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HERALD BEST OF ALL LOCAL NEWSPAPERS HERALD "ADS" MEAN BETTER BUSINESS 3 PRICE THREE CENTS. NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 12, 1914 TWELVE PAGES. ESTABLISHED 1876. . HE1ALD Bulk of Geraiaii Army Advancing Toward Freech Frontier Tliroeglk Heart of Belgimm German Commander at Liege Denies Loss of 20,000 In His Efforts To Take Forts There Belgium Scene of Outpost Fighting Between Belgians, French and Germans. English Gold Deposited in Ottawa, Canada, to Avoid Risk of Ship ping Money Across Atlantic. A Dutch despatch says a, terrific cannonade was heard this morning from the d.rection of Tongres, north of Liege. It was yesterday reported that two -divisions of German cavalry with artillery had arrived there. Belgium was todav asrain the scene wof outpost fighting between Belgians, French and Germans. The German commander at Liiege denies the loss of 20,000 in his effort to take the, forts there. He says they will be taken without the loss of a man as soon as German heavy artil lery arrives. He asserts that "the Belgian force is numerically superior to . ours' He intimates that assaults were stopped by the emperor's orders to avoid needless sacrifice of life. , On the subject of Liege the French foreign minister declares all the sur rounding forts intact and that only a Ismail force of Germans entered the town Itself . under cover of darkness. It had been pointed out , previously that the defect of the Liege forts was the inability to see one fart from the .' i lthniich th fir a of thfctr runs ; crosses, v " " ..... A Brussels despatch says the bulk of the German army is leaving" Liege and advancing toward the French frontier through the heart of Bel gium. The French foreign minister de scribed the French position in Alsace as good, as the troops occupy the crests and passes of the Vosges moun tains. Military experts studying the posi tions of the opposing armies, may, "it is pointed out, possibly , have been confused as the . German entrench ments said to have been erected on the river Aisne, which many conclude to.be the river of. .that name well in side the French border. There Is also a small stream called the Aisne running into the Ourthe at Bamal, ' below Liege and this may be one men tioned, as it would thus form an ex- thrown up by the Germans after they encountered Belgian - opposition at Liege. Belgium anticipates an attempt by Germany to cross the Dutch territory and has requested Holland to state her intentions , regarding resist ance to a breach of her neutrality. Sveaborg, the great Russian fortress awaits a bombardment or a battle, as the commander has ordered all civ-, llians to leave there and also Helsing- , ivl O. ...... . Paris reports Montenegrin troops oc cupying Tarabosch overlooking Scu tari, Albania, where severe fighting between Montenegrins and Turks oc- Considerable sums of English gold are to be deposited in Ottawa, Canada, to facilitate payments without run ning the risk of shipping money across the Atlantic. The meagreness of despatches from the war centers of Europe appears to indicate that the censorship has be "come stricter than ever. ' Neither from England nor France is any hint allowed to pass over the cables as to the progress of events or as to the positions or movements of the huge armies of German, French, Bel- glan, Austrian, Russian and British troops who, it is assumed, must now be within striking distance. A short Brussels despatch received via Lon don says: "The German retirement reported yesterday is becoming more marked today." The significance of this statement can only be guessed at. It may mean that an engagement in force actually is in progress, or It may refer only to the general covering movements that have been in course of execution for several days in Bel gium. German Army Advancing Through Heart of Belgium Brussels, Aug. 12, Via. London, 11:20 a. m. The( German army is being detached from its position be fore Liege and is advancing through the heart of Belgium. The main body f the German cavalry is engaged in a forward movement all along the front cf the allied armies. It was officially announced here to day that the German retirement re ported yesterday is becoming more marked. No other news from the front has been made public. . Belgian Government Asks Holland for Assurances - Brussels, Aug. 12. via London, 4:50 A.. M. Anticipating an attempt by Germany to enter Holland from the north , by closing Dutch Limburg, which would oblige the Belgians to cover the frontier on that side, the Belgian government: has asked Hol land to give assurances of her. inten tion In the event that Dutch neutrality is violated. An official report states that com munication has been restored with London, a village in the province of Liege', seven miles southeast of Tirle mont. The Belgians blew up sev eral bridges at their front in the vicin ity, which gave rise to the report of an artillery engagement. ! No ' news has arrived showing that such an ac-' tlon took place. ' ' A German aeroplane flew over Brussels today at a height of 2,000 feet. Civic guards tired several shots at the airship, but they fell short. There is no fear regarding the food supply of Belgium. An earlier despatch from Brussels said that German troops had seized the station at Landen, a short dis tance west of Liege, and after driving out the railway employes burned the building. German Commander Denies Loss of 20,000 Men London, Aug. 12, 9:10 A. M.The correspondent of the Exchange Tele graph Co. at Rome says that a des patch from Berlin gives an official statement by General Von Stein re garding the siege of Liege. The Ger man commander denies the loss of 20,000, but does not give figures of his losses. He says that only a small number of German troops were en gaged in order to, mask the move ments of the bulk of the army. The enemy's advance attacking force, he says, was completely annihilated, and while admitting that the forts remain intact, explains this by saying: "The emperor did not wish to sacrifice Liege unnecessarily, but so soon as the heavy artillery arrives the forts will be taken without the loss of a man." General Von Stein admits that the capture of the forts is a difficult prob lem because of the unfavorable ground about them and further be cause the population of the town, in cluding the women, shot at the. Ger man troops from behind, firing indis criminately, hitting the surgeons and the wounded. The German com mander concludes with the remark that "it must not be forgotten that the Belgian force Is numerically su perior to ours." German Torpedo Boat Destroyed By Mine London, Aug. 12, 9:30 A. M. the Copenhagen correspondent of the Dally Mail says: "It is ascertained that the German torpedo boat de stroyer, which was reported to have been sunk by the explosion of one of her boilers off South Gedser on Au gust 5, really was destroyed by a min laid by a German warship. m "The Danish and Swedish steamers, it is reported, ceased running as a insult of information that the Ger mans had laid contact mines fn the North Sea." The Russian commander of the fortress of Sveaborg, .Finland, '.ias or dered all the inhabitants of that place and Helsingfors tr. leave, as a battle or a hombardmcnt is believed to be imminent. Here 9 s German Tlan of Invading Trance L&rt TK U! This map shows the German plan of invasion of France. ' Three armies are being hurled against the French. One entered Belgium and met with Details of Negotiations For Merchant Shipping London, Aug. 12. The Gazette to day publishes the details of the nego tiations between England and Ger many regarding the status of their merchant shipping in ports of the en emy. A despatch from Berlin received here yesterday said thet the German and British governments had request ed the American embassy in Berlin to .ntervene for the purpose of fixing the time in which the mercnantmen of the two countries must quit the ports of the enemy. From the matter published by the Gazette it appears that Germany on August 4 proposed to the British gov ernment the mutual liberation of in terned ships. A reply to the proposal within forty-eight hours was request ed. Apparently no reply, was made to the German communication, but the British government, through the American ambassador, Walter Hines Page, made known to Germany the decision of this government regarding the treatment of enemy ships and ask ing whether this would meet the views of Germany. The negotiations continued through the intermediary of the American am bassadors at Berlin and Stockholm, but no communication was received from Berlin and the British govern ment has no knowledge of the treat ment being accorded to British ships and cargoes in German ports. Forts Encircling Liege Still Holding Out London, Aug. 12, 11 a. in. The military position at Liege. Belgium, and also along the Franco-German frontier where the opposing outposts are in touch, and In Alsare, where severe engagements between a French invading force and the German de fenders recently were fought. Is ex plained in a despatch from the French foreign minister received here this morning. He says: "Rumors regarding the loss of the forts of Liege by the Belgian' troops ljQERMAN IhFANTRT Z. FREJ1CH CAVALR.YJ reverses. The other enters through L ':v.rg and the third near Epinal. The objective point is Paris. As you read the day's news from the war follow the events here. Get this gen are entirely false. Only small groups Hungarian fleet according to an an of German soldiers entered the town nouncement here today, itself under coyer of darkness. All , The Austro-Hungarlan ambassador the encircling forts, twelve In num- ' to Italy, Kajetan Merey de Kapos t er, are intact. Mere, has resigned his post on the "Small unimportant engagements ! ground of 111 health. Baron Karl von have occurred along the whole line Macchio, departmental chief of the where the French and German armies 1 Austro -Hungarian foreign office, has are facing each other from Belfort, j been appointed to succeed him tem- cpposlte the southernmost part . or Alsace, to Liege in Belgium. In these encounters the French cavalry has always maintained its superiority over the German mounted troops, while our artillery has been splendid ly served. - "Our troops have kept the crests and passes of the Vosges mountains, and they dominate the heights of Al sace. 1 "A line between Thann, twenty-two miles "southwest of Kolmar, Alsace, and Altklrch (the first position occu pied by the French army after its in vasion of . Alsace): is held by our armies. This line runs slightly to the rear of Muelhausen. "The French government indignant ly denies that there was any violation of German territory by French army before the declaration of war." German Army Succeeds in Building Pontoon Bridge . Amsterdam, via London, Aug. 12, 2:25 P. M. The second attempt of the German army to build a pontoon bridge at Herstal over the Meuse was successful according to a despatch from Maestricht to the Telegraaf to day. The bridge is intended for the passage of siege artillery, several pieces of which are being sent to Liege and others to Namur. Austrians Blockade Montenegrin Coast Vienna, via London, Aug. 12, 2:2.r P. M. An effective blockade of the Montenegrin coast has been estab lished since yesterday by the Austro- WRATIIKR. Hartford, Aug. 12. Fair tonight and Thursday. Cooler tonight. eral plan of invasion well in your mind, locating the strategic points, and then the great mass of reports and rumors from the seat of war can be sifted much more intelligently. porarily. Montenegrins and Servians Now Operating Together Nlsh, Servia, Aug. 12. The Servian and Montenegrin armies which hal effected a Juncture on the border of Herzegovina are now operating to gether. Servian artillery is engaged In the bombardment of Gcrashda, on the River Drlna, 29 miles to the southeast of Sarayevo. the Bosnian capital. Ser vian troops already had captured the Bosnian town of Vardlshta, at ' the junction of the rivers Drlna and Lim. Some important outpost encounters are reported on tho Servian frontier at different points on the rivers Save and Danube. The bombardment of Belgrade, the Servian capital, by the Austrian ar tillery continued today, when material damage was inflicted on the city. Reports reaching nere from Sofia stated that the Bulgarian government is preparing for evt ntualltles, but it is not known what it has in view. French Fishing Fleet Returns to France St. Pierre, Miq., Aug. 7. (delayed In transmission) The outbreak of the Kuropean war has caused the with drawal from this colony of nearly the entire French fishing fleet, and many steam , trawlers have returned to Havre and Brest. Business lia.s been badly crippled as the bank has re fused to cash drafts und checks on France. Upon receipt of official ad vices that hostilities 'Wad begun, the colonial government sent two steam trawlers to the fishing fleet on the Grand Banks to order all vewels that were sufficiently supvlied with coal and provisions to proceed to France immediately. Others whloh were (Contitnued on Eleventh Page.) KENSINGTON MAN HELD AS GERMAN SPY John McCabe Has Unpleasant ex perience While Visiting In Canada. To be seized by authorities of the British government and held for several hours as a German spy, while visiting in Toronto, Canada, was the exciting experience of John McCabe, a bookkeeper at the American Paper Goods company in Kensington who, with his companion, Michael Moore, also of Kensington, has decided to spend the remainder of his vacation on safer ground. According to the story which the young men told their friends pre vious to leaving for a week's stay at Coney Island, both were standing on a street curb in Toronto on Wednes day morning of last week interestedly watching a parade of enthusiastic citizens when an officer approached McCabe and placed him under ar rest. Nothing was said to Moore and he, anxious for the safety of his com rade, went to the houe of detention for the purpose of informing the authorities of their serious mistake. This was not sufficient, however, so Moore telegraphed to his brother Bernard Moore In Kensington for , credentials. McCabe was released I about twelve hours after his arrest, immediately upon the receipt of a telegram from his home town. The young men were at a loss to explain the reason for the arrest. j but were inclined to believe that they j aroused suspicion while meandering about the city, curiously watching the demonstrations which followed j England's declaration of war against j Germany. McCabe has been said to resemble a German in appearance and, rather than take any( chances, the authorities probably thought It best to make sure before he disap- ! peared. WOULD-BE SUICIDE SHACKLED TO BED Peter Dyko Becomes Violent After Trying to Cut Throat. Despondency, brought on, It Is thought, by heavy drinking and a quarrel with his brother over his daughter, caused Peter Dyko, of 28 & Myrtle street to make an attempt upon his life at shortly after 1 o'clock this morning. The police were noti fied and Officer Helberg and Sergeant Kelly were sent in the patrol. They arrived at the house at 1:16 o'clock and found that Dyko had cut his throat with a knife and was bleeding profusely. SlMtckled to Bed. . The Injured man was taken to the New Britain General hospital, where his wounds were attended to. This morning It wag stated that his cut throat is not particularly serious and he is doing well as far as the Injury is concerned. However, the man must have been drinking very heavily last night for he became so violent this morning that it was necessary to shackle him to the bed to prevent his doing bodily Injury to himself and others. ' Tried to Cut Wind mpe. Dyko's attempt on his life was a crude one and Instead of severing his jugular vein he sawed away at the front of his throat, trying to slash his wind pipe In two. He managed to Inflict a cut about two inches long. Has Wife in Russia. The police found out that the man has been living alone at No. 285 Myrtle street, but has a wife living In Russia. He also has a brother named Frank, who lives at No. 161 Curtiss street, and the police think that the two brothers were quarreling yesterday over Dyko's daughter. The injured man's landlady says that he Is a steady man and worked all day yes-terf,- WTLIj PROTECT GERMANS. American Consular Agents in Canada Sent Instructions. Washington, Aug. 12. German citizens In Canada are to receive the same protection at the hands of the state department as are British sub jects In Germany. Having assumed responsibility for the welfare of these citizens the state department has sent instructions to all American consular officers In Canada to look after the Germans and Austrians there precisely as it has sent similar Instructions to the American em bassies in London, Paris and St. Pet ersburg. Absence of an American diplomatic representative in Canada obliged the state department to ad dress itself directly to Its consular of l iters. It is expected that American diplo matic and consular ofllcers every where, save In the few neutral coun tries, are going to be very buy In extending protection to hundreds of unfortunates vlho are being de nounced as spies, it is snld, merely because they happen to speak the language of the enemy. No doubt is felt here that every effort will be made to secure exact . justice and a fair trial for every person so a c rtifd wherever possible outride the actual zone of military operations. HARVESTER COMPANY mm DISSOLVED BY DISTRICT COIIi icpancn vscurca 10 u no n&po y io Restraint of Interstate and ' Fcrclga Trade. CASE WILL BE TAKEN . .. ..... TO SUPREME COOK uircuu iuagc v aiicr a. Mnitn o mm a . m . . . - Iowa With Whom Judge Wlllian C, Hook of Kansas Concur, Hold- International s Harvester Coiniwny Was From Its Organization In luoi in Violation of bherman Lau. St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 12. The In A ternational Harvester company today was declared to be a monopoly in re4 straint of interstate and foreign traH j and was ordered dissolved by a ma Jority decision of the Judges filed herrf by Judges Smith and Hook In th United States court. Judge Walter H. Sanborn dissented . nietn ne itu,uuv,uvu corpurfcliOli submit a plan for the dissolution oi the combination Into at least three in dependent concerns within ninety days, or in case r appeal withlti ninety days of the Issuance of an ap- peal mandate from the United State! supreme court, the decision announce that the court will entertain an ap plication ror tne appointment or iy receiver for all the properties of the! corporation. lven By Judge Smith. The decision of 'the court was glv-J en by Circuit Judge Walter 1. Smltli of Iowa, with which Judge William C Hook of Kansas 'agreed, and fron: which Judge Walter Ht Sanborn o Minnesota dissented. The majority opinion held that th International Harvester company was from its organization in 1902 in viola tlon of the Sherman law. The orlglna corporation, formed of five concerns violated the first section of the Eherl man met 'by restraining competition among themselves. The combiner organization 'also tended to monopo-j llze trade In contravention of the second section of tnls law. Fair and Just. The .decision declares that while the International Harvester company and its selling organization, the Inter national Harvester Company of Amer- the trade in agricultural Implements' manufactured by them, their treat-l ment of smaller competitor! in gen eral has been fair and jutt. The court finds fault with the ' mc t ions of the corporation, aside from: the technical violation of the Sher-j man law, lur omy iwu hviujiib. iiin opinion declares that there wee nol excuse for the advertising of the pro ducts of D. M. Osborne and company aa independent for two yeara after it! had virtually entered the Internatlon-1 al Harvester company. Thii adver tlsing was to Induce purchasers, theJ court finds, from those who were op posed to buying from the comblna tlon. ' ' Other Art Ccivturcd. The other act censured by the de cision was the manner In which the five original concerns were turned over to the International company bj William C. Lane, a New York bankerJ who contended that he had purchased! the properties. 1 The court holds, however, that th property turned in to the Internation al company was gr later than the stock issued for It, and that the capr Involves no question of over cepitAli zation. t - "t Cltcw Other 'case. The court cites portions of the de cision in the caaes of the Standard Oil Co., the American Tobacco CoJ the Du Pont De Nemours & Co.. and other cases as to what constitutes the! restraint of trade, reasonable and! unreasonable. History Is Reviewed. The decision reviews the history of the manufacture of harvesting lmple-l ments in tne united States, aesertinfc! that prior to the organization of the! International Harvester' company thri principal manufacturers of harvestinK' implements in tne united States were: The McCormick Harvesting Ma- enme co or Chicago, founded ln about 1819. D. M. Osborne & Co., of Auburn. N. x., rounaea aoout itQ. The Warder, Buehnell and Oleasner co., or Springfield, Ohio, founded auout 1869. The Deering Harvester Co., of Chi cago, founded about 1875. The Milwaukee Harvester Co., of nnwauKee. The Piano Manufacturing Co.. ol W'est Pullman, III. Began in 1902. Awwoinf to the decision, the enort to combine these concerns b-. gun on June 2i, 1H02. when T. 1). MlddlekaulT secured an option on the stork and plant of the Milwaukee Harvester Co. for $,128,1. "He did this," the decision ways, "in fart m agent, though it does not clearly ap- (Contitnued on Eleventh Par.).