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The press and tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1859-1860, October 18, 1860, Image 2

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itese & Crilnmtc
Ittb. Outcry of the Suam Democracy for new
'•ketiau d.Btrictß in this city, is simp’y au ou •
to commit frauds
upon the ballot-box. There is no necessity
for the change which they propose. With ten
To ling places for 18,000 voters, every man
nay deposit bis ballot in peace, if the pre-
men will not persistently push ihe T r
ynfnaturalited or non-resident Irish to the
polls, and hinder citizens by the frequent
necessity for the challenge. Kb mau need
be kept away; -no man need lose his right of
suffrage. The polls will remain open twelve
hours, and in that time all may have a chance.
'Who doss not remember the scenes at the
Seventh Ward poll in the Spring cf 1857,
when the ward was divided, and, for tho cot*
.venienoeof the “vote early and vote often '*
men, a seemd voting place was opened necr
North Avenue? The Irish voted onca at the
engine house on K>nzie street, and made their
way, in accordance with usage, to tho upper
poll to vote again. Their demand vras resisted
by rigorous challenging, and they broke out at
once into a riot. Tnat waa the day that saw
Seifert killed, and half a dozen other citizens,
among thorn Geo. Armour, shockingly beaten.
That waa the day on which Tom Dyer, the
Democratic Mayor, rode down to the pell ou
horseback and proposed officially to quell the
dislur bon :o by having the Republicans go
away and permitting the Irish to veto all
around *n. And these arc the scenes
which these pro-Stavery Aldermen would have
re-enacted here in November. Tbeir purpose ,
is proved; and we trust it will be restricted.
When the time come* in which now-election
districts are demanded, the Republicans will
be willing to grant them; but until the neces
sity lor new elect! on districts arise*, there will
be no arrangements made for the convenience
of the men who want to vote twice apiecsio
their own wards, and as many times as conve
nient elsewh*re. The experiences of ’57
have not bsen forgotten. We want a peace
able and fair election; and what is more, will
hare it
Hon. 'William S. Lind»ay, an eminent mer
chant of London, and a member of the Brilisb
Parliament, addressed the members of the
Chicago Board of Trade yesterday, in relation
to tbe oVj-ct of his visit to America, viz.: the
liability of shipowners,—the rule of the road
at sea—caUirioas—signal lights—the applica
tion of tbe British Foreign Deserter’s act to
American vessels—offences committed on the
hgh /seas—the settlement of disputes relative
to wages—the establishment of shipping (Aloes
—to/ rights of belligerents—the restriction o!
British-built vessels—the coasting trade, &c.
Tbe Honorable gentleman was favorably
received, end his bri=f address was listened
to with marked attention. If wo understand
Mv. Lindsay’s object, it is to throw down all
'unnecessary barriers (be docs not include re
venue duties in bis programme) between tbe
commerce of Great Britain and that of the Unit
ed Stales, and secure the adoption by both coun
tries ot a system of International marine law
which shall be simple, adapted to the necessi
ties of 'trade, and just and fair to his
countrymen and ours. His views, presented
to the merchants of Boston, and also of Few
York, have generally commanded approba
tion, though the former city is not quite in
clined to alter tbe statutes regula log tbe coast
ing trade in which she is so largely and, we
may say, so profitably engaged. Bat though
he may not succeed in tbe main purpose of
his v sit, he will certainly be able, by his ad
dresses to and conversations with our business
men, to lay the ground work for much legis
lation, which all agree is imperatively de
manded, and will effect in each country the
abolition of many antiquated and vexatious
regulations by which commerce is annoyed.
We value his visit cbieliy as the inaugura
tion of an intelligent diplomacy that has long
been needed in the management of interna
tional affdirs, particularly those which relate
to dollars and cents. . He is a business man,
perfectly familiar with tbe wants of business
men, and with tbn heat methods of attaining
them. Like tbe class to which be belongs, he
is fair—willing to grant to others all that be
asks for himself. He has felt the necessity
for the changes that he would introduce, and
he has.the wit to state it forcibly to others.
What better representative of the British
shipping interest could be sent here ? How
better can needed reforms be introduced, than
by bit aid and tbe aid ot men like him on this
aide of the Atlantic? Ho com:s, it is true, in
an unofficial character. His luggage, if
searched, would not show a roll of red tape
cor a stick of sealing wax. He is plain Mr.
Lindsay; but he has brains of his own, largo
experience and a desire to deal justly. Ho is
a type of the diplomatists whom the country
aught to gladly welcome; and doubtless more
substantial good will come of his quiet unob
trusive visit than can bo effected in a decade
by all tbe titled “ fuss and feathers” which
represent his Government at Wasbingtoc,
though aided by the untitled fuss and feathers
which we quadrennially send to London.
, -Tin Qoeeirs .ire Orr."-. At n B-publican
meeting in George to M „, _ tho following
lines hj Jobs GRE^ LIir Whittier, the “ Qua
ker Poet, M He- 0 reed and greeted with greet ap
Jrt we waited end counted tbe h-m-r,
y’labn • nf os-tope have burs' out Into Siwas,
ib room fjr u.ltgtvioc- no l'Op-h la of d n1»l
We've bcanl from «t«K*yttose! Tbe Quotas sre cut!
At blot hMrzpl ded—we're'otndrutthetrick;
Th«bibee A e>» tereioz; the fas on wtm'i rtlffc
woes tue Wide AnkeUiurmue abt&nz about.
The roguestuy»t nuae.ind tbsuu: men Cvt&e oat!
Tbe gtod SU'e bsi br>keo tbe er ds for b*r spun;
He'o'P phnesaua water wo.*t fawluto ow;
TLe Dutchman hutea o n ed wltl. FrredoiLbh Croat:
A&4at*«r, late,but cerUia,theQaiKuaweoj.t!
Otve tbe fl’g« to the wb(3i!—»c‘- tbe MU > all sflirae;
JCekewarf rtbemsnwl’btbepair&reb'aoaxe!
Away with miw vine aw»y wttb»l d.ubt,
Vur iJacolo g *e* la when the Q uskin come out!
A Hsjcdsome Act.—At the great Republican
demonstration in Buffalo on Saturday list, in
the morning there were string indications of a
stormy day. Under these circumstances. Dean
Richmond, President of tbe New York Central
Railroad, and well known as the leading mem
ber of the fusion firm of New York, and an nn>
flushing opponent of the Republican party,
■snta messenger to the commit!: e having the
arrangements for tbe meeting in charge, ten
dering tbe free nse_of tbe great Central Depot
for their meeting. This was handsomely done by
Mr. R'ebmond, and duly acknowledged by the
Hoax Accessions.—E. A. Graham, of Utica,
New York, a leading Democrat, and 3. S. Ave-
Tf, E»q., of Clinton, in tbe'Same county, who
was tbe Democratic candidate for Sa* rogate of
Oneida County one year ago, have declared for
Lincoln and Hamlin.
Hon. B. U. Hill, the leading Bell and Eve
rett man is Georgia, recently made a speech, in
which be advocated Bell, on the ground that he
(Bell), being in favor of slavery extension, wie
of coarse in favor of protecting it in tbe Terri
The Bell Vote u Pexkbtlvakia.—The vote
for Governor last week in Philadelphia was,
Curtis,Be?...— t»X9 Fos'er,Dub 49,111
For Members of Congress the rote stood:
Übsolq H. 4» Dcaecnt... «801 BelL. C.512
•bowing that of the Bell men, 374 voted for Ci r
v tin, while 5,818 voted for Foster. It was doubt
less so throughout the Stats. Now that the
Democratic State Committee has definitely re
fused to pat aoj Bell men oa their Electoral
Ticket, which ol itself would carry up Lincoln’s
majority to 50,000.
—We announced by telegraph on Monday
that Thomas Wolcott had been nominated (or
Congress by t3e Republicans of the Albany (ST.
7.) District. Tne name should have been Tno
was W. Olcott. Mr. 0. has been a leading bank
er and man of business in Aloany for the last
thirty years, and enjoys a reputation for probi
ty and philanthrophy second to no man in the
State. He is so widely known and ‘highly es
teemed that we are not without hopes of his
election. : Krasins Corning is bis opponent
Couxo—Charles U. Crittenton of New
York City, until now a fasionlst, announces
that hereafter be Is for Lincoln and Haulm.
—We regret to announce that Hon. Andrew
Stewart, whom we bad supposed elected, is de
feated for Congress in the XXVh D.strict of
—At the Breckinridge Conventional Buffa
lo, which nominated Carlos Cobb for Congress,
Albert H. Tracey reported a aeries of resolu
tions breathing defiance to the Richmond-
Erooka-Cagger fusion, and the speeches were
•U of the some east
Delivered at Vie Republican Chicago,
J fjtulay, o:tn'jer 15tA, 18G0.
lßei>or.cd«xpro».Oy forll e l*ic«i aid Tribune.)
Mr. Livrjiy waa introduced to the meeting
by toe I'reaident as a champion cf free speech,
free press and universal liberty, the brother of
El jab Lovejoy, the brat martyr to liberty and
the freedom of the press in Illinois. When the
cheering with which b s appearance was greeted
had subsided, Mr. Lovejoy spoke as follows (
Citizens cr Chicago t To quote the language
of one who waa interrupted by a royal auditor,
“ When the lion roars, (be beasts of tbe forest
tremble;” and I feel that when Pennsylvania,
Ohio and Indiana utter tbeir migb-y united
vol «-s, individuals might welt be silent. [Ap
plause] Hut as t ie assigned to me ibis evt Ding
to address you, although every mind is joyous,
and well nigh engrossed with the gratifying in
te ligecce wnich be* been coming to us (or tbe
past week over the wires and through be col
umns of tbe newspapers, still I will endeavor to
present soma of tha political wanes and princi
ples which ate now btfore -lie American peo
ple for tbeir ruffrtges aqd decls cn.
During the long, and we are booud to believe,
doubtful pilgrimage of tbe nominee of the
nonh rn win * of tbe Democracy, tho Rtpubl.
can party has be?n charged, not once, nor
twice, but manv times, with bring so engrossed,
so absorbed with what th I gentleman is pleased
to designate “the interminable negro qu s
liontbit we have h id no time to give oar at
(ration to or di*cu«s ibe important subjects of
egialation before tbe country. In one of tbi-*u
spreebee, counting over upon bis lingers severs!
important matters in which .be nation is into.
reß t c d—tbe Ta-itT, tbe Pacific Railroad, tbe IV
citic Telegrt b. Line, tbe Homestead Rill, he
»»ys in plaintive language, “ Centlemca, none
ot* these subjects can recei'e tbe attention
which tbe:r importancedrmacda—none of t em
can be dscusi?d in tba balls cf Xopgiets, and
passed into acts of legibUtion, and why ? Oh!
tbe Black Republicans are engrossed with this
interminable negro question.”
No*, rtvzeas, I propose, briefly as needs 1
must, to call your attention to ibe fact t: ut one
of these measuies mentioned by tbe Si ator
(ram this State, and one of tbe most im octant
measures, exespt tbat which relates to ‘the in
terminable negro question”—l mean tbe Home
stead bill, Was discu-ted, was voted ujnn, and
so far as Republican rotes could do it, was
paired into a law; batitdidnolac.uilU b«co • e
a law, because it «at cefca’ed, not by R-publi
cans who were carried away by “tbe intention
ole negro question/’ bat by tbe Demccratic
party is tbe Hume, in tbo cna'e and in tbe
Executive Chair. I wish new to state the fact
that a* a member of the Commitesoo I‘abhc
Land«, it became my duty to reoort that bill to
tn. House; that duty I peiformed to tie best
of my abltity; a d l rem-n btr as tbcu«h it
were bat yesterday—l thick I never eba 1 for
get—that immediately upon the motion being
made to put that bill upon its paisa *e, there
•v r evident y a ware olio Mgnant emotion tat
-wept over tbe Demncra'ic side of tbe House
Motions were nude to pos‘pone, to recomm t,
ip amend; every moiijn waa made that is
kno«n to n*r iamentary tactics to delay and
defeat tbe Homestead bill. WewerecaMel on
to give tbe ayes and noe ; we occupied tbe
whole of a eglolative day in saying ** Aye” or
“No” on unimportant and incidental points
connected with tbe Homestead bill—the arcs
and noes being died for by tbe Democratic,
•ud not by tbe Republican aide of th Uou«e.
When the bill was pass d in tbe Uotue by Re
publican rotes, Mr. Birksdale ».i Mississippi
'prang to his feet and eaidt “Ur. Speaker, I
move to adjourn; we t are donsiu quity enough
twr one day ” What iniquity T Weh&d passed
a broad, liberal, muni:ceot, just Urm-stead
oill; and that in the estimation ot the Demo
cratic party ia iniquity 1
If you will bear with me now* before coming
upon ibis “interminable aeg o question,”
which I propose to discuss after a few moments
occupied up»n this Homestead bill question. 1
wilt present to you in aa brut a time and in as
precise language as 1 cun command, tbe leading
features ot the* Republican and the Democratic
Homestead We presented a bill tb&t was
toll of life—a living man; tbe Democrats tore
away everything except me bare dead ske'eion
-md called it a man—a Homestead bilk The
Republican bill said any perron over l»en y
ooe years of age, a citizen of the United Slat b,
or who has declared bis intention of becoming
a citizen, may enter any f the unoccupied pub
lic lands, t.ke pos-eaeion of a quarter Bee-ion,
cultivate it lor fire years, and, at tbe end of
that time, if he is then a citizen of tbe United
States, by making proof that he hia occupied
.and cultivated tbe 1 nd tor the exclusive benefit
of nimself and hia family, be tb*ll become tae
owner to fee Kimple of mat amouof of tbs pub
lic lands. [Loud app ansi* J Hint was the
proposition of tbe Uepublicaa party. We
any person over twenty one years of
age, who desires to mend bt fortune, any one
v oil d termined tj better his eoi-d t on >u
•ife, can go and take possess on of this limited
quantity of tbe public lan s, and by this pro
cess it shall betome bis own. We a il any
pen n over twenty-one yeais of a e; tbo
Democrats said any head of a (am ly. Whr,
my Democratic friends, will you not let be
young men go and tak- po session of thtse ter
-niones? Why do you exclude them? 1 will
do individual Democra s ibe j Jotice to say, tbat
i do not think it is because tney h*v> any eel
log ot hostility towards tbe young men. Tbsl
ii not it. Why then old very Democrat, wub
a Lw exceptions, vote that none but beads of
families should go and uke possession of tbe
. public land ? They voted thus because it was
a politics'neceatity; it wa«th inexorablede
mand of the slave po*er that ibe young mm
sbu ild not go and take possession of the terri
tories, (or then slavery knew it ecutd never
aim a foothold there. [Loud applause.] That
I believe is wby tbe D moci o’.ic party almost as
a unit vjtrd o exclude the young men of tbo
country from going to, a* d taking possession of
umued portions oi tbe public lands, aa the Re
publicans proposed to allow them to do. And
you must decide, voter of Cbiesgn, voters cf
Illinois, voters ot the Uoiltd States—you most
decide win h policy you will indorse aud sup
port by your sullrages on the sixth day of No
vember n zt.
We propose to let ibe young mca go, and
find tack of them a spot where he woald like to
stay and live; give him an opportunity to make
some li'tle preparat ; on: Itt him t 'cast build a
rude cabin, and breakup a garden spoil and
then come back and claim the band of her
whu.se heart h» had happily already won. [Ap
plause.] The Democrats aaid, _o; before he
n&aU have tbe right to enter upon these public
lands be must be the head of h family; be must
lake Mary along in tbe wagon, and they must
do a • best they can; for until he is tbe bead of
a family he shall not have a square foot. La
dies wnich pnbcjdoyou lik. best? [Cheers
and laughter]
Toe Republicans woaM give {be settler a
homestead upon any of the nnocsnpied poblie
lands; tbe Democratic party say: "You mar
have any lands that are lett alter they have
been offered for sale.” The Democratic party
sijs to the poor man—" Afitr tbe cjpila i.ts
Jure enter dwb^X t aey *i a fi—niter the specu
lators have Vnken tbe lion’s share, then you may
“"’ie the refuse—the swamp lands and the sand
hill*, to tik • pos*e»ioa of them.” We told
them to choose from all the pub ic lands—they
might have tbe cream; tbe Democrats told
them they might have the bias skimmed milk
after tbe cream was taken off. [Cheers and
laughter.] Aa I (ay to tbe people frequently,
if tuey prefer bonny-clabber to cream, tbtv
oogn to vote the Democratic ticket. [Boars of
Toe next feature of the Republican bill was
that any person, a citizen, or *» bo has declared
his intention of becoffl'ng a citizen, may enter
npon these lands. What do toe Democrats
eat ? Toe Democratic bid said, "aoy citizaa.”
This party claims to be far rxctH'tiee— tbe guar
dian, protector and defect* of tbe foreign oern
citizen; yet 1 want my German frends, and
Scandinavian friend?, aye, and my Irish fnet-ds
and citizens ol foie’ga nirtu from whatever
clime to tbi) refuge ot the oppressed yon may
have come, *o notice bow tbe Dsmocra ic party
discriminated against yon, and said you should
wai five years to get your papers, and then
after waiting tire years aid going through this
initiatory process of culture, you migntfasve
an equal opporunity with the native born citi
zen. Now, mv Irish frl-nds, cai yon "Hooray
for Doogtaal” [UprotiouH laughter.]
We proposed a free Homestead bid— in sub
stance free, charging only ten dollarsf:r the ex
pense of tue mrveyor an-J recemr, ieqairing
only the proof that tbe telUctueut was made in
good faith. The Democrats proposed in their
Dill to charge twenty five cents per acre. Mark
it sow, twenty five cent* an acre for tbe refuse
land, when yon can go to our graduation licda
and enter them for twelve and a half cents—the
same cla«s of lands. [langbter and app aifte ]
Now. 1 say a*ain, if ycu want to "Hcoray” for
tbe Democ.acy yon may oo it; lam not going
to co x tbs .rishmon, or German, or American,
to vote that they m y go there and settle these
lands. If you do not want to do it, you need
cot do it. 1 have no sure intcest in tbe mat
ter than yon have. 1 have always loved tbe
Homeatead bit, ever since I knew anything
ab.utit; oat I do not need it aoy more than
yon do, and if jon want to vote for tbe Demo
cratic ticket, if you are determined to be guid
ed by a blind prejudice and z*at for a mere
same to vote down principles that yoa love,and
keep yourselves off from those rich domains
that God has spread out for you to occupy, yon
must do it [Applau?e;j lefaailnntscoldorcoaz
yon; if yon lave nolss&ae enough tokcow where
your interest lies, yoa hsd bet er go and vote
ihe Democratic ticket. [Laughter and ap
plause ]
H re then I call the attention of the Democ
racy. I count over on my fiigtre tbe leading
features ot the Republican Hbmestea t bill:
First, any person over twenty one years of agr,
while tbe Democrats say any head of a family,
as contracted with this first feature; second,
we say, any of tbe public lands, white they say,
such lands only as have been offered for sale;
third, we say any one who has declared his in
tention of becoming a citizen—they say any
citizen; fourth, we say, a free gift, virtually—
they say a quarter of a dollar per acre lor the
refuse lands. These are the features in con
trast of tbe Republican and Democratic Home
steed bis.
We sent up our Republican bill that we had
passed in the House, to Iht Democratic Senate.
They eviscerated it, and mad* it a mere skele
ton; but we even accepted that, determined
that it should not be said that we voted against
a bill headed a Homestead bill, and hoping that
it might form the baris of some future action,
more liberal and munificent. We asked the
Demofgtie Senate for a bill and they gave us a
but we accepted the skeleton and
sent it cp to the White House, nod a Demo
cratic President vetoed even that, [Laughter
and applause.] Why did yon veto it, Ur. Bu
chanan? Ob I because we want the proceeds
of the public lands for the support of the gov
ernment. Toe President virtually acknowl
edges that the meainre is one beneficent and
joit to the people, but then it is golug to injnre
the government.
American citizens, I wont to ask you what
ourtbeory of government is ? Is there a ruling
class in this country? Is there an aristocracy
whose peculiar interests are to be looked after
to the totberacrifice,of the
interests of the people? Oris oar theory of
government this: that it is simply an agency,
through which the people exert their powerfer
their own good ? *1 bat is the question. There
is a ruling class in Europe,—a governing class
whose interests arc distinct and separate from
the interests of bo o who are subject. I did
uot kuow tbit cuch was our theory of jjoreru
ment; 1 do not know it jet; still Mr.Buchan
an Bays m snbrtaore: “ ibis measure which I
veto is a tood metsure for the people, but it is
a bad mrusure lor the government.” 1 ray it a
thin? ia good tor the p op'e, let them bare it,
and let the Rotermnem uke care of itself. [Ap
plause.] lu other w<*rds, 1 mean that the guv
erouieut is cot an cod, bit the means to so tad
—that the government is designed to be iho in
strumeat fur doing good to the people; or, to
state it a little differently, the people torougb
the government pn-pose to «io god to them
selves. Tbit is our theory and idea of govern
meat. What do you waotwiiblhiam'iuey.Mr.
President? “Obi 1 want it to pay tbe army.”
How much f “ About bfteen million* ” What
else do you propose to do with it? “We want
to support the nary.” Uow much (or bom to
gether! 1 “dome thirty or f rtj m llions, tfyou
please.” How much, Mr. President, do you
get from the satta of the public lands? ** About
h million uud a ball.” And be can't spare it
No; be is going to wring it from tee bard
handed selt'er who goes (orth to tne wilderness
wub bis family and all to ba< on eanb m bis
covered wagon, wanting only a little pteee of
God's wide umlr oualer.us earth that be may
till it and rear bis children on it, and by the
labor of bis bunds and the conduct of his life
become a man among men. But poor as he is,
t e President most have his last dollar and a
diarter.and Mr. Bocbacan, like old Sbylock,
cri*»i out I want my monish.” [Great laugh
Uit : zecs, we pay something over thirty mil
lions enry year lor the army and navy. The
whole income Inm the sales of the public lands
in prosperous times, does not ordinary exceed
a million und u half, I tbiUk—l am not accurate
toudo l&r, perhaps not to & thousand. But
you pay this imraem.e cum for the support of
the army and navv. Now suppose the army
were annihilated, and thenary suck like lead
in the mighty, waters, and they dl- not put it
into the ••upets, would you lind it out for a
twelvemonth? [Laughter] Would yon miss
it? No; everything would more on, and your
great coromirci on th'tevast inland seas would
pass on in safety ana flourish as it now flour
tsbes. Insurance un inland or foreign com
merce would not rise one quarter of one per
cent., i( the navy were aon hilated, and you
would be Just as secure in your homes, witb’out
the army, us you are now, D;d you ever think
of that?
A Vuics—“l did.”
Mr. Jjovejot—Well,, you are a thoughtful
nun. Now, I do not propose to
express any extreme or ultra opinions. It is
cjutrary,a« you all know, who know me at all,
to my usual ideas and impulses, because I am
conservative and nations'. [Laughter and
cheers.] But Ido any tbaty ou might put down
tbe expense uf tbat army and navy by as much
ss ten times what you get annually (rom the
proceeds of the public lands, and it would be
Just as efficient, and accomplish its purposes
just as weil as it does now. And tfaerclore 1
*>ay i but we can well spare that esmparat vely
mere pittance to tbe poor piote-r, and let him
go upon the la d and cu ovate it.
Tnat briog- me to what I consider the corner
stone of tbe Uomesteaa b'IL it is based upon
a pjinc plr, wmcb, at I bcihve, harmonizes and
Cjid ides wiib the idea tiut was in the amid of
tne Greater wuen be made the wtrid and clothed
to. Mil with its productive [ip.
placte] Who; - M thll t, Waait the! ibie
carta w«.a given to m«n to ho bougblup—to be
speculated in; Never! It was to be culti
vated, to pr dace truit for tbe service of man
aud beast. [AopUuae.] Yon remember tbat
tbe Raman out aw was denied e -rtb, mratd
water— tbe ibrce elematts. Now, my idea is,
you might jubt as we 1 bottle up the air, and
let ricn men tarn tbe key on aud then dule it
out for us to breath; a* to place tbe land in tbe
bauds or capitalists, to be given out iu little
tracts at exorbitant rates .to tbe poor ssttlera.
Tnat is ultra, Is it? It is cot u( ra if it fills
Within tbe idea aud design ol lotiaile Wisdom
when be made tbe worlo, and 1 believe it does.
Build bu e tanks and collect in them all the
wa er in th-> world, and then turn on yonr pipes
and dole it oat to tbe people, will you! Lick
up this air that the Divine Father poured all
*rer us, and then so 1 it to me to pints as I cun
pay for it! That ii not what God decigoed m
making tbe earth and the eir un tbe water, i
co not c*re to be extreme, aad perbqis yon
will think that iS an extreme illustration;’but
my idea is that ibis does not harmonize *fb
the original plan of tbe Creator when he made
tbe world, an endued it with its pruducive
power. 1' was tbat man might cultivate it, and
uut tnat he should ba a sucject of
Tbat is tbe i;ea of tbe Homeste.d bill, whether
it foils within tbe original idea of the Creetor
or not. I think it is b*:ed upon this principle;
we propose to uliow to aclu»l settler to enter
upon the possession of, cultivate, and finally
require a title in lessunple to tbess unoccupied
public lands.
Bji tbe U jverument wants it. What makes
the government? Who upholds the govern
ment? Woo are tbe ornament, tbe happen
oad t.e tubilitj of any and every gar rument
under heaven, unless it be that very middle
class, as they are catle 1 , which we propose to
muit.ply, and which we would encourage to
peur ißone one broad, sTeng rave of Chris
tian civil* it ion over ihes: territories? Is it
not that middle class, I repeat, which always has
been the support, the defense, the orn lment,
and tbe glory of everr nation? Take aw»y the
m die class from England, to d*y, leaving a
bloated ana onrecy on one hand, an • as a•-
ta*onist, tbe immense mass of the oppressed
laboring population, on the other, aud that gov
ernment would cnllapse into > great ruin in less
than twelve months. [Cheers.] So it was in
Bjme. Wh.uKome bad on!» an aristocracy
and a race o. slaves, tbe Republic ceased to ex
ist, its gbry was extinguished, bd the long
era of its decay only aflnrded a theme to (he
the historian Gtbbaa to write tbe “ Decline and
Fall of tbe Bnmau Empire.” iso must it b.- in
any com. try.
* XaMnn» are built of ir*n,
Tbe miebtr arm or tau hu/; ee*lciou, tee atata,
Guvvru «•* it bv uri*»t cf pvUuute,
1- «-wi-r moreUie -»m*
b*l »)>» newi. uud bor.ei of l.vlrr men
Alo tb-d tncwhf-rmil miQeoi e
by ttiil Ueinctn!<iui> cii r». th- mlml,
Aul ruled.lt mnwewi.tiM -bun,
It/ one t rnt l«on • of bMI oh-ud,
bw»yidiooneobJ-fcl—bumaux cd. H
That is tho groat purpose of government.
Now in regard tu the army—asO 1 will som pans
away from this part o» the subject—suppose
there was an actual state of war wnh anv na
tion under Ueareo; supoose any hostile' foot
step ‘hou'd ever dare pollute our s»il, or insult
on flag, wto wi uld rally for it* -‘elense f Tne
men paid eight d-xlara & raom'- to kill and be
killed—mere caercenarii't? Neror. It will be
this very close of yeomanry to wk' we sow
propose to *:ive the unoccupied . ic Unde.
They would leave the rbames and... ,idcs, and
instead of sbou'deriog these—wha uuyou call
this Wido'Awake arrangement, fUiighter,]—
thesclimp no* t thf y willsbonldcrtfieir musket*,
march to ibe defence of their country, and oglu
its battles aa they hare always fought. [Great
applause.] They did It in *l2; they did it in the
Mexican war; they will do it in any war that
ever occurs berratter in ibis country. It is the
yeomanry,the voluntary soldiery,that wM tight
Us battles. A soldiery made up oy the intelli
gent freemen, who owa some part of the land,
never can be conquered. [Applause]
Now,my friends, passing uom the homestead
Bid,! come to this “ interminable negro ques
tion." And herr at the outset, as the matter
was aMud-d to by the gen leman wbo intro
duced me, I will remark, it is f iqaeatly saia:
" I don't blame Mr. Lovej »y for bung ultra, for
saying hard things about slavery, lie baa rea
son to do it. i will forgive him if he uses se
vere and territic language, vehement, and
denunciatory.” And why? "Ob, be bad a
brother killed, and if I bad had a brother killed
I wold say hard things about slavery, too.”
Lidtes and gentlemen, i do not ask any indul
gence on that ground. I have no right *.a in
du pe in a spirit of retaliation or revenge. Ido
not dec( uoce larery because a brother's blood
mtoglcft with the Mississippi as it flows down to
the land of slavery. Ido not denounce slavery
because I saw him there, in the bloom of man
hood, shot down like a very beast, white the
mob cheered over bis prostrate lifeless body.
[Sensation.] It U not for t'at, it is because
slavery is wrong. [Great applause ] It is be
canae slavery is a curse. If there is not
enough in slavery to move any hnman heart to
tkeuseof indignant language; then I bare no
business to use such language.
Now, at the outset, ! wisn to call the atten
tion oi this audiease, whom I thank for their
kindne-ei in meeting me here in such large num
bers and remaining so quiet, to a fact which I
have sometimes alluded to, both witbiu and
without the balls of Congress. 1 allude to the
" irrepressible conflict.” only a section of which
we witreft. Thin conflict has swept on from
the commencement, sod will continue on down
to the time when freedom and righteousness
shall triumph over all the earth. We only view
a section of this irrep ressible conflict; the con
flict in the American Republic is not between
the North and the Booth. The North has no
thing agaiast the Bomb; the Bomb has nothing
against the North. What and where is the
contest? The contest is bttween freedom and
slavery—bstween liberty and despotism. [Load
applause.] That should be remembered. Tne
South depreeatiogly says; "Don't invade tLe
rights of the Sonh ” lam told that Mr. Van
eev says he don’t want to live iu a country
that holds Sumner and Lovcjoy. Well, if be
don't there are plenty of railways leading out
of the country, [iangbter,] and when be gets to
the ocean there are enough ocean steamers to
take him any wbero he pleases to go. Bat the
cotfl ct is not between the Ncrih and ihoSonth.
We make no aggression upon the South. No
man ever heard me utter a wold against the
the South. I never did it. It is not against the
rights of the South, but against the unspeaka
ble wrongs of slavery that we tight. There is
the conflict, [bond applause] 1 wish that
coaid be borne in mind. They gain very musn.
by imposing opnn ns their names, by infiltra
ting into us their idea and their interpretation
of the constitmioial rights of the South. No
body wants to invade them. N 'body wants to
take a»ay one iota from the constitutional
rights of the South—never, but when you talk
of slavery and its extension, that is another
Here, my friends, I come to the living, prac
tical issue of the day; Shall slavery be allowed
.to extend to the Territories of the United
States? [No! no!] That is tne great question.
There are three parties in the country—per
haps 1 ought to say four; but there are three
with which we have to do. The Breckinridge
party says t>la-ery has a right to go into the
Territories. The Douglas party says slavery
hit the li.ht lo go into the Territories. They
diflei in regard to the amount of protection
that should be given to slavery. Mr. Dans sod
Mr. Breckinridg* want it to be prat eted, if
necessary. Mr. Douglas says, "Hands oil!
non-intervention; I don't propose to meddle
with the question, It is none of my < osiness.
I don't care.” The Douglas wing of the Dem
ccratlc party hare reached the epicurean height
of sublime indifference; they don’t care wheth
er slaverr is voted op or voted down, and their
cry is non-intervention.
The Republican party are for positive inter
ventioo. i boy propose, as oor Fathers did, to
erect a wall of intervention, of pr< bibitirn, and
station an angel of liberty at the gaus m that
wall, wbo shad keep watch and ward there day
and night, and guard the Territories against
the entrance of slavery, as the cherubim nf God
kept sin out of Eden. [Great applause.] We
are for intervention. Tbe Democracy say, non
intervention ; let it alone; let tbe people do as
they please; let them have sltvery or not, as
they please. Do yea rexember tost tbe she
wolf, of historical notoriety, as connected with
Old Pot, was a modern Democrat m her prin
ciples, strongly In favor of non-intervention,
and, I judge, a squatter sovereign; for when
Old Pat want to her den, and crawled down to
herlftT with lUmbem and musket, he found
her crouching, equalling ou btr tore legs, and
sbowirg bor teeth—a true rquatlur .mverign,
uod she desire 1 to be lef. perfectly free to reg
uiaio h-i o»o domestic innti'uiioDß in b*r o«n
w*v to the Constitution of the Ga ted
dunes. IK oars of laughter and chrera ]
Some ot you, I reckon, will recollect having
ing read in the “ Ugbu and Shadows cf Scot
tub Life/' by Christopher North, the desertp
tiou of a eeene iba* occurred one genial, a tt
and balmy afternoon, us the SeottiaU mat
rons were out on the green, gathered in social
intercourse, and one of the mothers had la d
her little infant, in its c'otbes.on the green,when
a vulture, irom a neighboring height, swept
down asd thrust its talons into the clo'hes of
the sleeping child, and sailed away to its eyrie.
An adventurous young man started to rescue
the child. He clambered up the rrountalnby
the help of clinging shrubs and sheltering
rocks: he reached the vulture’s eyrie, where
she eat with the child. What then says the
vulture* “Hands cfT! Non-intervention! I
desire to be le.t perfectly free to tear the flesh
of this infant as I p'ease.” [Great langht* r ]
That is the modern Democratic doctrine. (Re
newed Uugfiiet.] N’W Mr. Douglas would
say, “ That is a very go-'d i'loatradno oi Love
joy’s,‘the high priestol Abol tion’— [Lngbttr]
these are very good ll!u->ira\iocs, II men a c to
be considerca wolves and vultures, but they are
not/* 1 say they are good illustrations. Vou
know the rhetoricians say you must not make a
comparison era •» lon all lours. You only want
one point ol compans n. 1 bare that point.
Uy point of coDpari<on is this: That wolves
hare just as much right to ste.ri and gnaw at
lambs, and vultures to tear the flesh of innocent
babes, as men have to make slaves of their fel
low men. [Great and prolonged applause.]
Non-intervention ! Left perfectly fret! Free
to do wb«t? there is more sophism—-f you
will excuse me the use of that language—in this
high-prieat of modern Democracy than was
ever before crowded into any living man, I be
lieve; for he will state u position, not talse in
words, making a laUe impression on his audi
ence, and then shout olfand argue a point be
Las never staged, and so blend uod mingle the
statement and argument together a? to allow
the audience to glide along without being aware
they have been uue&tcd in i*»e statement and ar
gument. He states popular sovereignty: he
says the people may have slave' vor not. h they
please, and Irom that what does be argue * The
question of self-government. Whoever deuied
mat* Who ver doubled the tight of the peo
ple to govern tbemselvei, since its organisa
tion * No man that J ever beard of, out of bed
lam? [Laughter.] What does be mem by
squatter sovereignty? or pcpulsrsovereigniy if
you ploase,—for 1 am willing to give hioTall the
benefit of bis own language. He means the
right of the people by a vote of the people to
enslave men. That is popular sovereignty.
Whenyou came to the real gist and kernel of
the thing—tear otf its coverings and disguises
and reach the vital principle, it is that when
one class of men get together, and vote another
class of men into slavery, it is ah right. What
dn you ihink about i», Judge? “ I oon’tcarel"
[Laughter] Hat Ido care, I care whether 1
am voted into Slavery; or not. I deny the right
ol this vast multitude—l deny the right of ihe
thirty millions ot Americans,—l deny the right
ol all the teeming mi lions of earth to vote me
into slaTt-fy. |Lood applause.] Never! never
cad it b; done I [Great enthusiasm.] lam my
own man. No lar »s ray r gbt to lire and liueit/
is • occerned, 1 d d not get it from Congress.or
Parliament; 1 did not get it from the Demo
cratic party ; 1 did cot get it from any evil spir
its wboto names commence with the same ini
tials as the Democrats. [Loud laughter and
cheers.] 1 have my light to lifeandhbeny from
the Eternal Gid who made me and every otoer
man derived that right from the same source.
[Applause.] What is Democracy? This De
mocracy says that the popular vote can take
right away, and once taken away the act is
sanctioned, and upheld by all laws human and
divine; I deny it; I say it is a wrong however
it may be perpetrated. Why; mothers, what
do you care how you are robbed of your babe?
The question Is not bow it is donr; the outrage
in that it is done at all. No matter whether it
n done by an individual, -r by a conspiracy of
many iad.viduals in a community agreeing and
concerting according to the forms of law, if the
poor babe is torn from your heart, that is the
unspeakable wrong—not the manner in which
it is perpetrated. [Great c ceriog.] And
Doualts don’t care! [Uproarious fauguter ]
My friends, a ben you near of popular sover
eignty remember it tloss not mean the right of
toe people to govern themselves. We do not
propose to tuk" away from the man going o ?er
tfie ferry into Kansas the right of self govern
ment. We propose to take away from him
there, and everywhere that the federal govern
ment has jnrisdictiof, the right of keeping
another man egaiast his wt.l. [Great ap
Aud this, citizens, was the doctrine of the
fathers—the prohibition of slavery in the Ter
ritories of tne United States. They erected
a wall of freedom along the Southern border cf
Ohio, Indiana, Illicols asd all this vast territory
west of us. Do yon seethe strong barrier ol
freedom bail; by them across the continent,
and Btreteb'ng away up the sides of the Reeky
Mountains until it rests upon the summit of
that lofty range—f eedom’s wal bniltby nur
fathers! Wno made a breach in it? Who
broke down the wall? Who opened the gates,
and made it at least possible far slavery to en
ter, anil take pcsicsrion of that ground, the
magnificent domain that God bad made for
freemen? The Democratic party under the
leadership of Judge Douglas. What did you
do it for Judge ? Vou have beard him give the
reason a thouaard times bare you not? Al
ways,in every speech. I hear he makes the same
quota i m from the Nehruik-i bill, giving the
reason why be repealed the Misiouri Compro
mise “It being the true intent and meaning
otthi* bill not to legislate tl.tcry into any
State, or Territory or eiclud-? it therefrom, but
to leave tbe people therof perfectly free to reg
ulate their domestic institutions in their own
way, subject to the Constitution of tbe United
States” [The inimitable mimicry of Judge
Douglas’s manner with which tbe epeaker re
cited this pa-sige provoked shouts ot laughter
from tbe audience.]
I'erlec !/ tree! Yes, vote it in, or vote it
out Hut that Is a delusion—that is a cheat,
which has been exposed so oiten that I am al
most ashamed to expose it again. Indeed, I
feel it is a swt of disrespcc to the dead, to talk
about this Democratic party any more. [Great
laughter.] “Le ve the people thereof perfect
ly free.” I say that is not true. If there are
cgbty thousand people in Kansas, and they all
vote to keep slavery oat, then what? Is it
valid? Will it abice? Judge Douglas, you
know, says: “Subject to the i'ution.”
Wbat Cons itution, Judge? The Constitution
that our fathers gave us? Not a bitofu. The
Constitution which Judge Taney has given us
in the Dred Scott decirion? [Applaus;.] Now
what! Tbe territorial law is enacted prohibit
ing slavery. A slsvelnl'er comes and tales
posesrion of a portion of the territory. Tbe
slave sues for bistreedom,saying: .‘1 claim my
freedom, by virtue of being ‘hro.ght into a ter
ritory where therein no law to nuke me aslsre,
bat a positive enactment declaring that I thall
not be a slave. Wbat follows? Judge Tanev
drives him away from the halls of jist-ce. kick's
him out.suying; “ You have no right t-> appear
here You a;e not a citizen ot tbe Uni ed
.Siates in any such cense as to entitle you to be
a party to a suit in tne c uits of the U a tied
States” Is not that, correct? I-* not that the
•rred ticott decision? [Crie*of 4 *Ycs,”“ye .”]
How can ue appear,men? He is met at tbe
»ery threshhnld of th-t court of justice in th s
Christian and eivi iz;d land, and from ihcshrv
elled lips of that euperaanatel old mummy of a
Judge, be is tild that he can’t sac at II [Ap-
I'laust*.] You say there arc bard word-. 1
know they arc—l cannot help it. My sonl is
mov d within o e, that in Amend ‘her - is any
r-untan being bar ng tbe intake of bis God.wl.o
cannot go to the courts of justice to have jos
tic? administered to him. If 1 speak ton strong
ly I hare to hi-ie beyond tbeezamtlt of St,
Paul when be turned aronnr. and exclaimed to
the high Driest: •• Thou white? waL!” [Ap
plause J Ves, that old high-priest wai put there
to administer justice, and instead ot that he
transformed tbe court wi-scb should • avr been
tbe seat of impartial justice, into an instrument
of tyranny, on.rage, and oppression. Then it
was that tit. Paul indignantly cried out: 44 God
rbailemite thee, thou wriiel wall; for sittrat
thou to jade m 2 after the law, and command
ext me to be sxiit n eoatrarr to tbe law ” So,
too, 1 call JudeeTanev a whited stpulchre. Is
that wrong? [Cries ot “No,” “no,” and ap
p'ause ] SipLOse tee man brings in th* law
then wnat? Then the Judge deeid s that tbe
law .a unconstitutional—that, nod r the Consti
tution, tbe slaveholder has tbe rtirfai to take bis
slave into the Territories of tbe United States:
and lb 2 territorial legirlitioo is .It swept hr the
board. Where now is the r.ght to exclude or
admit slavery astbey please? [Applause.] It
is a mere dodge—a make-s ttt; it is aan .re, a
cheat; and Douglas goes before tbe people with
a lie in h s right hand in this el.ction. [Hear,
bear.] Ido not mean to say onTtbini; abusive,
if 1 -hould try to, I coaid rot abuse them half
as bad -s they abuse me—[laugbteij—the only
point where I acknowledge interi ruy to them
[Lend laughter.] N> r, if I pave time—and I
am half 1-mp‘er: Vi step here—[loud cries of
! 4 G>on!”] Oh, 1 '•aionly s'oppmg to throw
in somr-tlu ig u.a:-[ T ne remainder of tin sen
t tceras 1.--1 la *1 o laughter.] I «anted to
get around to t e Con tit->ticn and the Fugitive
til t«I v. I a ill brfore I get tbraugb.
My friends, all 1 h veto say in regard to this
question, which is 4 begreat-qu3gtio brfore the
cuantry, ct slavery la the ie*ritorie«; if’he
people want slavery to go intote territories
the* ctnh veil; but they ou<htever to keep
in mind wha kind of scions trey >-re taking and
eottrat ing upon the territorial stock. Ij tbe
first plac •, slavery in the temtori s will do there
just what it is now doiag and ha ever don* in
States where it exists. It w-Il take a* ay your
right of reading yonr newrpxpers. You go in
to a slave State, send for your New York or
Chicago paper, and inquire for it at the post
office, and what wil. be tbe result? Tbe upshot
of the matter will be, that you will find t at
ttits twenty-dollar post master has opened your
paper, g ancea his eye over its contents, declar
ed it incendiary aod burned it. Slavery says o
the American citizen: 44 Yon may read wha 4 pa
persyou desire, after tbe papers have passed
under my censorship and supervision. It I ap
p-ove.yon shall read; if Ido not approve, you
tball not read. Do you want a dopotism like
this to go into the territories, wr-icn will rob
yon o me ptwil ge vf reading the newspiper
for which you chnose to subscribe? [No Inu !J
Then you moat vo*e against' this Denocraey
that proposes that very thing for you. [We’ll
no it j
It ukes away your right of fres religion. If
yon go to the territories, yon want to hear
preaching. There is no- a mao or woman here
who goes *o church—and most Republicans go,
[laugoter]—not one o! you, nor any number of
you, who may form a colony and go to the ter
ritory and take your present clergyman, yonr
loig established church a d divine service, and
hear him, preach tr pray unmolested where
slavery is. Wnat do you think of that? How
could yonr micisivr say n 1m prayer, a* they
all ought to, and I hope a I do, “Oh, Lord, we
pray tnat tbon wilt move upon the hearts ot tbe
people of the Uoiled States to undo the heavy
harde-s, and let the oppressed go free, that lib
erty may be proclaimed throughout all tbe land
to all tbe inhabitants thereof”—how coaid be
say this if sDemocrat happened to be present
in church?—tbe day not oeing a good one for
hunting orfi«bing, and so he is at church,
[laughter.] How be would si rinp at the ut
terance of suca e*rtriments,run ontoftbe house
in consternation, and clutching tbe next Demo
crat be meets, exclaim, gasping, “I—l—l say,
that Abolitmsist quoted Helper’s book in his
prayer.” .[Roars of laughter.] It.was in tbe
Bible, bat ne did not know. [Renewed laugh
ter ] What, then. It to be done? Your preach
er is to be mobbed, orexiled.orbung • pby tbe
neck for repeating in his prayer ita words of
tbe Bible. And slavery will do it. If you want
Iba*. sort of despotism to go into tbe territorif s
you ought, to be consistent, to vote with the
Democratic pa ty, for they prepas- to do it lor
you. A any rate, tbe most you can say is,
•• Mr. Douglas, wh »t do you think of this pm
ceed>ng?” and the Judge replies, “1 don’t
care.” [Great laughter.] Don't care whether
you are allowed freedom to worship God, and
read His word*or somebody stands between
your conscience and year Maker or not.
Nor can you have tree speech. Suppose you
want to go down to New Orlaaoi—cm yon go
there and come back safely ? Can you go air,
or can aoy of you ciu’Mos .of Chicago go there
and remm without being molested, without be
ing tarred and feathered? Yes, says some
Democrat. Upon what condition can yoa pur
chase sa'ely ? Yon can go there in pursuit of
your business and return, upon this condition
mer ly: that you will bold yonr tongue, and
hardly then if yonr name is on the register or
on your carpet-sack or trunk. 1 cannot go to
New Orleans with my carpet-sack marked
“ Owen Lovfjoy, Princeton, lU.” [Laughterand
A Voice.—They .would take it away from
Mr. Lovejot.—No: thev wou’d hang me.
Th-y to:u u.C 80 m Congress; if I went into
Vinrimn,tbey would htngme; thev have
made tbe same threat to much better ana great
er meo than I—to old John Quine; Adams and
others like him. They are to be burg high as
Hsman if thev dare to tread slave sotL And
lor wbat? Forwhat? For entertaining cer
tain sentiments in regard to slavery. 1 have
here a word to say. It frill be replied here ss
in Congress, “If you •will only, hold your
tongue, or say nothing -against slavery* J° u
have the riaht to travel all over tbe country; all
you most do is to hold yonr peace.” Undoubt
edly that is true. If there had been nobody to
find fault with the treachery and dishonesty of
Louis Napcleoa In tbe coup d’ttai, there would
have been nobody nddled witn bullets or con
signed to dungeons. Had no one opened bis
'mouth or uttered a word against that act of
treachery, of course he would have exiled and
murdered none. Had there been no Huguenots
to question the spit nual supremacy of the Papal
hierarchy, there would have Been no bloody Su
Bartholomew’s day. If no one said unjtiling
o&ainst the Czir of Russia, no one would wither
uudir tbe knout, or suffer Siberian exile.
Shout hosannah to tbe Czar and you tre sate in
Russia. Hurrah for Napoleon, and you need
not fear in France. Bow to theimsgeof tbe
Holy Virgin, and yon are safe in the Papal
country. Had there been no upright Non-cun
foruiists, Jeffrey’s Blood/ Circuit would never
have been traced in history. Had there been
none of the stern aod; righteous old Covenant
ers to say, “Stand trim between os acd nor
God/' there would bten no CUveroouse
to boot down and batcher God’s children.
Wbat I want is >o alter my seitimeots whether'
they please or nou lam not aomg to utk’tbe
cbivairons eons of tbe South what I may ss.y
[Laughter and applause ]
But y n s a/ tne/ have the HgV. of property
la tb< lr slaves. Supple they have, how sacr d
is th*srivht of p operiy. I wait to argtie >be
moral q ics’.io iof it. now sieved is this right
of property i s the living bodies and souls of
men? Jujt us sacred a* it i-i in a horse,
just as ta n red as tbe tenure of property
t-i a nul ; It is. You own
them ts you cwu a horse, or mule. Is
tbe right of uroperty in a horse more sacred
than my lie? tbe right of propertv in a
mule more than my r»gbt of free speech?
That u tlit q .t-slioo. If a horse or a man mast
be sacrifl:e.*, wulch shall die? [Applause.] 1
meet ibis tiling in the eje. They say
tbeirrigh' ot nreperty is sacred—saefe, os any
other right. S »ppose it is. I want to know if
tbe right of uroperty in a hone i* more sacred
than o»v right m me and free travel asd free
speed? I t- : l tsem, and 1 tell the people all
ever the cjj i ty, i they have a system or an
iaatitut!:i. fii.t will not allow me to live or
speak or iciid mv papers, or worship my o>o
as 1 plet".c, rl</ti I 3»y in God’s name that thing
ma*t die. Vy i I will have. [Tremendous
applause] Tf:e; »ay, “but vou can’t get at
it.” I i getting at it now. (Laughl r.] They
say “jo j ..a-.’t ,rt util.” I can’t get at it by
federal.-, si Jctirn in the States, I grant you. i
do not i.’e . as a ncaibftr of Congress, that 1
have r j'iL n uralisii slavery in the States.
Way? Bj!uii -j the Constitution has not given
me tbe .oaer. Mark it: slavery does not exist
in the Main by any Constitutional power. 1
simply fi-v- u</. the Constitutional power to
aboish i*. i- I ue Constitution is a grant of
luntted pjrtns gu*n by the Soveteigo Statea.
Witola ifit- <;>rc!c cC its operation it is supreme,
übsoluU; bu: . - .s sweep is limited, find ouUide
of Vat the noe field ol legislative action,
which beljr:*;3 to the sovereign States and
which they havs not surrendeied; and under
State sovtrt'got; slavery skulks. So I under
stand it. But t e*y if these States have an u
aituiion which lakes away my right to free
soeicb, fiee privs, free religion, aad all the
li.hts vf a frutu.aa, it is yourduiyto try aad
lead iht*Ti to pt'i away this inatiiution from
their midst , v , lf .
But taut is not <be question. I believe that
U a little ir.cMleniaL The question now is,
do yon warnui* system transplanted to the
Territories; aud I meet it here, because we are
forever hsvi-ig etnitersd and dinned into onr
ears tfce “Oji'C’i.utional rights of the south—
tbe right of property in slaves. It is sacred J
it mast not bu touched.” I s-y my right to life
is as sacred ami inviolable, ana i mast not be
touched iwatt to travel on these railroads',
on borseb-irk, ur on foot.justasl please, and
in a peace'ui way to alter any sentimems which
I honest y bob:. Nowcomesbackthequestioo,
tor this is i-.ridetul: S tall this institution, this
system of proMuityin man, go into tbe Terri
tories, wh-.o it i*. is there it will take away frrm
us all tfcc,.i* rights, and privileges* and immu
n ties of the American cit;x»n. I don’t know
that I can rtop to dwell longer upon this great
ifsue, [Crus of “go oo,”J for 1 see a friend here
whom l naut *o have to address you for awhde.
This is th-j one great question: Shall slavery
be trampldr'-cu tu the Territories of tbe United
States f 1 slavery; 1 portray to yon
its cborauo ri.t C', in order that you may know
wnat yen may expect if it is carried into the
Territories—just as tbe Lord told Israel wta‘.
kind of a k a< 3-.nl would make, and then said
he might reign over them, it they chose to elect
him. si I tell you, it slavery goes to the Terri
tories it •* Ui rob y on of free speech, free schools,
aud free nrj s and all tbe other glorious develop •
menu of freedom.
Njw cornea ibf objection which you bear in
the mou bs of Democrats everywhere—negro
equality! negro t quality! the Black Repuuti
e*us are m favor ot negro equality ! My friends,
I w.h la not dwell upon thia were it not that 1
deaire to defend, and teach you to follow and
love the old futbiooed and time-honored prin
ciples of this Republic. 1 recollect bearing a
Democrat say, not long ago, in a discussion
down at Bloomington, ** The Republicans are
in f*vor of negro equality.” What is your evi
dence of it, sir? “Why, they are in favor of
it,” What’s your prool? 44 Well, I have the
proof.” WiU'you please to read it? “I have
n’t time to read it.” But you must read it, the
audience said. Then be produced the Life of
Abraham Lincoln, and turned to the Chicago
ria’.form—that Platform which, as you remem
ber, waa framed and adopted here amidst the
wildest and most intense enthusiasm that ever
ever moved the hearts of a p-ople; [applause.]
he turned to this Platform, printed m tne Lite
of Abraham Lincoln, and read, “That all men
are created equal,” and then heexclaims, “ See
there, didn’t 1 tell you that the Black Repub
licans were in favor'of negro equality ?” And
all because they bad adopted a quotation from
the Declaration of Independence. I don't know
wuetber he thought it wss from Helper’s book
or Lov.j »y’s spee-.h. It is a fact, chinny, that
the Democrats of to day, North and South, ig
nore, dsnv, and trample rudely and basely un
der toot that blood bought and baptizid declar
ation of principles—the Magna Coarta of human
rights, teat our fathers banded down to us.
44 meu are created equal.” Judge Doug
las, what do yon think they meant? “Why it
nuaat that British subjects born on this s de of
tbs Atlantic are equal to all Bntish subjects
born on the other atdeof the Atlantic.’’ [Laugh
ter ] That is his exposition of the Declaration
of independence. Aoothersavs: “Itis a eel'-
evident lie.” Another ssys: 44 It is a string of
giliterioggeneralities”—that all men are not
created equal. One has gone so far—Mr. Fitz
hugh ot Virginia— astosay that, solarlromthis
being true, it would be much nearer the truth
to »t y : “ that one class of men are boro with
saddles and bridles on, and another class with
boots and spurs to ride them.” There’s Demo
cracy lor you. “Hoorah lor Doozlas!” [Loud
laughter.] What do yon mean, Mr Lovejoy?
D ) you believe that all men are created equal ?
Ves 1 do. [Ure-t applause.,] What 1 the black
man? Yes. Taa Write man? Ves. The
tawny and red man 1 Yes. Jt is a mbtake to
say that the Republican party is only the white
mac’s party, it is nt the white man’s party,
n jr tbe black man’s party, cor the tawny man’s
party: it is cot the tall man’s norths short man’s
party, nor the neb or p*or man’s party. It is
the party of (quality, justice and humanity to
all men [Cheers] On! I’m afraid Luv<juy’s
getting too heterodox. No. 1 as preacuing
to you the eternal evangel of God, and every
on ,: ot ycu in year hearts know it is true. All
menequal! - How? What is the use of this
magpie chattering about negro equality ? How
are men equal? Are tuey equal in averdupois
weight? By that test, I would have at least
forty pounds more of rights than Judge Doug
las [Great laugbitr ] Equal in muacul r activ
ity—nervous power? No; not equal there, for
I think 1 could wrestle the Judge down [Re
newed laughter.] Equal in intellect? No.
Equal in moral and emotional susceptibility?
No. Equal in stmmelry of form? No. Equal
in beauty of complexion and fair proportions?
No. Bow are they equal ? AU men are equally
entitled to life, to liberty, and to the fruit of
their own honest toiL Tost is what it means.
[Mach enthusiasm.] And these Demociats in
appealing to men’s prejudice against tbe col
ored man, which is universal, are attempting to
unloose this . overnment irom its old granite
moorings, and set us adrilt to be guided by the
mi»er«b.e dwarfed idea that all British sub-
jscts bom oq this side of the water are equal to
all British autjsca born on the other si Je of the
water [Laughter ] I deuj it. 1 repudiate it.
1 trample it beneath my feet, even as they do the
holy Dec arauon of Independence.. 1 go bach
to the bottom of it. That ia what they call my
radicalism, because I go back to tbe root of the
thing 'they call me very hard names. They
aay 1 bar- borrg. Perhaps it id because I gore
t ' n s. t'Laughter.l
I know very wed that tbe African race as a
race Is no: equal t> ours. I e now very well
as a matter of fact, that in regard to -he
great overwhelming majority, this govern nent
n&/ be considered ia a certain sense a govern
ment for whte -Jto, boll say that tbe the'ry
of tnr kovernment, contrary to the old theory
of despotism, that kings rule by right divine, ia
that a 1 men are equally entitled to tbosr nat
ural righta which the common God and Father
gave teem by an inalienable .title. And when
these Democrats come chattering their misera
ble noouute abcut negro equally, l am not go
ing to be driven torn thia everlasting founda
tion < f human freedom. 1 will not give np th*
gLrious Declaration of Independence, wh'ci
comes to ns baptised in the bio d of tbe purest
p triota that ever lived, because there ia a mis
erable prejudice against the colored man. I
wi.l cot do it. I call np here the shades of the
xnigh’y dead—Jefferson, Washington, Franklin,
and Jay. I a-ray them against these modern
Democrats. I hold the doctrines they held. I
defend the principles they advocated and strag
gled for, not tub the ballo none, but in a
fiercer strif. with bayonet and bullet, fighting,
bleeding and dying in the sacred cause of uni
versal liber'y and the equality of man. [Ap
A Voice.—What about the Fu itive Slave
Law ?
Mu. Lovkjot. Well, I will come to thai soon.
You remuid me of it when 1 vet to it. [Laugh
ter ] I want to bring back the men and women
of lire country to ihe spirit of th*j olden time,
and indoctrinate tbf m with the principles of he
fathers—that liberty is the univer»al privilege of
mao. I want to re assert and vindicate, as f*r
as I can, those everlasting principles—that
Mogna Charta, -ct of British rights, but of ho
man righ s. I want to see those principles ear
ned all over tbe world— to triumph, in their pow
er, their grandeur,aad m theirlivingforoe. Let
them go back to the old world, and unshackle
the oppressed people of beautiful Italy; lit
them smile on Hungary, ood disenthrall ita
millions; let them penetrate Russia, and libe
rate its nations of serfs; let them encircle the
globe with glorious Republics modeled after
ours; and when tbe temple of universal free
dom shall have been finished, and ita top stone
shail be brought in amid the shoutings of the
iberated people of all land*,when the Ameri
can Republic atinds first amid the nations of
tbe earth, this Declaration of Independence—
the Magna Ghana of all men—will be written
high on t-ioseever-during stones that crown the
pillars of the temple of liberty. [Great ap
plause.] Sat the doors will be forever barred
and boiled agklnst these miserable Democrats,
who scout the rights of mao, and talk about
Gurreat i’ur-rm-ciple. [l’rolooged laugh
t r.]
Now, ray friend, some one asked wbat about
the Fugitive Slave Law. If I thought I was
not treapasfelng too much upon yonr time—
[loud cries ot “Go on,” *‘go on.”] I have
uo-hing to day about then, iam talking about
evei lasting principles, in tbe presence of which
individual men sink away into hotb ng. By the
way, I hav« spoken to yon about negro equal
ity ; now I want to talk about “negro atsaliog,”
aod that will bring me plump to the Fugitive
Slave Law. I will not douge anything. I nev
er mean to hold my tongue. If you, American
citizens, want to crawl and cringe, and skulk
nod dodge arosnd and over American soil, un
der the stars and stripes, be the Consti
tution, and bold your tongues to secure yonr
personal liberty,you msy do it—l never wilL
[lmmense applacse 1
Negro stealing! 'You kno* Douglas u&js
that Aby Lincoln undertook to aboluianids the
old Whig party and Lyman Trnmbnll under
took to boolitiuofcs tbe Democratic party, and
then they were to lead them into tbe Abolition
camp .o be by baotized by that Abolition d ; gh
i'nest Lonjoy, [Lugbiei] and Lovrjoy waa a
negro stealer. What din mat mean? That
just shows bow these u-en have forced their
nomenclature upon us. When they sa: “negro
stealer” we say 1 negro stealer.” Tbe slave
ho.deis say “ negro equalttr,” then all tbe De
mocrats echo “negro equality,” and you lake
it up, “negro equality.” Have you any.man
hood? If yon nave not 1 will appeal* to tbe
womanhood of ibis country. fieers nad
Uoiibter.J * You remember wben Franklin was
asked by a British minister, if so many British
troops, red coat-.—and tbe Democrats have
adopt d <be red coats because there is no party
so like tbe old Tories as the modern Democrats
—he afeked can so many red coats march
through t;e colonies ? £ ranktin replied: “If
tiiey behave themselves/ond pay for everything
the? purchase, they can teafeh uomolesteo,
but let them take a single chicken without pay
ing for it, and it tbe men are all gone, tbe
women will take thier brooms and sweep them
into the Allan ic.” [Laughter] Now, ladies, if
these mea wilt not vote slavery down, if yon
let them go and rote with tbe Democrats, we
will make vou—hold your tongues. [Much mer
rinencj A lady t-btkes her head. You think
it can't be none. [Prolonged laughter.] But if
tbe men do not vote down ana clear oat of
sight this sham Democracy tha; is doicgallit
canto unmoor the giverement and convert it
into an old despotism, I ask the women to
sweep them with their brooms into tbe Atlantic
or into Lake Michigan, if it is deep enongh to
bnry them and tbcirsins. [Laughter.]
Negro stealing! Wbat baa Lovejoy done.
atd * fiat do tbe Republicans do, that they should
be charged with negro stealing? 1 will tell
you, Ndles. A poor white girl, of remote Af
rican descent, hut without one particle of that
descent evi lent in color or fea ure, cotne< fly
ing to my house, like a dove pursued by a
hawk. Wbat is her story? That she was be
troth-d to a man of her race, though not of her
color; that she was sold by her master, then
in want of money, to a libertine down South,
whose greedy eye bad seen and fancied btr;
that, hearing ot it, ah escaped and fled. Wbat
then did Lovjiy do ? He pointed to tbe north
star, sbir.ing utarolf, nod to a country where
her virtue would be in her own keeping, and
not at tbe caprice of a master—where she might
rest from her pursuers. That is what Love
joy did. and be is a negro stealer! [tirea i ap
plause j the Democrats cry ooVoegru stealing;”
and poor, thin skinned cocscivatiam, resigning
all title to manhood, except wba; it receives from
tb* tailor or milliner, stammers out, “ 1 am not
a negro stealer. 1 didn’t be p the fugitive
slave.” Well, I did. 1 told them—yes, as you
may remember,—! told tbemin Congress, wben
they wanted to know whether I did i; or not—l
marched right up to the confessional and told
them I aided every fugitive slave who came and
asked it. 1 said to them, if tbe demon of slave
ry expects to cross my tbreabbold and bid me
not teed tb* huogry aud shelter tbe homeless,
I bid it defiance in the name of Almighty God.
1 told them, if thev wanted to know it, they
might proclaim it from tbe house-tops, from
every leaf in iLs forest, make it blsze out in
the light of high noon, and tbe sparkle of every
star that g«ms tbe heavens; tbe; might repeat
it reverberating through the d ;ptfas and arches
of hell, where slave catchers would be very
likely to hear it, [Tremeadous applause] I
told them I lived three quarters of u mile east
of Princeton on the Peru rosd, ana I would
hem • v«ry fugitive that came, and so I will.
*• Bat you violate the Fugitive Slave Law ?”
Ido cot do any such thing. If I do. I cannot
help it. I know of some people, away back in
tbe world’s tistory, who would not b r iw down
aud wortbip tbe gulden tmege that tbe king set
np. “ But this is revolatii nary and disorgan
izing.” Noil is not—not the least. Ido all
this and 1 resist no sheriff, I fight no marshal.
Ifyon want me to rot in jail for feeding hungry
people,! will do so. I will sutler tbe penalty of
tne iaw, if 1 violate it, but ynu must prove it on
me. After you prove that I have resisted, you
may fine me, you may imprison me, yea mar
hang me, and then 1 reckon you Democrats
will let me a!ooe. ]taugh<er.J If 1 amatol
e'&bty gvod christUn, 1 reckon I shall not meet
you m the next world to trcuble me any more.
[Prolonged and renewed laughter.]
I hear it said everywhert by tbe Democrats,
-44 The South is entitled to Fugitive SiaveLaw.”
1 want any man to point me out that clause in
the Constitution wbich requires a law for the
South that it does not require for the North —
for South Carolina that it does not asc lor Mas
sachusetts—for Georgia that it does not de
mand for New York. 1 t»ll you there is noth
ing sectional in tbe Constitution. It requires
no local legislation, and if you tell me where it
requires me to vote for a law for tbe special
beueht of North, South, Eistor West, I will
vote for it, for 1 love the Constitution. It is
eoshtioed in my heart. I love it better than
any drzen Democrats in tbe land do to night.
[Applause and laughter.] Here I want to tell
you that is no Fugitive Slave Law in tbe
land—never was one pa-sad. Here is where
they get the advantage of us, by making ns nse
their language. What law was passed? There
is a law to reclaim fugitives from labor or ser
vice. There is no law entitled a Fogitive.Slave
Law in tbe United tiia'es. No part of tbe Con*
stitution requires a Fugitive Slave Law. “What
is that,” you exclaim! Do pray be patient no v.
“No person held to service or labor in
one .oia’-e, under tbe lans thereof, es
caping into another shall m consequence
ot law or regulation therein, be dis
charged from such service, or labor, but
shall be delivered up on claim of tbe party to
whom tush service or labor may bedue.” Tnere
is tbe clause of the Constitution. 44 Are you in
favor of it?’ 1 am asked. Yes, I am. I say
here—l mean to be honest—altbongb tbe lan
guage does not deecr.be a slave, 1 suppose
they did mean to include those persons who, in
tbe States, are regarded as slaves; but to learn
that, you bare to go to contemporary history
and tradition, foras'aveis notmeatiioed,bata
person owing service or labor. I cannot now
go into a protracted argument But what 1
will say is this* s That c'aurs of the Con*ti n
tion, according to Mr. Webster and Mr. John
son, tbe Slats’* Attorney of Pennsylvania, who
made an argument in tbe ca«e of Prigg tt State
of Pennsylvania, and proved the position I
think, was to be execu»»d by the Stat'9, sod
not by the Federal Government. lam in favor
of a law in Illinois if they plerse to nas • it, to
return persons wto owe service or laoor in one
Staf?, and escape into another Stale, after tbe
fact has been proved. If they owe the service,
and a jury decides that to be the fact, let them
be delivered uo; bnt I say do not deliver no
that which is (.carer than life without a fair and
impartial trial be'ore twelve men.
Hon. ScncvLEß Colfax, of Indiana— With
the right to appeal, besides.
Mr. Lovuor. Yes—they ought to have the
right to appeal. My friends, Ism not a disor
ganize. lam not lor revolution. All I want
is to get tbe country hick to tbe position, to
tbe administrative policy,of tbe fathers. I *ant
the Constitution that my lathers cave me,' bap
tized in their blood, and not the Constitution of
Judge Taney. 44 But how are you going to help
it,” ssys one. “Judge Taney has decided it?
Are you going to • pp al to tbe mob or attempt
revolution?” Judge Douglas ssys be will not
appeal from tbe Supreme Court to a town meet
ing. He will not appeal to tbe people. Well, I
do. As tbe womm said: 44 1 appeal from
I’bilip drank, to Philip sober,” so I appeal from
this decision of Taney—liom this tribunal
drunk with the Gtrcean cup of despotism, to tbe
thirty millions of tbe men and women of this
country—from Courts to those who ma e
C nrts, and Pre identsand Senators. Citizens
of America, know you not that around the brow
of every one of yon glitters the diadem of power
invisible ? Know yrn not in every band is be
sceptre o«'dominion? 1 appeal to you to reor
ganize this Command give a* judge —wh.t
kind of Judges? like Lovejoy? ul ra and fa
natical? No. Judges like Marstull, and Jay,
andS ory, who will interpret this Constitution
as it was interacted by tbe early judges That
is all 1 ask. [Applause] 44 How are vongoing
to reach it?” lam going to elect 44 Old Abe.”
[Terri* e applause.] Or. 1 propose that the peo
ple shall elect him. 44 Wha*. are yoo going to
do then—Old Abe is not a jndze?” No, he is
not. Bat after we elect “ Old Abe” on tbe sixth
day o. November next, I shall importune
heaven day and night to prolong the unprofit
able lives of these judges until the fourth of
March next. [Laughter.]
A Voice. Three times a day.
Mb. Lovejot—Ye?, that was at often as Dan
iel prayed, and the fervent, effectual prayer of
tbe righteous man availeth much. [Laughter]
And tnat I am such aU tbe Democrats will tes
tify, [laughter] over ih-- left [Renewed Laugh
ter ] After we have elected Lincoln, aod the
fourth of March comes, and he is inaugurated,
as he will be, I shall continue to p*ray:,but then
1 shall feel as the Scotch minister in Glasgow
felt when required to pray -or Prince Charles,
who bad come in arms from Frecce to displace
the reigning house of Brunswick, and regain
the throne ot his ancestors. His army had sur
rounded the city. and hi* commander-in chief
sent word that they must pray for the Prince.
T. e ministers were loyal to tbe reigning king,
bnt they must pray for Charles, so one
old Stotdh minister, when Sunday came,
prayed in this wise: 44 Now, Oh Laird, as for
this Prince, who has come hither seeking an
earthly crown, we pray thee, Laird, that thou
wilt speedily give him a heavenly one ” [Boars
of laughter.] So after Lincoln’s inauguration,
if it please Ood to give some heavenly commls-
S'on to Taney ar.d his as-ociates, I shall sub
mit to the dispensation of Providence. [Great
lau hter and cheering ]
It we cannot do »t in lour yeais, we will do it
in eijh years, or twelve, or a xtven, or twenty.
[Applai se.] Do not suppose anybody expects
tost *be furwtarance of a long-*ulTnog God
will endure these Judges longer than that.
[ Laughter.] More than that, we will add to the
Court; we -vill add to tbe number of Judges.
The slave Stales have now five Judies, and «be
free Sates have four. Judge McLean, a single
t nt of the free Slate Judges, < as mere businoa
inhla circuit th-n ell tbe Judges in the iUje
States have together [Applause.] _JJ e mUM
to their number. Wo will l y o«thu infernal
power of slavery in tbe eye, w thont quailing.
Sr blanching; and while * e violate no cla m of
the Constitution, and do nothing that is illegal,
violent, or revolutionary,! do nsut in the name
of tbe sovereign people iba* there is no w:o g
In the administration of government which we
cannot remedy in constitution*! modes by our
votes. [Tremendous cheering.]
We will elect onr man; we will inaugurate
him, and if there ii any attempt at disonion,
which nobody save cowards threaten, and
which no one dreads except the same class [ap-
Cose]— if Wise fus-es and blusters, and gal
s around as be did when he threatened to
, m«rch upon the Federal Capital, companies of
Wide Awak- a will rise up in bis own State, as
'well as in tbe North, and organizi themselves
'.in defence of the Constitution and tbe Union;
and my word for it, before an army of th-se
young patriots the disonionisu will scatter like
chaff before the wind. They will ran to their
biding places. Already their fears here pic
tured these Wide Awakes with pikes on the end
of their la rp poles. We will elect our man,
and when we elect him, I tell you we will inau
gurate b'm, and be shall administer tbe govern
ment. He will replace the Judges as they die;
and we will add to their number if they won’t
die. I Laughter.]
We will oring back this government,
to each an admintstratirn as our fathers
had. We do not want to injure one plank, not
one pulley, not one shroui, nor spar, nor
streamer on that old ironsides, tbe Constitu
tion— the Ship of State, that our fathers built.
We want to drive out the pirate crew that have
possession of it; we want to wash otf tbe blood
from its deck*, and throw overboard the mana
cles and fetters; tear down thw pirate flig of
slave Democracy which now floats black and
portentious, and ran up the stars and of
freedom. We will pat “Old Abe” at tbe heial
to guide her, and us soon as bis band touches
tbe wheel she will sweep majestically around to
herold coarse, and start eff on a new race, walk
ing tbe waters like a thing of I’fe, e’en like a
su ed that knows his rider. [ A pplanse.]
Gentlemen, I most close. [“Go on,” “Go
on.”] lam worn out and cannot go on. I
have been work'rg for weeks. AT last week. I
was at work, speaking and traveling in tne ca*s
from pla.‘e to place, and « will bs at work next
week. 1 wculd have been glad to have had a
little more strength to address you to-n>ght;
but we all feel so kindly under tbe influence ot
tbe good news Irom Pennsylvania, Indiana and
Ohio, that I reckon nobedy will find
this news I see aa earnest our coming tri
umph. Ido not see in v. offices aid patronage,
and honor and promotion tu men; dui 1 ace
this nation brought back onre more to the policy
and faith of tbe fathers; I »e; it stoning on a
new career; I see a moral eifecied:
1 see the spirit of freedom revived here and
everywhere. It behold it goi:g into the slave
States and tbe slave States commencing a sys
tem of emancipation, and finally emancipating
their slaves and riddt g the country ot this c«i<;
and in that bright future, now clos? at band. 1
behold a free American Republic rennsirg
pro dly among the nations of the earth. [Great
applause ]
Mr. Lovejoy closed by calling for lh.-L e cheers
for th£ Declaration of Independence, which tbe
Democrats pervert and violate; three cheeis
for the Constitution and the Union which they
threaten to subvert and destroy ; three cheers
for Pennsylvania, Indiana and Ohio; and three
cheers for Old Abe and toe whole ticket. Tbe
audience responded with the wildest entbu-
We« 111 exhibit onTnCIInDAY, llth Irut.. fr-m-he
(InglrK Out Auction S*ale*
Ot the e-H'r SUqkeof Mo n. k iIITTOX,
L. & U. cEXTZ ii CO., anti CUAa.I-AIEX * I ...
Over 1,000 JMccrs Dress Silks,
C- mpriclnj: Every Variety of
Plain Black Silks.
Black Figured Silks.
Plain Colored Silks,
Asd All the Choicest Novell!.?'
Xtaoblo raced 6ilks f Hept. Silks,
lire. Seven siid Xke Flcucccd
Sillv and. Velvet J^obes,
Brocaded with Velvet,
la Colors for street and EmJn< Drrir.-*.
Also, Over One Thonsoad !i cts
Rich Paris and Ljons Dress Uoods,
Tliece Goodawere all Manufacture I and JkNctcd fir
jYete York City Retail Trade,
the*e*ann, anti t!i-- tiniversM
J unetoccV-il «*enr***»Kn la the o-jutmm Ira.*.-, were
forced upon the marit- 1 »■ d sv-d at
An luimeiiHe siacriiivC*
••We wi’t mU PtaM Hike 'or Tbr-* 'hJIIu."; Heavy
pi»«dS lk«f.r K ft-C.ni-: Siperh Q-nl iv “caw Lv «• -
h Ik* fur S's *hl!l.n<*—add tin* «-•■* «u alT'-n :
Rch i»»ck n.-urwt SiH.mi*- Ext aQ-mii*
•|w«>-faceti>l ki’orNme Shd lo*a-rrgula-pite FoinUvn
tOtdlin**: Eldin’ Mk uobf- icr
Scperh Sivcri and Nine F.ouncid
Lyons Silk llubes for $25.00,
Worth Fifty Peßan.
Klectsl Seven and Nine Fl 'nncf J
Velvet Robes for SIO.OO,
Cost ta Import Sixty DolUri.
Thli 1? «ba LAROPST ard OTTIAF B bT HALE of
RICH GOBI'S eve-iu.d* In 'bis cooniry -nl. x* we
bought Very we can lifer uur CB»tt.nn , *»>bc
Greatest Bargains Ever Known.
We willcxh'Wtatthe *a*ve time PARIS NOVELTIES In
Rich Velvet Clonks,
And all bvrt Style* of Cli*>s.ln enn vvlew. f» B <1
irwsral.or (.qmw-i imr«-r % 1 »n aad si.B-if-x.tsre, an. ai
W«xrenown“eMn£(!ailv»n.m Aoetlrn. Mxtnfirtwrs
sadlmP<T'tVhjNew-‘t *r.J( 'J-; a--
UtS jRIFTtON, sad esh.b.txnx
G-enex-al VH-v Goods.
Which wc cilt- ■* whcle»a'e IMxll, r»tt rs-II
ONI.Z, at tike* ttat cxnxul be compel ra vatL 1j Uilulty.
WM. i:0.
IC7 aod IG9 Lake Street.
(uctll di 37 .ml
far Gecllemen. LcdesantiCh.Wnn.j
ChlMrea 4 ? Fancy n>> ter* In rre U varletr.
H~.mi.Knit Wor.trU GjcJi. Iciunjt te snrj-iv<o.
tbe UUs*- choice efts.
Buttons Ta^wlsOirit'e I —a fa;la:sortin«:t.
Glit hell#, Lu.kles sh«ies Ac.
Colts-siFcits EAilngv La ot* amt VeUa.
InfanV Kobe*ana
French au-i Gexaiaa Corstt-s ftcra the lest manofac-
U V? Wte;:s.
TS Lake aircet. Chiva-.0.
Third Store East of Briggs House.
lhave bow on bsoit as<l to arr.vf. a larzc aa-i *.u-«c
Itoa 01 croekerr, Cain* and G!«*ware, Par ar,
and Ten* Colt* V*«a,
wlia a general aasonmeat of
Oil Palstlßza, Tasikee Notice*. Clocfce, Walcie:
aodJewelrr, wntca I WJI m 1! m rrevlv wducyl ;r i-4
and to which 1 would Innie the atieution of M-rch—U
Hoasekeerera,*ad other*. JOHN RANKIN,
ft toieea.e *Dd Retail Draler.
Btylfrly 177 Raadolih vrceL
IN' 33 W" 800 K. .
Price 51.25.
W. B . KEEN,
102 Wuhlnslon Street, 102
TTholciale aod Retail Dealer* la
Homeopathic Medicines,
And every variety of Physicians’
Sa(vof Milk, Globules, Corks aad VUlsof <T»mtre, .
tr AftnU for the American Wine Company,
Liquid Catarrh Remedy.
Wamatal to be a SORB aad PBtiMAWK>T CL RB fbr
A Circular, wtUt raltpai ueoiars *1 (lUmm. Ac.,
will be seat to any penoa br snuresen* p«» offlrc box
AftAS. OSes 190 Lake street,eoßMr of WajX^jCs*o.
L K (Jr A N T
Fall and Winter Openin' of
mmljljl.very coons.
Uavlog return'd from New Totk,a f leranftbeence sleeve*
rA >nk«-»MLI In whitting tie most choice »tv *■ of the
itatao-would he hippv ui tee her inenda every d*y el
the Millinery Rocma cf
No. S4 Lake Street No. 5-1
Where ibe U ptepurd to *Mw the richest Bonnets to be
f.utd in the city.
Our stock U now full and complete Id every I'r e.em Va
c *‘tz m •tjlevo - Mowers, Klhboo*. and 3:lk an t Vel
vet Maieitala lor llncieta In every varbty • l color anl
style *» Wtneaile end Retail. The vtesMon of the trace
U Invited be'o e purcbarl; g. No. sft Lake =lr« at, a ftw
(loo's east of Slate itied.
oelSr»7S» 11. W. WETHgRELL.
The Beat and Cheapest la the City,
At HEELER’S, 113.Lake Street,
At HDSLEH'a, 113 lake itxeet
Ths ttttt mmd Chtapttt l» fAs Clip,*
The De»t and Cheapest In the City*
At HSILER'S, U3 Lake SUveU
The Ikst and Cheapest La the city,
AT HUSZJra’S, No. 113 Z.JJUI ST.
A very Attractive Stock of
Winter Dress* Goods
Now la Store.
At Half Price, to c'o.-e cut the ttoik.
T. B. CARTEL, IS? Lake street.
Wl-h Selection* from bb Work*.
Bound 1b Cloth.
llurtieti’tf Lire of Lincoln,
Boned In rintb...... Free 30 Cts.
•• •• Paper •* |3 Cta
Lincoln and Doiijgla*’ Debate*,
Bound In noth tree 30 C*b
Paper. •• 33 CO.
The Political Text Book for 1800*
Comprising abHcfVlew «f P'ejldenUal Xnml allot*
and r.lecilot.*, lni-!a.in< iL tie N»r.rnai rlauoran ever
yetadopted, by llotaox G«zilit. Pr ce g|.
roraaieby \V. . KKL\, Unoxseile-,
Uw La. e street.
I B.«* Lake St M Chicago •. •48
Table-Cutlery and Lookiug-Glaue*,
Aahtie Attention of Dealers to their
Which they offer low for Caah or gaod Notes.
Americtiu Sherry,
non Koainwisr
A treat Want Supplied.
A Pure Wine of delicate flivrr that competent Indite*
pronounce ruperi rtumoatof th» tUh P‘i-ed wttu>, rout lu
ltd* country. .a now being ; reduced by the onotrelgned
from the
Strawberry Variety of Sbobarb.
Bevrnd (he nrdlna'V tonic effect of a pure grape wire,
this act* a* an atTitm*. at<d i.ni/nh •-.f-iim/ f,mn Mi
■•/ h* Lnr«/.,and • liu. niMwyu.Nf/y,
CM«««C w- otkrr e-r.iea, are u.lLg it w.Ui the happier! effect.
Sold at uanu'actnror’* pHctsby
J. II ISKKO A CO, Chicago. Hi.
LK.MUDUB Be'-rldere. UL, Sept. L 19tW. aelAd*4-4in
G. H. & L. LAFLIN,
42 & 41—Slate Street 42 &44
Hews, ledger, Writing
Of Erory Deicriptioa.
Straw and Tar .Boards,
•i ml Envelopes
New Worsted Goods.
Hoods, Mittens, Gaiters, Socks, dtc.
Commenced Slippers,
Aad Embroidery materials of all kinds.
41 - LASALLE ST., - 41
M?dl3-3m. Opposite Hoffman’* Bask.
Wakefield, Nash & Co.,
Liverpool and London.
Lite**! Cub advancements will be made on Cousin*
o-at»totie .hire butuc, or BiCOM, LiKD, PROVI*
bl.»S.acrt PrtODUCE<«nerwJy, 6/
Muss be Used with
Most be Used with
Moat be Used with
Sol! by
bold by
Van Sclmack* 47 State
Vau Scliaack, 47 State Su,
firoesenl Dealer ia Housekeeping Article*. mjV
Gentlemen’s Furnishing Goods.
B. L. nCLL,
(Under the Matteaou Home)
Invites at’ert'on to bis largo end nperlor stock of tbi
beat end laWit styles fjr Fad end Winter wear, of
ASD iCßXisniac goods, «.
Fran ICS ..)*■» “ »
jg p*<l/*Mad« wad a* <?#od PUlhf
a Garment as can be obtained - .
B. L BULL, Merthaat Tailor,
•ctsdinia 6A Durban ktmt.
Would call the uttertldii t,i tlie public to their
or various colon, for Ovemoteor llndrena C'Ots. FrndL
EiidUh. H-Otcß and Amtf < an Can<iiacirn, for Pasts na
Suite. Velvets,SilkaandCasi'tutru
Ofthelateet and moat d-air*l>'« atv’ea. Kmw*clotha amt
Dwaklm of all mdn, all t.fwnl'b wilt be arid bylhw
yard « r made ntor’wmenteo'the lUn»l style, and Wtnsal
ed to give satisfaction, Their slock of
f** *’*oc'<iuiile'u, coo»'Bl!n< of Lanin* Wool ud Bhaktv
Klaaa*l Uu-lfr-iKfiKaDil Ifnwen. Wool Nrxlljma, whiu*
sr.d folmnl l.in-n *>nut-*ani L'oilir*. ntotlu, Tie*. S*C«rfl»
iluffl i#, Hosiery ainl Clo.mot al! iloda. fa>
which all arv invited i<* i<»,k at beiorwpurchaalfl* ue*
where. Dou'l lofitel i)>« plara
ait Ilk & I'IIINDLK,
.No, W1 ttreet
N.>. 138 hake Street*
WCU'iTKi A —lU*) pomuls of every afivlo ‘nd color of
Split, sdael* A»tU.ut<.«Z«piivr. Spaced. T nsol ud the
Bcv coliorc.u Color. »l Whokeue asd Retail.
QUAKER YA<*N.—«o poard* of this iup*r'or Yin.
biaooiixcd, wuite,»c.tl- , t,ci-.u3« ',b ue.drab, AC,
IMSKHT3 A hir<e»t>k of Osman and f reach Tra*
vein*. Ke'tcule. Wort. l.unrh a< >1 To/ Ibvikotr, Cndlve.
aodCabs. GU», ChUrs, Wurkatand*, »c,
UlK') CAGE'S —too dozen of a superior manufacture.
Alev, I'.nol iwl Squirrel Cad*-*.
TOYS AVU FA.VY GOODS of our direct lmp~rt»*
tlon trim Fmict;. Curhen an i German M»nuf*ctßre-
Al*o, caoes 1-f |« ys of ;a) cot n acvortel >nr flfrei are
t*eaivdvedu'Ur»ae-u<*. ilnT«»»la endless variety, Ac*
YANKEE AOXlu.NS,—AKCnvralasß'irtnwnt of every*
lathis line.
y y*Mejchant* and Wholestlc IValfn throughout the
and our «tock. com/lvi*. and pr e » u |r-w 9S
tf.wr than *ioy. ecu ha cy Gods sre ta>«
n itrd by us clirJ*. eon-equcntly can oumpvie wttb eajr
noise In tie coillr>’ •}.«!» JlftF Iron Ue
msmiaaurer rn.e k« «• to « a « r » inducement*.
Cali and try at
law LA<g *TKEfcT. aaireo.tr
Gc I 3ST .
Thu Delicious Tonic Stimulant,
Especially designed f'jr'*Ls u*e of the
Karin : s - jp* ,, * , dr-I s<»-calVd “ G!r“AremU'c,*
••O rd al * “Me ucjl- “>cHL*t'pV Ac. Is tow irdtnwd
hyal of mi« pronileont r» i>-ic»n«. ihe/id*!-, »rd co»-nni»*
hear*, tv* p-HM->er.< all « f Mbw tsra m*:o uim! r‘tu- tjudl
li*-» *nd •t.urrticj wli ch tel n*t» at nLoasd mv
l„n' lutnp lu quart Lotties and p-oi.l by ad uru^hUv
emcm*c- A n Bl j(ij( Cli u a ci>..
(E.uaiH.rfini-1.) „ fc S7,rjS~fg-y .
Fo*rain wbnlesaV.*n m.jt A Perce J. li;
Kc.%l .yfo. i.n»tJ E.>. Kobe• *C»». cttUP^m
.Price 30 Cta.
Hollister & Wilkins,
The Besd Good;) at Low Prices.
Ilaue on hacd *r.d offer for talc, of ih- r tßijetFaCoo
and nf the lts-l it .rreal.c in »i n aittire, the I..**'' 1 ■*" ,"If*
li. the .'"or'iiw* at of Mi «u i. a, a u eet.
U. llir .*UI UWBI 111 .IHM. I. u, *.M
Hnm—la. Tap »fy, Thro *' ! v, rut-erlue In.i’ ia « r *'J*
Flue Iru-an, t ••■'on and Wool Ingrains W ■'> ““ten,
rcotrb ne*» i>*. KrSt. Venetian, Tie« »y Irgrn* Ho »ly
liniMils and Mu rt'< ri* I mi. all of the gre .tot \*uri* y,
rnie*»nd patte"!*; coinpil'lna Ue iateas-t, P**t an Bt»*6
dialrdlt* ever li-’ore ojteted 11 Chicago, "tfu
which tney idler at the lowest pos-ib.c prl*o«.
Of there we o r er a 1 »r/e and nerval el a.** rtment,
either us regard;* if ail'v. s vie or yrce. of KLglian ami
nianutaitrue. in v»;*d!i.»of i-ie yud. «■ a aid ►
half yard.* and two yard* wide, at fimi Hire -hi Hrga
that* shilll: is per >a-d .s -o. Heavy Sh*e> •It C oths*
twelve **«'t. e'ghton feet .vul twe'it|e t **« - e, at
prices f«> i ft tir tot n -ti.l ntsl*-'- iaM. A'»o—Tab> Oil
Cln’bs lu pa tern* Mid by the yard, u'ul Stair Oil Cluttis UL
great vare y.
ns ffl lies.
fiKi.i Matfu/s tiif »Cl ur.;-.u*. Ve-lbul-*. AC.,
in all wl.tt'i*. in.ru tne-i.air tr. »wu wrdswt.e , Ct*«on
btr»w Martirg Nil wh te .Ml c?uC’*d «’ae.
quarter an! ii"mhl a *.alf jards •»'•'«•; Verse*,
Bni-»ei» and fuft d Rugs. Cnort Jttte Mnr'.ila, Ur *h,
Hk. l. tun Adel di ear. 1 . .'hee;>-bkiu .Mats •<( the gieat'ttt
varl tv in • re an«t t»» ten - .
Fn nch llrocatelle, Sai .> I'et.slp.r*. Mi”i(U PrntaJ
Laattrgs. hep - , C.ulu, D»'.a.-lc a.iJ £di»
btndmd Lt-.e t ustaii.% ’n p.lrs and t.y this yard,
ICmbMldere-l Mus'd at-d try tits ya*u;
C-irtitfen. In wcod. brara < ; r gd - , ' lit Curtain tan>u>uM
pin*. Certie 'I web, L<i" % i tapery • tllmu U ndK.
Cuifidu Gimp-, M a U ni ing. e-’utfdr. I. n n,-. an; all
k:n '« of tVitu nm < uee-«*«r,- f*«r Cur a-t *. «V n-r.iar
Saade«ng)id n>rde t niLdcit t'a.ii-i-i Mi ulee While,
Half,(} een -«* d lliin- Shad- ll"lvi'i« ft wiuf r, tuge*
th-r w.th i;ray*i» ('•■ lent >r*ir>-K s»ute*. R I ticeK\t.*s*,
a at d l!a m '• Fat' *t r «tniv . P*fl»
I'u'iim rUiarm lints* ai d Hr u te il il cr Knur, Kaclc*
Pulley* a- d lt»ackel.*,Sl'ne C m* and *lu-»eil».
T« l«* Linen* I- p»«?• r.s u. dby lb" T.rd. I Into -'splcle*
•nil Inytu. ilatM'ilNyj It*. Lee.an.m* itu M>«« lo?*
of *ll wi<Ur.4. LiD«n*t-> Hlnw i* - i/*, T-.w-ls.
Ura-li, ri*ort*’d ‘l-i'ie Lover*, embrodr nl. v-n«L-d ud
Kurn.t’iieCidi iz, '«.• i'***- w tli aUr*e aotorl*
mrnt of Frn»f , I’lcMreCVnl* *ca Tv-** 1 1.*.
SpriPJ Hair. OoUun, Nn-flr* *. K»«e-r*r »u«l
M>v K*alh»r Bed*. IL.i-l.r* and H
Blank*'*. Q‘i 'is Stifcli*. H lew C*»«k. L-unk**. Fowl
p«4h. <•, lid :..M Cl lo«, J'lii ho t Kna n-.M • Coin*. Curled
H'lirm varouajcrvl***, Vos* itn{ E»Cfl* or bySF»-
*in>4>r'r , c* W’«b'in* Bed Late, Mau reas Toil* and
Twites fur Upholsttier’s use.
Prime Lire Geese Feathers.
Hollister & Wilkins’
135 A 137....Lake Street. top-itair«.‘. ...135 A 137
Ah* It ft end CH*»p*at at
No. -1-3 CUirlc 'Street,
.2. LbfcWU En. E, A X
Wholesale usd Ectail.
The Best and Cheapeat
Try My Se?ars lO Fur 25 Os.
Try lUy Sejars 8 For 25 Os.
Try My Scsars 7 For 25 Os.
Try My Sugars 6 For 25 Os.
Try iMy Scjars 5 For 25 Os.
Try My Sc?ars I For 25 Os.
Try My Se?ars 3 For 25 Cls.
All Imported direct, and better for the Alone/
thin eon bo found ANYWHERE.
<yt > .<U|v**dp?
500 JRicces
9 Ceuta per yard at 'Wholesale*
2jO Pieces Ileal tngnsb
90 Cede per Yard at lletall*
119. 114 AND 116 LAE* STREET.
Hamilton and Pacific
17 I*3 Cent* per Yard at Wholesale*
119. It 4 AND 116 LAEB STREET
99 • *. Clark Street. . , 99
Premium Plano Fortes. which hare boen awarded tklrt*.
two TintPrexninmila Gold and dUrep Medals.
Apply at Musio Start, 90 beats Clark itmt.
Conalstlng of
la.-2;-dlM* ml

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