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NEW BRITAIN MLY HERALD. SATURDAY AUGUST 29, 1914.
T BOSTON STORE LAST WEDNESDAY CLOSING AF TERNOON, SEPT. 2. Agemtts For PATTERNS The Perfection of McCall Patterns assures not alone an absolute flt, but adds that note of distinction, style and personality to your wardrobe that the well-dressed woman of reflne- ment demands. They make It possi ble and easy for women of moderate Income to always look their best, In dainty, stylish gown3 at the minimum - of expense. With these designs it la easy to attain the charm of the pres- r ent styles at home. There never was a time when cutting and draping of fashionable clothes was so , simple nd easy as it is toaay. McCall Patterns, all seams allowed. w A child can put them together 10c and 15c McCall Magazine for September. f ' McCall Quarterly Book of Fashion for fall with a 15c pattern free, 20c. ; McCall's Catalogue of Needlework and Embroidery witn 10c pattern free, 15c. ULLAR AUSTRIA WANTS SCHAEFEU. Local German, Summoned to Do War Duty, Says 'I'm Not the Man." "I love that smoke and powder but this is the life," whistled Richard Schaefer of Trinity street as he strolled into the post office, this morn ing. On opening . his . mail he dis covered to his horror -that he had a summons to go to WAR! , "There must be some mistake here, said Richard to himself. On inves tigating further he learned that the summons came from Vice Consul Winter of Austria-Hungary. In some manner the, consul had got on the track of the wrong Richard Schaefer as the New Britain Richard is a Ger man and not an Austrian. "Safety first," he said to the summons as he tore it up and threw it into a waste basket. a0 CORAJ CO mm 'So 'S IN Pluolto Pfleasnnres Nature is at her best, and the great outdoors invites you to enjoy life and take her pic ture. At Clark & Bralnerd's Drug Store there is a Camera Counter, where experienced salesmen can assist amateur photographers to overcome their difficulties and get the beat results. We sell every thing needed for picture taking, making, enlarging, developing, printing, mounting and finishing. P ft wm FINING OF BELGIUM ILLEGAL, SAYS EXPERT Yale Professor Claims Germany Violated Law of Nations. New Haven, Conn., Aug. 29. Prof. Theodore S. Woolsey, Yale's interna tional law expert, who has just re turned from Europe, said last night in commenting on the war situation that the kaiser's act at Brussels was illegal. "According to The Hague rules," Prof. Woolsey said, "it is forbidden to penalize by pecuniary indemnity or personal punishment any general body of people for violation of the laws of war by a few. So that even if the Belgians had violated the rules of war, unless you can show that the entire population of Brussels was, as a body, responsible, it is illegal to levy a heavy fine upon them. Ratified By Germany. "It was stated at the outbreak of this war that the Germans dropped contact mines at the mouth of the English channel. If so, that was il legal, unless they were so construct ed as to become harmless after an hour. These are all special provi sions of one or another . of The Hague conventions of 1907 signed and ratified by Germany. "Looking at the momentous events in a broad way," continued Prof. Woolsey, "it seems to me as if we were watching an application of the old principle of the balance of power, which was discarded at the time that Germany leaped into European prom inence in 1866 and 1870. Compares Kaiser to Napoleon. "The European coalition of the present day against Germany Is, in the last analysis, dictated by the fear of the danger from the growing power of German militarism, just as nearly one hundred years ago there was a European dread of French militarism in Napoleon. I think that the resemblance between the two sit uations is not strained and is rather striking. "The difference in the situations of Luxemburg and Belgium is that, while both are neutral states, Lux emburg is not allowed by the terms of the neutralization treaty in 1867 to maintain fortifications or to have protection of her neutrality." Asked his opinion as to the out come of the war, Prof. Woolsey con tinued: . i "No one can say. In war nations fight through three different agencies, through their naval forces, through thr land forces and through cred its, so that in comparing the strength of 'the two alliances now at war we must bear in mind, not only the naval and land forces but. their respective financial wealth and;flnan cfal credit and ; resources. "Big wars are generally carried to the point of reciprocal exhaustion be cause it is a great deal more difficult to surround and capture the huge armies of today. This was shown in the Japanese war. Bomb Rule Not Operative. "The charges in regard to espion age and the abuse of the Red Cross and of excessive cruelty are insepara ble from the outbreak and conduct of every war. ' At the last Hague confer ence in 1907 a convention was draft ed, forbidding the throwing of ex plosives from airships until after the close of the next or third Hague con ference and would have covered the present war. Germany and other powers, however, declined to sign this convention and it is thus inoperative." Prof. Woolsey had a good .word to say for the mass of German people. "The people of Saxony and Bavaria Hap of German Advance on i i ' ALLIES Vr-Jri th Sr EH GERMAN oYXJjiir "45 Hfopts fl Lr.c Jp"' V ' VsTCTrmfr J--rRU55IAN UNCI yC 0 7 W lOF ADVANCE 1 3 " sxrAr3uff0 and those of other parts of C i. he said, "or a large proportion of them are a hard working people and have made astonishing commercial and scientific advances within the' last twenty or thirty years, and in such a measure that it has been a contri bution to eivilizsaion and the world is under an obligation to them. Hut they have allowed tiiemselves to be domianted by tins military clique. One must always bear in mind the dis tinction between the great, intelli gent, hard working cultured body of the German people, and the military clique, which is too readily allowed to dominate the councils of the nation." TWO GERMAN CRUISERS SUNK BY BRITISH Two of Kaisci's Torpedo Boat De siioyers Meet SimJar fate. London, Aug. 28, midnight. It is announced that the British fleet h.i'j sunk two German, cruisers, and two German torpedo boat destroyers off Helgoland. The third cruiser was set afire and was left sinking. It is an nounced that no British ships were lost in the naval battle and that the British loss of life was not heavy. In addition to the two torpedo boat destroyers and -three cruisers many of the German torpedo boat destroyers were damaged. Rear Admiral Sir David Beatty com manded the British forces and with a strong array of torpedo boat destroy ers, battle cruisers ana light cruisera and subrrfarines, attacked the Ger mans in Holland Bight early this morning. Cruiser Mains Sunk. The protected cruiser Mainz was sent to the bottom in an engagement with the light cruiser squadron while the battle squadron sank another cruiser of the Coeln class. In the general fighting two of the German destroyers were riddled nd sunk while many others were badly damaged. One cruiser,! battle scarred and on fire, drifted away in the mist and waa lost sight of. Suffered No Serions Losses. The British cruiser squadron, ac cording to the semi-official report of the battle, although attacked by cub marine boats and menaced by floating mines and the guns from the German warships suffered no serious losso?. The cruiser Amethyst and the torpedo boat destroyer Laertes both were afloat at the end of the engagement. The British loss of life was not great. In the battle cruiser squadron were i the flagship Lion, the New Zealand, the Queen Mary and Princess Royal, commanded by Rear Admiral Beatty, while Rear Admiral Moore, Rear Ad miral Christian, v Commodore Qood nough and Commoaore Tyrwitt had charge of other contingents. A wireless despatch tonight from one of the cruisers said she. was mak ing for port with men wounded in the engagement. , The Mainz and the vessel of the Coeln class were protected cruisers 402 feet long and displacing 4,280 tons. They had a speed of slightly over 25 knots an hour. MISSES TRAVT ENTERTAIN. Ten couples were in attendance last evening at a pleasant social gathering at the home of the Misses Elizabeth and Francesca Traut in honor of Miss Cora Nealon of New London, their guest. Dancing was enjoyed to musio furnished by a Victrola and exhibi tions of the newest dances were given by Miss Austin, a disciple of the mod ern Tespsichore. Luncheon was served. City Items If you are looking for a fine 6c cigar, try a Farmer advt. Free drawing at Belvidere Manor Sunday afternoon. advt." Hemstitching, button making, ac cordion and side plaiting. Crawley Shop. Rooms 4 6-4 7 Dillon building, Hartford. advt. Dr. George E. Monks and .sister Miss Jessie Monks have returned from a months trip by automobile through the Catskills and Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. H E. Johnson of Chestnut street, wfll return this evening from a ten days' stay at Mad ison. John E. Downes has received the contract to construct the brick work of the new office building for tha Stanley Works and his men have be gun to erect the structure. Postal cards have been received from Mayor George A. Quigley from Washington. D. C. The mayor ex pects to return to this city Monday. Vincenzo Pavana has filed notice with the city clerk of his intention tp sell his meat market at 7 2 Elm street to Mrs. Pasqua Ollva. Ten deaths and eight marriage li censes were recorded with the city clerk this week. OLD-TIME BOATING ON MISSISSIPPI Freight Rates on One lr p Almost Paid For Craft. i M'Gregor, la., Aug. 29. The intro duction of the new style of barge on the Mississippi river recalls . ante railroad days on the upper Missis sippi, when steamboats were the only public carriers and the sole arbitra tors of transportation rates for both freight and passengers. Tho steam boat companies in those days charged what they pleased, and the publjo paid it, the owners of the boats pllla up fortunes. ".U'Af li ' In his recollections of steamboat piloting from 1854 to 1863 George By ron Merrick in his book "Old Times on the Upper Mississippi" gives orr.e interesting data relative to early day freight and passenger traffic. Freight Rates On River. "Freight rates on the river," he says, "ran from 25 cents a hundred for short distances to $1.50 a hundred from Galena to St. Paul. No pack age was carried, however small or however short ' a distance, for less than 25 cents. Upstream rates for passenger were: 30 miles or vnder, G cents a mile; 30 to 60 miles. 5 cents a mile; over 60 miles, 4 cents a mile. From Prairie du Chien to St. Paul, 255 miles, the cabin passage was $10; deck passage, $5. , . "Boats often earned enough in one season to pay for themselves. The Fanny Harris of the eld Minnesota Packet company towed one barge all the time two most of the time- and both boat and barges were loaded to the water lines both ways nearly every trip. Instead of 150 passengers, she often carried 300, sleeping them on the cabin floor, throe deep, at stateroom rates." Pa-ssenger Rates Hifrh. An item in one Qf the St. Paul pa pers of the time states that the Ex celsior arrived from St. Louis Nov. 20, 1852, with 250 cabin passengers, 180 deck passengers and 30 tons of freight. For freight and passengers she received at the rates then in vogue about $13,200. The Excelsior cost not to exceed $20,000, probably not over $16,000. Another item, also from a St. Paul paper, states that the Iady Franklin arrived May 8, 1855, with 500 passengers. She would accommo date 150 cabin passengers ordinarily. Paris and 'Russian on 'Berlin This map shows the German ad vance on Paris and the Itiussian ad vance on Berlin. As everybody knows, the Germans hope to break through the allies lines and dash to the French capital and then Rend back the greater part of their forces to repell the Russians. It has taken the Germans longer to penetrate France than they planned, principally due to the stubborn opposition at Liege, Natmir and other points in Bel gium and at Longwy, France, and in tha Vlsgea mountains and points in ADRIATIC STEAMS INTO PORT WITH REFUGEES White Star Liner Crossed AtlaniiG With A'! Lionts txnnuuishsd. New York, Aug. 29. With six inch guns mounted fore and aft, with ev ery porthole blanketed and all lights extinguished the White Star liner Adriatic crept into port in the dark ness of early morning today. She had aboard 1,76 2 passengers, nearly all Americans who were in England at the outbreak of hostilities. Not for a moment during the long voyage from Liverpool from which the Adriatic cleared on August 20, were the passengers permitted to forget that Europe was at war. By night the steamer traveled without lights; by day her decks were thronged with her officers and sail ors practicing their gun drill for hours. It is wald that the vessel will go, with little delay, from here to Hal ifax to help carry Canadian volun teers across the sea. French Uiicr Sighted. The Adriatic's batteries consist of four 6-inch rifles, two mounted on the bow and two on the stern. .They were placed in position at Liverpool. On August 27 the French liner Franc was sighted and the two vessels ex changed signals. In the Adriatic's first cabin were 4 72 passengers. Her second cabin had 645 and steerage 646. Ninety per cent, of those in the steerage were Americans. Noted Passengers Aboard. Sir Courteney Bennett, the British consul general at New York and Lady Bennett; Win. C. Breed, who was secretary of the relief committee for Americans in London; J. Borden Harriman and his family; the Rt. Rev. Henry Gabriels, bishop of Og densburg, and Mrs. Paul Morton were among the passengers. . . Sails for United States. . 1 1 London. Aug. 29, 1:35 p. m. A steamer filled with Americans sailed today from a British port for the United "Staes. Among the passengers are John C. Spooner of New York, former United States Senator from Wisconsin and Mrs. Spooner; Norman E. Mack of Buffalo, his wife and daughters; Oscar Straus, former American ambassador to Turkey; 8. R. Guprgenheim, and ex-Senator Chauncey M. Depew of New York. Referred to MoAdoo. wneiner me Aurmuc a armament i brings her within the classification of an auxiliary cruiser, and, as such, places her under the regulation cov ering war vessels of a nation at war, was a question which Collector Ma lone referred to Mr. McAdoo, secre tary of the treasury at Washington, to determine today. MUSIC TEACHER SUED. The estate of Horace Booth has brought suit against Arthur W. Foren, a music teacher, to recover $48 which, it claims, is owed for rent. Action has been commenced for $100 through Attorney Emll J. Danberg and a piano was attached today by Deputy Sheriff M. D. Stockwell. The writ is re turnable before Justice II. P. Roche on September 14. ONE EDITION EVERY DAY. Paris, Aug. 29, 6:25 a. m. The newspapers are forbidden to publish more than one edition in every twenty-four hours. Failure to observe the order, which was Issued by Celes tln Hennion, prefect of police, and approved by Gen. Gallleni, military governor of Paris, will result in the suspension of the newspaper offending and in the total suppression of a paper in case of a second attempt. Alsace-Lorraine, particularly Muel hausen and Altkirch. On the oth er hand, the Russian mobollza tlon and invasion of east Prussia has been faster than the world sup posed was possible. Repented suc cesses reported from the Russian ad vance indicates that the movement toward Berlin must at once be met by strong resistance on the part of the Germans if they are to hold their own in ; this great international conflict. August Sale Ends Saturday Improve The Opportunity ONE MORE DAY FOR THE RIG FURNITURE RALE! Reduced I floe lit All Part of the Store Whleh Will Help Everybody The August Clearance Bale ends Saturday. Reduced price throughout the store, with many sweeping values which take no ac count of cost. Clearance is what we are after. Make your dollar go os far as possible by shopping here Saturday. Remember, the store close nt 6 P. M. Beginning next Tuesday, September 1, we go back to the regular hours of closing. SCHOOL DAYS WILL SOON RE HERE. HERE'S A CHANCE YOU MAY LIKE TO IMPROVE. $6.75 For Boy's Suits Worth $10 and $12 A special in our popular Boys' Clothing department for Satur day. Boys' Norfolk Suits, plain front and plaited backs; patch pockets, materials fine imported homespuna, gray and brown mix tures. Here you can buy a suit worth $10 or $12 for only $6.71, a smart, well made stilt that will give best of service. Suits in ages 8 to 18. Other suits for boys at prices ranging from $5 to $16. B0. Washable Suits To clean up on boys' washable Norfolk Suits, we shall mark them down from $5 and $6 to $2.86. ' Here are the materials and sites: , One gray crash suit, size 14 and one size IS, One size 13 in brown linen crash. One size 15 in plain brown butchers' linen. , ., . Outing Trousers for Young Men Extra nice style and quality. Light and dark gray stripes. Sizes from 29 to 33 waist, 30 to 34 Inseam. Only a few left Former prices $5 to $6.50. You can get a bargain if we have your size. One size 11, one 14 and one 15 In plain blue linen. One each in sizes 10, 12, 13 and 18 in light tan government khaki. One each in sizes 7, 9 and 13 in dark brown government khaki. At $2.85 they are certainly very cheap. Young Men's Suits Come Here For The Best New Fall Styles FREE DELIVERY DAILY IN Hartford, Conn. SUMMER CLOSING SCHEDULE. Store WiU Close At ft o'clock Dally, Saturdays at C. DESCRIBES SUG urn OF GUI LINER Kaiser Witolm Der Gros:c Ceased firing When She Caught Fire. London, Aug. 29, 2:30 p. m. The Evening News today publish a des patch from ,La Palmas, Canary islands, giving an account of the sink ing of the North German Lloyd trans Atlantic liner Kaiser Wilhelm Der Grosse off the coast of Africa by the British cruiser High Flyer, which was reported last Thursday. Lieut. Deane, a British army officer, who was taken prisoner by the Kaiser Wilhelm Der Grosse from the Brittsn steamer Galiclan on the high seas, is the authority of the Lao Palmas cor respondent and in an interview he gives a graphic account of how the great liner was destroyed. Death Rather Than Surrender. Lieut. Deane had been sent over to the collier Arucal, from which the liner was coaling. When it was seen that the Kaiser Wilhelm was doomed the German captain sent his sword. his despatch box and a letter to his wife to the collier, his secretary be ing his messenger. Previous to doing this the captain of the liner had an nounced that he would himself blow up his command rather than sur render. When the High Flyer opened fire on the liner, Lieut. Deane continues, the collier was still fastened to her dock by hawsers and owing to some delay certain prisoners -on board the liner did not get a chance to leave the ship. The Kaiser Wilhelm wag bow on to the High Flyer and the British cruiser had some difficulty in finding her mark. Shots FW1 Short, She maneuvered to get broadside on, and the ensuing cannonade lasted for forty minutes. All the shots from the Kaiser Wilhelm appeared to be falling short. From the collier it was seen that she had been hit three times and on catching fire she ceased replying to the shots of the "British cruiser. When the liner had been silenced the High Flyer also stopped fire. By this time the Arucal, which had sep arated from the liner, had gotten too far away to perceive anything more than she was still burning. The Germans kept on board the Kaiser Wilhelm only her officers, her gun crews and a few engineers. The remainder of her men were trans ferred to the collier. NEW BRITAIN AND PLAINVTLLE. n Connecticut Apples. (Norwich Bulletin.) That there are prospects of large apple crop thl year li of inte est to all lovers and raisers of th fruit" wherever they may be located but coupled with the statement the the consumption of apples at the pre en time per capita la no where net aa great as It waa several yeara ag it impoaea a greater task upon th marketing of the crop. In thla task New England has n lireat concern aa any other acetic for It ia bound to enjoy the gift naMTf In accordance with the rest o the country. New Kngland and Con nectlcut ran and does raise aa de llcloua and attractive apples aa ih west, but it has been the experience In yeara past that a io lderKV por tlon of the crop haa been made littl use of, being; allowed to remain or. the treea or go to waste for lack e a market. .-;' This la a problem which needa t efforts of producer and consume Dotn ror me purpose or atimuiatinr a greater Interest In such culture I the east and for the economic bene fit which ia obtainable thereby'. Dl tribution la what la demanded for th development of apple growing and th increase In the consumption of th nun, wiuiit in ui iiiuv.ii (nun murj and until the producera of the eas; make their applea aa available a those of the weat, there ta bound ti be the deplorable waate. Instead' oj b?ing allowed to rot on the treea aucK Connecticut fruit should oe the first for Connecticut eonaumptlon. I V II Shoo Polishes rMCST QUALITY LARGEST VARICTY ti. LM "5 DRUSINC SOfTLNl LEATHER aiiTodivf COLOR LUSTRf "CILTEDCtyth only ladkw' tlioa drHtTi that potlUvrly contains OIL Blacks, )ctlkhtNi ana l'r erret Udlaa' and children ho, Macs trttferat rabbint.SM. TIKNCM CLOSS." 10c. DANDf combination for ckaalaf and Bethfclnf allkindaof roMetor tan aaoM, kftc "tTAfauw, loc. "QCICI Walie" (In llqaM form with nponv)e;tnli Irclrani ud whlteni dirt cmvm abotm. jucAita, -AliO" efeM and wtdtens BCCfL, KX'ICCI. SDEDL and CANVAS SBOrS. la ronndlt -tk pAckad In Blno box, with tponn, ion. In hand soma, larat aluminum bo can, with pong, ftBa, tyrmr4A an not kwi th ktna fm want ta pne I tAax for raiiiMrak,hrrMa.X WHrTTrMORC BROS, ft CO, lO-ra Albany Street, Cambridge, Maac. Th Oldnt m4 Lmrgttt Mtmnfmrtnnrt a Shot foluku in tks WtU. . . . :