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The mountain Democrat. [volume] (Placerville, El Dorado County, Calif.) 1863-1943, August 15, 1863, Image 1

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VOLUME X. j
the mountain democrat.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING. BY
{>»X*WXO&f SC
». w. wtwiw, W *******•
remit. * id 4Dt*>ci—One Y ter, li; Sis Months,
MTnneMeathi.il M; One Mouth (payable to the CA*
r i«r), iOeenu; Slagle Cople#, 12.4 **nt*
ADVERTISING —One Square-, of lOHue*. Brel Insertion, $3;
* .- c », KbieeMlt laacrtloB. $1 50; Business Cards, of 10 line*
•r Ins ©no fear. $25; Business Cards, of 10 linen or >-e»,
thm months, $10. A liberal discount will l«e made on the
JUre rmtan for yearly and quarterly adyariiaementa which
•send oar sqaare.
JOB PRINT1NO.—Oor OfBee Is replete with all the imd-io
* |.nnTft«l‘ the WSAT. CMAT awu a nrii* execution of
•rervstyteof PRIN TING, such as Book,. I'amphlf*. Rrief*.
Posters Haadbllle, Circulars. Ball Tickets. Pr-* ramnie.. t>r
U flea tee #f Stoek ar Deposit, Billheads. Checks, Receipts,
Cards, Labels, etc., In plain or fancy colored inks.
JUSTICES' BLANKS. —Affidavits, t'ndertnklnr* aud Wrluof
* Attachment, uaderthe new law. Tor snVst this Office; aim,
Hank Declarations of Homestead, the ntoM convenient form
a .. just 7r’-t>4, a oantpLil* form of Mfk f.fiv Itf’V')
j bcaotlfully.esecuted MARRIAGE C'FRiJfTwA l.tT.
- p piSHRR. Na. 1714 Washington *treet. opposite Maguire's
opera House. Is the only authorised Agent for the MOUNT AIN
•KMOCRAT, la the city of San Francisco. All orders for
Paper or Advertising left with him will be promptly at
tended to.
R. L. f IGCERA Is authorised to receive moneys.to* this OXcs.
for subseriptlon.
FH. BROWN Is the authorised Agent of the DEMOCRAT xt
Georgetown. Order* f..r the paper. advertising. ur for jvb
work. MB with him. will to promptly attended to.
2MA9. P. JACKSON is the authorised Agent of the MOl’N
r TAIN DEMOCRAT at El Dorado. Ordets left with him will
be promptly attended to,
■ J IIDLKMAN la our authorised agent at Sacraraer.tc —
All orders for sdeortlalag. etc.. leB with him wi;| receive liu
mediate attention.
a. IV. L. MAS Is agent for the Cwonut at VL*£!s.'.a C :y,
Xirada Territory.
COL. VM. KNOX Isoor autaartsed a*»m si Ortss’y l*’st -
All orders given hiss for the Democrat will he pror. pt.,. at
leaded to.
Offlo, on Colon*
professional CCarfcs, litc.
BIN). SHERWOOD,
ATTOKSt.Y AT LAW,
Plsccrvllle. El Dorado Couu’y, California.
Ogee—Doriry'i UuiMii, (up->talra), Maui it.
[malld ]
THOS. J. ORGON,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW,
El Dorado, El Dorado County. ;ma!7
F. A. HORNBLOWER,
ATTORNEY AND COL'SSKLLUl: AT L4"|V,
Will practice In all tin C.-una ofthclltta Judicial
Diatrlct. OKEICE—Ai Pilot Hill, El Uur»il..j'.,un
may17-dm
1. W. Sbsdbmoii. Oao E Wiu.mu.
SANDERSON A WILLfAMS,
A T T O ■ X E Y 8 - A T • I. A W .
iMRee—Douglass* Building. next doer to the C *ry
|Uum, Mala street, P1a*ervifle. A
O. W. GORDON,
ATTORNEY - A T • I. A W ,
Tlrf'.nU Cl»f, N T OIT »■ n Coil.us’ D dine,
D street -WJ
4. C. KAULi:,
A T T o It N E Y • A 4 I. A W .
afltt in : m* % j . , Malt* Mi.f,
f*m * ,r#
,OH<* UNI, -» t, M - o. ALOIS.
IttXttE & SLOSS,
ATTORNEYS- \ T - I AW,
Office in « ity PWh n.***^r%ilio#
jyi’l practice I.an in ti c C ,rt» . f E* P r» * • -v !
•djoif »nf Tountir* —in tl;-.-?*upr*.:.e C - ,i* t, *• ,‘ :e
c f I'lik I*rri!ofJ. *7.1'J
O. D. HALL, O. YALE,
Flare rtUe, &M /V.iiiW*r •.
Practice I.aw in all the Courts of Utah.
Often, K CiriGii itul Yw-iini City. jt-dd-tf
M. K. SHEARER,
ATTORNEY AND COUN!*t Ll/Mt AT LAW, AND
NOTARY PlJtl.IO.
ffT Ollin, it Resulet.c*. Haul tied, ;..;*e
jntrt above Bedford Avenue, »*>• a .iO
E. B. CARSON,
NOTARY PL’OLIO AND CON W.YANCKR,
AND
Commissioner of Deeds for Nevada
‘fewritM.Y.
Office In the Court House, Plac«rvi*'«.
[nnvlif J
DU. I. S. TITUS.
Office—Pottoffice Blork. up—ta’rs. ( a l
S. HAltiiIS,
Carrier of Main Street and t\e IVata,
r L i C I » v l L L t,
WHOLESALE and r r ETA!L DEALER IN
Havana Cigars, Tobacco, Hooka, Sta
tionery, Cutlery, Playing Cards,
Yankee Notions, Fruits, Green
and Dried, ,\ut» and Candies,
at t*As rsisictsco rsicu.
Also, receives by every Jttearrer the latest Atlur.t i •
and European New»pnpers, M;i»rnainea and IVi odi*
eal«, and all the WEEKLY CALIFORNIA NKWH'A
pHILS and MAGAZINE*. July*
PLAZA BOOK STOKE,
P L A C E R V I L I. r. ,
lift* just received a Kpleudid assortment cf
Standard and Miscellaneous Works,
STATIONERY, SCHOOL BOOKS,
OlfT BOOKS, ALBIUS, CTTLKRT,
TOTS, OOI.D rKMfl, VIOLINS,
OCITASS, ACCoRDKONS, MtJIC BtVOKft,
■OMAN STRINGS, BTC., Bit .,
expressly for the Country Trade, and selling
at freatly reduced rates. Also,
AGENTS
for Sacramento Union, Alta California, Bulletin,
Mirror, etc.
NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS
jKept constantly on hand, and sold unusually low.
‘ july4 R. S. HERNANDEZ.
PLAZA BOOK STORE.
R. S. IIEU\ v\i>i:z
LTA VINO received a large slock of SCHOOL
n BOOKS. offers them at the following re
placed prices:
Sargent', 1st Reader $ 37 V
r 2d «• r.O
“ 3d •• 75
“ 4th •« ,... 1 00
“ 8th *• 1 25
Robinson’s Elementary Algebra ■■ 1 25
•Thompson’s Prattipal Arithmetic 75
Parker’s Philosophy....'..' 1 50
Wilson’s U. 8. Hist., Illustrated... 1 50
And all other School Books at SAM FRANCISCO
f RICES. julyitf
A. II. REID'S
livehy and feed stable,
In the rear of the Old Round Tent,
MAIN STREET, PLACERVILLE.
THE Undersigned would respectfully
inform the publii? that they cun at nil
‘times obtain at his establishment the
———» eery best of driving teams and saddle
41 ine * 0,r,f81 rules.
Horses boarded by the day, week, or month
• ~ h 5 «o»t reason able terms.
f? T“ 4. D. REID.
THE MOUNTAIN DEMOCRAT.
EL DORADO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, AUGUST |5, 1863.
Letter front Hon. Umerson
Idge, Prcitent Clerk of tlte llepwb
llcan Ilonite of Repreiientatlv«-», iu
the Citizens of Memphis, Tenues*
Mr. Etheridge, Clerk of the House of
Representatives, and for several terms
member of Congress from Tennessee, hav
ing beeninvited to join in a public celc
i bration of the anniversary of the surren
| der of Memphis to the Federal arms, re
; plies in cn able and sarcastic letter. Its
just sarcasm upon the President for his
broken vows and rnal administration of
office, is very withering. Mr. Etheridge
; was made Clerk of the Republican House
- o/' Representatives in July, 1801. He had
labored hard to keep Tennessee in the
| Union, and in 1802 visited his State,where
■ he was instrumental in bringing hundreds
into the Union army, and persuading
1 thousands of his friends to take the oath
1 of allegiance.
Washington, D. C., May 19, 1803.
Genti euex: I have just received your
letter of the 7th inst., inviting me, in bc
i half of the Washington Union Club of
' Memphis, to join in a public celebration
i of the anniversary of the surrender of that
1 city to the Federal arms. You also speak
kindly of my past elToi tG to induce the
people of West Tennessee to cheerfully
I consent to “ the restoration of the Na
; tiunnl nuthuiity throughout the South.”
If 1 believed that, by meeting you on
the occasion referred to, I could he of ser
vice to a single honest, law-abiding citizen
1 or truly repentant rebel, or that 1 coni.I
conti ihute to the least extent in ending
the war and restoring the blessings of
peace under the Constitution, I would cer
tainly attend; hut 1 have no such faith in
myself, and therefore I shall not go.
In your letter you express the opinion
that, by a “direct personal appeal,” 1
might " encourage tiie loyal orree'aiin the
disloyal." I confess my astonishment at
such a statement; and I can attribute this
opinion "I yours to nothing hut a failure
on your part to comprel end the masterly
policy our great nod good President
and the u ist statesmen w ho aid him in
shaping and directing the civil policy nf
the Government. When yog have fully
studied and ui, ler-t.yj the grand purpo
ses of our most Go I tearing and law-abi
ding Pre-ident; wh-.n you are more fami
liar with the profound military strategy
a hi b, as “ Commander-in-Chief cf tin
Attny and Navy of the United Stab s,” hr
is l ow displaying ; and when you further
remember (beast 1 dishing sueee-s* we have
bad in reclaiming nor “ misguided conn
tri men” and in mo queiing our "wav
wat I sisters,” I s' ad be amazed if you
o : t ; oe to believe it ne- e-S'iiy to “ rti
'■ - - ’ e the l.o a! nr t echi'm tiie di-loyal.’
'd t,g ■ o a, ■ tin- , o al1- ,t pi-.- *lb'c
■ y to.d i lieuragi in. tit in M -tophi*,
when, , .i ; , a - y a year you have been
inside the Fedeiai lines; when every night
l itt •" is substituted lor “ Hush, my bnt.y,
don't v on i-ri 1 ," ai.d at reveille “ Hail (V
bl'tibi i ' arouses the people to .a <-onseious
1. -s ' I the gn at security w hich is.atl 'nl
■ I to the pr. petty (if the loyal people of
M mplus and “a” t!:.- c n;ntry ruun.l t!.;.t
•I" ‘ > 1 J-c tan"? lb.w can you or 1
'■'i oiag • t.;i- I .yah" whea our match-
I’, -it i.t. tl.i late I - ' r.gress, his sag ■
eon' II r> g.nd his peg!less military su
’ dd.nates have already d-oie and prom
ised which vyisdoin can suggest, which
. ur sa-red C-.-vUtutiou Authorizes,'and
uhi.'hthu V’bii-tiAi) religimi !'I. rates or
a; prt ve- ? I In re renmin* nothing f..r u*
to do, liiiies* -* J vf to obey mil' li.eienpni a
hie Prt». •*/.•*, i.'j all Ids wise measures l 1
no (pier a gh-ri- us | eaee. Tine, w e have
aim ng in cioakers an 1 Coppei hea 1
»llly, t.railil-ss men — who aie so unwise
and unpali b tie as to question lliewi'dmn
of nor in lefatigablc President. If you
have any sui li i.i Memphis you should at
once denounce tin in a* in sympathy with
the rebel*; yon should send them to their
fi lends “ d w n S lUth” or to llie Ifry Tor
tngas. w hich is understood hy many to hi
ll place where everybody is tortured with
a thiist f- ; ritie wnisky, and imt a drop
eati he obtained. No good Union man van
complain of the- con duet ol the wi*e men
w !.-) dm cf our pub!;-- allairs. They shouM
he taught to remember that n'uudaluhi
tiftyuatuni was formerly a high crime —
it is a most heinous olf.nse now—and no
thing saves such copper colored wretches
hut the Christian charity of our most
pi ui * Pi esi lent.
At your proposed meeting you should
so ai range matters as to secure a list of ail
who fail to attend or omit to render a sui
table apology, :.:,d you should adopt reso
lutions of tiles r.ust “ loyal” kind. Allow
me to suggest that ihe committee on reso
lutions hr select.J from contractors and
office holders. 1 particularly suggest one
Cooper, who has recently been appointed
Assessor for the large, rich and populous
I)i*tiict of West Tennessee. He was ori
ginally from New Y’ork. True, he was
never in West Tennessee until sent from
this city on his official errand; but lie no
doubt knows, by intuition, the true value
of the goods and chattels, lauds and tene
ments, Ate., of a people he never knew and
a country in which he never lived. Put
he- is so loyal— so much so, that I do'-ibf
he is better fitted for the office than anv
one of the native born sons, brothers or
lathers of the- thousands of soldiers whom,
before the 22 1 of last September, West
Tennessee bad furnished to the Federal
army.
Let the committee imitate the “Loyal
Leagues” of Ifallimoie, and resolve that
you not only approve all the present wise
and patriotic Administration has done,
hut that you w id sustain and uphold it in
everything it mny hereafter do. For in
stance — the last Congress (in July, 1802)
passed a law- to confiscate the property of
cci tain rebels. That Congress, though a
very wise body, did not possess as much
aggregate wisdom as our great and good
President. In proof of this, wc need bin
refer to the fact that the Congress afore
said provided that, under this law, trial
should precede conviction and forfeiture,
and that guilt should be proven, not pre
sumed. Worse still, it offered an amnesty
to repentant rebels; it nier ifully gave
them sixty days in which to accept it; and
provided, further, that our most noble
President might suspend for a period the
operation of this law as our armies ad
l-AO/i.ol uruikuft-! ••'V «r» on
iwnvtu rvMf vi> v» ui <ij oy no pii"i u «»«• «-f/'
portunity to accept pardon. Worse still,
this law actually applied to no one but the
rebels. And it is astonishing that it ap-
I lied to them everywhere, North as well
a* South—in Springfield, Illinois, as well
us Springfield, Tennessee. But worse still,
it did not effect the rights or property cf
Union men, women or children, or luna
tic*, in any section ot the country. That
Congress, strange as it may seem, did not
perceive that the way to end the rebellion
and restore affectionate relations between
the sections, was to place the Union men,
women, children, and the insane upon a
perfect footing of equality with the vilest
traitor in the land. That Congress be
lieved that the crime of refusing obedieppe
to the usurpations of Davis & Co. (n Mis
sissippi, Arkansas, North Carolina and
elsewhere, amid the terrors of a military
despotism, did not merit the same or worse
punishment than that they had denounced
against titled or official traitors. That
Congress spared the women and children;
it alsoih ! “Me*VJrcais>>*?•?>*••:
who still adhered to the national symbol
of protection. What weakness! But
Congress has adjourned. What was to
be done V Thank Heaven, our sagacious
President was found equal to the occasion.
Vou will perceive that on the first of Jan
uary last, under this so-called Confiscation
Law, the slaves of every rebel in the Uni
ted States' who had not accepted tile am
nesty therein provided, were de jure free.
But how were we to end this rebellion if
the Union men, women and children in
the so called Confederate States were li ft
in undisputed possession of their legal and
constitutional rights? If his policy was
adopted, the rebels might become angry
w ith these “ monuments of Federal mer
cy,” ami iu that event the spared monu
ments aforesaid might cling more closely
to the Federal flag. This division among
the people might cause a still more un
happy plate of affairs in Dixie, and our
friends might have to bear additional in
dignities.
As before remarked, our merciful and
considerate President was found equal to
the ciisis. In a long conversation with
some inspired apostles from the saintly
city of Chicago—a place where Under
dunking and uther worldly amusements
are unknown — the President candidly
confessed that he vva.t endeavoring (fie d’d
not slate the means', to ascertain the will
of tin- Lord upon this dillieult question ;
that jo soon as he learned the diiinc plea
sure, he Verily would do the will of the
Mas'cr who sent him. The revelation
catne di uhtles*, ** by due course of mail.”
Judging from " that which is written,” it
am noted to this: That in a portion of
Virginia and Louisiana, iu Delaware, in
Maryland, in Tennessee, and Missouii, • t
wa» lawful for traitors w ho had accepted
the amnesty provided by the Confiscation
Law*, and all other pcr-utis, to hold slaves,
but in the tide veal r r ji ns ol Vittriiiia.
and in that part of Louisiana w hich had
iv-t been cunse< rated to slavery by the
military no mpati m of (ieneia! Butler, a
a’sc. in N'.utli Carolina, Floijda, Cic-tgiii,
Alabama, Mi-si-»i:qd, Ar’.-.n-ns an 1 Tex
as, it should i o Ion -r fie lawful ! >r tie
Union i;kii, w..;n eliil l:\ti to hold
our Atiiean f l ow riiL.-|.„ . . s rviv < r
oifior. And Jet there are t!l"se of the
"••• ppe ih.-ail; el ton" who or f * - Ti-.-t
to-,e tin- wi-o ::i >f 11 i -‘-tre t niftster
-troke of our ta -t r.ohle and exalte:! Fres
i lent. Ssii-;-, diJ it nut i 11111: j Jiately elivide
Pie Smtli tr.J unite the North ? Were
iiot our e'.:..; s f 1 th v illi crowds J with
■ ..ii.t’.ee.. myriads of hold ar.:l arder.t re
cruit'? Have not i ur “American hretlicrn
of African dcsce: t” crowded hj- thousands
int<* our ranks, inspiring our soldiers with
a wild i.nthujiimm, and rendering night
to.- d with songs of e 1 ■franchised Dinahs
and mewling and puking Sambos ? and
iiai e n--t our ill ms been \ ictu: ioms ever V
where si.O-,- the daw<i wf «Ik Tve-gvo ii'.iile
11;mu "I lend ?
1 know tnat iiu-n like Gt rural M. Bray
man wlm e-unman Is in vuur vicinity (at
Boiivar, iciincs- .-,) of ahsurdi
lies of speech which a if ad the enemies of
our sagacious President excuses for com
plaint an I ciitie ism. For instance, on the
14th * f last Male'll, that officer, then in
command at Boiivar, wiote as follow.', in
regard to the proclamation of freedom
wuli which our illustrious and fur-seeing
Pie-i lent greet-. 1 the advent of the new
y •••'•,;
' I lie. loyal n.'iu i-equally h- lplcss with
the disloya'; in fact, more so, for the ,'eln.l
takes his slaves S jutli or hires them ill the
army in which he himself serves, while
the slaves of loyal men flee to "tir camps
beyond leclamalion. l.’udtr this process
the rebel hold his ..laves by carry ing them
into a State in which they are- declared
frees, while the law-abiding citizen los'-s
his. by retaining them in a State where it
is lawful to retain them. As it is now the
loyalty and good conduct of these men
avail them nothing.”
In speaking of the elevating effects of
this system upon our armies and the ne
groes, lien. Brayinan shocks our sensibil
ities hv the use ol such language as this*.
"Their expense to the (iovernment is
enonnous. It requires soldiers to guard
them. They sicken MSU1 illC in crowded
corrals. They become debased am} 4s'
moralized. They dub:'jo and demoralise
the army.”
Why, sirs, this license of speech must
be suppressed. What right have men,
who do not support the presenffewise ami
efficient Aduunistiation, to criticise the
policy or consequences of it? Within
tfie past few days 1 have heard persons in
this city — in the capital, which bears the
sacred name of Washington, an I which
for the present is the home of our illus
trious Chief Magistrate—draw seemingly
invidious distinctions between the fate of
Jesse D. Bright, cf Indiana, and that of
John M. Botts, of Virginia, flow my
blood “boiled with pious indignation,"
when, a few days ago, I heard a certain
individual of the straighest sect of Copper
-heads discoursing thus: “Jessie D. Bright,
of Indiana, was expelled from the Senate
of the United States last year, charged
with treasonable practices, lie then own
ed a farm and negroes in Kentucky - , and
still owns them, ilu accepted the amnes
ty provided in the confiscation law, which
passed Congress last July. lie is now
preparing to accompany his family on a
ti ip of pleasure to Europe, leaving his
large property in Indiana and his slaves
in Kentucky under the protection of the
law. John M. Botts is just out of Libby
or some other Confederate prison, where
lie was incarcerated for his devotion to
the Union and his undying hostility to
tiie so caiied Southern Confederacy. Ten
days ago his slaves were enticed within
the lines of our armies in Virginia, Mr.
Botts demanded that they be surrendered
or returned, and received for answer, di
rect from Washington, that he had no
right to them ; that our wise and law-abi
ding President bad set them free.”
I confess AaJ when J heard this long
I and complaining rigmarole, I was indig
nant at the person's stupidity. He could
| not see the justice of this wise policy of
I our most noble Executive. He was al
most as incorrigible as James L. Petligru,
| of South Carolina, who, when he read the
grand proclamation of the most illustrious
successor of Washington, took the oath of
j allegiance to the Confederate Government
‘ and cUered his private fortune to the reb
els to aid them in making war upon the
sublitncst man of modern times ; of Xel
con, of Tennessee, who, with sons in rebel
captivity, published an appeal to the peo
: pie of the State to take up arms against
our freedom-loving President, of Houston.
?■ ■ V-i *hers, who «rw»t
j over to the rebel cause. Away with all
| such men. A good Union man loVej his
country per se. He cares nothing for lib
erty or property, fame or fortune, consid
eration or contracts, office or opinion.—
true test is simply this: Who is the great
est, wisest and best of mankind i Who
is the first natural military genius of the
world ? Who doeth all things wisely and
well? Who should be elected President
so long as he will accept the office? If
to all these inquiries the respondent an
swers, with a firm, unfaltering voice,
Abraham Lincoln, Esq., he may he set
down as a good Union man, fit to join u
i “ Loyal League,” receive a contract, ac
cept a commission or office, and to vote.
Hut if, like Crittenden, of Kentucky, lie
is ever talking about the Constitution
and such worn-out themes, he ought not
t? be trusted for a moment.
A Union man must have an abundance
of faith — faith in the saving grace of our
exalted President—faith that he will yet
prove the political Moses to lead our ar
mies across the Rappahannock —Juith that
under li.s leadership, could he be induced
to take tlie field, the mighty hosts of reb
eldom would flee from Marye’s Hill, and
drown themselves,like “possessed - ’ swine,
in the adjacent stream.
How is recruiting row in West Ten
nessee ? Last summer only a few thous
and enlisted in our ranks; but very few,
I believe, in Memphis. You were so am
ply protected within the lines that you
i quite forgot, I fear, the sorrows of those
who had not yet had an opportunity of
greeting the (lag which brings such cer
tain security to loyal men, women and
children; such inevitable protection to
property, including such trifling articles
as negroes and cotton bales. Hurry up
volunteers. Give the lie to those who in
timate that Tennesseeans will not go into
the Gulf .States to fight for their brethren
of African descent. True, most of our
citizens have sons, daughters, sisters, fa
thers or brothers there; hut they ought
never to have settled so far South. Lie
si lev, when you have secured freedom to
ei;r Af leap fellow citizens couth of us,
vo;: may possibly have the lienor of ta
king part ill carrying the same boon to a
similar chi'-> in ’J etitiessee and Kentucky.
, I doubt not our noble president will, in
due time, adopt-suitable in •asures to ns
eei tain the will of the L rd in this behalf.
In lee I,it seems to have h.-en made known
already to some of the lesser lights. Last
Week a grand convention of the loyal wo
; men of America assembled in the city of
New York. Each delegate had conceived
i (.not a baby) an idea ; and, under the tn
j spiration of the great occasion, they have
1 commanded our magnilieent President to
proclaim freedom throughout the ends ot
the earth. I doubt not, at the proper
time, he will so proclaim ; and the twenty
thousand troops which Ids Excellency
Governor Andrew Johnson was author
ized to recruit in Tennessee,(you have no
doubt enlisted,)will he ready for the good
work of giving practical freedom to our
enslaved fellow-countrymen, male and fe
male, of Air jean descent. When tin- time
comes, Memphis 111 L; a lovely city.—
It. - , walks and proiiieiiarigs will bo illumi
ii-tci} by the smiling faces and brilliant
eyes of the graceful ami accomplished
sons and daughters of Lincoln and Liber
ty, of d rkniss and Dahomey. True, our
Mate Constitution and hiwj, like those of
Illinois ar.d other loyal States, will not
permit lie.- negroes to come within our
State, nor enfranchised slaves to remain
there ; but from military necessity, or, as
1 a high official expresses it, *• from the ex
neeetaibite rci of the tiling," they will, no
i doubt, be permitted to remain. The plan
| recently adopted in South Carolina of
i selling there tin- lands cf rebels, might be
adopted, ar.d thereby Memphis might
soon become “a variegated city." Our
white ami colored brethren nnd sisters
might thus furnish an example of that
“ freedom and fraternity - ’ which so many
unhappy Northern spinsters sincerely re
gard as the only means of compromising
the present unhappy distinctions of color.
You should by all means, pass a reso
lution in favor of giving such rebel farms
and pnvnp lots as are not needed for our
colored brethren to our Christian friends
of the North who desire to live among
their colored friends, particularly to that
numerous and respectable class who think
that both races will bo improved by a
cross of the Anglo-Saxon up n the pure
Guinea. “When this cruel war is
over," how our Psalm singing brethren J
from the Church of the Puritans would
enjoy a Confederate farm upon Rig Hlack,
Red River, the Arkansas or Pontchar
tra:n! When the rebels are disarmed,
how meek ami lowly, docile and penitent
they will be while beholding our North
ern brethren occupying their mansions,
and illustrating the beauties of (ic-neral
Hanks’ apprentice system ! With what
impunity General iiutivr would ride from
his plantation on Moon Lake to his rancho
on Deer Creek 1 Then would bo made
manifest the absurdity of those Copper
head croakers who foolishly insist that,
while military power alone can put down
a rebellion, moral power alone can eradi
cate its consequences and keep it down.
it is true, they cite the example of
Vendee; which, in area, is only about
one fortieth part of France. There, we
admit, the peasantry believed that their
religion was endangered, and history re
cords that they defeated six or seven of
the best appointed armies which the
French republic, in that warlike age,
could hurl against them. It is also true
that afterward, when Carnot was made
Minister of V» ui*, he quieted ihe people
assuring them they should bo undisturb
ed in their Religious faith. These mis
chievous faultfinders, to give further
force to their insidious assaults upon our
worthy President, point also to "Poland ;
in which tho Arcs of rebellion are ever
burning; but they forget that the Czar
<i'i*arr .Ire Russias is is sii respects infer
ior to our model President, and is wholly
ignorant of the true means of quieting a
disaffected people. It never occurred to
the aforesaid Czar that, to squelch a re
bellion effectually, the cause must be re
moved. And had he studied the history
of rebellion in this country he would
have discovered that we always ascertain
ed the cause, the evil, the sin, which
gave a pretext to the insurgents. For
example: During the Administration of
General Washington a portion of the peo
ple of Pennsylvania got up a rebellion
about whiskey. It was crushed out by
“ coercion but the sagacious states
man of that day determined to strike at
•the cause. The result is the people of
that noble Commonwealth have ever
since eschewed whiskey and turned their
attention to contracts. Nothing is now
known in that State of whisky, and,
though Mr. liuchanan used to recite some
traditionary stories of "old rye” to the
junior members of his Cabinet, it is well
ktmwn tlsut the sight of a bottle of pure
Monongabelu was as repulsive to his na
ture as ice-water to a mad dog.
Subsequently, while General Jackson
was President, the people of South Caro
lina revolted against taxation, because
some demagogues called it high tariff,and
asserted that -lie monster “ stole money
from their unconscious pockets." The
rebellion, however, was "subjugated" by
the military power of the Government,
and the cause—taxation—of course, abol
ished. No tax-gatherers have been known
since in South Carolina. At a later day,
during the administration of John Tyler,
of the linn of " Tippecanoe and Tyler
too,” some unwashed Democrats in Rhode
Island fomented a grand insurrection
i against the sovereignty of that large and
populous itate. The army end navy of
the United States, by a hearty co-opera
tion with the “ loyalists" of that day,
soon overthrew the insurgents. Their
Provisional Governor, Thos. W. Dorr,
! was captured, denied the rights of a “bel
! ligorent," and sent to the Penitentiary.—
! The Democratic party —the cause—was
j abolished,ns all subsequent elections have
I shown, throughout the United States.—
j The rebellion in Utah, which occurred
i during the reign of the old public func
i tionary, is too recent to be forgotten.—
The cause is doubtless fresh in the mind
j of every aged maiden ludy in the loyal
States. The Republican instincts of our
' people would not tolerate a monopoly in
| Heaven’s “list, best gift to man." Gun.
| Albert Sidney Johnston,was sent to Utah
I with instructions to conquer the conjugal
j spirit ot lLigham. The Mormon war end
ed gloriously f.r our arms. The cause
was removed. liar, ins are now unknown
to the Latter-day Saints, ari l Brigham,
i like some leno bird without a mate, “ re
J ju-t-s to he comforted." In Kuiopo pro
| traded and sanguinary civil wars have
often resulted from difference of opinion
1 in leu-ard to the true mode of con.-truing
the Hi hie, and especially concerning the
operation of the Hoiy taliost. They have
failed to abolish the one or deny the oth
er. The result is that few countries in
Europe maintain the quiet which usually
" prevails” along the Rappahannock.
It should not he overlooked that our
j people were very ignorant or they never
would have been deceived by tiie tt'ea
1 sonablt* enemies, Noitb and South, of our
noble Pre-ideut. It was falsely charged
that be ami his party friends did not de
sire to si.ppiess the rebellion without first
; subverting the rights of the Stater—fice
i ing all the slaves and elevating them to
i political iquality with the whites, oar
people being, of course, very ignorant,
' believt 1 all these false, scandalous and
malicious statements, and among the res
olutions you will adopt at your meeting,
there should bo one thanking bis Excel
! icv the President for the effectual means
be lias adopted to give strength and mor
al power to the Union men ami women of
: the South, while at the same time be has
( shown how wickedly false and libellous
were the allegations of Southern traitors
- and Northern Copperheads that he in
' tended to use the army and na.y to abol
ish slavery, i’lie Union men of the South
will ever gratefully cherish the name and
memory of one who, by a scrupulous re
gard of his olficial and other pledges and
his manly adherence to the Chicago Plat
form, has vindicated the truth of all the
pledges which from time to time we made
: in his behalf, and the traitors and Cop
■ perheads who have falsely charged our
I great and good President with designing
i to subvert the institutions of the South
j cm States, must henceforth hide their
faces in shame.
You should by no means fail to adopt
with wild acclamation, mingled with a
few " Dully Hallelujahs - ," n resolution se
verely denunciatory of those who criticise
our military operations, or show impa
tience at the tardy movements of our ar
mies in South Carolina and Virginia.—
Such criticism gives the rebels "aid and
comfort,” and though it may not be felony
without benefit of clergy, is nevertheless
what Mr. Polk stigmatized as “ moral
treason”—a crime which our noble Pres
ident and other Whigs were compelled to
“dry up” doling the war with Mexico.
Our present military discord is hut
“ harmony when -understood.” We arc
abundantly able to beat the rebels when
ever wo try. As we have them com
pletely surrounded—crowded into a small
circumference of not more than six thou
sand miles. Our armies are guarding the
outposts of this contracted line, and eve
rywhere daring the pusilanimous butter
nuts to “ pie co tho centre.” Wo have
forces at Galveston, New Orleans, Pensa
cola, Hilton Head, Ncwbern, Suffolk (all
is quiet on the Riackwater), Fortress
Monroe, on the Rappahannock, at Balti
more, along the line of the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad, in Western Virginia, in
Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Fort
Smith, and at Vicksburg, in the very
heart of rebeldom. How long can the
rebellion exist when thus circumscribed ?
In addition to all this. Adjutant General
Thomas, a native of “ My Maryland,”
and who, last year, was charged by the
malignant tongue of slander with beings
secessionist and a traitor, (following
where such noble men as Butler, Brady,
Dickinson and other old friends nf Breck
inridge dare to lead,) is now in the South
west organizing the loyal blacks, who it
is understood are impatient to be led
against the barbarous hordes of Lee and
Beauregard. Northern philosophers, wo
men and divines, who regard the African
as the best normal representatives of the
human race, and those who have seen the
. sturdy iJ.'A . ne of
; the skunk,do hot believe that the delicate
| nerves of {he rebels will be able to stand
■ a bayonet charge from these American
soldiers of African descent, if made when
the state of the thermometer indicates
cutaneous activity and edtresponding per
spiration. Time, however, will coon set
tle this disputed question.
You should also further tler.ouncc all
who complain of the army of the Poto
mac. It has been in no sense a failure.
It has achieved more than any army in
modern or ancient times has accomplished
under similar difficulties. Its bravery is
unquestioned, and injustice is done its
Generals. True, McClellan, under the in
1 fiuence of Northern Copperheads, aided
l>y such Republican togies as Thuilovv
Weed, and backed by the stupid gradu
ates of West Point, was fast becoming a
favorite with the army and tho people,
and it was gravely hinted by some of his
bolder adherents that he might be used
by the Copperhead fraternity to supplant
our unrivalled President in 18G4.
Hesides, 'General McClellan had com
manded the Army of tho Potomac long
enough. “ Rotation in office" is a sound
political axiom. He was, therefore, re
tired, although still a fivoritc with the
brave men he so long commanded.
Rut in all this there is strategy. It is
the result of that superior genius and wis
dom of our President, who, ns “ Comman
der-in Chief,” moves inferiors upon the
military chess board with a skill that ex
cites die admiration of all who are truly
loyal to the Administration. No harm can
result front all this. We have an abund
ance of leaders ready at a moment’s notice
to load the Arinv of the Potomac to the
rebel capital. We have in reserve Rutler,
Phelps, Rustecd and Lane, to say nothing
of Colonel de Utassy, who, like Moham
et’s coffin, is still suspended between the
heavens and the earth. I look in vain
among the names attached to your letter
for 0113 which recalls a familiar face. I
do not now remember that I had the honor
of a personal acquaintance with any one
of you, although in former times I knew
many of the leading citizens of Memphis,
among whom are not a few who are still
ardently in favor of a restoration of the
Constitution. 1 regret to find none of
them associated with you in the proposed
demonstration. Iiut I will indulge in no
complaints. Wherever our armies have
secured permanent lodgment in the South,
as at Hilton Head, New Orleans, Ncwbern,
Nashville, and Memphis, the Northern
friends of our most excellent President
have supplied us abundantly Irilii most
disinterested men and women, whose loyal
tongues are heard in melodious tones,
wherever we " hold, occupy and possess"
a cotton or contraband settlement in the
Confederate wilderness.
Look at Hilton Head, where the tender
maiden and tougher matron of the North
mingle upon sisterly terms with the Pal
metto Afiican ladies of South Carolina.
A bountiful issue t-f tracts and catechisms
will rio doubt soon be followed by an im
proved issue of contrabands —not so white
as the Anglo, not so black ns the normal
African.' In a few years they will
TA’alk in beauty like tbe night
Of cloudless chines and starry skies,
An«l all that's best of dark and bright
Meet in their aspect and their eyes.
In North Carolina Charles Henry Fos
ter, Esq , originally ft nm Maine, and a
warm political friend of Rivckinridge, has
organized a free labor association, and
Governor Stanley has gone hack to Cali
fornia in disgust. In Nashville we have
a regularly organized Abolition society.
Its organ is the same az that of the State
and Federal Government, anti the editor,
though imported from abroad, is duiug
1 more to sustain the glorious Administra
tion of President Lincoln than any native
born citizen of the State can do or is will
ing to do. This Abolition society and this
Abolition newspaper, although conducted
within the fortifications of the city, is do
ing, no doubt, very much to induce Un
people of Middle Tennessee to cease nil
further opposition to the wise,gentle and
constitutional rule of our disnnguished
Chief Magistrate.
In Memphis the harvest is a tempting,
one. With-cotton at a dollar per pound,
and likely contrabands “ lying around
loose,” our enterprising Northern friends,
who love tho Union and wish it preserved
under the guarantees of the Constitution,
may make “a good thing of it." Already
I hear of several who have farms in Kan
sas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and other
“ loyal" States, which are now well tilled
by negroes who once belonged to tbe Un
ion men of tho South. Facts tike these
will tend greatly to the restoration of
peace and harmony, and materially aid in
removing the prejudice which the people
, of the insurrectionary States have enter
tained against their Northern kindred.
They now know that the war is not to
be so conducted as to deprive them unne
cessarily of any portion of their property;
and they now have positive proof that
Southern Secessionists and Northern Cop
perheads, who charged that the war was
to he waged ngain.-t the Louth as a sec
i tion, instead of the rebels and their allies,
were guilty of falsehood. Furthermore,
there is a large party at the North who
have persistently refused to regard tile
African as the best representative of tbe
human race. This intlux of negroes will
do much to change their opinions, and Ly
tho same means the Southern manners
and customs will become gradually intro
duced north of tho Ohio and Potomac,
rendering our people more homogenous
than in former times. Thus we will
' again become a united and loving people.
Tbe lion and the lamb will lie down to
. gether, and then the millennium will have
come. Excuse the haste in which I write
and accept assurances of my highest re
gard.
Very Respectful!v, your ob't servant,
'EM. ETHERIDGE.
To J. M. Tomeny, G. L>. Johnson, and
others, Memphis, Tennessee.
From the Portsmouth (N. H.> 8ta?e« and Union.
Nullftflers of Loyal Masiaoliim^tts*
If there ever was a principle clearly es
tablished in this country, it was the great
Democratic doctrine of State Rights,'
which is simply the rcognizing and acting
upon tho principle that tho rights and
powers not specially delegated to the
General Government in the Constitution,
are reserved to the States or the people.—
In all cases where doubts may arise ns to
the dividing line, it was held by the fath
ers and framers ofpur system, thatjid#'an*'
tage, if any, should be upon the side of the
I NUMBER 99t
States, and that the Federal
should not be guilty of the least encroach
ment under any pretext whatever. This
is, in fact, the great fundamental principle
of American Democracy, and its violation
tends inevitably to centralization and des
potism. Previous to the advent of the
present Administration it had come to be a
nearly universally conceded principle of
action, the enemies of the Democracy hav
ing, in some cases, gone even further than
the most rigid States Right Democrat,'
either North or South, could justify under
the Constitution. Congress, in 1850,pass
ed a fugitive slave law in admitted pursu
ance of the Constitution. But such ardent
■State Rights men were the Federal Abo
litintj leaders, that they stood upon their
pretended reserved norne powers and en
acted Personal Liberty Bills in neealy all
the free States, to countetgpt and ifOllify
the act of Congress. According to their
theory then, Congress committed an
rage, an act of usurpation upon the great
doctrine of States Rights, by going within
the States themselves, and remanding-fu
gitives from service which they owed tci
the citizens of other States. In some
States tho Legislatures made the arrest
and rendition of these slaves a penal of
fense, subjecting the perpetrators to heavy
lines and imprisonment. President Pierce
was denounced as an infamous tyrant and
usurper, because he ordered the marines
of Portsmouth and Charlestown to aid in
executing tho laws in the city of Boston
in the rendition of Burns. How the Abo
lition Republican leaders howled forth
their execrations! Charles Sumner, Wen
dell Phillips & Co. harangued the excited
crowd to scenes of tumult and mobocracy
which resulted in tho wanton murder of a
United States officer upon the steps of tho
Court House in Boston.
Massachusetts then held with wondeful
tenacity the high State Rights prerogative,
of open resistance to a clearly constitu
tional law, because it did not happen to
chime with the peculiar notions of
her higher law fanatics. She even
visited her vengeance upon the head of
the officer who presided in the Burns
trial, and subjected him to the official
guillotine because he dared obey his oath
of office. That was Massachusetts’ State
Rights little more than ten years agol
Later still, she stood upon her dignity
and denied even the right of Congress to
compol witnesses to testify in regard to
Old John Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry.
E orybody will remember tho attempt
to compel the attendance of one Sanborn,
of Concord, Mass., to testify before the
John Brown investigating committee of
the United States Senate.
The officer sent by the Senate was re
sisted by the abolitionists of Massachu
setts, and compelled to nbandon the at
tempt to execute his lawful authority.
South Carolina never went further in
the worst days of nullification.
Uossacbusselts was not alone. John
P. Halo’ undertook to place New Hamp
shire in the category of nullification. In
(lie United States Senate, when this ques;
tion of compelling witnesses, under fho
law of Congress enacted in 1846, to ap
pear and testify, was before the Senate, he
made a speech, from which the following
is an extract: —
“ I do not know but that such a use aq
has been suggested may be attempted to
be made of that provision of law. i think
the law was passed iinprovidently, because
I believe this Federal Government has ho
sort of authority to take any citizen out
of his State, except in two instances that
are provided for in the Constitution, and
they are fugitives from justice and fugi
tives from labor. *******
The tribunal which sits in the capital
has shown that in every question in whicti
; the rights of freemen of the States are
1 brought in collision with the requirement
' of slavery, its members are themselves the
basest slaves of the slave power. They do
not cnjoy[aml I thank God for it] nor are
they entitled to, the confidence of the
people of the free States. I hope, sir, that
such a proceeding as has been intimated
as finding its authority in the law referred
to, will be resisted whenever the attempt
is made. * * 1 do hope and trust in
God, and in the people, too, that the usur
pation of Federal power, in this respect,
will be taken heeu of by the Legislatures
of the free States, and that they will place
their foot Griply upon the line of the Con
stitution, and say to any Federal officer
coming with any precept from any tribu
nal, that when lie trenches upon the aa
cred grouml of State Rights,he will be re
sisted by all the force and all the power
that the State can call to its aid.”
This was no longer ago than December
Sill, IPS!). It was the position of the Re
publican leaders then as defined by Mr.
Hale, and surely he had as good a right to
speak for his party as any other man.—-
What now lias become of this great doc
trine so sacred but a l'ttle while since ?
Supposing Mr. llule’sadvice had been
followed during all the arbitrary arrests
and outrages of the past two years? What
if it shall be followed by the people when
it shall be attempted to execute the odious
conscription act now threatening us? But
it makes all the difference in the world
whose hands hold the reins of the Fedcrat
Government. Abolitionism rules the
roast now, and behold the States, or the
people, havi no rights worthy of cogniz
ance or respect. The central government
is now supreme, omnipotent, allpcrvad
ing. The State authorities are not even
permitted the poor privilege of appoint
ing the officers of the State militia. State
laws and State Courts are set aside, and
‘ we have the improved system of Austrian
provost guards, court uiartials, and all tho
sweets of European despotism.
Democracy, Rep ublicanism, civil and
1 constitutional liberty, habeas corpus, and
trial by jury are obsulete, defunct, in this
; sublime age of progress and improvement.
; No man is safe in his own house, bis per
! son, or effects, for a single moment Spies
and informers infest all the'avenucs of so
ciety*
Secret orders conni vo at public plunder,
and under fictitious names, lure the un
wary into the meshes of an infamous oli
garchy to perjure their Souls in homage to
the bloody Moloch which is trampling hp
| man liberty into the grave. * * Tbo
] fact iq.lhiv AdihlniStfStlOB «jj<J .11 i«-
1 ers, abettors, and hangers-on, are s aet’of
! arrant impostors, from the Preeideotdewn
I to tbo vilest kitchen stipendiary, sod d*-
i serve the pillory for their impodSM*
wretched cant,and hypocrisy. A nffj~
| setjof political drivelers, without brain* Of
! capacity for anything higher than «SCOS
1 politics and party jugglery. * 8 *

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