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The republic. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1849-1853, July 25, 1849, Image 3

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From a slip transmitted by the Savannah Ueorgiun,
dated July 31, we learn that theSeiuinoloa remaining
in Florida have become hoatile, and have
commuted depredations on Indian Kiver, in South
Florida. On the evening of the Jifah July, the Indian*
made an attack on the settlements on Indian
River, m St. Lucie county, and commenced plundering
the houses and filing on the settle re. The
Indians, it is stated, were 111 considerable numbers,
so much so that defence by the whiles was entirely
impossible. One person, a Mr. Baker, was killed
and horribly mutilated. Maj. Win. F. Russell,
Deputy Collector, at Indian River, was shot in the
arm. His family, it is feared, have fallen into the
hands of the Indians, as they have since been
missing A number of other persons, mostly females,
are also missing.
The settlers were obliged to leave their places,
, and take to the river, and come up the coast out
side Some twenty men, women, und children
have arrived at St Augustine, and report others
on their way.
It is reported that despatches have been forwarded
to Washington ataiihg the facts, likewise
an express to Tampa, by the commanding officer
at St. Augustine.
The settlers on the frontier have become generally
alarmed, and are moving into the larger settlements
for safety.
It is said such an occurrence has long been anticipated
by frontier settlers, from the manner and
conduct of the Indians, who have not been strictly
kept within their bounds. Little or no attention
has been paid by those having charge of them; and
although numerous have been the complaints of the
citizens, they have roamed the country at their
pleasure The military post at Tampa, being the
residence of the former agent, has given the Indians
an excuse for coming into the settlements, thereby 1
throwing them into contact with the whites, be- j
iween whom and the Indians there never can be 1
any good feeling. ,
The Indian agent* have alwayB resided too far
from the Indiana. The present agent, we learn,
has hm residence in Jacksonville, some two hun- :
dred and fifty miles north of the Indian boundary.
He has been for a long time established there.
The natives of St. Augustine, we learn, are vol- 1
unteering their services to go in pursuit, and as the
number of warriors yet in the territory is said to
be not less than two hundred and fifty, well armed,
and supplied with ammunition, they may give 1
great (rouble. ,
A Tribute to Youthful Merit. I
On the arrival of the Pacific mail steamship
California, at San Francisco, under command of
Captain Forbes, from this city, on her first voyage '
hence, but two individuals of the ship's company ,
which left New York in her remained faithful to '
tkair Hutu On# tirai P.unl PnrliM himmlf th# '
other a mere iad, James Dekay, son of Dr. James
E. Dekay, (a gentleman well known in the scientific
circles, and now residing at Oyster Bay on Long
Island.) Large offers of money were made in vain
to induce young Dek.-\y to leave the vessel. He
had entered into the service to acquire a practical
knowledge of steam-enginery, and though still loo
young to take any responsible station in that department,
he was immediately rated as an assistant
engineer, with high pay, and only awaits age and
experience to find himself in a position which is
reached, in anticipation of years, but by peculiar
merit and fidelity.
The Pacific Mail Steamship Company, not willing
that conduct so meritorious should pass without
some additional notice and token of approbation,
has provided a rich and excellent gold watch
for this lad, and caused to be inscribed upon it,
good name it rather to be chosen than great ticket."
Presented by the " Pacific Mail Steamship Company"
to James Dekay, for fidelity to duty under
trying circumstances. July, 1849.
This elegant watch has been sent to Doctor Dekay,
the father of the lad, to be forwarded by him
to his son : accompanied by a letter from the pre
sident of the company.
A testimonial for Captain Forbes of great magnificence,
it is stated, is now being prepared.
Unci and Schenectady Railroad ?The excavation
at the eastern end of the town of Little Falls,
designed for the double track of the Utiea and Schenectady
railroad, has been completed, and the first
locomotive was to pass through it on the 19th inst.
The cut is made through a mass of solid rock, ia
nearly one thousand feet long, the extreme depth is
thirty-five feet, and it is twenty-seven feet wide at
the bottom. Thirty thousand yards of granite have
heen removed by blasting, continued for seventeen
months, and one thousand six hundred kegs of
powder were consumed in the work. Workmen
are engaged in laying the parallel rails, and in a
short time there will be a double track of the best
quality of the heavy rail on the whole route. By
this improvement the worst and must dangerous
curve on the road is avoided.
There had been an arrival from the Rio Grande,
of Isle date, bringing files of papers from both
sides of tiie river. Nothing was said of Indian
outrages, which, it is probable, have lisen put an
end to. At Rio Grande city, while in a/omfsngn,
(ball-room,) a man by the name of Jack Mills committed
an unprovoked murder upon the body of a
respectable Mexican citizen of that place?deliberately
shooting him down with tiis revolver. This
act so exasperated the citizens, when taken in connexion
with the former acts and threnta made by
Mills, that a meeting was convened and resolutions
passed that he should be exterminated. A committee
for this purpose was appointed, who most
fatally performed their mission?piercing him, we
understand, with full thirty balls.
Another Collimoh at Sea.?The bark Cknl/i?m,
Captain Rearse, wlflch left New York a
abort time sine-a, with a cargo of grain for Cork, i
came intocolliaion with the Rritiah ship Cores, from
Belfast, for Qtiabee, a few day* *mre, at sea, injuring
the Chmtkam so that abe aank almost immediately.
The Ceres arrived at New York on the
90th instant, and brought the following particulars
of this disaster:
On the 5th instant, at five in the morning, when
in latitude 42 58 north, longitude 48 10 west, saw a j
ahip on our larboard bow; immediately put our
helm hard apart, but to no purpose The ship immediately
strurk us on our bow, the fog being so !
thick we could not see the ship'* length to the
windward Our crew succeeded in getting on board
the ship, with the exception of two men. The ship
then put her helm up, got clear, wore round, and
got her lioat out, when Captain Hearse and hi* crew
returned to the hark, guided by the belt, which was
rung by the men left on board. When we got on
board we found the bark rut down three plank helow
the water's edge, alao water waya, decks and |
rails started, the bark being a complete wreck We
had then lost sight of the ahip, ao we commenced
hearing cargo overboard?alao kept the pump*
going Still the water gainrd i n ner. The fog
then lighted up a little, and we made the best of our
way to the ahip, leaving five feet water in the hold.
Captain Bearse again returned to the hark, with
tha ship's carpanter and other officer* The berk
had then seven feet water in the hold We sneeeeded
in getting a few odd articles out of her Before
we left she hod eight feet water in the hold.
We then returned to the shin, hoisted up the boat.
whitA eras scarcely done before the bark went down
head foremost Captain Bearse, the chief mete, the
second mate, the steward, and two seamen, remained
on board the ship. The berk Hopewell, of
South Shields, being in company, took the remaindsr
of the craw. She it alao bound to New York.
LOT 09* PAWnrri
Issued fro at Um? IIb1U4 IUUs PMsmI OSes
tor the week eadlH Jkaly 94, 1444.
Samuel Swett, New York.?Improved Deflector
Tor Spark Arresters. Patented July 34, 1849.
A. N. Gray, Cleveland, Ohio.?Improved WhifAe-tree
Hook. Patented July 94. JL849.
SamuelS. Young, Eaton, Ohio.?Improvement
in alcuJatiag machines. Patented July 34, 1849.
Cornelius a Co., Ass'ees of R.sQornelius and C.
WiUielui, Philadelphia,Pa.?Improvement!!! making
Elevator Tubes for Lamp Wicks. Patented
July 34, 1849.
John Baichelder, Boston, Mass., (as joint inventor
with, and assignee of, S. D. Dyer, Chelsea,
Mass.)?Improvement in Casting Types. Patented
July 94,1849.
R. M. Springs lead, Wooster, Ohio.?Improvement
in Seed-Planteis. Patented July 34, 1849.
Allen Eldred, Little Falls, N. Y.?Improvement
in Hill-aide Ploughs. Patented July 34, 1649.
Edwin B. Bowditch, New Haven, Conn.?Improvement
in Sofa Bedsteads. Patented July 24,
Junius Foster, Bridgeport, Conn.?Improvement
in connecting hubs with axles. Patented July 24,
Charles Downer, Philadelphia, Pa.?Improvement
in Apparatus for unloading carts, <&c. Patented
July 24,1849.
G. S. Langdon, Rising Sun, Md., Ass'ee of Patrick
S. Devlan, Reading, Pa.?Improvement in
VleUillic Boot Heels. Patented July 24, 1849.
jjl. r ~i- r 1
CkaphlM la Coa|mi?The Position of Dr.
There wua meeting of the people at Port Royal,
Henry county, on Thuroday laat, to hear the candidates
for Congress in this district. While Dr.
Lane wan holding forth, a leading Locofoco handed
a question in writing to Mr. Marshall. The question
was addressed to both candidates, and Colonel
Marshall, after reading it, handed it to Doctor
Lane. The note was as Callows: "You are requested
to say whether or not you are in favor of appropriating
any sunt or sums of money for chaplains
or any religious purposes, and whether you believe
it constitutional.'
To this question Doctor Lane replied to this effect:
That every man in this country should say
his own prayers?that he did not think they did
any good to Congress, though it was possible they
might propitiate the throne of Divine grace?that
he would not vote a cent of the public money to pay
chaplains, because there was no warrant for it in
the Constitution, though he would agree to give
eight dollars, a day's pay, to employ a man to say
prayers, if they must De had. Colonel Marshall, in
reply to the question, said he thought it proper to
have prayers, and would vote in favor of me usual
appropriations to pay chaplains for their services.
We call the attrition of tliat portion of our community
who believe in the decency and efficacy of
public prayer to the positions of tne candidates for
Congress on this subject. Christians generally think
that no great work, public or private, should be
undertaken without supplicating the Throne of
Mercy to smile on it. Such an acknowledgment
of the of man on fh<? hnnnt v of Hpnvon
ia universally regarded as proper, not only by
Christians, but by the various heathen nations who
have adopted forms of worship. Prayer is considered
necessary; it is regarded as a perfectly indispensable
act, oil the part of every man, by every
Christian. There arc very few men, however irreligious
they may be, who are willing to insult the feelings
of Christians generally by openly arraying
themselves against the propriety of that custom
which prevailed in the patriotic Cougressofseventeen
hundred and seventy -six, and which lias continued
to prevail in all the Congresses which have since
been convened, namely, of asking the blessings and
superintendence of Providence on the labors of the
Representatives of the people. We say that but
very few men indeed have had the effrontery to
deny the efficacy of prayer, whether they were dislolute
or not. Mr. Pettit, of Indiana, for several
successive years, made himself odiously conspicuous
to the professors of religion generally by moving,
at the beginning of each session, that the services
of chaplains for Congress should be dispensed
with. Year after year he made this motion, although
but very few members voted in favor of his
proposition. As was naturally to be expected,
Pettit's private character is exceedingly dissolute,
and his constituents have resolved that they will be
no longer disgraced by such a Representative, and
have accordingly dropped him. Dr. Lane has deliberately
declared, before a public meeting, that, if the
people of this district see fit to elect him to Congress,
lie will take the place heretofore occupied by Pettit.
Like Pettit, he professes to be willing to give one
day's pay to a chaplain, but he well knows that
no arrangement such as he says lie is in favor of
could possibly be made with any clergyman in the
country. Tne only question is, whether Congress
shall continue to employ chaplains as they have always
hitherto been employed; and on this question
Doctor Lane takes the ground occupied by the notorious
Pettit. Can any man point to any member
of Congress who co-operated with Pettit, who was
not, like Pettit himself, a man of dissolute character?
A few days ago, in announcing the forced withdrawal
of Pettit from the list of candidates for Congress,
we asked who would take Pettit's place and
make the annual motion to dispense with the farms
of religion in our national councils. Little did wc
then suppose that our own particular district was
to furnish a candidate for the vacant post.
Now, we call on those Christiana in this district,
who are in favor of preserving the time-honored
custom of acknowledging the dependence of public
bodies on the grace of Heaven, to say whether
they are willing to vote for a man who takes the
ground that sutli acknowledgments arc not proper.
Will Christians deliberately sustain a man who
occupies ultra infidel ground ? Doctor Lane's flummery
about giving one. day's pay to a man to say
prayers, " if they mutt be had," is purely ridiculous.
The very moment in which it is resolved that Congress
as a body sliall dispense with the services of
chaplains, there will be no further prayers pronounced
in the halls of the Capitol. Such conduct
wouio gmatiy aengnt mi tne mnnei* 111 tne land, it
is true ; but it would also shock the heart of every
Chrintian in the world. The French National Asaembly
abolished prnyera and the form* of religion,
and decreed that religion itself w? a gross iinposture,
and immortality a dream of mere fanatica,
and thus rendered itself " a byword and a hissing"
throughout the earth ; and were the Congress of
the I'nitrd Stales ao far to imitate the example of
the Frenth Assembly aa to aboliah the custom of
invoking the Divine aid in behalf of the legialation
of the land, it too would become odioua throughout
Our revolutionary forcfathera were men of religioua
aentinicnt, who, throughout the long, ardooua,
and periloua struggle which resulted in the
eatabliahment of our national independence, conatautly
recognised, by their public acta, their dependence
on the arm of the Almighty. They took
no step without ft rat beseeching the blessing of
Heaven on it. It has, therefore, very truly been
said that the foundations of our Government were
laid in prayer. Had the religious feelings of the con script
father* of the republic been no stronger and
deeper than those, of tne men who have sustained
Pettit'a motions in Congress, this glorious Government
would not now be in existence, blessing a
teeming and industrious population of twenty millions,
and affording light and hope to the struggling
friends of freedom throughout the world. As
our Government could not have been firmed by infidels,
so also it will decay and soon cc-ase to exist,
whenever infidelity becomes epidemic and seises on
the hearts of a majority of tne people and their
public agents. It ia the duty of every good citisen,
who believes that religion ia aa neceaaary to governments
aa it is to individuals, to frown indignantly
on every heaven-daring denial of the efficacy
of prayer. No Christian can vote for such a
man without virtually declaring that it is better to
elect Dr. Isine than to perpetuate the forms of religion
founded by our revolutionary ancestor*.
Will any Christian, ran any Chriatian. dare any
Christian vote for such a candidate?a candidate
who hopes to secure the votes of a frw deniers of
the efficacy of Draver bv nromisinir to do all tiiai
hr can to aholiah prayer from our national coun
cila ?
' The Locofocotam of the country now preaenta an
extraordinary and moat contemptible *pectacle.
Whilat the LocofbrMof all the non-alavr holding
State* and the Ixirofrwn* of one of the *laveholding
State* are coaleacing *nd coaleac cd with the Abolitioniata,
the Lorofoco* of the other alavrholding
State* are invoking the Sooth to aoatain their party,
the Locofoco party of the country, aa the great
and aole bulwark of southern right* and Southern
principle*. They a*iah the Whig* of Kentucky and
the South to conaent to the election of locuhoi
member* of CongTcaa, although they know, that if
the Locofbcn* obtain a majority in that body^ it
will be a Free-Soil and Wnmot proviao majority.
They rejoice that their political friend* in the non lavr
holding State* and their political frienda in
Miaaouri are *wallowed up In Free-Soili*in, and
yet they have the amazing, the unutterable impudence,
to expect to find 8onthern Whig* weak and
diotic enough to vote for Lorofoco candidate* for
the r?rten*ihfe purpnee of protecting the South.
tt mf* m me twain: now mm wir uocuiwn j*"j
of morn than half the Union ha* planted iteelf Upon
the Abolition platform, and now that the Lorofco#
party of all the reat of the Union I* openly rejoicing
at tl?e proceeding, what earthly aeenrity fan
the people of KentncVy and tlie Sooth have not in
keeping that reck lee* and moat unprincipled party
out of power IxmitmUf Journal
NO. S DAVIT> cOPPIRniiD, by Chnrlce
IXrkenie, (Hot.)
Dombmtic Pa amca or Hti>bofatht, with fifteen
engraved illnatration*, by Edward Johneoti, M. T).,
thie day received. Por aale at
I July 26 Bookatore, near 9th atreat.
The ateamahip Caledonia, Captain Leitch, with
dotea from Paria to the 5th, London to the 6th, and
Liverpool to the 7th, arrived at Boston on Saturday.
The marriage bill, after an ineffectual attempt to
exempt Scotland from ila operations, has passed
through the committee in the House of Commons.
On Tuesday, O'Connor brought forward his motion
in favor of the |>eople's charter. His speech
was full of invective, especially in his allusion to
the Irish members, whom he styled "lick spittles"
of the treasury side of the House. He was supported
by Mr. Hume and twelve others, in a house
of 235.
Lord Brougham gave notice on the 5th that, on
the following Monday week, he would submit a
motion to the house relutive to the intervention of
the French at Rome.
A subscription in behalf of the Hungarians has
Mturtori in I nn/inn urWiok ia kuiMm liUaM?ll..
iii muiiuuii) wiiiviii ?o v^uig iiuciauy io"
ponded lo.
English papers stale that Jenny Lind will visit
the United States professionally before she retires
from the stage.
Italy.?Surrender of Rome to the French.
It will be seen that the army of France has at
length succeeded in getting possession of Rome.
After four days' operations, between the 19th and
23d of June, inclusive, the French artillerists succeeded
in nuking three practicable breaches in the
walls, which, from their extreme hardness, had
been found very difficult to baiter down. A night
assault on the breaches was then arranged. No
movement having been made in that quarter for
some time, the Romans appear to have been thrown
off* their guard, and to have been taken by surprise.
Covered l>y the darkness of the night, the attacking
column moved on in stillness, unperceived by the
Romans, until an important advantage had been
gained. The assailants were then received by brisk
discharges of musketry, but the Frenefi pushed on
and gained their position at the point of the bayonet,
taking a colonel and 105 prisoners.
A letter from Civita Vecchia says : " In fact the
Romans were taken by surprise. The Roman colonel,
who was taken on the breaches, was going
his rounds, and one-half the prisoners were common
workmen. It was only when morning broke,
that the lodgment of the French waa distinctly perceived
: but then it was too late; the three columns
were fully covered, and even a battery of four pieces
was in position. All that the Romans could do
was to keep up a continual fire from a battery in
c . i L.u i?.?J? 1 .. ? -?
rum uiiu iwii uuiiaing imucneo, anu u> cui oh communications
between the camp and the breach ; but i
the position itself was won. The firing swept the
ground between the trenches and the breach ; and, <
until the night of the 23d, the artillery destined to
form additional batteries on the captured bastions i
could not be moved, and the necessary operation
was only effected by continuing the zigzag from
the. trenches to the breach itself. It appears that
some artillery officers of great talent are in the Roman
camp, and nothing, the French engineer tells
me, can exceed the rapidity with which their batteries
are constructed, or the excellence and precision
of their firs. It required all the skill of practised
engineers to oppose them, and it is more than
doubtful to which army the palm of merit in that
department belongs.1'
Caution of Hottilitia and offer to capitulate.?In
the French Legislative Assembly on Tuesday, M.
Odilon Bar rot ascended the tribune and read a despatch,
in which it was stated that adeputaiion
from the Roman municipality had presented itself
to General Oudinot, in the French camp, to propose
a pacific solution of the difficulties. By a decree of
the Roman Constituent Assembly, hostilities had
been suspended.
The consuls at Rome have protested against the ,
bombardment of the city?that is, what they call
so, and what M. do Corcelles does not admit to be
a bombardment at all, although bombshells of all
dimensions, even to twelve and fifteen inches in diameter,
have been continually discharged upon the
city. If such arguments as these are requisite to revive
the love of priestly dominion amongst the
Romans, what will not be necessary to maintain
the Pope in quiet possession of his temporal
throne ?
Cannonading also continues in the direction of
the Janiculum, and, at intervals, towards the Pincian
The following is the despatch of which M. Odilon
Barrot communicated the contents to the Legislative
"Marseilles, July 3, 8 o'clock in the morning.
"Civila Vecchia, July 1, 10 o'clock.
"M. de Corcelles to the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
"General Oudinot addresses to the government
intelligence of the carrying of a new bastion, No. 8,
in the night of the 29th ult. The telegraphic despatch
of the gernral will make known to you the
details of this affair which in ivrhnna d*<.la>v>
The enemy has lost a good many men, and demands
to capitulate. I receive thia instant from General
Dudinot the following: On the 30th ult. the Roman
Consinuante made a decree couched in these terms:
'The Assembly ceases a defence which has become
impossible. It charges the triumvirate with the
execution of the present decree. At the same time
the general-in-chief of the Roman army demanded
! (at seven o'clock) a suspension of hostilities, and
[ nnnounced the departure for the French head-quarlers
of a deputation from the Roman municipality.'
I am about to start for head-quarters, which 1 left
yesterday afternoon at 3 o'clock, with Messrs.
d'llarcourt and de Rayneval. Not knowing the
reaoluuons of the Roman authorities, they left for I
Gaeta in the morning. I have caused them to be j
informed by an advice boat.
"P. 8.?1 have received intelligence from headSuarters
that the general-in chief has received ihe
lotnnn municipality, and begs of me to join him.
I leave this instant. '
The Foreign Consular Agents resident at Rome
addressed a protest to General Oudinot, making the
most energetic remonstrances against the bombardment
of the city, occasioning, as it had, the loss of
many innocent men, the destruction of much property,
and of many masier-pircea of art, and calling
upon the general to spare "the monumental city,
wnicn i* connaerrti as unaer tne moral protection 1
of all the civilized countriea of the world " General
Oudinot, in hia reply, admits all thia, but cannot
renounce "an enterprise in which the blood of
the aona of France has been ehed!!!" He add*:
"Without doubt the bombardment of Rome will I
cause the effusion of innocent blood, and the destruction
of monumenta which ought to be imperishable.
The longer the surrender of Rome shall
be deferred, the greater will be the calamities which |
you so justly dread; but the French cannot be reproached
with these disasters "
The Conlempnranio of Rome, of the 30th,
states that s cannon-bJI has struck the celebrsted
" Aurora " of Guido Rem, a fresco painting ; thai
on the same day a 16-po under broke a piece off the
cornice of the Temple of Fortune Viniis ; and thai
considerable damage had been done by the French
batteries to the churches of St Mary, of Trsadevere,
St. Andrea della Villa, and St Charles of
Catinan, which contained some fine frescoes of
Just after Gen Bedeau's departure, the government
received the news that the more vigorous
1 measures of Gen. Oudinot had forrad the Roman*
1 to surrender, as detailed below, and, in conaeauemce,
the character of Gen. Bedeau's mission is changed
into that of extraordinary aml"*asador to Rome.
Hia mission seems henceforth to lie useless, if, as
! is supposed, he was intended to supersede M. OudiI
not. The Jfmrmbiet -W/ietudr says that Gen. Be
deau goes to negotiate, but are not MM. de Cored
Ir*. d'Harcourt, and de Rayneval there already '
Perhaps the difficulties of the French are considered
as likely to be so great that a considerable dipI
lomatic reinforcement ta rendered necessary. It
is stated positively in the above-mentioned journal,
that the desire of the Pope ia to enter Rome, without
any other intention than to judge by hia own
observations what reforms may be necessary for
the wants of his people, and, in rase their feeling*
are too revolutionary, to ratnbliah himself at Bologna.
The Austrian* and the Neapolitans are
there, however, to direct him, and every one know*
! that he only see* through the eyes of these powers
I The real difficulties of the French at Rome are
I about to l*!gin. _
The despatches received fmm M. de ("orccllea
how that the Komnne had aaked to capitulate on
the 30th of June. Now, according to the latent
; previous despatches of General Oudtnot, he waa
still, on the 26th, i?rrpurine his liatteriea on the
( breach of the Janiculum. Tnree of these, formed
i to carry guns of heavy calibre, were in course of
i construction, and one of them was evan finished on
(he 25th. In siegea it is usual to unmaak severs!
batteries at once, in order to give increased vigor
to the fire by the simultaneous discharge from each
battery, lima it is that gtins mounted on the 25th
ware not unmasked. There are no details of what
occurred between the interval of the 26th to the
30th ; but tha Dated give* the following as the
probable course pursued:
" It ia probable (hat the twelve guna forming the
batteries on the Janiculum breach were unmaeked
] on the 27th, aa soon as they were all oompleted, and 1
that lbay Silenced the fire of the hostile guns on the
Aurelien well end the Montorio. On the 2bth, a
breech wee probably made in ihe Aurelien wall,
which must nave been occupied by aeeault on the
aame night. Then, on theS9th, the capital poeition
of the Montorio must have been attacked and
etormed after a vigorous cannonade. During these
operations the work of the trenches cannot have
been idle, and advances must necessarily have been
made, not only from without, but also from withni,
the first wall, to attack the defence of the Portese
and San Pancrazio gates. These gates, being attacked
on both sides at once, cannot but have fallen.
It must have been under these circumstances that
the besieged, feeling the position loo critical, and
unwilling to perform the battle of barricades inside
the town, thought of surrendering. Another point
to consider is, that great loss of life may have ensued
in Rome itself during lite operations of the
26th to the 30th."
A letter of the 26th ultimo, dated Villa Maffei,
near Rome, states that the city was more strictly
enclosed than before, and completely blockaded on
the side of the Porto Saluro. General Morris had
cut oft" a supply of one hundred and fifty cart loads
of wine of Agenza, Velletri and Marino. Another
capture had been made on the Tiber of a vessel
equipped by a Lombard countess, which, to all appearances,
was merely laden with whetstones, but
proved to contain a large supply of salipetre, and
three thousand sacks of lead. This countess is
well known for her devotion to the Italian cause,
and had received a medal from Charles Albert for
her behaviour in an engagement at Peschiera, where
a Houlan cut off her finger with his sabre ; a compliment
which she returned by shooting him dead
on the spot. The countess, in the present instance,
had been taken to the Villa Pamfili, to the headquarters
of General Moliferea, and sent by him to
Civila Vecchia, under stft-veiltance of the police.
The following postscript in Willmer and Smith's
Times gives the latest intelligence from Rome :
Paris, Thursday evening, July 6?An official
notification was made to the French legislative assembly
to-day, that in eonaequenee at the arrangements
entered into between Gen. Oudinot and the i
Roman Triumvirate, the gates of St Parolo, Portesa,
and St. Pancrazio, hud been thrown open to the
French troops, who were adopting measures for I
the immediate ocuqiaiion of Rome, which would
take place with perfect quietness and order. The
following are the terms of the despatch:
"Head-Quarters or Santucci, )
July 2, 10 o'clock, a. m. ji
"The General-in-Chief to the Minister of War.
"The assault during the night of the 30th has
produced the ex|>ected result. Overtures were
made to us last evening by the Roman Municipality.
Our troops occupy tne bastion No. 9.
"The gates of St. Parolo. Portesa, and St Pancrazio
have been opened to us, and measures are
taking for the occupation of Rome, which will be
enacted with perfect order.
"The discipline of our soldiery is equal to their
This communication produced a deep sensation
in the chamber
A correspondent writing from Paris says, just as
the Bourse was closing, it was stated positively
that the government had received a telegraphic despatch,
announcing the entry of the French army
into Rome on the 2d, and that they were received
with acclamation by the people.
On the reception of this news in Paris, of the
surrender of Rome, the funds tose one per cent.
Just previous tn the reception of the decisive
news from Rome, Gen. Bedeau left Paris to take
command of the army in Italy. Gen. Oudinot was
ordered home in disgrace.
Arrangements were also promptly made to increase
the army in Italy to 50,000 men. Immediately
upon the reception of the news of the surrender
of Rome to General Ouduiot, a telegraphic despatch
was sent to Marseilles, desiring General Bedeau
to wait there for ftesh instructions before proceeding
to Rome.
According tn the reports in the diplomatic circles
of Pans, on Thursday, General Bedeau is to
take the place of M. d'Harcourt. ambassador, and
is also charged with a mission to Marshal Radrtzky
to negotiate all military matters respecting the oo
cupation of Italy. It appears certain that General
Lamoriciere goes to St. Petersburg as ambassador,
and that he is to prou-st aguinsl the emperor's taking
any part in the affairs of Italy.
The army of the Alps has been diabanded.
The Legislative Assembly has been the scene of
much turbulence and recrimination during the paat
week. The despotk spirit which marks the proceedings
of the government is having the effect to
unite varioua sections of the Assembly, not heretofore
friendly, into a compact oppoaition to the Barrot
Ministry, and in defence of republicanism. To
wards the cloae of the sitting on Wednesday evening,
some astonishment was created among the
members by M. Granslen declaring that another
movement was in preparation. The statement,
however, was so vnguely given by the honorable
member, that it appeared u> have nn foundation in
fsd, and it soon ceased to produce any impression.
A note from the French government nas been
sent to Prussia on the subject of Neufchaiel, but it
is not of on unfriendly nature. On the contrary,
the relations with Prussia are on a satisfactory fooling.
The army of the Alps has been dissolved.
M Gamier Pages has publicly announced his
resolution to retire from public life. At the monthly
organization of the bureau in the French Assembly,
on the 29th, all the presidents chosen were of
the peace order, including General Cavaignar. and
General Bedeau. The bureau authorized the law
officers to take up criminal proceedings ngsinst ten
national repreoeniativcs, for implication in the affair
of the 13th
Ledru Rollin in supposed to be secreted in Paris.
Th? Hsbtest.?All the accounts received from
the French provinces represent the approaching
harvest as abundant. It is expected that the wheat
and oat crop will produce at least one-ibird more
than that of last year.
The (Itraun Enplrr.
It is announced ihai the members of the Provisional
government of Baden have fled, and arrived
nsf ly in Switzerland with a large sum of the public
money. The fortress of Kadstadt is said to have
fallen into the hands of the Prussians, whose head
quarters, on the Necknr, were at Althegen
Accounts from Carlsruhe, of the 28th ult., state
that a large body of troops was being concentrated
around Radstadi, in which Mieroslawski is said to
have shut himself up with 10,000 insurgents, nnd
was preparing for s desperate resistance The Bnden
soldiers who hod joined the insurgents were
desertinr in PTrat nnml>em Th? r?l?~. ?
sinned tor several werki, Manuhlem hat been
occupied by n battalion of Bavarian chaeteura. All
the club* had been interdicted, and the citizens dinarmed
The French government liaa received the following
telegraphic iletfmich from Straebnrg, dated the
3d instant: "Mieroslawaki arrived nt Baale on the
'id. with staff, and left almoet immediately forLichatall,
in the canton of Baale, (campagne.) Murder,
the Ex-Miniater of Finance of tha Provisional
Government at Baden, waa arrrated the same day
ai Baale, and hit property aequeatered."
The wreck of the German Parliament, driven
from Frankfort, eonteinplatea aitting at Conntance,
in Switzerland
It laatated that the Wurtemlierf Government haa
discovered the existence of a republican conspiracy,
and that "he ministers were about to demnnil from
the Chamber of Deputies an authorization to prosecute
several of the memliers, who are said to be implicated.
The Gagern |>arty of the German Parliament,
which met at Gotha, haa agreed:
"To promote, as far aa in them lira, the adhesion
of aurh State* aa have not already adhered to the
proposed objects of the Berlin Conference.
' To take part in the approaching election*."
The resolutions to this effect are signed by 130
out of the 150 members who assembled at Goths.
Radkm?A despriate battie was fought on the
i9th, between the Prussian* and insurgents, in the
netghlmrhood of the village of Malaar.he and Muggensteine,
between Ca<l*ruhe and Radstadt. The
insurgents were defeated generally. Peucker ha*
taken possession of Baden-Baden.
The head-quarters of the Prince of Prussia were
i n..? tu. n r?i?--- ?: i
. vv?. aire: Iiiuiiivriinii I iviupuioiHifinrR nan
published * note, netting forth vormut objections to
the constitution promulgated by the Prince of Prussia.
The principal <>f these see, that the constitution
cannot he established, nor the Diet convoked,
without the consent of Austria.
It is announced that the negotiations for pence
between the Austrian and the Piedmnntrae Governments
have been interrupted in consequence of
the increased demands of the Austrian negotiators
for a pecuniary indemnity, and also in eoneeouence
of a refusal to engage on the pert of the
Austrian Government to grants complete amnesty.
The illness nf ex-King Charles Albert at Oporto
ta without abatement, and little or no hope is entertauied
of his recovery. We before had a report
that he was dead.
DOtaark sad ta* Owekles.
The armistice is again dormant, and hostilities
bare bssn slightly renewed, so far as on-lookers
I can judge. There ia no likelihood of peace, which
did not exist with equal force several weeks since.
Accounts of the 34th from Mestre state that the
Venetiun deputies sent to negotiate for the surrender
of Venice with the Austrian Minister at Verona
have been dismissed, and have returned to Venice.
The bombardment and the besieging works would
again be prosecuted with greater vigor than before.
The sortie last made by the Venetians was very
successful. Among the prisoners carried into Venice,
besides several officers of the staff, there were
two generals.
Hns|ki7 sad the Imperialist Allies.
The Hungarians, if we believe theaccounts current
at Vienna, have been unfortunate. A letter written
from Hungarian-Altenburg, the head-quarters of the
Austro-Russian army, to the Constitutional Gazette
of Russia, slates that the capture of Raab was
effected at the cost of immense loss. It was thought
that Pesih would surrender without a blow to the
corps of Paskewitch. On the 27th a general offensive
movement was begun from the centre of Altenburg.
The imperialists, it appears, marched
from the island of Schult^by way of Wieaelbourg,
to attack Raab, and in this manner out-manasnvred
the Hungarians. It is said that the largest Russian
corps, that which was concentrated beyond the
Carpathians at Dunkla, was also advancing on
Eperies and Kaschan, so as to be able to menace
both the Theiss and Pesth. This, the reported advance
of the Ban from the south, and the occupation
of Transylvania by the Russians, would restrict
the Hungarians within very narrow limits,
and make their ultimate success depend on a single
pitched battle.
The Vienna bulletins say that the Hungarians,
a f*ts?r t na ritii m nf* Paak rntiMfl in ikn A t rnntinn nf
Acs, with the intention of falling back on the
Thcisa. Paskewitch sought, however, to prevent
this movement.
The news from the south of Hungary is much
more favorable to the Magyars; the movement of
Perczel towards Terneswor being confirmed with
the apparent intention of joining his forces to Bern,
who would thus be enabled to attack the Ban. Peterwardein
was under the command of General Rissu,
with an ample garrison, and acquires double
importance at present, as the place of confinement
of the Austrian generals. There was, however,
a story current that both the Ban and Koricjami
had beaten the Hungarians at Izcgedin and at Linta.
Koricjami at the latter place had, it was stated,
taken two of the floating batteries and eighteen
There was, however, a report in Paris that the
Russians had been fearfully defeated at Raab, and
had lost ten thousand men.
(dorresponftcnte of ll)t Republic.
New York, July 23?4 p. m.
terrible catastrophe.
Early this morning the inmates of Rathbun's
Hotel, in Broadway, were startled by the lamentable
intelligence that the son of the proprietor, Mr.
Loomis Rathbun, who had been delirious for some
days, had leaped out of bed, and, seizing a razor,
had attempted to destroy his mother and himaelf.
The unfortunate maniac inflicted a severe and
almost fatal wound upon the throat of his mother,
and with the same instrument immediately afterwards
nearly succeeded in destroying himself. Assistance
was immediately at hand, and it is gratify
ing to be able to state that both parties in this melancholy
affair are likely to survive. The young man
has been sent to the luiuitic asylum.
To-day in this city the report of the Board of Health
discovers a continued decrease in the extent of this
disease. In the upper wards, among the poor, illclad,
crowded Irish and German population, the
mortality is considerable. When, when, when will
society think more of the poor, and make some
Erovision to secure the ignorant, the needy, the
omeless, the thousands willing to work, but who
cannot obtain employment, against the terrible physical
foes which they encounter?
don't believe it.
Pray do not believe a word about the terrible
discontent and dissatisfaction and otherawful things
which are aaid to prevail in the Whig ranks here
It is all gammon?all a feeble trick of "the enemy."
The utmost confidence, the most sincere esteem,
the highest regard, are entertained for the President
and his advisers among the great masses in
this ntetropolis. Thus far the policy with regard
to uppointments and removals has met with approbation
; and the future course of the Admmisira
tion, it is anticipated, will be all that sincere patriotism
can require, and genuine patriotism dictate
nnd enforce Let me repeat to your readers that I
must claim the right to sneak on these matters as
an impartial witness. In selecting me as your
correspondent, you chose no political |tar(isan, but
faithful chronicler of things and opinions " here
in Vienna." Aa for the virulent abuse of the
"Union" and other organs of the opposition poured
out on the Chief Magistrate, it excites a degree of
contempt and indignation such aa I never saw exhibited
by our side in mere party warfare when its :
favorite win ?n?ailed. 1 hta is significant. It shows ;
the strong hold which General 1 aylnr's moral influence
haa upon the minda and heart* of the maaaea
in thin metropolis.
the convention at bone
Great commotion, great squabbling, great drinking,
and a great many other thing* grew out of the
anticipation of the Democratic Convention at
Rome. Many of the Old Hunkers atil I obstinately
reaist the project of harmony that is to blend the
discordant materials of " the party " into one beuutiful
whole. Your exf>erienoc of the workings of j
that which is calked the Democratic party will en- j
able you to calculate the probable result of this |
the wat that the poor lite.
A gentleman, says one of the city papers, who
last winter was a visiter in distributing the alma of
the Poor Society, tells us that, in what is called
"The Barracks," in Qoerck street, there are ISO
families on an area of SO feet by 200; and that the
families, on an average, comprised six members?
makings total of about 90U souls within the area
mentioned. The only wonder is, that the cases of
cholera among them are so few. Heaven help the
poor! How long is this to last?
the weather
Delightful weather, glorioua, refreshing, copious
showers of rain the other night?heavy thunder
and clouds charged with electricity. People are
| visiting out of town a short distance.
Baltimore July 24?5 p. m.
Preparations are making for the funeral honors to
be paid to the memory of E*-Presideni Polk tomorrow
evening. A large platform is being erected
in front of the court-house, designed for the orator's
stand. The ceremonies proper will commence at
seven o'clock, p. m. During ihe afternoon, salutes
will be fired by the Junior Artillerists at four different
points surrounding the city Many have gotten
the impression that President Taylor will lie present
on the occasion, but there is no authoritative announcement
of his purpose to attend.
The State Reform Convention meets to-morrow
in this city. At the meeting last night, sixty delegates
were reported to attend it.
The Loeofoco Convention nominated candidates
. i * i vi.i i. .
lor tne Lr4ji?miurr. i?ici MI?I evening, mil mijnurned
without being ?l?l? toagrreupon nominee*.
They meet again on Monday, There i* much
cnnfu*ion in the camp.
There ha* been hut one enae and one death of
cholera at the almo-houae since the laai report. The
dineaar i* yielding rapidly to medical treatment.
Our city continue* very healthy.
The market i* *fe*dy; at auction to-day, 192
hhda. Porto Rico sugar, at $4.75 a 45 65; alao 26
hhds New Orleana at $4 40 a $4 45 Sale* 1,000
hhl*. City Mill* flour a 45, and 1,000 bhla. new, on
private terma. Sale* alao of 1,000 hhl*. Howard
street at 45. Salea of red wheat at 100 a 106cta. ;
White 108 a 115 eta. White corn 57 a 58cta; yellow
59 a 60ct*. Oat* 27cu. Whtaky 24j cu. in
hbla. Reef cattle 725 head at $250 a $375 per 100
lbs on the hoof, equal to $4.76 a $6.50 net. Hogs
The *team?hip Yacht arrived on the 16th instant
from Braroa Santiago at New Orleana with $20,000
in apacie.
Prom low York.
Nbw York, July 34?8 p. m.
There has been but little done at the Stock Board
to-d?ty, and no change to notice in prieea?Exchange
on London B a 8J per cent. prem.
There ia a good demand for flour?aalea of 2,000
bbla. at |4 94 to 45 12J for Western and Genesee;
Southern An 44 1W in 44 Q4 40 ?7l
? ? ? - ??- -- yw ?w vvr jpu ?u< Will uivai jpw v?2J
and rye flour |3.
Sale* of red wheal at 95 to 105 cU., oa to quality.
Genesee do. 125 a 130 eta.
Corn in fair demand; sales of 12,000 bushels at
57 ct?. for mixed; 59 a 00 eta. for yellow; oats 34 a
35 eta.; rye 58c.
Cotton is firm, with soles of 600 bales at an advance
of 1 cent per lb. since the steamer.
Naw Yosk, July 23.?The Board of Health today
reported 79 cholera cases and 38 deaths.
The weekly number of interments for the week
ending Saturday amounted to 1,409, of which 714
were from cholera, 102 from cholera morbus, 10
strokes of the sun, 61 diarchies, 71 from dysentery,
and the balance from diseases not generally
known. The total number of coses ana deaths
(as reported by physicians)'which have occurred
in this city from the 17th of May to the 23d nf
July, inclusive, amounts to 3,174 cases, and 1,320
deaths. It may be proper here to remark, that the
physicians of New York, being under no compulsion,
fiul to moke regular reports.
Buffalo, July 23.?There have been 93 coses
of cholera in (his city and 40 deaths for the twentyfour
hours ending noon to-day.
Philadelphia, July 24?2 p. m.
To-day 65 coses and 18 deaths of cholera reported
for the 24 hours ending noon.
Stocks steady?treasury note 6*0 1164. Pennsylvania
5% 88J.
^ Flour is firm?sales of Pa. brands at |4 62J a |4
68; rye flour 63; corn meal |2 75.
Sates of rea wheat at 105 a 106c.; white do. 110c.
Corn is steadv?sales of veliow at 60 a 61c.: oats
30 a 33 cis.; rye 58c.
Cotton is firm, with small sales at ?c. per lb. advance.
Whisky is selling at 24} cts. per gallon.
Baltimore, July 24.
At Pittsburg there was only one death by cholera
to-day ; and in Cincinnati 20 deaths by cholera,
and 12 by other diseases.
Boston, July 24.
The ship Shaw has arrived here from Buenos
Ayres, with dates to the 6th ulL
Montreal, July 24.
A fire broke out here this morning, which consumed
30 buildings, before it was arrested. The
cholera is slightly on the increase.
The stock market is steady. $2,000 Md. 6's at
106; $4,000 Ball, and Ohio R- R. Bonds 90} a 91.
Nothing done in Government securities.
Loire Arrivals of Vessels?Provisions and Clothing
plenty? Gambting still carried on?hnmtnu Rise
in Building Lot* Prospects of Obtaining QoU?
Arrival of Six Thousand Mexicans?Trouble Expected,
which will be promptly met by the Americans
?Large Amount of Gold galhtrtd on Feather
river?The Gray Eagle arrived at San Francisco
Boston, July 23Letters
from San Francisco to May the 19th, one
day later than previous accounts, have been received
here, via Mazatlan. The market was overstocked
with many descriptions of goods, which were selling
at low rates. Some dozen vessels were daily expected
from the Celestial Empire.
The charges for storage and landing goods were
enormous?from 13 to $4 per month was charged
storage, and $6 to $8 per ton for landing goods.'
The anchorage was crowded with vessels, and
others were arriving dailv. Some hundred more
were expected in August. Many articles of merchandise
could be purchased from 30 to 50 per ceot.
discount in the invoice. Building materials, principally
house frames complete, boats of good descriptions,
and carts with every thing complete,
would do well. Provisions and clothing were
abundant and cheap. Lumber was worth ?400 per
thousand feet, and scarce at that- Large portions
of the inhabitants in San Francisco were madly
gambling in land.
New towns were being laid out in different spots
around the bay, and building lots, in wilderness
sites, were selling from ?1,500 to ?2,000 each.
San Francisco was full of people, and it is not an
uncommon thing for twenty or thirty individuals to
occupy one small apartment; the tents about the
town are innumerably crowded. Rooms, twenty
feet square, let from ?000 to ?800 per annum.
Building lots, worth two years since ?200, now sell
for ?50,000.
The gold dust this season had not been dug out
very freely, owing to the swollen state oI the
streams ; but no doubts were entertained but that as
much would tie gathered this year as last, as the
number of laborers this season exceeded those of
the previous one.
At the mines, as yet, matters remain pretty quiet
; but fears are entertained that ere long there will
be eerious disturbances between our countrymen
and the Mexicans?as some six thousand of the
latter have arrived in the country and evinced a
most turbulent disposition You may real assured,
however, that, should any important outbreaks
take place, they will ht shot down to a man.
News has just been received that six men, in
twenty days near the Feather river, procured sixty
thousand dollars in gold dust.
The ship Grey Eagle, from Philadelphia, J. C.
Fremont, from Baltimore, the Huntress, from Valfwraiso,
und another ship have juat arrived ; and
thua they pour in almost daily. There are upwards
of seventy square-rigged vessels now in port,
and a number of small craft. The Hortrnsia sailed
from this port to-day for Maxatlan.
Tli* Rial b?tWMB the Korlhnrn and the
St Locm, July 23
The riot on the levee on Friday, during which a
number of the purncipanta were seriously, if not
fatally, injured, originated between two panics of
Irish boatmen, known as the Northmen and Fardowners.
They have taken mutual oaths to continue
the riot whenever an opportunity shall present
itself. You may there to re expect to hear further
accounts of nots in 8t. Louis. Several of the
malefactors, among whom are ringleaders of both
?angs, have been arrested,and are in the custody of
justice It is said that our court intends making
severe examples of the culprits
The Poisoning Case- Another Victim.
Cincinnati, July 23.
A child of Captain Sammons has fallen a victim
to the poison administered by s son and a brother.
The coroner held an inqueai over the body of Mrs.
Rivers, the lady who partook supper with Captain
Summons on the fatal night alluded to yesterday,
and the jury rendered a verdict that Mrs. Rivers
died from the effects of arsenic administered by
Isaac Sammons. The other members of the family,
seven in number, are yet lying very ill.
Death of a Minister by Choi em.
St. Louis, July 23.
The Rev. Alexander Vancourt, pastor of the
Third Presbyterian Church, died from cholera yea
terday, and was interred this morning. His remains
were accompanied to their last resting place
by a large concourse of friends, among which ware
several lodges of Odd-Fellowa, of which order Mr.
Vancourt was a prominent member.
Raising of the Preneh Bloekasl* In the Oriental
Boston, July 22.
We learn that the French Idockade, which has
been for some time in existence in the Oriental ports,
has been raised, snd that nearly all the French fleet
hsd sailed for France.
Tt?e Contlnnrrt Drrrmar of thr k|ii<lrini> In
the WnI.
CfNcmNATi, July 23
The dieeaee in thm city and St Louie continue*
Oor cemeteries' report* here do not average flfty per
day; and in St. Louie the weeihrr, which during
the fore part of last week wa* wet. disagree ahle,
and unhealthy, haa become quite clear, though it
continue* eomewhat cool for the aeaeon; ana the
forty-eight houre ending on Saturday, will exceed
one hundred. The inlermenla were, for the week
ending Saluiday, 475, of which 300 were from
Civcimmati, July SB, p. m.
The Board of Health report 67 interment* for the
twenty-four hour* ending noon thia day, of which
.16 were from cholera, and 31 from other diaaase*
Chelerw Piiyatilm.
St. Loots, July 23.
On Friday the cemeterraa reported 65 interment*,
Of which 3/ were from cholera, and 26 from other
1 '
diaeaaea. Saturday'! report ahowa a further decreaae,
but 36 intarmenta having taken place during
the twenty-four houra, aa folfowa: Cholera 23,
other diaeaaea 13. The reporta for the paat two
daya have not transpired.
Cincinnati, July 23?The cemeteriea yeatarday
reported 55 interment*, 33 from cholera, and 25,
from other diaeaaea.
On Tuesday morning, July 24th, BRYAN MORSELL,
aon of Gbbaed and Claea Stith, HP* I
eight inonthe.
" For there angela do always behold the fhce of
tny Father which i? in heaven."
[ The fHeuds of the family are requested to attend
the funeral this (Wednesday) afternoon, at four
o'clock, from the reaidence of hia grandfather, ,
B. K. Morsel 1, esq., Pennsylvania avenue,between
Sixth and Seventh street*.
Navy Dbyabtmsmt,
Bureau of Provioion* and Clothing, July 34,1849.
SEALED PROPOSALS, endorsed "Proposals for
Beef," and "Proposals for Pork," as the case
may be, will be received at this office until 3 o'clock
p. in., on Monday, the 27th day of August next,
for furnishing and delivering, free of all cost and
risk to the United States:
Five ttiousand four hundred barrels of navy
beef, and four thousand eight hundred barrels of
navy pork:
Each barrel to contain not less than two hundred
pounds nett weight of beef or pork: no excess of
weight in either article will be paid for. To be
delivered at the respective navy yards, as follows:
Barrel* beef. Barrel* pork.
At Charlestown, Mass 1,800 1,600
At Brooklyn, N. Y 1,800 1,800
At Goeport, Va 1,800 1,600
6,400 4,800
Said beef and pork must be delivered, one-half
between the first any of January, 1860, and the first
day of April, I860; and the other half between the
16th day of April, 1860, and the 16th day of June,
1860, unless earlier deliveries should hie required
Ly the chief of this Bureau. Offers must be made
for each half separately and distinctly: that is, for
the half deliverable between the 1st of January and '
tno 1st oi April, ana lor tne null aeuver&oie dctwcen
the 16tn of April and the 16th of June, I860.
Payment for the first half to be made within thirty
days after delivery, and for the second half in
thirty days after the 16th of June, 1860.
The beef must be from well-fattened cattle,
slaughtered between the 1st day of November,
1849, and the 1st day of February, 1860, and weighing
not less than six hundred pounds, nett weight,
each. The legs and leg rands of the hind quarters,
and the shins and shoulder clods, and at leasteight
pounds from the neck end of each fore quarter, or
the parts marked Nob. 1, 2, and 3, on the drawing
or delineation of the fore and hind quarters of an ox,
which will be attached to and form a part of the
contract, must be wholly excluded from each barrel
and half barrel, and the remainder of the carcass
must be cut in pieces of not less than eight
pounds each.
The pork must be packed from corn-fed, wellfattened
hogs, slaughtered between the 1st day of
November, 1849, and the 1st day of February, 1860,
and weighing not less than two hundred pounds
each, excluding the heads, joles, necks, shoulders,
hams, legs, feet, and lard, and all reftase pieces:
and must be cut in pieces weighing not less than
sixpounds each.
Both the beef and pork must be salted with at
least one statute bushel of Turk's Island, Isle ot
May, or St. Ubes salt; and the beef must have five
ounces of fine pulverized saltpetre to each barrel,
exclusive of a pickle, to be made from fresh water,
as strong as salt will make it.
The barrels must be made of the best seasoned
white oak, or white ask staves and heading; if of
the former, to be not less than three-fourths of an
inch thick ; if of the latter, to be not less than an
inch thick ; and to be hooped at least three-fourths
over with the best white oak or hickory hoops.
Each barrel must be branded on its head "Navy
| Beef," or " Navy Pork," us the case may be, wit*
the contractor's name and the year when packed.
The beef and pork will, unit-is otherwise direct|
cd by the chief of this Bureau, be inspected by the
inspecting officers at the respective navy yards
| .uorrsaia, ana ay some iworn inspector 01 saitea
; provisions," who will be selected by the respective
commanding officers; but their charges for such
inspection must be paid by the respective contractors,
who must likewise nave the barrels put in
good shipping order to the satis (action of the commandants
of the respective navy yards aforesaid,
1 after inspection, and at their own expense.
Bidden* must specify their prices separately and
distinctly in separate offers for the beef and nr the
: pork, and for each of the places of delivery, covering
all rxpenees and all charges. ,
Bonds in one-half the amount of the respective
contracts will be required, and ten per centum in
addition will be withheld from the amount of encfa
payment to be made, as collateral security tor the
due and faithful performance of their respoctive
, contracts, which will on no account be paid until
I the contracts are complied with in all respects, and
i is to be forfeited to ute United States in the event
of failure to complete the deliveries within the prescribed
periods. In case of failure on the pert of
; the contractor to deliver all or any of the beef or
pork above mentioned, of the quality, and at the
times and places above provided, the contractor
will forfeit and pay to the United States, as liquidated
damage*, a sum of money equal to twice the
amount of the contract price to be paid in case of
the actual delivery thereof; which liquidated damages
may be recovered from time to time as they
accrue. Payment will be made by the United
States at the periods above specified, (excepting
i the ten per centum to be witnheld until the completion
of the contracts, as before stated,) after the
said beef and pork shall have been inspected and
received, and bill* for the same shall have been
1 presented to the navy agents respectively, duly
approved by the commandants or the respective
, navy yards, according to the terms of the contracts.
The parts of the beef to be excluded will be particularly
designated in the engraving to be attached
to the contracts. Persons interested can obtain
tlii'in ran unnlimtmn ml fkti
Biiidrrn whose proposals are accepted (and none
others) will be forthwith notified, and as early as
practicable a contract and bond will be trans'
milted to them for execution ; which contract
i bond must be returned to the Bureau within ten
days, exclusive of the time required for the reg *
iliar Lranstniseion of the mail.
| Every offer made must be accompanied (as direct.
ed in the 6th section of the act of Congress making
appropriations for the naval service for 1844-1, ap
proved KHh August, 1844, a copy of which is subjoined)
by a written guaranty, signed by one or
more responsible persons, to trie effect that be or
they undertake that the bidder or bidders will, if
his or their bid be accepted, enter into an obligation
within ten days, with good and sufficient sureties,
to furnish the articles proposed.
Tliis gnaranty must be accompanied by the certificate
of the I nited States district judge, United
States district attorney, navy agent, or some "fleer
of the General Government, or individual known
to the Bureau, that the guarantnrsare able to
good tbeir guaranty.
No proposal will be considered unless accompanied
by surh guaranty,
j The bidder's name and residence, and the name
I of each member of s firm, where a company aflara
I thall be distinrtly stated.
Extract from tkc act tf fWgrrss approvd Amamt
10. 1H44. ?
"Sxc. b. And be it far tker etuicUd, That, from
ami after tlx pssaagc of this act, every proposal for
: nnval supplies, invited by the Secretary of the NaI
vy, under the proviso to the general appropriation
bill fiw the navy, approved Man h third, eighteen
' hundred and forty three, shall be accompanied by
a written guaranty, signed by one or more respon
sible persons, to the effect that he or they undertake
that the bidder or bidders will, if his or their bid
| be accepted, enter into an obligation in such time
| as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Nai
vy, with good and sufficient suretiee, to furnish
the supplies proposed No proposal shall be cousiderod
unless accompanied by such guaranty, |T
after the acceptance of a proposal and a notification
thereof to the bidder or bidders, be or they
prencritied by the Secretary of the Navy, with food
and sufficient sureties for furnishing the supplim.
then the Secretary of th* Navy hail prnrred to
contra* t with torn other person or person* for fur
nuhinr tlie ?aid supplies; and shall forthwith
causa the difference between the amount contained
in the the proposal ao guarantied and the amount
for which be may have contracted for tarnishing
the Mid supplies for the whole period of the proposal
to be charged up against Mud bidder or bidders,
and hi* or their guarantor or guarantor*; and the.
ante may he immediately rrroverrd by toe United
States, for the use of the Navy Department, in an
action of debt against either or all or said persona "
July th lawtw
L4RD roil RAI.K -I have, within one hour's
ride of tbi* city, 74t> acre* of Land, part of
which ?* now in a utate of good cultivation, and occupied
by four tenants. It is well wooded and watered,
and may, with a small expense, be made
equal to any land in Prince George's county.
Tbi* laiwi wiH br ?oM on accommodating term*.
Por particular*, apply to?
july4A- *t Penn. av., Washington.
[HOARDING-HOUSE, two door* west of " GadsJJ
by's Hotel," Pennsylvania avenue. Washing
ton. ? wR

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