OCR Interpretation

The press and tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1859-1860, June 04, 1860, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014511/1860-06-04/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

MONDAY, JUNE 4, 1«6«-
The owner of whatever is property by the
law of Nature or the common law, is entitled
to protection wherever he may lake it; and
that protection is avoided, even to aliens and
strangers, in all civilized countries. Were it
to be denied in any instance, the government
claiming the allegiance of tbe injured party
would enforce his right* if neceuary with all
its civil and military power. inan may
go into Canada, for example, taking with him
such things as are recognized as property, as
sured that any lufringoment upon his rights
of possiision would be protected by that gov
ernment, or if not, that his own government
would at once espouse hta cause and enforce
his rights. It is a fundamental error of-tho
Democratic party, to predicate of property in
slaves all that is claimed for other kinds of
property. In Canada there are thousands of
fugitive slave a Who thinks of reclaiming
them by application to the Canadian authori
ties ? Who thinks of asking the intervention
of the United Slates Government for their re
capture? And yet if slaves are property in
the sdcbo that horses, machinery, merchandise
and money are property, who doss not see
that our government would be unworthy the
u&m?, if it did not secure to the slaveholder
tho right to recover his property even in Can
ada ?
Slaves are properly by virtue of lecal law.
In Missouri, for example, every person with
African blood in his veins is presumed to be
property, and the laws of Missouri will pro
tect the right -of the owner in such property.
But in Illinois the law does not recognise pro
perty in man, and should a claim of that char
acter be set up it could not be enforced by any
law of the State. A Missourian, however,
who should find his property of any other
description in Illinois, would have no difficul
ty in securing it through tbo intervention of
the local law. It is in consequence of this
distinction that a fugitive slave law is neces
sary, and that provision for such a law was
incorporated into the Constitution. No State
in tho Union ever thought of asking for a
fugitive horse law, or a fugitive ox law. The
idea of such a law is absurd. Horses and
oxen are property by universal consent—are
everywhere regarded as property, and whoever
establishes his claim tdruch’propcrty, whether
in Xus own or another Slate, will find tho local
law and tbo local courts ready to maintain and
enforce his right!*. Everybody recognizes this
disticciion. Tho whole o r our national legisla
tion on tbo subject of slavery is predicated
upon it. The fact that the intervention of tho
Supreme Court has been sought to establish
the right of taking slaves into the Territories,
proves tho same thing. So also does the claim
reaently set up that the South has the right to
a Congressional Slave Code, to protect slave
property in the Territories. If slaves were
property by the universal consent of mankind,
or by the Federal Constitution or tho common
law, there never would have been any occasion
lor the Dred Scott dicta or' for a Congres
sional Slave Code. It is because there is a
distinction, broad and deep and universal, be
tween property in man and property in other
tilings, that this slavery question s» affects
the people of our country and of the whole
civilized world.
Now it was for the express purposeof cover
ing up thVdistinclion.'Qndof forcing out of tie
popular mind and heart of tho country Uio
ideas which necessarily spring from it, that
the dogma of popular sovereignty was Thvent
ed. Aside from tho question of slavery or
freedom in the Territories, Hie phrase Las no
force or meaning. It is perhaps tho most re
markable instance on-record of an attempt to
stifle a universal instinct of humanity by a
sounding generality. In its correct sense,
every body is in favor of popular sovereignty.
But who that has any lingering lovo of liberty
within his bosom, is in favor of that kind of
popular sovereignty, the sole object of which
is to break down the broad and well-defined
distinction in the human mind between prop
erty in man and property in horses, houses,
and lands—tbet putt humanity upou a level
with dumb beasts and inanimate possessions?
It is time that every honest man in the
frte States had looked this Infamous fallacy
called Popular Sovereignty, squarely in the
face—had grappled with it and recognized Its
true object to he to carry and protect slavery
where it has no right, under the laws of God
or of man, to go. The South has the same
Tights, under the Constitution, in the ter
ritories that the North possesses. What
ever property & citizen of ono of the
free Stales may take into the territory,
the samo may be taken tbero and enjoyed
By citizens of elaveholding States. But neith
er Hie universal consent of mankind, nor tho
Constitution of the United States, nor the
common law recognizes'- human beings as
properly, and no form of popular sovereignty
has ever been devised, or can possibly be con
ceived of. which can override this great fact
and plant slavery where it has not the pro
tecting regis of local law to defend iU Des
potism, terrorism and brut© force may do it,
as was attempted in Kansas, but true popular
sovereignty—popular sovereignty in abeyance
to the constitution and the eternal principles
of right and justice—never 1 Any other kind
of popular sovereignty is a lie and & cheat—a
mere device to deceive the honest freemen of
the North, to permit the Slaveholders of the
South, in defiance of law and justice and the
instincts of humanity everywhere, to carry
slavery with its concomitants of barbarism,
crime and ignorance, into territories that
ought to be held sacred to freedom, freo insti
tutions and free labor, forever.
the mak for the crisis.
The people have tried politicians, and been
disappointed. Pierce, notorious for his talent
ns a schemer in tho field of partisanship, mis
erably foiled to meet public expectation; nay
more, Ins administration was a burning dis
grace to tho party that elected him and to the
country which he misgoverned- When he
went out, all parties supposed that the worst
Lad been reached—that there was no depth
of partisan degradation that be had not sound
ed—no lorm of official malfeasance that he bad
sot abetted. They did not know his succes
sor. Buchanan came into power as the “ ven
erable public functionary,” the “veteran
statesman,” the “experiencedpolitician,” who
would restore peace to tho country and order
to public affairs. TTo all know what ho has
■done; and we venture to say that no man in
.America, save always Benedict Arnold and
Aaron Burr, ever foil so fast and so far as he.
His name slinks, except in tho little circle of
toadies and lick-spittles by whom he is sur
round ed, wherever it is pronounced. His ad
ministration is tho synonym for all that is trai
torous to freedom, and for all that is dishon
est, reckless, profligate and criminal in the
management of governmental matters. His
education in the school in which he was a
cunning learner, was found to have debauched
tifl moral sense, corrupted whatever love of
free institutions he may once have had, and
skilled him in the base arts by which the people
Lave been abused, and his followers enriched.
Hjs age, experience, and supposed ability have
him only bolder, more defiant of the pop
ular will, and more potent for mischief.
So much for the- politicians by whom the
country has been ruled; so much for the expe
rience which the sham Democracy say our
candidate lacks; so much for the skill in ad
ministration which he has yet to acquire. We
submit that the time has come when a mak
must be substituted for a “ politician ” —a pat-,
Slot for & “statesman,” sound sense for finesse,
and all-engrossing LOVE OF COUXTBT for un
thinking fidelity to party I The country, torn,
distracted, and impoverished by the mal-ad
ministration of Presidents, who' have, made
politics the business of tbeir lives, demands the
change. A man fresh from the people, whose hou-'
osty has nev?r been corrupted by scheming and
bargaining for place who is in sym*
patijy with the masses for whose welfare be is
to watch, who has no army of dependents to
reward for past services, who la the property •
of no clique, and who . will go into office as
the President of the 'whole • country,, and for
the purpose of managing the affairs of his
high place with a view only to the stability of
tbe government and the prosperity of tbe peo
ple—this is tbe man called for by crisis
which the politicians have created.
The want of tbe times is not French manners
In the drawing-room of tbe Whit© House, nor
a nice judgement of wines at the Presidential
dining-table; not the nrt which has for its
object tbe triumph, of party; the ecry
ility .which 'excites men to treason -by giving
away to their empty threats; but a full
measure ot downright honesty in the Execu
tive head of the nation, tho courage that, can
not be awed by threats, the ability to s®e~ lhe“
rigbtandtheconscientiousness which, through
all opposition, firmly maintains it.
It is the boast of Hr. Lincoln s friends that
he, unquestionably able and. honest, is the
man to whom the correction of the errors,
blunders and crimes of Pierce and Buchanan
i may te safely entrusted,
"We print to-day an extract from Senator
Douglas’ ICth of May speech in tbo Senate, by
which the reader will learn what “ ray groat
principle*’ has done in keeping slavay out of
territory once doroted to freedom. It is wor
thy of attention as showing Mr. Douglas* own
estimate of the working of that policy I# which
he is committed, and which ho is urging upon
the people of the North. By his own show
ing, it has,
Ist. Introduced and protected Slavery in the
Tcmtoiy of New Mexico;
23.-Converted a tract of country more than
fire times the size of the State of New York,
from free territory into slave territory;
3d. Extended Slavery from the Bio Grande to
the Gulf of California, and from the line of
Mexico, not only up to 3G deg. 30 mln„ but 88
deg. north latitude, giving the South a degree
sod a half more Territory than it has ever
claimed; and,
- 4th. Given up to slavery for the first time
since the American Revolution, territory that
■freedom once claimed and occupied.
Senator Douglas himself sums up the effect
of his principle. "We do not attribute to him
tin words of another; bit print that part of
his speech as w© find it. What do tbo people
of Illinois think of that which he recommends
as the policy of this government—that which
‘bears tbo fruit that ho has selected to excite
the gratitude and admiration of his country
men? Let us say in excuse for him, that ho
was speaking for the South—that the harangue
from which wo quote was for Southern circu
lation, and that it is now being distributed by
hundreds of thousands in the slave States, to
convince the nigger drivers that ho and his
new invention, squatter' sovereignty, are tho
safeguards and propagandists of slavery that
the South demands. But bow different from
his talk when ho quarreled with tho President,
and took Greeley, Blair, Henry Wilson and
other Republicans into his confidence! Then
squatter sovereignty was held np as a North
ern or freo soil measure, and its virtues, prohi
bition of Slavery, were strongly insisted upon.
But that was before La was elected to the Sen
ate. Now tho Presidency is in his eye, and ho
Is on the other tack. What a pestilent dema
gogue he is!
If the news said to have been received by
the New York Herald, is reliable, and Gari
baldi is defeated in Sicily, the lugubrious prog
nostications of our contemporaries touching
the peace of Europe, will come to naught.
But if) as we devoutly hope, that heroic de
votee of Liberalism has been able to maintain
Lis position, and to persuade tho oppressed.
people of Naples and the Two Sicilies that
their interest and safety lie in insurrection
against the royally and priestcraft by which,
they are ground to the dust, then the rumors
of war which have come to our cars will
doubtless be followed by demonstrations by
which the peace of Europe may be disturbed.
Wo await tho arrival of the next steamer,
with no little solicitude.
Tiie western Banner, ( Catholic) f gravely
amuses its readers Hint the report that Pope
Piu?, lx th is about to visit St. Louis, is not
true; and that the I oped-for rife in tho real
estate of that city, in consequence of the pres
ence of God, vicegerent, will cot bo felt. Wo
are sorry Could he come to America and see
how infinitely better fed, slothed, and taught
h& Irish friends are than in Ireland itself where
Popery curses the soil of their birth, ho might
go and, with the advice of About, gov
ern his subjects as if they were better than
brutes. The Banner is cruel to advise him
to stay in Rome.
THE ECLKCriC TONE BOOK: Jla*on Brothers, Nei
York; Root L Cady, Ch'.CJfiO.
This work, edited by Wo. B. Bradbury, is is
sued by tho Presbyterian Board of Publication
in Philadelphia, and is doubtless intended to be
introduced into the New School Presbyterian
churches of the country. We have looked it
over with considerable care, and arc satisfied
that it merits the important position for which
It was designed. The publishers state that lists
of music were sent to a great number of the
churches, and the selections were made from
those most largely end generally approved.
Some new music is added, from the best compo
sers, which gives increased value to the work.
Messrs. Root k Cady are prepared to supply
“ the trade ” or the churches of the West.
Abraham Lincoln.
I From the Xew York Independent.]
Id Thomas Jefferson's celebrated letter to
the New Haven merchants who had remonstra
ted against the removal of Elizur Goodrich
from the Collectorship of that port, and tho
appointment of a successor whose chief quali
fication was that he was a partisan of the Pres
ident, a hope is expressed that a good time may
como when the only questions about a candi
date for office will be these three: “Is he hon
est? —Is he capable?—ls he faithful to the con
stitution ?
Wben Jefferson said a good thing he said it
well, and this is one of bis good things. These
three questions are just the questions which
the people of the United States ought to ask in
regard to candidates for the Presidency. Let
Abraham Lincoln, for example, be subjected to
the ordeal of these questions.
It he honntt Look upon his face. Is that
an honest man ? Inquire among bis neighbors
who honor his guileless integrity by tuc fa-'
miliar name which expresses their confidence
and love—lloLCst Old Abe! Bead his speech
es. Hear him when be addresses a popular as
sembly. The first element of his power over
fats hearers is the irresistible conviction which
they have of his honesty.
ft he capable? Lot bis whole history, from
his early and unfriended struggles to his pres
ent high position among the acknowledged lead
ers of a learned profession in one of the great
est States of the Union, the answer. Let
the people of his own State, who know him as
thoroughly as thoroughly aa they know any
other public man, say whether be is capable.
Let those who beard him, a few weeks ago, at
the Cooper Institute, say whether be bos intel
ligence enough and talenteuougb to be the suc
cessor of James Buchanan, Franklin Pierce,
Millard Fillmore, Zachary Tajl r, James K.
Polk, and John Tyler. Tfe happened to bear
that speech. It was not as classically nvoaU os
one of Edward Everett's orations. It was not
like one of Thomas Jefferson's epistles, but, in
our judgment, it was a better exhibition of that
kind of ability which mokes a statesman, and
wbich qualities a man for such 'an office
the President^,' than Everett’s eulogy on
Washington, or Jefferson's letter to the New
Haven Cbamberof Commerce. Amorcthcrough
and exhaustive exposition of the subject which
he had in hand, no other man could give. There
was not a word in it of vnlgar stump-speaking
—not a word of the “ spread-eagle” style of
oratory—not a word of claptrap; It was straight
forward argument on the great question of the
times, and was as able as it was honest.
It le faithful to the Constitution t Those
who believe mat the Constitution is the char
ter and guarantee of slavery, and that by its
own force it carries the insulation of slavery
into alt the territories, will say No. Such an
adswer from that quarter is reason enough for
everybody else to answer Tte, The views of
Webster, of Clay, of Marshall, of all our cmi
heatmen who lived before the new.school of
.Democracy was founded _by Calhoun, are bis
views on the question now at issue. ■ That is
Old Abe’s Copy Book.
Some of the relatives of ilr. Lincoln, In this
viemitr, who have been banting among the pa
pers of his father, who died in this county many
Tears ago, have found one of*Abe’s copy books,'
bearing date io the veer 1824, at which time he
was 16 yean o!d. We believe there is nothing
; remarkable about it, and only goes to show that
his education was at that time far behind that
■of most of the lads of that age of ibis day.
Whether H was his good or bad fortune, Ur.
Lincoln was without those advantages of an
early education, which in this generation are
offered to every youths He was the child of
poverty,- but the strong powers of his intellect
were not to be cramped py any such untoward
circumstances, and that industry and persever
ance which marks the career of the truly great
men of our notion, has led the indigeot boy op
the steps offame. .Be stands now, almost, as it
on the very topmost round of the ladder,
the admired of bis countrymen, loved by his
acquaintances, and respected by the wise and
learned.— -.OharletUm (/2f.) Courier.
: pyPeacon Jonathan' Phillips,-of the Federal
Street church Boston, has presented six 6000 dol
lars to the society for the purpose of purchasing
a chime of bells lor the new church edifice that
the congregation is now building. The new
church, the corner stone of which was laid on
Uonday last, will be built in the style of the old
Italian barihese.
political fttl(nr»*ad Movement* in IhtEm*
pin Slate—Proipect* of the variant Par •
tOomapondeaceofthe Pitas and Tribune.}
Kzw-Tosx, Mty 8U 1800.
The Herald of to-day in a long leader-dis
cussing tho If&moas newspaper quarrel now
going on between Horace Greeley A Co., on the
one hand, and Raymond, of the Times, Webb,
of tbe Courier <£ Enquirer, and Weed of the
Albany Evening Journal, on .the other —usee
enchlangoage-aa-thiK-- ‘
“ To bring these accusations against the most
influential organ of Republicanism in this city,
and in the country at large, is hot to sow
.theseeds of distrust within the party, which must,
'ultimately work its’dissolution! "* * * The
effect of these schemes will be to utterly rout
and demoralize the Republican party in this
State;-its disruption and destruction in New
York is a fixed fact, which will bo fully demon
strated in November.”
Now this is all the sheerest and most laughable
nonsense, of which fact no one is more fully
cognizant than Bennett himself. It answers his
purpose, however, to lean back and indulge in
' a broad Scotch guffaw at the curious snarf into
. which bis rivals have got themselves. It would
be hard to say whether ho hates Qen. Webb tho
most for the cowhiding received at his hands
fifteen y ears ago, or the Hon. Henry J. Ray
! mond, for his dilletanlism, society connections
and general pretensions to an aristocratic mor
ality. Between Mr. Greeley and himself there
is certainly a gruff semi-respect or admiration
existing, which is not felt for either of the others
by either. Bennett admits in Greeley an earn
estness and honesty of purpose, giving him
credit for being a brave and good hater, and
also for any amount of greenness. Greeley sees
In Bennett an open foe, a never serious, always
sardonic chronicler of the times, and one who,
like himself, is as self-contained and separate
from other men, as mnstjever be the one, who
takes it upon himself to work for the good of all
mpn | or he who refuses to care seriously lor
anything or anybody whatever. Extremes
meet; tbe reformer and the cynic are not far
apart. Itiatbelukewarzn,no-charactermaaor
newspaper, that is spewed out of (everybody’s
The simple truth as to the effect of this news
paper war on the Republican party of this
State, is that It has no effect at aIL New York
is pledged by a vast majority of sound-princi
pled, thinking, working men, to the cause of
freedom. If the Tribune first set these men to
thinking, they have long since learned to think
for themselves, and to examine all public ques
tions. Undoubtedly, their wish was to have
Mr. Seward nominated at Chicago, bat the suc
cess of Republicanism is far nearer their hearts,
and I cannot see that they care one iota whether
or no Mr. Greeley assisted in defeating Mr.
Seward and nominating Mr. Lincoln. The his
tory of twenty years has tangbt them that Mr.
Greeley is very strong in bis prejudices on all
subjects; is very dogmatic and willful; but very
sincere and honest. So, for all Mr. Raymond’s
evidence and f&e-writing, they are disposed to
believe Horace's straight-forward assertion that
he meant to do right, and to follow his example
and throw up their caps for another honest and
noble man—Abe Lincoln of the West. In fine,
they see that the newspaper war will soon be
over, but that the war between the two nation
al parties is & long one, and In the former they
are interested and amused, but not in the least
Therefore, while the designing few are croak
ing orer what they term the dismemberment of
the party, the party itself is stripping to the
work with an enthusiasm unknown since the
old Hard Cider times. A blaze of excitement
is sweeping this State from East-to West. I
wrote you some time since that the recollection
of Lincoln’s great speech at the Cooper Insti
tute would not soon pass from the minds of his
bearers. On the very evening when the news
of his nomination came, it was quoted by hun
dreds, and to those who saw the man on the
occasion of its delivery, no name could so ef
fectually compensate for the withdrawal of
Seward, as that of Abraham Lincoln.
Well, banners are flying, as I write, from the
Head Quarters of the Republican Young and
Old Men’s Central Committees, from the Cam
paign Club Rooms, the Stuyvesant Institute,
and other party localities, proclaiming that the
New York Republicans have heartily accepted
the People’s choice. The Ward Associations
are, in turn, holding Joyous Ratification Meet
ings night after night.' Not an evening passes
hut you bear a hundred guns for Lincoln and
Hamlin fired in some quarter of this great city.
The grand joint Ratification Meeting, to he held
on the sth of June, will be, if I mistake not, the
most spirited demonstration yet made in (he
North. All through the Slate the same excite*
ment prevails, and you can safely wager your
capital on the November vote of New York.
The munitions and appurtenances of the con
flict arc freely provided for and not to be des
pised. A. Wigwam, capable of holding 10,000
persons, and worthy of the city Republicans,
will go up next month in a central position.
But one of-the most admirable features of our
campaign discipline is the “Wide Awake”
movement, which was of such service in Con
necticut and which I am glad to see is progress
ing in Chicago. With us, under the same form,
it is just starting and taking another name.
The “New York Rail-Splitter’s Battalion” met
lost evening for organization at the rooms of
the Young Men’s Republican Union. They
have adopted as their uniform the black-glazed
caps, with white band, lettered “ Rail-Splitter's
Battalion,” black-glazed circular capes, and
will carry torches. Their self-imposed duty is
to act as & political police, (eminently needed
in this -city of shoulder-hitters and Empire
Clubs,) to do escort duty to our friends from
abroad, to attend all public meetings in a body
and preserve order, to attend the polls with
the same end in view. In New Jersey similar
organizations are forming under the title of the
“Lincoln Brioidb.”
There arc fire biographies of “ Honest Old
Abe ” now offered by different publishing
houses, and we New Yorkers would be very
glad to learn, from the Fbess xxd Tribune,
which is considered by his Chicago friends the
“ standard official edition, which has received
the approval of the President-to-be.” Four
campaign song-books ore also under way in
this city alone. As yet, no unusually success
ful poetic effort has emanated from the zeal of
our Kepublican bards. Probably one by Bur
leigh, which I saw republished in your paper,
has been as well received as any.
So much for one side of the New York cam
paign. Let me say a word of the condition of
the opposing hosts. The Democratic party is
indeed “ disrupted and disorganized.” Like
sheep withoni a shepherd they are all gone
astray. Tammany has no leader; it seems as
if a day of retribution were close at hand—with -
such a scries of misfortunes has the New York
Democracy been visited. Taking no hoed of
the smash-i'p at Charleston, the fall of Fowler,
the revealed dishonesty of the Administration,
and other signs of tsc times, the Hard and Soil
factions keep as wide apart os ever. Even m
her dying throes Tammany refuses to make
friends with Fernando Wood and bis clique.
There is among them all nothing but stagnation
and dismay.
. This is a true picture. The eyes of both
factions ore turned with a faint hope towards
DnUimoro for aid. But while one-half
clamor for Douglas, the others are equally car
tain that Horatio Seymour is the only salvation.
The Douglas meeting, instigated by the 7imee,
and got up with contributions levied from our
conservative merchants, though very largely
attended, was a complete failure so far as the
intent to influence the New York delegation to
Baltimore was concerned. Not a single speaker
of really influential eminence appeared on the.
platform. It looks now very much .as if the
New York delegation would bo for the New
York ex-Goveroor. Republican* would not ob-
Ject to haring Douglas receive the nomination.
They feel that the contest between the Little
Giant and onr noble candidate would be a great
spectacle, atd that the latter would just os
surely come out ahead as he secured a popular
majority in the lost Senatorial struggle in
The Sam Honston meeting, around the statue
of Washington (1) in Union square, was also
a great failure. ' The crowd consisted qf a curi
osity-attracted rabble; the speakers wtre fourth
rate Texas blowers, and the entire affair was
deroid of any kind of significance..
As for Belt and Everett, one never so much as
bears their names mentioned within the city
limits. Occasionally a comic paper depicts
them as two “ exhumed fossils, and this is
almost the only attention they receive.
There is something very fanny about the Bell
and Everett nomination. .
1 bare thus given you a truthful picture of
the state of political feeling among us here.
And bow any one, cognizant of it, can predict
auy other than a Republican victory in New
York is more than I can understand. Uy next
letter shall not be wholly ,devoted to politics.
Good News from Indiana.
LaravsTTS, I&d-, 11*y S7. 18W.
Editors Press ssd Trttmne:
Von are aware that the Wabash Vslley wan
ted “ Honest Old Abe” to be their Republican
standard-bearer, and in that they have got him.
There is great.enthusiasm among the yeoman
ry of the Hobaier State. Never were men more
confident, more cheerful and more esgerforthe
good work than those I hare met in Tippecanoe
county. They say that they will carry It by an
increased majority. * -
A Down-Country Letter.
fn.vutow, 111., Joss I,MM
Zdltori Pita and Tribune:
It is remarkable to what an extent tbe native
methods of our old settler-farmers are justified
by an.experience of fire or ten years in the
country. Every stranger In Illinois must have
noticed the old'fasbioned rail corn-cribs, geoer
. ally open at the top, filled or empty, according
to the season,'or tbe thrift of tbe owner. How
often this method of keeping corn has been
laughed at, bow often cited as a piece of testi
mony to show tbe shiftless character of West*
icrn farming and incapadty.'oClhe. tillers of' tbe
soil to keep safe and sound what they had labo*
rionsly raised and gathered. .
Bat it now appears ihattiie old rail corn-crib
is better soiled for the purpose intended, than
any new method yet suggested or provided. A
great many thousand bushels of corn, purchased
last fall and winter, pnt up in board cribs cov
ered at the top, and apparently sufficiently ven
tilated, have, upon being shelled ont, recently
been found so heated and damaged, though put
up for No. I, turned out No. 2, and have olten
gone rejected.. An examination of the tables of
corn inspection in Chicago, will confirm this
statement. The .loss to the holders must be
an immense one.
It is impossible to keep large bodies of grain
in bulk. (and Indian com in the ear does not
seem to be an exception) safely, over the ex
tremes of lemperature from winter to summer*
no matter how sound and dry the grain may be
when pile! together. I suppose the reason is,
that the grain, pat np at a low temperature, be
ing a alow conductor of beat, retains that tem
perature and does not warm with the season,
and the moisture of the warmer atmosphere in
summer is condensed in coming in contact with
it To the depth to which the air freely circu
lates, so far the condensed moisture dries out
and the grain is saved, but beyond that point it
becomes, first damp, then monldly, and finally
The old rail pen is seldom over eleven feet
wide, oflener nine and ten, never higher; it
“ allows” free ventilation, often on three sides,
alweys on two, and when filled and roanded on
top with sound corn, that ronoding providing
sufficient water shed, it will keep its contents
sound from harvest to harvest. So you see
“ old rail have a dignity and use quite beyond
eastern comprehension, for they save us and
them from starvation, by floating our great sta
ple safely over the wide gulf that stretches from
season to season. Hurrah! for Lincoln!
By the way, it ts evident that many aspiring
politicians on hearing of Lincoln’s nomination
at Chicago, must have felt *' like some watcher
“of the skies, when a new planet swims into
—“ like soms watchers of the skies.
When a new placet swims Into bis ken;
Cr like stout Cortez, when with e»e!eeyes
lie stared at the Pacific,' and all his mm
Looked at each other with a wild surmise.
Silent on a peak in Darien.”
Now this indeed, is one of the seasons. We
have had lire hail storms since April, and one
the severest of all, 19 just over [May 29J. 1 be*
here considerable glass has been broken in the
South and East part of the town. Vegetation*
though forward for the season, is not grown so
much as to be considerably injured, and I am in
hopes the clerk of the weather will be through
with this pari of programme before it is. There
have been several smart showers iu spots about
the couuty and neighborhood, but still many
spots remain very dry. There the chintz bag
continues his ravages and threatens to destroy
the yonng oats, barley, and spring wheat.'
Where the ravages of this little beggar will end,
it is quite impossible to say. Fancy 100 black
winged bed bugs, and ten thousand yonng ones,
the latter about the color and size of a grain o
cayenne pepper, distributed over every square
foot of earth in a 20,40,00 or 80 acre field, the
old ones scampering and dickering about in
and over the grouud,aad the young ones cover*
Ingthe tender parts of thejyoung graiclplantand
socking its juices—and you have an idea of the
business .as managed by them at present.
As every child is expected to hare the measles,
mumps, and hooping coagh, once in its grow*
ing up, so every young town in Illinois is ex*
peeted to have a visitation of the cholera, afire,
and a tornado. It is alleged we have had the
cholera and the fire, if so, nothing remains but
the tornado. If it comes, God preserve us safe
through it. Amen. Yonrs, Jat.
F. S.—The thunder and hail storm of May
29, brought vivid lightning and heavy thunder.
One bolt struck and caved in the spire of the
Baptist Church In Urbans, and besides, peeled
off the front paint and clapboards, knocked two
persons senseless, and frightened many others.
Four persons have been killed in this county
since the middle of April, by lightning, and all
under similar circumstances; namely, while oat
, in the open fields or prairies.
A fog this morning, in tfaia latitude, took tbc
starch out of the anticipated frost of last nigh*
end the young com still carries a green flag
signalling a big crop to follow.
Xlto Sinking Ship,
SraDiarixLO, 111., Jana 1, 1860.
Editors Press and Tribune:
At our meeting last evening (Wide-Awakes)
the assembled Republicans were surprised by
the announcement by a Democrat present, (who
was on their City Ticket in April) of bis inten
tion of leaving corrupt party. He “ made
public confession of faith, ” and asked that his
name might be enrolled upon our long list of
“ W. W*s.” “ Thus goes the canse most brave
ly on.*' Put down old Sangamon good for 200
majority in November, and you will then fall
below what we intend to do for Lincoln and
“ Wide Awake.”
Good News from Central Iowa!
WA£Oisoity, low*, ilay 31, 1860.
Editors Fkm and Tribune:
The ball rolls on! We had a large and very
enthusiastic meeting yesterday, ratifying the
nominations atChicago and lowa City. ' It was
a miniature “ Wigwam" demonstration, as in
tense and genuine in feeling. Fitz Henry-War
ren, one of our electors, whose political articles
to the Springfield (Jfass.) Republican are widely
read and appreciated, addressed the meeting
in the afternoon and evening. Several other
gentlemen also spoke on the same occasion.'
At night there was a display of transparencies,
and a torch light procession as brilliant as ever
was gotten up west of the Mississippi. Tou
may be assured the right spirit prevails here.
*• Honest Old Abe” reflects tbe sentiment of
this people and will receive their hearty sup-
Our Congressional Convention meets at
QakiiWrfb\ the 20th proximo. Col. Curtis, the
whose efficiency and integrity
arc universally acknowledged, is tbe most prom
inent candidate for nomination. The Demo
cracy- will make a strong effort to defeat
the Republican nominee. Already one
thousand raihiad Irish are shipped to tbe ter
minus of the Burlington and Otlumwa Railroad,
osUntiUy to commence work, really to strength
en the Democratic party. Vigilance and labor
mast be the watchwords; the Demcracy is at
Its old game again. The aids to Republican
success arc by no means overlooked. You will
not then be surprised to find subjoined a club
of seventeen subscribers for your invaluable
daily. The club was procured by one of our
enterprising townsmen who in *SO was a live
Fillmore man. He says the old party is fossil
ized, and he prefers acting with a live and true
one, hence to-day be is a live Republican. He
it but one of scores in this community. Mark
down Washington county 500; tbe State 10,000
for Lincoln, Hamlin, and right rule.
Lincoln In Ohio.
Chicago, May 59,1K0.
Editors Press and Tribune:
The following extract from a private letter,
written by an .intelligent and substantial fanner
in Union county, Ohio, very clearly indicates
the prevailing sentiment of the masses—the
yeomanry of the land—in regard to the nomi
nation of “Old Honest Abe
“We got the word last night (Saturday, May
19,) that Lincoln had the nomination, and 1 can
heartily say ocod, for 1 have long been. a Lin
coln man. I can hurrah for “Lincoln" with
right good will; and I think less objection can
he raised to him than to any other man pro
posed. He is a self-made man, who came up
a-Toot. We like bis tact—we like his srgumen
tative powers—we like his logic, and weUke the
whole man."
Low Water In the Illinois—Tree-Top
La Salas. Jose, Ist, 1360.
Editors Press and Tribune:
In yonr drily of yesterday** date, I notice a
dispatch from LaSalle to yon, of the SOtb, say
ing “five feet on Tree; top Bar.'* Ills greatly in
error, as we have not had that much water on
the Bar, on this little rise. And it will he a
very serious damage to the boating interest on
the canal, to have snch reports circulated, as I
hear of a great many boats loading at Chicago
for St, Louis, and they will get down hero to
find less than three feet, by the time they get
down. It is not only a great loss to boat own
ers, but a disappointment to owners and con
signees of the lumber.
On the 26th and S7th the river came to a
stand, and there was four feet nod ten Inches
on Tree-Top Bar, and on the S7th it commenced
falling and haa gone down fourteen inches, and
to-day, on the Bar, there is three feet and eight
inches—and falling. Beardstown Bar and Na
ples Fists* despatches of yesterday’s date re
port to me three feet and no rains. So, yon see,
Mr. Canaller haa a hard road to travel to SL
Louis. The above is the condition of the river
at this date. Yours truly.
The Japanese Eml>a«7<
A correspondent of the New York Tribune
farniahea some pleasant and Interesting pen
and-ink sketches of thv personnel of the Japan*
ese Embassy, their habits, peculiarities, 4c.:
a JiPiSKiS boost,
Snst opposite sits Moroota Okatoro, humanity
beaming from his eyes, smoke issuing from his
nostrils, the result of the internal fumigation
practiced by all who truly value Japanese tobac
co. His rich trowsers expand like folds of fem
inine raiment, and shine with a lustre surpass
ing even the brightest that French silk cau
show. Lifted a few inches from the floor, they
neatly sandaled feet, with silken foot
coverings of the finest texture; half gaiter, half
stocking. His robes of fight bine crape float
and swell like the tlifn smoke, that surrounds
them. In his belt reposes always the short
sword of dignity, whion proves the wearers no
ble rank. 1 find, however, that this weapon is
always inseparably connected •with the idea of
hara-kiruh {hara the stomach, AirvA to eutopen)
as bas been supposed. ” The ordinary snort
sword is worn for use in cases of close nghiisg.
The disemboweling knife, which is even leas in
length than the second sword usually worn, u
in the ‘possession of the higher officers,
but not so generally displayed. It is dis
tinguished by the of a guard upon
the handle, snowing that it is intended for pri
vate application, and not public attack. The
hara-kirvh sword gives its owner the right to
, vindicate his honor, if so called upon, by open
ing his bowels crosswhe, and letting out his
life in the least comfortable manner to he^ imag
ined. Servants, whose amount of honor is sup
posed to be inappreciable, cannot possess this
sword, and are, moreover, forbidden the privi
lege of making away with themselves, which is
a special prerogative of the nobility. _
Considering their eminent distinction, tbese
weapons seem, to the unfamiliar mind, to be
somewhat degraded by association with steel
- chop-sticks and utilitarian knives, which are
carried iu side cavities of the same scabbard;
but the Japanese do not see it in that light.
Sometimes, instead of chop-sticks, a peculiar
weapon of steel, about six inches long and
sharpened at the end, is concealed in the scab
bard. When used it is first laid flat upon the
.right hand, the point toward the holder, and
then flung through the air, turning in # its
course, so as to pierce the object at which it is
All around Moroota’s room are javelins,
helmets of brass, long swords, some banging
from elevations, some lying on chairs or the
floor, all in scabbards cCjaoat ingenious adorn
ment, The swords themselves ore of a steel
superior to any other known, and the best of
them can cut through a bolt of iron or an in
ferior sword, without taming the edge. The
handles are inlaid with precious stones and
bound aronnd with silk cord. The scabbards
are of thick skin, profusely covered with col
ored lacker, and sprinkled with gold dost and
From the open mouths of many boxes are
gushing varied robes of shining silk, fans, bat?,
sandals, handkerchiefs, confectionery, colored
prints, porcelain, pipes, lacker ware, and all
that seems most strange to onr sight. The
aspect of the room is wholly Japanese—the
manners Japanese, and the language. What
ever betide, the sound of other accents must
not intrude. Close by my side aits Tsoxabura
Jougoro, who reads aloud from an open fan
passages of Oriental poetry, written, I think,
by himself. His tones fall musically, for the
Japanese is as soft and smooth as any language.
Tsokara, too, has melody in his voice. He is
a notable gentleman in the embassy, fils rank
is high already, but bis yontb—he is only
twenty-six—prevents his present assumption
of the eminence ot station to which he will soon
be entitled. His birth is equal to that ot the
principal embassadors. He nos talent, wealth,
and good looks. Unquestionably, he is the
handsomest man in the embassy; and I think,
os 1 glance at him now, notwithstanding his
eccentric pose—feet upon chairs, and knees
saluting nose—that his superiors in personal
appearance are not numerous in this laud.
In the midst of all this quiet comfort enters,
with a message,
u TCMMr.”
This changes all thought of gravity to irre*
Eressible gayety. With “ Tommy " near, so
riety departs. This is the young interpreter,
(Tataiesi Onajsero) who, by virtue of absolute
recklessness and a purely American spirit of
deviltry, has won the jolly nickname in which
be much rejoices. Coming now in presence of
higher officers, he redacts himself for a mo*
meat to preternatural tameness; but, his mis
sion having ended with a phrase or two. ho
darts away again in his usual frantic state. The
humor of Tommy finds expression in the queer
est tricks. The other day he inveigled a small
boy into his room, did then and there beaeck
him with red silk trowsers, and sent him forth
into the hotel patlor, an object of public ridi
cule. Last night he got, by some means, a pa-
Eer garrote collar, which, with infinite difficulty
e arranged about his own neck, American
fashion, and paraded himself about, among his
fellows, like a peacock with an entirely new
feather in his tail.
Tommy confesses to a passionate admiration
of the feminine charms be finds surrounding
him. The American ladies seem to have got
into bis bead. He has confided to me an earn
est desire to discover a suitable wife in this
country, with whom he may peacefully live for
ever, without a thought of returning to Japan.
When fan? are banded to him for his autograph,
be writes upon them—“ I like American lady
very much; I want to marry and live with
pletty lady pletty " being an emendation
of hts own upon pretty.) .Moreover, the senti
ments of Tommy appear to be liberally recipro
cated. He is a thorough pet. Bevies of maid
ensgaze beneficently upon him all day, aad un
til late in the evening, and extend to*bim uore
luctant hands. proffer him atten
tions, bat, whb keen discrimination, he is gen
erally taken with a fit of business when the
smiles that greet him are not smiles
of youthful beauty. Whether Tommy
will or wilt not be spoiled by the favors that de
scend upon him, is a question that seriously
agitates bU older and more experienced com
panions, who occasionally strive, without much
effect, to sabdne his tamuUuoas temper.
Tommy has already learned to sing and whis
tle—a great acquisition, since Japanese are not
singing people, and have but few musical in
struments. He has already mastered “Hail
Columbia," and “ Fop gees the Weasei."which
he persists In calling “ Poppy goes the Weasel,”
and thinks the extra sj liable rather a good
thing. I regret to say he is extending bis
American acquirements in a less praiseworthy
direction, for he is getting to swear after a ca
rious manner, and, whenever excited, mingles
Undue profanity with his conversation in very
inapplicable ways. But Tommy boa so notion
of impropriety connected with bis oaths; he
looks upon them as emphatic expletives, which,
having heard, he cannot do better than to cher
ish, and make use of.
A beautiful little girl, six or seven years old,
was brought by Major Berret to see the Japan
ese, Tommy directly assumed a deep interest
in her. He explained to her all sorts of things,
and for once repressed his boisterous instincts.
He kept calling all his companions to look at
the pretty stranger, and when she was about
going away, asked; “Is it permitted here to
kiss a little girl so young as that?”—adding
that in' Japan it was considered exactly the cor
rect thing to do.
Now enters a singular old gentleman, whose
real rank 1 find difficulty in ascertaining, but
who appears to enjoy a great deal of inexplica
ble freedom among tbe higher officers. His
nameisGomi Yasooroyamooa, and bis prov
ince seems to be to make friends by immoder
ate distribution of presents. He comes now
with sieves and robe replete with trinkets, to
bacco poaches, candies, little cups, which he
consigns, with ineffable smiles, to tbe few best
among his Americas friends. For these, bow
‘ever, be is not unwilling to receive presents in
return, and the gift of a handkerchief fills him
with delight, which rises to rapture when tbe
congenial accompaniment of a flask of perfume
is offered. Tbe sight of the handkerchief arous
es Ishekawa’s acquisitiveness, and he proceeds
to unwrap a pair of Japanese stockings, which
he balances in his hand doabtingly, as if to ex
cite alternate hopes and But
when a pair of American stockings are laid on
bis knee, irresolution vanishes, and he makes
over the bit of fproperty with promptness. In
like manner many other little exchanges are
effected, all very satisfying to both sides.
Other barters, openly proposed by them, arc
effected, and I gam a stock of Japanese litera
ture sufficient for tbe study of a lifetime, the
most important volume being a complete dic
tionary m the three written languages, profuse
ly Illustrated in a manner that puts tbe new
Worcester in the shade. Their method of print
ing and binding books is peculiar. Tbe im
pressions are made upon one side, of a very
long strip of paper, which, in binding, is folded
together like some of our comic picture series,
or like a fan, and fastened at tbe back. Of
coarse, half the pages of a book are thus left
blank*, bnt as the leaves «re never cut, this in
terferes In no way with the convenience of tbe
As evening advances, the Japanese are called
to their ham and rice, and as they rise to go,
shower fervent adieus upon all their visitors.
Now, if ever, I must leave them; for if 1 wait
till their turn, I shall find new motive for delay,
and never gain the resolution to withdraw from
their always refreshing and entertaining com
Vox I’opcli,
Passing from the apartment of Okatore, I
loiter awhile in the little room of Joslgoro, Sin
jero and Scojero, three exceedingly merry men,
who laogh all the time,and are always desirous
of investing themselves with articles of Ameri
can clothing, out of pure relish for the droll,
low-comedy appearance it gives them. It Is
painful to learn that the offices of these gentle
men are not sneb as can command a deep re
spect They are, to pat it very mildly, among
the scrutinizes of the Embassy. In an ad
jacent chamber are the Embassy's secretaries,
all men of studious mien and intense habits of
application to pen and brush. They sit now at
their tables, with many sheets of carefully
cyphered inscriptions beside and around them.
Some wear spectacles with great round glasses,
held on by short, stiff steel wires which press
against the sides of the bead. They pause on
ly to give welcome to those who enter, and then
pursue their tasks. With them, writing is a
severe labor, for they eschew the simple Kata
kana, and adopt always the Jane, or complica
ted Chinese character. They bold their brushes
straight upright, and point each line with cau
tious delicacv. An hour scarcely suffices them
to fill half a 'dozen small pages. At length one
finishes his day’s duty, and turns, not toreerea
tion, but to hts English dictionaries, settling
himself for some hours* work upon our lan
guage. He has procured a number of little
English books, among which 1 notices Manual
of Etiquette, the last species of literature ne
cessary for Japanese perusal.
At the end of the Japanese corridor, there is
a smalt apartment which I find most of all at
tractive. No air of rare gentility pervades this
chamber, and, while the same gee tie courtesies
elsewhere shown ore also here to be fonnd,
stem forma of dignilj are unrecognized. A
number of Japanese servants here do congre
gate. Their door is always open, and invitation
earns npon tb« passer by. Once within, the
contagion of their light spirits cannot be resist
ed. Jokes fly incessantly around, never miss
ing their aim, always drawing forth applause.
Among this gsy fraternity is Booien-yitzie, the
artist who. on board the Philadelphia, pro
duced the drawing which you have published,
and who consequently, in addition to his other
distinctions, ranks as contributor to yonr col
umn*. I remember the night wheatho TH&ttns
C. I£ Hcxroox,
which bore the evidence of his ready talent ar
rived. " Tommy,” who first saw it, became at
once ecstatic, and ran about wildly, communi
catmg the in-.clligsnce that Booienylrie’s work,
with that skilled artist s name attached,' was in
a newspaper. As for Booien-jlzie himsef. hla
feelings sought expression by act a, not words.
Drawing from his sleeve a Japanese fan, he
gravely placed it m my hand, in teatlmony of
ms pleasure; bat, on second thoughts, with
drew it to in-cnbo upon it a clearer token of
bis satisfaction. The next morning it was re
turned, and on its leaves 1 found some charm*
ing colored drawings of birds, as neat and taste
ful as one could hope to see.
For a day or two,Booien-ytzie has been down
hearted. The recollection of a mortifying
take haunts him. A deaf gentleman came into
the Japanese quarter and strove to establish
communication with Booleu-ylzie. But the op
erations of the ear-tube were not clear to the
Japanese artist’s apprehension, and he persis
ted in blowing through that instrument, with
great force into the deaf gentleman's ear, who
was more astonished than charmed with the
proceeding. 'When Bosien-ytzie was informed
of bis error, he took an attitude of statuesque
misery, from which 1 am positive he did not
stir for as boar.
The surroundings of the room of Booien-ytzie
and his friends are interesting in adifferent way
from those ot Gkatoro’s stately parlor. Here
they are purely domestic. Scattered about are
sandal?, slippers, hats, handkerchiefs of rough
polished steel, umbrellas of imposing dimen
sions, manufactured of oiled silk, and so ar
ranged ns to fit together when closed in an ap-.
parently solid form and other curious applian
ces of comfort and necessity. Oddest of all
are the pillows—little wooden boxes, fastened
together without nails, about six inches in
length, lonr in height, and three in breadth,
with a roll of soft cloth tied up in paper upon
the top, for the head to rest upon. These wood
en coses mostly contain draweis, in which are
various trinkets. Some, however, are solid,
and are scouped oat at the sides, in order that
the arm may pass around and hold them firmly.
Upon tables and stands are other characteristic
articles—teeth brashes made of strips of wood,
with the ends split into fine threads, packages
of scooted tooth-powders, which are regularly
used by them, and strings for binding up their
hair, made of long twisted strips of white pa
As Tentcrthe party are discussing the Jap
anese illustrations in the New York pictorials,
among which they detect many errors, and
point them out with an exactness that shows
their superiar accuracy of memory. They
laugh at such blunders as putting the sword
upon the right hand, and misplacing the Jap
anese fl-:g. Moreover, Booien-ytzie unfolds bis
own views of the same scenes as those repre
sented iu the pictorials and invites comparison.
It appears that bis sketches are really more cor
rect in detail than those ot the American artist,
although certainly wanting in picturesqueness
of effect. But Booien-ytzie looks only to mlnu
tia, and is content with the advantage be bolds
in this respect.
A cokjcbob’s trick.
A conjuror’s advertising card has been some
where picked up, and its purport is now asked.
To explain it, sundry devices of legerdemain
are resotted to, which the Japaneseregatd with
a composure indicating consciousness of
strength in tl at line. Now one, whose name is
Yewah, stands forth, and beckons attention.
He crumples into a bail in his left band a large
and thick sheet of paper. Gradually the roll les
sens in size, and soon is hidden in his tight
grasp. With the right hand he waves bis open
fan around, aud presentlv emerges from oe
tween the finger of the left’a little paper butter
fly, which floats and flutters a while obedient
to the movements of the fan, and at last falls
to the ground. Vewah then discloses bis open
palm, in which no paper roll can now be seen,
and returns to his seat bowing before the plau
dits which follow him.
Ycwah afterward develops other powers in
dicative of ingenious education. Ge is much
cultivated as to his toes, which he can use with
great pliancy, particularly in the way of pinch
mg, and in which, I hare cause to know, be is
unsurpassed. Wonders with fens he shows,
but none ol them inexplicable, except the first
above described.
Always quick to exhibit their own interesting
property, they are tqnallv ready to examine
with attention everything brought for their in
spection. Household ntrnrils draw from them
grins of approval, and they become covetous
over some of our best weapons. A newly in.
vented revolver of minute size aborbs Booien
jtzie’s mind for halt an hour; but, at lost, hav
irg detected the manner of discharging it, he
goes oil’ himself and in a corner makes a close
drawing of all its machinery, lie bints at pro
posals for an exchange, offering a small sword
for the tempting tntie; but as be does this
with much secrecy, conveying the idea that
his superior must remain ignorant of the trans
action, there is evidently something wrong about
it, and the b rgaio cannot be mode.
Tlie NX, E. Clinrcli—Lay Beprcsenta-
The committee on lay representation presen*
ted two reports to the General Conference,
which were laid over and ordered to be printed.
The following are the reports, the preamble of
the majority report being condchsed :
majobitv ueronr ox lay delegation*.
The majority report that gome of the Annual
Conferences took no action upon eitner the
East Genesee or Oregon rules upon ibis sub
ject, but so far as ascertained a large majority
have voted agiinst these rules. This, however,
the committee does not recoga : ze as a decisive
vote of the Conferences. ■' Several Presiding
Elders have presented the snfcj-ct to their Qiar
tcrly Confeieucea; IST of them have voted; 71
for, 14 against, and 52 were divided on the sub
There have been 19 petitions received by 679
members for and 45 against the change. In ad
dition, the scheme bos the favoring voice of one
Steward’smcetiogund a convention partially
representing 23 enurcbes in Philadelphia. It
is evident tnat the great body of the church has
not jet spoken on the question, so that the
Conference I* not now prepared to act in the
premises. The committee think that whenev
er the laity manifest a desire to be represented,
they ought to he allowed the privilege. As
ministers, the committee do pot leel ambitious
to retain a power which was first devolved upon
them, not from their choice, but from necessi
ty. This necessity do longer exists, and they
hope that the laity will be introduced into the
General Conferences, and that taeir introduc
tion will eive them a deeper interest in the af
fairs of Zion.
They therefore submit tbe following plan for
lay representation in tbe General Conference and
shall present it to tbe various Anneal Confer
ences for their action. If tbe plan obtains tbe
sanction of a majority of members voting, it
shall become a law upon a declaration of such
vote by the Bishops:
“The Discipline shall be so altered in chap.
3, see. 2, page 84, ans. 1, as to read—
I. Tbe General Conference shall be composed
of one cleneal member for every members
of each Annual Conference, to be appointed
either by seniority or choice, at the discretion
of each Annual Conference; yet so that each
representative shall have traveled at least four
full calender, jears from tbe time that they were
received on trial by an Annual Conference, and
in full connection at the time of bolding the
And tbe General Conference shall also consist
of a number of Lay Delegates, chosen from with
in tbe bounds of each Annual Conference, equal
to the number of Clerical Delegates.
2. Any male member of the Church, not un
der thirty years of age, and having been in good
standing for five consecutive y ears at the time
of the election, shall be eligible to'the office ef
8. Each circuit and station shall be entitled
to one elector, to oe chosen once iu'four years,
by ballot, in toe Quarterly Conference next pre
ceding the session of the Annual Conference
to which It belongs. No member of an Annual
Conference shall be entitled to vote at such
4. The electors chosen as above shall meet
at tbe seat of the Annual Conference on tbe
first Friday of the session next preceding the
General Conference, and, baring been duly or
ganized, shall proceed to elect by ballot the
number of delegates to which they are enti
tled. The Secretary of said meeting shall
furnish a certificate of election to the several
5. Tbe Lay Delegates shall be entitled to seals
with the Clerical Delegates, and to eqnsl rights
and privileges. Provided that they shall not sit
on tbe trial of a Bishop nor on tbe appeal of a
The lay and clerical delegates shall vote to
gether, and the votes thus cost shall be so count
ed and recorded; unless ten members shall call
for the vote by the lay and clerical delegates
separately, when the vote shall be so taken,
counted and recorded. And in such case no
measure shall be passed without a majority of
the votes cast by each branch of delegates. But
in case of the election of General Conference
Officers, the vote shall be by joint ballot.
Whereas, the introduction ofLaj Delegations
into the General and Annual Conferences, or
into the General Conference alone, is an organic
change of great magnitude, which has hitherto
been considered tv the best minds of the Church,
in the Irity and ministry os of doubtful and
dangerous expediency, <t;.
Whereas, we hare strong grounds to appre
hend, if introouced.it would seriously affect the
interests and the government of the chnrcb if
not ultimately impair and then destroy our whole.
itinerant system; therefore:
Maolvidf That in our judgment sueh change
should not be attempted, if at alt, without great
caution and mature consideration, and then
only after a clear and full expression Of the laity
ana the constitutional concurrence of the min
Jie4oltfd t Thai in view of the general taiitfac
tion of the laity with the government ot the
church, and in view of the action of the annual
conferences against the proposed change, and a
majority of the official and non official members,
as far aa tLev have expressed to us their opin
ion, being advene to Lay Delegations, we deem
it inexpedient to inaugurate any plan at present
that wonld change the constitution of either the
General or Anonal Conferences.
The following are the ayes and noes on the
motion lor the change of rule so as to make
non-slaveholding a ttst of membership:
AXlS—»bb..t*. Ainstrccp, Ayiesiof DtLware Biln.Ba
ker or 11 lack Ittver. Haktr ui Erie. Bairau, Biith, Brace.
Bennett. Biftlow, Blugham, JJIr, Blxbv, Blade*. Blake,
Bristol, Br.-oks otM ncesct*. Brown cl Now lorfc, Brown
of Providence, Brnse,*Bmnros, Bollard, Carpenter, Chapin
of Eri*. Chatln of New Et* aod.Carke of Erie. Clark of
New York. Call. Co’crtr or North Indiana, rone, Ccnneil.
Cixke. fotkhir. Cowlen, vror.v, Ciawford, Crews, Cnny
cfNc* York Pm, Dempster, Dennla, Dunn of
TroT.Dnnnlne. Endv. Erwin, Furls, KiPmcre, Floy, (Jar-
Itt, Gil €U. Golden. Godwin. Go*f, Grtffln of Troy, Gris
wold, H:u>ey, Hare, Harris, B scare r, Hatch. Hatfield,
Haven.Hayc*,Helmenhsu<eo.Hibbard. Hill. Hitchcock,'
lloturt, Holliday. Ho»ard.Hnlbiinl. Hunter of Feors. Ja
cotee, Ja«p-r, Johnson, Eetler, EelUo, King, Klngalry,
Laa-lon, Lelhv, Leslie. Loekc. hlseec, Msrley, Maiheir,
McK ; n»iry, Merrick, i!fmil, M htr. Mllctell of C ndn
riU. Mite 1 e’.i cf Pittsburgh. Hors n, Mood*. Mulfinger,
Hnnseli.Nssb. Nut, Nelson. Nuhfin, Nutt, Oils, Be >rce.
PttfleM, Pike, Toe, porter cf New Esplaid. Prince, Ear
mood. BeJdy. Held or Past Gene?*-, Rush-11 Sapt, Pkaf.
fer, hnurt, Smlta of Cincinnati. Smith of Indiana, bpngu?,
St«iland.S'arton. htarke. Mains, Mo*'»hU)o. Tbcma* of
Wistoßsr, Th'tneonor Northern Ohio, Thnr»lon, Town-
Med, I'runble, Tultlecf hast Genesee, X»lmb.y, Web
fter, Whedon, Whiteman, Willlaas, Vi is--, WiUenpooa,
Nats.—Ayres of Upper Iswa. Bannister, Battslle, Black,
Bn*ga, Bio«nof fca*i Bmtla.r#. b owr cf New Jersey.
Brown of Upper lews, fatlu d, Cartwright, Caul.’, Clark
of Pusburga, Cl Cclou-r of PtUadelphlt, Com&e.
Cooper, Ceriiegtoo. Cox, Cran* of HI nnla.Crane of New
ark, Day, Drummond. Duib'n, Edlron. Pul tr. Goode Grif
fin cf New York. (infibb. Goycr. Haamood, ILi-01, Uudg
son, UolJ'eh. Holme#, Hopkins. Hoyt. Hughes, Unnter of
We-teraTlrclkla, Jackson. Jasuson, KuhLMartin.Mitch
ell of Ea*t UalUmore. Moiroe, Morgan, Murphy, Nome,
Osborn, Faisons, Pearce. Pick, Petty, Porter of Newark,
Power, Prentice, Fred of Cincinnati. Kocinson. Rutledge.
Sabin, Ssrrett, Sewall Sbusuce. Slicer. Smith of Oea«-
■re. Stmt. Thomas of California, Thompson of Fbbsdel
phis, Tippett. Trurta, Tuttle of Newark, Yasdcm; Yeiloh,
- waller, wUaoa, Wood,
Effect of Popular Sovereignty as stated
by Sir* Douglas.
[From ilr. Dootlo* Speech la thsSvcaia, Stay I&MWO.]
“But, we are told that the necessary result ot
this doctrine of non-intervention, which gen
tlemen', by way of throwing ridicule upon, call
squatter sovereignty, is to deprive the South of
all participation la what they call the common
Territories of the United States. That was the
ground on which the Senator from Mississippi
[Ur. Davis] predicated his opposition to the
compromise measures of 1310. He regarded a
refusal to repeal the Mexican law as equivalent
to the Wilmot proviso; a refusal to recognize
by an act of Congress the right to carry a slave
there as equivalent to the Wilmot proviso; a
refusal to deny to Legislature the
right to exclude slavery as equivalent to an ex
clusion. He believed at that time that this
doctrine did amount to a denial of southern
rights; and he told, the people of Mississippi
so; bat they doubted it. New, let us see bow
far his predictions and suppositions have been
verified. I infer that he toid the people so, for
as he makes it a charge in his bill of indictment
sgalnst me, that I amnostile to southern rights,
because I gave those rotes.
Now, what bas been the result? My views
were incorporated into the compromise meas
ures of 1350, and hU were rejected. Has the
, Sooth been excluded from all the territory ac
quired from Mexico? What says the bill from
toe House of Representatives now on your ta
ble, repealing the slave code in New Mexico
established by the people themselves ? It is
part of the history of the country that aUUr this
doctrine of non-xntersention, this doctrine that
you delight to call squatter sovereignty, the prople
•f Hew Mexico have introduced and protected
slavery in the wholepf that Territory . Under
this doctrine, they hast converted a tract of free
territory into slave Urriioty,more than fite times
the sis* of the State of Xtie York. Under this
doctrine, slavery hoe bttn extended from the Rio
Grande to the Gulf of California, and from the
line of the Republic of J ftxico, not only vptoZQ
deg . 30 min . but up to 3S dtg.—giving you a de
gree and a half more slave territory than you
ever claimed, In ISIS and 13-10 and ISSO you
only asked to have the line of 86 deg. 30 min.
The Nashville Convention fixed that as its ulti
matum. 1 offered it In the Senate in August,
1343. and it was adopted here but rejected in
the House of Representatives. Youaakedonly
up to 36 deg. SO mlo., and non-intervention has
given you slate territory up to Z S deg., a degree
and a half more than you asked ; and yet yon
say that this Is a sacrifice of Southern rights ?
These are the fruits of this principle which the
Senator from Mississippi regards as hostile to
the rights of the South. Where did you ever
get any other fruits that were more palatable
to your taste or more refreshing to your
strength? What other inch of free territory has
been converted into slave territory on the Ameri
can continent, since the Revolution, except in Ji'ew
Mreico and Arizona, under the principle of non*
intervention affirmed at Charl-ston. If it be
true that this principle of non-intervention has
conferred upon you all that Immense territory;
has protected slavery In that comparatively
northern and cold region where you did not
expect it to go, cannot you trostthe same prin
ciple further South when you come to acquire
additional territory from Mexico? If it be
true this principle of non-intervention has
given to slavery all New Mexico, which was
surrounded on nearly every side by free terri
tory, will not the same principle protect you
in the northern States ofMexico when they ore
acquired, since they are now surrounded by
slave territory; are several hundred miles
further South*; have many degrees of greater
heat; end have a climate and soil adapted to
Southern products? Are yon not satisfied with
these practical results ? Do you desire to ap
peal from the people of the Territories to the
Congress of the United States to settle this
question in the Territories? When you distrust
the people and appeal to Congress, with both
Houses largely against you on this question,
what sort of protection will you get? When
ever yon ask a slave code from Congress to pro
tect your institutions in a Territory where the
people do sot want it, you will get that sort of
protection which the wolf gives to the lamb;
you will get t:at sort of friendly bug that the
grizzly bear gives to the infant. Appealing to
an anti-slavery Congress to pass laws of protec
tion, with a view of forcing slavery upon an
unwilling and hostile people! Sir, of all the
mad schemes that ever could be devised by the
South, or by the enemies of the South, that
which recognizes the right of Congress to touch
the institution of slavery either in States or
Territories, beyond the single case provided in
the Constitution for the rendition of fugitive
slaves is the most fatal.”
Webster’s Dictionary—Pictorial Edl<
An English writer of the last century, fanci
fully represented the road to permanent fame
in authorship as traveled only in a coach (it was
before the time of steamboats or railroads),
whose driver was very particular about ad
mitting his passengers. Only a select number
would be carry, nor those till the merits of
their works 'bad been critically exam
ined. 'When old Ur. Johnson came to
get in, with his huge dictionary in bis
arms, the driver, stopping him, said it was
doubtful whether that book would entitle him to
a passage—that be had driven the coach for
a long time, bat seldom or never had be
carried a man with a Dictionary. He, how
ever, gave Johnson a seat because of his
other works. This fancy teaches what Is em
phatically true, Uai a good, reliable O ction
ary, is one of the meat difficult of all books
to mike. Yet we believe that Xoaiz Webster
would be allowed by even a a surly English
driver, to ride in tbatcoacbwitb his Dictionary.
Indeed, some of the highest encomiums which
this great work has received, have erme across
the Atlantic; from such men as Lord Brougham,
Rev, Dr. Dick, ot Scotland, and Rev. John An.
gell James. Nor has Dr.Websler been a proph
et without honor in bis own country. Tbo
merits of his great work have been acknowl
edged in every part of our laud. The local
prejudices of literary men in Boston aad its
vicinity, have been sometimes counted on
to oppose the New Haven lexicographer, but
we notice that such Boston papers as
the Transcript, Atlas and JUc, Journal ,
Pott, Recorder, (Jongr*gationalist , 7>ar«Ber,aod
many others, have given Webster's lost edition
the preference over any other Dictionary of the
English language. So well has it endured scru
tiny that local prejudice has yielded to snpericr
Noah Webstar bad peculiar qualifications for
this work; be had a mind keenly analytical; La
was patient and inenstrious; be lived to a good
old age; he early ascertained his mission, and
be gave himself to his work with enthusiastic
devotion. Fortunately, too, his mind w-is led, at
the outset, to the importance of simplifying onr
langoage,and reducing itsspelling and pronun
ciation to as great uniformity as practicable.
This was in accordance with the spirit of the
age, which cannot eodore pedantry, and which
demands that the road to knowledge shall be
made as plain as possible. In his earliest pub
lications he went too far with bis proposed
changes, bnt in his maturer years be corrected
bis own errors, and made a dictionary which,
at its first appearance, as all will admit, had
never been equalled.
Since he passed away others hare labored in
the same field with some advantages and some
disadvantages, as compared with him. Possi
bly his dictionary would have been supplanted
had not the enterprising publishers employed
the ablest of his pupils to revise, enlarge and
adapt it to the changes which ore constantly oc
curring. Dr. C. A. Goodrich and others bare
bad the responsibility of this revision. As it
is obvious that good'illustrative cuts will some
times show to the eye ata glance what no num
ber of words would bring to the common ap
prehension, the publishers bare, in this edition,
f;iven us 1,500 beautiful illustrations of the de
ioeatlons. They arc an invaluable help to the
The mechanical exeention of the volume is
excellent. It is true, a larger page and larger
type might have been used, bnt it would swell
the volume to an inconvenient size, besides in
creasing proportionablv tbe expense.
Webster's Dictionary has long been accepted
as the best; and, although we are not ready to
subscribe to the strong statement of Rev.'Dr.
Dick, of Scotland, that “ ages will elapss be
fore any other will be required,’* we can still
predictihat, with occasional additions and re
visions, it will long be sufficient for our wants.
—SU Louis {Mo.) Republican.
West af Kit Tsrk, latUat of W. it. BOSS ± CO„
167 & 169 Laxs Sr., Chicago. 167 & 169
From Manufacturers and Importers,
They bare always la store a stock wblek
la m laoompaiably beyond any other to this city, that
Any Comparison is Simply Absurd
la every Instance,
hoicer than Eltetchere !
W. M. ROSS & CO.
Good Goods 1 Falx Prices !! Complex Atvntaeat! 1!
fci “
(aceouaoa to e. r. ATinwrO
TS Lake Street, Chicago, 111*.
10 per Cent, for Five Tear*.
llflf yrrhir-f- Ra-ifr ClrHc t.
burglar proof bank safes,
Or, Tin md BargUt Proof Suit USt,
fcCTM (Ml door) 1),
CoTert’s Permutation Bank Lock
W* Invito Baskan to oar (took.
"Wilders Fire Proof
The Beat Tire Proof Safi 2a the World.
197 South Water <tmt»
71------LAKE3TRBST 71
Master e Five Minute let Cream Frteur, Jo
panned Ware, Tea Canisters, Grecsr'e
Canisters, Lamps , TbiteC Sets,
Chamber Pails,
Stoves I Stoves!! Stoves 111
Plain Tin "Ware, V?holesal« *r Retail.
A template assortment of Hctmkeeplsji Geeda may be
found at
.Lake Streets 71
vJ Msccfkctaied sad Sold by the
Chicago Paint Company,
43 and 43 Franklin Street.
It Is the cheapest paint Is the world.
It cries so diuckthat the desired number of eeate may be
Ireo la a few boon.
ItU perfectly healthy aad fits frem all iftiyranaVe
It Is tctt durable, and may be poltehed as smooth as the
finest marble.
U will not peel off aad cannot be blistered by heat.
It Is beautifully whka, and will not tarn yellow tnoW
tajr In darkness.
ONE POUfD win go as far as TW# pounds of leal
paint, and costs botONB BALK the mensy.
ForeeUltut walla and fresco painting, no othsr can at al
Itlaready fareseasltocmeaCromtheke&aad needs aa
wiViny or grinding.
orsBNE FOR a flmcm.AH. trf
Re-opcned at 13S Lake street.
With an entire NEW STOCK ef
Worsteds of all kinds, «fcc., <£•.
m hi
PUnoa from the best Euten Munfscturm far
90 • • Clarx Street* * • 90
124 LAKE ST.,
Qatc now in store a T«ry larje itc-oi of
G R O C E R I E S f
whist we offer to Purehum at a rery
esa nocc coxrot* nv mr w:
And all oll»-r Articles
WlU&'.oase cive tu the p>wor* *f «ht win* then ocrtood*
tsd p*-**,
Goods I
The Purest and Best anlc’ea mid at
J. H. DEED & CO’S,
144 and 146.....XAKE STREET 144 and 146
Apothecaries and dealer! In Fist Toilet Goods.
at PatDam f s.
boys cioiania
at Putnam’s.
Men and Boys,
116 • • Bandolpl
ib Street • • 116
r» [Saccesacrs to Wizard. PeekAGoJ
~, BandfllPb BtTNt»H...MM I*ll
rumu'i'UßE is great variety.
Wood Seat and Cane Seat Chairs, Bod*
steada and Boreans*
Attention paid to Country Orders, aad e
Puxelshlag Hotels, etc- hmsmt
US South Clark SL,bet ween Monroe end AdaaeSttJ
Cameo, 111.
I have been swarded the first premium at the Ut* X ■»
Pair. AH country ordeie by exprves rtzietly attends la.
Spring & Summer Trade
m it. wood & c«.
Ar* I.W »'irpuMr^mt
tsbi low paisa*.
Xiao, a Suck of
French and English Barege*
Aid Many .Uer eppr.vcd etyl** tor simmer Wear*
ilm tap, la (Ml TazUty’,
Wklth wi «n **3Usg tttti 1
Lowest Possible Prices.
WW. MU Ui. attention of »H tn T «n of BrT Sooto
Uour*:*ca. - 4p **«/■«««
W. R. WOOD & CO.,
132. •. Lake Street... 153
£ E M 0_ T A 1.
The India Rubber Store to
115 RANDOLPH street tts
&iag«t>.iry Block.
Tte gnat store for Bating. Paatfa* szd How. to -*w»
IIS .....Rtndaph Street... ...,I|s
JOHN B. IDESON i r O. hare removed to 115
doipa s rcctfKlegjLurv Block.)
The only store In the e*'y f<r a! kinds of Rubber Goods.
Pike’s Peak will now ttmi their outfit* at
KUilWHiry likes,
115... Rudolph Street...., ns
Dealers la
Wo. S Tranent Block, Cbleaso,
Art I*, fe rtMlpt t trry Cholot StleoCta
Shirts made to erder (tom r jasare, and warranted t
and glte Satisfaction.
Golden Hill Sliirts
Boots and Shoes,
NO. 46.
Hats Id store a lar;, ssd tlralrabie stock if xoeJo whfdx
they will tell very cbaip to oaJ» and prompt paying totlo*
We are Agents ft: the sal* •(
Mitchell’s Patent Metalic Tipped Shoes,
la all the Suits without ezeeptleo.
OT* After the UU» of Jane we shell be found at the ma*,
nlScest store. So. 33 Lake street, cjrntr Waliaih
BT»«T-«iiaa an it6M)tnau«abu.
135 and 137 Lake Street,
Offvfornla the largest am! best la the SorlV
West, of
Wilton, Xugrain,
TeWet, Hotly Brussels,
Tapestry, Tapestry Ingrain*
Braseele, Stair,
bugs, nun,
mouse furxishuvg
Prime Utc Gee*e Feather*.
HOLlTiiTJiit ft wIi.KIMB,
135 and IST Luke stn*t, China*.
•iUMWfca ’ - '
1 bare now on hairt and to arri*«*. a Ins anl vaital
■lock of Crockeir, China aul o.juvut, I‘anaa, UirtU
and Terra Coil* \
with age nenl assortment ol
AIM. OU Paltl}re*,Tiake* Rollons Clock*. Watch#*
and Jewelry, wfaleh 1 vl.i «e.i at neatly reduc*d price*. uJ
to which I would invite the attention of He charts. House*
keepers and ethere. JOHN UAN£ N.
Wholesale m l L’ea’cr,
No. 177 Randolph street.
993 Lake Street,
(Cor. of Fmklla.)
H»Ttn* <£«p«Md of Ml old nock at 3)1 Lake itroot, hM r«
226 Lake Street, Cor. of Franklln,
Where he offers for mica new end corarletea»*ortmaat of
Uomckecpißg Goods. ronslstlrg In panel
Self-Ventilating refrigerator,
The beat thing of the Usd ev*r manufactured. to which
ttm attention of every houaekeeper Is re«pecttully Invited
lot Boses* WaterCooier* wlm Tiileri minched or wllhoit
An eseeEeat tad cure article rorc-’earißgand purify In* Rain
River, or Lake Water. Also, a smaller one convenient lor
■Bore, Ac.
Masser’a 5 Minute Ice Cream Freeier,
WEATHER STRIPS for kevpltyr the drift and wlaS
from coming through loose Uooiaanu tattling windows.
Plain Tin Ware
Will furnish Lumbermen fnr the Ptaerlex Stecaert
■ Canal Boata with puors, Bow Lights, Boms, Ac, As.
Orders solicited.
"Old Dominion" Ceffee and Tea Pots, Cheßeniaa'iA
moelpberte ditto. Eoofli.g
Japanned Ware, Tea Canister*. Grocer’s Caalste
Lamps, Toilet Seta, Chamber Palls, <»«„ Ae„ Ae,
Plainly or Extra Finished Old Ware mada New by nicely
re-Jap parung.
Stoves, Raruras Hot Air Furnaces, Heaters, TdCatort,
Regestem and Kitchen Ltensds.
Hardware, Cutlery, Nikis, etc, at retail.
PlumWae. Copper, Sheet Iron, Tin Work and Jappealag
done loonier.
Thomas G-eorgo.
Wholesale dealers In
Wooden and WBlow Ware, Broom*
and. Broom HXatcylals, Tube,
Falla, Churns amT Bowls*
AndOoedsfenenliykeptia thellne. For goods sad r>
Ueoiare Inquire m
JVm, 0 JJomrbarM CM4mgm%
xw. wuni. faplfliri e.w.eeen
Ice Cream Freezer,
With Stamped Xzca Cowan and Sotteaa-’nnasd,
omly Froomor tehith to Con*
iftntctod ea IVnr kdemtHto
The rheapeet, Bat, and Mart Xeooomleal, mralrtnv leee
lee and less Labor than any other, being at the —time
the must durable In itnicture, and most certain its opera-
Uoas. Tar sale at
41 • ■ Slate Street ■ • 41
Dealer la HanseAeepfaig Article*. *7* l
la CK«!m Stylo* asdU'
aiarbor-n srassr.
la Their Una,
.NO. 46
•XBAOO, as,
(rr STAinsj
kcd other
A&i titrr description oi
ETC. ETC, zr*.
moved U>

xml | txt