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NEW BRITAIN DAILY HERALD, TUESDAY, DECEMBER SO, 1930.
DECIDES CRUELTY CHARMLESS (Continued From First Page) were entitled to know what the in stitution is, how it functions and what improvement ought to be r. ic.de. The work was taken up in three phases: Treatment of inmates; conditions in the prison and recom mendations for changes and im provements. Would Kfdcase Ufers As to the last named phase the committee recommended that life prisoners be paroled after 25 years. Aa 10 discipline, it would lift the "silence" rule which forbids inmates lo talk during meals, taking away Ihe privilege from those who abosed It. Conversations at meals, the re port said, is conducive to greater satisfaction with the food. Absence of conversation makes the mess hail scene depressing. The committee would have the f-i'ison school conducted by a pro fessional educator instead of the chaplain, and would have many changes and additions to the equip ment and facilities of the medical department. There should be daily open air recreation, and a prison farm. Of the cruelty charges ihe com mittee disposed of them by saying (hat after hearing many witnesses, none of whom had knowledge of ill treatment of inmates, "there appears to have been no treatment of refrac tory prisoners which would arouse the just criticism of even the most Sensitive." Iri.-50ii "Above Average" Discussing prison conditions, the committee said it regretted that tiie torward looking policy of the direc tors under f'olonel N. (i. Osborn, its chairman, looking to a new prison, was not adopted by the general as sembly. The prison is an old on-, one building dating back to S21, but in its structure and equipment j the committee found it to be above j iJie average of state penitentiaries, i The report described in detail the accommodations for inmates, the discipline, recreational facilities, ad ministration and hospitalization, giv ing praise to Warden C. S. iteed and his staff for their work. The system of appointment of custodial oni'-.-rs whs found free "from po ll tieal pressure or other objection able features." A mong the reeommeudations stressed were removal of all insane inmates to other institutions; that hospital facilities be eNtended and that the state be prepared to make heavy investment in approved shop building and equipment to d-al with prison labor on the state-use prin ciple, made imperative in January, 1934 -when the Hawes-Cooper law becomes effective. The committee would have a farm bought for working by trustworthy inmates and would have the duly periods of guards reduced from 1 lo S hours. Many changes in the disciplinary code were suggested. It noted re commendations of directors in past years which were, endorsed as were the recommendations in the report for which already has gone to Ihe governor to be submitted to the incoming general assembly. The summarized text of the report follow s: "To His Excellency John H. Trumbull, Governor of the Stale of Connecticut. "Sir: "Your Committee appointed Octo ber -4. 13o'J, to act on our behalf "in all matters pertaining to an in vestigation of conditions at the Con necticut Stat- Prison at Wethers (ield' beg leave to report as follows: "After several preliminary dis cussions amongst ourselves for Dm purpose of determining procedure, we conducted a series of hearings at the State Prison at Wethersfield. These sessions were open to the publie and to the press. The pro ceedings were recorded by Mr. Ray mond V. Smith, of Hartford. Clerk and Official Stenographer of the Committee. A complete copy of this record is submitted herew ith. "We examined, under oath, thirty-four witnesses. Included in this list were those who, in various newspaper articles, had criticized the prison and its management. Here the report tells of the scope or its inquiry, the questioning of discharged employes, employes who left voluntarily. the chairman of the board of directors, the warden and other employes. "With regard to the. taking of statements from inmates of the institul'on. which we recog nized as essential to a thorough investigation and, also, a mat tec of some delicacy for obvious reasons, we determined to hold a. series of executive sessions. Such persons were not put un der oath, as it was our belief that an intimate, informal con ference was better calculated to obtain the truth. We saw all prisoners who de.sired an inter view v, ith the Committee and. In addition to this, upon our own initiative, we interviewed a number of others and visited still others in their respective cells. We also examined the records of a large number of prisoners. "We conducted a survey of the Institution and visited every part thereof. In addition to the forego ing, we sought and obtained expert advice from eminent specialists ex perienced in such matters. In this respect, we have had the generous co-operation of Mr. San ford Tales, of Washington, 1. C, Ir. George V. Kirchwey, of New York, and Ir. Frank W. Robertson, of Greenwich. We are under deep obligation to them for their invaluable servjee. We feel that we could scarcely have found three men whose quali firations were more complementary and complete. This report, in all re spects, represents our unani mo us judgment and is supported by a gratifying consensus of opinion upon the part of the experts." The committee here asserts that It manifestly could not confine its investigation to mere charges of cruelty, hut entered into a full in quiry of prison administration. It emphasises the fact that the public is entitled to the truth, that such a survey was needed anyway, and it thanks the Hartford Council of Churches, Chairman Osborn of the prison board, Warden Reed, and others for their cooperation. "The subject matter of this report naturally groups itself under three heads: Part I deals with allegations of illegal, abusive and brutal conduct in connection with the treatment of prisoners; Part IT deals generally with con ditions at the prison as they now exist: Part HI deals with recommenda tions for the improvement of con ditions at the Slate Prison. I A HT I Allegations or Illegal, Abusive aiKl Brutal Conduct "The present investigation was apparently precipitated by articles emanating from Re'.. William Hen ry Smith, a former prison chaplain, and accentuated by newspaper in terviews with former Deputy War den George Patterson. The most sensational features of these articles indicated that prisoners, while in solitary confinement. had been manacled to the bars of the cell in such manner as to force them 'to stpnd on tip-toe for ten hours a day.' There were other suggestions to the effect (hat prisoners were manacled in a strained and unnat ural position with their hands high above, their heads. "(a) The only persons from whom any such allegations emanat ed were Rev. William H. Smith and 1 tenuty Warden Patterson. 1 h both testified under oath before the Committee. It appears from his: testimony that the Rev. William H. Smith had no first-hand information on the subject, whatsoever. Appar ently he had been influenced to make his statement by rumors w hich he had heard w ith reference to the treatment accorded to inmate , arranged as to preVent the wdmis Bou:rhton. sion of contraband articles, and yet (b) While testifying before the I permits a prisoner to see his rela Ccmmittee, former Deputy Ward"ti I tives in a normal fashion. Patterson repudiated the. statement I "The chapel is a very yttr.-j'-lnc ascribed to him in the public press, j room, quite capable of yrcommo-R'-presritatives of the press in-dating the ivhole prison population, sisted that he had been correct!;! "The exten.-ion of the concrete quoted. It is not necessary for us j wall which is now being made will to pass upon any question of veraci- ! add materially to the space avnil- tv whieh mav be involved or i tempt to reconcile these apparently conflicting versions of the inter view. The essential points is that Mr. Patterson, when testifying un- der oath, asserted that, he knew of no instance in which any prisoner had been shackled in the manner de scribed. "(c) Inmate Houghton was in terviewed by us in executive session and asserted unqualifiedly that, he had not been subjected to any such tteatrnent. "(d) No witness was found or j has been heard of by us who sup ports any such allegation. "(e) We examined a large num ber of witnesses, including present and former prison physicians, pres ent and former chaplains, present and former Sunday School teachers, present and former employees, and, indeed, all others with whom we j could come in contaet who might have known or heard of any such treatment. Without, exception, all of these witnesses disclaimed any such know ledge. "(f) In our interviews with in mates, we took particular pains to make inquiries on this subject. No ! inmate claimed that he had ever been subjected to such treatment or had ever heard of any such treat ment being accorded to any pris oner. "rnhcsitatingly. therefore, we find that there is no basis for either allegation or suspicion that the treatment above de scribed has been resorted to at Wethersfield: and any asser tions or suggestions to the con trary are totally without foundation "We inquired furt her into the general treatment of prisoners to ascertain, if possible, whether anv punishment unnecessarily harsh had been administered or whether any of the inmates had been subjected to brutal or illegal treatment in anv particular. Aside from the Imposi tion of sentences 1o solitary confine ment, upon a bread and water diet, for extreme infraction of the rules: and except for the occasional hand cuffing of prisoners, while in soli tary, to the bars for restraint under very exceptional circumstances, there appears to have been no treatment of refractory prisoners which would arouse the just criti cism of even the most sensitive. At this point the committee com ment on the petition circulated among the prisoners advocating the, p.ppoinment of heputy Warden Pat-j torso n as the successor of Warden Scott. The three investigators dis-I miss Patterson's statements on the theory that he was dissatisfied with the conditions surrounding his dis missal, as a result of the escape of Moulthrope, lalone and Landry. The committee denies that it has any evidence that Patterson accept ed a bride in connection with the escape. The report makes much the ;ame observations about the griev ance of Benton Mclntyre, a former prison employe. "I.'pon the subject of the general treatment of prisoners, aside from certain minor incidents suggested by Mr. Mclntyre which have been met by contravening testimony, there is no adverse criticism. "Miss Genevieve Cowles, who has demonstrated her deep concern for Ihe welfare of the inmates and thr-ir families, submitted a series of statements which have to do gener ally with prison reform and which would apply to almost any similar institution. "The criticisms of Rev. William H. Smith, on this subject, fell into the same category. We feel that the consideration which we later give to these topics w ill sufficiently cover the matter. "Passing the question of soli tary confinement. which we shall discuss more in detail hereafter, it is our conclusion, with reference to the question of illegal, brutal, unusual or inhuman treatment that any charges of this character are entirely disproved by the evi dence. Unpinning part 2 of its report, the committee declares that the forward looking policy of the prison board unfortunately was not adopted. It outlines some of the changes advo cated, notably the possibility of ob taining a new site, better water sup- ply, etc. It declares that it is appar ent that the legislature is not ready as yet to pass the necessary appropriations for the new prison. Then the'present plant is described. "The. prison an old one. One of the buildings was erected in another in 3 S 35 and few. if any, can be called modern. Nevertheless, bearing in mind the purposes for which prisons of traditional type are designed, the Wethersfield plan;, barring certain inadequacies, only one or two of which are of major im portance, is reasonably satisfactory. The building and equipment are somewhat above the average of State penitentiaries in this country. "The quarters alloted to the crim inal insane while unsatisfactory are not uncomfortable. Most of the in sane inmates have an individual room with an outside window. New plumbing is now being installed. They have a congregate dining room, an exercise yard and quarters where they may be occupied in the making of brooms, weaving and in similar ways which are calculated to be helpful to pen.ons of that ty pe. "The bulk of the other prisoners are employed under a modified contract labor system, it, is rarely that one sees in a prison more evi dences of industry and application than is found in this institution. The shops a re orderly, well man aged, well lighted qnd sanitary. "A school for the instruction of inmates in elementary subjects has been est ah i shed and meet s th r--e nights a week in the dining hall. In struction is carried on under the general supervision of the chaplain. assisted by inmate tear-bers. At- ir tendance is optional and about participate. No vocational instruc tion is given. "The provisions for allowing vis its are humane and reasonably ade- j quale. The table designed for this j purpose is sat iMactorv. for it is so at-fable tor other structures and. if de - sired, for x e r c i s e . "It is dountful if any in the country has a el-a or more satisfactory bath in st it ut ion ier, better nd show- i er room than the one provided in this institution. "The East and West cell blocks, j constructed of steel, ar; superior io ! the brick and stone North wingj which contains the larger number of prisoners: but, granting that it is necessary to keep prisoners in in terior cells, t hebe cells a re clean. reasonably well ventilated and seem ! to be properly equipped. Each man . has a bed. a mattress, a blanket.; two sheets and a pillow case, u ; chair, a mirror, a broom, an nidi- j vidual wash basin with running v.a- ter and flush toilet facilities. Most; of the prisoners have a chest in which to keep their personal belong- j ings or a table on which to work.; The cells in the North wing have i what is known as a peep hole at 1 the back which makes it. possible' to keep the inmatts und-r obs-rva-j tion or espionage by t ho gun rds in ! the alley at the rear. This practice,' however, is rare! y re so r t e d to an d ! then only when the authorities have ! suspicions as to a eiven individual. ! "G'-nerally speaking, the ins'itu-; tion is ch-an and free from ohjee- ; tionahle odors. The meals are serv-, ed iiot, the portions are substantial, I the menu is diversified and the food j is we cooked and palatable. The j dishwashing paraphernalia and the; kiich'n equipment seem to be ad-:-' ejuate and cull for no special com- mi n. "Thc r-ell blocks arc practical fireproof, with the exeeption of Ahe wooden roof. Fire exti'i'iuishers are plentifully supplied. Kire hose is plaeed at frequent intervals and while there is considerable wooden '. cons'ruction in the shops, hospital and insane quarters, all of these ( parts of the institution ate supplied j with sprinklers. j "It is a perfect I v si nude matter to secure, without expense, th rough ; may luive the opportunity of near- , the fire insurance companies, an j ing well diversified programs. Cm ; adequate survey of the fire situa- ' special oc-asions. this period is ex- , tion, and no doubt the directors at- j tended to 1" p. m. tend to this from time to time as I "There is. of course, the recrea circumstances require. So far as wei tion yard. Prom one to five p. m. can see, it would be unlikely, with ion Saturdays and Sun. lays, weather intelligent handling. that there i permitting, the men have an oppor- would be any loss of life in this in stitution in case of fire. While the recent arrangement for bringing water from the Cove by pumping in emergencies lias lessened the fire risk, the situation would be greatly improved by laying a new and inde pendent water main from the city line to the prison. "The boiler room apparatus is adequate, the prison is well heated, and a rather elaborate system of ventilation has been installed which is as satisfactory as could reason ably be expected of a structure as ancient as the present institution. "The accounting system, the in ventory records, and the finam-iil management of the institution, while not subjected to special study on our part, seem to be in accord with good practice and with the re quirements of the state. "The library contains several thousand well-indexed volumes and the prisoners in the first grade are allowed to draw two books per week, in a manner similar to thai employed in ordinary circulating h- j braries. There is no reading room, but there seems to be a substantial distribution of books to the cells, ('or insta nee, in the mont h of Oc tober, there were, J . 4 7 issues from the library. The library is under the direction of the chaplain. "Privileges as to visiting. letter writing and tobacco are about the same as in ot her instit utions of similar type. The letter w rit ing privilege might well be furtlwr liberalized. Each inmate has a right to spend a small stipend whieh is earned in the prison industries. These purchases a re made t h rougu Ihe prison commissary. The average earnings of iik n in industry are seven or eight dollars monthly m addition to a payment of tiftctti cents each per day issued to all men w bet her work ing in the indus tries or in maintenance activities. A list of articles which it is permissi ble for inmates to purchase in this manner is in printed form and available for the information of the prisoners. All in all. it is a rather liberal list and goes far to alleviate the deprivations from which a man necessarily suffers during incarcera tion. "Moving pictures are shown eve ry Saturday evening, during the winter months, to those who. be cause of conduct, are entitled to see them. This includes everyone in the first, grade. "Religious services a re regularly conducted. Suri da y schools a re maintained and instruction given by Ptotestani. Cat holic. Christian Sci ence and Jewish teachers. Attend ance is voluntary. "The prisoners are orderly, quiet and apparently under good disci pline. They are neat, in appearance. They walk to and from their ihchIs in good order and are as health?, in appearance and in action as any similar group of men. "Cpon admission the prisoner's clothes are Kent to his home. He is supplied by the institution with garments for his use while at Wethersfield. On his discharge, he is given a suit c;Jf,:e. a suit of clothes, an overcoat, two shirts, two suits of undfT wea r, t wo pairs of socks and a pair of shoes, the value of the en tire outfit being about $2';. In addi tion to this, he is: given a railroad ticket to his destination, and. if w ith out funds of his. ow n. five or ten dolla rs in cash. In many r,is-s. a discharged pri.-om r lias standing: to his credit a substantial amount which he has earned while serving, his sentence. j "As is well know n, all prisoners, I except those convicted of murder in : the first and second degree?, are j sentenced under the minimum and! maximum id an by the courts hear- j ing their cases. There is a commuta- tion rule for good behavior which is i applied, as in most prisons, more or less auto ma: ica 1 Ty . It amounts to sixtv days per year, for all sentences of more than one .war. up '0 five years; and is fixed at ninety days per v -ar thm f i .-r. "About. o!m-h;.;f of the men re leased from tiie prison are on pt rob and are under the supervision of the parol' authorities;. pepre sentative.s of the Connecticut Prison Association maintain, as tar as pos sible, contact with discharged pris oners. "A grade sj stem di id. s l he in mates into three classes. In ord r to be eligible tor parol--, a prisoner must have bevn in the fir;af grade tor a period of six months. Cpon the expiration of the minimum senwuic", Kss the time allowance for good behavior, ali such cases come auto matically before ihe Hoard of! Parole which then gives consider.- tion to each individual case, grant-: ing or refusing parole as conditions. in the judgment of the, Hoard, may j warrant.. In cases w her.; applications are denied, the matter will not pe j heard n:;uin by the Hoard until tiiej t xpir.itiuu of one year, except upon: sp'.eial action to the contrary tak- j en by the Hoard. Prisoners who have been upon parole for otv ear and have maintained a satisfactory . standard of conduct are, thereupon,! eligible for final discharge. I "Prisoners upon their admission j are placed in the first division. Tlmy j may lose this advantageous position by infraction of the rules, dropping i into the second or even the thirJ ; grade, unpenning upon 1 -' - n 1 ness of t'n ee viola' tons, P. speaks, wei for the discipline, and spirit of the institution that on Incumber l!nd PO. w ben we eh-ck-d up on this matter, there were in the first, grade sm; in the s cond grade ;;v; and in the third grade t. In addi tion to this there w-re :7 in the in sane ward w ho are always classi fied as first yrade prisoners. "The L'rade system is amplified somewhat by the honor system whereby the men wear certain in signia indicative of their having obeyed th rub for varying lengths I ! of nine I "Lertur addresses oncerts and ; I various, oO r enertiiicm-nts an. ' provided at intervals for the nn.v oners in the chapel, these occasions i ar. -well attended and are open to. prisoner in lion to this, the first grade. n addi- ! on four nights a w i-'! ; from 7 l dio is m stalled a so that . m. to :.i' p. m.. me ra - j d. I,oudsp- nkers are the ends of the corridor ' he prisoners in their cells I t unity for recreution and exer-u.-e. baseball nines are organized during the season, a seiie.s of games tak'S plaee. with the awarding of a cham- ! pionship: and in addition to this, j the prison nine plays with omsbb ' te runs w hich come to ill" prison for i that purpose, football is also play j ed. as well a a game somewhat j similar to bowls, known ;ls Bocci j Hall, which is a particular favorit I with inmates of Italian oiigin. There is also a prison bund under compe tent rmtruc'ion. The report here mentions l u privilege given the prisoners u complaining of poor treatment to the state department of public wl f a rc and asserts that careful inves tigations are made- when complaints are received. If also comments on the periodical visits paid the pri.-on by the department heads. "The provisions for disciplin ing the inmates consist of re duction in grade, the aba'enn-nt of ard and amusement privi leges and confinement in three types of disciplinary cells. There are seven cells whieh are called screened rdis which a ... exactly like the cv.ll? m common use except that a fmc win mesh prevents the introduction of articles from the. outside, nil the ground floor adjoining the north cell Mo"k there are available for use five solitary cells with barred doors and a wooden door having an aper ture about three inches at lop and bottom and a round hob three inche.- in diameter in the middle. There is no other open ing or means of ventilation in these cells. When men an- con fined in these .-..IK i i cus tomary to cloc the wooden door, leaving the prisoner in darkness at night and U h a verv slight admission ot light during the day. The inmate r-. given a mattress and two blankets at night, but nothing in the way of equipment d ur ine the day. These cells con- tr.tn flush loiht facilities. "There arc alfao, in the base- nient, directly under Hie cells just described, six more dark cells, each being provided with two im-tal doors and a wooden box or couch about eighteen inches high. The only ventila tion in these cells comes through a number of apertures in the iron doors. No mattresses are furnished in these cells, but blankets are supplied. There are no Hush toilet facilities, buckets being used. The tem perature of both tiers does not vary far from 7n degrees. "The assistant deputy warden visits all the men in solitary three rimes a day and the pris on doctor once a day. The dura tion of punishment ranges from : three to fifteen days: and it is the rule that men are taken out of these cells every five days, given a bath and shave, and a full meal. There is no corpora! punishm nl . "Upon occasion, men in soli tary have been handcuffed to the doors of the ceils. Usually one nand is f re.-. Handcuffing is resorted to m unusual cases, but in no circumstances is the prisoner so ma nach-d that he is obliged to stand in an un nai ural posh ion. "Under the provision of the Connect i cut Stat ut-s. Section 1 :7S of the lievision of ! yiio, the Warden is a ut horized. in case prisoners arc disobedient, or disorderlv or do not. faithful ly perform their t;tsks. to "put ft iters and shackles on them or eon fine them in dark and soli tary cells.' Tiie statute further provid s 'he shall keep a book in which a record shall be made of ea h punishment by solitary confinement as fol lows: The name and number or other sufficient designation of the person punished; the dav a nd hour when put in sol i tar y confin-nient: the day and hour when released: the offense, and sti'di remarks as may be nee cssary to complete the record.' "Former Warden Scott issued a specific order, which is now a matter of record, forbidding t lie shackling of a ny prisoner exeept on order of the Warden. Warden Reed has reissued this identical order. There is no rea son to believe that it has in any respect been violated. "We pass for the moment the question of whether or not such treatment of prisoners is in aecord w it h modern ideas and simply call attention to the fact that noi hing has occurred at Wethersfield which is not authorized by the explicit law of the State of Connecticut. "In order 10 get a more com prehensive view of the ,-xt nit of this practice, we examined the records tor t lie past five wars and find the facts to be as follows; "In tiie year II' -5. th re were f. commit ments to so! it ary and 13 commitments to screened cells. During that y--ar, the average daily prison population was "In t lie yea r 1 there were i 1 commitments to solitary and commitments to screened cells. During 1 hat year the average daily prison population was ;4'). "In the year P-7, there w.-re commitments to solitary and "6 commitments to scree neds cells. Muring that var the average daily prison population was r.;is. "In the year '.''2, there were 7" commitments to solitary and 4.") commit m ems to screened cells. Puring that year the average daily prison population was r T . "In the year If-y, there were 7 1! commitments to solitary and -7 committm-ms to screened cells. During that year the average daily Everything N. prison population was 623, "Up to and including Decem ber 9th of" the year lysu, there were H 2 commitments to solitary and 4ti to screened cells with an average daily population to the date men tioned of U.r9. "It will be observed that there has been an increase in this form of punishment during the year I'i'.Vk It must be taken into consideration, however, that the population of the pris on has increased and, during the present regime, there has apparently been some stiffen ing up in discipline. ' We made pa rticula r i n -quiries with reference to the causes which led to the shack ling of prisoners, -while in soli tary, during the present y-nr. In one case, a prisoner, while in the workshop, had taken sharp instrument" and. before i could be stopped, deliberately ! slashed and dest roved t went y dozen of finished shins. In another case, a prisoner, with- , out warning, seriously assaulted a guard. Upon another occasion. two prisoners were found in : possession of hack saws, and, in another instance, a prisoner al ready in solita ry con Onement. ; siuffed a portion of his mat tress into the toilet and repeat -efily flushed the same until his cell and those adjoining wej-e flooded. Aside from these in sianees, prisoners in solitary : ha ve not been ha ndcuf fed or ; manacled in any way during ' the year 1 ::;. ! "A hospital is provided for pa- ! tients w here thev may receive nor- f essary treatment: and where most! j forms of snreical operations may i be performed. There are at the ! present time two inmates who are ! suffering from tu berculosis. They j occupy a room by themselves which j is well ventilated upon three sid' s. i There is. however, no veranda or ! mea ns of outdoor t reat tin-nt. i ! "There is also a room for d-nt tl ; I treatment wit' a, workable, though ! hardly up-to date equipment. j I "Ordinarily there are upon thai j walls of the prison three towernien j ' who are armed with repeating rifles, i .There are also, on extra work, out side um-rds w'10 are armed with 1 rifles. The turn-key carries a re- ! 'volver and also has the only key to j . the arsenal where are kept five riot I ! guns, ten Winchester repeating j j rifb-s. fifteen revolvers, one ma-I f chine gun and several fear gas j ; projectors. All the other guards, j within the prison are without fire- j : arms; but are equipped with black- j i jacks similar to those used by po- : ; licernen. This arrangement is the j result of an order issued by the j p reset! t Warden, and is in accord i with the best practice. Then follows a tabulation of the work assigned the various prisoners' at the time the committee investi- j try ted. Mention is made of the print j ed book of rules supplied each pris ; on-r and the conduct requirements. The one dormitory is described, the . j cold storage plant, commissary, and 1 j other adjuncts mentioned. Here,' i also, the three inquisitors comment : on the transfer of the women pris i oners some time ago to Niantic j state farm for women. 1 The silence rule is described. Pri ; ! oners in line must not talk, may j converse "p-st rict.edly" while at 'work, and without limitation during' ; recreation periods. Next comes an; outline of the specialists available i for medical service, etc. part " ends ; with a description of Warden Reed's , ; experience and fitness for his po.-d- j tion. j Part ; opens with a description of the present, prison system and launches into recommendations for changes. The investigators assert Every Garment in the store every Suit and Overcoat every staple Blue Suit and every Tuxedo . . . Marked Down All $30 Suits & O'coats All $35 Suits & O'coats All $45440 Suits & O'coats All $50 Suits & O'coats AU$100 Suits & O'coats Furnishing Goods And Boys' Clothing also Harked Down MAKE YOUR RESERVATIONS MAG E. KTTI't.MiKIMl.R CLOTH KS KNOX HATS N IC! Tf .KTON' SHOES M .NHATTAN SHlRTe I. '.'NTS FtTiNIb'HINGS LUGGAGE BOYS' APPAREL ICE SKATKS I Nit OliMS GILLETTE DE LUXE RAZUJv SETS G I l-VS LilC V CLE'S LEATHER NOVELTIES FOUNTAIN PEN SETS WALLETS MILITARY BRUSHES LADIES' HANDCR VETLD LEATHER PURSES AND HUNDREDS OF OTHER GIFTS. that the present prison is apparent ly doing good work and define Ihe four different types of criminal who have to be dealt with. I. "Experience seems to show that the insane criminal, or one who has developed what is known as prison psychosis, may more readily be re stored to a normal mental condi tion if he is removed from the j prison environment. It must not be ! forgotten that already in our public insane hospitals, there are inmates : more violent and dangerous than a n y of t h ose n o w co n f i n e d at 1 Wethersfield. In addition to this, there are a substantial number who 1 have committed criminal offenses j and have been sent direct ly to a 'public insane hospital follow ing an acquittal upon the ground of in i sunity or as a result of some form j of commitment prior to trial. "In our judgment, there can be ! no reasonable objection to transfer ring the insane inmates to one of . cur public institutions for the jn , sane. Responsible authorities are m complete, accord on this subject, i The prison directors and the warden recommend i'- We are informed, j through the t estirnony of Com m ts- ; sioner Hall, that provisions are now ! i being made at the Norwich Insane! Hospital for the erection of a new 1 building for male attendants, there-' by releasing the present building ! j now occupied by them. When this work is completed, and appropri.i- ; i tions have already been recom- ! liiKnded therefor, the way will be j 'opened for this highly important change. j II. "A modified form of contract la- j bor ts the chief occupation of the' prisoners. The objections to this j form of labor are well known. There j is a growing sentiment that any ; contract labor system should, j w herever possi ble, be aba udoned for a system of work based more i largely upon diversified activities ; and vocat ton a I traini ng. ! "Con neet ieut must be prepared to "iake a heavy investment in ap- ' proved shopbuilding and equipment i for carrying out. a program of pns- j on labor based primarily upon t:i ; so-called S ate-use principle. It is j imperative that work be provided ! for the prisoners, first, in O'd'-r ; that through their eiforts they may j reduce the cost of their keep, and ' second, because an idle mind is the i devil's workshop and only thro.:n j st a d y work m a y men b e a v e d from present disintegration and fu- ; ture inefficiency. The best type of prison labor will not only keep men i busv, btit it will give them a ! certain skill in a trade which they can practice on the outside. nr. j "There i at the present time no i prison farm or any permanent op- ! portunity for outdoor mplo rent. ; This requirement is sugg-siel vol 1 merely to make life more ettractivei to prisoners or to give th ni more j normal surroundings, but to "r in them in a daily routine of steady and profitable labor which, at the same time, will afford the possi bility of reducing and. perhaps, al- n ost entirely eliminating the food! bill at the prison. "We recommend that a farm be i purchased consisting of about I.'1"'! i a c r e s 1 o c a t e d upon a c a r e f u 1 1 v j selected site, having ample water health ful location, tillable land good drainage, reasona hie accessi bility and railroad connections. Necessary farm buildings should b erected, livestock should be pur- I chased and all necessary farm j equipment supplied. In addition to j this, there should be a building; suitable for the housing of such j prisoners as may be assigned Lo this i ti'ontjnupd on Pag1 FOR YOUR TUXEDO NOW &S0NS WHY Not Have a New Evening Gown "For New Year's" When It Costs Only Group of Day and Sunday Night FROCKS s12-95 7-95 I'ornterly Formerly S1B.50 S10.95 Clearance COATS formerly to $39.50. .NOW $24-50 Outlet Miliinery Co. 177 MAIN ST. New Britain, Conn. $ 1 4-95 $24-50 $29-50 $33-50 $39-50 $ 79-50