OCR Interpretation

The daily national Whig. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1847-1849, December 23, 1847, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014405/1847-12-23/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

' ''
For Prealdeut
Subject tp the decieion of the Whif NetionsJ CoDeeulion
The Constitution declares, that Congress
hall have power " to exercise exclusive le
gislation, in all cases whatsoever," over the
X)istrict which may become the seat 01 government
of the United States, "by cession
of particular States, and the acceptance
of Congress."
The extent of all grants of power is determined
by the extent of authority to confer
the same, which the grantor possesses at
the time of making the grant. The States
which assembled in the Convention that
framed and completed the Constitution, were
independent and sovereign bodies, and they
retained all the attributes of sovereignty and
independence, which they did not part with
when they created the federal charter. Their
grants of power are invariably limited to the
accomplishment of the objects proposed to
be attained by the act of union. The grantors
never divested themselves, in any case,
of supreme power, except for specific pur.
Now, it never was the intention of the
States to give to the United States any pow
er over the fundamental local institutions of
society, to establish them anew in territory
of the United States, where they did npt
exiss, or to alter, abolish, or modify them
where they already exist. There is no grant of
any such power any where in the Constitution,
and, in the debates upon its adoption,
there is ample proof that such a purpose was
studiously avoided.
One of these fundamental local institutions
arises from the right of a given society
to establish the principle by which the descent
of property shall be regulated, and
another springs irom the power of the same
society to grant such personal rights to its
ipembers as it may of its own sovereign will
be pleased to grant. Instead of granting to
' the United States the power to establish, alter,
abolish or modify either of these institutions,
"the Constitution is silent upon th<
former, and only recognizes the existence ol
the latter by a clause providing for its protection
out of its proper limits.
When the States of Maryland and Virginia
ceded to the United States the ter
mues square, Known as me uisinci 01 ^ ohimbia,
and when the cession was acceptec
by Congress, the ceded territory carried wit!
it, among others, the two fundamental local
institutions just referred to?the law of descents
and the law of negro-slavery. Nearly
half a century has elapsed since the acl
of cession and Congress has not attempted tc
change or abolish either of these fundamental
institutions. It has correctly construed
its grant of power over the District thus
ceded. The grant of " exclusive legislation,
in all cases whatsoever," is a limited
grant, limited to the objects for which it was
made, neither of which is the disturbance ol
the law of descents or the law ol negroslavery.
Congress is not a local legislature
in the strict sense of the term, because it it
not composed of the representatives of the
District, which the Cqflsymtion nl#?d un?
_ rl*r if, surveillance. -1""f", 'Jf* " . lc"
^j|pfature, u cannot touch local institutions,
indeed, we have always regarded the ordinary
interpretation of this clause, giving-the
power to Congress to legislate for the District,
as in utter violation of the grand principle
on which the Constitution itself is based?the
relation between constituent and representative.
It is obvious that this consideration
has always restrained Congress
from legislating for the District as extensively
as its wants have demanded. We consider
the common construction of this clause
an unconstitutional?if we may be allowed
kuv aiiu u vuil^icaa VYCIC IU 1Cfuse
to legislate for the people of the District
at all, it would come nearer executing
the intent of the Constitution.
If the territory of the District of Columbia
were only occupied by the persons engaged
in the public service, as the forts, arsenals,
and dock-yards of the United States
generally are, the grant of power to Congress
to legislate exclusively over it would
Be more in'accordance with the spirit of the
Constitution. But in the cases of arsenals,
dock-yards, &c., in the slave States,Congress
does not attempt to interfere with the fundamental
local laws prevailing in their vicinity.
And why ? Obviously because it does
not consider that it has the right. On the
other hand, Congress does not attempt to
alter the fundamental local law of negrofreedom
in the non-slave-hohling States in
which arc United States dock-yards, Sic.,
and evidently for a similar reasorf. If it be
a just construction, then, of the clause giving
to Congress the power of exclusive legislation
over the dock-yards,, arsenals, &c.
of the United States, not to interfere with
or disturb the fundamental local laws of the
' States in the ntighborood of these establishments,
it is plain that the construction applies
with equal force against interfering with
or disturbing the same laws of the District of
Columbia. The District of Columbia bears
the same relation to the State of Maryland
as me navy-vard at Norfolk does to the.
State of Virginia. The extent of territory
in the first case does not ailect the que.stion,
nor does the fact that nearly fifty thousand
disfranchised people live in the District of
Columbia strengthen the right claimed by
some for the exercise of supreme power by
Congress over these people. No one will
contend that Congress luis the" right to abolish
slavery in the navy-yard at Oosport or
Pensacola,or to establish it at thd Kittery or
New York navy-yards. Upon what principle,
then, can Congress he asked to interfere
with slavery in the District of Columbia.
The truth is, the grant to Congress of exclusive
legislation over tho District of Columbia
is the grant, as we have already said,
of a limited power?limited by the objects
to be attained?and they are the protection
of the Government property and the protection
of the Government in its deliberations
and in the discharge of its duties from inter
lerence trom without. A law is always to
be construed with reference to its subject
matter, and no one will say that the subject
matter of the clause in the Constitution giving
exclusive power to Congress to legislate,
for the District of Columbia is the abolition
of negro slavery or the alteration of the law
of descents. No such specific purpose is designed
by the Constitution.
Butp.it" will be asked, if this construction
of tbe Constitution obtains, what disposition
will be made for the government of the people
of the District of Columbia who are not
engaged in the public service ? We answer,
let Congress surrender all political sovereignty
over so much of the cession from Maryland
as is not occupied by the public buildings
and public grounds and all difficulty will
be at an end. Tne occupation by the United
States of ten miles square of territory has
been found to be unnecessary for the oDjects
lor which the acquisition was originally
sought, and nearly one-half of it has been
i J - ?r J:
The cession of the other half to the other
ceding State is required by every consideration
of justice and right. Masses of people
ought never to exist for a moment under our
form of Government in a state of disfranchisement.
The power of Congress to grant
the people of the District of Columbia a territorial
government is a mooted question. It
has been and is denied by our wisest statesmen.
But even ii Congress has the power,
it would be but a poor boon to grant the
people of the District the right to have a
delegate on the floor of the House of Representatives
without the privilege of voting and
the right to govern themselves by a'territorial
legislature with all its heavy expenses.
But whatever disposition be made of the
disfranchised people of the District of Columbia,
we thiuk we have clearly demonstrated
that Congress has not the power to interfere
with the institution of' negro slavery in the
District, to abolish it, alter it, or modify it.
Strong as is the constitutional argument
against the power of Congress to meddle
with negro slavery as it exists in our midst,
still stronger are the considerations of expediency
in opposition to touching it. We
shall advert to them on another occasion if
any disposition be shown by Congress to
usurp jurisdiction over the subject, of which,
however, we have not the least apprehension.
But if the memorials recently presented
should be entertained by either House, we
hope that the question raised by them will be
treated as becomes its importance, and that
discussion of it will not be avoided. Truth
has nothing to fear from discussion. We are
confident that the more thoroughly this question
is sifted the more confirmed will become
| the public mind in the truth of the doctrine
we herein contend for.
A Washington correspondent of the New York
Herald has just discovered that Mr. Pollc is scheming
for the next Presidency. He has been doing nothing
else since he went into the White House.
Novel Newspaper.?a paper has been started in
Princeton, Bureau county, Illinois, on a novel principle.
It is edited by a Whig, a Democrat, and a Ne
gro Liberty man. They divide the paper into three
parts, and each advocates his doctrines.
New Orleans, December 14, 1947.
Capt. Oolding, of the schooner Charrsn. arrived
from Tamplco, reports thst the Indian population ir
the neighborhood of Huejutla had risen upon the
troops stationed there and the white inhabitants
that in the Insurrection many had been killed and
wounded, and that the Indiana had been suceessfu
and had imprisoned a large number of their adversaries.
This news reached Tampico on the 28th ult.
and Col. Oates, the Governor, immediately despatch
ed to the scene of disturbances two companies undei
command of Capt. West. His command left on tht
30th ult.
? V ass
Indianapolis, Dec, 10, 1847.
The House of Representatives, by a very decider
vote, have passed a bill authorising thp State to bor
row a sum not exceeding one hundred and ten thou
sand dollars, in anticipation of the revenue, to mee
our interest. The measure will, doubtless, go througi
the Senate. Indiana no longer labors under the reproach
of repudiation.
mm ?Or
Gen. Scott has addressed a communication t<
the municipal authorities of the city of Mkxpto, In
conformity with the directions of our Goverment.?
All the revenues of the city ara appropriated to the
United Stales, to be disbursed by the direction of out
officers, and tha troops ere to be provided with quarters.
dtc.. free of iiMnM
':'U l/ -vi-:
It is with pleasure that we publish the fol'
lowing cards from the Union of last evening
' because, from our knowledge of the gentlemen
whose names are: to them, nothing couh
be more foreign to their feelings than to aic
~ the operations of the abolition party in it;
1 infernal schemes to break up the harmon)
" now existing between the North and the
I South. Indeed we know that Mr. Fitnam
' who has been raised in Virginia, has oiler
' while a resident of Philadelphia openly op'
posed the doings of those people at theii
public meetings, and that he also took a de1
cided stand against the course of the late
1 Daniel O'Connell, in his attack on the south'
em States, at the Repeal Association in thai
I city, which all its members know well. The
1 anti-abolition resolutions offered by Myles
D. Sweeny, and agreed to in that associa'
tion, four years ago, and subsequently adopt1
ed by the Repeal Association of Baltimore,
I" were drawn'up by him. This, we should
think, is enough to satisfy any one of his
! views on this subject. The only object these
! gentleman could have in signing any suet
' petition would be the carrying into effect existinoJgws
for the Dreyeat""1 "firmer ?t>>?
' city a mart for the traffic in slaves introduced
from other States. This is what those
States themselves do, and to which no one
can reasonably object.
Msaama. Editors : While In th? txcrciM of my dutlca
on Monday last, in lha Houm of Repreaantativaa, uar?nortcr.
a Df rmon of mv acnualntance nreaanted ma a n* tit ion
!o sign, which I did, on seeing his name, and the names o:
several others of respectable standing In this city, attachec
to it, and without having the time either to read or considei
It. Qn asking the person, this morning, why bis name^did
not appear with the others publtehc^jjfn the Union and National
IntiUiftncer, he replied by saying that "that waanol
the petition he had Intended to present." Now, I will say
here that I have been ever opposed to the movements of the
abolitionists, whether as a resident of the Northern or oi
the Southern Siatea, and that 1 will never sanction any
movement that is calculated to promote the illegal interference
of those fanatics In the domestic institutions of aither
this District or ths States where the institutions of slavery
exiats. The mere fact of the person who presented me the
petition to sign having subsequently erased hie own nam*
from it, ehowe that there must have been a design somewhere
to deoeive. THOMAS FITNAM
We have been requested by Mr. J. F. Callaiv (one of the
signers to the memorial presented on Tuesday to the House
of Representatives praying the abolition of the slave-trade in
this District) to say that his name was put tbereto without
a knowledge of the purport of the petition, the object ol
which he entirely disapproves.
? e ?
Ireland.?Unless the British Parliament
can abolish the feudal tenure by which landed
property is held in that unhappy island
and substitute therefore the commercial tenure
by which all landed property is subject
to the operation of law for the payment ol
debts, it is plain that she will continue to gc
on from misery to misery, until revolution
shall sweep away the very foundations of all
law, order, and society. This was once
done in Prussia, and behold a prosperous
people have arisen upon the ruins of ancient
Magic wires are stretching themselves In all directions
over the globe, and when their mystic
meshes shall at length have been perfected, our
giolic itself will be endued with a sensitiveness
which will render it Impossible to touch nny one
point and that touch not be felt from one end of
the. world to the olher.?Calhoun's Speech U. S. Senate.
If the system Is to be under the control of incorporated
companies us it is now, it will be a
urnsntirenesf of very little value to the world burdened
as it would be with exactions utterly at variance
with all that is honest and juat.
i? mm*???
Tnvbsday, Dec. 23, 1847. ,
Prayer was Mid by the Rev. Mr. Such. i
After the journal was read, a motion was nude by u
Mr. DICKINSON, that when the Senate adjourn, I
It atijourn to Mouday next. It was agreed to. "
A bill providing for an iddltlonaJ purser In the na- j
vy, was read twice, and passed over for further consideration.
Mr. BADGER introduced a bill for the relief of fl
the heire of Captain V. Parker. It was read once jj
by its title, and ordered to be printed. j
Mr. CRITTENDEN Introduced a bill, which was j
read twice, making provision for the purchase of the F
Madison papers. It calls for an appropriation of J
<26,000 for that object.
Mr. BERRIEN was in favor of the bill, and hop- j
cd that the usual form of disposing of bills of this i
kind might be passed over, as It was subsuntially !
a bill of the same Import that met with a decided
vote of the chamber at last session.
Mr. CRITTENDEN would be glad If this would ,
be dons, and that In the event of Congress determln- I
ing to purchase those papers, that Mrs. Madison
receive at once 5,00u, and the remaining <20,000 be j
placed in the hands of the Secreury of State, to be |
put out at Interest for her while she lives. Mr. i
C. withdrew his motion to put the bill on its passage,
for the purpose of giving Mr. NUes an oppor- 1
t unity to say something on the subject.
ilir. 11 1L.C.O SU1U UiUl II ?*? nc vugui
not to consider a subject of this kind without knowing
what those manuscripts were. We all knew
Mrs. Madison well, but whether these manuscripts
were miscellaneous or not, was for the Senate to
know. He would remind the Senate that we had already
provided for all those papers, and alter we
shall appropriate another amount for this purpose,
we may be called upon to make another purchase.?
He had no objection to make an appropriation lor
the purpose of giving Mrs. Madison an annuity, but
he was opposed to making any more for those papers
unless he first knew what they were.
The further consideration of the subject was postponed
till Monday next.
A message was received from the House of Representatives,
announcing the denth of the Hon. Thos.
i,. Hamer, of Ohio.
Mr. ALLEN then rose in his seat, and announced
the same melunchnly intelligence to that body in
terms of the most eloquent and feeling kind.
The Senate then passed the usual resolutions;
after which it adjourned over till Monduy.
Prayer was said by the Rev. Mr. Gurley. After
the journal was read?
Mr. THIBODF.AUX offered a resolution to the
efiect that when the House adjourn it udjouru to
meet on Mondny next. The resolution was agreed to.
> Mr. MORRIS, of Ohio, rose and announced the
death of the Hon. Thomas L. Hamer, of Ohio, when
1 the customary resolutions were passed ; after which
I the House adjourned over to Monday.
?^ mm
f Colonization Rooms,
( Washington, Drckmbkr 22, 1847.
The thirty:fi,rnt annual meeting of the American Colonization
Society will be held on the 18th of January, 1848, at
p 7 o'clock, P. M. Several distinguished speakers will deliver
addresses on that occasion.
The Board of Directors will meet on the same day at 12
' M., at the Colonization Kooms; of which the following Di
rectors for Life will please take notice :
l Hon. S. Wilkeaon, N. Y. Herman Camp, Esq., N. Y.
lion. T. W. Williams, Cl Rev. W. McLalp, Wash'ton.
' Rev. L. Bacon, D. D. Ct. A. G. Phelps, Esq., N. Y.
; Fran. Griffin, Esq., Miss. Ste. Duncan, M. D., Miss.
Gen. John II. Cocke, Va. John Murdoch, Esq., 44
T*. It. Hazzard, Esq., R. I. James Railey, Esq. 44
Rev. E. Burgess, D. D. Mas.Alvarez Fish, Esq. 44
, Juo. McDonough, Esq., La.David Hunt, Esq. 44
i John A. Colt, Esq., Ct. Jaa. Boorman, Esq., N. Y.
Rev. J. B. Pinney, Pa. Chas. Brewer, Esq., Ps.
Auxiliary societies will please appoint Delegates, according
to the flfth article of the constitution, which provides
that " each of such societies shall be entitled to one delegate
for every Ave hundred dollars paklloto the treasury of their
; u
desirable thai then should be a ftill attendance.
? ??a m**??
Veba Cauz, Dec. 6th.
General Marshall took up the line of march for the
interior yesterday, with a train of seventy wagons,
laden with grain and subsistence. The escort coni
Blsted of the 4th Tennessee Regiment, under Coi.
Wsterhouse, and detachment! of regular troops for
the Artillery corps now in the city of Mexico.
Capt. Schaeffer's company of Baltimore rifles also
accompany the train. The troops numbered near
2000. The moat conspicuous object in the train was
an elegant four horse carriage, in which Lt. Col. D.
Woodruff; New Jersey Battalion, was taking his
case; he had been on the sick Hat. ana intended to
have gone home, but the temptation waa too great,
and he accordingly consented to ride into the interior
in state.
The modified tariff" meats with approbation here,
though many of our marchsnta say that lt does not
benefit them. How they figure it out, la a mystery
yet to be solved. Most of the merchants are forwarding
large quantities of goods to the interior; they furnish
their transportation, and governmtnt the protection.
Much discontent ia exhibited here at the late older
of Gen. Scott that no mora rents were to be paid. It
la not to be wondered at, for many of them were making
fortunes from their miserable dwellings, for
which they now receive nothing.
iW ?
Oenealooical History or the Williams Family
in Ameeica.?This Is s work of ons volume, by
r S. W. Williams, M. D., with elegant portraits, printed
with beautiful type, on excellent paper, and handsomely
bound. The Greenfield Gazette, referring to
it, says:
The history of a single family may at first appear
of limited public interest, and as commanding the attention
of but n few renders. But the name of Williams
is so widely extended over every part of the S.
Stales, as well as England, that it* history embraces
; much of that of the two countries, and no one can
f peruse the book without meeting with matter of general
Dr. Williams has evinced great assiduity and exi
tensive research, in collecting facts, and deserves not
| only the thanks of the family but of the public generally.
1 In so difficult a work it would be no proof of inati
tention should errors be found in the dates, since to
escape them is one of the most difficult feats'of the
task of the historian. That the author of the work
has collected so many facts in the midst of his professional
employments, excites our surprise, and
evinces that close application to a scientific profession,
is no bar to progress in other useful pursuits.
Occupation for Children.-?The habits of children
prove that occupation is necessary for most of
' them. They love to be busy, even about nothing,
still more to be usefully employed. With some children
it is a strongly developed physical necessity, and
if not turned to good account, will be productive of
, positive evil; thus verifying the old adage, that "idleness
is the mother of mischief." Children should
' be encouraged, or if indolently disclined into perform'
ine for themselves every little ofhco jrelative to their
toilet, which they ore capable of performing. They
should also keep their own clothes and other posses
sions in neat order, and fetch for themselves whatr
ever they want; In short, they should learn to be as
r independent of the services or others as possible, fitting
them alike to make good use of prosperity, and
to meet with fortitude any reverse of fortuno that
! may befall them. I know of no rank, however exalted,
in which such a system would not prove beneficial.
0 m
5 nT It turns out that Capt. Reid, who has been
abusing the Whigs for their opinions on the war, Is
a Democrat, and that Col. Wyncoop is a Democrat
. Native American.
\ The New Clerks of the House, Ac*,
Samuel J. Anderson, of Georgia.
( J. H. Clay of Maryland.
I Philip Williams, of Virginia,
Thorn** (>rnv of tl/M.t
William Robinson, of District of Columbia.
' A. H. Harper, of New York.
r J. W. Moorhead.
, Daniel Buck, of Vermont.
J. S. Barclay, of Indiana.
Mutengen.?John ftueen, of Dlatriot of Columbia,
George Humes, of D .C ; J. W. Black, of D. C.
Dr. Brackendrige, of Lexington, Ky., a Whlg^dy
ed In the wool, has recently preached a rabid war eert
mon. Ont of place, Doctor, and In violation of qood
I taste?to aay nothing of the blow such sermons In.
Diet upon the doctrines of Jesus Christ, In the eyes
of infidels.
i In Maryland, Mr. Coiraestable, who has been reI
garded aa the leader of the Democracy, has thrown
. off party allegiance and avowed a decided preference
i lor \sen. mrm. oucn 100 w? unnerstaua is me
- poeliion of John McMahnn Esq., who has (laid no
Irresponsible place in the ranks of the Democracy in
1 Maryland-Virginia Free Press. I
Correspondence or the Baltimore American.
I Washington, Doe. 22, 1847.
Thelfrlenddof (he Administration have already ,
oinmunicdM some of the pressing necessities uf |
he Departments in regard to the war. It seems tliat
t lias been nocedeary in Mexico to draw for money
ipontlie Government here without authority of law.
11 ime draft half a million of dollars lias been drawn, |
nd the Commissary announces tliut half n million
uorc will be demanded by the next train coining
own from Mexico to Vera Cruz.
Mr. Vinton explained llio necessity which existed
or the passage of the bill, and tills statement was
ounded upon most earnest appeals from the War Deisrtment,
and particularly IVom the Commissary Gcicral.
The bill was read and passed through without
lebale?one member, .Mr. Vandyke, pf New Jersey,
sklng assurance only that the appropriation was to
toy for debts already incurrod. Some of the adminstration
members were for forcing a showing of
innds upon the bill, but no one was oppoee.il to It.
A slavery discussion was then sprung tUion. the
House, In Committee of the Whole, by Mr. Clingnan,
of N. C., upon a motion to refer the President's
Mr. Cllngman, of N. C., Improved the occasion to
...U. ? r?... ... ... ,h? .I..1.I ,.f r.olt t i i\t.
ind the slave question. He was glad the rule obitructlng
the right of petition had been removed, andhat
the House was restored to its original position.
Mr. Clingman contended that In bringing new
;erritory Into the Union, It ought to be divided between
free and slave States. We had no right to
jring territory Into the Union to strengthen Slavery,
neither had we any right to bring territory Into the
Union to strengthen the free States. The spirit of
the Constitution wss not to exclude cither, nor to aid
either. Mr. Clingman spoke of the Slave representation,
and referred 10 the advantages given to the
South in its commercial position. RufuB King took
thiwview of the case, and said the North ought to
make some concession for such advantages. The
Senate had had no increase from Slave representation,
and as Slaves csuld not be Imported, the House,
or the South, through the House, had no peculiar
Mr. Clingman deprecated the parly character
which had Seen given to this subject, and referred to
the warning of the framers of the Constitution, nud
of Washlngtop, against sectional divisions and high
party politics. A party aspect had been given to this
l?l.;i?V ?i .,r th,. Mlaumirl Pnn.nmmU,. . -
Since then it had received u party inspect in tho South,
whence it should never have originated as the weaker
party, und mainly in the person of Mr. Calhoun, who
nad sought to make it a bone of contention. The
agltatori at the South nflbrded fuel for the Abolitionists
of the North, und rice versa.
We are likely soon to Itnve a great practical issue
in the question of new territory. Some suld we
should have no new territory if slavery was to be tolerated
there, and, as in 1833, he feared there was to
be a union of the extremes, ultra Abolitionists and
ultra Agitators. If our Union should be destroyed,
it would be through sectional means and sectional
parties. Happily up to tills time these sectlonul divisions
had been in a measure broken down.
Many, however, wished tho Union destroyed, and
were doing what they could to accomplish this. He
lielieved, however, that his own State, und ills own
section of the country were as capable of beuring
such a misfortune as any one elso. He would not undertake
to say what the South would do under any
exclusive action, or under any attempt to take her
slaves from her. They who resisted the oppressions
of the mother country would not submit to it at
home, and the smallest State would 'be found sufficient
to protect itself.
What would become of the slaves in such a struggle,
he would not say. It might be neceseury, us in
New England, where the Pequods were destroyed, to
exterminate them. The South at the worst could never
be dograded to the level of Mexico, nor their
slaves to the condition of the Irish, under the Government
of Great Britain.
Mr. C. said that Southern masters could do better
fur their slaves ijmu others. It wan proposed in
Rome to put a garb upon tile slaves there, many of
whom were learned, in order to distinguish them
from others, but it was soon found that those who
wore the badge of distinction would be more than
thoso who were free. The slaves of the South had n
badge imposed upon them by Nature, and could not
commingle with the white raco.
There was no further dobate during the day in the
House. A kindred subject, however, was broached
in the Senate by Mr. Hale, of N. H., who Improved
the occasion, while presenting memorials praying fot
n nneedv endinir nf tho Mexicnn wnr nnd for the ex
tinction of slavery. Mr. H. wished the Senate not
to dodge the issues, but to vote directly upon the
question of receiving the petition, 11 hint that the
Senate would not take, as the motions to receive
were laid upon the table.
The Military Committee of the Senate reported a
Bill for ten additional regiments to-day agreeably tc
the demand of. the War Department.
Senator Dickinson's Resolutions.
Hi hi1iil'l \m' 'I
They present matters of grave and high interest.?
They present, in short, a oasis on which the vexed
slavery question may be settled, and the slavery ngitatlon
quieted, with equal and practical justice to both
sections of the Union.
The proposed new territory, the acquisition of
which lea point from which, we apprehend, the sincere
friends of the country will not recede is now
free territory. If annexed to the United States, it
will remain free territory, unless the people of Buch
territory, with the assent of CongrcsB, shall affirmative
authorize the existence of slavery. In a territory
now free, and with a climate, soil, and tide of immigration,
uncongenial to slavery, it is scarcely possible
that slavery would be formally declared one o(
its domestic Institutions, while a territory?and ii
such should be the action of the people after or at its
admission as a State, it is their constitutional right,
of which they cannot be deprived. In either event,
to persist in urging the Wllmot or Winthrop Proviso,
against all the probabilities of the case, may serve
the purposes of demagogues, who have aims to accomplish,
but can scarcely be required either by good
sense or patriotism.
The position, that in the acquisition of territory,
or in the organization of territorial governments,
conditions should not be Imposed, inconsistent with
the right of the people thereof to form a free, sovereign
state, with the powers and privileges of the
uugllJOJ lUCIIIUvia ui MIC twmcuncujr, miaiooi 111117
be the supposed power of Congress over territories
?is well taken, and would seem to be the dictate of
reason and sound policy.?Albany Argus.
PatsoH Discipline in Eusope.?Recent London
papers contain accounts of the opening of a new prison
on the separate system, called the Middlesex
House of Detention. This prison contains 1,000
separate cells, fitted In the same manner as the Pentonvllle
Model Prison, with stool, table, hammock,
and lavntory. The entire building is in the form of
a cross, the chapel forming the centre, and the four
wings on rither side contain 250 cells each. Persons
under detention will be kept strictly apart; even the
exercise grounds and the gratings for the reception
of visiters are so constructed tnat they can neither
see nor spenk to each othfer.
A recent letter from Dr. Julius, says: " One of the
most Important events in Europe in fuvor of the Separate
System is the example of the Netherlands. Tne
government of that country and its parliament have
not merely adopted formally and solemnly the Separate
System, but they have completely remodelled
their Penal Code according to Its principles, and
have already seen the construction of a large Separate
Prison ut Amsterdam, which will be occupied
next year. This is principally the merit of Mr. Surlngar,
and of Mr. Den Tex, Professor of Law at Amsterdam,
anil one of the Congressional Vice Presidents
at Frankfort and at Brussels."
Mexican Conobess.?The 'debate upon Scnor
Otero's proposition to restrain tho President from all
enating nny territory save Texas, in said to have been
very piquant. The exact vote upon it was 23 In favor
of it, and 46 against it. Congress, by an equally decisive
vote, had refused to publish the debate upon it.
El Razonmtormy* that the large vote against it was
brought about by a combination of those who oppose
peace on any terms, even though the United .Stales
were to limit themselves to Tcxntvnlone, with those
who think our proposals should be listen to, even if
we propose to treat of other territory besides Texas.
It will be re ollected that Otero declared some time
ago that negotiations should be limited to the single
question of Texas. Some think this wan conceding
too much, and others too little; tho union of the two
extremes defeated tho proposition.
mt or the Legislature.?In consequence
of fours entertained in regard to the small
pox, the Legislature adjourned yesterday evening, to
meet ngain on the first Monday in February. Air.
Andrew Kennedy Is laying alek at the Pnltner House
with this disease. Many members of the Legislature
called to see Mr. K. previous to the nature of his
disease lieing known) and for that reason, it was
supposed that it would spread among them so as to
prevent legislation, if they remained.?Indian opolis
Journal 17th Inst.
Conner, the tragedian, has been united In holy
wedlock, to Miss Charlotte Barnes, also of the theatrical
Tlu- Capital invested in the Cotton manufacture
In England was staled, at a recent meeting in Liverpool,
to amount to 350,000,000, and the export
of Cotton goods had exceeded >125,000,000 per annum.
fY An Irish laborer, named Barrett, was Instantly
killed at the railroad bridge on the Presumpseot river,
Maine, by the fall of a stone which he was hoisting.
im s
Br "Aint It wicked to rob a hen roost, Jim ?"
'That's a great moral question, Sam; we have not
time to argue ltr hand down another pullet."
The packet ship Louis Philippe, from Havre for
New York, at the last accounts from bar, was seen
going Into Kdgartown, In tow of the two steamboats
sent to her relief.
- Sulilla old Whlley t"
Tlio friends anil admirer* of Ucnoral Zachauv
Taylor convened in Charlcatown, Jefferson county
Virginia, on Monday the 20th December, agreeably
to it inevloua cull for his fulends to assemble, without
d latino lion of porty. The mooting wns organised on
the motion of Mujor YVu. b. Thompson, by the appolutnient
of the following officers:
Anthony Kennedy.
Vim Presidents.
Sam'l W. Lackland, John Reed,
VY.m. (j. Firouson, John H. McEndree.
H N. Gallaher, John M. Jkwett,
Thomas Lock, John F. Smith.
After the organization of the meeting, the presideHi
rose and delivered a most powerful address in
furtherance of the cause of the People's candidatereplete
with sound and practical views of the present
condition of the country, and the necessity o!
burying purtizan strife in the neat contest for Prcsi
d(nt. Gen. Taylor, said Mr. K., la before the people
unpledged to purtlzana and political demagogues?
he is before the people without a nomination from
cither political party, und an opportunity la afforded
those who prefer the success of their country to thai
of party, to manifest such a disposition. Having
Mr. J. H. Kelly moved that a committee of sever
be appointed to draft resolutions expressive of the
sense of the meeting.
The president appointed the following geullenier
said committee: J. H. Kelly, James M. Manning
J. W. Kennedy, I. P. I.ysle, C. C. Porter, and W
During the absence of the committee, Major Wm
B. Thompson was loudly called for, who rose ant
addressed the meeting in a most chaste und btillian
manner?setting forth the necessity of un early or
ganlxatlon?that though a Whig, and preferring H
Clay to pity oilier man, yet, at this time, that die
liiiguished statesman was not before the people; tha
he would most willingly bury all party spirit ant
strife upon the ultur of the country, and rally to thi
support of /.ashaiiy Taylor.
Mr. J. II. Kelly, from the committee on resolu
lions, reported the following:
Whereas tile time Is drawing near when the peo
pie of tile United States will be required to malt
choice of their Chief Magistrate; and whereas thi
meeting, composed of a primary assembly of tit
people, in lite exercise of the greatest republican pre
rogatlve, have met to declare their preference fot
and to nominate it candidate far that high office
therol'ore, be it
Resolved. That, appreciating the sorviaes of a pub
lie servant who lias devoted Ills whole lifetime to hi
country, una liuvlng commence J|t ins patrlotlaui
his integrity nnd Ills judgment, tuid believing that It
will come untainted by the virulence of party to ud
minister tile government with pure purposes, and
sole view to the public good, wu hereby declare ou
preference for, and Hitig to the breeze our Hug, In
scribed with the name ol Zachary Taylor.
Haaolred, Tltut as u candidate of the people, wi
the people, will use our best eftbrta to ensure hi
election: " Titul his refusal to become the candidal
of n party, upon all occasions, is a striking evidenc
of his preference of country to party, and of inn
elevated patriotism and moral lirinness which cht
ructerized the course of President Washington an
his immcdiutc successors under similar cumstat
HetoUeA, Tltut General Taylor is entitled to th
lasting gratitude of this great nation, for the env
able exaltation in which she hus been placed by 111
daring exploits inarms, both at the bloody stormin
of Monterey and on the craggy heights and ravini
of Iluena Vista.
Hcaohcd, That for the splendid achievements i
General Taylor, every American heart should tlirc
with rapturous delight, and every afleetion be brougl
into subjection: That whsSevor his steps may be d
rectcd, the Star Spangled Banner of our countt
should triumphantly cxpund its folds th the breez
and tho people, with one accord, extol (he splendt
of his noble deeds.
Jluolted, That tho people arc capable of eleclin
a President without the dictation of say Nation
i Convention: That we believe the tltno has arrive
when a powerful cflbrt should be made to allay tl
i bitterness of pnrly spirit, and introduce a better sta
of feeling into tho community: That an opportunii
, is now afforded every freeman who prefers his cout
, try to his party, to rally urouud the standard of tl
Hero of Buena Vista, in whom we shall, have a l'r
sidenl unpledged to partizan schemes and uncoi
trolled by factious demagogues. _
That wsmoeramsnd a Taylor Stats Cot
." '"too h? beWin the elty of Richmond on tl
2'Jd of February, IMS, for the purpowa#storming
Electoral Ticket.
He totted, That the officers of this meeting be ai
thorlzed to appoint delegates to represent Jeflerso
county In said convention.
Hesolced. That we respectfully recommend to til
people of the other counties of the Statu, the hole
log of mass meetings, and an expression, such t
we have made, of decided and unqualified prefercnt
for the PEOPLE'S CANDIDATE, Gen. Zachar
Taylor, nnd the appointment of delegates to tl
Stnto Convention.
rz,.m/r,// tv,,.! ? .1.. j,a
eincts throughout our country, and to the entli
State, the early formation of Rough and Read
' Clubs for the advancement of the cause of the Pet
pie's Champion.
After the resolutions hod been read, Mr. Kcut
enforced the views contained In them, remarklr
that an opportunity was afforded both Whig at
Democrat of leaving for a time old issues, and rail;
lug under the standard of one who had declared thi
the Constitution Bhould be his guide, and the ear
Presidents his landmark?that Gen. Taylor was en
photically one of the people, and that though tl
shouts of nn admiring country had ceased to i
heard for the achievements of Monterey and Buer
Vista, yet there was an affection entwined arour
the hearts of the people that could not be disslpatt
by the intrigues of partizans, or the action of an
The question being taken on the resolutions, the
were unanimously ndopted.
The following delegates were appointed to atten
the Taylor State Convention, for the selection of a
Electoral Ticket:
Wm. B. Thompson, Lewis W. Washington
Wm. F. Alexander, J. H. Kelly,
John S. Gallaher, Edmund 1. Lee,
Andrew Hunter, H. N. Gallaher,
Joseph McMurrun, Samuel J. C. Moore,
Jumes L. Hanson, Henry Titnbcrlake,
John A. Thomson, Joseph F. Abell,
I. P. Lysle, William Chambers,
Win. Norrla, Alex. Boteler,
Rezin Cross, Benjamin Tomlinson,
Wm. C. Worthington, Henry Berry.
Mnj. Titos. Briscoe,
On motion, it was
Resolved, That the President and Vice President
bo added to the delegates.
On motion, it was
Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting b
published in the Washington, Baltimore, Richmont
Winchester, Martlnsburg, and CharleBtown papers.
On motion, the meeting atfjourned.
[ Signed by the officers.
Tub "Boot BusinbkS."?A few days slneo a regti
lar 'genuine'?a good looking young tnun of sum
twenty-fivo yonrs?eutne into our oflico and solid
ted n chance to lenm the printing business.
'Have you not ft trade sir?' unfa we.
Yes sir, I'm a shoemaker by trade?havo studiei
medicine a year?understand the science of phrcno]
oay. Now I want to learn the printing business a
that is on intellectual trade.'
'Just so, sir?especially the wheel-turning pari
the first branch. Try the wheel a moment, sir, am
if you like the business, we will give you con elan
employment.' ' *
He took hold of the wheel to tiie relief and joy ol
Robert;' and after turning nbout five minutes, th
perspiration starting very freely, he came to the eon
elusion that he didn't funcy the trade.
'What branch of business have you been in of late 1
asked we.
Why, for the Inst week I've been in the boot bust
ness, at the American House, In Portland.'
'Ab} blacking boots V wo suggested.
'Exactly,.' said he.?Maine Former.
Leather.?New York market for Hemlock Lea
ther is heavy, with n stock of all kinds of abou
IBS,000 sides, nnd 7000 of oak. The latter descrip
tion is firm and in demand, the market being 2 or
cts. higher than it was a few weeks ago. Hcmlocl
is 1 ct. lower than last week. The depression Is ii
part to be ascribed to the imperfect manner In whicl
the Hides ore tanned. Some which I have seen ar
not tanned at all in the centre. Letters from th
tanneries of the interior complain of the great scarci
ty of the bark. The stock of Hides is ooout 200,00
most of which are Rio Grande and Buenos Ayros
The market is dull, nnd good Hides are ottered a
10 l-4c., 8 months.
Serious Accident.?Four Pbrsont Scalded.As
the steamer Domain was backing out from th<
Levee at St Louis on the 8th inst, to go up th<
Illinois river, the connecting steam pipe broke
nnd the steam scalded four persons, viz iDiedricI
Sanmon, a German deck passenger, badly; Willian
Wigell, second cook, a white boy, badlv: Robcr
ly: miff Colvln Ling, a cabin paeaengcr, buth liandi
and face aeverly. Sanmon and Wlgell, thougt
badly, are not dangeroualy ecalded.
? mm a om~?
A tlip qf the foot you may aoon recoreri But a elif
qf Iht tongue you can never get over.
fir A gentleman from tlto Wost, who recently
mvscd through Hsgcrslown, states that the Nutlonal
lloud west of Cumberlsml was literally covered lor
ifty miles with hogs.
I _
i Philadelphia, December, 22.
Stock*dull j email Kile*; market dull. t
U?alor* in BreudatuflTa are awaiting the tteann r
Flour I* held firinly at Gr50; Corn Meal ?3,37.
No cluutge In the price* of Grain. Wheat acarce ; prime
red* 140c.; white corn 57 a 68c. and yellow do. GO* 63c.;
>atH 38 a 49c.
Proviniona are dull.
Cotton quiet?Kale* very email. Whlakey 97 cent* per
gallon.?Baltimore Patriot
New Vork, December 22.
The atock market le dull aud not much doing. Tranaac
| noun oi nour moderate?small sales or (Jeneset- are making
it ?6,26 a 96,31. Oswego #6 a 96,124; Southern brand*
*6,37 a 96,60. Corn meal and Rye dour unchanged.
Holders of wheal are very firm but buyers do uot meet
f iheut; prices unchanged; Genesee 137 a 140, mixed 130.?
There is an active shipping demand for corn and considers.
ble sales at 77 for mixed and 85c. for round yellow : oals
32c..; rye and barley Arm.
Transactions in Provisions are only for the regular trade,
at present prices. Coffee unchanged; considerable activity
' in Sugars aud Molasses.
1 Dealers In Cotton are awaiting the steamer: sales small;
[ prices firmWhiskey
dull at 26 a 2tyc. per gallon. -Ibid.
1 Boston, December 22.
No tidings of the steamer, nor signs of her being telegraphed.
1 Sales of Genesee Flour at 96,50, and Western do. at *6,37
, per barrel.
A good demand for Wheat and Corn?sales of the latter
at 83 a 84 cents for yellow.
Provisions dull, and prices somewhat declined.?Ibkl.
1 Cincinnati, December 22.
1 We have later accounts from Santa Fe and Chihuahua.
Fourteen companies and two battalions had left Santa Fe
for the South, to wilder at El Posso. Five hundred troops
. remain.
I The fofces under Newby and Hotline had gone to Taos,
j The St. Louis Republican has accounts which state that
the troops ou their way to the South, committed flagrant
B violence on the iuhabitanls of the country, aud hud made
the whole army odious.
It Is stated in papers received that a war party of C'aman
cites, had made uu attack on the Rio, drove off two hun.
dred cattle, killed three meu, aud captured all the wagons.
L. Paymaster Spalding re port a that ;t500 Mexicans are forth
y lying luiliiusuua, miu iiiui mrjr wcrw ? u.suiik cuuuun iiiuiui
B place.
The river Is frozen over at BRrdstown, Illinois. ?Ibid.
Baltimore, December 22.
' The Flour market to-day has been without much move(.
ment; both buyers and seller a are holding oflf for the uleaH
mer's news, now momentarily looked for. A R'de of 200
I bbls. Howard Rt. watt made this morning at 66,31, a Hlight
y advance; holders generally ask 60,37. The stock of City
. Millfl is nearly exhausted. It is generally held at *<>,37; Rye
u Flour 65,75 ; Com Meal 63,37 a 6-3,GO.
r The receipts of all kinds of grain are light; sales of good
I- to prime red wheat at 130 a 138c.; ordinary to good 123 a
130c.; white 140 a IGOc. While corn 00 a 01c., yellow 64c.;
?f oats 35 a 42c., as to quality ; rye 90c.
s Provisions exhibit no change. Beef cattle 62,62$ u 62,75
e per 100 lbs. gross; hogs 64,93{ a 65,25.
e Groceries unchanged aud quiet.
it Whiskey 27| a 28|c. per gallon in hluls. and bbls.?Ibid.
Exeter, Maine,vSept. 30, 1845.
This certifies that I liave recommended the use of Dr.
IB the Lungs, for two years post, and many bottles to my
g knowledge have been used by iny patients, all with benefi>H
clul results. In two cases, where it was thought confirmed
cousumpiion had taken place, the Wild Cherry effected a
. cure. E. BOYDEN, Physician at Exeter Corner.
^ Dr. Bradford Knapp, of Crown Boint, N. Y., in a letter
,D dated August 3, 1846, says: "In the course of my practice
It In this vicinity, I have tested in some degree the good quaii
ities of Wist&r's Balsam of Wild Cherry in Pulmonary Com-y
planus, and I now wish to procure a supply uf the medicine.
? Dr. A. II. Mocnair, of Tarboro, North Carolina, writea ui
I under date of February 14, 1847, that he has used Dr. Wis>r
tar's Balsam of Wild Cherry. In his practice the last eighteen
months, and considers it the best preparation of the
Skind he ever saw, and knows of none so deserving the public
l(t Dr. Wm. A. Siiaw, of Washington, N. C., writes, undei
' date of May I, 1846. as follows :
" I have neard of many cases of decided beneficial effect!
te from its use, especially in Astluna and chronic cough ol
ly spasmodic character. I have used the Wild Cherry a grew
H- deal in practice, and with marked good results in thost
ie cases of great nervous mobility, and irritability, to whieli
phthisical patient* arc surest. The combination of thesa
principlesIti Wastar's Balsam of Wild Cherry is ingenious
aud judicious.
" Medical men art justly distrustful of Patent Medicine*
?- in general, but candor must discriminate between outra
ie geous humbugs and notfrums sod those mediciueR which
n have .proved salutary, km* in inf?? - -*?
Dr. Hofftaan, Huntington, Pa., cured a child of Asthma
J- with it, offer he declared he could do no more with hit
n medicine, and the child must die.
Dr. Frcleigh, of Sauguerties, N. Y., says lie cured Livei
io Complaint of four years standing, that would not yield tc
i the usual remedies.
Abraham Skillman, M. D., of Boundbrook, N. J., say?
18 it is the best medicine for consumption, in every stage, thai
o lie has ever known. We might refer you to hundreds ol
y cases, had we room, that would convince all of its greal
ie virtue.
For sale by
j. R. S. PATTERSON, Washington,
c BARNARD A M AY FIELD? G eoi^'e tow' n.
1 MEDICAL COMPANION, by Dr. A. M. Mauriceav
Professor of Diseases of Woman. 3d edition, 18mo, pp. 250;
,v price il. 515.000 copies told in three, months.
ig The great demand for this most importaut work, (ol
ul which thousands are sold) has compelled the issue of arto
ther editon. It is Intended especially for the married, ns il
f- discloses Important secrets which should be known to them
at particularly. Here'every female can discover the causes.
, symptoms, and the most efficient remedies and most cer
*y tain mode of cure, In every complaint to which Iter sex i?
l- subject.
,e . It is an important question to the married why it is thai
we behold so many married females sickly, debilitated ami
prostrated, as also the causes, and whether they are soscep.
iq tible of remedy. They will here find these important mat
tern, connected with discoveries in medical and physiologi
1 cul science, which meet this question,
id This work is destined to be In the hands of every wife
lV and mother who has a regard Ibr her own health and wel'
fare, as well as that of her husband.
The revelations contained in its pages have already
iy proved a blessing to thousands.
To those yet unmarried, but contemplating marriage, or,
perhaps, hesitating as to the propriety of. incurring the reid
sponsibilities attendant upon it, the importance of being
n possessed of the revelatious contained in these pages, so intimately
involving tiieir future happiness, cannot be appreciated.
, Copies ttill be tent by mail free qf j>otlagc.
On the receipt of one dollar, the " Married Woman's Private
Medical Companion" will be sent free ol postage to
any part of the United States. All letters must be addressed
(post paid) to Dr. A. M. Mauriceau, Box 1234, New York
city. Publishing Office, No. 12R LIBERTY ST., New York.
For sale by the following Agents ;
ZEIBER 6c CO., Philadelphia, WM. TAYLOR, * CO,
Sole Agent for Washington, D. C.,
dec 3m-d 3 doors from 4 1-2 street.
On Tuesday evening, by the Rev. John C. Smith, Mr.
R. B. HALL to Miss SUSAN G. COLLISON, nil of this
8 city.
? T HAVE received another large invoice of Fashionable
I. I Pttr artlclen-VICTORlNES, BOAS. MUFFS, icc., of Hie
most modern wear. A suit of FINE FURS is n very picassod
appropriate present for the Ilolydays of this senson.
Swansdown, Boas, Victorincs, Ac.
~ BOAS in neat cases, and London made, fi?r evening parties,
u ?c., lor saie ai i uuu'H,
i- Went of Brown's Hotel.
A splendid assortment of Children's PARIS CASTORS.
with and without feathers, just received,
d dee 23-Clif
? Steam Dying Establishment.
HPIIK Subscriber having completed the repairs of his old
N * eHtablishment by the Introduction of new nud Improved
[I machinery, Is now prepared to execute, with promptness
t and in the best style, all orders in his line of business. The
improvements are such as to afford the greatest facilities in
r coloring cotton, woolen or silk fabrics, in the most durable
maimer. I? J- DENIIAM,
c dec 1 - 1yd* Pa. av., south side, bet. Oth A 10th sis.
Fresh Fruit, Ac.
WE have just received?
AX) boxes fine Malaga Raisins
- Hp '200 drums Smyrna Figs
Jpt '25 do Sultana Raisins
10 boxes Oenoa Citron
1,000 pounds Zante Currants
6 cases Bordeaux Prunes, in fancy boxes
10 do East India Preserves
14) do Flavoring Bsaencea- Vtinlln, l.emon,
l Rose. Ac.
i- 10 boxes Lemon*
3 30 do Macaroni
|{ 10 do Vermicelli
30 barrela Cranberries
, 0 bales Maraelilea Almonds
11 10 bags Airiran Peanuts
?' 25 baaketa Bordeaux Olive Oil
e 5 chests Florence do
Catsups, Sardines, Tapioca, Rice Flbur, Ac.
" dec22?3t Centre Market Space.
Corner of Penntylranla Arrnue and eleventh St.
B 'THE subscriber respectfully announces to his friends and
b * the public generally that he has Thi* Day opened and
arranged for public inspection his annual importation of
FANCY BOXES, BON-BONS. Ac., to which he invites atI
tention. Those persons, therefore, looking out for Hotyday
Tresents, would And It greatly to their advantage to call "A
la Ville de Parle," and examine the aggortment, which, for
newness of pattern, beauty of style, or cheapness, cannot
be surpassed,- or seen equalled. In (Ida city or elsewhere,
having been selected by my resident Paris agent expressly
for this msrket.
On Christmas Evs I will have exposed for sale over Ave
hundred Pound and Fruit Cakea, varying in weight from I
? one lo Afteen hundred pounds: also.ever* variety of Dastrv
1 r1?0 22-31 C OAUTIKR, Confectioner |
<?ity InUlUgtncr.
cyi' or udvcrllseinent* of amusement*, doc.. *ee
first column of third page.
Antmu.?Wc wctc again In attendance last night
at this entertulnuicnt. The whole auditory, confining
of the rlitc of the land, and many of our cltixen*,
were particularly pictured. We further nnderataud
that Mr. Hamlltou, well knowu In the Odeon, baa
been engaged, and will grace the Adelphiaa board*
by Ilia peculiar talent*. Wc cannot forget In thl*
notice tile excellent reading of Mr. Hradihuw. Thl*
gentleman has the deeerved approbation of all who
ll ,ci. hi... II. II..?! -I..II ?
write I Tin' rhyming propenuitiu of thin gentleman
ore beyond poetic description, und we only echo public
thought when wo Bay he le a plcuaunl theatrical
Olympic.?Thla rcaort of amueeinent opena thla
season with' the Model ArlieU. Thla corp? hae a
celebration coimnenburate with their talents, and la
held In deserved diminution. It conaiate of aeven
iiinlcu und three feniulea. The grouping is aald to
lie exquisite und perfect. To the amateur of ataluary
It la u scene worthy of Ills time aud attention. Mr.
Kilnilsle, the manager of this establishment, has
made every exertion to forward his design. Ws
hope ho will succeed. The dratnatii|ue arrangement
will commence next week with Mrs. Ilurke.
Tachyouaphic Landscape Painting.?Wo had
the pleasure the other evening of examiulng Mr.
Hall's paintings. They are truly splendid productions
of urt. Unlike any other paintings, they appcur
brilliantly illuminated whilst hanging on ths
wall, without the aid of n rear light; presenting reall.>
ikn innnPAnnn /if tux /iltf./Jnnf vlau/ no ika
Hint or moou wits actually shining on the plctura.
Wo consider (Item decidedly the must perfect pointInge
we huve ever seen. Mr. Hall, tint inventor of
the eyeiuNi, will remain a abort tlmo in the city, for
the purpose of Imparting u knowledge of It-to thoee
who muy favor him with their pntrouage. He bring*
with him teatimoniula ofu highly fluttering character
from those who hnve been benefited by ilia instruction.
We think that no lady or gentleman who
would seek either an agreenblo amusement or a
pleasing and vuluttble accomplishment, or who would
secure beautiful ornaments for their rooms, should
not fail to embrace the present opportunity for actpiirlng
a knowledge of this splendid art. Mr. Hall
litis already commenced the formation of classes.
I lis Buloon is on 10th street, twit doors north of the
avenue. He gives a free exhibition of Ills paintings
every evening.
China.?In the midst of other attractions, our
readers should not forget that the Chinese Museum,
at Odd Fellows' Hall, closes on Saturday night.
Every one should visit it at least once before it is
removed. The manners and customs, personal appearance,
mode of life, government and advancement
in the useful and ornamental arts of the Chinese, are
fully Illustrated hy the natives, the Chinese pslutings,
figures, models, arid other articles.
Markets.?Those who want turkeys, chickens,
tic., for Chrlsttuus doing*, we advertise them that
there will he no market 011 Saturday, it being Christinas,
but that n inurket will be opened on Friday
afternoon, commencing at 1 o'clock., do and get
your goodie*.
Watch Retuhns.?We have on more than one
occasion congratulated our eity on its strict morality,
indeed, bating the vice that floods the Metropolis as
u tail to the Congress egression, we are, comparatively
a villugc lit quietness.
I.ast night Thomas Sutton was brought in drunk
and disorderly, but excused by our humane Captain
of Police, ns it was the first oliencc of the season.
Mary Jatto Atkins, a frail sister of Eve, having
t thought proper to abuso her liberty In the workr
house, where site was confined for ninety days, she
| wus remanded back, with an additional welcome of
I ten duye. l'oor Mary, she complains of the harshI
noes of the treatment of our Almshouse Keeper,
, Idleness and crime may be properly punished, but
the rigor of the law was not (mended for the use of
1 its administrators ae a tool of passion or spite.
mm;? ? ?? -i_?=j?ra
arrivals ai ijoitis, tit., tip la 2 p. m.
Col W J Dlackslonc, MU B F Craig, Phlla
J T Blackfetonc, do 8 P Griffin. Geo
J H Russell, U S N H D McLellan, Malna
II McElfresh, Md W B Hartton, Phlla
J P Marshall, Springfield C P Mallelt,N C
J Dow uiid lady, Phila H Gonnet, Guatemala
C Colkish and lady, Phil* G W Carpenter 4c lady. IfY *
L Riggs, St Louis H H Wright, NY V
W R Mercer, U S N G Judson Ames, Me .
Miss E A Bochman, NY
brown's iiotbl.
F Hull, Md J II Kuseell, U 8 N
W K Berry, do D P Clarke, do
1 J C Jenifer, do T Raines, Va
| J H Mogruder, do J Bowie, Md
' II Plumer, Bait Mr Duvall, Bait
r 11 Gralmm, Pa, . John Lupton, Va
1 Judge Mogruder, Md
t oadsdy's hotbl.
1 Mr Diggs, Md J H Sullivan, Va
A Hard, Ky R D Merrill, Bolt
J McCormfck, Md RJR Nolly, Bait
1 Cbas Degges, do Lt VV H Gray, IT S N
( J T Wood, Md
1 tvler's hotel.
J A Duinbollon, Bolt T C Howard, Geo
J B Haines, P? E Clinton, Phlla
J J Cook, It 8 N Mr Reea, N Y
Miss J Shaw, Pldla
united btateh hotel.
Mr Siirigg, Md M Smith and lady, Md
W H Dulnny, Va E R M'Call, Ala
L S Pritclmrtr, Va H II Winston, Va
S Mc'Cullok, Pa L B Blucher, N Y
G W Morgan Si servant, Md J Edwards, Conn
D Cox, Va W Howard, Wash
city hotel, by the messrs. willard.
J D Wood ifc sister,Scotland Mr Nelson, N Y
W M Merchant, NY J R Lambdln. Phila
M E Merchant, do A B Smith, wntertown
S A Merchant, do Geo Best, N Y
fuller's hotel.
C A Peck, N Y G Williams, NY
C M Mitchell, I! S N G Mason, N Y
.1 E Mornu, NY .
0 I) i p N e u> a.
ponr of washington, december 21, 1847.
No arrivals.
arrived. hhbhbhh
Onnnl-boat Long John, wood, several citizens.
14 Harriet, wood. D. O. Day.
" Wnve, wood, W. Warder.
u Help, wood, D. G. Day.
" Major Hrown, wood, ft. Waters.
The applicants for the Charter for George With.
Ingioit Tent, I. O. of II , are requested to meet at King's
Gallery (I2lh street,) on Saturday next, the 26th Instant, at
3 o'clock,p. m., for the purpose of organization.
At 4 o'clock n PUBLIC MEETING will be held at Temperance
Hall, Jv street, and an Addrbsb, illustrative of the
history, progress, and principles of the Order, wlU be delivered
by Bro. Jamks A. Houston, Stenographer to the
U. S. Senate.
CCJr- The different Temperance Associations and the
public generally are respectfully Invited to attend.
S?* F K ST IVA Lt. - -The Ladle* of the Rylaod
vfrtSB Chapel Congregation have prepared many useful
and fancy articles, which will be exhibited for sale in the
basement of Ryland Chnpel, commencing on the evening of
the tAlth Inst., and be continued the succeeding evening and
each evening of the running week, for the purpose of liquidating
the Church debt. Admittance 12| cents; Children
half price. decSK?
At-rstP dies of the Congregation of St. Peter's Church, Intend
giving a Festival, In the nature of a series of Evening ?o
Entertainments, at the Odeon, 1? street and Pennsylvania
avenue, to commence on Thursday, the 23d instant, at' 6
o'clock, P. M., and to be continued on the successive evenlugs
of thl? and the next week. A choice collection of the
delicacies of the season will be provided for the gratifiestion
of those who mny favor them with their attendance,
and a collection of very beautiful and appropriate Fancy
Articles for Christmas presents will be oflfkred for ask.
Good music will also be provided.
The object of this Festival is to raise funds for the indispensable
repair and preservation of St. Peter's Ohoreh, 1
Capitol Ilill; mid when it is recollected how seldom the
members of that Congregation have called upon othere for
aid of this kind, the Indies Indulge the hope tnet thleeppeel
to the liberality of their friends and the public will not be
uonmo 10 uiwippoimnieni. aec m?
'JOO whole, half, and quarter boxen beat bunch
ft*) Ihrf. freah /mile Currant*
+ZM ft*) IhK. aoft-ahcll Almond*
ft) drumH new crop Smyrna Flga
120 kcga frewh Malaga Crape*, in fine order
10 tibia. prime Pippin Apple*
Crnnbn rles,. Citron, Pruuea, Preaerved Olnf** '
Foreign and domeailc preserved Frulta "
French. EnglUh, and American JHuafatir * * '
Freah Salad Oil, Calauna, Engllah Raucen. -y*
French find domeatlr Chocolate. Coooa '
Rice Flour, freah Splcea of all fclnda, ground and
mig round, ol hex! quality, tor aale lowbj ^
Loulatanx avenue, near the
I d?cSI-3(lf hmii of Washington.

xml | txt