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THE WEEKLY MOUNTAIN DEMOF VOLUME IX. i THE MOUNTAIN DEMOCRAT. rUBLMUKD KVEBT 8ATLRDAY MORNING, UY OIL W IOKS * JANUARY, a. w. *M»CU, .. W. *• , TERMS. —o» swam, v tw »BVi<tci-Oic Year, $5; W* S3, Throe Months. • 1 .W; One Moot* (payable w **• Car rier), M omU; Mingle Copies, l:S cent*. ADVF.RT1MI.NG—Oar Square, of 10 lines. Srst iassnieo. W; rack subsequent insertion. ti M; Madness Cards, el l« Itaes or lass, one rear, $.5; Madness Cards, of !• Woes or less, 111 ret months. $10. A liberal discount will be made oath* abort rates fee jearlj and quarterly odrortisesnenu whtcb tustd one square. Jtl* raiXTIXQ.— Our Oflfcre to rtflM «ll» »ll to. toxfern Ifwnwiu hr to. »«»». *»» »"’ l » » r nrntohX ftixrixo. thmphte «. Krlrf., Pesters 'Handbills. Cireulars. Hsll Tickets, Programmes. Cer ti Orates of Block or Deporil. MMhcmd*. Checks. Receipts. r Cards. Labels, etc . in plain or fancy colored inks. JtJdTICKM •fcAMKR.—ABdatiU. LVIertaking* and Writsef Attack moot under tbe new law. for sa’eal litis Office; also, aimak Deciaraunos ef Homestead, tbe most convenient form taase i«*t printed, a nnmptete A>na of MINKKS 'd!RU. kies. < beautifully-emeuted M aKKIaGK CKHTUICaTE. Ifc. P. riOlIRMs 171 i Wa-hlaeton street, opposite Maguire's Optra Hewse 0 Use adly authorised Apant far the MOL MAIN DEMOCRAT. in tbe rite of Msn Kflaacisew. All orders far the Paper er Ad rent stag left witb kia will be promptly at teadad to. J. C. EF.RLRY is authorired toreeeitre aranejs due this Office, fsr lubseripCtiJU. * '-wrri-eng. ete. ‘.W, T Off *$ U tbe aittborlred Agent nt tl»e DEMOCRAT at Georgetown Orders for tbe paper. ndYfruitidg, or f«r >ob work, left with kirn, will be promptly aLa«ded %o. ‘CHAM. P. JACEROX is tbe anthnrlaed Agent ef tbe MOCM TAIN DEMOCRAT at Rl Dorado Order* left with him will be promptly attended to. H. J. MDLKMAX i« onr suttanrited agent at Rncramento — All orders for vlvertlsing. etc . left with him will rarotse ft mediate attention A. RADI.AM. Jr.. Is onr anth«riied agent at Sacramento and will promytlr far ward ads ertisements fcunded him for us. COL. L. ft. HOPE1NS is wur sutb. riied agent nt Aurora. Moos County. A. H. L WAR Is agent far tbe Dsw«#cu*t at Virginia City. Xetada Territory. Clli,. WM ENOX !• our authorised agrut at Gristly flat — /II orders given tin. for the Democrat will be prempUy at tended in. OflUe, on Colonao Street. professional Carts, Etc. 8. W. SANDERSON, ATTORNEY - A T - L A W, Office. In Douglass’ Building (Up stairs), Street. I' Main If M. K. SMRABSa. * o Mcljrflff*. SHEARER A MeINTIHE, ATTOBMCVB AND COCNHKLIX>R* »T-I.AW, Oflee—North nit. >1 I’l.u ( Hwrrvill*. [ni'Wil J J. O K*STU*S. >■ *• WILIJAMS EASTMAN A WILLIAMB, ATTORNEYS-\T-LAW, rfceerville and Georgetown, FI Dorn do Ccunty. Cal OFFICES— Douglas*' 111 nek (up *tair*>, P!*c**rvllle t and on Mam M., •iwrffr'oßii iiovfyl O. D. HALL, O. YALE, pU%r+rrdU, S>'H Fnruci'ca, Practice l<aw in all the Court# of Utah. Office#, at Carton and Virginia City. je3U-tf JOkM lit'Mß, «• c * RIOS*. HUME A BLOSS, A T T <> U N K V S -* A ¥ - L A W, OAce in A it) Block Plarer%ille. Will practice l.aw in the Court# of K 1 Dorado and kdpjif inf Countic#—in thr Supreme Court, and the Court* of Utah Territory. ml 9 L. T. CARR *• fALMSR. CARR A PALMER, ATToRN F Y S - A T - I. a w , ■Will practice law »n all the Court* of 13 Dorado and adjoining Countie*. Office In Douglass' Building (up >Lalri), Main *t., PUccrllll.. n.r23,» E. B. CARSON, VOTARY ri'Hl.lt' »Sl> CUNVKYANCEIt. Oder— In til, Cmrt-tl'Mi**-. with Ounljr Recorder. wm prot.,l \ dr-'W ?Wd«, M..r1,if... Pow ,r. „f Attorneyend IItIMEPTK tD |IEIT.ARATIO\B with n..tiiv.s »lid di.patch, <*lt the nm.l reii."ti,We term.. j»ns-tf M. K. SHEARER, XOTAKY ITItl-IC tfnlr,. It Residence. M»tn .treet, tt.ree dour, abut. IW.lfi.rd A.cttue, I'UceM tile. auto H. K. STOWE, NOTARY PI'HLIC AMI CONVEYANCER, Ctiinnti.trti, El O.irad.. Couutj. CHAS. F. IRWIN, NOTARY PUBLIC. In and for El IWad. C..nnt,—Oßce at Diamond *uM hprliiK*. tf June ctaiKß, t. a. Ttrra. DBS. COOKE A TITUS, PHYPICI ANh AND PC R tiEOS*. Oflcr. (tin “I dr*.) n»,r Henry A Iter’, -I.ire. ndj.iin 111 the Ttlefnph l*ihiA. ».,,|>i>aite the Care mtl M.iu atreet. 3.n Books, Stationrrg, Etc. T. C. NUGENT, DtALCK IS BOOKS, FTATIONERY, CUTLERY, TOTS. FANCY GOODS, ETC., ■t City Work, Maui atreet, drcl«-3<a PLACKBVILLE. S. HARRIS, <lamer of ttaio Strut amt Me /Yuen rucmtiui, WHOLESALE and retail dkai.fr in Havana Cigar*, Tobacco, Hooka, Sta tionery, Cutlery, Playing Card#, Yankee Notion*, Prulta, Green and Dried, Nuta and Candle*, s» sax rassciaco raict-s. Alun.rccel e* l»y «»very Bi*atrer the Atlantic and Bur«|M*wn New-fta|o*n>. II ig*it s ne* and Perimli cab, and *!l the WEEKLY CALIFORNIA NKWM'A PKRS and MAG AZIS tf. nov*3 3io PLAZA BOOK STORE, PLACER V ILL E, Hat just received a splendid assortment of Standard and Miscellaneous Works, STATIONERY, SCHOOL BOOKS, errr books, albums. crTLr.ar, TOTH, 0«»LD TKXS. VIOLINS, ociTAat, ACcoanKoss, Mt3ir books, BOMAN STRINGS, ETC., fIC., Selected expressly for the Country Trade, aud selling at greatly reduced rates. AUo, AGENTS aPor Sacramento Union, Alta California, Bulletin Mirror, etc. NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS fftept constantly on hand, and sold unusually low. )aa4-Sm HERNANDEZ A ANDERSON. rly i*3T JOHN L. I'EBELIE A CO., Vautine 8c Co's, Main street,) Would inform their old friend#, the traveling public, and the commu nity in general, that they have commenced trafines* on their own account, in the new and ele faotjy arranged room in the CARY HOUSE BUILDING. Main street, Placerville. H AIR- DRESSING AND BAR BERING, by the w*at skillful professors in the tnnsorial art HOT. COLD AND SHOWER BATHS,attached to the Kstabli*hment. WIGS, TOUPEES, etc., made to order. *•* Patronage is resoertfullv invited, JOHN L. PKBELTE. dee7-3m LEO BE BN AT HO WITZ. CARY HOUSE BATHS ! JOHN L. PEBELIE ft CO. Respectfully announce to the ladies and gentlemen •f ftaeerville that, having enlarged (heir estab tiahosoat, and procured all the necesaary apparatus, they are prepared to accommodate them with gen uine BUBBIAN BTEAM BATHS! GALVANIC BATHS! IRON AND SULPHUR BATHB! As well an HOT, COLD AND SHOWER BATHS! At the following Prices : Rnanian Steam Baths One Dollar. Galvanic Baths One Dollar. Iron and Sulpber Baths One Dollar. Hot, OoW and Shower Baths - Fifty Cents. Entrance to Baths, through the Cary House, w* Print. Entrance for 1u11.,. noStf Hotels, Erstaurants, Etc. THIS CART HOUSE, ■(,•* man, KMsavuxa. CARY A CULLEN.... PROPRIETORS, W. ■. CARY. J»9. W. CCU.RR. decTlf ST. GEORGE HOTEL. J. R. HARDENBERCH A J.B. DAYTJN, Proprietor,. rnTtb Street, betrreen J sad K, j ...A tf v , SACRAHRRTn. PLAgER HOTEL, MAIN STREET. PLACEBTIM.E. WUNBCH * BUPP....PROPRIETORS. r rMIK undertdf' ed havinr l*-s*»-d Hie Placer X respectlully solicit s continuance of the liberal patronage heretofore *-*i»-nd**d to It, and assure its fortiter patron* and the public generally that no ef. ftirt shall * e ‘pared on thvit part to promote the comfort of all who may favor them with their pa tronage. TIIE HI.ACER HOTEL, situated in the very heart of the hnsines* portion of Placervlllv, offers -upe rsor uofiliWnientß to reside fa a»rcf fA«*fri»re />iAm lie The TABLE will siway* »>e supplied wltl the h-«» viand* to be had In the market, atid the lodg ing department will ever he el*-an and comfortable. KT Price* in accordance with the tim s. % WUNBCH * BUPP. A HOPE AND NEPTUNE RESTAURANT, On the Plata, Placerville. The above popular IMac of Retort ha* Wen leased ht the undesigned, and thoroughly renovated and rrtittid. Eve.y Delicacy of the Ssason Constant!} on hand. Meal* served at the shortest notice. A share of patronage solicited janBU-3to PETER MILLKJE. ADRIATIC EXCHANGE, Main street, third d«»or above the Cary House. The undersigned re-pect fully inform* his friends and '< the public generally, that he is keeping his EXCHANGE on the Kuro|»eau Restaurant btyle, an 1 it prepared to furnish Meals at ell llonra, Dey or Night* And tr. accommodate HOARDERS ANI> LODGERS I#" The Saloon is kept open all night, dec! PETER FOX. posTomcc i:\(iiau;e, OVER THE PO^TOEEICE, ON TIIE PLAZA, PLACERVILLE. M. BOROWSKY PROPRIETOR. Best of Liqnort, Wines, Cigars, &c., ALWAYS 05 HaXI). FRESH OYSTERS, EVERY STYLE jan4J [m3 w. m. novum:, WHOLESALE Li([>uor Dealer Pliti \1 jaiii tlrppl Pl4«u>riiilp Plata. Mam street, Placerville. Sample Room in Cary House Build.ng. j.iiit W. L. MARFLE, HOUSE. SION AND ORNAMENTAL F A. INTER, Olmiier and Paper-Hanger. CIARRIAdRP. Banner. Ylitff. Trutuparrnci., l». Ac., Pailitvit at frier, to >uu tile timet. WINDOW GLASS. Ju,t RrcfirrA an 4 for Bait. CIIPAP PIR CARIt, 10,000 Fwlot Wimlow Glass. All sites, from bslti toBnx4n. Abo. I*l TTY, aud a I Wind* . f PAINTB, OILS. VARNISHEB, Bmalt« Turpentine, Uruthe* Gill Moulding, Gold Leaf. Rronte, Cr-Onlem 'rum >he country, for work or ma renal, promptly attended to. W. L. M \RPI F s 7 Main *t., near Stony i’oiut, Placerville HENRY KADJESKY, Cigars, Tobacco and Fruit, Csry House, Flacerville. BEST HAVANA CIGARS I*4* CENTS dec7j |3in A. A. VAN VOORIIIFS, wamniL, ».,d skt.il psilk* is all sispsoy lIDDLES, HARNESS, Bridles. Whips. Spurs. I«egfin*. Brushes. Comb*. Collars. Sin dies. M-rte Sheets and Blank et-. etc. fA Together with a .arge and complete assortment < f LEATHER. CALF-SKINS, SHOE FINDINGS. SHOEMAKERS' KITS, l«eathei Preservative, 4j., Ac , all of which is offered at Sacramento Prices. New Iron Fire-Proof Block, decSl] Main street, Placerville. [Bm W ISCONSI N LIYEEY, SALE AND FEED STABLE Main Street, above Cedar Ravine Bridge, PLACERVILLE. THE SUBSCRIBER, thankful for past favnra. respectfully informs the public that he is now prepared to accommo* date all who may favor him with their patronage, with the finest Buggy Teams amf Saddle Horses In the mountains. Horses kept by the day of month at the lowest rales- Try me and be convinced. w- Attached to the stable is a large shed and secure Coral, suitable for pack trains. l*3a» R. H. R£DD. r M/T A. H. REID’S LIVERY AND FEED STABLE, In the rear of the Old Round Tent, MAIN STREET. PLACERVILLE. TIIE Undersigned would respectfully inform the public that they can at all times obtain at his estab- I’.slime lit, the very best of driving teams aud saddle hor-es, at the lowest rate*. |# Horses boarded by the day, week, or month, on the most reasonable terms. l-3m A. H. ROD. L. B. RICHARDSON A CO., (Successor* to GEO- F. JONES,) DB4LIBS IN Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, Crockery, Hardware, etc.* At the Old Stand, SIGN OF “ No. 9.” promptly attended to, and goods de livered free of charge. docSl 3m L. B. RICHARDSON & CO. CAMPHENE, BURNING FLUID, OIL, ALCOHOL, ETC., * Received weekly from the Original Paoiflo Oil and Camphene VVorka, Ever, Package Warrauted Fall Measure, IN*. O. “OUR COUNTRY, ALWAYS RIGHT; BUT, RIGHT OR WRONG, OUR . COUNTRY,* PLACER VILLE, EL DORADO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 18M. The Fuilonltii Star. There hang* a afar in the western sky— Merrill - blow-* the wind by night ! It twinkle* and glows like nn angel's rye. And tli*' sky i* blue nnd the mow i* white— And merrily bl ws the wind by night! •Ti* the *tar of LorethatTgaze on there— Merrily blows the wind by night! And it speaks to mv heart of the food and fair That forever and ever hare le t my tight: Alt! dieerily *ob« the wind by nig**t! Some in the graveyard* lie asle* p Merrily blows the wind by night! Over them snows are drifted deep. Cold as their bones, and pure and white— But merrily blows the wind by night! And some there are who*e haughty hearts Are frozen hard wit shame and tin: No lone <4 music e’er depart#, No ray ofsunshine enti rs in : Cold like the snow, but n t so white— While merrily blow a the wind by night! And one there is whose gentle eyes Heem ret to thrill me from afar; Wb.*»e memory in my '•oaotn lies As the pure light of that cold star. Khe loied me mice—but woman Is light, Changeful and false ns the s ow so white— And merrily blows the wind by night! This life of ours Is wild unrest. An«l light an'* shadow, and joy and wo; And then tbt- sod is over ns pressed, And merrily on the winds do blow. And the self s.tme stais that shine to night Will shine on our grate* when we are go. e. Anti the snow willrmet us, tranquil and white, While the musical winds bow merrily on. For the sky is blue, and the snow is white— And merrily blows the wind by night! SV>S%a »t,th«u heau\\(v\l %tsjr .•hiwe,on. In tliy brilliant beauty, bold and bright! For the world in darkness waits the dawn— And merrily blows the wind by night ! Let heart* grow cold that once were glad ; Ami eyes, once bright, grow dim and sad ; And rhieks grow pale ; and slow decay And fevr r waste our forms away Yet, in thy radiant home aliote, fchine o..—and hear u* talk of lore ! And hark to the wind that sings by night— To the jolly old wind that sing# by night * For the sk\ is h ue, add the snow is while— And nierri!y blows the wind by night! John Jacob Actor. IKCIDFST9 IV BIS EARLY HIST. VT—IIOW UK STARTED AVD HOW Hk OUT RICH. Those who suppose Mr. Astor had an easy lime in money matters are greatly mistaken. lie lias often paid old Prime, in Wall street, very large interest and a isijje commission to gel long paper dis counted. He (Mr. Astor) ioved to tell an ecdotes connected with his early difficul ties. One was about a bargain he made with Ins brother Henry, when the latt r wa rn uch better off than himself, tor Henry was the owner of a butcher stall. No. 57, in the Fly Market—valuable property in die commencement of this century. Hen ry then lived at 37, Bowery. John, in Ins financial difficulties, freqmntly went to Henry for loans, or fir an indorsement. This was a soi l of annoyance to ileiiry wtio did not like to borrow or lend to anybody. On one occasion John wanted <2OO very badly. He went to Henry and a.-ked him to lend him that sum. “John, I will give yon S2OO if you will agiee never to aak me to loan you money, in dorse a note or sign a bond for you, or be obligated for you in any manner whatev er, hereafter,” said Henry. John says, he hesitated lor a moment, rapidly passed through bis mind its advantages—fm 31U0 was SIOO in those days—accepted the proposition, and he never did ask a favor of that character of his brother in alter years. A business acquaintance of Mr Astoi one day asked him what particular trans actions or peculiar kind of business gavv him his greul start? Mr. A-tor m ver claimed any great saga ity or ml. big. nr. over his fellows. 11. said, in reply, that ai one pel tod of his life he hnd accno.u a ted quit.- n quantity id unsalable iurs in tni- muikel, -urn a- heavers. The com mon lur-tlint he or his agent picked up. viz.: muskrat, mink, rabbit, squirrel,etc., lie could sell ill thl- city, and at go.nl prices. The other and costly he had to mu, but could not sell lure, and they wee pack'd away in wlii-ky casks down in the cellar. He had no correspondetu hi London to si nd them to, and no dis position to send it he had. Aft«r talki. g over the matter with his wile, tin y con chided it would be the best for liim-elf to go to London with the choicest kind id fur.-. He did so. Tne prospect •>) th trip was uncei tain, and in ec.i.mniz ■ is much as po-sible, lie we.it out as a steer age passenger. Win n lie readied London, he found a ready market lor his choicest furs, and so;.I them at a very high rate. He made nit a list id such goods as he thought would \ ield a good proHi i. New York, mil pui chased anil shit ped them hy a vessel bound hither. Afier lie was thro .villi his business, he was detained a couple of weeks by the siiip not being ready to sail. The idle time lie spent in looking about London, and picking upail the,information possible, especially such as was lik.lv to be of advantage to his bu incss in New York. Among other ex tram oinarv places that he visited, was the gn at East India House. He visited the ware house and offices. On one oc casion lie asked one of the porters what ilie name of the Governor was. The iiniii ri plied, giving a German name very familiar to Mr. Astor. He asked his ill toimant it the Governor was an English man. He replied that he hud come from Germany w hen a boy. Mr. Astor deter mined to see him watched an oppoi tnni iv and sent in his name. He was admit ted. When lie entered, he said to tne Governor: “ Is not your mime Wilhelm ? Did you not go to school in —?” •* I did, and now I remember you very well; vour inline is A-tor?" Alter this they bad a long chat and talked over school matters. Tne Govern or insisted that Mr. Astor should dine with him. He declined for that day, but the neat dav they met again; he asked Mr. Astor if there was nothing he could do for him. Mr. Astor said no—he had bought all be wanted, lie needed no cash or credit. They met almost every day. The Governor ke H t urging Mr. Astor to name something he could do for him; lie asked what present would be acceptable. Astor declined anything. Finally, they met two days before the vessel was to sail, and again the Governor asked Mr. Astor if be would accept any present he ottered him. Seeing the Guvernor so anxious, he answered that he would. When be called to bid the Governor good-bye, the latter was greatly affected uLparting with bis old German school mate. “ Take these,” said be, handing him some papers, “you may tind them of value." Une of the papers was a Canton prices current; the other was a carefully en grossed permit, on parchment, authori sing the ship that bore it to trade ut any of ttie ports monopolized by the East In dia Company. , Mr. Astor bade his friend good-bye,and returned to the city, never giving the present a second thought. He had no ships, hud never had any trade with the East Indies, and never expected to have. He little dreamed that in that parchment would be the foundation of vast shipping operations, and a trade amounting to millions,and embracing the Pacific Ocean. The pt-riuit was No. HB. When Mr. Astor got home he showed these documents to bis wife, and advised with her, as he ill ways did, what to do in the matter. “ I have no ships—it's no use to us," he said. At that time there was a celebrated mere >ant nnmed James Livermore. He was largely engaged in the Wist India trade,particularly to Jamaica. He owned vessels of good size. Mrs. Astor recom mended her husband to go and have a talk with the merchant. Mr Astor went, showed the East India Company's ship pass and the Canton prices current. " Now,” said he, "if you will niako up a voyage for one of your largest ships, you can have the pas* and the price cur rent, on one condition: You are to fur nish the ship and cargo, but I am to have one-half of the profits for my pass and for suggesting the voyage." “ Pah, pah !" said the great West India meichant. He laughed at it would not listen to such a one-sided operation. Astor went home and reported progress, and lor a lime the matter was dropped. Not many-weeks ifluv; the great West India merchant thought over the matter. Hu had made money in the'West India trade, and saw an opening in the East In dies. At that time no vessel traded to Canton. It was just after the Revolution arv War, and the East India ports were as hermetically sealed to American commerce as if it had not eli-ted. He culled at Mr. Astor's store. “ Were yon in earnest, the other day, when you showed ine tile pass of the East linlin Company ?” " I was. Never more so." Again they talked over the matter. — The merchant finally thought he saw his way clear, and an agreement was signed, agreeing to give Mr. Astor one-half of the prolits; he to have no outlay. The ship was seleeted and loaded, partly with spe cie, Spani-h and milled dollars, about $BO,OOO, and the balance was ginseng, lead and scrap iron. She went to Canton.— The pass enabled her to anchor at Wham poa, a few miles below Canton, where she loaded and unloaded tier cargo the same as if she had been a vessel belonging to the East India Company. Her ginseng, cost in • 20 cents per pound in New York, sold for |i3 50 per pound in Canton, lead 10 cents, scrap iron nt an enormous price. Tea was purchased and sold here at $1 per pound on the Canton cost. When the re tom cargo was sold, the accounts were made not, and Mr. Astor's half share, which was $55,000, all in silver, was put in barrels and sent up to his store. When Mrs. Astor saw the barrels, she asked what was in them. "The fruits of our East India pass,” replied tile husband. lie went to the ship-owner, and got hack his pass. He then bought a ship an I landed her with an assorted cargo. On her way out, she touched at the Sandwich Islands to take on a large slock of fire wood. When the ship reached Canton a mandarin came on board, and, noticing their firewood, asked the price of it nt once. The captain laughed at such a ques tion, hot signified that he was open to an offer. The mandarin offered $5OO a ton, and every part of it was sold at that price. That was sandal-wood. For seventeen years Mr. Astor enjoyed that lucrative sandal wood trade without a rival. No other concern in the United States or England knew the secret. Nor was it discovered until the shrewd Boston ship-mvner detailed a ship to follow one of Mr. Astor’s and observe the events ol the voyage. Then, for some time, that Imu-e was a pai ticipant in this valuable t a le. It was a cut inns fact that Mrs. Astor knew more of the value of furs than he did. She w ould select a cargo of fin s for ttie Canton mark't, and make no mistake. When they became very nfllnmt, she made him pay her S'oo an hour for using tier judgment of fur to promote his com mercial plans. 11c paid her whatever sin asked. The Campaign of Btlltngugatc. We copy the following from the New V'Tk Journal n/ Commerce. It show' both the tolly ami evil effect of accusing every man with being a Secessionist who •litters from the AJminislration. Its truth luhiess of history must strike every intel ligent reader: Ttie war began in April. Simultan ous y with ttie outbreak of hostilities, a large number of people. North and Sou'll, be gan the campaign of bad language. Mure foul words were thrown than bullets, and more curses than bombshells. The moie ardent, and better practised handlers ol inis kind of artillery at the North, were nut satisfied with directing it against a loe where its effect was invisible. It was perhaps natural that those who had been for months and years engagi il in the use of the tongue as a weapon ol otfeiisc, blasting character and destroying reputation, should seize an opportunity to exercise their skill, and as the charge of treason w as believed to be the most dead ly in its iffects, these gentry entered con nmore upon the business of attixing to their respectable fellow citizens of the North, the stigma of this dark crime. ft is instructive to review the history of this cumpaign of Billingsgate. It began with some of thu newspapers, and they abused their cotemporaries.— t hen they opened on private individuals, ami the sanctity of the household was in vaded. This man had traitorous brothers, that lady had tinitorous connections, this fami ly received into their house traitorous ac quaintances, and on the whole, traitors negan to turn up in the most astonishing quantity. Practice made the art of malignity per fect, and it was very soon a matter of no sort of importance who was made to suf fer. From the highest to the lowest, sol diers and civilians, and private men and women, were mercilessly delivered to in famy. For some time previous to the war the strongest advocates of a peaceable dis solution of the Union had been Republi can papers. Suddenly this advocacy be came treason, mid the advocates adroitly turned the Bre Iroin themselves by pour ing il on others from tlnir own batteries. The loudest in the war of words, were the very ones who had been most guilty. Eveiv one could now recall Hie name of many merchants, Indies, officers in the army and navy, and others who were at tacked. The list, which was rolled up, of those who were stigmatized as traitors, and found innocent, grew so long, that the single victims are almost forgotten, unless' some singular incident recalls them to mind. Pretty much every one has already for gotten the fury and Bxedness of purpose with which lion. James E. Hurvev, U. S. Minister to Portugnl, was haunted by the sensation press. A ridiculous special dis patch from Washington pronounced him u traitor,ancf in an fnstant (he pack Was niter him in full cry. We defended the absent man, assailed in such a cowar lly manner. This action was wholly disinter ested on our part, for we had no acqunin tanen with him whatever, but the result was only to turn the torrent of abuse on ourselves; nnd poor Harvey continued a traitor, until ii was ascertained one pleas ant morning that the whole story teas false, that he was in the confidence of the government, and was doing excellent ser vice abroad. But we have never seen the accusation taken back, or apologised for, by any of his maligners. Shortly afterwards the questioned the power of the President to suspend the writ of lialn-aa corpus came up fur discussion. It was e lair question for reasonable men, and although it had never before had but one side, it was sud denly discovered that the roan who advo cated that side, which was the old view of Ulnekstone and Marshall and Parsons, and such men, was a traitor. A few days afterwards the army were going on to Richmond. Some men had read the papers, and believed in the strength of the enemy. Such persons warned the country that Manassas was a strong point. But any sum wKoaafv;' , the rebellion had strength qf any sort or who argued that ths rebels could by any possibility have any money, clothing, pro visions, cannon or men, to render them formidable opponents, was a discouraging secessionist and traitor, and ought to be shut up or strung up. A week later the wolves howled around our neighbors who had urged the battle, and the meaning of the word traitor had suddenly experienced a change. The men who were ill favor of battle when the enemy were ready and we were not, were now traitors. It wns asserted that they had plunged us into defeat, with evil hearts. A few weeks later the President of the United Fremont’s procla mation, and out in Chicago, nnd down in Boston, and along Nassau street in New York, the President was called a traitor. A little Inter the people began to demand that Abolition editors be Sent to Fort l,a fnyette ns traitors. Three weeks ago a strong Republican paper announced that the editors of the Independent Were con sidered traitors! A Boston clique pro nounced the Secretary of State a traitor I A St. Louis meeting charged the Secretary of War with being a traitor! General Scott was a dozen times called traitor in the early part of the conflict I McClellan, some stupid false accuser declared, had received an olfer from the Southern Con federacy of n commission whicli he would have accepted, if not forestalled by a Northern commission! Of course Mc- Clellan was a traitor. Fremont was ac cused of rebel sympathies instantly after bis removal bv the President, and ns for Patterson, McDowell, Stone, Shertnan and even poor Halleck who has succeeded to Fremont's vacant throne, they are one bv one consigned to infamy by more or less accusers. This story is pitiable. It is a disgrace to our national character. We are so ac customed to Ihe words here that we pay little attention to them. But when we take up English newspapers, nnd find this Billingsgate style of denunciation copied in all soberness, and circulated in thnl country as illustrating the nature of out war, nnd the impossibility of depending nn any one, high or low, we cannot but regret the recklessness with which the ac cusations have been made. These wholesale denunciations of par ties have damaged the Union cause mate rially. The temptation to give odious names to political opponents is very great, but the course results in conveying very lalse ideas to the enemy. No one can lull to mark the exultation with which the Norili receives the smallest instance of a division of sentiment at Ihe Smith. We print and reprint, and comment on every trifling qunrrel between rebel leaders •Judging Irmn this fact, how much aid and comfort must the South receive from the Northern papers which circulate the intel ligence that tile hundreds of thousands of IV itinera tic voters of the North, win have hut lately voted in the various States, are secessionists and traitors! The absurdity of (In- statement is a sufficient denial here, hut in Euinpe, nnd the enemy’s cities, it is hailed ns truth. We have a remarkable illustration at hand in two small and unimportant elec tions that have taken place in the princi pal cities of Connecticut. It has been widely circulated, on Hartford authority, that m that city, “ Ihe issue was made opetily on the question of loyalty or dis loyalty,” and “the secession Democrats were completely routed.” As the Democrats polled 18,00 votes, nnd wire beaten by only 500, this state ment would imply that Hartford is in a had « ay, with about half its voting popu lation secessionists and disloyal. In New Haven the same foolish and blind course is pursued by the defeated party, who, having been outvoted by the Democrats, declare the issue to have been “patriotism and secession,” and that secession has tri (implied! Not only is New Haven dis graced by the statement, but the story will he circulated throughout the South, precisely ns we would circulate such news, coming from Charleston, and originating in a Charleston newspaper. It is time, it was time long ago, to end this criminal campaign of bud language. The North is united in a desire to preserve the Union. If we difler about ways and means, let us differ like honest men and good citizens, not like a nation of pick pockets. Fok Maintaining tiie Goveknment.— Reports from Washington state that the Committees of Ways and Means in the United States Senate and House of Rep resentatives, have determined to recom mend to Congress the passage of a law authorizing a direct tax of one hundred million of dollar* to bo levied on all the property of the country. This, it is thought, will be quite sufficient to foot all the expenses of the peace establishment of the Government nnd pay the interest on the bonds and loans for the war, pro vided a stop is put to the swindling of Government agents, who have robbed the Treasury out of millions of dollars! The people are already taxed enormously to keep np a host of fraudulent agents, pets of the Navy and War Departments, and should not be mode to pay an additional • ‘hundred million of dollars” to be lavish ed on worthless favorites. A stop must be put to this rascality, and that can only be done by electing Democrats to Congress who will impeach the guilty parties. “Mb. Bkown, why do you wear that had hat?" Because, my dear sir, Mrs. Brown vows she will not go out of the house with me until I get a” new one." - ■ 4♦» He who is open, without levity; gene rous, without waste; secret, without craft; ■humble, without meanness; bold, without in»o ence; cautious, without anxiety ; regular, without formality; mild, yet. not liinid ; firm, yet not tyrrauicai ;—is made to pass the ordeal of honor, friendship and virtue. From ike H«« Terfe TritaM. The Habeas Car pas Speech mt the Hoa. O. H. PtaAelea, sf Ohio, In the House of Represea tat tree, aa Tuesday the 10th alt. Mr. Pendleton (Democrat, Ohio,) nvoted that the..memorial of Messrs, Gatchell and Davis be referred back to the Committee on Judiciary, with instruc lioiui declaring that Congress alone has the power, under the Constitution, to sus pend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus. He said: Mr. Speaker—These memorialists are members of the Board of Police of the City of Baltimore. On the first day of July last, at the dead hour of night, they were arrested and conveyed to Fort McHenry by a detachment ofTJhlted ' States soldiers under the command of General Banks They were in the per formance of the duty assigned to them by the laws of their State. The peace of the city was then unbroken. The Federal Courts were in full operation within her limits. Judges, Marshal and the District VnHumtj weTe in xne eXerCiSfe 01 uietr accustomed functions. The process of the courts, iff am correctly informed, had not been interfered with, except in one memorable instance, and then by the au thority of the President of the United States himself. These were arrested with out a warrant. They have been detainer! without nn indictment. They are de prived of their liberty without proceas.ol jaw. They have not been confronted with their accusers. They are not in lorim-d ol the nature of the accusation against them. They have been denied the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury. The President of the United Stutes, in his Message to this House, in response to a resolution of it, has declined to furnish the grounds fur their arrest On the same dny when hr did so, white their pe tition for redress of a great grievance was pending before the House, the President had them conveyed out of the district and State in which they hid been arrested, and where, if at mil, they V-vi the crime, first to Fort Lafayette and then to Fort Warren. They are arbitrarily held oy military power. They are entire ly helpless. They have presented their memorial to Congress, asking that Con gress may ejhliniiie their case, or that it may he remitted to the judicial tribunal to he legally heard and determined, and my colleague on live Judiciary Committee can find no more fitting response to a rea sonable request like this than,that this respectful petition shall lie unanswered on the table. The writ of habeas corpus was invented for the purpose of meeting the exigencies of just such a case as this. It commands that the body of a prisoner shall he produced, that the cause of his commitment may be inquired into, and that he may be dischmg. d if he is illegal ly held, or remanded if he is held by com petent authority on a charge of crime. These gentlemen would have been glad to avail themselves of this writ which the President commanded Ins General to sus pend, and to hold them at his own sole will and pleasure. The President, in his message at the extra session of Congress, gave us his reason for bis action in the matter. He says: “1 have authuiized that the writ of habeas corpus be suspended"; an t be fore he did so. he talked considerably of bis right and the propriety of doing so. The privilege conlerre I by the habeas corjms is to iostitute and command an in quiry as to whether a person is held by competent authority under a charge of crime. If a person is so held he is re manded ; and if he is not, he is discharged. That provision of the habeas corpus act has never been invaded by the Executive power till now. Sir, live object of this suspension, and the eifi-ct also of it, is to prevent inquiries into the legiliinateness of the imprisonment under military pow er. The object of this evasion of the great charter of liberty is to enable mili tary odicers or others who have like pow er to arrest and imprison men though they have committed no crime against the laws of the laud, and to punish them, not as the law prescribes, but in whatever way those who liave the power inay or dain. Ifl lightly construe the message of the President, he claims authority to seize, to hold and detain all persons not engaged in the land or naval forces, not men engaged in enterprises against the Government, but all persons whom he may suspect, and to imprison them with out regard to the provisions or pioccss of law. The President further claims the au thority of the Constitution, of which it is a complete violation, to arrest whoever in bis judgment be may think proper. The President says his authority is derived by implication, and because, I suppose, he deems it inconvenient to have the right to suspend the writ of habeas corpus vested in Congress alone. Now, the only clause which refers to the subject is one which provides that the writ ol habeas corpus shall never he suspended except in eases of rebellion or invasion, or under circumstances when the public safety de mands it. This is, undoubtedly, the only implication that can be derived authori zing the suspension of the writ of habeas cor/jus. Who shall suspend it V That is the question. It is not vested in the Kx ecutive exclusively, nor in Congress ex clusively, but in all the departments of the Government. 1 grant that under the arbitrary rule of Elizabeth, of England, and during the early part of the reign of Charles the First, it was exercised by these monnrehs, but Charles was com pelled at the price of bis throne, to assent to the Bill of Rights, by which he bound himself never to imprison a man without due process of law. Charles did n t stand by his interpretation of thgancient Con stitution, and after ten years of struggle with his people, he lost his throne and liis life as the penalty of his infraction of it. ilia successor tried ull means and every kind of scheme to retain this abilrarv power, which was nt last swept away for ever by the great charter. We are told by the eminent historian, Macauly, that Charles II sought to repeal the habeas corpus act, for that he hated it as only tyrants can hate whatever stands between them and their own despotic wills. And this habeas corpus act was the most strin gent curb ever imposed by a legislature on tyranny. - - When William and Mary came to the throne they declared that the Crown did, not possess the power of suspending the writ of habeas corpus , and from that hour to this, one hundred years before the adoption of the Constitution of the United States, England had no monarch during all her foreign wars and intestine trouble*, wayward and wicked enough though some of them were, who dared to suspend the writ of habeas corpus, or who ever claimed that they had the power to im prison a citizen without due process of law. All history to which I have had access confirms tliis riew_of the case.— Hume and Macauly* claim this right si the principal In the great structure of the English Constitution. But here, accord ing to this novel theory of Government,’ the President may suspend the ConstitU | lion and the la«ra of the QnllrfigHW nude under it. Be may, aa la clnimyd,' do aththio, supersede theta all, dixrvgnrd ing the limitation enjoined for the exer rise of hie prerogative; He nay aboHfeh ail laws of the land and aabetitota in their place iiis own-wW. He ituy abolish l the whole system of government built up and bequeathed to us by our Revolutionary fathers, and lie mar build up for himself a new and entirely different system. All this he may do, it is claimed, rightfully, legitimately and without interference. I hold this assumed position is unten able and indefensible ; that there is no warrant for it in the Constitution or in of government, nor in the genius of the American people, nor in the spirit of lib erty which is the boast of our institutions. Such a proposition will destroy the law, as it is utlterly inconsistent with the law. U will reduce thin nation, if this theory of government is deliberately adopted, to \ ; >v votrdiiion of slavery , and < any nation that will willingly adopt it is lost to ail sense dr manly independence, is lost to the appreciation of its own dig nity and national rights, and for them the yoke of the slave is the only fitting em blem. We are told, in defense of this theory, that it would exist only in cases of rebellion against the Government We are also told that it was not intended that the Constitution of the United States, should be operative in times of civil war. Our fathers hoped that civil war might never befall us, but they knew human nature too well to expect that we should forever enjoy profound repose. They had freed themselves from the yoke of oppression; they had successfully con quered enemies without and tones within, and then they formed a Constitutional Government, recognizing in them that honesty and good sense which mark the patriot. Is it to be supposed that they would adopt a Constitutional Government' to be operative only in time of peace, and that that Constitution should be super seded Whenever discord or war would present an opportunity to set ft aside, and substitute for it the will of military power? The Constitution gives to the several departments of the Government ail the power ever intended to be used for any purpose. If the laws of ttye United States are too lenient, they may be made more stringent If Judges are imbecile, let tliem be impeached. Let the whole machinery of Government be revised and improved* if you will; hut whoever goes beyond that to support the Government, would destroy the Constitution, under the pretense of preserving it. The Govern ment lias no right to breakdown the Con stitution to uphold itself. It never was intended f»r a moment that the Constitu tion, under any circumstaeces, should be superseded. The President holds office under the Constitution; you sit there un der it; the Judges si t and pass judgment in virtue of the provisions of that instru ment alone, and if you supersede it, neither you, nor the Judges, nor the President himself, possesses any more power than tlie humblest man in the land. Supersede liie Constitution t You might as well try to repeal all laws for the guidance of so ciety, and let the nation go adrift to ruin at once. The only way to preserve the the Government is tqi preserve the Con stitution; to observe its limitations, and to obey its prohibitions. When the Con--' slitution falls, then, indeed, the Goverii ment falls. This is not the way to pre serve Governments. Ambition makes its own opportunity, and under this system of superseding ifae Constitution In times of public calamity, the public mind will become degraded , (be people on every fresh occasion for the exercise of this power will yit Id still a little to those encroachments, till the pub lic will be destroyed, the public intellect warped, the national character tarnished, and the national love of liberty and inde pendence overthrows. They will become the plaything of -every tyrant and each >nccessive invasion of llleir rights will be tamely submitted to until all appreciation of independence nod rights and freedom is forever lost. It is vain to say that this is an idle dream —the realization of the fact is before us. Six months ago, when the habeat oorpun act was first suspended ir. the case ol Mcrriman, who was held on a charge of treason, the public mind was intensely excited. Now what is the fact? Citizens are committed and im prisoned because in Hie public newspa pers they dare criticise the acts of the Government Newspapers have been sus pended, and the whole power ‘of the Government despotically exercised with out a public murmur. We arc told also that frhen this public danger snail hnve passed away the Con stitution will be restore* to its pristine vigor, and people will y>e allotted to re sume their accustomed liberty. When was this ever so ? Wlien were the in vaded and restricted .rights of a people ever restored to tbejf exact position ex cept by the sword? When was liberty once surrendered ever restored except by blood ? For the willful surrendering of their rights no nation ever resumed them only through the agonies of a revolution, and you can nnt make a nation sensible of rights that in time ol danger possesses no rights. You can not increase and strengthen virtue, and courage, and pa tience in a people by teaching that, in times of great public calamity and dan ger, to the State, they must rely for their safety not on their own virtue, and cour age, and constancy, but on the power and good will of their rulers. No free nation ought ever to listen for u moment to argu ments of State necessity. The history of those people who have been so deceived is written in the wreck of free institu tions. It is marked with wrongs, with high hopes destroyed, and noble aspira tions violated and trampled upon. If we look over the pathway of desola tion thus Exposed to view, wo may easily imagine that we see the spirit of Ameri can independence and American freedom hovering over this day, tearfully praving tiiat it too may not be added to the long list of victims immolated on the altar of State necessity. This argument of State necessity always proceeds from the Exec utive power. It is the voice which issues from the throne itself, and unless speedily answered, unhsw answered now; ere long comeßthe mandate to surrenderto military power. An imperial throne rises on llu ruins of an overthrown republic ; oaths ar» violated, liberties swept away, sights trampled on, and a natinn is prostratM in the dust This is but the familiar picture which presents the dire effect of a people submitting to the plea of State necessity. We are further told that in time* of mat public danger the people ought to aWMxdn the hsnds of their 'rulers by oooMiwg far their integrity of motives and diekitorsotsi ness of action. Yes, sir, I would auataia, them with the public confidence white adhering to the provisions end'irtseißidO AT the Constitution ; bdtfrifoUHi them. sir. with | diirtruM pftspdWjflffi commenced the wont of uoarpanau,..^--. It vtS Demosthenes, ip kin divine pWf* tin lei —k - x-U A, ilhiofaiid npro, wnv wiu umiiwpHivw I^l flip itpmortal ctorMl for ttvo hundred •yaMflllf ' axiom. 1,-PH, W nl'atH- upright Jij; they are, and unjoetly deftf - *'<“ liberty a« I know thettt tnflfd in behalf of my consUi uentfllfiS behalf of myself and Ul bipTwyg colleagues, on thlafloor. Mngl » ithieit regard tJibe provisions and protean' of uKit the cilieen of any fiiiUliHi nf IMH aWIWW is utterly and entlrehrtMb(MAM|MßK I further say, that her of this House, pie. to support ahd lion, and in virtue of the here, to support the ft aawtttk cdSWfe Government, and as repf aditlvito.tf^tho people, solemnly in the flilte ot HmBA and of our responsibilities, to fraHt against it ' * Col. J*ha S»U, 4t tflir Urm Colonel John Neil tw htorit aiWfjjppj in a pine tent, on the bank*Of berland river. At the ago *f ran away Irom bin father, and Mdui way to the wlldemeafl of Tetad. ( UnHW adopted the profession of never more reHnquWieA - fts WMMUp* tain of the ranker*, COMmI oCariMMp guardsman to Mexicaa JMtdfc general thief-catcher tSr fSd abenkAl many coantiea; and jti £ BifHftpP er, or more generous fieaff, IWiWrlWtll human bosom. ' ' J 'T ! * Shortly after hevreWt 4» W#ilw at the Star Hotel in Hwuaton, he gstJaSW a dispute with Seth AUen, a noted mßllte leg and duelist Allen wasalall, 'jljMWh athletic fellow, with thin face and hs*4 moustache. Getting offended rtatHw mark mode by Colonel Neil, XIMdM his foot to kick the Colomi, whMtRWItM ter, quick as thought, caught. ffojjfr his right hand, and then stopping jipj denly thrust bis head betwesn'l?HMn( legs, and fairly rafse<| h% on hlr hoch. In this ridiculous position .he trotted 00 with the famous duelist, end'tbdifc4 > tM? into s mud-hoie, while roars of lMshMf proceeded from the spec tat ors.- Afuhta mediate challenge waa the Q>L Neil accepted the challenge, c)M«j4W of the largest sise, and fixed the (WXImV' at a hundred yards. to saWW *• I will only wing biua,” Mid ing hero, as be took bis stand; poor to make good bacon." At the first fire he broke Allen’s mm,’ and so the affair ended. ButthejriM feat that ever, mortal mair arhioeeAvpM the escape-of Neil frm»&M to and bis company as’ pdtmM&MwmfW they would Iky dowa IheirMUtoP' VMfi Fannin agreed to, and tho livered up. But Neil did dence in the promises of tn? BVppWi, foe; so he concealed his pair •CMfiMi in his boots, and they discovered. The result of fialMfMiil render is familiar with every. history. After they had K ,Tn> .*ftJ)|f' arms he and his men were marPhMreift in platoons and shot. ; • Col. Fannin fell atoohg the first vtsghM, but not so the giant NeH. WHWIrJp der of the Mexican oAeer for bla me** fire, Neil stooped almost to Iba-jpMfcirM] that the volley passed entirely oraJpUb He waited not for a second; thrOMMSMS hand into the leg of with a couple of six-shooters, patent, and commenced iliiilnugtoßlllßuti with the rapidity f, lighluiag, iftiggjfrp, thickest ranks of his foes. , , Panic stricken with stifpriW mHTNm, the Mexicans recoiled and outiuriNffflMr passage, through Which Nell' benajd with the spring of a panther, For a while it seemed doubtSl*!yhN^ff the giant Colonel would notdisUimnrat these, so much had thk perils ef tM'Vt&r sion increased the ftathmt tWMMn'nifi his mighty muscles. .- But cliargcr fleeter than the discerned gaining on his hum«u.rWH,KM approaching so near that' dKyMM* raised his Hashing sabre for gruce. Neil being conscious ger, hastily slackened his tpdMf tlffwe hot stream of smoke fresn the huiWhwA trils appeared to mingle «M M* Wt? hair ; and then, wheeling fired another round from a reveler, ISM the rider tumbled from hia. victim then renewed his A mad yell of grief mid rugo broke freua the remaining as th«*f WMMfiM the fate of their couinuie, anditerfbetMt immediately evident in caution of their pursuit, for afterwards in one body, therapy*g>4Hl retarding their progress, ao y TmPWm reached the river before the mi Jfi* toMk ed not a moment,, hut down the steep struck off for the other shore.' goons discharged their ually, and gars orex. tVe chiadf', -;i .' In a few minutes Nell ianddl. soon as he felt satisfied that bfwgPPMßf uwvof) Waa imrat "*l • t *ll Mv t/U f ftl IM iw maw claiming: ‘‘'iietlM^^K astonished the yellow devils MaKpWMB. I hauled the revofvera halt Tbs »""t» urc so prominently hf„fßC WP* have been ao mt^ad to age, that it la get at the right lumtfHfW Mig or even one - - w um jrou .x+jSSSm . JSm