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8. The unequal distribution to the SouUi of the
bcuefita of theae dutiea. Mr. Rhett admit*, that ao
far ae the arm/ and the navy, and the operation* of
the civil liat are concerned, the 8outh cannot with
justice complain. But in the appropriation* for internal
iiuprovenients he *eea a dangerous inroad
upon the Constitution. Hu seems to forget that
many of the greatest and clearest minds in all
parts of the country?north, south, east, and west?
Ixlievu it entirely constitutional to appropriate money
for internal improvements. Was not this principle
recognised by the very founders of our government?
Has it not been recognised by almost every
I administration? lias not South Carolina reaped
benefits from appropriations made to improve her
harbor facilities? a matter presenting no difference
of principle, since all (South Carolina becomes richer
in having such a port of cutry as Charleston, in the
same manner as Indiana or Illinois does by having
the Ohio and Misaiaaippi rivers kept in a navigable
condition. .Haa not the Constitution empowered
Congress "to provide for the common delcnce and
general welfare?" And in the name of reason and
conscience we would ask, docs not the clearing out
and making navigable of the numerous rivers of
our country promote "the general welfare?" These
are facts and inferences which are tangible and
conclusive; aud yet, in the face of these, Mr. Khett
wraps the mantle of infallibility about liiin, and intimates
that here he sees cause for a dissolution of
Where ignorance and indiscretion commit blunders,
they may be excusable; but when a man of
acknowledged talents, like Mr. Rhett, seizes upon
such a pretext aa this to bring about dissolution, it
is but a lamentable commentary on the frailty of
human nature. It demonstrates that the best of intellects,
through force of passion and ambition, can
be prostituted to the vilest and most terrible purposes.
It shows that there is something beneath,
something treasonable, which is not yet ready to
raise its dastardly head.
it. A refusal on the part of the North to allow tho
South an equal participation in the territory lately
acquired from Mexico. We shall show that this
objection is untrue, and, therefore, groundless.
But first let us consider at whose door lies the fault
of the original transaction. Who laid the train
which threatens to blow up the citadel of the Union?
Who is responsible for this acquisition of territory?
Is it the North? Did not tho Whig party
steadfastly oppose its acquisition ? Did not both
|>arties at the North uniformly and decidedly indicate
to the South that, in the event of its acquisition,
slavery should not enter its limits? Was it
not in the power of Mr. Rhett and the party with
which he acted to prevent this, and thus have
avoided this great controversy? Did not Mr. R. J.
Walker, Mr. Cass, and Mr. Buchanan declare that
slavery never would go beyond the Rio Orande,
because the laws of nature would prevent it, and
also because the people, through their territorial
governments, would prevent it? With whom,
then, rests the responsibility of the present crisis ?
It is Mr. Rhett and those with whom be acted.
They sought the annexation of Texas ; this brought
on the Mexican war, and the purchase of territory
followed as a consequence. Having thrown the
country into this condition against the solemn injunctions
of a large portion of the people, they now
propose to destroy the country unless allowed to
do just as they please. Such arrant hypocrisy and
utter recklessness should receive the stamp of condemnation
by all who have any regard for honesty
or their country. A failure to meet the emergency
in an open and statesmanlike manner, with the
spirit of conciliation aud harmony, shows that, although
Mr. llhelt aud his friends may be splendid
architects of ruin, yet they want those high and
commanding qualities which are necessary to extricate
a nation surrounded by impending dangers.
We have endeavored to show that the objections
against the Union which Mr. Rhett advances are
uutruo and groundless. We have shown that they
arc not sufficient to warrant extreme measures.
They are but a drop in the ocean when compared
with those real grievances which alone would justify
dissolution. All governments have their evils.
Government itself is a necessary evil. No country
overdid exist, and probably no one ever will exiat,
where perfect satisfaction and contentment could
l>e felt by all. Rut search history back into tbe remotest
.antiquity, examine the most enlightened
and liberal constitutions of the Grecian republics,
go to republican Rome and rcfloct upon her learned
elucidations of the great principles of civil polity,
cuter the archives of Gothic nations, or stand
in reverential awe before the beneficent workings
of the Magna Charta of Hritish rights,
and wc shall find no nation, no constitution, no government,
no institutions, where the rights of persons,
the rights of property, every thiug which
loaum v.; iii/rriiutr arm auuru nITTTTj MX lUVTl MUUIJ
secured end protected than under the noble government
with which thin people is blessed. Are we,
then, to sport with this couiuininalion of all that is
great and good in the past Will we allow party
passion and party prejudice to strike at it*' Will
we suffer the indefinite general charge* of ambitious
aspirants to sever those, aarrcd ties which
should bind us in indissoluble bonds to the great
heart of our Confederacy? Shall lofty patriotism
skulk behind the robes of demagoguism, and fear
to raise its lies.I in manly defianri No: it cannot
be?wc will not believe it. The virtue of the Republic
still exists; it will burn with a more ardent
glow; it will show itself in indignant frowns, and,
if necessary, will glare ainid sabre stroke and the
cannon's roar; it will riac above the dangers of tbe
day, and sweep the cowardly plotter* against the
f uion into the hott >dll ** pit of p al oh!;', ion
7b the Editor of the Republic:
Ma. Editor . I enclose an address which 1 find
published in the Richmond J fug of the 9th inst.,
hoping tliat you will re-publish it in the Republic,
that tin whole country may ace what principles
and opinions are cherished and promulgated in
the old Dominion" in this " age of progress," by
noose of those who aspire to the honor of seats in
that convention win- h will < hung.- the <>rgam< |.?u
of that famous Commonwealth. Hy publishing it,
you will much oblige a friend and
August 17lli, 1SK).
From the Richmond tt'hig.
To the Voters of Orange, Ureen, Madison,
and Cwlpeper Counties.
KeLLOW-CiTixens . I hereby announce myself a
candidate for the State Constitutional Convention,
which you areaboubt to elect, and being personally
unknown to many of you, I adopt this, the usual
mode, of submitting to you iny sentiments. In the
first place it is proper for me to premise that I am
n genuine Deiuoerut. ultrn on eieiy i?*of |.;irty
p'llilira. and a thorough-going and sincere Iriend
of the people. I ain not of opinion, however, that
this election nhonld turn on patty politic* alone at
the same time I don't think the Democrats ought to
vote for a Wing It i* true that th Whig* of mv
own county will vote for rnc, (although their leaders
will try to prevent it,) yot they are lully aware of
mv opinion that no Democrat should vote for n
tllL' \ on have liefnre vmi niir Wliur r*ii<liil*te
admitted U> be one of the moot learned and able ol
tba lawyer* of Virginia, and a man who haa never
had any thing more to do with politic* than to give
hi* vote; ami a* a counael, when required to do so,
endeavored to preaerve the purity of the election*
of In* own county, by reacting the introdui tien of
fradulent and illegal vote* Hi* Whig friend* tell
u* that he i? not only an aecompliahcd and able,
and remarkably upright and honorable man, but
that there i* per bap* not in 'the whole State one
other man *o eminently capable of conatant and
unremitted application to buainea*. Thi* tnny be
o or not.* In* enough for me to anawer, that that
gentleman i* a Whig, and ought not to be fruited
in the< onvention ?for if you do tru*t him there, he
may have an opportunity of giving aomr advantage
te hi* party in arranging the electoral diatricta; and
you will all ldmit that thi* i* the moat important
aubioct which will come before that body.
The judicial ayatem, the baaia of repfeaentation,
the right of auffrage, the diatribution of political
power, affecting, ri? they do, mainly mere matter*
of money, and propn ty, and pcraonal aecurity and
aocinl order, aink into tneapreaaibleinsignificance,
when comparer) with the higher and holier object
of maintaining anil perpetuating the aacendency of
the Demi* rntir party. True, Mr, Orecn aaya that
In dor * not enre a copper bow the diatricta are
made, ao that they he of contlguou* territory and
compact form, and of equal ?iie, and not after the
faeluon of our preaenl CVingrcnaional diatrict, which,
though II hn* I?ee11 .|ei lie i by liie people a enemie*
a* the "Shoe atring tH*triel, baa yet thia merit,
that it ae. urea the election of a man fit and proper
In repre?ent the people in the Congre** of the I nlt'-'l
State*; arol with nit anrh n aha perl diatrirt, we
would have had at thia moment two inatead of one
Whiff from Virginia in that body. I do not desire
to take special ground againat Mr. Green, (for I
should be' glad to get the vote* of hla friend#,) but
it i# fair to auppoae that the bad men of hla party
may mialead nun from hla direct and honoat Intentions.
Nor ia it offensive for hiui to auppoae ao,
nice all the candidate* of our own party?in every
Democratic district?aubatantially, if not directly,
admit that they will take care to make districts, ao
far aa they can, with a view to the advantage of
their own parly?for every man whoasauinea that
the Whig# would do ao, mean# that be himaelf
would do the name tiling. It ia due to a portion of
these gentlemen to admit that, in Whin districts,
they maintain a different doctrine, and are of opinion
that party line nothing to do with the election.
Hut to make a short story of a long one, 1 atn one
of those opposed to having any Whigs In the convention.
It is my opinion that our preseut constitution
owes nrost of its defects to the Whigq and
Federalists who were in the convention that made
it. Such men as Marshall, and Madison, and
Leigh, and Slanard, and Scott, and John W.
Green, were nut the men to frgirie 11 government
on republicun principles?they had no ?y mpathies
witti "the great patriotic current of the jniblic tentiments,"
and feelings, and passions. Descended
from the richest ranks of the English aristocracy,
they spent their lives in luxurious indulgence and
voluptuous repose, and knew nothing of and mixed
not with the people.
According to my judgment, there never was a
Whig in this country, from George. Washington's,
and John Marshall's and James Madison's time
down to thut of Henry Clay, and Daniel Webster,
and Watkins I,eigh, who either knew how to make
or c< * it roe a constitution.
You can, fellow-citizens, unfortunately, only
elect three members from our district. They will,
of course, alt be Democrats; and 1 regret very
much that all the candidates cannot be elected, as
undoubtedly they would be of great use and value
in the corn ention, having, as most of them have,
not only ability of a very high order, and long experience
in public atruirs, but being, beyond all
dispute, true and genuine Democrats.
They have given you their views -I will give you
mine?for, like them, 1 have nothing to conceal.
Judge ye between us. If iny views are sounder
and more Democratic than theirs, I claim your
vote. Otherwise I am not entitled to it. In the
language of Zachnry Taylor, "I ask no favors,
and shrink from no responsibilities."
1st. The most important question of all others is
to fix the future districts so thnt no Whig can ever
be elected to either the Senate or the House, if such
a thing be possible. My main purpose in the convention
will be to elicet this object.
2d. The basis of representation is not a very important
matter; l?ut 1 am for the Democratic principle
in this, as iu all other cases. 1 hold that one
man is equal to another. lie who holds a hundred
negroes and pays a hundred dollars tax is entitled
to no more power than the man who owns nothing
to be tuxed but his own head, and who is returned
delinquent for nun payment of that. As of individuals,
so of sections?It may be true that if
Western Virginia gets the potVcr she will instantly
emancipate our slaves, as she would uuqucstion
lime nunc in njj 11 me wiiiie oasis nan men
existed. It is certain that atic will put ua instantly
in debt for a system of internal Improvements,
trio grandest and inoet costly ever beard of in tliia
Union; but what is that to our achieving the sublime
result of a glorious republican Constitution,
deformed or disfigured by no departure from principle?no
miserable trick of mere expediency?
which, changing und fitful in its character, is one
thing to-day and another to-morrow; whilst principle,
and especially Democratic principle?itself
an emanation from the Divinity?is as immortal as
eternity, and as immutable as fate. 1 shall go fur
the white population basis?and let consequences
take care ot themselves?"Fiat jvticia, rnat citI
3d. The Right of Suffrage. On this matter I take
the true, genuine republican ground?which, 1
will take this occasion to remark, is not fully and
squarely occupied by any of my competitors. 1
am for universal suffrage?by which 1 mean that
every man Bhould vote, and vote in any county be
pleases, whether he resides in it or not, provided he
be there present in person on the day of election;
and if lie is in the army or navy lie should send lus
vote, as the Pennsylvania volunteers in the Mcxican
war were permitted to do. I would not require
he should be twenty-one years of age. That is an
aristocratical and arbitrary condition, at war with
the great principles of universal equality and the
largest liberty?for bow is a man lietter qualified
to vote the day after than he is the day before he is
twenty-one. Hoy* should vote also. As to whether
there should be any restriction of age I cannot say;
principle forbids it?for 1 bold it to be an undeniable
principle that man is man, whether he be puling
in his cradle or tottering to Ins tomb. If, however,
there is to be any restriction, surely it should not
go lower than sixteen years of age. for at that age
the boys enroll themselves in the militia of their own
[ accord, and at eighteen are obliged to do so bylaw;
and many, nay, hundreds if not thousands, under
the age of twenty-oae years, have poured out their
. 11j/\111 mi; naiivis ut imuiiu, ami iiungicu n
with the water* of tlie Pacific?bearing' our tri
umphaut eagles to the pidarcs of the Montezuma*?
vindicating our rights in foreign countries, and elevating
and immortalizing our national charac tcr
in the eyes of the civilized and tlv savage world.
1th. Our Judicial System. On this subject I desire
to be very explicit. Here corruption, oppression,
and partiality, that would have shamed the
focble venality of Haron, ami outstripped the bloody
cruelty of Jeffries, have stalked unrebukud and un
punished by the power of the people. My opinion
is, that our whole plan, from the county justices to
the supreme court of ap[>uals, is a public nuisance,
aud ought to be entirely overthrown and utterly
demolished. I am for one judge in every county,
to be elected semi-annually by the people, viz., at
each term of the court. If elected for longer periods,
there is great danger that judges who render
unpopular decisions, or oppose themselves to popu
lar impulses, may be fastened for inconvenient'
terms on a guttering and virtuous public. My com
petitors arc, I understand, for terms of two, or
lour, or ? lgbt years. I take issue with them directly,
ivtid maintain, that it you exceed the semi-annual
term, you can do it for no rrason which doca
not compel any honest man to admit that the proper
term is for good behavior?physical and mental
1 am against any court of appeal*. What is the
use of having a case twice decided? True people's
judges will make correct decisions, and, lest they
should not, I would allow a right of appeal to the
regimental musters, or to county meetings, to be
periodically held for general supervision of all the
judgments and decrees of the courts.
Virginia is herself a great sovereign power, an
"nnterrified Commonwealth," "the mother of
Slates and statesmen." She is capable of making
her own laws, and not in need of assistance from
any power, and least of all from that cruel, despotic
and barbarous State, the kingdom of Ureal Britain.
Our Judges of the Court of Appeals have not
been ashamed to avow, that their decisions, in
many rases, are influenced by the prinriplra established
in the British courts. We want no law* but
the Revised Ctale?for they are our own laws. We
have made them, and we understand them, and we
are all qualified, tinder such a system, to he judgra
?and why should not every sound and genuine reteubliran
nave the chance, in his turn, to be a judge
imsell? One of the most distinguished citizens
that ever i? <> ,i;-i ?.- 1 - I
.... ami m mi
vaine time one of liie inoat influential and popular
of our party leader*. argued with irresistible
power and invulnerable logic, that Democracy
and Christianity were identical. I concur in
that doctrine. The aalariea of the judge* should
not be more than the wage* of any atout laboring
man - for why aliould a man receive more pay for
working in the ahade than ia given to the hard-fisted
and honnat laborer who toil* and awcata in tlie tun,
or ahivera-in tiie atorm for hia daily bread. These
ariatocratic dtatinctiona auit other countriea, hut
the mlaaion ia of our glorioua republic ia to level all
diatinctiona ?except Otnir of party
5th. I would have all theclerka of courta elected
by the people once n year at the Icaat. There la
i'Jkonr; reaaon in the world why they reinnin in
iimce longer than for one year, and that ia, that
they acquire experience and fitneaa by practice.
Now I am hound to admit that, if tin* reaaon ia
good at all, it ia good in favor of very long term*.
Rut I deny the reaaon altogther. It i* better we
have bad clerk*, than a principle which excludes
u* all from a chance of that excellent office. And
why arc not the people qualified a* well and liettcr
than the judge* and magistrate* to ma ke judicious
appointment* of clerk*/ There are many who will
be voter*, I a in aware, that can neither read nor
write; but every man, whether he writca or not,
himaelf, can tell a good handwriting from a tied
one; and ao every man can judge of a clerk'a '
bth I am for electing the sheriff*, and not allowing ,
them to have, deputies, but to elect a* many aa are ,
necessary for e*< h county. I would not require of ,
them any security, for a kind and indulgent man |
ia liable in that office to ruin himself and In* frienda; |
and to require eecurily would exclude many exi e|. 1 ,
lent and valuable party men nltofl-ethfr from the ! |
office. The people would aclect l>etter men, with- ,
out aeeurity, thin the. court* with it. It i* ohjc t- (
e<l that sometime* creditor* would lo*e their debt*.
Heiteo; they cKn aland it well. My aympnthit ?
are with the debtor*, and not with capitalist*, and |
blink*, anil *haver?, and "eonIlea* corporation* |
The General Aaaembly of Virfrinta, in It37, |
mrirtril that "the voice of the people i? the voice of >
(okI and, ron*c<40cntly, he drfiea Omnipotence ,
it*elf who qtieetion* the wiadom of popular judg- ,
7tb A* to eon*tnb|e*, they should not lie elected ,
lit all. They are a trouble*.one and pestiferous |
et, any way. In the bright millennium of a vir- ,
(fin Democracy, we ahall need no peace officer*, .
and we have recent and very striking proof in our
own diatrict ll.al the sovereign people theinaelvea
ore the fine*' onttnlmlary in tfie World tor ""h 1
tmrvellou* despatch they ran both try and execute t
criminal*?and tbua mvi a greal deal of bother and
expense to the public.
oth. I am oppoaed to all corporation* and to all
aecret and exclusive aocietiea, and therefore I am
against all bank*, uuleaa they be bank* where we
may all go and get money when we want it. without
having to ask a little aristocratic board of director*
whether we ahall have it or not.
For similar reason* I am irreconcilably opposed
to the elou communion of the Baptist society?to the
love-feasts of the Methodists, and the manner of
electing the bishop of the Episcopal Church. The
people have all a right to commune, and who will
contend that the people are cotnp tent to elect a
President of the United Slates, and not competent
to elect a bishop.
My opinion is that the people's expenses at election
times ought to be paid. They ought nut to be <
required to turrt opt thirty or forty times a year a*
they will have to do at their own eApeuie.
Had I time to do so, I would enlarge more on
these topics, and touch many others, "hut I have
said enough to prove to you that I am not going to
compromise any principle?1 ain against all compromises,
and may remark rn pauant that I am
especially against that great compromise now depending
before the Senate and pressed on Congress
by Henry Clay, General Cass, and Daniel Webster,
and old father Ritchie, and Dickinson, and
Mungum, and Footc, and such chaps?all of whom
have doubtless their own objects in endeavoring to
put an cud to this nigger excitement.
1 would speak witli becoming reverence of the
illustrious dead. 1 am aware that James Madisou,
and 1'. 1*. Harbour, and Roller l Staliard, and Walter
Ilolliday, and John W. Green, and John Scott,
and John S. Harbour, and John McRae, who were
the representatives of this district in the former
convention, were tolcrahly intelligent men, and
inot absolutely ignorant of public ullairs; but 1 differ
w itli them on every subject which then came up,
or can now come up, before the convention, and 1
believe I concur with most of my honorable competitors
when 1 say that I am most heartily opposed
to every vote they gave, atld evc.ry opinion they
expressed, except on the basis question, where my
worthy friends agree in position with those gentlemen,
hut for reasons altogether opposite and different.
Here I differ from my Democratic competitors,
and 1 insist that they arc wrong, and not
1?for Mr. Green, the Wiiig, thinks with litem, and
against me?and this 1 hold to be the highest proof
of my being right.
1 ant a progrrt*ive Democrat, and of opinion that
hoys now are wiser than men were twenty years
ago; and that the best thing that could possibly
occur fur the State would he to have no man in the
convention over twenty-five years of age.
1 shall appear before you, my beloved fellowcitizens,
at the places of discussion, and then cx
plain myseit more lully; meantime believe me an
ever rendering under all circumstances the homage
uf my devout adoration to the great principle of
Orange County, Virginia.
* It is none off my business cither to concede or to
France?The way things are going.
A remarkably interesting letter appears in the
London Morning Chronicle, from the pen of its
Paris correspondent. The writer says : "It is evident,
from the remarks of the different parties now
struggling for power in France on the affairs of
the Moniteur dn Soir, that none of them are prepared
at the present moment to push their pretensions
to extremities. There is not one of the journals
which support the principle of monarchy, in
opposition to the republic, that does not regard the
duration of things in their present form as impossible.
They all admit that a change must be made,
at the very furthest in 1852 ; that France cannot
tolerate a constitutional system which brings the
country to the verge of revolution every four
years; but there their "unanimity ends. The Ponvoir
puts forth the claims of Iatuis Napoleon to the
permanent possession of power with great boldness
and frankness. The partisans of Henry V.
and of the Orleans family do not give expression to
their wishes so clearly. They labor with great assiduity
to undermine what now exists, with the
view of ultimately overthrowing it; but they do
not venture to point to the precise mode of solution.
One thing, however, is clear, that they arc
as hostile to the. permanent or indefinite prolongation
of Iajuis Napoleon's power as the republicans
the.msclves. In this scramble the republicans, usuftllv
ait mtiJV am l-h#? nnlv rmrtv t fint nrmeruu art I
appearance of calmness. Ifhey art upon tbe old
adage of 'possession being nine points of the law,*
and reserve their effort* till their ad versaries. cither
by a coalition or by the preponderance of otic of
them, appear to be in a position to endanger the
exigence of the republic.
"It is quite impossible to foresee how all thia ia
to end. At present the republicans aeein to be
weakest; but, iti the end, it is not improbable that
the jealousy of their opponents will place them in a
different position. Everyone knows that the far
famed party of order is nothing but a rope of sand,
and that it nas been kept together by nothing but
its hatred of the republic, a feeling which is common
to all its members. The parly of order lias no
difli -ulty in remaining united when the object is to
put down the republic; it lias done so ever since the
'J lib February, with very little exception. Hut now
comes the important question of what is to succeed
the republic. The Honaparlist* cry out for the empire;
the Legitimist* will hear of nothing but Henry
V.; while the Orleanists, who feel that their importance
would lie entirely lost in the event of tbe advent
of either of these parties, still hold out for the
Duchess of Orleans and the Count de Paris. There
is not one qf these parties that would nut consider
the continuance of the republic frr some time longer
a less misfortune than the success of either monarchical
allies Louis Napoleon, who has stood hy
I lie so-called narty of order, p>r Moderate party,)
through good report and evil report, would have
good i ausc to complain if that party, which has always
lauded his administration, were to thrust him
aside at the last moment; and would, probably, iu
that case, throw himself into the lianas of the republicans.
"The legitimists and Orleanists are nearly in a
similar position as regards Louis Napoleon. They
consider the prolongation of his power as a tnere
cloak for its permanency, and would, therefore,
hsik u|>on the re-election of Louie NapoII
<>11 as th' loa.i of their battle Tlie.ir rni? ' 1
we are to have a republic, let it l>e a real republic,
an<l not a disguised empire" If, therefore, thee
aw no < hanec of the restoration of the elder branch
of the Hourbonv at the termination of I-Oui? Napoleon'*
tenure of olhce in |HW, it U not at all iinptwaible
that they would join the Republicana in turning
him out, trusting the chapter of accident" would
improve their chance* under a new President. The
only one of the monarchical partiea that ha* any
interest in maintaining matter* a* nearly a* possihlc
in their present puaition for aoine time longer,
i* the Orlraiust party- The candidate of the Orleaniala
i* a minor; ao that, in the event of hi* being
called to the throne, there would nece**arily lie
a regency; and from the recollection of the tniafortunra
produced hy regencies in the olden timea,
that fact m a *eriou* impediment to the hope* of the
"The partisan* of the Orleana branch are on thia
account not altogether adverae to the continuance
of the republic for aouic yeara longer, whether
under the Presidency of loin* Napoleon or another;
hut. for evident reaaon*, !>>ui* Napoleon would not
lie the President of theirchnice if, a* i? generally admitted,
hi* re-election would be considered by the
country a* equivalent to the establishment of the
empire. All thi? shows how dilli- ult it is to foresee
what will be the results in All the contending
partiea hope that matters may turn in their
own lavor; but it ia not at all impoaailde that,
owing to the diviaiona of thr Monarrhirta, the cri*M,
whirli ia expected to upaet the republic, will
end in confirming and ronanlidating it. There
are many who think that in the difficulty of cliooting
a Priaident in 1852, the dillerent par tie* will
combine in aolocting a coimniaaion of three nirinher*
(of which Louia Napoleon will pot be one) to
execute the office of President; and that in that
way the republic will be allowed to ataggcr on for
aoine yeara longer. In the mean time, all that we
t an do ia patiently to watch the manoeuvres of the
roinbataula, and to congratulate ourarlvet that we
are merely spectator* of the struggle."
Hnaala ? An Important llorinnrnt.
A Russian circular note to the European governmenta
declare* that the Kinperor regarda the diffi
eoltiea of the preaentatate ol Europe a* capable of
no aolution except from the treaties of |H|5. In
liclgiiim, where thnee treat lea had lieen broken,
balance had prevented intervention ; that the aame
lifficulty did not exiat in the caae of the l?u< lues ;
iild that in order to maintain the integrity of trea 1
tea, lie would lend hia active aupport to the King of 1
Denmark in hia endeavor* to incorporate the Duchy 1
if Schleawig into the Dvniah monarchy. The note
>oa<ta of the aupport which the Imperial Cabinet I
will find in ila determination to uphold the treaties <
if IMS in the government of France, whi< h ia '
alh d a faithful ally. <
Without doubt this note ia cab ulatcd to exrile a
ligh degree of attention throughout Europe. If *
prance ia inclined to reatore the treatiea of 1*15, '
he first step ahe haa to take ia to bring back the va 1
jrant Bourlmnt. If Russia will inaiat on regardng
the treatiea na the public law of Europe, ahe
nuat give bn< k to Polanri hei NMependent conatitui.in,
and aet up again the republic ol Cracow. She i
nuat further reatore (Jreeoe to the Porte, aecure to
Hungary ita hiatoricnl conalilution, and undo the
-eaulta of her ow n policy in the Danulnan princiE55?
Thr I'nited Stales frigate St. I^wrence, Captain
Paulding, for Litbon, tailed from Palermo the 18th
- * .... 1 III! II IK-1' n iKW III! l ? M
Common School* im tm* District or Colcm
In the Hou*e of Representatives, on Wedne*
day laat, 14th August, Mr. Jones nuked leave to
offer the following reeolution, which waa read fur
fittolvtd. That the Committee for the District of
Columbia oe instructed to inQujre iotu the propriety
of relinquishing to the said District nil the public
lot* owned by the United State* in Washington
city, for the use and support of common school* in
A* an indication of hia regard for the welfare of
our public schools, we feel indebted to Mr. June*
for the Btcp thus taken; and we are sure thnt the
contemplated grant would be gratefully received
and judiciously applied by the citizens of the District.
There is alao a bill before Congress, (House bill
35*2,) reported by Mr. A.G. Brown, from the Cominittee
on the District of Columbia, making- a grant
of public land to the District for the name purposes.
It is known to the world how munificently the
common schools of many of the eastern States of
this Union have been endowed; nor have the new
States of, the South or West been uneared for.
Thirteen States, viz., Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri,
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Michigan,
Arkansas, Wisconsin, Iowa, Florida, ami Tennessee,
have received from Congress for the support of
common schools 10,807,958 acres of the public lands;
to various Universities have been given 823,950
acres; to Deaf and Dumb Asylums in Kentucky
and Connecticut, 41,440 acres; making a totul of
11,679,348 acres. The
District of Columbia has no legislature, if
Congress is not .such to hert yet she has never received
from Congress one acfe of these lands, nor
have her public schools been aided to the amount
of'a single dollar. Her people have struggled
against an adverse title, and by their unaided efforts
have placed many of their schools upon the eminence
On which they are now beheld.
We believe that no petitions have been addressed
to Congress upon the subject. Assurance has been
felt that justice would be done, and more than this
will not be asked. The District Committee will do
its duty in the premises; and- though thero arc
none to urge it onward, and none to sue for the
benefits to be conferred, we are warranted in saying,
that whatever aid may he given to the cause
of education will not be ungratefully received nor
We know of no other city than Washington, in
which anything like efficiency has been given to a
common school system by the sole means of its own
resources ; and the energies of our people are not
likely to be relaxed. It is for Congress to determine
whether any aid should be be|towed. With
or without it, the schools of our city should and no
doubt will become worthy the capitol of the Union,
and exemplars to the schools of their respective
classes throughout the whole country. Though
there is comparatively but little wealth amongst us,
we possess the capacity to appreciate the benefits of
education, and hands liberal to contribute to its
A Wmsxl withi* a Wheel.?Justice Clarke
had a queer case before him yesterday, of which
our readers will perhaps like to have an account.
It appears that on the night of the f)th instant
some rascally fellow took a pair of shocking, bad
wheels from his own cart and fixed thcin to a cart
belonging to Mr. Brittain, taking Mr. B.'s for his
own use. But as these proved a bad fit, he took
them to the cart of Bob Adams, a worthy free colored
man, and made his own of Bob's. On the
following morning Mr. Brittain's cart was in a
sad plight, and Adams's no better. Mr. Brittain's
driver did not fancy the old substitutes, and Adams
found the strange wheels left with him, although
better than his own, too heavy, and having
too small a box for his axlctree. What Mr. Brit
tain did with the wliecls assigned to bim by
the thief we do not know ; but Adains had to
let his horse remain in the stable, and gave
himself up to hunting his lost wheels for sis
days. At the end of this time he employed
a wheelwright to adapt his axle to the big
wheels, or the boxes of the big wheels to bis axles,
and he thought, at the same time, that it would not
be amiss to give the wheels a coat of paint, per
haps to have all tilings in keeping, and perhaps to
keep out of all further trouble about the matter.
At length, however, Mr. P. found that Adams had
his wheels, and forthwith Adams was arrested.
Justice Clarke hoard the case through, and truth to
tell, it consumed a deal of time in the telling; hut
it looked like a poser to him. Jle at length called
Mr. Hrittain to the stand^nd requested him loei
press his own belief as to whether Adams had been
guilty of an act of felony. Put Mr. Hrittain had
lieai d all. the testimony on the subject, and had
been considerably enlightened thereby; and he accordingly
could not express Ins belief of any thing
to the ilisadvsntsge of Adams. The case was therefore
A Mraoic Darky1.?The crack of a huge horseman's
pistol gave great alarm to the neighbourhood
< ' I^iuisiiiiia avenue and Kighth street; on Sunday
night, at about nine o'clock, and it was immediately
ascertained that Mr. M. Cubbin had the bark
of his left hand slightly injured by n buckshot. The
person who fired the pistol was instantly arrested,
and proved to be a colored man named (ieorge Hidler.
Me was taken to the watch-house, and it appeared
upon an investigation that he had got into a
difficulty with two other negroea, on ?th street,
near the avenue, and that, one party retreating
and the other Duratiinir. thev h?,l >11 found their
way to 8th aired, where Uiia fellow at 1< ngth fired
at liia two antagonists. Tbcy made good their escape,
and llutler alone waa taken. He was y esterday
morning bailed in Uie sum of $500, to appear
before the criminal court to anawer to aucb < barge
a a aba 11 be preferred against hiin, based upon the
fat ta here ree ileal.
W abiii*?ton citt.?It ia now very healthy, and
since the lamentable occurrences of the lllh and
12th instant, the moat perfect order haa pre* ailed.
If the intelligent and thinking portion of our people
will it so, this state of things ran lie permanently
A Pssssmt roa ths Mavo^.-Wc have exatn
incd some pretty gifts prepared for W. Lenox,
esq., Mayor of Washington, by the pupils of the
public school oonduc ted by Mrs. Ilinlon, including
srceral articles from tlie pathli< schools of New
York anil Connecticut, presented by Mr. Holbrunk.
They consist of maps and other drawings,
and illustration* in geometry, conUunrd in a neat
litllr portfolio, and a few mineral specimen* in a
mall boa, all produced by the hand* of the rhildren
of this school. These spec imen* are highly
creditable to the skill, taste and intelligence of a
school of children, whose sge* vary from eight to
fourteen years, yet who ap|>ear to have a high appreciation
of the branches of study indicated by
their present offering*.
We invite attention to the proceeding* of a public
meeting held in the First Ward on the evening
of the Ibth instant. Can the other Wards of the
city not imitate the example here given.' We
know nothing of the particular measures to be (
adopted, but the name* given in the published re- I
port give assurance that a safe and judicious policy j
will be pursued.
At an adjourned merlin*'! itixens of the Fimi
Word, hold ot the Union Rnginr Honor, on the
rvming of thr lt>th inalant, it *' ? rroolvrd (hot o |
committer of five citiirno t>r appointed to take into ,
Ihrir ronoideration the ohjcrl ?n<l piirp.wro of thio |
mrrtinir, l?> mil, Ihr pre/ rv uion of good order in ,
Ih 10 community; and that they inakr rrj-.rt to an
ith'T meeting which ohall br held in (hit tonilrtinjr
?t - o'. It,, k, || III , of tin 'III in?l.i:it, |i,r I 1 |
'ration and approval. ,
Thr following named gentlemen coinnoao thr ,
omniittrc. Urn. J. II t.ilcin. Rev, (' A Oavio, |
Mnj. W It. Rrolt, J It M' lllair, re p, and Or. K ,
NATHL KRYF., Chair n. ,
Jao. J. Dn mwo, Recr'y.
Auguat 17, ISM. |
KKV. WALTRR COLTOK'R "Three Yrarain
California," with many illintratinno and poriraito,
Joat iaourd ?nd for oalr hy I
TAYLOR fc MAURY.
B"ofc?r||#r?, n'ltr 9lh ?t 1
Ill J J' I II I .m-mmmW?iS?
(eoaaiepoKDiwts or thi bbpublic ] 1
ftALTiMqpa, Ang. 19? 6 p.m.
There was a very large attendance at the union 1
political meeting at Cockeyavilie on Saturday laat
Both the gubernatorial candidate! (Mr. Clarke and
Mr. I A) we) were present and addreaaed the ossein
blage. Mr. Clarke spoke to the full satisfaction of
hia friends, and won tiutny new ones. The people 1
were entirely satisfied with him. He was followed ,
by Mr. Lowe, who alio acquitted himself as well
as the l>ad cause he advocated would admit of. The
meeting Iiuh resulted in grea( good to the Whig
party, and the general belief is, that the Whig orator
completely triumphed. The political spirit is
now running quite high, and a general interest is
manifested everywhere throughout the State in f
the contest and the result. Let the Whigs do their (
duty, and success is eertafn.
The two discordant wings of the Democratic
party in (his city have fraternized ufter a fashion, ?
nnd agreed to nominate J. Maybury Turner. lie
ia now in the field alone. There la much doubt of '
hi* being elected. If the Wbiga bring out a good
candidate, he will undoubtedly be elected.
The weather baa become quite cold. Tlioee who
have been rusticating during the hot season are
(some of them) returning, and others will soon
gather in, to be in readiness for business. There is '
still a fine company at Green Springs. ,
Boston, Aug. 19.
In the first Congressional district, T. A. Elliot,
Whig, is doubtless elected. The vote atands as
follows: Elliot, Whig, 2,355; Gaininer, Free soil, (
4H9; Heard, Democrat, 241; scattering, ill.
In the second district, Upbam, Whig, is probably
In the fourth district, it is thought there will be
NlV OSLEAWB, AUgUSt 15.
The steamer Ohio sailed to-day with 150 passengers.
The steamer Niagara's news has been received I
by telegraph, and caused more firmness, with an
advance in cotton. Sales of 2,300 bales at 12/, to
12 > cents for middling.
Corn ia dull at 55 a 60 cents; prime oats, 33 cents;
red wheat, 75 cents. Sugars and molasses firm.
The city is healthy.
ARRIVAL* AT THE HOTELS. 1
Wlllard'i Hotel, 1
Corner qf Pennsylvania Avenue and 14/A street.
F Morria, New York Dr C M Hitchcock, U S A
.1 Dailsk, WrHt Point E A Bptar, Pa
>1 .1 Phillips, Georgia I) 1) 1 owner, New York
11 D Kennedy,SC K \V Osgood, do
A C Gocll, Philadelphia L llillman, N O
J Casein and lady, do G llitncr, N 11 ,
Caj)t M E Van Buren, J Oglethorpe, Pliila
M Ritlce E Loveland and lady,
C E Hooker & lady, Miee Boa ion
W M Gibson, New York 8 Deshon, La
J N It Jennings, N O M Young, I'iiii innali
G S While, Ronton S G Ogdeii, jr, N Y
II Roberta, Savannah W L Shcldcn, do
M Weed, do
Prnniylvania Avtnut between bth and 1th itreet*.
Col G W Ewing, Mo C C Byrd, Florida
J Mathews, Md IV Harris, do
C Kcernan, M D, Phila Gen .1 C Cooper, do
Hon J W Davit*, China S G Harle, S C
J Anderson and servant, J R Karle, do
North Carolina A M Allen, Alabama
C Moore, New York W P Conway, Va
XV Irvin, Pennsylvania W A IVoilman, Conn
O B Wight, Baltimore J T Fryatt, Va
A C Fenny, New York Hon J M Bowlin, Mo
T Berry, Maryland W Mcrccr, Md
A Harrell and lady, N C
Comer qf Pcnmylvania .demur arut bth etrret
W A Pratt, Virginia M Critic, New Grenada
J C Guy, South Carolina J Yrajo, Ecuador
j w Duwnmp, r loruia il u Ktnncay.Bt
B F Watta, S C J B Habersham, Ga I
J I' Carroll, do C /.c I la man, do I
A M Allen, Alabama J A Slubbe, do
S W Sanderson, Fla J Burr, do I
C McNair, lady, and E Jenckea, do <
daughter, Alabama J Foley, do
J J Atkinson and two G Street, Albany, Ga I
ladies, Baltimore R I) Clark, F.?perauza
A J Miller, lady, and F Washburn, Ala
daughter, Augusta,Ga P W Crain, Md
Gen Harding and lady, Mr Harris, Baltimore
Nashville, Tennessee 7. Turner, jr, W.nrenM
nigra Baas, do ton
Misg McGaroc.k, dj D Movar, Covington
Mrs F A Owen and ser- W B Clarke, Md
vant, do Gov Pratt, do
Mr O il MoGarock and Gen Wilaoa, N II
lady, do C A Bradford. N O
S G Cato, Alabama F. C Caticll, Florida
W Clark, Clayton W Jones, N O
B J Rutherford, Ga F Weston. New York
J Hartshorn."Providence P Tracy, Georgia
C Aguirse, Ecuador I
Vnlfrrt Mates Hotel,
I'rnnmlranin Arrrtue, b'tirrm 3d and 41 itrteh
I) Crntrer and ladv. Va T H Mar or. KC 1
W H l.riftr, do A M Hatnatront, K y i
C O Williamaon, Halt T II lUnton, Alabama (
Mi?* Hnpkina, Mil T O Crcfferd, jr, S C
It Somonda, V? C Hell and ?tn, Va i
A G Atkiua, NO T Itaker, Bneton I
O H Conner, jr, N Y 11 H Sturgeon, Pa
8 S Simonde it lady, Va (' S Flint, Philadelphia ,
II Trowbridge, Maaa H llaakell, Tcnn
I. II Manley, Pliila (' W Whitleiiiorr.Hoalon
C C Suinpter, N C IV OfilMkfV, do
II II Hunter, do C P Hall, Virginia
C Dilantin?*, do W Hall, do I
H Parker, Baltimore .1 Hlanrhard k aon, N V !
C A Hitee, Huaton I' F Huut, Gmrria
T Allen, Ohio J F Voorhira, Pliila
II II Allen, do H II Clarrtl, Haiti more
C Sewatord, New York C !< Naali, Huaton (
F F Chapman, Huaton l)r II It Nut*
C I,Chapman, do J A Gray, Georgia |
I, OCaetin, Va Dr II G Davidau i, Va
Mia* Ann Kollindv, Va G Rodgrra A lady, 8 C
Gen O P Potman, Boaton EF Mora*, do
II T Mayaoti, 8 C ( lira, I lord, do
C C I junlt rt, lady, two W II Wilaon, New York '
children, and aertanl, K llomman, Pliila 1
Ohio C H Pleasanta, do
Corner of /'mnfi/lranin Armur and Id tlrrrl
A Norria, Maryland A /.Summer* and lady, '
T A Neamith,Cincinnati North Carolina
Mr Major and 2daogh II Hryan, Georp a *
tera, Peteraburg, Va J M 8 Cauaine, Md
T W Fearn, Mobile J Warrick, New Y'ork
W F Coolbaueh, Iowa W Warrick, Ga
G llaryrue, Georgia T W Hughea, Pa
Mr Carey, Philadelphia W Varnuin, Georgia
J Vanderhomt, A ( SF, Rogera, N J
Mr? Vanderhorat, do Hon It Jntinaon, Halt
E R Young, Georgia (
In ln( Hotel,
Corner of f'mniylranta dnrmir and 12ih nlrrrt.
Mr Reatding, New Vork Dt Kantman, H >*U>n ,
T II Bond, do T Y'oong, Maine
A Ijegendre, NO C V Itanler, lllinoia j
C Froat.Troy T Hunter k lady, Halt ,
T Didda, Charleaton I'. A Simpaon, New Y'ork
G T May, Georgetown T V Maliony, Maaa ,
C Harry, Virginia J H Foraytb, Ohio
A N Cranrh, do O D Peloaey, N V
M A RRIKD,
On Sabbath evening, by (be Rev. Jom* C. .
Swith, Mr. COI.I M It I 8 Fl RTENER to Muw 1
GEORGIANA WILI.IAMS, all of thin . itjr.
Era n k 11 n Klre Company.?A meeting of f
the company will V* held tin* (Tncaday) evening,
the 2'Hh mat., at 7J o'clock. Member* arc rrqia at- ^
ed to be punctual in attendance, aa buaincaa of im (
portanrr will lie brought forward for their conaide- (
ration. By order
Aug VI OKO. K. BOYD, Secretary.
Cholera Trealmrwt anil Preventive. u
DR AM ATI'S ITALIAN VEGETABLE PANACEA,TONIC.
AND APERIENT Thi.reme <
ily, romponed entirely of vegetable ingredient*, ^
and totally free from any mineral *ub*tance, com
bining r*tharti< with cordial and trengthening
power*, wa* originally dim overed and preerrihed ]
by I>r. Amati, a celebrated phyan ian, in moat of ^
tne diaeaaee of the abdominal region*--atieh a* diarrhea*,
dy*entery, bilioun complaint*, dy*prp*ia,
and all other diaordera of the liver, Ac.
Knowing from eaperienee that it operate- in the /
moet kindly and effectual manner in tbeee ra*ea, it
la rubmittr'd a* a remedy to tboae who may be at ?j
lacked by the prevailing fatal acourge, and a* a
preventive to all who may be *r> fortunate a* to e* ape
it* flrat inaidioti* aymptom*.
To h*> had wholraata and Vrtail Mt Cariiai'* Mu?i< '
? . i -if . !* to aykar, I* avi li n. ' t vrri-n I I il.tli.l I '.'111 1
itreat*. and at tbr principal drti^ torfw in tli? rity
if W?*hinirt<,>'?. Georgetown, and Alriatidria
Pamphlet* containing mil dirrctiona for oar, with *
nany intrrretin* > ertifloat?-?,accompany rarh ImtIc
of the panacea A ??y liberal discount to deal- P1
r?. Order* from any part of the I:nited State* p1
promptly attended to. All communication* mint
wpoat-Mi<l RAMI'K.L CAKt'SI It ('() ?
A?| 90? lawtf J
|> II. HOOK At CO.. Wholesale and retail deal t
1 era in Oarpetiajj, floor (hi Clotha, Malting', 01
Kll|',Curttin Material*. Slieefinff. Rlar krt*, and
tonae ftirniahinff (fottda generally.
Pennaylvnn m avenuo, between 7th aaiMth itrert*,
IVaahineton, D. C- ai
A"(j 20?tf [Union ] p.
TO MllTIHa Iwvlafth* oliw fir th*
Spring* or elaewhare?Ladies' Fashionable
ruck Combs, Fans, Toilet articles, Itc.? John 11
3ibh?, having recently returned from New Vork
vould call attention to hia new arrival* of?
Shell and Buffalo Ornamental Tuck Comba.
Side, Twiat, Neck, and Children'* Long Comb*.
Hair, Cloth, Tooth, Natl, and Shaving Brushes.
Alao, hia aelcction of Fsris, which compriae alnoat
every variety, from bj cento to
Together with a choice aelcction of Perfumeries,
lueh us ?
Lubin'a elegant Extract*,
lavender, Cologne, and liny Water.
Florida and Roao Water, Tooth Washes.
Dentifrices. Hair Dye, Cosmetics, &.c.
Hair Oils, Pomades, Washes.
Shaving Creams and Soaps.
Toilet Soaps in great variety, amongst which is
i supply of fiouraud's celebrated Medicated Soap,
veil known for its softening and beautifying effects
in the skin. Aug 20?Stif
IVKW LI.VG OF HEUI'liAlt PACKETS.
/Yew York, Alexandria, fjeorgctnwii and
ichooner Pampero Molt Simonson, MaBtcr.
" Volant Morriec Osborn, "
" Townsend Jones, S. W. Dayton, "
" Mult Bedell..... .John Bedell, "
" Ann D .Ben. Hcdell, "
" L/C Roy Win. Powell, "
One of the above packets leave New York and
Freight from New York ten cents per barrel;
two cents per foot measurement.
AO r NTS.
MOTT BEDELL & WM E. JONES.
No. 1(M, AVall street, N. Y.
CAZENOVF. S: CO., Alexandria, Va.
PETER BERRY, Georgetown, D. C.
SPKCTACLKS, llirlr I SKS AM) ABlisES,
in long and short-sightedness, and the pathological
conuilions resulting froin their irrational employment,
by J. Sirhcl, M. 1)., translated from the
French by II. W. Williams, M. 1).
The Latter-Day Pamphlets, edited by Car lyle, 1
Perforations in the La(tcr-Day Pamphlets, by
>nc of the eighteen millions of bores, edited by
This day received for sale, by
TAYLOR & MAURY,
Aug '20 Booksellers, near 9th street.
ATTKLL'S LIVI.NO At. K, No. Tih fi\ (U.
1. Spectacles?Preservation of Sight.? (Quarterly
2. Lord Brougham and the Prussian Aliibassaior.?Spectator
3. Story of a Bouquet.?I.udies' Companion.
4. Rural Hours, by a Lady.?..Veto York Evening
5. Hunting Life in South Africa.?Spectator.
6. The Shoe and Canoe ?Pictures in the Cana1
7. Correspondence and Itinerary of Charles V.?
8. Chinese Description of the Earth. ? Watchman
9. Death of the President.?New York Courier.
10. Washington and the Principles ol the Revoluloll.
? E. I' 11 'hippie. ]
11. Thousand Isles of the St. Lawrence.?Albany
Evening Join nul.
With Poetry and short articles.
Washington, December 27, 1845.
Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to Litcra
urc and Science which aliound in Europe and in
,his country, this has appeared to me to he the moat
useful. It contains, indeed, the exposition only of
he current Literature of the Englirh lunguage; hut
his, hy its immense extent and comprehension, inludes
a'portraiture of the human mind in the utnost
expansion of the present age.
J. Q. ADAMS.
Published weekly at #6 a year, by
E. LITTELL A Co., Boston,
And sold hy JOS. SHILLJNGTON,
Aug 20?dtw&wlw corner Pa. av. and 4$ st.
V LEX AND III A AND WASHINGTON BOAT.
Is THE ?ew- and fast steamboat
THOMAS COLLY Kit will deJidBSirnrnmimm
nart at the f..U..wi,iir hours A
urge etagc connects with the boat in \\ ashington;
Njut's fare, 12\ cents; bout and stare, IS- cents.
Persons guing and Dot leaving the boat, t>J cents
Leave Alexandria, 7], 9, 10], a. in.; I, 2], 4], 6,
Leave Washington, 8J, 9J, 11 J, a.m.; 1^,3], 5,
7, p. m.
Aug 19 ?6t JOB OOMON, Captain.
IMTKD STATICS MAIL. STKAMSIIIP CO.
CHANOI or DATE Or SAILING
TO MONDAY, AUGUST 26, AT 3 P. M.,
From the pier foot of Warren street.
TUF UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMSHIP
J F. ScHENCif, L*. S. Navy, Commander.
THIS splendid steamship will sail as
"T f^L* above, witli th - Uuvcrnmrnt mails
mSSBaHflv for thr lViit Indies and California
The arrangements for the transportation of pasirngera
to S?n Francisco, witlmut delay on the
Isthmus, being'now completed, tin- Company are
now preparing to issue Through Tickets, of all
lasses, at a reduced rale of passage.
The books for the OHIO on the 2t?ih instant are
now open, and tickets through can be obtained at
the following prices;
FROM NEW YORK TO C1IAGRES.
State-room Iwrlh >1 1<KI
Standee berth, forward saloon Nj
steerage berth, foun<t bed, ami separate table.. 6U
FROM PANAMA TO SAN FRANCI9CO.
Itate-rooni berth ?900
Steerage Ixrth, found bod and Imard 150
Passage <"^n alao be accurcd for tbe intermediate
porta, aa follows:
From New York to Charleston or Savannah?
State-ruoin, gJ.'i. Standee, Steerage, $10.
From New York tollatarm State-rooot, *70,
Standee, Run; SteCrage. Rid.
Froin Now Yix-k to Now Orleans State-rc xn,
$75; Standee, jjO'I; Steerage,
Freight to New Orleans, 25 rents per cubio foot
or measurement goods; other an r. Iiandise as per
Freight will also be taken to Havana in limited
lusntity, at 2d rent* per cubio foot, or per agreenent.
The consignee at Havana to attend to the
urn handtsr immediately after the vessel arrives.
To aoeure freight or passage, apply at tlx- offire
>f the Company, " West street, rumor of Warren
itreet, New York. M O. ROHKRT8.
Ill'Tt IlINtiS'fl VKUKTt III.K UYCPKPIIA
A RL'RR and certain rurr I >r the Dyspepsia in
/\. its worst forms
Also, Liver Complaints, Jaundice, Heartburn,
Mliveness. Famines*. Disorders of the Sk in, lams
i iim , #!* r?|lm 11^, .mill'1!- ll'h b- 'h .
line**. Palpitation of tlie Heart, Sinkinjr and fulliraa
of weight at the Stomach, and allot her die
aaee cauMil by an impure elate of the blood, liver,
k whit h t'-ii'f to ?'?' . '? < ar i tk'ii th?- ajra
IVho auffer from a morhid and unnatural cnndiion,
will find thia inedn ine of itr.-riv kai.a v * i.ir
In alienee# of otttati hkbilitt thia medicine
ict* Liaa A (MAIM '
lave teate.d iia efficacy, and thooaanda more are
low under treatment; and not one aolitary raw> of
ailurr haa yet t>ean reported. Volnuiea could be
Hied with ccrtifh atea of thoae who have been per
Circular*, containing the certifiratea of remark
blr eurca, and the high eatimation in which thia
nedicine 1a held by the public preaa, can be had of
he agenta free.
Price, SO eenta per bottle.
Principal office, 123 Fulton alrcet. New York,
Agents in Washington -CliARLKS RTOTT It
'O., rorner 7th atreet and Pennsylvania avenue ;
I. DKLANY, corner 4J atreet and Prnnrylvania
veuue. Aac IS?dim
\KW A OH K A NT) W ASM I \ t;TO,\' TBI.K.
IIMA I'll kTOt K For aalr hy
Auff lA-lw C'liCHR At SCHKMK.
I In Si at*- Patut fieri. I..I- ' i?-.n
)N petition "f Peter l". M>rgan,of Wril< heater,
New York, adiiuniatrator of John Arnold, latr
I Yonkera, Nt w York, Hid George G Hi*h"p, of
forwalk, Connecticut, for the rat, nainn of a patent
ranted to John Arnolil and George G. H *hnp, for
n improvement in a machine for forming tlir web
>r cloth, of wool, hair, kc., t?r rrvrn yrara from
?c expiration of aaid patent, ahich taken place on
ic 'Jtfth day of October, I ".SO:
It ia ordered that the aaid petition he hoard at the
atent Other, on the 7lll day of OctoU.r neat, at
I o'clock, n.; anrl all peraona are notified to ap.
p?r ar I alio v <ao?c, it my they have, why ??ol
el it inn ought not to he granted.
Ordered, al?>, that thia notice he puhhahed in the
epttblir, Intelligencer, and l7nion, Washington,
I.C ; Krpohlic, Augoata,Ga.: Journal Providence,
I ; Tribune, New York, and Courant, llartford,
t., once a week for three auc< eaeive week a pri ri
j? to the aerenth day of October neat
Cominiaaioner of Patent*.
P ft. F.dltoraof the above paper* will pleaaeropy
ml aend their bill* to the Patent Office, with a paer
containing thu notice. July JT? Jtewlw
I'lITKU STATIC* MAIL. UIKAMHUII* I
Through Passage tu Ctllforali. H
THE pnblic will be gratified tu learn
that (ha United States Mail Steam Hi
chip Comply Pre enabled to announce
that their arrangement* urs now complete
for Bending passenger* through fli.'Q New York to
Sun Francisco and bark.
la the first attempt* of this company to liittt tho .
wants of travel to California, by providingshipa on V
the Pacific, in cuuuexion with their ships Irom New
York to Chagres, they were prevailed upon, at the ^B
urgent solicitation of the great number then deair- ^B
ous to go out, to sell tickets for through passages
Irom I'unama in advance, fur their ships then gytug
round. This was done from a desire to accoui
modate those who could procure passages in no
other quarter, and by which, whatever might be
the detention, they would reach .Sun Francisco ^B
sooner than by any other line. Unforsecn dill)cullies,
und the prevalence of fever at Kio Janeiro
at me lime, prcvenicu liiuir snips iroiii icu.uiu(
Panama na soon as was anticipated, and caused detention
al tin: Isthmus, which waa increased by tl>?r
impatience of the passengers in going- forward,
against the advice of the company, at an earlier
day than the ship* could possibly reach Panama.
These interruptions are now all removed Three
of the four ships of the company, intended for the
Pacific service, have arrived'at Punama, and several
of them have performed trips to San Francisco
and back; so that the company are now able to
give the public the assurance that the voyage
through from New York to San Francisco will bo
performed with regularity and despatch.
The Pacific Line, from Panama to San FrancisCo,
consists of the
REPUBLIC, Captain Hudson,
COLUMBUS, Cnptaiu Peck,
ISTHMUS, Captain Hitchcock,
AN I ELOPE, Captain Ackley.^
Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York
to Chagrcs, of the
GEORGIA, Captain Porter, U. S. N.
OHIO, Captain Schenck, U.S. N.
FALCON, Captain liartslcin, U. S. N.
The connection between the two lines will ho
carefully and regularly kept up, so that no delay
beyond the usual stay of the ship in port al Pana
| ma will arise.
| Their large size, well-known speed, and superior
accommodation* of their New York and Ctisgrca
line, and the speed and accommodations of the
ships of their Pacific Hue, oiler the most certain,
rapid and pleasant through poeang-c to (California.
jvf (). ROBERTS,
corner Warren and West elrcets, N. Y.
COLLIER STEAMBOAT STOCK.
1 for sale by CHUBB & SCHENCK.
Aug 15?1 w
CI OOK VV A A TED.?A good cook can hear of a * ;
/ situation by applying- at the Republic oilicc.
^TMIE next quarter of the Preparatory Department
X of Columbian College, on the corner of Fourteenth
and N streets, will commence on Monday,
September - Terms as usual. Applicant! are referred
to Dr. Bacon, President of the College, or to
any of the Professors; or to Mr. J. Tilaou, on II
street, between Tenth and Eleventh; as the undersigned
will lie absent Irom the city until August 31.
Aug 14?'Jawtf L. RICHARDS, Principal.
( A ERTIFICATE OF LOCATION?Number tixiy
V_V Jour IhouMMl anil tiziyjoar, (m.toij uhcu
Augiut 2d, 1M9, issued in lavor of John, Margaret,
und Guy Graham, minor children of John
Graham, alias Giimcs, late a private in Company
11, Capt. Harry, Maryland, District of Columbia
regiment of volunteers, has not been received by
the undersigned, the guardian of said children. This
is to notify all persons whom it may concern, lhat
in six weeks from this date I intend to apply to the
Commissioner of Pensions for a duplicate of said
certificate of location. GUY GRAHAM.
Aug 13?lawbw Guardian. |
UflllTE SlI. 1*111'R WATER, DIRECT
from the springs, Greenbrier, Virginia; for
sale by the barrel or half barrel, gullon or bottle,
by J. F. CALLAN,
Augnat 3?dtf Sole agent for tins District.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Anil A cent for Claims in general.
JOl'RDAN W. HAI RY,
OTOCK, Money, and Exchange Broker. Office
O on Pennsylvania avenue, eight doors west of
Brown's Hotel, Washington city.
Unrurrent notes houglit and sold at best rates.
Ste ks bought and sold.
Notes and drafts collected. ?
For Norfolk, IMnry Point, aud Old Point*
rpHB8TEAMi:R OSCEOLA will, on the 10th of
JL July, commence making' two trijis a wcrk lo
the above place*, leaving Washington every Wedue
:ny ari l Saturday at 9 o'clock, a. in. kelurring,
leave .Norfolk every .Monday and Thursday at
I o'clock, p. in.; touching, going and returniug.at
Pinrjr Point, Old Point, Cone River, and liic usual
landings on the Potomac.
Passage to Piney Point, $1 00.
Passage and fan- to Old Point, ?1 00; to go and
return at any tune during the bathing season, jjJbtA.
Passage n-d lare to Norfolk. 4o 00. <!
July 4- tf JAmT.S mitchell
Comer of Pennsylvania avenue and 3d at.
Near Railroad Depot, I la* king ton.
Oct. ?iftf II
A V KIl'S t 11 Kit Ilk I'KCTOIIA 1>,"
fob the cube or
Couffhst Colds, Hoarseness, Rronchitis,
H'hooping Cough, Croup, Jlsthmn, an J L
| N offering to the community this justly ecle. MX,
l isted r-uiedy for dm uses of the throat and 1 "
lungs, it is not our wish to trifle with (be lives or
health of the alllieted, hut frankly to lay before
them the opinions of distinguished men, and soin
of the evidences of its iucc *s, from whit h tbey
'an judge for themselves. We sincerely pledge
ouraelvrt to make do wt:d aaarrtiona or lalre atataincntji
of it? < fl, acy, nor will we hoM out any hop*
to Buffering humanity wliirb facta will not warrant.
M.iny proof* are here given, and we eulicit an
inquiry from the public into all we puhliah, feeling
aemired they will find them perfectly reliable, and 4
the medicine worthy their beat confidence ami patronage.
Pr ifeaaor ClEAV?lawd, of fiowdoin Collrgr, Mainr,
"I hare m itnr wd the eft-c ta of your '('Hrair
PecToaal' in my own family and tl?at of iny
friende, ancl it give a me aatial action to etate in iu
favor that no medicine I have ever known h*?
proved no eminently euceeuaful in curing' diacaaee
of the throat and lunga."
Hrr. Dr. Oic.ood ?rrite*?
"That he roneidcra 'Ckiiii I'r.rToa a l'the l.e#t
medicine for pulmonary ofh-rtioiie ever given to
the public ," and atatca that "hia daiigbirr, after
being obliged to keep the room four montlit
with . aevcee ecttled rough, accompanied by rawing
of Mood, night awrata, and theatlendani eymptoin*
of c onmiinption, comirwticed the uae of the
'Cnaaav Pa. toiai,' and bad completely recovered."
From l*r Jo"tr?, On eminent prnctitinnrr of mrrlinnr
in dlci/nna, Irrll knoien throughout th* Stair.
Mowthowlav, (Ala.,) Oct. 4, l*4'f.
I>r. J. C. Area?Sir: I have uaed your admirable
compound rxtenaively in my practice, and find
it to Biiritmw. by far any other remedy wc have for
t uring niaeaac upon the lunga.
Your ahc-dirtit a< rvant,
R H JONES, M D.
Hear Ihf Piillrnf,
l irri' Stat*" Hotbl, ?
SAt atooa *rat*oa, July t, 1*49 \
Pa J. C Avaa Sir: I h??e been afflicted with
painful affci tion of the lun/r*. and all the ijinptorn*
of willed consumption for mora than a year.
I ..ut find no n -dt, mr that would reai li my < * ?
umil I ? oinrnrncctl the tiw of your "I'hirry Prrln
ml," which gave me gradual relief, and I have
h.-rn to.adily gaining my strength, till my health
t* wrllnigh rrstored. M
hib using your medicine I Karl the gratift.
atKin of < oring with It my reverend friend, Mr.
Truman, of Sninptrr district, who had hern suspended
from hia part* htal duties by a aeverc attai k
I have pleaaure in certifying thege facta to you,
and ain, sir, youra, r(aj?e< tfully,
J. F CALHOUN,
of South Carolina.
From an Orrrrrrr in 'Ac Hamilton \fillt, in /Am Ci/y.
Lowell, August 10, IS49
Pa J. C. A>*a : 1 have been cured of the worst
nig-h I ever hml in my life by your "Ckrrry Prettnru,"
and nr*< r fail, when I have an opportunity, /
of rr< oirimending it to olliers. . .lit
Tour?, re?jici tiully, S. D. F.-MKHSON. ,nust
Prepared by J C. AVKR, Lowell, Mass
Sold in Washington, l?. C., by T. P A W. H.
Oilman: Georgetown, Pr Linthiruin; Aleasndria
Cook * Prel; Richmond. Pureed, ladd h Co., an t
druggist# generally, f|)t dlytrlaYvfcw?Jyll