MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1853.
" ??uvw vuucurui
The Concord (N. H.) Patriot, which appears
by common consent to be regarded as reflecting
accurately the views of Gen. Pierce, has the
following significant paragraph in its editorial
article of Friday last:
"We shall spare no effort to promote the harmony
and consequent success of the democratic
party iu this State, and shall do all in our power
to sustain the National administration which is so
soon to come under the direction of New Hampshire's
gallant son. In so doing we shall doubtless
be compelled to cross the track of factionists, disappointed
and disaffected office seekers and mercenary
demagogues, who, finding they cannot
make money out of the new national administration,
as they have out of others, will raise their
feeble hands against it. With all such we shall
deal as we have dealt wi>h their like in times past;
while among true men of the party we shall, as
heretofore, know no difference either in respect to
locality or personal considerations, but treat all as
equals and equally entitled to the consideration of
the party in the bestowal of its favors "
Assuming that the Patriot does not speak
lightly or without sufficient authority, it is
evident that the President elect already dis
covers the germs of future factions in the
ranks of the Democrats. His organ realizes
the fact, if he does not, that the next three
months will develope disappointment and disaffection
as consequences of the distribution of
patronage; and that thenceforward the Demo
cratic administration will be constrained to encounter
opposition from portions of its own
party. The discovery is not new. It was made
long ago when first the mass of hostile elements
were, professedly, bound together for a
common purpose; but it is worthy of note that
an anticipation so uniformly denied when proceeding
from Whig pens, is now admitted to
its full extent by the "home organ."
It will be seen, too, that the Patriot reiterates
the determination of the new Executive
to "know no difference" in the distribution of
favors. Should not "principles" be substituted
for "personal considerations," however? And
with that alteration, is not the sentence de
signed to afford special consolation to the extremists,
North and South?
it has been suggested that a material error
has crept into the published despatch announc
iiiST that Mr. B. N. Kinyon. a Union Demo
crat, has been appointed by Gov. Foote to succeed
the Hon. W. Brooke, whose Senatorial
term expires on the 4th of March: The appointment
is merely ad interim, and is intended
to supply the vacancy which the Legislature
of Mississippi, at its late session, neglected
or failed to fill. The power of the Governor
to make the appointment under these circumstances
is questioned ; and hence the suggestion
that the original despatch was probably incorrect.
We learn, however, from our Mississippi
exchanges that the appointment has been tendered
to Mr. Kinyon, and that Governor
Foote, in communicating it, referred to the
point in question, in the following terms:
"On looking into the Senatorial precedents you
will find that it decided, at a very early period,
that the Executive of a State has no right to appoint
to a Senatorial vacaucy which had not, at the
period of such appointment, actually arisen. Therefore,
no appointment made before the 4th day of
March would be valid. This is quite unfortunate
for us?since it is almost certain that no appointment
of Senator could be made at so late a day as
the 4th of March, which would enable the person
appointed to reach Washington in time fcr Sena
torial service, during the special session of the
Senate, which, according to usage, will commence
on the next 4th of March. All that perhaps can
be now done, istosee that the seat in the Senate,
which is to become vacant on the 4th of March,
1353, shall be occupied on the first Monday of December
of the same year."
all...];.... ?? ci ic >- ?c .
x?.iiuvitug vu uuTciuuf i'uuit s rtJierence iu
precedent, the JWississippian of December 24th
"We presume the case here referred to is that of
James Lanman, of Connecticut. On the 4th of
March, 1825, at a session of the Senate specially
called, credentials of his appointment by the Gov- ;
ernorof the State as a Senator, 'to take effect immediately
after the 3d of March, 1825, and to continue
until the next meeting of the Legislature' of
said State, were presented. After due consideration,
his claims were rejected on the ground, according
to the authority before us, that 'it is not
competent for the Executive of a State, in the recess
of a Legislature, to appoint a Senator to fill a vacancy
which thall happen, but has not happened at
^ the time of the appointment.* It, however, pro
ceeds to say, in a note, that 'such appeari to have
been the ground of decision in this case; but neither
the report, nor the action of the Senate on it,
fully ditclotet the reatont of the decieion.' (Book of
contested elections in Congress, from 1789 to 1834,
inclusive, page 871.) Mr. Lanman was appointed
to a new term precisely as in the case before us
"The power of the Governor to make the appointment,
under the circumstances, is a matter
of doubt and controversy. The weight of opinion,
so far as we have heard it expressed, hangs
against it, on the ground that the Constitution
limits the authority of the Executive to fill such I
vacancies as arise after an election by the Legislature,
and not by expiration of a term. This is
our own view of the case. The point in issue is
one, however, which will have to be finally and
authoritatively determined by the Senate itself,
when Mr. Kinyon presents his credentials."
lion. Francis W. Pickens.
The Charleston Mercury publishes a correspondence
between President Polk and Mr.
Fkakci8 W. Pickems, of South Carolina, by
which it appears that on tha 21st of April,
'845, the President tendered to Mr. Pickens
appointment of Minister to England as a
successor to Mr. Everett, but which was de
clined by Mr. Pickens on the 28th of the same
month, on the gioynd that questions then pending
forbade his acceptance consistently with
the feelings of allegiance which he bore his
Tlie Mileage to Kentucky.
We append an article from the Frankfort
(Ky.) Commonwealth, introducing a letter from
the Hon. Humphrey Marshall, and another
from the Louisville Journal, introducing a letter
from the Hon. D. Merriwether?both in
reference to the amount of mileage received in
connection with their services in Congress.
We publish the documents as an act of justice
tn tho (Mntlaman i>nni>?rniul and with no inten
tion of reopening the controversy on the points
to which they relate :
From the Frankfort Commonwealth, Dee 29.
We have received the following' letter from Col.
Hcm*h?cy Marshall, now on hie way to China,
as Commissioner from the United States to that
Nahii, Nov. 21,1852.
My Dear SirI observe by a paragraph from
jour paper, copied into the Rejneblic of the 23d of
October, which is now before me, that you allude
to the fact of my mileage account having afforded
the precedent for that of Hon. Dawid Me a biwsth
jkb, and you propose to pass the question of its
" honesty," so far as I am concerned, until my return
It would acem to be a:; act of simple justice tc
leave my acts unheard, as well as without judgment,
during my absence from our country.; but 8t,
since my mileage is already connected with a
question of honetty, it may not be amiss at once, *e
and nova, to respond with the facts of the case ? w
It is, then, a controlling fact that my mileage ac- .
count was not fixed by me, but by the committee
on mileage of the House of Representatives, and I iu
accepted merely what th - committee ordered to be
passed to my credit in the office of the sergeantat
arms of the House of Representatives. The pi
committee addressed to me a circular letter, ask- 8(
ing by what route I traveled to Washington from
my home, and what was the most direct or usual
route. I responded by stating my embarkation at a
Louisville, my travel by steamer and railway, via te
Pittsburgh, to Washington, and stated what is the jj,
fact, that at that season the route via Pittsburgh is
as " usual" as any, and the most convenient and ?>'
comfortable. Upon these facts, the commit- p<
tee computed the distance upon principles es- ri
tabiished by them under the existing law, and p,
made the decision in regard to my mileage, on
exactly the same principles which governed them
as to all members who went up the Ohio river. I w
sought to fix no precedent^ I did not state any
amount of money or distance, as I recollect; and
so, having referred the whole matter to the body l"?
provided bv the House for its adiudication, and es- ai
pecially finding that mine was juat the same as
the case of my colleagues, I presumed that it was
"honest" to take what the committee said was due **
to me under the law. These are just the facts of ?
my case. I think that the whole mileage and pay ?
of our members is top small a matter to be eter- ?
nally harping on, in a government whose annual
appropriations exceed fifty million^, but I am .*
ready to bear any sentence the most censorious '
can cast on me, under a knowledge of the facts in ^
my case. E
Thanking you for the friendly spirit in which ?
you have repeatedly treated me, 1 remain your ?
obedient servant, &e. ?
HUMPHREY MARSHALL. f
To the Editor of the Frankfort Commonwealth. ?
The paragragb to which Colonel Marshall refers, ^
must be the following, which appeared in the ?
Commonwealth early in October last: A
"Mr. Meriwether is trying to shield himself from E
censure for his big mileage charge behind the F
skirts of Colonel Humphrey Marshall, who, he
says, charged according to the same computation
of distance. Colonel Marshall is not now in this Cl
country, and his affairs ought to be l?t alone.
The guestion for Mr. Merriwether to answer is Y
this: Is the distance from Louisville to Washing- c'
ton one thousand and sixty five miles? and if not, X
was it right for Mr. Meriwether to charge mileage t,
for that distance, whether Colonel Marshall did or
not? It is a question of honesty, not of precedent."
Colonel Marshall being out of the country, we j,
shall make his letter the subject of no other re- jy
mark than that he has mistaken the spirit and
intention of the paragraph to which he alludes. u
In writing it we intended only to strip Mr. Meriwether
of a defence which we thought improperly
set up; for we considered that if his mileage charge jr
was right in itself, it could be defended upon its r.i
own merits; and if wrong, it was impossible that vi
any thing in Colonel Marshall's case could make
it right. We neither stated, insinuated, or implied,
any opinion whatever in regard to Colonel ?'
Marshall's'charge for mileage, and for the good n
reason, among others, that we knew nothing con 8'
cerning it, or the circumstances under which it lr
was made. But whatever might be Colonel Marshall's
merits or demerits upon the subject, we did ^
not intend, so far as we were concerned, that pub- 7;
lie attention should be diverted from Mr. Meri- bi
Wether to him. . al
As to Congressional mileage being "too small a
matter" for newspaper comment in this country, b|
there may be two opinions about that. We think Cl
that circular mileage and constructive mileage si
have grown into a great abuse, and that when the 2;
law has been so stretched that a single Senator has
been allowed to draw upwards of $4,000 from the
treasury for a single imaginary journey, per- oi
formed in a single night while he was asleep in ci
his bed at Washington, the "matter" has become lr
quite large enough for examination and for reform
From the Louisville Journal, December '23.
We publish with pleasure a letter from the Hon. b<
David Meriwether in explanation of the charge el
made by him for mileage in going to Washington
last summer aud returning home at the close of
the session. We have never thought, nor have we w
ever intended to imply in any remarks of ours a(
that Mr. M. was not strictly and scrupulously conecientious
in the charge made by him and allowed
by the constituted authorities. Unquestionably it is a
t,uv uuvjr vs ?uo v/uuiUllVb?c UU 111licagc iu ucicr- 9
mine from actual inquiry and investigation what 81
amount each member is entitled to, and Mr. M-,
presuming, no doubt, that the committee had been 8j.
in the habit of performing this plain duty, natu- th
rally based his own estimate of mileage upon what gi
had been charged and received by the Hon. H. ai
Marshall, allowing only for the very brief distance al
between their places of residence. th
It appears, however, that the committee on or
mileage is of little or no account. Every member fi'
of Congress makes bis own estimate, and the estimate
is allowed, so Skat there is no uniformity in co
the system. Members generally are paid not so ar
much according to the distances they live from
Washington as according to the length of their P<
consciences. Mr. Meriwether's scrupulous honesty
in regard to money matters is above suspicion.
To the Editor* a/ the Louisville Journal: jn
Gentlemen: In your weekly Journal of the 13th th,
of October last, I find an article in reference to the m(
amount of mileage received by me as a member of
the Senate of the United States, and immediately
after the appearance of said article I wrote to
Washington city for the necessary data upon which , '
to base a defence of myself; but failing to receive
it, until my arrival here, I now hasten to forward
you this communication, with the hope that you j?
will give it a place in-your columns.
Thechargemade against rneis not that of having .l
received more mileage than the law allows,.but for
having received more than the amount received ru
by my predecessor, the Hon. Henry Clay; and I
would respectfully submit whether the laws of the
land or the practice of my distinguished prede- rpj
cessor should govern in this case? If the latter is
to be the standard by which I am to be measured, '
then I ask that the Same rule of measurement be
applied to others, and especially to several very
honorable Whig friends of mine who have been
members of Congress from Kentucky. For instance,
Mr. Clay received mileage for only 560 t '
miles each way, when the Hon. John J. Crittenden
charged and received mileage for 800 miles each
way, when it is a well-known fact that the places
of residence of these two honorable gentlemen are p
not more than 25 miles from each other; yet the "B
difference in their mileage is 240 miles.
Again : the Hon. Thomas Metcalfe received nav .
for #>9 milea, which is 137 miles more than the 1"
distance for which Mr. Clay was paid ; yet it is a "v
well known fact that Mr. Metcalfe resides nearer m
to Washington than did Mr. Clay. Again: the BU
Hon. Charles S. Morehead received pay for 972 P^
miles, which is 412 miles more than Mr. Clay, and
yet they resided only about twenty-five miles from
each other. Again : the Hon. H Marshall receiv- or
ed pay lor 1094 miles, which is 634 miles more eft
than Mr Clay, and yet these two gentlemen did ?f
not reside over fifty miles from each other. This C1'
comparison could be carried out through the entire
delegation from Kentucky, and indeed the . .
delegations of other neighboring States, with aimilar
reBylts: but I have selected the above named ^
gentlemen because of their residence in theimme 811
diate neighborhood of ftjr. Clay, and ?think them
sufficient for my purpose : which is to show that
others have not deemed it necessary to regulate
their receipts for milage by those of Mr. Clay. ^
Indeed, I find that no other member of Congress Cl1
has ever deemed it necessary to measure himself in J?,
th?a particular by the standard recently erected ' J
a portion pf the Whig press by which to measure
As I stated in " Duoucauou made jn October last,
I now repeat, that I regulated ray charge for mile- J?
age by the allowance made hy the committee on ,
mileage of the House of Representative to Colonel
H. Marshall, the member from the Congressional I_
district in which 1 reside, and the member whose
residence was nearest my own. It was but fair to co
presume,that a committee of Congress,whose espe- ^r<
cial duty it was to regulate the mileage of members, m
had done so with more accuracy than I or any other by
individual could do, and hence this plan was resortedjto,
and my mileage was fixed at 1065 miles, which
is less than the amount allowed by the committe
to Colonel Marshall, although his residence is
nearer to Washington city than my own.
By the act of Congress, every Senator is entitled
to draw " $8 for every twenty miles of estimated bii
distance by the most usual road from his place ot
residence to the seat of Congress," This I have
done, and no more. So
D MERIWETHER. Se
Washington, December 16, 1852. arJ
Th* Liftuoa Law in Nbw Hampshibx.?The wi
New Hampshire House of Representatives, on f?
Thursday, indefinitely postponed the liquor bill, J?.1
by a vote of 1^5 to 128,
Whig Government In Minnesota.
The Minnesota Piofteer, a Democratic paper,
id one which has contributed largely to the tl
ock of floating information in relation to that '?
rritory, bears testimony to the efficiency with ^
hich the officers of a Whig administration
tve discharged their duties, vindicating the j
dependent action of the Democrats, as opposed
the party opposition which a contemporary int
has labored to excite. The Pioneer ob- ?
"It has turned out that a citizens' party, during ?
Whig administration, has been more for the in- *
rests of the territory. We have had enlisted the :
rely interest in our improvements of the whole c
avernment. We sincerely believe that this .'
jlicy has been peculiarly favorable to our territoal
interests. We have effected the great national ;
jrposes so much desired?the Sioux purchase,
id unprecedcntly liberal appropriations other J
Saving Banks in Connecticut.?By the latest ;
tlnrna for fhp Maw Hnvpn Iflnnn 'I Itpjiflfpr. the (
mounts on deposit at the several Saving- Hanks in
>e State, and the annual dividends, are as follows: j
artford .....$1,958,675 at 6 percent.
lorwich 1,116,169 6 "
liddletowu 938,374 6 " 1
few Haven 835,112 5| "
lew London 675,989 6 "
ridgeport 550,000 6 "
olland 143 322 5
Villimantic 103,588 6 " '
>erby 61,2"1 6 "
lorwalk..... 56,160 5 "
tonington 46,182 5j "
lanbury 45,000 5 " '
altsbury 40,552 5 " J
Issex 38,207 5 . "
Vaterbury 28,408 5 "
litchfield 24,550 5 "
tamford 19,276 5 "
leriden 15,314 5 "
>eep River 13,028 6 "
'armington 10,422 5 " ,'
James R. Spalding, esq., formerly European
Drrespondent of the New York Courier and Enuirer,
under the signature of "Sigma," has beome
permanently associated with James Watson ;
if ebb, esq , in the editorial management and con-ol
of that journal.
Roger A. Pryor, esq., notifies the subscribers f
the Soulh*ide Democrat, at Petersburg, Va , that
e has transferred his interest in that journal to <
lessrs. A. D. Banks and J. Hichard L-wellen, and
lat he is no Ion ger in any way concerned in its "
Judge Samuel C. Roane died on his plantation "
i Jefferson county, Arkaneas, on the 8th of Desmber,
in the 60th year of his age. He had held '
irious prominent official positions in that State.
Crime in Baltimore.?from the annual report <
F High Constable Herring to the Mayor of Balti- '
lore, the Patriot takes the following statistics, "
lowing the number of arrests, for all causes, durig
the year 1852 : S
? For aaaaultand battery 908 ; asaault with in- j
:nt to kill 74 ; asaault with intent to commit rape 1
; asaault with intent to rob 28; assault on officera
); assaulting and stabbing 43; assaulting-and j,
sating wives 115; assaulting and maiming 6; a
ttacklng and stoning bouses 54; arson 6; abuse tl
14; abuse of parents 18; abuse of families29; abuse e
F horses 11; abduction 6; breach of ordinances 504; Bj
reach of peace 790; burglary 17; bigamy 3; dese- 3|
ration of the Sabbath 20j disturbing public wor- ;
lip 13; fast ridlingand driving 51; fraud 1$ forgery
false pretences 8; false imprisonment 2; fornica 8j
onand bastardy 9; fighting in the streets337; gam- s|
ling on the Sabbath 55; horse stealing 2; house e<
reaking 13; inciting to riot 53; interfering with tl
ficers33; insulting ladies in the streets 19; intoxi- ]L
ition 1,319 ; indecent exposure of person 21; keep- v
ig disorderly houses 4; larceny 178; malicious mis- h
lief 95; mania-a-potu 17; murder 3; suspicion <j
murder 10; minors running with fire appara u
ises 13; peddling without license 15; picking
jckets 6; rioting 455; rioting during alarms of a*
re 108 ; rape 1 ; receiving stolen goods 13 ; rob- tc
?ry 24 ; selling liquor on the Sabbath 5 ; threatling
to kill 69 ; threatening to abuse 199 ; threat- h
ling to destroy property 4 ; selling lottery poli- p
es 10 ; misdemeanors 22. Total 6,302. o:
The number of robberies reported at the office jr
as 187, and the amount of property stolen valued
; $113,538. Number of persons sent to the alms- y
jute 998, of whom 428 were adult males, 480 fe
tales, and 33 children. There were 498 alarms of
re during the year, of which 218 were false. t(
mount of property destroyed by fire estimated at ^
267,540, on which there was insurance to the y
nount of $166,345. Persons burned to death 8. a
Naval.?The officera of the United States steam- </
dp Princeton have received orders transferring p
em to the frigate Macedonian. The steam-fri g
ite Powhatan is to have such of her petty officers n
id crew as are wanted by her, and the balance 5^
e t-i be transferred to the Macedonian. a
The Princeton's stores have been taken out, and fe
e contractors and their employees are at work tv
1 the boilers, which are to be completed by the w
st ol April. nl
The naval court martial, which has been in ses- 8l
3D for about & fortnight at the navy yard, has ^
included the business before it. The sentences 0I
e not yet known.?Norfolk Beacon, December 31. e?
The United States frigate Columbia, Captain at
sndergrast, was put in commission yesterday. *
le is attached to the Home Squadron and is to be a
e flag ship of Commodore Newton Orders ej
sre received here on Thursday, that the United tft
ates steamship Fulton should proceed to Wash- jn
gton with all dispatch. As she was not ready, ju
e engineer left for Washington City ye terday rc
orning, and the f*ulton will follow if necessary
[Norfolk Beacon, January 1. fr
Admiral Rkebidb.?The enterprising and gal- lo
it Reeside, who has, by means of horse-power to
d coaches, been pushing the mails and passen- er
rs through to and from Wheeling to the termi- la
tion points on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad,
s been driven off the track by the completion of st
e railroad to Wheeling. It is a remarkable fact gi
st the father of the admiral was the lirst man to ea
n aline of stages over the mountains on this
ute and his son run the last coaches, which was pi
pt up until the rails reached the Ohio river, tit
ie admiral, however, is not defeated yet. He has st
assed the Ohio with his stock and stages, and will
n from Wheelingtwo lines a day over a turn- st
ke to Dayton ana other points West, a distance ro
about seventy-five miles, where he connects ne
th other railroads, and will continue to serve
e public with the same fidelity which has here- ei
fore characterized his enterprise and zeal. in
[Baltimore Sun st
Cholbra in Apalachicola.?The Albany (Ga )
itriot learns that " a malignant and fatal dia- ar
se, resembling the Asiatic cholera has broken out th
Apalachicola. JVithin ten days previous to the
ne the steamer Henry left, as many as seventy- a(
e deaths had occurred ; and there was no abate- jy
ent at the time of her leaving-. The disease is
pposed to be caused by par>aking of the oysters pi
ocured in the Bay. Either from being deprived jr
salt water by tbe unusual quantity of fresh wa- at
r discharged into the Bay alter the late freshet, jn
some other cause, tbe oysters have become dis- to
sed, and in large portions of the beds have died ca
disappeared. They are pronounced by physi tr
ins and others to be not only unwholesome, but be
isolutely poisonous. fa
" We suppose the disease at Apalachicola to be te
entical with that reported in Columbus some ?
jek or two since. If we remember rightly, sj(
onilar effects followed the eating of New Haven nt
sters some few years ago."?Mobile Advertiser. ec
Rkmoval or Rocks in New Havbn Hakbor, d<
innkcticut.? Mons. l>Jaillefcrt bias just con- pi
jded a contract with tbe Government for the re- th
oval of "Middle Rock"from New Haven harbor. B<
lis rock is situated about one mile southeast of m
e lighthouse and is altogether the most danger- th
s of any in the harbor. It is twenty-seven w
irds long, fifteen yards wide, and ten feet from ci
e surface at mean low water. The removal of
is rock is of the greatest importance to tbe city on
New Haven, aqd tbe prompt action of the Gen- is
al Government in tbe matter?as soon us sure th
d satisfactory means for its removal were at th
rotnatjdq-will meet with deserved appreciation be
>m the merchants of that city. The arrange- tit
entsonthe part of the Government were made an
Captain George Dutton, U. S E. Corps. tie
[JV. Y. Courier and Enquirer.
Th* Seciuki. or a Jok*.?It will be remembered an
at some three months since a family named A<
agg engaged passage in the clipper Polynesian, lai
California, but by some mistake were left be- an
ad, while their baggage was carried off in the vis
ilynesian. At that time the clipper Winged
'row was on the stocks at Brigg's ship yard at by
uth Boston, but within two weeks was launched- ev
d set sail, with the family on board as passen- an
rs. By the steamer Uncle Sam, we learn of the Sn
rival of the Winged Arrow at San Francisco lot
tb the Bragg family, who, at last accounts, were he
liting patiently for their baggage, the Polynesian '
t having arrived. A joke at both ends of the tol
lrney has surely been the lot of Mr. Braggand mi
i friends.?BotUm Travtller, 3Jsf. rp
'*"l 1 i! rrtilil
City of Washington. ]
We copy from the National Intelligencer J
be following annual report of the venerable ,
ohn Sessford, sr., the accurate chronicler of !
ur local iihprovements. It is a flattering ex- 1
libit of our city's prosperity. *
Vumber of Dwellings, fyc., erected within the i
. . year 1852. 1
t ?H~ $$ i
r s ;
r OO&O <
=: ? ? 5*2 ? 1
S I I I J
S ::::::: ss <
::::::: Siii (
<2 H-* tO H* >?? 1
J* I >-* I -3 >-* tO CO - OWI
? ? B
X... _ wtooi^- w co cn co cn co &
O Ob Ot O) h CO ?3 W O ?
. o tt 1
?- H- 1
i-a ^ ^ ^ to ? O* (
? CO I *.CnCD~?~l 00 tO JJ "" ,
ff f <
? I I I to I I I 3 | I H " = '
H* CO ? I
"* t I # I I co woicn | co g * 1
t _ O I
co ts ^ j
-? H- i? co ** 1
* 03 ? I CO rfk ! I ta rf^ODlO bD
I I I I I I I I CO I I f CO I ?-* 5'
I ? I
^ H-i O Is3 ?> C
4 OJ I WOtWMM ? rfk. CO rfk. CO CO 5
? ? tt
CO to I o
CO to -? 05 * ?
? CO to to rfk. rfk. CO rfk. QD O* rn
? co rfk. cn ** ?-* c* h- co ? co rf*. co to St ^
? ? S" g. '
? I ? CO I bi O CO ? tO-J 1-* _
u I 1
I I I I I I I I Ol I I I Ol Ol o 5'
? : IT Cg
* _ g> #.--8S g
*. oi co en -a co to >3 bs ci co co to g
c 2 ?
O I I I I I to I -4 ' CO ( CO b,
_ Total number
^ en _
? H- H- to??V 01
w to co rfk. CJ1 CO O) -J en CO CC en Hwpllino-a
co rfk. O) o> go <*. o co co to o u weiiiugn.
& b3 bo eg Shops, &c.
C W I WrfktSOiW W (XOiCOO a
5 be h- gc Public. t
10 -. I I I? II? 4. 4. 4. -J <o
g ^ Running1 feet ji
bo toj?cobsco . oi jj o,pi of brick pave- ?
S ^ ' S'Soo? iS Slci~io3 ment laid.
c. ts COCOtO~tCn en ?* 00 bS Ol ^
x ^ Estimated po- *
0 oi44o#ic-i ] pulation Dec.
1 31, 1862.
O CO b3 -1 CO b5 CO CO I C
The deepening and walling of the canal from
5th street to the Anacostia has been completed,
nd several cesspools made^along its margin for J
ie reception of the sediment from drains. The I
xcavations west of 16th street, by dredging, are 1
till unfinished, and vessels which can get to 17th >
treet cannot get from thence to the deen water at *
5th street, thus continuing the necessity of un- J
lading at 17th street, or of 3powing up to the bu- J
nesa portion of the city. The work on the canal /
iculd have been begun from the two extremes in g
jctions, and, on the completion of each section, (
ie vessels been admitted, bringing in wood, coal, I
imber, &c., and thus affording an immediate re- I
enue from wharfage. The canal itself ought to
ave been kept free for vessels to pass up through
raws in the bridges at 14th, 12th, and 10th streets,
> the Centre Market. Had this been done, a livej
and active business would have been created,
nd the revenue from rentals more than trebled,
) the great relief of the general and ward funds;
ut instead of this, a narrow, contracted policy
as been pursued, to the great injury of the centre
ortionofthe city, by depriving the inhabitants
f the free use of the natural highway, and confinig
the business to boats alone.
The importance of rebuilding the Potomac
ridge is again urged; for no better site can be
elected for the interest of the city and adjoining
auntry in Virginia, re-uniting, as it would, tho
arnpikes leading to it irom Alexandria and the
little River turnpike. At its present site, the
ridge can be rebuilt at a much less cost than at .
tiy other, and the evils from freshets prevented
y making the openings wide enough to pass all Z
rift wood without hindrance; this alone would
revent the backing of water on the wharves of
eorgetown and the central portion of the city,
nd would leave gmple water in the channel of
Id icct on the city side, and 942 feet on the Vir- 3
inia side, leaving the centre causeway of 1,600
et permanent, as well as those connecting the
vo shores. Toe bridge might be increased some- ?
hat in height and breadth, so as to afford conve- g
ience for a railroad over it into the city at 14th ?
rert, and continued around the squares facing
le river and the Monument Square, to 16th street,
i the canal; and on the south side of the canal,
istward, to some convenient point near Maryland
renue and 3d 6treet.
The extension of the North Market has produced 11
beneficial effect, and increased attendance. The
ctension of the Centre market on 7th and 9th 11
reets to B street is much wanted; the increased B
come from which would, no doubt, pay double ''
terest on the outlay, and over which might be "
ems for many public purposes. '
Iu the First Ward, K street has been graded a
om 20th street to Pennsylvania avenue; earth re- 81
oved from H street; a new brick church for co- P
red people has been erected; D street, from 17th "
19th, partly graded; and the new foundry, n
ected by Messrs. Cathcart & Schneider, en- n
In the Second Ward but little has been done on "
reets, except casually; several alleys have been "
ad?i and paved; and in the Third Ward the n
In the1 Fourth Ward some streets have been im- 9
oved by grading, and a very neat and substan- ?
ti building erected on the corner of 6th and 1
reets for a Presbyterian church.
In the Fifih Ward the principal improvement of "
reels has been on those leading to the new Rail- 18
ad Depot, changing the appearance of the whole 'r
In the Sixth Ward there has not much been done .
ther by grading or improving streets; the grad 01
g and paving the footways on both sides of 11th P3
reet, south of Virginia avenue, would add much b<
the value and convenience of that neighborhood. 01
In the Seventh Ward the principal improvements
e the new grading of 11th street and relaying
e footway from D to Water street. n'
Steamboats are engaged in running hourly to
td from Alexandria', daily to Aquia creek, week- 36
to BaitimoreandNorfolk,and occasional tripsare be
ade to Mount Vernon. The new steam ferry-boat, jr
ying from the south end of 7th street to Alexania,
is a great convenience to travellers. Various P*
id important manufacturing establishments are
lull operation in the city, giving employment
a large number of workmen, concentrating Jr
pital, and lurnishing a home market for coun- (J,
y and other produce. All around the neighbor- Ei
tod of the city are important improvements on $c
rms, &c. A plank-road has been made from the w
rmination of 7th street, on the turnpike, to the Fi
istrict line, with a prospect of a further exten- Sp
in. The Army Asylum, on a beautiful elevation g?
:ar Rock Creek Church, on the farm lately own- H<
1 by Mr. Riggs, is begun. The beautiful place jSi
Mr. Blagden, south of <he Anacostia, it is un- Sv
tratood, has been selected for the Lunatic Hos D(
tal. A site for a new Cemetery, a mile north of its
e city, has been purchased?late the farm of'Mr.' Pc
jyle?on a commanding height, and a com- Be
encement made, in preparing and laying'Out V)
e grounds, to an jextent sufficient to do away Ni
Lth the necessity of new grave-yards within the Sa
ty limits. So
The Columbian College, so beautifully located Ca
i the heights adjoining the north part of the city, Cb
understood to be in a more flourishing condition si(
an it has hitherto been; but it is to be regretted M>
at so little has been done to improve and em- Ri
llish the grounds, so as to make them asBUrac Ea
re to the eye as those of Mr. Stone, adjoining, Ti
id which might be done at a small cost and a lit- Gi
s energy. Po
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is doing a good Ar
isiness, producing a lively trade in Georgetown,
d the town is steadily growing to importance.
Ijoining to it the new Cemetery on Rock creek,
id out on a most romantic site,-with great taste .
d judgment, by Mr. De La Roche, is worth G
Alexandria has been much improved this year
the erection of a large number of buildings in
ery part of the town} having water, by pipes,
d gaslight introduced. The establishment of
sith and Perkins is very extensive, and superior ^
'.omotive nam. Xrr... are m?it? at it- th?r?h*
eping capital ?t home.
fhe commencement of the wings of the Capi- .
, now up to the level of the first floor, and of '
9st solid workmanship, has given a stimulus to rui
ivate improvements, affording employment to a an
arge body of workmen, beside creating new esablishments
for the preparation of the necessary
n&terials, and which, no doubt, will be carried up <
with vigor as soon as the season opens. The old <
ibrary-room has been cleared, an iron-framed |
oof replacing the old wooden one; the alcoves and ,
helving for books are entirely of ornamental
ast-iron, leaving nothing for fire to operate on. j
The Monument to Washington is now up to 104 ,
eet, with a prospect of a more rapid elevation in
1853, from the increased means which have been j
>btained. The Smithsonian Institution is steadily ,
progressing in its various branches, and already is
i place of much resort. Standing in a central po- j
lit ion, with extensive and neatly laid-off grounds, ,
with walks, shrubbery, and grass plats, it already
iffords a pleasant retreat for recreation. In the ,
Navy Yard extensive improvements have been ]
made, in additional buildings^and extensive work- ,
shops, foundries, &c., at which all kinds of work is
done for the use of the navy; at which also vessels are ,
puilt and repaired in a manner not excelled by any |
At the Arsenal much activity prevails in the various
machine shops, in making and fitting gun- ,
carriages, &c., and all the necessary appendages.
The extension of the Patent Office Building, on ,
7th street, is now nearly finished of white marble, (
ind a commencement made on the western wing; ,
the building is on the plan of Town & Elliot, and ,
is much admired for neatness of design and bold- <
aess of effect. On the square south is the hand- <
some General Post Office building, already too j
contracted for the transaction of the business, re- |
quiring, at least, one of its wings. The City Post \
Office is too much cramped far room, and occupies
very insecure buildings,ialtogether unsightly and ]
unfit for the purpose. Some Further improvemeuts
have been made on the grounds of the Observatory;
the building requires an extension. Preparations |
? </ aastasasug IU pi lUg IUC pCUCfllHl UU WIJ1UU IB
to be placed the equestrian statue of General Jackson,
one-third larger than lile, to be placed in
Lafayette Square, north of the President's House.
The statue is a beautiful piece of workmanship,
and reflects great credit on the native talent of
IMr. Mills, and will be a great ornament and much
admired. JOHN SESSFORD.
December 31, 1852.
Operations of the United States Mint.
From the Inquirer and American of Philadelphia,
we derive the following statement of the operations
af the Mint in that city, for the month of December
and for the year:
coinage for december, 1852.
265,816 double eagles $5,316,.?20
11,245 eagles 112,450
22,287 half eagles 111,435
38,660 quarter eagles 96,650
133,850 gold dollars 133,850
471,858 pieces $5,770 705
4,590 half dollars 2,295
16,660 quarter dollars 4,165
280,500 climes 28,650
241,500 half dimes 12,075
1,553,900 three cent pieces 106,617
1,575,008 pieces $5,924,507
886,341 cents ." 8,863 41
>,461,349 pieces $5,933,370 41
Gold Bullion deposited,
<Yom California $3,265,000 00
Trom of aer sources 65,000 00
$3,330,000 00 i
snver ouinon deposited 19,500 00 ?
Gold Depoeil* in 1851 and 1852. 1
1851, 1852. j
January $5,071,669 $4,161,688
February. 3,004,970 3,010,222 c
flarch 2,880,271 3.892,166 .
Ipril 2,878,353 3,091,037 ,
flay 3,269,491 4,335,578 c
une 3,637,560 6,689,474
uly 3 127,517 4,193,880 t
Lugust 4,135,312 2,671,563 t
leptember 4,046,799 4,253,687 ,
Jctober .......... 4,743,584 4,140,069 c
November 5,492,454 7,279,941 s
lecember 5,641,425 3,330,000
$47,929,405 $51,059,295 t
TOTAL COIN A as FOB 1852. 1
Gold. ? J
2,053,026 double eagles $41,060 520 00
2t3,l 06 eagles 2,631,060 00 t
573,901 half eagles 2,869,505 00 l
1,159,381 quarter eagles 2,899,202 50
2,045,351 gold dollars 2,045,351 00
6,094,765 pieces! $51,505,638 50 p
1,100 dollars 1,100 00 11
77,130 half-dollars 38,565 00 0
177,060 quarter-dollars 44,265 00 r
1,535,500 dimes 153.550 00 9
1,000,500 half-dimes 50,025 00
8,663.600 three cent pieces 559 905 00 *
7,549,555 pieces. $52,352,948 50
5,162,094 cents. $51,620 94 i,
2,711,649 pieces $52,404,569 44 ^
COMPARATIVE COINAGE IN 1851 AND 1852. p
1851. 1852. g
rold $52,143,446 00 $ 51,505,638 50 d
ilver 446,797 00 847,310 00 c
topper 99,635 43 51,620 94
$52,689,878 43 $52,404,569 44 e<
In presenting these tables, the Ledger remarks: ?
"The gold by the last California steamer, though
i New York on the morning; of the 31st, did not
each the Mint. Had she arrived one day earlier,
tie deposits for the month would have been about
ix millions, and for the year nearly fifty four ..
lillions. As it is, though the deposits of gold at
his Mint for the year are some three millions in e
xcess of the deposits here in 1851, the deposits at
11 the Mints of the United States are some six or S
even millions less. The coinage of gold at the g
arent Mint iB also less than in 1851. By running ^
he eye over our tables, it will be seen that the
umber of double eagles coined exceed even the *
umber of gold dollars; the number of each, how- ol
ver, exceeding two millions. The silver coinage oi
> very inconsiderable in amount, though very
irge in the number of three cent viecee. The
umber coined in December was 3,553,900 pieces; r?
nd for the year 18,663,500 pieces; each piece re- H
uiring the same amount of labor as the coinage ?i
f the gold dollar. Singular as it may seem, el
,1(52 094 of the filthy copper centp were coined. ?
Sphere can they all go to? The more convenient ni
iree cent pieces ought to render them almost ta
holly useless as a currency, and from the de- of
tand for the new coin, which the treasurer in- P<
>rms us is fully up to the supply, we are in hopes
ley will. In the present year, 1853, the coinage w
" three-cent pieces will probably exceed thirty p<
tillions of pieces* The gold deposits for Decern w
sr, as will be seen, were $3,330,000, and the gold in
linage $5,770,705." jo
Immigration, for thr Year 1852. The total ca
imber of arrivals at the port of New York from
reign countries during the year 1852, adds up fr.
13,556. Of these 39,052 are ascertained to have
en American citizens, returning home from hi
avel abroad. We anne* a table giving a com- hi
irative view of the immigration at this port dur- ^
g the four years put: Jj]
Nation. 1849. 185Q 1851. 1852. pa
land !' 112,587 116,542 163,256 117,537 G
ermany 65,705 46,407 69,883 118,126 g-r
inland ...... 28,321 28,125 28,551 '31,275 pc
otland... ... 8 840 6,771 7,302 7,640 be
ralfs 1,782 1,620 2,189 2,531 an
ance ...... 2,683 3,398 6,064 8,718 wi
tain 214 257 2*78 450 th
vitzerland... 1,405 2,361 4,499 6,455 w<
>lland 2,447 1 174 1,798 1,323 en
jrway 3 300 3,160 2,112 1.389 dii
reden 1,007 1,110 872 2,034 an
inmark...... 159 90 229 156 He
ily 602 475 618 358 ric
irtuffall 287 '55 26 29 Ha
tlffium 118 230 47 5 82 ve
'est Indies... 4f9 664 675 266
xa Scotia... 161 ltit 81 73
rdinia 172 165 98 69 on
utb America. 38 103 121 120 cei
.nada 69 61 60 48 the
una... 5! 11 9 14 sio
:ily 21 68 11 42 Uc
exico 22 41 42 22 yai
issia :.'8 18 23 35 the
st Indies.... 34 92 10 13
irkey 6 5 4 4
eece ....... 6 3 1
land 133 183 142 186 sioi
4tbia 8 - -
Total 230 608 212,896 239,601 306,504 Jut
I New York Exprett ere
Fbom Costa Rica.? We are in receipt of the ...
iceld to December 4. The concordant negotiaf
on' the 7th of October last with the See of Rome ,
a received at San Joei on the 27th Nove'tnber .
th great official and popular enthusiasm. It was >,.
>h after ratified by the Congress, as werealsothe
aties of peace and navigation recently nego- ???
ted with Peru and the Netherlands.
' [JVetr York Tribune.
3mnibuskb.?The total number of these vehicles ^
lining in the city of New York is six hundred mo
d fifty-four. sici
The United States mail steamship Empire City >
Captain H Windle, commander, arrived at New .
Orleans on Thursday last, from New York via
Havana, having left the former port on the 13 th, <
and the latter on the 19th instant. c
The Empire City reports that the English fleet c
bad taken three slavers?one barque and two t
schooners?just fitted out for the African coast. [
Advices from St. Jago had been received to the t
5th instant, On the 2d aud 4th light shocks of s
earthquake were again felt there. The inhabitants 1
were leaving the city in great numbers, fleeing t
from the menaced destruction by the convulsions i
af the earth and the raging epidemic. s
A long list is published, comprising the names v
of the most respectable inhabitants, as having left (
for other parts of the Island, and we find in the no- t
t'ices of deaths, several names of ladies and gen- t
tlemen of high standing. This series of untortu- 1
ate events had given a new impulse to the contri i
buttons in other parts of the island for the use of
the sufferers. A lyrical performance at the Tacon i
theatre bad been given by the Lyceum Society, <
md the Ravels offer another. '
The Diario de la Marina denies the truth of the I
rumor that Gen. Canedo was to be removed. It \
copies the following from Btpana, a Madrid journ- i
il: " We have authority to say that the rumors <
which have been circulated relative to the removal i
>f Gen. Canedo from the Captain-Generalship of [
3uba are entirely false. From the best sources we f
(now that not only has this measure not been t
.bought of, but that her Majesty entirely approves <
.he course of this officer during recent events." 1
The Diario adds that its own information, from t
ligh sources, confirms the foregoing. f
The Captain General held a state levee on the a
19th. being the birthday of the Princess cf As f
On the sugar estate of the Senor del Valle the o
boiler of the steam-engine exploded, killing five
people and destroying the boiling house and sugar a
mills. The head of one of the unfortunate men c
was fouud completely severed from the body. (
Eight or ten other persons suffered from contu- c
sions, but the most of them were not dangerously t
wounded. Loss estimated at $50,000. t
Processes against people for treason had not a
-eased. Among the new ones cited to appear, we s
find the name of Don Francisco do Armas, a law c
yer of high standing, formerly of Havana, but s
now residing in New York. t
The usual Christmas visit to the prison, by tba e
luthorities, to receive any complaints the prisoners r
have to make, was to begin on the 17th and con- t
tinue during the time necessary to see all. The 1
cause of this measure is that besides the prison, the a
fortresses of Principe, the Punta. the Cubana, and x
the Moro have to be visited, there being many o
prisoners in each of them. a
The Diario de la Marina comments on the Presi- S
ient's message and the Washington correspond- f
snce of the New York Exprete, while Peter Hicks, P
ts New York correspondent, dilates upon the Presi- a
ient's letter to Mr. Maxwell and George Law's r
possession of 144,353 muskets. Its New Orleans j
correspondent occupies himself with the obsequies
>f Clay, Calhoun, and Webster. P
An extract from a private letter, dated Havana, v
ibe 19ih, says: "H. B. M.'s frigate Vestal, Captain s
ft?rnill/>n --.i 1 I *
? wU| ai itcu uerc mis inurmng, wiid tne 110- c
.orioua slave schooner Venus, and two other vessels, C
is prizes.?Mobile Regitter, Dec. 28. ti
From Baracoa?The Cholera.?A gentleman f<
who hac just arrived from Baracoa, on the eastern a
snd of the island ofCuba, informs us that the cho- a
era, which has been so fatally prevalent in the c
;ity of St. Jago, had almost disappeared, the num. n
>er of deaths having decreased from one hundred h
ind ten daily to eight or ten. c
in the surrounding country the disease was still d
naking dreadful ravages. At the mines of Colva, o
md in the village of the same name, and also iu tl
;he village of Caney, its violence was unprecedent- a
sd. At first the negroes only fell victims to it. but e
t soon spread to the whites, sparing no condition, ti
It had extended to Santa-Catalina, where it is d
lecimating the population, it had also appeared
it Sagua Tenamo, westward of Baracoa, where the n
nortality was frightful. Destitution as well as it
lisease prevailed through the province. w
The same gentleman reports an earthquake on b
he 26th of November, of great violence, exceeding tl
hat of August 20. The shock was felt through the B
vhole eastern part of the island. The principal tl
lamage occurred in the city of St. Jago, and the p
mmediate neighborhood. S
The greatest shock was felt there at half past V
hree o'clock a. m. Buildings and wallB were b
brown down, and personal injuries were received, ii
iut no fatality resulted. The shocks continued, u
hough with abated violence, up to the 17th of De- b
The sugar crop, it is expected, will fall below e
he average, and with the coffee crop, will come i
ate into market.?fV. Y. Corn. Advertiser. if
The Gibl in Pants.?"Emma Snodgrass," who p
ias been so notorious of late in visiting different tl
larts of New England, was arrested last evening h
a this city by police officer Oliver, and was this r?
doming arraigned in the police court on a charge n
f vagrancy?the examination of which, however, p
esulted in her complete triumph, and her conse- tc
uent discharge from custody.
It is understood that she is the daughter of a New hi
fork official. ir
The examination developed the fact that prior to ir
lie first arrest of the accused she was regularly G
mployed as a clerk in one of our mercantile pal- B
ces, and that, during all ,her subsequent wander- ri
igs, far and near, she had been well supplied with tt
loney, and all bills were promptly paid; so that li|
le charge of "being without home, lawful em- ir
loyment, or means of support," could not be le- m
ally sustained, and the court promptly ordered a or
ischarge?much to the apparent satisfaction of a le
rowded audience. at
His honor afterwards had an interview with la
Imma in the judge's private room, and gave her te
>me most fatherly and wholesome advice touching ta
er recent eccentricities, which she received with th
ecoming grace, and promised a reformation. It T
i expected that she will at once return to her home ec
i New York. ot
She was to day dressed in her usual male attire, oi
rhicb is really little or no disguise, her form being so ui
ght and fragile, and her features and manners so lii
ntirely feminine.?Boston Transcript, Wednesday, ni
The Boston Traveller of Friday states that Miss
uuu grass uas again oeen arrested in pants, to ^
ether with a Miss Harriet French, who had also
onned the masculine habiliments. The former
'as to be taken back to-New York by a police ^
Seer and the latter to be examined on a charge gt
f vagrancy. Y
The Milk in thb Cocoa Not.?It will be in the Qj
collection of our readers, that Mr. Nathaniel gr
awthorh, of Scarlet Letter fame, during the Predontial
campaign, published a pleasant romance,
ititled a " Life of Gen. Pierce." Those who tj(
ere acquainted with the proclivities of Hawthorn, ar
ilurally attributed the apparently singular under- ^
king to the love of fiction prevailing in the breast ^
' the author; while others presumed that the ap- je
sarance of the book was a mere matter of dollars ar
id cents, the result of a bargain between the 0g
riterand publishers for a certain amount of comisition
upon a given subject. It appears both
ere mistaken, and that the design of the novelist
creating a past for Gen. Pierce, was to lay the ,.i
undation for a future for Nathaniel Hawthorn.
is now announced that the latter gentleman is a .l
indidate?and a persevering one?for the office of
Elector of the port of Boston, under the adminis- g J
ation. He pleads his cause, doubtless, and urges ^
s claims with pertinacity and volubility. Hav
g proved his creative genius, be desires to reap J
s reward, and the " Life" is hie mediator with '
a fanciful hero. Hawthorn has before now tasted
e sweets of office, having held a subordinate g0|
tuation in the Salem custom house, and he de- ^
res to renew his acquaintance with executive
itronage. We do not see but his claim upon the odl
eneral is valid, and one which, in honor and e^(
atitude, he should not overlook. To secure the tgc
imination of Pierce was of course something; fue
itthe task was rendered easy by the dissensions
nongthe old aspirants; to make stump speeches, Rn<
rite newspaper articles, canvass districts, and do tge
e other labor of the campaign, might be all nu|
ill enough in its way, and deserving pf consid- teg(
ation; but to write a life of the Democratic can- afc
date?a real full volume?to give him a history.
d make the story of his life into a book, was a ^
irculean undertaking, and certainly deserves a .
.k .11 ...? CT7 I- ?OI
iwthorn did not aspire to the Cabinet, and maril
at bis modesty.?Buffalo Com. Advertiser.
r?E Caloric Ship Ericsson was to have gone
the sectional dry-dock on Wednesday to re- ?Hf
ve her copper, but drawing- too mnch water for flc
i present state of the river, she was, by permis be I
n of Captain Hudson, U. S. N., placed in the ?ar
lited 'States dry-dock' at the Brooklyn navy *&n'
rd, where she now is, well worth a visit from ?re
ee interested in marine affairs. th'6
[JV. Y. Courier and Enquirer. bar
' * one
Thr Maine Law in RhoDE Island.?The deci- u,,t
a of the circuit court en the constitutionality of MrMaine
law was delivered yesterday. Separate jog
nions were written out by the judges. That of ble
ige Curtis was at considerable length, and cov- tny1
d some twenty pages; that of 3udge Pitman was axe
rt. Both concurred in the unconstitutionality bur,
the law on various points ?Providence Journal. Aim
. l ' "mi
tossiRi is said to have recently purchased a disc
ise in Trieste, and is quite a lion in that city, ablj
is a great amateur of fishing, and may be seen the '
ry day, as be pufs out to sea in bis elegant and in C
nfortably arranged gondola, to entrap with net to b
I hook the brisk inhabitants of the deep; but it nee<
ir more comical to see the corpulen tola maestro, the '
l with a white apron, sitting as a salesman in the i
market, where he himself turns his booty into rs*p
ney; for he is no less a mercantile than a mu- (1
d genius. - crat
juMi : ...
The British in Central America. ,
From the New York Ex pre it
The treaty of Washington of 1850 provided that
3reat Britain should not "oocupy, or fortify, or
iolonize, or assume, or exercise any dominion"
iver any part of Central America, or make use of
iny alliance or protection which may have been
>revioualy exercised for these purposes. This aricle
no doubt waB intended?for it was eo under- t
tood by the contracting parties?to compel Engand
to relinquish the power which she bad forci- s
>ly maintained in Nicaragua, in the name and
inder the pretence of a protectorate over theblackimoor
king of the Mosquito Ind ans, and to prerent
further British colonization in nny part of Central
America. General Cass, supposing that, in
he Island of Ruatan, such further colonization has
>cen attempted, no doubt, has introduced his resoution,
in order to set forth that there has been a
notation of the treaty of Washington
The Administration, we may in the first place
emark, has done all that it could to remove
:ven any semblance of British government in Nilaragua,
none of which, it is not pretended, we
relieve, now exists, unless it be in Grey Town,
[San Juan de Nicaragua.) Thia Grey Town, bow:ver,
we may say here, is, for the time being, unler
a self constituted mixed government of Amercans
and Englishmen, a sort of town council, peoile-chosen,
in which the American element largely
>rep nderates, so that it cannot in justice be said
he British e-overnment. ?n?
_ _ 0 ?j ?MV.V *u i^.'uarag^aa,
tzercise any authority or dominion whatsoever.
Nevertheless, Great Britain had possession there;
ler flag- waved there; at one time she cnllectod j
>ort duties there; and there h..a been no formal
bandonment of power, though port charges, as
rom British authority, has ceased, and apology I
ras respectfully, nay, regretfully made, for firing
n the Prometheus steamer there.
To obtain a formal abandonment of all British
uthority in Nicaragua in April last, the basis ofa
onvention was proposed by the United States and
ireat Britain, (Mr. Webster negotiating,) to Ni- 1
aragua and Costa Rica; but belore this conven- ,
ion was acted upon, or even reached Nicaragua, 1
he substance of it got into the newspapers here, I
nd advantage wsls taken of the early publication 1
o to prejudice the mind of Nicaragua that, within
t much consideration, and rather from passion, J
he rejected it. Costa Rico acceded, but the rejec- t
ion by Nicaragua left all thing : tiatu quo, just
exactly as they now are, This convention, if we re- 1
nember aright, provided for the ession of Greyown
to Nicaragua, with some stipulations to the
iing of the Musquitos by wav of remuneration,
md the surrender of the province of Guanacaete,
vhich Nicaragua claims, to Costa Rica, a province
n the Pacific, south of the Lake of Nicaragua,
nd apparently having no connexion with that
Itate. The indirect recognition of the Mosquito
ting, and the surrender of the Guanacaete claim, j
Nicaragua would not submit to; and, upon the
dvice of her Minister here, (Mr. Marcoleta,) who
emonstrated throughout, the convention was reected
The United States suffers from this rejection, and
Nicaragua gains nothing?nay, rather loses?as
re think it 13 easy to demonstrate; because Nicaragua
loses what it might have, (the possession of
rreytown,) and gains nothing, because it has not
ruanacaste, which belongs by present possession
a Costa Rica. The United States suffers in this:
hat Nicaragua resisting, she cannot strictly enarce
the treaty of Washington. Mr. Buchanan,
s Secretary of State, acting for bis Government, ^ 3
sked Great Britain for an exequatur for an American
Consul, and thus formerly recognized the dolinion
Great Britain once had; which dominion,
owever, Great Britain renounced in behalf of Niaragua,
but which renunciation Nicaragua as yet
eclines to accept. So new negotiations must be "
pened; and, until Nicaragua consents to somening
satisfactory to the United States, Great Britin,
and Costa Rica, or to the two last named powrs,
Greytown must remain under the self-constiuted
municipality of American and British resients
General Cass, however, does not seem to be so
luch interested in Nicaragua and Costa Rica as
l some islands in the Bay of Honduras, over
hich, as we are informed, the British have long
sen exercising jurisdiction; as long, almost, as
ley have had possession of the Belize. In this
elize possession, there is but little doubt, we think,
lat the British trading companies there have been
usbing their "domiuion", far beyond what the
panish permission to trade intended or grants.
Vhat that grant was, we cannot now say exactly;
ut we are sure they have been pushing into tbe
iterior more and more, and an eye upon their
lovements there will do no harm. The Belize has
een for many years the principal entrepot of 1
Inglish goods for Central America, and the capital
mployed in tbe trade was at one time as high as
J'2,000,000 (two millions sterling ) Upon certain $
siands in the Bay of Honduras, and long before the
eaty of Washington, the British have had like 1
oseession, of which this treaty did not dispossess ?
lem. These islands, distant from the Belize,
ave been within a year or two formed into a sepaite
colony; and if the treaty of Washington did J
ot dispossess tbem, there is no doubt that, being !l
re-exisung oruisn possessions, tbey bad a rig-tit . I
> the benefits of the British government.
We are very glad, however, that General Cass
is moved in the matter. Give us light?give us
iforination?but we do not think he will get much
i Washington. We do not imagiue thai our |
overnment has had any negotiation with the
ritish government on this subject; for, if we 1
ghtfully understand the subject, there wa3 noling
to negotiate about. Tbe true sources of
jht are in London, or to come from our cfficia.li
i Central America, particularly from Guatalala
and such officials as we have in Honduras
the Belize, if wo bave any there; nevertbess,
give us all the light there is All we know 1
. present is, that on or about the 17th of July
st, a proclamation emanated from the superinndcncy
of Belize, constituting the island of Kuan
and its dependencies a British colony, under
e designation of the "Colony of the Bay Islands."
he allegation is that these islands had been wrest?
1 from the republic of Honduras, their rightful
vner, and had been British dependencies in spit*
the Clayton and Bulwcr treaty. It is well to
aderstand all tbie; but it will be found, we bcsve,
that Great Britain has been exercising no j
ew authority or dominion; only doing there what
r years and years she has been doing in the Beze,
and on the like authority from Spain or her
Hard and Soft.?Country politicians of the
ierce and King school, we observe, are sorely
uzsled with tbe new classification of the different
lades of "Democracy" we have here, in New
ork, under the name of "Hard" and "Soft Sceli."
gain, some of them are innocently asking if the
d divisions of "Hunker" and "Barnburner" are
oken up, and if so, what is a "Soft" and what a
Hard?" Let us enlighten.
A Soft Shell Hunker belongs to the genus Na>nal
Democrat, but bis antipathies to abolitionism
e not sufficiently sincere to be pocket proof,
ence, to get office, and a fair Bhare of "plunder,"
i fraternizes with the Barnburners par excelnce?the
latter meanwhile dropping their name
id distinct organization, in order to creep into
ice too. under cover of the Soft Shell Hunker,
is for this reason that in the recent primary elecms,
we bear nothing about Barnburners per at?
e battle having been mainly carried on between
lard" and "Soft," though the fact was notorious g
at the Simon pure Barnburners?the chiefs of
e Old Lispenard street organization?were workg
hard behind the bush for aud with tbe Soft
ells. Tbe two forces thus united, as has already
en slated, carried the day against the Hards.
But who are "ihe Hards," again ? The Hards
e tbe remnant?tbe forlorn hope?of tbe simon
re Old Hunkers?political H&nuibate, all of
sin, who, like "Dan Sickles," have sworn eternal
uility to the Freesoil portion of the parly who
ist of having defeated General Cass in 1S4S.
pealed efforts have been made, at different perij.
bv tbe magnates of the rfv aisawhA.
set an union between the two factions?but,
>ugh sometimes temporarily successful, the
ion has never lasted for any length of time,
e elements are as oppugnant to coalition as oil
i water. The Hards, in the primary elections,
other day, got worsted a little, owing to the
merical superiority of the Softs?but as the cont
is soon to be transferred to the more compact
ua of the General Committee Hoome, the Hards
they expect to carry the day, when the time
aes to decide the large batch ol contested eler1
caees in reserve.?Aeio York Erprets.
sttfinal Machine.?General Pierce, the Preant
elect, & few days since received a suspicious
king box, per Cheney'8 Express, from the West,
iposing, from his exalted position, that some
ked Whig or "fanatical Abolitionist" might
slotting his destruction, he very naturally reded
this as an infernal machine, intended to
d him in glory before his time. Not feeling any
at partiality for such an apptheosia. he ordered
i new Pandora's box to be stowed ffway in the
n, "unsigbt unseen," and strictly forbade any
to go near it. Thus it remained some days,
il one Sunday, when nobody was at home save
W., the General's boarding-master, who, be
exercised thereto by a courageous and laudachriosity,.
determined to solve the "infernal
stery." Accordingly seizing a long handled
and placing himself at a rational distance, he
led (be iron weapon with full lury into the box.
sr waiting in breathless expectation for the
tchine" to explode, Mr. W. approached it and
overed (horibili dictum!) two brace of remark'
fat ducks and a haunch of venison, sent to
President elect by an admiring Catholic Iriend
Cincinnati, with a note accompanying, desiring
e remembered in the division of the spoil ! We
i only add that the only thing,"infernal" ab?ut
"machine" was an inodorous smell?for which
reverent disciple of His Holiness was in no way
kuthorny for this atory is the Concord DtmoJ
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