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VOLUME X. j
the mountain democrat. PUBLISHED EVKBY SATURDAY MORX1XO. BY A J XT jmTT W. CKLW1CW, "• A. JaHVAUT. TERMS -Hitiuitv in advakci—One Year. $5; Si* aj Three Month*. 9 1 M: One Month (payable to the Car tt«r). SO seats; Stag»eCwpie*. lucent* 4DVRBTI8IRO— One Square. of inline*. first Insertion. 03; Hib i«W(qwii inartioo. |l M, Bu»h»es* Cart». of 10 line* w \gmm oae rear. Be*»ae** Card*. of 10 line* nr less. \br«« mouths. •!« A liberal discount -will be made «>n the linn raf%4 for yearly and quarterly advertisements which txewed eae square pRlXTIXO.—Our Office is replete with all the modern Improvements for the *nr. attar san a*rit> execution of every style** PRIV ri>mi. such a* nooks. Pamphlc's. Briefs. Peeler*. Handbills. Circular*. Ball Tickets, Programmes. Or tlleatea of Stock *r Deposit. Rilihead*. Cheeks. Receipts, Labels, etc . to plain or fhncy colored Inks. ItJSTTCKS' BLANKS — Affidavits. Undertaking* and R*ritsof AtUkhnnit. under the new lew, for aa’e at this Office; also, fclanfc Declarations nf Home-dead. the most convenient rorm i B aee. Jn*l printed, a complete form of MINERS PKKD. 4lee. a beautifully executed MARRIAGE. CERTIFICATE. L. P. FISnER. No. 171S Wa-hiniton street oppo.ltc Maguire’s Opera Hou«e. I« the nnlv authorized Ap-ut for the MOUNTAIN MlcWoCRAT. In the city of Sin Kreneiwe. All order* for II*. Paper or Advertising left with him will be promptly at tended to. W. H. BROWN I* the authorised Agent of the DEMOCRAT at Oeorywtown. orders for the imper. advertising, or for job vnrl.leR with him. will he promptly aluuded to. CHAR T JACKStiN tv the aulhorltvd Agent of the MOUN TAIN DEMOCRAT at LI Dorado. Orders iefl with him will JM promptly attended to. ■ i. ridi.KMW i* our autborited agent at Newsmen — All orders for advertising, etc . Wl with M» •th reoelvn in mediate attention A. H. t. DUN I* kgetil Tor the DkMOCmaT at Virginia City. Nevada Territory. Col. YM. INOX Is oar autborited agent at Orliriv Elat — All order* glrea him for the Peemcrat will be promptly at leaded te. Office* on CoIomR Slreel. professional Cartis, IZtr. BENJ. SHERWOOD. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Plaeerville, El Dorado County. California. Office — Dorsey's Bu>Mng (up-stairs), Main at. [ma'2if ] THOS. J. OROON, ATTORNEY.AT-LAW. El Dorado, K1 Doratlo County. (ma17 ~ P. A. HORNBLOWER. attorney and counsellor at law, Will practice in all tin* C>uns of ’hr lltli Judicial Diatrlci. OFFICE —At Pilot Hill, El Dorado Coun ty. " n»;l**8m 8. W. fUantaso*, tiro. K Wilium*. SANDERSON A WILLIAMS. ATTORN KT8-AT.LAW. Office—D »ucla««* Building, next doer to the Cary llouae, Main street. I*l«**rrvifle dec 6 O. W. GORDON. ATTORNEY AT -*L A W , Virginia City, N. T Office in CsILos* Building. It -trret [nnv29 A. C. PEARLE. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, OBre in Dough**' UoiMir.g (i:p-stalr*), Main tfreet. P.a* ervillc. febtt 8m* ionm hi*mi h. c. sloss. HUME A 8LOSS, A T T O U N E Y S - A T - L A W, Office in l it} Block P».icer\ille. Will prartirr Law in the Courts of El Dorado and adjoiningCounties —in the Supreme Court, ami the Courts of flail Territory. ml9 O. D. HALL. O. YALE. PLteerriUe. S*in Fr nici*™, Practice Law in all the Courts of Utah. Offices, at Carson ami Virginia City. je30 tf M. K. SHEARER. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR aT-LAW, AND NOTARY PUBLIC. Office, at Residence. M.»in •treet, three 4<**r» ■ !»*%« Bedford Aienue, I'lacert ilie- aulO E. B. CARSON. NOTARY PITLI** AND CONVEYANl FK. SMI Commiocionei* ot Deads for Nevada Territory. Office i'i the U«»utt ll<*n«e. Ilao rville. (in.%1 if 1 ttooiis, Stationrni, l£tc. PL17.I BOOK STOKE, PLACE R V 1 i. L E . tlas jn*t rfciv«*d .a •«j.l rdol n««<>rtm»'nt of Standard and Miscellaneous Works, STATIONER*, SCHOOL BOOKS. oirr DOnt*. ai.tu*M«. rrn.KRT, ror.a, Oulu pin*. violim. cnm-*. arroapKoxa, M*.w wm<k0, i«TMiNt.-. err., ki« . Selected ei|»re**lr f »»r »heCountry Trade, and selling at greatly reduced r • »•**. ALn, AGENTS Por Bahrainento Union, Alta Californ u, Bulletin, Mirror, *tr. NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS Kept constantly on lirtnd, and sold unusually low. oct4 R. 8. HERNANDEZ. S. HARRIS, Comer of Main Street <m</ the /*lt:ta , &El PLACKRVILLK, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN UavauaCIgars, Tobacco, Books, Sta tionery. Cutlery, Playing Cards, Yankee Notions, Fruits, Green and Dried, Nuts and Candles, AT HAS* FRANCISCO IMtiChS. Also, reccires by every Steamer the latest Atlantic And European Sew*p;i per*, MilfillinrSHill Periodi cals, and all the WEEKLY CALIFORNIA NEWSPA PERS and MAGAZINES. oct4 ASSAY OFFICE. COPPER, SILVER, AND GOLD ORE CAREFULLY ASSAYED! A. C. ARVIDSSON, (mprli] Main street, Flacerville ALW AYS BUY IIUI TOD CAN GET TUB BEST AND CHEAPEST! IT 18 ADMITTED BY ALL who have purchased of HENRY RAOJB8K1, at the Cary Moose, that it i* the ouly place In the City where you can rely on gettings GENUINE Havana oioab fob 12* cents! patronage which I have received du niif the past two years, has enabled tne to make Arrangements by which I can afford to sed a BETTER AXD OBRAPKU HAVANA CIGAR than can be had any other stars in the City. »AJj— . k .*SP on hnnd »B the choice ■™»<U ,r SMOKING AND CHEWING TOBACCO. HENRY RADJESKY. At the Cry Hoot*. THE MOUNTAIN DEMOCRAT. PLACERVILLE, EL DORADO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1863. ANGLING FOR A HUSBAND. Madame I) who resides nt Chnton. was u lady of the strictest character and of a heart proof against allurement!!. She prided herself upon her preai inscnsihili tv, and her profound indifference hail re pulsed all those gallants who had volun teered to oiler their addresses. The conn trv was for her a veritable retreat; she shunned re-unions and was only happv in soMtuife. 'fhc charms of a chosen circle, the pleasures of a chosen world had for In-r no attraction ; and her favor ite recreation wa: that of angling —an a • useinent worthy of an unfeeling wo man. She was accustomed, every pleasant •lay, to station herself at the v-xtrt mily of the lonely island of Cl.atnn, and there, wit . lu-r honk in one hand and a line in the other, her time was passed in fishing, riailing or dreaming. A lovtr who had always been intiini dati d by In-r coldness, and w ho had never ventured on a spoken or written declara tion, suiptiscd her at her favoiite pursuit one day, w lun he had come to the island fur the purpose of enjoying a swimming hath. lie observed her a long lime without being discovered,and busted himself w ith thinking how he might turn to his advan tage this lonely amusement of angling.— Hi s reverb s were so deep and fortunate that he at last hit upon the desired plan — a novel ex edient, indeed—always the more successful wiili such women as pre tend to be invulm ruble. The mxt <hiv our amorous hero re turned to the island, studied the ground, made his arrangements, and when Mad ame D Iimi] resumed her accustomed place, h slipped away to a femme and retired shelter,and after divesting himself, o! his clothing, lie entered the stream. — An excellent swimmer and skillful diver, he trusted to his aquatic talents for the success of his enterprise. He swam to the end of the island with the greatest pr caution, favored by the banks and hushes, which hung their dense foliage above the water. In his lips was a note folded and sealed, and on arriving near the spot where Madame 1) was sit ting, be made a dive, and lightly seizing the hiMik. lie attaclnd toit his letter. Madame 1) , perceiving the move ment of her line, supposed that a ti.-h w as biting. i he young man bad retired as he came: lie had doubled the Cape that extended out into tlo- water, separating them from each other, a' ■ ■ had regained his spot without tne leii-t noise in lu> pa-sag- un der the willows. Ill ||. ed was done. Madame if pulled in her line, and what was In r surpitsi to nli-eive dang ling upon lu r hook, not the rxpei ted fi.-h, lint an iin. xpected letter. llus was, lornevi r, tiitli ig ; bother -uiprise became stupifaction when, de taching the bidet, she read upon it—her ow n name! Si, then, tiiis letter she had fished up was addle-sell to her. This was somewhat miraculous. She was uftaii. Her tiuuMed glance scruti nixed the surrounding -pace, hut there wa- in lining to he set n or heard; all was -1:11 and liiiie ! y, h t i on land nod water. She q lilted her s,at, hut look away t tv i S-* *. As .-won a - .-he ftaa-ckev'ti': ah'Ut and the papi r wa- dry —u panel p if,city w nit i j i.ml and wiilicn upon w'lln n dcdhle ink — she uns-alcd tin* let- It-' aiide- Ul.il i ce I It-pvl ll-al ■* A ibi liiutioii ol h-ve!" ciitd she at thelii.-t wind-. *’ What insolcm-c ?” Still the i-.sii 1 1 I e had cuiit to her in -ueh an exiinoruiiiiiiy iiianmr that her cmiosily would l ot sutler her to tri at Itii— lilt i a- she had many* otln rs—pill- I —ly hum it w ilin ill a l eading. No, sin- read it quite through. The loVii, w ho dated ihl- letter fiiiiu the hot • uni ol ill,- ■ ivir, ii.-ul skiiiluliv aihiptid the nlh-gie y, and iiiirndiit cd hliu-tit a- a cl otc-qtli- inliaiulalit of liie waters. The l.ihlt- wa- gini'clilliy niaiiageil, ami w ith tile jesting lone which lie had adopted wa- mingled a true, serious, ardent seiiti iiont, expressed with beauty and elo quence. The next day Madame I) returned tn the island, not without emotion mid u trace ol leaf She lliti-w In- lute with a trembling hand, ami shuddered, as a moment alter wards, she perceived a movement of tile hook. Is it a tish Is it a letter? It was a letter. Madame I) w as no lyeliever ill mag ic—.-till them w as something strange ami supernatural in all this. She had an idea of throwing the letter back into the stieiim. hut relinquished it. I he mn-t stubborn and haughty woman is always disinmed in lit,- face of mystery which captivates their imagination. The seeoi.il letter was more lender, more passionate, more charming than the first. Madame Lt read it several times, and could not help thinking about the if liglitful merman that wrote such licw Itching let lets. On the neat day she attached her line to the hank ami hit it swimming in the water, w hile she w ithdrew- to a landing place at the extremity of the island. She wutched fora longtime, but saw nothing. Sue relumed tu the place, withdrew the line —and thjre was the letter. This lime ail answer was requested.— It was rather premature; yet the auda cious request obtained a full succes-.— Tile reply was written after some liesilu lion, and the hook dropped into the wa ter, charged with « letter that was in tended to say nothing, and affecting a sort of badinage—which was, neverthe less, a .bulletin of n victory gained over the hard severity of a woman until then unapproachable. Madame L) had too much shrewd ness net to guess that her mysterious correspondent employed, insteud of mag ic, the art of a skilllul diver. Scruples easily oudcrstooii restrained her from that portion of the hank wh.ru she was sure the diver would emerge from the water. But this game of letters amused her, and lur curiosity h.came mi lively that she wrote ; “ Let US give up this jesting, which lias pleased me for the mumcnl, but should continue no longer, and come with your apologies to Chalun." The lover answered — “ Yes, if you will add ‘ Hope.'” “If only a word is necessury to decide you, be it so.” And the word was written. Thu young man appeared, and was not a loser. The gift of pleasing belonged to his person as’much ns to his style, and lie had made such rapid progress under the water that it was easy to complete his conquest on land. They were soon married. The Thugs of India. In Hindustan there exist a band of setni teliginus robbers and murderers, who me organized as a society, who seek the com pany at some harmless tiaveler, and nt a suilalde moment ttirow a cord around his neck and very skillfully strangle him.— These muiderous thieves ar, called Thugs. The following is an account ol an escape front their blood thirsty hands, which might certainly be regarded as almost mi raculous : Multan, born in a small place near Mee rut, was at an early date a pilgtim. As such lie bad visited all the tempi, s on the western const of India, and now sin tied oil'again to visit Oude, the city of the di vine Hama. In a liltlc town not far fr om Lucknow, he met w ith a mao who at lirst sight had the appearance of a pious peni tent. Our pi'gtim, who had a high re spect f,,r Intly peisnits, made him rich presents to secure himself some of bis store merits. Thereupon /the penitent gratefully of fered to conduct him to the lord and mas ter, a mighty saint, w ho surrounded by his followers, bad pitched bis camp in a lonely wood, far from the noise of the wot Id, not vouchsafing to every one the edifying view of his countenance or his instructive conversation. Mohan was en chanted with tin- exceedingly kind invi tation, and walked many miles with him to tlie woods. They readied them at nightfall ; an impenetrable thicket sur rounded them. As Mohan looked around him fora mo ment, his eyes rested upon a couple of new made graves. He soon suspected what it all meant, and when next day about fifty fellows came by, and in a civ ci t manner asked bis companion, “ how have you succeeded, brother I" all doubt was at all end. lie had fallen into the hands of those murderers who are the terror of the lonely traveler in India. To t un aw ay, however, w as impossible; night had concealed everything ill the Ueepcet shad w, aim a human habitation was n it to be found in a great distance. They compelled him reluctantly to make Ins bed m their very midst, and then proceed ed w ith tin irevening worship, which was performed before Kali, that bloody god dess w hom the Thugs have chosen for tb» ir patron and protectress. How- did tie Ice! as lie heard the robbers, in a lan guage will, h lie happim-d to understand return thanks to die- god-le-s for so gra ciously Conducting at,other victim to them. Mohan had caught a severe cold, and these men of blood feigned the tendcrest sympathy with him. They even prepared him a medicinal drink and bid Id i. try it. Hut the sick man knew- better than to ac cept the poisonous potion. At 10 o’clock they retired to rest. Hut Mohan with his hand upon a long hatchet which he al ways curried with him in his travels, re mained in a sitting position, in a state of in,i. sci iiiahle excitement. Ho had scarce ly ,»wy I'liiA/wg oiv. ufsi iI.. -4i,,(-,,.X. lights iii inntliciii India, so near to the snow eoveicd heights ol* the 11 i iiiaH |- %- arc not the warm, si Yet for all this the pcispiiatinii loll-d off ,,| him in pcifcct st earns. Alter a time he heard a slight rustling in the lieighlio, ing thii is • t ; it W as as it '.one one was digging —a grave for him ! i bis continued for half an hour, then a form appeared fn-m tin- tide et. *• Have you mad,- the b- d'/" said a voice from the midst of Ids hail-sleeping com rades. “Yes," was the answer, that piore.d Mohan's soul like a two edged sword. He spiang up ami looked around him with attaintd attention. At length lie saw a man creeping towards him; lie was only distant a loot when Moliuti swinging bis ax linn,di r, it out: “ Away, be off! or I will stretch you upon the earth ! 1 know,” be continued with a voice that trembled with mortal fear. ’• who you are and w hat you intend. Take my uapney and my clothes, hut leave my life.” So speaking, he threw everything he had with him l<> the ground. Hut the other answered with dreadful coolness, “you need not get excited, we will have it all in good time." With fixed nx the doomed man kept Ids place, ami bade them lake possession of Ids goods as lie bad thrown them on tin- ground. Hot they stood a- if tli-cm ccrted anil mged each other to the attack. No one made the att, nipt. “ llo, there." cried the chief, “ all to gether; right upon him !" No one stirred. A merciful God had smitten them all with cowardice. As Mohan stood, so lie remained all night long — with heating heart, streaming with perspiration, his ax uplifted. Oh ! what a struggle was meanwhile going on within. Many ns were the temples he liad already visited lie Hail found no peace for his conscience—that trembling aspen leal ! Now, too, he intended a pilgrimage to the remaining places of salvation in the north, in tiie hope of finding there peace for bis troubled and burdened soul. But here be was, with bis plan unaccomplish ed, upon the borders of the grave and eternity. Then arose, struggling front his bosom, earnest prayers, and still more earnest sighs to the Unknown God. At last, at Inst the dark night drew to a close. Twilight .appeared —and in .Mo han’s soul loo there glimmered a twilight of hope for lite, ns he caught tiie sound ol a company of traders passing by. But bow should lie make llu-tn aware of bis desperate condition ? If be should raise a cry for Help, the murderers who had him in their net, would bu emboldened by sheer necessity to take His life on the in stant. The sun had already appenred above the horizon, for in India he follows close upon the heels of daybreak. “Now make short work with him!” exclaimed tile bloodhounds. Mohan was blind in the right eye. As he suddenly turned to the tight lie saw the well known “silken handkerchief with the noose," descending upon his neck.— He had just time enough by throwing up his arm to save his neck from the cord. But the noose fell upon biz arm and cat like a sword deep into liis flesh. Spurred on by feir of imminent dent!) he swung his ax on high, with one blow levelled his assailant to the ground, made a way thro’ the rest with repeated strokes, and hast ened across the neighboring stream. — Happily he came upon a shallow place, while the Thugs who pursued him fell into a very deep swamp. Thus he es caped. His first course was to the chief officer of a neighboring village, to make a charge against these miscreants. But whether it was that he"feared them himself, or that he was a party to their proceedings, he scarcely heard them. “Are you in your senses f" he replied, contemptuously — "that holy man and his associates, Thugs? Impossible." It was only when Mohan threatened to appeal to the Nabob of Lucknow,atwhose court lie had an influen tial relative, that the alarmed official sent soldiers in the wood. They brought back to him his little* property, and Mohnn w as allowed to go his way in peace. lu tile Sleeping Car. Have you ever taken a sleeping ear fir a lniig rule, on any nl' our Western anil Kusici n iitilmtids ? It is a very curious expi iiei.ee. Tn the nhl trnviler Mich a journey is full ill incidents. Acciist<ouril to the trip between Philadelphia ami Washington, I never make it without gathering material for amusement and re llectinn. The h'est course is to secure a lull lower berth, about thirty minutes be fore the rush begins, ami from your roost you can. unobserved, hear much and see many odd sights. Th» conductor is a constantly perplex ed personage. lie is questioned, scolded and importuned hy turns, lie must ex plain, apologise and expostulate. In this melee it is marvelous how he preserves his temper. ‘Mr. Conductor,’ says a breathless pas senger, who has just got in by the New Yoik train, ‘give me a sleeping place.’ ‘Have you a ticket, sir?’ ‘Yes, 1 have toy through ticket.’ ‘Sorry, sir, hut you must have a sleep tng ticket. You call get it at the nllice in the station hotl.se ; but must hurry up or you will lose your chance.' And avvav goes the pnssi nger with about tell chances to one of being too late. ‘1 have taken places for two,’ says a soft-spoken, handsome young fellow, w itli a blushiin; woman on hi' arm. ‘Yes, sir,’ says the polite master of cer emonies, ‘the lady can sleep below, and you in the upper in rlh.' ■Hot she is my wife—and cannot sleep alone or with anybody but me.’ ‘Sorry, sir, hut out rules ure absolute; I cuu put another ladv with lief.’ ‘Hot site i' my wile. I tell you,' indig nunt• y responds the gentleman. ‘I do mil doubt you, sir, hut I do not know it, and to avoid nouble, we make an absolute i ole to keep the ladies and gen tlemen separate.’ And there is no remedy but to submit, or throw up their tickets, and take anoth er car. Frequently a family enters — father, mother, nurse, liahy. The same struggle ensues on the temporary divorce of husband and wile ; hut the dispute is more readily reconciled, and the parties pile in. Alter a while the matron gently ‘Are yon cmiif.itable, Augustus, dear?’ •IVrlectly,' i-the .smothered reply from the upper tie) / ■J).i cover up your throat, dearest; you know you are not well—are your leet warm ?' ‘All right,' gasps the husband, like a man on (lie top <.| a hay left. ‘Jane, what is the matter with baby * Can't you keep him quiet? Bless you, he is elmking. Hand him over to me.’ And I hear a squalling package passed over to the kind mother, who soothes it soon to rest. Kilters a fat Ilian, weighing about Still pounds avoirdupois. ‘Conductor, w here's toy bcith?’ ‘You have hut one ticket, and will plea- e get in alongside of this gentlemen' —who happens to he a delicate dandy, immediately above me, on tile second shell, and who rains down upon me a per fect shower of mingled perfume. The heavy passenger gels up and in. after a struggle, in which I participate to the ex tent of seeing a huge pair of legs, like twin anacondas, hanging before me, ai il hearing a seiies of angry growis and grim tv; and when the mass settles on a wicket lied. it shakes the whole vicinity, and leaves me in doubt whether it can hang suspended or will hill and crush me. ‘Clod bless me sir,’says the exquisite, ’but you aie a voiy large man. Ymi have pinned me to the wail—oh, I shall sutfo ente.’ •Can’t help it, sir; I paid for my ticket, an I intend to g. t toy nooo-y's worth.’ Imagine tile l it one's sleep, and snore, and sweat, and the miseries of the nice young gentleman. Some of the inexperienced travelers un hoot ai.d uncoal themselves, which is al ways a mistake. ‘Bundle in as you are,’ is the theory of a sleeping car. At last wc are disposed of. The whistle sounds; the engine shrieks; the hell tolls; and the great train plunges into the outer dark ness. A voice opposite, ‘Heavens, how Imt it is. Conductor, there is no air.— Open the door.’ ■| object!’ shouts a consumptive Con gressman ; ’I am not well, and I don’t mean to contract another cold.’ Another voice: ‘Charley, pass me that Hnsk ;’nnd then I hear a gurgling sound, and presently perceive an aroma oi Cognac, which ex cites two persons of various opinions a little in the advance. ‘Stranger !’ says the first, 'pass me your flask, and I will return the compliment when we reach Willard's'; —which I can hear is being very promptly done. ‘What a disgrace it is!’ says the pro testing temperance man, ‘iliat this place should he itirmd into a groggery.’ ‘By Jove!' cries out the owner of the flask, ‘here is Cough, the great lecturer— have a smile, my eloquent fiiend?’ At which there is u general laugh, and the consequent subsidence of the heroic op ponent of Bacchus. Before the sleepers finally adjust their hard pillows, gather up their scanty cov eting, and ascertain whether their bed fellows, if they have any, are fiiends or foes, some rich soliloquies and dialogues lake place among those who have not ac customed themselves to this method of transportation. ‘I say, conductor,’ exclaims a victim who is buried up in an enormous military cloak, and bound and riveted together with brass buttons, bands and lace, ‘I say ibis is worse than sleeping on the cold ground.’ •Neighbor!’ gasps a politician, evident ly on bis way for an office, ‘suppose we should run off the track, how could we j get out *’ 1 At this moment I heard a dulcet tone in the sacred and secret end of the car. ‘Conducior, do draw the curtain, while I descend from my berth to take the fresh air.’ Our treasure, the baby, now begins to make a loud appeal to its sleeping foun tain. ‘Good Heavens !’ ejaculates evidently a bachelor, 'there is that child again. Why don't people keep tlnir children at home when they are traveling?’ ‘So I would say,’ responds a quiet wag in the corner, with a rich voice, indicating a man ready to marry, ‘hot then I want ! their mammas to travel, too; you know, | Ornb Stitks, that we generally like to have our liiemls with us on a jouttn-v, more especially when one can t get lid ol them.’ A t which, another chorus of lau jhter. What an odd sight, to go out of your nest and pass along this catacomb of men, (for .-hep is the counterfeit of death.) and to watch their faces as you pass. Some look like dead men ; others struggle with the heated atmosphere of the place, and oth ers are wideawake. At last we arrive at llio Susquehanna river. We quietly pass upon the top of the great bout thnt"kee,,s op the line, and then some nervous fel low cries out: ‘Suppose we slide off, Conductor, and get into this infernal water?' At which almost the whole company wakes up. The idea of dropping oil' into the deep excites vai ious emotions. Tin fat man rouses from his apoleplic labors, and his dainty bed fellow crawls out, re solved to stand so greasy a contact no longer. The ladies gaze upon the water, and others are surprised that the superin cumbent weight do< s not sink the bout. We get over, however, and rush on to liaitiuiore, where we arrive in season. 1 Strength or Character. —Strength of t character consists of two things—power of will and power of self restraint. It requires two things, therefore, for its ex istence-strong feelings and strong com murid over them. Now we all very often mistake strong feeling for strong charac ter. A man who bears all before him, before whose Irow n domestics tremble, and whose bursts of fury make the cliil ilrcn of the household quake — b.-cause ho has bis will obeyed and liis own way in all things—we call him a strongman. — 1 tie- truth is, that fie is a weak man; it is his passions that are strong; he, mastered by them, is weak. You must measure the strength of a man by the power of the feelings he subdues, not by tile power of those that subdue him. And hence com posure is very often the highest result of strength. Did we ever see a man receive a flagrant injury, and then reply quietly ? that is a man spiritually strong. Or did we ever see a man in anguish, stand as if carved out of solid rock, mastering him self? *Or one bearing a hopeless daily trial, remain silent and never tell the torrid what cankered bis home peace ?— That is strength. He who, with strong passions, remains chaste; he who, keenly Sensitive, with manly powers of indigna tion in him, can be provoked and yet re strain himself and forgive, those are the strong mm, the spiritual heroes. < ‘‘Can't Smoke Mtcu Now.”—“Yon scent to enjoy smoking, Judge,” said Charlie Komi, as we were standing in front of the bar at the Virginia House, after having made a wretched breakfast on antique steak and cold corn dodgers. “ I reckon,” said the Judge, and giving a long pull lie allowed the smoke to steal : gradually from bis lips and to curl cut i ously about bis strongly marked face— his rosy nose rising like a light house above a fog on the coast. “ Hut," contin ued the Judge*, “ I can’t smoke as I used to. Now, when I smoke, I have to take something to correct tny stomach, and 1 have to be very regular in tny bubils. I take a small drop of whisky when I am smoking after breakfast, then I smoke mostly till dinner-lime, and then I taken small drop of w hisky before dinner. .Vi ler dinner I have to take- a small drop of whisky before I can smoke again. I then smoke more or less till simper time, when I lake a small drop of whisky and go to bed. If I ain't regular in my ll-bits, I timl I g. I bilious; but I can't .-moke near as much now- as I used to.” “ No doubt," said Charlie, “(he whisky helps digestion." “ I reckon," said the Judge, and a cloud of smoke veiled bis serene brow for a mo ment from the sight of liigadiuiring young friend. ———— Labor — A word to parents.— Teach your children, to work ; to hard work.— This may seem cruel at first thought, hut depend upon it by so doing, you w ill leave them a legacy far more valuable than “ gold, purple, or line linen." You w ill leave them industrious and regular habits, a frame well knit with muscular strength and a vigorous constitution.— Many a man, of extensive literary fame, would gladly exchange his wealth of learning if his dyspeptic stomach, ner vous and feeble skeleton,and aching bead, could go with it, for the robust frame, glowing health, keen appetite, and good digestion of the plowboy, or man of la bor. Tiie Gentleman. —He is above a mean thing. He cannot stoop to a mean fraud. He- invades no secrets in the keeping of another. Hu betrays no secrets confid ed to bis keeping. He never struts in borrowed plumage. He takes selfish ad vantage of no man’s mistakes, lie is ashamed of inuendoes. lie is not one thing to a man's face and another behind his back. If by accident he cotnes into possession of bis neighbor's counsels, he passes upon them an act of instant oblivion. He bears sealed packages with out tampering with wax. Papers not meant for his eve, whether they Butter in at his window, or lie open before him in unguarded exposure, are sacred to him. He possesses himself of no privacy of oth ers, however the sentry sleeps. ■ ■■ < ♦ r Magna est veritas et prevalebit—that is to say, Democracy will yet prevail and become dominant. Q, V I If I N E . Alexander the Great died of the com mon remittent fever at Babylon, and Oli ver Cromwell was carried off by ague.— A few doses of quinine'would doubtless have saved their lives and might have materially influenced the course of histo ry. But when the great Macedonian ex pired, the medical virtues of the Peru vian bark produced by the Cinchona j tree were unknown outside of their na- : live forests, and when our Lord Protector breathed bis last, they wSre just begin-1 ning to be known in London. Since then the value of quinine has been gene- j rally appreciated, and who shall say how many valuable lives are daily saved by its ndminUtrutian ? In low, marshy sit uations, where ague prevails, and in the I tropics, it has been indispensable. All ! the pluck, mterpiisc and devotion of modern explorers would, in many in- j stances, have been completely neutralized ; by deadly climates, if it had not been for | abundant supplies of this medicine; am), aided by the same salient agent, Euro-1 peans have been enabled to plant happy 1 homes in districts which, without this i powerful aid, would have been simply ' their burial places. About -1,300,000 pounds of Peruvian hark are imported annually into England alone, and the yearly demand for this drug made upon the South American Cinchona lorests, including those of New Grenada, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, is j probably nut below 300,000,000 pounds. ! Even if this quantity were collected w ith due rtgard to the lives of the trees pro ducing it—which is not the case—the ijrain would be enormous; but when we consider that the Cinchonas do not form entire forests by themselves, but grow isolated amongst other trees —that the most reckless system has been and is] pursued in gathering tli-ir product, and 1 that this pernicious system has been fol- 1 lowed for seven 1 centuries, we cannot wonder that whole regions, formerly ! abounding in hark, arc now stripped of it. The present high prices of hark have in duced the natives to search the remotest parts. Wilds never before trodden by civilized man have been visited; and many a poor Cascarilcro.or bulk-collector, losing bis way, lias laid down bis life in search of that medicine which was to save the lives of others. Such, however, is the recklessness pur sued in collecting hark, and the never ceasing but daily increasing demand for it, that even the remotest quinine-yield ing forest will be exhausted, and the most valuable kinds become as extinct as the Alo is of New Zealand, or the Dodo of Mauritius, Ilow great will be the dis tress when the supply at length fails— when poor, fever-stricken patients have to sigh in vain for the sovereign remedy, and the physicians shall be unable to find a suitable substitute! Even at the time of the Spanish dominion over South America, men like Joseph de Jessicu, the Ulloas, Ruez, Savon and Humboldt,urged the imperative necessity of the Govern ment taking the Cinchona forests under its protection; but nothing was done when the revolution deprived the crown of Castile and Leon of its finest jewels.— The Republican Government was too reckless and too weak to enforce any laws by which forests of not only national but cosmopolitan importance might be pro tected. Meanwhile the danger of seeing t: cm exhausted has approached our very door in some of our colonies. Quinine is now equal in value to gold. Ere long it will be so high in price that only the wealthy will be able to buy it; ami large armies will have to go without it, when, at the present time, no less than £ 10,000 are spent annually to sup ply British India alone. Mr. Spruce just ly said, that whatever plant is necdlul to man must ultimately Jje cultivated by him. Nature may yie’d, for a long se ries of years, unfailing crops ; but, unless aided by artificial means, they will ulti mately fail. Convinced of this truism, the cultivation of Cinchona trees in Eu rope, and in the East and West Indies, was advocated by German, Dutch and English men of science years ago ; hut for a long time their memoirs and wri tings were ignored by men in office, until at last, in the Dutch Government led the way by introducing the bal k trees into Java. Unfortunately, the Dutch got hold "l quite a worthless species (Cinclio na Palimliui.a) and di I not succeed in propagating the better kinds; and as the whole cultivation was necessary as an ex periment, they met with many disap pointments, and iucuircd great expenses. Nevertheless, the partial success was so encouraging, and the urgency of the case so great, that in 1 biiD the Secretary of State for fmiia charged Mr. Clement It. Markham with superintending the intro duction of quinine yielding trees into our Indian pos-cssions. Messrs. Spruce and Pritchett, the agents Mr. Mnrkhatn em ployed in other districts, and presents of living plants from the Dutch Government, have enabled the author to establish nour ishing plantations in the Neilgberry Hills, Darjeeling and Ceylon ; and in all human probability, we may confidently look for ward to a good supply of quinine and ein'lioim at the very time when the South American forests are approaching exter mination. — [English paper. A Lieutenant whom Col. Serrcll order ed into the marsh where General Gilmore was going to plant the “ swamp angel ;” whoso messages flew so unpleasantly in to Charleston, said that be could not do it—the mud was too deep. Col. Serrell ordered him to try. He did so, and re turned with his men covered with mud, and said : “ Colonel, the mud is over my men’s heads—I can’t do it.” The Colonel insisted and told the Lieu tenant to make a requisition for anything that was necessary for the safe passage of tho swamp. The Lieutenant made his requisition in writing and on the spot.— It was as follows: “ I want twenty men eighteen feet long to cross a swamp fif teen feet deep." A MtMSTEit at a camp meeting was de livering a di- course on pride, and in cau tioning the ladies against it, he said : “ And yon, dear sisters, may perhaps feel proud that our Lord paid you the distinguished honor of appearing first to one of you after the resurrection ;>but you have no reason for it, as it was undoubt edly done that the glad tidings might spread sooner.” I NUMBER 46. VEHSATIUTV OF PltlNTEKS. The Belfast (Ireland) Mercury gives the folio wine in relation to printers : From high to low they are the same reckless, free-hearted, clever, well-informed fellows—knowing how to act better than they do—nothing at times—everything if the occasion re quires or the fit takes them. No sooner aro they comfortable in one town tbau they travel for another, even they trmvol on hair-space means. And to what will they not turn their bands f “We have seen,” says an American editor, “ one and the same individual of the craft, a minis ter in California, a lawyer in Missouri, a sheriff in Ohio, a boatman on the western rnnal, sailing a privateer, an auctioneer in New York and a pressman in a great printing office.” Nor are these charac teristics routined to any countiy — they are everywhere the same. We meet on tramp in this country members of this wild, roving profeasi n, from all parts of the globe— Frenchmen, Spaniards, Portu guese, Germans and Swedes— and all ap parently as much at home us if in their own country. Ardent lovers of liberty, kingcraft finds but little favor in their eyes. When the chartist excitement was raging in England, the most eloquent lenders in the movement were printers.— When the barricades were raised in Paris, in 1848, compositor cast their types into bullets and fired them at the loyalist troops. They make the best ol soldiers, ablest statesmen, truest friends; pregnant with knowledge, yet slow- to impart it — fully versed in current events, and famil iar with modem and ancient authors— eminently fitted os editors and govern ment officials, yet holding all such in con tempt as subjects for mental criticism— modest, yet sociable—proud, yet chari table—the journeyman printer liras with in himself, the freest and noblest of men. -<-•••-• Renovatiso Flower Beds. —If the ex hausted beds have a good bottom, wead vise removing the top spit and replacing it with n mixture of virgin earth from an upland field, well chopped up with old chippy cow-dung, and a good proportion of leaf-mould—say if you can obtain the quantities, equal part of the three ingre dients. If you can get the beds empty in the winter the best way will be to take off tho top spit and fork over the sub soil, so as to let the frost and snow pene trate it, then get a good supply of burned clay and hot bed dung, and cliop them down together in a ridge, and let them be well frozen and fill up the beds with a mixture early in March, and they will be in admirable condition for planting as soon as they have settled. Clippings of hedges, refuse straw, &c., built up'over a hole, and packed round with cakes of old turf, and then burned, make a capital dressing to dig into the old soil, if you cannot get new material to replace the worn-out stuff. If used chiefly for bed ding plants, a compost of leaf-mould and sandy soil from a common, equal parts, and one fifth of the whole very old dung would prove a very good mixture. Bed ding plants do not require a very rich soil as much as a new soil.— Gardener’s Weekly Magazine. Rose Cuttings. —An experienced hor ticulturist saya: Rose cuttings, generally, are the most sure to grow directly after the flowering is over for the month,— Geraniums grow at any season, also, fa scias, verbenas, and other similar giv ing plants. Difficult woody plants re quire to have the new wood from which the cuttings are taken, well ripened, to insure growth. Pink pipings may be cut at any season. Generally speaking all plants grow more readily just after bloom ing, and the best cuttings are taken from those shoots that have blooms. Usually it is well to have a small part of the past year’s growth on the cutting. Fuscias grow best from young shoots, also helio tropes and verbenas. Oleanders need to he rooted in water previous to planting in the earth ; the roots are tender and should be handled with care. Cactus re quires drying fora number of days before planting; those leaves that have flower buds and are said to bloom early, and al so to continue flowering annually. Herbaceous plants root sooner when the stems are placed in the water for a day. Equality of temperature and mois turd is important to insure success. For this purpose glasses arc placed over deli cate cuttings; some prefer white, others green glass. Cuttings generally require partial shading until roots form. The soil should lie firmly pressed to the low est point of the shoot, that the air may not penetrate and dry the embryo roots. Cuttings like the dew and moonlight, therefore the coverings ol thoso placed in hot beds should be removed,if the weath er is moderate at suoset. The horizon tal branches nearest the ground arc much more apt to form roots than the upright ones. A bak iif iron valued at fire dollars, worked into horse shoes vs worth ten dol lars, and fifty cents; needles, three hun dred and fifty-five dollars; penknife blades, three thousand two hundred and eighty-five dollars; shirt buttons twenty nine thousand four hundred and eighty dollars; balance springs of watches, two hundred thousand dollars. Thirty one pounds of iron have been made into wire upwards of one hundred and eleven miles in length, and so fine was the fabric that a part of it was converted in lien of horse hair, into a barrister's wig. Yet there arc three things to winch “improving” is of no use : Dirty water will quench a lire ns well as clean; a plain wife is as good for a blind man as a pretty one ; and a wooden sword, for a coward, is as well as a one. Catechism. —Who was the oldest son of Noah ? Japhet. ' # Then why are they mentioned as ShetB, Ham, and Japhet ? Because the people there liked 'Sand wiches, and therefore put Ham in the middle. Another wav to “ Head” Bed-Boos.— If any of your readers need a sure reme dy for bed-bugs, they can have mine, and .cleanse the foulest boose of these trouble some vermin without expense. V* have only to wash with salt and rfstwr, filln* j the cracks where they Iksaaswt with 6alt, and you may look ir» vain nr them. Salt seems inimical J toMd-Mn and they will not trail ttwoofch- VL think it prefeable to all 11 ointments,” *■£ the buyer requires no certlfieateasataMi genuineness.— Mrs. L. 0. C., Ptn Tan.