Newspaper Page Text
Lotovoco Plaint* and Practick*.?The PostuioMier
General, a abort time aince, removed from the office of poatinaater at Greensburg, in thia ' Stale, one Simon Drum, who had held it during a period of forty yeara- The whole Loco loco parly aeemed, for a abort lime, to be thrown into a elate of aaphyxia by thia event, and then revived, to experience and expreaa the proper feeling* at auch a barbarous act of cruel44 proscription." No language waa alrong enough to expreaa their indignation, no term* aweet and lender enough to show forth tlieir sympathy with the sufferer. Mr. Drum might have aaid, aa Lord Byron said before him, on the publication of hia first popular poem, that 44 he woke up one morning and found himself famous and it seemed aa if all the Locofoco papers of Pennsylvania would go into mourning, and the politicians wear crape on the left urm for thirty days, in testimony of grief for hia unhappy fate. He had gained, to uppearunce, a vast political power, or capital, for his sufferings had moved all his political ramily in the State towards him. Even the candidacy for the next governorship might not be deemed beyond his reach ; but, with the modesty of true worth, Mr. Drum contented himself, some days ago, with asking from the Locofoco conven. tion of Westmoreland county the very subordinate ? _C _L !XV U m A _ iL!_ 11**1 uince 111 Biionn. luoii strange to say, hub nine honor was refused him ; hut still, being most anxious to serve those who seemed to prize him so , highly, he expressed his desire for the office of \ register and recorder, but, th rough some unfortunate combination of circumstances, it could not be awarded him. The next step of the martyr was to apply to his sympathizing friends for the* county treusurership; but here again there were difficulties; and, sinking still lower in his claims, in the most obliging spirit, he condescended to offer to accept the county commissionership. His name was placed upon the list of applicants voted for, but, sad to say, he scarcely obtained a vote, and another man was nominated instead of the wronged, the lamented, the 44 proscribed" Simon Drum. This proceeding forms a keen satire on the recent proceedings of the Locofocos in Mr. Drum's case, and a very pretty commentary upon the general system, now so much in favor among them, of making a great outcry about proscription when there is nothing to cry about.?Philadelphia North American. N*w Brunswick, Ac.?We have St. John's papers to the 21st. The fires in the woods still continue, and much damage has been done throughout the province, as well as farther to the northeast. The New Brunswicker says: 44 We learn from the St. Andrew's papers, that the fires have done much damage in the lumbering districts of that county during the past week. The saw-mill at Red Rock, on the Magagaudavic river, belonging to Major Stannus, and about 40,000 feet of deals belonging to Simeon Howe, were burned last week. On Friday last, the mills at New river, built by Stephen Munsen and Nelson Ash, with v clapboard and lath machines, and a small mill house, were destroyed by fire. The dwelling house of Wm. Moore, at Saint David, was also burnt, with all the furniture. The flames made such rapid progress that Moore and x.: A :.L j:Ir 1.? ilia wuc cacupeu wim uumuiiv. The thermometer on the 30th, at St. John's, stood at 86? in the shade. This was the warmest day of the season. The great water wheel manufactured at the Union Works, at Paterson, N. J., for Don Rubio, a capitalist and manufacturer in Mexico, for his factory at Queretaro, is to be taken apart this week to be shipped. It measures 66 feet in diameter, or 200 feet in circumference, being the largest wheel in the world, except one in Scotland. It nas 168 buckets, 6 feet long; and its weight, including the cog-wheels for regulating the speed, is near 200 tons ! It will make two entire revolutions per minute, and its power is that of 100 horses. The N. Y. Commer cial Advertiser, to whose visit to Paterson we are indebted for these facts, thus speaks of Messrs. Butler & Co.'a new paper mill: The men of Egypt, of ancient Rome, or the monks of old England, never erected buildings better calculated to withstand the ravages of time or the process of decay. The structure and its "fixings" are a stupendous undertaking. The walls are of immense thickness, of hard " Little Pall" rock, apparently impervious to decay, carefully wrought with chisel and hammer, and joined by imperishable cement. The floors are or solid blue slate, and even the vata, for the bleaching of the material of which the paper is made, are slabs of the same material, grooved into each other and joined with cement. Ftre at the Jloutonr leva Works. We bave received the following letter giving an account of a disastrous fire at the Iron Works of t the Montour Iron Company at Danville : Danville, June 24, 1849. Editors of the Bulletin : About 1 o'clock thia morning a fire broke out at the Montour Company's new Furnace, No. 4, destroying the engine and bridge houae, and doing conaiderable damage to the new GO horse-power engine. At the time of the fire there waa, fortunately, not a breath of air atirring. If there had been a,> jeze to the northeast, all the wood work of th -tree large furnacea would have been entirely eatroyed. Our fire engine company waa aoon on the ground, and notwithatanding their npparatua , waa not in good order, they rendered efficient service, and aaved a large amount of property from destruction. It 1a understood that the loaa ia covered by insurance, and it may not exceed in all from G.OftO to 18,000- A number of men are busily en- , gaged to-day, (8unday,) and will, it is said, be able to keep the furnacea in blast, by the aid of one of . the large 90 horse engines which properly belong to Furnace No. 3. This is the second time a fire has occurred at those furnaces.?Pkda BulUtin. Ths Fisst Battle in Canada roa Annexation!?A Queliec paper, (the Canadian Independent,) contains the following paragraph, which shows that the war spirit prevails to a considerable extent among the members of the city council at Quebec : On Friday last, at the ordinary session of the city council, one of the members proposed a motion, of the nature of which we are ignorant, but which another member objected to, remarking, at the same time, that in three months we would be Americans Hereupon, the member who had brought forward the motion crossed the hall, and administered a tremendous blow to his opponent, which prostrated him on the floor. The war spint then communicated to others, and the eomhat threatened to become general, when the mayor called in the police, who put an end to the quarrel and circled the andienre American Queen*ware.?The manufacture of quernaware. like that of glaaa, ia rapidly advancing in thia country There 'ire at Liverpool O ) arven different eatahliahmenta, Riving active e* err me to a large amoqpt of capital, and employing upward* of l?fl workmen They turn oat more than $70,000 worth of the ware annually, and the Pittaburfh Qarette anya: The ware, which ia of two color*, either of a light yellow, or of a dark mahogany hue, ia aa atrong and well glaead aa any we neve ever aeen, while the pattern* are, in man? inataneea, very cheate and Rraccful. Thia branch of our manufaeturea haa aprung up within the paat few year*, and ha* already driven the Rngliah yellow ware from our market. It i* aold in vaat quantitiea in New York, Philadelphia, and the other eaatem citiea, aa well aa in PittaburRh, Cincinnati, Louiaville, Pk Louia, New Orleana, and the reat of the weatarn towna. At Zaneaville (0.) there are alao large factnrie*. Vembi* ano LuMaea raow Cricaoo to CaliraairtA.?We underwtend it ia the intention of Judge Helfenatein.of Milwankie, to freight hia veaael, the Helfenatein, with a load of 900 or 950,000 feet of lumber inH dearvilrh k?r /tireri ia ftk# will paaa through the Welland canal and down the , river 8t. Lawrence Thia will farm a new era in lake navigation. We bIoo learn that the owner of the brig Eureka alao haa obtained leave of the Canadian aulhoritiea ft to r*aa hia vaaael throneh the Welland and Lachine oanala to the ocean. The Eureka it in alao intended to freight with lumber foi California, of which he can carry an immenae cargo, aa aha ia a large . , veaael. She haa l?een laid up at thia port for aome lime for want of freight ? CWrggo fttm. Ail vice* from Porto Cabello of 5th mat aay: "The brig Mount Vernon waareleaaed from aeir.ure through the repreaentationa of Mr Shield*, United Stalea Minwter to Caraeca*. backed by the influence of tha piwaence of tha United Statea ahip Oermantown. The government had agreed to pay 10,000 damage*, and given a bond to that effect The bond ia conaidered worlhleaa. The Scourge ia villi under aeirura, and will probably lie condemned." li.Mffotft *i*n Michigan Canal.?The toll* received at Chicago, on thia canal, from the opening of navigation to the 6th ultimo, were |6,60D 51. 1 * t t? We return our acknowledgments to the highly esteemed friend through whom we have received the following spirited ode, and assure him that it will always give us pleasure to see bis handwriting either as maker or endorser of uny communication designed for our columns. If he will draw upon the stores of his personal observation, to illustrate for us some of the great events now transpiring on a theatre with whose scenes he is familiar, he will lay our readers as well as ourselves under renewed obligations to him. Hymn or Victosv. For the 4(AV -/uiy, 1849,by a lady </ New York. I. Rise ! to sing the deeds of glory By our brave old fathers done; Deeds that hallow song and story, Tyrants crushed and freedom won : i Haif! immortals hail! to ye Who won your country's liberty. II. ' God wan there?Hi* arm sustaining? i Hi* pure fire within their veins; Hi* dread power their cause maintaining? Glorious ! 011 their native plains They fought^-they died to win for thee, On, laud beloved ! thy liberty ! III. | See the beacons brightly blazing ! Ranks of war?in deadly light! Wives and mothers speechless gazing? Conqu'rors shout! and foes in flight! Sons of freedom ! thus will we 1 Guard and strike for liberty. IV. Hail! to hiui the helm now guiding, ' Long and glorious be his sway ! O'er his name like stars presiding, i Palo Alio?Monterey. Chosen ! favored ! long niay he Secure his country's liberty. V. Raise our banuer, proudly soaring i With its eagle to the sky, ' Trumpets sounding?cannons roaring? For a nation's victory. America, for thine ! for thee ! The sacred land of liberty. From Poach. Here are too good things from Punch: What is better than presence of mind jn a railway accident? Absence of body. Foreign Intelligence?In consequence of the continued interest that seems to be felt in foreign affairs, we have despatched a correspondent with | directions to sit himself down on the seat of war, but he has already written word to say that "the seat of war has not a leg to stand upon." He was , instructed to take whatever route be chose, but he has declined taking root any where, and prefers i making himself a sort of correspondent mobile, < picking up something wherever he is set down, and sending it off to us in sixpenny worth's at a time, whenever he has enough to complete a sixpenny paragraph. From Presburg he has sent us biscuits, but tne details are dry; ana from Naples he forwards soap, which indicates that both parties are prepared to administer to each other a lathering. From Bavaria our correspondent forwards us brooms, which shows that the insurgents have had a brush with the authorities; and from Florence a flask of oil assures us of an intention in that quarter to hold the olive branch. From the " Christum Inquirer." Collection of the Works of tke Old Masters, Mr. HazJitt said of the time-honored works of Art, " They are not good because they are old, but old because they are good !" Ope of the satisfactions of the traveller who visits for the first time the galleries of Europe, is the conviction which strengthens as he goes from one work of high art to another, that there is a numning in the reputation of the Old Masters. So potent is mere fashion, so overwhelming the influence of a heartless conventionalism, that one is led sometimes rashly to conclude against all pretension; but the estimation in which succeeding generations have agreed to hold the painters of the older schools, is happily not to be classed among the results of a poor imitativeness, or servile submission to the dicta of others. Their appeal is to something beyond technical rules, and above the power of prescription; and the response of the imagination and the heart asks no sancuon from connoisseurs or critics. n seems birange, since pictures anord so large a portion of tbe pleasures enjoyed by intelligent Americans in foreign travel, that a collection of pictures like that whose title we have placed at the head of these remarks should attract so little attention in New York. The reason assigned is, the number of counterfeits that have been palmed off upon our community in times past as antique works, possessing neither merit nor genuineness, and dishonoring art by asking admiration which no person of common sense could bestow. But the collection at present exhibited here is the property of a person of unimpeachable respects- | bility?a (Mint of great importance as it regards the genuineness of the pictures ; and possesses pictures which, in the opunon of the best judges, have a value wholly independent of the name and reputation of their authors. The Martyrdom of St Lawrence, by Titian, would, if it had been exhibited alone, have attracted more attention and interest than it has yet commanded, as the rent re of a magnificent collection. The "Flight into Egypt," of Murillo, certainly bears no unfavorable comparison with the famous "Trinity," of the same great master?one of the gems of the British National Gallery. Besides these, we have specimens of Ruyadael, Holbein, Weeninx, Jordaens, Spagnoletto, Rembrandt, and more eminent nsmes still, a Fornanna ascribed to Rsnhael bv good judges, a Madonna of Carlo Oolci; an Ecce Homo, by Guido, etc., etc.; the whole comprising works that would be highly prized in any gallery in Europe. u/,. \a. ?ii?.? ?..l T? VAC..IHHV.I iWMi. I Uiin iiuii Willi w;rur care, before vtailing the principal collecuonaabroad, in order to form auch judgment aa the uninatructed observer may of the value of theee picturea; and it 1a no more than justice to say, that our opinion of the Lyceum Gallery waa even higher after we had aeen moot of the great gallenea between London and Naples, than while our range of comparieon waa wellnigh limited to the achieve men ta of our nauve arutta, and the copiea of the Old Maatera which hare reached thia country. We are the more willing to make thia obaerration, becauoe our opinion of in ear picturea la confirmed by that of thoae among ua who hare a right to judge?artista and connowoeurs, aa well aa mere lorere of the beautiful. Mr. Nye'a hope in bringing hia collection to New York waa, that in thia great centre of the wealth and enterprise of (he nation, the idea would be adopted of making thia gallery the centre or nucleus of a great national one, which we muai hare sooner or laier, and which will probably find its natural position in thia city. Bnt we hare thus far been too much occupied, whether with rerolutiona abroad, or gold-hunting, or President-making at home, to turn our intention 10 the fine arte in eo efficient a mode. We seem to be awaiting a period of leisure which may nerer arrire, before we aet oboul the means of that refinement which alone can make leisure raluable, or eeen aafo. We are happy to obaerre that strangers nailing the city hare learned to consider the Lyceum Gallery aa one of the legitimate ahowa. This, with the throng which fills the Art-Union Gallery daily, as well as the Duaeeldorf Collection, gives ua good hope for the future, while we lament the comparative carelnasneaa of the present. Tut rora cssat Powiaa? trvik miiitast rose* and mttmt?The probability of a European war imparts interest to the following estimate of the armies and resources of the four great Powers of continental Europe. ii.itaar roars Russia, in Eurooe ... fifi.VfUl) men Auatria 331,033 " PruMia 335,000 " France 300,000 ?* UKWMH. Rikia.?The eatimeted annual income la $135,000,000! She alao poaaeaae* extrnaive (fold minea, the product# of which the Emperor haa been hoarding up for twenty yeara, ano haa ineeated large auma in the alocka of other European powera. Aca-rni*.?Annual rerenue about $76,000.000 Pbumu.?Annual income about $40,000,000 Fa*?ca.?Annual income about $370,000,000 Theae eatimalea are but general areragea?they are probably rather below than aboee the egact figure. The name of Bloomington, in Iowa, haa baen changed to Muacatine It ta intended to change the I namea of eetreral other town* in that State, by reauming the former Indian appellationa applied to ' iheir preaeni aitna. Burlington ia to he called Shoko-kon, and Fort Madieon ia to take ihe name of Potlowanck. I - - - - - - -- - - -- m Ve&moxt.?We have assurances by letter and otherwise that the Whigs of Vermont are arousing themselves for a gallant effort at the September election, and that their success is beyond reasonable doubt. A large proportion of the Whigs who declined to vote for Taylor last fail, will now heartily support the Whig ticket. Our correspondents name several towns in which they know of twenty to thirty voters of this stamp. On the other hand, many old line Locofocos, who have not learned the new Abolition quickstep, insist that it will take more lime than intervenes between this and September to qualify them for its due execution, especially if the hot weather should continue. The Rutland and Addison Whur county conventions to nominate ; Senator* were* eld last week, and evinced unusual pirit and confidence. Rutland ia preparing to give a large Whig majority ; Addison a very good one. The two are deemed good for 3,000. Aa to the seat in Congress about to be vacated by Mr. Marsh, our friends assure us that there is no question of the election of a Whig. Ex-Governor Horace Eaton is generally spoken of as the favorite candidate, and could not lie beaten, but whoever may be run by the Whigs is morally sure of an election.?-Ve?c York Tribune. Advantages or Fkee Trade.?Fourteen thousand tons of railroad iron, required for the railroad from Cleveland to Columbus, in Ohio, has been or- ' tiered from England, and is now arriving from that country by way of Quebec and Montreal in British vessels, and a contract has been made for the transportation of it through Canada by way of the St. Lawrence and Wei land canal , also with British vessels, to Cleveland. In this instance not only the manufacture of the iron, but every thing pertaining to its transportation until ready for use, goes out of the country, and none to our own citizens, thus depriving our manufactures and commerce of patronage of large amount. Galena and Chicaoo Railroad.?The Chicago Democrat says the road will be completed to Cottage Hill, eighteen miles, by the 4th of July. The daily receipts now amount to between $50 and $60. This would amount to $15,000 per annum, supposing 300 working days in the year. When the road is completed to Elgin, the annual receipts, calculating the increased business, would amount to near $50,000 per annum. It is expected the road will be'completed some time this fall. The citizens of St. Charles are also determined to complete the branch to that place at the same time. The Old Hunker Central State Committee, 'at Albany, have issued a proposition to effect a union with the Free-Soil section of the party. They suggest that " both committees agree to recommend that one delegate from each organization be selected in each assembly district, to meet in separata bodies at Ronfc, on the fifteenth of August next, for the purpose of consulting and devising means of union; and, if it shall be deemed expedient, to meet in joint convention, and suggest names for a union ticket for Slate officers." New Bedford and California.?The California fever in New England has scarcely ever run higher than at present, though there is more method in the madness of the out-goers. There are no less than seven large vessels fitting out at New Bedford for the gold regions, mostly loaded with lumber and bricks. The owners will unquestionably make profitable voyages. The whaling ships are bring ing into both Nantucket and New Bedford a good deal of gold from California. Improvement of Rivers.?It is said that Mr. Ellet is now making a series of observations on the velocity, amount of discharge, and the height of the Ohio river, in its various stages. These observations will be continued several years. They are designed to demonstrate the practicability of maintaining a uniform depth of seven-feet water for steamboats, by constructing great reservoirs at the sources of the stream?collecting the annual flood there, and regulating the supply of water to the river by means of locks and dams. LOCAL MATTERS. Celebsation at Pinev Point.?The National Anniversary of the 4th of July is to be celebrated at Pincy Point with unusual tdat. Mr. Kirkwood, one of the gentlemanly and popular proprietors of the hotel at Piney Point, is now in this city completing his arrangements for an aquatic excursion, for the accommodation of the citizens of the District of Columbia, of which doubtless great numbers will avail themselves. An eloquent oration is of course a part of the programme of the day's enjoyments.? It is worthy of observation, that the Pine regions have ever escaped the cholera scourge, so that this excursion to Piney Point has many recommendations. It will be a healthful trip to a "cityof Refuge" from a city whose intolerable heat dries up or exudes the juices of the physical system. We commend it cordially to the robust and tlx: invalid, both for the preservation and the restoration of health and comfort. Tianuvci meetings at the Nitt Yard.? The meetings of the volunteer temperance association " Washington urn Minute Men, -W 1," continue to be held regularly at the Navy Yard. They usually take place on Thursday evenings, at the corner of Garrison street and Virginia avenue, and on .Sabbath afternoons, at 4 o'clock, in the Markethouse. The attendance, thus far, has been highly respectable; and it is believed that good has been, and will continue to be, done by them in that section of the city. The audience was addressed last Thursday evening by B. E. Smith, esq., of Maryland, and other gentlemen. Mr. Smith, Mr. Gobnghl, Mr. Cunningham, and other speakers, will address the people this evening, on Virginia avenue, near Garrison street. Boat Cluss.? We noticed,on Monday evening, four handsome club boats, well manned and tastefully decorated, bound for Custis's Spring. They were called the Arlinglon, the Bouquet, the Cygnet, end the Atlantic. The Falcon was not afloat. A Desirable Iwraovsmewt?Among the numerous petitions laid before the Council# on Monday, we observe one presented by Mr. Gideon, s member from the Fourth ward, very numerously signed, praying the Corporation to request of the President of the United States to direct that F street, a central and general thoroughfare, should be opened through the Jndtciary aqtiare, between Fourth and Fifth airrcta, in virtue of the authority veated in the Executive by the new charter of the city, paased at the last Congreaa. Thia improvement will add much to the convenience of a number of our citi7an snH It# m rr\rv\ m#nr#m#nf in I lis mra?r r\f k*an. tifyinj Judiciary aquare, which at preaent *tand* (fraiatly in need of aomcthinjf'm the way of improvement. B MA RRIKD. On WVdnroday, June TIth.by the Rev. Mr. Moao a it, Mr JOHN YOUNG to Mi? VIRGINIA EVANS, dancrhter of Mr. J. T. Evana. both of Alexandria, Va. J A MRS OTW lARIlEtrT. A ttornry at Law, rotrarKtirrw XTaaBT, orroarr* wiLLaan'a hotel, WILL attend to the prnaecntion of Claim* he fnrr the Board of Mexican Commiaaioneni, Claim* apimt the United State*, and to the Iran* action ofhnainea* with the varhma Department*. June US? iftf rotTRTM or JtTLV CKLKHRATION AT PINKY POINT. THE FOURTH OF JULY will he celebrated at the Potomac Pavilion, Piney Point, by an Or*, lion, to be delivered by Mr. Thorn a* J. Seinmea, of W**hin|rton. A aplendid Dinner will be *erved at the Point on the or. aaion, and a Grand Ball in the evening. h tTTmm_THE STEAMER OSCEOLA will leave Waahitift Iht P dHHb on Tneaday, the Id of -I'llv, at 10 o'clock, A. M. Retnrninjf, will leave the Point on Thtiraday evening, July ftth. Givinr two entire day* at the Point, to enjoy it* excellent bathing, etc. *nn mrr, lariwvw noarn at imm roint, 5 KIRK WOOD ft K F.I.I.KR Prnprirtari. Juno 2R?<H4if THE REPUBLIC, UN AJNUKANCJC. attoMl Lmui fuad U* iuuwwc Society, 26 CORNHILL, LONDON, AND 71 WALL STREET. NEW YORK. CAPITAL. d?600,000 sterling, or 82,600,000. (Empowered by Act af Parliament?) Id Vie.? Royal Aeeenl, 87tk July, 1030. "A Savings Rank . for the Widow and the Orphan." T. Lam it- Murray, George street, Hanover Square, Chairman qf 1 the Camrt tf Director?, London. . United St a tbs Boa an or Local Dibkctobb. Niw Yoaa.?C. Edward Habicht, Chairman; John 8. Palmer, James Boor man, George Barclay, Samuel S. How land, Samuel M. Fox, William Van ? Hook, Aquila G. Stout, Fanning C. Tucker, Bache ( McEvers. Philadelphia.?Clement C. Biddle, George R. > Graham, W. Peter, (H. B. M. Consul,) Louis A. ( Godey, William Jones. BALTiMOas.-Jonathan Meredith, John McTavish, ( (H. B. M. Consul,) Donald Mcllvain, Samuel Uoff- c man, Henry Tiffany, Dr. J. H. McCulluch. Boston.?George M. Thatcher, Israel Whitney, ' Franklin Dexter, Benjamin Seaver, Elijali D. Brig- i ham, E. A. Grattan, (H. B. M. Consul.) , J. LEANDER STARR, General Agent. ' Eowabo T. Richaedson, General Accountant I for the United State* and B. N. A. Colonic*. ( Pamphlets containing the rates of premium, proeKtus, examples, names of Agents, medical exam- c rs, Ac., can be had free of charge on application r at 71 Wall street, and of agents. Part of the cajiital is permanently invested in the United 8tates, in the names of three of the local di- 1 rectors, as trustees?available always to the assured ? in cases of disputed claims (should any such arise) ? or otherwise. t Thirty days are allowed, after each payment of , premium becomes due. without forfeiture of nolicv. The U ailed Stales Local Board meet every Wednesday, at their Office in Wall street, where all business connected with the Society's operations in America is transacted?affording thereby every possible advantage of promptness and attention to parties in cases in leave to travel, loans, settlement, Medical examiners attend daily, at 1 o'clock, p. m., at 71, Wall street, and at the Office of the different Local Boards and Agencies. All communications to be addressed to J. LEANDER STARR, General Agent for the United Stat? and for B. N. A. Colonies. June 28 MEDICAL ADVISER FOR THE PEOPLE. THE FALLACIES OF THE FACULTY, with the Chrono-Thermal System of Medicine, edited by Dr. Turner, Ex-Health Commissioner' of New York; on the causes, prevention, and cure of Palsy, Epilepsy, Consumption, Heart Disease, Spinal Disease, White Swelling, Gout, Gravel, Scrofula, Dropsy, Rheumatism, Slcin Disease, Dyspepsia, Disease of Women and Children, and all other diseases, without blood-letting. Price $1; '224 pages. "As entertaining as a novel, and a thousand times more instructive.'?JV. Y. M. Argus. "How grateful should we be to the illustrious author for showing up the monstrous outrages of the mis-called Science of Medicine."?iV. Y. Tribune. "The day is not distant when Quacks only will resort to the lancet or the leech for any disease."? Dr. Diekson. "How can we consider it [blood-letting] as a remedy?"?JV. V. Journal of Medicine. Or ran of the Regular Faculty, Jan. 16497 Thin work in written for the popular as well as < the professional mind. Every traveller should take . a copy home for his Doctor. Postage to any part of the United States, 121 cents. i For sale by H. LONG It BROTHER, June 26?fitif 43 Ann street, New York. LAND WARRANTS WANTED. CORPORATION STOCK and Chesapeake and ' Ohio Canal Bonds for sale. Government, State, f and other stocks, and checks on all the principal i cities, bought and sold. Collections made throughout the United States. Notes and drafts payable in the District collected and remitted for in checks I on New York, Boston, Philadelphia, or Baltimore, at one quarter per cent., by CHUBB k SCHENCK. June 28?3tw4w I A CARD.?The subscribers respectfully inform t their patrons that their respective accounts will be rendered to them on or before the 1st of 1 July, for which they will be extremely obliged for \ a settlement at an early date. CLAGETT, NEWTON, MAY Jt CO. ( June 28?6tif < SOUTH BY'8 Commonplace Book, 1 volume, 1 London, 1649.?Soutlicy's Commonplace Book t ?choice passages?moral, religious, political, philo- ( sophical, historical, poetical, and miscellaneous.? Edited by his son-in-law. For sale by 1 TAYLOR k MAURY, , June 26 Booksellers, near 9th street. ^ JOHNSTON 'H Commercial Ckart of tlie ( World, London, 1649?on Mercator's projection . on taming the position of every place of column cial importance, showing the principal currents of the ocean, with their direction and rate of progress, Jtc., Ac. A single copy, fully mounted, just itn- < ported and for sale by i TAYLOR k MAURY, June 26 Booksellers, near 9th street. 1 THK OPEN TIMBER ROOF'S OP THE MIDDLE AGES, illustrated by perspective and working drawings of some of the boat varieties ( of Church roofs, he. ; with descriptive letter-press : by Brandon. London, 1849 : 1 volume, quarto. A < single copy, just imported. For sale by TAYLOR k MAURY, June 27 Booksellers, near 9th street. VAv BIGNOR BPINETTO, with his IOO fBP-? } LaarasS Canary Birds sad Jars > Syarrows, will commence his won- t (ierful and interesting Exhibitions at ODD FELLOWS' HALL, 7th St., J FOR an DAYS ONLY, Commencing on TUESDAY EVENING, June 26. ( They have been witnessed in Boston, New Y<wk, Philadelphia and Baltimore, by more than 176,000 persons. TIME OF EXHIBITIONS ? Afternoon perforinance: Doors open at S, to commence at 4 o'clock; ' and open at 7 J, to commence at 8J in the evening. 1 Admittance, 26 tents; children half price. For further particulars see small bills. June It St Terms rrdsced Lsal?vill? Weekly Journal. FOR <>nt copy, one year, paid at the time of suh^ scribing, or at or wire the commencement of the year $ 2 60 For one copy paid after the time of aubarritang, or after the beginning of the year, and within six months therefrom - 3 00 For one copy paid after six mopth* 3 60 For clubs of one or more, paid in advance, each 2 00 We ask our Whig friends to aid in procuring ' cluhs for the Weekly Journal. It is now, for the matter it contains, one of the cheapest papers in America PRENTICE k WEKMNGER, June 26 AW?/or?, ipwt 1( I.OP I?I A OF" RKi.itaot a K*OWj I.EDGE, illustrated with msps and engravings, I large volume. Busk's IHustrationa of the Holy Scriptures, I large, volume, with many plates. Simpson's Key to the Bible, with maps and illue trations, London, 1 volume. Straus's Life of Jesus, London, 3 volumes, 8vo. For sale low at TAYLOR ft MAURY'S June 26 Bookstore, near 9th at. Thb mail mtkamkr ? a LOO If. roh c'haorka.?Th? n*nm will diapatch thii fine idtmrr with the Government Mail* for Cha ?TMi, via Havana and New Orleana, on the 38th June, inatant. x On the laat voya^re t wa or mora peraon* who cm barked at thia port, evidenthr for ainiater purpoae*. war* tha rnuar o( anma difficulty and delay at Ha vana To guard againat any aunilar occurrence in futura, tha ahip will pmrerd on each trip toCHAand return these* via Maw Or lean* On bar laat return voyage aha made ahorter time than had aver before been known, having raarhed thia port from Havana in laaa than four and a half daya. For apeed, aafoty. and > kreliant accommodation*, the Falron ia unatirpaaaed by any ara ataamar afloat Thia conveyance offer* the moat daairablr madium >f communication with the lethmua of Panama. Paaaengera at a diatanre are recommended to inaka early application for atate room# New York, June If. June 23--lw NOTICE, our patron* are hereby notified that their reepeotive account* will ha rendered on or bafoae the firat of July, at which time, it iaaarneatly hoped that punctuality in aattlemant will ha oh nerved, thereby obviating the necaaaity of a mora direct appeal. P H. HOOF, k Cft. June 36?-Jwif (Union) A CARD. The anhacribar reaper tfully inform* thoee who have not yet aettlad their account* with the late firm of D. Clagett k Co., that they will ha called upon by Mr. John Scrivener on or be mr?- Hir im III jiuy, wiK-n u?' unnnrnny Hnnf? tnal oil will br prrparrd t? innkr i* arttlrmrnt rttbar by j i-aah or ftotea at abort data*. Ha would aUn taka the pr'-arnl opportunity of rr- ' furninff hia gratafn) irltnowWrmrnta tn thtar who hava atrnady rowia forward ano aatUad. D. CLAGETT. ' Of tba lata firm of D. C. k Co. ] Junr JS t.Inly I if ( DRU. VftVK A HOLMBAD. OFFICE Pannaylrania avantir, naar tba < ornar of 1 4} atraat, Waahinglon, D C. Junr 13 ly i - - Correspondence of tjje Republic. New York, June '26, 4 p. in. the fashionable watering flacks. New Yorker* do man Age to enjoy themselves; >r, at all events, they do try to mingle pleasure with he cares of business. The fashionable watering daces begin to be quite crowded. We have quite i number in our immediate vicinity. The Jersey uid Long Island shores are dotted all over with igreeuble places of summer resort, and the means >f access to them are so abundant and so cheap that mmense numbers of our citizens avail themselves >f the inducements thus offered for the respite of a lay or a month from the anxieties and toils of busy uty life. It is quite a pleasant sight, I assure you, hat is presented on board one of those neat little iteainboats which ply between this city and Staten aland, or Long Brunch, or Cedar Grove, or Oyster Jay, or one or other of the pretty villages on the Connecticut shore Of the sound. Troops of happy hildren, and rosy-cheeked Irish and German >urseB and waiting-maids, and handsome, wellIressed matrons and maids, and professional and lusineaa men, and great hampers of all sorts of ;ood things, with now and then a champagne >osket?all make up a charming picture, lighted up vilh all the gaiety, and hilarity, and frolicsome lumor, which contrast so strikingly with the staid, natter-of-fact, indeed rather sombre air and exprealion which characterize American human nature vhen up to the neck in business. The glorious bay of New York may be called the Saratoga, the Newport, the Cape May, of that peat, substantial, plain, frugal, hard-working porion of soeiety which constitutes the broad and secure foundation of our social fabric. Scores of iteamboats, chiefly devoted to pleasure parties, are ill day paddling along on this magnificent sheBt >f water. As for the fashionables, they go to Saratoga, and in that dusty village of anti-scorbutic selebrity, they swelter in elegant hotels, which vant nothing except humble fare and a cool temperature to make them delightful. Or, they go to Newport, where they are perhaps a little better >ff for air, and where bathing in the surf is quite -omantic and exciting, Thus glides the world away ! Pleasure to-day, lain and torture to-morrow. Yet it is not well for nan to shun rational enjoyment; and these watei^ ng places afford the means of a great deal of inno:ent and healthful amusement to those who know now to avail themselves of them with discretion. 3f course, I do not include in the amusing part of the business the sufferings of uneasy papas, who must "come down handsomely1' on occasions of iuch rural excursions; or the agitation of considerite tnamas, who fear dangerous meetings on quiet moonlight nights between certain young ladies and jentlemen. Perhaps I may be able to give your -eaders some amusing notices of the doings at one ir two of the fashionable watering places hereabouts jefore the season is over. GREAT FETE AT MR. FORREST'S REIIDRNCE. The people of Westchester county, which is beautifully situated on the Hudson river, and in which Mr. Forrest, the actor, resides, arc making urangements for a great patriotic celebration, in the ricinity of that gentleman's residence, on the fourth if July. There is to be firing of cannon, and an >ration, and eating and drinking, and music, and ire-rockets, and an unbounded display of enthuliasm ; besides the elevatioiflsf the American flttg in one of the turrets of Mr. Forrest's new Gothic castle, amid an alarming explosion of gunpowder, ind loud and long continued shouts and cheers. I nave no doubt the occasien will really be quite interesting and creditable to all concerned. gold?gold?cold. It 18 said that upwards of two hundred thousand dollars' worth of gold dust from California, which was brought by the "Crescent City," was sent yes- ' ierday to the mint in Philadelphia. Very good. remains of general worth. Arrangements have been made by the common :ouncil, for the purpose of conveying the remains j )f General Worth to his native State for interment. effects or thk heat. A large number of cases of sudden death from ' strokes of the sun" have occurred within the last ive or six days. Mr. Marshall, of the Broadway heatre, had a narrow escape. He fell in the ' itreet, and with some difficulty was restored. The j ieat has indeed been most oppressive. To-day it s rather cooler. The thermometer at nud-day in i cool room was 87?. collection foe the fope On next Sunday the collection in aid of Pius IX. s to be taken in the Catholic churches of this city Vo doubt a large rum will be obtained. the cholera This is the sixth week of the prevalence of this ipidemic. To-day's report exhibits an increase of ases 73 cases, and 38 deaths?a very alarming alio of mortality; yst, out of our large population? ipwarda of four hundred lhousand-*-the number of :ases is not large. Let us all pray that Providence nay, in his mercy, speedily sbale this pestilence ! The authorities are doing as much as is in their Mwer in the way of precautionary measures. Philadelphia, June 36, 1849. A delightful breeze sweeps over the city as 1 wntr, making one feel comparatively comfortable rhe execaaive heat of the pant week haa, however, xxaatoned the city to aaaume a dead, liatleaa, and iaaerted appearance. There la no buemeae going >n?no boxea or bale* crowding the buaineaa tho oughfarea?no mailing of ailka and aatina and ark a on the aidewalka. Broke re don t speculate, irul atocka fire atatinnary ? not even an elopement :o diaturb the monotony of the eeane It ia a gratification to know that the Auguat inereat of the State debt will be paid punctually, ind in par funda?arrangementa to that end having jeen effected with several of our city banka ; and, to keep out of the treasury aa much uncurrent runda aa possible, the collector* on the public improvements are directed not to receive in payment yf tolla any bank notea not redeemable in apecie, xoept Relief notea. The meaaurea recommended n the meaaage of our worthy Governor, and adopted by the laal Legislature, will increaae conaideriWy the revenue of the State; and I feel confident hat the day ia not far diatanl, when the "Old Keyilone ' will lie nut of driit, or at lenal lie relieved yf a great part of its present encumbrance. There a a " good time coming,'1 At a meeting of the atockholdera of the Sc.huyloil Rank, held on the 25th mat., it waa resolved to -eauacitate that eatabliahment; and a draught of an vgreement between the atockholdera and the l?ank j *rn? reported by a committee appointed at a pre- ' riou* meeting, and ndopted. The arrangement* ire ao complete, that ii i* thought the hank will mon I*- able to tranaart bumnea*, and that the nnortunate aiockholder* may yet realize something "rom the wreck of the inatitutmn. Freedly, who waa committed to an*wer the barge of murder in March laat, ia now on trial. It i* a peculiar ca*c It apfwar* from the etidence .hat Freedly, )?*t Mnrrh, called upon I>r. Knorr, ind d em red him to attend upon hi* wife, who, he md, wa* very ill The Doctor railed, and found . her dead. Freed!y, a week after, married hie servant girl, which occasioned some surprise among his neighbors, and the coroner was requested to disinter and hold an inquest over the body of the deceased wife. While in the performance of this duty, F. offered him $1,000 to allow ibe body to remain as it was, which, of course, was indignantly refused. A postmortem examination was held, and a red mark, supposed to have been caused by a cord, was discovered on her neck, and the physician concluded that she came to her death by strangulation. A cord has since been discovered on the premises. These are the facts elicited by the evidence for the Commonwealth. The prisoner has able counsel in Messrs. Hazlehurst, Barton, and Remak. The ten persons who were arrested, as I mentioned in my letter of yesterday, for participating in the firemen's fight on Sunday night, have each been held to bail in the sum of $2,000 to answer. Independent of the murder trial, there is nothing of importance occurring in the courts. The | civil courts are engaged in hearing motions and arguments, but will soon adjourn. Watson Q. Haines, who has created considerable excitement here in regard to the abolition of flog! ging in the navy, has been instrumental in getting up several mass meetings, and succeeded in convincing some sensible men that the sailors are "injured individuals," and that our gallant officers are all tyrants, and who is to l>e in Washington next winter for the purpose of procuring the passage of a law to ameliorate the condition of the aforesaid sailors, was yesterday held to bail in $500, to answer the charge of disorderly and riotous conduct in disturbing a meeting at the Mariners' Bethel, held a few evenings since. Haines is determined to be a martyr; and though his object is a popular and perhaps a proper one, he has not, I take it, pursued the proper course to atfftn his ends. It is said that the friends of Mr. Buchanan will endeavor to persuade him to be a candidate for the gubernatorial chair?and if they succeed in that, they will then endeavor to persuade the people to vote for him. The latter will prove a herculean task. The cholera is on the increase?there being twenty-one cases reported to-day, and ten deaths. Only throe in the city proper. Twenty cases are reported in Camden, and 4 deaths. St. Louis, Mo., June 21, 1849. The friends of the Administration in this city are looking, with anxiety, for the appearance of the Republic among them; when, without doubt, a large subscription will at once be forwarded you. That dreadful scourge that destroyeth at noonday has been worse in our city than during any previous period of its existence. The interments for the past week, ending Monday, the 19th insL, reached the astounding number of 521; of which 419 were deaths from cholera. The greater proportion of this mortality has been among the emigrants and poorer classes in our community; still many of our most valued citizens, of both sexes, have fallen victims to the fell-destroyer. The mortality of the past week is decidedly greater than ever before known to have occurred in our city during the same space of time. We are in hopes that it is at its height, yet many apprehend still greater destruction of life. The panic among many of our citizens is great, which all experience proves is a principal incentive to attack and fatality. My own impression is, we have seen the worst of it, and that from henceforward it will commence declining, un til the usual health of the city is restored. Active and energetic measures are going on all over the burnt district for rebuilding, and in a few months it will be covered with beautiful substantial fire-proof buildings. In the end, I very much doubt whether the dreadful conflagration of the 17th and 18th April last will be of very serious injury to us. There are individual cases of extreme hardship and sufferings, but, as a general thing, those whose property was destroyed are either fully covered by insurance, or were a bundantiy able to sustain the loss. Colonel Benton is at present the centre of attraction in this State, and has aroused a feeling of acrimony among his own political friends; which renders a reunion at present as impracticable and impossible as such an event was in the Stale of New York among the Old Hunkers and Barnburners previous to the last Presidential election. He still continues his peregrinations through the State; and, although encountering much hostility from many of those who heretofore have yielded implicit obedience to his commands, yet he carries with hiin a majority of the Locofoco party. Benton is attacked mostly by the small-beer politicians of his own party, who hope to gain notoriety by placing themselves in an antagonistic*! position to their great champion and leader. This is peculiarly the case with Jackson, who is an aspirant for the successorship, and of Krum in this city, who thinks his hUrwnf fame will in no wise suffer by being invited by his party to a seat in the Senate of the United States. Theee attacks, however, upon Mr. Benton, are made either behind his back, or when he is so far absent from them that an immediate retort ia out of the question. Most of them, how ever, he would never deign to reply to. From a careful examination of the whole ground, and after regarding the chaiacter of thoee constituting the principal political supporters of Colonel Benton, I hazard nothing in the assertion that he will eventually be sustained by his party in this State, snd triumphantly re-eiected to the Senate of the United States by them. His bold and fearless course has given him more strength in the northwestern States than he ever before enjoyed; and in the States of Illinois, lows, Wisconsin, and Missouri, msny of the Locofooo papers have already brought him before the public aa a candidate for the Presidency in 1852 Unless, however, Colonel Benton has undergone a radical change of sentiment upon this subject, he has no political aapirationa for the future, save to retain his present position aa tit* Senator from the State of Missouri in the Congress of the United States. In a few daya I will writa you again, and more at length. SPARTACUS Bsi.TiMoaa, June 27, 5 p. m. Up to the present writing there were no tidmga of the steamer Hibernia, now fully due at Halifax. Hsr newt may possibly reach me to-night. Aa will be seen by the telegraph despatches en dosed, the cholera in making fearful ravages, especially at St. Louis. Our city in yet free from the scourge. A fire broke out thin morning in the extensive work-shop attache*! to the large house-furnishing entablinhment of Meaara. Jonea, Courtlan & Son, on Baltimore near Harriaon ntreet. The building and content* entirely destroyed. Two or three adjoining ntore* were aomewbat damaged Loan about f 15,000 in all, montly core red by insurance. The new* here to-day m very meagre. Many of our citixenn hare left lor the country, and other* aregoing. Tnere in no change noticed in the market. Prices remain about the same an yesterday. Farmer* m the country are busily preparing to gather in their harvest. The crops, I am told, will yield abundantly, though the backward spring will cause harvest to come some ten days or two weeks later this season than last. BY TELEGRAPH. REPORTED FOR THE REPUBLIC. k TUr ('holer* ?t M. Luuli lAd CtuetuMrtl. St. Louis, June 25. There have been 285 deuths from cholera during the 24 hours ending at noon to-day. Cincinnati, June 25. Our city continues to be in a very unhealthy * state, and the number of interments reported by our cemelenes is frightfully increasing. To-day they reported one hundred and twenty-four burials for the preceding twenty-four hours. Business, of course, is little or nothing thought of?the transactions thul are made are to supply our immediate wants. We have had considerable rain, but the atmosphere is still oppressive. Naw York, June 27, 2 p. m. The Board of Health have reported 43 cases- of cholera and 24 deaths. The thermometer is 87? in the shade Philadelphia, June 27, 2 p. m. The Board of Health have reported 43 cases and ark J *.1 l _i J * .t - AS * 1? 1% ueams ironi cnoiera auring me vi nours enuing at noon to-day. The thermometer is 89? in the shade. No tidings yet of the steamer Hibernia, now due. Baltimore, June 97, 9| p. m. Despatches from New York state that the brig Eliza Taylor, which left Buenos Ayrea May 6th, arrived at New York to-day. The captain reports that the troubles there are as far from being settled .as ever. Rosa is thought to have no desire for peace, unless he can obtain indemnity for the destruction of his fleet. It was rumored that a large force was on the way there from France. Sales in New York to-day, two thousand bales of cotton at J advance over yesterday's prices. Baltimore, June 37, 1849. We leaqi from St. Louis that the interments yesterday, in twelve cemeteries, were 121, of which 100 were by cholera. The interments for the week ending 24th, were 763, of which 589 were by cholera. Of these, 160 were of children under four years of age. It is supposed that many have been buried in private grounds around the city and vicinity. The country is very sickly. Hundreds have died whose deaths are not reported. 10 o'clock.?No steamer announced. Bp tt)e Qtaemng fflails. New Orleans, June 20,1849. The Crevasse stopped.?We have at length the inexpressible pleasure of being able to announce to our fellow-citizeDS that the Sauvl crevasse, the source of so much evil to our city, is at length stopped. This consummation, for which so many hundreds of the inhabitants of the back districts of the city have been long anxiously looking, took place on Monday evening. By the skill and unremitting exertions of Messrs. Dunbar and Surgi, oar resident surveyors, the preliminary labors toward the grand act of finally shutting off the waters from pouring through the breach had gone on steadily, since they resumed the charge of the works, up to that day. As the work of closing the main breach was progressing, Messrs. Dunbar and Surgi had prepared an immense sluice, or lock, or floodgate, to be sunk at once in front of the central aperture by which the waters of the Mississippi poured over the adjacent lands. On Monday evening, then, all being ready, the floodgate was suddenly let down, when the volume of water, impeded in its flow through the accustomed channel, rose several feet in height, toppling over the artificial breastwork which it encountered. ; The works, however, had been well constructed, and all remained firm, notwithstanding the impetuosity of the current and the vast weight of the voluminous body of water which they were for the j moment obliged to sustain. After a few ineffectual surges on the part of the Father of Waters to overj come the barrier, the current resumed its accustomed flow within its ancient bed, and the 8auvt crevasse emphatically became a thing that was. There are still a few small openings at both ends I of the worlds, through which the water continues 1 to leak?in very small quantities, however?and which will necessitate the continuance of the aur- j veyors for a few days. But the crevaaae ia stopjied. J The Streets.?The water is fast receding, | having fallen more than two inches within the j last twenty-four hours, and the retiring flood ahould be followed up with energy, and no efforts spared to send off with it the large amount of filth J it brought in upon ua. The authorities are doing J much, but they should do still more.?Picmywnt M By Magnetic Telegraph to the CkmUtlon Courier. j New Orleans, June 21, 1849. j The crevaaae has been closed, and the city will j be free from water to-morrow. j The important land case of Mrs. Gen. Gaines, i now (tending in the United Stntea circuit court, has been assigned for trial on the 12th November | next. The steamboat "ArkaiOuu, ?\V 4," from Biloxi, came into collision yesterday with the steamboat | "General Hammer," at the Rigoleta, by which occurrence tlie former vessel was so much injured as to sinx, mil fortunately no livea were loat. There waa a better demand for cotton, and three thousand two hundred balee were diapoeed of at about prevtnua raise. Freight of cotton to Liverpool ia at from a farthing to five-aixteentha of a penny. Caaatwtre, I then .in* l>eeii some improvement. Flour to Boaton haa been ahipped at 40c.; 50c. ia aaked. Juna 38. Every demonatrauon of mourning for the death of Ex-Preaidenl Polk ia in progreaa. Seventeen hundred halea of cotton aold. Middling quoted at 64 to 7. FOR SAN KRA NTCISCO, Via CHAORB. 3Otk Jaw. 3* NKW AND SPLENDID I- 1 HtcainehipCRESCENTtTTY, HHHbI.MO tone I>tirthen, Cha'a Stod dard, uiaeter, will leave for ChagTea direct, from har i dock, at Pier 2, N. R., on Saturday, JOth June, at 3 o'rlork. The Crrerent City goea direct to ChagTea, with- j out touching at intermediate porta, and makna the ran in about eight and a half day*, thua enxwring that paaaengeraoy thi* Steamer will reach Panama in time for the C. 8. Pacific Mail Steamer of July. Paaaage in the After Saloon - f 1 SO du do Forward Saloon - 115 , do do Lower Cabin - 100 do do Steerage SO Freight <? apecie, I percent. Merchandiae, 70 centa per foot. Right cubic feet of haggag* allowed each i abin paaaenger; *ix cubic feet eacli ateerage paaaenger. No paaaage aectired nnleaa paid for. Any pcraon remitting one-half the amount of pa* aagr-money ran aeriire a berth for one week In , conaeqeo< >f lh<-arm al nt Pan.ima, from San Fran firo, of the Steamera "California" and "Oregon," the Pacific. Mail Steaniahip Company have recommenced the iaaue of ticket* for their Steamera. Theae ticket*, however, will not in future he entire ly di?p?*?ed of here?a large proportion of thnaa for tne next, and aubeequent Steamer*, being reeerved for *ale in Panama For freight or paaaage apply to T HOWARD It SON, June H?130 14 Broadway.