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II THE REPUBLIC. I WASHINGTON: I MONDAY MORNING, SEPT. 10. 1849. I Thr Prol(lrut'? Itrturu. General Taylor returned to the city, on the morning of the 8th instant, after an absence of four weeks. His tour was arrested before he had visited a half of the country he originally designed to tra verse, by a malady which, at one time, assumed a most threatening phase. At Harrisburg and Carlisle, Pennsylvania, he was attacked by what was considered pre monitions of cholera, but which turned out f to be the incipient stages of a malady which has proved but too taiai to many 01 our officers who most distinguished themselves in the Florida and Mexican wars. The first symptoms of disease were readily subdued, and the President resumed his tour; not, however, without serious misgivings, on the part of many of his friends, as to his ability to complete it as he had purposed on leaving the capital. The incidents of his progress through western Pennsylvania have been already published throughout the country; suffice it to say, at this time, that his reception everywhere, by the people, was such as I might well recompense him for the perils and hardships he had undergone in serving his country, and the violence which he has encountered from politicians, in his determination to devote his administration to the cause of peace, progress, and justice?peace, without the sacrifice of honor; progress, without radicalism; and justice, tempered by sympathy with the wants and requirements of the age. At ^Jrie, Pennsylvania, nis tour was brought to a sudden termination by a recurrence of his attack with distressing and ominous symptoms. He was stricken down bv diarrhcea, accompanied with a raging fever. At one time his physicians, for two days, apprehended a fatal termination of his illness. By careful tending and skilful treatment he was at length relieved, but in such a state of physical exhaustion as to render great exertion or fatigue of any kind unsafe. He left Erie as soon as he was able to travel, direct for] the Falls of Niagara, not stopping at Buffalo, or any other intervening point. At Niagara he hoped to regain sufficient strength to justify the resumption of his tour; but four hours' sojourn there was sufficient to confirm his medical advisers in the opinion that his disease had been of so serious a nature as to preclude the idea of recovering physical vigor, in any reasonable length of time, to go through fatigues and excitements such as he had encountered before his illness,and such asthey had reason to know awaited a further prosecution of his visit. This circumstance, and the reception of despatches which made his presence at Washington desirable, induced the President to hasten his return homp, which he did by the easiest and most expeditious conveyances. He reached Washington, as we before said, on the morning of the ^th instant, greatly reduced in strength and flesh, | f, - but, we are happy to inlwrm our readers, without disease, and where repo?e and the influences of domestic life will soon, we trust, repair his health. The several attacks which the President encountered may be attributed to the fatigue of public receptions, and the excitements which are incident upon a continuous mingling with large masses of people, It was the desire of General Tvvlor t< pass through the country with as little display as possible. It was more his ob ject to see his fellow-citizens at their homev in their shops, and mines, and manufactories, upon their farmsteads, and in their cities, than to be seen by them. Hi? object he accomplished, i- far a> then affectionate interest would permit him tr <io so. Whate>er of ceremonial attendee hi* reception any where was the arrange ment of others, designed for the most par for convenience sake. Wherever the peo pie assembled to greet him in thousandi and tens of thou-ands, it was a sponta neons homage to one of themselves, wh' had won their gratitude by services whirl added to the renown of his country, whil * S--L , 1 they secured nis own. oucn was we m thusiasm of the people, that no municipa arrangement*'could restrain them, anc thev pressed to see him until they were, a? the President remarked, nigh killing lum with kindness. As long a* he wa> able to endure it, thi* informal and repuh liean mode of social intercourse was more agreeable to (general I ayi.oh than the mos pompon- and brilliant pageant. He lei home to see them, to know them, tlia he might better serve them. They me him as their President, as their servant and their friend. Although it wa? known that his toui was broken up on account of his health the President, on his return to Washing ton, was met at every town and stopping place, between the Falls of Niagara anc this city, by large concourses of people who greeted him with their welcome anc cheered him with their unaffected sympa thy. At manv place- their enthusiasn wellnigh overcame the forbearance whirl Iii* health exacted, and it ?a> with ditfi rulty that they were rectiained from de monctrationc and proceedings which rnigh have grilled hi- safety. Hi* own pru dence. too, wan taxed in repressing a de -ire to accommodate himself to the withe of hi* countrymen. Now that he ha? ar nv#d home, and in -aletv, the gratifies ti'jfi be feel- in re? urring to the thrillm -rtif* through Which he ha? passed i < tabbed by regret that he -hould hav ft. 'impelled, by untoward arid un k avoidable circumstances, to disappoint any portion of them. He is now at home, and in a little while the sufferings he has endured during his tour will be forgotten; whilst the recollection of the enthusiasm, the consideration, and the sympathy which were shown him by the people, will remain. For his country he has suffered and achieved much; for his countrymen and their good he is ready to endure more. Uonrral Taylor and the Elections. The Opposition journals have appealed to the results of the recent elections as exhibiting a decrease in the popularity of President Taylor. Some of thein allege that he has lost all his strength with the masses, and that there are thousands on thousands of the tk humbugged" voters who are returning to their first love, very indignant at having been betrayed into voting for General Taylor, by his promise to be a President of the people. Only one of these " humbugged" gentlemen has yet been produced?a Mr. Lippard, of Philadelphia. The letter of this person furnished the Opposition with texts, paragraphs, and leading articles for some two months. They had a bite at one more of the same sort, a Dr. Blackburn, of Geor gia ; but the doctor would not stand tire, and that case has been abandoned. We believe that Mr. Lippard, as matters stand, is the only " humbugged" Democrat who has made his appearance publicly since the 4th of March : so insignificant Knnn fKo offart nf Aiifrrv nf lltt.3 uv-vu I.AAV* w. WAJV. wvv^j w* the Opposition journals ; of so little account have been the vile fabrications and the insane denunciations of the Union and its kindred spirits. The elections that have taken place demonstrate one fact very conclusively, which is, that if the Administration has lost any thing, it has been by misplaced clemency, and not by carrying out the "change of men" which General Taylor declared to be necessary to "arrest the downward tendency of our affairs." We have lost in Virginia. We have lost in Iowa. Our friends say that our loss in those States has been owing to the fact that the Federal patronage has been suffered to remain, to a great extent, in the hands of our adversaries. The navy agent at Norfolk wields a large share of the Federal patronage in Virginia. The surveyor general of Iowa wields the largest share of Federal patronage in that State. The Whigs could not counteract the power and influence which these circumstances ! gave the Locofocos. It seemed poor encouragement to Whig exertion, to keep in the hands of our adversaries the means of j>erpetuating their power. But how is it in other States? VVe find in the New York Tribune a tabular view of the results of the late elections in those contested Congressional districts from which we have complete returns, compared with the vote of General Taylor in the same districts in the Presidential election: 1*4*, Gs?. Taylor's vote Whig Cong. ?nie, '49. Rhode Island, 2d district.. 2,39s 2,922 Alabama, 5 contested ilist. 21,932 22,1 lb ' N Carolina, b Ho do. 30,079 29,010 Indiana, complete 69,907 70,504 Total, of these 1*24,315 124,452 Whie Congrena voir over Taylor's, 137. It appears from this table that there has been an actual Whig gain in those districts since the election of last year. So far is it from being true that President Taylor is impaired in his popularity by the libels that have been levelled at him, and the unmeasured, shameless vituperation of which he has been the subject?he has actually gained strength. A larger Whig vote has been polled in 1H49 than was polled in 1H4S in the contested districts; and this, notwithstanding the loss which every dominant party must sustain in the early stage* of its career, from the inevitable disappointments and heart-burnings which spring from the distribution of offices. These causes have operated to some . extent to our injury in Tennessee and in Kentucky, though in the la'ter State we ( suffered chiefly from the introduction of local topics into the canvass, which operated to the disadvantage of the Whigs. The Congressional election in Connecticut took place at a time when there was a sus( pension of opinion a* to the policy of adt ministration, and an unquiet sentiment in the Whig mind arising from a supposed deI lay and reluctance in the Cabinet in adoptI ing measures indispensable for the maintenance of Whig ascendency. We believe that if the election in Connecticut had taken place at the same time with 4 that in Vermont and that in Rhode Inland, the Whigs would have triumphed over ( the combined forces of the Free-Soilers t and Democrats. The Imrrlmn (on>al nt I'nrla. t It is a matter of notoriety that the Amer * icari consul at Paris has recently been the theme of general discussion in the news r paper*. We have already noticed the , subject, and should not now return to it, . hut from what we deem a sense of duty. fn the Jo mo I of Commtrceuf Friday !a?t, j we see it formally announced that Mr. , | Walsh is the author of the Paris letters I which have lately appeared in the columns of that pa|?er, and which have excited so general an expression of di?gust and indignation throughout the country, on account of their hostility to the cause of human liberty for which thousands are now laying down their lives in Europe. Ft is tru? that th< statement of the Journal affords us no new information, for it was before gen-rally understood that Mr. Walsh wa- the author of the letters in i- question. Mut inasmuch as the above ang nouncemen' is thus formally given, and s that, too, h, connexion with a defence of e Mr. Walsh, we feel bound to give tbe j subject deliberate consideration. The defence offered by the Journal in behalf of the consul is comprised in a few pithy sentences. "He does not write in his public capacity, but as a private iridividual." Quoting the words of another, the Journal tells us?iiMr. Walsh is a consul only, and is responsible to the (lover nme at for his acts, and not his opinions!" We have heard it said that words were sometimes deeds; and if history be true, writings are acts, and often of fatal efficacy. In his recent letters, as we shall presently show, Mr. Walsh takes part against Hungary, and in favor of Russia, in the fearful conflict which is now waging, if, indeed, it has not already closed in the triumph of despotism. Now, is not this action? Does it not operate to nerve the arm of tyranny, and to dishearten the already bleeding and desponding champions of liberty? And is not the effect increased by the notorious fact that he who writes is an officer of the United States? He speaks, therefore, with authority, derived from his position. Whatever may be his technical responsibility to the Government, he must be supposed to speak their sentiments. So the wqrld will judge. Whatever the Journal of Commerce may think of it?the people of this country will hold the Administration strictly accountable for the conduct of our consul at Paris. They give him his station; they give sanction and authority to his words. If he utter opinions upon public and political matters, and be continued in office, the world will justly infer that these opinions are acceptable to the Government. If they are not acceptable, and he still holds his place, then the Government will stand chargeable w ith occupying a false position?false to themselves and to the country. Let us take another view of the matter. Whoever has looked over Mr. Walsh's letters in the Living rfge, has seen thai he has denounced in very offensive and flippant terms almost every member of the French government?the assembly?the ministry and the President of the republic. The latter he charges, by very plain insinuation, with having obtained his place by bribery and corruption. Is not this action ? Is it not action for which Mr. Walsh is responsible to our government i To bring the matter home, let us suppose that France or England kept a consul here, who was filling the papers there with denunciations of our institutions, oui people, and our public men ; suppose that his language passed the bounds of ordinary decency, and became revolting from its rabid virulence?what would be the effect ? Should we not feel vexed and irritated ? Would not such writings tend to embroil our country w ith that of the offender ? Would not our government be called upon by public sentiment, if not from a regard for their own self-respect, to ask the recall of such an othcer ? And why should not the French natior feel thus irritated towards u. esjieciall} as the impertinent and malignant gossi} 1 of our consul has been indulged at a mo ment of agitation, when, of necessity every nerve is keenly sensitive to th< i slightest touch ? The public need not b< 1 informed by us that the French have, o late, manifested a restise feeling towardi the United States ; and, it we judge arigm, a siigni nnsiaKe now migni urin^ about the most serious* consequences. I | is not at all impossible that Mr. W alsh1! imprudence has been the cause ot serious mischief already. Certainly, it would, ir our opinion, be contrary to every dictate of freedom to maintain him in a |?ositior I to involve the Government in farther re sponsibility for his actions. But there are even more serious ground of objection to Mr. VV alsh than these We do not allude to the unsatisfactory , manner in which he discharges the tech i nical duties ol his office?of which then is abundant proof at hand, and w hich fur nish sufficient ground for his recall. Thii is a trifle, compared with the -entiment i plainly set forth in his very last letter ir the Journal of Commerce. We cannon better state the case than by quoting the following article from the New Yorl Tribune of Friday last : rosst't walsh isvohiso the cossark? to chi -i riKIPOM. The laat letter of Robert Walah, our consul . Pari*, to the Jnun./iJ of Vommrrrt, aay?: "There i* an affinity between the pre*/ nt phaae of tiiia continent, and that of the firxt year* of th old French revolution, whi< h. in my view, render applicable, or rputUilAr, the language of Hurler, i In* ma*terly rpiatle to the Kmprcaaof Ruaaia, dale> in 17'M " 'Madame, your priory will lie complete, if, aftr having given pence to Rumpr hy your moderation you hall bestow Htahility on all it* government* b your vigor and decision. Tlie debt ?kk h your im p> rial niRjeaty'* atigiinl predceeaaora have contract ivl t/> the ancient manner* of l/irn[e, by mean* t winch they civilized a vaat empire, will lie nobl i repaid by preserving thoee manner* from the hide j otia change with w hich they are now iiiena< ed. R Iht tntrrrmlum of Hufui the irorld teiW I* pi ttrr-rt from l>arbririim and ruin " "Nome of your readers inay lie startled, ami evei indignant, at thia iny addition that the reprca*i<n of anar< hy, the reatoration and rearoe of pohtiri order the ?afety of civilisation itself- may yrf be R work V Ramui Oiatroat in banished frotn in miii'l, by the < barai ter, the declaration*, and th very obvious interest* of Ciar Ni< bolaa. R?-aj>e<1 fully to utter what we lielieve to la- the truth la th lieal homage which ran lie rendered to real digmt in the aovereign people, or any otlier sovereign, < at any lair." Hate we, indeed, lived to *ee the day when a rep r*??*ni*u\e m our country in ho rope ineuKe* tn power of the Northern Antoc rut to < ritah the al ready broken apirit of fmdom in Europe? Hot long inuct tin* deuce ration be endured ' Hut thi* doer not ?*t?fyour romtilir rrionarehi*i Icoiii.'i Napoleon, (girdled by hi* ?ix hundred thou wnd bayonet* fe el* unaafe while the- pre** i* nl lowed none- faint *hadow of liberty, and hi* Amcrl c an c on\ ? riien' < all* for farther rrpre**ion ' Ilea him " Martial law ta injr with'lrawn for Pari*, aevcri of tiir- Httppre-od journal*, ha fte/orm* at th< bear have r'apjM iri-l I'll) \ntional and Im /Veto whi) h were *pared, but obliged to curb their ani moaitie*, arc now gpviti? looae to thctn in the mo> ran' "iron- and i iodic tit. npirit. fi-frrme/y riformi mid rfarhmg m thi nnr rode of Ihf prm may In1 cleemer if trill he found inmtfirtml fm if< purpottt Thi* i manifeat from the fr<-*h eijieriencc of only a let daya." Wa* there ever* parallel for thiain the languajf of any representative of Ame ric a in Europe ? }lt*re, Unit, i? Mr. Wai.sh'm |m>liticw THE REPUBLIC. creed. It is evidently written upon deliberation. He has heard the complaints made in this country against him, and he tells the sovereign people that he is in favor of Nicholas, the despot, the despoiler of Poland?the arch-enemy of liberty throughout the world. Nor is this all. Even the present restraints upon the press in France, stifling the voice of liberty and truth, do not satisfy him; he evidently wishes more stringent measures than these. After this, it seems to us that comment is a waste of words. Srlxurr of the New Orleans and Sca-Uull. The United States marshal of the eastern district of New York, says the Journal of Commerce, having made a requisition on Commodore McKeever for a force 1 to capture the vessels alleged to have been engaged in an illegal enterprise, Lieutenant Swartwout, of the line-of battle-ship North Carolina, in command of a party of United States marines and forty-two offi cers and seamen irom me vessels in me harbor and the navy yard at Brooklyn, pro ceeded on Thursday evening in the steamboat Duncan C. Pell to the quarantine ground, where the Sea-Gull lay. This vessel was immediately taken possession of in the name of the United States, on a charge of violating the neutrality act. On board the Sea-Gull were about forty men, principally Spaniards and Cubans, it is said. The Sea-Gull was placed under the guns of the North Carolina, with a midshipman and a party of seamen on board. The marshal, with the marines, then proceeded to seize the New Orleans at the foot of Cherry street, which was immediately occupied, and the New York Courier says on board of her were found 120,000 rations. The New Orleans previously belonged to the United States, but was sold some time since to a person named Woon, from whom she was obI tained by the agents of the illicit expedition. During the investigation, the names nf npp?nns concerned were ascertained bv the marshal, who, having communicated by telegraph with the Secretary of State, was ordered to arrest not only the vessels, but the persons, five of whom, the Evening Post states, named Edward Wier, , Mariot, Pigot, Clark, and McFall, were arrested. One of them was bailed on Friday for $5,000. The 6th section of the act passed in 1818 reads thus : " And be it further enacted, That if any person shall, within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, begin, or set on foot, or provide or pre/Hire the mean? for any military expedition or enterprise, to be carried on from thence against the teri itory or dominions of any foreign prince or state, or ol any colony, district or people, with whom the United Slates are at peace, every person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, 1 and shall be fined not exceeding #3,000, aud imprisoned not more than three years." There can be no doubt that, under the circumstances, the authorities had no alternative, and for their promptness and energy are entitled to praise, i The Philadelphia Ledger of Friday has r the following statements relating to the ) same atfair: "One of the 'returned volunteers,' taken from this city, has given us the following history of the 5 t-vrnih lUIUIftWU Willi III* CA^VUIVIWU, I*" y knowx, the person* engaged in it keepitig remarkably close guard over tbeir tongue*. fne person ? we allude to is a voung mail, residing in this city, P who, with aix other*, wax recruited last week lor ' the expedition, being promised $1,00(1 at tin- eud , of the affair, and plenty of fJundtr while engaged in it. He wan told, notwithstanding the inference ! froui the laet-mentioned Iki t, that it was a perfertr ly honorable project, and that its purpose should be > disclosed before he left the country. 1 "He went to New York on Friday la?t, with the . other recruit*, and wax furnished quarters at tii* America! Hotel, where there were about one hon dred Spaniard*. On .Monday night they were taken quietly on Ixjard the steamer Wilson G. Hunt, 1 w ith a view of U-ing placed on board the- propeller ? hooner Sea-Gull, which had alarted for her deatination. They were under the command of an Engl tubman named Maguire. After going forty inikw I to sea, and finding nothing of the prnpeher, the captain refuaefl to go further, and put bark. The Sea - Gull wax found lying at qnarantine, and the men puton l*M?rd. The \ easel had boxea of iliuakets 4 on hoard, and xoldier rlothea, and our informer assisted to hand boxex of pixtola and aworda from the Wilxon 0. flout ' " The revenue cutter viaited the vcaael, but could diaeoter nothing. The recruits became dissatisfied with the myatcrj maintained; and, having mix ! giving* of toe object of th< expedition, demanded . to Ik- put aahore. Thia demand waa refused till they declared tiiat they would fiail the revenues < utter and apprize the offh era of Uw < haracter of the proceeding*. Tbix had the effect: the men were aet axhorr, and their passage* paid to Philadelphia. I Thia ia all our inf>rmanl knows of the matter, but he haa no doubt tiiat some marauding expedition t ia intended." The ramifications of this expedition api pear most extensive, connecting certainly New York, Philadelphia, and New Orleans, and probably Boston and some ( of the western cities. That the parties concerned will have reason to thank the (iovernment for it- interference, there in no doubt; it being irironte?table that, if the exjj pedition bad nailed and landed at any point of the inland of Cuba, k would have been met by an overwhelming Spaninh force; jr for the captain general wan familiar with ~ all the plan, and few or none would have enca|?e<| rnan>acre or the garrote. v The Hon. K. P. Uktcher,of Kentucky, Minister Pleni|>otentiary of the United " State- to the Republic of Mexico, arrived n ' -- -i-- -i ?, i i j/ 111 mi* cnv oil me ovn inHiin9 miu nv " taken room* at Willard's hotel, where he r will remain for come day*. The Hfam-AifltK Pr1nre???. y # t " A paragraph ha* been extensively circulated, the purport of which is, that after a -urvey of the hull of the United l State- .-team-frigate Princeton, it had been K determined to rebuild her, at an ex)>ense , 0! sixty-eight thousand dollar*. This, i however, is not the case. A survey was i held, and the report was, that the above r sum would be required to put her into complete order. This report was not ap [' proved, and a second examination wasordered, which was made during the week i( ending with the eighth instant, at the * Charlestown navy yard. This hne frigate ha* done immense service in the gulf, and " on her late cruise in the Mediterranean, and it is to be hoj?ed that she will be found wort by of repair, and at a leas amount il j than the first estimated cost. KemoTala. The ex-organ is still growling over removals from office; and tins, too, after the avowal it has made that it is dishonorable in a Locofoco office-holder to communicate any information to the public press exposing public malversations and abuses. It is a point of honor with them to conceal and cover up those iniquities; and yet, forsooth, it is a breach of principle in the Whigs to remove them, and appoint men in their places who can communicate facts which it concerns the people to know, without any impeachment of their integrity. And these are the men, too, who proclaim that the President is respon*iihlo Inr (Kp mor\ u/ltnnt (to rotuin^ uu \iroll as the men whom he appoints. Surely the force of impudence can no farther go. Coming to their Sciuet. " We are now offic ially informed that we are to have a daily mail to Burlington, Dubuque, and Iowa city. Good ! Mr. Warren, for hia exertions in procuring mail facilities for the people of Iowa, deserves their thanks." The above is from the Dubuque Democratic Enquirer, and is a most surprising tribute from a Locofoco journal to a political opponent. Commenting on the same paragraph, the Dubuque Tribune states that a reaction has evidently begun in the masses of the Opposition party of Iowa, and that there are among the intelligent a conviction and confession that the appointment of the Second Assistant Postmaster General was proper and judicious. This circumstance accounts for the alteration of the tone of the organs of the party in that section of the country. Messrs. Adams & Co., well known as Express agents, have made an arrangement to transmit letters, packages, specie, etc., to and from San Francisco and the other Pacific ports, and the Atlantic sea-board. Their punctuality and enterprise are proverbial, and require no endorsement. We are requested to state that the Montgomery County (Md.) Agricultural Society will hold their annual fair, in Rockville, on Thursday and Friday next, the 13th and 14th inst., to which the public generally are invited. From the well-known character and public spirit of the gentlemen who have the matter in hand, it is confidently anticipated that the exhibition will be large and of unusual interest. Kmlg ration to California acrou the Prairie. A cor respondent of the St. Louis Rejiublican, writing- from Fort Isiramie letters dated in July and August, state# that this post of the American Fur Company has been turned over to the United States army. After u careful reconnoiasanec of the surrounding country by the proper officers, it was found that the site was the only suitable point for a military post, and it was therefore purchased, or rather the fort itself was, for #4,000. The old fort is now used fur store-houses, stables, &c.; and after the completion of the new one, which is to be erected in the immediate vicinity, will doubtless be used for stable# solely, li is a serious undertaking to construct buildings in this part of the country, owing u? tlie. scarcity of wood, which can only be found in the Black Hills, some ten or fifteen miles j distant. The difficulty also of procuring labor adds materially to the coat of sueh works, and postpones the date of their completion. 1 im' \><>\ i l imit in ua* 1*1 r t in i j mini iiiui n un un line between the frontier* of Missouri and the base of the Rrsky mountain*. One pout ha* been established, or rather commenced, at the head of Grand Inland, and another on the Laramie river, one mile from it* mouth. The fcirmer i* garrisoned by two companies of infantry ami one of dragoon*; the latter by two companies of rifle* and one of infantry. Each post is supplied with right heavy twelve-pound howitzers and an ample supply of ammunition. The officers in ebarge of the work* are doing, and have done, all that men could do; but some year* must elapse before the works ran be completed. The letter contain* the following description of the ravages of the cholera among tlie Indians, and its effort*: "The cholera litis been committing great rax age* amongst the Indians, and i/> still carrying tliem off daily. The Chcyeniics say that over three hundred of their number liax c already died of it. The Mioux have also suffered greatly. They attribute it to the whites, and nay Uiry brought it amongst them. This conviction on the part of the Indians was the cause, a few days since, of quite a tragical event in the vicinity of Scott's Bluffs. A young Indian hail iust seen his father, mother, brotlier, and wife, breathe their last, which produced in him a sort of monomania, and, rushing from his lodge, he determined lo kill the first white man he should meet?for which act he said he should suffer death, and would then join his friemle in the happy hunting grounds of tneir tribe. The first person he met was a young man from St. Joseph, by the name of M< Dowrll, formerly sergeant major in the Oregon battalion, whom he fired at and shot dead. TinIndians immediately took charge of him and executed him on the spot. Major 8and< rami called the < hiefc together, and, upon investigating the matter, Ibund the far'Is as above stated." On tlie '26th of June, a company of the Mounted Rifles under the eniiiiiisnd of Hi evet Licijlcnsnt I Colonel Rolwrts, arrived at FWt Laramie Colonel ! Mar key, quartermaster, and Captain Van Vleit, quartermaster, V.H. A , also reached here the saine day; the former on a tour of inspection, :?nd the lat-. tar under orders for the post. Several hundred M?wmon wagons were a aliort diatanre below this point, hound fr>r the happy valley of the Halt lake. A gentleman at Port Laramie has kept a register of emigration statistics so far as he was able, and has furnished the following fhrta: Five thousand live hundred wagons have passed, j averaging three and a half wails per a agon; and the number of deaths from the Missouri river to this point, about one and a half per mile, which is helow the mark. The greatest fatality has been among the Misaouriana, and the weate.rn people generally, j while among the people of tl?e eaatern States it has been ararrely felt at all. The reason of this is at- j tributed to the fact, that the eastern people came | well provided with every necessary ofiiftirt fir the trip, and with medicines to suit every class of diseases incident to the plains, while the western people, in too many casrs. lacked this foresight. The correspondent of the Nfynthltrnn represents this as being far the best route to California. >. , r?..?rv... 11 f ' rti* ur Iini I iKiniryi mrm talcs that Mr. J. M K? . k, well known in that place aa an intelligent in?n?bw "f the typography al profeasion, tranalator, engraver, and univeraal genius, at the latest advices,, was confined in the fortress of Rnstadt, in Germany. After visiting hi? friends, Mr. K waa about returning to thia country, whi n thr revolution in France broke out. The excitement in Germany immediately followed, and he remained, and haa since taken ?n active part in the struggle for liberty now in progress throughout Kurope. They have agreed to release him upon condition that be will leave for the Ignited Rtat.a never to return. The Faj?*t Ktnm.it Rrrtvs Case. \ rule m how cauae why a divorce ahould not ?>e granted haa I men taken in thia caae, say* the Philadelphia /-edgsr. It it uruieratood that the respondent will , make no opposition, in oonarrpience of an arrange ment by virtue of whi? h $ I ,j(*l per onmim is to be settled on lier, and a promise made that her chil' dren shall lie permitted to p??< a j sir lion of ear h 1 I y?at with her From the Button Alia*. The Star that never ??U, all Hall I A GLORIOUS VICTORV ! We present below returns from seventy-five towns in Vermont, received last night. They tell a tale that will gladden the heart of every Whig trout Maine, to California. Locofbcoism and oolitiC?1 abolitionism had shaken hands in a scramble for rower. They thought it already within their grasp, ouhl they but carry Vermont?the never-fading, glorious, Whig Vermont? they would have shouted lor joy and proclaimed it as a victoiy over the Administration of General Taylor. But the freemen of Vermont, who, since the days of Ethan Allen, uevei faltered in a good cause, or failed U) do their duty, have arisen in their might, and with one blow oi their '? huge paw," they have laid the coalition proslrute. The horse and the rider they have overthrown. Thev have redeemed the cauitul ol the State, and Montpelier, for tire first time in eighteen yearn, will be represented by a Whig, (see tile letter of our correspondent.) The net Whig gain in seventy-five towns is 3,258. Mr. Meucham is eleeted to Congress in the 3d district by ubout 2,IKK) majority ! The legislature is largely Whig. We have returns of the election of 90 Whigs, 37 Van Hurenites, 12 Hunker Locos, and 6 towns no choice; showing a clear majority in the house thus far of 41 Whigs. The senate will be largely Whig. There ure about 240 towns in the State, i'he majority last year against the Whig Governor was 5,395. In 75 towns he hus gained 3,258. In every town, with very few exceptions, the Whigs huve gained. We have no doubt that the Governor is elected by the peoole, by at least 1,000 majority. Vermont semis greeting to the Whigs of the 4th district in this State, to do their duty oil Monday next. Here are the returns: ADDISON COUNTY. 1849. 1848. Cnoligde. Need'in Loo. Cool. Shatter l.oe. Goshen 53 26 3 26 3 39 Middlehury .... 80maj. 0 0 262 83 124 Orwell 213 27 0 162 20 11 Hipton 92 7 I 53 4 19 Leicester 109 II 0 69 9 5 Salisbury 113 57 0 94 22 16 660 128 4 666 141 214 BENNINGTON COUNTY. Seursburg' 24 10 0 13 11 0 CALEDONIA COUNTY. Danville 130 2frl 0 106 143 153 Harnet 181 173 0 152 177 35 Linden 130 206 4 115 160 59 P,achum 77 161 1 63 60 109 Ryegute 59 101 0 50 78 34 St. Johnabury. .291 185 1 272 146 17 6 towiih 868 1080 6 758 766 407 CHITTENDEN COUNTY. Bolton 12 38 53 9 47 44 Burlington 127 maj. 0 0 435 267 150 2 towns 139 38 53 444 314 194 ORANGE COUNTY. Randolph 184 333 0 159 140 189 Williainstowu.. 102 171 0 UK) 76 107 Braintree 61 207 0 48 178 86 F&irlee 46 66 0 33 56 9 Strafford 136 174 4 122 146 53 Veruhire 99 129 0 67 85 64 Topshani 72 242 0 44 149 106 Chelsea 187 204 14 141 145 102 Thctford 143 236 0 123 166 72 9 towns 1029 1762 18 837 1141 777 RUTLAND COUNTY. Sherburne 57 53 5 42 52 27 Mt. Holly 177 39 6 13? 5 55 Brandon 204 170 27 136 50 186 Sudbury 57 42 27 62 71 18 Clarendon 163 146 8 125 14 128 Cldttenden 63 56 1 61 63 14 Rutland 474 106 I 321 40 113 Mendon 65 48 0 54 19 24 8 towns 1260 760 7 5 939 304 565 WASHINGTON COUNTY. Barre 144 262 12 143 209 48 Montpelier 324 461 22 258 376 118 Northfield 260 301 0 231 230 754 Roxbury 41 110 7 34 49 til 4 towns 769 1134 41 67 1 904 241 WINDHAM COUNTY. Athens. 31 30 12 26 46 5 Braltleboro" . .. 333 66 62 293 141 22 Dover 24 104 2 17 122 H DuuiliiersU.n . . 127 61 I 131 79 3 Grafton 129 51 20 140 67 14 Guilford 177 74 5 134 79 4 Halifax 143 67 12 139 41 19 Jamaica 73 125 1 44 154 1 Londonderry.. 124 76 15 134 94 2 Marlboro* 45 55 24 95 41 26 Newfunc 114 45 73 126 64 75 Putney 170 62 0 151 46 1 Kockiiig'ham . . 275 73 104 229 74 124 Somerset9 25 7 6 44 2 Stralton 32 10 23 31 24 11 Towushend.... 174 57 27 134 74 22 Vernon 55 60 2 56 67 6 WardsU.ro'... 99 64 55 46 73 56 Whitingham. . 134 60 76 115 42 91 Westminster.. 142 40 32 146 7 107 Wilmington... 103 153 43 71 140 63 Windham 110 32 1 III 35 I 22 towns 2642 1474 b06 2467 160b 667 WINDSOR COUNTY. Rochester 160 113 0 129 20 129 Sharon 93 134 0 55 107 45 Su?ckbridge.... 92 114 0 67. 6 151 Hartiand :.24l 124 7 215 146 32 Bridgvwan-r.. ..137 127 0 125 111 69 Potnlrel 165 160 0 102 40 72 WoodxUtr k 4*0 109 II 419 911 71 Bethel 174 214 0 114 41 107 Ili.ril.ird 229 I .VI II 213 93 77 \\ .minor 279 17 I W ?l 16 Weathersftrld...** 13 0 170 13 106 Cavendish 242 40 I 221 II .32 Spring-field 319 206 I 204 33 17b Nurvk i. h 1(41 242 0 120 133 90 Read i tig 124 i| 0 106 37 41 Ludlow lb" Kill 6 160 17 144 Wenton 97 96 4 67 4 90 17 town*.... 3*70 2117 23 2776 II02 1626 RECAPITULATION. 1141. 1149. I'ooMg*. Nretlhani. I.<? Coal. 1h?lier Lac. Addison co. 6 town* MO 921 4 166 141 214 Kenmngtonco. 1 (own 24 10 ' 0 13 21 0 Caledonia co. 6 towns ... 16i KM0 ' 6 761 766 407 Chittenden CO. 2 towns 139 31 33 444 314 194 Orsnjfr co. 9 town* 1029 I7W2 11 137 1141 777 Rutland co. 1 town* 1260 76O 76 939 304 666 Washington co. 4 towns 769 1134 41 671 904 HI Windham co. 22 towns... 2612 1471 606 2467 16116 667 W mdsorco. 17 town* 3370 2117 23 2775 II02 1626 76 town* ... I (HOI 1677 126 9tf70 6299 4630 Hs attlbsoso', Sepi 6 4| a. m. I send you herewith the return* from all the town* in thi* (Windham) canity rn-cni four TTwwr will in< reaae the Whig majority, and nrotml?lv al*o the Wliig nin, in the county, from fifty to * hundred fobs. A* compared with last year, the Whip have done nobly in the popular vote. In the tow ti* iriven In-low. )h< in. roww of lh< Wliic vol. from faat r<-?r ia IS#, the Herrrn** of the < oalition vote 246, tin1 inrrou*' of tin: "nl<i line DeiiHjerary," a* it rail* iter If, 36, not withal* tiding the attempt to merge them in the tradition. Thia rnaiilt tturpriatit every one here, an<l, if the re*t of the State lum lone a* well, the Whig te km ia elected hy the people. Tne three Whi| Senator* from thia county are elet ted by large iriajoritiea, In reapect to member* of the Houae. thia county having hurt year clerted aome three or (our mem her*, f>y great grod luck, in towna having adverae major itiea, we rannrrt capert to come out quite aa well a* laat year. Vernon, which laat year aent a W hig, tht* ycararnda a Coalition man. New fane, laat year W hig, aenda an "old line" Rum-Loro, who rejrricea in the name of "Ntr lanar Nnrtrm''' Marllioro', laat year Whig, aenrl* none. On the other liand, Athena, laat year V. H., had chnaeii none at the laat aecounta. Stratum and Wardahom', la?th V H. laat year, will aend Whig*, if any Ixxly The ?>th. r?. UIO* riir, remain a* utey were Tours, in haste MorrrPELir.k redeemed. MonTPCi.ira, Sept. 6, |*t<t, (iSMTLS.MtJt: V<-ater<iay wm a prinul day fc>r the capital of Vermont. For nineteen year* l/a-ofo. oixm ha* triumphal trver the Whiffs of Montpelier? thank ti?xlf we whipped out the combined force* of Ijk ofoco an<l professed liberty men; nur everlaat mp thanks are, however, due to a number of true friend* of liberty, who would not be aold out to the base and corrupt coalition, which the leader* of the Liberty and Lorofbro parties intended Their whole >rame is now discovered. The lxsoft.ro* who joined the liberty party, for the anlo of carrying 1 the Whiff Abolitionist* over to their ranks, have i ffot their labor for their pains. Hince then a more | miserable set of lookinff rreattirea I never beheld. . Truth ta strong and iiiuat prevail. Old Vermont stands where ?be ha? always stood Whiff from centre to circumference; upon our hiffheat inountaina nd lowest valleys, the Whiff flaff floats beautifully to the breese,iu*crii>ed upon it Zarhary Taylor and the whole Union. LATER FROM VERMONT. h Middlkbuuv, September 5. Seventeen towns in Addison county give Coolidge 2,064, Needlunn 1,167,all others 47. The samc towns lust year gave Coolidge 1,761, Shatter (V. B.) 9?9, Loco. 292 -Whig gain 320. On the 2d instant the cholera broke out with great violence in Bangor, Maine?there being sixteen deaths by tliat disease. A telegraphic despatch from the city government of Bangor was re ceivcd by the mayor of Boston, ou Thursday lout, requesting that nurses and some persons experienced in cholera matters might be sent to their ussislquce. A promise responsive to this call was made. Much alarm existed among the citizens of * Hunger, and large numbers were leaving the place. i Lola Months, or Mrs. Hkald, failed to appear at the proper time to answer to the charge of bigamy, and the forfeiture of her recognisance was, after argument, postponed for a month. It is not very probable that she will appear under any circumstances. M. Due a est, the Minister of the Interior, ad- f dressed u letter to the committee of organization in Puris, authorizing the assembling of the Congress in Paris, and referring in complimentary terms to its object. The Hon. Thomas L. Clinoman, member of Congress from North Carolina, has arrived in New York, and taken lodgings at the Astor House. Ho will remain there a few days, and then leave for the North?intending to be present at the State Fair at Syracuse. It is stated by the Quincy (111.) IVkig, that Gov. French intends calling an extra session of the Legislator eof that State- sometime in October, to consider the railroad question, which has been agitating the people not only of that, but many other States. This railroad is the last link in the chain of the great central road from Philadelphia to St. Louis. The books at the Registrar's office, Boston, show that the mortality of August was greater by nc-arly half than that of any month since that city was incorporated. The number of deaths last mouth was over one thousand. The citizens of Elmira, New York, are talking of getting up a celebration at the time of the opening of the New York and Erie railroad to that place, on or about the first of October next. I'he priests of the Greek church, ill order to encourage the recruits raised for the Russian army, ' assure them that if they are killed in Hungary, they will rise the third day at Moscow! Three large steamers are nearly ready at Liverpool to ply between Galway, in Ireland, and Halifax. They are expected to make the trip in six Hays. * A curious phenomenon is stated to have occurred in Rosshire, Scotland, duringa thunder-storm. Immediately after one of the loudest peals of thunder ever heard there, a large and irregular shaped mass of ice, reckoned to be nearly twenty feet in circumference, and of a proportionate thickness, fell near a farm-house. It had a beautiful crystalline appearance, being nearly all quite transparent, excepting a small portion of it, which consisted of hailstones uf uncommon size, fixed together. It was principally composed of small squares, diamondshaped, of from one to three inches in size, all firmly congealed together. The weight of this large piece , of ice could not be ascertained. No appearance whatever of hail or snow was discernible in the surrounding district at the time. The London Timet states that there has been a very lars-e attendance from Ens-land At the Peace Con _ 0 - o~ > gre*s which convened at Pari* on tin- 22d ultimo. The French Government have expressed their approval of the proposed deinolialration in favor of international peace. A terrific thunder and lightning storm occurred in the city of Bangor, Maine, on the 9th of Auguat. The front of one house was completely gutted by the elei trie fluid, every square of glass broken, and one life lost, that of a lady on a wedding trip. Another lady died from fright. The Pennsylvania Railroad, just completed between Harristmrg and Lewislown, a distauce of sixty-three miles, was opened for regular travel and transportation during the last week. Two trains of passenger cars now pass daily between Philadelphia and Law is tow n. The Zanesvillc UazttU states that a proposition has born made to the Directors of tl>e Central Ohio railroad, by a company in an eastern State, offering to construct the whole rued and find all ne< essary materials. The offer contemplates taking part of tlie pay in the stock of the road. The Mexican government lias determined uot to admit into the army any individual* who have deserted from the American army since the treaty of peace. TImjsc which luivc been already enlisted *re to Is- dismissed from the service hIt. paper. General W ahminutom came to the same conclusion during the revolutionary war as to enlisting deserter - from the British army. Hi* letters of that date are full of warnings against the practice, and of instances of rr-desertion, on the first opportunity, nt said enlisted deserters. Nauvoo.?A very excellent feeling serins inanimate the citizens of this town towards the new colony of Icarians, recently settled there under the guidance of M. Casbt. This dispisnlion wss recently expressed in resolutions passed at a public meeting of old citizens of the place. They were communicated to M Caiit, who in return expreaaed an equally friendly fto-ling for the people of tin town, and a < Imp wit ion to reaped the iimtitu lion* and law* of the United State*. It i* *t*ud that ?une of the Knglmh railway rout panie* now iaaur tnauranre ticket* to their paaa'n gera. A flr*(-< laa* paaaetiger may, on buying hia In ki t, by paying three pence estra, have hi* life inaureil fc?r lite journey to the extent of ?, 1,00t?, payat.li if he i* killed, to In* le?-al repreaenla tivea?and eompenaation fur personal injury, if life ia not loat. A aecond-etaa* passenger may in?ure to JLMHI for two penre, and a third clam ?.2 lor one penny. T>?e *team*Hip PbtUuirlpttui, built by the Philadelphia and Atlantic Hteanmhip Company, for the Charleston trade, was laun. lied at Philadelphia on the 4th Inat. She went into her proper element quietly and beautifully, ami a* ahe wan towed pa*t tlie city excited even more admiration llttn when upon the *Uk k?. The eatiniute* of her draught of water have proved -Irtkingly a< oratr At pi carol *he tlraw* about aix foci, and with her machinery and cargo will draw only nine feet. I.llermry Intelligence. Pt th*.m, of New York, wlto puhliahe* in a alyle that would do honor to the heat London houaea, ha* a variety of valuable work* in preaa for the fall w Iinvug uiein mr a wcir? <>|| C^ypt linrf ill Monuments. by f>r. Ui be issued uniformly witli iMyarii* .Vinerah. in noe volume, octavo; the AutotniiKrnphy qf (innff Harrow, author of the ' HtbU in Spain, giving mi account of hi* personal adventure* in different portion* of the world ; Ma hommeH anil hit Succeietrr?, ami (reorge Washington, a biography, two volume*, by W ashinoton la vino; th< Turkish /'rening h nlerlatnmcnli, trail* laud by John P. Hbown, Dragoman of the Unite*! State* legation at Oinatantinople ; lAmng Author* in I'.ngUmii ami America, by Tmoma* Pownll; Family I'trlutu from the Hihtr. edited by Mr*, h i I'he iltmut qf Italy, laing - l< 't< lie* . >t Ital tan life, literature ami religion, by the Re\ R, l at nauLi . mid a in- ? illuatraied edition ol I'll grim's Trogress. Putnam haa alao in preaa a revised edition of Miaa SsnowicK'* writing*, uniform with his beautiful edition of la vino. Hanks k Hcbibnbb, of New York, hava in pre** a complete edition of ti?r pr"??- mid poet i< al work* of Ricnabd H I)ana?one of the early editor* of the North American Review, and author of that admirable aerie* of sketches published under the title of The Irilr Man. The same publisher* have alao in preparation an edition a4 the writing* of W awninoton Ai lkton, eiribrar nig hi* lecture* on ait, poem*, aphorism*. Jkc., edited by Mi. Da na ?