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The republic. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1849-1853, June 22, 1849, Image 3

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I ' - 11 1 '
NL? Yokk, Juiu 1849.
i tub gold mink*.
I do not know that I can give your reader* uny
tiling more interesting than the details of u most
important communication from California, which
1 have been |<ermitted to peruse. As you are well
aware, the most intense curiosity everywhere prevails
with regard to the gold mines, and every thing
connected with them. In all uges gold digging has
been the most exciting pursuit in which man can
engage, and if the placers in California are not surII
rounded by that mysterious and romantic interest
which attached to the first discoveries of the Spaniards
on this continent, there is a practical charm
about them which, some how or other, does come
home to the boBom and business of every man.
Hence the details which I am about to give cannot
fail to be rcud with the greatest interest, inasmuch
I as they are perfectly authentic and reliable. The
source from which they come is Colonel J. D.
Stevenson, a gentleman whom I have known for
years, and whose name must be fomiliur to many of
your readers.
The region from which the gold is taken extends
north and south, a distance of five hundred miles.
Throughout all this vust region there is not a river,
stream or valley, in which the glittering ore may
not be found in more or less abundance. An industrious
sober man can realize at least one ounce a
day, after paying all expenses. But the gold is not
to be got without labor. Like a capricious beauty,
gold, in whatever form, in Wall street, or the
placers, must be wooed with u zeal and an ardor
which allow no repose, no remission. In Wall
street, to get the gold, you must be up to the neck
in all sorts of iniquity. In California you mujit be
up to the middle in water. After the labors of the
dav. with vour ounce of "-old in vour breaches
pocket, you dine upon dough, washed down with
delectable rum, for which you pay only five shillings
a glass, and afterwards seek repose in a
" bourding tent," whose accommodations are not
quite equal to those at the Astor.
Such is life at the mines The scurvy is breaking
out in some parts of the country, but with prudence
and care a tolerably vigorous man may maintain
very good heulth at the diggings. Colonel
Stevenson states that an industrious digger, who
does not gamble, and drinks like a christian, may
realize from fifteen hundred to thirty-five hundred
dollars a year, over and above his expenses. At
first, parties proceeding to the mines bought oxen
and carts and took up their own provisions, but
that is now out of the question. A yoke of oxen
which could have been purchased in September last
for fourteen dollars, are now worth two hundred
and fifty dollars ; and hence all persons going to the
mines go as far as they can by water, taking their
blanket and a few other articles in a knapsack, with
which they start for the mountains.
, Provisions, lodgings, every thing, are enormously
high. Fifty dollars a month is paid for a "shakedown"
in a shanty. Sardines sell at ten dollars a
box ; jerked beef, or strips of animal fibre, dried in
the sun, and of the consistence of wood, is worth
one dollar a pound. Sugar ten shillings a pound.
Potatoes twelve shillings a pound. Ham two dollars
a pound. Such are a few items from the California
prices current.
Gambling, drinking, and other vices of civilizartion,
of course, prevail. Goods of all kinds were
pouring into San Francisco. Laboring men in
stores get one hundred and twenty-five dollars a
month.' Colonel Stevenson was paying sixty-four
dollars a month for his board, and forty dollars a
month for his bed-room?a splendid department no
doubt. At Sutter's fort the rales were two dollars
a meal. The colonel gives no encouragement to
professional men. Hard working men, mechanics,
citizens, and laborers, are the men to go to Cali
I have thus given a few items from thin lnteresting
communication, which haa given me a more definite
and aatiafactory idea of matters in California
than any accounts which I have yet seen from that
region. The volunteers who went out under the
nommand of the colonel almost to a man remain.
local newi.
Excessively hot?Sherry cobblers in demand?
Wall street in a fever?Mock auctions deserted?
Thin attendance at the churches?People forget
that this a fast day?The chimes of Trinity as mul
sical as ever?Dusty roads out of town?Every
thing rather stale and flat.
Boston, June 19, 1849.
Among the sudden deaths to-day, was that of the
Rev. Wm B. Tappan, agent of the American Sunday
School Union, in this city, and well-known to
. members of his religious denomination as a poetical
writer. His disease was pronounced cholera.
He was seized ycslerday afternoon while in the
city, and died at his residence near Needhnm,
early mm morning, ne was a mom Kinii-nearu(i
and estimable peraon; and, if not a great poet, had
one quality, without which a poet cannot l>r great?
good new.
Our east winds have at last forsaken us, and we
ure having some cnntimi.Mis warm weather, under
' which vegelatien is taking strides that promise to
make up for past delinquencies. Wc no longer
have to import our strawlierrica from New York,
the home supply is quite equal to the demand.
Numerous robberies and petty larcenies having
taken place in our city of mte, the police have been
actively on the alert, and the result shows that there
are organiz-ed gangs of vagrant boys about the
city, who make Jack Sheppard and Dick Turpin
their models, and practise theft systematically. A
curious document in proof of this was brought to
light few evenings syicr A youth of snout I.r>,
named Patrick Carroll, was arrested on a charge of
stealing about $100 worth of jewelry, when the following
paper was found upon his peraon:
Contract drawn hrtwrrn P. C. k Co.?Know all
men by these presents, that we, the undersigned,
do hereby swear that we will oliey P. C. in nil
things lawful and unlawful; and the said P. C. is to
pay to us in the half of what the company mnkes.
And, furthermore, neither we, the undersigned, nor
the said P. C., will keep any share of the goods of
the firm without the consent of one and all the
To which we hereby aet our hands find seals this
llth day of June, 1849.
(Signed) P. C. fska1..1
J. P. P. [aval]
k It is the opinion of the city marshnl that there
are some fifteen hundred vagrant children, (of whom
only 1(13 are of American parents,) between six
end sivteen vears of age, who prowl about our
wbsrve* and street*, and live precariously; uncared
for by parent* or guardian*. Some of theae children
are hawker* of paper*, or seller* of matchea,
moat of the time occupied in quarrelling and gantbling.
They are tieggars, strolling from street to
street, through Innea, byway* and alleys; practising
the elementary lesson* of pilfering, lying, deception
and thefi. They may be seen wherever wooden
structure* are in the process of building, repairing,
or tearing down, aeeking lor fragments of
wood, to which they evidently feel they hnveu very
questionable right. Ft is nn embarrassing question
-vith our city authorities, what shall wi do with
itheae juvenile vagrant*' How far have we the right
to aland towarda them in loco parentii, and force
them to induatry and reformed habita.
A single fact in thia connection will illustrate the
difficulties of the case. During the winter months
the secretary of the Boston Employment Society
had in charge 72 boys of foreign parentage-, all of
them were exceedingly destitute, themselves and
friends living mostly on charity. Good homes were
offered to theso boys in the country, where they
would be educated to usefulness; but only 17 of the
72 could be persuaded to accept of the benefits. In
view of such facts, it seems as if there ought to be
lodged somewhere a power to rescue these young
outcasts, even against their own will and that of
their parents, from their inevitable tendencies to
crime. The State is to be the sufferer from their
vicious courses, and ought not the State to have
authority to take seasonable measures for its protection?
A yellow covered pamphlet has just been laid
upon my table, entitled, "Report of the Directors
of the Northern Railroad Company, Ogdensburgh
to Rouse's Point, New York, submitted to the
stockholders." This road, you may be aware, is
almost entirely in the hands of Boston capitalists.
The report is signed by G. Parish, Abbott Lawrence,
and ten others. The expenditure of the
compuny to the 4th insl. has been $1,326,977.?
The first complete estimate of the road was rather
under 000,000. It is now proposed that there
should be an issue of bonds by the company, to
procure the means necessary for a proper continuance
of the work; and the belief is expressed, that
such issues need not exceed $1,000,000. The report
states in conclusion:
"The Northern railroad was put under contract
in its entire length, at the commencement of last
year, since when no efforts have been spared to
push the work at every important point. Twelve
I miles of the road from Champlain village, (connecting
the Champlain river landing,) to Centreville,
are ready for business; to this will be added fifteen
' miles by the month of September, and, if required,
the road can be further opened thiB season to Chateaue'UHV.
a distance of fnrtv-five miles fr??m T
Champlain. Of the remaining distance, weat,
about fifty miles are further advanced than any
other portion of the line, of same extent, and the
entire work is at present in so forward a state that
it requires but an ordinary exertion of the same
means hitherto employed, to ensure the opening of
the whole line by the summer of next year."
We learn by telegraph that the British American
League is growing in strength daily, and now numbers
thirty-six branches. Their intention is to
agitate for farther alterations of the colonial laws. If
by the next steamer it is ascertained that the Queen
sanctions the Rebellion Losses bill, decisive steps
| will be taken, and will probably be renewed. Tne
Governor is at Monckland, and is looked upon as
a prisoner there. * The military have been engaged
in ball practice for the last ten days. The anniversary
of the battle of Waterloo has not been celebrated.?.Y".
Y. Evening Post, 20th.
New Orleans, June 18, 1849.
The steamer Crescent City sailed for New York
this afternoon. Col. Hughes, of the Topographical
Engineers, and his surveying party, took passage
in her. She has nearly half a million on board as
freight, and also fifty thousand dollars in specie.
Mobile, June 18, 1849.
A fire broke out to-day in a building at the corner
of Monroe and Franklin streets, and before it
could be subdued, destroyed the same together with
seven others, mostly all built of wood. The loss is
| estimated at $10,000St.
Lot is, June 19, 1849.
Senator Benton has made a speech at Boonville,
an echo of his famous speech at Jefferson City.
The Democracy of Missouri are pretty well divided.
j. lie onoiera is disappearing trom the Upper Mississippi,
but is breaking out again in Osage.
j Boston, Jwu 19, 1849.
By the arrival of the brig Vulture at this port
from Port au Prince, we have dates to May 29th.
Coffee continued i^uite scarce. The monopoly law
was still in operauon, and several infractions of the
law by the Haytien officials had been punished by
the Government. A portion of the President's
army was still in the barracks at Port au Prince,
hut there was no probability of a renewal of the
A collision occurred on the Worcester railroad
this afternoon, at Brookline Crossing, between the
New Haven and Brookline train. Tne engineer of
the latter, named McCoy, had both of nis legs
broken, and it is feared that he is fatally wounded.
A fireman and brakeman were also injured. The
cars were more or less damaged, and the rails badly
torn up. The passengers escaped unhurt.
Our exchange papers, both from the North and
the South, arc filkd with news from California.
Some interesting details arc given by our New
Ynrk mrrf?4innnri#Mit nnii in tho
r ?... .?V W. MVIV ..VIII Vl.v
Picayune which we publish to-day. In addition to
those, we select the following from the correspondence
of the New York Courier and Enquirer,
which seta forth some portions of the dark side of
the picture:
"Now, let me say a few words to those ut home
who have only the premonitory symptoms of the
gold fever. To such as may contemplate coming
out here in companies, and employing persons to
dig for them, I will relate a short anecdote: Ten
i men Itelonging to a company established for this
purpose arrived one day upon the hanks of Feather
river, in the very midst of the gold region, where
they met ten Indians, who were lolling listlessly
about, under the shade of a large tree. ' These are
the very men for us,' thought and said the whiles,
and an offer was immediately made the Indians of
two dollars a day for every mnn who would dig.
This being the amount that the said people worked
for per mtmlh in the settlement, was, at the time,
thought a sufficient inducement, certainly; but the
Indians shook their heads. Five dollars were then
offered; again the Indians shook their heads. Ten
dollars wan the next offer, when one of the Indians
rose and said: 'Here are ten of you and ten of us;
we make you the same offer. You white men dig
for us, and we will give each one of you ten dollars .a
day!' So you will observe that none but hale,
hearty, stout, well-knit and healthy men, need come
out here for gold. And two-thirds of these (let me
warn them in time) will lay their Imnes where they
go with the hope of accumulating fortunes. My
reasons for thinking thus must be obvious enough
Ln nftrufini nt *11 *r/in*?nt*H with
When the unhealthy season net* in at the placer,
the temptation for augmenting one's heap is too
strong to he resisted. As each individual imagines
that he will escape, or, at any rnte, that the chances
are somewhat in his favor, none leave until a raging
fever has taken a strong hold, when in most cases
it is too late to depart. But this is useless. No
warning from me, or any one else, will turn a tide;
and I fancy that every person coming to California
intends to take this at the flood, feeling confident
that it must 'lead on to fortune.' But I know,
from actual observation, that the tide runs both
ways out here. There is an ebb, as well as a flood
' if any suppose that gold can lie procured without
labor, and that of the severest kind, they are, I
assure you, very much mistaken. Why, laying
water or gas pipes in the streets of New York is
not half as toilsome work. No man should come
to this country with the expectation of making his
fortune at the mines, by getting out gold, but such
a one as feels fully able to dig almut half a dozen
graves a day, taking a cold bath every fifteen or
twenty minutes during his work, and whilst in a
profuse perspiration, and that without injury to the
constitution. It would not lie n had nlan to orsc
tine thm, for a month or two, on the lianks of some
river, before leaving the United States."
ETHioruN Melodies.?Mr. Kendall writes from
"Whether we should take it aa a compliment or
not ia more than I feel called upon to decide, but
the moat popular airs one now hears at all the minor
theAlres, as well aa in the streets, are neither
more nor leas than some of Our Ethiopian melodies.
The favorite of all?one that is danced and hummed,
and whistler! by every person?goes by the title of
'Drin, drin,' here in Paris, nnd is an adaptation of
'Sing, sing, the boatmen sing.' Another air, which
appears to tie rapidly growing into favor, is taken
from 'Dance, the Itoatman, dance.' I shall lie
ready to go when 'Mary Blane' and 'l.ucy Neal'
I get upon the Parisian stage and on the Boulevards,
j and they'll soon be along."
B Y T E L E (i R A P H
Tilt Latest News by tbe AiutrU*. 1
New York, June 21, 2 p. m.
The weatiier ia intensely hot, thermometer in the
shade 96?.
The papers this morning contain their usual one
day later accounts from Europe.
At Liverpool, on the 9th ult., at noon, corn was
dull and nominal; flour as previously quoted; cotton
still' and holders firm. No political news of
Naw York, June 21, 2 p. m.
The flour market is heavy and prices fa voting
buyers. Sales of 3,000 bbls. at $4.44 a $4 62 for
common Western and Genessee brands.
Corn is steady, but not active?sales of 1,500
bushels at 57 a 5b cents for mixed and 58 a 60
cents for yellow; oats 38 cents; rye 58 cents.
Provisions quiet, and stiles only to the regular
i trade. Groceries quiet.
The cotton market is firm at an advance of I cent
per lb. quoted yesterday?sules of 500 bales. I
Whisky is selling at 20} a 21J cents per gallon. '
The Board of Health have not yet reported the i
cases of cholera. '
Philadelphia, June 21, 8 o'clock, p. m.
The thermometer has been up to 102 degrees
here to-day.
Young Man drowned In Philadelphia?Hot
Philadelphia, June 21, 2 p in.
The young man who was drowned yesterday,
while bathing in the Delaware, opposite the city, is
named Brown. He belonged to the Eastern Shore
of Maryland.
The weather is exceedingly hot?at 10 a. m.
the thermometer stood at 95? in the shade. It is
now up to 97?.
Philadelphia, June 21, 2 p. m.
The stock market is steady; sales moderate?Pa.
5's 90 i a 901; do 6's 101.
Flour is dull, under the steamer's advices; sales
of a few hundred barrels at $4 50.
No change in wheat; small sales of red al$l.
Corn has declined one cent per bushel?sales of
yellow at 60 cts. Oats 28 a 30 c.; rye 58 els.
Provisions and groceries quiet?butter has improved
g cent per pound, some asking more.
Whisky 20 a 21 j cents per gallon.
Philadelphia, June 21, 4 p. m. .
There were ten cases of cholera to-day and four
deaths. The fatal malady is gradually increasing.
Baltimore, June 21, 8 o'clock, p. m.
The ship St. Laudenie, at Newport, R. I., from
Liverpool, had thirty deaths aboard during her passage,
and has forty now sick of ship fever. Among
the sick is Captain Brown, the master of the vessel.
A person who came passenger here in a packet
from New York died of cholera to-day.
Baltimore, June 21, 5 p. m
This has been the warmest day of the season.
The thermometer in the shade now stands at 91?. '
Our city still continues free of cholera.
The following is the official announcement and '
recommendation by the Governor of Maryland in
leference to the death of Ex-President Polk:
Official?State Department.
Annapolis, Mo., June 20, 1849.
The painful duty devolves upon the Governor of
Maryland to announce, officially, to his fellowcitizens,
the demise of Janes K. Polk, late ExPresident
of the United States, which mournful
event occurred at Nashville, Tennessee, on the
15th inst. The patriotic people of Maryland are
thus called to mourn the early death of one who
has, successively, filled important positions in the
councils of the country, and who but recently retired
from the most exalted of all earthly stations, the
Presidency of the United Stales. In view of the
public and private virtues of the deceased, of his
long, faithful, and arduous services in the various
trusts committed to his hands, and of the brilliant
events which distinguished his administration of
the Government, 1 recommend to the people of
Maryland to assemble in their respective cities and
country towns, at such time as may be most convenient,
for the purpose of expressing the sorrow
which this sudden dispensation has occasioned,
and of testifying, in a suitable manner, their respect
for his memory.
By the Governor,
ph ii ip c tuom a a
a. . liivrono.
John Nick Watkivs, Secretory of State.
Upon the opening of the court this morning at
nine o'clock, John Price was placed in the prisoner's
box, and u|>on being asked by the Attorney
General whether he was ready for trial, replied that
he was not?the counsel previously engaged for j
him, Messrs. Preston and Pitts, having declined to (
act in his behalf. The Attorney General then gave
him notice to secure the services of counsel by Monday,
at which time the case will be taken up and
proceeded with.
The market for Howard street Flour is a good I
deal unsettled to-day. The sales amount to 600
bbls., composed of several lots, at f4 50, all fresh
Sales 1,900 bbls. City Mills at the uniform rate
of |4.69}.
Wheat has further declined, and we quote sales
of good to prime red at 95 a 100c., and white 109c.
Sales yellow Corn at 56 n 58c. and white 50n 59c.;
the bulk of the yellow at 57c.
Sales Pennsylvania Rye at 61c., and Maryland
Oats are dull at 24 a 28c., for good to prime.
Nairn Whisky at 21c., in bbla.
Provisions air without change Sales Mess
Pork at $11, and bacon at 6 a 6Je. for sides and assorted,
5J at 5}c. for shoulders, and hams 7 a 9jc.
Lanl without sales.
Cincinnati, Tune 21.
There were 26 deaths by cholera to-day, besides
! 29 interments of other diseases in one cemetery;
there were ten interments, diseases not known.
! The river has fallen eight feet.
Montrkai., .Attic 21.
Affairs an' still in n disturbed and unsettled state,
and there are apprehensions of further outbreaks.
The contemplated celebration of the anniversary
of the Imttle of Waterloo has been indefinitely postponed
by order of the Government. The authon- J
I ties were unwilling to leave the city unprotected.
The Provincial Secretary ha* asserted that if the i
Royalists should attempt to invite or gel up dta- j
turhanees, the streets shall lie swept with grape-shot |
fmm one end of the city to the other. This procla- ^
malion has caused great anxiety, and all are now
anxiously waiting the reault of the discussion of
Canadian affair* in the British Parliament.
The city continues healthy. The cholern has
not yet made its apjiearance. The weather here is
unusually warm, and the thermometer at this writ- |
ing stands 95 degrees in the shade.
Five hundred and thirty-five alien pnsaengera ar
| rived at Boston during the week ending June llth. J
Muiemia increases in population with such rabidity,
that it caii scarcely ue lunger than a few
5earn before ahe will be knocking at the door of the
Won for admission 98 a State. St. Paul, the capiat,
ia growing with hot-bed quickneaa. The P10leer
telle ua that?
" Lob* which were the other day considered quite
-emote, are now " right in town." More titan
leventy buildings, it ia said, have been erected here
luring the past three weeks; and the town ia so
banged in its appearance, and has so multiplied its
nhabitants, that a person absent for three weeks,
m returning, almost fancies that he has been
aking a Rip Van Winkle Mlumber. The two landings
have already locked their arms in a fraternal
iiubrac-e." ,
The Pioneer, in surveying this stale of things,
lptly remarks, that?
"Scratch up, scramble up, tumble up, any way to
jet up," seems to be illustrated in tine sudden
jrowtli of buildings in St. Paul. California, with
its wondrous treasures, sceins in no wise to have injured
the prospects of this embryo.
Gov. Ramsey and the other officers of the new
lerritory have arrived at St. i'aul. I he Governor
lias issued the customary proclamation, announcing
the organization of the territorial government, accompanied
by the act of Congress relating thereto.
On his arrival he went to spend a short time with
Hon. H. H. Sibley, the late representative in Congress.
He was received in due form by the troops
at FortSneliing.
Dr. J. S. Li verm ore, Indian Sub-Agent for the
Chippewas of Lake Superior region, on a tour
through the several stations and bands of his agency,
had arrived in a birch canoe ut St. Paul's front
Lake Superior.
Election of Judges by the People.?This
is a question which will be before the people
of Texas at the election in August next. An
amendment to the constitution to this effect has
Iteen proposed, and the people arc culled upon to
decide by direct vote whether they wish it or not.
Washington Light Infantry.?This fine corps
is actively engaged in the necessary arrangement
for a trip to Fredericksburg on the ensuing Fourth
of July, the military of that hospitable town having
extended thenl an invitation, which has been
accepted. Their tents were pitched yesterday afternoon
in the City Hall square, and weekly drills
in the school of the soldier have been had for some
time at the company's armory on C street.
Sale of Furniture.?The 3ale of the extensive
furniture of the National Hotel closed on Wednesday
afternoon. The furniture brought fair prices,
and the amount of sales, we learn, will reach to
$25,000, or thereabouts.
Anglino.?Fine sport is offered to the disciples
of Izaak Walton and the lovers of angling, at the
Little Falls, where rock, perch, and others of the
finny tribe, abound in goodly numbers at the present
season. An amateur fisher hooked a rock on
Tuesday weighing twenty pounds, and others of
large size are caught daily by the numerous parties
which frequent this famous fishing spot. Shad of
large size are also caught readily by the fishermen
in dip nets, and find a ready sale, despite the recommendations
of the faculty to beware of the use
of fresh fish.
Criminal Court.?This court resumed its session
on yesterday morning. The case of the
United States vi. Allison Nailor, for resisting a
Georgetown police officer in the execution of a
warrant, was taken up, and an argument held liefore
the court as to the validity of the warrant
issued by the corporation of Georgetown, on which
the action wua based. Mr. Auld appeared for th?
corporation of Georgetown, and Mr. Bradley for
Mr. Nailor. Judge Crawford reserved his decision
until a future day
The case against Alfred Wallingsford for per
muting ntgh ball" 10 oe played at his billiard I
saloon, in violation of the statutes against gaming,
was next taken up, Messrs Lenox and Radcliffe
appearing for defendant. A jury was empannelled,
and some testimony taken ; but it appearing, from
the statement of Dr. Dawes and other witnesses,
that the defendant was laboring under a most severe
illness, and had been no at the time alleged in the
indictment, the case was dismissed, and the court
LIFK OF KOBK.HFIKKRK. with extracts
from his unpublished correspondence, by G.
H. Lewes.
THE POTTLETON LEGACY, a nnr novel, by
Alliert Smith, author of "Christopher Tadpole," &c.,
1 volume.
This day received, for sale by
June 2*2 Booksellers, near 9th st.
Attention! Walker Sharpshooters!
YOU are requested to meet at the Armory, this
(Friday) evening, at M o'clock precisely, to
make arrangements for celebrating the approiu fling
National anniversary.
June '22
NOTICR.?The Lecture of Mr. W. M. Yoctto,
before the Washington Litrrary Association,
which was to have taken place on last Friday evening,
but was piwtpitH'd on account of the weather,
willtakc pla< eon tliis f Friday) evening at S o'clock,
in the room of the Sabbath School attached to Wesley
Chapel,on 6th, near Fstreet. Subject: "The true
greatness of the human mind."
The public is respectfully invited to attend.
June 22 Srcrrtary.
A CHAORM.~TIh' owner* will dispatch this
fine steamer with the Government Mail* for Chagres,
via Havana and New Orleans, on the *2Sth
June, instant.
On the last voyage two or more person* who eniImrkrd
at litis port, evidently for sinister purpoe<*.
were the cause of some difficulty and delay at Havana.
To guard against any similar occurrence in
future, the ship will pri*-ee<l on each trip toCHAGRES,
and return thence via New Orleans.
On her last return voyage she made shorter time
than had ever before been known, having reached
this port from Havana in loss than four and a half
For speed, safety, and excellent accommodations,
the Falcon is unsurpassed by any sea steamer afloat.
This conveyance offers the most desirable medium
of communication with the Isthmus of Panama.
Passengers at a distance are recommended to
make early application for state room*.
New York, June 19. June 22?Iw
KOH KK,\\< IM U. Via <H\?.ltK.V
3(lth June.
i, -hy 1 Steamship CRESCENT CIT Y,
HBHHHmi 16,000 ton* burthen, Cha's Stoddard,
master, will leave for Chagres direct, from her
dork, Ht Pier i, N. R . on Saturday, .10th June, at
3 o'clock.
The C'resrent City goes direct to Chagres, without
touching at intermediate ports, an<i makes the
run in about eight and a half days, thus ensuring
that passenger* by this Steamer will reach Panama
in time for the U. S. Pacific Mail Steamer of July.
Passage in the After Saloon - jgtl/St
do do Forwaril Saloon - lift
do do I/>wcr Cabin . 101)
do do Steerage... SO
Freight on spryie, 1 per cent. Merchandise, 70
rents per foot. Eight cubic fort of Imggagc allowed
each cabin passenger; six cubic feet each steerage
passenger. No passage secured unless paid for.
iny peraon D-IIIII11IItr """ ?' ' amount Ol pah
??ge money ran *e< ore a Ix rUi for ont wmk. In
imiaoqenee of the arrival at I*.mania, from San Franciaro,
of the Steamer* "California" anil "Oregon,"
tin Parifii Mail Steamahin Company liave recommenced
the iarar of ticlu t* for their Steamer*.
Tln-ae ticket*, however, will not in future la- entirely
diapoaeif of here -a large proportion of thoae for
the ne*t. anil nuhaequent Steamer*, lieing reserved
for aale in Panama.
For freight or pa**age apply to
.lime 2J t.'tn 34 Broadway.
Dark orera m.k i mbhrm,** Thi*
lay received, a small lot of Dark Green Silk
U mhrclla*
Also, a few doccn Linen Yoke neek Shirt*.
Great Hat anil Gentlemen'* Outfitting atore,
No. I, Brown'* Hotel.
June 22 eoJtif I
That we may commence it with the half year,
and on a propitious day, we have determined to
laaue the first number of our Weekly (taper on the
Fourth or July.
The Weekly Republic will contain all the moat
interesting and important matter of our Daily (tapers.
Single subscription, for one year f 2 00
Six copies, for one year - - 10 .00
Sixteen copies, for one year , - - 20 00
TWENTY-FIVE COPIES, for one yeur 25 00
And at the same rate for a larger number.
The Daily and Tri-Weekly Republic are now
regularly published, and mailed to subscribers at
the following rates:
For the Daily Republic, per annum - J10 00
For the Tri-weckly, " 6 00 j
For three copies of the Tri-weekly,
(ordered at the same time) - 15 00
No paper will be seat unless the order is accompanied
by the money.
All communications upon business must be addressed
Washington Citt, June 19, 1849.
J Comprising in one volume tRassel&s, Vicar of
Wakefield, Exiles of Siberia, Paul and Virginia,
Gulliver's Travels, Sterne's Sentimental Journey,
Castle of Otranto, &c., &c., Stc.
WAVEftLY ANECDOTES, illustrating popular
characters, scenes, and incidents, in the Novels and
n w.ii?u....n t ....I r i....
' T A YLOR * & "MAURY"
June.' 21 Booksellers, near 9th st.
Biography ok john Randolph a
few copies of Mr. Sawyer's life of John Randolph
arc left for sale at
Bookstore, Pa. A v. near 9th street.
June 21
Subscribers to the American Art Union for
1848 can obtain their engravings by calling at
the bookstore of
June 21 Near Ninth street.
Washington, May 16, 1849.
act to make arrangements for taking the Seventh
Census," it is provided that the Census Board
"shall prepare and cause to be printed such forms
and schedules as may be necessary fur the full enumeration
of the inhabitants of the United States;
and also proper forms and schedules for collecting
in statistical tables, under proper heads, such information
as to Mines, Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures,
Education, and other topics, as will exhibit
a full view of the pursuits, industry, education,
and resources of tne country; it being provided
that the number of said inquiries, exclusive of
the enumeration, shall not exceed one hundred.
The principal aim of the Board at this time is to
acquire such information as will enable it to arrive
at the most proper enumeration of subjects to be
embraced in the next Census.
The communications of all persons who may feel
disposed to make suggestions or contribute information
on the subject, will be respectfully considered.
Address "Department of State?Census," Washington.
Jos. C. G. Kknnedy, Secretary.
June 20?3t
L 111 mill
ON the petition of Charles Davenport, of Cainbridgeport,
Massachusetts, praying" for the extension
of a patent granted to saia Davenport, for
an improvement in Draw Springs for railway carriages
for seven yeans from tin- expiration of said
patent, which takes place on the ninth day of September,
It is ordered that the said petition be heard at the
Patent Office, on the fourth Monday in August
next, at 1'2 o'clock, in.; and all persons are notified
to appear and allow cause, if any they have, why
said petition ought not to be granted.
Ordered, also, that this notice be published in the
Republic, and Union, Washington City, D. C.;
American, Baltimore; North American and Garotte,
Philadelphia; Tribune, New York; Couraut,
Hartford ; Daily Bee, Boston ; Journal, Portsmouth,
New Hampshire ; Daily Atlas, Cincinnati; Advertiser,
Detroit; Republic, Augusta Georgia ; once a
week for three successive weeks previous to the
fourth Monday in August next.
Commissioner of Patent*
P. 8.?Editors of the atiove papers will please
ropy, and send their tiills to the Patent Office, with
a paper containing this notice.
June 20?law3w
with extracts from his Correspondence
and Manuscripts. 3 vols., with portrait.
The Works of William E. ('banning, D. D., i
with an introduction. t> vols., complete.
June 24) Booksellers, near 9th st.
Importer and Dealer In Fancy and Staple
Pennsylvania .Irrnue, betteren 1 Ilk ami 1 '2th streets, j.
rpHK *ul>*< rlber devote* InnIf? xdusively to the
1 Stationery business, in all it* branches, and ia
prepared to furnish all kind* of?
Cap, letter, ledger, wrapping, note, and fancy 1
Paper* and Envelope*
Cutlery, Steel Pen*, Quill*
Ink, Inkstands, Portfolio*
Gold Pen* and Pencil*, Drawing' paper*, French
Tape*, Blank Rook*, kc.
He i* receiving constantly new addition* to hi*
stock hv the English steamer* and packets,and will
sell at tlie very lowest price*.
Letter ami Cap Paper at $ 1.2ft r?er ream.
| June 19?rMt
edited by Joseph Leidy, M. D., 2 vol*, octavo,
with over five hundred illustrations.
S*co*i> Ni'tur.1 or DAVID COPPERFIELD,
by Dickens, (Boz.) this day received for sale by J
June 19 Booksellers, near 9th *t.
{~TmmJS Steam Pa. ket.WASHINGTON.
L. Isaac Wood, Master, burthen 2,000
RBHSMMEatlstrrels, lea\e* Baltimore, on Saturday
evening, at 5, p. m.; leave* Georgetown rv[
cry Tu?i?day; leaves Alexandria every Wednesday .
morning, at 7 o'clock, a. in.
For freight or passage, apply to
Agents: Peter Berry, Georgetown.
Rose, Merrill A Co.. Baltimore, Md.
June 18?lind
UANTIC'S INFERNO - A literal prose translation,
with the text of the original, collated
from the best edition* and explanatory notes, by
John A. Carlyle, M D.
i,ip p. ir<i i hp. p ah " r.> i nv ueorge prcd
Ruxton, author of Advrnturr* in Mexico and the i
Rocky Mountain*, thi* day received for sale by
June 18 Booksellers, noar <Rh ?treet.
I. A CROillt'A,
A Spanish Newspaper printed In New York.
THIS valuable paper i* handsomely printer! twice
a week 011 a large double royal sheet, in the
quarto form, in the moat approver! modern Spanish
orthography, and, having reached the nintii month
of it* puluirntion, may be aaid to he placed on adurahl<
lm*i*. It i* ably conducterl by Sctior A. X
Sa v M ahtin, ami employ* a regular correspondent
at the Court of Madrid, beside* having correspondent*
in all the countries of Spanish America.
Officer* of the American Government, Diplomatic
Representatives, and others, will find the Cronira
a valuable compendium of Spanish and Spanish
American news, nolitics, and interests. It is sent
by mail, postage free, (the prwtugr tiring pre-paid
by the editor without cost to tile suhw riber*,) U> all
part* of the United State* at tiie following rates, in1*1
ruiNy in advance
For one year #10 (XI
For six months - - - - ft 60
For three months . - . '2 7ft
Persons wishing to sulmcribe will apply to
Smith's Row, Eleventh street, near F.
June II 'H
THE snhse'riber is now receiving daily the finest
Oysters ami Fish, which he will he happy to serve
} in the best style and on reasonable terms.
Hoarders taken by the week or day. . ,
The Frederick ami Marlborough stages lenve this
house every Tu?"*day, Thursday, and Saturday.
P A. Da KAl'l.ES,
Agent, Penn. avenue. opposite National Hotel.
June IS St j
Nero gork ^U)oerti0cmmta.
The attention of the public is invited
to this valuable improvement. Experiment!*
the past year on boat*, Doth in Salt and Fredi
water, a* also for land purpoae*, have fully tested
it* superior qualities a* a steam generator, and the
great saving of fuel, weight and space occupied,
over any boiler now in use.
These Boilers can be seen in operation at
Messrs. HECKER & BRO'S, Flour Mills, 201 Cherry
HOOPER & BRO.'S, 333 Pearl street.
" MOTT & AYRES, Foundry, foot 26th
street, N. K.
" A. W. METCALF, 63 and 66 Centre street.
" D. D. BADGER &CO., 44 and 46 Duano
N. B. STARBUCK'S Foundry, Troy, New
??. SMITH & CURLETT, Baltimore.
And on board steamboats JONAS C. HEARTTand
EDWARD PAYSON.foot of Liberty street, N. Y.,
and towboat JOHN P. WHITNEY, New Orleans.
For further information apply to
15 South William street, New York.
June '20? tf
150 Broadway, New York.
THE undersigned will furnish at factory prices
to gentlemen of the Army or Navy, ana others,
all articles manufactured from Metallic Rubber, under
the Goodyear Patents, which are warranted to
stand in any climate. He is also sole agent in this
country for the celebrated house of Molntosh & Co.,
of England; all goods manufactured by them will
be furnished to order. W. WARD,
Goodyear Rubber Emporium, 159 Broadway.
June 19?3ui
Nouvelle Period avec la Collaboration des
Somraltes Litters!res et Sclentlflques, de
la Prance et des pays Etrangers.
Published on the first and fifteenth of every month.
Each number contains 176 pages, 8vo., at $12 50
per annum.
The Revue des Deux Mondes has been formed
for the purpose of establishing an intercourse in
the intellectual pursuits the most followed between
distinguished men of Europe and America. It is
proposed in this collection to give a prominent
place to the affairs of the American Union, to the
labors of its politicians, and to the Literary and
Scientific publications of its Authors. The Revue
des Deux Mondes now makes a public appeal to
American Authors and Editors, by sending to it,
through Mr. Putnam, of New York, a copy of each
of their publications. The Revue is in a better position
than any other organ in Europe to serve as
an intellectual link between the Old and the New
World, which has as Editors and Contributors the
most eminent political, scientific, and literary men
of France. Many of its contributors have visited
North and South America, and it still counts among
.u ..r . u.. i f i r<
iin iii many ui tuc i/ipiuiuaut. aiiu v-uimunvr V'Di iJM.
Each nuuiDerof the Revue, ia addition to its articles
gig-lied by the first names of France, eon tains, under
the title of" Chrouique dc la Quinzaine," a historical
summary of the principal events of the political
world, which will certainly be, for the American,
the most faithful picture of the European movement*.
I. De la Renaissance Flamande en Bclgique?Le
Romaucier de Flaudre?Henri Conscience, par M.
Saint Rone Taillaudier.
II. Mozart et Don Juan?Lorenzo da Ponte, nouveaux
document! publics en Russie, en Anglcterre,
et en Amerique, par M. P. Scudo.
III. L'Algcrie et la Buget?Le Gouvernment des
Europeens, derniere de parties, par M. Andre
IV. Les Pages de Jaunesse dc M. de Lamartinc,
par M. Gustave planchc.
V. Pocmes Evangeliques?La Tempte, par M.
Victor de Lapr&dc.
VI. Questions Constitutiunelles, de M. de Baraute,
par M. Albest de Broglie.
VII. Du Comite central pour les Elections.
VIII. Histoire Politique?Chronique de la quinzaine.
IX. Bulletin Bibliogr&phique.
Nos. 1 and 5 of the Revue des Deux Mondes for
1849 have been received, and are for sale at 75 cents
each. G. P. PUTNAM,
June 18 Agent for the United States.
New Style Gilt Cornices and Window
I HAVE just received from the North a large and
splendid assortment of Gilt Window Cornices,
Window Shades, and a new style of Picture Cord
and Tassels.
I also keep on hand a large assortment of American
and French Paper Hangings, Fire Board Prints,
Columns, Feather Beds, Hair and Husk Mattrasses.
I make to order, at the shortest notice, Bed and
Window Curtains, Carpets and Cushions, and every
thing in the Upholstering line furnished complete
on the best terms. JNO. ALEXANDER,
Pen n. a v., bet. 12th and 13 th sis.
June 13?3taw*2w
To the Public.
C WOODWARD respectfully invites the atten
tion.of his old customers and the public geneI.illy.
1" Ills large and wrll selei led stock of Hardware,
Fancy Goods, Jtc. I have just received a
splendid assortment of Bathing Tubs, lie., as follows:
Hip Baths, Zinc and Tin, Huston Baths,
Large Bathing Tubs with lu-aters, Hand Shower
Baths, Niagnra Jet Slaiwer Baths, lie., &e.
I have also just receivi-d a lot of very fine Refrigerators,
lee Cream Freezers, Water Coolers. Clocks,
Buckets, Bird Cages, Britannia Water Pitchers,
Basket Carriages and Chairs, Rocking Horses and
Propellers, Iron and Brick Furnace* of all kinds
and sizes, and a great variety of House Furnishing
Articles, Safes, and every other article usually
found in Uie Hardware Line.
And in ease you should forget, I will just say that
I have a few more Stoves and Grate* of the same
sort left, and shall continue to keep them on hand
a* usual.
Thankful for past patronage. I shall lie happy to
wait upon and show my goods to any one who will
favor tne with a call. Having bought goods very
low, I am determined to sell as low or lower than
can lie Isaight in the city elsewhere.
Pa. Av., between 10th ami lltli streets.
June 15?blood
- . -- - - Brandies,
Whiskies, < holer Wines, etr., at
private sale,? We have on hand, and constantly
keen, a i him c ami ain<..ri.,i . ..ll. . iw... ,?f
Brandies, V^hiskies, Wines, &< ., among which we
6 \ caakssupcrior Brandy, with custom-house certify
ate# attached
40 barrel# superior copper distilled MoiMOfkhrll
4 J cask* Otard, Dtipcy & Co., Brandy
Together with a choice collection of superior
Wine# from the celebrated house of Jacob Snider,
jr., of Philadelphia; amongst which will be found?
Amontillado Sherry, Hcnnudcz and Pozzio Pale
Haytar Xerxes' superior Pale Sherry
Delicate West India Madeira
Phelps' superior old nutty Madeira
Kxtra superior old delicate Sereial Madeira, vintage
Superior Hock, Moselle Clarets, of favored brands
Champage, of extra quality.
Also 15(leinijohn# of very superior Brandy, warranted
pure; pill up expressly for family use, as a
preventive for cholera.
The attention of gentlemen desiring superior
Wines and Liquors, is respectfully invited.
EDW. C. ?t (I F DYER,
Auction and Commission Merchants.
Jam 15??odlw
(lath or florida,)
117ILL attend Co all kinda of buAiii.tM tieforaCouVv
(Trw* *'"l thr Department*.
Hon. E. C. Carri.l, Florida;
" R. Too mar, (iiWfria;
" H. W. Hii.liard, Alabama:
" A. Boat, South Carolina;
" R. C. Wintmrop, Mama? huaetta.
" C. B. Smith. Indiana; '
" R. L. Rom. New York;
" John Yovno, New York.
June 16? tf '
Pa. A vrnnr. Itrlwrrn ftth and 7lh itrrrli. (
Warhinoton, I). C. (
June 13?tf
Corner of Prim. A vrnnr and lllh street, J
Warhinoton, D. C. f
IIV.NHY A. WILLARD. Proprietor. I
June 13?if
__ i
military and naval
Pmnnylvnnm uwtiw, fcrfieeeri 14th and I !>tk xtrrth,
June i*?'y I
. . ii ii
Boston ^Ibncrtis emmts.
In press, and preparing for publication, by
11*4 Wuhlnftun St., Boston.
3 vols., royal 8 vo. Vol. I. now ready.
Revised and considerably enlarged, by Henry Hoplev
White, Esq.
Fur liter revised and abridged, with Additions and
Notes for the use of American Students, by Simon
Greenleaf, LL. D.
It is with much pleasure that we are able to announce
the first volume of this great work, which
has been so long looked for. Vols. II. and III. are
it* nranaruHltrt unit U/lll ntll lr? iliat'v snnaas.
til H?V ??? ..... ~v *""?
ance with on little delay as possible.
United States Digest: Being a Digest of Decisions
of the Courts of Common Law, Equity and Admiralty,
in the United States, by John Pnelps Putnam?Vol.
II. for 1848.
One volume, Hvo. 791 page*.
A Treatise on the Law of Carriers of Goods and
Passengers, by Land and Water. By Joseph K.
New and greatly enlarged edition.
A Treatise on Wills, with a copious Dissertation
on the Construction of Devises, by T. Jarmau, with
Notes and References to American Law, by Hon. J.
C. Perkins; tecond edition, greatly enlarged, with
additional Notes and References. 2 vols. Svo.
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the
Supreme Court of the State of Mississippi. By ffm.
C. Smedea and T. A. Marshall. Vob XI.
SESSIONS LAWS?1848, 1849.
The Statutes at Large and Treaties of the United
States of America, couunencing with the Second
Siawion of the Thirtieth Congress, 1848?1849, carefully
collated with the originals at Washington.
Edited by George Miuot, Svo. Printed uniformly
with Little & Brown's edition of the Laws of the
United States.
One volume Hvo.
A Treatise on the Law of Patent* for Useful Inventions
in the United States of America, and the
Remedies for their Infringement. By George T.
Curtis, Counsellor at Law.
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the
Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, Vol. 12
By Theron Metcalf?ready in July.
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the
Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. By Luther
S. Cushing. Vol. I.
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the
Circuit Court of the United States for the First District,
vol. 2. By Charles L. Woodbury and George
Minot?ready in a few days.
Reports of Cases decided in the Supreme Court of
Rhoae Island, vol. 1. By Joseph K. Angell.
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the
Supreme Court of the United States. By Benjamin
C. Howard?in July.
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the
Supreme Court of the State of Mississippi. By Win.
C. Sinedes and T. A. Marshall. Vol. XII.
With references to the American cases, and the
later Continental authorities, by Joseph Arnauld,
Esq., of the Middle Temple, Barristerat Law, 2 vols.
8vo.; re-edited by Hon. Judge Perkins.
A Treatise on the Law of Life and Fire Insurance,
by Joel Giles, Counsellor at Law. j
New and Fourth Edition. Revited and greatly improved.
Treatise on the Common Law, in relation to
Water Courses. By Joseph K. Angcll.
By Edmund Batten, Esq., Barrister at Law, with
notes and references to American cases, by Hun.
Judge Perkins, of Salem, 1 vol. 8vo.
Of all the State* in the Union, now for the firtt time
collated and arranged in chronological order for publication.
The Railroad Laws of the United States,
including the charters of the various Railroad Companies,
and indeed all the laws, general and special,
relative to Railways; with a synopsis and explanatory
remarks accompanying each Charter ana Law;
the whole in one volume.
In active preparation, and will soon be ready,
decided in the United States Courts, and in the
Courts of the several States, from the earliest period
to the present time. In one volume, royal 8vo.,
corresponding with the United States Digests of
Common I,aw and Admiralty Reports, by Messrs.
Metcalf, Perkins, Curtis, and Putnam; and forming
with that a complete Digest of all the Reports to
1847, from which period Mr. Putnam's Annual
Digest will include the Common Law, Admiralty,
hiw r^piuy iveporis. ay jonn rncip* Putnam, of
the Boston Bar.
An Index of the Namiu of all the Cases in the
three vol wine* of the United State* Digest, and the
two volumes of the Supplement, alphabetically arranged,
with Referent e* for ?-aeh Case, to the volume
and page of the Report* whence the Case is taken,
and to the volume and page of the Digest where it is
found; thus muking an Index of cases as well for
all the Report* in the. United States as for the United
State* Digest. By George P. Sanger, Counsellor at
Law. Nearly ready.
A Treatise on the Law of Mortgage*, embodying
all the general principle* of the Law of Mortgage,
European and American, with Note*, containing
the. Statutory Law of each State in the U uited State*,
with their peculiar Local Law, created by the decision*
of their Courts, &<., Ac. By Hon. Judge
A Practical Treatise ou Medical Jurisprudence,
one vol. Hvo. j ;i
L. A B also publish the MONTHLY LAW RE
PORTER, which is issued on the first of every month,
each number containing at least 4H page*. Price
Utrtr dollar* per annum, payable in advance.
The third page of the cover will be devoted to
the publication of professional cards, which will be
inserted on reasonable terms, by application to the
The value of the insertions, particularly for commissioners,
will be apparent when the extensive
circulation of the work is considered.
LITTLE At BROW!!, US Washington It,
Boston. (Agents for the sale of the publirations
of Messrs. Longman A Co., John Murray, a
Taylor A Walton, and John Pickering,) have re |
matty imported'ju,uititi<-?'.f tin- following wink*. l
and offer them for sale, to the trade, and at retail,
at gready reduced prim.
I'nlihiihril ill 1 h itillatiui -? ?1 'r '
_ ?T*- ??- W?., VJJWWl (11 1|
$2 75?vols. I and 2 received. {?
HEISCHEL'S ASTRONOMY?Hvo steel plate*.
I'ubituhrd at 1* shilling*, offrrrd at #4.
ANTIQUITIES^ 1 volume, royal Hvo. Pah
Itxhrd at ?2 it, offrrrd at #4. "
MAN BIOGRAPHY?J vol*, royal Hvo. nearly
3500 puces. PiMixhrd at ?6 15s I'd, offrrrd at fl.>.
THE SOUL?By F W Newman, Hvo? 111
ARY AND GREEK LEXICON?Hvo. nearly 2000
illustrations. PuhitrM at ?1 Is, offrrrd at *5.
GUESSES AT TRUTH?First an<! second aerie*
by C. iuhI J. Hare, 2 vols. l2mo. Pablirhrd at 13
ill tiling*, offrrrd at jjjt'2 50.
.ESOP'S FABLES?A new version, Hvo. upward*
>f one hundred illustrations I'iMithrd at 20 sA?/
in**, offrrrd at $3.
KOOKH Fine edition. note* and index, Hvo < *, h
ml. for sale separately, at ft ' 26.
LANE'S A K A HI A N NIGHTS?Illustrated with >
>00 wood cuts?3 vols. Hvo. #5 50.
oyal Hvo. ft 4. I
Hvinion* and boundaries colored with full index
folio, half bound in Russia. Pahlitked at ?5, of
dating of Choi?? PhMfM from Work* in every dt
jartmrnt of Literature ? Special Collection* in
?rion* branches of Historical and Library Re
march - Ahalytical Readings, being Critical Analy- 4
ica, with intereatinr Kxtracta- and Original Menu>mda,
Literary and Miscellaneous, i. riuniilMled by ]]
Mr. Soil they ill the whole course of hi* personal and
iterary carwr. fi
Kdinal br Mr. Southcy's aon-in-law, the Rev.
lohn Wood Warier
First Series. Square crown Hvn. Z'uAJtsAed <
s t/ni/tng* itrrlinf, offntd a I $4 60. } j

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