicated
in the guilt. A pluin nurruUve of the circumstances
that occurred, so far as they appear clearly
established, will enable the reader to draw his own
i conclusions, particularly as to tin- guilt of Somerset <
mill James, WIIIL'II am ine principal qucsuuiu iu umputo.
In lilt? first place, it seems clour thai Overbury wax
minimal ns well ua placed in prison hy the machinations
id' Somerset. According to the usual course ut
procedure, lie might have expected tils rrleuac after
an iiiipriaoniucnt of a Tow weeks, il' not days. But
Somerset reipiired Ilia detention till the divorce and
second marriage should be accomplished. VVc find
that means was taken by some one to inspire James
with feelings towards Uverbury which seem incommensurate
with the very venial oflencc of declining
an embassy. From a contemporary letter It uppcurx,
that "much ado there hath been to keep SlrT. Overhiiry
from a public eensuru of banishment and loss of
office, such a noted hilt red llcth ill the king's hearl
towards Idin." That this hatred was the work of
Somerset seems a fair inference from the circumstances
in which he was placed.
Again, It was necessary for Somerset's purpose,
not only to keep Ovcrbury iu prison, but to keep him
close, and to allow of no correspondence on his part,
that might either obstruct tlie divorce, or publish
those secrets, whatever they might be, in the possession
of which lay Overbury's hold a|>on his patron.
Accordingly, Somerset upiwars to have bcon the means
ol doliarring the prisoner from the attendance of his
body-servant. Overbury's father and mother, on the
news of his urrest, hail eoinc up to town to make exertions
lor his release; but Somerset, whilst he anuis
ed them with hopes, and promises of his assistance,
strongly urged them to go back into the country, und
neither press to see their son, nor deliver petitions to
the king on his behalf; assuring them lliat their interference
would only stir up enemies, and protract
Iuh release.
Another, and still more suspicious circumstance Is
to come. Shortly after his Imprisonment, and while
he yet confided in his friend, Overbury received front
him a while powder, which lie was to take medicinally.
Somerset declared, at his trial, that this wua at
Overbury's request,who wished to appear sick, that his
patron might lake occasion to move the king's compassion.
He also produced a letter, iu which Over
bury suid that the powder had agreed with him,
though he meant to lake no more of that kind. There
Is, however, some mystery about this powder, which
has not been cleared up. When asked whence ho
hail it, Somerset asserted that it wua given hlin by
one Sir II. l'ettlgrew, from whom ho hod got similar
iiieilieinc before, ax Overbury knew. But Pottigrvw
maintained thut he had never given Somerset bnt
three powders; and each of diese was traced; so tlut
I lyre must have t/oon a fourth, for Overbury, from
some other quarter. This powder then may hare
been poison. But if so, it is impossible to suppose
il in any way the cause of death, immediately or re
inntciy. It prisluecd a violent effect; was followed
hy great vomiting ana purging; bill beyond thut il
seems to have left no trages of its presence: lite patient
recovered, and lived for months. If it were poison,
we may perhaps presume tlrat Ovcrbury was saved
hy the over-strength of the dose.
Weeks rolled on, and still Overbury was u prisoner
Somerset professed much, but had done nothing; and
Overbury's friends, as well as himself began todoubt
[ lite sincerity of one who was not used to ask favors
of the king in vain. Sir John I.ydeote, Overbury's
brother-in-law, found means to send him a letter, in
which he recommends him to change his style In
?tiling to Somerset. Overbury took the hint, and
wi-oli. two very luuieriollR letters of which ftlnoocntid
closet \\ itlk an alarming throat, as followa;?
"Well, all tlifs vacation I have written the story
I betwixt you and me: how I have lost iny friends for
your sake; what hazard 1 have run; what secrets
have passed between us; how, after yott had won
iliat woman by my letters, you then concealed all
your after proceedings from mc; and how upon this
there came many breaches betwixt tfs; of the vow you
made to be even with mej and your sending for nie
twice that day that 1 was caught in the trap, persuading
me that it was u plot of mine enemies to send inc
U yond sea, and urging me not to accept it, assuring
me to free me from any long trouble. On Tuesday I
made an end of this, and on Fiiday m nl it to a friend
of mine under eight seals; and, if you persist to use
me thus, assure yourself it shall be published. Whether
I live or die, your shame shall never die, but ever
remain to the world, to make you the most odious
man living."
Shortly after the arrest of Ovcrbury, Weston was
sent for to Lady Frances' apartments at Whitehall,
where he was closeted with the lady and Mrs. Turner.
Mere he was told that he should be appointed
Overhury's keeper, and tlint there should be sent him
a "water," which lie wus to take care and give to the
prisoner, and for so doing he should receive a large
reward. Accordingly, he had not been long in his
new |Mist before he received front them a little glass
full of "water," of yellowish and greenish color. Now,
it seems that Weston had all this time been under a
mistaken notion that the Lieutenant was in the secret.
That evening, therefore, the 9th of May, when
about to take up Ovcrbury's soup, Weston asked
Llwes, "whether he should now give him that which
he had or no7" Klwes alloc ted to hear him without
surprise, and led him apart, and by a few questions,
so turned as not to show his ignorance, drew out the
other's secret. Hereupon the good Lieutenant read
him such a lecture on the hcinousncss of his crime,
and tin-judgment to come, thai the poor man?who
had, perhaps, grown up in ignorance, and been made
a tool by others, without a due tense of his own responsibility-fell
on Ills knees, and with uplifted
hands, says Rlwot, "blessed the time that ever he did
know me." Then he explained his mistake. "Why,
sir," said he. "did vou not know what should be
done?!' Elwisa not only protested his Ignorance,and
made Weston fling the accursed "water" into u gutter,
hut gained such an influence over him, thot he
promised liiithfully to report from time to limo all
that might be designed against Overbury's life. Elwes
shrank, however?und here lies his limit, as ho afterwards
became sensible ?ho shrank from making a
public expostiro of the plot he had thus beoome privy
to. lie dared not bravo the wrath of Lady Prances
and Iter lover, the all-powerful favorite, to whom ho
owed his appointment, and on whom Ids prospects
depended. He contented himself'with counter-plotting ,
in a manner which ho believed must keep Overbury
safe. Weston, by his direction was so to carry matters
towards Ins employers that they might believe
him still devoted to them ho was to report that ho
had given the "water," and to pass off false talcs of
its effects?as that it was followed by "extreme oustings,"
and the like; and Elwes, as he found occasion,
was to confirm his report of tho prisoner's health.
(7b be continued.)
| "i The Washington correspondent of the N. \
Journal of Commerce, al ter sneaking of the failure of
the |Hiacc negotiations with Mexico, adds- The
financial arrangements and prospects of tho
Treasury will be essentially altered by the present
slate of things. It was only last wwk thai Mi.
Walker congratulated himself u|?on tholaei that ano
ther loan would not Iks wanted. If we are to pursue
the war, merely with a view to punish the Mexicans
lor refusing to treat, we shall want a new loan of fifty
nullum*. To inflict ndcounte and certain punishment,
according to the plan ol the "Union," wo must send
( an army of fifty-thouaaiHl men to ravage and d#so?t?
the tommy,

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