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New Britain herald. [volume] (New Britain, Conn.) 1890-1976, December 29, 1915, Image 1

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Czar's Forces Now Marching To
ward Ispahan in Persia
Italians Reach Vicinity of Northern
Frontier in Epims Allied Aero
plane Hit by Turkish Artillery Fire
and Falls Into Sea.
.London, Dec. 29, 10:35 a. m. Rus
sian troops havo occupied the import
ant Parisian town of Kashan and aro
marching toward Ispahan, according
to the Teheran correspondent of Reu
ters Telegram Co.
Russians Attack Austrians.
.' Berlin, Dec. 29, via London, 11:15
4C m. The Czernowitz (Bukowina)
correspondent of the Tageblatt sends
tho following: "The Russians have
madc eight attacks against the Aus
trians on the Bessarabian border since
Christmas night. Despite a tremen
dous expenditure of ammunition and
men the attacking forces have not yet
succeeded in breaking through the
,lincs Tho Russians maintained a gun
fire for twenty-five hours which was
Hutdiblo in Czarnowitz."
Russia .Playing Game.
ixmdon, Dec. 29, 12:32 p. m. The
fierce fighting on the Galician-Bessar
ftbian front, of which mention is made
rh both Russian and Austrian official
."Mstcments, seems to support the fore
caste that Russia, instead of directly
attacking Bulgaria, hopes to reduce
the pressure On the entente allies in
1 ho Balkans and in Asia .Minor and
ijnpress Rumania and Greece by a
diversion to the north, with the intent
if possible, of breaking through the
Austrian lines. ,
Simultaneously comes news . )of the
capture by,-the Russian of Kashan,
one of the principal cities of Persia,
ffnd of an advance toward the still
more important city qf Ispahan. These
points are too ' remote for their occu
pation directly to .menace the Turks
"who are fighting the British, .under
General fTownshend on the Tigers, but
undoubtedly the Russian advance will
have 1 an important political effect in
V 'Pof sin ind riOsisihlv a n tnf liitnro iitm-i
the projected movement of the Cen
tral Powers against Egypt.
' Avoided Italy or Russia.
f Comment upon King Ferofnand's
speech before the Bulgarian parlia
ment point out as significant that
while he attacked the motives of
Gr4at Britain and France, as being
"A disgrace to civilization," he avoid
ed mention of .Italy or Russia.
Conflicting accounts corne from
Athens and Saloniki regarding, the
movements of the troops of the Cen
tral Powers on the Macedonian border,
bur there are persistent reports that
the Greeks have given the Bulgarians
prmission to cross the border if they
and their allies are still intent on fol
lowing the entente troops to Saloniki.
v The recent French official state
ments indicate that the allies are
maintaining the offensive in the west
with the fighting fiercest in the
750,000 Serbs in Albania.
.Paris, Dec. 29, 9:45 a m. "Accord
ing to reliable information there are
750,000 Serbian troops at Scutari and
Elbasan, Albania," says the Athens
correspondent of the Havas agency.
They are in. excellent trim notwith-
standing the difflcvlties encountered
their retreat. ' They hold strongly
fortified positions against the advance
.of the Austro-Germans. and Bulgarans
nd At is unlikely that they will be
sf erred to Saloniki."
- Italians at EpiriisV
Paris, Dec. 29, 9:50 a. m.-"Italian
vroops which disembarked at Avlonn,
Jlbania, have reached the vicinity of
fth northern frontier of Epirus in
some places, according to reports from
voyagers arriving from Santi Quar-
ant Persian town of Kashan, and are
of the Havas agency.
'Italian troops
near Tepeleni
who have been seen
(southern Albania). '
Turkish Ollk-ial Report.
Constantinople, Dec. 28, via London,
ec. 29, 5:50 a. m. The Turkish war
Office tonight gave out the following
Dardanelles front: One of three
'ttonif aeroplanes flying over Ari Bur-
.iu wSCsf hit by our artillery fire and
el int6the sea. Later it was towed
y two vessels to the island of Im-
'A Vessel of the Agamenrion class
A British battleship with a displace-
raisers, ' two monitors and eight tor
Wdo boats, bombarded at intervals
Ur positions. Our artillery replying
H th$ Agamennon and one of the
uisers with two shells. Oh the 27th
( monitor posted behind the Isle of
Verkeb fired eighty shells on the
iatolian coast narrows. Our Ana-
Jian batteries repeatedly bombarded
landing places at Tekke Burnu
sd sddul Bahr, disturbing an enemy
nspdrt, sinking a boat near Tekku
Trnuland destroying a great shed.
Continued on Eleventh Page.)
Milford Woman Who, Threw Her Two
Sons Into Reservoir Not Present
at Coroner's Hearing.
Milford, Dec. 29 Coroner Eli Mix
today held an inquest into the deaths
of Edward and Sidney Krause, five
and six years old, respectively, who
were drowned by their mother, Mrs.
Edward Krause yesterday afternoon
in the Milford Reservoir, at the time
she attempted suicide there.
The hearing was . held in the parish
house of St. Peters church. The wit- I
....... ... i
nesses included the medical exam
iner, Dr. W. J. H. Fischer, Edward
Krause, father of the boys, and rela
tives of the Krauses.
'It was developed today that Mrs.
Krause before leaving the house with
the boys had destroyed every picture
of the children and the naturaliza
tion papers of her husband.
Mrs. Krause was not present at the
hearing, being confined at the county
Greek Ship About 250 Miles
from New York With 300
Passengers Aboard.
, New York, Dec. 29. Summoned by
a wireless call for help, the coast
guard cutter Seneca is speeding to the
eid of the Greek steamer Thessaloniki.
With 300 passengers aboard the Thes
saloniki was' in distress this morning
about 250 miles east of New York
and laboring towaTd this port at the
i ate, of two miles an hour. The Greek
vessel is bound from Piraeus, Greece,
to New York. She passed Gibraltar
December 1. Last Wednesday when
700 miles from the American coast
she sent our her first "S. O. S." call
reporting that her boiler and engine
rooms had been partly flooded in a
heavy storm. The steamship Stam
phalia hurried to her relief but soon
received word that the Thessaloniki
would not require aid as the water
had been pumped from her holds.
Yesterday morning the Thessaloniki
reported by wireless that she was 300
miles east of Sandy Hook and in no
danger. Early today the Atlantic
transport liner Mongolia, lying . at
anchor off Sandy Hook, picked tip a
wireless message from the Thessa
loniki saying that she was again in
distress, giving her position and add
ing that she was making two miles an
hour toward New York."
The news was forwarded to the
radio operator at the New York Navy
Yard and, then to the commander of
the Seneca, which left the harbor at
3:20 a. m. The coast guard cutter, it
was said, will require nearly twenty
hours to reach the distressed steamer.
Meanwhile, many wireless stations
after vainly trying to communicate
with her, sent the news to1 other
steamers in the trans-Atlantic lane on
the chance of finding one which may
have picked up a later message from
the Thessaloniki.
It ws believed that the Thessa
loniki's radio apparatus had been so
disabled that she could send messages
only a short distance.
Tho wireless message asking for as
sistance received here from the Thes
saloniki was not signed by the captain
but by the chief and other officers of
the ship, coast guard service officials
stated today. The absence of the cap
tain's name was so unusual that it
created considerable comment in
maritime circles.
The cutter Seneca which left here
early today in response to the call for
aid. is now endeavoring to communi
cate with the Greek steamer and the
coast guard office expects a report
from the cutter later in the day. It is
not throught that the Seneca can
reach the Thessaloniki before tomor
Quartet of Boys Set Steel Traps
' Catch Seibert's Poultry.
Raymond Visk, William Dobruk,
Stanley Dobruk, Frank Sandberg and
John Sandberg were arrested by Offi
cer Rival at John Selbert's dairy on
Park street this afternoon, charged
with stealing chickens. - The boys
were in court a short time ago,
charged with damaging a building be
longing to Carlson & Torrell.
After getting out of this trouble the
boys devised a new scheme. They set
steel traps at Mr. Seibert's place to
catch pigeons and chickens. This
morning one of Mr. Seibert's dogs got
caught in the trap and attracted the
owner's attention'. Mr. Seibert then
watched vand this afternoon the five
boys came along and proceeded to
shovel the snow off their traps. They
were then apprehended and turned
over to the police.
New York, Dec. 29. The steamer
Escalona arrivedin New York today
from Liverpool with a tale of tragedy
at sea as signalled to her by Morse
code from the British steamer Chev
iot Range, from Fowey, England, to
Philadelphia. During a hurricane on
December 22, so the Cheviot Range
reported, the skipper, Captain Fell,
was washed overboard and drowned,
and great seas boarding the ship
smashed bridges and did other dam
age. No assistance was asked, how
ever. .."'.
Millionaire Lumber Man Dead
Caught Cold Last Fall
Struggled Hard to Whip "Eli': Team
Into Shape for Harvard Game and
Overwhelming Defeat Played
His Mind Yale Captain in 1905.
Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 29.
Thomas L. Shevlin of Minneapolis,
millionaire lumber man and Yale
football coach, died at his home here
this morning of pneumonia. Mr.
Shevlin contracted a cold while train
ing the Yale football squad last fall.
32 Years Old.
Mr. Shevlin was 32 years old. He
is survived by a widow and two chil
dren. He was interested in a num
ber of lumber concerns and was a
member of several Minneapolis and
St. Paul clubs.
A consultation of physicians was
held early this morning upon the ar
rival of a specialist from Chicago.
Following the consultation, the physi
cians said recovery could, scarcely be
Mr. Shevlin's illness assumed
serious proportions last Thursday.
Yesterday he suffered a -relapse. A
telegram was sent to a Chicago
specialist to hurry to the sick man's
bedside by special train.
Four Physicians Summoned
After 'leaving Yale at the close of
the football season Mr. Shevlin went
to California to rest. Last Wednes
day he returned to his home and the
following day was taken down with
pneumonia. Four physicians were
summoned to attend him but the
patient gradually sank until death
cr.me today.
Shevlin played football at Yale four
years, being captain during his last
year in 1915 when Yale had one of
the greatest teams in history. Since
the days when he wore "Y" at Yale,
Shevlin had always stood ready to
come to the aid of his alma mater as
football adviser and coach. Last fall
he struggled hard to whip the aggre
gation into shape to meet Harvard,
and the subsequent- overwhelming de
fe.at preyed on his mind.
Lost Twelve Pounds.
During training' he lost twelve
pounds. The rest did him good, but
because of business matters at home
he cut short his vacation and came
home still in a somewhat weakened
The will of Shevlin's father,
'died in 1912, gave the bulk of
estate valued at $1,500,000, to
Shevlin and two sisters.
Organized Shevlin Company
Some time before his death
father desired to abandon business
and shift the details to his son. He
organized the Shevlin company as a
holding company for the Shevlin
family. In this the son , and two
sifters, Mrs. David D. Tenney and
Mrs. George C. Beckwith, became
principal stockholders.
In October, 1911, Mr. Shevlin was
insured for $500,000
In October, 1911, Mr. Shevlin was
insured for $500,000 in favor of the
Shevlin Company. Reecntly he is
said to have taken out a policy ' for
$1,000,000. This and other policies,
with his business interests as benefi
ciary are declared to bring his total
insurance to nearly two millions.
Greatest Football End.
New Haven, Dec. 29. Thomas L.
Shevlin, former Yale football captain
who died at his home in Minneapolis
today from pneumonia, was consid
ered one of the greatest football ends
Yale ever had. In addition to play
ing football he was a member of the
track team as a hammer thrower. He
was captain of the eleven in 1905, and
several times following his gradua
tion he returned to New Haven to as
sist in coaching the team.
In 1910 when the eleven was hav
ing a disastrous season Shevlin came
to New Haven, introduced his famous
"Minnesota shift" and whipped the
team Into such shape that it beat
Princeton and tied Harvard. Last
season when the condition was prac
tically a repetition of . 1910, Shevlin
was again called back and while the
team under his coaching won from
Princeton it was defeated decisively
by Harvard.
Performer in Other Sports.
In other sports Shevlin was a good
performer, although he made no effort
to specialize in them. As a runner he
was fast and this was emphasized by
his speed down the field in football
games under punts of Yale backs. As
a boxer Shevlin was remarkably
clever. Gymnasium records show that
his strength tests made notable fig
ures. Throughout his academic course he
was rated as a good scholar.
Popular Among Collegematcs.
Among his collegemates Shevlin
was very popular. He was open
hearted and being possessed of a lib
eral Income was always ready to give
assistance . in needy cases when
brought to his notice, both in the col
lege and in the city.
Prof. Robert N. Corwin, chairman
of the Yale Athletic committee, when
Informed of the death of ' Mr. Shev
lin, said: "Mr. Shevlin's death will
(Continued on Eleventh Page.)
Elisha H. Cooper Resigns As Secretary
and Is Succeeded By 3Iaurice Etan-
ley A. G. Way, Asst- Treas.
Changes in the personnel of the of
ficers of the Fafnir Bearing company
were announced today, the changes
having been made at a meeting of
the directors erCa. afternoon.
Elisha H. Cooper, who has held the
offices of secretary ana treasurer, re
signed the former but will retain the
Maurice Stanlv was chosen secre
tary to succeed Mr. Looker and Alfred
G. Way was chosen assistant treas
urer. A dividerd of two and one-half ner
cent, was declared This is slightly in
excess of the usual di idend.
To Answer Charges in Indict
ments of Westchester
County Grand Jury.
White Plains, N. Y., Dec. 29.
Thomas Mott Osborne, warden of
Sing Sing, who was yesterday indicted
by the Westchester county grand jury,
appeared here today with his attor
neys and offered $2,000 bail for ap
pearance later to answer the charges.
No date for the pleading was set.
The bail was furnished by Robert
S. Brewster of Mount Kiscb. When
Mr. Brewster was asked if he would
qualify for double the amount of bail
required, he replied:
"Yes, or for $500,000 or $1,000,
600." New York, Dec. 29. Warden
Thomas Mott Osborne of Sing Sing
prison went to White Plains today for
appearance before the supreme court
to answer to indictments by the
Weslchaster county grand jury charg
ing him with perjury, neglect of duty,
mismanagement, and immorality. John
B. Riley, the state superintendent of
prisons, who, it is understood, dis
cussed the case with Governor Whit
man last night, announced that Mr.
Osborne would be removed as soon as
a successor could be folund. Mr. Riley
said that he expected to take that
action some time today.
When informed of Superintendent
Riley's intention, the warden said: "If
Superintendent Riley is not a party to
the foul conspiracy against me he will
do what any decent man will do that
is give me a fair show while waiting
to see whether I am guilty or not. This
indictment surely does not convict me
nor would it ever do so." When he
was asked what arrangements he had
made to give ball, the warden replied:
"I guess that will be all , right,
although a man with such a black
character as the Indictment paints me
as having may not be able to get any
bail at all."
Albany, N. Y., Dec. 29. George W.
Kirchwey, former dean of, Columbia
Law school, conferred with Governor
Whitman today, and this led to the
inference here that he had been de
cided upon as successor to Thomas
Mott Osborne as warden of Sing Sing
President Receives Congratulations
Upon Fifty-ninth Birthday.
Hot Springs, Va., Dec. 29. Belated
telegrams congratulating President
Wilson on his fifty-ninth birthday
continued today to pour into Hot
Springs. More than 200 had been re
ceived up to noon. Approximately
500 came yesterday. The president and
Mrs. Wilson spent the forenoon today
reading and replying to them.
After a morning rain the eun shone
in the afternoon and the president and
his wife expected to play golf or to
motor. Another long letter frsm Sec
retary Lansing, presumably review
ing the international situation, was re
ceived today by the president.
Police Officer Jr."" Middleton,
one of the latest e. 'rlnlees to the po
lice department, has tendered his
resignation and will enter the employ
of the Metropol ian . Ife Insurance
company. Office- dd-lcton has been
regarded as one of the most efficient
men on the forca but his action is not
entirely a surprise as it was known
that police work was not congenial t
him. His associates !n the depart
ment regret his acticn.
Constable Winkle yesterday arrested
Nathan Chester, forme a baker at
Bayonne, N. J-, on u v. rit issued by
Klett & Ailing. Cb'-.er was found at
a Hartford avenue 'jakery where he
was working. It Is claimed that while
in Bayonne he gave ou-- Barney Mor
towitz a check for $650 and then drew
his money out of the bank and disap
peared b-f re 't.ii check was pre
sented for payment.
Hartford, D". 29. For
Hartford and vicinity: Rain or
sleet this afternoon and to
night. Thursday fair.
To December 1 Losses Total $46,-258-245
Alarms Thus Far
$8,000 BLAZE AT H. & B.
Blaze in Stock Room at Humason &
Bccklcy Plant Docs Great Damage
to Valuable Stock Last Evening
Year's Review.
The year 1915 saw more fires in
New Britain than any previous year.
This increase in fires is co-incident
with the growth of the city and the
loss per capita is no greater than it
has been for the last nine or ten years,
I it being something less than $1.
215 Fires Since Jan. 1
According to the report made out
by Fire Crief Robert M. Dame for the
fire insurance underwriters there have
been 245 fires since January 1, 1915,
including the fire at the Humason &
Beckley company last evening. Dur
ing the year 1914 there was but 188
fires and the highest record previous
to this year was in 1913 when the de
partment answered 209 calls. The
closing year has seen thirteen or four
teen fires which stand out prominent
because of the heavy loss or because
of the spectacular nature of the
Loss to December 1 Is $46,258.
During the year of 1914 the 188
fires resulted in a total loss of $32
069. Up to December 1 of the present
year the total fire loss was $46,258
and the value of the property endan
gered was $1,871,000. The last fig
ures are exclusive or the fire last
night or the fire at the Adkins Print
ing company.
January, 1915. saw twenty-three
fires, the' total loss from which was
$14,150- There were four big fires
that month. The first one was at the
Hotel Bronson and the others were in
Harry Alex's Main street block, Luke
Meehan's Lafayette street block and
E. E. Linke's storehouse in the rear
of Bassett street.
But One Man Badly Hurt.
There was also a bad fire on Over
brook avenue which totally razed the
house owned by Stanley Herbst. At
this fire a falling chimney struck Cap
tain John O'Brien of Kngine company
No. 3 and injured him so badly that
he was laid up for two months. Cap
tain O'Brien was the only fireman
badly injured during the year al
though at the Adkins Printing com
pany fire Chief R. M- Dame's wrist
was dislocated when his automobile
kicked as he was cranking it. It is in
teresting to note that no private per
sons were badly injured or killed by
fires to which the city department
was called. The several people who
have died during the year from burns
did not receive their Injuries from
February was a comparatively qulat
month for the firemen, there having
been but fifteen alarms. The loss
was but $548. While March had the
greatest number of alarms there were
no serious fires. There were sixty-one
calls that month and the loss was
only $2,4 81. Two bad fires were num
bered among the thirty-five during
April. There were at Fred Beloln's
Main street block (Ho;mes & Hoff
man's) and at the old Cooke proper
ty at the corner of Kelsey street and
Rocky Hill avenue, owned by John
Pristilinkis. The damage during April
totalled $12,228.
Other Bad Blazes.
A bad fire in Troop's restaurant in
Hatch's Church street block was the
worst of the thirteen fires during the
month of May- The loss during that
month was $3,527. The month of July,
which in past years had generally
seen the largest number of alarms,
saw the least number this year for
there were only nine calls and the loss
was only $322 ; August also had nine
fires, the loss being $1,675. In Sep
tember there ware fourteen fires for
a loss of $292. October saw twenty
fires, but the loss was only $1,259.
There were two big fires' in Novem
ber. The Adkins Printing company's
plant on Church street was gutted and
a house at 42 Olive street was also
badly devastated. There were nine
teen fires during the month, but as
most of them were small ones the total
damage was only $7,805.
$8,000 Fire Last Night.
Including last night, there had been
sixteen alarms this month. By far
the biggest fire was the one which
ruined William T. Sloper's Lexington
street residence. The other fire of
a serious nature was the spectacular
blaze at Humason & Beckley's last
evening. The fire was in one of the
Washington street buildings and
started in the stock room on the sec
ond floor where large 'quantities of
celuloid used in rnakine knife han
dles were stored. The origin of the
fire is not known. The smoke from
the burning celluloid was pungent
and. thick and hindered the firemen
greatly. The smoke is what made
the fire so spectacular and gave rea
son to believe that the blaze was more
dangerous than it really was. The
automatic sprinklers and the water
turned in by the firemen completely
flooded the building. a number of
employes busy taking inventory when
the alarm was sounded escaped with-
(Continued on Ninth Page.)
Lawyer Hungcrford Wants to Receive
His Pay for Defending
Dr. John L. Grecnberg.
Through Lawyer William F. Man
gan, Lawyer Frederick B. Hungerford
today brought suit against Jacob
Greenberg of Hartford for damages of
$100. Sheriff M. D. Stockwell has at
tached property belonging to the de
fendant and the writ is returnable
before the city court on the first Mon
day in January.
Jacob Greenberg, the defendant, is
the father of Dr. J. L. Greenberg, a
former local physician, who figured in
divorce proceedings a few weeks ago.
It is the claim of Lawyer Hungerford
that the older Mr. Greenberg agreed
to pay him all his costs for appearing
for his son. Dr. Greenberg, at the
trial. The local lawyer declares that
Greenberg has refused to do as he
Released in $5,000 Bail Six
Others Yet to Answer
Conspiracy Charges.
New York, Dec. 29. Most of the
eight men indicted by federal grand
jury for conspiracy to cause strikes in
war munition plants through Labor's
National Peace Council are here or on
their way to make their appearances
before a United States commissioner
and answer to the indictment. Frank
S. Monnett, formerly attorney general
of Ohio, one Of the Indicted men, left
bis home in Columbus, bound for New
York last night. He is said to' have
been chairman of committee on reso
lutions of the Peace council bu the de
tails of the part he is alleged to have
played In the conspiracy are withheld
by federal officials.
Jacob C. Taylor of Newark, N .J.,
president .of the council, said today
that everything was arranged for the
officers of the council to answer to
their indictment. He added that he
had telegraphed to them to come to
New York at onct. ,
Two of the men. indicted had sur
rendered up to noon today and a third
was in town.: Four other warrants
were Issued. These will be forward
ed to Washington for .Immediate exe
cution unless assurances are received
that the men named will voluntarily
come into court. .
The two defendants .who surrend
dered during the forenoon were David
Lamar, alleged paymaster for Captain
Franz Von Rintetfen, and Jacob Taylor
of Fast Orange, N. J., president of
Labor's National Peace council, , the
medium through which, the govern
ment alleges, Von Rintelen sought to
direct his activities. Both entered
pleas of not guilty and were released
in $5,000 bail.
Taylor denied ever knowing Lamar,
and of Von Rintelen, he said, he had
heard only tnrough tne newspapers.
Labor's National Peace council, he
said, received no German money; In
fact, he contended, its funds aggre
gated no more than $2,200 collected
through voluntary subscriptions.
The third defendant who signified
his'intantlon voluntarily to give him
self up and who came to New York
from Columbus, Ohio, last night for
the purpose, is Frank S. Monnett, for
mer attorney general of Ohio,
in ?:sco, etaoi shrdl cmfw vbgkqJJ
No clange In Situation at Factory of
the North & Jurid Company.
Superintendent Herbert Johnson of
the North & Judd Manufacturing
company stated today that there is
no change in conditions at the foundry
vhere the men went on a strike yes
terday because one of their number
was discharged for causing trouble.
There's nothing doing. The men
ere still out. They have not made
any demands that I know of," states
Mr. Johnson. .
This morning eight of the strikers
went to work as usual but on finding
their fellow workmen absent they de
clined to stay.
Washington, Dec. 29. At the re
quest of Charitable organizations In
the United States, Secretary Lansing
has instructed Ambassadors Page
and Sharpe, at London and Paris, re
spectively, to inquire whether the
British and French governments will
.permit shipment of condensed milk to
Germany and Austria for distribution
to infants, under the direction of the
American Red Cross. Statements that
thousands of babies in Germany and
Austria want the milk have been laid
before the state department.
Washington, Dec. 29. Secretary
Lansing today formally denied pub
lished statements that the real pur
pose of the visit to Europe of Col.
K: M. House was to settle differences
between Ambassador Page at Lon
don' on one hand, and Ambassadors
Gerard and Penfield at Berlin and
Vienna, on the other.
Harry Sperry, proprietor of the City
Ice company, through Lawyer M- D.
Saxe today filed a petition In 'bank
ruptcy. His assets are $2,676.55 and
hl3 liabilities are $5,$61.71.
American Sociologies
Delegates Attack His
Colonel Advocates VlgoroJ
Preparedness and Dcda
Nations Mast Be Held li
Non -Militaristic XclRhbc
Washington, Dec. 29..
per by Col. Theodore , Ro
vocatlng a vigorous policy
al defence, had been read
American Sociological soci
day, several otthe delega!
cussion pronounced the cold
ry fallacious.
The Socialoglcal society
the many scientific meetln
the same time as the Pan
congress and has devoted i
largely to discussion of the4
effect of war. I
Attacks T. Its Arffuml
Prof. Edward A. Ross of
read Col. Roosevelt's paper,
the colonel declared the net
vigorous policy of national
Prof. John Mez. of the
Peace society, attacked the
argument, saying he took 1
Roosevelt thought "The ot
worth while discussing is th
of national preparedness."
"There Is a fallacy In Cd
velfs theory," said he, "whlc
men to all militarists, and t
think it necessary to maintri
ments for peace purposes. T
al idea that Belgium, Serbia
land and other countries hav
is no reason to believe that
struments which have cauri
suffering should be increased
Agrees Up to Certain P
Prof. Hayes of the Unlvers
11 no is, said he agreed with Co
velt up to a certain point.
"Roosevelt's citations from
said he, "have overlooked th
element of change. All great
advance hare been called im
ble up to the moment of accl
ment." ' .
Prof. Dealey, of Brown Un!
took a similar view.
Must Be Held In CheclJ
"Infinitely the most importtJ
to remember in connection wl
war and militarism in rolatl
moral and social', " wrote Mr.
velt, "is that if an unscrupuloi
like and militaristic nation is n
In check by the warlike abllit
neighboring non-militaristic
well-behaved nation, then the
will be spared the necessity of
with 'Moral and social values' 1
It won't be allowed to deal ,wit
thing. It seems to me positlvel
lc to fail to appreciate, with
ample of Belgium before our
that the real question which' n
peace-loving nations have tox f
not how the militaristic, or w
spirit within their own border?
affect these 'values but how fl
on their part to resist the mllltl
of an unscrupulous neighbor
affect them."
Theories of Pacifists.
Mr. Roosevelt referred to mer
Persia and Russia and to m
China, Korea and Armenia to
what happened to nations which
plied practically the theories of
"There are well-meaning pei
said the paper, "utterly lncapab
learning any lesson taught by hiM
utterly Incapable of understari
aright what has gone on before
very eyes during the past year or
who nevertheless wish to turn
country into an occidental China-
kind of China which every lnu
gent Chinaman of the present d!
seeking to abolish. There are pi
of politicians, by no means as
meaning, who find it to their pj
to pander to the desire commor
most men to live sortiy and ea
and avoid risks and effort. Ti
and lazy men, men absorbed
money-getting, men absorbed in i
and luxury and all the slothful i
pie naturally hail with delight
body who will give them high sou
ins names behind which to eld
their unwillingness to run risks or
toll and endure. Emotional phil
throDists to whom thinking is a tl!
tasteful form of mental exercise
thusiastically chatpion this attitud
Believe Foinc Is Immoral.
"There are, of course, persons w
believe all force is Immoral, that
is immoral to resist wrongdoing
force, he acioea. "i nave nev
taken much interest In individuals wl
profess this kind of morality; and
do not know the extent to which th
practically apply it. But of course
they are right in the theory then It
wrong for a 'man to endeavor by for
to save his wife or sister or daught
from rape or other abute, or to Hav
his children from abduction and to
lure. It is a waste of time to discu
with any man a position of such folly
wickedness and poltroonery.
"If the man who objects to wa
objects to the use of force 14
civil life his position is logical, a!
though absurd and wicked. , If th
college presidents, politicians, auto
(Continued on Eleventh Page.)

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