I 1 " I.1 1
- - - .
KOITKO BY ALLKN A. IIALL.
PDILUUKD BY GIDEON <b cR.
?. 8. OIDBON. A. T. SUHNLCY.
TKHMH OK THE UAII.Y ANL> 1'Kl WEEKLY
Kur ike Daily paper, per annum . . . $ 10 00
For the'IVi-weekly, " 6 00
For three copies of the Tri-weekly . . 16 00
TERMS OF THE WEEKLY.
Single subscription for one year . . . $ 2 00
Three copies, for one year 6 00
Seven copies, for one year 10 00
Sixteen copies, for one year 20 00
" e * - - OK IUI
1 11 i
. ' -- - 1 - 1 ' * g" "" " - -- - - - 1 I i ?i
Vol. II. WASHINGTON: WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4, 1850. No. 70.
l wcuiy-nve copies, ior one year ...
No paper will be sent until the money is received.
REATK a healthy action throughout the fxnly,
V7 restore the appetite, equalize the circulation,
give tone ami energy to the system, and create a
power of resistance to disease in all its forms, rarely
to be obtained; they will perform a speedy and
permanent cure of Dyspepsia, Indigestion, FlatuJenny,
Henri at Dtbdtly, fiver Comiilamt, and all the
train of symptoms commonly called Nervous Affections.
will be immediately relieved by the use of this inI
valuable compound, which is purely vegetable, and
is adapted to all ages and conditions.
will find in this delicate and palatable preparation
a combination of 'funic, Alterative, and Aperient
yuulities, peculiarly adapted to their systems.
The specific action that this article has on the
f.it'rr and Digestive Organs, render it a complete
antidote for Fever and Ague, and Bilious and Typhus
Chaheville, (L. I.,) July 17, I860.
Dear Sirj 1 have used the article of Planctt's
Bitters, and have derived from them great benefit.
I have been subject for years past to the Froer and
jigut, but since the introduction of your Hitters 1
ha v entirely escaped my u ...al atUcks, and run
with confidence recommend them as one of the best
Tonics in use. Respectfully yours,
C. N. BUNDING.
Springfield, June 20, 1850.
My Dear Sir: It gives me much pleasure to
state, that the Di/tpe^xia with which nty wife bus
been so long troubled, arising from inaction of the
Liver, has been entirely overcome and cured by
the use of your invaluable preparation of Bitters;
and for your kindness in recommending them
please accept my thanks. Your obedient servant,
C. L. LEECII.
WILLIAM T. HICKS & CO.,
149 and 151 Front street. New York.
And for sale by R. S. Patterson and Z. D. and
W. H. Gillman. April 16?ly? (Jy 24)
MONTGOMERY'S PATENT TUBULAR
um i vn
The attention'of the puhlic is in
vitcd to this valuable improvement. Experiments
the pant year on boats, both in Salt and Freth
water, as also lor land purposes, have fully tested
its superior qualities as a steam generator, and the
greut saving-of fuel, weight ana space occupied,
over any boiler now in use.
These Boilers can be seen in operation at
Messrs. HECKER & BRO'S, Flour Mills, 201 Cherry
HOOPER k BRO.'s, 333 Pearl street.
MOTT & AYRES, Foundry, foot 25th
street, N. R.
ATLANTIC DOCK, Brooklyn.
" a. w. METCALF, 63 and 06 Centre street.
" D. D. BADGER & CO., 44 and 46 Duane
?? N. B. STARBUCK'S Foundry, Troy, New
SMITH k CURLETT, Baltimore.
BEADING DEPOT, Reading, Pa.
And on board steamboats JONAS C. HEAKTTand
EDW ARD PAYSON, foot of Liberty street, N. V.,
and towl*>at JOHN P. WHITNEY, New Orleans.
For further information apply to
JAMES MONTGOMERY and
15 South William street, New York.
June 20? tf
J. II. TATl'M, ARTIST.
STUDIO in the Capitol, near the Library of the
House of Representatives.
Lovers of Art are requested to call and examine
A CARD.?The subscriber, a member of the
former Commission on Mexican claims, will
be in Washington in the course of the month of
November, and offers his services to claimants under
the treaty. He will attend to any other business
with which In- may be trusted, especially from
the South. Those deatrooa ol obtaining his services
will please to address Andrew Wylie, esq.,
Nov. 6?dtf H. M. HKACKKNKlLFOb.
1I7AKTED.-By a Ldidy every way rumpctcnl
W to teach Music on the Piano Forte and
Guitar, a situation in soine Seminary south or
west, though tin former would he prefci red. She
has inurh experience in her profession, having
been employed in several of the most respectable
Seminaries. The most unquestionable references
guv-en as to character and capacity.
Any communication addressed, post-paid, to O.
P., Washing-ton city post-office, will be promptly
attended to. Feb. 19tf .
J. ATfVOOD, PORTRA IT PAIIfTKR,
WILL remain in Washington during-the sessio
of Congress. His Studio is in room No. 47,
| . basement of the Capitol. Feh. 4?tf
4'orner of Prnn. Avenue and 1-ltb street,
W ARHINGTOM, I). C.
IIKMIY A. W1L.LAHD, Proprietor.
T. P. At M. BROWN, PHOPKIKTOItS,
Pa. Avenue, between Atli and 7tli streets.
Wasmiwoton, D. C.
OKPIt K OK TRANSPORTATION.
Washington and Baltimore II. It. C'ompnn}-.
IJASSF.NGER TRAINS run as follows, vix
A From Washington at 6a. m., and 5 p. in. daily,
and ti in daily, t xo-pt Sunday.
From Baltimore at iii. m., and 6 p. m. daily,
and 9 a. m. daily, except Sunday.
' ? ? r- II m iicmvc iMn,
April Z1?UIJ I . 11. nn-miio, si?<
ALXXANDSIA , VIRGINIA.
fpIIEcoura? of study embraces the Ancient and
X the .Modern languages, MaUienutiri, and
Natural Science. Courses of lectures on Natural
Philosophy, < hnnistry, and Aatronomy, are dr
livered during the year. The achool-room, recitation,
and lecture-rooms are all handsomely furmalted.
The Institution ia supplied with a complete
Philosophical and (Chemical apparatus, and every
other requisite for thorough and extensive study.
Terms, for Itoard, washing, fuel and lights, with
tuition in Ivitin, Greek, and Mathematics, M
per annum. Kor further information address
Oct. 1?tf R L BROCKET!', Principal,
PHI I.I I' IIA ltrt?N K RY a I attend to any
business he may lie entrusted with before eithei
of the Courts of tins District; and will also attend
to the prosecution oi Claims belore Congress and
the Departments. Otbce on C street.
MOHNK-a IKI.Kdlt \ PH.
Messages sent through In half a minute I
rpHE MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY
X owning the old line of truly American Telegraph
between the cities of Washington and New
York, have now in oneeation four w ires, wlm h ar<
working-, by a tingle manipulation at each terini
nua, between the offices of the Company on Penn
ejlvania avenue, in Washington, and at the cornei
ol Hanover and Beaver atrerta, New York, and a
all the intermediate stations. Any meaeage left a
the oftirea of thia Company in Washington, Haiti
more, Havre de Grace, Wilmington, Pniladelphia
Trenton, Princeton, New Hrunawick, Newark, Jer
aey City, or New York will have prompt despatch.
Thia line connects with all the Morse linea north
south, eaat and west.
The operations of thia Company are net interrupted
by rain storm*
All business entrusted to this Oimpuny will Im
considered strictly confidential, and wi.l l>e promptly
attended to. H. B TRENCH,
President of the Magnetic Telegiaph Company.
OLDEN IKIKKV't NEW UKA MM A H KOII
Germans to learn English.
Oehlechlager's Dictionary for Germans to learn
Adlar'a German and English Dictionary, I vol.
Eichhorn's German Grammar.
I (Igi-ther with all the lateai and be?t Test M-ki
for the study of Foreign languages,
For sale by TATLOH A MAURY,
Aug 6 t Booksellers, near ?th at.
UNIVERSITY OK MARYLAND.
rpHE NEXT SESSION will lfegin on Monday,
X the Nth day of October, libO, and close 1st
Nathan K. Smith, M. I) , Surgery.
Win. E. A. Aiken, M. I)., Chemistry and Pharmacy.
Samuel Chew, M. D., Therapeutics, Materia
Med ica and Hygiene.
Joseph Roby, M. !)., Anatomy and Physiology.
William Power, M. D., Theory and Practice of
Richard II. Thomas, M. D., Midwifery and Diseases
of Women and Children.
George W. Miltenbergcr, M. D., Pathological
The most ample opportunities for the prosecution
of Practical Anatomy at a mode rate expense.
Clinical Lectures four times a week, by Professors
Smith and Power, in the llaltimorc Infirmary;
with the privilege of daily visits to its wards, with
out charge to tlie Student lor the ticket.
F?cs for'the Lectures, $90 to 95; Practical Anatomy,
$10; Matriculation, $5; (inclination, $20.
WILLIAM E. A. AIKEN, Dean.
Daltimohk, July 1st, 1851).
T1IK CULI,KUK OK ST. JANKS, WASI1wc1ton
The diocesan college of the proTESTA
NT BPiSCOPALCHURCH. -Tfaenintb
annual session will open on Monday, Oct. 7, 1850,
and continue till tlie next "commencement day,"
the last Thursday in July, 1851. New students are
recommended to enter at the opening of the session,
hut arc received at any time they apply, and
the charge is estimated from the date of their entrance.
The College has the usual number of classes, affords
all the opportunities of a complete education,
and, at the successful termination of the collegiate
course, confers on its graduates the usual academical
The Gbammab School, immediately adjoining
the College and under the supervision of the Rector,
hut under distinct discipline, receives laiis at
the beginning of their academical course, and prepares
them for the collegiate classes. The over
sight and direction 01 the I'roicssors 01 tne college
secure a pecialad vantages to the pupils in tlic Graminar
In the Mercantii.e Classfs, the study of the
Greek language is omitted, and its place supplied
by additional studies in modern languages, bookkeeping,
'Ine location of the College is entirely healthful,
and, by its distance from towns and villages, very
favorable to good morals and order.
The whole annual charge, the same in the College
and Grammar school, for the session of ten
months, is two hundred and twenty-live dollars,
payable semi-annually, in advRncc.
Application tube made to
JOHN B. KERFOOT, Rector,
College of St. James post office, Md.
Commission Paper Warehouse, No, 3 south
Charles street, Baltimore,
HAVE for sale AMES'S fine ami superfine letter
Paper, blue and white, ruled and plain ;
fine and superfine Foolscap, blue and white, ruled
j and plain; f olio Post, Packet Post, llat Cap, double
, Cap, Envelope Paper, &c.
BUTLER'S fine, superfine, and first-class Letter
! Papers; blue-wove, white-wove, and blue-laid,
| ruled and plain Packet Post; Commercial Post;
I Folio Post, Foolscap, blue-wove, and white-wove,
and blue-laid;flat Cap, Demy, Medium, and Koyui
Led e'er Pancrs. Bank-note Pancr, iic.
111 HH A k D'S tine and superfine Letter Paprr,
blue, white, ami assorted colors; fine and sum ' fine
flat Cap. blue and white Demy, Medium, Kuyal,
and Super-royal Ledger Papers; Medium, Superroyal,
and double Cup Cover papers: glazed Sledium,
Folio Post, Envelope Paper, Blotting Paper,
Packet Post, &c.
HUDSON'S fine and superfine Foolscap, blue
and white, ruled and plain; line and superfine Let
ter Papers, blue-wove, white-wove, and bluc-laiu
Pa. ket Post, (liand made,) Note Paper, &c.
KINO'S superfine Letter Papers, blue and white,
ruled and plain; Nus. _ and 1 F?iblacap, blue and
white, ruled ami plain; fiat Cup Nue. 1 and 4, Demy
and Medium ledger I'ajiera, blue and wiute,
Folio Post, &c.
OWEN At Ill'RLBUT'S fine and superfine Letter
Papers, blue and white, ruled ami plain; fine
and superfine FooUenp, blue ami white, ruled aud
plain, flat Cap Envelop*' Paper, Arc.
PLATNEK At SMITH'S tine and superfine Letter
Papers, blue and w bite, ruled and plain; Commercial
Post, Pa. ket Post, Folio Post, Ate.
Cbane A Co.'a, Di< key A Lysle's, Cutler's,
Jones At Itro.'s, Kendall's South worth Manilla* luring
Co., Orcen it Flcmming's, aud other Writing
Papers; liindera, Trunk and Bonnet Boards; llanlware
Paper; Patent Envelope, Cloth, Tea, Tissue,
ov.-l Pi intincr purmr' Printinir Wrifiinr. ; i i 11 In.
delihle INK; Bleaching Powders; Enamelled,
Ivory surface and colored CARDS; Letter and Note
TO Pit I NT ICRS?A KAIIK CHANCE.
rYNHE M ItM Itllth.H, w iiblB| ' . uher
X business, oilers for rale the Sullivan County
IHir printing establishment at a very low price.
The II /iik haa been published six year*, and already
haa a circulation of nearly eighthundred
paying rutiecribcrs. Ita advertising patronage la
belter than that of most country papera, and the
office haa a liberal run ol job printing. The prctw
ia a Washington No. 4 lmp< rial, of Taylor'* mandfacturc,
and ia nearly new. 'I'be type and other
material are at good aa can lie found in a majority
of country offices, and all tl>at ia required fur the
business. The county is bordered by the New
York and Erie railroad on one side, and is one of
the most growing and prosperous of the southern
tier. It has now a population of nearly 3d,INK), being
an increase of onc-tbird in the last ten years. For the
past five years the official patronage has been in the
hands of the Whigs, and the prospect is lair of its
continuing so to be. Only one other paper (Locofoco)
is published in the county, and that is located
fifteen miles farther west. To a practical printer,
or any person possessing the means, this offer affords
a rare opportunity lor investment, as the puh
lie patronage is rapidly ine reusing, and the prosperi
of making money never ticttcr than now.
A? it in the w ?ah of the undersigned to make immediate
nnlr, thone desiring to pun base would do
well to communicate w ith him on thrnuhjeet without
delay; and any further information that may
1 be desired will lie readily given.
It being the object of the subscriber to sell, a fair
and reasonable oiler will meet with acceptance, am1
the trrim of payment made eany.
Addi ran JOHN W. HASBROUCK,
Blooiningburgh, Mew York.
July 15, 1*60. July 'JO
HOlMK Kt HNIIIIInd DRY OOOI1S.
13 H HOOK CO., Market Spar r, between 7th
A and *th etrreta, have now in store a full and
complete aaaortment of the following:
Tapeatry Velvet, Tapeatry Brussels, Knglinh
' Brussels. Step Brussels, Imperial Three Ply, suprr'
hoe Ingrains, fine and common ingrains. Twilled
Venetians, (ail widths,) Plain Venetians, (all
widths,) printer! Druggets, haiae Crumb Cloths,
braaa Stair Rods. Chemie and Tufted Bugs, supe
riur riwi v/u viuujb, immii o ?u 1001 111 wiuwi,
which will be cut to fit any ahapNl passage or hall;
white and colored Canton Mattings.
Curtain de Lainee and Damasks, Ijics and Mua
lin Curtains, embroidered Curtain Mualina, Taaael
Loops, Gimps, Ac., Linen Sheetings?all widths;
Table Damask* and Napkins, Pillow and Bolster
Linens, Damask and Itu> krbark Towela, white
1 and colored Marseille* t^uilta, white Counterpanea,
' frotn 91 60 up; cloth Table ami Piano Covera,
worated darnaak Piano Covera; white and colored
> Furniture Dimity, Furniture ChinUea, Scotch and
Kuaaia Diapera, bonarwife and family Linens, lied
Hlanketa?great variety; crib Blanket* and limits,
Together with every other article in their line;
all of which they arcanaioua to close with the season.
[Union] June 20
ri'HK HKIt It KH or Til K MOI NTAIMCKIt
X OK T IIK ATI.AH. A Tale Morocco, l?T
Wm. 8 Mayo, M. I)., Author ol Kaloolah. 1 vol.
Aug 17 rRAWCK TAYLOB
tJMIK MAd'l llktll. n v.e.,1 .[ I, I !:
X Hankers;" a Tale of Sea shore Life,
i Sketches of Greece and Turkey ; by Aubrey de
Vere, esq. 1 vol. FKANCK TAYLOR.
f|>IlAVKI>8 If* Ct'BA, with Notices of Porto
i X Rico and the Slave Trade, by David Turnbull,
esq., M. A ^ 1 vol. 8vo., London.
TAYLOR A MAURY,
Auf It Booksellers, near 9th street,
FOR SEPTEMBER, I860.
J. \V. MAURY & Co., MANAGERS.
BRILLIANT I .OTTER V.
40 prizes of # 1,000.
Tickets only 10 Dollars.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of Monongalia Academy,
Class No. 100, for I860.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, the
17lli of September, 1 S50.
MOST BRILLIANT SCHEME!
1 prize of $60,000
I do 30,0(H)
1 do 20,000
1 do 10,0(H)
1 do 4,000
1 do 2.200
40 prized of 1 .(HH)
40 do 500
be. k.c. tic.
76 number lottery?13 drawn ballot*.
Ticket* & 10?Halves $'5?Quarters #2 00.
Certificates ol package* of 20 Whole tickets, $ 130 IM)
Do do 2b Half do 6.3 00
Do do 26 (Quarter do 32 50 f
onn pri*M of t .OOOi 1
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of Monongulia Academy,
Class No. 103, for 1850,
Tube drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday,
September 14, 1850.
1 prize of $54,000
1 do 20,181
1 do 15,000
1 do 10,000 ?
1 do 8,000 !
1 do 7,000 I
1 do 0,000 <
1 do 6,000
1 do 4,000 1
1 do 2.102 1
lOprizesof 2,000 1
200 do 1,000
&c. Ac. &c.
Tickets $15?Halves #7 50?Quarters $3 75?
Eighths $1 87i.
Certificates of packages of 26 Whole tickets $200 00
Do do 26 Half do UK) 00 1
Do do 26 Quarter do 50 00
Do do 26 Eighth do 25 IK)
$s 15,000! $14,000!
ic. nf a i iiiin i
V v ,
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
Fur the benefit of Monongalia Academy,
Class No. 106, fwr 1850,
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday,
September 21, 1850.
1 prize of # 40,(MX)
1 do 15,000
1 do 14,000
1 do 8,412
i do : .'i.ooo
5 prizes of ,. 1,500
5 do 1 250
75 do 1.000
75 (lowest 3 No. prizes) 500
Ac. Ac. Ac.
Tickets only #10?Halves #5?Quarters #2 50.
Certificates of packagesof 26 Whole tickets #140 00
Do do of 25 liulf do 70IX)
do do of 25 (Quarter do 35 1X1
#26,667 ! #20,000! #I0,IH*I!
100 prizes of #1,000!
100 do. of 500!
14 drawn numbers out of 75 !
VIRGINIA /STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of Monongalia Academy,
e ini, iui i -.w,
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday,
September *2*th, 1*50.
1 aplendid prize of #70,001
1 do *26,567
1 do '20,000
I do 10,000
100 prize* of 1,000
100 do 300
&c. tic. &(?.
Whole Ticket* ?'20?Halve? #10?Quarter* ?5?
Eighth* #2 60.
Certificate* of packagcaof *25 whole ticket* ?210 00
Do do *25 half do 120 00
l)o do 23 quarter do 60 00
Do do 25 eighth do 30 00
Order* fur Ticket* and Share* and Certificate* of
Package* in the above Splendid l?ttcrie* w ill receive
the ino*t prompt attention, and an otlicial account
of each drawing cent, immediately after it i?
over, to all who order from u*.
Addrc**: J. At C. MAL'RV, Agentt,
Aug '24 Alexandria, I'a.
n.w K%S< BOUT < oLueai
Vndcr the control qf llnhop Otry and Convention qj
the I'roteelant Kpurojial Church.
' nPHE next aeaaion w ill b< gin on the firat Monday
J in September. Profeaaor M*cleo<l l* head ol
the houaenold; and will fully carry out the plan*
by which it ia proposed to make a quiet, rofined,
and alle< Inmate home-circle, promotive alike ol
moral, mental, and pliy*ical culture. In the ctudyhall
and the play-ground, in the dormitoric*, at
table ami in the parlor, < oiiatant attention will
he paid to the hnhil* and innnner* of the aludenl*;
and no pain# will be. ana red to aupply, a* far a* poa ihle,
all the tender otiiece of a parent.
Boarding, lodging, washing, mending, fuel, '
light*, and tuition in all the < laeeo*, Engli.h, Mathi
iiiatu al and (.'laanical. Modern language*, &< ., j
9'JdO h year, payable half-yearly in advance, one- I
half on the firal of September, and one-half on the '
fimt of February.
Pupil* may tx entered at any time, and will be
1 Vacation?the month* of July and Auguat.
Kt. Kev. Jar II. Ot?v, I). I)., President.
Akpiiw J. Polk, eaq., Aaliwreal, Maury co.
Jamcr Walkkb, e*q., Columbia, do.
Ki'v. K. II. Okchhiy, AahwoiNi Kectory, do.
Jan 2 TriMitea
OKOROE M. RliE, OlKnlkf at tow*
OFFERS hia professional service* in the Supreme
Court of the I'nited States, the Circuit and Or- |
nhan's court* for the District of (Ailuinbia, rlaun*
before the Court of Comimaaioneri under our treaty ,
with Mexico, and in claim* upon the Treaaury. 1
Offlct corner of F and 9th mreet*, opposite we*t end I
of Patent Office souare; entrance from cam aide of
9th street. Sept. 19?if
* ? r.n. i.ens..* H Rnoivr
COOK At SAKWK.VT,
GENERAL LAND AGENTS,
Corner of Main and Second Street*,
June 30?dtf I
SOTICIt TO CLAIMANTS AGAINST MRXICO,
I'NDKK TIIK THKATl OK Ail KKIIHt
Orrict or th- ''?>mMieaiosrae, )
J one 'IS, 1S.S0. J
AT THE SITTING of tliia day, th. following order
waa made: "Ordered, 1 hat llie Secretary
cauae notice to he pubiiahrd in the National Intelli
fencer, Republic, and Union newiMpera, that no i
memorial will l?e received by the Hoard after the
tirat day of February nest, unleaa for apecial reaaona
ahown, which niuat be verified by affidavit; |
and that ail laaea where ineinoriala have been re- i
I ccivcd but not yet decided, be act down for hearing
' on the firat Monday in I>eceinber neit; and if fur
I ther delay in any caac be wanted, a motion in writ|
ing to that effect must be aubmitted on or before
j that day, aetting forth the reaaona for auch delay."
Claimant* will pleaae receive, accordingly, the
notice conveyed by the recital ol the foregoing or
der. EDWARD WM, JOHNSTON.
Secretary to the Comtmaaion
July T wtlitFeb
S lIO lI ll 1.1 l(VAlkl
OR THE REMOVAL AND PKIMA VENT CORE OP ALL
PISKARES ARISING PROM AS' IMPURE STATE OP THE
II LOOP | OR IIA HIT OF THE SYSTEM, VIZ:
Scrofula, or /ting'* Foil. HlitruinnHtm, Obstinate
Cutaneous FirupUons, Pimples, or Pustule* on tie
Face, Blotches, Hilt*, Chronic Sore hhjes, limn
I Conn or '/'titer, Scald 1/eud, Dnlargi incut and
Fain of the Hone* and J.tut*, Stubborn Ulcer*,
Syphilitic Symptom*, Sciatica or I.uinbugo, and"
Diseases anting from un injudicious use of Mercury;
Ascites, or Dropsy, Exposure or Imprudence
in Life. Also Chronic Ojnstiiulional Disorder*
will he removed by this /'reparation.
The value of ttiis preparation is now widely
tnown, and every day (lie ffehl of its usefulness id
xtending. It is approved and highly recommended
by Physicians, and is admitted to be the most
powerful and searching preparation from the root
dial has ever been employed in medical practice.
I'he unfortunate victim of hereditary disease, with
iwollcn glands, contracted sinews and bones half
carious, has b. en restored to health and vigor. The
scrofulous patient, covered with ulcers, loathsome
to himself and lo his attendants, has bcctl made
whole. Hundreds of persons, who had groaned
hopelessly for years under cutaneous and glandular
disorders, chronic rheumatism, and many other
complaints springing from a derangement of the
secretive organs and the tirculaiiun, have been
raised as it were from the rack of disease, and now,
with regenerated constitution.;, gladly testily to the
efficacy of this inestimable picparation.
The following certificate tuun Colonel Sanmel G.
Taylor, a gentleman ol liigl standing and exleuiive
acquaintance through the-souihcrn Stated, and
lately appointed consul to New GtanaJa, commends
itself to the attention jf all.
New Volk, January 7, lSJh.
Messrs. A. H. A. D. Sands; Gkntle.mkn ;?Having
used, and witness -d the effects of your excellent
preparation of Sarsapari.la on different persona
in various parts of the southern country, viz; Virginia,
Isiuisiana, Texas, am: Mexico, 1 feel much
pleasure in staling the Itigl: opinion entertained of
its great medicinal value. In my own case it acted
almost like a charm, removing speedily the enervated
state of the system, and exciting in the most
agreeable manner a tonic aid invigorating influence
Your Sarsaparilla is highlyapproved and exten- I
sively used by the United hi:,in ai my in Mcxi. o, J
and 111 y cousin, General Z lnry Taylor, has for j
the past five years I-ecu in tlie iiabitof using it, and
recommends the same ; he ami mysell adopted the
article at the same time, and it is now considered
an almoat indispensable requisite in tlie army. In
conclusion 1 would say, thu: the better it is known
the more highly it w ilt In- priced, and 1 trust that
For lire Consul General of France,
l. wto, vie* ci?ui; |
The following' interesting c-jme is presented, and
the reader invited to its > nreful pei us.il. Comment
on such evidence is unneceiuia-y.
Naw Yoik, April 2f>, IM7.
Messrs. Saj?D8?Gentlemen: Having long been
afflicted with general debility, wrakneo, I""* of
appetite, itc., receiving no l>ei? fit from the various
remedies prescribed, I eonduded, about three
months since, to make uae of your 8srsap.iiilia. I
now have the pleasure of iiiforiiing you that its effects
have lieen attended w ith the happiest results
in restoring my health, and I ?m induced to add
my testimony to the many other-, you alrrady pos
sere; and to those desiring further information, I
will pe-snnally give the particulars of my case,
and the effects of this invaluable medicine,by calling
at !">:> Bowery, New York.
Yours respectfully, JANKT McINTOSH.
This certifies that Miss .Ian. t M.lntosh is known
to mc a member of the church, in good standing,
and worthy of confidence. J. 8. bPK.NCKR,
Pastor of Second Pres. Church, Brooklyn.
Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, by A.
B. h: 1) SANDS, Druggists audi herniate, 10(1 Fulton
street, corner of William, N? a York. Sold
also by Druggists generally throughout the I nit< d
Slates and Canadas. Price qI 1 per tailtlc; si* bottlcs
For sale by Chaucer StoTT k Co.; also, R. S.
Pa rTsssox, Washington, D. C.
Aug II ? eodtr-wllteuwtt?. t hi
I.AH HlHOOl, OP IIAItVARD CObWi
( A 31 Kit IIX-K l?l
r|MIIS Institution aflor.U a coinplrte course of leI
era 1 eilm al 11,11 lm tin fl.ir III aii\* of the Cllitcd
States, excepting only matters of merely local law
and practice; and also a systematic course of in true
tion in Commercial Law for thoae whopropoae
to engage in Mercantile pursuit*.
The Law Library, which is constantly incrraa
ing, contain* now about M.'tOU volume*. It inclinics
a very complete collection/Of American and
Lngltsh Law, anil the principal work* ol the Civil
and other 'oreign Law It l? open to *tudrnU, and
warmed and lighted lor their u*e during both term*
The firat term of caih academical year begin* in
the lael week of August, anil the second T< t*n in
the laat week of February; each term continues
twenty week*. Student* are admitted at any period
ot a term or vacation. Tht free are jf.Mla
Term, and yj& lor half a Term. For thia sum student*
have the u*o of the Law library and text
books, and of the College Library, arid may attend
all the courses of publu lecture* delivered le the
undergraduate* of the University.
The instructor* of the I-aw !*cbool are Hon. Jott
Paskkr, LL. I)., Hoyal Pruf??*or; Hon. Thkophilv*
Pa**on?, LL. I)., I>ane Prufcaaorj Hon. Fainaaica
II Allsk, University Profeaaor, and Hon.
LvthirS. Cu*htno, Lecturer upon Parliamentary
l-aw, the Civil Law. and Criminal laaw. Instruction
i* givan by In ture*. recitation#, and examination*,
and Miart Court*.
For lar'her lnlormauon applii ation may lie mad*
to cither of the luatrurtors.
JAKKI) 8PAKKS, President.
CAMtatnot, Feb, ||,iihi>.
From the Boston Transcript of Aug. 31.
Prvfcanor Webster? Further facts at lite
The countcnaiice of Professor Webster in death
was Bercno and even pleasant in its expression;
exhibiting no discoloration or sign of distortion. 1
The genial, beaming smile, with which he was
wont to encounter a friend, seemed to have just
passed over it and left its trace. Soon after the '
body was cut down. Dr. Putnam repaired to Cambridge
to communicate intelligence of the execu- |
tion to the, bereaved family. For some days, '
through the vague communication of a friend, they ;
hud been anticipating that each interview with the
prisoner might be the last ; although they left the
cell and the jail on Thursday, not supposing that ,
the execution would take place the next day. As
they entered their carriage, however, they noticed
a bustle about the jail, and the assembling of a
crowd, from which they drew dreadful auguries of
the. imminence of the fatal event; and when the ;
visit of Dr. Putnam was announced yesterday j
morning, they at once knew that all waa'.yi r. We '
drop the curtain ever the scene of domestic an- ! ,
guish thai ensued. It was not unrelieved by hopes '
that the fallier and husband had deeply and sincerely
repented of his crime; and that the bitter- j i
iiras of death was alleviated by sincere religious i
preparation and prayer to the Most High.
Dr. Putnain having inquired of the prisoner yes- | 1
terday morning, before the religious exercises in i
the cell, whether there were any points he would (
like to have touched upon in the prayer, Professor j t
Webster replied that there were two which it would t
bo agreeable to his feelings to have introduced; t
one was, that the hearts of liis fellow-men might be ! i
softened towards liiin afier lie w as gone; the other j
that every consolation from heaven for the suffer- | i
ing lie had inflicted might be vouchsafed to the j
family and relatives of the late Dr. Parkrnan. In
its health-restoring virtues will make it generally
known throughout the In stil aud breadth of our
widely extended country.
Yours, very reaj>ei Ifullv, S. TAYLOR.
I . S. Consul to New liranada.
REMARKABLE CUKE OF BRONCHITIS.
New York, February 17, ISS.
Messrs. Sands: Having' suffered many years :
with a disease of my throat, affecting the larynx, '
during which time 1 was treated Ly the most distinguished
physicians in Europe and the United
States, without receiving any permanent benefit,
but all the tiinc my general health and strength
dv< lining, and the disease ma long fearful pmgrt ss;
cauatii- applications were used, nnd whatever else
was thought most efficient for producing a cure; :
but I am confident that the deplorable situation I
wai in, uk' laryngitis itiul' m imiip mi'u ?iui
phthisis and great difficulty 111 breathing, would
toon have terminated my life, had 1 not obtained
relief through the medium of your invaluable Sursnparilia.
I must suy, g-ntlctnen, when 1 commenced
using the Knrjnpanlla I did not place much
confidence in it* virtues; and fiis will not aurpriae
you, when you are informed 1 had tried more than '
fifty different remedies during ihr past four years, :
without any success; but after aking your Sirsaparilla
a few weeks, I was obiifed at ?.-t to yield
to evidenre. This inarvelloui specific has not only
relieved, but cured ine; and I therefore think it j
my duty, gentlemen, for thr benefit of suffering
humanity, to give you this alt'station of my cure. J
Vours, very truly, l>. I'diKNT.
Consulate of France in the United Statu.
The above statement and lignature were ac- j
knowlcdgcd in our presence ty Mr. D. Parent as
trie interview uciorc toe prayer rroteasor Webster I
alluded to his hope of meeting* in the world to ' i
which he waa about to pujs in spirit a tenderly be- I i
loved child, who died some years since. He con- 'i
versed wilh perfect eoinposure on various subjects, ! ,
mostly of a relig-ious nature. ,
During* the walk to the gallows the conversation i
was maintained mostly by Dr. Putnam, whose ob- j ,
jeet it was to keep ttic prisoner's thoughts so occu- , (
pied with sacred things, that die appalling speeta- i
ele around should not eause him to quail. Hut the
prisoner was firm to the last. Not a nerve shivered.
To Dr. Putnam's remark, "Do not regard
any thing about you?do not look," as they entered
the area, and approached the gallows, lie replied,
"I do not; my thoughts are elsewhere."
All the while the death-warrant was being rep.d, ,
Dr. Putnam kept up a cheering conversation with
him, and the prisoner responded calmly and ap- |
proprlately. it would have been difficult to prescribe
a demeanor more becoming, under the cir- ,
cumstances, than that which lie exhibited, or to
have invented words more suitable than those he
uttered. Dr. Putnam plied him with remarks to [
keep his thoughts in the right direction, and to
prevent any pause during which he might quail. J
The prisoner gratefully seconded these humane efforts,
hut without any Hurry of spirits or qcrvcus !
agitation. Dr. Putnam continued near, conversing
with him, while the officers tied the prisoner's j
arms and l<*.r-i, while the noose was adjusted round
his neck, and while the black cap was put on ' nor ]
did he retire from his immediate vicinity till just
as the fatal drop was about to descend. The |
Hushed appearance of the prisoner's face and the
effusion of tears wi re produced apparently by the i
premature and momentary tightening of the rope, \
and not, as some supposed, by agituli.,n. The last
audible words of Professor Webster, as the cap
was drawn over his face, were: "Fatueii, into
Toy HANDS I COMllUND m v spibit !"
One of our contemporaries -lutes, that the spot ac
ki ted for the gallows was that where it would be
1 roost conspicuous to the multitude. Directly the
contrary of this is the truth. It waa the object of
: Mr. Andrews to place it u here it would be us little
, conspicuous as po-siblc. With regard to the state- 1
- mr-nl lti?t flu* nridnnnr l?i.*4 n ri,rl,f in , Lim till I I
o'clock yesterday, ?c hMrc learned, (hat there WM
: nn special rig-lit on the piisoncr's part after "S o'clock,
' the lirat hour mentioned in ihcdeath warrant. The
1 wish of the prisoner, ns expressed, the evening be- |
! fore, both to Sheriff Kvelctband Dr. Putnam, was
(hat the execution might be a* nroinpt as possible.
He said that he would be reaoy at any moment
alter * o'clock. This request the Sheriff observed
so far as the convenience and decorum of the occa
sion would allow.
For some days before h:s death, Professor Webster
'a favorite reading, neat to the Hible, was in
(t'hanning's Works, lie also found much to soothe
him and gratify his religious and literary taste in
Bowring't " Matins and Vespers," and in Longfellow's
Collection of llytnns. lie made presents of
the last-named works, with appropriate passages
marked in them, to various friends. The body wi,
taken to tbe house of Mrs. Webster, in Cambridge,
last night. The funeral will take place early torn
ii row morning, the services licitig performed at
the house by the Rev. Dr. Walker.
Letter from Proftssor Webster to Ilev. I>r.
Francis Park man.
The following letter, coinmunlcatcd fir the 7Vanferiftl
of this day, was addressed by Profosor Webster
to tbe Rev. Dr. Packman, and a copy retained
in the possession of the foriin r, w hich he confided
to a friend with permission to make such disposition
of it as he might see tit, after his u? li decease.
We mention this in order that the gentleman to
whom the letter wns addressed, may not be suspected
of having disregarded the request which it
Boston, August f, 1*^50.
Riv.bi. Pabbman?Dear Sit. I cannot leave this
woild in the peace of mind for which I pray, without
addreasing you as the head of that family
which I have so deeply injured and atUioled, to
make known to you and them the hitter anguish of
soul, the sincere contrition and penitence I have
felt at having been the cauie of the affliction under
which you and they have been called to mourn. I
ran oil. r no excuse for my wicked and fatal ebullition
of passion but what you already know, nor
would I attempt to palliate it. I have never, until
tbe two or three last interviews with your brother,
felt towards him any thing but gratitude for his
many acts of kindness and friendship. That I
should have allowed the feelings excited on thoec
i oc< anions to have overpowered me ao as to involve
the life of your brother, and my own temporal and
eternal welfare, I can even now hardly realize.
I may not receive from you forgiveness in thia
world, yet 1 cannot hut hope and Itclicvc yon will
think of me with companion, and rrinrmler me
in your prayer* to linn who will not turn away
from the humble and repentant. Ilad I many
live*, with what joy would I lay them all down,
could I, in the -least, atone for the injuiy I have
done, or alleviate the ultiiction I have canned; hut
I can now only pray lor lorjjpvrneas tor myaelf and
for every conatilation and bit minjr upon every inemtier
of your tamily. Injustice to thoae ilea real to
inc, I k(j to arnnire you, and 1 entreat you to be
licve me, no one of my family had thr slightest
doubt ol my entire innocence up to the moment
when the contrary vn communicated to thrtn
Dr. Putnam That they have your sincere pity
and aympalhy I feel aaatired. 'fhere D no family
towards every member of which I hat-e Hlwaya
felt a greater decree of respect and regard than
that of which you aro now the head, from more
than one 1 have reieived repeated acta of friend*
shin arid kindness, for whh h I have ever her n and
am moat truly grateful.
Toward* yourself in particular have not only my
own f?-< ling* l>e< n thoar of the most sincere regard
and gratitude, hut every individual <?f my family
haa lrIt toward* you that you were thrir putor and
friend. Often ha* iny wife recalled the interest you
took in her from her first beeomingyour pari*h-oner.
anil often ha* ahe tpoken, with feeling* of deep gratitude,
of the influence of your public ministration*
and of your private instruction* and convereation*.
and of your direction of her iuquiriea and reading in
what related to her religioue viewa. These she ha*
olten reealled and referred to a* having firmly establi*hed
the religious faith and truet which are
now auch source* of consolation and support to her
and our children, a* well n? to myself. Nothing
thai liaa occurred haa weakened tlime feeling*, an<1,
although thoee I leave lieliind me may not meet
you without the keenest anguish, I lru*t you will
exonerate them from any participation in, or knowledge
of, the fathei'a tin, up to the moment I have
mentioned, and may you remember them in your
prayer* to the Father of the fatlierle**, and the widow'*
I beg you, my dear air, to consider thin strictly a
private letter, and by no m?M to give it publx ity;
At the snine time I will request you to m?ke known
to the immediate members of your lainily the state
of my feeling* and my contrition.
That every consolation and blessing may be |
vouchsafed to yourself and every member of your
family, is the heartfelt prayer of
Voura, moat r cspeetfnlly,
(Signed) J. W WEB8TER.
The (>i Itutala,
An interesting lett< r from Asia in the New y'ork
Huanntliil apeak* thua of the traveller'* experience
" I ain in another world?and not a new world ;
but aa I ride out every evening I aee the wreck of a 1
nation hundred* of year* older than Christianity.
I ree the. river that Mowed through Paradise ; and '
ao in our street* venerable gray beards daily present I
themselves, like fragment* from the wrecks of the
oldest horu of nation*. I see tunny a Cain, and
there comes along now and then stately figures,
like Nimrod, the mighty hunter; or like him who
sold hi* birthright. I seem to have dealings with i
the brethren of Joseph; and while Abraham has i
not appeared to tne, yet many a Lot walks Is:fore i
inc. Aly Arab steed was sold to me by leluuacl
himself, in all the rich and graceful costume of a
wealthy child of the desert. On the whole, howPihtr
1 littler I hit t I tliinlr t Kh xjt.uHv ht?v??
- riutrf hum thr c?rtbruiri t! at the specimens 1 sec
of antediluvian uiul patriarchs! men mul manners,
are ccrlain lewd fellows of the baser sort.'
" I ain in a world from which woman is guarded
snd excluded. I see, indeed, certain veiled forms
passing' through the streets, and now- and then
aright eyes Hash quickly, hut there is no woman, i
jut only many beasts of burden, (tearing- upon hunan
forms huge donkey loads of straw and grass, I
md weeds and brush, and besides these a few c
aged birds, taught that they have no souls, anil i
hat paradise is not for them. Alas, who shall find a
i woman here conscious of her birthright, pure t
md upright, hearing an sngelic impress upon her t
features, and walking right on up tlic narrow patli *
lo the portals of glory ! I
" I am in another world. Every thing is turned t
wrong side out?mothers cqver their facet, and go r
barefoot, whjlc their tittle children run naked t
thiough ihe streets. The rear of the house is thrown
upon the street, and the public garden and trees
are in the centre of private dwellings. We live
jut of doors in open ' lewans;' we make ' aurdttubs'
ar summer retreats in tlic cellar; uur parlors and
the housetop our bed-piom. Indeed, I so far exced
(tje pativea, that 1 put my horse in an old
jven to sleep. Should 1 enter your sanctum as 1 i
now am, with a glaring red Turkish cap, with itd
gay blue tassels, and dignitied with a beard of six i
months' standing, 1 think you would gather WP |
your papers, and perhaps turn tnc into tbc streets l
as insane, and 1 should fare qu better from the
crowd when there. i
"This ii a tMw world. Has not the Tigris been
running since Adam cultivated Eden, and yet it i
it has not passed by. Why should we hurry? E'l
the porr people born yesterday in American woods
bustle and make baste to catch up with the stream
of time. To get ajty thing done is like digging to
the central earth and laying foundations ior the Alps
and Itocky mountains. To get at the deed of
to-day I must go hack to Noah, at least, and traee
the race down. 1 needed a huuso~a simple matter?
when hundreds ace going to ilocay. O simpleton,
look again! The approval of the bishop is
requisite, and his reverence was not disposed to
tolerate my stay in Mosul?anathemas hang like
the mountain storm. Wo to the luckless blacksmith
dial dares lift a hammer for inc. Wo to the wit
less carpenter that shall draw the plane. Wo' wo!
wo! to the wight who shall-rent a house?and so
render his sold forever portion less! Treaties are to
be formed?council; to be held?and moving with
the ponderous roll of a world creaking upon its
ruaty a?le, the affair moves on?a month of negotiation'.
Finally, I find my house and propose my
terms. Four families are interested?they assemble,
fires fiash; there was not more pas.-don nor
words in u council of Jupiter and his Peers?but 1
was spared the hearing, and the result was favorable.
"Now, what had 1 to do but move in? Pause, American!
You have gone back nunc centuries, and
here men move, calculating upon at least the days I
of Mcthusuleh. m?t out the word 'go ahead' from
your vocabulary. Well, what next.' See, here are
donkeys in the best room, ami not a little hay,
straw, brush, stone, and other refuse. See, the
walls arc hare.
"Allow, at least, one week for cleansing and repairs!
Let me hire masons to complete the whole!
No, indeed. They will assent to no such terms.
You must buy lime for them, and when the work
is all done, then first will you know the cost. So
litne is bought and water to mix it from the well,
and each night you pay off all hands, beginning I
from the head to the least boy, quite in scriptural |
style; and notice, you pay even a certain toll lor the j
rope and bucket with which the water is drawn.
"The carpenter who comes to make the liook
shelves expects you to pay tl>? porter who brought !
his boards on his head and tiiouldera, instead ot a
wheelbarrow; and as lie sits at work, Hat on the
floor, notice how kantlily he uses his Icct for a sawhorse.
Y'ou can pay according to the number of
boards and time spent."
French Mode of Fishing,
General Dearborn, of Roxbury, has furnished the
Huston Courier with*an account of the "Bultow"
mode of fishing for cod, which was introduced by
the French into Newfoundland, and is now eaten
lively practised on Lakes Ontario, Erie, Huron,
and Superior, for taking the salmon-trout and other
large fish which abound in thoac waters. The account
is taken from a report on the Sea and River
Fisheries of New Brunswick, within the Gulf of
St. Lawrence and Hay of Chalcur, by M. II. Perley,
esq., of St. John, N. H , and will doubtless be 1
tead with interest by our own fishermen:
"The but tore is a long line, with hooks fastened ! (
along its whole length, at regular distances, by
shorter nnd smaller cords called snoods, which arc
six feet lor.g. and are placed on the long line twelve
feet apart, to prevent the hooks becoming entangled.
Near the hooks these snoods arc formed of
separate threads, loosely fastened together to guard
against the teeth of the fish. Ituuys, buoy-ropes,
nnd anchors, or grnpnels, are fixed to each end of
the line; nnd the lines are always laid, or, as it is
termed, 'shot' across the tide; for if the tide runs
upon the ends of the line the hooks w ill become entangled.
These 'set lines' have been some time in
use on the coast of Cornwall, in England, and the
mode is there called 'Huller* fishing. This mode
OI namng is mum prtcuiru uu inc- *rnuiui ui
Ireland, where it is called 'Spilliord' or 'Spillct'
"In a petition from the inhabitant* of Bryant's
Cove, in Newfoundland, to the legislature in 1*>4(>,
it ia elated that the Hollow' mode of fishing had
lieen introduced in that vicinity the prcvioui year, .
at first by a tingle line or'licet,* m it ia termed, [
of one hundred nooks; and tliia proved an successful
that, before the end of the aeaaon, aeventy five
'fleets' were uaed, aotne of thcin three hundred ]
fathoma long. The prtitioncra reprcaent that the
aet line,' or 'Hullow,' ia the licsl mode of fishing
ever Introduced into those waters, as being lesscxpensive
in outfit, and keeping boats in repair; that j
a 'si t-line' will last three years, and with some |
even longer; that the total expense of fitting out, |
with a gross of hooka, ia only fifty shilling*; ami
that it ia not moved during the season, except for
overhauling and hailing the hooka, until the fish
move out into deep water in the autumn.
"It was a common thing during thcaeason forone
and a half quintals of fish to be taken off a gross of I
hooks in the morning. The lines are overhauled J
and fresh baits nlaceilon the hooks every morning
and evening The petitioners then stale that 'like
all new inventions, the "set line,'or 'llullow,' has
to struggle against many hindrances from Igno- 1
ranee and bigoted attachment to the old method;
yet as your petitioners have endeavored to show,
the Jlultow has proved Itself what may be fully
termed the rooa man's ratsno.'
"For the rleep s> a fishery, the Hultow is of great
length. The French fishing veasels chiefly anchor
on the Grand riatik of Newfoundland, in about 4.'<
fathoms water; veer out 100 fathoms of cable, and
prepare to rati li Cod, with two lines, each 3.if*1
fathoms in length, (or nearly seven miles together.)
The hooks lietng (anted, the lines are neatly coiled
in half hnahel liavlrets rlrarT.ir runnlnir out. 1 he
baaUeta are placed in tan utrorif built lug- ??'!
boaia, and at three o'clock in the aftrrtvain, both
inake aail toother, nt rlg-ht anglea from the veaael,
on oppoaite (idea; when the tinea are run out <
trai/ht, they are aunk to within five feet of the
"At day break neat morning. the boata proceed to
trip the rlnker* nl the exlreinitiea of the linea, and
wlnle the crew ol each boat are hauling in line and
unhooking- f ah, the men on board hearein the other
enda of toe linea, with a winch. Inthia way four
hundred of the large Rank Cod are commonly taken
in a night. The French veaaela engnged in the
fiahery are Irotn lot' to 3tMI tona burthen. I'her arrive
on the O rand Hank from Franre early in June,
and on an average complete their eargoee in three
OKV1CU OV TI1U HEPUIILIC. I
NINTH BTKEfcT, I
m s a b pjtmkflylvania i v i If II i, I
w4mm row, d. c. i
Advertisements * ill tie lns.r t.-il in The Kbithnr. I
it the usual ratr? of the Other paper* published in I
A deduction will be made to those who advertise I
by the year. I
TUhi TRI-WKEKLY IlKI'1'UI.IC I
will EI ISSUED EVEEV I
TUESDAY, THURSDAY, AND SATURDAY. I
'ITIK wlKKLlf UKPl'BLIC I
Wir.T> RE Pl-RI ISHED EVCRV TlU Mn.e
mouths. In fine weather the largest class of ves
sels frequently run out three or four Hultows' in
different directions from the ship, and thus fish
10,000 fathoms or more of line, at one tinic, (over
eleven miles in length.)
" The French employ 360 vessels, with crews,
amounting to 17,000 men, in the Newfoundland
fisheries. Their annual catch of Cod averages .
I,'200,000 quintals. The government bounty is
aleven francs (over two dollars) perquintal, which
is fully the value of the fish. A French vessel for
Lhe Bank fishery, of 300 tons, has a crew of at least
10 men, ami from 7 to 0 heavy anchors, with ^OU
fathoms of hemp cable, and I or 5 large boats, ca
^able of standing heavy weather."
From the iVete KorA Morning Erjrrett.
Fiat eaoor ConDAoa.?To acommercial city like
New York, the discovery of any process which, by
mproving machinery, makes life more secure and
the transportation of merchandise less hazardous,
must be regarded with interest, and not only this,
but be adopted the instant its merits shall be made
apparent. Such a discovery has iieen made, we
think, by Professor J. 11. Johnson, now in this city,
rn route for Europe. Profoaaor Johnson now ofb-ra
to the let. of the t onr.u.ei cial interests of die world
specimens of cordage and wood which are incombustible;
nut utterly impervious to any and all degrees
of heat for auy length of time, but cordage
and wood whose structure will remain firm as long
as the iron that enters into the composition of ships
tml fire-proof safes.
The terrible wrecks of the Lexington, the Atantic,
the Griflith, and the thousund other uccilents
where valuable lives havu been wasted from
ni'fficieiit because perishable steering apparatus,
ind the untold losses of papers from (ire, when
heir possessors depended upon "safes," admonish
:very one ol trie value and the interest telt in the
tucces* uf such u discovery as the one now chulenging
the closest scrutiny. Measures have been
aken to secure the benefits of litis invention to its
author, and wc shall atteiupt to give some idea of
We may briefly say that the vegetable matter,
v he titer til wood, hemp, or cotton, ts first submitted
is a process which has tiic same effect upon it
ts is produced upon wood in a charcoal pit, l>y
covering it from the atmosphere while burning,
fins process, all know, produces a fuel deficient in
the most important property necessary for rapid
combustion, y ot capable of .making' a most intense
heat when burned tit a position where it can at<aorb
the uxygen withheld from it while burning in the
pit. This process of abstracting front vegetable
tibrc the element producing combustion so Ireely,
is very simple and cheap; but the inventor docs not
stop with simply reducing the elements for combustion,
hut, by another and equally beautiful process,
charges the fibre with elements that are utterly
opposed to combustion; a substance as impenetrable
to lire as iron, and at an expense which
will allow its application as well to the coarsest cutton
bagging as to the wheel-rope upon which so
alien depends a thousand lives.
No one who had witnessed the rav^ge^ of fire
can examine trie material and not feel that a remedy
has been found which, it It cannot place us in
complete control of fire, wilt enable us to check its
course, when, by lastctiiug upon the dresses of our
families and the cordage uf our ships, it may rob
is of all we hul-1 dear. Hy this process every fathom
if cordage and every yard of fabric from our looms
an be made fire-proof, at a cost so trifling as to
jc almost below computation. As a substitute for
run rudder-chains, which are so inconvenient, antf
stretches away, representing vividly the paa?
a<re of the little irinj. The dawn of the winter
day ia given with a most effective fidelity to n*.
ture. The conception ii the happie?t 1 know of for
an American historical pictorial subject. A line of
war-boats crossing at daybreak a broad river running
with floating ice, with the majratic figure of
Washington in uns new and expressive altitude,
preeenla an ensemble for the ranvaa aa new and
striking aa it ia picturesque. The composition ia
admirable, and the grouping of the figures full of
animation and ease The picture will lie an ornament
and an honor to our country. '
I'rx AS MAftttracTVatas ? The H?n Antonio
HVflrm 7Vran pnbliahea the charter granted by the
last Legislature, incorporating the Hc*ar Manufacturing
Company, and saye two citizens of that
place have subscribed #5,000 each towards the
stock of the cotnpahy.
A better location than San Antonio for cotton or
wool!e.n manufactures, says the Galveston Jmt'nal,
could not well be chosen. A pure and unfailing
stream, not subject to freshets, mid of sufficient volume
to give almost any amount of power, ia one
recommendation; and another, which ihe Ttxnn
does not mention, la the cheapnees of labor, which
ran lie supplied from the Mexican population of that
city. Surrounded with good cotton growing lands,
and the beat pasturage in the world for sheep, the
manufacture of either cotton or woollen goods, of
both, cannot fail to yield a profitable return,
A'lnoh slcimhouts refuse to adopt, this is all that
"ould be wished, and must for that purpose lie universally
used. Upon wood, for safes, its effects are
almost fabulous, and the fact will.hardly be credited
that u small turned box, tilled with papers, stood
the test of seven hours' tire in a sale, the iron of
which was either melted or burned out, leaving- the
wood as bright and the papers as clean as when
they came troin the turner's and the printer's hands.
The \orlh lintiali /ferine, in an article on the
Literary Profession, has these reflections on an rco
nonncal use of vitality among writers:
"Literary nten are sad spendthrifts, not only of
their money, but of themselves. At an age when
other men arc in the possession of vigorous farul
tics of mind and strength of body, they are often
used-up, enfeebled, and only capable ol effort under
the influence of strong stimulants. If a man
has the distribution of his own time?if his literary
avocations arc of (lint uature that they can he followed
at home?if they demand only continuous
effort, there is no reason why the waste of vital
energy should be greater in his case than in that
of the follower of any other learned profession.
A man soon discovert to what extent lie con
safely and profitably tax his powers. To do
well in the world he must economize himself no
lees than his money. Kesl is often a good investment.
A writer at one time is competent to do twice
as well as at another; and if his leisure be w> 11 employed,
the few hours of labor will be more productive
than the many, at the time; and the faculty
of labor will remain with bitn twice aa long.
Kcst and recreation, fresh air and bodily exercise,
arc essentia! to the author, and lie will do well
never to neglect them. Hut there are professional
writers who cannot regulate their hours of labor,
and whose condition of life it is to toil at irregular
limes and in an irregular manner. It is difficult,
we know, for thcin to abstain from using them
ncivrj up prcrrmiurciy. ntpcateu paruxyims ui
lever wear down the itronrat frame*; and man}
a literary man is compelled to live a life of fever, between
excitement and exhaustion of the mind.
We would counsel all public writer* to think welt
of the beat means or economising themaelvca?the
!m>*i mean* of *;>ending their time off duty. Rest
ami recrcutiun, properly applied, will do much to
counteract the destroying intluences of spasmodic
latmr at unseasonable hours, and to ward oil premature
decay. Hut if they apply excitement of
one kind to repair the ravages of excitement of
another kind, they must be content to live a life of
nervous irritability, and to grow old before their
A new Pictcue by Lkctse.?A German correspondent
of the l.ilrrary World alludes to the
litis*, of Leasing, to which wc referred the other
day, and also to a new picture by our countryman,
"While at Rolandscck, 1 went twice down to
Dusseldorf, w here is, you know, the best school of
namting in Germany. I saw there, just finished.
Leasing'a lluss, whn h ha* been purchased by the
Prussian consul in New York. It is a noble work
and a most valuable acquisition to our couutrr,
where it is to be exhibited, and where, for the sake
of the beholders, I hope it will be seen by tens of
thousands. Leutse, of Philadelphia, is at work on a
large picture, which will greatly add tohisalrsady
high reputation. I had not beard of it, and, on entering
his sparious studio, the grand figure of
W ashingtoti crossing the Delaware suddenly fared
trie, and. by the simplicity and breadth of the treatment,
filled me at once with admiration Washington
is seen in profile, standing in front of the foremost
lioat. with Ins right foot advnnrcd and raised, resting
on the low deck, where, just before him, are
three men, the front astride the prow clearing the
floating ice with Ins feet and paddle, and the other*
seated at cither side assisting him. The great
lender's gnze is intently fixed on the distant shore,
for the real breadth of the river is given, as easenlial
to vindicate the difficulty ol the enterprise.
Behind Washington, in the same boat, beside the
oarstnen, are several officers, ami, in the midst,
the bannsr. Other boats follow close, some with
l,A,a? r,/t , rtillapu ' an,I liahiliH them the line
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