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rjrHE RUri'BLie.
Oar New Series.
YVe to-day conclude the fourth volume of
the Republic. Did we propose to take leave
of our patrons it might be proper to make an
extended review of the eventful circumstances
which have occurred since the relation of wri
ter and reader nas existed oetween us.
Our career as a party press has been che
tjue vd by the usual vicissitudes. We have
* known triumph and defeat, approval and cen
sure. We have endeavored to discharge our
duty to our cause and .o our country conscientiously
and fearlessly. We have endeavored
to preserve our own respect and that of all
thi se whose respect contributes to reputation.
We have endeavored to maintain the dignity
of the American press. How far we may
have succeeded will be determined by our
W contemporaries and the public.
'' \\ e have tound it necessary to change the
line of our publication. Journals cannot subsist
exclusively on controversies. Partisan war
fare is a pleasant excitement to the combatants;
but a war between two political or polemical
nits is not, during the present political syncope,
very interesting to the public. Men now
instead of breaking their necks to get to a political
disputation, would rather lake the cars to
avoid one; and, instead of reading a couple of
columns of editorial thunder, they wickedly
shy utT to the next railri ad or conjugal murder.
We venture to aftirm that the ablest and most
1 gical controversy upon the merits of a land
bill, or the virtues of a tariff schedule, would
no more attract readers than the wars of Buzfuz
and Pleydell upon a special plea will draw
an audience. You hear a racket, and go in.
Scene, a dingy court room, with faded baize
curtains; dramatic persona;, a little judge very
much worried by two yelping attorneys; a tipstaff
and a pair of relay lawyers, by way of audience.
Vou steal out and shut the door, for
fear you may be nabbed by some entangling
process with a Norman name, or committed
upon a jury, with but the forlorn privilege of
dictating a nuncupative message to your indig.
nant helpmate.
Yet the points discussed by the jurists are
ras "profoundly important" and as "intensely
interesting" to them as the editorial war may
be to the combatants. Neither will, however,
we regret to say, attract a paying audience at
this time.
IThe prosperity of a journal depends upon the
interest with which the public regard it. It
must op conducted with nronriptv ahilttv and
industry. W e shall found our claim to public
support upon the faithful cultivation of these
indispensable attributes.
We shall preserve such a tone of moral propriety
as that our journal may be safely com
mitted to the hands of the younger and gentler
members of society, upon whose culture the
destinies of the country depend. Founded in
a spirit of devotion to republican principles, it
can never fail to encourage their progress.
It shall contain all the intelligence of foreign
and domestic importance which the most deliberate
student of events may require; and it
shall in its local and current news be as fast
rand as fresh as the contributions of active
agents can make it.
An intermission of a few days w ill be neces
sary to effect the change of manner and apparel
with which we are to reappear before the public.
It will be a hyphen separating the two
series without impairing their value.
It will no doubt gratify our friends to learn
Lthat our appeal tor subscribers has been responded
to in a mannermost encouraging, and we
shall address ourselves to an agreeably extended
list of su- si ribers. We shall hope that our
patrons will, in proportion as we shall deserve
it, aid us in our enterprise.
To the citizens of this important metropoiis
we appeal for such encouragement as will enable
us to expand our circulation into the interior,
and redeem the city press from the reproach
or having sometimes permitted the papers
of other cities to give the earliest information
of what occurs within our own.
The first number of the new series will appear
on Wednesday, the 6th of July.
rj&- Subscribers to the Triweekly Republic
will no doubt be gratified to learn that the
daily paper will hereafter be sent to them
at the same price tlicy have heretofore paid fur
the former.
Steamboats and Kxcnrsions.
We notice in the newspapers of all our cities
the advertisements of steamboats about to pnake
pleasure excursions at very low rates of fare.
There is no more pleasant mode of enjoying a
day's recreation than is thus presented, and
we do not wonder that multitudes of men,
women, and children avail themselves of the
opportunity to enjoy themselves upon terms so
economical. And yet there are still many who
wisely abstain from participating in these en
joyments, and who prefer the more sedate and
expensive travel upon the same boats at times
when special excursion trips are not advertised;
and in this connexion we must lake occasion
to observe that one of two things must
soon occur?either a limitation must be placed
upon the number of passengers each boat is
permitted to carry, and upon the maximum
speed at which she may move, or some stupendous
disaster will suspend for a season at least
the practice of making cheap excursions. In this
matter none are more deeply interested than
the proprietors ol steamboats; and to them,
especially, do we commend the subject. A
guarantee to the public that no abuse will ever
be permitted from either of the causes here
named will enhance the gratification ot those
who seek pleasure by means of the facilities
thus offered to them, and at the same time
i greatly increase the patronage of the boats by
calling for more frequent trips; or, should a
little higher price for tickets be in consequent
demanded, it will not weigh in the popular
estimation against the security attained by
judicious regulations. ^
It is said that we are more reckless of life
in republican America than in monarcoica!
Europe; and the laxity of our laws regulating
the various means of transporting passengers
throughout our country gives grounds for th?
assertion. While upon the North river, upon
the Delaware, upon Chesapeake bay, upon the
Potomac, and everywhere throughout the
country, a steamboat is never considered
full wnile there is a plank fore or alt for
\ passenger to stand upon, each steamboat
!h3t moves upon the Thames is assigned
its limited number of passengers, and the
penalty tor violating the inunction is uni
V,-. .
v v
formly imposed. Thus we notice in a recent
London periodical?the Nautical Standard,
of the 11th of June?that William 1
Newton, master of the Greenwich steam vessel
Waterman 4, whose limit, as prescribed
by the legally-appointed inspectors, is 347
passengers, was tried before a court of alder- ,
men, and lined ?5, and a further sum of ?5 5s.,
being 5s. for each of twenty one passengers
beyond the number specified in his certificate,
and this, though it was shown by the defence
t that, the occasion beinur Whit-MnnHav. the
O J *
throng was so dense that the captain could not
resist the pressure of the crowd upon his ooat,
it being ruled that it was the duty of the coin'
ntander of a boat to use adequate precautions
I to resist such pressure. Thomas Long, ot the
steamboat Waterman No. 1, was fined =?'20
for a like offence, and Joseph Ball, of the
' Naiad," was fined .?10.
Prizing as we do these delightful excursions,
I it is our wish to see them continued, and become
more and more popular with the public
and profitable to those who conduct them; and
to this end, together with a proper regard
for the safety and welfare of the public,
we commend this subject to the earnest
consideration of those who are empowered to
create and to administer iaws on the subject;
and we would especially urge the propriety of
attending to it without awaiting the admoni
j tions of such disastrous occurrences as have
; recently aroused public attention to the fla'
grant abuses practiced by many of the railroad
companies of our country.'
We ask attention loan advertisement in this
day's paper, offering- to lease for a term of
years Charles Island, one of the Gallapagos
group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, a few
j a.* .i__ _ j.* ft :i \\7~
uegrets wesi ui ine coast or uru&yaquii.
are informed that the statement which is in
circulation in the newspapers, to the effect
that the Mormons have purchased or leased
this island, and are about to settle on it, is en
tirely incorrect.
New Publii atlons.
Domestic Cookery, Utejul Recnpt* and Hinti
to Young Housikeepert, is the title of an excellent
little work by Elizabeth E Lea. a fifth edition of
which has just been issued by Messrs Cos ings &.
Bailey, of Baltimore. We speak from experience
when we say that this will be found a most useful
book in every family for the purposes indicated by
its title.
The book is on sale by Kramck Taylor, book
seller, Pennsylvania avenue, a few doors east of
the National Hotel.
Household Words.? McElrath and Barker, oi
New York, publish an American edition of this
attractive and original journal of Dickens, the novelist.
It is made up in monthly parts, and sold
at twenty ccn's a part or number.
Harpers' Magazine.?This magazine hasabated
, nothing' in spirit or value in tne July number,
whir.h hfia lint rparhpH iu. It l.aa mnrh infprrat.
inir reading; and among iu pictorial beauties the
sketches of the Upper .Mississippi and those of
Lake George struck us as being vtry fine.
Copies can be obtained of Joe Shillington,
corner of Pennsylvan a avenue und 4^ street, and
of Bdceisgham, under the National Hotel.
The Abt Journal of London. ? We have received
No. *4 of this meritorious work, published
in a quarto form, and containing a number of beautiful
engravings. The work is published by
George Vibtuc, in London, and may be ootained
of the agent, Mr. B. VV. Ferguson, on 7th street,
near E, in this city.
The Mining Magazine, for July, 1863,edited
by VV. J. Tcnnev, at New York, hag been forwarded
to us. VVe should suppose this to be a use
lul publication to all persons interested in mining
operations, whether ot gold or coal.
Pacific Railroad or Missoubi ?A copy of a
pamphlet, containing documents exhibiting the
organization, condition, and relations of the Pacific
Railroad of the State of Missouri, has been sent
us, for which our thanks are tendered.
The Word "S atuary."
To Ike Editor of (he Republic:
Sir: May I ask through your columm why Mr.
Robert Walsh and the writer of the "Ion" letter*
in the Baltimore Sun use the word "statuary" in
the sense of statues or of sculpture f Vide extract
from letter ol former in your paper of to-day, and
letter of latter in Sun of to-day. These gentlemen
are certea among the beet of philologists, and
when they employ words, we should suppose,
must know what they are doing.
Washington, June'29, 1553. i
Ex-President Van Burin at thc Court of j
St. James.?The yfonileur, and indeed all the
other Paris papers, (says Mr. Walsh in a recent I
letter to the New York Journal of Commerce,) have
noticed the introduction at the Court of t^uecn
Victoria?of Mr. Van Buren, ex-President of the
United States; Major General Cooper, Mr. Kemble,
"Governor and ex member of Congress," and
others. It is suggested that an ex-President of
the great American Union might have sought a
special presentation to her majesty, suchs a European
royal and princely personages claim, instead
of confounding himself with the crowd or mob at a
general official reception.
John Manners died at bis iesidence in Clinton,
Hunterdon county, New Jersey, on Friday last,
at eleven o'clock p in., after an illness of six
weeks, of dropsy. He was aged about sixty-six
years. He was a Jerseyman by birth, and son-inlaw
of the celebrated Pr. Cooper, of South Carolina,
highly esteemed in bis native State, wheie,
as a physician, a lawyer, a chemist, and a politi
Clan, He wai well known. He was the president
of the New Jersey Senate during the winter of
Mi-, and was much talked of aa the next Democratic
candidate for Governor ol the State. He
was one of the moat learned men of hia age, the
master of two professions and one science, and in
them all he had not skimmed the surface merely,
but dived to their very bottoms. In addition to
this, he had mastered three or four languages.
[JV. V'. A'vening Pott, iSth.
Hamilton Shislos, eta, died at Norfolk last
week, in the sixty-sixth year of his age. Mr. S.,
at the close of the war in Mid. in which he commanded
a company of volunteers from Isle of
Wight county, established the American Beacon,
which, as the senior editor, he continued to conduct
with ability and industry till 1S34, when hs
retired from the arduous duties of his profession
The Holly Springs ( diss ) Banner announces
the death at his residence there of Judge Joseph
W Chalmers, anh ajds that "Mississippi has lost
one of her uobl-st sons, the oar one of its ablest
| lawyers, and society one of her brightest ornamen's."
Judge C. was i native of Halifax county,
| Virginia.
Luacoa Law is N xw IIas<>ihiii.?The New
Hampshire House of Representatives?131 to 114 ?
ha* refuted to take the Maine I.iquor law from the
table, which settles the fate of the measure for a
| yeay in that State.
The Savannah Courier state* that #1,700.000
have been subscribed to the stock of the Bruna,r.ic"k
and Florida Railroad Company. A large
part of fb? road is already under contract.
Sound DocTBij.fc The following is from the
New Bedford yirrcury:
"The poorest business an honest map can cnr*ge
in is that of politics for the sakeor its reward
While he is a poor creature and an unworthy
cititen wfvo neglects his political duties and sacrifi'-ee
hi* political birthright to his business or his
i ate, the man who makes merchandise of his polij
tical principles, and espects pay for yiaintsiiiipg
' them, is quite a* foolish as he is base.''
ImMF r - /
Rnmond Ipanlth-Heiloan Treaty.
The following special despatch from this c.itj
appears in the New York TXtnu Its inoat material
statements, however, are doubted m
ther discredited by many:
Washington, Monday, June :-7.
It is rumored tbat Government hne been ad
vised from quarters entitled to the hip-heat credi
of the celebration of a treaty between Spain anMexico
for the re-annexation of the latter to thr
former. The treaty.it is stated, waa solemn!)
signed by Generals Canedo and Santa Ann i whil<
the latter was at Havana, subject to ratification bj
the court of Madrid, and by the Mexican aa ,ooi
aa he should be firmly acatrd in, the dictatnria
chair. These ratifications have b"rn received
and an expedition, it is said, is organized on th?
northern shore of Cuba, destined to carry sij
thousand Spanish troops to Vera Cruz wbei c <he\
are to support the coup d'etat which Santa Ann,
has resolved to attempt.
It is likewise asserted that the departure of th
expedition will be the siemal for a ffcrieral iu-ur
rection on the island. The Cohans nrc resolved
not to let so cnpital a rhance slip without attempt
ing their emancipation; and, if we may believ;
reliable authorttics, the movement will certain)!
prove triumphant.
A gentleman who has the best opp rtunities <
acquainting himself with the secret drift of thins
in Cuba, and who possesses the confidence of Gov
ernment, writes: "I am told Judgv Craword, tht
newly-appoin'ed consul at the Havana, does no
propose to enter upon the duties of his otii"-- unti
October. If this is so depend upon it he \? ill Mevo
act as consul. The fate of the Spanish unti rit ,
will have been sealed ere then." X Y
Commenting on the despatcn the Baltimore Pa
triot remarks:
"The weather is hot, and 'rumor' is jtiB'. now thi
only source for political agitation?it won't do fo
parties to attempt to act. So we regard ti c nbovc
I' is very interesting; looks very tumid* ol , ant
furnishes food for conversation and opens the dooi
for political disquisitions. But of course "here car
be no truth in it?that is in the sto, v. not that 1
wa? not rumored. The idea that Santa Anna is go
ing to annex .vlexico to Spain! The author of th
report is a prince of jokers, and shoul 1 have a hie!
eat given him in the Crystal Palace 0t New York
r.n (he openingof the world's fair th< re next month
He wou d bo the observed of all observers Well
the story is something to laugh ov ?r. and for tha
the author ought to be thanked, though tie doc
challenge wild credulity."
From the New YTork Journal of Commerce, June 24
Spurious Currency.
The following advertisement frotn the State c
Maine was published once in our paper by direc
tion of the Secretary of State. We repeat it to
day, that we may accompany it with i few word
of comment:
Notic* ?Secretary's Office, Augwta, Maine
June 17, 1853.? Whereas, there i* reason to bcliev
that certain persons out ot the limits of the State ti
Maine, but under pretence of authority grantn
by the Legislature thereof are about to issue an
put into circulation bank bills or notes, or notes ii
imitation ol bank notes, purporting to be issued b'
/'he Little Androscoggin Company, at Danville, ii
the Slate of Maine, whereby the community ma'
be greatly injured and defrauded, notice is hert b'
given that there is no corporation company witi
the above named title in this Staie luthorixci
to exercise banking powers, or to issue bills o
notes as a currency, and that any such proceed
ing will be in violation of the laws of the State.
The corporation authorized by the act of the Lgislature,
under the before named title is a man
ufacturing corporation solely, and, if organized
would have no power to issue bank notes or atr
notes as a currency.
It cannot, however, be ascertained, though in
quiries have been made, that any company ha
been organized under said title, or that it has an;
known place of business, or that any capital stoci
whatever has been subscribed or paid.
The illegal proceedings contemplated arc abou
to take place without the State, and beyond tin
reach of its laws. John G. Sawyer,
Secretary of State
The spirit which has dictated this notice iron
ths constituted authorities of Maine, cannot be *.o<
highly commended. That State is noted for in
dustry and thrift, and is managed with wisdon
and integrity. The issuers of a spurious currency
cannot obtain a foothold within her jurisdiction
They arc treated more ceremoniously in thosi
States which are so overloaded with debt that the;
cannot pay the annual interest upon it. A cur
rancy liable to much fluctuation does harm no
only to the immediate losers from its depreciation
but to the rest of the community. The price o
product# is raised by the abundance of money, am
is lowered by its diminutn n. It is the labor of th<
community which is thus affected by a ret)on an
miuui; icic gu^ij. 11 ine currency ronnit o
ihi precious metals, labor is employed to fin thi
price of labor, and there is then all necessary cci
tainty in the determination of prices. A well reg
ulatrd paper currency, convertible at all tiims
and conveniently, into the precious no tale, hai
become a necessity of commerce, and is in ohci
respects desirable. On the theory on which it ii
based, it is not supposed to interfere with tin
great law by which labor in one shape (that o
money) is relied upon to determine the value u
it in another shape; that is to say, the infinite
variety of products contributed by human it:
dustry to the supply of the world But <t apu
rious currc ry occupies a totally different pla -e
and under ibis head may be induced all thus*
issues which are not based on a solid foundation
such as will stand the tempests of the I usinest
world. Currency issued upon stocks on which thr
annual interest is not well secured and punctually
paid, comes within thia category. In the lonp
run they will be place) on a footing with " I'hi
Little Androscoggin Company." B >ih are calcu
lated to affect the interests ol labor injuriously
That interest concerns every hum n being. The
sol id part of the community ever pro note its sta
hility. They thrive by steadiness and when all ij
raliri. This is the interest of the great majorit";
anil, except when the public mind has D en vitiated
by wrong examples, the laws take their tone and
impression from this acknowledged public object
There are wreckers, however, on every shore. A
freshet which sets afloat the accumulauons of labor
gathered on the shore, puts fh motion all those win
profit by the labor of others. They clutch all that
they can gather as it floats on t e swollen flood
An gnsound currency thus acts. It suspends the
industry of a nation on the wings of paper money
"The Little Androscoggin Company" may issue
wi h a printing press in half an hour whh t is noini
nally sufficient to buy up all the lumber in the
State of Maine; the product of powerful arms
which have wielded their axes to support tnen
women, and children in honest industry.
They rely on the State for their protection in the
matter of currency, a duly which ihe Execut vi
power, it may be seen, vigilantly perform?. W<
wish that Illinois, Indiana, and other States, wouh
follow this wise example. Washing! .n city hat
been the locality of much of this species of j ublit
plunder. Each place owes it to every other plact
that frauds of this character should be expo ec
and corrected on the spot in which they have theii
local habitation, and from which they derive thci
name. One branch of the Androscoggin runs a
the foot of the White Mountains, and then paseei
into the State of Maine. It is a pure and clea
mountain stream, in which the trout love to coo
themselves. It is eaid that some persons who late
ly travelled into New Jersey, on perceiving a cop
per head snake, immediately established a coppe
mining company. It may be that the Little An
drcscoggin furnishes in its "fisheries" an equa
reason for establishing a company authoriz d t<
catch and cure fish, the latter to be sold at the Ex
change, "to be delivered" We think that pur
chasers of stocks too numerous to mention" wil
wish by and by, as they place their certificates ii
the pocket-book which holds old continental o
other discarded notes, that some honest John G
Siawyer had published the caution with respect t
them which the constituted authorities ol Maine
so justly put forth. All honor to theStateof Maine
L'ownscticut Lsqislature.?A despatch fron
the office of the Hartford Timet, dated the '28t!
instant, says:
"The Senate, this afternoon, passed an impor
tant bill, providing that in case of attachment lo
debt, there shall be an equal distribution of pro
perty among the creditors.
"The bill authorizing the cities of New Havei
and Hartford to issue bonds for tf e purpose of rail
ing money to supply said cities with pure vratei
has passed both Houses.
"The bill providci that ?300,000 shall be rai6ei
by the city of Hartford, and ?250,000 b7 the citi
of New Haven
"The House has just rejected the bill passed bj
the Senate for the abolition of capital punishment
by a large majority.
"Both Houses of the Legislature have passed i
resolution to adjourn tine die on Friday."
Thi Hoses Traps has of late years assumed at
importance in Philadelphia and New York whicl
tew pers, in KtUch (o it A fact is mentioned bt
the Lancaster Independent IFAig, which ehow
this strikingly. It is, that a single forwarding
house in that city, Messrs Powl & Mishler, has
store the beginning of the present year, sent l,l8i
head of horses, by railroad, to Philadelphia. Si
eaceedlngly great has been the growth ot this citj
as well as New York, that the number of horsei
required for use is immense, and constantly aug
tnenting. Hard work, warm weather, disease
casualty, aye, and other causes, diminish thi
number of our worse* .-.nntinually, and the chie
supplies to replace them, and to meet the growing
demand, are derived from the interior of our owt
State and the great West.
f Philadelphia North American.
.? ?
" " ? mmm
From the ATeu> York Exprett, June 27.
r Central America*
W.i have at different times set before our readers t
the efforts made to form a federal government out
of the five Central American States to which Mr. '
ex-Senator Borland has been appointed minister a
by General Pierce; an especial mission created t
lor some especial purpose, the reasons of which we c
have never been able to appreciate; but now we *
' ! have to inform our readers that all these efforts for c
5 a Central American government have failed. In- c
deed, the projectors of this Central government (
I were not moved by any particular desire to sub- I
serve the interests ot the States, but the men a
moving in it were revolutionists in their resrective ^
c I States, and inado use of the rrv for n ferleml ?rotr.
... *- - t
eminent in order to obtain exterior power, which v
would better enable them to further their views of 1
revolution at home, in their respective States. s
Guatemala, the leading1 Siate, never took any part ^
' in the movement, and the only States that did e
w. re San Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua. o
. We have before us now a decree from the State *
of Nicaragua, signed by Rocha, Minister of For'
ei n Affairs, in which, by the authority of the Su- c
i nre.me Director and Assembly, dated Managua, o
April 30, 1863, it ia resolved: s
t Aht 1. That Nicaragua does not accept the
constitution submitted by the Federal Convention
in October, 1852, nor any of its provisions. 8
Aht 2 That the act of November 8, 1849, is in
sufficient, and Nicaragua resumes, from the pub- c
li> ation ot this law, all its sovereignty and abso 1
lute indeprndence, both as to the exterior and her 1
r We hive before us a document thirty pages t
long, given out from Managua (capital of Nicarai
gua) bir the Minister of the Interior, in behalf of t
r the government, which enters^at length into the v
| affairs of Nicaragua. All attempts at federation v
have not only failed, he fays, but have resulted in f
e mischief and civil war ; and such are the hetero1
trcticous elements of the country that he almost *
despairs of success iti eny future attempts. 5
This document then dwells upon some of the
> interior difficulties or Nicaragua, and the neces- ^
sity of come constitutional reforms to make the
e constitution work well The federal government P
failing, Ni. arngua was obliged to receive foreign r
ministers Don Diego Ram in was received from
Spain, "a kindred nation in tongue and reli- v
gion." Hon J Bozman Kerr was thus accredited '
f tiom the United States of North America. Mr. J"
Kerr's course in Nicarogui is spoken of iu high '
terms of approbation. Without yielding to factions
or treason in Nicaragua, or proiecting trca li
s sonahlc adventurer?, he has saved the country b
Irom many evils, nnd inspired the government e
wiih the highest respect for him and his well v
' merited reputation. A minister from Prussia has o
I also been recognised, witli whom a treaty of com ii
I inerce and navigation has been concluded. p
l San Juan del Norte (Grevtown) is then dwelt tl
j on. The municipal government created there in H
' derogation ot the rights of Nicaragua is protested I
against as a new aggression. The treaty of Wash- t
ington between the United States and Great Bri F
? tain failed, we are told, not only to ineet with tavor v
, in Nicnragua. but wiih some of the "'grand nota- E
'l bilitha" [the Little Giant, (?) we suppose] in "the A
r grand Republic." n
Marcoleta's services to Nicaragua are spoken of "
in the very highest terms. He is, it seems, a sort "
| of omnipresent and omnipotent Minister; being c
Charge to Great Britain, France, Belgium, Hoi
j land, and Envoy Extraordinary and Minister d
' Plenlpotent i a r y to the United States?having all rl
1 i this weight of honors Ilis resistance to the treaty p
j of Washington is highly commended, and he is
. at last commended to the very favorable conside- b
* ; ration of the Nicaraguan Legislature. [Never I
I tbeless, we hrar that, in order to have a minister n
j in the United States who will be recognised, Sefior
t | Castellon will be sent there.] li
This document then enters upon the relations o
Nicaragua has with the other Central American 1
I States. With San Salvador there has been some d
difficulty about the home she has given to the exile n
1 ; Muni s, who, driven from Leon, promised to go to c
a Peru, but did not. Speaking of Costa Rica, Messrs. d
Crampton and Webster are censured for the part
, they took in awarding Nicaraguan territory to a
thai State The "rudeness" of Mr. Walsh, the i|
' Commissioner sent out from the United States, is
I then spoken of, and there is a slap at his "diploR
malic manners in Hayti." [Mr. Walsh's reports
' to his Government, especially the Hayti reports, ^
" seein to have made a sensation in the court of Ma tl
' nagua ]
?. Other parts of this long document treat of the I u
1 "roads," (of which there do not seem to be any,) I v
; "the administration of justice," "public instruc c
tion," "codification of the laws," and "ecclesias- 0
1 tioal affairs." The State religion ii the Roman j;
Catholic Apostolic, hut other religions are not pro a
' , hibited. The Catholic religion is highly extolled; e
dul a concordat with the Holy Sec la demanded, ,(
by which the rights of the Siate and the rights of p
the church, which seem to be coining into conflict, 0
5 shall be established. (i
San Salvador had sent Don Luia Molina to con- t|
* gratulate the Director of Nicaragua, and in the ^
' course of his speech Molina expresses his disbelief c
: in the success of all the efforts attempted for fede- n
! ; ration, but hopes to see very friendly relations ex- ^
' i-i ing, especially between Nicaragua, San Salva- ,|
dor., and Honduras. n
Ui,rrttpondcnce of the Phila. North American. "
Washington June'28 u
The Cabinet is said to have Mr. Buchanan's in- a
Mructions under consideration. Mr. Marcv hag tt
!, en engage I for sometime in preparing them, \i
bo Mr. Buchanan insists on having authority to p
; ! conduct all our important diplomacy with Eng fi
I land in London The premier is not disposed to It
loa these opportunities to make personal repu'.a tl
lion by negotiation here. The Cabinet will sustain tl
Mr. Marcy. Probably Mr. Buchanan sees how S
! the cat jumpa, and will not start for some time, if n
at all. Th.s is the secret of his failing to go last a
| j week. ri
1 am satisfied to-day that efTorts will he made to
| settle the fishery question here. There was reason
j to fear Mr. Crampton's powers on the subject were
i not sufficiently an pie; but it is now understood
there is no such difficulty, and that tie question
' is likely to be satisfactorily ndjusted soon.
Mr Walker leaves lor New York to-morrow ^
or Thursday, to make arrangements for his de- .j
Judge George R. Barrett, of Pennsylvania, has ^
been appointed codifier of the revenue l^ws, under ^
the act of the last session appropriating ten thousand
dollars for that purpose.
Several clerks in the Navy Department were re
moved to day.
When is it Going to Rain??The Baltimore 11
Palnol ol last evrniug asks this question, which n
I is strictly applicable to Washington, nnd says: ci
i "This is the question asked everywhere. The g
Louisville Journal seems to think they have not ri
had their share, and soys: ol
I " 'It has rained all aiound us, but hardly a drop tt
r hr.s fallen here. We arc nearly choked up with B
r dust The crop3 in our immediate vicinity are e:
t suff rmg greatly.' p
a "Way down in Alabama?oerhana near the rr
r Sawnee river ?they aie crying also for rain; ami e:
I in Mobile they are beginning to think there is no li
such thing. Here is what the Register of that city, v'
. ot the 20th instant, says:
r " 'Rain has now become a subject of doubt nnd
uriosity ? like the mastodon. We hear o; it?we "
I tee the signs?we ixpect its coming?wc are pro- 11
} mise'i and we want it, and yet it coinrs not. Talk
. of a tempest in a teapot, we have lately had twenty.
Nay, in the fuss, their whole contents have II
I been spilt, and yet the dust is not allayed. Pshaw! (j
, the elements, like spirits, will not come when lliey
r are called As Professor Peabody says on straw- n
berry culture, ' Water! water! water.'
0 "The Register tells our own story. We have had ri
: all sorts of signs?east winds, clouds, and, we a
think we are not mistaken in saying, a drop or two Y
ol rain Rut that is so long ago, that no bush or P
1 ft iwcr or field anywhere about us cheriehcs a $
h sign of remembrance of it. The result is insub- ^
ordination in the vegetable kingdom?the corn refuses
to grow, the gardens put on the look of decay,
and the grass is withering in itsspite. But 'c
r the rain has fallen, and is still falling. Startle not, 01
" 1 gentle reader, at the bold announcement, it is B(
true?for we have the evidence of the Jackson
11 Mirror, of Louisiana, and there is no goingbehind 'c
what the papers soy, ot course That paper of the el
r 16th instai t with just pride said: n
" 'Refreshing showers have fallen in different parts ''
of this parish and in the adjoining parishes from a
f day to day lor the last week, until the crops are
revived and all growing to the heart's content of a
r farmers, planters, and gardeners '
"They must have a pleasant time in Louisiana "
with these refreshi*g showers. We would not take
1 one drop from tbem, but how glad we would all be
here if we had now some refreshing showers. Ah, L
how delighted would be every car to hear what the a
1 poet has not inaptly called'the melody of nature'? fi
j "'That subdued, subduing strain, St
s | That is played upon the shingles, b
r By the patter of the rain.' " d
? : vi
j i Laconic Exposition of Law.?The New York *
j Evening Post says: b
r "The late Judge Thompson, while presiding in ?
i the United States circuit court in the city of New
Vortt on tne trial ot a criminal case, was requested
, by one of the counsel to charge the jury that they C
t were judges both of the law and the fact. The p
f judge replied, 'I shan't; they ain't.1 Thisis-the c
j cleverest specimen of laconics, save one, which we b
i remember to have heard of since. Cteiar's famous g
despatch to the Roman Senate; and, what's more ti
to the point, it is good law." d
^ # ^
p 1
roreign items.
The following items are collated in a late num>cr
of the New York Evening Pott:
A Frenchman, M. Herbert, has recently exbib- J
ted some curious experiments, by which plants |
ire made to blow instantaneously. The means 1
ised was a chemical mixture, with which he wa- J
ered the geraniums, which immediately began to
ipen their buds, and in ten minutes the plants 1
vere in full bloom. With a rose tree be was, bow- c
sver, less successful .
Two thick folio volumes have iust appeared, j
ontaining the numbers and distribution of the
iritish population. This work is executed by the 1
legistrar General, Mr. George Graham, and his 1
issistants. To collect the information, six hun!red
and twenty superintendent registrars, two c
housand one hundred and ninety registrars, and f
hirty thousand six hundred and ten enumerators
vcre employed in England and Wales; in Scot- ?
and, one thousand and ten superintendents and *
even thousand eight hundred and seventy-three t.
numerators. In the Islands of the British seas, 8
wo hundred and fifty seven enumerators were 8
mployed Seven million forms were printed, some 1
f them in Welsh; and the weight of all the papers f.
ent from the central office exceeded fifty-two tons. '
A new Seidlitr powder, in one paper, is now used,
nd found to be as useful as any. It is composed *
f one part of bicarbonate of soda and two parts ^
f bitartrate of Boda Half a tcaspoonful is dis- *
olved in spring water. P
Sardinia is the only Italian State governed by 6
he male representative of the ancient hereditary 1
ovcrcigns v
The Christians in Turkey are said to be daily in- a
reasing in wealth, power, knowledge, and enter- 1
irise, and, in the fulness of appointed time, it is a
lot unlikely that they will supersede the Turks as e
he dominant race.
The blind King of Hanover and his consort are '
o pay a visit to England. 0
Earl Ducie is deaa. He was an advocate of free ?
rade, u liberal patron of agriculture, and the in- c
entor of the Ducie Cultivator.
Joseph Cottle, well known from Tiis connexion n
vith Coleridge, Wordsworth, and Soutbey, and his '
iterary labors, died recently, at the age of 84 years. ^
The deliveries of tea into London, a week or two e
incc, were unusually large, amounting to 2,930, *
27_pounds C
I tic Jews o! iveipstc have obtained permission to P
uiid a synagogue in that city. a
The Pope has seen the table-moving experiments *
icrformed in his presence, and is satisfied of their !'
eality, says a Paris paper. 11
Grisi and Mario have signed an engagement
r-ith Mr. Hackett to come to America in the au- *!
umn, and remain here five months. They are to *
eceive ?, 17,000 and have their expenses paid. "
" hey will appear exclusively in opera. a
The interior of the Sheldonian theatre, on ihe _
lie commemoration day at Oxford, is said to have ''
een an imfosing sight. It was thronged with R
legantly dressed ladies, and the upper galleries j
srith under graduates, whose favorite amusement. .j
n such occasions is to give expreBeion to the feel- .
tigs with which they regard the most eminent
ersonages of the era, present or absent, and even
lie chief topics of the day. Thus the names of
flr. Gladstone and Mr. Cardwell, when men- 1
ioned, excited a cordial burst of cheering. Lord ^
)erby's name was well received. Lord John
Lussell's, and those of Messrs. Cobden and Bright,
rere received with a perfect storm of obloquy. 7
>israeli was alternately cheered and hissed,
iinong the names called out in this noisy man
er were the following: "Cardinal Wiseman," ?'
Mrs. Louis Napoleon," "Colonel Sibthorpe," P
The Queen's last baby," "The Gentleman in the a
rush below," and "Illustrious foreignrs." n
A Swedish artist, Carleman, has made a new
iscovery, which he calls photochromography, by gj
fteans of which he takes from 300 to 400 copies
er day of objects in all their natural colora.
Byron's play of Sardanapalus is to be produced
y Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean, and the aid of Mr.
.ayard will be given to assist them in their deli .eation
of Assyrian life and manners. ?
A London paper states that Mountjoy, a well- c-}
mown pedestrian, accomplished in the first week
f June the extraordinary task of walking from
xiughborough to Derby and back again, twice a jay
for stt consecutive days, making sixty eight
tiles a day. He commenced on Monday, and
ompletcd his task on Saturday night with evient
ease. .j
In Holland they coagulate milk with muriatic
cid, instead of rennet, which is said to be one of ^
he causes of the superiority of Dutch cheeses.
rFw P. F.rrpcT owl? "toi * r\r* WT . ? - T ? J ?
^ime* of the 13th instant, in an article devoted to
iiis subject, remarks : ^
"If Russia has the temerity to engage in war e:
pon the grounds at present known to us, sucb a n
rar would not only be without an assignable el
ause, but also without an attainable object. In tr
pposition to the other powers, and especially to t><
Ingland and France, not unsupported by Austria g
nd Prussia, the Emperor Nicholas can scarcely /"a
xpect the Sultan to submit to bis conditions, or
) surrender Iresh provinces. The powers of at- [r
ick of Russia are limited to the line of operations p]
f the Danube; everywhere else she would be se
irown on the defensive. In the Black Sea and in 0,
se Baltic?two close seas which she has not marl- w
me power to command?her ports would be IE
losed.her trade annihilated, and probably her
aval establishments destroyed. In Georgia and
lircaesia, where the native tribes have maintained
iieir ground for so many years single banded
gainst the imperial armies, the commencement ^
f hostilities with the Porte would at once give
resh intensity to the war. From Persia on"the P'
ne side, to Poland and Finland on the other, the Y
oloseal empire of Russia is assailable on a multi- .
jdc of points of its huge circumference, and,
whatever its military resources may be, it is im- I*3
ossibie that they should be concentrated with cf>,ct
when every frontier alike demands her vigi- w
ince and her protection. The maritime trade of 'e
in empire can be completely stopped by closing 'c
ie narrow apertures of the Bosphorus and the
uuuii, nuu, juuguiff uy me enecis 01 ttie contl- kk
rntal system on Russia in 1810, that measure 8f
lone would act with great severity on the impe- "
i 1 government. "
VVc mention these particulars because they a|
;etn to us to warrant the belief that if war should fc
nhappiiy break out, it may be brought to a speedy jj,
nd successful termination j but the same facts |1(
nd considerations will no doubt furnish far more
owerful arguments against the folly and wick- q
inesa of causing such a war to take place at all.
he Ernperor ot Russia has placed himself in a ^
osition in which it is impossible for him to win,
ut in which, if he persists, he will lose considera- f0
ly more than he has lost already. At the point
t which this question has arrived, and after the
rctensions which Russia has manifested with re rence
to the Christian subjects of Turkey, it
innot be dropped without endeavoring to place
lat portion of the Ottoman empire on a more selire
and definite basis. That object can even
ow be effected with the assent of the Turkish gov- 111
rnment, and by the joint deliberations of the P(
reat powers. It is still competent to the Empe- ^
jr of Russia to accept such a conference, and to
btoin by pacific and equitable means every right "
) which ne is in the remotest degree entitled. ^
ut if he rejects this proposition, and disdains the
spedient by which the differences of the greatest
oivers have been so frequently and honorably terlinated,
he runs the risk of sacrificing for these ^
xtravagant pretensions whatever influence po- 01
lical sagacity and military success had pre- P'
iously attached to his name." b'
These arc the opinions of the Timet; of course lr]
lany persons take a very different view of the L
latter. J'
The Connecticut Liuiuor Law.?The New fi
laven Register gives the following synopsis of ^
l# liquor bill just passed the Legislature of Conectic.ut:
? It provides that licenees to sell by wholesale or th
stail may be granted by the selectmen of towns
nd the common councils of cities, to la6t for one
ear. Every person so licensed is to pay into the j(
ublic treasury not less than $26, nor more than ev
5100, at the discretion of the granting power, q.
luly licensed taverncrs are not to be subjected to gj
lis" tax. Selling without a license to subject of nders
to a fine of $60 for the first offence, $100 g?
>r the second. and SlIOOnriH imnriannmont in Iho
aunty jail for the third offence. No person can
>11 adulterated wines or liquors; conviction for
>at offence forfeits his license and the money paid .
>r it, and brings a fine of #200. None but tav- '
rncrs can sell to Le drank upon the premises; q,
o person can sell to any one addicted to habits of ,l
ltoxication, knowing bim to be a common drunkrd;
no liquor can be sold by the glass on public
rcaeioos tn tents, booths, or open fields, nor shall jn
license be granted to any person for such a purose.
Such appears to be the principal features of "
1e biU" n,
A Bkgsar Makins Change.?In Baton Rouge,
,a., a German beggar, apparently blind,solicifed
lms of a gentleman, who jokingly offered him
ve dollars if he would change a #100 bill. Imaine
his surprise when the beggar quietly took the {j^
undre.d dollar bill, and, after placing it near his ,
elective eyes, deposited it in one pocket, while
>ith the other he took out a filthy wallet, from
'bich he counted out ninety-five dollars, which he
anded over to the gentleman, leaving the contents p
f his wallet still unexhausted. q.
War Risks in England ?The London Morning hi
Vtronicle of June ll'h says: "The threatening as- 6,
ect of affairs in the East has occasioned some M
hange in the general character of the underwriting ai
usiness transacting at Lloyd's. ' The policies now e\
ranted generally include the wordB free of cap- fr
ore. About niueteen-twentieths of the business ai
one is on these terms." tf
- - - ' > v- . \ Li
it mi 'M - L
Correspondence of the Newark Daily Advertiser.
Genoa, June 6,1653.
The establishment of a new journal in this city
tntitled The Railway, may be reckoned amon^
be signs of progress in Italy. The importance o
ntroducing the modern means of social and com
nercial intercourse is, in fact, already appreciated
Jn the 1st October the line of rails which are tc
connect us with the railways of France and the resl
>f Europe will be completed to Turin, and in all December
it will be opened to the foot of the alps at th<
VIount Cenis Pass; so tbattravellers will neztEeasor
>e able to travel from London, through the conti
cent, to Turin. Genoa, Florence, Naples, &c., bj
iteam, except the short interval between Lyons anc
VIount Cenis. That part ol the line is now undci
.ontracf, and the work will be pursued with al
iracticable despatch.
vy lieu tms tracJt snail ne completed, it must be
ome the great highway of intercourse betweer
Surope and the East. We already have a tele
rraphic communication with Paris and London
o that events in those capitals are reported ber<
Imost simultaneously with their first publica
ion, and American news may thus be promul
fated here on the hour of its arrival at Liverpoolhat
is, ten days after date.
These improvements, and the reasonab'e expecation
of the establishment of lines of steamers tc
Jew York ar.d Rio, have given a new impulse to
he city, which is now undergoing some very immrtant
physical changes. Old buildings are to b?
uperaeded this season by new ones better adapted
o business, some of the narrow streets are to be
ridened, the wharves will be materially improved,
nd plans have been adopted, through British enerprisc,
to improve the harbor itself. Merchants
nd capitalists, who have hitherto adhered with
ven more than Dutch tenacity to their old ways,
mre at length attained a better understanding of
heir own interests. Genoa will therefore become
nee more the second, if not the first port of the
lediterranean. War alone can interrupt this
ourse of progress
Italy, and especially Piedmont, has lost one of its
uost illustrious men, by the death of Count C?sar
Ulbo, who died at bis residence in Turin on the
!h instant, aged about seventy years. Hebelongd
to one of the most ancient families ofltaly.and
race its line with undoubted accuracy to Julius
leesar. His historical and political writings have
laced him among the first of the Italian writers,
nd he did as much, perhaps, as any other person
-) introduce the constitutional system of government
of this country. He has been a member of
Parliament from its beginning.
Bishop Whittingham, of Maryland, passed
brough this city on Thursday the 2d instant for
'urin, accompanied by a nephew, Mr. C. H. Conit,
of New Jersey. This eminent prelate is, I
m grieved to learn, in infirm health, though he is
ii mc tviiuic ucucr incLu wnen ne ien nomc. Alter
fposing for a few days at Turin, he proposes to
roceeii leisurely to Milan, Venice, and Florence,
le will scarcely venture so far south as Rome,
nee he proposes to take the Liverpool steamer of
le 15th August for New York, in order to reach
ome by the 1st of September. It is to be regr etted
iat official engagements should constrain him to
ut short a tour which seems to promise just now
i much needed amelioration of his heaitb.
Drs, Bache and Wood, of Philadelphia, with
leir families, are among the American travellers
ho have passed through within a few days, en
mle lor Moscow. Youre, &c.
More about the Ailanthus.?The heavy rain
r yesterday afternoon and evening beat to the
round the greater part of the blossoms from the
ilanthus trees in our streets, and to day the at
losphere is almost entirely free from their unleasantodor.
Yesterday the thick air seemed to
mfine the effluvium and prevent it from disperng,
so that persons who are easily affected by the
erfums of flowers were sickened by it.
The prcater part of the ailanthus trees planted in
ur streets appear to be of those which bear only
aminate flowers?sometimes called the male
lant. The ailanthus is a dioecious tree?that is to
ty, the flowers which contain the fertilizing priniple
are on different trees from those which bear
le seed vessels. The trees which bear the stamiatc
flowers are easily distinguishable by their
ttle green star like blossoms, such as lay strewn
pon the Bide walks in such abundance this morn
lg. It is these only that diffuse the odor which
lany find so disagreeable and even unwholesome,
'he plants bearing the pistillate flowers have no
rceptible odor, and may be known by their
unchee of seed vessels resembling what are called
iaple kegs. At this season the kegs are small and
f a green color, but perfectly formed; in a short
me they will be of a reddish nue.
It is only ailanthns trees bearing the pistillate
owers that should be planted in our streets. As
ie roots of the ailanthus throw up suckers with an
xtraordinary profusion, it ie most easily and
aturally propagated by transplanting the suck's
Those which arc taken from the roots of a
ee bearing pistillate flowers, will in like manner
ear pistillate flowersonly, and in this manner the
ardeners will be able to furnish, with the greatest
cility, a ?upply of the kind desired. The ailan
ius is so rapid in its growth, and so perfectly free
om insects, that it is one of the very best for
laming in large towns, and wc should be sorry to
:e any attempt to extirpate it. If, however, the
dering of the matter depended upon us, we
otild have the male plants cut down without reiorse,and
their places supplied with those which
jar pistillate flowers.?iV. Y. JZvening Post, "Mil,
Tea at Home.?It will surprise many to know
iat we need no loDger rely on China for tea, but
rink our home-grown English, and so be indeindent
of the foreigner, if such independence is
orth caring for Mr. Alexander Forsyth has ad
ressed a communication to the Horticultural Soety,
in which he says that, having considered
iat the tea of Paraguay ie a species of holly,
5 tried our common holly, and finds the tea,
hen washed, equal to ordinary five shilling
a The prickles serve an important purpose,
ir they keep the leaves separated during the
lasting, and thus serve the purpose of frequent
iimug. aiio smell gucu un ib iu nrai unpieaint,
but it disappears entirely as the leaves cool.
What will tea-drinkers, confirmed tippling tearinkers,
say to this?" observes Mr. Forsyth.
The very tea itself becomes cneap at last, and
bundant, growing even in the garden hedge. A
ireet of tea trees in full leaf at our door. Such a
arveEt has never before been seen. Waste Dot the
oily any more upon wbip-handles; peel it not for
ird lime, as lormerly; squander it not, even at
hristmas; but reap it, roast it, again and again,
r the store will be annually renewed, and the
iture foliage will furnish finer tea leaves than
toeejust gathered." What an opportunity here
r the adulterators; they will doubtless take care
lat the public drink holly tea whether or no."
[ Chambers'* Journal.
Montgomery County, Maryland ?The folwing
items are from the Rockville Journal:
"The Democrats of Montgomery county are to
leet at Rockville on the 16tb of July, tor the purise
of selecting three persons as delegates to meet
le State Convention, to be held in Baltimore on
le Kith of August, to nominate a candidate for
overnor and other State officers. The Whigs of
te county hold a county convention at Rockville,
1 the '20lh of July, to appoint delegates to their
Dngressional and Gubernatorial conventions
' Six stacks of wheat, belonging to Mr. Nathan
ook, were set on fire by some unknown person
l Thursday night of last week. His loss is supjacd
to be between three and four hundred
"Concord Lodge, I. O. O. F., have accepted an
ivitation to participate with the Triadelphia
odge in celebrating the approaching Fourth of
"Harvest has commenced; wheat has, we fear,
pened too fast, owing to the drought and hot
eather. The yield, however, will be verv heavy,
he oat crop, we fear, will be a failure, owing to
e great drought which has prevailed during the
csent month. Corn has also suffered some, and
e gardens are literally parched."
From Central America.?A letter from San
lan de Nicaragua, dated June 16th, reports
ery thing as quiet at that place and Costa Rica,
he war between Guatemala and Honduras was
owly progressing. The United States sloop of
ar Albany arrived at San Juan on the 1st, and
liled thence on the oth. During her stay in port
jr officers were very hospitably entertained by
e inhabitants at San Ju:>n.
Advices from Point Arenas, Costa Rica, have
sen received, which state that the crop of cochilal
is nearly wholly destroyed by severe storms,
he indigo plant had suffered immensely from
le locusts, and the crop will be very small. They
ere to ask one dollar per pound, cash, when the
op comes in. The loss of crops and the large
iportations of goods bad almost produced a
inic. There was no coffee for sale.
Advices froiii Guatemala state that black cochi?al
sold in the city at one dollar per pound,
?rd money.
THECENSUsofGroat Britain in 1851 has just been
ibliahed in two thick volumes. The number of
:ople returned were 21,121,907, of whom 10,386,i7
were males, and 10,735,919 were females, thu6
iving the ladies the advantage. On the night of
e census 12,924 were sleeping' on barges, (ves1b,)
9,972 in barns, and 6,276 in tbe open air or
nder tents. The number of families in Great
ritain were 4 312,388; inhabited houses, 3,648,347.
he towns, villages, &c., in Great Britain, 17,150.
he British isles, 500; inhabited, 175 Great Britain
is upwards cf 21,000,000, and Ireland upwards of
000,000 of souls. Anglesey, Jersey, and Isle of
Ian, have 60,000, and Guernsey, Lewis, Syke,
id Shetland, oVer 20,000. These numbers, howre
r, rapidly descend in the remaining islands
om 10,000 to 1,000, 500, 400, 100 , 40, 30, 20, 10;
id, filially, at Inchdalm, an appanage of Fife,
tere is an island with only one man on it.
From the Isthmiu amd Jamaica.
From the New York Express, June 28.
The steamship Union, which Bailed from Aapinf
i wall on tbeJ9th instant, at 6, p. in., arrived at this j^H
. . port at one o'clock to-day.
j Steamer Georgia, direct for New York, and
j Falcon, for New Orleans, sailed in company
t with the Union.
On Monday morning last Purser J. Bush died of
Ch agree fever.
i We are indebted to the purser of the Union for
favors I^H
r The Union brings us copious files of California
| papers, but the dates are no later than previously
received. HH
1 We are indebted for them to Messrs. Berford &
Co.'? California Express, and to Messrs. Anthor.v , MM
&. Co. of Maysvilte. MM
! W e have the Panama Heru'd of the 13th instant. I
. but do not see in it much additional news. >#
, The governor, Roldan, had left Panama to pay f o
> a visit to Asninwall
r ? -w.c, 4i is said, ne goes lor I J
the purpose of fixing.upon the sites for the public ' fl
buildings in that city, and at the MtM time to see I
Cruees"road, and judge for himself as to the triea- \ I
sores he ran adopt to further the views of all :
classes residing in the city, by repairing the t ad / 1
, passes, and commencing a system of continuous / 1
, repairs, which will kep up the character of the J J
route until the railway is complete. /M
The Star says:
"The 13th inetant was probably the warmest
cay experienced in Panama for years past. The ^
thermometer stood at 94 in the shade. The na- I
lives predict either an earthquake or a very heavy I
rain in consequence. We presume the latter n 1
more probable than the former." I
The Union arrived at Kingston, Jamaica, on the 1
22d in6tant, at 3 p. m., and faded for New York B
at 6 o'clock on the evening of the same day, en- J
countering strong tides and severe gales in the
Carribean Sea.
Files of the Morning Journal, nith dateE to day
of sailing, have been received at the express office.
The difficulty between the Executive Council
and the Legislative Assembly remaineu as at jast
advices. The Legislature mean while, was to meet
a^ain on the 2Sth. The Journal says: fl
"Thcre*is to be no alternative between rebellion 1
and the dismissal of the present members of the 1
council, and appointment of some more obedient 1
and subservient creatures to the will of the As- I
sembly." 1
The inspector General of Police, Alexander Me.
L?eod, esq., died on the 4th
A case of yellow ferer had been reported at
The Governor of Demerara had arrived at Kingston,
to embark for England.
The Journal has some advices from Antigua,
relative to the yeliow fever there. A good many
deaths had taken place, and no little uneasiness
| was the result.
i Naval.?The United States steamer Princeton,
: Commander Henry Engle, and United States
; steamer Fulton, Lieutenant Commanding J M.
j Watson, were put in commission and received
; their crews yesterday afternoon.
The United States ship Preble, from Annapolis,
i arrived in Hampton Roads yesterday, and ibis
I morning received the balance of her crew from the
I United States ship Pennsylvania.
Lieutenant C. F. M. Spots wood has been dei
tached from the ordinary ship United States and
1 ordered to the United States eloop-of war Dale at
i Charlcstown navy yard.
Lieutenant H. H. Harrison,ordered to the United
I States steamer Princeton, arrived on Sunday, in
the steamer Jamestown, from New York. ' (
! United States storeship Southampton, Commander
Boyle, for Japan, sailed from Valparaiso
May 7. *4
The United States steam-frigate San Jacinto,
Captain Thomas Crabbe, at Genoa, 26-h ult., from
Alexandria, sailed 28th for the United States; officers
and crew all well
[Portsmouth ( Va.) Transcript, 28th.
Canal Tolls.?The amount of toils received on
all the canals of the State of New York for third g
week in June $100,551 H
S imc week in 1852 108,110 H
Deficiency ?7,559 1
The amount received during the third week of
June, and for several years, is as follows:
3d week in June. Total to 23d inst.
1853 $100,551 $881,206
1852 11)8,110 846,505
1851 88,428 1,038,024
1850 110 032 838,777
1849 111,549 905,6S7
[Albany Register, 28th. 1
Common Schools or Connecticut ?The eighth
annual report of the superintendent of common
schools of Connecticut presents the following
facts: More than one hundred thousand dollars
have been raised by tax in the districts of twenty
school societies out of the two hundred and 6cven- <
teen in the State?more than four times the
amount raised in the whole State in any one
year prior to 1849. During the year, two hun
1 - -
u>cu <iuu cipmy-ioree evening- lectures on educational
subjects bave been delivered by tbe super- '
iutendent and other gentlemen. The number of
school societies in the State is two hundred and
seventeen, some of them extending over the whole
town. There are one thousand six hundred and .
lbrty two school districts; whole number of children
in the State between the ages of four and sixteen,
ninety six thousand three hundred and
eighty two. The revenue of the school fund is
one hundred and forty three thousand six hundred
and ninety three dollars, and tbe rate for each
chihi is one dollar and thirty-five cents. Number
of scholars between four and sixteen attending
school in the winter, seventy-lour thousand one
huntlred; average arendance fifty five thousand /
one hundred. Number of privale schools of all
grades?winter, four hundred ana three; pupils in
do. eight thousaud one hundred; cost for tuition,
one hundred and sixty two thousand dollars.
Whole number of teachers in winter?male, one
thousand and sixty; female, seven hundred and
thirty; ki summer?male six hundred and seventy;
female, ooe thousand and twenty. Number of
districts employing more than one teacher, one
hundred and fifty; whole number of assistant
teachers, two hundred and seventy-five. Whole
number of teachers who boarded round?winter,
one thousand and eighty nine; summer, nine hundred
and forty-seven.
The Potato Rot.?Professor Boilman, a Russian
Councillor of State, has published a work on
the prevention of potato rot. Ho discovered accidentally,
and has subsequently verified by experi.
ment, the fact that seed potatoes thoroughly dried
will produce a sound crop. The New i'ork Courier,
which gives an account of tbe discovery, says:
' The temperature required to produce the desired
result is not very clearlv marie ? * tv?
Bollman's rooin, in which his firEt potatoes were
dried, was heated to about seventy-two degrees,
and much higher. By way ol experiment he
placed others in the chamber of the stove iuclf,
where the thermometer stood at one hundred and
thirty-six degrees, and more. He also ascertained
that the vitality of the potato is not affected, even
if the rind is charred."
Harbor or New York ?The merchants of New
York have addressed a memorial to the Legislature
of that State, asking that body to take immediate
measures lor the better protection of the
harbor of the city from encroachments. Thty
: urge that for a long series of years encroachments
have been made, and are still permitted to progress,
without that attention and regulation which
the importance of the. subject demands, in consequence
of which the harbor has been seriously injured.
This is particularly the case with East
river, whose width has been narrowed and it*
currents changed, and in reference to which measures
have been adopted which threaten to impair
its character and uselulness. In the same manner
several harbors of Europe have been entirely ruined
by fillings in and encroachments.
Where is the West??On Friday last, at halfpast
four p. in., Samuel Lawrence, esq., was in
Boston, having left Lasalle, Illinois, at three
o'clock Wednesday p. m. preceding. He came
by way of Chicago, looked in upon Cleveland,
called at Buffalo, was sped over the plain by the
"lightning express" train to Albany,and whisked
over the Western and Worcester railroads to Boston
1 Once?and within the memory of the middle
aged man of this day?Buffalo w-as considered
quite "out west." Chicago, but yesterday, was a
"far off land." Now, a merchant shakes hand*
and bids good bye to his customers one hundred
and eighty miles west of that, and. in two days and
one hour and a half greets hie friends in Boston !
It is, in fact, only eliven hundred and fifty miles !
{Bo*ton Journal.
To Keep Birds from Picking Fruit.?As the
season is coming on for the depredations of birds,
I beg to report my experience of last yi ar, when I
saved my currants and gooeeberrirs, by winding
colored worsted around and across my bush* s, and
my cherries by banging up several pieces of tin \
with sirons thread in the different trees, two pi< ces
being hung near enough together to clash with J
the wind, which sound, with the bright reflection M
of the tin in the sun, certainly Irishtcne.-i them W
away; and I had my due share of iruit, which, the I
preceding year, I was ob iged to relinquish to I
tbem.?Agricultural Gazelle. ' I
j The Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle und Sentinel re- |
I..I. .u-. n .1 ... <
^. vmi ?u it ai u moi ruwtn v>&iveri( me lortiwan 01
Messrs. Finn & Osmond, was instantly killed on
Wednesday afternoon, by the falling ut a timber,
while engaged in the construction ol the McBean
bridge, on the Waynesboro' railroad. He ??i
originally from Chester county, Pennsylvania, and
had been about four years in Georgia. He was a
very worthy man, and leaves a w ife mid lour children,
who were dependent upon him for a sup??rt,

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