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The republic. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1849-1853, August 03, 1849, Image 3

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I character of itie body with which ihey were acting,
most of them withdrew, leaving a few disorganizes*
the entire management of the concern. The
character of this body may be judged of from the
fact that noue of their calls for a convention for
forming an independent or provisional government
have been responded to by the other districts of
California, whereas every other district of the Territory
has approved of General Riley's proclamation,
and are preparing to aend delegates to the
convention as he proposes. Even the leaders of
this district assembly have now taken the backtrack,
and advise their "constituents" to follow
General Riley'a recommendations.
The people of the United Stales may rest assured
that the "revolution" of the editor of the "Alia California"
ended before it begun. Ninety-nine bun
I ureams or me people of California Will support
General Smith and General Riley in the measures
they have adopted. Not one opposing voice has
been heard in the entire territory, with the single
exception of the organ of this petty faction in San
Francisco. And nearly all the respectable people
of this town have already signified (heir intention
to support the legal authorities of the land.
Several of the members and officers of this selfstyled
and self-constituted " assembly1' have resigned
within the last few days, and a week hence
that body will not have a dozen supporters. There
> is any amount of rascality and frauu at the bottom
of the concern, which will soon be ferreted out and
! exposed to public view.
San Francisco, June 20, 1849.
We left Panama on the night of the 17th ult.,
and reached this place on the 4th inst. We reached
San Diego on the 1st inst., and landed Weller,
Emery, and their party. Being themselves behind
the date fixed in the treaty for their meeting at San
Diego, they were greatly relieved to learn on their
arrival that the Mexican commissioner had been
equally as tardy in his movements, and that no
tidings of him were to be gleaned any where. Since
our arrival here, we have learned by the Oregon
that the commissioner had sailed from Mazatlan,
and it is probable that by this time he is in San
I rv:^ ti. n 1 r\ r% i
wir^u. nc vjrem. urarcia i>Dnut), ni ntjonierey
memory. About fifty dragoons under Crutz were
wailing at San Diego for ihc commissioners as their
escort. Emery is in favor of commencing operations
on the other side of the continent, and considers
it, I Relieve, almost impracticable to do any
thing on this side I presume he has laid his
reasons for this opinion before the Secretary of
Stale. He is anxious to distinguish himself, 1
think, in this undertaking, and his labors will prove
a most useful addition to our knowledge of that
J had the most horrible passage on the Panama
to this place, that was ever endured by mortal man.
I never had an idea of the cruelties of the slavetrade
until I underwent the packing system adopted
on the Panama. We had on board about three hun- :
dred and seventy-five souls. Three and their baggage
were put in a state-room in which there were
two narrow berths, and a still narrower settee or
lounge. Our fare was upon the same scale. We
were divided into three squads to facilitate the process
of feeding, and were let upon the tables in succession.
They were of course duly set each time.
You may well imagine what kind of etiquette
reigned at those tables. For my part, I slept dur- .
ing the whole passage on deck, though I frequently |
had sharp discussions to establish my right to "my j
plank" of the deck. After aleeping three nights on 1
the same planks of the deck, it was held that a |
man's right to "those planks" could not be questioned.
The public senument throughout the country
seems to be strongly in favor of the immediate organization
of a State government.
In this particular place, it is true, however, that i
some oltstacle* are interposed. The newspaper |
Dublished here, the " Alia Californiais whollv
under the control of a few politician* and land
peculators, whose interests lie exclusively in this
town ; but many of whom are generally, if not favorably
known in the United Slates. Most of them
are members of the " Legislative Assembly" of this
district, and hare been the instigators of the troubles
here with General Riley. They control the only
presses in this country, and will not permit any
thing to be published which conflicts in the slightest
degree with their own notions of policy, or their
own interests. General Smith, for instance, placed '
a copy of the treaty with Mexico in the hands of
the editor some two or three months ago, for the
purpose of having a number struck off in Spanish
for the lower country. But because it does not suit
their notions, they have declined to publish it up to ;
this date upon the most frivolous excuses. The
whole proceeding of this "Legislative Assembly"? ,
and it la, of course, sustained and painted up by this
paper?has been without law, without the wiahes
of the beat disposed citizens, and wholly uncalled ;
for by the wants of the people. It has been gotten
up for the most corrupt purposes, and has been
guilty of the moat nefarious practises; granting, in I
the most arbitrary manner, titles to lands already
claimed by other persona under Mexican laws; or, I
? in other words, setting itself up as an instrument to 1
Irjoiltze the acts of speculator* and irnniblers. Thev
have heen acting alike in conflyt with the laws of
nation*, and with the spirit of the Conetitulion.
oewsRAL an.ft.
J regret that I have not the time to eet forth in |
thia Jetler the merita of thia difficulty between Gen.
Riley and the people of thia district, for it ta confined
excluaively to the diatricl of San Franciaco. !
In all other parte of California, aa far aa we have
heard. Gen. Riley haa been auatained in all of hs
positions. The utmost ignorance of the lawa of
nationa pervadea thia community, and ihr deaignmg
men ahove mentioned hnve made uae of thia
ignorance, through their paper, of furthering their
own intereata here. A careful examination of Gen.
Riley'a " proclamation to the people of California,*'
hia " proclamation to the people of the diatrict of
San Frannacn," the "addrcae of the Legialative
, Aaaembly to the people of California," and the
nrtirlea in the " Alta California" of the 12th mutant,
(all aent herewith,) will anon aaliafy you aa to who
ia in the right. General Riley la enetained hy the
people at large here, and if the minda of people at j
home have not been poisoned hy the aystcmatic
falaehood of thia clique, he will he supported hy
(It# ftsntilr at hnm#
I Mend ynu alao a copy of (he rail for a mam
meeting a few days after our arrival here. It was
made hy the people here, who, through a committee.
waited on Mr. T. Butler King, a day or two
after hta arrival, and requested him to addreea
them. Mr. King's preaenre has done mnch to
give direction and expression to pubfic sentiment
in relation to a Slate government. though this sentiment
previously existed very strongly, and still
so exists, through the country at large.
Mr.ssraat or nrrtftctT.
The meaaures which appear the most to interest
the Californians are the establishment of a mint,
the establishment of s commission to nettle the
claims of the citirons of California against the General
Government which were incurred during the
late war with Mexioo, the establishment of a commission
to settle land titlea and claims under the
two Governmenia, and the disposition 10 be made
of the mineral lands, and the establishment of c.uatom-housea,
porta of entry, post offices and roads,
and military and naval posta, docka, Ac. In relation
to the first' named commission, I would state
th.vl I have heard that every species of forgery and
rawyilily has l?een committed to validate or invalidate
the claims of psrticular individuals; such as
erasing, ante-dating, Ac.; and that it will require
the closest examination to gel at the truth. In relation
to the other commission, it is said that such
.a tribunal will lis ereessary here to decide upon the
-- ? .uvvia '
conflicting grants made under lite Mexican law*
both before end since the late war. Theae grants,
in many instancea, are very loosely given, and in
other instances the authority itaelf may be questioned.
Upon these vague grants it is contended
by many here that we have the right to squat, and
that we should be protected by pre-emption laws.
All of these ore questions that will involve high
points of law, and will require not only the best
talents, but the severest integrity, as the temptation
to speculation and peculation will be overwhelming.
A knowledge of the .Spanish language, und of Spanish
law, will of course be necessary; und, in this
view of the case, it would be well perha|>s to appoint
one or two of the commissioners, if the commission
be organized by Congress, from the Stale
of Louisiana. It has been suggested by some that
the judge of the supreme court, who will have his
circuit in this territory, should be ex-oflicio one of
these commissioners.
Two modes of disposing of the mineral lands are
spoken of here. One consists in establishing a mint
in the territory, and compelling all who dig on the
Government lands to coin their money here; and
they propose to charge some three or four per cent,
above the ordinary yield on the coining. The
other plan is, to lay off these lands in quarter sections
or lots, and let them out to companies or individuals,
for short periods of time, and at prices varying
with the richness of the deposits. The expenses
of the first system will consist in the first
outlay for the establishment of the mint, the salaries
of its officers, and the salaries of a large number
of excise officers, to prevent the gold from being
smuggled out of the country. The latter plan, besides
the expenses of surveying the lands, will require
the organization ofa body of civil officers similar
to the one by which our public lands are now
The gold here is still abundant, though the average
yield of a single man's labor per day is much
smaller than when the deposits were first discovered.
We hear daily of instances of extraordinary
success among a few individuals; but we hear of
many instances at the same time of disappointi
ment and distress. And many instances have occurred
under our own eye of men returning home
in disgust, or to their former avocations. The
labor of digging gold is represented as beisg most
severe. Even old canal diggers and railroad
excavators complain of the severity of this sort of
labor. In this view of the case, it is to he regretted
that so many broken-down gentlemen and nice
young men should have emigrated to this country.
They are entirely useless here to themselves or the
community. Mechanics and laborers are the men
most wanted here just now.
The amount of gold which will be dug this year
is variously estimated here; but the general opinion,
as far as I can make it out, sets it down at
about |15,000,000. The last discoveries of any
amount which have been made are on the southern
branches of the San Joaquin, and all of the latter
discoveries tend in that direction.
I am satisfied myself, and many here concur
with me, that this whole country, from the head
waters of the Sacramento to the Rio Gila, and on
both sides of the Sierra Nevada, is one grand deposit
of gold, but only of sufficient richness in particular
localities to warrant mining It has been
discovered several miles in the interior from San
Diego, as also not far from Los Angelos. Just before
our awn quarters here I saw an Indian on the
Sunday before last wash out from dirt which he
scraped up from the street in his hands fifty cents'
worth of gold dust in the space of half an hour.
Mr. Harrison, the collector, a few days ago picked
out of one of the adobet of the custom-house, with
his penknife, the amount of fifty cents. He did
thin in a verv abort lime, for hia rnvn imiii?m?ni
The building is about fifteen years old.
A rich quicksilver mine has been discovered near
Santa Clara, but the present owner, an Englishman,
ia unable to obtain hands to work it.
There is a great cry now here for coal, and if 1
could discover a coal mine in this country I ahould
consider myself richer than if 1 had the richest placer
of the Feather river. Deposits resembling coal,
and combustible to a great degree, have been found
in many places in the vicinity of San Diego and
along the coast north of that point But it is not
pure coal, and after the bituminous matter is burned
out the bulk of cinders is nearly as large as the coal
waa before it was burned. These evidences of a
coal formation appear with more or less frequency
until they reach Oregon, where the beat coal is
found in abundance. A Mr. Tyson, s geologist
from Baltimore, arrived here in the Oregon. He
has psid much attenuon to this subject, and will accompany
General Smith in his contemplated lour
through the country, and 1 am satisfied that his exanunittion
will result in the discovery of this much
desired mineral.
The extraordinary state of the markets in this
country, as reported in the newspapers before I left,
sull exists. I will mention a few disjointed instances.
A person showed me a few days ago
a bushel of onions, of the ordinary size, for which
he paid (30, and which he waa retailing at s shilling
a piece. Board at the principal hotel here is
(5 par dsy, (31 per week, and (84 per month.
Servants hire for (100 to (150 per month. Laborera
from (6 to (10 a day. and mechanics from (16
to (30 1 had a man pointed out to me the other |
aay, aa a ugni wagon driver ot .vieaars Howard,
Melius A Co., who receives $500 per mouth for
I driving his wagon, when he furnishes neither horae
nor wagon Houses and lota here are selling and
renting at the moat exorbitant prices. One hundred
dollars a month for a single room is the ordinary
price. A wooden house in process of erection was
pointed out to me a few days since by Mr. Phune,
of New Orleans, which I should aay contained about
four smalt rooms. He informed me that a gambler
had offered to rent it at $95 a day, to advance $5,000
rnah on his rent, and as soon aa that nmount should
be absorbed to advance on the first of each month
the rent for that month, or, in other words, lo rent
the house at the rate of $34,000 a year. It viu refused
The hotel here, a wooden house of ordinary
sire, rents at the rate of $139,000 per annum. The
gamblers are the men of wealth in thia country,
and you find them with their tables in the greatest
i.4mo ?rarm ation*.
Every body here is making a town, and we have
men hereowninga whole city, and quarrelling among
each other aa to which will be the greatest city.
Benicia, New York of the Pacific, 8to<-kion, Stanislaus,
Sacramento city, Sutersvills, Ac., are all, in
the opinion of their respective owners, to be greet
cities at some future day. The wild spirit of
speculation which ran over the United Slatea in
'30 appears lo have sprung into existence on this
side of the Rocky Mountains. Lou, in these imaginary
cities, sell at the moat exorbitant prices?
running from $500 to $1,000. A man refused
$75,000 for a lot of fifty varas just in from of
lien. Smith's quarters. This is a fast country. No
white men hut the President of the United States
can live decently in this country on his salary. Dr.
T , of the army, paid $100 a month for an alley 10
feet wide between two housea, which was covered
over nn<1 made mmwm. A niarkemitn cnarped
one of the U. S. officers |6 for the putting a
aho? on hta horae'a foot, f5 for carrying up a trunk
from the river to a residence in town. Wood eel la
herr, when delivered, at the rate of ffiO a cord
Washing $8 per month, in some maea Thia
state of things comftela every man to work for himself
na much as possible, and I heard a gentleman
say the other day that he met a party of men haiiling
their own cart up to the mines.
LOT 00 THK HiUtT?iHirruo.
This state of things cannot last long. I nee ootid
ug to warrant it. The business of the towns, if
it were a hundred time* greater titan it is, the product
of the mines, if they got it by pecks instead
of ounces, could not warrant this inflated stale of
the market. A tremendous crash awaits some of
these people. The dealers in dry goods and salt
provisions arc already beginning to suffer. Readymade
clothing (t .,arse articles) are now almost as
cheap as in New York; and when the market is
overstocked, us it must be by the large shipments
which are known to be afloat for this place, dry
goods will sell chenper here than in New York. I
heard a man say, who has a cargo of goods on its
way to him at this place, that if the crew could be
saved, he hoped that the vessel might founder at
sea, his insurance money lieing a much larger sum
than that for which he would be uble to sell his
goods. The same remarks may now apply to salt
and preserved meats.
ijuuor is so nign iiere, anu ine Ui faculties of discharging
cargoes so great, (it can only be done on
the flood tide,) that nearly every vessel which has
arrived here has sunk her freight money in unloading;
and 1 even heard of one vessel which sailed
out of this harbor a few days since, J800 poorer
than she was before she undertook her voyage.
On our arrival here we found some seventy vessels
in the harbor In thirty days the expected arrivals
will bring the number to at least one hundred and
twenty. A year ago there were three miserable
little schooners lying here.
This place can never be the great seaport town
of these waters. There is u constant blustering
wind blowing here. In one part of the day we
have high winds and dust, in the other cold gusts
and fogs. . It is the most disagreeable, inhospitable
climate I have ever encountered in such latitudes
The thermometer to-day has been below 60?. Singular
to say, the climate in the interior, within 30
miles of this place, is represented as being mild
and equable.
Benicia, on the straits of Carquinas, between the
bays of San Pablo and Soisson, is destined to be, in
my opinion, the commercial city of this country.
Ships of the largest class can be moored close
in shore. It is protected from all winds; is open
to a good fertile back country, and the site itself
well suited for a city. This place has no such advantages
; but, having been made the port of entry
e ,u...... --j i?:? u? * ?* --- -
iui uic?n> wmus, auu naviu^ uccn uuiuiccieu in me
beginning with the gold discoveries, it has acquired
such a reputation and currency abroad that it will
be a long time before its inconveniences as a city
can be as generally known.
There will be an effort this winter to have Benicia
made a port of entry, and I hope it will succeed.
We are having arrivals here nearly every week.
The last one was 45 days from China. I believe
that this country will draw much of the China
trade from Europe; and should we ever get a railroad
across the continent, or even across the
isthmus, I believe that we will be able to sell the
English their tea cheaper than they can get it themselves
from China. In view of the importance of
the East India trade to this country immediately,
and to the United Stales at some future day, I hope
that Congress will offer some encouragement to the i
introduction of East India goods into our Pacific <
ports. It is important, too, that a discreet consul
or commissioner should be entrusted with Ameri- ,
can interests in the Sandwich Islands. They have I
for many years been the depot of our whaling ships
in the Pacific. The Americans predominate large- 1
ly over the other foreigners who have settled there.
Should the trade between this country and the |
East Indies become great, and, particularly, if it j
should be by steam, these islands, as an enlrepdt,
will be of the last importance. Mr. Ten Eyck, the
late commissioner, is now here, on his way to the
United States
I n i 0:1? *- **
vrcucrai ivury i? ncrc ai |irear in. nt will return
in a few days to Monterey, hia head-quarters.
The government depots are about being removed
to Benicia. Major Allen, A Q.. M , will be in
charge of them at that place. Maj. Vinton, Q. M.,ia
alao here, on a personal tour of inspection through
Oregon and California, for the information of the
quanermaaier general.
No ordnance officer haa made hta appearance in
this country aince the commencement of the war, (
although there haa been, and is yet, much govern- |
ment property in thia country pertaining to that
department. ^
St. Lodk, Mo., July 24, 1849
Another week haa silently glided into the vortex j
of the oast, showing a much leas degree of mortality
than any previous week since the early part !
of June. From Monday to Sunday last inclusive,
the interments were reduced to 475, and the deaths '
by cholera to 299. The week previous, you will '
recollect, the former readied the startling number
of 937, and the latter that of 710. With any thing
like as corresponding a degree this week, the dawn
of the next will witness the enure absence of the 1
dread pestilence from among ua. Since Saturday
i last a number of our moat valued citizens, both
male and female, have paid the last debt of nature 1
through the instrumentality of the epidemic A
single family have contributed five members to the
aaa list I allude to that of Mrs Belt, with whom
| the Reverend Alexander Van Court and family
were boarding. He was one of the moat useful -j
and eminent divines in Una city, and the pastor of ,
the Central Presbyterian church. His body, with
that of his eldest son, were committed to the earth "
thia morning, as alao those of Mrs Belt, a son and
a daughter, both having reached the age of t.iaturity.
The deep gloom that the unlooked-for de- n
cease of Mr. Van Court has spread over our com- (
mutiny can only be known to those who enjoyed
the pleasure and the benefits of his acquaintance, '
and who have seen the influence the deceased exerciaed
for good throughout our city. As ? Christian,
his life was blameless, aa an ambassador of v
Qod he was meek, persuasive, affectionate, but
fearless in meeting tne high responsibilities his a
high calling imposed upon him Aa a philanthru .
pisi ne gave unny eviuencr 01 nil aincertty and <1isintereatodneaa,
taking, at he did, an active pert in all j
the benevolent, humane, and charitable operations r
( of the day. Aa a citizen, hia uarfutnMw waa felt <
| and acknowledged throughout the length and i
breadth of our city; hi* light an shining before
men, thai all of ua could beiioid hia good work* if 1
we did not imitate them. That the lorn of mich a
minister and citizen ahould be regarded aa an irreparable,
one, cannot excite aatoniahment; and that
an entire community should unite in paying the last
tribute of respect to departed worth like hia la no
more than natural Hi* funeral yesterday morning
was the largest that ha* taken place during the
prevalence of the epidemic, nearly all the prolestant
clergyman in the city beipg among ihe attendanta.
Six of theae took part in the exerciae* at the
church of the derraaed. two from the old, and two
[ from the new echool Prrahyterian, and two from
the Methodiat.
In addition to the above. Dr. M C. Edwarda,
the resident physician of the City Hospital, fell a
victim to his exertion* in endeavoring to aave
others, a* also ha* Dr J . H Potts, a dentist of this
city. The Rev Mr. Oriswold, of ihe Protestant
Episcopal church, i* in the la?t stage* of the disease,
and before this letter "* closed, hi* spirit will,
doubtless, be numbered with the "just made perfect."
Both himself and Mr. Van Court, from the
first appearance of the epidemic., have been untiring I
in Ihrir attention* I" the airk .in?l the dying, dhrii'k- *
inn not from the peatilence, though fmpientlv called '
upon to fane it in it* mo*i aggravated and malig- 1
nant form, in the hoveta and lowly dwelling-placea
of the vxioua, the deatitule, ana the almnaoned. 1
Mr. Tan Court wn* caat in nature'* mn*t delicate J
mould, and the framework of the ouier man wa* ^
too frail for the will, the diapoatiion, the energy and
power of the inner man. To their over exertion*,
in their mimaterial dntiea, both Mr Oriewold ami
Mr Van <'mirt owe the lo*a of ihrir valuable lire*, ,
and our community are deprived forever of their in (
valuable aervicea I
For the laat week we have been ble*aed with a c
fine bracing, healthy air, which, together with the i
rapid decreaae in the daily liat of tleatha, ha* inaptred
all claaaea with lenewed confidents?, and, to ^
aome extent, inparted hope and cheerfulneaa among r
ua. An increased number of lalmrera are viatble
upon different part* of the burnt dialrict, and the
preparatinna for rebuilding much greater than at
. . . 'urn ? ... THE
any previous period ainc? the dreadful conflagration
took place. Still ao large a part of the building
season has been lost in consequence of lite epidemic,
that, comparatively speaking, but a small
portion will be (ebuilt this year, to what would have
been accomplished under more favorable circumstances
and the absence of the cholera.
Telegraphic accounts will have reached you ere
this wiU, of the open rupture and collision Uial has
ensued at Liberty, Clay county, in this Stale, between
the friends and opponents of Col. Benton.
They will, however, give you but a faint idea of
what actually transpired, judging from the private
accounts I have seen from both sides to Democrats
in this city. It was a Locofocu squabble entirely, 1
and so far as our political friends were concerned,
they were bound to profit by the fight, no matter
which of ibeiwo factions triumphed. ItappearsCol.
Benton had been invited and consented to address
the Democracy of Clay county on the 16th instant.
In the mean time the faction of Nullifiers, or Calhoun
conspirators, headed by Judge Birch, had determined,
if possible, to break up the meeting, or
to smuggle through, by some hocus poetu known
only to Locofoco morality and tactics, a resolution
sustaining the action of the Missouri Legislature
and condemnatory of Col. Benton and his course \
upon the slave question. This was concealed from
the friends of Benton until the morning of the day
upon which he was to speak, when, for the first
lime, they were informed that Judge Birch expected
to meet "Old Bullion" in debate. Upon this intimation
being communicated to him, Col. Benton
refused not only to speak before or after him, but
even within a mile or where said Birch might harangue
the people. This refusal on the part of Benton
he placed upon the ground that Birch had no
reputation, either moral or political, and could receive
no notice at his hands. Benton was to speak
at two o'clock in the afternoon, and at ten in the
morning Birch and his friends took possession of
the court-house, which had been previously assigned
to Benton, and retained it until near the
hour when Benton was to speak. So great, however,
was the crowd that had assembled, that Col.
Benton proceeded to a grove within about a mile
of the town, whither he was followed by the mass,
and to whom he spoke for about three hours, dividing
his speech into two propositions similar to
those discussed by liirn at Lexington, and an account
of which I have already furbished you.
At the conclusion of Benton's speech the crowd
dispersed?the farmers to their respective homes in
the country, and the citizens to their residences, for
the purpose of taking tea. Taking advantage of
this condition of things, Birch and his friends slipped
off to the court-ho"se. where he attemnted h r??.
|>ly to Col. Benton, and where not over one or two
hundred were present. Birch had prepared a resolution
sustaining the Legislature and condemning
Colonel Benton, which he announced he should offer
at the close of his speech. This was communicated
to some of Benton's friends in town, who immediately
repaired to the court-house to protest
against any action upon a resolution of that nature, i
when it was well known that seven-tenths of the
Democracy who had been present during the day
had gone home. All propositions, however, were
declured out of order by tne presiding officer of the
Birch faction, and the resolution declared passed ,
Colonel Benton's friends that were present first
withdrawing from the meeting, which left but a beggarly
account of empty seats to take action on the
resolution. The most spicy scene in the melodrama
is, however, yet to be described.
Previous to Judge Birch concluding his evening
harangue, he took occasion to denounce every man
who coincided in opinion with Colonel Benton as i
an Abolitionist and a northern fanatic. This brought
a Mr. Routt, a decided Locofoco, but a warm friend, I
to his feet, who, approaching towards Judge Birch,
told him he must take back that assertion, or he
would pull his (Birch's) nose for him. Birch,
not anticipating a knock-dotrti argument, replied to
Routt that he did not mean to include him in his remarks.
Routt rejoined that the disclaimer did not
go far enough, but that he must extend it to all the
citizens of Clay county, or he (Routt) would put
his threat in execution. Judge Birch took a "sober
ttcond thought," and yielded to the demand of Routt i
by withdrawing the charge in Into as to the citizens
ofClay county. I give you the account as it has
reached this city in letters from Democrats to D mot-rats,
and of the truth of the statements I have no
doubt. This assault upon Benton has strengthened j
him with his political friends amazingly. An early 1
indication of it is perceptible in another change of
the vane on the Union office in this citv thm now
nointa more directly than ever toward* Colonel
Benton. See the editorial in the Union of to-day.
Want of apace compela me to cloae.
Baltimore, August 3?5 p. m'
There were two casea of cholera at the almshouse
last night, but no deaths Our city is still
exempt from the scourge.
Up to the present moment there are no tidings of
the steamer now due. We look for her news probably
to-nigh L
The Liberia packet, belonging in the American
Colonization Soon ty, leA here yesterday for Cape
Palmas and Monrovia There were on board ,
twenty-five emigrants, among whom was the wife
of the Governor of Cape Palmas and the Rev R.
R. Gurley, of Washington city.
The custom-house here has been pretty well
leaned out of Old Hunker Locnfocos, who have
bad their own way for some time, and pood Whigs
put in their places If ever any public establishment
needed renovation it is the Baltimore customhouse.
There were, as the razor strap man says,
i few more leA of the same sort, whose room can
lie better filled. Colonel Kane, the new collector,
Sives general satisfaction in the discharge of his
Preparations are making to observe the national
asi-day in a becoming manner.
Sales 3U0 bbls fresh ground Howard street flour
it 16 124.
Sales 3,500 bbls. city mills at $5 26.
Sales prtmt red wheal at 119c , and white, not
luitable for family flour, at 115 a 116<
Sales white corn si 62 a 63c , and yellow at 63c. I
Nothing in oats. I
Limited sales a hisky at 95c.
No change in proviaions. 1
Stocks are not so firm. Sales of $2,000 U. S. 1
Treasury note 6*8, si 1I5|, 30 days; $1,000 Mary- ! |
nod 6's, 105}; Baltimore 5'a. 84; $4,000 Baltimore I
nd Ohm Railroad Bonds, at 98} a 99. <
The money market is easy A considerable
quantity of the California gold, brought in the
,re*cent city, has reached Baltimore. I saw a pile
f it to-day, which the owner was about sending [ i
?hh am lor cmiaage I ,, , I
On the morning of the 1st instant, of scarlet feer,
MARY JOSEPH, aged three years and six (
nonths, daughter of Abraham and Harah Butler. ,
The New Orleans papers will please publish the
fct-By Dtvlwe Prrmlnlon the Rpt. J. G.
laitler, the Pastor of St. Paul's English Luthe- ,
an Church, will preach his Introductory Sermon
an Sablmtli morning neat, at 11 o'c.lor k; also services
in the evening at 8 o'clock.
Aug. I?It
0^-lrsanA PrrtbytrrlSa Charrk, Sew lfork
ivenue, near Thirteenth street.?With Divine pernission
there will be service on Friday, at II ;
a'clock, a. m., and 6, p. in.
On Sunday, beside the regular services, tlx're
will be a lecture by the pastor, at 8, p. in., on Hinio?>
religion. Aug. 3
(iy- Laying the < oraerJIIaar of Carroll
[ hapel. Coarrrt aad Raral Party ? The corier-stonc
of Carboll Chapel, in Montgomery
ouuty, Maryland, right noib-a north of W ssliingoti,
will lie laid ran Thursday, tin- ftth instant, at 3
aVlia k, p. in., by the Mint Reverend As< hso-mop
>f Baltimore, assisted hy aeveral of the Cstliolic
lergy of tile Distru t of Columbia; after which
here will be an amateur concert and rural enter
eminent at the Cottage, got up for the occasion by
he ladiea of th< vicinity, who respectfully invite
he public to aid them in their effort to rebuild one
af the oldeat churches in the State of Maryland.
.r>m>r*l Tivnn urui thf ?in-..f si.- i
irt have Iwvn invited, ami ?n expected to be pr>- *
Ticket* to the conrrrt and p*rtJ. "0 rent*; to be ' i
tad in Waahington of J. F. Caftan. M. Oelany,
ind L. t'-aruai; in Georgetown of John L. Kidwefl.
)m l< ||>U*C? will Mill "th ?lr. el lo |||<- Cut ,
are during the day. (
Aug I?td '
BOOKS ordered daily from ail the publishing
hou*e* in the United State*. and supplied in
Washington city, at publishers' price*. by
Aug-. 3 B?*>k*eller*, Penn. av., near 9th *t.
LtONTINl'KS to offer hie service* a* Professor
/ and Translator of the FRKNCH, HPAN1KH, "
TALIAN and LATIN language*. Rough pmmin |
iation aoon improved, and had pronunciation rer- 1
ainly corrected, under his instruction. '
Residence, Mr. Fugitt'a, Indiana arenue, near
Mty Hall. Aug ?ly
rHRWRU I \t. The Lady Alio?, or the New ?
Una, a novel, thin day received for aale at I
July 17 Bookstore, near 9th at. t
M.^. .. . 1,^^,.- * ... . I .. ? I...,
Nr.w You, August 2?4 p. m. i
The Board of Health report 159 cases and 67
deaths for the 34 hours ending at noon to-day.
No tidings yet of the steamer now due at Hali- i
fax. ?Baltimore,
August 2?9 o'clock, p. m.?8ignor
De Begins, the great vocalist, died of cholera, at
New York, yesterday morning at 9 o'clock.
No signs of the next steamer as yet.
Fatal Hail road Accident.
Philadelphia, August 2?2 p. m.
The train of care which left Philadelphia this
morning, at 6 o'clock, ran off the track, about two
miles from Princeton, N. J. The locomotive and
baggage car were thrown into the canal. One or
two persons were killed, and several badly wounded,
but their nutnes I have not been able to learn.
The cause of the accident is not ascertained.
Mr. Joseph Tagert, aged 92 years, and for fifty
years president of the Farmers and Merchants'
Bank, died this morning at his residence in Germanlnuin
H u ususi Ana umAt\A ah m aMco! ssrwt
most respected citizens.
The Board of Health report 19 new cases and 3
deaths by cholera for the twenty-four hours ending
at noon to-day The city is generally healthy, and
the cholera fast disappearing.
There is no change to notice in the markets except
that stocks are not quite so firm. Pennsylvania
5's, 88.
Flour is held at |4 81 a $4 87. Red wheat, 105
a 110 cts- Yellow corn, 60 a 61 cts. Oats, 32 a 33
cts. Other things unchanged. All waiting the
New Orleans, July 31.
8ales of cotton yesterday, 300 bales. Prices
firm. Good middling, nine and one-half to nine
and three-quarters.
The city is remarkably healthy. The deaths
during the week ending 28th inst. were 66?only
two from cholera.
New Orleans, July 31.?The abduction of the
Spaniard, an investigation of which has been going
on for some days, was fully proved yesterday.
Sanodset, Ohio, July 31?p. m.
The slate of things in this city continues most deplorable;
the hotels, warehouses, and stores, .all i
remain closed, and no business is doing. The sickness
that is prevailing is most distressing in the extreme.
The resident medical faculty have either all
fallen victims to the disease or fied from the city.
A number of physicians who arrived to-day from
the interior state that several doctors and nurses
were on their way from Cincinnati, in hope of finding
some relief. A few have come on nere from
Cleveland. It is almost next to impossible to tell
the exact number of deaths which occur daily, as 1
the accounts are very contradictory. The population
has become so reduced that there are but few
ICIlr. '
Montreal, August 1.
At a large public meeting yesterday, the citizens
recommended the corporation to take ?125,000 of
the stock of Portland railway.
Health of the city improving.
The League sitting at Kingston adopted an
order to reassemble at the same time and place with
the next Canada Parliament. Various resolutions
were passed, but nothing important done. The
American flag was hoisted and pulled down.
Vermont Election.
Burlington, July 31.
Professor James Mcacham, of Middlebury College,
has been nominated by the Whigs to succeed
the Hon. George C. Marsh in Congress. The
election takes place on the 2d of September.
Later from Barnoa Ajrres.
Boston, August 1, 1849. <
Prussian bark Leopold, from Buenos Ay res, <
June 15, has arrived The packet of the 9th has |
late accounts Irom the interior, which represent the
state of Bolivia as most deplorable. Gen. Belzu, 1
after having completely triumphed over President
Velazco, was in his turn attacked by the friends of
Gen. Ballivian. Revolutionary movements having
simultaneously broken out in La Paz, Oruro, Cochabimba
Potosi, and Bobiga, were at first so sue- I
cessfuI that General Ballivian was about to leave
Valparaiso in the French steamer Cocyte, for the
latter place, in expectation of finding his authority
completely re-established. On the point of sailing,
however, he received information of a reaction, in
which the populace chiefly figured, and the effect
of which was to replace General Belzu in the supreme
command. The most frightful disorders are
said to have been commuted, particularly at La
Paz, where the houses of all those in the Ballivian
interest are stated to have been completely sacked.
It appears that in the Argentine province of Jujuy,
a serious movement has taken place. Through the
prompt co-operation of the authorities of Salta, 1
order was speedily restored. The latter province
was making rapid strides in the path of social amelioration,
in order to promote commercial inter (
course with the capital of the republic
The government has issued s decree subjecting |
foreign goods introducad through any port not na
tonal, to an additional duty of 25 per cent.; and
for the purpose of fostering the mercantile relations
with the sister provinces, it had adopted other |
measures equally efficient ,
In the capital of Mendoza a new monthly pert- ,
odical has lately made its appearance?the sper.i- ,
men number is highly creditable, as well for the <
matter it contains as for the muiner in which it has I
been gotten up. '
It is reported that in the capital of San Louts sev- <
ernl shocks of earthquakes huve been Istely felt, '
causing considerable damage to a nunitwr of build- ?
Hit'*. r?i>eciallv U> a new church. We have as
no circumstantial detail* in regard to this phenome- ,
non, which we believe i? without a precedent in t
i he metropolis. i
Friichti to United States?Hides, dry, $10 t
ner 2,000 Hm., salted, f6 per 2,000 lln.; tmles
M 30.
Doubloons?Highest during the week 304, low- ?
est 294}Steamship
Caledonia, for Liverpool, left at half- "
nasi eleven, with 32 passengers for Liverpool and 9 .
for Halifax F W. Thayer, of Boston, liearer of J
Jespatrhea '
Progress of tike ChoUra Worth aad West. c
New Yoaa, August 1 ?The Board of Health
report 170 casea and 60 deaths of cholera for the
twenty-four hours ending at noon to day
The weather is warm and rather oppressive, and a
no apparent abatement in the epidemic.
Albany, July 31?There have been reported (
unce yesterday 19 casea of cholera, 7 of which
proveo fatal.
SraicctE, July 31?One death fn>m cholera is ]
reported as having occurred here yesterday. 0
Bo?ton, July 31 ?There have been reported to- ^
lay 3 new rases and 2 deaths from cholera
Cmaslsstown, Mass., July 31?p. m.?Two
a?es of cholera are reported as hsvinsr occurred at T
he navy yard st this place in the laat twenty-four J
- d
CiwcnrwaTt. July SI.?The nnmWr of inter- j
nent* p??f?or?ed for the pa*t week, though large. ia p
lettering when compared with the report* of ore- f<
noun week# Three hundred and antiy-two infer- g
nerita have taken place in thi* city during the laat b
even day*, 109 of which were from cholera, and ?
153 of other di*eaae*.
Cm a at uTim. Auguat 1 ?There i? no new* of _
mjiortanoe. Our city continue* very healthy, not
i single caae of cholera having originated here up
lo the preaenl time.
St Lovia, Auguat I?The cholera ia again ^
ilightly on the increase, which ia attributed to the t|
Xreaaire warm weather for aome daya paat. On
Monday there were forty imermenta, IS of which
vere of cholera On Tuesday there were 14 inter- a
nenta, only three of which were from cholera,
rhe weather haa again become very pleasant, and
Vo ft, (tU Stnnti, npynttlr fVn/rr Market, formrriy \
occipted fty f? 4" T Parker >
JUST RETKIVF.D, *nd will he kept conatautly
on hand a large and complete assortment of
Srorerie*. corwiating of? I .
I...I I ?C U #<-L. 1 v o ?-i
iniiiuniu |/K<| " ?' nnu, \ UIH, mm w. , ' I
Sugar* J
Java. Maracaibo, St. Domingo, ami burnt Oiffee t>
Fine Gunpowder, Imperial. Young Hv*n<, and tl
Black Tea* ; p<
OM Brandic*. Rye Whiaky, Holland Gin e<
Janiaira Spirit*, and Wine* of all kind* a
Mai kerel, llerringB, Clover, and Timothy Seed b<
And all other article* connected with the whole- ?i
a|c and retail grocery huaine**, which will be aold tc
cry low S>r caah or to punctual customer*, and
n all raae* guarantied to b? audi a* they may be a<
eprearnled. I ir
Good article*, low price*, and fair dealing may p
*> relied on in all raae*. hi
Purchaaer* are politely reoueated to call and ri- ii
inline my *tr? k bafore pur< haaing elaewhere; and a?
hope by a atrirt attention to btauneaa to merit a d
bare of their patronage
Aug J bteoif JSO. B. KIHBKY. |
THE Steamship CHESAPEAKE will be despatched
for SAN FRANCISCO, touching at
Rio JANKiaoand Valpabaiso for refreshments,and
to land passengers, on WEDNESDAY, AUGUST
Sth, at '2 p. in.
The CHESAPEAKE is a new and very sulwtantial
vessel, built by Government for their special
service, furnished and fitted out in a reliable and
elegant maimer, and is under the able command
of Chas. Henhy Baldwin, of the U. 8. Navy, with
engineers and officers experienced in the Government
For economy and despatch this affords an opportunity
rarely presented of avoiding alike the
danger of sickness, now so prevalent by the Isthmus
and overland routes, auriug this the rainy
season, and of a tedious passage by sailing vessels
during the calms and light winds of summer.
Passage from New York to San Francisco, with
furnished accommodations i-nnmlcte
After Cabin $350
Forward Cabin 250
Steerage, with Cabin fare 175
Eight cubic feet allowed for baggage.
Passages are not secured till paid for.
Persons out of the city can have bertha reserved
for one week by remitting half the money.
101 Wall at., cor. Front.
A first clans ship, to be despatched early in
August, will receive freight on application as
above. Aug. 1?d6t
Halted (Mates Mall Steamship Company, lhr
California, via Chagrct.
THE new and spacious steamship OHIO, will be
despatched on Monday, the 27tn of August, at
1 o'clock, from the pier, foot of Warren street, North
river, under the command of Lieut. J. A. St: he nek,
U. 8. Navy.
The OHIO is the first of the regular Mail steamers
between New York and Chagres. She will convey
the Government Mails and passengers for the Pacific
steamers returning from Panama to California.
The great size, strength, and power of the Ohio,
are far beyond those of any American sea steamer
afloat, being 3,000 tons burthen, with superior double
engines of 1,000 horse power each. Passengers
by this ship liave the assurance of safety and speed
not to be lelt on any sea steamer with a single engine.
The arrangements for the comfort and convenience
of the passengers are on the must liberal scale:
in her four spacious saloons and well ventilated
cabins and state rooms are combined all the conveniences
of a first class hotel.
The Ohio is intended to be in time for the Pacific
steamer of September.
State Rooms, after Saloons ?150 each.
Parties of three occupying one State
Room in After Saloon 125 "
State Room, Forward Saloon 115 "
Second Cabin, open l>erth 100 "
Steerage, berth found with beds, and
mess at separate table 80 "
250 lbs. baggage allowed each passenger.
Passage to Havana, #70. Passage to New Orleans
Freights to Chagres, 70 cents per cubic foot.
Do New Orleans, 25 cents per cubic foot.
All Tickets for passage must be procured at the
office of the Company.
July 30?d4w 118 West street.
16th August.
THE new and splendid steamship EMPIRE CITY*
2,000 tons burthen, J. D. Wilson, commander,
will leave for Chagres direct, from her dock, at
Pier 2, N. R., on Thursday, 16th August, at 3
The E. C. goes direct to Chagres, without touching
at intermediate ports?thus ensuring that passengers
by this steamer will reach Panama in time
for the U. S. Pacific Mail Steamer Panama, of 1st
Passage in the After Saloon $ 150
Da do UpperSaloon 125
Do do Forward Saloon 116
Do do Lower Cabin 100
Do do Steerage 80
Freight on specie, 1 per cent. Merchandise 70
cents per foot. Eight cubic feet of baggage allowed
each cabin passenger: six cubic feet each steerage
passenger. No passage secured unless paid for.
Any person remitting oue-half the amount of passage-money
can secure a berth for one week. For
freight or passage apply to
July 26?dtlhAug 34 B.oadway.
THE subscriber has 500 reams good quulity printing
paper, 24 by 38, for sale at manufacturer's
July 30? tf_ J. GIDEON._
/^invrovMcvr UTITC I. OTUVD aT/virii
Ijr for 'sale by *
July 20?diw CHUBB A SCHENCK. I
FIR the benefit of " Carroll's Chapel." in Montgomery
comity, Maryland, will be given at
" the Cottage," near the cnurch, now in the course
of erection, on Thursday, the 9th of August, at 4
o'clock, p. in., if fair; if not, at the same hour the
next lair day. The Cottage is eight miles from the
Tickets may be obtained at the following places
in Washington: John F. Callan's, corner of 7th
snd E streets; Michael Dulaney's, corner of Penn ylvania
avenue and 4} street; and of John Kidsell,
druggist, High street, Georgetown. Price
jO cents.
Refreshments will be provided. July 28?tc
CLAGETT It DODBON would respectfully inform
all house-keepers in Washington and its
ricinity, that, intending to make sundry iinprovenents
and alterations in their ware-room, preparitory
to the reception of the most extensive and
lrgant assortment of Autumn House-furnishing
Dry Goods that has ever been offered for sale in
his city, they will dispose of their present stork of
sld* snd ends, remnants, Ac., at prices considerably
below the original cast; consisting in part of
saxony Wilton, Brussels, Three-ply, Ingrain,
rwilled and plain Venetian Carpeting*, and
Mattings of various widths. Those having passages
ir halls, small rooms, or other parts of their liouses i
o which they would add the comfort of a covering,
ire respectfully informed that the above goods will (
w disposed of at an immense sacrifice.
Also, remnants Satin Laine, figured Damask (
end Chintzes, for covering so (as, lounges, chairs, ,
livans, Ac. Together with a variety of other ,
iseful things, all of which will be ilisposed of as |
July 26?4taw2w W A8 1
ry*EAI.'N \ VTI-('HOI,KHA BKI.T A preL/
ve.ntive of cholera, snd cure of all cases of ordi- I
lary diarrhoea and deranged bowels. TTiey are re- I
unintended by physicians generally in Baltimore,
'hiladelphia, and New Vorlt. It ha* also been exlibiled
to a number of physicians in this city, who |
uglily approve of it. I
For sale at M. Drlany's drug store, corner of 4 J <
treet and Pennsylvania avenue. July 18 ' I
terest payable quarterly) >?r sale by
July SO -jttw CHIHB k BCHKNCK.
PHILIP BARTON KEY will attaod to any
business he nr?T be entrusted with before either i
fthe Courts of thin District: and will also attend i
n the prosecution of Claims before Congress and <
lie Departments. Office on C street. t
%11-tf t
t|R. A As VAt DRKOt RT hrn leave to
J. inform hu frietvis and the public that, bavin(r '
ermanently located in Washinjpon, he intends to ?
evote his atleutmn to tlx' tuition of the Trench, ?
Lalian, and Spanish lanj(uarc?, and also of the I
'iana Forte and Drawing in all its bran< he* Rr 1
rrencea of the very highest respectability will be
iven by applying at hi* residence, (12th street,
etween D and C, next door to Mr. Gibson'* Acad- '
my,) or at Davis' Music Store, and Mra. Ander- 1
nil's Stationery Store. )
July 17?eocflni
No. 143 Market Mrset. Philadelphia. '
A RK now receiving and offer for sale a handsome
Tl assortment of new Milk and Fancy Goods for
ill trade, which have been purchased by one of
leir firm r
nd with espe. ial reference to Uv. wants of western d
nd southern buyer*. a
July IS?dRwiflm t
Attaraey at Law.
, . P ... K
Jl'r ILL attend U> the prnrrrutin < ! Claim* I* B
Ft for* the Board of Mexican Cammiaaianera, J
laimaajramat the United State*, and In the tarnation
(>n??inNa arith thr variou* Department* '
June JX? iftf
rHK WlWmilQI ?W? will n..< hr pub
liabed next Saturday, it hein* the day after I
ir Paid Day, and the proprieter brin* deairona
tat the prraona in hia . mploymcnt may (if an diaiwrd)
obrrrve Friday in 0ir manner recommend- i
I by thr Prmidcnt of thr United Stair*. Thr , b
*Ct itnhar of tl? ** ahiaftoa N< w* (S<< 4) will i fi
I laaued ,> i Saturday. the llth inatant, whan thr | p
rarrirra employed ny thr proprieter will pleaer d
> attrnd a* ueiial , |j
Thr proprietor of thr Waahmgion New* will J
rail himeelf of thr prrarnt week to carry out aotnr ('
nprovemenU in thr editorial and inr< hanit al rir- S
artmrnt of hi* paper; alao, to ntakr otit all the fi
ilia dur to him for auber ription and advrrtiaing.
i thr hope that when hror hia agent prrarnta thear rr
count* idr aettlement next wrrk thry will br rl
uly honored ( to
Auf.9? JtTllF (Union) (
Published by T. and J. W. Johnson,
197 Ckesnut Street, Philu. '
l?WMll>g Cuu In Law and Equity, la Thr*?
ItrlM, wltk American Boies.
I. White and Tudoe's Leading Cases in Equity,
With copious and elaborate American Notes by
Hare ana Wallace.
II. Amkeican Leading Cases, With Notes by Hare
and Wallace.
III. Smith's Leading Cases, With American Notes
by Hare and Wallace.
I. A Selection or Leading Cases in Emu it y, With
Notes bv F. H. White andO. D. Tudor, esquires,
with Additional Notes and References to American
Cases, by J. I. Clark Hare and H. B. Wallace,
Editors of Smith's Leading Cases.
THE Publishers have the satisfaction to announce
that the first volume of this much expected
work is now nearly ready for delivery. It is upon
the plan of Smith's Leading Cases, and is supposed
by competent judges to present claims to tbe attention
and favor of the profession, not leas striking'
than those which were offered by Mr. Smith's work.
The work has been annotated by Messrs. Hare and
Wallace, in the same elaborate and thorough style
which distinguished their commentaries upon
Smith's Leading Cases and the American Leading
Cases. The American Notes, it is believed, will be
found to present an accurate and complete view of
the equity jurisprudence of every state in the
Union, in respect to the subjects which come under
U. In two volumes, royal Octavo, $9.
Ambbican Lbadino Casks.?Select decisions qf
American Cowrie in several departments of law,
with especial reference to mercantile km, by J. I.
Clark Hare and H. B. Wallace, esqs., editors of
the American edition of Smith's Leading Cases.
This work is upon the plan of Smith's Leading
Cases, and applies the same method of research
and illustration to various important branches of
the law which were not included therein, and is, in
effect, a continuation of that work. The cases consist
of the most celebrated decisions in the Federal
Courts, and the courts of the several States, upon
the subjects discussed; accompanied by elaborate
notes, in which the reports of all tbe States in the
Union have been collated; so that the work presents
a complete view of American Lato, upon the subjects
which are examined.
From the Pennsylvania Law Journal far April, 1848.
Tbe principal points illustrated in the first volume
are, the whole subject of Agency, Voluntary
Conveyances, Assignments to a trustee for the
benefit of creditors, Domicil, Infancy, Interest,
Application of Payments, Negotiability, and Negotiation
of Promissory Notes, Form, Time and
manner of Notice, Power of a partner to bind the
Firm, Incidents of Real Estate held by a Firm, Re.
It will be perceived, by the enumeration of titles,
that the volume comprises subjects of Mvery day
occurrence to the practitioner. In themselves, they
lurnisn so many compendious treatises upon tne ,
actual state of the law. It is like Mr. Smith's
Leading Caret, in plan, and mode of annotation,
and extends this method to other titles not embraced
in Mr Smith's volumes; and is, in effect, a
continuation of that work. Those who are familiar
with the last or preceding American Editions of
Smith'$ Leading Caeet, have an earnest of the capabilities
of the editor of the Select Deeitiont, for
the labor he has assumed. The notes, or rather essays,
that accompany the Select Decisions, occupy
more than one-half of the volume, and are in filet
a critical collation of all the American Caeet, (upwards
of 3,000,) bearing upon the subjects discussed.
From the Pennsylvania Law Journal for Jan., 1848.
"In an elaborate and thorough note to Sexton v.
Whoa ton, and Salmon v. Bennett, Mr. Wallace
reviews the whole law in relation to voluntary conveyances
in the United States, pointing out where
the selected decisions have been sustained, were
rejected, condensing and reconciling the reasoning,
or pointing out the inconsistencies of the nice
and often wire-drawn distinctions which have been
From the Pennsylvania Iamb Journal, May, 1848.
This volume by Mr. Hare is no leas satisfactory
than its predecessor by Mr. Wallace. It is fully
equal to it in every point ofview. The Select Decisions
are thirty in number; chosen with great judgment,
and annotated with discrimination ana the most
ample learning.
We are satisfied that our friends, Messrs. Wallace
and Hare, will receive the hearty thanks of
the profession for this secondjoint contribution to
our standard law books. The science of law is
only to be adequately learned through the medium
of adjudicated cases, and when the student has, as
in the book before us, important and leading ones
not only pointed out to him, but fully and carefully
considered, with ample and thorough notes, ambition
has an additional incentive and indolence
ceases to have an excuse.
It has king been a part of the practical instruction
at the Dane Law School at Cambridge, to
point out and comment on important adjudicated
cases; and Mr. Smith's Leading Cases has become
a text-book for the purpose. We do not entertain
a doubt but that Messrs. Wallace and Hare's work
will receive, as it deserves, the same attentive consideration
of both the professors and the students
,,r ...a .;-i ?i?i ../1 <
true lion.*"'
in. Two VoU. Oetmoo, $ 10
Smith's Lhaoino Casks, third American edition,
with Notes and References to late English and
American Decisions, by J. 1. Clark Hare and H.
H. Wallace, csqrs.
The American Editors have carefully collated
and noticed all the decisions in the Reports of the
Engludi and American Courts, since toe publics
tion of the former Edition of Smith's Cases.
The work is now idfrred to the Profession in an
enlarged form, enriched by numerous and important
additions, rendering it still more valuable and
useful to the Lawyer and the Judge.
"The American Cases upon tins subject (the distinction
between Case and Trespass) will be
found extensively collected and collated in a note
to Scott v. Shepherd, 1 Smith's Leading Cases,
329." Tkr Court in ClaJUn v. Hlirw, ItlPfmuml,
"The general doctrine which controls this ac- 4
Lion, (for fraudulent representations,) has been
fully ami ably reviewed by Mr. Wallace, one of
Lhe Allien can editors of Smith's Leading Cases, in
i note to Pasley v. Freeman, Ltd vol. p. 101, where
til the authorities, English and American, are collated.?
iV Court tn Young v. Hall, 4 Goorgia R*
ports, 90.
"The rases (on Commercial Usages) are too numerous
u> no iii detail, and I will only refer to
them generally, as fully collerted in the notes to I
Smith's leading Cases, (Ainer. Ed of 1H44.) 41H."
7V (ta?l in Clark v. Hakrr, II Mtteolf, I*).
"The notes added tn Twyne's Case in Smith's
Selection of lyading Cases, iii the American edition.
. onutin a lull view of the decision*, and r?|
rially of the American cases in the Federal and
state Courts, on the great doctrines in Twyne's
Case, which is perhaps the most elaborate case in the
English law, and has given rise to the most protracted
and animate*! discussions."? CianrrlUn
Kont 3 Commentaries, 533, not*
"The numerous decisions.Eagtish and American,
m this intricate head of the law of real property.
(covenants running with lands,) are very industrt
nisly collected in Smith's leading Cases, under the
itle of Spencer's rase.? CSanrrtlor A mi 4 Comm
172, not*
"In the second Amerii an edition of Smith's Land
..p* uwMim |in rrgnm U? MPUIIijmH Oil
on trac ts Imperfectly perfbrmsd,) recognised i 1
hi* couuuy, whu h seems to accord in itaprinci
>lra with that of Westminster Hall, i* stated in the
Kite* of Mr. Wallare, ** follow*, jtc."?/VofVnor
fIrtonUoJ '/Vsohse on f.WfSM, Ml. 1. I'M, not/
"See 1 Smith's Leading Cases, with Hare k. Wal.
are's note*, where all the cases on this point (on
nortgagor's right to lease) are reviewed."?Pro
VfSOr <,rftnUof No* lot (Vmsss, I lib.
"Mr. Wallace, in his very learner! note to Cogf*
k Bernard, (I Smith's l-cuding 'Jasrs, 843. Cm
?d .( IH4T.) ?_r?. " 7 A' 4nfit Trrnitxte
m the Ixtor of I 'mmmem Carrier*. p. M. note
Camssidos, Jan 36, 1846.
( iHTLtMi!! : Your letter of the 34th has been
eceived, in a'hirh you ask iny opinion an to the
slue of the English fc*chequer Reports, from Price
lownward* ti? this time, to sn American lawyer,
nd s* to the expediency of reprinting them in
hi* country. Of the hiph value of these Reports,
nth < n the Pies* ami Equity *idee of the Court. I
avr not the least doubt, liie decisions of this Court
jr the last fifteen or twenty year*, both at Bouity
nd in Common Law, are entitled to eotial re.
pect with any others in England. I should think
n American lawyer's library essentially incom
lete without them,
I am, gentlemen, very respectfully youra,
Messrs. T. It J W. Johvsov.
Vol. 6, Io 1848? #3 00.
Containing the Public and General Statutes passed
y the Congress of the ' nited States of America ! |
nwn ISJ7 to 1847 inclusive, whether Expired. Resled,
or in F<>rce, arranged in chronological or
.1 * itfi .manrtnai nrtereiice*, beinir a l OBtuni*
ion of the I**" puMiahed under the inapeetion of
..... ph Story, one >>l the Juatirr* of the Sunremr
ourt of the United Slate*, edited by Hon. Geor^e
harawood, president Judge of the Diatrh t Court
>r the oHinty at Philbmphh.
The pr<?te*Mioo are parti, ularly invited to exa j
line thia work. For accuracy,< onvemenreof armament,
and heitpnen* of pru *. it ia believed
preaent stronger rtauna than any other edition
fore the publi. The ?et ..inplete ID 5 voh fU
July M?dfcttrtf

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