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THE mountain democrat. PCBLI8HKD er OBtWIOX. St m V| w. A. mrtIT. f IV anvaaca-One Tew. •&; Bie Meatha, •3- fimBwOl.il 50r one Month (payable to the Car rtart, ffeeutaj Ik*»e Copies. IlH IDfllTUllMO—Oa* Square. of IB lines, first Insertion $*; •safe wbmisrst Insertion. 41 50: Buslnes* r»rt«, of lo lines •r lass, one year. i*5; Caaltic** Cards, of 10 lines or less. «tTM madtha. tIC. A liberal discount will be made on the nOnvc rasas for yearly aad quarterly advertisement* which eaeeed one square. JOB PIISTIXO.-Onr OfSre Is replete with all the modem lnH!ir»r-‘ J for tSssRiir. Cruur ist» a*etr> exeruU«n of /JhsBkskiif nmtrlf -- 1 Boohs. Pnmph<e*«. Brief*. Pasters. Handbills. Circulars, Ball Tickets, Programmes. I>r ttttiMS of Hsaek ar m*p»*lt. Billhead*. Checks. Boeelpt*. Cards, labels, ete., In plain ar fancy colored Inks. ilRTICtS' Aflidavits, l odortalincs and Writsof At inch meat. and- rtb* new law. for sa'eat this Office: alsu, ■lank Declarations of Homestead the most eos»veulent r>rm la ms. Ja*t printed, a rompb-ic lo'Sief MISKHS DFKD. VIM. > WMUfsllr «vr.<o) MAllKIAGK CERTIFICATE. k P. ffJRHKB, So. If 1*4 Washington street, opposite Mojrnire s BMni Rsse. Is the onlvsntb'clM ttrnt fni the MOCXT \IN •1M0CHAT. in the city or San Francisco. All orders for thn Paper or advertising left with him will be promptly at tended to. I. L.1I0CEBA I* authorised to receive moneys due this office. ' fhr subscription. wr h BROWN is thn authorised Agent of the DEMOCRAT st Quran tilers for the p*»-*r advertising, or for job week, left with him will lw promptly sltsifM to. ■AIHAB P. JACKHOV Is the euthnrlred tgent of the MOI'V TAIM DEtflbCRAT at Kl Dorado. Order* left with hiia will he prasnpUj attended to. Im m BIDLKMAN la oar authorised *«ent at Sacraasento — 111 erders for adverti-lug. etc., left with hint will wertn? tin mediate attention. A. II. L. MAS is agent for the Dewk-*»t at Virginia City, Nevada Territory. ifOL. VM. KNOX Is onr anthorlsed a rent at Orirrly flat.— All ardera given him for the i»«a*ocral will be promptly at IkMU OAttf mm CaIbbib professional ©arts, 1Etr. 'thob. j. oroon, ATTORNEY - A T - L A W , El Dorado, K! Dmado County. (mat7 T. A. HORN BLOWER, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Witt practice in all lh« C.iuria of the 11th Judicial Dlautrl. OFFICE—At Pilot Hill, El Dorado Coon ty [iraylt-dm Fain Ileuartmn, Trim* II. Willi ta*. HEREFORD ft WILLIAMS, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT-LAW, Oder—No. Sit, 1. street, over the St. Nicholas Sa laaa, Sacramento. , WUI practice In the Supremo Court, ami District .Court of Sucracoouto and adHning countin. (<ki6. ft W. SAsmana.*, ('.«>. F. Wn.utu*. SANDERSON ft WILLIAMS, Aitomrs-AT-uw Oftrr—Dourla..' Iluddior. neat door to the < »ry Jlease, Main street, Clai-erviHe. doc C O. W. GOHDOH, ATTORNEY - AT-LAW, City, N T- OIBoe in Collin,' Buildinf, Jt at reft . [nov-JIt A. C. PEARLE, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Often Id Doufl fcb» i - Building (np ctalra), Main street, Piaeervdlr. »m» i Mat at mu. h. c. li nt. HOME ft SLOSS, ATTORNEYS - AT - I. AW, Ollier in l it; Block riairrvillc. Will prartlee l.aw in the Court, of El Dorado and . a , — ; . t At... r...al a a.,4 I I Co«nlir»—*iu the t>u|>remcCourt, imi the I t'tmh Territory. ml9 A- »• HALL. O- VALE. ***** Fr unci ; Psastace Ua in all the Court, of Utah. < Utica, at Canon and Vir* inia City. jeW)tf M. K. SHEARED, ATTORNEY "1nT> COCXSELLoR. AT-LAW, AND, NOTARY PUBLIC. Otter. at Residence. Main afreet, three | ajoar, above Bedford Avenue, Placvrv tile- sold ( E. B. CARSON, NOTARY PCBLD' AND CONVEYANCER, Ofl.ee in the Court Ifooae, Placervnle. (novl tf] DU. L 8. TITU8. •ftee—Poutoftce Mock,up-auira. L — . ■ 1 [aplil ; Boohs, Stationers, Etc. | — - TT’*'*' - — *" I PLAZA BOOK STORE, . PLACERTILI, E, I Baa yaet reeeised a aplendid aaaortment of 8Usiftrd and Miscellaneous Works, STATIONERY, SCHOOL BOOKS, sirr doom, album, cmnr, to,*, onto ttvi, vimijci, QUIT A M, AOOOMMiUlHt UlUC U>>U*.' S , •oman srustf, rvc.y no., BtWeteAexpressly for the Country Trade, and selling it greatly reduced rates. Also, # AGENTS For Sacramento Union, Alta California, Bulletin, Mirror, etc. NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS Kept constantly on hand, and aold anuaually low. S 8. HERNANDEZ. S. HARRIS, Ortaar tf Main Strut and the Plata, mciiriui, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN HdtUM Clgara, Tobacco, Book*, Bta (lauary, Cutlery, Pitying Carda, Yankee Notion*, Fruits, Green udDrled, Nut* and Candles, AT SAM ISAMCWCO fUt W. Alan,receives by erery Steamer the latcat Atlantic od European Newspapers, Misgai'ries and Peril,tli lU.ahd an flie WEEKLY CALIFORNIA NEW8PA BB8 and MAGAZINES. maiio Oroot iuduoementa .to Purchase ! SELLING OFF AT COST JtA Has A TING concluded to change oar buai near loca dbr tor aulo, at SAN FRANCISCO WHOLESALE PRICES! •' "Otk largo and wetl-oetecte d stock of STATIONERY, BLANK BOOKS 1 >» CIA i ' - ' . I — AMO MISCELLANEOUS WORKS! A 1*9, the largest and best assorted stock of SCHOOL BOOKS I la thM SkyjMblob os will close out at the same rates. (A* %*Skates and PupUs wanting School Rooks, w|HRn4 k to th.tr advantage to call loon and make thgkgenkuaae, foe wo are bound to clou out wtthtn thUkjf *tya at the tame, rate* Dome Bne brand, of HAVANA AND DOMESTIC CIGARS MEERSCHAUMS, PINE CUTLERY, FANCY GOODS, ETC. W. M. DRADSHAW A CO., RtArtS PoetofBee Block, PlacerviUc. THE MOUNTAIN DEMOCRAT. — _______________________________________ _j • PLACER VILLE, EL DORADO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. SATURDAY, APRIL 25, ISOS. THE GARNET RING. During the first year of my practice as an attorney, clients and cases were so few with me, that I found it an agreeable change from the dullness of an almost un furnished and unfrequented back office, to visit the Court rooms, where I not only became familiar with the usages, arts and means of success employed by skillful lawyers, but where I could see human ha ture in its perplexities and struggles, its feebleness and power, exciting in me an interest and sympathy ttarf/hedrama has never done. One freezing morning during the first wceV, of L'ccrrA".-?. my office, having been wholly innocent, for the season, of all ar lilicial warmth, or means of warmth, was too cel id arid cheerless to be endured any longer. It was enough to quench the light of hope and tire of courage in the most hot headed and enthusiastic young man, so I determined to leave it for awhile. I took down from its hook my old overcoat, the ever ready and mitlinehing friend of two or three winters wliich, regardless of dig nity as an outsider, has never shrunk from the duties of frock-coat, dressing gown, siek-gown and bed clothes. But, alas! on this tireless, cold morning, when it would have been so grateful to my poor heart and poorer purse, to have found if trans formed into one of the thickest beavers, fur lined and fur trimmed, invincible to the fiercest north wester, it looked to me, spite of my old attaehnient to it, nnd my gratitude for its services, it looked quite used up, brown and rusty, threadbare ami thin ; its collar sadly soiled, its button holes rent, its buttons-lonesome, no two standing together. And worse—t e once friendly garment was- to my gloomy and suspicious eyes — a traitor. Would it not tell to every one w lio should see it, the secret I most wish ed to hide? that wliich might bring my filial ruin? Would it not tell that I was poor and unsuccessful ? that I had rio business and no immediate prospect of anv? that I had no acquirements and abilities w hich the world needed ; not enough even to enable me to take care of myself? The once good friend seemed anything hut a friend now, ami it must not go wiiti me this morning. But then, if it stayed at home, its absence would tell my tale the same as its presence. 1 was in de spair. What could I do? What was therefor mo but poverty, neglect and mortifies? tion ? I hurried away to the Police Court room, where turbulent and uncontrollable distress makes us forget the suffering (hat ran he hidden ; where the hopeless and frantic agony of crime makes us feel for tunate in our innocence, however else un foi lunate. As I entered a gill was put on trial for larc ny, a eouimuii ease, as that stated; yet I saw something in my thsi glance at tier, that made me lorget lack of clients, cluerless otliee and tell tale overcoat.— Site was about eighteen; fair and Iresh looking; with soft, light hair, brushed m any over tier ears; laige blue eyes, the lids very much swollen by crying; and sluail, unmark I features. She was clad in a dink blue merino dress, and a plain wbite collar. i cannot clearly explain what it was in her that so interested me. The inner file has an expression outward that is more easily recognized than described, ami it wa-- probably tbis. J leit that there was undoubtedly some thing wrong id toe case; that decent look ing vniltig person, so neil ami proper in dress, without any taw drn'.'ess or orna ment, did not belong to a prisoner a dock; ought not to be there. I watched her ami watched the trial. The clerk read tile indictment. The girl stood up ami heard herself, Selina White, charged with stealing a shawl and dross, propeity ot one Mary Wilson. The tears rolling in streams down her cheeks, and her voice scarcely audible Irum emotion, -.he pleaded ‘not guilty.' Tne first w itness was the policeman who arrested tier. Ills testimony amounted to nothing more than that tie had touml the clothes alleged to have been stolen, ill a carpet hag marked with the prisoner's name, and claimed by her. The prisoner ceased weeping when this witness was called, and kept her eyes fixed steadily upon him. J?he was told by the Judge, whose sym pathy she had evidently enlisted, thrt it was proper tor her to ask any questions be-anng on tiie case, and now I perceived that she had no one U> defend her, or give her special advice and aid. She availed herself ol the privilege with which the Judge had made her acquai. ted, and en deavored to draw from the officer the ad mission that she had shown more surprise when the stolen articles were found in her carpet bag than auy one else present, but in this she failed. He was altogether uncommunicative and evasive in his an swers to her. One Mary Wilson testified to the loss of some clothes which she described; some garments were shown her which she iden tified. In answer to questions she stated that they had been lying in a trunk; that she had not laid eyes mi them for three months, or more, till she found them in the prisoner's carpet bag, and that one Mary Murray had suggested her looking there (or them. Mary Murray was now called. Shewas a very bold girl, showy in dress and any in manners. Her fingers were loaded with cheap rings, the most conspicuous of w hich was a large garnet. W hile the stolen garments were being shown, I had observed a young man crowd ns far for ward as he could get, to look at them.— My eyes happened to be on him when he first caught sight of the witness’ rings, and the expression which then covered his face excited my interest scarcely less than that of the prisoner had done. 1 approach ed him and inquired, 'Do you know any thing of this case?’ —~ - • ‘Not much,’ he answered,coloring deep ly- 'Do vou know any thing?' 'Well, yes, some things,’ he answered. 'If it is any thing that can be brought to bear in favor of the prisoner, tell me forthwith,’ 1 said, 'for she is an innocent looking girl, and I am afraid things will go hard with her.' ‘She never stole them things,’ he said. ‘They were found in her possession ; that is strong legal proof, and 1 am afraid that it w ill decide the case against her. ‘Are you a lawyer?’ he asked. I answered that I was. ‘kre yww tse,v '•■W'asJ' ‘I am now going to offer lo defend her, if yon can tell me any thing, I warn you that there la not a moment to lose.’ ‘Well, then, some of the same furs and trimmings that's on them stolen clothes is on this girl here on the stand.' ‘Ik that so ? Are you sure ?’ ‘Sure as can be.’ 'Well, that’s some thing, or may be.’ ‘Then I know that big ring on her fore finger as well as I know my hand.' ‘Do you ?' ‘I'd swear to it.’ ‘Well, wc’M gire you a chance to.— What is you* name?’ ‘Miles Allen.’ ‘Keep on hand where you are, and we’ll take care of this poor girl, if we can.’ I sent up n line to the Judge, in which I offered to defend the prisoner. He an nounced this fact. I took a scat behind her ami the trial went on. The interview w ith Allen and the note to the Judge had prevented me from hearing much of Mary Murray's testimony; but the prisoner •eemed to have lost nothing of it She questioned her closely as to their personal relations, and from the answers she drew out, it was evident that Selina's pretty face had excited considerable admiration on a young man who boarded at Mrs. Wil son's, and whom Mary Murray choose to consider her beau ; that Mary bad shown ill will towards Selina on making this dis covery,, _and made some slanderous re marks concerning her, and had even ut tered a few threats concerning her. I permitted tile prisoner to elicit these facts without interruption, and I must acknowl edge she did it with a tact that surprised me, and which I could ascribe only to strong w oman wit, quickened and urged on by the extremity of her circumstances. Mary Murray was leaving, when 1 detain ed her for further examination. ‘Have you any employment ?’ I in quired. She answered in the affirmative. ‘What is it ?’ ‘Cap making.’ ‘Who is your employer ?' This she told. ‘Do you wotk at the shop, or at your own lodgings?’ ‘Sometimes at the shop, and sometimes at ray lodgings.’ ‘Where have you worked during the last week r’ ‘At my lodgings.' 'What is the work upon which you hove been employed ?’ •Caps.’ ‘Yes ; but what kind of caps ?’ •Plush.' ‘Of what color ?’ 'Mostly brown.' ‘Was that bit of brown plush now hang ing to your shawl fringe, trimmed from ihe caps?’ The witness did not answer, but impa tiently catching up the end of her shawl, shook off tile shred. I turned to the Judge. ‘Will your Honor direct that that shred be secured ? I have something to do with it.’ It was lacked up and handed to the cleik. . Marv Murray was still on the stand ; I resumed n.y questions to her. 'You hoard in the same house with Se lina White?’ Yes.’ ‘Is your room near hers?' ‘No: hers is in tile attic, and mine is a chamber over the back tea-room.' ‘Was Selina ever in your room?' I had learned one or two facts from Se lina before I put the last question. ‘No, -fie never was; 1 never had any iii!"g to do with her ’ •We.-c you ever in Selina's room?’ ‘N't wl.iie she had if, except the day tiie policeman searched it.’ ■Did you handle the clothes found in the carpet bag ?’ ‘No ; the policeman allowed no one to touch them.’ ‘When did you last see Mrs. Wilson wear the delaine dress that has been ex hibited here?’ ‘I cannot tell exactly ; not for some months.’ ‘Has it been in your room among the plush caps, to your knowledge?’ ‘No, sir.’ Mary Murray was dismissed. I now called Miles Allen. At mention of this name, the little girl at my side started forward as if she had received an e'ectric shock, then sank back and held her hands tightly tojiether as if she was struggling with some powerful (eeling.— She looked steadily at this witness, as she had done at those who preceded him, hut her color kept coming and going, she w as excited and anxious. Miles Allen answered to his name and employment; he was a carpenter; came from New Jersey,and had been here about six months. ‘Do you know the prisoner?’ I asked. The girl's eyes were full of tears, but there was a look of hope, almost of tri umph, on her face, as he bluntly answer ed, ‘Yes, sir, 1 do.’ ‘Where did you know her?’ ‘Where we both came from, in New Jersey.’ •How long have you known her ?' ‘Ever since she was born ; and I know her too well to believe myself, or let any body else believe she’s a thief.’ ‘Never mind your opinion of her char acter just now,' said the Judge. ‘Do you know any thing about the present case ?’ ‘I know as much as this, that there's the same fuz on the clothes they say Se lina stole, as was hanging on that gay girl’s shawl.* ‘Do you know the witness, Mary Mur ray ?’ I asked. ‘No ; 1 hope not.’ ‘Do yoa know the ring she wee on her finger this morning?’ 'Yes, sir,’ with an emphasis, was the answer. ‘What do you know about it?' *1 owned that ring once, myself, and Selina White owns it now, for ] gave it to her, and she ain’t the girl to give it away.’ 'How did you recognize it?’ 'Because I did. I’d know it anywhere as soon as I’d set my eyes on't; but, if you’re m mind to, I'll tell you how any body may know that it don’t belong to the girl that's got it Inside on’t you’ll find my name. Miles Allen, pretty plain, and a little something else besides, per haps.’ •Have you any thing further to tell us with resard to tjhi* »’ ‘Only that the gay girl proved plain that she never knowed or loved Selina enough to make her give her the ring, and ko I'd like to ask how she got it?—and then, who’s thief, after all ?' ‘Those points will be settled at the pro per time,’ said the Judge. At my re quest he ordered Mary Murray to be re called; she appeared, quite red with anger. I examined her as to where she obtained the garnet ring, and, as I anticipated, re ceived unsutixfamrf nod contradic tory answers. I'lie Judge requested her to remove it from her finger. She refused. An officer in attendance soon relieved her of the or nnnient, which he handed up to the bench. The Judge looked at it carefully, and then read from the inside, ‘Miles Allen. To the girl I love best.’ There was a general titter through the Courtroom. I glanced at Miles, lie was smiling and blushing, hut showed no em barrassment or shame. It w as plain he thought it no unmanly thing to give a ring to the girl he loved best, and lie was not unw illing to have it known that the pretty, modest looking Selina White was that girl, though she was now in the pris oner's dock, on trial as a boarding-house thief. ’Now,’ said the Judge, turning to the clerk, ‘I think we will look at thosestolen clothes again.’ They were produced, and on being examined, there was found fast ened to some head trimming which orna mented the dress, n hit of brown plush, the same in shade and fabric with tha. the clerk hail secured. In the meantime an olliccr had returned from Mary Mur ray's lodgings (where lie had gone at my suggestion) with a brown plush cap,which she had lately finished and, on compari son, it was found that its material was the very same w ith the shreds before in Court. The testimony was now all in, ami I rose to make the defense. I went over the evidence and showed there was no thing against the prisoner but the one fact of possession, always a strong one-, I ad mitted. hut in this case outweighed Itv the too apparent malice and guilt of t e girl Murray, w ho had not only hated and plotted to ruin her, but had stolen from her herself. In proof of all this 1 alluded to her jealousy, her threats, and her too great readiness in throwing suspicion on Selina. I dwelt on the circumstance that a bit of plffti, which appeared to be a cutting from Marv Murray’s work, was found upon the stolen dress, although it had been packed away for a long time previous to being found in the prisoner’s possession. It bad not been shown that Selma White ever had any plush, or had ever been in Mary Murray's room to ob tain it. ‘Then how,’ I asked, Mi I this detective shred find an opportunity to la.-tcii it-, if upon a dre-s in a sudden transit from its owner’s ttur.k to the -ri -.ngi-r’s traveling bag! Pei liaps,’ I suggested, ‘Mary M n ray might led us. She* had a similar shred attached to iier shawl, and it is not possi ble, nay, probable, that she could tell how and where its fallow became attached to the trimming of tiie stolen dress » Might it not have be* n caught in a temporary lodgment in her room, or by contact with tier u ■- n clothes! How else ?' ** In view of all the circumstances proved, it w as easier to believe that Marv Murray had stolen the clothes and then put them in Selina H bite's carpel hag in order to ruin her and get her out of her way, than that Selina had stolen them. 1 then touched upon the garnet ring, show ing that it had undoubtedly belonged to the prisoner, and had been taken from her carpet bag wdien the stolen goods had been deposited there, and ended w ith a lew words of appeal to the conscience and J sympathy of the Judge, intended to pro duce* its effect on tiie spectators rather than tiie person addressed. The Judge w hispered a moment with one of the offi cers near him, tlnn rose and pronounced Selma \\ iiite innocent of tin* charge pre ferred against her. There was a loud hurst ol applause. 1 took Selina’s little cold hand in mine, and told her she had better leave with me at once. We had just reached the door when Milos Allen joined us, shaking hands and laughing and tulking so fast that one could hurdly understand him. I learned ibis, however, that lie and Selina loved each other* too > w ell to be far separated ; that Selina had come to get work near Miles, at his sug gestion; that owing to a series of blunders not so easily explained as frequently met w ith, she had failed to find him on her arrival, but that certain of meeting him soon, she had spent tier time in looking for employment, till she was .arrested and lodged in jail. Miles declared himself to have been surprised beyond expression,so much, even, as to have been suspicions of his mental state, when on going to the Court room to make complaint of some wrong done to himself, he saw the very ‘girl he loved the best’ in the vile dock on trial. Hut the lovers were happy now; and so was I, notwithstanding my old overcoat. I don’t know whether or not Miles Allen noticed that I was thinly clad, and that, spite of a strong effort of will, I showed great sensitiveness to the cold on reaching the outer air, but this 1 know, the warm hearted lellow. gave into my linml (I don’t say paid, for of course I never charged him or Selina any tiling), the price of one of the very best overcoats 1 ever wore, w ithin a w eek of the time when I first met him in the police court room. There may be some who are desirous to know wliati ver more 1 can tell them about the garnet ring. 1 will, therefore, add, that soon after the trial 1 have described, the morning papers reported Mary Murray to have been convicted of stealing a ring and fined twenty dollars, failing to pay which $he hud been sent to jail. And this further. No longer ago than last summer, I met Miles Allen on a pleas ant Sunday afternoon, leading a fine little hoy, who looked the very image of Selina White as when I first saw* her. Leaning on Miles’right arm was Selina herself, and what was curious, on her left hand, which clung to the strong, muscu lar arm, was the identical garnet ring that had proved her innocence. Perhaps she was proud of it. anil desi rous of having it seen and admired ; per haps it was so large it might have torn or misshaped her’ glove. At any rate, w hat ever her reason for so doing may have I been, she wore it in plain sight, and I as Miless Allen swore he did, long years before. The Potiah Miner’s Lift. I was greatly impressed by the pro found silence of these vast caverns. When we stood still, the utter absence of sound was appalling. The falling of a pin would have been a relief. Not even the faintest vibration of the air was per ceptible. No desert could be more si lent—no solitude more awful, f t-UwAi apart from the guides and lamp-bearers in n separate vault, at a distance of a few hundred feet, in order that. > ni'ifrht fully appreciate this profound inertiou, and it really seeincd as if the world were no more. From some of these tunnels we emerg ed into open caverns, where a few work men were employed at their dreary la bors. I was surprised that there were tint more to be seen, but was informed that they arc scattered in small 'parties through miles of earth, so that the num ber is not apparent to the casual visitor. As we approached the places w here they were at work the dull clicking of the" picks and hammers produced a singular elFcct through the vast solitude ; as if the gnomes, supposed to inhabit gloom}' pits, were busily engaged at their diabol ical arts. We came suddenly upon one group of workmen under a shelving ledge who were occupied in detaching masses of crystalized salt from a cleft in which they worked. They were naked to the mid dle, having nothing on but coarse trow sets and hoots, and wrought with their crowbars and picks by the light’ ol a few greace lamps held by grimy little boys with shaggy h«a Is—members, no doubt, of the same subterranean family. Some of the men were lying on their hacus punching away with tremendous toil at the rtigged masses of salt over head, their heads, faces and bodies glit tering with the showers of salt grit that fed upon them ; while others stood op to their arm pits in dark holes delving into the lower crevices. Seeing our lights, they slopped to gaze at us. Was it pos sible that they were human beings, these bearded shaggy, grimy looking monsters ? Surely, if so, they well represented the infernal character of the place. Never upon carlli (the surface ot it, I mean,) hud I seen such a inoitslVous group ; shocks of hair all powdered with salt ; glaring eyeballs overhung by white lash es Hashing in the titlul blaze of lamps; braw ny lot ms glitter ing w ith crystal powder, and marked by dark currents of sweat! No wonder, 1 staled at them with something akin t r distrust. They might tie monsters in reality, and take a suud- n notion to hurl me into one of their internal pits by way ol pastime; in which ease the only consolation would be, that wln re there was such mi abundance of salt there would lie no dilliculty in the preset vation of my lemains. After ail there was something sad in the condition of these poor wretches— shut out Iroin the glorious light ol day, immured in deep dmk pits hundreds of feet underground; suiting a- it were for life, in the bowels ol the larth. Surely the salt with which other mentlavor their food is gathered with inlinite toil and min gled with bitter sweat! Vet, strange as it may seem, l was in formed by the guide that these woiknion are so accustomed to this kind of life that tilery prefer it to any other. I>y tin rules of the directory they are divided into gangs as on board a ship. The working gang is not permitted to remain underground more than eight hours ; it is then relieved. The current belief that some of them live in the mines is not sus tained by the facts. In former times it is quite probable that such w as the case. At present the administration of affairs is more humane than it was at an early period in the history of the mines. The operatives arc free to quit whenever they please as in any private establishment. Plenty of others are always ready to take their places. The pay is good, averaging from thirty kreutzers to a tinrin a day. Whenever it is practicable the work is done by the piece. Kach man receives so much for a speciticd result, Good workmen can make two or three hundred florins a year. The sa t is gotten out in various forms, according to the depth of the stratum. When it is mixed with an amalgam of hard earth it is cut into cylindrical blocks and exported in that lorin to Russia. The liner qualities arc crushed and packed in barrels,lor expor tation to various parts of Prussia and Austria. How little do we reflect upon the tre mendous aggregate of toil by which the commonest article of human food is pro cured ! Thus, as wo sit at our pleasant breakfast table—the sunshine shedding its cheerful glory through the curtains upon the social circle, the white cloth, the clean knives, the buttered toast and boiled eggs, so invitingly spread before us—with what charming unconsciousness of labor we dip up a little salt and sprin kle if upon our eggs and butler! to be sure there is no good reason why we should make ourselves miserable because what we relish so highly cost labor ; but would it not he instructive to dwell a moment even upon a pincli of salt ? Not to go into a history of the silver mines, which have served to garnish our table; the iron mines, which have furnished us with knives and folks or the coal mines which afford us fuel with which to cook our food — what a world of salt seas, and brine springs, and crystal caverns— what an aggregate of human toil, com merce and enterprise that pinch of salt suggests! Vet so common is the use of this mineral that, like the air we breathe, we are scarcely conscious of its existence. We next visited the stables in which the horses are kept for hauling the salt on the subterranean railways. Many of the horses, it is said, never see daylight from the time they enter the mines. In the course of a few wei ks they lose their sight. A Him gradually grows over the eyes—from what cause l could not ascer tain. It may lie the effects of the salt or lung continued darkness—though it does not appear that the miners suHer any in convenience- in this respect. I remember reading of some fish without eyes at all found in the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky. Possibly, having but little use for sight, the horses of Wieliczk go blind from a natural disposition to accommodate them selves to circumstances. SmutriliUu »f 8mt K«k> Tt is a I rite saying that no man is a he ro to his valet; and the greatest men that history records have bad their little weaknesses, flattering to humanity, be cause proving them mortals and not demi gods. Sir Walter Raleigh in his best days had a strong dash of dandyism.— When he appeared at court he wore six thousand dollars’ worth of diamonds in bis shoes; his armor was solid silver and his sword-hilt and baldric were studded with precious stones of incalculable va(<M. 1 Pass on, splendid shadow ! The great philosopher, Descartes, had a passion for wigs, and Sir Richard Steel would some times spend forty guineas fora peruke.— Goldsmith’s peach-colored coat is immor tal. According to Samuel Johnson* Pope had such a high opinion of himself as to think he was one of the pivots of the sys tem of the world. Napoleon f. prided himself on the smallness of bis hands and feet. Sir Walter Scott was prouder of being Sheriff of Selkirkshire than author of Waverly. Kotzebue was so vain and envious that he could not tolerate any celebrated personages near him, even when represented by a portrait or a stat ue. Byron was vain to excess —vain of his genius, his rank, his misanthropy,and even his vices. Spinoza took particular delight in seeing spiders fight The Count de Grammont once surprised Car dinal Richelieu jumping with his servant to see which could leap highest Salva tor Rosa often played in impromptu com edies, and traveled the streets of Rome dressed ns a mountebank. Antonia Mag liabccchi, the famous librarian of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, was passionate ly fond of spiders, had his room filled with them, and would not allow hia visit ors to disturb them. Moses Mendelleohn, called the Jewish Socrates, sometimes sought relief from his meditations by sit ting at the window and counting the tiles on the opposite roof. Cowper bred rab hits and made bird-cages. Doctor Jenson made an especial pet of his cat. Mind, the famous Swiss painter, always had a room full of cats, and one perched upon his hues when lie was drawing. Goethe had a tame adder, but held dogs in aver sion. Thomson's greatest delight was to saunter in his garden and eat ripe peaches tiff tiie trellises, with his hands in his pockets. Gray said he would like to pass liis life on a sofa reading French novels. It is said that Oliver Cromwell sometimes laid aside his puritanic gravity and play ed at hlindnian's huff with his attendants. One of the most innocent amusements of Charles II., of England, was to stroll in St. James’ Park, surrounded by a troop of those diminutive spaniels which bear his name, and feed the ducks. Beethoven loved to paddle in cold water, and carried his passion to such an extent that the floor of his room was hooded, and the water would filter through the lower sto ries. Sometimes, at morning and even ing he would scamper barefooted through i the dewy meadows. Shelly was very I fond of sailing payer boats. It is said that he came to the Serpentine River once, and having notiiing in his pocket hut a fifty-pound note to make a boat, gave it at once thedesired form, launched it on the stream, watched his venture with paternal anxiety, and finally ran round to the other shore to receive his money when it came to land. We might easily extend our list, but have said enough 10 -pirWfc the proposition with which he started. Making Something of the Old Woman at Last.— “ I had just about one o’ the laziest and most or’nary wives a poor fel low ever got stuck on. She wasn’t wuth shucks. She would work till she shiver ed, and eat till she sweated. Howsever, the poor critter’s gone under now, and I don’t know as I oughter say anything agin iter. Well, about twenty years ago, her and me was a travelin’ in a train out West. 1 was dead broke—hadn’t nary red, and was dreffully down in the mouth. Just as I was tryin’ to fix on some method of raisin’ the wind, suddeiA Iv the train was brought up all standin’ and the splinters was ftyin’ in every di rection. In two minits passengers was hivin' around loose, groanin’ and teller in' for help, and there was an orful time generally. As luck would have it, nei ther me nor the old woman was hurt a mite, but as I looked at her, the idea sud denly occurred to me that there was a chance to make something off of her. So says I, ‘ Deb,’ says I, ‘you’ve never bin no 'count to me, and I think it’s time yer was. I’ve got a chanee to make somethin’ outo yer now, and I’m agoin’ to do it, and I hope yer won’t make no fuss about it, but stan’ up to the rack and take yer fodder like a woman. Here goes!’ and as I spoke, 1 fetched her an old socket plum on the nose, and squash ed it as flat as if a cart-wheel had passed over it. * Now,’ sez T, • howl Deb. But remember, yer ’ceived damages from a livin’ splinter, and not from my fist!’ Site tuk my advice, and that lick fbtehed us 5*1,000 damages.” “ But,” he said, heaving a deep drawn sigh, “ what was the use, after all » The money’s all gone now, and I’m as dry as ever. Who’s a goin’ to licker?” Sublime Sincfkitv. —“ Amelia, for thee j —yes, thy command, I’d tear this eter nal firmament in a thousand fragments; I’d gather the stars one by one, as they tumble from the regions of etherial space, and put them in my trowsers pocket; I'd pluck the sun, that Oriental God of day, that traverses the blue arch of heaven in such majestic splendor, I’d tear him from the sky and quench his bright effulgence in the fountain ot my eternal love for thee 1" “ Don’t, Harry, it would be so very dark." Resolction is almost Omnipotent-— Sheridan was at first very timid, and obliged to sit down in the midst of a fine speech. Convinced of, and mortified at the cause of his failure, he said one day to a friend : “ It is in me and shall cotne out.” From that hour he rose and shone and triumphed in surpassing and consummate eloquence. TnREE Bounties. —Laughter, sleep and hope, are the three bounties with which kind Mother Nature compensates us for the troubles of a life, which few, perhnps, would accept if they were asked before hand. ) IHJMBBg fig Rose Colored “Prohnro.— to the Home Circle says:— **1 nead jm ilhf recipe Tor making one of the WmW erts I here mr men; fold recommendation of bang* at wflao beautiful and delicious. The dkjf you wish to earve the pudiUg, |Mtnt take aa many sweet apple* a* wMartaar the bottom of yoor baking dhtb,' tdbMr should be white ware,) peel ahff"wi>d them, putting a stick of cinnamon in the ytoee of the core ; put them in a batttla | with barely water enough to eoindMiu add sufficient sugar to make a thin syrup, and boil until the apples are trartspftrtat and tender, taking great care to prtMWt them whole. When done, aOt aside, to' cool. At night, pour a pint of hqUjag I water over a large cup of sagb. The' next morning, place your apples' lathi baking dish, and pour tbe sago oeer them. Bake a few minutes, and sa( in a cool place. Serve cold, with sweetened cream, flavored with wine for naca" ' Douohsits. —Everybody and bia wife; and particularly bis little folks, love dHT good old-fashioned doughnuts, or alt* cakes, or crullers, or whatever mum yqqt may call them; but many persona are I troubled with weak digestion, (dySpib [sis,) and tbe large amount of greeaawtf sorbed by the said doughnuta doe* ndi always set so well, but produces a rising in the stomach. When this is tbecaa? try the following invention: Tbe dougHv nuts being prepared as usual, just beford immersing them into tbe hot fat plump! them into a well-beaten egg. This wiU give a thin, coating of albumen, which! will keep out the greese effectually,— Futhermore, this coating retains M moisture, and keeps them in gaud aMfci dition much longer. . // _ Tl . Gingerbread.—This is said to beon* of the most ancient forma of cakes, and! is universally liked. Thera are various modes of making it. A good rule is ttf take one cup of butter, one cup of water, • two of molasses, one tablespoonfol of gjn ger, six of dissolved saleratus, and flduF enough to roll them into cookies ortakeS- A good rule for saleratus is to dusabn*. half a pound in a pint of water, and kuap ; it in a corked bottle for use. Hard girt-, gerbread is better for being kept V» • cool place, after it is mixed, and not baked for a day or two. Loaf Cake.— One pound and « half of flour, one pound of sugar, four eggs#• tbree-fourths of a pint of milk, one table spoonful of cinnamon, one teaspoonful of saleratus, one cup of home-made ytost, of a tablespoonful of brewer’s yeast 'Tree part of the butter and warm it with the milk ; stir in a part of the flour and the yeast and let it rise; then add the other ingredients and let it rise. If preferred, add half a pound of citron, * ■“V i Mirrnss.—Take one auart of flour, taro teaspoonsful of cream 0/ tarter and one of soda. Mix these into the flour «td rwb in a teaspoonful of battar. Mix with half a pint of milk, and tbe same of water, . and two eggs. Bake in cups, half for fifteen or twenty minutes. Wtim muffins have eggs mixed in, an allSWaiWO must be made for tbeir swelling, sad lean flour used. Curb for a Srverb Cold. —At this season of the year there are many com plaining of coughs and severe colds. One of the best remedies for a cough is strong tomato cat9up. Take a large t ok*' spoonful on going to bed, and another oariy in the morning, and use it on ypoi* meat table. This wilt speedily effect k cure in any ordinary case, and will fre quently, if taken in tbe start, prevent th* Consumption. u To Preserve Rons.—The Way to pr#» * serve eggs through the summer of wfcM ' tar is simply this i Dip them in -boiBnff-- water for the space of five or six aegoodx, then wipe them dry, and they wfll keep good and fresh from one year to the other. The water shuts the pores of the shell, and consequently keeps the air from the egg, which is all that spoil* them. Baked Ricb Pubdino.— Boil a quarts* of a pound of rice in a quart of new milks and stir it that it may not burp; whan ft begins to thicken take It off, let It stand till cool, then adr in a hmp of butt* | sugar to taste, and some grated Butmeg | butter the dish; put it in and bake It Raisins, currants or sliced apples may bp stirred in if liked, Black Cake.— One pound of sugar, one pound of flour, two and* half pound* of raisins, two and a half pounds of cur rants, one pound of citron, mac*, nut megs, cinamon, cloves and bitter almond*; one wine glass of brandy, one of wine, one of molases, and twelve eggs. Almond Cake.— One coffee-cup of but ter, two cups of sugar, one cup of sweet milk, two teaspoonsful of cream tarter, one teaspoonful of soda, one teacup of blanched almonds, one teaspoonful of ex tract of bitter alrnons, the whites of eight eggs, and three cups of floftr. White Cake. —Whites of twelve eggs, three cups of sugar, one cup of butter, and one of sweet milk; a teaspoonful of soda, two of cream tarter, and five cup* of flour. Flavor, if desired, with bitter almonds. Soda Cake. —One egg, three teaspoon fills of melted butter, one cop of sugar, two teaspoonsful of cream tarter, on* teaspoonful of soda, one pint of sifted flour, and one cup of sweet milk, Measure Cake.—Whites of six eggs, teacup of butter, two cups of sugar, om cup of sweet milk, five cops of flour, two teaspoonsful of cream tarter and ean of soda. Cookies.—take one pound of butter. one ®f .9*0*1 four eggs, Half a grated nutmeg ana floor enough to roH tinpn In sheets. Cut into forms and halm |ilnh ly. They are very nice. Kinds ess is a language which not aadp the dumb can apeak, but the deal ega a*- derstand. —— i m m • ■ ' 1 ' To roBfl an estimate of the beauty of a bonnet, put a face in it , ,, _ ■ JT'o# <. A Loves, writing to hi# sdrtflhirt. said—“ Delectable Dear:—Tot, SB* aa sweet that honev would Mask la year presence, and molasses stand appalled."